Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, September 28, 1914, Postscript Edition, Page 8, Image 8

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to bo clmMctprlstlc of American ma.mers It
Is largely tlirotttjli this nnttiral disposition of
tho public that tho political boss has climbed
Into power nnd, In tunny cases, remained
theio What ho has secured for his con
stituents has been appreciated and thanks
1ms been duly tendered "Pork" In a rivers
and harbors bill, a batik check for charity, n
bnrrel of itour for a work less and wakeless
Voter by such hieatts the eoiruptlonlst In
politics fetalis popularity with that "good
fellow," tho public.
nut even in a "pood fellow" tlie spirit of
rebellion Is ftot dead. There may coma to
turn a recognition of tho fact that ho has
bpen Imposed upon, that tho other "good
feliDW" lia gone too far. It Is humlllatliiir,
marldetilfi!, to bo made a means to an etui.
In polities the rebttko can bo administered
at the polls.
t Hi - IWM
Daylight Kills a Crab
ORWXAtlY citizens may be in doubt con
cerhlnff tho plans of the Organisation
"to malts a lttllliis" through the nenulsitlon
of land and palaces for the Municipal Court,
but the Organization Itself knows what It
wants. The architects wore not nsked to
dtitw plans for one building on a eortior lot.
The project itnolves an enllro city block.
Knt only will the building of the one structure
provided for In the loan bill increase Imme
diately the cost of the land which the city
IU hae to acquire later, but It will enhance
rr.itly the vnluo of all property In the
Ui'intty. Thts doe not Imply real estate
speculation, for It Is not speculation when
men gamble on a "sure thing."
The light of day has put an end to tho
illegitimate profit In the transaction, how
ever. The small houseowners now under
stand the stlume, and they will neither sell
nor give options. They will take the prollts
th mselveo, as in proper, if tho eNtravngant
plan Is finally consummated. Uut the whole
adventure has given the titty a clear view of
the methods by whUh Penioselsm in Phila
delphia flourishes and retains its power.
Olil Issues in New Primaries
NUW YORK hold Its first primaries today
it will doubtless afford some relief to
tho voters 'of that State to uso tho oppor
tunity of thinning out the number of can
didate for the goernorhlpnnd certain other
utllces. There has been so much btaUlng
and biliinesKnte and general confusion that
the voters will be lucky if they can see any
issue at all except the old ones of Tammany
nnd ltarneslsm. But these old ones still need
attention, and today the principal issue at
the polls is good citizcn.sh.jp.
Shocks From Tec Cream Plunpcs
TCK CREAM has won official standing as
JL a food. It used to be considered a tort of
thermal debuuch; iu expended untold
pounds of energy in melting it. The cream
value was nothing compared with the waste
in bringing It up to the temperature of the
human Interior. But some of the doctors
have changed all that. Ice cream is now tho
best number on the program, the perfect
close to the alimentary entertainment. And
it i that amc chilliness which does tho
tiSck. The ic? acts like a cold plunge in the
morninii. a shock which leaves the stomach
Ik a stfow of reaction. Such is the new theory
tli.it hi made tilumphant progress among
thf i)ung Yec a doubt remains. A bath
is a shock, but it is sudden, brief. You don't
!,He to bit in the water until you've raised
i- in your own temperature. Ice cream Is
Children Point the W"ay to Health
Tn; public school are the big field for
j-uci.il sanitation Proper treatment of
Hit school child brings us close to the source
There disease can be discovered and cured
before it lu wteeked life. Scientific school
'-vijienc means finding the best environment
r the physkal and mentul growth of the
chad. It meuni correcting physical defects
v alt they are still remediable. It Is useful
bringing standards of right living Into
1 mos without them, homes where disease
. i ! nn ise breeds and spreads The child is
,!. . teirj.t and most fruitful aenue to pub
le huHh.
Peace Earned, Not Besdowee
RKWAUPS are promised peacemakers in
the fucur-. but hero they have their own
..,jUs, Various are the peace theories in
iv davs of war. Some would enter into
i pa,ts of Mli.w ship and enforce them with
.llffis. O'h'-rs would make treaties by
nlnK a pap.r which in tlmi-s of trouble is
iv. ,1. tn be tramplfd under tin feet of armies.
" -Uur P'aco party would cultivate public
i'i n iigamst the horrors of war. All these
ate good while the nations keep
nt fin.u they grow angry ideals of
disappear like frost before fire.
rs, hiiwever, 1K forward to tho
of a golden dteam, and deserve
nt, In the twaMime, let us re-
i peace is iomething earned, not
i at the tighting blood of the
b.. rhiusf.4 ky resolutions or
Urn nt,
, if the ripe fruits of the eternal
Will ft
Igi K c K
can p't
tt the- ibv
ism, in th, k
ttepu'd'ian e -,
tun t u I
Tlir I .. M' "
Pouttit." P you cotton to It?
long way to Tlpprary" (or
, carraa intended to get out
i, i -i,tii situation may be desctlbei as
: i n. r b mi
i, ,'- Ti u o.' (Ktends the mftr
s l i. ifimans fci4hsertbs tW.000,000
i ,t .
ji i i i i'l has been fisned ty
. , .... ;mi...ub remains Ut be 4am
1 1 r.d of the felums.
m-.s .ire i'i.imwj fop h hlsrb com
i ir i in, been proved that tby
11 i-. much eonfitston abea,
t ' i4mysl is pronoanewj s
Ir it were- nut h; itod ffy,
r t M ' ne Mist weli In Burop; havs
i it t . Germans and Allies are
, ' i-t place to tfee AnlCiviation
ter known ns "Honey Fltr,," the man who
made lloston fnniotH and placed the Sacred
Codfish on tho map, or vice versa, Is n llRlit
Ing Irishman, who does what is exactly op
posite to nccepted standards. Himself n
Democratic boio, he whipped liii follow
bosses. Defeated for Major ho "came back"
and was le-elected. In fact, ho Is akin to
Ollbert K. Cheitctton. tho Ungllsh wit, of
whom some ono wrolo In tho American
When plain folk such ai yott nnd t
Sdo the sun sotting In tho sky,
Wo think It Is the setting mini
Hut Mr. Ollbeit Chesterton
Is not so easily misled,
lie calmly stands upon his bend
And upside down obtains a now
And Cliestertrtiilnn point of vlow.
Obervlng thus how from his toes
The sun creeps nearer to his nose,
Ho cries with wonder nnd delight,
"How good the sunilso Is tonight!"
It is so with "Honey ritz." Hell red from
tho oillco of Mnyor, ho .sought new fields to
conquer, and found fhem In a clothing shop
near Scollay Square, where Kits; now fits
' u.ue CJeorge FrJ Willtonia a
jia view A Itustetn lley nd se
just'l.i.u much indiscreet talk a diplomat
e.i i n t
i i ' m ' i I 1 ' M I tli pj m
I I ' u j , ' j ii.il rst hii t f ,r
i -"i I il l i 1 '"i neiti i'l ih ui
" rg - Mr T ni iHy's ictt-r to J
i -. t Mtr rfc T--Y,i,lnntl)oar3.
r t "i av ccd littnscif,
troubles nie as the sands of the sen, once
had an experience which he recounted with
Kcst for many years. He had been lsltlng
the villa of .a friend In the outskirts of
Vienna, and had played cards until 2 In tho
morning. Not desiring to disturb the house
hold, ho started for 'the front door In the
dark, promptly upsetting a chair. Tho old
euok, awakened by tho noise nnd thinking
that It wns a thief, rushed into the hall. She
recognized tho Emperor at once, nnd, not
knowing how to entertain u ruler en negligee,
she dropped on her knees and at the top of
her voice started to sing the national anthem,
"Oott cihalto Fran,-; don KaHer."
IT HAPPENED long ago, so thero can be no
good reason why this story should not
be told, although It concerns an esteemed
contemporaiy. Its owner established nn
American dally In Loudon and promptly en
gaged nine English journalists and ono Ameri
can reporter, named Haverley. Then Lon
don was placarded fiom end to end with a
request that Britain buy "next Sunday's
issue-," In which could be road a beautifully
illustrated and nell-wrltten description of
"Historic Hampstead Heath." Tho pictures
were In the oiilec and an English journalist
wns sent foith to get the reading matter,
with instiuctlons to leport not later than
Friday. Triday noon came nnd no journalist.
Evening came and no sign of the missing
genius. Then the editor called on Haverley
with Instructions to get the desired matter,
if he had to die for it after he was success
ful, of course.
Now, Hat ei ley knew as much of Hamp
stead Heath as a cat does of the calculus,
but he was an American. Po he hied himself
to Hampstead Heath, where ho found tho
Thteo Spaniards, an Inn owned by the iamo
family for 300 vears. To tho proprietor ho
told his troubles.
"I can help ou," said the innkeeper. "My
giand father, father and myself have kept a
scrapbouk of everything written about tho
'Eath most of it is by Thackeray, Scott,
Dickens and George- Augustus Henry Sala."
Haerly swore by all that was holy to
return the book, and departed in triumph,
At home, knowing the need of speed, ho
scissored and clipped the precious pages
light and left, wrote an Introduction and
lushed it to the composing room, wheie it
was put into type.
The Wednesday after this concoction, the
nuntal emanations of Dickens, Scott, Thack
eray and Sain, had seen the light of day, the
managing editor of the London dally lecelved
a letter from the proprietor in Paria, reading:
"Please congratulate the gentleman' who
wrote the story of Hampstead Heath. It
was a masterpiece of English."
THE proprietor of a Chinese restaurant In
Race street bought a phonograph not long
ago and with it a dozen records of Cliiuehe
music. Then he tiled it on his put ions. From
tho horn issued a conglomeration of caca
phony beyond the power of mere words to
dehoribe. Shrill trebles, male falsettos pre
dominated, punctuated by speaky tenors. In
terspersed was the din of tom-toms and the
plunk-n-plunk of celestial banjos. It wns a
sestet, the proud owner averred, but not
from "Lucia "
For a full minute the noise continued: then
it assumed tangible shape emblematic of
the topsy-turvey ehaiater of the Chinese.
Throughout was a kit motif, repeated and
ri-iteruted time and again. Then cume a
crescendei. tremendous In its harp shrill
ness, aceentuated by hysteric beating of
drums nnd thumping of stringed instrument!
of torture. Then followed n dismal wail,
more haunting than that of the banshee, mid
the fcestet was a thing of muslcul memory.
A PAIR of stout pajamas saved Sir John
Jellieoe, commundfr-ln-ohief of Ui latin's
navy, from a dmp and watery grave. In
June, ISW, when i-till u mere cftnmnnder.
Jellicoe lay deapt-rately 111 from fevur In his
bunk aboard ilio buttlenhlp Victoria when
slio was rammed by the Cumperdown- The
alarm was given and Jtllicoe ruohed to the
bridge, though delirium. A moment later,
with the sailors utandlng in proud Hue, an
bents seamen. Muglng their national anthem,
the tfreat Ship gave a heave and plunged into
the depths off Tripoli- Jelllcoe was drawn
down by the Miction and would have been
drowned but for the pr hence of mind of an
unknown hro Sing an expand of
pajuniiiH ge-lng down into the waves, the un
known made a wild grasp, managed tn get
a hold. nd swam toward the rehcuiwr boats
not knowmsr whom h had saved That ti
why JelHeoa live to hae this tale told about
WBI - nnAwona
Th Mazda Jneandcseent lamps now in
cjrnm ums are mirod after Muada, god.
iiisa t,t light, the deity of the toroastrlaas, r
Maxdaists, Tb- hrai'tr of gwoaster fur
nisUes the therot for an Hbnorbing and .
liutsitely poetic romance by F, Marlon Craw
ford, the Aroeri' an author, who spent many
yeara tn JSastern tountnen.
Tha MWHitU-il phrase "TeM that to the
marines," orlginatid In JIUigland. where the
bailors poked fun at Hie luck of sea knowl
edge on th part of I ho marine. Lord
t(run in his poero, "The Wand," makes us
of the phrase:
- Tin thin whatever Intervenes,"
' i!iiit ' iieilb IS ii ihat will do for the in.i-
111 s
In U, ui iri f i 1 is ,riu"r niin
i , , tr ci, V , h fr, , I nt.'- r 1 ul ,i
'it V f 1 i t f "H the r l t.v '
Ite ,hr Jar V t 'en " of the I! h el-iPi
tie ' i ii wir"er i rrd t1 o wis i n
r-i u r t v. -i i p ni u H i i i ' j
roan who tat two Imle la the walla of las
house, ono for tho mother cat and tho other
for tho kittens. ;
Tho "Littlo Gentleman In Velvet," who np
' penis occasionally In print, was a molo
which raised a hill ngalnst which stumbled
tho horse- which William lit, of England,
wns riding, throwing tho monarch over Its
head. William broke his collar bone, nnd
other complications ensuing ho died In 1702.
"Half sens over," meaning Intoxicated, Is
traced to tho Dutch phrase, "ob-zeo-zobcr"
oversea beer a strong beverugo Introduc
ed Into England fiom Holland.
It thoso Mexican belllgeronts aren't care
ful, somebody will have them arrested for
disturbing tho peace.
The Hesitation
To ien or not to ten, that Is tho tango:
Whether 'tis bolter In the muxlso to suffer
Tho slings and whirlings of tho Texas
Or to pi ess arms against a sea of chiffon,
And by opposing rend It. To dance, to dip
And by that dip to say wo end
The two-step, waltz, and thousand natural
That dance- Is heir to? To dip, to slip.
To slip! Perchance to fall -aye, there's tho
Tor In that fall what stops may como
When wo h.-u o sliudled olt our mortal foot
Makes us give pause
And rather dunce thoso steps wo'vo learned
Than rush to otheis that wo know not of.
Kxtcml the Possibilities
Tlie "Buy-n-bale-of-cotton" movement can
bo estended indefinitely. 11 Is not merely tho
South that needs assistance. For exnmplo:
Buy a freight ear and help tho railway
equlpmont companies.
Buy n tank of petroleum and help John
D. Rockefeller.
Buy a steel rail and help Andrew Cnrno
gle. Uuy a haystack and help the indigent
Wo were about to add something about
buying a ton of coal to help tho coal cor
porations, but tho subject Is too sacred.
True Enough
"There is quite a change In the weather,"
remarked the Optimistic Individual.
"There always is," added the Cheerful Pes
simist. The Secret Out
rnlrmount (after a few puffs) I thought
you said these wore choice cigars.
AVIssahickon That's what I said my
Of Course
"A mad dog ran into the smithy today,"
.said tho village blacksmith casually.
"Heavens!" ejaculated his wife, "what did
you do'."'
"Aw we shooed him.
One Might
This we mav say for Mexico's
One time Hist chief whose sway Is sliding:
Who now is weighted down with woes
And with the end may be colliding:
This mny we say that one might mention
Him of course, we mean Carranza
Unlike his fellow fountrymen
And get him In a .single staira.
And likewise him who soon mav bllla.
First chief; referring now to Villa.
Villa is pronounced Ve-ya.
A la Sherman
Night "Watchman (in any European town)
Eight o'clock and all's hell. Life.
In Doubt
Caller Is your daughter an equestrian?
Proud Mother Either that or nledIctor
lnn. Thco class oilleers are so confusing,
don't you know. Buffalo Express.
It All Depends
Examiner Now, William, if a man can
do one-fourth of a piece of woilc in two
davs, how long will he take to finish it?
William Is it a contrac' Job or is he
woikln' by tho day? Life.
Score One for Pa
Willie; Paw, what is a monologue?
Paw A conversation between a man and
his wife, my son.
Maw Willie, you go do our lessons.
Cincinnati Enquirer.
Tcrp-irhore's Triumph
"Isn't there a pioveib about those who
hesitate being lost?'
"Yes." replied the frivolous youth. "But
I never hesitate. The ono-.stop is good
eonugh for me." Washington Star.
A Rondeau of Babies
As you must know, sorao men thcro bo
Who Haunt the fact that they nro free
Fiom nur.s'iy thraldom; oft they cry
(As though to pioc an alibi),
"All babies look alike to me!"
To such a man. tho fates decree
The storks shall come in groups of three.
It does no good to hide or fly,
As you must know.
All babies look ullke? Ah, me!
When they nirive. I well foresee
He'll gain n moie discerning eye,
Or else ho will discreetly try
With wiser persons to agree.
As you must know.
Burgos Johnson In Judge.
Muggins I feel so sorry for Bjoues. He's
as deaf us a post.
Buggins Oh. thero are worse afflictions
than mere deafness.
Muggiub Yc-s, but ho has always been
fro fond of heuting himself talk. Now York
Correctly Misunderstood
KMiminir Now, speak up, boy. Do you
know what nasal orgau means?
Ho No, sir.
Kikuminer Correct! London Opinion.
TlioM)toroii3 Keats
The little agricultural IHago hail been
billed with "Lrcturo on Kcnt-i" for over a
fortnight. The evening arrived ut length,
bringing the lecturer ready ti dUcotuso on
the poet. The advertised chairman, taken ill
at tho last moment, was replaced by a local
farmer. This worthy Introduced tho lecturer
und teimlnated his remarks by saying:
"And now, my friends, wo shal) soon all
know what I personally have often wondeied
what are Keats?" Pltt-bursU Cluonicle.
Tlio llarcili Cr,uc
"Wo are going to give up having Johnny
gi-t an education."
"For What reason?"
"Well, wa "n't Bit him sterilized every
nwnintf in time to go to fcchoul." I'ueK.
Ho Knew iljo Car
"You nro charged with giving assistanco
to the tnmy."
"How so?"
"They bavo your automobile."
"They took it forcibly. Ueeides, It won't
assist them any." louis ille Courier-Jour
Ult ,
Builded of Love and Joy nnd Faith and Hope,
Thou -tatidest firm beyond tho tides of war
That dash in gloom and fear and tempest
roar. Ucacon of Euroii! though wise pilots grope
Where trusted lights are lost; though tho
(it puma is wider, deadlier than bofore;
Ay. though the very Jlauds that .trow the
Sacra to obey some power turned misanthrope.
I'..- tlirni nrt witness to a world's (IphIto.
Viid win n oh, happii t of dais' -bhall '
l t ISO
Th' ibrops by whi h i'ur Ago doth bring, to
ih fTlie-t of 1 er daughters, heavenly
Pe ice,
Wrm Mans rrd fo'Iy has been pureed In flri
r4.J" i ii iim " t m in rt r.n tne Jt artti
-H9WI tyU'ierwM,a jujjMoa, la tn
FOR tho last flvo years thero has beon an
agitation for the restoration of tho
carrying trade of Philadelphia, and already
tho movement is displaying signs of bearing
fruit. It Is a problem that will only be
solved by tho years to come, whether tho
port over will regain Its proud place as tho
foromoat In tho United States.
Tho other day wo considered tho causes
that led to tho flight of tho American flag
from tho scaa during tho period of tho Civil
War, and now wo might talto a glanco at
tho alleged reasons why Philadelphia, in
1820 tho leading port of this country, should
surrender her placo on tho list.
OUR recent agitation was anticipated as
far back as tho middlo of tho last cen
tury. Great expectations from tho comple
tion of tho Pennsylvania Railroad woro com
mon. It was believed tho trans-AUoghenlan
lino would pave tho way for this Increase of
commerce nnd attempts wero made to in
terest capital In tho establishment of now
steamship lines between Philadelphia and
Liverpool nnd London.
Tho movemont accomplished something;
new lines were established, but they did not
provent Now Y'otk from forging consider
ably ahead.
I REMEMBER reading the vory pointed
rensons for this diversion of our trado
writton by Richard Rush, who had been our
Minister to London and to Paris and was a
patriotic and loyal Philadelphia!!. Howovor,
ho did not sparo his compatriots in his ex
planation of our loss of trade. His chlof
reason was what ho called tho prevalence of
"Rip Van Wlnklelsm" horc.
"Now York," ho wroto to Job R. Tyson,
who was sending letters jto tho newspapers
in his enthusiastic attempt to arouso In
terest in tho plan, "Is awake to it all. Most
wisely has she kept nwako over slnco Do Witt
Clinton, tho Livingstons and Gouverncur
Morris planned her first great canal, which
others railed at as visionary. Boaton is
awake. All mankind aro awake. A new
existence, has been sprung upon tho world.
Wo sleep on sleep on sleep on, content,
delighted, at being the second American city
after having long boon tho first, and when
wo could have becomo tho first again, be
cause nature and geography havo written it
"Wo quietly and complacently turn away
from that decree. London Is 60 miles or
more from the sea, and for a thousand years
had fourfold the difficulties of navigation in
reaching it through the Thames that Phila
delphia had ever had in being reached
through the Delaware. The worst thought
of all Is that we shall, in the ond, find our
selvos in a worse place than to be only tho
second city, if wo go to sleep; slnco to bo
falling back, : datively, in this age of prog
ress, is, in effect, to sink."
THE man who warned President Monroo
of the workings of tho European alllunce
that caused tho enunciation of the now his
toric Monroe Doctrine did not minco matters
when calling his fellow townsmen to account
for their weakness.
In the courso of tho same movemont, Wil
liam Peter, tlie British Consul here, who had
been approached on tho subject with tho idea
of having him interest British capital in
steamship lines, wroto much tho samo thing,
but, of course, tempered his pen a little. Ho
put down tho advance of New York to "su
perior pluck and energy." "While Pennsyl
vania has placed her chief reliance on legis
lation," ho ndded, "Now York has placed
hers on self-exertion."
This taking account of stock could not have
been very agreeable to the Phlladelphlans of
1SD0, but the course of treatment did them a
great deal of good. Job R. Tyson attributed
tho decline of our trado to quite other causes.
Ho declared that tho State and private capi
tal had frittered away many millions of dol
lars In numerous canal schemes; that tho
Erio Canal had diverted the Western trado
from Philadelphia by reason of its continuous
route to the sea, whilo our Western connec
tion of part rail and part canal was a dis
tinct disadvantage to the commerce It had
been designed to assist.
HE DECLARED that a too cautious Leg
islaturo had prevented banking capital
from being moro than one-fourth what
It was In Now York, and that although the
Bank of the United States was located in
Philadelphia it "did not render such accom
modations to tho business community hero
as wero favorable to the growth of tho for
eign and tlie enlargement of tho coasting
With the completion of tho Erio Canal
many of the most enterprising Philadelphia
merchants transferred their business and
their capital to New York, and It was shown
that ono-thlrd of tho investments In New
York shipping in 1S50 was owned by Phlla
dolpliluns. HOWEVER, even in thoso days this city
was tho chief manufacturing city In
tho country, and it was believed that
when tho Pennsylvania Railroad wn3 com
pleted and the primitive inclined planes and
canals wero replaced by a continuous road
bod, commerce would return to this city.
Tho Pennsylvania Railroad was completed
In 1S5I, and its advent did prove a factor in
bettering tho commerce of the port for a
fiuarter of a century, and then tho carrying
trado began to fall off again.
Tho outlook, howovor, Is far brighter now
than it wns when Richard Rush and others
were trying to arouse the clvlo pride of Phil
adelphia capitalists 30 years ngo. ,
Reviving leronj Combat
from the h't Louis Post Dispatch.
We observe that Ceneinls Villa nnd Obrcgon
enmo near to a personal encounter a day or
two ngo. They bad words and rushed at each
other and vmo "with dlltlculty icstrnined."
Why in the name of humanity did anybody
rotttraln them? Two geneials In pertoiially con
ducted warfare would be a spectacle to cheer up
alt tho privates everywhere.
When trouble comes a very peculiar per
eojuil Unit awerts Itself. This trait Is born
of tho fulling fiom which nearly all fulling,
spring tho failing of keeping the mind on
One thinks that his or her troubles aro the
worst in tl'o world. The tendency is to loi,o
bight -bf tho fact that other folks liuve trou
bles just as serious. When tho tumbled
mind aicepts this truth its own burden be
comes lighter.
An old Philadelphia minister frequently
told his congregation. "Fi lends, no matter
bow badly ou feel about something, Just re
member that there are other souls whoso
troubles aro vastly deeper than ours "
N;o matter how serious our trouble, It Is
only a simple mental process to conceive
of It being worse. The thing to do is to
th.ii.k your lucky stars that it does not reach
the j Mil or near the limit- of your own
A joins girt lay on a bed of pain. Her
temperament was of tho worrying type .i
or courso, tnia neignienett nor pain. Th m2j
family physician noted this. Aa ho left vl.f
room on ono of his dally visits he CAii.iirti
oiTcrea tno information that "this nftemi
I havo to amputate a boy's leg." vv,"im.
No. Tho young lady did not launch Im
a tlrado against tho countless sorrows of ti.
world. Sho just grow less selfish, In !
pathetic contemplation of tho lad'a Bufferift
she took her mind away from self, in a0in.
which sho had discovered tho real secret rJ
lightening her burdens. QI
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important to City
Wlrtln n..! IVnl.n..
ULiit-i, iiiiex iiiiiiuii.
To ihe Editor of the Eucitfnn htiatr:
Sir Tho splendid work of the Evenib 1
uukuu.) hi i.iiiib iiiiuimuii in ino cnnti law
ovll at this time should result In great gooJ
for tho working boys nnd girls of Pennsylvania.
This Is a most opportune time and I feel kecnS
the necessity for every voter ascertaining ei
actly how the candidates for tho Htnto Senate
nnd House of Representatives in the district
In which he lives stand upon tho question ct
nn eight-hour day nnd the. abolition of nlgU
work for children under lfif Tho Association
feels thnt ovory man who is running for offlc
and Is not willing to plcdgo himself to vote for
thc9o two provisions should bo defeated.
It Is a favorite contention of tho manufac.
turcrs nnd other employers of children that they
cannot work their older employes more than
eight hours a day and their children under l
only eight hours. This Is not true. If any
manufacturer will only show a willingness a
to nrrango his schedule as to keop tho children
busy eight hours and the machines nnd other
employes a longer time, ho will find that It Is a
comparatively simple matter. This was very
clearly proven In Massachusetts. In that 8tats
they passed a child labor law which went Into
effect last Soptombcr, containing much ths
samo provisions ns I have outlined for ths
proposed legislation In Pennsylvania. At once
thcro was a great cry on tho part of tho manu
factures that they would havo to discharge all
children undor 16. Tho law wont Into effect
on tho first of last September, and on that dat
thero wero 30,000 children nt work under 16 In
tho Industries of Massachusetts and Now Jer
sey. Child labor Is at onco tho cheapest and dear
est foim of labor. Manufacturers and otheri
employ children because they can got them at
a small price. But when ono considers their
wastefulness and Inattention, thoro is a con
siderable financial offset, and by sapping thi,
strength of the young manhood and young
womanhood of the State, through working th
children long hours, a prlco Is paid In tho de
teriorating stnndnrel of humanity which makes
child labor tho very dearest form of labor that
any ono can employ.
Chairman Educational Commltteo Pennsylvania I
Child Labor Association.
To tho Editor of the EvenlHff Leigtri
let tho soldiers stay
Down In Mexico, while they
Need a wlso protectorate
Over thoso who rule tho Stato:
A queer bunch; most any day
They may break out In a fray.
Somo old Chapcau In the ring
Down there Is a common thing.
Fact Is they don't want war ceass;
No plnty for a dove of peace
Anywhoio in Mexico;
It would bo unwise Woodrow
To call home the soldiers now,
At the outbreak of a row,
'Twlxt Carranza and his mate
Villa, 'bout ruling tho State.
If It need be let them stay
'Til tho break of judgment day.
Or maybo woil havo to take
For tho common people's sake
Llko we elld the Isles from Spain.
And not give them back again,
The old land until our light
Shows them how to rulo aright.
Philadelphia, September 23, 1911.
To the Editor of ihe Evening Ledger:
Sir From a window of a New York train a
few das ago I saw a dozen or moro men in
striped uniforms working in the fields which
bordered on tho railroad tracks. Thoy were
plowing nnd doing the late harvesting. They
were of tho county prison at Ilolmesburg.
Some of tho men undoubtedly wero thieves,
but anions them also were men who'o worst
offense was drinking too much or lighting. In
my opinion a prison or a house of coirectlonls
a place to reform a man, not to humiliate him.
Why not do nway with this kind of labor for
the samo reasons that mado the ducking stool
and tho stocks unpopular generations ago'
M. M.
Philadelphia. September 2C, 1014.
To the Editor of tho :ieing Ledger:
Sli I was very glad to seo tho letter of
"A nlehcai tened Salesgirl" in the Evemno
Lmiar.K Saturday. It lilt at a big evil, bigger
than It seems. I know, becauso I have offended,
Thoughtlessly, Inconsiderately, I have caught
myself treating shopglils with just the In
civility tint she complains of, and troubllns
them with a bundled needless errands Too
often vo putchascrs are thinking only of sav
ing a cent or two or getting away In time for
tea. When 1 hear other women talk of cross,
unobliging shopglils, I think of how much I
havo unconsciously contributed to their
"neives" and theli tiouble-s. J! L. S.
Newark, N. J., Kepteinboi 27, 1011.
To the Editor of the Eicnino Ledger:
Sir l was much Intel ested to read In Sat
in day's IJvkniko LBDORii of the present state
of tho "personal" or "ugony" columns of tnt
Loudon papers. Has any reader, I wonder, any
expel ieiica of such a curious institution in our
press? Sheilock Holmes spoke of it in one
of Conan Dojlo'a stories ns a medium of com
munication between criminals. Perhaps that II
why our papers havo not cultivated it
J. S I'UAlta
Philadelphia. September 27, 19H-
It Is nn excellent thing to tlnd bankers In ifl
parts of the countiy explaining, excusing n
defending tludr position. They ""er
under any audi compulsion befoie New lorn
"We naturally rcgiet tho new ruptuic between
Cmiauza nnd Villa, but we do regaid it a
defeat of American diplomacy or as evKknit
that Piesldeiit Wilson's pulley tow aid SiW
was wrong In principle or in appU-uttun--Uichmond
News Lender-
It Is Important that tho business mtr, of thj
Pi.ltcd States should "go aftei" tlie
Ameiicau tmde, but .something shouM bo '
nlso about the Mexican trade. Cumiiitr.u "
been almost at a standstill in th.it u.,Udl;JJ
country for several jeaie. Louisviliu l-vc"1"'
It begins to look as If Ihe bilit-nif ,,f ,?"
Lewis and other Progressive Icadus l "?l'"
sjlvniiln to turn over the Piugiisa.vi parii
bund and lout to the lainoeiatu " " '""" L
that Stato will result In incalculable '"-"enl "
Senator Penrose, the man of all ii """
whom the ProgiLstlvia have lavish"! thn "v
tc-iest ilc-iiU!iciatluii.-SprliiKllild, -Mas l mm
Colonel RaotLvelt's Wichita speili lc)ril
one of the leaswns for his continuum "'"u ,TV
In tliu countiy. A man who stands i"t'S1""
and euVUivelj lot Justice to empl"" and "
plover alike, who bus the courugts to "
:. i i .!. ..i, ...-.ii ii vinu
villUII Lllilll B1"V i.nwa ti ttiwiiij , .---
U der.lvd neither by the million'.- "
iiouerful noliliilaii. must ulwujs i'uttftf
ful factor in affair. Kansas City btar.
hluco it has not alwas been tho foituJ
the Sun to appiove Ihe work of &Ii ''""".J.,
the Stato lH'partment, wo I ve the e' "
pleasure in giving cordial prai'o t'J tt'e e "" '
the patlfiiea and the mews with v.'" r)
department has Jilted iinnv tl ' " """M ,
Americans to t '- their fiends hi 1" "V '.
in tho tingto of mobibzjition uud war
York Sun.