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EVEfflfrG LEPgER PHILADBti3?niA,v..-,rojjSD1ALY SEPT-WEEK 20, 1914
end ifl t
ITALY SPEEDS FORGE
REPORT FROM ROME
Interests Endangered by
Turk's Election as Prince
May Break Neutral Policy.
MINOR TERRORS OF WAR;
ITS COMEDY AND PATHOS
dCN'CVA, Sept. Z).
Italian troops have, embarked on trans
porta tit Btlndlsl for Avlona, the capital
of Albania, according to an unconfirmed
report from Home.
"In view of the grave situation mow
existing throughout tluropo, Italy does
not consider the offer of the Albanian
crown to a son of Abdul Humid, ex
Sultan of Turkey, Is suillclcntly Im
portant to Justify Intervention." says th?
Trlbuna of Home. In an editorial on the
Government's firm neutrality.
Turkey will reopen the Dardanelles to
navigation In a da or two. according to
a dispatch from Constantinople. The
European Powers have brought pres
sure to bear on the Turkish Government
since Its notification of the various
diplomatic representatives that the
ttaits would be closed to traffic.
The pot Is boiling over once more In
Albania, The situation In that artificial
principality became so serious today that
Intervention by Italy Is not unlikely.
There Is no doubt that such Intervention
would mean a declaration of war by
Necessity for "piotectlns Italian Inter
ests In Albania" may furnish the pie
text Italy openly desires for taking sides
In the war of the nations. There Is more
than vague surmise to Justify this con
clusion, it Is learned trom re labl sources
that tho new crisis In Albania Is ex
ercising; the Italian Government and that
positive action Is contemplated.
Simultaneous with tho meeting of the
Cabinet to consider the Turkish situa
tion a proclamation was Issued forbid
ding Italians to enlist as volunteers In
the armies of belligerents. The prohibi
tion was due to a movement for forming
& corps of "Garibaldians" to serve with
Kssad Pasha in Albania and In Dalmatla.
An Italian naval demonstration In the
Aegean Sea Is being considered. The
English Mediterranean fleet and several
Trench war vessels aro now concentrated
there, near the Islands which belong to
6ENATE ELECTS TURKISH PRINCE.
In Durazzo the Senate of Albania, defy
ing all of the Powers, elected Prince Bur-han-Eddln,
a. son of Abdul Hamid, de
posed Sultan of Turkey, as Prince of
Albania. The Senate appointed a commls
slon to go to Constantinople and deliver
the Invitation to tho Turkish Prince.
Simultaneously Essad Pasha, the great
popular leader In Albania, prepared to
march on Durazzo -with an army of 12,000.
He has arrived at Dlbra with a force
and Is collecting an army for the over
throw of the interregnum.
Essad Is popular In Italy and has en
Joyed the favor and protection of the
Italian Government. 'When Austria dis
persed hla forces and took him prisoner,
virtually, at the time Essad was pre
paring to overthrow Prince William of
Wled, Italy Interposed, placed Essad on
an Italian warship, guarded him and
later welcomed him In Italian territory.
ITALY TO PROTECT INTERESTS.
The Italian Foreign Office has ignored
the action of the Albanian Senate. It
will neither confirm nor deny the news
that Prince Burhan-Eddln has been of
fered the throne. There Is cause for
stating that Italy's attitude depends
upon events and that Italian Interests
will bo defended at any cost. Excluding
the greatest of those Interests, which Is
the permanent veto of Italian territorial
aggrandizement In Albania with the con
trol of harbors, such as Valona, that as
sure dominance in the Adriatic, there Is
tho necessltv of protecting Italian prop
erty and citizens again imperiled by civil
An eloquent commentary on the feel
Ins that exists between British officers
and men, and a reason why the list of
casualties among the British commls
stoned oflkers has been so laige Is fur
nished In the following letter written
bv a noncommissioned ofllcer of the Buffs:
"So regiment fought harder than we
did, and no renlment Iiah hettor ollleem.
who went shoulder to shoulder with their
men. hut vou can't expect absolute Im
possibilities to be accomplished, no mat
ter how bravo the boys are, when ou
are fighting a force 20 to 30 times as
strong. If some of you at home who
have spaken snccrMRly of British officers
could have Keen how they handled their
men and shirked nothing you would hi
ashamed of yourselves. We are all de
termined when It Is fit again to return
and get our own back."
Hundreds of men from the Salvation
Army missions have answered the call of
Lord Kitchener for services lnvnllv anil
Promptly. Stories of the gallantry and (
biavcry of the Salvationists mo now
coming back from the front. I
One of the wounded served as a motor I
uriver In the roal Hold artillery He
Was a bandsman In the Salvation Army
before war was declared and told of
hearing other former Salvationists sing
ing the favorite songs of the army on
the battlefields at night.
Telling of the fighting, the former
"Shells were burstim- all around us and
I was struck by a splinter. It was only
a flesh wound, however, so I bound It
up and went ahead with my work. First
It seemed the enemy was getting the bet
ter of us, then he would retreat and so
the battle went all da v. Comiades wore
roiling all around me The Get mans
were falling In hundreds So thick were
the dead of the enemy that when the
order to advance was given we simply
had to force the motor over heaps of
bodies. While follow Ins the retreating
Germans six of us got lost. For four
days we ttamped without am thins to
eat or drink. On the third day our
tongues were hanging out from thirst
and two of the men went mad. It was
on me tourtn mgnt that we fell in w-ith
the British ambulanco sections, and one
of the first sounds I heard was a wound
ed man In one of the wagons singing:
" 'I'm a child of a king,
I'm a child of a king,
With Jesus my saviour,
I'm a child of a king.'
"I learned that he was a Salvationist
and later In the stillness of the night I
heard a clear olce In another part of
the camp singing:
" "Then we'll roll the old chariot along,
And we won't drag on behind."
"The song was taken up In other parts
of the camp until it swelled Into a chorus
of voices that made the air ring with
the old Salvation Army song."
tlon Is so clean one soldier did not know
he had been hit for three hours, and an
other bullet went through two soldiers
and lodged In a cavalryman's saddle.
"If oLndon woie to follow the exampte
of the Russian capital and change Its
iubw." n.iva the London Times. "Cos-
mopolls might be a suitable title. .For six
I weeks citizens of other nations have been
I pouring Into England until London has
become i vast hostel. Belgians whose
I homes hao become smoking ruins,
i Frenchmen on whose lands the soldiers of
I three nations aro now fighting, Russians
whom the outbreak of war surprised In
some alien country all have sought these
shores. Here, too, are many of our ene
mies' .subjects Germans and Austrlans
who were In England when war broke
out, and have chosen to prolong their so
journ. At tho hint of war, Germans who
were In Paris flowed over to England.
This Invasion has turned London Into u
city where alien tongues may be heard
everywhere, tn omnibuses and trains. In
tho shops and theatres one sees foreign
ers and listens to foreign speech. Ono
might n I most suggest that London's new
motto should be "lei on parle Francals,'
for in certain parls of the city the lan
guage of our Allies Is heard almost as
lictiuently as our own."
FIRED ON COMRADES
IN NIGHT ASSADLTS
Infantry Made Fatal Mistake
During Advance, Says Re
port From English Head
quarters at the Front.
DISPOSITION OF PRISONERS
IS PROBLEM TO PETR0GRAD
Some of the pilvatcs at least In the
German ranks nre under the Impression
that Japan and the United States are
taking part In the war on the German
side, acordlng to a letter received In Lon
don from an ofllcer of a Highland legl
ment now at the front.
Reports Indicate it sometimes takes a
lot to kill a modern soldier. Sergeant
Fougere, of France, received eight bul
let wounds, a broken arm and other in
juries, and although shot In the calf,
thigh and ankle, escaped being captured
by Germans, and limped ten miles to his
regiment. Another French soldier re
ceived six bullet and three baonet
wounds and Is recovering. The French
War Office estimates only two men are
killed out of cery 100 hit The penetra- be called
In every c.v.nn where Britain's new
armies are being trained the regular drill
1 Instiuctors aro sweating over their com
pany roll at night, desperately trying lo
i remembei the pronunciation of the names
of aristocratic recruits who do not rec-
1 ocnlze Cholmondley when pronounced as
I it Is spelt.
A sergeant calling the roll for a com
pany of the new "sportsmen" battalion
for the llrst time had a terrible experi
ence recently. Having disposed success
fully of a few "Harpers," "Jlltchells,"
eti?., he came to the name "Montague."
"Private Montalg," shouted tho ser
geant. There was no reply, but when the name
wts repeated a half-hearted "Here, sir."
came from the ranks.
"Why didn't you answer before?" de-
I mnnded the sergeant. "Because my name
Is Mon-tn-gue," replied the recruit.
"Well," tnapped the sergeant, "you'll
do seven days' fatlgew."
The next name on the list, Majorlbanks.
brought no response, for the sergeant
A second call brought the mild response,
"I expect you mean me, sir. My name Is
The sergeant almost reeled, but pro
ceeded bravely with "Colauhoun."
"Private Col-kew-houn," he called.
"Coohoon, sir, that's me," came a brisk
reply from the front rank.
The drill Instructor gave up and, clos
ing his book, he wearily gave the order
"number. When this was completed he
"One hundred and twenty-one. That's
right. Now, if there are any more of you
with fancy names Just come to me after
drill and tell me how you would like to
REST TIRED BODIES
ON BEDS OF ROYALTY
The pressure of public opinion In Italy
Increases. Every day rinds the Govern
ment's position more delicate. Every day
tho comments of influential citizens and
writers is bolder, more aggressive. Italy's
army and navy are ready All that is
needed is a respectable pretext This
Albanian alfairs may now furnish.
Italy Is informed of Austrian prepara
tions In tho Tola district, where 3i0,0M
troops are believed to be assembled
readv to meet an Italian attack. It can
bo stated, therefore, that the complica
tions ur cf ti utmost importance owing
to the pu.-sibility .jf Italian intervMitl"ii.
CANADIANS PLAN TO SEND
MORE MEN TO CONTINENT
Soldiers, Supplies and Money Will Be '
Rushed to England's Aid. '
TORONTO, Ont , Sept. 23 ,
Having dispatched the first Canad'an
war contingent of 32.ffl0 men on Its voy- '
agv to Europe, well guarded by British
men-of-war. the Canadian Government I
Is eNpected in a few duvg to Iscue a. sec i
and riU for men to Join thir comradfs
at the f.-ont Although it Is lntimatJ
that onlv W'r'0 men will be asked for
on this oicjsljn. it in estimated that '
fully 100.0ifl will volunteer, of which 16,
WK' will lie frum Toronto and Montreal.
Ever since the war bt-gan the militia i
regiments throughout the country tmve '
ben Increasing their establUhmenU to
a war footing and adding to many rr. !
cru'.t that the tupph of the servke
khaki uniforms has been exhausted, and
companies are ugaiii seen parading with
the oldr uniforms of the British army. '
Owing to ;h valuable service rendered
by mounted Infantry in th South African '
war It wss said today by a prominent
headquarters ..ffloer that tha second con
tributor of men by the Dominion would
be particulaily tirons In this arm
Coupled with a strong demand that
nas arisen tnai tnis country should send
at least lOu.wj men and maintain them
In the field, a derided and spontaneous
movement for the formation of rifle cluba !
has started every where m tho country.
As the work of gettlnff men ready for '
the war prog: ear it it, owns revealed
that the Dominion Goiernment had been
gradually n.aUnn; preparations for the
rreat struggle for the last three van,.
This hus been done mainly through the I
provision of rlrie ranges and other facill- I
ties for piaitifB in markmanship. '
A spontaneous movement which begun I
some time ago to provide for the de
pendents of goldlers nt the front has now
a&eutned large pioportlona. Toronto and
Montreal, wheh were the first to begin
this work, have lain-d fj.au t between
them, several othei cities have under
taken to raiae f. om f-JO 'tt to JM0.'.jO each,
and wlun all that !. is been promised has
been natreird in fi3.uii.Mu to H6,uOj.fjj will
be on hand for rllef.
A remarkable feature for the present
war so far as Canada Is concerned U
the stroii,- sui port of the cause of tho
Allies by the many foreign residents of
the country Hundreds of Germans have
o-ipiira tor naturalization papers, among
whom Is Profemor Mueller, of the Uni
versity of Toiouto At Berlin, Ontario,
a city composed almost wholly of men
und women of German descent and of
naturalised i;. iniatm. a lurge patriotic
fund U bfin luUtd a new regiment is
being recruited mid prominent citizens
including nmnv nmnufaitureig have heid
public mfctmes fnrsw tre Kaii r
and pledged then aUeuuct, (o the Brit
ish cause. ft f
Unawed by Splendors of
Compiegne Palace They
Seek "Nature's Sweet Re
storer" in Marie Antoin
DIRE FATE THREATENED
GERMAN ENVOYS IN U. S.
PARIS. Sept. 2
Gabriel Mourey. curator of th ancient
I roal palace at Compiegne, reports that
I the Germans when they occupied the
town laid straw upon the palace floors.
where their soldiers etnoked and slept.
Th ofJlcers did not occupy the historic
royal beds, but they took the nmtressei
and other equipment irom the beds,
notably that which was once the bed of
Marie Antoinette, and sIept on them on
Western Millworker Accused of Writ
ing Letter to Bernstorff.
RAYMOND, Wash.. Sept. !D.-Edwln R.
Scott, a millworker, who says he formerly
was a lieutenant In the Dublin fusiliers.
I under arrest here today on a charge
of having threatened the "extermination"
of the German diplomatic corps In the
1'nlted States In a letter addressed to
Count Johann von Bernstorff, German
Ambassador at Washington.
The envoy was to be the first victim.
The arrest w-as made by secret service
operatives. The letter was dated Port
land. August CO and postmarked Raymond.
It was traced through a damaged letter
ot a typewriter which, It Is alleged, Scott
used. The police say he confessed, but
refu&ed to explain his action.
EXHAUSTED FRENCH TROOPS
CAPTURED HILL BY CHARGE
Eegiment Fought 72 Hours and Then
Begged to Finish Work.
PARIS, Sept. :s
As an Illustration of the spirit that
animates the French regiments the story
is told of an incident at Solssons, where.
after three ,1n'' InHACEint nhtlnn r.
.. , ....... ., 1 I 1. , . Ill.riaOIIV ,, l UK, b
mo ,iuor oi me u.ici-hi. ruai ucuruuju. , sincle (nfuntry regiment that had as
The invaluable Beauvals tapestries had . saulted the enemy's position time and
been removed to a safe place before the , 'lc'in as compelled to retire At tho
Germans arrived, the curator report. , JV'thiv' hVllt.i'I.V? K abavi!?eut
Nothing was -.-moved fiom the palace. S?B,r-'i " J?'"6'1 "" w'nih
tie ays. and no damage done, -xeept to Ltol S, 'tl0nu, Ut,lhe
some of the furniture, which can be re- nay .."re hv it" Jfi' "' h'i''
paired eall . and to the chessboard w hid, thg Vcesiarvn " c r?!.rThm"n,.?
Queen Caroline, of Naples, presented to , befor the dil.n7 J. nrfL 'i1 p?"tlra
Napoleon I. The chessboard itself was to b0 taken at Ju ",h.H " " J)'13
XmsZS;. the chessmc" were lakf-n rac- i"i & ShSlTSIlS!
niing to the reported German vlola- JSS. lntar
edltniUv- wei-tBaroM,. The regiment felt humiliated a, tho call
"Th 1. reitfllnlv. nm. n,fnrf rf. 1 ' ."""."""s. nu petitioned their
rangement In the brains
of hu h an act. which
monstrous dementia Fort
insolent triumphs and 4 kind of satura-
LONDON, Sept. 29.
The British Official Press Bureau has
Issued a description of tho operations ot
the British force In France and the
French armies In immediate touch with
It, communicated by an eyewdtneso at
the headquarters of Field Marshal Sir
John French. This account supplements
that Issued September It It snys:
"September 23, 1011. For four days
there has been n comparative lull nil
nlong our front. This has been accom
panied by a spell of fine weather, though
the nights are now much colder. Ono
cannot have everything, however, and
one evil result of the sunshine hns been
the tclenso of files, which were torpid
during the wet days.
"Advantage has been taken of the ar
rival of reinforcements to relieve by
fresh troops the men who have been In
the firing line for ome time. Several
units, therefore, have received their
baptism of fire during the week.
ATTACK IN DARK.
"Since the last letter left general
headquarters, evidence has been re
ceived which points to the fact tlin'
during counter attacks on tho night o?
Sundny, the 20th, the German Infantry
Died Into each other as the result of an
attempt to carry out the dangerous ex
pedient of a converging advance In the
"Opposite one portion of our position
a considerable massing of hostile forces
was observed before dark, and some hours
later a furious fusillade was heard In
front of our line, though no bullets came
over our trenches.
"This narrative begins with September
21 and covert, only two days. On Monday,
the 21st, there was but little rain, and
the weather took a turn for the better,
which has been maintained. The action
was practically confined to the artillery,
our guns at one point shelling and driv
ing away the enemy, who were endeav
oring to construct a ledoubt. Tho Ger
mans, for their part, cxrended a large
number of heavy shells In a long range
bombardment of a village.
FOUND TRENCHES DESERTED.
"Reconnoitring parties sent out during
tho night of the 21st-22d discovered soma
deserted trenches, and In them, or near
them In the woods, over 100 dead ond
wounded were picked up. A number
of rifles, ammunition and equipment wero
also found. There were other signs that
portions of the enemv s forces had with
drawn for some distance.
-luesday. the -.Jd, was also fine, with
less wind, and was one of the most un
eventful days that has passed since we
reached the Alsnc uneventful, that Is,
for the British. There was less artillery
work on either side, the Germans never
theless giving another village a taste of
the 'Jack Johnsons..'
"The spot thus honored was not far
from the ridge where some of the most
severe close fighting in which we have
taken part has occurred. All over this
No Man's Land, between the lines, the
bodies of German Infantry are still lying
in heaps, where they have fallen at dif
"Events have moved so quickly during
the last two months that anything con
nected with the mobilization of tho
British expeditionary force Is now an
cient history. Nevertheless, tho follow
ing extract of a German order is evi
dence of the mystification of the enemy
and 13 a tribute to the value of secrecy,
well and loyally maintained at the time
" 'Tenth Reserve Army Headquarters,
Mont St. Gulbert. August 20, 19H.
" 'Tho French troops in front of the
Tenth army corps have, retreated s-outh
across the Sambre, part of the Belgian
army has withdrawn to Antwerp. It Is
reported that an English army has dis
embarked at Calais and Boulogne, en
route for Brussels.' "
14,000 Sq. Feet
As tve are removing our Print
ing Department to the Curtis
Building, we have this space for
rent, ready October 1. Robert
Morris Bldg., 919 Walnut St.,
2d floor, light four sides, steam
heat, 2 passenger and 2 freight
elevators, low insurance rate.
The Beck Engraving Co.
620 Sansom St.
Phone, Walnut 1073
. . . r r-inforcements, and petitioned ihoir
omc profound de- ,,,., , be lillottPf, ,,,", 7hi w0rc
of those capable themsciv.s PermUln w'ns reluctantly
i ts a form of given, and. despite their previous 7J hours
Forty years ago of r,1uous hghtlng. the wmaliw nf
tion in the vulearcrit -atl. factions havi
unhinged this lace to its vry marrow "
The newspaper goes on to recommend
the excommunication of all German
from ilvilization. There should be no
more German maids or sovernesei. em
ployed and the language should be elim
Inated from cour.es at universities an
no more Uermtu musi,' or plays ut the
opera or the theatres.
MBlm-nt charged up the hill and earned
it i.v a..-auit. Ttiev lost heavlh In th
ertort, but their pride hdd been batisile 1
ltmanufaitur! mat nines, all stand
ard make - - t'mlfrurtn.iv llmingtunn
Olivers, 1. f fcinltli M.i in h, etc, at
T peurltfr rented and repaired
marcus & co. hft,,;.rr,;M.
S-n fnr aalnc N'o f
1.1 unium mm uu M-m.lxmm mju
i The House that Heppe built
FOUNDED .V 1865 ADOPTED ONE-PRICE SYSTEM IN 7'
Turkey Closes Straits to All Glasses
LONDON, Spt. y -Turkey has closed
the Dardanelles, the narrow strait be
twitn Euri- and Ana, to all navlgj.
tlon. aTL-ordln.- to a dispatch from Con
stantinople The duration of the clo&ure
It) not alven, noi u ita purpose CKplalmd i
By agrment among the ureal Powers
the Dardanelles, heavily fortified, are
! eod always t war vessels wtoer than
C. J. Hcppe & Son, 1 1 1 71 119 Chestnut Street 6th & Thompson Streets C
ITALIAN JIIfJISTER, ILL
ROME. Sept. J-Dr Pesua-alo"o. jf
the I'niverslty of Turin, has been sum
moned heie to con lit with Dr Utture
Marchiafava rega'dlng the londltion of
Marquis ntoiilo di San Glu'ixno. tnc
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, who
Is affected iih gouty dvspepsla Al
though tontiued to his bed, the Foreign
Minister continues to receive foreign
diplomats at his bedside and direct the
affair of i t office.
r ' w. 1 1 li iir . e
frCIIOOLH ANI) rOI.I.EOEll
l'KNMitl.1 M. sfllonL V()K
410 ftuuth Hftr-nth Street
riM vrwk Im'j.lrt l, iur nod dU, u-
iun on th iltf1 j m mc 'if the noiljl Ideal
ami the ynwlh if . 14I Ui.-lli atl. n prevent
..n principle ..f re.lef Tgnliatl.,n and
rnan.fement ut .. ii agn ie. and con
trii'tlve program, f, r . Ui reform
Held work aft-ris an ppirtunlty for
pra-tl.a experience and training under the
-uptrvlilnn nf exp-rf- Send for catalog
opeclosr date c tvter i-.j.
NOW ON SALE
rrm rrrrrnst 1111
800,000 Austrlans Taken Is Beport.
To Be Distributed In Muscovy.
PETROORAD, Sept 29.
Tho Russian regards the Austrian as
a gentlemanly opponent, with whom It Is
H pleasure to fight,
Not that tho Austrian does not fight
well. The struggle 111 Poland and Gallcla
1ms been as bloody as that on the Meuse,
ard the Austrian, though beaten, has
fought gallantly ngaltist overwhelming"
numbers, better generals and better
The Austrlans have never levied any
contribution on occupied towns, and have
treated Russian prisoners and wounded
with reasonable humanity.
tt Is not easy to arrive at a correct
estimate of tho number of Austrian pris
oners Interned In various parts of Rus
sia. The Bourse Gazette, one of the
leading evening newspapers of Petrograd,
seta the figure at SOO.OW. Among the
laige contingent of prisoners nt Kiev Is
the former Austrlnn commandant of
Tho Austrian prisoners arriving In Pc
trogrnd nie a decidedly mixed crowd.
The llrst thing that strikes xne about
them Ib the extraordinary number of
Kiev Is overflowing with prisoners. They
nre also streaming Into Petrograd. They
ate becoming national problem.
"What shall we do with our Austrian
prisoners?" Is the cry of the moment.
As a matter of fact, they are being di
rected to Vologda and other remote In
ternal Governments of Muscovy, where
they will bo as peaceful for the next
six months as If they wero snowed up
at the North Pole.
To give tho Austrian ofllcer his due,
he does not often, when captured pes
ter his captors for favors. Some Aus
trian officers do not seem, however, to
take the war seriously. The best Aus
trlnn troops nre those from the Tyrol.
They have had not quarrel with tho
Slavs, and know nothing about them,
while the troops from eastern Austria
aro either half Slav themselves or nro
easygoing and not serlou.
This lack of seriousness constitutes the
great moral defect of the Austro-Hun-garlan
army. It explains tho readiness
of the Austrlans to surrender nnd ro-treat.
CORPS NEW BURDEN
TO NATIONS AT WAR
Plague and Minor Ills
Among Soldiers in Rain
besogged Fields Cause
Concern to British.
LONDON, Sept. 29.
The British army officials admittedly
are gravely concerned over the sanitary
situation In tho field, Constantly re
curring reports which can hardly ho
overlooked, Insist that real Asiatic
cholera Is present, not only In Austria
among tho wounded In Vienna and
Budapest and among tho troops on tho
firing line In Gallcla, but that It actually
has developed In certain parts of Russia,
In addition typhoid and typhus, as well
as dysentery, arc said lo bo raging In
tho ranks of some of tho German armies
and navy, French and British soldiers
en rfo ring from milder disease.
As a result of these developments ex
traordinary activity Is In evidence at all
of the hospital cases. To the troops at
the front have been sent enormous quan
tities of quicklime, which Is being Used
wherever It Is necessary to clean up
battlefields In the rear of the troops.
In nddltlon, tho most extraordinary pre
cautions aro being taken to Insure that
no water used by tho army In the field
Is taken from contaminated sources. In
this respect tho British army Is much
hotter off than any of tho other forces
In the Held.
From the first landing on French soil
the commanders of the troops havo been
active In safeguarding tho water supply.
Whenever the Held kltchcnB aro not en
gaged In supplying food for the men they
have been kept In operation boiling
water. Consequently up to tho present
time the British expeditionary forces have
been remarkably free from disease.
Tho heavy, cold rains that continued
fdf mora than a week, however, broM '
a ver table epidemic of rheumatism!?
tho soldiers In the field. CompifS .
stand hin deep In water.fflled l Iri-frVi1
to fight day and night In slothing S&
which water actually dripped, the ?
tendlnff forces naturally suffered .
since then tho percentage of sick Is fnii.
as large as the percentage of woundM
In addition the weather conditions m.
severe toll of tho wounded and rtVt. 1
from all of the hospitals, bpth here . if 1
In France, show a high percentage
pneumonia cases at tho present time
FRENCH HOLD GRAIN CROPS !
Government May Bo Forced to rix
PARIS, Sept. 29. The action of farm.,.
In withholding their supplies awaltin.
further advance In prices Is causing n 1
lety In official circles. Little grain I i
IiaIhi iftfimi (n 4 Via Mnkl,kta " 1
UT-I11E) viavitu iv imu ill til nuiBi
It Is proposed that tho government n
a maximum price at ,whlch grain mv
be sold. '
35,000 REFUGEES FLOCK
TO HAVEN IN GHENT
Peasants Pleo Scones of Fighting in J
AMSTERDAM, Sept. .
Thlrty-flvo thousand refugees have ar
rived at Ghent, according to advices re- C
celved from private sources In northern 3
Tho refugees nre pensants and rest J
dents of smaller towns In tho part of the
country west of Brussels, In tho vicinity
of Alost and Tcrmonde, where the flBht. '
ing has been going on for several day-,
nnd from West Flanders, where the pco
pie expect conflicts between the Germans
and a force of French and British which
Is now satd to bo marching cast toward
Belgium In northern Franco.
Stupidity of London
A teacher asked her class to write an
essay on London.
Later uho was surprised, says the
Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph, to
read tho following In ono attempt:
"Tho people of London are noted for
their stupidity." The young author
was asked how he got that idea.
"Please, miss," was the roply. "it
says In tho textbook the population of
London is very dense."
News Right from
The high-sounding claims of many car
builders fill the air. But don't buy any car
on the conversational powers of its sales
man or the lure of its printed advertisement.
You are interested in performances not
promises. You want to know what the car
really is what it will actually do, both
under ordinary conditions of service and
when it has to meet extraordinary conditions.
It is the ability of the 1915 "Light Six"
to stand up in extraordinary service that has
made it the fastest selling Chalmers car
We know how carefully this car is built
we know the quality of the ma
terials used and we know that
in beauty, ruggedness, power,
speed, comfort, convenience, and
strength to meet any and every
emergency of the road the 1915
Chalmers "Light Six" is a
hetter car than any other "light
six" selling within several hun
dred dollars of its price.
its construction, and its greater smoothness
and ease in riding.
This proof positive test is daily convincing
scores of motor-wise buyers of Chalmers
Put this Car Under Fire
You don't want to make a bad investment
of your money you don't want to buy a car
that will prove itself a weakling when it
has to meet a real road trial.
The only sure way to protect yourself is
to buy a car that has proved its stamina
under the hardest demands of
It is under rigorous conditions
that the Chalmers 1915 "Light
Six" most clearly reveals its
great superiority over others in
its price class. It is doing it
right now for thousands of own
And what is more, thousands
of owners the country over will tell you the
Pay No Heed to Pavement
There's many a car bought on its pave
ment performance that would never have
been considered could the purchaser have
seen it perform over rough roads.
Simply skimming over a boulevard is not
a test of a car in any sense of the word.
That is why we urge you to take this Chal
mers "Light Six" for a long trip over every
kind of roads you can find. For it's then
that the real quality of a motor car asserts
itself. It's then you'll appreciate the higher
quality of the Chalmers "Light Six," the
greater power and flexibility of its master
motor, the greater solidity and firmness of
Of all "light sixes" the 1915
Chalmers "Light Six" is the car
tnat can most successfully meet such serv
ice because it is a "light six" built on the
basis of "Quality First."
A few big features of the 1915 "Light
Six": a different kind of automobile beauty;
unusually handsome finish; Pullman-like
comfort; a 48 H. P. long stroke non-stall-able
motor which "stays put"; graceful
molded oval fenders of both strength and
beauty; -tylnch tires "Nobby" tread on
rear wheels; unusually complete equipment
including Chalmers-made one-man top of
silk mohair, quick acting storm curtains, five
demountable rims, one-motion Chalmers
Entz electric starter which makes the motor
non-stallable, Klaxon horn, electric lights,
etc. And perhaps the greatest feature of
all, the unusually high quality in a car at
such a price.
We are anxious to take you on this
Chalmers "Real Test" Ride. Come in to
day and arrange for it.
Chalmers Motor Company of Philadelphia
5-254 North Broad St., Philadelphia
. . . ..... li.