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EVENING 3 LEDGER
public Li-;i n i uomp vny
rvmsll k rt ltTIK rnrntirvT
. John OflM)l, irpl'rrrliliMit : e!eo W t h. Secretary :
John r. Mnriln. TmMiirrr. churles II. t.udlngton.
rhlMp P roMInx, John II Vllllitin. Illrcrtotd
Crura II. K. CrnTin. Chairman.
r. if wir.w,t:v r.wutive fMiioc
JOHNC M.MlTrV rirnerol llunlnoM Mnnniref
l'liMlrhfil dalle at Pt pin- t.Ermni Hull UnR.
In lncnI)nre Sipinr, PlillA.lttihli
Linom r-rvTitu Hrna.l nn.l rHoMfiut PtrjWtJ
ATI ATI- -ITT Prrtx-VHIn nnlMltlK
Nm Vosk ITo-a. Surtropntltan Tower
17 !lmr ItiMiwnre imtiiiimj
l .mn. .
S Wnipil.." Pin-. Pall Mull. 8,
JiH!ii rn Prnrtr
t.n v.. ik riRKAr...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.V.'.V.rne ftmr tlull.llnB
tin ! l','ll'n"-?'
. IV Patriot ttalMlnff
Til ' rt1"' Mitnoinn
JlriT IN ill BVW
J.ni.. ri in
Imii.v Pi iii it '...'' ,'.'.'.-2 VaII Mill Kit. ? w.
73 flue Loots t unrau
f'TniHor Iiuiv ovii. oit km. ru-mall jwKttwt'l
fintMf nf I'hUn.ielplilii. ftufn where fnretsti wtnn
1- -inulr I Pit mm. ere menUi, t ft v five int t
Inn , i ii i nnr vmir. ihree dnlliir. All msll mitctl
I "!i p'iiilir In ruhntn"
these findings ore recorded and nro of great
value. They cover tho child's history up to.
usually, about 1G ears Why should not this
valuable data be turned over to the Juvenile
Court for use In cases of delinquency occur
ring among school children? It would snvo
the court a vast deal of lime and money,
and vould t out a lot nf testing and Inves
llgnltng and duplication of work already
done by the schools, and done more carefully
ntid thoroughly thai) the courts can do 11.
In Buffalo, out of a public school ftrrultint
Infc class (average age 16) 61 were known, by
test, to be only from live to eight venrs old
mentally. Yet they Were turned loose on the
roimnutilty without any adequate proMslon
for future help or protection npnltist the thin- '
IWTs Inherent In their dcfcetlve Ptnte. There ,
would seem to be a ireat need nf linking 'U
and ro-nnllnnttn all our public nnu private
social wrenOn to prevent this ettto nf nt I
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
ftM stoNr. M t' .imm
It J" A'tt'lil nil rmnulimirrttimi trt Kl't Hlf
f.i i)f;i r. nrii iriirfi . Aifiimr, Plnlntli'lpltln.
Ai'i'i triTi'iv tithr. t tiii: miii Miii'ini eoiiTorMcH run
m fNTIO A 11 lt. I t M!l HArrm.
I'llir, Milt I'll! V. U)MNIIU.?U11!UnKn 10. lOt I
Transit n Jtipprprtiaut to IloltMJai'k.
IN T1IK letirr i nut by .funics ti. Bnl- i
four and John At Kntri lsnmrer. urKltlK the ,
Mockhnlder i.t the 1'nion Traction I'otnpntiy
to protest to thn comp.in.v's tlliectornte '
nualnst ncceptHtice nf the .tnrKctton relative
t rapid transit made l the UnpM Transit
Compuit-. uppeur this stuU-nietil .
"A committee of the Hoard of hirrvtnr if I
the Kapid Transit Cotniiiny lm cuttle before .
the lln.trd ef Directors of the t'nlnn Tnn tion '
r"oinpnnv with the pnioal Hint futon Trnc- ,
tlmi stocklioldi-rv hall aivi the Itnpld Tran- ,
sit fntapanv tlnani'iut suppm-t lo the extent i
of supply litu lands for the etenslin and '
equipment of exl.tln lines AN'ft Poll TrtK
rQTirMKVT nl-' TMK NOW I'll" i0!Rt
flTY Hflt.T AND VNi:r 8YSTKM K
KAPID TKANSIT LINKS." ,
The i'prrcenient resulting from conferences
lietwien the Depart mrnt of City Transit ami
the Itnpld Transit Company, under the cap- I
tlon. 'T-ilnn Traction Co-operation." says:
"The Phllnd!phin Rapid Transit Cn-vpnny i
will r ly upon thp t'nlon Traction Company
to nd in SHpnrlnT oXt.Y SCCIl KCNDs" AS
tVILI. HE KEQI'IUKD POK THE NORMAL
r.XTKNPTOX OP THK KXTSTINri SYSTKM.
the requirement' for which will lie irreatly
Whi tied bv th establishment of the new
hiph speeil lines."
The discrepa"cy between the two utterances I
li obvious and vital. The I'nlon Traction t
Company has not been asked and will not '
be asked to provide funds of any sort or In I
nny amount for the proposed new sytem .
The T'nlon Traction Company, of course, is i
nt perfect liberty to decline to participate in ,
the prom-am. it may, if it wishes, foretro the
guarantees offered by the city riiuiitlFt losa
Iknt IViirop! vIu ilio Nailoit
!, T'P.NMUiSK could not be elected Patted
Penalor from Illinois. In Califor
nia his candidacy would he ridiculed, tn
Maine not a corporal's jtttard would rally to
his support, tn Ohio he would be treated at
his protot.pp. Poraker. was treated, tn Mis
sour! It would not take 2n minutes to count
the votes he could Ret. In Maryland, another
doubtful State. It would be Penrose Inst, with
none of tho other candidates In slpiht. A So
cialist would poll more votes than he in Wis
consin and town, tn Washington there would
he an avalanche of women's ballots polled
aprnlnet him. Where. Past or West, in any
doubtful Htate. could Penrose command a
Yet this Is the man who, pleading for pro
tection, refuses to step aside and permit some
other man who could really do something; for
protection to go to Wnshlnitton. It l mock
ery of reason to assume that the rest of tho
nation would follow Pennsylvania In devotion
to such a leader. It Is sheer madness to sup
pose that there can be any rehabilitation of
the Republican party so lonjr as he Is one
of its accredited leaders. It Is proper for men
whose business is threatened to dedicate their
work and Influence to the restoration of Kc
publlcan policy in Washlnpton. but every ef
fort they make will be futile if they insist
upon usint; as their representative a man
whose name is identified with the most thor
oughly discredited anO hated stem of poll
tics in America.
The national Republican party has many
enemies and Mr. Penrose is the preatest of
WII1CN you read In your favorite news
paper that some one has found a $1000
peiitl In an oysler, put It down to Ignorance
or to the attempt to advertise tho restaurant.
Peal Is found In salt water oysters are worth
I less. So says Ilcrmnn Myer, father of the
Atii'.'tlcan pearl Industry, who has devoted
20-odd ,ears io exploiting tho fresh water
peal Is tif this country, from Wisconsin to
Alhansns, from Ills native Slate, Tennessee,
to Maine. Alyer's life work has all tho
Klalnour nf romance. Morn in Carthago, Ten
nessee, he was sent to Harvard and was
graduated Willi honors In chemistry. Dur
ing olio of hia vacations, Mponl nl home, a
llsherninn brought him a pearl. That started
his downward cat tor, for his father, himself
a banker, had Wanted his son to follow In
his financial footsteps. Hut youiiK'Myer
thottaht nlherwlse, and, parking his grip,
went lo New Yolk, where he sold his pearl
to Tiffany's the llrst American penrl over
sold In the New York tnaiket.
There was it time when Oriental pearls
Were worth their woluht In cold: today tho
Iridescent pearl, found In the rivers of Iowa
and Wisconsin, Is more valuable than it dia
mond of corresponding pIkc. And Myer Is
largely responsible for litis. 1'p and down
the Inland rivers he traveled, on foot, by
train, In wagons, preaching the value of the
gem to tho llsheiinen, telling them how to
find It, how to value It. how to market 11.
And the upshot of It all was that tho self
same fishermen became so expert that they
doubled and trebled lite price to Myer, until
the profit to tho wholesaler was almost
Bt'T een .Myer was not tho llrst to deal
In American pearls, for In tho jjront
cathedral in Seville, Spain, rests n collodion
of these gems, gathered by De Soto and lily
followers during their Invasion of our South
ern States nnd his trip to the Pnthor of
Waters. In the archives of the Spunish city
may be found wondrous tales of tho vast
riches of the American Indians of Do Soto's
duys, of the Immense stores of peat Is found
by the adventurers, of tho utter disregard
tho natives had for their value. Hut tho
bushels of pearls gathered as spoils by tho
Spnnlnrds were lost In the main when Ill
fortune overtook them.
CiXCPDING for the sake nf argument that
you know tho names of our livers, did
tn ever hear of tho Opcel: or tho Alllwego
sepo or tho Cuuslsseppiono? Or tho Al
hacha? Yet you know thorn all well, only
the river now Is known as the Ohio, Iroquois
of net income occasioned by diversion of traf- ! them all. tn his own State and In his own
fie to the high-speed lines and the abolition
of exchange tickets. Hut the t'nlon Traction
Company cannot prevent the achievement of
rapid transit In Philadelphia. There is no
company that can do that.
Tho thousands of workers, nun and women.
ho are paying six cents ti day more than
they ought to pay for conveyance to and
from their work and the thousands of others
who enjoy a five-cent fare, but lose pre
cious minutes daily through slow service,
are not interested in the details of finance
They oply know that the municipality is am
ply ri'-h enough to accomplish the project.
They will sweep politicians or any other set
of men a.-ide, if necessary, and use their
otcsto evr wh.it they want. Public opinion
Is .-ottlo'l. It will have rapid transit. The
mow inert litis already become a Juggernaut
to he little fellows who think they ran
town he has alienated the Independent P.o-
publican press. In no other Commonwealth i
is there any Republican newspaper with any
pretentions whatever to Independence that
would even consider apologizing for or ad- j
vocatlng Penroselstn. They know It for what I
it is. They have no doubts about the cuckoo
being in the robin's nest. Only in Pennsylva
nia is the party expected to be a Little Red .
Riding Hood. Elsewhere and here. too. the
alluring front of the house of Penroseisin
does not deceive observers. They have also I
been looking nt the back ard. '
A Kcnlly Hesponsive novertinieut
WHEN, In ITTfl and thereabouts, u goodly
proportion of the inhabitants of th
Thirteen Colonies tliiew off the joke of Mrlt
ish bondage they thought, and their descend
ants after them, that they had acquired a
considerable superiority ov r the rest of the
Anglo-Saxon people It seem1-, however, that
in political matter the Knghxh trust them
selves much more implicitly than Americans
do. Their Constitution varies according to
the will of Parliament
It was proposed yesterday in the House of
Commons that the duration ol the present
Parliament be extend. -il to 1M7. and It is
quite likely that the evwnl parties will agree
to such a continuance. The liovernment of
Ireland act and the W ish Church act. ac
cording to the probabh arrangement, wilt
be simply relegated to the future, and all at
tempts to force a general election on domestic
igsues will be abandoned
After the "peniiionary Parliament" had at
from l6o to tT7 and lost all ton -u with the
country .-mealier Parliament limited tho life
of each assembly to three y-art, Then the
gipte-nniul act prolonged it pot-slble life to
seven years, and by th five-year clause of
the Parliament act f l'-'ll the term was I
reduced- A Parliament rarely is a, nat- I
ural death, iind now comes the sen' rally fa- j
vored proposal to prolong the prekent one, '
Which has been In Whsion nim e I9p, to i&n. '
! That tiieon. of i-nurse, the txtmxlon ,,f tho
i Caliimt tenure for one ear over the Matu
lory limit. Where, ex ej.t m Ktigiaud.
'an be found a governmental i-.um o i
quickly adjustable to the neeiN and xigen- j
cies of the time? No slow-moving nwuhinery
te. be operated to effect a din age necessary
J to the new conditions; no refertmium. no con
' stitmlonal convention. Simid) n response on
1 the part of the men In Parliament and the
j f'ahlnet to their obligations as public ser
' vants. in such spirit as tha In which Durko
addressed his constituents at Rristnl: "Your
representative owes you not his industry only,
' ten his Judgment."
i Aided by that recent brush with the Qer-
man ships, the Ilrltlsh fleet should have no
difficulty in sweeping the seas.
j The way to get rapid transit Is to pet it, and
the way not to get it is to permit holdbaeka
1 and lovers of technicalities to stand tn tits
An "I-m" That Hamstrings Protection
ADK.M'iCHAT ha.s been eke ed fiovernor
, of Maine. The wave of revolt has not
Mibsided sufllciently to throw this naturally
Republican Commonwealth buck into the
party column. The Progressive allegiance
proej strong enough, despite tremendous
losses, to prevent Republican sueces
The nsult Is typical of what may be ex
pected in other States if the puny does not
kick out of leadership the mep who were
responsible In the first place for the wreck
of the institution and who are standing now
In the manner of dogs In the manger. In
sisting that the wreck and ruin they have
left behind them constitute a reason for
their retention In power. There are thou
sands of Progressives who are still good Re
publicans, but they will not come buck into
ramp until they know that it has been fumi
gated and cleaned.
The elections in November ar merely
pieparatory. The real fight will be In 1914
Tho Republican party has this iar the op.
portiiiilty to prove Its moral competency, its
independence. Us copvalei.-ence. The way to
the White House is straight, not crooked,
and there Is not enough argument in the
world to conviwe the people of other Com
monwealths that Penroseism travels on the
It is triumphant Republicanism without
P,-nroifcim or it is a languid, heartless,
powerUs,-! and nerveless RepubhanUm vWth
Penrnvlsm. Intelligent citizens should have
no diiHo'ilty in d- terminmsf which they pre
fer. V New Jii!J uf Men For Bullet..
WllfcN the veil is lifted from the broad
battle lines east and west of Germany
and tile splendor of the victories is dulled by
the M,mtr pail of suffering and death, n new
spirit of determined opposition to war ill
force its way arourd the world. The M
giaph and cable, the enormous I'aeilnWs of
the modem world for communication, have
torn the mask of glory from the battlefield.
It was well enough for men to fight when
only thu living returned to tell of it, when
tales of massacre did not reach men's homes
until weeks or months after the event. But
now the horror of war is shoulder to shoulder
with the glamour ed it on the front page. The troops will bg glad to get away from
Miiglt. bulltt can destroy two decades of edu- I Vera Crua. They are anxious to get baeU
WllICX you see a person of the male per
suasion approach and note his delight
fully pink socks or mayhap they may bo
pulo green or lavender do not start and
wonder at his folly. It's nothing new to wear
brightly colored hosiery, which, by tho way,
threatens lo become extinct because wo can
not get dyes fiom abroad. In tho rooms of
the Society of Antiquaries in London is an
exhibition of ancient socks, dug out of the
ruins of Antinoe, Ilgypt, Tho examples
shown are in good preservation and nro suf
ficiently "loud" to please the most extreme of
futurists. Principal among the exhibits arc
seicks of yellow, green, red and black In
horizontal stripes, which outdo anything yet
shown in our haberdashery shops.
WHKX the ltoer War broke out (ieneial
Sir John French, cnnimandlug tho
ltritUh forces in Prance, was In I.adysmlth,
Natal, about to be besieged by the Doers.
He took the last train out and t-entod him
self in the compartment of the car, smoking.
Hardly had the train left the city for Durban
on the coast whn the ping of Doer bullets
resounded and the windows in tho cars wore
(haltered. Sir John, unperturbed, assumed
a horizontal position and llnlslied his smoke.
Oeneral Oram was another soldier who
smoked and died from cancer salt) to have
he-en caused by that habit. Once, when ho
was going to New York, his train fell into
the Passaic River, near Nownrk, only the
windows if the roadies being visible above
When the rescuers reached the sceno of
the dlsuster they found the General stand
ing In water up to his neck pulling as usual
on a coal black cigar!
tatioii or sweep into eternity the tickle light
of genius, fur more terrible than the number
,,i nieu is the kind of men killed. That is the
..M that staggers civilisation and drives it
Ktckwatd R Is not the last great war. but
ii is oik of the last, and it will d" more than
all the pamphlets ever printed to hasten the
day of universal peace. The common sense
of humanity us u whole is certain eventually
to gain the mastery over passion
Link Uj lho Social Agencies
THK public schools are now sorting out
the children of defective mentality, refer
ring ihem to peycliologtsts and physleLaaa
and social workers, so as to know how to
grade them and how beat to deal with them
educationally The psychologist tests thsir
mepialtt tin plijBican texts their physical
reuidit"! i , il worker finds out
home and And out what they were down
Those who are heat acquainted with tho
work of Doctor Brumbaugh tn the school)
are convinced that he will be able to teach
the politicians foinotlilng.
The Maine result sliows that tuo only thing
necessary to turn tunall Drmnrratto plurali
ties Into bis Republican tiittJorttU-s is to
shak off Peuraeelsm ami uthsr things of
this kind that have fastened ihuuumlvea on
The Government ownership . of - railroads
Idea seems to have becoiQO very popular in
Mexico, where th Provisional President
thinks he Is neglecting tils duty unless he
cunliMateb something ui other betutu break -
n..' i. moot All last
LooKIXG through old nowspupor files
makes interesting reading. A Topeka
j a per retorts under date of 1S0I the arrival
of SOU balc-i of buffalo robes, "tho largest
cargo evi r heen" in that city. And a few
items further down the column wo rend:
"Gov. James Ijme, of Kansas, and Gov.
Yates, eif Illinois, will be sponkers at tho
Lincoln nnd Johnson ratification meeting
hero on September 1."
BT'T there ure things which happouod
yeurs ago which do not get Into tho
newspapers, stu h us the mistaken udvon
turivi of the llrst Chiicse Minister to this
enlightened nimtry of ours. What his numu
wus has slipped mtmor), but his muluprop
Isms have not. His tlrst social visit was to
the wife of a Cabinet member. He arrived
at 8 In the evening and, knowing some Eng
lish, proved entertaining. The minutes
turned Into hours. Klcven came and found
tho Minister still talking. Twelve camo.
"I am very corry." said the hostess, "but
It Is getting so late"
J am so pleased you spoke," repliod the
Minister, "you see. in my country a gentlo.
man cannot depart until the lady of tho
house has given her permission."
And as he started for the door tho hostess
graciously asked him to call again, "vory
At S the same morning the bell rang tho
Mlntstor had railed again, "very soon."
THR Chinese aro the most literal nation
on earth. They will obey orders, no mat.
tor what the cost. An American naval ofll.
cer on temporary duty in Hongkong dlscov.
crl this. Ho was tho proud owner of a
pair of hitherto immaculate whlto flannel
trousers, which bod been put hors de combat
by n groaso stulu. do ho took them to a
Chinese tailor with Instructions to make kn
ottier pair exactly like the wumpln.
Tft'CUty-four hours Inter the Chinese tsllot
arrived with the new trousers "exactly alike'
-ovej to the slain! j liKAUFOilD.
Tho rd ami whlto striped barber'M pnle
datei buck several centuries, when bur
burn still oxeicincd the profexhlou of blood
letting, Hurlng thu operation the patient
had to grasp a eilek, und a polo was
always kept at hand, together with the bund
age neea-sMtry after the cutting. Eventually
the barbers hung thtir inslgnlu. polu unci
baaduht.. out or their windows, r-uriy in ine i
eight' null uentuiy the Urltlsh Parliament
pass d ." law comi'iliuig bathers to put out
a .nle Miami blui und .vhlte, while surf on-
bulbils lolired thura red and ulum, The
Inst known barber surgeon in London was n
man named Mlddlcdltch, of Great Suffolk
street, who tiled thcro In 1821. Ho was also
a dentist, and a writer of thnt day says In
nn "Autobiography": "I have a vivid recol
lection of his dontlstry."
Tho Ualllo or Kegs really look place dur
ing the Revolution when patriots set nllont
Infernal machines, formed like kegs. In the
hope tint thoy would destroy the Pngllsh
lleet In the Helaware, off Philadelphia. The
Rtltlsh discovered the stratagem and began
iirinjr at every untiling tiling, talis chuiouhh
lug the nnnie of the battle.
The largest bed In the world may be scon
nt Ware. Kngland. It Is twelve feet square
and Is capable of holding a tloy.cn persons.
Hhiikespcnrp rerets tn this monster bed In
"Twelfth Night": "Although the sheet Were
big enough for the lied of Ware In Knglntid."
IS THIS PUBLIC OPINION?
(amlribiilioni Fiom Headers on lite Senatorial
Situation in lVnin)Ivnnlii
To Ihr Villlnr nf llir t: mint) T.rtlprr:
Sir-Senator Penrose law ttBiiln demonstrated
his dottlltinnro of the nigmdznlion of the He
publican ptrty In this Ktnte and hut promul
gated a platform of platitudes and geneinlltles.
He professes what his last Legislature refused
tn enact Into laws, albeit his ptofcsslous are
fur ftotn binding patty obligations to do any
thing definite and really remedial, nnd every
one U coiillilenl tint lie docs not Intend that
the iipkI l.i'vlslntuit' shall Impiove on Its pre
decessorr. Ilia inteutlin to sccute re-elnctlnn
as t'ulted States Senator and the power he
w kills throuuh his organization to thnt end nro
the ulai tiling Ihlnys. Yet ho can he defeated,
as the defeat nf the State toad loan 'hns
tletnnnstrntid. He Is a blluht on his party anil
on tho Slate. THOMAS ItOHS.
Uoylestown, September II, lflll.
.MUST KM) II1S POLITICAL l'OWI'.K
To thr .Mlor the lirmtui) I.cJprr;
Sir The many p-tsons of diversified Inter
ests throughout this Commonwealth, who nto
Intel ested In the forthcoming November elec
tion and wish to soo tho icsull thereof biliiiT
about the defeat of Penrose, are very much
concerned over the attitude your valuable
paper, the livening Ledger, will take during
the campaiuu with respect to his candidacy.
May I not urge upon you the very grave te
sponsiblllty whleh you hold ns editor of
this very excelli nt paper'." The pilmaty eiiin
piilt.ii committed you nunlnst Pentose, and your
active opposition to Ids election dining tho
next two months would have a gieat Induction
In ending bin opportunity fuither to misrepre
sent tills Commonwealth at Washington.
I hope, indeed, thnt you will see your way
clear to oppose, with all the editorial and news
power ot your paper, the clnltns of Penrose
for election In this cnmpalun.
RALPH J. BAKF.R.
Philadelphia, .September II, lflll.
A RECORD OF MISHFJ'RESKNTATION
To the .Mltor of the Urmtiui I.cilncri
Sir I recall, with pleasuie, the billllant light
made by the Prr.t.n Limetun against Senator
Penrose In the prlmatlcs. Il was most crotlll
iblo to tho management of the paper as
Indicating Its Independence and its high stau
ard of service to the people ot this Com
monwealth. Senator Pentose Is now the sumo
man lie wns befoie the pilnmiles. The Fame
reeotd of mlsiepp mutation of the people and
fret vloo of the Interests remains. The sumo
"moral Issue" confronts the oters of tills
Commonwealth. I am glad tn see tho I'vening
Ledger maintain the IiIl-Ii M:mlnnl of ilght
eousucss which it has assumed utidtr its present
management. K. .1. LVXUTT.
Philadelphia. September II. 1!UI.
A MEXACi: TO THE STATE
70 the Editor of thr IWcuittfj Ltttfirv:
Sir Hemeinbeiing the attitude of the Pcnic
Limami during the Seiiatotlu! primary contest
in this State. I am glad 1 tin t you still tecogiilzo
tho "nioiul Usu " as paramount in the general
campaign thi fall. Pentose is a menace and a I
disgrace to all Christendom, and you will bo held '
ie.-ionMIle, In the opinion of a humble IVun- !
sylvaiilan, for an endeavor to prolong this i
ne nn 'e en Pcnns.wv.inia. "tt can lender a
IhMIhk scivln to tills jst-ite bv supporting
the opposing candidate for I'nlted States Sena
tor. Am I conect.'
TllwMAS .1. MOVE!!.
I'nlontowii, September 11. lflll.
DISGRACE TO THE STATE
'l u Ihr Htlitor of thi Ki ruing .Cflef.'
Sit -I am a reader of the Public Ledger ami
have ulwajg admired Its fearless stand on
iIuestloiiK of public interest and its inUc
pt mienee in politics. (Jf late I have been In-leii-ted
ami concerned as to what sin ml the
nveiiiiu Lidgtr won Id take editotiully on
the candidacy of Boies I 'omo.se. In lew of the
ftiet that your paper igorouMy opposed his
nomination, and editorially declared that pen
roseism was a motal issue, I rejoice that you
decided to take a stand against his election in
fin or of Palmer.
With the wide eirculntion which thu Kvenlng
L"d.er Iuih throtiuhotii tho State It would be
nn itnpottnnt factor in bringing about the
d fi it ot ti man who Is n disgrace to the fair
name of this Ciinnion wealth.
Heaver Falls, Pa, September 1!, 1911.
WAGE F101IT ACAIXST SENATOR
To thr Editor of thr Kieulnp Lrdtirr:
Sir It semis to us thut the Kvenlng L-dger
ran render a very great service to tho people
of the Stute and do honor to Itself by opposing
the re-eleition of Holes Penrose to tho I'nlted
States 1-elKil. this full.
Senutor Penrose stnnds for policies and for
political methods that meot the disappiovul of
most ail who have, the public interests uf the
Commonwealth ut heart.
if the Kvenlng Ledger will tuke decided
punitid against IiIh le-electlon it will plobubly
be the turning point In the campuigu and
usxuie the defeat if Senator Penrose.
We tiust thut will will give the matter seimuf
liKuitiii: it. iii:iK)UL.
Wlikefc-Uurie, Stl'binlier 11, lflll,
I'OUCIIIS J'OR REVENUE O.NLV
To thv t:iltor of Ihi f-riuiun l.tilur:
Mir As a scbserllier and leader of the Prnwo
J.n nl ii 'oi owr t nts wars. I want to ex
press to ou my delight that otl ure inlng the
powur of the Gveiiing Ledger uguilist the ro.
election of Senator Penrose, I'or muny yeurs he
hns stood for all that Is worst in Pennsylvania
politics. He has been closely nesuuiattid with
thu disgructful happenings, at the Statu cupitul.
Tho fact ef bis pieience In Washington us Sena
tor from one of the greatest states in the Union
is a standing menace to the higher patriotism, a
censtant eiuourugeineiit t policies lor j w-mju
only- JLriSM H. 110LMLS.
Swarthmoro, September 14, l&H.
SORDID CARICA'ICHE OF STATESMAN
To th Editor or the ;,'i.;ioio Lfiiotr:
SIi-Tho political repututlon of this genera
tlon In the great history of tho Stute demands
that tho battle you have so worthily begun
shall be fought to a victorious end.
HoiircitT '. nnooKs,
Swarthmore, September H, 1911,
WHAT A jrriGE WRITES
70 tht Editor of thi kirntna Ltdtpr:
Sir Would It be deemed wholly impertinent j
and intrusivo if one who Is fond of tho Kveiiliui
J.KPiiEH should suggest thut in ins numule oplii.
Ion there has n'ver been a more opportune time,
iioi Indeed a more marked occasion, tor grtul
pubUe scrvito oy a gieut newspaper than the
J tm only one of its readers who have In,
dulged the hope of seeing tho weight of its in.
liucnca cast into the scales aeslnst PrproiHsm.
Ii C. NBYVCOMH.
Scranton, September Hi 1911.
OPPORTUNE TIME FOR l)Efn.T
To lho Kdltot of tin fiveuina lidact:
Sir It seems to me tht you could net do a
letter vervku foi muchlne-ilOtUii IVnns laula
than to uppos he elevtlun of )lois Penrusu
lor Senator. Tills minis to bu nu opiKMtitne
tliae to get rid of the in. o Ion. und It may
bv effeited b his dife.it lot th. . , t.
S Wll I I. I PI. ICE.
Ucnititiirv Ms-TitftiittPr 14 INI I
' "' i
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
AT I'MItST glance one might think thcro was
. no connection between tho slto of tho
budding where tho Kvenlng Ledger Is Issued'
and Sunday schools., but thcro Is.
Sunday schools arc now so common that their
existence la taken as a matter of course, and
yet only 100 years back they wcro so much
a novelty that they wcro being studied else
where, especially in Kngland, with a view to
Introducing thi.m Into this country.
And when It had been decided to Introdttco
thorn hero, the movement that was organized
to sttppott them had Its homo lit Philadelphia.
JCow the connection between tho Ledger
lluildlug nnd this movement Is simply this,
that lho American Sunday School Union, hav
ing boon fot tiled, made tho ancient building
thou on this slto its headquarters, and rcmalneu'
hero until nbout CO years ago. It removed to
Its now building on Chestnut street, near
Twelfth, from which location It again removed
only a few years ago still further westward.
Hut" the site was historic even before that
day. In the new view of tho group of buildings
on Independence Square, which cm'.cttishcd tho
Columbian Mngnzlno In l'W, there will bo eccn
In the fnicgiound an Isolated structine, named
tho Academy. I'nfortunntcly It Is only the
rear of tho strubtuie that Is ptcsetitcd to us,
but It Is HUlllclent to give us an Idea of tho
chat actor of building which was first erected
on this lot.
This building was erected for tho then new
Academy of the Kplscopal Church, Just about
the Unto the forfeiture of tho cluutcr of tho old
College and Academy of Philadelphia was ac
complished, which, as It turned out, was a good
thing for nil concerned, for that Institution
raised Its head again us tho University of
Tho Kplscopal Academy, which still thrives
after mote than a century of useful service
J In tho eiiuso of education, was organized In
ITS,1;. The Itev. John Andrews was appointed
Its 111 st pllnelpal, and In 17S7 tho institution
lecelied Its eliaiter and also a giant of 10,000
acres of land fiom the Stale.
Its first home was on Fourth street, below
Market, but this provided little more than a
makeshift, and arrangements wore begun for
tho erection of the building on Chestnut street,
west ot Sixth. Tho slto of this structure Is
covered by the Washington Uulldlng, 012 and
fill. Tho building was stilt unfinished In 17SS
when the Academy moved Into Its now homo.
Hut, while the Fourth street house wns too
modest, tills was soon found to bo too ex
pensive, and It was sold in 1791.
Subsequently it beenmc a hotel, and suffered
severely from the lire that destroyed Itlcltctt's
Circus at tho corner of Sixth nnd Chestnut
streets III December, 17?0. Oellor's Hotel, as tho
house was known, was tho fluent hotel In tho
city. Those blstoilc banquets of tho Ficnch
sympathize!. s, who wore tho tricolor cockndo
and It led to .sing the ".Mnisolll.ilfco" In French
as they waved libel ty caps In honor of Citizen
Gullet, woio held here.
Talleyrand himself, while in tho city, Is said
to have stopped there, and the celebrated Doctor
Priestley honored those itffuirs by Ills presence.
In those days the doctor lesided for a time on
Market street, wst of Sixth. Theie Is n long
story to tell nbout Oellei's Hotel Ittolf, but
this Is nbout Sunday schools.
It wns quite a long time uftcrwnrd that tho
American Sunday School Union camo to this
site. The interim was tilled by the building
being used for various purposes, purt of tho
time as a boarding house.
When the nineteenth century opened, strange
ns It may appear, there wns not a Sunday school
in the modern sensu In this count! y. Thcro had
been such schools In Kngluitd since Hubert
Itulkes, a Gloucester, Kngland, ptlntcr, opened
one in this city, and sot un example for tho
entile 'hi latin n wot Id.
Ualkes' Idea took hold, for he scorns to have
beta one uf the llrst to have, not only seen
the connection between neglect and iguoianec
and crime, but to have put fortli a plan by
which this might be letnedled. This plan was
put into opeiatlon In Gloucester in 17S'.'; by
degrees the Idea spread all over Kngland, Lon
don having Introduced this form of instruction
In these llrst schools nn offoit was inado to
liui'li the chlldteu something moro than piety
and cfiriect conduct; It also sought to give.
thetn u ludimeutary education. It should bo
remembered that what we call public schools
wore still a long way off, and those chlldien
whose parents could not pay for their education
got none, our own public school system Is
less than a century old.
What seems to huve been the llrst Sunday
school established in this city wus organized
In Pill by Hubert Slay, who had received his
knowbdgo in a Sunday school in London. May
left the country in IM:', :ut thu seed touk root.
It was nut that the idea was not regarded
ns a good one that It did not take hold taoto
quickly, but there wu the expoiisu attached to
it that had to bo borne. In order to assist
thost Sunday schools that needed It, and nt
tho same time to supply proper literature for
Ihem, tlx4 Philadelphia Sunday and Adult School
I'nlon wus loinii.il in Pr7, New York had a
similar union, and finally, in WIS, It was pro
posed liiut u nutlunul union should bo esluli.
This was the beginning uf the American Sun
day Sehoul I'nlon, which was formed (hut
year, and wus constituted la 18;l, it wus de
cided that Philadelphia wus must centrally )u
cutcil for the headquurters of the organization,
and this became its home. Three years later
the property now 01J and till Chestnut street
wa purchased and the union established here.
Ten ji'im later it had the titles uf SCO of its
aun publications tin lis tutulouuo.
I am not sure of what constitutes a historic
site, but 1 am Inclined to the belief that this
bus same claim to the distinction.
Ytoterday I came across on Instance of gaod
laulthy energy lying dormant.
Amoii' a group uf folks with whom l was
shutting was a oums woman-hardly out of
her plenties who dominated tho wholo group
vith u most rcnuu kabty muunetio personality.
fho fairly erf used sunshine. 1 bavo uer teen
such a pslrlt uf sincere optimum) as this Uttlo
lady put lota lur every word ami gc.turc.
Culous about her personal interests und ac
tivities, I itursituned our hostess.
"This young lady," sh aanwored, "Is the
most eiu-rs'tlc net-son i know. Her sincerity
Is as deep as thv sea. She wants tu do work
oi lb helping suit, Fur instance, she lias a
eraviu fur yaunsters, poor joungsters, those
I but live down in the city's dariw parts. She
W4ltts to go down there end help malu those
Utile tots Jiappy, she them trinkets that everj
child, poor or rich, yoarus for. In fact, she's
got tho mother" Instinct, and In some noble
worts of this sort she would be a real newer.
Then I learned why she was not doing It.
Her weathy father did not want her to Income
'contamtnatd." as be put It. with this sort
of woik "Stay away from ths mlw f th
world nhd you'll keep yourself from u.,
miserable" Think of HJ coming
The father lives n clean, spotles, ntc ,
there he stops. He utterly locks those' eh.,
ncterlstlcs of personality that tend to
ethers toward him. His daughter poj,.
them In goodly measure. Possesses
I have an Idea that this otherwise strong.
charactered Insn was providentially supplied f'
1. 1. child, with that Important power, p rs'oi
allty, that his own make-up lacked
Is the selfish interest In hl daujrhfcr weight
Icr In the balance of his own character It,,
would be the exercise ot this new energy L,!J!
which he wns endowed? "h
1 think not.
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
Not I'lninc. lint
I do not plno for human gore.
lot boldly I assert
I'd like to slap the brainless yap
who calls a girl a "skirt."
I pine not to bring others woo
I trust I'm not so mean;
"t I would like to swat the bo
Who calls a girl a "queen."
I plno to see nn Injured gink
Clutch at himself nnd wall:
But I'd like to boot tho crude galoot
Who calls a girl n "frail."
Now York Evening Sun.
I nm not prone to violence.
Hut I should llko to maul
And kick and muss the Inane cuss
Who culs a gltl "some doll!"
I have no wish to go about
To give a guy a llckiit',
Hut I'd like to clout the looney lout
Who calls a girl a "chicken."
Mastic T hear that your brother's wlfo U
Mnldle Oh, she Is! She's awfully literary!
When she spanks her baby, she docs It with a
Caulion lo Quolcr
"Possibly," according to the Kansas City
Star, "tho poetic gift Is born hi people who
die "mute, Inglorious Shnkespeaics." The
"posslhlly" Is fortunate. Before now It hns
been snul that a Milton a Milton could not pos
sibly be muto or Inglorious.
The Patriot's Complaint
"I object," dcclaicd the Hon. Hrny Lowder,
"to this Oovcrnmcnt tendering Its good olllces
to tho warring Powets of Europe! Why, Iain,?
It all, tlieie ain't enough good olllces to go
around among the patriots hero at home, let
alone wasting 'cm on foreigners!" I'uck.
How Did the Hns Know That?
"Why should a married man bo paid more
than a single man?"
"Tlie matried man ain't so anxious to get
homo early," declared tho boss. Sealtlo 1'ust
Iiitelllgcncer. Pure Milk ami Water
Mis. Uacon On you suppose the milk our
man biings us Is petfectly pure'.'
Mr. Uacon Oh, yes. Why, they my lie m-vr
tires anything but distilled water. Voiikvrs
Tlic Scllich Unite
Shei don't too why you should hesitate to
many on SiflO a vcar. Papa say my gowns
never cost more than that.
He Hut, my dear, we must have something
Slio (petulantly) Tsn't Hint Just like n man?
Always thinking of his stomach? Kansas City
I'air Words or Nothing
"fleorge," said the wife to her generally un-
nppreclnttvo husband, "how do you like my
"Well, my dear," said fleorge, with gteat
candor, "to tell you the truth "
"Stop right tlieie, tieotge! If you're sola,'
to talk that way about it, 1 don't want to
Showing Up Father
A young minister pleached one Sunday to a
mini coiigifgntlon and spent the next day
vNitlng tho people.
At one house the man of the house was ex
ptehslng his nppicchitinu ot the senium in mm
pllmentnry teims while assisting Hie mlnl-hr
to put up Ids team. Ills little sun had Ml. used
him, and after eyolng the minister a minute or
' Why, papa, you said he was it one boss
preacher, und he's got two bosses!" Kansas
Ills Majesty loceived me with giave cnirt.y.
Ah I entered lie had been slttiin, by the lire,
smoking, as usual.
"I camo down to ask you," I said, "if ymi
bavo any comment to make on tho sitttatii u In
Ho rn-,0 swiftly, while his face Hushed with
"Only one thing," ho replied, hotly. I'm a
long time they nave neon caning w.u ny "
same namo as" ho restated in the iliteetlna ot
his w oil-known plant "my demesne .New, sir.
in view of what Is happening in Ettiopi, I w.int
to usk you If you don't think that's a Irani
libej on my own homo town?" Life.
Word- of Wisdom
It's Btliely vety foolish to bear the ill.- uf
Without a soul to share them, a sw.t ant
"Ask tho man who owns nm
Each year you wait Is so much loss: mi urn
not gtowlng young;
Pur better pop tho question tliut tnnilile- nn
"Eventually why not new'-'
Among tho, maidens charming tler i cue
Her heurt Is worth tho winning. b i -" "
kind and truo
"&3 41-100 per cent pure
The slnglo life Is cheapor. a fact l l-nt
And married life brings worty tint some
times grows ocuto ,t
"Coats a little moro than others u "Mb it
The wlfo will make a sunny home, di-i 1 eics
cloud of gloom.
Her lovlns labor lightens and biuhh n 'r
"Cine-. - ihrt
Han't think your life Is all compb te ami .-bun
tho u'cddliiB ring. ,
You may lie overlooking tho most itiip.riani
"Have you a Uttlo fairy In your h-m
TIIR NATIONAL POfNT or A 1EW
That is a mighty urmy which i '"-' m"
lllzed In the United Slutcs thoi dus-tw
arm of school children wiu an f11"! j
Kuril how to solve the problem f hf "'"'
out killing each other as Hie b.iil.aii i"
Tho risht bort of educathm will put an ul i
war. Macon (On.) Chronicle
Of tlu men voters in Chicis-i '-? I"' ""''
voted In the primary on Wnlm-do "t in
women only S per cent, voted What ' ,luJ
mug blow Hint is fui "Votes fi wiuueti
Savannah Morning News.
If emergency tuxatiun be nee. ..!
luxuries bo taxed, not uecesuie ' ''if
of ordinary business. Cong ess shuuW -,;
pel llio cqtnmlttiemei) to impose u '"f u
on their own ingenuity and think u Intl. '"
ami harder. The frdght tux sboubl b- f""onl
and defeated Cnlcago Tribune.
It is an Indictment no imtwii " """ t
escape tluit ikitiiotlsm. whkli outjbt tu ll'"''a
the Ilia l C4.iitiiiuiit and lultn -t i ,
,.. .i ...I.. 1:3 w
11,'ui.ur. Lutiiiuuva Li, uu it'll iiui.i t.'. --
huuiuii inipul t4 that had then uv
bluuu Age ;fau43 City btut
.-j-j-aYLaiMMtjr' iJaWL- 7mi rn 1 1 , ., ,y fit Ik