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E. W. HUTTERj EDITOR.
•. " i,
OF . ;
[Subject to the decision qfiWatiqnal C^vptiioiQ
The Next Presidency.
kJWehave this day- nailed to our mast-head the
name of JAMES BUCHANAN as our first choice
for the next Presidency, subject to the decision of
the Democratic National Convention. This annun
ciation we deem, proper to accompany with a few
reflections. • M '
We are among those who believe that Pennsyl
vania may justly claim the honor of furnishing to
the Democracy of the Union the next President,
not as a .but as a matter of right i For nearly
half a century the old * Keystone has been a. hewer
of wood and a drawer of water for always
standing in the front rank of the battle,;where the
shot fell thickest and fastest She assisted by her
vote and influence in securing.the elevation of Jef
ferson,Madison, Monroe, Jackson, Van Bores
aud Polk, and when, on a single occasion in the
memorable campaign of 1840, she withheld her
votc-Trom the Democratic nominee, defeat was the
consequence. With this isolated exception, Penn
sylvania has always stood, like a great Collossus,
upholding by her giant arm, not only the principles
oi .the Democratic party;but also its men, whether
they have lived North or South of ; Mason and
Dixon's line. • She has thus displayed a disinter
estedness worthy the best days of Roman virtue.
At length there is a disposition manifested by
ojr [sister stated to accord to Pennsylvania what by
her long continued and' self-sacrificing services in
the [Democratic cause she has so richly earned.
The press and the people of other stated now come
voluntarily .forward and tender to her a distinction
to which she may with such undoubted justice as-,
pire. This, then, is the 11 golden moment” Now,
-it we be true to ourselves, and fritter not our hopes
away by suicidal dissensions, the long deferred
claims of Pennsylvania will be satisfied. We esteem
it the duty of dyery sincere Democrat so to em
ploy his energies as to guard against a course that
may again dash the bowl of promise to the earth.
Pennsylvania is singularly fortunate, "too, in the
candidate,, whom, unless the signs are egregiously
at fault, she will present to the national nominating
tribunal. Were he one of questionable character,
there might be some ground to fear that her claim
would be again postponed “to a more Convenient
reason. , Bdt when she presents the name of Jas.
surely the voice of cavil .should be
What true Pennsylvanian does not feel a glow
ul Ihonest pride thrill through his frame at the
sound of this great and honored, name! j Who has
forgotten, how in the Senate of the United Stated
he, so often grappled with and overthrew the choseji
champions of Federalism, Clay and Webster!?
-When a Gordian knot in national policy puzzlUl
;md perplexed, his Was the master-hand ever able
aud extended to unravel it. When a great and
\it|ul measure of the Democratic jiarty was to be
\ indicated uni) upheld, aguinst the combined assaults
j ufable, subtle- and experienced party leaders, whom
did we look tb ns the man equal to the Herculean
Jabk; other than to James Buchanan? His mas
terly speeches on nearly nil the great public
ifonstlmt have agitated this country for the lust'
quarter century will survive whilst eloquence Ims
a .votury and the triumphs of mind ace deemed
worthy of emulation among men. If Mr. Buchan
ud'it fame as Senator was such as to enshrine him
in our innermost uffMinu*, surely his immonso,
arduous, uud responsible labors as the first, officer
indite Cabinet of President Polk, have not dimini
•■hWl his hold upon our gratitude. On the contrary,
they huve enhunmt-und extended his fume us a
Statesman, and have made hid name as familiar in
foreign lands as in our own; \Sinee the organiza
tion of the Federal government, no' diplomatic
productions have served more to elevate the char
acter of our nation, at home and abroad, than the
various state-papers tliat have emanated from Mr.
Hcc«anan. Many of these, involving questions
foe most complicated and abstruse, are not neces
sarily published to the world.’ But more than
enough, have met the piiblic eye to stamp their
uuthor.as one of the ablest Statesmen of the age.
Such is the character of the man,! whom Penn
ey vania delights to honor, and who enjoys the con
fidence and respect of the whole American people.
His private reputation is;as pure and unsullied as
hil public fame is enviable and brilliant. It was
his. good fortune to share in an eminent degree the
confidence of ANDREW JACK§ON r and it is our
sincere opinion, that had Mr. Buchanan lived in
the cai lier period of the republic, and participated
in national affairs then, as he does now, such men
as I Jf.fff.hsov, and Franklin, and Arams, and
Hancock, und Jay, would have rejoiced in his so
ejety, and felt proud to claim him as their kindred.
His name is the very synonme of consummate
statesmanship and high-toned patriotism, and he is
one of the very few men in the land to whom all
pai;ties/accord the qualifications of mind and char
acter suited to the Presidential office.
(t would be a proud spectacle to see the freemen
of Pennsylvania rally to the standard of her A illus
trious son, with enthusiasm and unardmityl Holy
and commendable would be a union of hearts and
hands in such acause. Through the naan, they would
hstvc it in their power to elevate and honor and dig
nify the Staff —whose tame is their-fame—whose
giory is their glory—whose destiny, for weal or
woe, is their destiny.
In the devotion of other States to their great men,
vc |have an example worthy of all praise and invi
tation. See with what unfaltering devotion chiv
alrie South Carolina adheres to Mr. Calhoun
cheering and encouraging him by her support,
amidst all the vicissitudes of fortune. Mark how the
old jßay State, .though leprous with political defile
ment, has never once added to her long catalogue
of sins that of inconstancy to her Webster See
hoy Kentucky has clung through good and evil
report to of Clay, carrying her at
tachment even to the hazardous extreme of follow
ing hini in:all his eccentric aberrations. Observe,
also, with what steady pertinacity Missouri has for
thirty years adhered, and still adheres, to her in
trepid Benton, . nursing and venerating his great
name in proportion as the hand of enmity has es
. sayed to defame.it. Oh! This feeling of State
pride, 5 is an honorable, a noble, a praiseworthy
passion.. It contributes more than all other influ-
to elevate, dignify, and makepow
i L*rftil'the people who cherish it. The “Old Domin
ioil” womd never have earned the proud appellation
of [“Mother of Statesmen," ; had she employed her
self in the ungracious task of dragging down her il
lustrious sons, the moment they had succeeded, by
industry and perseverance, in securingV distinction
above their fellows. The South would not main
tain that almost magical sway in the public coun
cils, in the.face of superior. numbers, if she dealt
. with her public men, as one deals with the wooden
characters, that'grace the bowling saloon, erecting
them for the merer pleasure of overturning. No—
tho South is faithful to herself, by practising fideli
ty to her distinguished sons, and in this consists the
~leciet of. her''wonderful success. ‘
[With deference be it said, we. in Pennsylvania
-greatly nee?* this disposition. ■••£enig the happy • «•.
' suljts to which it in th" experience.of othrj,..
; r.Ciin the rnce-bf intent and ambitiou <* -.vonu:
‘ nor h;; b'juhiii
-<aj>. it is necessarv ;im;
not "only improve our immense .tJvantagv
and fesom-oei, but also -That tvv iih ,
je?TuU' care the' fahiie ol*• ©ifr'-distinguished puUt.- \.
Jiffcm. wbose-uaßUMfram !i fc hfead of '.-ui|
EWS“vL-.:"' -• ■ ■ • ' -■ ..
, * I
column*, we have a son, whom the whole Upion
selves. To refuse the endorsement of our State
Convention, under thesej flattering
in our opinion be an instance of wholesale afitega
tion,auch as the historiairdiasjghaps not Wore
1 Hiese af£ the cbnsi|iratioii| whiffi impetus to
declare fats Pennsylvania
and inseparable. Untp? the
deerte difleffcntly, w, (T are c<^senrcO saihuhder |/At»
flag, desiring none better. jVteamvhile we shall 80
conduct onr humble part in tne canvass—refrain
ing from crimination of tbose.who think and-act
to be'entirely”lree to lend a°corbiai
and zealous support to the nominee of the Nation
al Convention, be he whom he may. .
The Easton Argus i states, on the authority of
official reports made by the collectors of customs
the Sectetary of'State, that the numßer of' ar
rivals from foreign countries at New York, Boston.
Philadelphia, Baltimore and New' Orleans, during
the year ending September 30th, 1847, amounted
to nearly a xiluok! . The increase! over
the previous year - being over eiohtt-two • thocs
avd ! The great majority of these emigrants hail
from Ireland and Germany, who have abandoned
. the graves of their ancestors to seek an asylum in
this favored land of liberty. Many of them have
brought with them, not only their wives and chil
dren, but habits of industry and substantial wealth,
which they add to the common stock and thereby
increase the sum-total of our national prosperity.
Every true Democrat must rejoice in.;the sublime
spectacle presented by this' immense tide of emi
gration from the down-trodden and impoverished re
gions of the Old World. Democracy has ever
sympathised with and encouraged the Aliejt, who
has left his native land and relinquished home with
its endearments for the sake of the civil and reli
gioua Freedom guaranteed to him here. In the
war of Independence we were deeply indebted for
military services to foreigners, and they have ever
since displayed the most ardent devotion to the in
stitutions which the blood and treasure- of their
countrymen aided in establishing. - Yet, this class
of citizens has ever been hatpd and proscri;
Federalism. During the administrate]
Adams, they were disfranchised by an
gress, which to this day serves as a m<
the bitter and .malignant hatred with ■
were regarded by the enemies, of Demoi
early day. The republicans of ’9B fe]
tice of this proscriptive and persecuting
its authors were ejected from office
tumely that followed them to their grai
The Native Jlmtriramsm of the pre
happily in its last stages—is a legitimate offspring
of the outrageous infringement of liberty wiich
signalized the reign of the elder Aiiams. The
basis of this political organization is the recogni
tion of classes by the government—a class to be
proscribed, and a class to be favored—a class to
hold a monopoly of office, and another to be stig
matised with a disfranchisement extending through
the long period of twenty-one years! No foreigner
of pride and spirit would brook the idea of casting
his lot in a country that disgraced and degraded
him—that heaped all its burdens of taxation upon
him, without suffering him to 'have a voice in
choosing those that impose them—thus dooming
them to wear the badge of serfs uinong a nation of
It is to the Democracy of this rountry thatithe
alien population are indebted for the equality of
political rights which pervades our institutibns,
But for ill potent sway in the government, they
would be at this day mere hewers of wood.and
drawers nl water—for a superior chtss, and we
would not bn witnesses of the sublime spnntaele of
u Qi uirtn Million of human souls crowding to our
hospitable shores within u single your, '
It is it truth, that there ere to ho round
in the United Stales, men of character nnd intflli.
K flnce , who do not hesitute to ufflrm that tho Mbxi
can war was produced by the acts of the Executive
of our own country, and this without rhyme or
reason ! Even Henry Clay, who on no previous
occasion had taken sides against his country, has
beclouded all the gloried of his past life by echoing
this false accusation.
Now to ns it seems of very little consequence,
how the Ship of State came into this situation. The
chief concern of us all should be to'get her out of
it, with profit and honor. But even this inquiry no
friend ot the administration need fear to meet.
Who, then, originated the Mexican War; That
is the. question. We have the answer at hand.
When Congress, on the 13th day of. May.
184f>, placed men and money at the disposal, of
the Executive to prosecute the war, it was coupled
with the emphatic declaration that the war exis
ted “by the act of Mexico.’’ Not one party only,
bnt both, with scarcely an exception, so voted.
Here there isno allowance fur human imperfection
—none for error in judgment—none for difference
in opinion—none for want of light and knowledge.
There the declaration stands, broad and sweeping
and unequivocal as language can make it.
What absurdity, then, to rush in the face of this
solemn asseveration of the sovereign congress, and
to assert that the war does not exist “by the act 1 of
Mexico,” but by the mismanagement or design of
our own Government! What injustice to go be
hind the record, and to impute to congress the
crime of having spread upon its journal a palpable
and deliberate falsehood. Congress was in posses
sion of all the facts, then as now. It had seen how
the United States had lor years endured from Meki
co the most humiliating accumulation of wrong,
committed not less against her citizens than against
her government. It had seen how Mexico paid no
manner of regard to her treaty stipulations, and
with what audacity she habitually set all Law and
Justice at defiance, until she had at length capped
the climax by sending an armed force on our own
soil, alnd there butchering in cold blood'American
Well was congress warranted, therefore, in de
claring to their own cohntrymen and to the world,
that the war existed, “by the act or Mexico.”
It is our sincere conviction that this
War was as just and as true as any similar docu
ment from the days of Nimrod down.
"“The ceremony of inaugurating Fraxcis R. Suo.-ia
as Governor of Pennsylvania for a second term, will
take [face in the Capitol at Harrisburg, in the pre
sence of both branches of the Legislature, bn
Tuesday, January 1 bill. The w'hole people of-
Pennsylvania may justly regard ita cause of sincere
congratulation, that the Statelias secured for .another
period of three years the services of a Chief-Mag
istrate, who combines in his character all the high
qualifications required by Jeitkhsov Honesty,
Capacity, and Fidelity $o the Constitution.
Democratic Sleeting; In Drnniore,
Our columns to-day contain a call for a Demo
cratic meeting, to "be hoiden at tlie Unicom, in
Drnmore township, on next Saturday, the anniver
sary, of tb' J Battle of New Orleans. The signatures
to the call, we are assured, embrace the names of
those who have long been regarded as the staunch
and true nien of the party in that section of the
Kentucky and the Presidency. county.
At a meeting of the Democrats of Crittenden
county, Kentucky, (the proceedings of which we
find in the Hopkinsville Press.) at the Court House,
in Marion, on Monday, the 1 Sth of December, 1843.
(County Court day.) Maj. Isham Clemext whs
called to the chair, and Jas. Duvall, Esq., was
appointed Secretary. On Motion of J. W. Head
let, and after Some remarks by him, the follow
ing, among other resolutions, W'as unanimously
Resc.ivr.. That reposinu especial trust and con
fidence u; ti.e ability and tu.r.irpa&ti.! stalesinail
shm Of the Hoi.. Jakes BcciiAXAsf. 0 f Peiiru-ylvh.-
n:u. v.-e recommend him to the Dehmc, uic pariy
throughout the. I .'.tiled States, for President. OB V
viiji:npns!*eu u-llo.w tiny Wii.lioi
o' Unlucky, for V;*»<s President. "j
jrof-oi, for vajujiijj*
t3S^Si^Usit t i'Si£&
Who Originated the War I
The Bth of January.
T-M 'lit—— TW-.--
wsext Saturday will be the anniversary of tire
battle of New Orleans—a day that deserves to be
: h|ld insntateful recollection by the whole
§><* A§DMHjr #
gfeciplifH b*fn* Jute yAfcien, rt^fed'tfisfboasß^
Ciliad wfejte pbwious
led ; tJjßfhtoA»giufeflKat &
f world' i roust succumb toroeir superior prdWess.
Gloriously did the Hero of New Orleans, with
his mere handful of raw militia, undeceive the
proud the mother_cpuntrv r , by r riiat briL
Ifant finale to the second war with o’ur'old oppres
sor. Theyrcame, flushed-With'/tiie recdlectibn of
many a bold and successful battle, and stimulated
to deeds of desperate valor by the promise of every
(impujiity whiph the hcfpe(of plunder
• cation of a-vile inspire— but
before the well-directed. .American riflejhey
made to flee as chaff before the rude blasts of the
whirlwind; FiSfq of thaVmemdfaßle 'struggle,
which gave the finishing stamp to our national
greatness, is no more." He'sleeps beneath the wil
lows of the Hermitage, by; the side of her, whom,
in life he loved; with a love unspeakable! , But his
spirit still lives. His example, and teachings are
yet'abroad amongst men, silently working won
ders, and moulding the form and'fate of civil and
political institutions. .If his martial victories left
their impress on the age and country, and on the
world, his civic deeds have exercised an influence'
not less momentous, becaiised they ‘ released the
country from internal dangers far more subversive
of the national welfare than even the perils menaced
by an invading foe.
The Wilmot Proviso.
At the last session of the State Legislature reso
lutions were passed, with great unanimity, instruct
ing our Senators and requesting our representatives
in Congress, to sustain the Wilmot proviso. We
concede to the Legislature the right of instruction,
as applied to the Senators, and would regard that
man-as a sorry professor of Democracy, who did
not, without any further ceremony, either obey or
resign. This is the old States’Rights doctrine, and
notwithstanding the dissent of many excellent men,
whose opinions we value highly, it has our hearty
At the same time, however, .it must be confess
ed, that the resolves of the Pennsylvania Legisla
ture do not always reflect the wishes and
of the people. They are rather noted for their
contrariness. Look back, for example, at the re
solves passed, for a series of years, as regularly as
the session came, in favor of the Biddle Bank.
Had one relied on this data only, one could
not have escaped the conviction,-that the peo
ple of this State were most desperately enamored
of the Marble Monster. Grand mistake! We
believe in our hearts that the people, contra-distin
guished from the politicians, were never in love
with that bank, and that Gen. Jacksox, by his
veto md the removal of the deposites, merely ful-
a sentiment, which more than any living man
«ie had the sagacity to discover anti the firmness to
The same kind of resolves were passed year after
year, session after .session, in favor of a High Tariff,
until one would have almost imagined that the peo
ple of this State coveted nothing so much, as Mon
opoly and Taxation. We should like to see some
body try that gunie vote.
~ Unless the signs of the times nr« uhoaetlipr de
ceptive. the resolves of the last session in favor of
the Wilmot proviso, were merely, in the rur.ni-.
strop Hussies, »u few more of the aume sort.*' VVe
have never tor an instant regarded them us a true
reflection of the wishes of the freemen of Pennsyl
vania, than whom no people on earth are more
closely wedded to the safety and perpetuity of the
Union. If the subject were now for the first time
to he introduced into the Legislature, we would
discountenance its agitation there as one to the set
tlement of which that body can contribute nothing,
But, in view of the past, wo trust it.may be brought
to the test ugain, that the world muy judge wheth
er the action of the last legislature was, or was not, in
consonance with the will of the people.
We owe a deep debt of gratitude to many breth
ren of the press, who have kindly welcomed our
return to the editorial corps: Also, to numerous
personal and political friends, here and elsewhere,
who have successfully exerted themselves to extend
the circulation of our paper. We feel that the best
return we can make for these displays of friendship
—the more cheering because extended at the
threshold of our enterprise—is to spare no possible
efforts to deserve them.
Wbat would tliey be at 1
One of Bishop Berkeey’s pregnant queries is the
following: “ Whether it is not always a great
point to know what we mould, be at, and whether
whole States, as well as individuals, do not often
fluctuate fur want of this necessary knowledge-?”
1 o this great point the “no more territory'' men
do not seem any nearer to-day than-, they were the
moment the absurdity was first mooted. Not one
of the wise-acres employed in opposing territorial
acquisition knows “ what he would be at." They
are driving to all points of the compass, hither and
thither, but with all the driving there is no drift.
They have no well-digested substitute, but fluctu
ate" between this plan, that, and the other, until
they are finally themselves lost in a labyrinth of
perplexities. They admit that Mexico was deeply
indebted to the United States, even before the War.
leaving the expenses of the War itself out of view.
They admit, that Mexico has not a dollar of mon
ey, wherewith to‘‘discharge, this indebtedness,, and
that it would be useless to rely on treaty obliga
tions, seeing that she has paid so little regard to
those already in existence. They concede, also
indeed they cannot do otherwise—that the only’
possible indemnity, within reach of the United
States, is Territory, and they are anxious, say
they, that the war shall terminate honorably. And
yet—eccentric mortals—in the face of all these
declarations, their cry is “no more territory,” for
fear of the collateral question of slavery 1
He is not a sound statesman, who opposes one
system, but at the same time fails to recommend
another and better in its stead. Do, therefore, ye
men of the no-more-territory party, do enlighten us
in what way we are to recover redress from Mexi
co, if our army be withdrawn,, and no land is ceded
to us! Do inform us, in a word; what ye would he
The State Legislature.
This body convenes at Harrisburg at 12 o'clock
to-day. In the Senate, owing to the fact that many
of the strongest Democratic districts in the State
in October 1840, returned whigs, that party still
retains its ascendency. The House of Representa
tives, however, is laigely Democratic, so that nei
ther party will.be able to inflict serious injury on
the Other. That both may be animated by a dis
position to legislate for the welfare of the State W
devoutly to lx hoped Among ’h-iix <»i members
we discover tin name- of ma.'iv tt-n*
guished for tbesr lalem-
Hie Governor s -vlrssag - will no doubt, as usual,
h- sent in on to-morrow
I£T i’ne -m» and Massachusetts «abroad
was fo »'e f.r.HK-d lo Athol on ii,c .*uuj nit.
_ CKir Washington Correspondent announces the?
by the President, of Dr. Davis, of
SSniana, ’Minister to Chinas; CoI.-Rowax, of Ken
tftdtyCharge’ to Dr.
tflgMuntry upon these admiaSle sefectßts. B
ft&Vit will be recollectedjgnras theßeakeiSf
&£ House of Representatives!! the lastßkmgißL
he filled abi«y
ana great popularity. Col. Rowan is a gentleman
ofthefrighest order of talents, great firmness of
character, and eminently qualified, to represent the
fountry-at aw Guuit.— He jg
the son of the celebrated Judge ( Rqwax, fomjerly.
a citizen, aiid we believe, a native, of this State,
who was once a distinguished member of the
Senate of the United r States. r Col. R. has. npmqr
ous fri£nd|fin Tib wjjl be truljr gratjjfieij
with lus appointment Dr. Niles has great expe-
rieariv a*** - Dtplomatisfr-aHd-hig appointment-will
be considered among the .best- that could. be made.
• . 1 iii HiiJixJ j n it ru; jj * : i»i Jf
Col* Wfison UlcCan^kess.
:. Thw distinguished gentleman—President of the ;
Electoral College of this State in 1844, and well
known as one of the. most eloquent Democrats of
Western Pennsylvania—was invited to. address the
late ‘Democratic War Meeting, |at the Museum, and
as the letter was delayed by storm and bad roads,
he attempted to send the subjoined reply on the
day of the meeting, by Telegraph. But the wires
were in bad humor, abd his answer was returned
to him. He has, therefore, remittedit by due course
of mail. We ask attention to it as b letter fail of
eloquence and spirit: ,
Gentlemex;— Your flattering invitation to be
present at the War Meeting, to be held at' the
Chinese Museum, is only now-received:
and to reply in time, I mustpse the telegraphic wires!
I regret that corporeally I cannoti be tbefe, but I
shall be with’ you in the spirit and enthusiasm,
which will assemble and animate the masses of the
people. . 1 / . ! '
Remember, .in .your proceedings, our glorious
country, aud its enlightened administration, and
send up to the Capitol of the Nation, a voice,, as
shrill as the clarion, and as loud and potential as
the booming cannon at Churubusco.
Resolve, that the Government shall be reimbursed
for the expenses of the war, and American citizens
for all losses occasioned by Mexican perfidy and
declare, in the spirit of prophecy, that the assumed
evils of territorial indemnity; shall be promptly
eradicated by adopting the sentiment of the great
statesman of the age, in his patriotic letter, addres
sed to the Gibraltar of Pennsylvania Democracy.
Present me affectionately to all my oriental
brethren of the Democratic faith, and believe me
to be ever, Theirs and your obedient servant,
Pittsburg, Saturday morning, Dec. 18. -47.
Messrs. J. -C. Vandyke, Andrew Miller, J. F.
Belsterling, and G. G. Westcott, Esqrs., Democratic
This gallant officer, who in. the army has earn
ed the enviable soubriquet of ‘ ! thc brave Shields;’
is now in Washington city, on a visit. We learn
ed to know Gen. Shields intimately and well,
whilst he held the post of Commissioner of the
General Land Office, and to know him is to respect
ami love him. A nobler heart than his does not
animate the bosom of man. He resigned that
pleasant post, with its salary of S:U)UO per annum,
and accepted in exchange the perils and privations
of the camp. How nobly he has met the expecta
tions of his friends, we need not say. The terrible
wound he received at Cerro Gordo, and the provi
dential preservation of his life, are among the most
wondcrfiil incidents of the war. Gen. is
of Irish nutivity, uml inherits ull the rare virtues of
Aniifttroiiff Couuty Jbr BuclituiftiftJ
The regular democratic meeting fur Armstrong
county was held in the town of Kittiming, on the
'4lst nit., and was numerously nttondod by the
democracy from all sections of the county. Uen.
Uu HKitT- Oil n mid H, N. Lise, Esq,, were chosen
the delegates to tho 4th of Murcii Convention.
These genllemei\ are the avowed friends of James
lU'ciuxax for the Presidency. >
The Canal Board.
The Canal Commissioner elect, Hon. Mourns
Loxobtheth, enters upon the discharge of his
public duties, on the 1 ltlx instant He succeeds
Joshua Hahtsiiorxe, Esq., of Chester county, who
for the last three years has devoted his time unre
mittingly to his responsible trust, and who retires
with the best wishes of all who have had official
intercourse with him. In Judge Longstretii he
will have an able successor. The new'board now
consists of Messrs. Burns and Uongstreth (Dem
ocrats.) and Mr. Power (Fed.,) and it is sincerely
to he hoped that on all political questions, which
must necessarily arise, thes majority may be able to
The staunch Democratic organ, of this strong
Democratic county, the Clarion Democrat, on the
22d of December, said:
James Buchanan. —The late demonstrations
throughout the Union in favor of Pennsylvania's
favorite son, Hon. James Buchanan, for the Presi
dency, give ample proof of hisi popularity, the just
appreciation of his towering mind, and spotless
character, and of the rights of,the Keystone State
to the' President. With James Buchanan for Presi
dent, arid, say Gen. Worth, if a good Democrat, for
Vice President, our course is onward and our end
The Public Works.
We are gratified to learn by the following letter
td the Pennsylvanian, that there is a prospect of an
early opening of the State Canals, as the repairs
necessary to navigation will be completed by the
Ist of February: 1
Canal Commissioners’ Office,
Harrisburg, January 1, fB4B.
To the Editors of the Pennsylvanian :
Gentlemen ' As many erroneous reports are in
circulation, and as numerous inquiries have been
made in relation to the opening of the public Works,
the Board of Canal Commissioners deem it proper
to state, that all the repairs to the main fine of*
candl and railroad between Philadelphia and Pitts
burg will be completed by the middle’of February,
and that the navigation will be resumed at as early
a day in the Spring as the weather will permit the
water to.be let into the canal.
By order of the Board,
THOMAS L. WJLSON, Sec’y.
Slaying a Mexican.
Extract from Henry Clay's speech, delivered
at the dinner of the Sons of New England, at iNew
Orleans, on the 22nd of December 1846, met to
celebrate the landing of the Forefathers of'New
England on Plymouth rock:— . ’
“ AlthpugU; leading -a lifq ofjretrreuient/I am not
wholly unobservant of the-proededings relating to
the condition, welfare, and. prospects of our coun
try. And when I saw around me to-night, General
Brooke, and other old friends, I felt half inclined to
auk for some nook or corner in the army, in which ]
‘might save, to avenge the wrongs done to tny country.
I thought that I might yet be able to capture or slav a
A. Couxthy Qcahbeii. —Mr. John Martin, of
Shippensburg, in this State, has'lately been the
subject of a sale slander, which he very properly
endeavors to repel through the columns of that ex
cellent paper, 'the' Valley Spirit. It seems that Mr.
Martin made some, apphj-butter,in the fall, as every
body else does up ip the vcdpnfry, and bought at a
l neighboring store a number of- earthen pots to put
C«I Benton. * tin - Tlicsc P° ts appear to have been badly made
c , V • ’ and the glazing coming Ofl; poisbned eight out of
1 lie bt. Louis Uninii. the leading Democratic pa- ten of Mr. Martins family, all of whom however ‘
per of Missouri, in alluding to the rumored posi- finally, recovered after considerable suffering: Not
tion of this distinguished statesnnan, says - Mat-standing this very plain statement, somebody,
c . , „ . : . 1 • , , ' got up a slander about the apple-butter
few years sine, when the
from the head of the Senate Committee on Milita- domestic economy which Mr Marti. ? ev ' ' Dr - P***® wps about leaving New York for
ry Affairs. From this, newsmongers have invent- following turtawUhdiEriant terms- * P 6 ’ 3 m, l thesouth, he wis roiled upon by the vestrymen of
ed the charge that he contemplates ' assailing the ' „ The'renort was nnfln clrr^b,. ; L , ? sr »all church.m Westchester county, and urgently
administration. Now, we can state, foHhe fenefit mn'that my .m/c solicited to take charge of the same. The Rew
of those who have given credence to such a rumor, D^tto . r .S rac ‘ o l?. received - the.'comtraffee, but re
that Col. Benton «ti)l contim***? tn; the ct-.ViVeiv‘uriSuideil V . T*?^** s ? iS&r urgin gl as a
i> term, with the l‘n idom-tinjt nothing h, - o,:-. 1 £ T chief objWuthat the salary, though libeSd from :
cum-.hto ir.ar the co;J leeliug between then-. and ; <-i. n »; •ri !*•* Vi ’■ a r *- the parish they represented, would be inadequate :
that i! is not prol-. :-le that ahy Ihing A ,hc kind “ d Ibr his expenses, having a considerable family ,f;
wilt occur.*’ no ,t— lias ftej .nowthey can t do-hence . <lltaU chiMren-to educate and prortle for. i
_ 'b ob“urite‘ ? | One of the committee .replied, “the Lord wilf
Luunon Cocvrr von Scott.— Tin*. & f 1 \r.VV~ . ~ ' . ! take car* 1 of them; he has' promised, to .hear the
.Lebanon couiily held their Comity Convention on up Liher £" Jj ® "Sd glmie^bm
the 20th nit., and unanimously adopted a resolution side, will no Jojtot hint- rheir heads somew*- * h.-'hw not njv •<; ed »u provide for the vo -r^'
in favor of General Scott tor tn«* Bresith-m-y. benttanfoh-n 'lriegruph, ’ j Hawks." 01
George W. Hamkrslt, Esq., of this city, editor
°f the Union aud.Tribune, in consequence of his re-,
lura to the editorial tripod,' declines a rerelection as
S j^ enaW ' *' 0* o''
Bpitfflln of Ijfro miSag talentfwd a
Bp bar, died atjMatajji&ras, of v&ow Sjer. fe
risburg, will hereafter be associated in the editorial
and -business departments of the Philadelphia Even
E!/" 1 Hon. MdEiiB - LossTnxTHhas
positiqn as Associate Judge of the Court of Quarter
Sessions and Common Pleas; for the county of
Montgomery, in anticipation of his new duties as
Commissioner. | r T / ' \'' j
4 «e W^LXoT^advHo.—JonnWilmotwas late-*
,ly feroaght before the Retonfer of New .Qja«an»tot.
whipping his be(ter told,ltjm
lie stiould be he did
not offend again.
Associate Judges.— William Cplley and John
A. Speaker have been appointed the Associate.
Judges for the new county of Sullivan.
'Thoxas C. MDowell, Esq,., of Cambria coun
ty, well known for his active and efficient exertions
in the Democratic cause, will be zealously urged
by numerous friqnds for the office of State : Treas
07* The Washington Examiner says that about
eighty Democratic papers,, in various. States of ,the
Union, have declared their preference for the Hon.
James Buchanan as the standard bearer pf our
party In the contest of ,1848.
ID* George W. Barton s lecture at Pottsville is
warmly applauded by the press of that borough.
JD* Gen. Sam Houston, the Hero of San Jacinto,
has been re-elected to the U. S. Senate, by the legis
lature of Texas.
Cause and.Effect. —No two words in the En
glish language more truly declare cause .and conso
queuce than these: Gin and Bittern. /
.Senator Bagbt upon Annexation.— This U.
S. Senator has written a letter to a gentlemen in
Tuscaloosa in favor of the annexation of all Mexi
co to the United Stages. ; He fays ; -..-,
“ In every light ini whifcb lean \iew the present
condition of Mexicp and our relations towards
them here, I am inevitably led to the conclusion
that‘there is no 'alternative left, but to reduce the
country to absolute |ubjection, and extend the ju
risdiction of our law's and institutions over it. ’
ID* Within the short space ’of a yeaf, Messrs,
Pennybacker, of Virginia; Barrow', of Louisiana;
Speight, of Mississippi; Huntington, of Connecticut,
and Fairfield of Maiiie, all of the Senate, have died.
A severe mortality for so small a body of men.
ID* The Baltimore Assessor's returns show that
nineteen hundred and fifty-nine new houseshave been
erected this year, in that city, the assessed value of
which is upwards Of two millions six hundred
Baltimore, Dec. 27.
Shocking Accident.—A terrible disaster oc
curred to-day, in Fox's Refectory, Light; St ::The
boiler.attached to the cooking, furnace exploded, in
consequence of the valves that supplied it with wa
ter being frozen. Ann Roden was killed, and Nan
cy Quinn wasdangerously wounded. Sarah Healy.
a colored girl, and a colored boy were also badly
lD“Sir Walter Scott tells a story of a gentle
man who, irritated at some misconduct of his ser
vant, said: “John, either you or T must quit the
house." “Very well," said John, “where will
your honor be ganging tof’
Major Gaines.— Maj. John Pi Gaines, mem
ber of Congress elect from the 10th Congressional
District, has arrived at his residence, In Boone
county, Kentucky. After romnining a Ibw days
with hie family, he will leave for Washington to
tnko his seat in Congress.
How well it in tho Rim and moon
Arn placed no very high,
That no presuming man can roach
To pluck them from the sky.
If’twore not so, I do believe
That Borno reforming ass,
Would soon attempt to take them down,
To light the world with Gas.
lD*There is nothing so difficult in real life as to
wear a character, or to act consistently upon prin
ciples, which are not our own.. Truth is sure to
vindicate herself by tripping up the.-heels of pre
tence in the most awkward and unexpected man
Elections in Maine.—'The State of Maine
will hereafter elect her Governor, Senators and Re
presentatives by a plurality vote. Tho amend
ments for the purpose of making this change in the
Constitution, prevailed by a majority of *2OO to 400
in a vote of *28,000.
Knowledge of America in Brazil.— A Bra
zilian merchant at Para recently asked 4 an Ameri
can whether the United States was as large a town
as Para! Para contains 12 or 14,000 inhabitants,
seven-eighths of whom are colored.
JD'The Senate of Georgia has passed the fol
Resolved, That the Reporters of this Senate
, “ Shall nothing extenuate
Nor set down aught in malice.”
Terrible Steamboat Disaster.
Sixty Persors Killed on Misstxo—TmaTT
The steamboat A. N. Johnson, bound to Wheel
ing from Cincinnati, blew, up. December t 29, near
Maysville, it is 'supposed from a defect in the
boilers: and out of.one hundred'and sixty passen
gers, between sixty or seventy are either killed or
missing, and thirty others are so badly scalded as
to make their recovery a matter of doubt.
After the explosion the boat took fire, and many
who escaped the explosion-were either drowned or
fell a victim to the fury of the. flames.
. Among the killed are the chief clerk, Mr, Fair
child, Engineer Lyles, and Pilot Redman.
Among the scalded are .Messrs. Everhart and
son, and G. S. Wctherly, of Philadelphia, Wheat
and Rillson, of Baltimore, and John Galbraith of
Messrs. Johnson, McDonald, Wickersham, Gil
breth and Baker, all from Pittsburg' were among
Messrs, Arthur Fdle, T. McDonald; Jas. Wicker
sham, G. Baker and J. Ferguson, of Pittsburg, were
among the saved.
So rapid wasithe.prbgressof thefflimes aftif the'
explosion, and so complete; thb devastation, that
hardly an effort could be made for self-preservation.
The boat was soon in one sheet of fire, and burned
to the water’s edge.
The list of the sufferers by this disaster is, of
course, very incomplete; and' many haVe doubtless
perished whose names will never be known.
.Every efibrt -was made to rescue the passengers
by those living in the vicinity of the scene, but .so
sudden whs the destruction, that their exertions
were in a great measure useless.
■, Jan. 1, 1848.
y in Congress—
and Quihnan —,
great (if notrfp
is. Now almoart
P°iyHß|R§3jbg&udu)g members of CjgEr
Egress,Tfifeads and strangersOrall
sexes, sixes, and 'conditions, repaired to the
“ White House,^ 5 tcT exchange holiday salutations
with and his fair lady. The corps of
dress, and all the beauty, brilliancy and fashion of
the city. The Marine band, with its martial aud
national airs, enlivens the festive scene, and all is
bustle, gaiety and confusion. From the Presidential
mansion the sea of human heads (and hats) is seeu
directing its course towards the residence of Mrs.
Madison, the.yene rable widow of the Ex-PieaidenU.
who receives hefTnuuierous visiters with a grace,
and ease that have evidently descended from the
olden, time. The dwelling of Major Seaton is also
crowded, and that of the hospitable ex-publisher of
the Globe, John ‘C; Rives, and other public and
private gentlemen have hung out their ‘latch-sirings’
as'a signal of a warm and' hearty welcome within.
Enjoyment is depicted on every countenance.
Congress is doing—not much! and considerable
time will elapse, no - doubt j before any definite ac
tion will be had in regard to the all absorbing'sub
ject of the War. The mode in which the proceed
ings of Congress are managed, is in. the highest
degree culpable. Whatever the urgency of the
public business, how ruinous soever the-delay,
it appears utterly impossible to inspire that body
wfth-a due degree of energy or promptitude. To
a most reprehensible spirit of procrastination, and
the cacoethes loquendi , the habitual waste of time
by Congress may be ascribed. Such was the case
at the-last session, and from present appearances
such will be the case again. Fifty or a hundred
speeches—and double the number of amendments
and postponements^—will take place, before definite
action is had on any one of the important national
subjects that would seem to demand immediate
attention, j This is.a great evil, and should not be
without a remedy.
The Mexictui.wa.r became incidentally the subject
ot a spicy debate on Thursday in the Senate, upon?
the motion'of Mr. C ass to take up the military bills
repotted from his committee. The motion was re
sisted by Mr. Calhoun, who contended that, before
voting any further, supplies, .the purposes of the
Warshonld.be distinctly declared by the Executive.
John P. Hale, the “.allied ” Senator from New
Hampshire, anxious no doubt to prove the truth of
the adage that “ one renegade ,is worse than ten
Turks,’’launched into a violent tirade against the
administration, denouncing the war as one of“ Crime
and Robbery,” and the age in which we live as
“ barbarous;” if it were approved. Mr. Hale
openly declared Kitnself opposed to any further
supplies whatever, and actually took the rag from
Corwin. But, notwithstanding his phillippic, the
bill was taken up, by the 'casting vote of the Vice
President, and will, doubtless:be further considered
at aij early day.
A Taylor meeting was held at Coleman’s hotel
a few evenings since, which resulted in just nothing
at all. The principal agitators were Gayle and
Gentry, of the House, the former front Alabama
and the latter from Tennessee. The speakers all
took strong ground against Taylor’s domination
by a convention, or any body of that character, and
wished his election to spring from the spontaneous
suffrage" of the people. A majority of the whigs
in Congress are clearly in favor of Clay, and will
spare no possible effort to procure his nomination.
They say, and with justice, that Taylor has never
once committed himself to their cause or creed, aiid
that they have no notion of being again chcutcd in
their man, as they were with Tyler lit 1840.
A Public Dinner was given to Generals Niim.ns
ami Quitman at Puller's new hotel, on Friday. Al
though tlio tickets were ns high as $O, it was one
of the most recherche affivirs tlmt lias been got up
for a long time in this city. The speeches were
eloquent, and the table literally groaned beneath
the good tilings of the Hoason.
The remains of Senator Fairfield, in charge of
a committee, left in the train of cars of Tuesday
evening, to ho takeu.to his fUmily in Maine for in
terment. This joss is deeply regretted by all his
friends and associates. The eulogy oii thb'decoascd
by Senator Niles of Connecticut was one of the
most glowing aud impressive tributes it has ever
been my fortune to hear. His picture of the un
certainty and insecurity of life was eminently
pathetic. Mr. Niles 1 is not only one of the ablest
of Senators, but as a and mau he stands
deservedly high in the public esteem.
A sad accident happened a ?few
to Mr. Pettit, one of the members of the House
from Indiana. He was returning from a Ladies’
Fair at Apollo Hall, when(his foot slipped on the
snow, and, falling on the! pavement, he re-broke
the leg which he had broken in July last, by being
thrown from his carriage whilst canvassing his dis
trict. He is doing well as could be expected.
Col. John Rowan of Rentucky, son of the for
mer U. S. Senator, has been nominated Charge d’
Affaires to Naples, in place of Major Polk. Col.
Rowan is among the most distinguished of the Ken
tucky Democracy, and will fill the post ably.
Hon. John W. Davis, Speaker of the last House,
has been nominated as Minister to China, to suc
ceed Mr. Everett, deceased. This is likewise an
excellent appointment, and.will be hailed with much
satisfaction by the Democracy of Indiana, with
whom Mr.‘Davia is a great ‘favofiteV * '
Doctor Niles, who had a diplomatic appointment
of some importance. under President Tyler, has
been nominated a 9 Minister to Sardinia.
From the Duller -(Penn.) Herald.
i The Next Presidency.— “lt is well known,
that we, for some' time, have had the name of Gen.
Lewis Cass at the head of our paper for the Presi
dency. We done so, hot from a disposition to
smother down any prospect which Pennsylvania
might have had at that .time to have one of her
own sons selected as'the Democratic candidate in
18-18, for that high and important station; but on
the contrary, we done so because we believed she
had no chance'whatever. Pennsylvania has been
a pack-horse to carry the Democracy of the Union
"through every political contest succesfuUy; and so
■little has she heretofore been thought of in the Na
tional Conventions, thal; we had come to the con
clusion her claims would again be silenced by the
selection of a statesman without her borders. In
this spirit, and under this belief we feel disposed
to say to all the world, our choice was Gen. Lewis
Cask. *; '
Recent deveiopements;.h6wever. in the political
world, indicate a desire on the part of the Democ
racy to give Pehiwyh'anih the candidate. Should
this desire be carried out, in good faith, by
States, we deem it but justice, the .choice (should
fall upon the Hont James Buchanan. He is a man
of towering intellect, and surpassed by ~ no other
statesman in the Union. Long ago, the Democra
cy Of this State settled upon him as their choice;
arid up to the present time, 1 the bone and sinew'of
the Democracy —the people—believe he should be
placed at the head' of the nation. He has long
been esteemed Pennsylvania s favorite son; and it.
is too late, now, fof aiiy oneto attempt a subver
sion of his acknowledged claims.
We have taken this position, because the De
mocracy of thi&cbunty have iapprobattd'ftrm the
selection of delegate* \q the4th.of March Conven
tion, who are known to ;Ije .hi*, friends. Besides
this, we spoke with, the Democrats from all sec
tions of the county, during last week, which was
court week, and they all, with scarcely an excep
tion, declared in favof of Mr. Buchanan, if Penri
sylvania would get the nomination. In accordance
then with the declared’wish of the Democracy, we
have thus made ptiblic the position'we intend to
Later <vom Mexico.
orders by Gen.
ScotMgFhe Sisicnn, Congress—Colonel Hughes'
proclamtion—'lJfyirs sat the capital—The new
jPjgfrf cg’n'Wo”— lnterference solicited.
ffWy® inst.J inclusive j
tQt “^ re!lc —7 u 8 y pnl cTilay by our
We subjoin various important
de*‘ls uM contained? in «o*‘telegrophiq despatch
yeMerdav’a 8a& i
Tp ,’Sritiah WtexyEbdia mail steamer T.-voit,
Litat. P. Hast, R. N., commander,! arrived at Ship
IslAd harbor at 4 o’clock on the afternoon of the
20th lhstant, in four days from Vera Crux. By this
arrival the Picayune (extra) of the 22d inst lias
'd.te. from'the city of"Mexieo Of Qfd" 14th of this
month, i i
The following gcutlemen, passetigers from Vera
Crus, arrived in. New Orleaus by the Creole ■ Dr
Finley, U. S. A. and servant; Captains Wheat and’
Sheperd, U. S. A.; Midshipman Scott,'U. S N
Mr. J. S. Sawye,, and Mr. A. Boyle. > ; \ '/
Gen. Patterson had! retched tire eity.of»Melico
having left a garrison at Rio Frio, iwhere a perma
ncut rffepot is to be made. t
GhuVScotrissaidlohave issuetlan order making
anew assignment of brigades to Gens. Smith and
Cad wall ader, and Col. Riley. i '
The Meriean Congresa had a quorum pa Mondavi
the 6lh of Deceuih^r,-which is the iateit
have yet come aerate from Queretaro. 1 Thte Star'
says mimy deputies were still absent, and six : or
eight others were expected to leave during the
week, notwithstanding the critical state of agairs
in which the republic is placed. The correspondent
of the Monitor thinks the new Congress wifi do no
better than the present. Nothing of the least inter
est was done on Monday. The government was
occupied with the regulation of the arniy. A de
cree was about to be-issued on the subject con
templating the number of the standing atmy at
twenty thousand men. ■;-p’ J
It will be .seen by our correspondent’s'letter that
there was some design entertained of sending a
Mexican commissionet; to .Washington, to solicit
the appointment of commissioners to meet at Ha
vanna, and arrange the terms of. a treatylof peace
We are, not yet prepared to see how authentic is
The steamer Portland, Capt. Spinney, arrived at
Vera Crux on the 15th inst., after a terrtbje passage,
during which a hundred horses were thrown over
All on board, concur in the belief, that had not
the horses been thrown overboard when theV were
the ship would inevitably have gone down. Had it
been delayed fifteen minutes, the probability is that
it would 1 have been too late. . ■ f.
Col. Bankhead has appointed Lieut. Fahndstock,
of the 4th artillery, acting assistant adjutanfgeneral.
At Vera Crux, the papers have a rumor ufthe de
feat of a division of our army at Llano Grande. Our
later letters from the capital show it to be unfounded
The following items are from the Free American
of the 10th inst:
Gen. Butler left Jalapa on the -6th for Puebla.
The train which he lias .commanded has also left
Gen. Marshall and staff were met by Captain
Wheat at Plan del Rio. . “
A gentleman who arrived here from Los Llenos
de Apa, in company with Capt. Wheat, from Jalapa,
was robbed, as well as several persons who were
with him, (persons belonging to the F.hglish mining
company,) of all they had with them, at a place
called Rio del Norte, by the brave dcfensmrs de ta
Patria, the g'uerilleros; or, in other words, robbers.
Capt. lyheat assures us, that from there to Jalapa
the roadiis perfectly opened to-travellers, and that
in parties ol three or four it can be overrun without
the least (danger.
The difficulty among the prominent officers oi
our Army appears to have-been quite as serious as
was represented. We publish here the.'orders of
Gen. Scott, reflecting upon the officers .who were
said to he under arrest. They betray no little tem
per—perhaps we should say, ascerbity of temper;
Wjk Department, Amt. General’s Office,)
Washington, Jau. 28, 1847. J
The following regulation has been received from
the War Department: War Department,)
Washington, Jan. 28, 1847. J
The President of the United States directs that
paragraph G5O of the General Regulation for the
Army, established on the Ist of March, 1820, and
not included among those published Jaiiuary 20,
1841, ho now published, and that its observance us
a part of the general regulation* be strictly cnjnmed
Upon the army. By order of the President:
(Signed). , W.*L, MAItCY, decretory 1 of War,
The Ibllowjng Is the pumgrnnh of the General
Regulations lur the Army,' established on the Ist of
Murehi 1820, relerred lu above i
“ fIOO. Privute letters or reports, rolutive to mill
tnry marches Intel oporntlons, tiro frequently mil
tililevous In design, and always disgrneelUl to .the
army. I hey are, therefore, strictly torbldden, end
mi officer lounil guilty of mulling such report fbr
publication, without special permission, orol'pla
cing the writing beyond his control so tlmTit finds
Its way to the press, within one month after the ter
miimtfon of thu campaign ta which it relates, shall
tie dismissed from the service.”
Ily hommuml of Mai. Gen. Scott,
(Signed) WM. G. FREEMAN 1 , Ass’t Adj. lion.
JIEADgUABTERS OF THE ARJIY, )
Mexico, Nov. 12, 1847, f
Tlie attention of certain officers of this army is
recalled to the foregoing regulation, which the gen
eral-in-chief is resolved to enforce so far as it may
be in his power. . 3
As yet but two echoes from home to the brilliant
operations of our army in this basin have reached
us ; the first in a New Orleans, and the second
through a Tampico newspaper.
It requires.pot a little charity to believe that the
principal heroes of the scandalous letters alluded
to did not write them, or specially procure them to
be written, and the inteTligeirt-caiL.be M mo.loss in
conjecturing the authors—chiefs, partisans, .and pet
familiars. To the honor of the service, the disease
—pruriency of fame, not earned—cannot have
se:zed upon half a dozen officers (present,) all of
whom, it is believed, belong to the same two co
False credit may no doubt be obtained at home,
bv such despicable self-puffings and malignant ex
clusion of others i but at the expense of the just es
teem and consideration of all honorable officer.
'Who love their country, their profession,, and the
truth of history. The indignntion of the great'num
ber of the latter- class cannot fail, in the end, to
bring down the conceited and the envious to their
proper level. '
By command of Muj. Gen. Scott.
_ • -'.H, L. SCOTT, A. A. A. G.
The letters alluded to by General Scott as “ the
echoes from home ” are evidently the “ Leonidas”
letter, and the other a letter which appeared firstln
the Pittsburg Post , ..was thence transferred to the
Union, whence we . copied it on the Bth October,
with some introductory remarks, and the whole,
then appeared in a Tampico paper.. .. - .
' .When Gen. Scott’s orders were published,Lient,
Col. Duncan came out promptly in l the' North Amer
ican with the following frank avowal ofhif connec
tion with the “ Tampico letter,” so called. 'a!c
cording to the. North American the “Tampico
Jetter” was “ compiled from two letters Written by
officers of the army in Mexico to a brother officer
in Pittsburg, for bis eye alone. ; But rdad’ Whit-
Col. Duncan has to say to it:
_ Mexico, Nov. 13j 184 T.
To the Editor of the North American: .
Sir : I herewith present a copy of the “/Tampico-
Letter” characterized as “scandalous,” “despic
able,” “malignant,” &c. in general, orders. No.
349, published in the American Star of this morn
ioe: # i. "■
To the end that the true character of this letter
may be known, I desire that you reptiblish it m
your paper, and that none of my brother dicers
may innocently suffer for a publication so obhoxiouk,
I hereby! publicly acknowledge myself to be its "
author. The Substance of it I communicated froth
Tacubaya,soon:after the battles, m aiprivatolettef ’
to a friend in Pittsburg. i.
The statements: in the letter are known by veiV
many officers of this army to be true,and.l can -but
think that the publication of truth is jess likely to
do violence to individuals or the service, than the- -
suppression or perversion of it. .. .
Justicejto Gen. Worth, (who is evidently one of
the “ heroes” pointed at in order No. 439,) requires 1
me to state that he knew nothing whatever'or my,
purpose to write the letter in question, nor that it '
had been Iwritten till well on its way to itH destina-;- 1
tion ; he j never saw, nor did he. now, • •
indirectly, even the purport of one line, or syllable!,
of ft till he saw it in print, and he, is equity ignor-j.
rant of my design to make this declaration,, which. I >
do, as I wrote the letter, unprompted and, on-.my
■own responsibility. ” ’ ’ f j * .
Very |respectfiilly, your obH serv’t,
JAB. DUNCAN, Brevet Lt. Col. U; Si A.
After the publication of this letter, Col. Duncan
under arrest, arid subsequently . GeW. '-
Pillow was arrested, and next Gen. Worth. The
North American is of opinion that Gem PilloW was ;
not arrested on, account of the “ Leonidas \> letter, :•
but on the following gronds :
There has been,another arrest, that, of Gen.Pil- i.
low, one of the chiefs but npt,- as ap
pears on account of Ithe letters of which he T is the
hero. We hear,, generally, that the cause was
this : _Gen. Pillow having taken exception. |o the ’
finding of a court of inquiry; which* finding has
been approved by Gen. Scott, addressed a paper re
lating -to tlie matter to the Secretary of War, through ' *
the Comraander-inrchief, preserving a copy,; which *
he avowed in a letter accompanying; he hadsetU, or .
would send, directly tothe Secretary at Washington.
This transaction hp judged to be a ; contempt, and
for the so-judged contempt Gen. Pillow is ,
N<»t,>tirderiitauding the technicalities of the case,
we axe not advised whether prrt of or the whole of
the transaction is regarded as the • ontempt—but
that is immaterial. 1 1
Gen. Worth 5 * arrest is t!.«? priced in the North
American of the 28th tilt.:
The last, arrest occurred yesterday—that of Brevet
Major Gear. Worth, and the charge is, we Believe*
contempt towards »hc /‘oinmandcr-in-chief.
out a foil jr.r.owledge of the facts, wv do not pur
pose to lengthen this article by any remark*: up.; U
lhi> pr<-.:eeding. ' ' P
The Difficulty in the Army.