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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER IS, lOiS.
HEARD IN ANCIENT
Incident, of Tour Through
Country Which Presents
Many Sharp Contrasts Be
tween he Old and New.
ASSIST. Hair. Sept. lS.-Moro than ty
.."thing else Initio impiesNcd liou-ndnjs
jtnly ly the contrast between tlio very
M and tlio very now. It In moro atrllt
. licre than elsewhere, because tlio rem
rants of ono of tho world's oldest civiliza
tions aro here, while many of tlio Italian
cities are UcrnliiK lBorotis1y In tho strldo
et nwlcm nrosicsa. They luivo qulto at
jntich PiUp 1" Slarconl ni In tho remains
et the ltoman llmpciors. In fact they
voiilJ be very Indifferent to tho latter
if thiso cre not now un Inexlitiusllblo
(ource'of revenue. For many centuries
their ancestors demolished tho grandest
architectural monuments mo woria nau
ever seen to uso tho fragments In Inferior
fculldlngp, and It vas not until pilgrimages
from tho four corners of tho earth enmo
to norshlp what was loft that tho whole
,alo destruction ended. It la heartbreak
ing to look at tneso nuns 01 a inusniu
- rence that nevur will bo reproduced, and
rttl-il .- it i not Impossible to undorstnnd tho
.'.niKximi snlilt which would piotest
i i tuns of eood building matcrlnl be
' .... I.. .....1...... n .nlind n.il llttl.Uirl
V In MJSICU III uauiuao ........-. ...... ........
I Him. Thanks nio duo to tho much-
-.w,i i.niriit that every scrap of an-
a im' Equity is now piescrvcd and tho earth's
urn- Interior 1. scuicm-u iu. uiw".-.
n la lifn. nt AssIbI and tho nclKliborlng
UUbIi perugla that wo liavo been especially
" .frii,.k- I. t no juxtaposition 01 inc oiu mm
10 & (
ilm neu. In tilese ancient uiuorian lowin
1" . a conslileiable degree of Ivlllzatluu
(i icnturlos beforo tho blith of Christ, and
" their posfemlon was lougiu lor uirouirii
nt rounttess centuries, llctween tho two
'! lie tho ntnihcan Tonib", of compniatlvcly
f' iccent excavation, with Iho llgurcs on
' their csqiilsltely carved receptacles for
the ashes almost an pcifqct hh when niado
in the thlid century beforo Christ, whilo
Tvlthln may be hlcii tlio Imperishable
" m thpni'clvcM. Suspended from tho
inn- t1 llm illffpient rooms urn tluv
Etruscan lamps of bionzo, whore a faint
taper an onto itept uurning, out now 1110
tombs are lighted by electricity. With a
lull) nt tlio end of a lon; polo the attend
nnt shows many fine details that would
bo Invisible, by torch or candle, but the
iiconsrultj. of it Jais. And so at Assist,
nhen we descend Into tho crypt of Santa
t'hlara with becoming holemnlty to gaze
Xajt "P0" tho tomb of Saint Clara, who died
early ni mo iniiieeiiiii ceuiuiy, inc nine
nun touches n button and it Is Hooded
nltli rhctlir light. U Is tho fume ill tho
old monandry win rn good Ciithollt'd go
to knl at tho tumb of tit. Francis,
nho died in 1'C electrio buttons cvcr.v
nhcrf. f viewed by electric light tlio
tarcoph.igus of S'an Uulliio against a Hl'th
JIODEKN HOTELS IN TOWNS.
Kicry luver of antiquity looks fotward
to visiting I'criiglu. and AhsIuI, tho old,
old Etiuscin towns enveloped In tho
lenil.obmirlly of thousands of carn.
He Imagines and half hopes that ho will
climb their steep hills on a donkey and
fcleep In a monastic cell, but tlio lomaii
tlc ilream is shattered when tho last ex
press train with u loud .shriek stops
just long enough for him to scramble
out and ho Is bundled Into a. big hotel
motor bus, which t ttors over tlio his
toric ground without a speed limit und
races with evcr.ll other omnibuses.
Tho comfortable hotels arc modern in
fvery respeut, steam licit, ekctrlo lights
ml bolln bathrooms with hot and cold
water, "lift-. ' in tho lurgest of them.
It mjv be K.iid of both towns, by the
Has, that lvlii in thi.lr tiuuowcst streets
?nj cioM'st qiurtprii they aro cleaner
than any in tlio I'nlti'd Slates.
When our goes, huwever, for charm
nd association, ho should stop nt Asilsl,
only two hours away by a delightful
carilajiH dilo over tho hl!K A'c cunio
to tlio lint" 1 Windsor, now last ji-ar, at
tracted by the magnet of on i;ngll.-.i
landlady Ami hero after tho sun had
ft ami tlio moon had lisen all our m
niantlr M-ions rami In pasa! Now as
n'lr II ond i l.vl that iipxpi- Miall
furpi t tlio"- i'iiingti on our bal
cony o, rlmngiiie I lir high trrrai'.
nllh thr mooiillKht flooillng tho -alliv
and the hmutlful old irinasti-ry iimoug
tho typr-iii trees. A liuiinli; singer
ho was with us sans for hours to tho
accompaniment of her guitar und when
ever aha would paue tlio nlKhtltigales
sco remarkablet changets. A large clly
has grown up outsldo the walls and big
modern buildings occupy nomo of tho
most historic sites. Tho Romo of to
day docs not sit upon her seven hills and
from her throne of beauty rulo the world,
Che climbs down and hustles, and, al
though sho does not rulo tho world, her
peoplo nro learning tho moro Important
art of how to rulo themselves. Wo vis
ited tho Senate a short time ugo and
us wo looked down upon that conven
tional body, many of them wearing com
fortable sack coats and lounging easily
In their chairs, wo recalled with u smile
our days of collego Latin and Its descrip
tion of the Homnti Scnatcl At piesent It
la appointed for llfo by tho King and In
the not far distant past Hm authority
would hac been absolute, but now It
is largely in tho tmture or a tunuci'
stamp. Its pilnclpat function Is to rat
ify the action of the Itouso of Deputies,
which Is elected by unlvcrsat malo suf
fiage, nnd, while It possesses tho power
of olv, this very wisely Is never used.
It Is, howover, a mark of distinction
to bo appointed to tho Senate, and some
of llalv's most eminent men aro on Its
rolls. Wo wete accompanied by Countess
ttnmpiui Halu.ar, who is mucli numircu
by piomlneut men on nccount of her po
litical willtngs, and wo wcro escoitcd
th'iough the flni', old I'alaco Madama of
the sixteenth cmltlrj, which now belongs
to the Government, by Baron Itnffaclo
Oarafalo, president of the highest Court
of Justlro In Home. After tho session
had adjourned wo were Introduced to n,
number of the Senators, among them
Giovanni Cordollnl, a veteran patriot nnd
hlstotl.ui; Orcste Tommaslno, formerly
Superintendent of Public Instruction and
a high authority on education; Ilaffaele
dl Cesaro, whose works on ecclesiastical
policy and tho relations between the Vat
Icnn nnd tho Qulrlnat have been trans
lated Into English; Augelo Annaratonc,
former Prefect of Romo! Glullo Monte
vcrdc, tho renowned sculptor, some of
whoso most noted marbles nro In n.
rotunda of tho Senate which bears his
name. Among tho other distinguished
Senators whom wo met personally was
Pilnco Prosporo Colonna dl Sonnlno, rep
resentative of ono of tho oldest families.
In Italy. Ho was tho predecessor of tho
famous Socialist Htncsta Nathan as
LABOR LAWS ABROAD
INCLUDE RULES FOR
Safeguarding of Workers a
Vital Feature, and in Some
Countries This Is Classed
as a Profession.
LIVES OF MONARCHS
IMPERILED BY THE
European Rulers, Always in
Peril of Death, Doubly So
Now That Racial Hatred
Uneasy lies the head that wears a
crown Is tiuo at any time, but In war
it Is especially so. Since war was dc
claied by Fiance, Russln, Germany,
England and Austria-Hungary, tho
iuIcih of thef-e nations hac been guarded
night and day with doublo vigilance. It
would surprise tho world not at all to
hear tit the assassination at this time of
ono or another of tho crowned heads.
Though In all piobablllty such an act
would have lllllo or no effect on the
geneuil war, thero aro fjnatlc3 In every
nation who might think that to kill the
ailer of the enemy would demoralise his
Of lato 3 ears the courts of Eutopo
apparently liavo been converted Into
shooting gallciic3, with royal families as
targets and kings and queens as bull's
hi tho trees helow would till tho air with
their plaintive melody. All night they
-ans, wmio rrom down In tho valley
came answering notes softened by tho
olstanct, and imagination pictured St.
irariel3 listening to this samo sweet
Jnuilc as ho spent the hoilis In prayer,
nd St. Clara us sho Kept lonely vigil
"i her llttlo convent.
SO.VCiS IN ANCIENT CLOISTER.
We hu had un cxperienco at Ausisl
Mich no ono over had beforo und which
Ittays will llngei In memory.
Theie aie attached to tho splendid
I'ranUi.-,,,, monastery, built between
j-w ami U3i, nomo uf tho moat beau
iui ilulst. M In existence, tilled with
'U trees ami Hunouuded by upper and
oner nor. heg, and into theso cloister
W mV."'',an Vtts determined tu tako
kl sultar "t Minuet ond slug. Even
)Ll ,et W0ll,l'v minded of us were
o ' ",' tllls ,dca' m,t wo decided to
Jem irilU' " Bl"'pe1 throueli tho
"ml.darkneisH of the great church and
dn ' eiuistiTj, wlicre sho sat
SV1! a 'rasment of stono of tho
Slim .7 .".'"' tU Ur ,lUrror bcBUl
dr ha l;lal,u""' melodies. Nothing
BUv o't a."1?"e,!' ho"evcr. "ii rr-Wod-lMfc,"1
",e 8l0J''K ""'e a very
etIo features, who llstenerl wltl. nn.
nut a tlusliea face.
JIIfs Porter to go to
iS ''"i-nifnt but
flBalli he aske.i nn
munn......... ..."." "vc lu H
si. .11.. """" "' sing tho Ao Maila
lent niii' Blan:""S between two an-tlrou-h
? a,.l(1 alnln ll entirely
lSJ em, ,,,n;'u""onably peuctratins
ttry re,n"et corners of tho monas
olce, I L. l!.. "I" llrst tlme woman's
Valla!" "r ""a neard within theea
"wuufbreik". that an A,n8"cnn woman
Wioua fatheVL rec?rd; but w,wt clld ""
r'of them th...Sm,.brot,,era a,1,J l'
tht Is What k Wh.'.n tl,ey ,loarU "-
"foush Ihl',,, 5 i"le3t walked back
k'tt that LfZa eMWltl! us "'"i wo tM
v leitur nnthq Sln8er' ono ot u
aitor. waurw' ne a write,- and ono an
,'AnrihoSwaLUS for a moment he said:
Iitwr Jo you lel about tho sit-:
asfl,r,j,nk onen ought to vote." we
?" null, a's7e1'lWU!!iey?"he marked.
"a" la I',-, "unrarraatlon Is taking
pnK. . fse wno Wf'o hero
It was the assabsinatlon of Archduko
Francis Ferdinand, nephew of Emperor
Francis Joseph and heir to tho throno
of Austria-Hungary, that precipitated
tho present titanic struggle.
Assasslnntlons within the memory of
tho present generation Include a Sultan
of Turkey, a ""zr and a Grandduko of
Kussia, a Shah of Persia, an Empress of
Austria-Hungary, a King of Italy, h King
of Cliccco, a King and Queen of Servla,
n King and a Crown I'rlnce of Portugal,
n President of Franco nnd an Archduke
of Austria-Hungary, with his wife.
"No crown of Europe seems to be safe,"
Fnther Vouglian, an eminent clergyman
of London, said tho other day. "It now
requires a hero or heroine to wear one."
Thi iccent assassination of tho heir to
the tin ono ot the 11u.il Monarchy fut
iiishes the freshest case in point, and it
lenilitils tho world that i'oi 10 jrars tho
House uf Hapsburg. thn irlijiilns dynasty
uf Austria, haa been little moro than a
"Faiowoll to youth," said Francis
Joseph when ho ascended the throno.
His words weto recalled tho following
year when a son of tho Countess Karolyl
was slain as a robal in the race war with
Hungary. The Countess uttered this
fateful curse upon the Emperor's head:
Jfay his happiness be blasted. May
his family bo exterminated. May ho
be smitten In the persons of thoso he
loves, May his llfo bo wrecked and
may hla children be brought to ruin.
The curse haa been fulfilled with a
completeness that almost staggers the
imagination. Tho Emperor's brother,
Maximilian, waa shot by his own sub
jects In Mexico. His eldest sou and heir.
Crown Prlnco Rudolph, was found dead
In a hunting lodge, presumably a suicide.
His slstcr-lndaw, tho Duchess d'AIencon,
was burned to death In ,i Paris fire. His
Wile. Empress Elizabeth, was assassinat
ed at Ooneva. His eldest brother. Arch
duke John, was lost at sea. His nephew,
Archduke Franois Ferdinand, was as
sassinated. That the Emperor himself should have
eluded death seems nothing short of
miraculous. On many occasions hs has
been In imminent poril of his llfo and
once was stabbed on the ramparts of
Vienna by a Hungarian.
Tho juler of Italy, Austria's neighbor,
has fared little bettor. King Humbert,
after escaping the knife and the pistol
many times, was finally shot to death
In 1000. As Crown Prince, Victor Emanuel
had only just escaped from assassins
while on his way to Vienna to attend the
funeral of the assassinated Empress
Elizabeth. Ever since he ascended the
throno tii-J life has been In great jeopardy.
Pei haps the most uneasy crowned head
In all Euiopo Is that of Czar Nicholas II
of Russia, Of ulna Czars, four have been
assassinated by Nihilists. Countless at
tempts have been frustrated to remove
tlio present Russian ruler. Bombs have
been found In the palace. Trains on
which It was supposed his Imperial
Majesty waa riding have been blown up
and shots liavo been fired at the ruler,
but ho has always escaped.
Many attempts also have been made
to Mil King Alfonso of Spain. Six of
these clforts have been recorded. On
tho last occasion the would-bo assassin
cnoio i uo uiuijue mea oc concealing u
bumb In a bouquet of rloweis, which was
handed to the King as he rode through
the streets after a military review.
Only ono attempt to assassinate Kaiser
Wllhelm of Germany and this was not
confirmed. Tho alleged Incident wus not
related until long after Us occurrence
It was said then that the German news
papers were forbidden at the time to
publish the etorj.
So far as known no attempt has evc
been made to assassinate King George V
of England, and no attacks were ever re
ported on King Edward YII, or hla
Uier, Quwa Victoria,
Recognition of tho fact that tho admin
istration nnd enforcement of labor laws
luvolvo milch mote than a mcie system
of detecting violations of law Is becom
ing moro and more apparent In efforts
for tho protection ot tho working classes.
Tho establishment of dellnlto rules and
standards for the safe.ty and health of
workers, higher specialization of tho func
tions of Inspectors, and tho creation In
a number of States of Industrial com
missions with largo powers nio Indica
tions of tho progress made. In view of
tho attention tho subject In receiving In
our. own country, tho expcrlenco of for
eign countries In tho administration ot
labor laws and factory Inspection Is of
peculiar Interest, and u report on this
subject, covering Great Britain, Germany,
France, Austria, Switzerland and Del
glum, which hns Just been published ttS"
Uulletln No. 112 of tho United Slates
Ilureau of Labor Statistics ot tho Depart
ment of Labor, Is both timely and In
structive. In the countries named labor laws date
back to tho beginning ot tho 10th cen
tury, but the llrst mcasuics for their en
forcement wcro not passed until 1S33, whon
factory Inspection was established In Eng
land, whllo similar action was not taken
eisewuero until IS74, when Franco cre
ated a labor Inspection department, fol
lowed by Switzerland In 1S77, Germany in
1STS, Austrian In 1SS3 and Belgium In 1SS3.
INSPECTION VITALLY IMPORTANT.
While experience has shown that labor
laws without provisions for enforcement
arc practically futile as piotcctlvo meas
ures, emphasis must also bo placed upon
tho Importance of efficiency In tho ad
ministrative machinery, Us scopo and
functions, Its methods of works, tho char
acter of Its personnel and the provision
of dcfluito standards as to safety and
sanitation. In only ono of these phases
of admlnlslrativo work was marked su
periority found in tho countries visited
ns compared with tho Fnited States. This
was in the training and character of the
Inspectorial force. In Europe the posi
tion of factory Inspoctor can bo secured
only after long technical training and
sevcro tests. Tho occupation Is classed
as a profession junking with law, medi
clno nnd engineering. Tenure of ofTIcc Is
secure, and pensions aio given for long
service nnd old age. Men who seek these
positions aio of exceptional chaiactT
and attainments, and their work Is cor
In France and Belgium the whole work
of labor-law enforcement Is iscnteicd In
tho labor inspection departments, but in
England the local authorities have Juris
diction over tho enforcement of all san
itary provisions In workshops. In Ger
many tho lactory laws aio administered
by tho Industiial Inspectors, inspectors
of insuranco associations, and polico au
thorities, and in Au&trl.i hv ,h i.i,
trial inspectors and tho local Industrial
authorities. In Switzerland theie Is di
vision of jurisdiction bcic-eon the Federal
factory Inspectors and the cantonal In
spectors, whllo tho enforcement of tin
laws is entirely In tho h.iiiil nt n, i,i
police and tho cantonal authoiitles.
Medical factory Inspection is ttill an un
developed field. England and Dclglum be
ing tho only countries having beparato
medical divisions, and even there the
number of physicians Is small.
Women inspectors number :0 in Eng
land, whrro they occupy the unique posi
tion of being practically Independent in
their work and functions. Franco has
eighteen women Inspectors, Austria 3,
Belgium 1, Prussia and Switzerland nnt
and tho Gorman States but few. Outsldo
of England the work of women Inspectors
Is limited to email shops where, women
and children are emplojcd.
Thero Is great demand among tho labor
ing classes for worklngmen nu-poctois.
This has met with conldrtnue opposi
tion from sumo ot the CioM'imiients as
well as fjom legiilar iiisjxvtois 'Ung
land haa no worltincmeu lusecioi, but
their functions aro limited, their salaries
low, and their status entirely ill I fore nt
from that of regular inspectors. Prussia,
France, and Switzerland have no such In
spectors as yet, and thero aro only a fow
In Austria, Belgium, and somo of the
Two extremes of organization aro found,
tho highly centralized and tho decentraliz
ed. England furnishes an example of tlio
former, with a chief Inspector, division
Inspectors, district Inspectors, and tho
lower grades of Infpcctors. In England Is
also found much specialization of func
tions anions medical inspectors, danger
ous trades Inspector, electrical Inspec
In tho Inspection departments of Prus
sia and Switzerland which aro examples
of tho decentralized tjpe, there aro no
chief Inspectors, each dlstilct Inspector
having llio whole field of Industrial In
spection under his jurisdiction, Austria
has a central Industiial inspector, but his
supet vision does not extend ns far ns
that ot tho chief Inspector In England,
In France there Is practically no head to
the Inspection department, tho division
Inspectors being chatged with much of
the Inspectorial work.
Little pi ogress In scientific standardiza
tion uf safety and sanitation has been
made In Europe and labor laws In many
Instances fall to give exact standards for
tho guidance of Inspectors and for the.
U"o of manufacturers and emploje.s. in-t-pcctlon
tn detect vlolallond of laws Is still
the method used by most inspectors, and
most European Inspection departments
nio far behind tho more progressive dc
paitmeiits In the United .States In tho
matter of keeping records ot Inspections,
BIRDS THAT CHOSS THE SEA
How such tiny mlgiants as goldcrests
cross the sea has often been a mstery
to many, although It has always been
known that they sometimes alight upon
tho fishing boats In the North Sea to
rest and break the long Journey.
Redwings and fieldfares leave their
neatlm? haunts In Scandinavia nml nr-
"five. In Hocks to feed on tho hips und
liaws in our hedgerows, or the berries
of tho elder rowan tree, and even the
mistletoe. Following In their wake como
t Iij moi lilt, tho great gray shrike, tho
goldciest, the short-eared owl and others,
Including the woodcocks, which, on ar
rival after crossing tho North Sea, aro
often so exhausted as to suffer them
selves to bo ovortaken and picked up by
Strange as It may seem, the larger
migratory birds sometimes give a lift to
smaller and weaker travelers, who,
availing themselves of the broad plat
form afforded by their expanded pinions
and the soft plumage of the dorsal
feathers, among which they nestle nnd
hold on with their tiny feet, aro carried
across tho North Sea In comfort and
alight In safety on our British soil.
In this way a goldcn-crcsted wren was
actually observed to alight from tho
back of a short-eared owl on Its arrival
from Norway to our shores. Tlt-Blts,
Whatever Happens, Food Is Never a
Llvo men must cat, no matter what
elso may happen. Food must bo had
for 100.00O.0CO population ot this country,
with much to spare for another 100,000.
000, at least, In tho countilcs now at
Only ono European .country among
those now working mutual destruction
of tho ordinary means of living produces
enough food for Itself, even In time of
pface. AVhatcvcr may bo the outcome
of tho war, there will be an Immediate
demand for food, a demand that will In
crease the. longer war Is waged, a de
mand that is HUely to end tho war.
"With all channels of supplies from out
sldo closed, with half a dozen nations in
the condition rapidly taking form In
Europe, we may look for a simultaneous
movement In all tho countries by the men
nnd women not hi tlio fighting ranks for
enough food to keep thcrn alive. They
will not ask why food la scarce; they
will not hesltato to take it wherever it
may be found.
The armed forces may possibly be
compelled to turn their weapons against
their own peoplo In riot and rapine un
paralleled in history. In the opinion of
tho Manufacturers' Record,
Famine will put an end to fighting.
Then will como tho call upon this coun
try for food. If wo have abundance,
the call will bo answered, with no dis
tress on our part. If wo liavo a short
age, or if wo havo only sufficient for
our own necessities, the response to the
foreign demand will be made at the ex
pcuso of our own people. We must
have no shoitagc.
We must plant corn, using corn gen
erally for foodstuffs. Our farm possi
bilities have by no means been exhaust
ed. The United States has 1.141,509,000
acres of land suitable for tilled crops
nnd S6l,5T0,00O acres suitable for non
tllled crops. "Wo nro tilling only 312,
000,000 acres, something more than one
fourth of tho possibilities, and littlo of
our tilled area In producing up tu Its
potriuiaiines. 'i no present emergency
In tho opportunity lor a rturn In this
country from town to country Fore
handed farmers arn to be the busiest
class of producers In this country during
tho next two or three years. Let nil
possible attention, North, South aiVj
West, bo centred upon producing foodstuffs.
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UNDER FIRST WAR TEST
Present Conflict Will Indlcnto Prac
tical Vnlue In Strategy.
Aircraft of nil kinds aro so new and
untried ns far as actual operations In
warfare are concerned that a great deal
ot Interest attaches to them In tho pres
ent war In Kurope, and their success In
securing valuable Information rcfrardlne
tho enemy Is discussed In an nrtlclo In
tho special war number of the Scien
tific American of September 5, from
which the following extract Is derived:
No one can tell exactly how efficient
aircraft will be In the present war. Dut
It Is certain that battles must be moro
carefully planned. The cavalry raids
which marked our Ovll War, the hidden
movements of a mobile force, so well
handled that It eould even defeat larger
numbers, will be quite Impossible, sim
ply becnuse they nlll bo detected by tho
uli scout. .
Modern armies nro so huso that they
cannot easily bo rearranged after their
"strategical (deployment," as it Is
called, has once been diclded upon.
Hence the uso of aircraft will develop
farsightedness In the preliminary dis
position of troops and bilns about a gen-
cral spccdlns up of strategic operations.
Hccause of the eye In tho olr, opposing
army corps tvltl become moro like naval
squadrons; their presence nnd strength
will bo revealed to each other, ns tho
presence and strength of battleship
fleets aro revealed at sea. With posi
tions, strengths and movements known,
II Is evident that a new strategy must
bo developed. Oreat mobility and gtoat
numbern will count for moro than ever
With cards thus of necessity all laid
on the table, wo may expect morn merci
ful preliminaries than In the -past, Be
foro the days of tho airship nnd aero
plane a general hnd to feel tho enemy's
strength. lie sent out xklimtshcrs and
cavalry, whoso losses were tho only test
he had of the strength and position of
Ids foe. Ill ell then ho might bo fooled
by felntr by masked movement?. At
Mukden the Japanese caused the Rus
sians to think that llic ttttsslalt right
flank would be turned. I(cnct ves weto
hurried east to counteract the expected
niovment. Countrrm.itr.'hliiK westward,
they could bo thrown only piecemeal
against the true Japanese flank ntlack.
Tho result can bo Imagined. Suppose that
tho Russian had commanded tho air.
Suppose that they hud discovered tho
actual movements of the Japancso 10
Bcrvcs and met flank attack with out
ranking movement. What a different
battle It would havo been'
WAR TALK TABOO IN SCHOOLS
New York Orderi Maintenance oil
NCW TOltIC, Sept. IS. Reference M
tho European war will bo taboo In tho
public schools of Greater New York.
Teachers havo been ordered to avoid
any referenco to the conflict that would
bo likely to stir passion or tesentmcntl
In tho tnlmlfl of pupils or their parents.
"Tho event Is too big for controversy
now, nnd tho schools should reflect thi
feeling of the wholo republic, that of pit
and profound sorrow," says tho order.
SIR EDWARD CARSON WEDS
Ulster Unionist Leader and Morcton
Trowen's Niece Arc Married.
LONDON, Sept. 11 Great surprise was
caused hero today by the news that Sir
Edward Carson, leader of the Ulster
Unionists, hnd been married quietly yes
terday to Miss Huby rrewon, nleco of
Morcton Froweu, who Is a strong sup
porter of the Irish Nationalists. The wed
ding took place nt Wlnganton, Somerset
Sir Hdward s first wlfo died In April, 1913.
lie Is CO years old.
style, .All sizes In lot
value . .
STII ST. SIDE
STORE OPEN'S 8..10 A. M. A2VD CLOSES Mr C.30 I. 31.
HATS TRIMMED FREE OF CHARGE
GEsESr(S9 vft v9
Eighth . Filbert
nro o ileslrible lieeause
tlie merrhandlne they sec-ore
in superior to that
whleh you (ret with other
We (the double Stamps tn
:IN OtU 1JIO RESTAURANT I1EST Of EVERYTHING AT LOWEST PRICES FIFTH FLOOR
Tomorrow Is Our Formal Fall Opening In
Men's and Boys' Clothing
An Exposition of All the Most Correct
Styles, in Such a Wide Variety of Models
That We Can Suit the Taste of Every Man
THE most prominent clothiers in America are repre
sented in our tremendous display of men's and boys'
clothing, giving you the widest choice of the best
brands on the market clothing that has back of it a broad
guarantee of perfect satisfaction, because the makers pride
themselves on perfection in style and quality and in tailor
ing, and gladly stand back of us in giving our customers
Represented in this year's Fall event arc such
noted clothiers as Frankcl Brothers, I. Sr 77.
Rosenthal, Schwartz Jafc. Chas. D. Jaffe Co.,
JVald-U'alkcr Co., A. New & Co. and Philip
fl'alcoff, of New York, together with Rosenivald,
Weil, of Chicago, and the famous Alco Brand and
other well-known manufacturers, of Philadelphia,
whose prominence is unquestioned in their par
Our clothing is not high-priced, but it is in the best of style,
made of thoroughly reliable fabrics and gives the greatest
value for the money that you can get anywhere in this city.
Suits SLndi Overcoats
: ..atMi i .! IP" xm
! O j r,.v I 7 LasgTT
: ftF iaffiW
: Si "Smut
IN OUR SUBWAY STORE
ST""1 Men's and Boys' flothin?
Stylish, brand new garments purchased espe
cially for our Subway Departments. Dependable
garments at small prices.
Men's and Boys' Suits
$5, $6.50, $7.50, $8.98 and $ JO
$1, $1.49, $1.98 and $2.50
Boys' Suits and Overcoats
$1.98, $2.49, $2.98,53.49 and $3.98
Boys' Knee Pants, 39c, 59c and 79c
$2.50, 2.98, 3.98, HM & 5.98
$7.50, ?10,12.50 and 15
Boys' Suits & Reefer Top Coats
Sulla arc Mzm S,i to is Vciirii
Reefer Top Cantit arc Mci 2s to 10 rarn
SECOND 7T.OOR, 7TII AND MARKET STS.
We Consider This the Greatest Achievement of the Many Bargains in Watches Wp ho
Able" to HoW 0ffel" Ur Cust0mers' for oreSByVeAS
A Sale of Men's $10.50
Genuine Elgin Watches at
75e and S1.50 Black-and-White
Jewelry, 50c and 9Sc
The most desirable noielty this
season. Sterllnsr bllei. witl, l.l .. l-
BOll 1 11(13.
Cir.. l.-..; T.J "".,"." "'Ki.
e.,Braved , barV.Vur nlnS.rt iar K.1 LWnTj
Gold-flllcd rn.rn gunrnnteeil fur twenty Tears.
This Is almost half the regular price, and wo give ' ?,"'inie! I4,ul rhinestone
ou citoice of plain polished or fancy
eases. Boven-Jewcled Ulprin inmtments Kuarantend I lieres. hat i.in..
for a year Just exactly the same guaranteo as If
ou paid J23 or more i 50c and 98c Rarrinnq.
srcat 95 .,nrl zn..
w. ...ll. UUU
. Raroiiun j.nrf
The quantity Is limited, so .ome early,
opportunity for Chrtslm.is buyers.
That Will Be a Pleasure.
for You to Wear
Our Low Prices Are Astonishing
t-ollertlook aro In widely dliernlflril atylra Hint aim to pirate nil,'
r . . -- til
I for the purpose of examining our fllingystemu ' M
A '"tUMtulaUlg7MrUlUf ku4) Q
B " 18 rtc
" iwi yaro
I ' ' vs - SyQcS
i ?iBraf5j m
M ll-UUM 7
tm "fff520 $14.98
Of serffc, gabardine and cheviot
' sketch slioivs one,
Theae aro in nut brown, Hunter's
preen, Holland blue, navy blue nnd
black. Havo 15-inch Redingote
coats, with smart velvet bands low
around tho hipsi with velvet col
lara and cuffs, high military collurs
or novelty revers, and lined to
waist with yarn-dyed satin.
The skirts are in pretty yoke top,
Misses' S22.50 Si C efr.
retrul.tr npariu t.. nit
Jets, corals and ja.leh.
$1.98 Basque Girdles, 9Sc
tVnTnchwffc' Ba,hCred " bone
$1.50 Safety Lock Vanity
Sft VS'i '""'er-I!ea, with
diz.! ,i..i. ' "" "'". o.i-
FmST ITJ.-KHJ. KIGHTH AN
We Are Offering Very Decided
news Fall Furnishings
$1,50 Neglige d i ig
Shirts ..,,,, Pi.lO
Uicli-srailn niadi.T m ri-h tlim.-.l
-- ... . v j , iHl'UtfS.
Picture shows one of the
These are double - faced Scocch
rloi1 tiv4iifnp !tl. it
back, side belt, plaid revers and
tlrttOltf Kllf ATIff
.?A ntllA rt ju h.-. 1l m
i. . "l"c. . Hoveuy cross-bar
cheviots, m brown, Holland blue.
...,, -- .. "v, iiihub cape er
feet, with velvet military collar.
And others of dressier fashion in
X::: ,, 01 newest
i UA31.es JVBOjf B OflDEBS FULLED
Pllli.l nlfart.. ( au .....
i:,r, " S.V V ",r urauuRieu rur-iu-nands
They're inannf....t.,r. ,. i..
lengths, thus the luwm-sa in price
M sweater f'ojits. S2s
A orSted i.ltincmt if V. ..... ... .... .
J .'." ''" J I'TfiitU 111 every di
reinforced fiiluu-. Come n. .,-?.,
muroon ajid gray. '
25c Silk.Finishe.l T,i! Rnv i b
Pin a und uh .i t. i.t.-i.
BejmlefcH f.-et .double heef and toe
fo Mf leading solid colors. Thrco
S1.50 Union Suits (an
Of a soft tombed tvePtlaii arn. Me-
uleeves and ankle lengths Errii Sn3
Biivev tray nixes li to 4
HXKiJl. SEVENTH ANl