Newspaper Page Text
LT71 T TJ1 "D SPORTS
Hi U V3T Hi Jti EXTRA
VOL. I-NO. 8
PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1914.
PRICE ONE CENT
IN THIS STATE
Report df Census Bureau
( Furnishes Convincing
Proof of Baleful Influence
of Machine on Pennsyl
A report Issued today by tlio Census
Bureau In Washington sliows that child
Jnbor conditions In Philadelphia and Penn
sylvania are the worst lit the United
States. Commenting: on this this nfter
jioon. Paul N. Furman, secretary of the
Child Labor Association of Pennsylvania,
raid this was duo entirely to the Influence!
of the Penrose controlled political- ma
chine, which ho accused of having con
stantly stood In tho way of child labor
lesislnttnn, and of having throttled tho
child labor bill drawn up by the associa
tion at the last session of the Leglslatuic.
The figures given by the Census Bureau
tire verified by tho State Factory Inspec
According to tho roport of tho Census
Uureail, which Is not as deflnlto on the
matter of child labor as Is the report
of tho State Factory Inspector, In 19U
there wero 431 males between tho ages
of 10 and 13 years employed In Philadel
phia; 11.2S3 between the ages of It and
35, and 5S.203 between the ages of 10 and
20. Of females, says the report, there
were employed In this city. In 1310, 303
between tho nges of 10 and 13, 01U be
tween the ages of 14 and 13, and 49,670
tetween the ages of 1G and 20.
The report of tho State Factory In
spector shown that 21,000 children, between
the ages of 14 and 16 years, are continu
ity employed In Philadelphia, and 31,000
children In the entire State of Pennsyl
vania. This condition Is worse than In
liny other State or city In the Union,
fall Mr, Furman.
CHILD LABOR STATISTICS.
Tho following figures on child labot In
ihe greatest Industrial States In the Union
ehow, by comparison, the backwardness
of Pennsylvania In tho matter:
As against tho 34,W children between
the ages of 14 and 16 years employed In
the various Industries of tho State, New
York has 17,312; Ohio, 5120; Massachusetts,
H.157, due mainly to the large number of
chlldicn employed In the textile trade. In
Illinois there are 10,817, and In Indiana,
"This state of affairs In (he all-Important
matter of child labor, one of tho
greatest scourges of modern Industry, Is
due to tho fnct that Pennsylvania has
no eight-hour child labor law," Bald Mr.
Viirmnn. "Ye have no law forbidding
night work In the glass Industry and In
the messenger service. Wo have no law
regulating the street trades of boys and
jtlrls dming nny hour of the day or night.
We have no proper system of 'regulating
the Issuance nnd use of certlllcatcs where
by It would be Impossible for any child
to transfer Its certincnte to any other
child or remain idlo and out of school
for no reason whatsoever. AVorklng cer
tificates should be the property of the
Issuance officer and not of tho child.
"Pennsylvania Is sadly behind In this
Waller. The gang-controlled political ma
chine, with men nt tho head of It serv
ing private Interests, do not care a
rap for the wclfnro of children of the
Ftatc, nnd aro standing In the way of
progressive child labor legislation."
The percentage of women working at
remunerative occupations In Philadelphia
has Increased in proportion to the popu
lation during the ten years between 1900
find 1910, whllo In tho corresponding period
the percentage of male wnge-carners
Shous a slight decrease, according to tho
report of the Census Unreal).
In 1900 the number of females jver 10
Scars of age engaged In "gainful occu
rations," was 117,633, or 27.8 per cent.,
whllo In 1910 this number had Increased
to 100,399, or 31 per cent. On the other
liand, the number of male workers more
than 10 years of age In 1900 was 421,270,
or 53.3 per cent., while In 1910 there wero
C10.S71. or 82,9 per cent.
In 1910 there were a total of 711,169 per
sons more than 10 years of ago at work,
or 43.9 per cent, of the total population,
nnd K.4 per cont. of tho population 10
J ears old or over. In 1900 there were
bS,K3, which formed 44 per cent, of the
total population and 51.0 of the popula
tion more than 10 years old.
Tho 711,163 gainful workers In 1910 were
fllstrlbutcd among the main branches of
occupations as follows: Agriculture, for
estry and animal husbandry, 5791, or .S
per cent ; extraction of minerals, 133.2. or
.! per cent ; manufacturing and mechan
ical Industries, 339.90S, or 47.8 per cent.;
transportation, 63,015, or 7.5 per cent.;
trade, H0.CT2, or 14.6 per cent.; public
service, 13.121, or 1.8 per cent.; professional
ten lee, 31,799, or 4.3 per cent.; domestic
and personal service, 97.O0S, or 13.06 per
eent. and cletlcul occupations, 6.W, or
1.8 per cent.
BOY FIGHTS VICIOUS DOG
Vses Schoolbooks When Animnl Bites
Him on Leg-.
Oa bis way to school today six-year-old
tanford Conway, of 2030 York street, was
attacked by a dog near his home. Sev
al companions who were with the boy
an in alarm when the dog bit him on tho
P" youngster then beat the animal
"Kith his books, but the dog held on.
Two men pasting In an automobilo
chased tho dog away. They took the boy
jo the Women's Homeopathic Hospital.
nm""5' got the bcst ' "Im." '"'d the
mile patient, as the physicians attended
BOMB FALLS ON MAESTRICHT
Violation of Dutch Neutrality by
Unknown Parties, Reported.
-.,, AMSTERDAM. Sept. 22.
at M,f.m,m,ani!cr f the Dutcl garrison
S.in.1 I , rU'llJ J"1" telcBraphed the com.
X a ttChhlff "J ThB UlU?Ue a rePrt
iorv im el"e t,roPPel on Dutch tcrri
wry IHtalls are lacking.
of Jf.I"c.hl U a cU" of 3i'm- he capital
ly ia J T,ch.ro5,,n.co of """"-K. dlrect-
For Philadelphia and vicinity Fair
and continued warm tonight; Wednea
fiaij increasing cloudiness with cooler
n the afternoon and night; moderate
southerly winds becoming westerly.
Isr details, tee sage lix
BASEBALL RESULTS AT A GLANCE
NATIONAL LEAGUE R. h. e.
St. Louis 0 0 0 4 1 00
Phillies 2 0 OOfO 2 0
Batteries Mayer and Doojrytmner and Wingo. ,
Umpires O'Connor andJron. ,
Chicago v5 0 0 0
New York 0 0 0 0
Batteries Cheney and Archer; Mathewson and Meyers.
Umpires Eason and Quiglcy.
Pittsburgh 2 0 0 0
Boston 2 0 14
Batteries McQulllen and Coleman; Tyler and Whaling.
Umpires Klcm and Emslic.
Cincinnati 0 0 0
Brooklyn 2 2 0
Batteries Yingllng and Gonzales; Altchison and McCarty.
Umpires Rigler and Johnson.
Athletics 0 0 0 0 4 0
Cleveland 0 0 0 2 0 0
Batteries Carter and Egan; Bush and Schang.
Umpires Connolly and Chill.
Washington 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chicago 0 5 10 0 10
Batteries Shaw and Ainsmith; Bcnz and Schallc.
Umpires Hildebrand and O'Loughlin,
R. H. E.
Chicago . . .
Boston 2 0 10 10 0
Detroit 0 0 0 0 3 0 0
Batteries Collins and Carrigan; Coveleskie and Baker.
Umpires Dlneen and Egan.
AHEAD IK GAME
WITH THE NAPS
In Fifth Inning Mackmen
Score 4 Runs Napland
ers Had But 2 at That
Period Bush Pitching.
SOMERS PA UK. Sept. 22,-Not more
than a thousand were In tho stands when
the Athletics and Naps took the Meld for
tho third and final same of tho series. The
batteries wero for tho Athletics Flush
and SchnnB and for Cleveland Carter nnd
Egan, Umpire Connolly was behind the
plate nnd Chill In the field.
Murphy singled to right: Oldrlntr sac
rlllccd to Johnson unassisted; Collins
fanned; Strunlc Hied to Graney. No runs,
one hit, no errors.
Smith fouled to Baker. Chapman was
out, Mclnnls to Bush. Johnston singled
to centre and died stealing, Schang to
Collins. No runs, one hit, no crrois.
Mclnnls grounded to Lajoic. Baker
filed to Lajole. Barry fanned. No runs,
no hits, no errors.
Llcbold filed to Murphy. Lajole tiled
to Strunlc. Grnnoy walked. Graney stolo
second. Barbara out. Collins to Mc
lnnls, No runs, no hits, no errois.
Schnnff filed to Smith. Bush fouled to
Esan. Muiphy walked. Oldring forced
Murphy, Chapman to Lajole. No tuns,
no hits, no errors.
fig.in fanned. Carter out, Barry to Mc
lnnls. Smith out, Barry to Mclnnls. No
runs, no hits, no errors.
Collins fouled to Esan. Strunk doubled
to right. Mclnnls mounded to Barbare,
who touched Strunk on huso line. Baker
forced Mclnnls, Lajolo to Chapman. No
runs, no hits, no errors.
Chapmun (lied to Strunk. Johnson beat
out an infield hit. Heboid doubled to
left. IJole doubled to right, scoring Lie
bold nnd Johnston. Graney walked, llar
baio fouled to Schang. Kgun grounded to
Mclnnls. Two runs, three hits, no errois.
IN GAME AGAINST
Locals Score Twice First,
But St. Louis Players Put
Over Four Runs in Fourth
and One in Fifth Sessions.
PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
GRANTS A HEARING TO COOKE
He Wants Thorough Investigation
Mtidoof Philadelphia Electric Co,
The Tubllo Service Commission of
Pennsylvania today notified Director
Cooke, of tho Department of Public
Works, that a hearing on the complaint
fled by him ngalnst the Philadelphia
ElfCttic Company will be held In Har.
rlsburg November 17, nt 2:30 p. m.
Director Cooke, In his complaint to tho
commission, asked for a thorough Inves
tlgatlon of tho company's organization,
service and rates.
Action was taken by tha director when
the electric company submitted a bid for
tho public lighting of tho city In 1915
at no reduction from tho cost of tho 1914
contract approximately J1.2C0.0C0.
Director Cooke then denounced tho 1915
proposal as exorbitant He declared tho
1'hiludclplila Electric Company to be u
monopoly and characterized the com
pany's management as "elothful and In
efficient." and appealed to the State
A protest from tho Philadelphia Elec
tric Company against hearing the com
plaint was filed some time ago. It was
conjended In the protest that the cost
of the Investigation would in all prob
ability fall ca tha electric eetpanj;.
Umpires O'Connor nnd Byron.
NATIONAL LEAGUE BALL GROUNDS,
Philadelphia, Sept., 22.
Poor fielding by tho Phillies coupled
with a littln timely hitting on the part
of the Cardinals gave tho visitors a long
lead on tho locals In today's game. Mayer
nnd Grlner were selected to pitch, but
with two down In the fifth, the former
wiih relieved by Baumgartner. The
Phillies scored twice In the first Inning
on Lohert's double, a sacrifice, a walk,
Becker's single and a wild throw by
Butler. The Cardinals were retired In
order up to the fourth, and In that Inning
they piled up four runs on two singles,
a double nnd errors by Cravath. In tho
fifth on a single, two passes and Luderus'
error of Doom's throw they scored an
other run. Grlner seemed to get better
each Inning, and tho Phillies were unable
to score after the first.
Dolnn filed to Lobert. Hugglns walked.
Butler filed to Paskert. Hugglns was
caught napping, Mayer to Luderus. No
runs, no hits, no errors.
Lobeit doubled to right centre. Byrne
sacrificed, Grlner to Miller. Mngee walked.
Cravath fanned, Magee stole second.
Becker beat out a high bounder to But
ler, scoring Lobert. and when Butler
threw wild to tlrst Magee scored and
Becker took second. Luderus filed to
Wilson. Two runs, two hits, one error.
Miller filed to Paskert. Wilson fouled
to Lobert Wlngo (lied to Cravath. No
runs, no hits, no eirors.
Paskurt walked. Paskert took second
as Dooln mounded out to Miller. Pas
kert went to third on Mayer's out. Beck
to Miller. Lobert walked. On nn at
tempted double steal. Paskert was cut
down at tho plate, Wingo to Hugglns
to Wlngo. No luns, no hits, no errors.
Cruise bunted and was thrown out by
Lobert. Lobert also threw out Beck.
Grlner out. Mageo to Luderus, No runs,
no hits, no error.
Byrne was thrown out by Hugglns.
Magee walked. Cravath lined to Dolan.
Becker filed to Cruise. No runs, no hits,
Dolan singled to left. Hugglns walked.
Butler bunted nnd Luderus fumbled the
ball and then threw wild to Byrne who
was covering first, Dolan and Hugglns
scoring and Butler taking third. Butler
scored on Miller's sacrifice fly to Becker.
Mayer threw Wilson out. Wlngo singled
to right, und continued on to second when
Cravath made a wild return. Cruise
Mummed a double to right centre, scoring
Wingo. Beck fanned. Four runs, three
hits, two errors.
Luderus filed to Dolan. Paskert singled
to center. Dooln hit Into a double play.
Beck to Hugglns to Miller. No runs, one
hit, no errors.
NINETY-ONE DEGREES TODAY
Hottest September 22d Since 1805,
Today Is the hottest September 22 bines
US. according to George S. Bliss, of the
Weather Bureau. The thermometer reg
istered 91 degrees at 1 o'clock In 1693
the temperature on this day wa 97 at'
tre- That Is the only day in the last
il years on which the Uoiperatur has
Wceedtd that of. todajj
First Great Naval Disaster to
Britain Results in Destruc
tion of Aboukir, Hogue
and Cressy in North Sea.
LONDON, Sept. 22.
Out of a clear sky came tho laconic
announcement late this afternoon that
the German1) had struck another blow nt
the British sea supremacy. Three cruisers,
their value totaling $12,W,000 nnd carry
ing a complement of more than 2100 mon,
were torpedoed nnd Bunk in the North
Sea, oft tho German coast, by German
submarines, essaying a raid similar to
that In which they sent the scout patrol
cruiser Pathfinder to the bottom.
These cruisers, the Abrouklr, Hogue
and Cressy, havo been reported nn very
active In scouting close to the Heligo
land Bight In an effort to locale the
main Geiman war fleet. Although tho ex
act location of Die disaster, Ihe greatest
of tho war to dale from tho British stand
point, Is withheld, there nre evidences
that It was not far from where the
British cruiser squadron struck its first
real blow against the Germans In sink
ing tliice light crulscis and two de
stroyers. Fortunately the loss of life Is not ab
solute. The Government says that a
"considerable number" of the crew wero
picked up by destroyers and trawlers
that hurried to the roscue. But tho exact
number of casualties will not be obtain
able until tho list of survivors can be com
pleted. It Is officially admitted, however.
Hint it will be large, and among tno num
ber It Is reported are most of the officers
of the three big warships.
The announcement of the loss came
Just at a time when the British public
was displaying Impatience over the lack
of activity against the Kaiser's naval
strength. Tills Impatience, It was stated,
had been shared by certain of the high
officials of the Admiralty, who have be
lieved that, as the Germans had refused
to como out and fight, England should
go in and draw their war craft Into the
open. The disaster haB simply augmented
that 'eellng. Demands for speedy venge
ance are heard on nil sides, and It Is likely
that before many hours have passed news
will come of important action by the
Whether the submarines that caused
the disaster escaped or whether, like
the one which sunk the Pathfinder,
they havo also been tent to the bottom
In their turn Is not yet known. To
the nxcltcd throng that beset tho Ad
miralty asking for additional news the
word was sent out that there was noth
ing "at present" to add to the an
nouncement of the war bureau.
The latter organization simply stated
that tho Aboukir while engaged In patrol
was torpedoed by a submarine; that the
Hogue and Cressy closed In to rcscuo the
survivors then struggling In the water;
that they In turn fell victims to tho
Gorman submarines, and that a part of
tho crews had been rescued by the de
stroyed and trawlers who, witnessing tho
tragedy from afar, had hurried to the
Tho three armored cruisers were each
of 12,000 tons. Tho Cressy was built' In
1901. had a speed of 20 knots, cost J3,7l"..0O0.
Her armament consisted of two 9.2 Inch
guns, twelve 0-Inch nnd batteries of
smaller ones. Tho Aboukir and Hoguo
were both built In 1902. The Aboukir had
a speed of 21.6 knots and the Hogue of
22.6 knots. Both carried armaments of
two 9.2 guns, twelve 6-Inch and batteries
of smaller guns.
The statement follows;
"Tho British ', Aboukir, Hogue
and Cressy I u h 'en sunk by sub
marines In the , nth Sea. The Aboukir
was torpedoed, and while the Hogu
and Cressy wero standing by to save
h AIniiIIHn rww. thew tOO. WerO
torpedoed. A considerable number of
seamen were saved by the ship Lowe
Btoft, torpedoboat destroyers nnd other
craft. Tho casualties are unwrann.
Tho threo sunken vessels were sister
ships. They were armored cruisers of
a comparatively old type, having been
built It years ago."
SAPIENT "EDDIE" SAVES
ENVOYS FROM CLASHES
Secretory Bryan's Messenger Show3
Diplomacy in Steering Visitors.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 22.-Th diplo
macy of Eddie Savoy, Secretary Bryan's
colored messenger, was put to the test
today when tho Charge d'Affalrcs of
the German Embassy called at the State
Department close on the heels of both
tlio British and French Ambassadors.
Through the manipulations of tho sa
pient I'ddK tho representatives of the
warring nations were spirited through
the halls and corridors of the building
Slnco the beginning of the European
war, Eddie has been many times called
upon o keep the diplomatists of theso
and other warring nations from coming
Into embarrassing contact at the Depart
ment. Without specific Instructions front
any f the officials of the Department,
Eddie, tho veteran of many Administra
tions, has handled the situation with rare
skill and Judgment, for which he has been
repeatedly warmly commended.
Part of Plant Wrecked During Con
troversy With I. W. W.
TONOPAH. Nev., Sept. 22.-An explosion
of dynamite beneath a corner of the Job
printing plant of the Bonanza, an after
noon paper, blew out a part of the build
ing, wrecked a garage and shattered
windows a block away. The newspaper
plant Is In an adjoining structure and was
The paper has been active for tho West
ern Federation of Miners In Its contro
versy with the Industrial Workers of the
QEIIMAN OENEKAL KILLED
AMSTERDAM, Sept. 22. It Is an
nounced In Berlin that General Stelnmeti,
In command of a division of German artll
Urj. was killed In th flsWlns In France
oa September 15.
The War Today
llenewcd assaults along: tho whole
front by the Germans opened tho
tenth day of the terrific struggle In
France. The Allies beat hack the as
saults and claimed further successes
against tho right wing of the Invad
crs. Tho French made desperate at
tacks against Von Buelow's forces. L
Tho contending armies aro fighting
in n quagmire, making movements of
heavy artillery difficult, hut big guns
havo been rushed from Paris to tho
left wing. A fierce battle Is raging
on tho plateau of Craonno.
Hussions havo captured several small
towns nnd five of the outer Jnroslaw
redoubts, nnd their siege guns con
tinue heavy bombardment here and
at Przemysl. They havo taken Hes
zow, which Interrupts communication
between tho Austrlar.s in tho field
and their western base of supplies
and reinforcements. Cracow, reported
terrified by the westward advance of
the Russian main army, la preparing
for Investment nnd many non-combatants
havo left tho city, to which
tho Austrian reserves and a large
body of tho German Landwehr nre
Russians are believed to have at last
penetrated Silesia. Berlin has not
heard from Breslau by telephone or
telegraph for n day, and fears the
investiture of this important strateg
ical point, 190 miles away, In tho
Russian plan of campaign against
the German capital.
The French War Minister, Mlllcrand,
reports the virtual collapse of thi
German right, with tho Allies' cen
tre presenting a solid wall of steel
against attempts to pierce the line.
Tho War Minister expects the "Bat
tlo of Two Rivers" to continue for
several days, but i3 confident of a
decisive victory fcr tho Allies.
Berlin War Office ofUclally denies the
seven-mile retreat of Genoral von
Kluk on the German right and states
that he is standing firm at all points.
Official statements further report
the capture of the heights of Cra
onne and tho town of Bethany. Tho
War Office praises the Allies for
their valor In attacking fortified po
sitions, but adds that theso assaults
are growing weaker. Germany is
preparing for a bitter winter cam
paign. London states that the German right
is being forced back four miles each
day. This retreat is expected to be
come more precipitate, ns Von
Kluk's army has been forced to
abandon Its strongest intrench
ments. Military experts profess sat
isfaction with the progress of the
titanic contest along the Aisne,
which has developed into a contest
of endurance. The Allies' successes
are attributed to repeated bayonet
Petrograd War Office announces that
final Austrian resistance in Gallcla
on a large scalo will centre at Cra
cow. Tho main Russian army Is
pressing westward toward this great
fortified city, which is the base of
supplies for the Austrians, Minister
of War Soukhomllnoff btates that
sufficient forces Will be left to Insure
the capture of Przemysl and Jaros
law in tho east, and that the main
army will make cautious progress
west on account of the difficult ter
ritory to be traversed.
Vienna admits the Russian passage of
tho San, but states that the troops
are cavalry skirmishers and that tho
main army will find progress from
Jnroslaw difficult on account of the
San marshes. The War Oillce be
lieves tho next great battle will bo
fought In the foothills of the Car
pathians and not at Cracow.
Bervla officially reports crushing an
Austrian army of invasion In a four
days' battle near the River Drlna.
The other Servian army, In conjunc
tion with the Montenegrins, ac
cording to a late report, has occu
Italy clamors for war. Thousands of
men out of work continue demon
strations denouncing the national
policy of neutrality. Austria has
called out the third line of reserves
to guard the frontiers of its prov
inces against an Italian invasion.
War is expected.
Parisians rejoiced at the news that
the famous Cathedral at Rhelms. had
not been Irreparably destroyed Re
ports were received that while the
artlsp edifice had been battered se
verely It could be restored . v
ALLIES AIM HEAVY
BLOW AT LEFT WING
AND ATTACK CENTRE
Enveloping Movement Against German
Right Continues With Increasing Dan
ger to Invaders French Renew As
sault on Heavily Fortified Plateau of
Berlin Announces Repulse of Sortie From
Verdun and Capture of Town in Lor
raine Rheims Again is Reported
Afire From Bombardment.
PARIS, Sept. 22.
Fierce fighting continues along tho
entire battle front in Franco, particu
larly on the western end of the line,
where the flanking movement of the
Allies continues, and near the plateau
of Craonne, near the centre.
Tho War Office reports von Kluk
weakening on the German right wing
and says his retirement will soon be
turned Into flight. Paris has a report
that General von Kluk has been re
lieved of command.
It was officially announced that tho
Teutons' assaults were without ap
preciable results. On the right bank,
of tho Olse the Germans nre giving
Tho official statement Issued today
On the whole front, from tho
Olso to the Woevre region, tho
Germans manifested on tho 21st
a certain activity without obtain
ing appreciable results.
On our left wing on the right
bank of tho Olse the Germans havo
given ground before the French at
tack. Between tho Olse and tho Alsno
the situation is unchanged. The
enemy has made no serious at
tack, contenting himself yesterday
evening with a long range bom
bardment. At the centre, between Rheims
nnd Soualn, the enemy attempted
nn offensive movement, which has
been repulsed, while between Sou
aln and the Argonne forest we
have made some progress.
Between tho Argonne nnd tho
Meusc there is no change.
In the Woevre region the enemy
made a violent effort. They at
tempted the heights of the Meuso
on the front of Tresauvaux-Vlg-neulIes-Heudlcourt
able to take foothold on the
On our right in Lorraine the
enemy has crossed the frontier
again with small columns. Ho has
re-occupled Domestre, to the south
During tho days of the 20th and
21st we took 20 re-victualing motors
with nil their personnel and a num
ber of prisoners, belonging notably
to the Fourth, Sixth, Seventh.
Eighth, Ninth, Fourteenth, Fif
teenth German corps, to the Bava
rian Landwehr and to the reserve
It Is understood tho Allied armies to
day nro making a supreme effort to
break through the lines of the Ger
man nrmy commanded by General von
Utielow. The latter was compelled to
weaken his lines by withdrawing a
part of his main force to send to the
relief of General von Kluk and tho
The French are now attacking tho
fortified positions held by the Ger
mans which control the railway be
tween Rethel and Laon. They havo
gained slight advantages hero nnd, it
they can drive their wedge through,
they will place both von Buelow and
von Kluk at a material disadvantage.
In fact, It is stated positively that
reports of the French-British aviators
who have reconnoitred the German
position show indications of a retro
grude movement. The heavy siege
guns have In certain places been with
drawn toward the extreme base. This
is plainly a precautionary movement,
but It may also be the beginning of
the long-expected retreat.
Heavy guns from tho Paris forta
were rushed to the front today to reply
to the bombardment of tho monster
16-inch howitzers of the Germans,
whllo at tho same time tho Allies con
tinued their pressure against the right
wing of the invading: army.
.While thera Jtad, been s, Ju.ll In the
fighting late yesterday, owing to tho
physical exhaustion of the Boldlers, tha
engagement, which Is really composed
of four separate battles, was resumed
furiously at daybreak.
As a result of tho operations of th
French and British, who aro vigor
ously pushing an enveloping movement
to encircle the German right flank, the
battle line Is being extended west of
the Olse River. General von Kluk Is
moving guns Into position to protect
his line of communication and to pre
vent a retreat, which would expose
tho rear of the troops stationed in tho
The big guns from tho Paris works
will be used to bombard tho German
works upon the plateau of Craonne,
where the Invaders occupy a position
of enormous strength. The German in
fantry stationed upon tho Craonna
heights is supported with heavy artil
lery" of longer range than the French
guns which have been opposing It.
The French claim to have shoved
back the German right, but nt tho
samo time an official statement from
tho French War Office gives an ac
count of fighting west of the Olso at
a point from which it had been thought
that the Germans hnd been expelled.
Reports have again become current
that the Germans arc short of ammu
nition, but the terrific nature of the
German cannonade seems to give thl3
rumor the He.
Convinced that Germany now nan
her entire field strength available, tho
high military officials here declare thnt
within another fortnight, or three
weeks at the outside, she will be fight
ing a defensive contest outside of
The four points where the fighting
centres are the valley of the Olse,
Solssons, Rheims and Verdun. The
German left centre is making a vig
orous assault on the forts at Verdun,
alternately bombarding them and then
making efforts to storm them from two
Late reports say that the Germnn
bombardment at Rheims continues, tho
shells being directed against tho French
forces south of the city. Many of the
shrapnel, however, fall In the city
proper, where every day and every
night sees Borne fresh destruction done.
While the city itself is Immaterial
from a standpoint of strategic import
ance, it is the centre of a district that
German batteries are stationed north
and northeast of the city; French can
non are stationed on hills south of the
city. There are believed to be about
100,000 Germans massed upon the pla
teau of Craonne. This is a position
of exceptional strength. General
niuecher. who was defeated by Napo
leon on the snme ground, declared that
26.000 troops could bold It against any
East of Verdun the French lines seem
to have been reinforced as there are
eight French army corps near the Lor
raine border, where the German left
is being attacked with vigor and vio
lence. The battle line, roughly speaking, ex
tends on the east from a point near St.
Die, through Luneville, Pont-a-Mous-son,
Etain, Consenvoye, Montfaucon,
Sousaln, to the north of Rheims,
Craonne, thence along the Alsne val
ley to a point between Lesslgny and
St. Quentin. The line crosses three big
rivers, the Olse, tho Alsne and the
Meuse, while It also lies across several
French forces havo worked to a
point near Peronne. 17 miles north
west of St. Quentin, where they are
attacking the advanced position of the
Germans. The main English army U
near Solssons. On the Britlsn left,
in the vicinity of Noyon and Lesslgny,
is a strong French force, which Is evi
dently trying to close In on La Fere.
(La Fere Is 14 miles northwest of
This French force is evidently tho
Sixth French Army, which was sent
to help the British In its turning move
ment against General von Kluk's
JTne Frencjr-tni tljelr EngUah. allien