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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, MOJSAY, SEPTEMBER 2& 19l.
EVENING M& LEDGER
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Look Out For Red Herring
TAXPAYERS are determined to have rapid
transit. Thoy -will not be euchred out of
IL Any schemes, therefore, involving the
expenditure of large sums of city money
.ihould be viewed with the gravest suspicion.
It Is An old trick for obstructionist politicians
to defeat a transit project by dedicating a
large part of a municipality's funds to other
plausible enterprises. There arc few contem
plated public Improvements of so great lm
oortanco as the building of the new subwny
clevated system. As a choice between It and
any other Improvement, transit would come
.Irak It Is a good time to be on the lookout
for red herring.
"Safety First" for Pcnroseism
THE Old Guard Is out for halos, or any
thing at all that looks well and costs
lothlng a Uttlo stolen altar fire to blind tho
public eye to facts. John P. Connelly dons
i he mantle of Judge Lindsay, drops a sob
over tho delinquent child and negotiates tho
Municipal Court grab. But, ns always, tho
master outdoes the man. Penrose has found
the perfect halo. It encircles his classic brow
on his newest campaign button "Safety
First." The best advertised phraso of the
year, appealing, reassuring, yet gloriously
abstract; how well it goes with Penrose.
"Safety First." But whose?
Mexico Lubors in Transition
WHETHER or not Huerta and his gov
ernment would havo brought order out
t chaos in Mexico if the cx-dlctator had re
5p"ved jho aid and recognition of the United
tales Is no longer a question in the minds
C serious students of Mexican history and
ffairs. The struggle of the Constitutional
's has not been a bandit raid upon their
mntry in the name of revolution. It is the
ime struggle which inspired Hidalgo and
lorelos and Guerero and Juarez and a host
r other patriots in their fight against the
vranny of Spain and the oppression of tho
i ivileged class in their own country. It is
i.ie same struggle which sounded the death
:nell of feudalism iu Europe before the ad
ent of the modern industrial era, and it is
he same struggle which Inspired the Ameri-
an colonists in their battle for political and
economic independence. Mexico, the country
t early Spanish superstition and despotism,
nd, later, private exploitation and betrayal,
s Just waking up to the fact that feudalism
s not the last stage of human progress. At
st she stands upon tho threshold of a new
a. The transition, because of its long de-
y, is being accompanied with unusual hard
ibor and suffering. It will be accomplished
.i the end.
, Music Teachers Come to Their Own
ooTIHE laying of the cornerstone of a home
Ti for retired music teachers in Germantown
a only another sign that the American peda
gogue of music is at last coming into his
wn. The biggest portent of all is the war
i. loud over Europe. Hitherto the foreign
eacher has had everything his own way. The
restige of the Continent led every Ameri
can pupil who could afford it to take the
jng Journey overseas. Now it will be a reek
Jess parent, Indeed, that will trust a son or
daughter to tho chances of Italian neutrality,
while it Is doubtful If either conservatories
private teachers will be doing business in
ermany, France or England. Our Ameri
an teachers may not be the equals of the
European: they have never had the material
ith which to prove their abilities. Now is
heir chance. If they know their art. what
hey call the myth of Continental training
will be exploded for all time.
Stage Set for Republicanism
A REBOUND toward conservatism is ap
. parent throughout the United StateH, The
war has sobered public opinion. In fact, even
lefore the war sentiment was veering away
from the experimenters who imagined that
he only sure way to further morality was
to change the form of government. But this
return to common sens does not mean a re
turn to Penroseism and the other kind of
isms" which were so emphatically repu
diated, first in 1910 and later in 1912 The
people have learned that they can have sim
ple honesty without fanaticism, and they are
going to Insist on having it.
The stage is set for a triumphant revival
"f militant Republicanism Everywhere men
re asking themselves If it Is worth while to
-vlnk more of foreigners trade with qs than
' our own trade with foreigners. They are
nore determined than ever to make this na-
on absolutely Independent In a manufac.
iirlng way. They are ready to go forward
u constructive enterprise; they are anxious
o begin again the upbuilding which has
emporarlly lagged. They will not hesitate
o vote their convictions at the polls if as-
ured of honest and faithful leadership, of
i apable Instruments to carry out their
If Pennsylvania indorses Penroseism It
will merely convince the nation that there Is
more cleaning to be done before the Republi
can party can be entrusted with tho conduct
f the Government. The defeat of Penrose-'Wp-
t" tne otnel' hand, will convince good
republicans everywhere that their oppor
tunity Is at last at hand.
to bo characteristic of Amerlcon mn .ncrs, It
Is largely through thl3 natural disposition of
the public that the political boss has climbed
Into power and. In many cases, remained
there. "What he has secured for his con
stltucnts has been appreciated and thanks
have been duly rendered. "Pork" In a rivers
and harbors bill, a bank cheek for charity, a
barrel of Hour for a workless and wagctess
voter by such means the eorruptlonlst In
politics retains popularity with that "good
fellow,' tho public.
But even In a "good fellow" the spirit of
rebellion Is not dead. There may come to
him a recognition of the fact that he has
been Imposed upon, thnt tho other "good
fellow" has gone too far. It Is humiliating,
maddening, to be made a means to an end,
tn politics the rebuke can be administered
at the polls.
Daylight Kins a Grab
ORDINARY citizens may be In doubt con
cerning tho plans of the Organization
"to make a killing" through the acquisition
of land and palaces for the Municipal Court,
but the Organization Itself knows what It
wants. The architects were not asked to
draw plans for one building on a corner lot.
The project Involves an entire city block.
Not only will the building of the one structure
provided for In the loan bill Increase Imme
diately the cost of the land which the city
will have to acquire later, but It will enhance
greatly the value of all property in the
vicinity. This docs not imply real cstato
speculation, for it Is not speculation when
men gamble on a "sure thing."
The light of day has put an end to the
Illegitimate profit In the transaction, how
ever. The small houseowncrs now under
stand the scheme, and they will neither sell
nor give options. They will take the profits
themselves, as Is proper, If the extravagant
plan Is finally consummated. But the whole
adventure has given the -jlty a clear view of
tho methods by which Penroseism in Phila
delphia flourishes and retains Its power.
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
Old Issues in New Primaries
NEW YORK holds its first primaries today.
It will doubtless afford somo relief to
the voters of that State to use the oppor
tunity of thinning out the number of can
didates for the Governorship and certain other
offices. There have been so much brawling
and billingsgate and general confusion that
the voters will be lucky if they can see any
issue at all except tho old ones of Tammany
and Barneslsm. But these old ones still need
attention, and today the principal Issue at
the polls is good citizenship.
Shocks From Ice Cream Plunges
ICE CREAM has won official standing as
a food. It used to bo considered a sort of
thermal debauch, you expended untold
pounds of energy in melting it. The cream
value was nothing compared with the waste
in bringing it up to the temperature of tho
human interior. But some of tho doctors
have changed all that. Ice cream Is now tho
best number on the program, the perfect
close to the alimentary entertainment. And
it is that same chilliness which docs the
trick. The Ice acts like a cold plunge in the
morning, a. shock which leaves the stomach
in a glow of reaction. Such Is the new theory
that has made triumphant progress among
the young. Yet a doubt remains. A bath
is a shock, but it is sudden, brief. You don't
have to sit In the water until you've raised
It to your own temperature. Ice cream Is
Children Point the Tay to Health
THE public schools are the big field for
social sanitation. Proper treatment of
the school child brings us close to the source.
There disease can be discovered and cured
before It has wrecked life. Scientific school
hygiene means finding the best environment
for the physical and mental growth of the
child. It means correcting physical defects
while they are still remediable. It Is useful
in bringing standards of right living into
homes without them, homes where dlseaso
otherwise breeds and spreads. The child is
the easiest and most fruitful avenue to pub.
The "Good Fellow" Has a Smashing Fist
THE American publlr, it has been said, is
a "good fellow" 'Whether or not Kipling
va right when he asserted that our people
aret Indifferent to liberty and equality, but
IpAlst on fraternity, good fellowaldp- eeema
Peace Earned. Not Bestowed
QEWARDS are promised peacemaker In
J.V tne future, nut nere iney nave ineir own
troubles. Various are the peace theories In
these das of war. Som would enter Into
compacts of fellowship and enforce them with
soldiers. Others would make treaties by
signing a paper which In times of trouble is
likely to be trampled under the feet of armies.
Another piico party would cultivate public
opinion against the horrors of war. All the.se
theories are good while th nations keep
sweet, but once they grow angry Ideals of
federation disappear like frost before tire.
Peacemakers, however, look forward to the
realization of a golden dream, and deserve
encouragement. In the meantime, let us re
member that peace Is something earned, not
besto-wed: that the fighting blood of the
animal cannot be changed by resolutions or
Peace is one of the ripe fruits of the, eternal
"Ten Cents a Pound." Do you cotton to it?
It's a long, long way to Tlpperary" for
It loofcs as if Carranza intended to get out
and get under.
The baseball situation may be described as
beans and more beans.
"Prosperous" France extend? the mora,
torium, while Germany subscribes f 16.000.000
The capital slum WH has been signed by
the President. Nothing remains to be done
but get rid of the slums,
Housewive are blamed for the high cost
of sugar, U having been prgved that they
continue to use it.
There has been too much confusion about J
a simple yiing. przemysi is pronounced as
if It were not spelled that way.
The events of the last week In Europe hav
proved that the Germans and Allies are
tied for first place in the Anti-Civilization
It must cause George Fred Williams a
sharp pang to view A. Rustem Bey and see
Just how much indiscreet talk a diplomat
The President did right to stop the plan
of New Jersey Democrats to indorse him for
a second term, but it may be noticed that
there Is nothing in Mr. Tumulty's letter to
indicate that the President will not be a can
didate to succeed binuelf.
THE HON. JOHN F. FlTZGEltALD, bet
ter known as "Honey Fits," tho man who
made Boston famous and placed the Sacred
Codfish on the map. or vice versa, Is a fight
ing Irishman, who docs what Is exactly op
posite to accepted standards. Himself n
Democratic boss, ho whipped his fellow
bosses. Defeated for Mayor he "came back"
and was re'ulectcd. In fact, he Is akin to
Gilbert K. Chesterton, the English wit, of
whom some one wrote In the American
When plain folk such as you and I
Sec thu sun setting In tho sky,
We think It Is the sotting sun;
But .Mr. Gilbert Chesterton
Is not so easily misled.
Me calmly stands upon Ida head
And up.ldc iloun obtains n new
And Chestortonlnn point of view.
Observing thus how from his toes
The sun creeps nearer to Ids nose,
lie crlos with wonder and delight,
"How good the sunrise Is tonight I"
It Is so with "Money Fltz." Retired from
the otllce of Mayor, ho sought now fields to
conquer, and found them In n clothing snop
near Scollny Squat e, wheic Fit now fits
ibles arc ns the sands of the sea, once
had nn experience which ho recounted with
zest for many years. He had been visiting
the villa of a friend In the outskirts of
Vienna, nnd had played cards until 2 In tho
morning.. Not desiring to disturb tho house
hold, ho started for tho front door In tho
dark, promptly upsetting a chair. The old
cook, awakened by the noise and thinking
that It was a thief, rushed Into the hall. She
recognized tho Emperor nt once, and, not
knowing how to entertain a ruler en negligee,
she dropped on her knees and at the top of
her voice started to sing the national anthem,
"Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser."
IT HAPPENED long ago, so there can be no
good reason why this story should not
be told, although It concerns an esteemed
contemporary. Its owner established an
American dally In London and promptly en
gaged nine English Journalists nnd one Ameri
can reporter, named Haverlcy. Then Lon
don was placarded from end to end with a
request that Britain buy "next Sunday'a
Issue," In which could be read a beautifully
illustrated and well-written description of
"Historic Hnmpstcad Heath." Tho pictures
were In the office and an English Journalist
was sent forth to get the reading matter,
with instructions to report not later than
Friday. Friday noon came and no Journalist.
Evening came and no sign of the missing
genius. Then the editor called on Havorley
with instructions to f,et the desired matter,
If h had to die for it after he was success
ful, of course.
Now, Haverley knew ns much of Hamp
stead Heath as a cat does of the calculus,
but he wns an American. So he hied himself
to Hampstcnd Heath, where he found the
Three Spaniards, an inn owned by tho same
family for 300 years. To the proprietor ho
told his troubles.
"I can help you," said tho Innkeeper. "My
grandfather, father and myself have kept a
scrapbook of everything written about the
'Eath most of it is by Thackeray, Scott,
Dickens and George Augustus Henry Snla."
Haverley swore by all that was holy to
return the book, and departed in triumph.
At home, knowing the need of speed, he
scissored and clipped the precious pagen
right and left, wrote nn Introduction and
rushed it to the composing room, where it
was put into type.
The AVcdnesday after this concoction, the
mental emanations of Dickens, Scott, Thack
eray and Sala, had seen the light of day, the
managing editor of the London dally received
a letter from the proprietor in Parla, reading:
"Please congratulate the gentleman who
wrote the story of Hampstead Heath. It
was a maaterplece of English."
THE proprietor of a Chinese restaurant In
Race btroet bought a phonograph not long
ago and with it a dozen records of Chinese
music. Then he tried It on his patrons. From
the horn Issued a conglomeration of cacoph
ony beyond the power of mere words to
describe. Shrill treblpfl, male falsettos pre
dominated, punctuated by speaky tenors. In
terspersed was the din of tom-toms and the
plunk-a-plunk of celestial banjos. It was a
sextet, tho proud owner averred, but not
For a full minute the noise continued, then
it assumed tangible shape emblematic of
the topsy-turvy character of the Chinese.
Throughout was a lelt motif, repeated and
reiterated time and again. Then came a
crescendo, tremendous in Its sharp shrill
ness, accentuated by hysteric beating of
drums and thumping of stringed Instruments
of torture. Then followed a dismal wall,
more haunting than that of the banshee, and
the sextet was a thing of musical memory.
A PAIR of stout pajamas saved Sir John
Jelllcoe, commander-in-chief of Britain's
navy, from a damp and watery grave. In
June, 1593, when Btill a mere commander,
Jelllcoe lay desperately ill from fever in his
bunk aboard the battleship Victoria when
she was rammed by the Camperdown. Tho
alarm was given and Jelllcoe rushed to the
bridge, though delirious. A moment later,
with the sailors standing in proud line, aH
befits seamen, singing their national anthem,
the great ship gave a heave and plunged Into
the depths off Tripoli. Jelhcoe was drawn
down by the suction and would have been
drowned but for the presence of mind of an
unknown hero. Seeing an expanse of
pajamas going down Into th waves, the un
known made a wild graBp. managed to get
a hold, and swam toward the rescuing boats
not Knowing whom he had saved That Id
why Jelllcoe lives to have this tale told obout
The Mazda incandescent lamps now In
common use are named after Mazda, god
ness of light, the deity of the Zornastrlans. or
Mazdalsts. The character of Zoroaster fur
nishes the theme for an absorbing and ex
quisitely poetic romance by F. Marion Craw
ford, the American author, who spent many
years In Eastern countries.
The skeptical phrase, "Tell that to the
marines." originated in England, where the
sailors poked fun at the lack of sea knowl
edge on the part of the marines. Lord
Byron in his poem, "The Island," makes use
of the phrase: ...
" "I'm thin, whatever Intervenes,"
"Right." quoth Ben, "that will do for the ma
rines" In the early part of the last century, some
wise men of Southampton, England, cut a
ditch for barges between their city and
Redbridge. But because of the high dues,
the canal waa never used, and the wisdom
of the builders was compared to that of the
nan who cut two holes in the walls of his
house, one for the mother cat and the other
for the kittens.
Tho "Llttlo Gentleman In Velvet." who ap
pears occasionally In print, was a mole
which raised a hill against which stumbled
the horse which William III, of England,
was riding, throwing tho monarch over Ub
head. William broke his collar bone, and
other complications ensuing ho died In 1702,
"Hnlf seas over," moaning Intoxicated, Is
traced to the Dutch phrase, "ob-zco-zober"
oversea beer a strong beverage Introduc
ed Into England from Holland,
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
If thost Mexican bcltlccronts aren't care
ful, somebody will have them arrested for
disturbing tho peace.
To ten or not to tea, that Is the tango;
Whether 'tis better In tho maxlxo to suffer
The slings nnd whirlings of the Texns
Or In press arms against n sea of chiffon,
And by opposing rend It. To dance, to dtp
And by that dip to sny wc end
The two-step, waltz, and thousand natural
That dunce Is heir to? To dip, to slip.
To slip! Perchance to fall aye, there's the
For In that fall what steps may come
When we have shuffled off our mortal feet
Mukcs Us give pause
And rnlher dance those steps we'vo lenrned
Than rush to others that we know not of.
Extend the Possibilities
Tho "Buy-a-bale-of-cotton" movement can
be extended Indefinitely. It Is not meroly tho
South that needs assistance. For example:
Buy a freight car and help the railway
Buy a tank of petroleum and help John
Buy a steel rail and help Andrew Carne
gie. Buy n- haystack nnd help the indigent
Wo were about to add something about
buying n ton of coal to help the coal cor
porations, but tho subject Is too sacred.
"There Is quite n. change In the weather,"
remarked the Optimistic Individual.
"There always Is," added the Cheerful Pes
simist. The Secret Out
Falrmount (after a few puffs) I thought
you said these were choice cigars.
Wlssahlckon That's what I said my
"A mad dog ran Into the smithy today,"
said the village blacksmith casually.
"Heavens!" ejaculated His wife, "what did
"Aw we shooed him.
This we may say for Mexico's
One time first chief whose sway Is sliding;
Who now Is weighted down with woes
And with the end may be colliding;
This may wo say that one might mention
Him of course, we mean Carranza
Unlike his fellow countrymen
And get him In a single stanza.
And likewise him who soon mav bllla.
First chief; referring now to Villa.
Villa is pronounced Vo-ya.
A la Sherman
Night Watchman (in any European town)
Eight o'clock and all's hell. Life.
Caller Is your daughter an equestrian?
Proud Mother Either that or valedictor
ian. These class officers are so confusing,
don't you know. Buffalo Express.
It All Depends
Examiner Now, William, if a man can
do one-fourth of a pieco of work In two
days, how long will he take "to finish it?
William Is it a contrac' Job or is he
workin by the day? Life.
Score One for Pa
Willie Paw, what, Is a monologue?
Paw A conversation between a man and
his wife, my son.
Maw Willie, you go do your lessons.
"Isn't there a proverb about those who
hesitate being lost?"
"Yes," replied the frivolous youth. "But
I never hesitate. The one-step is good
enough for me." Washington Star,
A Rondeau of Babies
As you must know, some men there be
Who flaunt the fact that they are free
From nurs'ry thraldom; oft they cry
(As though to prove an alibi),
"All babies look alike to me!"
To such a man, the fates decree
The storks shall come In groups of three.
It does no good to hide or fly.
As you must know.
All babies look alike? Ah, me!
When they arrive. I well foresee
He'll gain a more discerning eye,
Or elRe he will discreetly try
With wiser persons to agree.
As you must know.
Burges Johnson In Judge
Muggins I feel so sorry for BJones. He's
as deaf an a post.
Bugglns Oh. there are worse afflictions
than mere deafness.
Muggins Yes, but he has always been
so fond of hearing himself talk. New York
Examiner Now, speak up, hoy. Do you
know what nasal organ means?
Boy No. sir.
Examiner Correct! London Opinion.
The Mysterous Keats
The little agricultural village had been
billed with "Lecture on Keats'' for over a
fortnight. The evening nrrived at length,
bringing the lecturer ready to discourse on
the poet. The advertised chairman, taken 111
at the last moment, was replaced by a local
farmer. This worthy Introduced the lecturer
and terminated his remarks by saying:
"And now. my friends, we snail soon all
know what I personally have often wonderod
what are Keats?" Pittsburgh Chronicle
Telegraph. The Bacilli Craze
"We are going to give up having Johnny
get an education."
"For what reason?"
"WpII, we can't get him sterilized every
morning in time to go to school." Puck.
He Knew the Car
"Vou are charged with giving asslbtance
to the enemy."
"They bae your automohile."
"They took it forcibly. Besides, it won't
assist them any." Louisville Courler-Jour-
TO THE PEACE PALACE AT THE HAGUE
Builded of Love nnd Joy and Faith and Hope,
Thou standest firm beyond the tides of war
That dash in gloom and fear and tempest
roar. Beacon pf Europe! though wise pilots grope
Where trusted lights arc lost; though the
Of storm i wider, deadlier than before;
Ay. though the very floods that strew the
Seem to obey some power turned misanthrope.
For thou art witness to a world's deslro,
And when oh, happiest of days! shall
The throes by which our Age doth bring to
The fairest of her daughters, heavenly
When Man's red folly haa been purged In fire.
Thou ahalt be Capitol of alt the Earth,
Hofetrt Lodcrnood Jobnion, la lb In4pol4at.
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
FOR tho last flvo years there hns been an
agitation for tho restoration of the
carrying trade of Philadelphia, and already
tho movement Is displaying nlgns of bearing
fruit. It Is n problem thnt will only be
solved by the years to come, whethor tho
port over will regain Us protld place ns tho
foremost In the United States.
The other day 'wo considered tho causes
that led to tho flight of tho American ring
from the seas during tlio period of the Civil
War, and now wo might tnko a glanco at
tho alleged reasons why Philadelphia, In
1S20 tho leading port of this country, should
surrender her place on the list.
OUR recent agitation was anticipated as
far back as tho middle of the last cen
tury. Great expectations from tho comple
tion of the Pennsylvania Railroad wore com
mon. It wn believed the trans-Allcghonlan
line would pave the way for this Increase of
commerce and attempts were made to In
terest capital In tho establishment of new
steamship lines between Philadelphia and
Liverpool nnd London.
Tho movement accomplished something;
now lines were established, but they did not
prevent New York from forging consider
I REMEMBER reading the very pointed
reasons for this diversion of our trade
written by Richard Rush, who had been our
Minister to London and to Paris and was a
patriotic nnd loyal Phlladclphlan. However,
ho did not spnro his compatriots in his ex
planation of our loss of trade. His chief
reason was what he called tho prevalence of
"Hip Van Winklelsm" hero.
"New York," ho wroto to Job R. Tyson,
who was sending letters to the nowspapers
In his enthusiastic attempt to arouse In
terest In tho plan, "Is awake to it all. Most
wisely hns she kopt awake ever sli.ee De Witt
Clinton, tho Livingstons and Gouvcrneur
Morris planned her first great canal, which
others railed at as visionary. Boston Is
awake. All mankind nro awake. A now
existence has been sprung upon tho world.
Wo sleep on sleep on sleep on, content,
dollghted, at being tho second American city
after having long been the first, and when
wo could have become tho first again, be
cause nature nnd geography havo written it
"Wc quietly nnd complacently turn away
from that decree. London Is 60 miles or
more from tho sen, and for a thousand years
had fourfold the dlillcultlcs of navigation in
reaching it through the Thames that Phila
delphia had over had in being roached
through tho Delaware. The worst thought
of all is that wo shall, in tho end. find our
selves in a worse place than to bo only tho
second city, If wo go to sleep; since to be
falling baclc, relatively, In this ago of prog
ress, is, in effect, to sink."
THE man who warned President Monroe
of tho workings of the European alliance
that caused the enunciation of the now his
toric Monroe Doctrine did not mlnco matters
when colling his fellow townsmen to account
for their weakness.
In tho courso of tho same movement, "Wil
liam Peter, tho British Consul here, who had
been approached on the subject with the idoa
of having him interest British capital in
steamship lines, wrote much the same thing,
but, of course, tempered hlB pen a little. He
put down the advance of New York to "su
perior pluck nnd energy." "While Pennsyl
vania has placed her chief reliance on legis
lation," he ndded, "New York has placed
hers on solf-cxertion."
Thi3 taking account of stock could not have
been very agreeable to the Philadolphlans of
1S50, but tho course of treatment did them a
great deal of good. Job R. Tyson-attributed
the decline of our trade to quite other causes.
He declared that the Stato and private capi
tal ha'd frittered away many millions of dol
lars In numerous canal schemes; that tho
Erie Canal had diverted the Western trade
from Philadelphia by reason of Its continuous
route to tho sea, while our Western connec
tion of part rail and part canal was a dis
tinct disadvantage to the commerce It had
been designed to assist
HE DECLARED that a too cautious Leg
islature had prevented banking capital
from being more than one-fourth what
It was in New York, and that although the
Bank of the United States was located in
Philadelphia it "did not render such accom
modations to the business community hero
as wero favorable to '.he growth of the for
eign and the enlargement of tho coasting
With the completion of the Erie Canal
many of the most enterprising Philadelphia
merchants transferred their business and
their capital to New York, and It was shown
that one-third of the investments In Now
York shipping in 1650 was owned by Phlla-delphlans.
HOWEVER, even in those days this city
was the chief manufacturing city In
the country, and It was believed that
when the Pennsylvania Railroad was com
pleted and the primitive inclined planes and
canals were replaced by a continuous road
bed, commerce would return to this city.
The Pennsylvania Railroad was completed
In 1854. and its advent did prove a factor in
bettering the commerce of the port for a
quarter of n century, and then the carrying
trade began to fall off again.
The outlook, however, Is far brighter now
than It was when Richard Rush and others
wero trying to arouse the civic pride of Phil
adelphia capitalists 60 yearn ago.
Reviving Personal Combat
from th St J.ouls Foat-Plipateh.
V observe that Generals Villa and Obrogon
came near to a personal encounter a day or
two ago. They had words nnd rushed at each
other and were "with difficulty restrained."
Why in the name of humanity did anybody
restrain them? Two generals iu personally con
ducted warfare would be a spectacle to cheer up
all the privates everywhere.
When trouble comes a very peculiar per
sonal trait asserts Itself. This trait is born
of the failing from which nearly all fallings
spring the falling of keeping the mind on
One thinks that his or her troubles are the
worst In the world. The tendency is to lose
fclght of the fact that other folks have trou
bles Just as serious. When the troubled
mind accepts this truth Its own burden be
An old Philadelphia minister frequently
told his congregation, "Friends, no matter
how badly you feel about something, just re
member that there are other souls whose
troubles are vastly deeper than yours."
No matter how serious your trouble, it is
. w .,lmPle mental process to conceive
pf It being worse. The thing to do Is to
thank your lucky stars that It doea not reach
the limit or nar tho limit of your own
A young girl lay on a bed of jaln. Her
?l&,M"lPSm''1 riifn" " T1" it ' - a utotin'iii'mirr inn i n m i -- - i ,, n .n,!- t.y lagjarag'WMMiitLMMte . ; ...n Jf rm
temperament was of tho worrying type, anj
of course, thin heightened her pain, Tho old
family physician noted this. As ho left her
room on one of his dally visits he casually
offered the Information that "this afternoon
I have to amptitato a boy's leg."
No. The young lady did not launch Into
a tlrndo against the countless sorrows of the
world. She Just grow less selfish, In sym
pathetic contemplation of tho lad's Bufferings
she took her mind away from self. In doing
which she hnd discovered tlio real secret of
lightening her burdens.
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion oti Subjects Important to City,
Slate and Nation.
To th Editor of tht Evtning Ltdpert
Sir Tho splendid work of tho Cvemino
LKDOEft in calling attention to tho child labor
evil nt this time should result In great g6od
for the working boys nnd girls of Pennsylvania.
This Is a most opportune time nnd I feel keenly
the necessity for ovcry votor ascertaining ex
actly how the candidates for the Stato Senate
and Houso of Representatives In tho district
In which he lives stand upon tho question of
nn eight-hour day nnd tho abolition of night
work for children under 18. Tho Association
feels that every man who Is running for office
nnd Is not willing to ptedgo himself to vote for
these two provisions should bo defeated.
It is a fjworlto contention of tho manufac
turers and other employers of chlldron that they
cannot work their older employes more than
eight hours a day nnd their children under 16
only eight hours. This Is not true. If any
manufacturer will only show a willingness so
to arrange his schedule as to keep tho children
busy eight hours nnd tho machines and other
employes a longer time, ho will find that It Is a
comparatively simple matter. This was very
clearly proven In Massachusetts. In that State
they passed n child labor law which wont Into
effect last Scptombcr, containing mUcli the
samo provisions as I have outlined for the
proposed legislation In Pennsylvania. At once
there was a great cry on tho part of tho manu
factures that they would have to dlschargo nil
children under 16. The law went Into effect
on the first of last' September, nnd on that date
there were 30,000 children nt work under 16 In
the Industries of Massachusetts nnd Now Jer
sey. Child labor Is at once tho cheapest and dear
est form of labor. Manufacturers and others
employ children because thoy can get them at
a small pride. But when ono considers their
wastefulness and Inattention, there Is a con
siderable financial offset, and by snpplng the
strongth of the young manhood nnd young
womanhood of tho State, through working tho
children long hours, a price is paid In tho de
teriorating standard of humanity which makes,
child labor the very dearest form of labor that
any one can employ.
DR. J. LYNN BANNARD,
Chairman Educational Committee Pennsylvania
Child Labor Association.
MEXICAN VIEWS VERSE
To the Editor o rlic Evening Ledger:
let tho soldiers stay
Down In Mexico, while they
Need a wise protectorate
Over thotso who rule the State
A queer bunch; most any day
They may break out In a fray.
Some old Chapcau In the ring
Down there is a common thing.
Fact Is they don't want war cease;
No place for a dove of peace
Anywhere In Mexico;
It would bo unwise, Woodrow,
To call home the soldiers now,
At tho outbreak of a row,
"Twlxt Carranza and his mate
Villa, 'bout ruling tho State.
If It need bo let them stuy
'Til tho break of Judgment day.
Or maybe we'll have to take
For the common people's sake
Like we did tho Islos from Spain,
And not give them back again,
The old land until our light
Shows them how to nilo aright.
D. H. KENNET,
Philadelphia, September IS, 1014.
SPARE PRISONERS HUMILIATION
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir From a window of a New York train a
few days ago I saw a dozen or moru men In
striped uniforms working In tlio fields which
bordered on the railroad tracks. Tlicj wero
plowing and doing the lato harvesting They
wero of tho county prison at llolmesburg.
Some of the men undoubtedly weio thieves,
but among them also wcie men whose worst
offense was drinking too much or fighting. In
my opinion a prison or a houso of correction Is
a place to reform a man, not to humiliate him.
Why not do away with this Kind of labor for
the same reasons that made the ducking stool
and tho stocks unpopular generations ago '
Philadelphia, September 26, 1914.
THE HEEDLESS SHOPPER
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I was very glad to see the letter of
"A Disheartened Salesgirl" In the Evcniso
LEPaEit Saturday. It hit at a big evil, bigger
than it seems. I know, because I havo offended.
Thoughtlessly, Inconsiderately, i have caught
myself treating shopgirls with just the In
civility that alio complains of, and troubling
them with a hundred needles) errands. Too
oftfin no purchasers are thinking only of ta
ing a cent or two or getting awu. In time for
tea. When I hear other women tall, of emu,
unobliging shopgirls, 1 think of how much I
have unconsciously contributed to their
"nerves" and tholr troubles. M L. S
Newark, N. J., September 27. 1014.
THE AGONY COLUMN
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I was much Interested to read in Sat
urday's Evening Ledueii of tho present t.ite
of the "personal" or "agony" columns of the
London papers. Haa any reader, I wonder, uny
experience of such a curious Institution In nur
press? Sherlock Holmes spoke of It in on
of Conan Doyle's stories ns n medium of com
munication between criminals. Perhaps that li
why our papers have not cultivated It.
J. S. PEARS.
Philadelphia, September 27. 1914.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
it Is an excellent thing to find bankers In all
parte of tho country explaining, excusing and
defending their position. They never wer
under any such compulsion before. New York
We naturally regret the new rupture between
Carranza and Villa, but we do not regard It as
a defeat of American diplomacy or as evidence
that President Wilson's policy toward Mexico
waa wrong in principle or in application
Richmond News Leader.
It Is Important that the business men of th
United States should "go after" the South
American trade, but something should be dona
also about the Mexican trade. Commerce has
boon almost at a standstill In that unhappy
country for several years. Louisville Evening
It begins tn look as If the scheme of Dean
TwW and other Progressive leaders in Penn
sylvania to turn over the Progressive partjf
hand and foot to the Democratic machine i"
that State will result in incalculable benefit to
Senator Penrose, the man of all men upon
whom the Progressives have lavished their bit
terest denunciation. Springfield, Mass., Union.
Colonel Rooeevelt's Wichita speech revealed
one of the reasons for his continuing influence
in the country. A man who stands Intelligently
and effectively for Justice to employe and em
ployer alike, who has the courage to speak out
when either side takes a wrong position, who
Is duxled neither by the millionaire nor (he
powerful politician, must always be a power
ful factor In affairs. Kansas City Star.
Since it has not always been the fortune of
the Sun to approve the work of Mr. Bryan in
the State Department, we have the greater
pleasure in giving cordial praise to the courtesj.
the patience and the success with which that
department has helped many thousands of
Americans to trace their friends In Ecrope, k
In the tangle of mobllizatloa and wax. Ne"
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