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EVENING fiS& LEDGER
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CYRUS II. K. CtHTlS, PnKSWENT.
. .Tohn aflbbel.Vlcot'rft-.Ment; tleo. W. Ochs. Secretary:
ftSftl c" Martin. Treasurer; Hmrles II. I.uillngtoii,
Philip 8. Collins, John 11. William.. Director
Ctncs 11. K. OtRTis, Chairman.
r. If. WHAt.KV Kwutlxe Bailor
.TOHM C. MAUT1N (lenernl ltuslneMjMaiinjPter
Published dally it Vunile t.Ktuir.n tlnllJliiff.
ltidtiiendenro Square. liitliutfiiil.i.
l.MmEnCENiniL .... Broad and Chestnut Streets
Atlantic Citv I'resvf'nloit Uulldlni
New Yobk Iiii-A. Metropolitan Timer
Cjiicaoii S17 llotni Insurance IhllMIng
I.o.nuo.v 8 Waterloo l'lare, Tall Mall. S. W.
llAnnisinrim llrnruu Tin4 rvtrrlof ltulMlm
Wmuiimhtov Urnwu Tha )'of TtulMlnit
New Vouk Hi iieau The Tlmr UulMlhit
IlKBt.iN 1lfnn.it- , itn I'rleilflchKtrai'M
T.oMion Hinr.w 2 t'nll Mull Kast, S. V,
1'aiiis Ut iiEii a2 Hue Louis 18 Clrand
t!y rarrlpr. Daily o.m.y, kI rem. tty mall. pntpM
outside nf IMillndplphlu. efctept wheri forclsn pnsiiiRe
l rwjulrr.1. Dim ciNi.v. one month, twemy-llv im:
mnv tJ.M.v. one year, ttirec dollars. All mall subserlp
tleim paMiide In ath-nnrv.
HE1.L, ,10(10 WH,NtJT Kr.Y!rO.M5 MAIN .11)00
EX AiUlrrav nil roximtinlrfffinii lo Bvtntnff
r-rilnrr, r,t,trfrnitnin- Snnarr. 'Hlclirffifcta.
ArrtiiMTioN Mint: at the rtiu.tiiKi.rtiti r-osTorrteB roit
KNT1IV .( nTOMcr,) MAIt JtATTEtl
rint.vttKMMitA. iiiimv. s-i-imum iir.it 111. im
EVENING- LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1914.
Mayor Lahe Giuiijstor?
THE Mayor's messugo Is it record of con- j
structivo achievement. It reveals him as j
the sumo old "War Horse of Reform," a
man shot through and through with sincerity !
of purpose and determination, despite the
captious opposition of Councils, to give this '
city good government, of the many '
achievements of the administration during '
1!)13, the most important ly far was the
reaching of an agreement for the abolition
of crude crossings In South Philadelphia,
which means tlie certain and rapid comple
tion of the Belt Line system and the resultnnt
improvement of port facilities, it also pros-
rces ;i t'.cw era of development in South
Philadelphia. The sab- ! 4 per cent, bonds
at par o er the counter wus u distinct tri
umph for the Mayor, as few financiers had
mi; idea, in a lew of the money market, that
the venture could be successful.
The Mayor very properly calls attention to
the obstructionist policy pursued by Coun
cils. It might bo supposed that representn- '
tlvcs of tho people of this city would be
anxious to serve It. Not so; there Is another
lash before which they cringe. They know
as well us the Mayor does that the assess- j
ment of real estate is unjust and tnerptltable. !
The whole mass of the people will under- '
stand that situation and the reasons for it a j
little better later on. But the refusal of .
Councils to put the city's ilnances on a busi- ;
uess basis is merely a temporary aberration, j
It has been demonstrated in the Inst few
days that there is a power in the community .
greater than the coterie of bosses. I
That the Mayor is inclined to be irritable '
at times is not remarkable. But he need
have no fear of what the public thinks. It
long ago analyzed the situation and intelli
gent men know that the administration has
"made pood." '
Money ami a Champion for Transit
MR. CONNELLY, chairman of the
Finance Committee of Councils, speak
ing with great earnestness, told yesterday
. ''Pw anxious he was to further the plans for
rapid transit and how plud he would be If
ilie initial appropriation could be made one
ur two millions of dollars instead of half a
million. This Is very interesting In view of
the fact that the urgency of the uppropriu
11011 was uilU' as obvious last week as this
week, yet the committee over which Mr.
Connelly presides was at that time unite
convinced that no money whatever for
transit could be found. It is a good thing
for the community that Mr. Connelly's de
sires and purposes are so susceptible of
change. It may be a good augury.
The important fact Is that a beginning of
work is in sight. It would be too much to
expect th.it the obstructionists are com
pletely routed. Their pessimistic voices will
be heard again. Hut the storm of populur
protest which so quickly caused the Finance
Committee to change its mind and converted
the chairman of that body, as It were, over
night is at once a warning and a threat to
statesmen who imagine that the public will
be meek in a mutter of such vital import
ance as rapid transit.
Within Hearing of tho School Bell
TIIlS is the month when school begins.
The public statement that the "niggard
liness and indolence" of farmers stand In the
way of the centralisation of rural schools is
a reminder that the institution known ns
the little r?d schoolhouse" hag not yet been
extinguished. It would be mm-h fairer and
much neuter correct to assign a different
reason for its perpetuation.
Th Anglo-Saxon love of local self-government
bears some relation to this matter,
Englishmen and Americans have always in-.!-'
d on having their courts easily acces
sible, geographically and otherwise. Sim
ilarly there is in the country plucpg (f Amer
ica a strong desire that the school bell nhall
In within hearing distance, or almost. It in
the Anglo-Saxon disposition to feel most
secure in h posssion of dentcraUc inxti.
tutions when they are close at hunt. The
consolidation of rural m hools is going rap.
idly forward, but it is necessarily subject to
limitation by local pride, local umbltion and
the sense of local integrity.
other causes help retard the process of
centralizing rural schools, jt is natural that
fathers and mother houlJ wish to keep
their children near home. Where the con
soltdated chooi draws its pupils from a large
area, many of th children must be away
from home from early morning till late after '
noon. It is a significant fact that one of thg i
most common complaints of school adminis- i
trators and teachers is that the schools are j
nowadays forced to assume too many parens i
tal duties. j
Expose o Last Pretense
WHAT virile Hepublican leadership exists
ui Washington Is against Penrosejsnj.
Borah. 'lapp, Cummins and men of tholr typxs
make no secret of their opposition. They
arv close to national &entlment: they sense
the verdict of IMS If i'enroseism Is indorsed
Tho proposed Senatorial investigation of
the primary campaign expanses of Mr- Pen.
rose would be futile. The mercenary char.
acter of the Organization in this State and
its willingness to btiuunder funds to accom
plish its purposes are well known- The pa
lion does not need to be taught now the se
ems of I'eiirobeum It understands them.
There IS but one plelense 1 f t to be exposed.
Mr Penrose la capitalizing protection. He is
using it as a. mantle to cover up the real
Penroseism He U posing as the one cham
pion who can restorjeconomic sanity In
HiiUonal affairs. Thap!H)altlon constitutes
tho only strength left In his candidacy, ex
cept that which comes from the Organi
zation, and this, of Itself, would be In
sufficient to bring him success. He has a
chance of election so long as he cull delude
business men into believing that their busi
ness will be ruined unless he Is sent back to
Washington. Once let them apprehend the
fact that I'euroselsm Is the paralysis which
has seized on the Hepubllcitti party and his
whole political structure will crumble. A
Penrose victory In November would be for
Hie Ucptibticun party another inarch of Na
poleon to Moscow.
Fished lor it Minnow! Caught u Whale
TlltJ attempt to picture Doctor Hmm
baugh as ii otenture of the plunder-loving
organization would be more likely to suc
ceed had not the candidate demtmstratcd hi"
independence and his abhorrence of a bit on
doEdis of different occasions. He hits not
traveled In another man's harness nt any
tune. He has, on the contrary, given ic
peutctl evidence of his nbillty to dominate
any situation which arises, Within tho year
he stood like n Gibraltar when the Organ
ization attempted to foist Its man on the
schools of Philadelphia.
The truth is that In fishing for n rrspeet
ttble but easy candidate the politicians woe
outmanenvercd. They lauded it whale by
mistake, it was not their fault. Hcforo
they knew it public opinion hnd centred on
the fchoolmnster, and there was no political
nssoclnllon in Pennsylvania that could
wrench the nomination from him.
At Pittsburgh, Doctor tirutnbnugh swept
the rcttdy-nmde platform out of his way and
announced that his pre-prttnnry platform
was his platform, that he was dedicated to
it and would stick. He has stuck. He knows
what he stands for and the public knows.
Doctor Urumbnugh l. used to giving orders,
not to taking them. It will be a sad day for
gangsters In Hurrlsburg If any of them at
tempt to tell this hich-mimled gentlrmnn
whnt he ni'ist do The truth i that the rco-pli-
at last have i landldnie of their own on
the ticket: a man oi ilosh and blood, of char
acter and determination. A vote for Brum
baugh Is u vote ago Inst the OranniSiatton,
and so his term 'n office will prove.
Do Ts'ot Trust Him
LVCKKNCE STEUNK wrote "Tristram
I Shandy." Ho also wrote some sermons.
In one of them, the STth, he said: TUUST
THAT MAN IN NOTHING WHO HAS NOT
A CONSCIENCE IN KVEP.YTHINO.
A Victim History Will Celchrntc
BEUJIL'M has been badly treated; there
is no doubt of that. It wus her misfor
tune to lie' between two giants who spent
their nights and days making ready for
battle. If there is any glory in war, any
acknowledgment by posterity of the heroism
of a in-ople who consecrated themselves
against fearful odds to the defense or their
homes and tltesides, thp llelgians will tlnd
ample, recompense in history for all that
they linvo dared and suffered. But however
great the sympathy of ordinary citizens in
this nation may be for this vicarious sover
eign victim. It is obviously not proper for
the United States Government to inject itself
into the situation. Final judgment will be
rendered In the future, when tho minds of
men ire not swayed by passion and preju
dice. Yet the President very aptly expressed
the foellngs of his countrymen when he
assured the Belgian Commissioners of the
lasting sympathy of the United States.
Compensation Should Be Quick
F.DUR years ago a railroad brakeman in
Cols city was injured in the discharge of
his ihities. He lo.-t his right arm and his
right leg as a result. He sued for compen
sation and a jury gave him an award of
Jlft.uOO. but the briikftnun has not yet re
ceived :i penny of this sum. Instead, he has
been spending monej for four years to gel
it, and "Will have to spend more now that the
last Court In which the case was tried has
thrown out his claim on a technicality.
Under a Workmen's Compensation Act this
man's cases w '-olated one In Pennsylvania
would probably have been settled inside of
a month, and tho claimant for compensation
would lmvo received his money the very
same day the Commission tlnully ndjudicoted
his case. He might not have received so
largo a sum as the jury awarded him, but
he would have got adequate compensation
promptly and at no expense.
New York, Ohio and 21 other States in tho
Union have Workmen's Compensation Acta
In force. They have not always worked satis
factortly. but cortatnly some nvthod of hasten
ing final verdicts is necessary.
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
PHINCE Is dead. Ho had a home of which
un.v gentleman would have been proud, but
he was a dog of wnnderlng habits. Tho
wanderlust had him In Its grip, und so ho
strayed from his llrcsldo to tho Mryit Mawr
Polo Club grounds for a couple ut years, at
lenst. Ho would happen nlong, like tho dawn
of a new day, and stay for a week or two.
Then he would disappear. A fortnight later
saw him at the club once more, nnd so after
a while ho becumo a fixture and a favorite.
Tho other day ho cume again, after an
unusually long absence. He wagged his tall
in greeting, shivered as with tho cold and
gave up ltls canine ghost. They took his
mortal remains to a little knoll near thu
Haverford avenUo side and burled him.
And to the credit of some of the club mem
bers be It said that on the cheeks of nt least
two of them tears rolled down for an olds
friend devoid of hate and sham nnd envy,
and all the other frailties which make hu
man beings human,
YOU have never heard of Ncwsum, for he
resides. In Nashville, but he is n living ex
ample of tho hustle and enterprise of tho
now South. New sum whose other name Is
unknown to fame deals in nutomobile tires.
When the war broke out and the t.otton
P'.nnters were unable to market their staple
for ready cash, Newsum grasped opportunity
by the forelock, swung himself into the meta
phorical saddle and rode to financial victory.
How? Uy simply accepting warehouse re
ceipts for cotton as an equivalent for cash.
And as a result of his faith In human nature
he placed $100,000 new business on his books
In a few weeks. Now ho is advertising for
another $100,000 In the way of trade, and from
Indications he will get It.
All of which may bo a hint to our local
named the Ulack Prince, "by terror of his
arms," accordjng to Frolssnrt. Dlnck Saturday
fell on August 4, 1621, on which day the Scottish
Parliament admitted Episcopalian customs Into
tho Ptesbyterlnn Church. During the passage
of tho net, n violent storm dntkened tho heav
ens, seemlnsly ns a ma- k of Divine displeasure,
so the historians say.
Mrs. Partington and her historic mop really
existed. She lived nt Sldmonlh. Devonshire,
England. In November, 1S2-I, a heavy gain
drove the sea waves Into her house and she
labored with n mop lo wash them back Into
til ocean until she was driven Into tho Upper
story by the water.
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
We had decided to write a serial poem on
autumn Its ctherlal beauty Its delights Its
anyway, wo hnd decided. Just then a com
mittee of long suffering and patient hoi pollol
waited upon us they did not wait over long
(enmmn) howewr. They convinced us against
otlr will, but convinced us, nevertheless, that
poems on autumn, even as on spring, are do
trop, causing ennui, are conducive to mi
graine and not a bit gemuethllch. So wo
decided to stow awuy our rhyming dictionary
for Use when balmy garlic no longer scents
the evening air nnd tho llttlo birds no longer
chirp sweet nothings, and then h'gosh
we'll write a poem on
All the British soldiers are being vaecl.
natd against typhoid and smallpos before
suing to the front. It might also he a good
Jda to shoot each of them with a sinall-cali-bred
rltte In order to pruteet them from the
guns of tho enemy.
There wo never any reason why the Army
and Navy gume should be played In any
other place than Philadolphia. constant hick,
oring in the matter does neither Institution
any good d It may rwm.ly impair in
terest in the g""1""'
The cheering news comes that Mr, Bryan
has effected treaties with sulllcient powers to
insure peace with two-thirds of the world
In the sama paper wo road that those iG-lnch
has effected treaties with sufficient Powers to
Judging from tho talk among the allies as
to the terms upon which they will permit
Oerrnany to su tor peace, it is evWout that
they have overlooked tho dangers attending
a preincubation unwmeration of young puiil.
'fhosa who have been contending all along
that the influence oi tho Baal is felt oyer
the country will And i-onllrmatlon of their
vlaws lo the market reports that sinco the
war bread is rising everywhere.
It is reported that the Russian Genera!
Htsnnenliampff wants to maUo a name for
olnwetf in this war- But the one lie has
would eem enough tor ordinary oireum.
Heports from Bsrltn urn to the etfset that
the tierniaa omltajfe, Is still fsvrajbh. tfoth.
tug ltk Uemg able to see the elml's silver
Frit? KreUler, the violinist, is on duty
guarding a bridge in Vienna -a regular
bridge, not a iuhn bridge.
i The WUI tax iet-uue bill is loaded with
1 dynamite New tuxts seldom pa politically.
j It is rot surprising th r the cutting li.to
i the pork barrel should elicit loud squeals.
UO.M Osteinl collies n letter detailing n
bit of war history which makes interesting
i ending, though utterly devoid of gore. An
American and his wife wcte visiting the
famed resort when the war broke out.
Checks, letters of credit, even Belglun bank
notes wore refused In payment of debt. The
American hod Just eight francs in gold, and
hunger was staring him and his mate in thu
face as well as the onrushlng Germans.
Down the beach they wandered, disconsolate
ly. Soon they came face to face with the
brightly lighted Kursaul, where roulette and
rouge ct uolr were In vogue. So they de
cided to risk their all in one desperate tus
sle with luck.
But the sign "Admission five francs" faced
them. The wife dug deep down In her
pocket book and llslied out n five-franc piece,
placed there for eventualities. They wont in
und placed their eight francs on No. -S.
They received S3 to one for their money
and lived on the gambled fortune until thej
could get out of tho war zone.
THERE is every likelihood that Hubert
Strawbridge, well known as a member of
the Hadnor Hunt Club and ns a polo player
of pre-eminence, will bo re-elected master of
hounds of the Hare and Hounds Club in
England, although he has still- part of his
second year to servo In this capacity.
To be muster of hounds of a British
hunt club is an honor not understood In this
country. Any American can be. president,
for tho constitution says so, but few Ameri
cans are called to be muster of hounds. And
yet Mr. Strawbridge accomplished this with
n few years of transmlgratory residence of
the British Isles by gentlemanly courtesy,
good-fellowship and, perchance, his American
air of Independence.
TIM E was when Americans wero not wel
come in England. Italph D. Blumenfeld,
editor and owner of tho London Dally Ex
press, born in this country, had that ex
perience when ho went to London to become
editor of the London edition of the New York
Herald. He fought the good fight and won,
and now he is a power in British politics and
WHICH recalls that American idioms
wer not known In Britain, either. An
American newspaperman wroto an item
alleging that a certain Briton had a "swelled
head." Within six hours tho olhce was del
uged with learned epistles, quoting Llndley
Murray und till the other grammarians, to
tho effect that it should have been "swollen
Since then England has made satisfactory
progress In the gentle art of using slung.
THEY sat in a roof garden atop one of our
hotels, discussing and cussing the war
and Its effects on trade. Tho German waiter,
Louis, brought tho check for tho luncheon.
"Louis." said one of tho party, "you must
have gathered enough gossip during your
many years of waiting to write an interest
"I know enuf to wrlde a hook," responded
Louis, "bud I know ulso too much to wrlde
FKANCL'S CALL TO AH.M5
Since the French troops entered Alsuco
and Lorraine, Paris has been rojolclug In
the prospective return 'if tho Lost Provinces
A picture, entitled "After Forty Years," und
visualizing the rounlon by showing an Al
satian demoiselle dancing with a- b reach
soldier, has been scattered broadcast on post.
cards. London Punch has observed tho occas.
Ion In these verses:
Guns of Verdun
Guns of Verdun point to Met?.
From tho plated parapets;
duns of Metz grin back again
O'er tho fields of fair Lorraine.
Huns of Meta aro long and gray
Uruwlins through a summer day;
Uuns of Verdun, gray and long,
Boom an echo f their song.
Huns of Metz to Verdun roar.
"Sisters, yu shall foot the scare .
Duns f Verdun say to Met.
"Fear not, for we pay our debts."
Guns of Mew they grumble, "When."
Guns of Verdun answer then,
"Sisters, when to guard Lorraine
Gunners Jay you East again!"
The well-known phrase, "Who struck VSllly
Patterson?" Is said to huvo originated 40 years
go In a medical college in the Middle West.
It te related that a student, William Patterson,
waB blindfolded while being hazed, his head
placed on a block und the block struck with an
axe. When the hazers sgught to mine Patter
son. they found that the shock had killed him.
The students were placed under arrest and tha
Question of "Who struck Billy Patterson?"
arose and has remained with us ever since.
BUek. as an adjecthe applied to historic
uei.ts. dates back many centuries. Black
iloudrt was Hrst applied to Monday, Mar. h 9).
l."X'. when the 1 1 tod fell upon the Kiigliah at
rullen'a Wuod. ueai Luolln, and massacred
pien. women and children Easter Monda,
April H, ttCO, was a Black Monday for Edward
III and hw arm encamped before Paris. Thou-
. ,...- .... .i-.i r-.n.n ..mI.4 an4 Hiinu-er.
I CU11119 VI fii9 IUVO U"CU ftlfiu cvm .. ...----
His sen, Edward Prince of Wales, was nlck
An Arabian Nightmare
King Solomon, for It was none other,
faced them boldly. Even as tho sands of tho
sea. or the chorus of it comic opera, they
advanced. Throwing their collective arms
about the King's neck, they chanted In cho
rus, sopranos, mezzos, altos and the voice
less "We need some clothes to go down to the
shore, and the icebox Is leaking and tho
rent Is due."
And Solomon, wise In his generation for
only a sage could explain a late home-coming
to a thousand wives ut once went to the
nearest street corner, and rubbing the magic
lamp, summoned the genii.
"Get me an aeroplane," he demanded.
"But, your kingship, they haven't been In
vented as yet," explained the genii, "but I've
got something Just as good." And he pro
duced the magic carpet.
And Solomon, gripping his whiskers firmly,
was whizzed away to Bono, where he Insti
tuted 1000 count 'em 1000 synchronized di
vorce suits and lived happily ever after.
The Boston Globe asks whether u man can
really love his neighbor as himself. Do you
mean the blonde next door, dear Globe, or
the auburn-tinted Venus ncross the way?
The Other Way About
First Stenographer "Out of job, arc you?
Did the boss catch you flirting?"
Second Ditto "No, 1 caught the boss that
way. You must come to our wedding, dear."
Hut George Fred Kcsiguctl
One fancies that Turkish Ambassador Uus
tnm Bey Is the George Fred Williams of his
country. Chicago News.
Bill Bowhay Is a jolly wight,
Ho loves his little joke;
Says he: ".My watch Is water-tight.
It's often been In soak."
If Billy were a German now
He'd show up good and fine.
His timepiece would most surely be
A "Watch upon the Rhine."
Memphis Commercial Appeal.
"Excuse me," sir," said the strap-hanger,
"but would you mind moving your portman
teau from the gangwny? I really can hardly
tlnd room to stand."
"Move my portmancau." gasped tho
stranger; "those, sir, are my feet!"
"Is that so?" said Jenkins, "then perhaps
you would pilo them one above the other?"
All Kiglit, Have It Your Own AVay
Young hubby hns an awful ache,
With pain his tummy's rent;
His wife baked bread, and by mistake
For Hour she used cement.
tVapakoneta, O., News.
Fully Recovered Evidently
"She was completely prostrated and made
very ill by his pcrlldy."
"Did she recover?"
"Yes, J5000." Boston Transcript.
What Lacked Buttons
An English colonel at kit inspection said
to Private Flunigan:
"Hli! Yes, shirts, socks, flannels, till very
good. Now cun you assure mo that all tho
articles of your kit have buttons on them?"
"No, sir," said Private Flanigan, hesitat
ingly. "How's thnt. sir?
"Aren't no buttons on tho towels, sir."
Kansas City Star.
Dangers of a Great City
REV. ALLEN VISITS
BUFFALO AND FALLS
Headline In Dunkirk, N. Y. exchange.
Recent events cast a shade of doubt on
Mr. Kipling's remark as to tho comparative
deadlines) of tho male and tho female of tho
species. Chicago nerani.
Somewhere the following verso was pub
llslied somewhere a poet's heart will bleed
because no credit can bo givon wo have tor
gotten from which paper wo clipped this:
If liars cannot go on high.
I'll be real lonesome when 1 die:
It will be tiresome up there, gee!
With no one but T. H. and Me,
Jackson and Johnson aro not now on speaking
terms. It all arose as the result of an argu
ment which required some mental calculation.
"I tll you," said Jackson, "that you are
altogether wrong in your conclusions,"
"Pardon me, but I am not," replied Johnson
"hldn't I go to school, stupid?" almost roateo
his opponent- ....
'Yes," wus the calm reply, "and '"U came
This Is to you like any other road,
A byway old and gray, that naught redeems.
Past common liedgegraws slipping, on Us way
Across dull iiieadowlauds, o'er winding
Rut hear what this toad is to me, my friend,
Lost In the blue of distances, afar.
It is a way pf drennis, that does not end.
" This side the farthest star.
The meadow bridfie. the distant stecplu tall,
The wooded slope, where shifting shadows lie,
Like loyal friends, across the yeara still call,
To whisper memories of the days gone by.
What garnered glories have the sunsets Hung
Upon tho canvas of the mist-draped West!
What treasured Incense twilight's censer swung
Across the fields of lest!
Oh, tell me. where. In all the wide, wide world,
Aeolus tunes his harp to softer song
Than threads these trees, when darkness U
I And all Is hushed the shadowy hills among?
1 Ob. friend' to me. this old. lureaken road.
' With all Us wistful wiuduigs o'er the sud.
1 Is just a misty ladder to the stars
A way of still, wnne areams. tn.il leads to
Essie Phelps Puffy, In the Youth's Compan
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
WHEN somo of us read a few weeks ago
of an archery tournament at tho Morion
Cricket Club, at Haverford, wo looked upon
It ns a revival of a sport which wo had con
nected with Bobln Hood's days. Probably few
Phlladclphlnus wcro awaro that this city took
a prominent part in archery, W) years ago, and
that so much of tho pastlmo ns has gained
a foothold In this country Is directly traceable
to the effoits made hero nt that time,
I believe It would bo safe to say that not n
dozen Phllatlelpltlnns ever lmvo hoard of tho
United Bowmen of Philadelphia; or, If . they
have, have promptly forgotten It.
J confess that the story of tho United Bow
men would never have boon known to mo
had It not bre.n my fortune to stray Upon a
llttlo volume entitled "Archer's Manual," which
was published In 1S30, during ono of my visits
to an old book store. It Is nn Interesting
little brochure nnd I valued it also becauso of
Its frolitlspluo showing the Bowmen on tho
butts. In tho quaint costume which bad boon
designed for them by Titian Pcale, an artist
who was tho founder of the organization, tho
plalo had been drawn by Thomas Sully, tho
portrait painter, who also becamo ono of tho
Whenever you want lo know something of
the history of tho city, as every good Phlla
dclplilnli should, you hasten to consult tho
pages of Scharff & Westcott's History, nnd
Watson's Annals. Bolng a Philadelphia!! and
having this hnblt fully developed I did tho
sumo when 1 desired to look up tho United
Bowmen. But I did not find anything In
either of these works.
Yet I was c'urlous and continued my search
and was rewarded by uncovering a llttlo his
tory of this ancient society of archers.
This pamphlet was penned by the survivor
of the little band of bowmen, B. B. Davidson,
who tiled hi 1S5S, at tho ago of 5.0 years, and
who realizing thnt ho held the key to tho
mystery, told tho story of the rise of the
It was it wither umblllous name with which
to start nn organization of half a dozen en
thusiasts. It also seemed equally ambitious
for them to adopt a costume lor the purpose,
but they did.
And It all came to pass just becauso Titian
Pcnlo felt a tightening of tho chest after his
return from tho Itucky Mountains on Long's
uxpcdltlon, and felt tho need of c.tetclsc before
Titian I'calc was tho fourth son of the first
gieat American portrait painter, Charles AVII1
son Pcale, and although himself a draughts
man and a naturalist, ho was not generally
regarded as a painter, yet, of course, ho could
Pcale accompanied Lung's expedition in tho
early part of the last century to explore tho
Rocky Mountains In our then recently taken
over Louisiana territory. Ho died In ISSo nt
tho ago of S3 years, hut somo years before his
death ho gave the history of the formation of
tho Bowmen to Mr. Davidson.
I need not quote him further than to glvo
his explanation of tho genesis of the archcr3
hero, and the introduction of archery Into this
"In 1S33," he wrote, "after returning from
Long's expedition to tho Rocky Mountulti3 and
feeling tho want of outdoor excrclso and dis
liking bllllnrds. tenpins, etc., a few friends
Joined In choosing archery before breakfast
and a walk In tho country."
The friends who becamo the first members
and founders of tho United Bowmen woro
Franklin Pealc, Titian R. Poalc, Dr. Robert
E. Grinith, Samuel P. Griffith. Jr.. Jacob G.
Morris nnd Thomas Sully. It appears that
Sully, who at that time was almost nt his
height as a painter, did not take a very ac
tive part. Ho did take the walks in th coun
try, for tho country was much ncurcr tho
center of tho city than it is today.
This will bo better understood when I tell
you that tho Bowmen held their first tourna
ments, if thoy may b so-called, at Bush Hill,
whetc they set up their butts. Bush Hill was
closo to tho city hospital, and tho archers
may be said to have congregated for their
sport In tho neighborhood of Mth street and
Fnlrmount avenue. There Is not much to
suggest open country In that neighborhood
now. But this was in lSK, when Peale had
his Bowmen organized.
T should mention that they did not hold
tournaments under that name, but had their
"field days." Tho costume, ns can bo seen
by Sully's picture of tho field day uniform,
was rather prepossessing, but looked a great
deal like a boy's suit of tho period that had
reached full growth.
This uniform consisted of a light sporting
cap of black bombazine, an iron gray jacket
bound with black braid, and white purita
loons. Thus were the United Bowuirai attired
on Hold days and prize days, as tlicy called
tho days when tho archers shot for prizes.
You can Imagine that this was a lather
exchislvo circle. Only friends of the founders
woto likely lo apply for admission, and while
the number vwis gradually increased, at no
time tlid it contain more than 53 members.
In 1KC they changed their uniform again.
This time they nbundoned nil suggestion of
boyhood in tho design. The now costurno
consisted or a ilugie-breastod frock coat with
standing collar of drapd'eto. Lincoln green
in eolur. evidently in honor of tho great archer
Robin Hood, and this coat was trimmed with
gold luce, so you see they must have ,ni)(Io ft
vory pretty picture when they v,cre all out
on a field day at Bush Hill.
An arrow worked In gold adorned tho collar
of the coat, and a straw hat covered with
green cloth, turned up saucily at ono ,e
"with three ostrich feathers couchant" formed
a fitting capital to a noble flguro. Tho io
maiuder of the costume Included white panta
loons, guard and belt of black leather and a
Tho rapid extension of the city caused the
club to change Its grounds every few years
They at ono time rented a farm at Fountain
CJteen, nt another they jw,i grounds nt Nlcc
to.vn. and finally at Camac's woods. pr AVill
lam Capiao was the last member admitted"
and he w elected In 1W5. About tha time of
the Civil War the Bowmen virtually ceased to
exist, but their example encouraged archery
In this country, and It has been carried on
hero and there until the present day, although
we have heard little about it. ""ou!n
But this Is not the only sport that Phiia.t
pbta WH tho first to foster. That sounds liko
a promlje, and perhaps It is.
A New Internationalism
Proo) Hie Uoton nrati.
Tho most overrated virtue in the world is
patriotism. It cun 1 developed to cxccaL
Tli -re U a higher loyally IImS to th JthVr
ncop.e of ones own laud, ,ulli that is luva lie
to all mankind We oc aomethlng. , pciw
and n war. to th wnt uf a br0id bumntf?
or to those forces and influences which mik.
for a better understanding of the other feTtow
JSS&JSSST ot h,s r,8bts an '
Narrotra?M of national feeling is the
fundamental of all wars. No ofllct,M
aspirant for public favor wants lh .V
telling his countrymen that tl oy are wrSk
that tho foreigner Is right. K5Si
It deserve encouragement. So groat i.n," '
favor engendered In taking the bthr r,.odl8,f
-.,, uiai nuuuuy is inieiy to to It utilem . "I
strongly convinced that duly leaves h?mV" I
other nlfernatlve. "-aves wm Cl)l
VIEWS OF HEADERS
ON TIMELY TOHcs
Contributions Thnt Itcflcct Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important to City
Stnte nnd Nation.
To the 1-Ulltor 0 t!ic .Buenliio Lalocr:
Sir As u citizen of Pennsylvania, althnu,.),
Ii.nnl I., ll.r, U.,tl. f- ...... I """OUgn.
fl llttfUlt 1(1 tlin tjniiili trf natFACrtl ...t.
..."":,: ...:.:""' "w-v,u' , i am
Intorcstcd In the progress of affairs nt hom
I note with some disgust and morn in,ii....i--'
tho Insincere and hypocritical position of iv.
,......... .......no ,.,,,. .,u .-,..(,.-, a ouii)urung. tlu
policy of "County Option." B ln
County option In Pennsylvania would Uku
from every city, borough nnd township out!
side Philadelphia, which Is a county by ltji
tha right to decldo by will of the majority thi
policy to bo pursued In regulating liquor n
censes. In countries where the rural ponuU.
tlon exceeds tho urban, It Would take from tha
centre und give to tho outlying sections
tho control. If In Pennsylvania tho Trohlbl.
tlonlsts could secure 51 per cent, of the voU
in favor of State prohibition, they would den
to tho other 49 per cent, the right of home rule
After pointing out tho demoralization which
attempted prohibition would work In 1'hlU.
rtelphlu, a writer suyn that there Is less drunk,
enness In Now Orleans, with a liquor; license to
every 230 people, than In Philadelphia, vhers
there Is ono to every "50, and thnt In ftvo wceki
ho bus not seen a scoro ot drunken meo In tht
Southern city. As for Portland, Xte., where pro.
hlbltlou prnvnlls, It Is notorious for drunken
My experience tenches me that the advocates
of local option and prohibition are sadly mil
taken, and yet t lecobnlze and would, If posgj.
ble, eradlcnto the excesses and evils associate!
with the reckless salo und use of nlcoliollc llq.
uors. GEORC5E MULLEH.
New Orleans, September 10, 1911.
'lo Itir lUlilor of Hi f.'riWii'; hritiirn
Sir Tho oxperieiicu of tho Anurieitt army In
thu practically total abolition ol' typhoid fever
among our soldiers by the use o tlie antl.
typhoid vaccine finds a striking confirmation
In tho British army In India. In tlio Urlttsh
Medical Journal ot August 22 Is an official ap
peal by the British War Olhce lor the u. of
this protective vaccination, In which it Is stated
that though Us tiso Is only voluntary, "at least
53 per cent, ol the British gmrlson of India
hns been protected by Inoculation, and typhoid
fever, which used to cost us from 300 to SO)
deaths annually, was last year responsible for
less than 20 deaths." M. D.
Philadelphia, September 13, 1911.
FROM THE BANKERS VIEWPOINT
To thn UilUor o the Eutitluy Lcdycr:
Sir Wo wish to congratulate the publisher
of tho PunMC Ludobu on thn new evening edi
tion. An evening paper of tho Pciiur LnooEii
quality Is a great addition to Philadelphia'
Wo presume tli.it when the exchanges an
again open wo shall sec a financial page hi keep,
ing with tho same department of tho mornlnj
edition. This will make a gnat hit with tin
bankers, brokers and their clients. This city
has never had a full and accurate report of
bond and stock transaction (particularly tht
former) In an evening newspaper.
With be3t wishes for tho success of your net.
est entot prise, wo arc.
USSIN'G, SCOVILLE & CO.
Philadelphia, September IB, I&ll.
WELCOMES EVENING LEDGER
To the Editor of the Kventvg heilucr:
Sir If the spirit ot the little article from ths
Evening UulMlu entitled "A New Evening Con.
temporary, " and rcpiluted In th" first edition of
the Evening Ledger. September 14, Is to b
taken In good faith, then we should feel that
at least more than on" great evening newspaper
can go In Philadelphia, especially when such a
Journal ns the liulictlu welcomes us it docs the
I also beg to tender my humble congratula
tions and good wishes for your success.
Philadelphia, Scptcmbi r 10, ltd I.
COMMENDS OPPOSITION TO PENROSE
To the Editor of the Ercitlwt Lnlyr:
Sir. I desire to commend jmir oui-e In
opposing tho nomination of Senator Penrose
for re-filcctlon. The .sentlnent in this part o'
the country is running very strong ugalnst
Mr. Penrose, und a paper like youis can liel?
It out, and If the sentiment grows thre ai It
is here, It certainly would result in Ids defeat
Beaver, Pn., Sept. 13, lid I.
FROM A POLICE CAPTAIN
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir You have my best wishes for suei-et!. I
have greatly enjoyed tho first Issues of the Eve
ning Ledger. WM. J. McFADUK.V.
(Cnpt. Fifth Division Police Department).
September 16, 1914.
THE FINANCIAL DEPARTMENT
To the Editor of the Evnlnu l.idvr:
Sh Permit mo to compliment ti upon the
excellent showing made by your tinamial de
partment. 1 notice several articles hi lonlshU
Evening Ledger which uo not appear in other
evening nowspupeis. If you expect to gain tw
confidence of tho brokers, It Is necessary to n
only print mom news than Is the custom,
huvo tho papers on sub) with market cluslnji
in tlmo for bankers and brokers when the'
leavii their offices. Thus far, I !'" W ,M
work has been excellent.
Devon. Heptunber IB. 1911.
THANKS FROM NEW JERMrt
To tho Editor of the Eidiivu hedarri
Sir Thank goudntiss, Camden Is reiur-enleiUt
lust' Phil'idclphlu uowspupert. tre.it cur
about tho bame as the New York iirwparJ
treat Brookljn. 1 m-o that the new.-, i- prim
in tho Evening Ledger, and I can assure Jd"
t l..,t ,1... i..,,iti. nf N..,v tnri.pi; -A ill 103d y0'
paper If you rolilluuo to let us know what
happening over hero dining the limns we "
at work in Philadelphia. J- 1'. Mctt
Cuinden, N. .1., August i. Wil.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
There Is no assurance as yet th it thr ni""
owners in Culorado will meet the Pi.-iu.-nt n
tho labor leaders half-wuy. Thus 1 ai t
lmvo shown no willingness to com id. a"',nlJ
In the Interest of peace. When the see w
Federal troops moving out ot Heir s.itnPJ' n"'
may feci illftcreuily.Ntw York "Numi
What Is tho prlmo aTid fundamental taito'
this plan (for a truce- In Culuiad.o it ,
.. ...i . . L. .11 V... (substitute
a ,eiiiicjiiuu a ukivviiii-ih c..... - - - .w h
for tho protection of the State to wtuJi wj
men and owners are entitled, una uuo " - ,
bo enforced by the personal skill aid I,U'UL,
the Piesldent ot the United Stuus """"':
through an extra-legal devbe, uwl ""m
thut government of laws and not et ' '
was so dear to our ancestors New V'" B
Tho Western Powers, Including the UniWJ
Stutes, uro not all likely to admit TurK
right to repudiuto her treaty engagero0'.
The performance of the Turkish l'"'e,rSna
bears all the earmarks of an interna '
Indecency. If tho Turks persist they ' tl
expect a duy of reckoning- It may ' j3
convenient to insist upon it ut un
time It will bo made. Chicago Herald-
The New Hampshire Bull Moose ind orJ
ment of Senator Oalllnger merely P""- (f
meaningless is tho olllel.il f'fsV.ccth
Colonel Roosevelt's party- ,e is IK'
"progressive" applied to Mr. Uallinter '
tlo short of ridiculous--Clevcla'"1
" " r Brtt1'"
It Is perfectly proper that iri-J- e!sa
should try to captuie i,cni.u" f u m
trade while the manufacture of &" eom.
terruptcd and the ways of ?e"r autf,0B"
morce are blocked by war. but it .erlDia
able if the British appropriation oi wbt.
patents U entirely consistent wltn,4
ing in ino war ot iru.uc- w--