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EVENING 8& LEDGER
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
' CYIUrS It. K. CU11TIS, PMSItiBNT.
John Orlhhel, Vice President i Geo. W. Och, Secretary !
John C. Martin, Treasurer: Charles It. I.uillngton,
Philip 8. colllna. John H. William. Director.
CniTOBtAL BOAtlD t
Ctscs It. K. Clrtis, Chairman.
P. 11, WtlALEV Executive IMItor
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PHILADELPHIA, Tllt'HSIUY, SEprEMUEIt 17, 191 1
THE personality of Woodrow Wilson has
powerfully Impressed tho country. Ills
obvious sincerity of purpose unit his clear
moral vision have Elven him strength out of
all proportion to the peculiar economic theo
ries he espouses. Put to one sltlo the business
of tho country, ami ho has measured up In a
remarkable degree to tho political Ideals of
tho nation. Ho Is at once the leader and tho
Impetus of the Democratic party, which has
followed him wherever ho led without regard
to traditional principles or historic purpose.
The glamour of the President's morality
makes it Impossible for any party tn defeat
him unless it enters the arena with hands
ns clean as his. His economic theories, if
weighed on an even scale with Republican
principles, would bo utterly repudiated by
tho national electorate. But Pennsylvania 13
asked to manhandle Republicanism, to tie It
up with a cause that is utterly discredited,
to retain In its leadership a man whose name
Is "used to frighten children with" in many
parts of tho Union. "Unclean! Unclean!"
That is the answer to men who insist that
tho country can bo fooled into accepting
Penroseism in national affairs. It would be
Just as senslblo to ask tho nation to send the
plague to Washington.
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EVENING UEDER HTLADELPHIA', ffHITRSPAY EPTEMSEB 17, 1914
Stockholders for Rapid Transit
THE greatest corporation in this commu
nity is tho municipal corporation. In it
every citizen Is a stockholder. Whatever tho
stockholders of tho Union Traction Company,
through their directorate, decide to do and
they are well within their rights to do or not
do whatever they please the stockholders In
tho municipal corporation aro overwhelm
ingly for rapid transit. They have at their
command an Incomparable credit. They aro
ablo through their own patronage to assure
the financial success of the project. They, at
least, are willing to dedicate their assets to
the great program. The obstructionists are
almost to Gettysburg.
..Gohlen Days of Opportunity
TTOME have come tho vacationists,
sonnl force and influence will govern Colo
rado until tho strlko Is settled, It Is not
settled yet, and will not bo eettled till reason
and justtco prevail. Tho truco gives all
parties tlmo for sober second thought. It
gives Colorado another opportunity to prove
Its capacity for self-government.
What's the Use?
THE rehabilitation of tho Republican party
Is essential to tho prosperity of tho na
tion. It cannot be rehabilitated In one Stato:
It must bo rehabilitated In many States. It
cannot bo rehabilitated nt all until tho soro
spots on it are cured. Convalescence assumes
eradication of disease.
No, It Is Penroseism that has given tho
country a freo-trade tariff. That tariff will
he perpetuated If Mr. Penrose Is Indorsed In
November. This Is so open and obvious a
proposition that politicians in Pennsylvania
aro tho only ones who do not understand It.
Tho way to get a protective tariff Is to get a
Republican President and a Republican Con
gress. Mr. Penrose cannot get it. His lnfiu
enco In Washington has dwindled to such An
extent that It Is scarcely known whether ho
Is In town or out of town. Even Republicans
who are closo to him aro careful not to let
their constituencies know It. What's tho uso
of having a Senator who must bo apologized
for In and out of season?
Mexicans Entitled to Govern Themselves
THE only excuse for keeping American
troops at Vera Cruz now would be tho
Intention to keep them there for nil time.
Mexico is as quiet as it Is likely to bo for
many months. There Is n minimum of revo
lution. Tho Constitutionalist nrmlcs aro
amply strong enough to stamp out Insurrec
tion. Tho Provisional Governmen' when It
took chargo of the City of Mexico, con
founded its critics by preventing all plllago
and outrage. In fact, considering tho peculiar
circumstances under which the armies wero
recruited and the course pursued by them in
tho early stages of the conflict, their restraint
was remarkable. The Mexicans are entitled
to another chanco to provo that they can
Not Blue But Sane Laws
IP THOSE Interested in innocent Sunday
amusements for the masses will present
rational arguments to the next Legislature
that body may consider tho repeal of anti
quated blue laws. The great mass of tho
public, men, women and children, who have
not tho means to go to the shore or country
In summer, should havo the legal right to
quiet amusements on tie ono day avail
able. Tho Christian religion Is tho religion of
uplift, of happiness in this world, in prepara
tion for the next. Let there be a sano re
vision of the blue laws of more than a
century ago statutes outworn, outlived and
JCl t-eashore harvest has been reaped, play
time is past, the thousands who laid down
daily tasks to relieve mind and body are
ngaln In the tn: of daily occupation. Tho
Ivy on walls is touched with red, the trees
have taken their fringes of gold, while the
late corn, the pumpkin and the grapo alono
remain to be gathered the very air breathes
of the fall time.
With bodies invigorated by rest seasons,
with minds alert, with spirits afresh, let us
approach this unborn future with a deter
mination of service. To all it Is not given to
grapple with mighty problems of tha day: to
all It is not given to move in high spheres, to
mold public opinion, to shape the destiny of
our fellows, but to all is given the oppor
tunity to work for self-service, to tho con
secration of ideals, to the fulfillment of de
sires. This is the time for a reconsecratlon
to definite purposes.
He who labors with hands often wearies of
Injustice, of prejudice, of class hatred; ho
who gains a livelihood behind a counter feels
the sting of station, he who labors at thank
less tasks longs for better days, for higher
wages, for more appreciation of his efforts.
Envy for the rich, tho powerful, tho better
educated, the fortunate, is in many hearts.
Tho longing for another life Is universal.
Surely that God-given consciousness of self
nnworthiness, of dissatisfaction with condi
tions, is never more awakened than at this
time ot tho year.
So let us awako to tho oupottunity with a
full realization that "fate" and "luck" and
"good fortune" come alone to thoBe who con
tlnually btrivo; that increased wages, better
ment of condition and a fuller life aro but
tho rewards of hontst labor, intelligent ap
plication and sincerity of purpose. Tins
surely is tho moment for thoughtful consid
eration of tha future, and for all, the lowly,
the mediocre and the Great, to clench fists,
apply brains and bucklo down to the work
which alone gives tho rewards so fondly
Goethe caught the spirit of the fall time-
when he wrote:
Are you In earnest?
Seise this very minute.
What yuu ran do or dream you tan,
Boldness has genius, power and magic In it.
Only engage and then the mind grows heated.
Begin and then tha work will he completed.
A Truce for Three Years
GOVERNMENT by personality is some,
thins that we can never get away from
In this country. It is legitimate and ineviN
able, but it Is not by any means sufficient
for the purposes und requirements of demo
Tho striking miners of Colorado have voted
to accept President Wilson's proposal for a
three-year truce. It was reasonable and
patriotic action, and should be followed by
similar action on the part of ' the mine
owners. Mere peace Is not, of course, a solu.
tlon of the problems which underlie the situa
tion in Colorado, but those problems can
never bo solved and se'tled while both sides
aro at swords' points. A truco will gradually
lead the way to calmer Judgment.
Without President Wilson's Interposition,
apparently, the t-'rmoll and chaos would
have continued Indefinitely. The fact that is
plainest Is the fact that the constitutional
and democratic resources of Colorado have
proved inadequate to their task. So far as
the Issues Involved In the history of the
strike are concerned, President "Wilson per
A Strong Pull Together for the Port.
THE decision of tho majority In Washing
ton to keep tho "pork" in the Rivers and
Harbors appropriation bill and excise appro
priations for such obviously necessary work
as the Delaware channel emphasizes the
blunder of depending too much on ttie Na
tional Government for assistance. Improve
ment of tho approaches from the sea Is fun
damentally the business of the United States,
but thero Is a very big opportunity for Penn
sylvania and Philadelphia to co-operate on
their own account in putting this port on
a parity with any other in the world. Nature
has been prodigal enough, although requiring
a llttlo coaxing. It is altogether probable
that the next Legislature will take up the
matter In earnest. Philadelphia harbor Is
one of tho State's biggest nssets. It should
be treated and developed on this theory. The
Delaware Is tho highway from Pennsylvania
to tho world. Both it and the harbor must
be accommodated to the requirements of
shipping, no matter what those requirements
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
WHAT constltutea a successful play?"
asked David Bolaseo in reply to a ques
tion. And then tho llttlo wizard of tho
American stage the greatest producer In
captivity delivered an hour's discourse on a
subject In which he Is conccdedly a post
"Tho success of a play Is duo to Its love
story, Its stage pictures and Its underlying
theme. Tako "5 per cent stago pictures, a
plot and a good lovo themo and success Is
assured," said Belasco, nnd then he added!
"Anybody can wrlto somo sort of a play,
but It takes a genius to sell one."
A Cood Pilot to Drop
Republican party must clear for action
clean the debris from the decks, sweep over
board Penroseism, Barneslsm, Lorimerlsm i
and all the other "Isms" which havo fastened
themselves on the quarterdeck. A pilot who
can only run the craft into an iceberg is a
very good pilot to drop.
THE old idea of party government has been
given a severe jolt by the war. England
furnishes a caso In point. It is worth con
sidering, even after the smoke of battle has
cleared, away and peace or armed neutrality
Readers of British political news before the
war broke out remembor how it was pre
dicted daily that the Asquitli Ministry was
dimmed. The Ulster army icvolt seemed the
last straw, but when real war came and In
volved tho Empire, partisan linos vanished;
a party Government became the National
Government by unanimous consont, In fact
as woll as In name, and Lord Kitchener, a
thorough-going Tory, sits in the Liberal
Cabinet and conducts Its War Department.
Of course, tho war precipitated an unusual
crisis and called forth emergency measures
of herolo national patriotism. It put a strain
upon all the links in the chain of national
Integrity. One result has been to subject the
theory of purely partisan civil government
to an acid te&t. which shows it not to be an
If the war shall teach Europe this lesson,
It may be that tho world will discover a now
method In tho science of efficient govern
ment. Proved by a crucial test to bo neees
sary In war time, why should this new
method be less desirable In the piping times
Belgium also Is fighting for home rule.
Sir Lionel Carden will soqn talk himself
out of the diplomatic class.
The German colors are being driven out of
France, but American dry goods manufac.
turers can't get enough of them.
Senator La Follette is said to have "presl.
dential plans." but there are somo who doubt
Whether he has the specifications.
rrhnt vouth of ancient days who fired the
temple of Ephcsus had nothing on the Ser
vian boy who fired a gun at the Aus
trian Grand Duke and Duchess.
Tho report That the German retreat was
awkward and disorderly is not surprising.
They had not been having much experience
Jn that particular maneuver.
Some protest has been aroused in Brooklyn
by the action of a Magistrate there whose
sentences against reckless automobllists are
ald to be too severe. But is such a tning
SOME ten years ago last summer thero
came word ncross the wires that the
General Slocum had burned In the East River
and that 1000 human beings, tho vast ma
jority women and children, had lost their
lives. On tho staff of a Philadelphia paper
was a young reporter who had given Indica
tions of ability In tho line of descrlptlvo
writing, and ho was rushed to Now York to
limn a pen picture of tho horror ns ho saw it.
At 8 o'clock that night ho returned, went
to tho office of tho managing editor and sat
down and cried. Completely Unnerved, ho
could not wrlto a line and so an unemotional
copy reader wroto tho pen picture. Slnco
then, tho former cub reporter has blossomed
out until now tho world of readers knows
him as Reginald Wright Kauffman, whoso
Income from tho moving plcturo rights of
"Tho House of Bondago" runs Into hundreds
ONLY those familiar with newspaper work
can conceive what a night like that of
tho Slocum disaster or tho Titanic tragedy
means. Real newspapermen do not get ex
cited, no matter what tho provocation. A
few hurried orders to reporters and pho
tographersa brief wlro to a correspondent
an order on the cashier for necessary funds
and, npparently, the thing is done. But tho
collecting ot a great news story one, two
or three pages Is not accomplished in an
hour or a day. The foundation has been laid
months nnd years before In tho upbuilding
of an organization. Tho managing editor,
tho news editor, tho city editor know their
men they need simply start the machine
Take tho Titanic disaster as an example.
For fully 4S hours the newspapers had known
Intuitively that something was wrong with
the ship that news had been suppressed.
Then came the bare outline of tragedy
hints of awful things as yet untold whispers
of appalling loss of life. Tho machinery was
put to work the wires clicked the type
writers buzzed the story was printed and
the world shuddered!
And yet, simple as this seems, there wero
stretches of 4S hours when newspapermen
stuck to their desks when wearied eyes, and
strained nerves were on the point of capitu
lation. Still, It was all In the day's work,
and as such, done!
FRANCIS B. REEVES, of the Girard Na
tional Bank, visited Russia In days gone
by and, as a matter of course, made a flying
trip to the estate of Leo Tolstoy altruist,
materialist, dreamer tho bete noir of tho
Russian reactionaries. Tho free American
nnd the free Russian struck up a friendship
and discussed themes nearest their respective
hearts. Then came the day of parting. Tol
stoy asked the banker to defer his doparture.
"In America," explained Mr. Reeves, "time
"What a low value you put on your time,"
EVEN as our own Liberty Bell is cracked,
so has a similar mishap overtaken the
famous Roelandt bell in Ghent, next to its
prototype in the Kremlin, Moscow, the most
noted of European bells. Roelandt Is the
oldest bell In Belgium, having been cast in
1314, and forms ono of 44 chimes. On its
face it bears the following inscription In
"My name Is Roelandt; when I toll, thero
is a flro; when I peal, thera is a victory in
When the Due d'Alva proposed to Charle3
V that he should destroy the city, the sover
eign took him atop the belfry and, pointing
to Roelandt, asked:
"Combien faudralt-11 de peaux d'Espagno
pour falre un Gant de cetto grandeur?"
(How many Spanish skins aro needed to
make a glove of this size?)
The phrase was a play on words, Gand be
ing tho French for Ghent and being pro
nounced as his gant (glove).
seUed by Lieutenant Gedney, of the United
States brig Washington, and taken to New
London. The Spanish Minister demanded the
delivery of the slaves, so they might bo taken
to Cuba for trial. , , ,
President Van Buren was anxious to comply,
for tho sake of comity, but the Anti-Slavery
Society obtained counsel nnd the United States
District Court decided tlint even under Spanish
law slave trado was Illegal and that tho
negroes wero free men. , ,
Tho Circuit Court affirmed this decision, and
In March, 1S41, tho Supremo Court followed
suit. In this tribunal, John Qulncy Adams
espoused tho cause of tho slaves without re
muneration. They were sent back to Africa
In an American vessel.
Tho "Appeal to Battle," by which a man
might fight with his accuser, remained on tho
statute books of England until 1819.
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
"Jim" errand boy.
"James" office boy.
"Mr. Brown" head clerk.
"Brown" Junior member of tho firm.
"James" son-in-law of head of firm.
"Jim" head of tho ilrm and power on the
street. St. Louis Mirror.
A Fine Poem
It's tough to dock a Congressman
For work ho hasn't done.
It Is a fine, and I oplna
It Isn't any fun.
If we taxed all our Congresimcn
For work, they didn't do,
A lot would get Into our debt
A million bones or two.
"But how did ho happen to got engaged
to tho girl If ho doesn't lovo her?"
"Why, ho says ho was convincing when
he merely meant to bo plausible." Judge.
"Will I get everything I pray for, mamma?"
Mother (cautiously): "Everything that's good
for you, dear."
Mnrjorlo (disgustedly): "Oh, what's tho use,
then; I get that, anyway." Life.
The Minister and Others
"Our minister," said Sirs. Oldcastle, "appears
to bo a real altruist."
"Oh, I think you must be mistaken," replied
Mrs. Gottalotte. "It seems to me by the sound
of his volco that he must bo a bass." Judge.
The Retort Juvenile
Mamma Johnny, see that you give Ethel the
lion's share of that orange.
Ethel Mamma, ho hasn't given me any.
Johnny Well, that's all right. Lions don't eat
oranges. Kansas City Times.
A Sharp Lad
"What do you expect to be when you grow up,
"Very good; very good. And what sort of a
"Ono that Isn't always asking questions."
Detroit Free Press,
Somebody Is with the Boston Transcript, as
you will notice from the following pair of quo
tations: Hub I've given up drinking, smoking and
golf to please you, still you're not satisfied.
Now what else do you want me to give up?
Wife "Well, you might give up SCO. I need
a new goWn. Boston Transcript.
Mudge Here's a man figured out that if all
the money in tho world were divided equally
each udult would get about S30.
Meek He's wrong. My wife would got $69.
The Sword and the Censor
It is remarked by the Boston Transcript
that tl.e bluo pencil is mightier than the
A Kicking Bee
While kicking a initio for kicking another
mule. Worn Holloway wus severely kicked
by his lather's mule, which he was correct
ing. Had he not received the kick on the
arm, no doubt ho would havo been more se
verely hurt. Prcscott (Ark.) News.
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
APHILADELPHIAN, traveling through
. the South, came upon one of the largest
manufactories of smoking tobacco in the
world. Impelled by curiosity he visited the
place. At the railroad siding stood a freight
car. Curiosity again caused Investigation.
The freight car was loaded to the brim
And not so long ago a freight car, filled
with peanut shells, was wrecked In "West
Virginia. Tho bill of lading showed that It
was consigned to a Western breakfast food
A MAORI was arraigned In a police court
In tho Antipodes the other day about
five weeks ago, according to the date of the
information. Through his left ear was atuck
a black stick, looking like a slate pencil.
"What Is that in your ear?" asked the
"Dynamite," responded the black. They
led him gently and gingerly Into the court
yard and separated him from the explosive.
Which shows that even on tho other aide of
the world tho "safety first" campaign has
made headway. BRADFORD.
The Dura-dum Myth
From the Boston Herald.
The Kaiser's chargo that both Franca and
England have been using dum-dum bullets i
merely an echo of a similar accusation against
the Germans made at the outset of the war
bv the French. Both charges are surely un
founded. They grow out of tha hysteria and
vilification which are among war's lesser by
products. No one seriously believes that any
of tho combatant nations are oitlcially and de
liberately engaged in violating those principles
which have given modern warfare the paradoxi
cal qualification of "civilized."
Aesop's fable about the youth who cried
"wolt" until no one believed him Is based upon
the Bllence of the Amyclaeans. So often had
the Inhabitants of Amyclaea been alarmed by
the rumors that the Spartans were cominjf that
they made a decree that no ono should ever
asuln mention the matter. When the Spartans
actually came no one "mentioned tho matter,"
and so the city was captured.
In June. 1S33. the schooner L'Amlstad sailed
from Havana for Principe with a large number
of slaves who had been kidnapped from Africa.
En route, the blacks rose and killed oll save
two of the white crew. The latter steered the
vessel north, insteaa or to me " .rTfiS
s directed, and the schooner was eventually
Our office mathematician has It figured
out that If all the war strategists who never
saw Europe, never read a book of military
tactics, never even pulled a trigger, wore
chloroformed and laid end to end (as we
often wish they might be), they would form
a line long enough to girdle tho earth 11
times at the Equator. St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Equality of Sex
Thero Is a little girl In Springfield, Mass.,
who, like many of her sox, resents the Imputa
tion that tho feminine mind Is not so strong as
Ono day hfr mother remarked on the apparent
lack of Intelligence in a lien.
"You can't teach a hen anything," slip said.
"They have done more harm to the garden
than a drove of cattle would. You can teach
a cat, a dog or a pig something, but a hen
"H'm!" exclaimed the child, indignantly. "I
think they know a? much as the roosters!"
"The Battle of the Ballots"
The conflict In Maine Is described as follows
by the New York World:
The battlo In Maine appears to have been n
gteat strategic victory. Tho army of the Crown
Prince of the Progressives, which occupied the
extreme left of the line, was forced back" upon
tho Roosevelt fortifications, and the first, sec
ond, third, fourth and fifth armies of tho old
Nelson Dlngley standpatters, pivoting upon
Portland In nn attempt to effect a turning
movement, were cut in two and put to rout.
In spite of the censorship, enough Is known to
make it clear that tho road to a Woodrow Wil
son majority in the Sixty-fourth Congress Is
cpen. with nothing likely to Interfere except
a few standpat aeroplanes nnd an occasional
scouting party of Bull-Moose tmtans.
When the drums begin to rattle and tha
legions clash In battle,
Where is WiedV
When the cannon do their roaring, and tho
airships high aro soaring,
Where is AVled. Willie Wled?
Does he seek an hour of quiet, free from
wrangle nnd from riot?
Where is Wled?
Is he somewhere idly fretting 'cause he had
to stop Mpretting?
Where is Wled, Willie Wled?
Cleveland Plain Dealer,
THE IMPERIAL COUSINS
Vhone hand has set Europe' great vineyard
Who was it laid fire to her rick?
"Who trampled her fields in pursuing their
Why? Willy and Georele and Nick!
Who changed Into beasts all her peace-loving
And taught them to malm and to kill?
Who gave them as food to the cannibal guns?
Why! Nicky and Georsle and Will!
"Whose pathway Is strewn with dire ruin and
Who the vultures with carrion gorge?
What vandals havo Art and fair Nature de
Why! Willy and Nicky and Gcoige!
How long shall this militant Bport be endured?
How long ere Is snuffed out the wick
Of Moloch's fell torch, and our peace be as
sured From Oeorgle and Willy and Nick?
N. W. In the New Xork Times.
,fc. -.""--'--- - ,,i
FEW readers were worried when they read
a few weeks ago that a strange sect, hold
ing a camp meeting In West Philadelphia, had
announced that tho world was coming to an
end on tho 29th or tho 30th of tho present
month. No oxcltoment followed this weird
proclamation, but what a difference thero
was In Philadelphia, In 1844, when the Mlller
ltes wero aroused by n similar belief I
It waa just such stranco prophecies which
tho educated regarded with Indifference that
mado life worth living 70 years ago. Peoplo
then wero thirsting for excitement of any
kind, and they wolcomed Miller's prediction
ns a break In tho monotony of life.
Tho story of tho Mlllerltes and their belief
Is that of ono of thoso popular delusions
which scorn to have made their appearance
In overy age. Tho present generation does
not havo to be reminded of Dowle, whoso
Ideas, whllo not quite so weird, still wero
sufficiently different to arouse general In
terest. In tho past thero was a number of
delusions that took tho public by storm and
held them until tho true character of tho
belief became apparent. Tho tulips that wo
can buy today for a few cents once wero sold
for fortunes In Holland during tho rago of
tho tulip mania. You see, these delusions aro
not always of a religious character. Tho
tulip mania was purely speculative nnd had
been nursed to perfection by unscrupulous
But this is wandering from my subject. I
wanted to say something nbout William Mil
ler and his delusion that sent dozens of
weak-minded persons Insane, and In somo
localities ruined numerous persons.
Miller was horn in Massachusetts, but ho
was a. resident of Low Hampton, In tho
northeastern part of New York, when he an
nounced his calculation of tho date ot tho
second coming of Christ. Whllo a young
man ho had confessed himself an ntholst.
Ho had served aa a captain of Infantry In
tho United Stntes army In tho War of 1812,
and it was not until long after that conflict,
or in ISIS, that ho suddenly became religious.
Then he began to study the Bible, but ho
also began to calculate the tlmo when Christ
was to nppear on earth again, and finally ho
declared that he had overcome all difficulties
and had reached tho conclusion that tho dato
would bo in the spring of tho year 1843.
Of course, a great deal of this got Into
printed form, and soon ho had convinced
numerous persons who wero willing follow
ers. Tho delusion spread rapidly, but, of
courso, had Its greatest voguo when the time
Miller had set approached.
Miller's theory of tho second Advent was
founded upon his Interpretation of tho real
meaning of tho terms days, weeks and years
In tho Old Testament. I will not attempt to
boro anybody by repeating his Interpreta
tions, and thero would not bo sufficient spaco
hero to do it. But I can assure any In
credulous reader that It was much like
Ignatius Donnelly's famous cryptogram in
Shakespeare In one respect: you could not
find tho answer even after you had the rule
to find It. No one ever could work out Don
nelly's cryptogram, and, perhaps, as he was
a very bright man, he did not intend they
The first dato set for tho second Advent by
Miller was April 14, 1843. Tho disciples
awaited the day with "deepest solicitude,"
but when It arrived nothing happened. But
they were not discouraged. They wero as
sured that ancient chronology was not thor
oughly understood and that a few months
more or less might elapse before the wel
come day arrived.
In the meantime, Miller had a stone wall
built on his farm and thero was a good deal
of talk about it. Some prying ones d- lircd
to know what he intended to do with a stone
wall If ho wus so soon to leave this world.
It also was charged that Miller had refused
to sell his farm; and the newspapers wero
asking him pointedly what he needed a farm
for. They also took one of his disciples,
J. V, Himes, of Washington, to task becauso
ho was engaged In publishing and selling
"more than 5,000,000 books and papers."
They added by way of comment that "Ho
must bo engaged in a speculation," and
thereupon scouted the truthfulness of the
But, as In the caso of all delusions, Miller
had followers In many parts of tho Eastern
United States. They were pretty well repre
sented in Philadelphia. When the first date
had failed Miller promptly referred to tho
occasional failures of even Biblical prophets,
and announced that very probably his calcu
lations had been wrong. Ho then nsserted
that on October 22, 1844, the second Advent
This statement was made very positively,
and tho Adveutlsts becamo very deeply
Interested. As the tlmo approached somo of
the followers gave away their property.
Storekeepers disposed of their stocks to who
ever desired them for nothing. In ono sec
tion of tho country as many as 15 persons
becamo insane. Somo of them wero not oven
followers of Miller, hut were afraid that ho
might speak tho truth.
When tho day arrived tho Philadelphia
followers of Miller went to Darby, whero they
awaited tho end ot tho world. Thero wero
more than a thousand of them, and they
began to pray and sing.
But It rained. They were very distressed,
and when they found the day was not the
day, they waited till the morrow. Then thero
was more rain, and the majority of tho Mll
lerltes plodded their weary way back to the
city along tho Darby road. A few wero
willing to give Miller another 21 hours of
grace, but they, too, found his calculations
When tho excitement was at its height,
thero were advertisements in the daily news
papers of "ascension robes," and one store
had a placard In its window to inform
passers-by that "muslin for ascension robes"
was Eold there.
There is none of this kind of excitement
now. Few persons have even remembered
that the enthusiasts who held what they called
an "apostolic camp meeting" last month in
West Philadelphia and who are rather irrev
ently referred to as the "Holy Rollers," have
decided that the world Is to come to an end
Within the next two weeks,
Wise was tho man who said, "A punishment
that degrades the punished will degrade the
man who Inflicts it."
Hera is a little story about a man who la
the figure of power in a little church not far
from our city. You know the kind of man I
mean Somo men, by very reason of their
dominating personalities rather than their
executive ability, naturally gravitate to posl
tions where those about them look up to them
a a matter of course.
Ono evening this man pased a young meitber
of his church on a street corner. In fact the
young man was the organist, and la receipt of
a modest salary for his services, lie was ..
ing a cigar. "
Forthwith the elder man grew angry, it i
not smoke, did not bellevo in smoking 3
failed to understand how any one else u
hellftvn In It. At hla rtiMitnr, - Jr:...C0U1 t
tho trustees of the church .was Immediate?
called, and the organist was dismissed from i.
Nntttrally, tho young fellow launched Into
tlrfldfl ncnlnot rtnirrtioa nn,1 fxraln.t -... . ."
In them. Which, of course, was all wron '
Ttllt llrttir olinllt l,n e1.l,il...1 .1.-,..,- '.'. un'
this church leader? m.ty 0l
Suppose ho had gone to tho young man In
fatherly way and put the proposition In thl.
fashion! "Now, my boy. one of us Is wrong
about this matter of smoking. Let us talk it
over nnd find out which of Us Is wrong."
Perhnps no agreement would havo be
reached. Perhaps tho young man would havt
eft his position simply because tho elder mari,
had convinced him that his example was not
a good one to place beforo the younger bow
But tho "leader" choso to perform
christian nctj ono qulto incompatible with ih.
founder's Idea of uplifting service. Ho degrades
tho young man before the other members of
the church. '
Doosn't your conception ot real Christian
service mako you bellevo that he degraded
himself, too? 8
OPPOSED TO DOCTOR BRUMBAUGH
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger!
,? Yur ?uPP5,rt "' D?'r Brumbaugh and
not of Senator Ponroso Is very mystifylnff tn
me If not to many other voters throughout the
State. I wll grant, ns you say, that Boctor
Brumbaugh Is both fearless and honest, but
what will that amount to should a Penrose Ui.
islaturo be elected? In what wny can Doctor
Brumbaugh bo of any service to the peonla In
bringing nbout the roforms that tha people ot
Pennsylvania aro so eagerly waiting for? Tru,
tho platform that Doctor Brumbaugh was nora.
Hinted on pledges to us all these reforms but
havo not all Republican platforms which wer
launched by Penrose and his lieutenants dot.
the same thing? '
,.naLn.ot D"0101, Brumbaugh been the head n
tho Philadelphia schools for a great mail!
years? Has any ono In these many years evrt
heard of him in any wny urging any of tho r.
forms which his platform now offers to lim
Philadelphia, September 10, 1914.
PRAISES TRANSIT EDITORIAL
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I want to tako advantage of your open
column for letters from the people to say i
commendatory word about your editorial In to
night's Issuo on tho transit situation. Phlladel.
phln Is a great big rich city, nnd If anybody
or any corporation expects to keep us taxpayers
from getting what wo need there will have to
be nnothrr guess. That's my guess and that of
most Phlladclphlans. Keep up your good work
along this line.
I am glad to see a paper with two "front"
pages so that ono of them can be devoted to
local news. Maybe thnt Idea has been applied
to newspapers before, but not to my knowledge.
Anyway, It Is a good one, and shows horn Im
portant you consider tho matters pertaining to
our city. T. B. HILDRETII.
Philadelphia, September 16, 1014.
OBJECTS TO COMIC PICTURES
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Permit me to congratulate tho Evcnlnr
Ledger, not only for what it represents, but for
tho omission of tho alleged comic pictures,
which, to my mind, aro an insult to the intel
ligent reading public.
For years wo havo bcon afflicted with th
antics of Impossible "kids," with the buffoonery
of still moro impossible beings, apparently men.
Comlo (?) artists havo Inflicted upon a long
suffering public atrocities of pen and ink.
And now, at last, wo hnvo a paper which ap
peals to the Intellect rather than to the evi
dently atrophied sense of moro or less humor.
Thank you, and for goodness sako, don't re
lapse Into humorous barbarism. Wo are willing
to stand for a reversion to type but not comics.
It. J. MURPHY.
Philadelphia, September 1G, 1914.
A WORD FOR ELLEN ADAIR
To the Editor o; the Evening Ledger:
Sir May I add a lino of appreciation for the
excellent showing your paper has made durlnj
tho first threo days of Its existence? I have
been more than pleased with tho articles of
Ellon Adair. There is a tone of sincerity and
truth about her writing which Is frequently
Inciting In the conventional articles often found
on a woman's page. I hopo she will continue to
writo her experiences. READER.
Philadelphia, September 1G, 1914.
PRAISE FOR WHOLESOME HUMOR
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I have been a reader of the Public
Lniicnn for 20 years. You havo my congratula
tion's and best wishes for tho success of the
Evening Ledger. I have been particularly lm
ptesscd with tho high-class and wholesoras
humor which Is found on your editorial pas.
One of tho curses of the average evening paper
Is the presence of slap-stick humor. Why don"!
you sccuro tho set vices of a good cartoonist?
M. S. B
Melroso Park, Pa., September 1G, Wi
NOW EVEKXWG LEDGER READER
'fj Hie Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Just a good wish from an old reader of
the Puiimc LEDOEn. If you maintain the sami
standard which you have set for tho past three
days I am suro that tho people ot this city will
appreciate, the service you render the com
Norristown, Pa., September 16, IM4,
Praise From Up-State
From the Carlisle (Pa.) nvcnlns Herald.
Tho now Evening Lnnocn, sister publication
of tho Ptrni.io Ledoeh, made its debut las'
evening and was cordially received. Tfc
sumo vast volume of news which Is char
acteristic of tho morning Limcum was P
parent in tho latest publication. We
spocted closely both editions and each was
marked by a host of fresh news stories. TU'
success of tho new journal Is assured.
How Warren Views Penrose
From the Warren. I'a., Kvenlns Times.
TMia .Infnnt nt Spnntnp Pnrnqn this fall WOUlO
mean a rehabilitated and united Itepubllca"
party. It would be a. party that t-otild he prw
of Its ability to overthrow tho ignorance, po
litical debauchery and uticleanness that In
sence are Penroseism.
Railroads and Relief
From the Chattanooga Times.
Tho railroads have been Instructed to vpw
tariffs for all services they now perform wiw
out charge, the commission In the meantinw
resuming consideration of tho petition for "
vanclng rates, this tlmo It Is said more and"
standingly. If not more sympathetically, a'
affords u hope that they will provide a W
and complete measure of relief.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
When we read the statement, "Buenos Aire"
la .,. I.....A ... .!.... uiih..MT ' t.'A nrA .'UinDvllCU
.- '.,...,. ...... ., i.. i,4 f Kt.terDrU" IE
lu uuiiiii mat iuciu la . ojuiib v,.. -. ,
In the South American capital that "e w
loudly thought of i pcculiur to ouraeut''
New York Bvenlng Post.
The war fills tho newspapers, weeklies.
ono magazine has gone so fur as to print '
tlrely a whole Issuo devoted to the v..r aim
various aspects. When history Is being ma
children are eager to know about ll . ...
Bdiools must tespond to the demand. Baltiro"
Unless the Itepubllcans want to see Tuinml
sweep New York by a far bigger margin J
that of the Democrats in Maine, they w'S
inate a Progressive Bepubllcan State "
headed by lllnman. New York Tribune.
In Maine the diversion of even 1T.00O vol"
from tho Kepublican candidates was sufnc
to elect the Democratic candidates, but
positive factor in American politic: v6..?
gresslvc party has ceased to exist A'D
(N. Y.) Journal.
In opening the sanitary conference in ",,
toga, Commissioner Biggs said that the p
Department of Health bus adopted as its ",4
"Public Health la Purchasable." There w,
not be a better one. Public health 1. : r,
purchasable. Hui lanlty still generally P1' ,
to buy thlngj. of lea importance. W '
day we may be wiser. -New York World.