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S- EtfST"WV T
aQtiSSr rrit&- war- W
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GERMANS DRIVEN BACK
BY VIOLENT ATTACK
Continued from fuse One
arihlei on lh right bank of tho
In tho Woevt-o region tile Violent
, nltncks which the enemy lifts ttt
tomploil to the east of Apfltnoftl
have been roimlsed,
on the tight wing (Lcfpnfne and
the Vosrcs) there 19 no ?liangt,
tn Russia, on the front of finst
1'rtissla, tho nusslnnR' offensive1
.continues. There is sharp lighting
on tho frontier west of Suwalkl,
The statement that the compactness
of tho clorman troop north of the Aisno
appears to be diminishing indicates
tlmt the Germans are withdrawing
troops steadily from the centre for
sarvleo on tho right wing. The state
ment that the dernmns still hold St.
Jtlhlel solves one of the questions that
has served a a mystery to the military
experts for some time.
Tho French recently announced that
they had driven the Germans cast of
St. Mlhlel, but said nothing as to the
town Itself. Today's announcement
shows that the Hermans nre stltl In a
strong position In the Verdun region.
The nre.it battle of the Aisne finally
has been extended to Belgian soil and
furious fighting Is reported In prog
ress between the nermann nnd tho Al
lies around Menln. i'pres, t'oper
inghe, Courtal, Wnereghem and Att
denarde. Tho scene of this fighting, however.
Is a consideruM- distance from Gen
eral Alexander von Kluk's main line
All now look to the extreme north
eastern part of France and northwest
ern Belgium for the next decisive de
velopments. The cavalry advance
guard of the French army of the north
appears to hu reached tho eastern
end of the (ie-tmun right flunk where
It has encnuntt red Herman reserves.
Instead of being extended farther east,
tho new battle front reaches farther
The grand tot il of men now engaged
In extern France and Belgium ap
proximately is 4 '"i.nO'), and tho battle
line Is about 2j0 miles long Beginning
In the Woevre di-trict of Lorraine, It
ptretches westward to the Somme
Blver, from which point it swings to
the northeast into Belgium
There have be..-n 2-i days ef fighting
lr. this titanic engagement and even
yet the end is not in sight.
STEADY PROGRESS ON RIGHT
IS GERMAN STATEMENT
BERLIN. Oct. S. ,
Repulse of the Antwerp garrison in
fighting between the inner and outer j
forts there and continued success In j
the movement to flank the Allies in I
France are announced in an official
(statement issued at the War Office at
The statement follows:
Heavy rtghtmij between great
forces of cavalry continues at the
western end f the battle lino in
France. Infantry figure in the con
flict only o '"i-in.iily WV took
Douai from the French and they
have been -: i.ris to drive us out
for several du -, without success.
"We are maklntr steady proress.
The capture of Fort Rrr'eehem,
at Antwerp, was accomplished
BRITISH FLEET AT OSTEND
WATCHING GERMAN ADVANCE
LONDON', Oct. 8.
Belgium today was the centre of ac.
tion in the European war. With the
Germans n t 'oi.ioally attacking Ant
werp, it w i -ic. ppted as a faot that
the fort- c- must surrender. And
new by f '"uteirf nwl Ii'jnkirk
Indicated .' the to-calkd. battio of
the Aitnt " nv i-har
as "the ,.. i 'att
Into Sout'-' r-i l"Ig
The Otrin.u.-, ,ir
moving 'r ""- f..tci
hind tbeii i.aiiy
plainly coi '.'uinrf ti
the Britisi lines of
way of the i.ivnr. i.
r r,i ."i. iully .
v - . t r.dt,d
to eat j
It Is stated t' -it a Jtr'-' -i dron of
British dreadi" ifgljts is now mussed
nt Ostend and also along . ast
watching the 1'rt-nch Larfeor , ues.
Tbia fleet will W uif4 ta prevent the '
Germans tahtng the sea,oout cities, '
thus ettsbiishlng a hase for possible
Zeppelin a,ttack an England.
3be Germans are said to hv
Ftronsly entrenched the Hue f b
Scheldt River, while their outpour
were reported today to ha vest of
1'prm 18 Butea north f and slightly
v,'et ol J4W- It Is reported that ttoer
has bep heavy aghting in the neigh
bofho4 of UU and sth f t r
-with so deciaiv resih.
A, Bjatlsh exp4ttionry lore t ut
rmswtloned strength luts be rushed
Into Antwerp from wet of Ghent 1
expedition was detiared to consist
chiefly of artillery and saviil de
tachment with heavy guns. The au
thorities positively refuse to admit ve
that British troops are in action la
Balgium at all.
The Germans are reported redoubling
their tft'trt-' to take Antwerp city.
They aiu n. Xat sirunscr furce ths.
Douftl and Tournal have been re
oecupled by German troops.
That the outflanking movement of
ilia CJermfths did not aurer.-d was due
entirely to the work of the Ornish air
seouts. They reported the coming of
strong Oepmnn forces from the north
to Ornernt d'Amade, and the latter
promptly raited for reinforcements, fie
lay In their arrival enabled the Ger
mans to move south from Lille, but
when the French strength was assem
bled the Germans again were driven
back. They continue, however, on the
offensive, and this results In severe
fighting all along tho western line.
At one point the German cavalry
stireeeded in breaking through the
Allied line, not far from Lille, but not
in sufficient strength to make the
feat of appreciable importance.
The retirement of the Allies, at the
point where their lines had been
breached by the Germans, was order
ed by tho General Staff and tt was ac
complished according to orders. With
4 strengthened line the Allies again
inoved forward against tho Germans
nnd ousted them With heavy loss.
The losses are Well Illustrated by this
one company of French Infantry
started to war with 190 men and a full
complement of officers. Since then It
has received drafts, bringing its total
up to 324. Today the company is com
posed of 90 men. commanded by a ser-
gennt. All the higher officers have been
Tt is learned that the nctlve German
army fighting the Allies in France and
Belgium Is composed of 23 army corps,
of 40,000 men each: 18 corps of reserves,
several divisions of the Landwehr and
large detachments of the tatndsturm, a
section of the army designed only for
national defense. Under normal condi
tions, counting tho cavalry and artil
lery, this number of units would make
a grand total of approximately 2,000,000
men, and the number of soldiers in the
allied army Is fully as great, if not
Two German forces, operating from
Cambral and Valenciennes, occupied
Douai after hard fighting
After occupying Tournal the Ger
mans seized 30 of the must prominent
citizens as hostages
after heavy fighting. We captured
there 52 Held guns, four heavy bat
teries and many machine guns.
The Belgians attacked our troops
between the outer and inner forts
after wo had effected a breach that
allowed us to approach the city.
They were repulsed.
The Germans attacking Antwerp
have crossed the River Nethe and
are approaching the inner forts.
The capture of the Belgian guns
was effected In the open field.
Many of the guns in the outer forts
were wrecked completely.
i According to the liokal Anjteigrr, the
siece guns that raustd the fall of
I Maubeuge have been taken to Ant
werp. These Include Austrian artil-
any one up to the prf s-nt has imagined.
It is declared that there are not lesa
than a nuarter of a million men en
gaged about the, city and it is invested
from the south, east and northeast, al
though the most determined efforts are
ticmg made on the south.
While the residents of Antwerp are
pamc-stru-ken and have iU4 the city
wherever p"sble, tne RaigUut force?
are still confident. Conflicting reports
regarding King Albert are in circula-
tl0n hftrft gma of tltt facials at the
Belgian Legation say that he still is in
Antwerp personally directing tha flight
on a steamship that carried to Ostend
fjr shipment to England many of the
Antwerp art treasures. The War Oflfco
t her refuse to discuss hla whereabout.
While Antwerp naturally engrosses
the attention of the gcr.eral public hero,
the general attuattoa in Fran U d,
elared by th War oce t ha ewelient.
The Qsrman gresi offensive move,
ment on the western end of the battle
un is reported as wanln. it is b.
iieved that even, the fresh troops hat
hav hsen m freely poured into the line
to aid Von riiu and Von Boehn now
are beginning to d the tajk f Hyea.
ing the Allied line beyond b power of
fionjt of the wfflciala hr bua that
Oenaany Is malting tfc desperau ef.
fort reported in progress at Antwerp in
eida? to get a Una to which har troops
can retreat and hlch cannot ho
flanked ro the west because u wil
rest close to Patsh territory.
50PE FOKBIDS WAa TALK
ROUE Oct 8 Pope Eencdut XV has
issue. I en admouitluo to rasmtxTs .jf re
ligious ojdrt in belljKreut cuuiiru-s. in
structii.a thm to rf:aw frvita bcllK.je
EVENING LEDGER PnTLADELPniA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER
PHI 7T7 7 A
-r E-STMArH! Ij a.
"" " 'V .SIfeiNT DEliGHEM !
stew fjUwttw j) JSe
The Germans arc attacking Antwerp from the southeast, and claim to
have taken the forts at Wacthcm, Wavre-St. Catharine, Konigshoyckt, Lierre,
Kessel and Broeclicm. which arc on the outer line of defenses, just ten miles
from the city itself. The Belgians were reported as forming a new line of
defense along the rivers Nethe and Rupel.
Si DELIGHTS OF THE
After two weeks spent within the Oer-
man line, a French company of infantry
rweme, has made lis ay back to th" j
French linei. It was accompanying a
battery of artillery as a rnur uard, was
cut off by a superior force of German
and found Itself in the midst of the en- j
einy. ir louna sneuer in a wrow, niiu
two weeks later, aftor several fights, It
has siiccedeci ln rejoining the t'reneh
lines, some tlltnnce from the station of
the regiment to which it belongs.
One of the Kmdsh reulments now fight
ing on the battle front has a trophy cap
tured without resistance. It is a Herman
fla found In an unoccupied trench undr
a henp of eorpses, directly before the
One of the most interesting patients In
the Moscow hospitals Is Kutnxa Krutch
kof, who killed 11 fiormnns single-handed
ami who as the first to recive the rib
bon of the Order of St. (.iportte for
biavery. He is a hnndsomp oung man,
dark, slender nnd with brlll'ant ejes that
Bazo out of a strolls', sun-tanned face.
Here Is KrutchKof's oimi story:
"I, with eveial c.unpnnions started
out from 1'ilvary for Al"indroo nn
roland near the (Jeiman frontier). As
p were climbing a little hill a dtnch
mpiit of soldl-rs from Hip Ninth Herman
Lancers. 2T inn and two otUi-vis, made a
dash at us. In evading thrlr attack we
Kot separated from one another. There
weic ek-ven Clermaus flhtlnit me.
"A Oermnn slnphed at my tinners so J
threw my itn down, drew my sword and
sot to work In earnest. I sot several
slU'ht wounds and fMt th blood run
nine down my body, but they were not
serious enough to weaken me. l-'or every
wound I got I cave back a denilly Idow.
An officer spransr at me. but 1 lepulsed
his attack and chased him. When r
caught up to lihn I ewunu my sword and
brought it down upon his head with all
my force, but it failed to co ihtoush his
metal helmet. I Mashed out nsialn. and
as I did so the Clot man turned his head
so that the thrust struck him full In the
neck. His head Was almost completely
severed. My swotd arm had crown so
weak fr'iii my exertions that I could
hardly wield my weapon bo I picked up
a lance that had belonged to a dend Her
man so'.dter and with this dispatched all
the other (irrmms. Meanwhile my com
rades had managed to slay all the othets
I had 18 wminda, but none of thorn was
serious. Two weeks afterwards (ieneral
Rennenkampf came to mo and taking hN
Order of St. Seorjc on his coat, plnm d
It upon my bteast. M burse is alive
and well. Wtih'n a few daj I will he
back in the tUhtiu.; nyaln."
A younir ofTb f r. who 1 s een the whole
ROYAL MAIL LINER
SLIPS BY GERMAN
CRUISER AT MIGHT
British Ship's Voyage Un
nding Round of Excite-
4, f-l..j; Tl,-,fi f
tiicuit uiviuuiug i iicn vi ,
Papers of Diplomatic
NJJW yOJlK, Oct. ,
A blockade runner of the stirring Civil
War days eouid net havs erod4 mt.
excitement into a vojugc than did the
Royal Mail liner Or4av!a, which arrived
from linden today by way of the Aaores
and th West Ind'.efc.
The Orots,via had been forewarned of
th presence o! the lierrqan cruisers
Karlsruhe and Ditsden and steamed
caution! , wearing only h-r mast lights
at mebt. Frequently they picked up
wlrles4 messages that had bn e
cbamted betita the two airman ar
On th night of September t) the Ora
tayla almost ran into una of thu German
warships which was blocking the path
the QeVmans though the British imr
chantman weald travel. The captain put
en foreed 4rw..t and the Bngliah sldp
made a swift, wid detour to get out of
range of th man-of'Wai's searchlight.
There was w nwub, jcciument on board
mot of the time that the crew and as
seagcra g little ktp.
These w.re only two passeogvra oa tae
Ship when she reached tids prt. although
she bad efried TO ahtn slie left lu-dan-
Th-y wr Mr- and Mrs. Gorgt
Austia Jloure. Mrs. Mooi wm furmtrly
Miss CordeUa Hagers. of LuisvilW, Ky.
Ther was a roisterfous passenger oa
hoard known as Mr. Grant, whu was on
bis way to wuuamstaa. on tae uuicn
island uf Curacao,
M.M dira aioore. -vi i
last ue ascertained hi identity, and he
4kboledg-d that h was Cuptatu Gu
Gaunt, naval attache to the Bnluh Ktn
bessy at Wai.hir.gtoo He was on a ilan
desttoe mixtion tu u...i-rtLn if the Lytch
wer violating ihir nfcutralily. It had
teen rjurted to tha British Admiralty
that German warships ure securing war
tujiplit-n at Williamsiu.U Captain Gaunt
w.is It Nw York khortly after war bre
i ut hr aid and cntj day. while he was
a' i nt fr.i u h1 room. It wg.i I icken Into
and J jtiblvi i.j.pn of diplomatic value I
TOLD IN DISPATCHES
tourse of campaign from tho landing of
jim ttiitish troops, writes:
,.j , , ,, , t k u
Pl0 ln England understand that they
should bo most exceedliiBly thankful that
t,y aro living on nn island and not In
th0 midst of the dreadful th lies which
are happening on tho continent. Do on
force upon the public that ICngland must
fisht this thing out, and must conquer
even if it has to spend the blood of Its
joung men llko watct. It will bo far bet
ter that every family throughout Kns
land should have to sorrow for one of Its
members than that England should have
to jro through similar ordeals to those
which contiiK ntal countrl"S are suffering."
A Russian officer reports that one of
his soldiers went out and brought back
on horsebnek under his enemy's fire a
comrade who subsequently was discov
ered to be a young woman. She was
wounded and is now In a hospital at
A British war correspondent Is not
afflicted with false mode-sty. "Like Henry
V before th- battle of Aslncoiirt," he
writes. "I found myself wishing," etc.
A British "Jackie" offers his concep
tion of a naval battle in tho followini;
"Just these few lines to let you know
that I am quite sofa after our battle
with the Germans. It seems an ordi
rary day's occurrenca to have shot and
shU dropping all around you. Wo have
Just sunk several of the German de
stioyers and cruisers. This bhlp sank
two a destroyer and a cruiser. Tho de
stroyer we sunk with a gunfire, but wc
torpedoed the cruiser.
"Just as we were finishing the en
vawwient five of our battle cruisers
came up and signaled to us to get out
of their way. They put me In mind of
five big policemen telling a crowd of
boys to go away after giving n crowd
of boys and men a good hiding."
A Coldstream guardsman, writlns of the
fighting near tho forest of L'omplegno,
compares the sight of the Germans issu
ing fmm the trees to a cup final crowd
at the C'rs til Palace.
"You couldn't miss them. Our bullets
plowtd into them, but still they came
for us. I was well entrenched and my
rifle got so hot I could hnrdly hold It. I
win wondering If I should havu enough
bullets when a pal shouted, 'Up, Guards,
and at 'em.' Tho next second he was
roljed ovor with a nasty knock on the
s-houlder He jumped up and hls'-ed.
'Let ine Bet at them.' Hla language was
bit stronger than that."
ADMIRAL SKRIDL0FF HELD
IN GERMAN PRISON-CAMP
Russian Officer Failed to Escape lie
fore Outbreak of War.
I-KTHOOHAn, Oct. s.
Admiral Skrldloff, of the Russian navy.
f J3 bten arretted in Germany, along
with a number of other ptomlnent itus
duns, who were in that country when
war broke out.
Word was received here today that Ad
miral Skridloff was placed In Jail, where
In was confined for some time, after
Ich he was transferred to a military
detention camp, eight hours' ride from
Uerlin, where he in still held.
The Russian Government la trying to
obtain hi release.
CANADIANS REACH ENGLAND
Fresb 0?roops Will Be Seat to Srain.
UmoX. (M. i - it is announced that
the Canadian military contingent has ar
rived in Kngland
These troops will be sent t" a camp
pivUously selected to complete their
Colonel Victor A. Williams, adjutant
general of the Canadian militia, was in
command ot the contingent until tt
reached England. It has now been taken
over by the War Department, Colonel A.
J. C'reeliuan, of Montreal, 1 in command
of the artillery.
The thips carrying the contingent to
England were headed by the liner Fran
coni.i, which carried the staff officers.
The second boat was the Lapland.
DELAWARE CANAL PROJECT
Senate Wants to Know What Fur
cbase of Waterway Would &mt,
WASHINGTON. Oct. S.-A resolution
a adopted by the Senate today re
questing the Secretary of War to ascer
tain the prio for which tho Chetaiieake
end Idawre Canal can be purchased
and also to summarise, for the us of
the Senate, alt previous reports mad
uy the department upon this canal. Sen
ator Saulabury, of Pslaware, offered tho
Before the rivers and harbors till, re
cently enacted into law, was cut to the
bone in the Senate, it carried an Item
of &,W,m for tha purchase of thbg canal
by the Government.
ADVANCE IN FRENCII RENTES
IiORfiKAl X o t 8 Frtr i h 3 p-r cent
rntB tifi.it. i.jlv.,, t-rt I.. 77 irimffi nnd
26 ienttrm-s, tho htghest pUnt since tho
war bidaa. I
AS JAPANESE SEIZE
OUTER DEFENSE LINE
Garrison's Fire Lessens,
Showing Shortage of Am
munition Food Also
Scarce Three H arbor
rfiictN', Oct. s.
The Japanese continue their bombard
incut of tho Klao-Chau formications and
are reported hero lo ho In possession of
the outer chain of Tslng-Tno foMlflca
tlon.i. The licet continues to co-operate
with the land forces and, according to a
statement by the Japanese Legation,
three of tho harbor forts have been de
molished. It la expected that another formal de
mand for the suricmler of Urn concession
will bo made by the end of this week. It
Is believed that the garrison must bo run
ning short of both food and ammuni
tion, but up to the present time all sug
gestions of surrender hnvo beon sternly
t ejected by the commandant, who Insists
that he and bin men will perish at their
The Japanese legation announced today
that several of tho Cicrman batteries nt
Tslng-T.to had been silenced bj the
Anglo-Japanese bombardment. The state
The fall of Tslng-Tao Is only a mat
ter of time. Tho garrison Is slioit of
food nnd repoits that tho soldiers
are on the Verge of mutiny nre per
sistent. Tho Japanese Legation says that siege
guns are now ready to attack Tslng-Tao.
The German garrison will bo summoned
to surrender and opportunity will bo
given non-combatants to leave.
A Japaneso force litis occupied the sta
tions of the Shantung Itnllway at Tslnan,
tho western terminus of the German
owned road. They aro preparing to re
open the line for trafllc.
Immediately after receiving this Intel
ligence tho Chinese Foreign Ministry de
livered another protest to tho Japanese
Legation, demanding that the Japanese
troops withdraw and asking for n. reply.
Despite tho ultlmatum-llko charnctor of
the Chlneeo noto, It Is admitted Hint China
docs not Intend to tight.
At tho solicitation of tho Government,
which feared further complications, the
Germans hnvo not dynamited bridges as
they threatoned to do unless China com
pelled tho Japanese to withdraw from
According to a German news ngoncy
dispatch, Japanese forces have occupied
the Island of Yap, the most Important
Island ln tho Carollno group, or New
Philippines, in tho Pacific Ocean.
Tho Ctirollno Islands nre east of tho
Philippines. Tho group Is very extended
and eomprUeH about fi-M) small Islands.
Yap Is about 1000 miles from the Island
of Mindanao, one of the Philippine giuup
The Carollno Islnnds wero sold by Spain
to Germaay ln 1S03.
TOKIO, Oct. 8.
The Wnr Office declares that the gen
oral situation at Klao-Chau, whore tho
combined British-Japanese uxpendltlon is
operating against the German concession,
Fhows material Improvement. The Ger
man artillery fire has appreciably les
sened, indicating that ammunition is get
ting short. Tho Germans have also lost
two of their aeroplanes, which have hecn
shot down by the Japanese while recon
noiterlng over the land forces. In ad
dition, the enptive balloon from which
the Germans directed their the was put
out of business when a shell cut tho
rope holding It to the ground.
It is not believed hero that tho Ger
mans can hope to hold out more than
another week or toil days. They are
reporUd short of supplies of ail sorts,
and their losses ln hilled and wounded
aro said to bo very large. Because of this
belief the Japanese and British commanders-in-chief
have refused to attempt any
frontal opvratluns, nlthough It Is believed
it would not be a difficult Unk to tnke
tho foits by storm But tl.e Japanese
General Staff it. desirous of rupturing the
riinciiston with tho least possible lobs
and so U enntlr.uing slefe operations.
MAY DEFEND ANTWERP
Belgian Embassy Informed of Capitol
Move to Ostend.
WASHINGTON. Oct. S.-Thu Belgian
legation received a brluf cablegram from
its Fort'sn office today, unnounung that
tho Belgian Governtnpnt had been re
moved from Antwerp to Usttnd.
At the British embassy tho impression
prevails that In cane of a German attach
on ostund the Belgian Government might
be tranfcft-rrtd across the Channel to Eng.
bind, or that a British naval forte mlaht
i.ndirtake to prutfet the town against a
Herman force on land. .Since the Oriman
hY-et is honied up at Kiel und Heligoland,
it is cons!dt-rid possible that British war
ships mar rw be Matioued off o.-tend in
sufficient urength to discourage a Ger
man raid against the town.
GERMAN WRITES FROM FIELD
Former Philadelphia!! Drafted Two
Days After trailing in Hamburg.
Alfr. d Ginbburg, formerly of HIS North
Brmd street, hu readied his home in
Hambuig two days before war was de
clared, and was promptly drafted for the
army, has written Mrs. Mary Needles.
115 North Broad street, sending regards
frwn the field and enclosing his photo
graj.h. Ginibmg, who lived in Philadelphia
seven years, decided In July to return
home to Germany. He reached Hamburg
on July 30. and two days later inobllliu
tlon was begun. He was drafted imme
diately. The photograph, made In Cux
haubtn. shows him standing In uniform
With corporals of the 19th corps. The ior
pora,ls carry placards with the worda:
"World War, 19H." Beside the picture
Qinsburg has written: "All the corporals
send regards from the field."
CROSS EOR CZAR'S GENERAL
HOME. Oct 8.-A dispatch from I'etro
srad says that tho Czar has c,fnri
the Grand Cross of St Octree on tho
Grand Duke Nicno'as ana ixxma Generals
I iamouchltovltch ard Danow,
.' s.mi i " , -s- - - jj--"- " i " in i
r m, '
CONVENT NEAR BRUSSELS
WRECKED, DECLARES NUN
Sisters Remained to Protect Property
Until Shells Hit Buildings.
LONDON, Oct. S.
Sister Mary McLaughlin, an Augustin
Inn nun whoso homo Is nt Sknncnteles, N.
T., arrived in London with several hun
dred other refugees from tho district
nbout Antwerp, llepresonliillvcs of tho
Women's Hellef Commlllro mot her on
her at rival ami ore making arrangements
for her to sail for America on Saturday.
sister Atari, with SO oilier slstcis of
Ibe order, were compelled lo leavo the
Flllo do Alarlo Convent nt Wlllebtock, r.fl
miles north of Antwerp, by the bombard
ment of tho fort there mi September 29.
"Wo stayed at the convent as long as
possible to protect the property, but tho
school was near tho fort, and shells
struck our chapel and other buildings,
shattering windows nnd wrecking tho
roofs, nrlven out wo made our way north
to Boom, two miles away."
SUNG AS WAR GUNS
Altar Is Surgeon's Tabic,
Vases of Exploded Shells,
With Artillery Roar as
FAMS. Oct. S.
With a surgeon's tablo as an altar, a
sheet from the hospital ns nn altar cloth
nnd llowcrs In vases" which wore bases
of exploded German shells, a military
chaplain recently celebrated mass on tho
battlefield. A priest, serving as a cor
poral, assisted tho chaplain in meeting
tho request of many wounded soldiers.
The mass was said to grim music. Sholls
slukked above tho worshipcis and ex
ploded with terrific detonations. All about
was tl'e clamor of battle. Priests and
congregations were near to death every
moment, but the service continued until
Its eloo calmly and lininteriuptcdly.
CRUISERS HAD TO FIGHT
TO ENTER DARDANELLES
Now Yorker Describes Battered
Goeben and Breslnu.
NT.W YORK. Oct. "'.That tho German
cruisers Goeben and Breslau were en
gaged by wnr.shlps of the Allies before
they escaped Into ibe Dardanelles Is In
dicated by news brought here today by
A llllani J. Sauter, of Schenectady, X. V.
Mr. Pauter said that while ho was In
Turkev be saw the two cruisers In the
S,-a ot Marmora and that both wero bad
ly damaged. Their crews havo been
made Turkish cltizi-ns he asserted. This
was a defiance of the Allls' demand that
the German sailors bo deported.
KILLED LEADING TROOPS
Major General Zellmnn Killed Pub
lisher and Physician Honored.
m:m,ix, Oct. a.
In the Ht of casualties posted today
appears the name of Ala lor General Au
gustus Zel'.man. eonjm.inder ot the Sec
ond Bavarian Tiold Artillery, who was
killed In nit Ion leading his troops more
than n week ago.
ltudnlph I'lldtelii, the publisher, who Is
serving with a volunteer auto corps, nnd
Ir. Adnlph von Flo.-ckner have beun
created Knights of the Iron Cioss for
conhplcumis service. Both are known in
the I'r.lted States.
HOUR OF VICTORY AT HAND.
PRESIDENT PQINCARE THINKS
Allies' Position Satisfactory, He Says
on Return From Front.
PARIS. Oct. 8
President Polnenre, upon bis arrival
here fiom the front, visited the head
quarters of General G.iUieui, miUtuiy
governor of Paris.
"I nm highly pleased with mv visit to
the front," s.ild the French President.
"It has shown me that mir pimitions are
entirely satisfactory. Vntnrv l now only
a matter of time. Both General Joffr'e
and Gnrral French nro , lat.-d at the
pnspect Wo all be)j, ve tiic hour of
victory is at hand "
LEGION OF HONOR GIVEN
VICTOR IN AIR DUEL
Trench Aviator's Bleclmn'clan Also
Decorated, for Bravery,
PARIS, Oct. s.
The ribbon of th legion of Honor has
been conferred upmi Sejeant IVunta,
who, with his mechanician. M, guenalt,
won a thrilling air battle, from the Ger
mans in plain view of the Al'bd armv.
The French and British soldiers wn, m
excited at the air duel that they jumped
from their trenches and stood .posed m
tho Geiman shells until the German
'plane was brought to earth. Qui nalt
was given a roJol equivalent to the Vlc
GOLD BEARER ARRESTED
German Caught Trying to Pass Aus
ROMi:. Oct S-A u.rman hns bten ar
rested in attempting tu pos the Austrian
ir.'titui-, bearing half a million francs in
Miii h i-o'-ieey Is being maintained re
tarding tut arreat,
1 BLANKS I fgm
1 rtV hff I ifSStl
I IPS 1 nliniaF
I Luncheons 50c
ill from 11 tu .': In our nilun e'l-n- It
fll lenfunt fur ihuppsrs TU maim is
n-aauiiatlo ai.d ibe, ei,n.o j.ruiuiil ! i
n eiud atie-mlte m
I 1024-26 Chestnut Street 1
1 lor Ues I ream lets, t ukf A I
i r" t. , ,t cjs B
I. win le.i i - - - rEjg'-jj'aigEUjraiO' 111 1 leHIISjgrlll I
rmf'9i s r "-bot i"i4 0wiirnTirviBikBtiaHiii
FRENCH NIGHT DASH
AIDS LILLE DEFENSE
IN REPULSE OF FOES
Garrison Succored by Night
Dash and German sCavalry
Loses 2000 in Three Days'
OSTKXIl, Ott. S
fierce fighting hns been In Pf0gree3 for
three days nround Lille.
Iteports received here state Hint the
German cavalry have lost 3)00 men In an
attempt to tako Lille, but havo thus far
been unsuccessful. Tho French succeeded
in gelling a largo force Into that town
by a night dash, and have held It against
Tho Germans have occupied the region
nbout Turcoltig nnd Iloubalx (north of
Lille). They have brought up large forces
of Infantry, which nro moving behind a
screen of cavalry numbering at least
Thrso cavalry forcca ostend ns far as
tleports received hero state that large
reinforcements hnVc arrived nt Antwerp
ntid are aiding the Belgians. The belief
Is expressed bv Belgian officials that thli
will enable Antwerp to maintain Its
GERMAN TRENCH DYNAMITED
BY BRITISH, SAYS REPORT
Deep Tunnels Were Dug Under Re
doubt, Paris Hears.
PARIS, Oct. R.
Another severe reverse for the Ger
mans Is reported from Solssons, where
the British me eald to have undermined
a Gei man trench. Pynamlto mines were
exploded and the trench was destroyed
with the loss of from 100 to D0O German
Tho report, which has reached Pails,
gives tho following detnllB:
"Tho Germans weio so strongly In
trenched lb.it the French and British had
been unable to dislodge them. Attack
nftcr attack was made, but the rifles and
machine gun fire of the Invaders mowed
down the soldiers of the coalition forces.
Finally French nnd Kngllsh soldiers dug
Intreiichments several- hundred yards
distant from the German lines. Fnder
the direction of British engineeie, soldiers
sot to work and dug deep tunnels under
neath tho German earthworks. The tun
nels were filled with dynamite with elec
tric contacts so that It could bo ex
ploded bv pressing a button. Tho French
nnd HrltMi then retired nnd the charges
were het off. Kvcry German In the
trench was killed."
ENGLISH BITTERNESS FOR
GERMANS SHOWN IN LETTER
Manchester Woman Tells of Hard
ships Suffered Because of War.
Indictments against the Germans, more
serious that any which so far hava
reached this country, aro contained in
a letter fiom tin IJngllsh woman living
nt Cheetham Hill, Manchester, to Miss
Maude Wood, 1101 Powelton avenue, this
city, received today. The writer not only
gives a clear idea of the bitternes ex
isting In all Kngllsh hearts against the
Germans, but describes concisely the
hardships homo by her and her towns
people as a result of tho war.
The letter In part leads:
"Wo aro teiy badly hit by the war, as
most of our business was done with Aus
tria and Germany, but we all are doing
what wo con to help thoso poor souls
who are suffeilng through no fault of
their own. but through the workings of
a devil Incarnate that German fiend!
Forgive me, but you little Know what
awful things can happen.
"You remember Florence Jackson? Well,
a friends of hers had two daughteis at
school In Belgium and she itho mother)
has onlv just now been ablo to get them
here and they both havo been outraged'
Such awful things never would hnvo hap
pened If the German soldiers did not
receive their orders from their 'highly
cultured' nfllcc rsi
"We are expecting to bo commanded
to take two or three territorials or con
valescents, f don't know which. I will
do mv bet for them.
"I trust God will help the Allies to
conquer the viper nnd put him wheie
he nn never harm any one again."
HEAVY ARTILLERY AIDS
IN DEFENSE OF ANTWERP
Reinforcements Join Belgians to
Savo Besieged City.
bO.NlKI.V, Oct. 8.
Heavy reinforcements of men und nrtll
Jery have leached the bctdi-grd gurrison
of Antwerp eeiecv as to the identity
of these tioops Is being maintained at
the War utllce. The nflli lul refused this
Ufti I liiiou tei ilitciihs the tnattfi.
It Is possible to state', houevei. that
these teinfnrciinents nie not Belgian
troops- The artillery winch bun i cached
the beleaguered cltv Is said to include) a
number of big naval guns.
A dispatch iinie in the week stated that
Biltish treiops und naval guns had reached
There Is a new spirit of optimism here
as to the Antwerp situation, despite the
claims that aio being mudo at Berlin. The
Pro:.-. Huroiu stated that it was unable)
tu ei.nflrm even the repotted fall of one
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