Lancaster intelligencer. (Lancaster [Pa.]) 1847-1922, December 13, 1871, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

TERMS—Two Dollars per annum payable in
advance._ When the date on the direction la
pasted on the paper has elapsed, the sub
scriber will renew his subscription once or
he will render Maisel( liable to an additional
charge of fifty cents per annum.
SundayTELLIGE excepted NCEß
published every evening, , at
55 per annum in advance.
the most complete in the State and hi cele
brated for the superior elecancepf its work.
Saved by a Little Kindness.
A correspondent of a Western paper
describes the following scene at one of
the Tremont Temple meetings of the
Young Men's Christian Association :
The time of the meeting was up,
when a rough-looking man arose. lie ,
was plainly dressed, and on iris features
were the evidences of long dissipation.
lie spoke under great embarrassment.
" My friends," he said, " for I may
call you my friends, or I will, if you
will allow me to—you see in me a man
who has been a burden to himself and
a nuisance to others for years. I don't
feel that I am worthy to stand here
among these good people.
" But I want to tell you that although
I have been drunk every day for years,
(hal has spared my life, hay had mercy
I on ire, anti I believe He is going to save
hie, bad as I have been. I will tell you
how lie has begun to do it.
I Last Sunday night Hod sent an un
gel to the in the form of a man. 'There
lie Is—pointing to one of theyoung men
I of the Association—and he, by the help
of Clod, saved me. Put for him I should
to-day he dead!"
I " The man, overcome by his emotions,
I paused and wept like a child. Ile pro-
I ,retied :
1 " I'll tell you how it. was. I found
myself after dark at the thaw of Ont. of
the depots of the horse-ears. I was
cold and wet, for it was a rainy night,
and 1 went to the ear-shed turd laid
doWn. A man Pone along and kicked
nu' on the shoulder, anil said, ' Get up
out of this.' I got up and went out into
the storm, and eatue along up as far its
Setanty',l building, a building that (iris
open stair-ways !Mulling lloWil 11 , (lie
' puVelia,lll.
" 1 Went in there to lie:down ; a'police
t (111 leer Calmed me tin the head with Iris
The Hal:ill:in Trumpeter. i mall, " I let out of this,' he said: ' you
''"" 'l ' - ' I ". V hew '
" Learn something, Mang ,tun. ,
'• I went out into the storm again, and
learn something; who knows A
bow use- I
ru t ty he to you . t , Thu,„ said the 1•10111. upltlnng by this building, where
fill it
the rooms of the Voting l‘leit's Christian
Parh Notary one, i
ay, Mali V ears ago.
Assoe l ett ion ale. 'Elie door ‘ , ..10, open, the
a line 2..,ming lad•
light was , -liiiiing on the lloor, :OM I
Mang Anton considered lot a while,
„ m i then said, ~ I , i ,,„, i ~i ,, ,,,,,m e what , thought I hat it looked warm, so I s err
hire!! Hi and laid down there.
1 Want ho learn."••l fell asleep, hill Was wakened by
'•I Int, with it !"
o we ll , I witiii to , ii , i, the (num .., ~. that man , pointing to the palm; Mali
again l, crime ie, eae to lim as he Was going
The Dorsey smil ii ed. for he expected
round to i•lose up the Itiiihling, and
something II Itl
t0r.... t.i.feretit; however, a.
tnan's will is, his kingdom, and Maier suk'' kindly 1- " lut '' ""'l said, "I
let ti t'
Anton reveivtul a trumpet. ("or 1111111;. a nti , carne up s tairs, and I will give you
a year did he trumpet away, well or ill, a "" I '''' . 1 " a " L° ''' l " .l.-
to the praise or I ;0,1 and the delight, (4. " Such a kind Word I l o rd' not heard
fora year. II broke my heart " Again
men, al shouting-twitches, marriages,
llie poor Man stilt, and otheis wept
family feasts and ot het great maarsions,
t! tit last, like other y'lilltllS, ilt• re. 11•1- wit h ,ti,, hill''
ali ,
- e Loo k Intl Ilan it Will'lll 1,0111 anti
1..11 his twenty-tied year.
let me sleep ill a carpet by the stove—
As conscript Mang Anton WIC., 11/1 . -
the best lied I have had Mr a year. I
tannic,and drew one of the highest .
Was all rags. In the morning he took
nimibers In his district. In Is." 01 he was
«ll' my rags and gave me these (dollies I
ordered to NI rinieli, Ind every one vont
have tin. I have not boll anything Ilk ,
F'Orteil him by telling him that on to.-
this for years.
count a his high 'lumber he would
"He took lire to a coll.,- house and
soon be free. Ile went away joyfully,
gave me breakfast, and brought me hael,
for he hail never seen the residence of
here, locked the door, and took rib his
the sovereign,
w ohs trumpet would„„ re l y be hh ,„.„ „.,,II Them. :\ h „„d_ Bible and asked ins if I would like to
hear him read in that book :old pray. I
some powerful lad, In.St as soon made a
said I would, and I did.'_! wanted li,
euirassier In spite of his high number.
pray myself. I wanted to thank God
Ho passed his lime as recruit in the
that lie had sent an angel to save any
training-selmot at Nyint 'Mont mg. I nie
life arid stiateln me from eternal death.
evening he took m
the instruent of one
” I wanted lit hear him pray. Ile dill
or the signal trumpeters, and Mow it
pray. lie ',rayed tor me, that Duel
slow sad strain - his heart Was far :nutty
hi h i, 1 ,,,,,,,, , up w,,,,,,g the h e „ t it ith 1 W( . 1.11i1 forgive Me 2111 1 1 help me to leave
drunkenness. Th l.t was too inueli. Al
mountains anitiiig his dear tines there -
,Way mem m
the decants o y
f his }'nulls. ler doing s " "It"' lie' we ' In go to I rod o
and ask him to forgive e me —that was too
One f tin 'eofficers heard the strange
much ;it broke me down. 1 prayed too.
sound, inquired about him, and litile-,
I said, Lord, forgive ate, and I writ !ley-
Anion sus 11111,11. trumpeter.
About that t i me he ~,.,,h , to ow, , (di, er drink any more. And the Lord did
how often I think or the word., ' Alttng l w g iv•. ' me—right there. 1 felt it. I
felt in toy soul an utter Mitred to any
.‘titon, learn something; who knows
thing under the name of liquor. I
how useful it Hilly lee ti. vial '.'"
could hot drink now it' it Was «tiered inc.
In Isntl he was still th,re, and in 1.70,
The thought of it sickens me.
after. the reduetiou of his regiment., was
" l'his man has found In, a place to
made its mounted trumpeter, anti tw-
wor k , aio t 1 alit a happy roan, for 1
conipatiiial it into Frani., An extract
(Erni., our of his 1 ,,,,, r , „„ l i „ how iwts , feel that I ant saved from a drtinkartrs
death. 1 feel that I may live now at
things prospered WWI him therc: " I
few years and do some good sontehoW ;
hove,as you know, learned not, only
h ow 11l bl ow the iron , p,, , toll , to ride,
every day ,bears testimony to I lie
power of (mod in mum—every (lay tells
and was appointed trumpeter to the
sta ll. a the I ienei .„l, „„ the in„reh. My the world that a drunkard can lit re
lieneral is kind to its, and lately 1, a c laimed *
" But it was all the Lord's doing
mere trtimpeter, was allioNetl to taken
through this society. Butfor this society
ride on a tienerat's horse, inn tilt, park at
I should not now be here. \\' bile I live
Ferrieres. How beautiful it is! Al
most 11,1 henuitifut as at home in Schwan- I shun pray rm.the'n'' And whiie I live
I shall pray for the poor drunk.ard, for
gait ! F'errieres belongs to AL Rod's
„,„.„, i in ,: 1 know now that Inc can be reclaimed.
child. AL the very Christian friends, when you pray, do
voluntarily grasped my poor slew- not forget the poor wanderers that are
der purse, yet I Wltti proudtollllll my-
kicked from shed to shed—the poor
se lf t h ere , f or it Is no t every one w h o
drunkard that the world don't care any
is allowed to ride in Ferrieres. I heard
tiding for.”
the trampling of horses, but did not
The meeting closed and many friendly
trouble Myself about. Omni and rode on.
hands were reached out to greet the poor
Suddenly, till coining to a turn, I saw a
reformed man, who seemed to be al
brilliant, suit of officers of high rank be
ready in the vestibule of heaven.
fore Ins. I rode to the 'side, halted, and
said to myself, 'Attention !' Mr at the -I . : va"rleb ,. (l l ,11-, ' ,8,11 . , ./et.
head of the riders came the old King
Visiting a Paiimbrolier's Shell.
himself! Ile lurked at me, stopped, and
turing rest the right, pulled up his horse Let those who dwell in palaces on our
and n the stopped also. The °lnver aristocratic avenues, and clothe them
on his right, rode fo'rward, and placed selves inn purple and line linen, tear
me right opposite the King. 'Your themselvessome Saturday evening from
.Itijesty ' said he, this is the Bavarian their easy-chairs and warm lire-sides
11101111Let ' l triiiiipeter, Manguss Huss, of and pass an hour or two on making a
the third regiment the gave iny name tour of the pawnbrokers' stores in New
tlini surname Witlintiti,lllN'ingllSkell Ole.) York City, a correspondent writes, and
Ilk king gave him the cross (if merit, study the terrible, thesorrow-striel:ing,
:11111 he received the irdir cross at NN'ortli- the fearfully real scenes of human niis-
FroselAweiler ; this is the trumpeter cry, sorrow and depravity which may
who, wider a deadly titre, continued to be witnessed in them any and every
sound the advalice in the attack on Mae- night. 'They need not go far from the
:shawl ramp.' The King reached o ut Bowery. Any street leading from that
his hand to lire—use, it poor trumpeter— crowded thoroughfare will furnish them
and all his suite cairn. forward ; all but all the information they could desire,
Iwo of them lime the , iron cross, and though almost. any street in this great
they shook hands With are. Tears roll- l'ity could duplicate it. There they
ed over any brown cheeks tool mous- will see some brawny, honest-faced la-
Melo-, l emild not speak a word. I stood borer pawing his spade or his tools be
alone Left,' the noble riders. Ile who cause his Chion Inas ordered him out on
presented' me to the King was 110110 a strike, and this is the only Illeatis left
other than the Crown Prince of Prussia. to him wherewith to supply another
'Floss,' said In', 'when we came up you loaf of bread to the children. There
threw away a lighted cigar into the gar- they will see some treitildlingyollug ch I
den ; you may he glad that it is in time whose white and dainty lingers pro
of war, otlicrwise no limn would dare claim al once the delicacy Of her [Wr
it/ throw burning cigar-ends into lure, trying M borrow a dollar on a
the garden of ittitlischild ;' then, pair of plain gold ear-^ings or some
smiling, he handed me his ease, other little trinket, perhaps the last
Saying, ' May Sou like the eon connecting link with better times, In
tents,' and pointing to Paris, Lidded, order that the sick lather she so dearly
' \Ve shall meet there!" I rode slowly loves tinny be sure of the necessaries of
away, wiping the tears from iny eyes, life at least till Monday. How plain
and it was well I had not my trumpet Lively sire asks the dried.up-kinking
with rue, for in the joy of my heart I hard-featured little Jew, who is propri
would have blown the advance on Paris etor of the store, if lie cannot possibly
there and then. Such or the contentslend -her more than fifty cents on them.
of the ease as Wl'll. Mr smoking I l hove l " You can tal:e 'rut away," he replies
smoked; they were my first and prolia- in a rough Off-hand Manlier, :is he 1.0,5-hly
hly my last royal cigars. The tinder es the much prized trinket on the cotin
notes \Odell it also co:dale...l I will not ter ; " looney is scarce, and I don't care
use, 1 send. them to you for the relief of touch about lending to-night." l'oor
lily poor wounded comrades. 'l'lle case thing! She takes her fifty cents and
I will keep its a reilletillierance or the hurries away ; only to() glad to escape
proudest , day of inly life, anti if I die lie- from the presence of ltapacity. 'l'lle next
fore you --witiell, in spite or my youth, Comer is a poor overworked washerwo
-1 think very likely to be the ease—then until, compelled to borrow money on
you shall keep it, hn• the kind interest. her stove-irons in order to buy the Sun
you have always taken in ore. In that (lay dinner lot her children, becaues
case you will emnfort my dear old raw- some heartless woman inns taken her
Brand my sisters." ilaughterB to the theatre. and left orders
This foreboding was, alas! too sllOll Wittl the servants to "tell the washer
(Mailed ; spared iii live battles, he itied woman, when she conies, to call for
a few days atter this or typhus fever, 11l her money next week." flow men will
Corbel!. There lies Ilig,tois Itoss pus- lie! For the chances of selling this poor
sessor ofithe iron-cross, of the Bavarian woman's stove irons unredeemed pledg
military (inlet - of inierlt, and of the noel- es, at five or six times the priee for
ale of 1,51111. w Well they were pawned, lie tells her
-............ that lie has already taken in 10-eight. so
~ many articles of the Sallie description
Atilt he Call only lend her a trifling sum
on them. Poor Soul! Sine knows his
class too well.. She lakes the poor pit
tance that lie otters her, and makes
room for the next victim without de
nial-. All ! here is one after the pawn.
broker e Srown heart. At a glance he sees
a bargain. lie knows that there is money
hi be made out of the ntiserable creatures
who stands regarding, him with half
defiant eye ; whose bloated face and ill
clad, half-starved babe tell plainly the
Iron ible story of her fall, her Misery and
her degradation, as she recklessly oilers
to pawn the very shawl ell' her back in
order to procure one more indulgence in
the awful vice which has been her de
struction. And then a little child,
whose head scarce reaches to tile coun
ter, (but she has been there many a time
before!) hands in some paltry articles
of clothing, in order that she any buy
bread or medicine for the mother who
is dying around the corner. And so the
nightly round of the pawnbroker's bus
iness goes on—a study for the painter,
a scene for the labors of the philan
thropist, an act in the drama of real life
terrible to contemplate.
Three, only three, my dart Ink,
tleparuto, solemn, slow ;
Not.lllce the wit I. um! Joyous
We used to know
Winn] we kissed I)CCILUSe we loved eucll oth
Simply to taste love's sweet,
And:n/hilted our kisses us the Summer
Lavishes heat,—
But as they kilns whose hearts are wn ute
When hope and fear are spent.
And nothing Is Intl to give,exeept
A. sacrament!
Firstor the three, incl darting,
Is sacred unto pain
We have hurt earls Other often
We shall again,
When we pine bemuse we Ink", each et her,
And do TM! understand
How the written word,. are vf, uiurh raider
'nun eve end hand.
I like thee, dear, for all such pa\ n
Which we may glVe rn tube ;
Burled. forgiven,
The Nevi - nal It ley 4111 AI au,
In full of Joy'm navel thrill
We have blessed each other al ,
We shall reteell until we feel each el hel
Past all of time anti Sinn , :
We shall listen till We h , • n r ,•ec:h
In every place;
The earth Is hill of MeSseligers,
Whiell Illte sends to and
I kiss thee, darllag, fir
Tile last i(14,1, .11, Illy liarilll . 4,
My love I Vallll , ll S.•••
Through my Lehr,,;., I ivni,o,h.,
Whitt IL may he.
We lofty clit• iii•ver eaolL
Dle with nn t O.ilat
Any sign that rair
To tile,
TOkellOi what they II 111 11.
Witt, see our lain I nv Itrealh,
This one !not lih.s ;ti ooy darling, ~ eaia
4val llleal '
Let Lititner Try
The labors of the watching wile were
now drawing 'toward their close. Her
husband would require little more of
earthly care. How wavy came his
breath! How death-like his counte
nance! As she turned to him once
again, and looked and listened, she dis
covered that . i he "days" of his "mourn
ing" were "ended." When the first
burst of pent-up grief had passed, a
glorious resolve occurred to the widow's
spiritual nature, which she immediately
carried into practice. She was alone
with the corpse and her children. She
took her six little ones, sleeping or wak
ing, from their humble beds. But let
us give her own words : Come, chil
dren," I said, " come. The Lord has
taken away your cart hly father; I must
give you now afresh to your Heavenly
father!" end placing the wondering
Infants on their knees around me, I
knelt fn their midst, and prayed. I said :
"0 my God! you have taken away
these children's father. My heart is
overwhelmed. What am Ito do with
them? You must find them bread, and
enable me to bring them up for thee."
There was more of this prayer, but
we pause. Let us describe Its blessed
results. These are her own words : "
rose from my knees wonderfully
strengthened. illy load seemed gone.
It was just as if I had heard the Lord
say, " I will do all you have asked."
My load was gone. I felt so strength
ened and comforted, I returned the
children to their beds, and prepared my
husband for the grave."
What a subject this for the painter's
wondrous art—the dead father in his
bed, the strangely grouped children, the
widow, with upturned face, kneeling in
their midst He who could paint this
subject 'worthily should paint for bread
no more. His picture would be worth
a nation's purchase.—Rem R. W. Van
&ic/ 'garttOtet sractii,eit?er.
A Forgotten Alpine Tunnel
The Mont Cenie tunnel is not the first
oue through the Alps. More than 300
years ago, a tunnel was built by the Mar
quis or SaluCes, through the Mont Viso,
at whose foot the Po rises. It is about
one-sixth us long as the Mont Genie tun
nel, and:considering the difference in
the methods and implements in use, it
was quite a bold undertaking. It opens
on the Italian side at the very source of
the Po, about 2000 yards above life level
of the sea, and more than Lilso yards of
its length is cut in a straight line through
the solid rock in the very heart of the
Alpine chain. It was intended to be
used as a turnpike road, and is to this
day the only direct route from Ii mbrun
to Saluces. Partly destroyed by the
King of Sardinia, so as to impede the in
vas,un of the French Republican armies.
it was afterwards repaired and improved
by Napoleon 1. Strange that such a
I *lit. should have been almost forgotten,
t 'fi.ana should now be of no practical use.
Forgot Ills Ramrod.
There is perhaps no man who has
hunted much but that has at some time
left the ramrod of his gun at home, and
found it out after getting several -miles
away from home. There is a story told
of General Kellogg, of Wisconsin.—
There was a time when he used a muz
zle-loading gun. When he got the new
one lie loaded u lot of shells, and early
one morning he shouldered his gun and
walked upabove Onalaska. He was go
ing to make a whole day of it and have
fun. He put his (log into a field and
soon got a covey of chickens. lie killed
I wo and marked down the balance of the
flock in a piece of meadow, the nicest
place in the world for nice shooting. He
was excited and perspired like a butcher.
After picking up Hie two chickens he
fell in his pocket for his powder flask,
when lo! it was missing. His eyes
stuck out" so that you could hang your
hat on them, and he became more ex
, cited, when glancing at the gun, he
I missed the ramrod. This was too much.
IHe may have sworn. He thought of
the thirty chickens in the meadow, and
decided in a nmtnent. lfastily, calling
his dr , oil*, he started for (Malatika, and
proceeded to a livery stable, ) hig face red
with walking and suppressed emotion.
Ile told the livery man if he would take
Min to La Crosse and hack in an hour
and a half lie would give him a ten
! dollar note. The livery man hitch
ell up in a naiinent, and then dust
was soon hying on the road to La
Crosse. On the way the driver couldn't
get hall' a dozen Words out of Kel
logg, and made tip his mind lie must
have escaped from some asylum. How
ever, they' arrived in a little less than
ibrly minutes, and stopped at Kellogg's
house. The general rushed in, leaving
' the door wide open, his hair was tilled
with dust, and charged into the room
where he usually kept his,thooting tools.
The lady of the house was somewhat
! alarmed at his action , , and with much
interest ill his case, she said :
' "Why, general, what is the mat ter:'
WI iat has happened '.'
Nothing,, my dear," says the Gen
eral between his clinched teeth, as lie
'tolled down an old game bag, looking
,Mr the lost Fatima'. " Nothing, only I
' left the ramrod of my gun at home, and
there are forty acres of chickens at On
alaska, waiting for inc. I'lease help me
nod it."
The lady le ' gait to laugh. The (Mu
tual looked at her in astonishment.—
The idea that levity should he indulged
in at such a trying moment, was too
much for him. He was about to go
down to the cellar to see if the rod
hadn't fallen that way, when the lady
said: " Why, -General, with your new
breech-loading„ one hundred and seven
' ty-tive dollar gun, you don't need a
ramrod ; you loaded the cartridges need!
The General Mititeil.„- - irjust then oc
curred to him twat--IM - hail supposed all
the time he had his old gun along. The
re-action was so great, that he conclud
isd not to return to Onalaska, so ho Went
out and gave the driver eleven dollars,
the extra dollar if he would never men
tion the circumstance. Those chickens
may be waiting for him in that Mild
Venetian Gondolas
is built upon seveiiiY'L"'" 1,1
ands. The main part of the city is built
upon forty-two islands, ;.dosely cluster
ed together ; and there are thirty others
upon ‘v Welt various public and private
institutions are built. The houses are
very high, and most of the canals nar
row, so that viewing the city from any
lofty position, it looks as it the princi
pal part was built upon a single island.
The (intuit Canal is, as its name im
plies, the principal canal in Venice.—
It is very broad and has a wind
ing course through the city. Nu
merous smaller canals run into it.—
These canals are bridged over, so th at
foot passengers eau travel from one part
of Venice to the other. There is no such
things as a carriage in the city, and even
traveling about on horseback is not to
be thought of. The travel from one part
of the city to another is through narrow
passages between lofty houses. While
in the city I did not see any signs of
either donkey, horse, or other beast of
burden or travel. All travel otherwise
than on shanks' mare is done by goti
dolas, which are light boats, sharp
at both ends, and with a place amid
ships for passengers. They are paint
ed black, according to 311 ancient
law. They have in the centre either an
awning or a cabin covered with black ;
and as one sees into of these sombre look
ing things moving slowly and quietly
along, it reminds him of a funeral. I n
ancient times the ancients vied with
each other in the magnificence of their
gondolas, till it reached to such an ex
tent that the I iovernment had to put a
stop to it. These gondoliers are propel
led by one or two oarsmen, who always
worked standing up, facing forwariband
never use more than one oar each. It is
wonderful with what skill they manage
these boats:with a single oar. They are a
very cheap mode of conveyance, and can
be hired a whole day for SI, each boat
carrying three or four persons. There
are what they call omnibus gondolas,
propelled by four or live men, and these
run to different parts of the city. (Ming
!Mont in 'gondolas is the moat comforta
ble mode 14 sight-seeing that I have en
joyed. Before the ditferent palaces and
other buildings are numerous upright
lusts in the canal, which are for the pur
pose of securing the gondolas. In an
cient noble families each individual
possessed his own gondola. At all the
principal landings is always au old man
who makes a show of holding the gon
dola while you get out, and for which
he receives a fee of one cent.
Convicts at Work
There are two classes of labor employ
ed in the coal-mines or Tennessee, free
labor and convict labor—but the con
vict never comes in contact with the
lowest workman. They are employed
in different parts of the mine and never
(nine together. The (lovernor and the
committee proceeded lately to inspect
the system of working the convicts.
They were first taken to the stockade
in which the convicts, to the number
of 115, are confined when not at work.
The area enclosed is a little more than
an acre of ground, and the palisade is of
stout timber sufficiently high to
prevent escape. Inside of this en
closure are the cells and the va
rious buildings required for the use of
the convicts. They cook their own
meals, preparing in the morning suffi
cient food for their dinners. At sunrise
they are taken to the wines under guard,
each roan taking his dinner with hiin.
They are distributed through the mine,
two to work in each " chamber " or
" room," and a certaiu task is allotted to
each gang, usually sixty dump car-loads
per week, though the task varies accord
ing to the nature of the ground. Where
the vein is small or there is much wast-
age, a less amount is required. Fur a
coal taken out in excess of the task the
convicts receive pay. I f they should fall
below the amount required of them, and
there should appear no izood reason,euch
as a difficulty in the nature of the ground
ora large percentage of the wastage, they
are punished for it. Thus far, however,
there has very rarely been found any
necessity fur inflicting punishment,
while in the majority of instances the
convicts have exceeded their tasks.—
Care is taken not to apportion as much
labor to unskilled hands as toexpert and
active men. At 5:30 P. i•l., they knock
off work and are taken to their bar
racks, leaving their implements be
hind them in the mine. After cooking
and eating their supper they are
allowed to clean themselves and dry
their clothes, and then are locked up
in their cells for the night. The roll is
called immediately afterward, each pris
oner being required to show himself to
the guard at the bar of his cell when his
name is called. While they are at work
in the mines two guards are stationed at
the entrance with shot-gunsdoaded with
buck-shot, and this is found sufficient to
prevent escape] Every Sunday morn
ing the convicts are taken, in gangs of
ten at a time to the wash or bath-house,
and are required to wash themselves
thoroughly and to change their cloth
ing. With these regular baths, whole
some food, and medical attendance
when they are unwell, they are kept in
good condition.
Among the articles deposited in the
corner-stone of the Capitol, at Des
Moines, are photographs of the police
force at Des Moines,
Marie Antoinette.
But the end of all was at hand—her
trial and death. No one could be found
bold enongh to defend her, and the tri
bunal was obliged itself to appoint coun
sel. It was on a dull October morning
that she was conducted from the Con
ciegerie through the dark winding pas
sage of the ancient monastery iu which
the trials were held. The Hall of Con
vention is a large gloomy apartment,
with sparse and narrow windows,
through the dusty panes of which the The Roman Forum.
dull yellow light without creeps slug- The ground thus reclaimed from the
gishly. A few dimly lit lamps are scat- river, lying us it did between the three
tered here and there, but the atmos- chieehills of Rome, became naturall
phere is heavy and foggy, and half the the -co[[[coa meeting-place of its cit y hall is indistinct and full of shadows.— zens. The old Forum was an oblong
On the lower benches sit the butchers spave, the longer sides of which b ong
their blood stained aprons and ured about two hundred yard ; the
e r
! short not r from y. Round
long, sharp knives gleaming in their
is c
belts. thonfinedfa sevent
space were grouped the
Above them sit the trisefem,,—terr- ! 'oust important buildings of republican
ble as the ]' ha re—weaving the weft of Rome--the temples of the most ancient !
fate ; some have cards in their hands, , and venerated gods, the Senate-house, I
: the Comitium, and the Rostra. Upon
upon which, by the prick of a pin, they
it stood the statues of a legion of nation- !
count the votes for and against as they
are declared from the Tribanc. Every- al heroes, and atatc'e it rose on one side i
where are scattered scowl ing faces, eager the glittering temple of Capitoline Jove
for the blood of the unhappy wo m a n. ! and the inviolate citadel, and on the
! other side the mansions of the Senators,
From without come the murmurs of the
savage crowd, threatening death to ! or, in later times, the palaces of the Eln
those deputies who dare to 'vote against Perora.
the co
as ndem na ion of "I'Antrichiejafr,••• 1 By the artists' aid the reader. may
stand upon the slope of Capitoline Hill
and the doors open and shut, their
stir and tierce cries surge heavily into and look down upon this, the most in
the court. The trial lasts three days. , terest ing. spot of ancient Rome. In Clo
the court.
the last day the proceedings begin ! foreground, upon the left, are all that
at noon and last until four the next ! remain or the once magnificent temples
morning. All these hours the Queen ! if Vespasian and Saturn. [poll the
of France stands in the hot, polluted at- right the site of the Basilica Julia is
mosphere, Willi Ont aught passing her marked by recent exeavations. Three
lips. (turning with thirst she begs for solitary pillars cat- the probable lo
a drink of venter; no one dares to stir cation of a temple of Castor. In the
lest he should be marked as a sa,pe,./- distance are to be seen the Arch of Con-
Faint and exhausted she asks a second stantine and the ruin of the Coliseum.
time, and then an officer of gendarmes, 'ln this Forum, if we may believe the
in whose heart a spark of humanity yet records of ancient Rome, in which meth
lingers, puts a cup of water in her eager, and history are inextricably intermix - et',
trembling hands. A liow lOf disap- A irgi Mims, whose deed of doubtful hero
probation follows the act. lie will he ism M
of an avauley has
in '
dismissed, but history will inimortalite " Lays cient slew
him. daughter le save her from dishonor ;
ctmenta against her are nu- and from the crowd here gathered to
The indi
memos and absurd. Vor instance, one avenge her death, Appius Claudius
charge is the number of shoes she has tied to the refuge in the neighboring, !
worn out' The money she has distri- Mount l'alatine. I fere, in token of
laded in charity is charged against her the vengeance of the gods, the earth
as bribes to buy over the people. To all yawned into a fearful chasm, which
her answers are calm, simple and eon- nothing could close till into it had been
else. At length Hebert charges her cast the most precious thing in Rome
with having corrupted her own child. and into it rode full armed for battle
At that horrible charge a shudder runs , Manlius Curti us, type 01 the Roman
through the court. She silent, bllt, hero, and the vengeance of the gods was
the muscles in her face quiver. The sated, and the solid earth closed again
question is pressed, and then, with a (ever his tomb. and down the wid
heaving breast., she turns linen her 111 . - , (Ile of this Forum, in the days of Cicero,
case with sublime indignation, cryiug: paraded the brielless barristers waiting
"If I have not answered it is because I for a cauae. If antiquity gives re
spectability, the peripatetie advertisers
nature itself revolts against such an ac
cusation brought against a mother. who imminent our public streets are
ap „ a i mo th er , i„.,„„._k i t I pursuing a most respectable avocation.
bie'''? ! }[ere stuumespeaking had its birth.—
Hence we derive our name of rostrum,
A murmur runs through the court—'l
even the furies of the guillotine are soft- for, from wooden platforms here con
etrueted, and decorated with the beaks
cued by that pathetic appeal. Calmlystrutted,
she listens to the sentence of death, and or captured ships, the demagogues of
leaves the court without a murmur. It ;indent Route harangued the turuultu
back to , ous people. lo this Forum, which, like
strikes four as she is conducted
her cell. A few hours more and the ! a New England court-house, was both
tumbril takes her to the Place de la the site of judicial trials and of public
, popular gatherings, Cicero delivered
Revolution. 'there, facing the gardens
of the Tuileries, the guillotine raised its ! those orations whose eloquence has out
grizzly head ; and there, facing that pal- ! lived the temples of gods and the me
ace, whither she had been conducted by ! morials of empires. Here, with grand
the king amid the acclamations of.a Ha- I but undeserved honors, took place the
Lion, surrounded by adoring nobles, funeral or Claudius. his shameless
w h o would h ave risked t h e i r lives foe. Here the horrible wars of ;Vila
a thousand times to win a smile from and Marius were followed with execu
her lips, consort to the heir of the most tions yet more horrible, until the Forum
splendid throne of Christendom, young, ran red with blood, and the people,
dazzlingly beautiful, splendid hi jewels, wearied with internecine strife, were
buoyant with happiness, knowing son- ready to accept the comparative peace
row only as a name, a prematurely-aged and prosperity which the Empire La
woman with white Imir, a p allid, co rn
forded. I LereC:esar fell, victor of many
face, furrowed by tears, attired in filthy I battles, to be at last the victim of assas
sins and this is the scene of that grand
lays her weary head beneath the !
knife, amid the obscene songs, the 1..X0- j funeral oecasion vehicle Shakspeare has
erations of the vilest of the human race; eonverted into a drama more true, be
and the body of her Who for thirty-live ! cause more life-like, than history itself.
years had reposed upon velvet and satin the Smya I'M passed those niag
s thrown into a ditch, and there con-. [decent triumphal processions which
:mined with , characterized the reign of the Emperors
and marked by their ostentation and
, display the decay and approaching dis-
A City Undertaker. ! solution of Ranee ; for he who devotes
There is in New Orleans a long, lean ! to celebrating exploits those energies
lank fellow, though " a hard un to look which should be devoted to performing
at," 1111,1 to perfect mania for playing them has already ceased to be great;
practical jokes—and little does it con- and this is as true of nations us individ
cern him whether they are of a grave or uals. Surrounded by the temples upon
of a gay:character, and he is equally in- whose ruins we are looking, or within,
different upon the subject of whether their walls, Wok place the trial of the
the victim be un acquaintance or an primitive • Christians, whose only
entire stranger. 'Phis devil-may-care offence against good morals was that
acquaintance has several peculiarith s they refused to participate in im religion
of personnel by which his friends read- whist[ Rome's wisest philosophers,with
ily recognize hint, and they have fur- unanimous voice, pronounced a fraud;
uished bun with as many aliases as are and thus in imperial Rome grew up
possessed by the most notorious travel- that spirit of persecutiou which the
ing professional that ever had his mug Christian Church failed to exercise, taut
displayed in a rogue's gallery. which, driven from the city for a rea-
One of Joe's latest jokes was played oil son, returned to ecclesiastical Rome in
upon a stranger, who came into the city sevenfold foree, like the devil in the 'Kir
by the Jackson train during the rec!eit II able.- // , /rp , r's
fright about yellow fever.
The ears had emptied !nit their cargo
of passengers, and one greenish, COW,
try-lookin4 chap stood apart from the
crowd with carpet-bag in hand, evident
ly at a loss as to what he should do with
himself. llc had not stood long before
Joe "went for him."
" Five feet nine high ; ton feet eleven
across the breast, eighteen inches
through," said Joe, looking the new ar
rival as straight in the face as his crook
ed neck would allow, not cracking a
smile, and drawing from his pocket a
tape line with which he was about to
verify his estimated measurement.
"NV hat do you meau, sir: " ' eagerly
inquired the stranger.
'• Why, it's all right !" said Joe put
ting the tape line back in his packet.—
'• You measure live feet nine, by two
feet eleven by eighteen. It'll he ready
for you by 9 o'clock in the morning."
" What have you to do with my
measurement, sir:' What are you driv
ing at, sir."' inquired the eountryman,
" Why, you see," said Joe, " I'm the
city undertaker, and the yellow fever
is killing the strangers off so rapidly'
that I have to get their measures as they
come into the city. If I aid not, sir,
the dead bodies would accumulate on
my hands."
At this, an unusual pallor canoe over
the features of the countryman; his
whole body was in a quiver, and turn
ing to the baggage nia-ter he said :
"Lank here, mister!. Cle bag
gage back up the road. I. goes Mane by
'‘e next train."
Good Story of 31r. Servant
James Brooks writes to the New York
EJpress front China:
They tell te,goodstorylin Pekin of (;ov
ernor Seward when here, doubtless a lie,
but too good a story to he lost for that.
The expectations of the ex-Governor
were doubtless great, when he entered
the great capital of this great empire,
with which he had 'mole a great treaty;
and he, therefore, indulged in these great
expectations of a great welcome. As he
entered the gates of Pekin, a great fu
neral procession was coming out, with
music, catafalque, etc., all as imposing
as a grand procession of some great dead
man could well be made. The Governor
was entering with the Marine Band of
Colorado, mounted on donkeys, as this
grand procession was going out. The
great living and the great dead thus met.
The Governor, naturally enough, con
cluded this was in honor of his grand
entree, and lie rose, and rose, in his open
Sedan chair, and bowed, and bowed, and
then ordered a halt, and got out, and
bowed, and bowed again, to the catafal
que and the dead. The Chinese think
all foreigners are rather mad, and hence
did not marvel over it as much as they
might ; but when Governor Seward
found out what he had done, the story
is he was more mad than pleased.
A Match for Harry Bassett
A correspondent of the New York
Jlei•aLdd has visited old John Harper,
owner of the famous horse Longfellow,
at his Kentucky home, and gives the
following in his account of the visit.
After listening to old John for some tunic
about the great merits of Longfellow as
a race horse, I propounded several ques
tions about his future designs, which
were as follows :
Question—Do you Intend training and
running Longfellow the coming Spring?
Answer—Yes, sir ; I not only intend
to train him when I recover from my
injury, but I will take him North and
run him against Harry Bassett, or any
other horse in the world, as I think
he is the fastest horse alive when in
condition, I will take more pains with
him next Spring than I ever did before.
Question—Will you have your horses
on in time for the first meeting at Je
rome Park?
Answer—That I cannot say. I have
my young ones entered in the stakes at
that place, and will try and have them
there to run ; but I do not intend run
ning Longfellow until I get to Long
Branch. After that I will run him at
every race course in the Northirand I seating himself as he deposited his but
there will be none to beat him. and cane on the floor—" Well, salt, I've
Question—Do you really think Long- been thinking th our race don't pay
fellow can beat Harry Bassett :'enufr attention tat o
scientific pursuits,
Answer—Harry Bassett is a great nag. salt."
yet I think Longfellow has the foot of We saw the cloud gather ou the Intel
him as far as he can go. Ido not know lectual countenance of the journalistic
how far he can go, but I believe that I Bohemian. It broke in thunder at that
can put hi tu in condition to last as long point. In a voice wherein was blended
as Harry Bassett or any other horse in the shrill tones of a hysterical WOlll5lll
the world. and the growl of a tiger, he exclaimed :
" Scientific pursuits! You damned old
fool; you want a hoe handle and a
patch of New Jersey—that's the scien
tific pursuit you want. Get out."—
itevengeful Punishments.
We once knew of a little child who
had stolen a couple of figs 01l the des
sert dish on the day of a dinner party.
The theft was discovered, and her nailer
made her wear the figs on a string round
her neck the whole evening, with roll
explanations why. We heanl the story
when the child had grown *up to he a
woman, and from Indr own lips ; and
she said that to this hour she sulfered
from the shame of that evening ;
it was burnt into her, and made a
wound inetraceable for life. It was a
tremendous punishment for the fault;
tine fault itself being in so young a child
as she was—live years old only—one that
might have been punished and reformed
by milder measures. It seems to have
been a mistake, judging from the bitter
ness with which the father's character
was spoken of—she said she had ceased
to love him from that day—and from tile
stern uud loveless nature of the woman
herself it seemed to have cast out all
softness from her. And though, to be
sure, she stole no more Jigs, yet she had
learned her lesson of keeping her lin
gers from wandering into the region of
forbiddmi dainties at too severe cost.—
The policy of humiliation is a danger
ous one at all times and on all occasions,
and far more souls have been crushed
by this than sins have been confirmed
by overleniency. To t. estroy all self
♦ respect is to destroy all healing power,
1 anti to prevent all p..ssihility of :1 re
-1 mma. In dealing with the faulty,
however hard we may tie on the sin, we
~il, , .ht always to reserve a way of restor
i aeon to the sinner.
Kidnapping hxtraordlnary
The Chicago Thm s gives the following:
Some dozen years ago, in a quiet village
in the State of Illinois, there lived a
young married couple named Warring - -
ton. On the occasion of the birth of
their first child, a girl, a woman named
Coulter was engaged us domestic. in
about t hree weeks after her confinement
Mrs. Warrington died while her hus
band was absent at work, and upon his
return, he found himself not only a wid
ower, but childless, as the nurse had ab
sconded, taking the child with her, and
nu traces of her retreat could be found.
A few weeks since, Mr. Warrington
arrived at a small town in this vicinity,
and, while strolling through the prin
cipal street, met a bright girl of about a
dozen years, in whom he recognized the
exact picture of his dead wife; but he
had long since given up the idea of ever
seeing his child But after making a
few inquiries lie became satisfied that
his daughter was living, with, as she
thought, her mother,
iu an adjoining
city. The woman had been since mar
ried, and was now a widow. He discov
ered the woman, and was recognized in
turn. The widow 'exhibited no desire
whatever to retain the custody of the
girl, and asked to be allowed a few hours
to prepare for tier departure. Mr. War
rington called on the following morning,
and was informed that Miss Coulter was
not at home • that she had gone out the
evening before, and had not returned.
Mr. Warrington is again on the hunt
for her, and will spare uo pains to re
cover the possession of his child.
Greeley and Old Ebony
We were sitting with Horace one af
ternoon in that little disreputable sanc
tum of his adjoining the counting-room
of the Tribune. The old gentleman was
in one of his chronic conditions of
grumble and discontent. He had that
mealy appearance, so common to him,
that made him resemble a blond mil
ler fresh from the dust of his flour mill,
and was expressing his private opinion,
in a public and somewhat profane way,
when a colored gentleman was an
nounced, " Let him come in," roared
the philosopher, and au aged darkey,
clad in broadcloth, gold-rimmed spec
tacles and a cane headed with the same
precious metal, stalked In.
"Mister Greeley, I believe !" he in
" Yes, I'm Mr. Greeley ; what do you
want?" was the gruff resnse.
" Well, sah," said old Ebony Specs,
Sunday Reading
A. word fitly spoken how good i, i
Millions for Mars, but mites for .I..sus,
is the maxim of the world.
It is dangerous dressing for another
world before the looking,-glas ,, of thi,
Men had rather hear of Christcruci
fied for them , than be crucified !.r
The guperiluities of prole,sed Chri,-
tians Would send the Hospel
whole world
Whenever the arrow or a Saint'
prayer is put into the bow of Christ'
intercession, it piereeth the very betty
We seldom find persons whom
acknowledge to Le possessed of goo(
sense, except those who agree with u
in opinion.
Difficulty excites the mind tai the
pity which sustains and finally cmi
mien; misfortune, and the ordeal retitle.
while it chastens.
Never do what you cannot ask Club. ,
bless; and never go into any play•
r pursuit in whiph you cannot ask .1,
is Christ to go with you.
The spirit of Christ sweetly ettlilll.
the soul of the Slithering believer, nog
by taking away all sense of pain, bo.
by overcoming it by a sense of his love
No one should be fearful or enviou
al the prosperity and wealth of other- ,,
for they will soon die and go hence a
destitute as if they had lived in poverty
Would you be safe, Christ must be
your sanctuary; would you be holy,
Christ must be your pattern ; would
you be happy, Christ must be your por
"Christianity may be said to suffer
between two thieves," one of which is
its open enemies; the other its profess•
ed friends, who would conform it to the
He who seduously attends, pointedly
asks, calmly speaks, coolly answers and
ceases when he has no more to say, is
in possession of some of the best re,pii , -
ites of man.
If you are disquieted with anything,
you should consider with yourself—is
the thing of that worth, that for It I
should so disturb myself and loose lily
peace and tranquility':
To arrive at perfection, a man most
have very sincere friends or inveterate
enemies; because he would be made
sensible of his good or ill conduct, either
by the censures of the one, or the ad
monition of the others.
:Aim at perfection in everything,
though 'in most things unattainable
however, they who aim at it and perse
vere will come much nearer it than
those whose laziness and despondency
make them give it up us unattainable.
The great clock of eternity has no
dial-plate and no hands. It is one eter
nal now. Now is the accepted time;
behold, now is the (lay of salvation.—
Young man this means you now—your
opportunity. Come to Jesus now.
" We may make an idol," says Pas
cal, "of the truth itself; for truth,
apart from love, is not God ; it is his
image and an idol, which we must
neither love nor worship; and still less
must we love and worship its opposite,
which is falsehood.
There is nothing as pleasant as hear
ing or speaking the truth. For this
reason there is no conversation so agree
able as that of them' n of iutegrity,w•bo
hears without any intention to betray,
and speaks with out any intention to
We should rest satisfied with doing
well, and let others talk of us as they
please, for they can do us no injury,
although they may think they have
found a Ilaw in our proceedings, and are
determined to rise on our downfall or
profit by our injury.
A lady one hundred and nine years of
age recently attended a love-feast in
Niles, Mich. she arose and said:
am glad to be with you. lam one hun
dred and nine years old. I love the
Saviour and have now enjoyed religion
one hundred years."
There is a tree in California called the
Maganeta—so full of life and vital force
Odd it is constantly pressing off the
Lark front the wood as fast as it forms.
0! for Maganeta Christians, that by
the fullness of life within, shall crowd
(dl' the bark and excrescences of world
liness that would otherwise gat her
around them.
Story of Cross-Examination
An excellent illustration of the truth
that a lawyer may find no kind of
knowledge amiss at some time in his
practice, is afforded by the following
anecdote related by the daughter of .lobo
Adolphus, the eminent English advii
cute :
A very extraordinary criminal case
was entirely decided by the knowledge
my father had picked up of nautical af
fairs in his early voyage to and from the
\Vest Indies.
Two Lascars were on trial fur the
murder of the captain, and the evidence
of the mate appeared conclusive. In the
course of his testimony, however, he
said, that at the time of the murder there
was great confusion, as the ship was in
much peril, so that it required all the
attention of the sailors to prevent her
striking on a rock.
My father, who was for the defence,
asked so 'natty questions as to the num
ber of the crew, where each man was,
and what engaged in doing, that at
length the judge whispered: "I sup
pose, Mr. Adolphus, these questions are
to the purpose. I own Ido not see it,"
thinking, nu doubt, that the time of the
Court was being wasted.
After a few more questions as to the
particular duty each man was perform
ing, the witness had accounted for every
man on board, the captain being below,
and the two men murdering him. My
father fixed his eye steadily upon the
witness, and said in a calm, yet. in a
searching and loud voice:
"'Then who was at the helm'!"
The mate was thunderstruck. He
grew deathly pale and then dropped in
a fit. Upon coming to himself, he con
fessed himself the murderer. In his
false evidence he had given to each man
his position, and had forgotten the most
material place, or rather, left none to
'ill it.
AN Artemus Ward was once travel
ling in the cars, dreading to be bored,
and feeling miserable, u mail approach
ed him, sat down and said :
" Did you hear the last thing on tor
ace Greeley ?"
" Greeley ? Greeley?" said Artemus,
" Horace Greeley? Who is he?"
The man was quiet about live min
utes. Pretty soon he said :
" George Francis Train is kicking up
a good deal of a row over in England;
do you think they will put him in a
"Train, Train, George Francis Train,"
said Artemus solemnly. " I never
heard of him."
This ignorance kept the man quiet for
fifteen minutes, then he said :
"What do you think about General
Grant's chances for the Presidency?—
Do you think they will run him?"
"Grant, Grant! hang it, man," said
Artemus, "you appear to know more
strangers than any man I ever saw."
The man was furious; he walked up
the car, but at last came back and said :
" You confounded ignoramus, did you
over hear of Adam?"
Artemus looked up and said :
hie other name
The Emperor of Germany has con
sented to act as arbitrator between the
United States of America and England
upon the question of the disputed line
between the former country and Van
couver's Island,in the Strait of San Ju
an de Fuca.
An exchange says that ten million
dozen corsets were imported into the
United States last year. This is only
three apiece for every man,woman and
child in the country, or counting out
men and children, about tenit' r every
American woman.
Walker. of VI
31ewtaire of Governo
The tiovernor then sent in his annual
Message, which is a lengthy but able and
exhaustive document. He congratulates
the people upon the blessings they have
enjoyed and the ills they have escaped,
and the success of the experiment of uni
versal suffrage and equality before the law,
which Virginia, the first of the Southern
States, voluntarily inaugurated. "
he says, " nowhere else could that
experiment have been so successfully test
ed. and nowhere else has it been so -favor
ably and impartially tried, the result hav
ing showed that under favorable circum
stances it may be rendered not only not
antagonistic, but rather conducive to good
and stable republican government. Cer
tain it is that since the restoration of civil
govermuent in our State. we have enjoyed
a degree of peace and good order, of obedi
ence to law and respect for authority
equalled by few and enrolled by none of
our sister States. While it is true that this
is due in a very large measure to the law
abiding character and high moral senti-
Illellt of our people, it cannot be denied
that, to a certain extent, it is due to the
fact that ever.) citizen of the State, no mat
ter what his race or his present or previous
condition is or 11111 c have been, has been
fully protected in the rightA or ininnini
ties of citizenship.
• •
In treating or affairs appertaiuing to the
Stale, he calls the attention of the Legisla
ture to the boundless resources of Vir
ginia, winch only need capital and labor to
(leveler them fully. Ile regrets that with
au iibumlance of rich :did accessible lands
Mr sale, at Flees winch below the average
price of i•N estern or Governinent lands,
with a salubrity and healthfulness of elf
inale unsurpassed, anti with a nearness to
imirkel, and facilities for transportation
unexeelled, that the increase of population
is slower than wall reasonably be expect
ed. lle urges the eilootiragelnent of ini
inigtation, both fret!! other States of the
I nine and from Europe, and suggests that
a I egular !Marti hr Constittited, whose duty
it shall be to !mike known the advantages
presented by Virginia to farmers and cap
By the fourth section of the first article
el the Federal tltilistillition the Legisla
tures of the several States are authorized
to pi escrilie the times, places and manlier
of holding elections thereat for ('ongret
simial Representatives, but the right to
'nal, or alter such regulations at any tittle
is reserved to C( ingress. For more than
three-fourths of a century the authority
the- conferred upon the Slate Legislatures
had hem) satisfactoril3 exercised by theta.
Tiventy•one Presidential and dirty-two
Congressional elections had been held.
some of them amid the excitement tunl
confusion ()I' foreign wars, or the throes of
(loinestie reveltffien, and yet no occasion
had risen, in the opinion of our wisest
statesmen, calling for, or that could justify
the assertion of the reserved right of Con
gress to make or alter the regulations pre
scribed by the States. Not until the year
1.71 i, a period of protiumd peace anti uui •
versa' prevalouce et law and tinder,
When the Federal Administration, two.
' thirds of both branches of Congress
and three fourths of all the State (lovers
( merits were in the hands of one
party, did the I ':ingress of the United States
attempt to interfere or regulate the mode or
1 manner 4,f the election of its own represent
tatives. In that clause of the Federal Cell
i s titution which prescribes that "each House
shall be the judge of the eleetiou returns
and (midi Mations of its own members" it
had, therefere, found all ample safeguard
for the protection or the rights anti inter
! est, of its own members and their constitu
' ents. The Forty-first Congress, however,
undertook directly to control the election,
not only of its own representatives, but
also the election of State officers held at the
same time, by all act approved May 31, 1870,
entitled "Au act to enforce the right of etti
zens of the United States to vote in the,
several States of this Union and for other
purposes," and by an amendment thereof,
I approved February '2B, 1671.
'rho Federal Government, under the pre-
temp of protecting the freedom of the bal
-1 lot, strikes down the freedom of the citizen,
and under the guise of regulating the action
of Congressmen, is sought the regulation
and control of the :drain; of the States. In
towns it; over 70,000 inhabitants, the polls
may be surrounded by a horde of petty and
irrespensible officials, designated
pervisors of EleetionS" and "Special Dep.
I uty Veiled States Marshals," including at
the discretion of the Marsha every voter in
I the ranks of his party, all appointed by
I Federal officials and paid out of the Federal
'Treasury who, upou auy fancied or pre
, arranged pretext, may nut only arrest any
citizen soul prevent his exercise of the right
I to vote, but they may also arrest the elec
-1 tem officers themselves, and thus break
' up and destroy the election altogether.
Heavy penalties are announced 'against
I these officials for neglect of duty; but no
1 redress or protection is afforded the citi
zoo for the unlawful deprivation or his in •
alienable rights. Acts which in themselves
were law.fu I under the common as well as the
1 statute laws of the land are branded as
• criminal and heavy punishments pro•
I seemed against them iletothe long, mau
-1 logue of erimea enumerated in our law's are
added many others unknown to our or any
othereriniinal jurisprudence. Already have
i seine of our most worthy citizens been drag
ged frail their homes and subjected to great
annoyance and expense in defending them
set ves against un founded charges instituted
muter these laws. The gratification of par
tisan or personal malevolence has usually
been the actuating motive for these prose
cutions But extraordinary and unprece
dented as this legislation was, and unconsti-•
Lobelia!, as I. believe it to be, so far as it in
terferes with State elections, it Was but the
precursor of another statute enacted by the
Forty-second Congress, which more coin
' pletely compasses the real purpose for
1 which they were enacted. 'rids act was ap
proved on the Seth of April, 187 1, and is en
titled-An act to enforce the provisions of the
Fourteenth A inendment to the Constitution
el the United States and !brother purposes "
Can there be found in these provisions
any authority for the suspension of that
great writ of right, the hal ted.s corpu.s, or
Mr the delegation of the authority with
which Congress alone w•as clothed by the
original Constitution? Certainly ruff. And
yet that authority is attempted to be vest
ed in the President of the Caned States by
the terms of this act, under the specious
pretext of en forcing the provisions of the
fourteenth amendment. "'rile privilege
I of the writ of Lobe ms 1,17r11.8 shall not be
1 suspended, unless when, in eases of rebel
lion or.invasien, the public safety may re
quire it," is the lauguage of the Federal
Constitution. By the origin, nature and
history of this great writ, the bulwarks it
interposes between the freedom of the eft
,teen and the open or stealthy encroach-
Meats Of tyranny, were thoroughly under
stood and profouielly appreciated by the
framers of the Constitution. I the
absolute prohibition of its suspension
except in the two extreme eutergon
cies of foreign invasion or when
1 rebellion raises itself to such a
formidable state and proportion its CO
threaten the public safety equally with
foreign invasion. But Congress, without
' even the pretence that either of these exi
-1 gencies had arisen, proceeded in the act
under consideration nut only to resign to
the Executive this carefully guarded
power with which it alone was invested by
the Constitution, but to clothe him (the
President) with " discretionary authority
to exercise it at will." Although the Con
stitution authorizes',Federal intervention in
I the local atlaors of a State only upon the
call of the State, and to the extent of the
I overthrow of State I government and oh
!iteration of State lines, and the aubstitu
lion in their stead of military, district and
martial law, to the arbitrary keeping of
, one man are committed the lives, liberties
and the property of a whole people.
, Is not this the essence of despotism?
What monarch possesses more absolute
power? What tyrant has ever less tram
meled? This act is the feeling climax to
the legislation which preceded It ; run
ning through all is the same underly
ing purpose—the destruction of State Gov
ernments and the centralization of all
power in the Federal Government. Under
the former the citizen, without any fault of
his own, may be deprived of his right to
the exercise of the elective franchise, and
the election of State officers prevented,
while under the latter the innocent citizen
may be deprived of all rights and of liberty
itself, and the governmentof this State ren
dered powerless to afford him protection.
Step by step has this consummation been
reached. One precedent created another;
they soon assimilate and constitute law.—
What yesterday was fact to-day is doc
trine. Examples are supposed to justify
the most dangerous measures, and when
they do not suit exactly the defect is sup
plied by analogy. Such a condition of af
fairs could never have been apprehended
by the fathers of the republic. Having be
fore them the experiences of past genera
tions and past nationalities, and actuated by
the most profound regard for the liberty
of the citizen, as well as the efficiency of
government, with a wisdom amounting al
most to prescience, they formed our gov
ernment for perpetuity, and they omitted
no principle necessary to its preservation,
and they included none which, properly
administered, could work Its destruction.
The absorption of the powers and function
of States by the Federal Government was
as foreign to their design as the nullifica
tion or repudiation of Federal authority by
the individual action of the States, for the
triumph of either involved the destruction
of the Union. And yet, between these fatal
extremes—secession upon the one hand and
centralization upon the other—we have
been oscillating since the foundation of the
government. We have passed the terrible
ordeal of attempted secession, but the re
coil has c..n.rried us to the other extreme,
and the dangers which menaced the nation
in lea are finding a parallel in 1871.
Power is ever grasping after power; its
insatiate maw is never closed; It climbs
by fraud and holds by corruption; its so
licitude for perpetuation exceeeds that for
the public weal and party is fattened at
the expense of principle. When venality
triumphs in our public places, and the in- I
sidious approaches of tyranny are unheed
ed by the masses; when at local elections ;
Federal soldiers, by order of Federal olli
cials, with loaded muskets and fixed bay
surround the polls,or Federal battle
ships, with spotted cannon, beleaguer a
city to overawe its citizens in the free ex
ercise of the elective franchise; when im
becile and corrupt local governments aro
forced upon a people,aud they are punish
ed for the inefficiency and rottenness of
those very governments by the arbitrary
deprivation of all civil governments, all
rights and all liberty, arrested by thousands
—without warrant of law—and driven to
prison like cattle to the shambles, it is
time that the alarm-bell was sounded and
the people awakened to a sense of the dan
gers impending. They alone can apply the
correction. They have the moans of redress
in their own hands. Let them insist that
the doctrine of ind-structibility of the
Union, as the fathers framed it, shall be rec
ognized, and that the original and inherent
sovereignty of the States. anti the strict ad
ministration of the powers delegated by
them to the Union, shall again be acknowl
edged. Let them demand the inviolability
of the hoticat corpe.q, the subordination of
the military to the civil authority, the
maintenance of the public• Mith, State and
! National, untarnished honesty :tad econo
my in the administration of public affairs;
I the equalization and reduetion of tariffs,
and taxing ofthe lowest degree eontistent
I with the maintenance of the public credit :
free education for nl I ; a tottering care, en
, couragemeut and elevation of labor, and
under fully, financially and permanently
accomplished universal amnesty and im
partial suffrage. It is in no partisan spirit
that I utter these wends of warning to von.
I should be derelict in the execution ‘ti
! the high trust Imposed alum me did I not
I make known to you the perils which stir
round us, and indicate t h e 0,11 , 0
in my judgment, it is wise to pursue. I •
would that I could present a I,s stun
lore picture: that I could congratulate
you upon the complete a restoration of tint,
:National Iktymuneitt to its pristine purity
and strong hold on the tort.ottoo,t or the
people, and its just execution of their sov
ereign will but as affection is not begot.
ten of force, not !:honestly of citrrup
, tins, so liberty is not nurtured by tyranny,
nor peace by violence. Not until tine people
rise in their majesty and re assert theirfilt
erties, now trampled upon; not until kind
ness shall supersede hate and patriotism
rise superior to partisan sellishness slay we
look for the inaoguration of all areattlgood
feeling. Let us tome that pat riots and states
men, good anon and Christians everywhere
throughout the land, regardless of past as
sociations or affiliations will unite in all
11,1111.!st and earnest effmt to redeem the Mi
-1 non from this unnatural and dangerous
condition of affairs to the end that peace and
fraternity nay be again restored among the
people; so that the nation, united, purified
and harmonized, may march onward ',ldle
grand consummail , llllli t he mlLthly dovliity
awaits it.
'Floe I'nwwiv.• —Svaullor 'Froiiiii.sell'm
Op iiiii lin
- I laud. Ju.l Intl
della 11 - 41 to uu,, by a pnallinauL Southern
politivian, the particular- , dot conversation
Lad within the last day or two with Senator
Trumbull, nl• I y informant, who
is himself an ex-United States Senator,
states that lit , met .1 ridge Trumbull in the
,ibrary 1.1 t louttress, and that, alter ox
.hanging friendly salutations, Ito Itmkod
he Senator NV bother ho would consent to
the use or his name as a Conservative can
didate for the Presidency against General
Grant. The Illinois statesman replied with
more than usual emphasis:
"No, sir, I would not."
" And why not?"
" For many reasons." Judge Trumbull
said in substance: " In the first place I am
satisfied where I am. I consider a seat in
the Senate of the United States a position
in which I can be more useful than any
other, anti I believe it to lie as honorable as
any under the Government, if its duties be
efficiently and properly discharged. in the
next place, I do not agree with the pro
grant ne which has been marked out by
those who refuse to support the candidacy
of the President for re-election. lam con
scious of the need of many reforms, and I
am daily striving to accomplish them. But
I do not believe that a revolution of par
ties would be salutary. I do not believe
either that the people of the North or South
are ready to profit by such a change."
" And why not!" .
" Because the people of the South have
really accepted nothing, and are not willing
to co-operate with the 7 iberals of the North
in settling the practical relations olViociety
on a sure and generous basis. I know
that the South has much to complain M.
But so have the liberal Republicans. It is
not the rebel element, perhaps, but the na
ture of things that the South should not re
alize the complete overthrow of tine old tn.-
der and the necessity for a enm plete change
of the domestic policy, I believe, that the
defeat of General (iraut would involve a
ro notion at the S tail), whose consequenca
would he even worse than the present Gate
of all:tire.
•' Don't. you think Gen. t ;rant meditate.
the permanent usurpation of the Exectitiv
"No, Ido not. My opinion i. that (len.
drant is, in the rosin, a ,miservati ye man.
Ile has made mistakes, but I cannot say
they justify his removal."
\that are your personal relations?"
" Very friendly. I have opposed someof
his IlleaSUres, but I have no personal feel
ing against him, and, indeed, this is one of
the reasons why it is disagreeable to have
my name mentioned in the conuection you
The southern Democracy wo•,uld sup
port you with pleasure."
" You are mistaken.
yet too strong in numb°, to die for
that is the meaning of the Passivo policy.
Throe millions of Democratic voters call.
not afford to sell themselves to '200,000 or
100,0t/0 Republican voters, and that for a
mess of pottage which the Republicans and
not the Democrats are to enjoy. I don't
believe they will do it. I think the l'a,sive
policy already a fail um."
" hike the New Departs ter
"No, not exactly. Th. New Departure
was a necessity, win or lose. Had the Dem
ocrats not adopted it, hilt in its place hail
adopted the platNrrn of isns, they would
have linen still more disastrously beaten.
The New I /eparture made no recruits be
cause the people did not believe it honest.
The Democratic party leaders did wha
they could no longer avoid—that is, iwcep
the amendments-and the Republicans hay, -
to thank such writers its r. Stephens ant
Mr. Forsythe that the step in advance di
not make further inroads. Ity ls7ti the is
sues of the war, the ittnetchnents and tht
Ku-Kluxwill be out of the wiiy, mid there
may be a new and complete re-organization
of parties. }tut not now."
"What do you think of the u-K lox
"They may be exaggerated. But there
in enough of unpunished violence at the
South to justify the newspapers in all the
out-cry they are making. Thinalone would
beat the Deries•racy."
"Then you think the light next year
will be a ntraightout party affair?"
I Chink it will be as far on the Itupubli
. Cans are concerned. The party in not really
divided. 11, internal digetissions mere!
exhibit the exorcise of individual fremwil ,
and do it good and not harm. I t will act
as a body, and I think will poll a larger
vote than it did in led,, no mutter what
Irame-work or what candidates are op.
posed to it. Tine people believe in the Re
publican party on ...lOW, or its liherai
dinussions, -
I am assured in saying that the opinions
of Senator Trumbull aro also the opinions
of Senator Sumner.
Election of 3lronmic Grand Officer
Wednesday morning the quarterly com
munication of the (trend Lodge, A. Y. M.,
was held at the Nieman ic Temple, It. W.
Grand Master Robert A. Lamberton, of
Harrisburg, presiding. Four hundred and
sixty members were present, representing
40,000 Mesons of Pnansylyania.
The following officers for the enstuni
year were elected:
It. W. Grand Master—S. (:. Perkins.
R. W. Deputy Grand Master—Alfred it
S. Grand Warden—Robert Clarke.
J. Grand Warden—lea. Madison Porter.
Grand Treasurer—Thomas Brown, of
Union Lodge, N 0.121.
P. Grand Master Peter Williamson de
clined re-election.
Trustees 'of Grand Lodge Charity Fund
—Joseph Riley, Jacob Loudenslager,
Geo. Griscom, John Wilson, Sr., and Dan
iel Brittain.
. .
Trustees Girard Bequest—P.Grand alas
ter S. H. Perkins, James Hutchison, C
H. Prevost, George Thompson, and H. C
The (rand Lodge adjourned at 10 P. N
Another Ring Job Follett
President Grant and the telegraph ring
have suffered a serious, though not au ir
reparable defeat in the House of Represen
tatives. Their scheme to sell to the Gov
ernment .35,000,000 worth of telegraph poles
and wires for 330,000,000 and upwards, has
been referred, not, fI .9 they desired, to a
special committee,;which would, as a matter
of course, report in its favor, but to the reg
ular Committee on Appropriations, of
which a majority are known to ba opposed
to it. This action was taken by a vote , of
105 to 98, after a debate in which the mis
chiefs of the proposed purchase and the
enormous sum required. for It were mi
-1 sparingly denounced.
The Waynesburg Messenger says:
We see that the "Alexander Limp" has
made its appearance in our town. La
dies, it is neither pretty or becoming,
and we sincerely hope this fashion epi
demic may have but a brief stay among
us. As yet but few cases have occurred,
none proving fatal.
DeMerits! by Bev. J. V. Eckert, at tho
Anniversary of the Lancaster •
ty Bible armlets, bold In the First
Reformed lebureh, on Plan•
day tvening Last.
As Colporteur of this Society, during
three months of the past year, we foillla
to be a pm availing 011411011 that the county
was welt supplied with the Word of God.
Considering the general wealth and thrift
of our people, in connection with their in
telligence and virtue, this opinion might,
at limit thought, be. well !Minded. It Is
true, perhaps, should a comparison be in
stituted between ours and some other lo
calities in the country; but it is not true,
if we mean by it, that the further dissemi
nation of the , Bible in our midst, under
the auspices ot' this Society, Is unneces
sary. For, from a thuh canvass
of the Nurth-eastern sca l en of the
nullity, along the line of the Reading Mid
Columbia -Railroad, we found it to be a
wide and open field for distribution of the
Scriptures. Aud, in our visits to nearly
sixteen hundred families, we mu t with an
accuinniation o( facts that became astou
ing and cionvineing as to the necessity of
more Bible work.
It is II Slid. also,
that there are still some among
treat the Word of God with neglect, and a
few who questiowits Divine claims. But,
with these few exceptions, the mass of the
people revere and believe the Bible, and
many were anxious to secure it copy of the
Scriptures when the opportunity ui do s o
was offered to them. We could not al.
ways learn what families wore destitute iii
the Bible, for the reason that when We
made known our work, many at once pur
chased a copy, and hero orrr investigations
and inquiries necessarily ended. And the
vocations anti callings in life of the persons
and families which we discovered not hay • '
Mg a lull or adequate supply, were me
chanics and laborers, who bad been keep
ing house but a few years, comparatively,
and having small families. And here, we
might observe, also, that this Willa is not
found only in remote parts or time eout,ty,
but toll as great destitution existed in
pimps within Cie,. of the church steeples
of this cite. And, ie the course of our
work, we fiecaine deeply convinced of this
one clear fact, that, unless the Word of I;0,1
is carried to Lill` (1001, Of the people by it col -
porton. or agent, many will remain desti
tute t'or years, or altogether, or very poialv
supplied. Although there are many agents
for private publishing houses traversing
the country with finely illustrated Bibles •
of every description, Vet these generally
iiall upon that part of the community that
are in moderate and easy circumstances ,
including the Hill, lilt pons till, poor,
LIM humble e01i1144.13 of the ineehanic an.;
Laborer. And as tills Class of persoi,
but seldom get to the city, and not posse..-
ing very plethoric purses, it is easily secs.
why they remain often destitute bingos
even *Akin they desire. lime thou. SlllOlll4
tills ,'lass, is where the blessed and Chris
Mtn work of 004 Society finds its part ice
tar field of operation.
Tho Bible is set lip us a light to show illl
wanderers the safe wily 111 walk: it de
scribes all conditions 0I life, and it gives
utterance to all desires and emotions of the
soul; it sparkles with the fervor and glad
ness of youth; it celebrates the strength
and glory of manhood ; IL howitas the sor
rows and infirmities of age ; it sympathizes
With the poor anti lowly ; it hits up the
fallen and it breathes the blessing of peace
upon the quiet homes of domestic life.
It desert hes with startling clearness the
seductions of temptation and the conflicts
or doubt it searches the secret chambers
Ill' the heart, and brings to light its purest
love and its darkest hate, its highest joy
and its deepest grist; it compasses the ut
most range Of thought, :mil feeling and tle•
sire, and it sounds the utmost depths of
motive, and character, and passion.
The !tilde is not less eonducive to the
well lining or man in this life than it is es
sential M his hopes in that which is to come.
It has taught. him the origin and great
end of his existence. It ha, everywhere
reclaimed hint front ignorance, error, 511 e
and idolatry. Front it he has
learned Ili, trite relal Hill In 1 111111
ieiluw-won. ) hill. it has Mettle:test the
duty of obedience, of reverence and 111 wllr
ship, it has taught them those Illiat
precepts 10 Isle lens not gal bl.r as 111111.01 i.
1111.1 nn de 111111 i "Lim , ns ho wvuhlthat
others should ;11; moo him. It has col Ofily
iustrurlod hint 111 the necessity and wis
dom of sell-government, the regulation ill
his passions and the cultivation and exor
vise of every virtue, but it hats illuminated
his passage front earth to heaven Irmo a
world or imperfection, of Sill and of
sorrow, to a far higher and happier state
of being. The dissemination of two
Bible, therefore, is not only eininent•
ly important In itself, but it I
at the foundation of the whole sys
tem of moral machinery which has been
organized fur the general ituprovonient,
renovation and sal vita 1 11 (If mankind. In
vain, may we undertake any moral enter
prise whatever, unleng the minds of the
people have been previously enlightened
and prepared by the eiretilation of the
Scriptures. In vain, may we expect any
thing likes general utlendanceon religious
institutions, or extensive revivals of roily;
ion, in places in which the people generally
are unacquainted with the Bible. To pr.,
lose these great ends, the attention of the
people inti,t be first directed to the Word
if f lad. They must be persuaded to peruse
its pages, and to understand the true im
port of Its denunciations and its promises.
I.l'lien this is done, and the proper founda
dation has thus been laid for the minister,
the Word In then carried hotne offecttnilly
to their hearts and consciences, even by
the power and demonstration of the spirit.
The Bible, then, is necessary to matt. It
is tile sum and sun and soul of his felicity.
Tell me not or the physical Improvements,
the intellectual attainmenLs of t h is wonder
ful age. Conscience must be convinced, en
lightened, quickened ; the passions must he
bridled and restrained ; and the Bills Is
tile only book which has arrayed vividly
before the mind the retributions of eternity
and the light of a blessed immortality.
Get us labor to keep, as well as ilitifellsl l ,
the hold the Bible has On the public mind.
'There can be no stability ill government,
where infidelity predominates. Ira people
411‘1,1 to the wind, they can reap nothing but
the whirlwind.
;bur common Christianity is the fruit of
the Bible; and where there in 110 Bible
there is no true religion. 'rhea; is not it tie
that unites us to our families, not a virtue
that endears us to our country, nor hop.;
that thrills your bosoms in tile prospect
of future happiness , that has not its foun—
dation in the llWle. It Is the charter of
charters--the palladium of liberty—the
standard of righteousness. Its divine ill -
nuance can soften the hardest heart, and
exalts tile lowest to the tlignilled rank of it
child oft hod, an heir of eternal glory. Let us
rejoice together In the triumphs °flee Bible,
aid in its circulation among the peopleduni
bless the day that gave to our country a
Society. whose benevolent object Is to ex.
tend the influence of tile Si:111411 reS
throughout the world.
Sir Matthew little said: "'There bent;
book like the Bible for excellent learning,
wisdom and use."
John :;;lilton said : "'True religion is the
true worship of ;cal, learned and believed
from the word of (el only. No man or
angel can know how Hod would be wor
shipped and served, 1111101 in (eel reveal IL"
Sir Isaac Newton said : " We aecount the
Scriptures of I ;oil to be the inset n10;14110
philosophy. I find more sure inarks or
authenticity ill till Bible than any profane
history whatever."
IVilliaut Penn said: "We accept. the
Scriptures as the words f; I
Lin. himself ;
del, by the iLsslstance of Ills spirit, they
,re read with groat instruction and
Joseph Addison said: " The Scriptures
aro full Of pathetical and Wftrill pictures of
the condition of all happy or miserable
futurity ; and I ant oniticlunt, that the fro•
ittent reading of thorn would make way to
an happy eternity SO agreeable and pleas
ant, that he who tries it will find the diffi
culties which Ice before sulfured in shun
ning the allurements of vice, absorbed in
pleasuru, he will take in thepursuit of vir
tue; and how happy intuit that mortal be,
who thinks himself in the favor of an Al
mighty, and can think of death as a thing
which It Nan infirmity not to desire."
The dying words of Wilberforce were:
" Read the Bible—read the Bible! l,et no
religious book take its place. Through all
my perplexities and distresses I never read
any other book, and never felt the want of
any other. It has boon my hourly study,
and all my knowledge oldie doctrines, Mild
all my acquaintance with the experience
and realities of religion, have been derived
from the Bible only."
And tioorge I'. Morris, in a poem on his
mother's Bible, bequeathed to him as the
best she could bestow, said:
Tiou truest friend man ever knew,
Thy constancy 1 . 44, tried ;
Where all were false I (mind thee true:
My counsellor and guide.
The allure of earth no treasure give,
That could this volume buy;
In teaching me the way to live,
It taught one how to die.
Terminal Complexion of Congress.
Of the seventy-four Senators, fifty lire
(Jarrett Davis Is the most garrulous mem
ber of Congress.
Senator Sumner has seen the longest ser
vice—twenty consecutive years.
lion. Simon Cameron-itrtlie oldest Sena
tor, and Mr. Spencer, of Alabama, the
Mr. Eldridge, of Wisconsin, is the most
conscientious member of the House on
points of order.
Judge Kelley is the oldest member of
the Philadelphia delegation (born in 1814,)
and Mr. Creely ( born in 1839) the youngest.
lion. Henry D. Foster is the oldest
Pennsylvania member (born in 18120 and
lion. William' McClelland, (born in 1842,)
is the youngest.
In the House, the longest consecutive
term of service—that of Mr. Dawes, and as
useful as it has been long—stands accredit
ed to Massachusetts.
The House has no septuagenarian, the
oldest member—Mr. Perry, of Now York
—being not quite 60; to make up for which
fact, there aro seven members who are un
der 30 years of age.
Among the Senators, eleven have been
Governors of States. Five were born in
New York, so that the Empire State can
not complain, although her nominal repre
sentation is restricted to two. New Eng
land, having twelve members, has nineteen
sons in the Senate—which prevents her
from being left out in the cold quite yet
Of the professions represented In the
body, the editorial has risen to the fourth
place, having now eleven members. There
are eight manufacturers, three doctors,
two clergymen, one teacher (greatly need
ed,) and one "general business,' which
we trust does not mean "jack of all trades
and good-for-nothing." No leas than ti I ty
two were born in New England, seven
came from the British Isles—Canada and
Prussia being the only other foreign birth