Lancaster intelligencer. (Lancaster [Pa.]) 1847-1922, December 28, 1847, Image 2

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    3nteUigencei*&j
E. W. HOTTER,3
LancagteryDe
\; v, SV
*■ ; With the present number, the
}' Stnt& fy.Journal will be owned £nd
the undersigned. In early life we were bredao!
- profession of a journalist, and discovering hggy
• to it, we have cho^en^S^
. city ns our permanent location, and! invoice
i *he support of the; Lancaster reading public.,
that our lot is cast in a pleasant
.phicej v a population exceeding in numbers
,■ that, of L the entire state of Delaware, and not fer
> ; behind thßi of Rhode Island—with a vast territory,
fertile as the'bjtnks ofthe Nile, and abounding in
every/ element of plenty anil contentment —the
county of ; Lancaster constitutes almost a common*
wealth Within itself A solitary cloud darkens, the
horizon! Here Federalism rejoices' in its largest
majorities. But even this serves only to widen our
held of action, and to- increase the necessity fori
active and energetic exertion. It was the bo;
the ancient Spartans that they attacked theS
without waiting to count their - numbe;
here there is a Spartan minority
5.000, who, undismayed by. sej
without a selfish stimulant,
gaiger in valiant battle for
ph an occasion
■principles.
'present, a custom, .which
quity, we think, to form part ol
ion law,” demands a - frank avowal of
.the-principles by which we intehd that- our edi
torial career shall be governed.
We design, then, with whatever ability we may
to advocate and defend thr broad and com
prehensive principles of Democracy, as handed
dotyn by the revered fathers of otir political system.
A* principles which constitute the
u Ciocxi Old Cause,” and which, have made our
najion the greatest on the face of the globe. They
|ead to the recognition of Tun Ptosis as the foun
tain of all political power, and tho ” greatest good
. of the greatest number'’ hs ihe (legitimate nim ol
wcll-adtpitustered government, Whatever measure
tends, therefore, to confer privileges on the few,
which are not possessed in common by the many,
ave deem un infraction of olir boasted system of
" Equality of Rights, and to thut extent a diminution
of the stock of popular Freedom. Against all such
heresies we intend sternly to set opr face. Wo are
J the avowed foe.of class-legislation Jri all its Protean
shapes and guises. ■
Under our State Governments grants of incorpo
ration are the chosen instrumentality to which
monopolists resort furtherance of their schemes
of covetousness and~ambition. These; give, to inter
ested classes a control over the currency, often over
'the price of food and raiment, and eventuate as
effectually in the subjectiou and spoliation of-tlie
masses as Kingcraft itself. Not unfrequently, as in
f the melancholy, history of th£; United States Bank,
vthey-lead .to the corruption of legislation, and the
demoralization of all the avenues of public authority.
How immeasurably wiser that immunities so de
structive of the general welfare were never granted,
and that men were left’free, to the state of property'
which results to each from his own industry and
» that of his fathers.
The doctrines of.the Democratic party on this
, subject are those of common honesty and common
, - sense. It believes, that whatever objects are
within the compass of individual enterprise men
be left free to accomplish in their own way,
without the intermeddling of Government; and
that, when association is necessary, the substance
of the individual partners shall stand pledged for
the liabilities incurred in the works prosecution.
Accountability is ; a law of Heaven, and should also
prevail upon, the Earth. We. opine it would tax
political casuistry to its utmost to stammer out a
' decent plausibility why it should not apply to cor
- porators. • .. j
Whilst advocating these doctrines, we shall never
cease to render merited homage to that virtuous
and inflexible statesman, Francis Shunk, who
has dared and done so much for their establishment
in our State Government.'
In the same spirit we shall sternly oppose that
twin agent of oppression, which craft and cunning
have "sought to engraft on the policy of the general
- government, and whose real character they cover
with the flattering pbfase of a “protective tariff”
Among all the dexterous devices by which men in
modem times -have contrived to impoverish and
subjugate the masses* none has proved more efiec
. tive, because none is so insidious. The monarchs
of the ObTWojld, when they made the earnings of
their fellows inure to themselves, reached th’e end
by means of edicts, to which belonged at least the
.merit of bold and undisguised rapacity. But we
> live in an age of fashion and improvement, when
J"' she ; old modes of oppression would; be voted com
rl .mon-place and vulgar. There be no royal mas
•; ters now, who, like King John of England, extort
- -.wealth by-tearing the teeth from the mouths of its
possessors, but there be refined tariff-mongers; who
; levy invisible and indirect contributions on the
people, all the while roundly affirming that it is a
; process intended for the people’s own-special bene-
Thanks tor|he sublime art of printing, and the
spirit of free inquiry and free discussion, the light
■ of a saving experience and an ever extending pub*
lie intelligence, the day' has forever passed away,
what contradictions aiid paradoxes passed current
/or sound philosophy and truth. It is difficult to
£i-; persuade r men now, that the more they are taxed
for an article, the cheaper the price of it—or that
fe. the higher the rates.of duty imposed op foreign
■ importations, the more-abundant the source of rev
r;. -enue ; tO/the governments The tariff of 1840 has
yy/*dissipatedjto thefour- winds the entire legion of
fallacies,Vith which our opponents were wont to
< fill the public mind. It has proved the “ounce of
i example”; that has outweighed whole tons of false
i precept. ,'Not prophets nor politicians, not preach
£'y./iefs nor statesmen uor sooth-sayers, not
nor lugubrious lamentations of the
- tariffocracy, have sufficed'to defeat the slupendous
truth, established by the crowding results of the
" past year, that the producing interests, foremost
.'j, among which stands AoßictrLTcßK, 1 flourish best,
j when the laws are free from the taint of monopoly,
Sad when Equality, not Privilege, is the pervading
principle. . ,
If the tariff policy lof James K. Polk thus conv
mends itself to ourapproval, how much more his
£ w admirable war policy. An unpardonable derilec
sp tiop of duty we would deem it,sf we foiled to de
• vote a large portion of our columns to this subject.-
v: When we review tide series of wanton insult, ag
gression, and depredation, committed by Mexico
against the government and of the United
States,.for;a number of years,’our wpider is, not
sword is the arbiter now, but that it slept
r ..- in its scabbard so long. No nation on earth can
, point to'a similar patient and long
: suffering forbearance. - Forever will it stand em
blazoned oft the, page,of. history, itself its .only par
allel. Possessing-the power to indict violence, the
' United States for years preferred to sttffcr violence.
;■ Strong enough, at any-moment, to crush the jfoe in
his feebleness,'we jiaye contradicted all the received
maxims of fnankmd, by permitting, our. .strength
r , amUps-feebleness to seiye as a pretext for en
r* " durance of the most humiliating accumulation of
Wrong, If the generosity of nations has heretofore
been considered .a non-entity; itseMStonce ' isi .uhde
. - hiably prOyeh now. The brow of 'U
foieincled; by jnany laurels. 1 ut am,mg. *Uin all
* none aprears ; «> it*gvo,;L'u;i
> this humanity .been Vu t ■
seern to have sat -a ;
andj.' as th* prelude to her ;
Ijfrjl&ig-td Ifave- made .her toad. Besotted by ig-.
sport of xmlitary advenrurcrs : j
rajud strides towards the baniu of j
C
«/'
• V
SpSpiS
is 1
hero&rtsubkantialgood? . Whensuffieientlyscoorg--
edby\yar,it.»wybe, thatshewillbe broaght/uh
ising raee of people, who wffl. re we her
irce atidHer manufactures, work her mines,',
jicate and civilize .her people, ther
f Providence sometimes seems;slow. and. m-
it is not the less perfect , and in-'
jin working out its ends.' - '
. conclude ; this salutation; without the
positgfe pre-commital of our paper to the establish
ed
We jjaard inherence loßegcxab. Nominations,
whetjjjp general or local, as not less yital to Jlem
ocratg; ascendency, than is the air we ; inhale Ito die
preservation of animal existence. -To these nsa-
therefore, we consecrate; in ■ advance, our J un
[tialifed allegiance.' ' Whilst in alf controversies
about mere men, which are. often unavoidable, we
shall claim the right .of exercising- our own prefer
ences; it will be our study-so to-respect opin
ions of others, that we may extend a cordial sup
port to their favorite, in .case'the tribunal,, which: is
to decide for us all, shall award in their fevor.. We
invoke from and among the jDemocracy that fra
ternity, without which the charms ofpolitics are
few arid its hopes feeble. This is surely not the
time to turn our weapons on ourselves.
lore than
forces, and
fever ready to en-
It will be our aim/also. as much as possible, to
make the Intelligencer a welcome Family Papeti
—to fill its columtjs with articles of general inter
est and information;?both original and selected, —so
that each reader may find something suited to liis
taste.; Congress is nciw in session, and soon the
Slate Legislature will lie, whose proceedings we
intend carefully to chronicle..
Huying said thus much—more than we intend
ed ut the outset—\vc now luuneh our vessel ou the
waters, With the Lunrtister 'County Demoeracy
it remains to say, whether its gulls shall lie tilled
by prosperous breezes,
j
laxeasTsn, Dee, 138, IM7
We. -have chosen for our motto a sentiment nt*
tered by James Buchanan in his masterly speech'to
the great State Convention held in this city, in Aug.,
18*10.; ‘-That country,he said, "is the most pros- :
perous, where Labor commands the greatest Re
ward/’
The circumstances which elicited this admirable
sentiment were remarkable. John Davis; of Mas- ‘
sachusetts, once 'the. able; editor of a semi-British
press in the regionpf the Hartford Convention, and
its supporter and apologist, Had, in the Senate of
the United States, wilfully altered a speech of Mr.
Buchanan, reversing the sense of the author, and
ibiputing to him. opinions diametrically opposite. : to
those he had advanced. S
To this day the Democracy contemplates with
just pride the overwhelming rebuke thereupon ad
ministered to Mr. Davis, in the presence of the
Senate, by Mr. Buchanan himself, and it will be
a long time before the public will forget the con
clusive and determined manner in wliich’ he ex
posed, the dishonest trick to the reprobation of the
Senate and the country.
It was, whilst noticing this subject, in his speech
in this city, that Mr. Buchanan gave utterance to
the sentiment above quoted, with which his whole
life has been in practical accordance. The remi
niscence is one to wliich his friends refer with
interest, as exemplifying embittered partizanship
on the. one hand, and the eloquent indignation of a
patriotic and high-toned Statesman on the other.
When Thomas Jbffehsox, witfr a sagacity and
statesmanship far in advance of liis contemporaries,
urged the purchase of Louisiana from France, the
project was assailed by his enemies with unexam
pled bitterness. The artillery of the press was
levelled against him, and congressional declaimers
made the capitol ring with "denunciation.
Josiah Qcikct, of Massachusetts, an able law
yer, but violent politician, in his speech against the
purchase, said: -
“ If this bill passes, the bonds of this Union are
virtually dissolved—the states, which compose it,
will be free from their moral obligations, and as it
will be the right of ail, so it will be the duty of
some* to prepare definitely for a separation—ami
cably! if they can —violently, if they must.”
The democratic party, in sustaining Jefferson.
were accused of to" the very ends of the
earth-in search of new settlements with which to
satiate their territorial voraciousness. New Or
leans was represented as a den of pollution, inhab
ited by an Anglo-Hispano-Gallo-American race,
with a confusion of tongues worse than prevailed
at Babel, who could never, from their diversity of
language and nativity, become assimilated to ouri
selves. These were the declarations of the
more-territory” pajiy-qf that day.
But how hi
tions and mal
the
from lan over-heated imagination. The Union,
which* was so soon to tumble to pieces, has sur
vived, not a star erased, but some new and brilliant
ones added to the constellation. The abused city
of New Orleans has proved the most important
commercial point on the continent, even to the
merchant-princes of Boston. In our struggle with
Mexico, what should we have done without her?
She lias been, and is, the great depot for all oiir
implements and means of war. Louisiana herself
has sent as many chivalric spirits to the battle
field as any other state in the Union, and it has
passed into a proverb, that in the national congress
she is invariably represented by men distinguished
lor their brilliant intellectual endowments. We
need but refer to her Senator.of last year, Mr.
Soule, who, although .by birth a. Frenchman,
displayed the most profound knowledge of and de
votion to our republican institutions,- and whose
eloquence Tarried him at a jingle bound to the
side of 'Bextox, Calhoun, arid Webster. Why,
even now, some of our opponents are endeavoring
to yet - further immortalize Louisiana by elevating
one of her citizens to the Presidency of the , United
States! i
This is the Louisiana, be it remembered, which
the Federalists in Jefferson's tinqe strove to keep
out of the American Union! Who thanks them
We intend shortly to issue proposals for the pub
lication of a; Democratic German paper in this
city. For a period' of nine yeats, we conducted • a
German paper "ni our native county, Lehigh, and
we-shall be proud, if our efforts are properly sec
onded, jto supply this long acknowledged want
here. Qur .opponents have in Volksfreund of
Mr; Bear an influential and able organ, and, we
trust the democrats will appreciate the importance
of also supporting adjournal published, in the ad
mired language of the Fatherland.
Newspaper Chaxoe.— The JPoftwtffe Emporium
and the Democratic Preu, hitherto separate papeis,
have been united, under the conduct of oiir excellent
friend, Hoil StrakoeN. Palmer, who is fully able
to impiit interest and usefulness to the paper. We
wish the Judge pecuniary and political succes&: h
JD* We have; no disposition to condemn, the
lantern, erected on die dome of the capitol at
Washington, but we do express it. as our opinion,
rr ,,. _ , f . _ . that there shouU be a standing committee appointed
j.-, . • . , . . •••■,. ■ ... • „ by both houses of Congress on humbugs.-
tCTAs the enlarged size and new dress of the contains a call for a- Democratic meeting of all __ ... . ;... . .-v v??
Intelligencer have subjected us to a heavy outlay. friendly +o of Tame* 'BuakaW fc : - Ovlepate®. Johx has been "hcser ;
■J»i .<* ;■ hci,A« hand in ! th , to U bei.< at the C 0,.:. -tome, i„ I ! " **!*«* Bhir “<> ** o{ - l
h. erf- • BloomUrs. on Saturitv tb« •*! da, .ammr, | C ' :<veß,loi *; Dr A '* Bniv P,HK£:i t 0 -VPre- nt
Juniata.
i»- , i,
■>o (Ob u.iir-.*Tiit''V j’oe t*rr_:i ?♦ ;j!i r ,; vr is aigf.cd t>v i! OMitiber oi -iiritihar mines
d«i friend* wiil d» ! ■*; a m we'recojmia some oi the cld-st j I> ' KV **~ Cob^jmjoskm.—A.H.Brote,r jq.
, prorrm.am. IVmoerats or Ae - Stir of Ac i I,B,l ‘f* aPP O Commissioner from
; the Northampton Judicial Ihetricr. and John Vnssn
—- ix a . Esq., from the Bedford . Pistrict. Both gentle
being h oaii: | men are peculiar:v well qnaiiftfdforthe responsible
I duties ofjhepost.
i •• I!. f.Tvis nus L^e;
h. : -Ticitor iiw».-Alabama. bj.the
imoiis Ou’MHirrytir Vot*' -o« Loii; tjiuiu':ur» r»J';
•> • i T .
giiifuijie.. J. . ♦
IRSP?
R. AV. HUTTF.H,
Our Motto,
A Scrap from History.
as it resulted? Despite these predilp-
Louisiana was admitted into
” Orleans inclusive. • The catalogue
3 by the' prophet Quiwct
lob-goblins that ever sprang
German Paper.
thoo.i&inkrAj
there,*hall benofe
■m
rif&WH
m
occSdcgftineet Jot. ; tpeiry-makihg.. lEartunatq.for.
qs,’ tl^f?fß^yugged : reHeved'
by these mcrif&f as
long-indulged frfftriraa»y to
make rpom for those keep
people from -degenerating kind of;'selfish
individuality, that voften inhumanheesjthetn imper-
V ; ■ -i’v $ i-1 J t , j-,2
.That'the Holidays are nowhere observed with a
souiAEarf K?re, where dllpen/
ses corhucdprap
we .affirm. : the circling gobletJof
egg T nogg, temperately Stained, of'
with the brown and/tender turkey amiduct—what
.with the fresh and
the taits, the cheese, die Apples mid tfie
. with th,e gathering around the biazirig fire, the tel
ling of stories, new and old, the : merryffance, and>
.finally the sjveet melody bffemalesbng, to modulate
theuproaribusriess and remind the Animat Spirits
of the presence of . the Graces—-whatwith all these
is not vouchsafed to this favored people? . ’
And then, wheii, as if to croviTi it ail, is added
the Qther social custom of Kcic Tear's Gifts —when
there is pressed iuto the delicate and trembling and
plighted hand, the: elegantly bound Annual, with its
tales, its poetry, and its engravings—-then, surely,
the cup’of happiness is full.* *' y
Reailer! It is our hoart-felt wish that from one
or other of these springs of enjoyment, if not from
all, you may derive the means of spending a happy,
thrice Hamt ftVjv Year!
“ It inunt and shall be preserved.”— Jackson
Upon'whut basis dues uur National Independence
rest, as regards the recognition of Foreign Powers ?
Upon the basis of the Union. Tn what capacity
did France acknowledge our Independence, after
we liud crossed the mires and swampy the moun
tains and precipices, of successful revolution ? lu
t[ic capacity of the United Slates, Tn what capacity
did Great Britain accede .:jp it, and relinquish her
lofty, pretensions } In ih.ef capacity of the United-
State*. In what character have all the other Pow
ers of the earth received us; into the category of.
nations, sent their ministers hither, recognized our
own, and concluded treaties of friendship and com
merce ? In the character of the United States. Are
we, in short, known in any other character to any
nation on the face of the-globe? It is the flag of
the Union , not of any one •of the States, great or
small, that commands the respect and admiration
of distant nations, so much so, that, like the soft
melody of . music, its glorious insignia has been
known to soothe even the savage breast.”
Let the misguided zealots, who delight to peril
this' priceless inheritance, ponder on these things!
In theory our Independence, by some stTange pos
sibility, might Survive the Union—but in ifts rela-'
tions to Foreign Powers its strength and glory
would be forever gone. In this respect alone, if
there were no other, the • safety and perpetuity of
the Union are - worth so much more than all the
Provisos and Devices ever conceived, as to set the
power of numbers at defiance and mock the des
criptive energies of language.
George W. Barton, Esq.
We hear the speech of this eminent. Orator, at
the Philadelphia war-meeting, extolled by all who
heard it as one of the most thrilling and effective
specimens of eloquence which this great question
has elicited. It was replete with all* the sound
logic, dazzling and original metaphor, and wither
ing invective, which so pre-eminently distinguish
all the efforts of this intellectual and truly gifted
speaker. With some, slight modification of action,
which we consider, marked by rather over-much
“ manual violence'*—the result, perhaps, of a tem
perament naturally excitable and enthusiastic—
Mr. Barton would deserve to be classed among
the most powerful popular declaimers in the Unit
ed States. As it is, we doubt whether in all the
elements of oratory he has an equal, certainly not
a superior. In the national assembly, where we
hope one day to see him, he would soon reach a
summit on which no man has stood since the days
of RAXDOX.PR. of Roanoke.
Mr. Barton is, a native of this city, and has
here many ardent admirers, who are justly proud
of his rising greatness.
A Patriotic Clergyman.
The following extract from the despatch of Maj.
Gen. Pillow, describing the battles near the city
of Mexico, proves that the race of “fighting par
sons" is not extinct. The conduct of the gallant
Chaplain here alluded to, is in happy contrast with
that pursued by the clergy of New England, who
seem to have converted their pulpits into political
rostrums, from which to fulminate Anathemas
against the supporters of the war. "We! rejoice
that there are no such unpatriotic examples among
the clergy of Pennsylvania:
{: I will be pardoned, I trust, by the General-in-
Chief for travelling beyond the legitimate bounds of
a report to notice becomingly the patriotic conduct
of the pious Chaplain of Colonel Clark’s Brigade.
Whilst the battle raged furiously, my column had
great difficulty in crossing a deep ditch without
damaging their ammunition. The worthy Chaplain,
besides encouraging the passing soldiers to their
work, actively set the example of filling the' excava
tions, so as to enable the troops to pres? onward to
the assault.
Death of Senator Fairfield.
We regret to be called upon to announce, says
the Pennsylvanian of yesterday, the sudden death
of this excellent man, one of the members of the
TL S. Senate from the State of Maine, and beyond
all doubt one of the most valuable of that grave*
|jody. He died, after having undergone a surgical
operation intended to relieve ‘ the pain consequent
upon a diseased limb. The correspondent of the
New York Herald says he was as well as usual on
Friday morning, and it is known that he reported
the bill to the Senate to authorize the appointment
of Assistant Pursers in the Navy, on the day before
he died! He was an upright and able man, mid
had long been a favorite of the Democracy of Maine,
of which State he was formerly Governor.
ID* The Democratic Herald, published at Butler,
in this State, heretofore favorable to Gjeneral Cass,
has taken ground in favor of James Buchanan for
the next; Presidency, in accordance, as it declares,
with the expressed wishes of the Democrats of But
ler ejaunty, as manifested at the late meeting.
State Temperance Convention*
, The Central Committee of the State Temperance
have called a Convention at Harrisburg,
on Wednesday, the 19th of January. It will no
doubt be..large, respectable and impressive; as all
previousiones of that Society have been.
Allegheny Countt.— I The Pittsburg, con
tains a call for a meeting of the friends of Mr.
Buchanan, tp be holderiiin that city, this evening,
which is signed by morethanFnTEEN Hundred
of the Democratic citizens of that county.
TL'-ftleClvVl . y . {
t ... V■ tll . tkovui dvc
The Union*
aSBsSSiL--_jfe-'^-
?einembdr, if he T p|^eB^KtjE^ix
can hardly owwdyes'form
tiraale of thie of wort we are able td per-.
* form, until-tried by actual experiments The man
who in these; piping time* of rumors of.
[ware” eannotjtpaie that edbagh tofcreid the new*
h V.< •„. >' -.'». *' -v i 2 * «■-« •» • -“ ■-- ■■■ *■' "■■*■
papers,-must he an anomaly, indeed. ;
jrblack fiag csypturtdfroon the guerrillas, oa which
are inscribed >the ominoirt words*: “No Quia*
ters.”" It has been a long tinted we believe, since
the Mexican soldiers have reeeiVedany quarters
■from their own government.* ' '
. - GAXBLfc,Esq., oFLycoming county,
in a* letter, totbe Jersey Shore Republican,~dec\iiiea
being;a candidate for Canal Commissioner.'
. SfabW; the 'Bod, &e—A writer oh school disci*,,
pline says“ Without a liberal use of. therod, it.
isampossible to make boys emart.” : .
. ID* ;:Tell me,*’ said an American statesman to a~
“the means which your King;
has of the truth,'and I will tell you the
character of his government/’ ;■ ■ *•
( - 'I
AT* It is a most lucky feature of federal predic
tions, that they are never realized. What a “ ru
ined” 'country welhotfM have ! !.
“ Talk to me, indeed ’‘—said Esquire Purr, with
both-his cheeks distended to the size of tolerably
fair apple-dumplings—“ talk to me indeed, about
total depravity, the degeneracy of the agej\nd all
rich like nonsense—don't I know that Mrs. Purr
blesses; me with a small puff as regularly ds the
i issue of the Christmas Annuals, and is'nt it'a fact
as true.as any in natur', that the last one is always
the humlsomWt und best, and don't this prnvethat
the world is gettin* better instead o’ worsef?'*—
And the old Esquire sank back in his arm-chair,
content in the'invincibility of his logic,
ID* Mr. Cut said, in his Lexington speech that
the annexation of Texas was the “primary cause
of the war.” Well, suppose it was. The resolu
tions annexing Texas were reported to the Home
of Representatives by Milton Brown, q Clay
jWhig —and Mr. Clay himself said that “person
ally” he had ‘‘no objections.”
IP" A beggar on horseback, witli a dollar in his
pocket, is as happy as a king in a barouche with a
thousand. '
ITT Gen; Quitman has written a letter from
Mexico, in which he says:
“I speak to you boldly, as we spoke when the
Texas question arose. -1 say, hold on to this coun
try. It is its destiny—it is ours—we are com
pelled to this policy—we cannot avoid it.”
i mrln the prosecution of the war with Mexico)
our government has strictly followed the advice
given by Polonius in the play:
{t ■ Beware
Of entrance to a quarrel} but, being in,
Bear it that the opposer may beware of thee.”
to be answered.— Who killed
Cock Robin? Who slew Tecumseh? Who shot
at Captain Payne? Who married Mrs. Conner?
Where is Doctor Brady? Will salt-petre explode ?
Who threw the last brickbat?
“Ruin.”— The only ruinous effects of the tariff
of 184 G, which have come to our notice, are the
shattered frame and broken constitution of its au
thor, Robert J. Walker. If his Herculean la
bors have injured nobody else, they have at least
nearly destroyed himself.
[D“ Government, confined to its legitimate
functions, may be compared- to a strong wall erected
around a fruitful garden* which contributes nothing
to vegetation within, but is a shield and protection
against depredation from without
Rumor,— c< ■ -Rumor is a pipe,
Blown by surmises, jealousies, conjectures,
And of so easy and so plain a stop,-
That the rude monster, with uncounted-heads,
The still, discordant, wavering multitude,
Can play upon it.”
Keep* it before the People! —That when
Congress first placed men and money at the (lispo
of the President to prosecute the war with Mexico,
both parties accompanied it with a declaration that
it existed “by the ad of Mexico." Now, who be
gan the war?”
When is a man deunk.?— The precise point of
indulgence at which a devotee of Bacchus may be
pronounced positively “drunk,” was thus defined by
an old law of Massachusetts:—“When a I man stag
gers in his gait , and speweth in the streets , he shall,
thenceforward and forever be considered drunk.”
Dr. Wainright, a physician in Crosby street,
New York, was bitten by a rattlesnake :on Thurs
day night, and died five boura'eiterweirda. He had
just received the snake as a present from a friend.
We would much prefer to have a present such as
this absent. \
Monroe Countt. —The delegates to the 4th of
March Convention, are to be cliosen on the. 10th of
January. The Stroudsburg' Democrat says, that
public sentiment in the county is* unanimous for
James Buchanan.
Hon. Jesse Sharpe, for twenty years one of the
Associate Judges of Chester couhty, has resigned.
ID* Samuel Holman, of Harrisburg, is recom
mended in the Harrisburg Union for the post of
Canal Commissioner.
ID* When ;Gen. Almontb, the Mexican minis
ter, was yet in Washington, it was a notorious fact
that the National Intelligencer knew as much about
Mexican affairs as he did himself
ID*The N. O. Picayune says:—The olive branch
has been thrust into the faces of the Mexicans so
often that all the leaves are shaken off
Governor of Texas. —Wood is said to be the
Governor elect of .Tpxas. ;Jhet' returns as far as
received, stand: .Wood, 4,338; MUlef, 4,144.
Capital Toast.— The following toast was pre
sented on the Bth of January, 1827, to a celebration
of that day held in Washington city, by James . K.
Polk, then a member of Congress from Tennessee.
It is worthy of re-publication at this time, when
fanatics and demagogues are coolly calculating the
value of the American Union:
“ By the Hon. Mr. Polk, of Tennessee*— The
Union of the States—The reprobation, of an -indig
nant country awaits all those who attempt to dis-'
tract it, by exciting sectional jealousies between
the north and the south, the east and the west,' be
tween the slave-holding and the; non-slave-holding
States.?*'
TOLERATION.
il Deal meekly, with the hopes that guide.
The lowliest brother straying frotn'thy side;
If right, they bid thee tremble for thine own;
If wrong, the verdict is to God alone,”
■£. vc>
i r ..h'. r-f’-ijk'
a* sneh tfSTded
don ofw ' ■■■•’■:.■■
a large meeting ofthe Democratic citizens of Te
n>ng?;co4rity assembled » &e Churt Housein the
tospn of Jtankluii'on/Tueadsjr evening.Norember
23, for the purpose'of expressing .their sentiments
'r*'the^ S nestiont)ffhe'next'l , resid(i<iy.''.D AT ,o
AiAb, Es'd, was called to' presided
M-ftPiJ Joss; ;JVslso»,.Jß. .Yice
Presidents— Geoeox F.-.Hintss,.aml Joint Cbxio>
.. *'
_ The meeting vi-aa ably and eloquently idfesed
by Messrs. J. S. ATCaihost, W. W. Saxw, M. B
r j. Ptoto ad Hon. Abhold
Plujiib. : ■ ■ :-■■■■•■.-j -
On motion, Dr: W. E. BtSHop; Wxbbeh,
Ebwjlhb Swee jtt. CoI. W; tt. Xiiiß*BToV, J. J.
Bixeoax, and W *c. T, A'ei 11, wen* chosen a com
mittee to draft resolutions expressive of the sense
of the meeting, who reported, among others, the fol
lowing, which were unanimously adopted:
_ Whebeas, the time is approaching when the
Democracy of this Union, will be again called upon
to select a standard-bearer in the next Presidential
contest: And, Whereas, the' recent glorious vie;
tones of the Democratic:party: render it:but right
and proper that we, in common with, our fellow
citiaens, should in this manner manifest our pride
in knowing that our belpred and highly cherished
principles yet . stand pre-eminent in the hearts of
the people and that the good old “ Keystone**
yet ranks among, the “ battfe-ships” of the Democ
*®cj> ,? n ® t° e *P reB0 > a degree, our gratitude to
our fellow laborers in one common cause j,'Bending
the glad tidings to our friends throughout the
Union; Therefore, /
Resolved, That we have undirainished confidence
in the administration of James K. Poll 4 and that
the fearless course pursued.by him is asure guar-*
arautee, thatunder his administration the rights of
our citizens shall not be Invaded without redress.
R«o/v«f, That in James Buchanan the Democ
racy of and of the Union, have a mart'
around whom all can rally, undivided and zealously
as our nezt Preside,ntial candidate, < ’■
\R«iolvtd t That as tho. Keystone of the Federal
Arch—only second in the Union in population, but
second to none in point of intelligence and re
sources—has nevor yet hod the honor of filling the
! Presidential Chair, with one of her sons, we ask it
now, not as a favor, but as a right, to present the
name of a standard-bearer, to lead the united forces
of the. Democratic party to battle and victory.
; Resolved) That the recent Democratic victories in
this and other’ States give evidenoe that “our
march is onward,” and that our principles, in the
nezt contest are destined to certain triumph.
Resolved, That “ Old Frank Shunk” needs from
us no praise. The State Convention issued him,
and a majority of eighteen thousand freemen en
dorsed the issue. 4
Resolved) That John Evans, Wm. H. M’Quaid,
W. W. Shaw, S. Small, and J. Adams, be appointed
Senatorial Conferees to meet those from Crawford,
to nominate a Senatorial delegate to the 4th of
March Convention.
Resolved) That our Conferees be severally re
quested, to instruct our delegates to vote for the
Hon. James Buchanan, in instructing our delegates
to the National Convention.
Warren Couxtt.—A meeting.of the Demo
crats of Warren county, was held in the town of
Warren, on the Gth inst E. W. Chase, Esq., was
selected as President; Comfort Hamlin and Wm.
Liggins, Vice Presidents; W. S. Ronet, Secry.
J. D. James, Esq., submitted the following reso
lutions, which after some remarks by Jas. Curtis*
Esq., were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That in James Buchanan We hail a
sound Democrat, and an able Statesman J and that
if Pennsylvania is to be favored with the next
Democratic Presidential candidate, the “Favorite
Son” should be the man.
Resolved, That this meeting has undiminished
confidence in our Representative in Congress, Hon.
James Thompson.
Union Cocntt.— The regular Democratic
county-meeting, held in New Berlin, on the 14th
instant, unanimously instructed in favor of James
Buchanan for the Presidency, subject to the. deci
sion of the National Convention.
Butler Countt.— A correspondent of the
Pennsylvanian writes, under date of Butler, De
cember 16, 1847: “We had a. large, enthusiastic,
and glorious Democratic meeting to-night, at which
there were a number of good speeches. Alfred
Gilmore and James M’Glaughlin, Esqs., were
appointed delegates to the 4th of March Conven
tion., Both, as you are aware, are the avowed
friends of J ames Buchanan for the Presidency.
“The delegates in question were instructed to
support the Hon. Wx. Beatty, of Butler coupty,
as the Democratic for Canal' Com
missioner.”
Greece County—A correspondent of the Penn
sylvanian, writing from Waynesburg, informs the
editors that die Democratic Convention which as
sembled in that place bn the 21st instant, elected
their delegate to the 4th of March Convention with
twiantmoutfingtructions ih favor of James Buchan a it
for the next Presidency.
Clarion County. —A Democratic county meet
ing was held in the town of Clarion on the evening
of the 7th instant, Col. David B. Long in the Chair.
The meeting jwas ably-addressed by John S. Rhey,
Esq., of Armstrong, and a series of patriotic reso
lutions ' offered by W. .X' Alexander,
adopted. Among the number are the following.:
Resolved, That as Pennsylvanians, we view with
pride the'feterling worth and commanding talents of
the favorite son of the. Keystone State—that his
public ar<#s in the Cabinet, as well as out ofit, are
such as to'calL forth the warm approbation of the
whole pehple. of, the” Union.
. Resolved, .That the result of the late election in
Pennsylvania is a'merited compliment to the talents,
integrity, and correct deportment of Gov. Shunk,
and, that we look forward to hi? future official acts
without prejudice or distrust.
Destiny of the Union.
The foUowing is a highly! eloquent passage from
able report, being the concluding
paragraph: -
“ A liberal commercial policy is essential to the
fulfilment of this great destiny of New York and of
the Union; but, above and beyond all, the Union
itself, the free : trade Union, its and on
ward progress in area,.wealth and population, are
necessary to the ’ accomplishment of these grand
Upon thispoint, sectional fanatics, few in
number at horde, and despots abroad concurring
with them may hope or menace; but the Ameri
can Union is si moral and physical, k political and.
commercial necessity, and never'can or will be dis
solved. As well might we attempt; to decompose
the great element of nature which holds together
the planets, suns, and systems of. the universe, as
hope to sever the links of mighty lakes and rivers,
of ever-extending telegraphs, railroads and canals
of free trade, of intercourse, of interest, o/ love and
affection,! of the glories of the past, the present and }
the future, which must forever bind together- the
American Union. Indeed, when we look upon the
American revolution, the framing of ourconstitu
tiopythe addition of Louisana, Florida, Texas and
Oregon—our ever-extending area, products and pop
ulation—our- triumphs in war and peace—we must
be blind So the past, and close our eyes upon the
frilfiliihg realities, of Bie future, if we cannot peri
ceive and gratefully acknowledge that a higher than
any earthly power still guards and directs our des
tiny, impels us onWard, and has . selected our great
and happy country as a modehand iiltimate centre
ofattractionjfor all the nationsof'the world”
./ We are deeply pained to record the sudden
and unexpected death of one of our aged and most'
estimable citizens, by an feident which -bag de
prived an amiable and esteeined family ofrits cEer
ished head Mr. Gram, .possessed of
wonderful'gbod' health, sppdS end a!
.constitution which led his friendsto
and hapriy life, was suddenly cut ofT and -iheirhopes;
biased, by an accident v.bich deprived him of life
and east glc jm over th: c whole communii} On
Friday morn: si* he slipped on the ice :n his yard,
the tali- -.liriocauus his .shoulder, from the eficctsroi
which he died on Siturday. His funeral takes
place at 2 o'clock rr i.iy. —Berks Co. Pr. x, Otr. 21..
Hori. Saxuel H nr. * 7-jdge of the. Supreme
Court"of'litassach-.sev; iicd- at his residence in
Boston, on the 24:r, u-s:
V'," ?
WWMtfte-tfllßWai^
mjfjMguiߣ^iece&tlyj
****”«£ ■’ ■. - v ■£&
in Sshich vfejk* cUita m bajagircted-: licmike ,:io>
ptopsgßte is -HUnj StUMWrUM
iangioatibn. will>llow them to infest- -?.V
ifßy w»y oC-exuaple. Two or mor?:of the
t>ykei&lent « v »pj^tmenV r wdiKOTereti
gomg into the white-boose, on bngioesa, BP matte*
’•tint; One of :the « reguisr correspondents** of s
distant newspaper, with meansof infotmation-not
by any'ofluß Has witnesaed
.thfe.strange and-mysterious’ movement. -: A news
monger by profeswpn, he la in duty bound toreport
jtitpl%ell.ee tp hj» : emplojer..,What
can it meapT.lt thesecre
tariea would- nqt be with'th,e President, mor the
. President .with the Secretaries. • • And it is'an im
portant something,.too, of .they would' have made
the 'object; of their- meeting ' public, s- Ordinary
matters require; po secresy. Only extraordinary
dbings need tqbe veiled. At this point the puzzled
news-gatherer escapes from the "dilemma by guess
• idg at the meaning of it, and" the 'result' ib that a
whole community are practically “ First of Aprils ’
long before theappointed time.- '
Another base in point- . James Knox Walker,
.Esq.,.theamiable and populaj pnyateAecretary of
the President, is despatched l -to* the House,' with' a
message, Executive approval’ . of
“ act anict, entitled an act,
providing for clearance'of obstructions from
Tombigbee river /” The executive missive is caya
lierly laid onthe table. , One-bjfthe clever gentle
men hr the reporter*! gallery discerns’it onthb
speaker's table, and without, even so much&s heat
ing it read,’forthwith'construes it into a fitrious dia
tribe against Mexico, and a demand for raeft and
money, enough to make one’s hair stand on end,
.like the quillsof the (Vetted porcupine,,,
Here, then you have somb sort of index to the
way In which the great rumor-fketory in this city
works. Not,by any means, would Ibe understood,
ns asserting that all the letter-writers and reporters
pursue this system. On the contrary, they com
prise, as a class,* a vory .great-amount .of* talent and
respectability. But that sovne of : tlioir number do.
bocaslonally draw upon tholr Imaginations for their
facts, Is too plain; to admit of much doubt. I
According to my unsophisticated way of thi.nkjng,
there are always Realities sufficient in this curious
city, to make up a clever-sized letter. To these 1
intend to confine'myself.
Congress is once more “in fullblast.” From
good old Pennsylvania there are many strange faces,
mijny that ought hof to be seen here, and would not,
but for accidental causes. It is a strange sight, de
pend upon it, see; a Whig here from.the Colum
bia and Luzerne District—another from the Mont
gomery district—another, from Crawford—-another
from Lehigh^—another from Northumberland—and
so forth. I pannot but flatter myself, however, that
when these accidental M. C’s shall properly con
sider that Pennsylvania this year reversed the verdict
of the previous year, they will art like honest men,
and support the Tariff of 1846 and the War. But,
as Mr. RiTCHiE says, nous verrons. j
In the organization ,of the House, -the whigß hav e
displayed their accustomed insincerity. Forgetting
their .'constant-clamor against proscription, they
have removed nearly every one of the kithful and
efficient officers' of the last Congress..- As it is. a
well known fact, however, that the public
ments here contain hordes of uncompromising ene
mies ofMr. Polk, it would not be very .difficult to
find room for the ; displaced ones of Congress. \
Gen. Cass, from the Committee on Military Af
fairs, has reported a bill to raise, for a limited
an additional number of troops, and has given, no
tice that he will call it up as soon as printed. No
Senator, by the way, has given the administration
a more cordial support, than Gen. C. Between Mr.
Buchanan and himself, I am happy to learn, the
entente cordiale exists to a gratifying degree.
Mr. Holmes of South Carolina has introduced a
resolution to call bn the States for a return to the
General Government of the proportions of the sur
plus revenue received by them a few years since !
It would probably puzzle some of the accepting
States to refund, should the proposition be adopted.
: Senator John P. Hale, the leader of the allied
Federal and Abolition forces in New Hampshire,
has already thrown the anti-slavery fire-brand into
the discussions of that body. His efforts are sec
onded in the-House by Giddings of Ohio. Heaven
only knows the extremes to which the infatuation
of these mis-guided fanatics may lead.
Mr. pALHouN .has intimated a wish to speak
shortly; on his “no territory ” resolutions.* The
course of this, pure and.able, but often erratic states
man, from the very commencement of the wax, has
ezeitedno little regret and disappointment. ‘ Taking
the lead-in the annexation of Texas, as. the premier
of Mr. Tyxer, it was certainly, not an unreasonable
expectation that he would be the, very last to flinch
.fromthe consequences. The. chivalric Sduthron
has done so, nevertheless, - and is now cheek by
jowl with Daniel Webster proving the
adage that ‘‘misery makes' strange bed-fellows.”
His resolutions areas follows.
■Resolved, Thai' to conquer. Mexico and toehold
it, either as a province* t*r to incorporate it into our
Union,'would be inconsistent with the avowed ob
jects for-.which* the war has been prosecuted—a' de
parture from! the settled’policy of the Government,
in conflict with its character and genius, /and in the
end,, subversive of our free and popular institutions.
ResoZt>sd,-..That no line/ of : pdlicy in the further
prosecution of the war should be adopted which
may lead to consequences so disastrous.
Senator BaobV of Alabama has returned and ta
ken his Seat. It is.slated that he stands committed,
by a re,cent ,letter, to the annexation of the whole of
Mexico. ; .
Considerable interest is manifested as to who is
to be the fortunate recipient of the Chargeship to
Naples, the most desirable post of. that grade in
the gift of the government. You will remember
that it was held by Col. William H. Polk, broth
er of the President, who came hpme last summer,-
married, an heiress in New York, resigned his.dip
lomatic appointment, /accepted a commission as
Major ofDragoons, and repaired in hot liaste to the
battle-fields of Merico. The two most prominent
applicants, I understand, are C01...R0w an of. Ken
tucky and Robert Tyler, Esq,, of Philadelphia^
Senator Copqum* of Georgia has gone home,in
tending shortly, to resign, oh account of important
private affairs. JJis will be truly a national doss.—
As a statesman, politician,- fnendand Christian, he
is universally and deservedly beloved. Health and
prosperity attend him!
; To Ex-Speaker Davis of Indiana, rumor . assigns
the vacantmiuion to China—a capital selection.!
After New Year, it is stated, the restaurant Con
ducted in the basement of the capitol by that re
nowned caterer, John Foy, is to be abated. Many
an aching heart . will thisoccasion, . and many a
Congressional month will water for the excellent
solids and liquids whichjwere wont to be served to
-the “ Subterraneaha”'by poor FoyK This
first beginning, says a friend at my elbow, of aboli
tionin: the District ofColumbia.v J
The cbmpliments of* the'season to you! ;
; CONRAD WEISER*
For the Lancaster Intelligencer.
« Patent Definttipns*
* Cross-Examination.—rA, branch of legal inquiry,
so called from the fact that, those, who conduct it
invariably Jose their .
- Teeth.—X hard ivory substance,-worn in the 1
month, and used byj boys and dogs as implements
; Renown.—'The'raoeripopular noun in the English
language, to gun-which, men ate-content to fight,
and h}eed, and.die. ; Henoe then phrase Blood ,
■ and nouns.” '*<>k ? .-V -- ; ’ :
; Water .-*»lJ#ed'in .the olden times as. a beverage,
Wt~ latterly uses -as b ttbrtg,-
sc'-f&lJingj.extintruis-iing firci, ai:d no.’unjfnrvica.
Jargon !— lr.'xp*?cablc sounds rt-cndcd.by a
houac-wife, oh o;3<v voring that the jr. containing
her frva.-ite p.-est*. hau been fridmocKly ab
stracted. . \ I J
WT-dMc/c-—OfalV jo* locks tiia* aftya ever been j
indented, this shuts yo-up t!; -tightest.- i
Surgeon.—Aa-iurmanue.i.*’ who has been
frequently knov«a to cut his moetiotimato acquaint- j
; .’ • •• W* • j
**».*--■
; expo-
;%flecto.
to■
a that
irt*f%to the
i'nert Preatlency. ylhe ; 3 thns 'fir
- , : 1 «*OJt JAMS' BOCBAKAK. . /
‘j/The
* The -~/ v!i.> ,- : - ■
. The Lebanon )., ■ :^v:
The
• Hegliter. 7 -.i
' The^om6cratiC'(V cq<) ;/
Gettyßhjurg.CompUer,.Aa«a« *o., Pal
- Pa. •
.. Pa.
TheKeyiiQnej New J3fer]in>Pa.
'TKe! •''
AugostaTteinocrat, Virginia*
Sheaaw|E6alijSentinel,Virginia.
Virginia!Valley Star*. •
Smrit ofDemcrcracy,'Virginia. :
. TmjjQfgariic TSiegfaph, Miss.
-Bowsing Green Argus, Kyi :
Columbla.d2nquiteri Berwick, Pa. -.
, Spijrit of Jefferson, Virginia! • • } *7
■ Monroe! Democrat, Stroudsburg,. Pa,
CeDtre.jßerjchterj Aajpnsburgy-Pa.jXGerniftn,) .«
7 CamdehPhcehuti J. 71 • *
!
Woodstock, Virginia Sentinel.; ?
Pittobnrch Courier^-(German.)''• ; :
TiogaEagle,Tiaga,Pa*. *-7. 7-' • 1. .* •, -
Wiuchejrter yirpnianj Va. I : . *■■■
Wilfcesbarre Wffichter, Luzerne eo.^(Gennan.)
* York, Democratic Presaj York, Pa. < : - 7
f
, The!Lancasterlhtelligehcer. , t
'-j '. ron QEOBGE 7C.. DALLAS, j. ;• ■. r ; V .
The Bedford Gazette..' •••?
' ;Camden} (N. J.) Democrat. i" :
Shippensburg.Vallev Spirit. , , ] *:■
. The jWest Cheßtdr Jeffersonian. ;j* .
Carlisle Volunteer.-: . ’ - , w - • ■-{ • ,>; •■:>••■•
The Ho lidaysbdrg'Standard. V i ■ v.
. : FOR ! JAMBS K. POLK.
The Wist Chesty (Pa.) .Republican.:
'VOR MARTrS VAK B.URKK.| j <
The Wi kesbaira Parmer. ; .■ I
TJio Bloomßb\irgj(C(Humbi[i co M ) D»>mocrat.
LottertoOregou.
In,March Inst thje fi&t Jcmtoriul upivointment
Avas made for Oregon—-that of John M. Shitklt, ‘
Esq, ai Deputy IJost-maitter at Astoriu, Before
Mr, SK::vhtT‘n .departure lioni Wnfchinjjton, he re
ceived jfroih Swrotury. HmwarAX im official letter,
.which, 1 we find nciw. for the fl/st tinjo published
among jtha . accompanying [ the Fresi- .
dent’s passage.. The subject is in ifeclfone of such
absorbing moment to every mind interested. in the
extending of the. republic, that it would
. seem to direct attention to the letter..
After such! an eloquent and to some cxtent prophetic
appeal in behalf of our distant countrymen—-not'
so distant, though, that they may not become in a
very few years oiir .. near neighbors—it is to be
hoped thav Congress will spare eriough ;of its time,/
at thi? session, to! provide for them a territorial
government: • ' • '- • r•• . • •
! ;' Department or State, /
j , Washington City, March 29, 1847.
Sir : On the eve; of your .departure ! for Oregon
the President has .instructed me to communicate to
you his views in regard to that territory, so that you
may-make 1 them known to • its. inhabitants. ,He .
deems you! a suitable agent for .this purpose, as you
are now an officer of the .United States, having been .
commissioped deputy postmaster at Astoria.
The President deeply regrets, that Congress did
not at their late session, enact a law estatnishing a
territorial 1 government;in Oregon. A bill for this
purpose passed, the llouise. of Representatives oft
the 16th of January last, by a vote of 133 to 36. It
failed in Spnate, not, as I am firmly convinced, from
any want-of disposition bn the part of the. majority
to providej a government for that interesting portion
of the republic; but because other urgent and im
portant business connected with the Mexican'war
did not allow the necessary time, before the dose
of their short session,to discuss and perfect its Retails.
For this reason alone it was laid upon the table on
the day Congress finally adjourned.
It is the| intention of the President, in his mes
sage to. Congress in .December next, to reiterate;thei
recommendations in regard to Oregon contained in
his last annual message. No doubt is entertainej
that Congress will,.atan early period aftrirtheir
meeting, create a territorial government Tor Oregon;
extend ov£r it par laws relating to trade end inter
course with the Indian tribes; establish custom,
houses;, and make liberal grants of land to those
bold and patriotic pioneers who, amidst great pri
vations and dangers, have established, their settle
ments upon.the soil. ’• ! ■
An earnest of this is afforded by the recent act
carrying into effect the recommendations of the Pre
sident, so| far as regardsthe extensionof our post,
office laws and the grant of mail facilities to our
fellow citizens in Oregon. .They; will appear, from
a certified copy, now furnished to vou, of part of
the first section, and of the second, sixth and sev
enth section of the act approved 3d march, 1847,
“to establish certain post routes,- and.Jbr other
purposes.}’ I am. authorized by the Postmaster
General to assure you; r that all the provisions con?
tained in these sections will be carried into effect
with as little delay as possible. * •
Thus you will perceive that the means have al
: ready been provided for the conveyance of public
information . correspondence, amongst
■oiir citizens in Oregon themselves, and between
them and [the cifrzens of our States and territories
east of the-RockyMountains. ;
Besides!, the late Congress, at their jfirst session,
by the aetjof 19th May, 1846, provided! for raising a
regiment of mounted riflemen for the! express pur
pose of affording a secure passage in
tervening | Indian Territory to emigrants on their
way to Oregon, and for the establishment of mili
tary postsj along the route for their protection.
Tho .people of Oregon may rest assured that the ,
government arid people of the United' States will
never abandon them or prove unmindful of their
welfare. (We have given a. sufficient pledge of this
determination by the zeal and firmness: with which,
throughout a quarter of a century, our just right to
that territory ’was steadfastly maintained' against
‘the.claims of Great Britain, until at last the. ques
tion was finally adjusted between the two powers;
by the treaty of June, 1846 V 'That treaty has. se
cured to ds the whole territory on the continent .
south of the parallel of 49 deg., and this we shaUl
never abandon. . ;. ' ‘
We feelj the deepest interest in the prosperity of
the people of Oregon. Their brethren ion this side
of the Rocky Mountains regard them with affection
and with Hope. We'cari perceive, in ithe nbt
tant future, one or more glorious states! of thiscon-.
federacy springing into-existence/on- the shores iHlr.
the Northern Pacific—spites composed of ourVOwn
kindred—of a people speaking our own language,,
governed by institutions similar to those whmh> se
cure our own happiness, and
sings of religion, liberty and law, over ;that ya§t
region.- Their commerce and intercourse vti&the'
other States of the Union will confer mutnaLbene- .
fits on all parties concerned, and will bijjfe themlo
us, and tisjfo them, iif'bonds of reciprocal interest '
and affection more durable than .adamant,' ? Science '
has discovered, and enterprise is now iast establish' -
ing means jof intercommunication so -rapid that at
no distant day a : journey from New York io Oregon -
will be accomplisbed in. less time thati [: '
employed jn travelling from that city toNdw Or?
leans, and-important news will be communicated by"
telegraph-!with the velocity of lightriing.Thelr
foreign commerce with the west coast ofAmerica*
with Asia arid the isles of the 'Pacific, wiU sati uri
der the protection of oiir common flag,’ apd cannot
fail to beaij back wealth in abundance to tour shores, < .
In the meaji. time, we shall watch |oveiy their
, growth ,wfrhparental care. >.• I
The President will;direct otfr Vessels;:of wrttto'
visit their ports and harbors as often as. practicable^, r
and to afford than all . the protection which they .
may require; and!*Congress, I doubt not, wiU' at ‘r
the next session provide for them a
eminent suited to their.wishes and their wants*. -
Yours, very respectfully, '- . .V V
I JAMES BUCHANAN, BecV of Sta te* V
To John M. Shivery, Esq.* - }!:.•
Appointed. Deputy Postmaster, at Astoria, -
j T Oregon Territory,
Bold F obbsbt.— An, extensivejfrobbery was
perpetrated yesterday afternoon, in our city. Win.
Darlington' Esq, President of the West Chester
Bank, whil! conversing with a lady in a railroad
car, at'the iepot, corner of Broad street, hear Ba<*,
about two o’clock, was robbed of a, - smallvaiise,
which contained the handsome sum of fifty one
thousand d iliars, in notes on the West Chester Bank.
He-placed he valise under die seat upon, which he.
was sitting when he entered die-car, for safekeep
ing, from when ce it was stolen by some daring Sfl.
lain. It wis the work, of a single moment -.-Mr.’
D. had the money from the Pennsylvania
bat bile hour, previous -to the robbery, and at
the time wi a on his way to the West Chester Bank. ■
SnspicioiM as fallen upon two persons who were
sftenlnrkklg about the depot somefifteenminnfes
eparture of the cars, and who were, no
e of this moury being in, the. possession
No arrest? have been made.—-PenAryl
-24. ■ j ! . -
before the <1
doiibt, a'.vai
of M:. D.
eaiiiaa. Dec,
iose. cup yli* poverty was dashed,
bed whilciia? ojic afcirt was washed/ -•
ppeared, and holding it to vi<*w, .
; p was« J d pgpiu, ’tvyiil wash in two.**;
* ctiM Bays; l . <4< -ien wash it, pray, good.
. cousin--* '- * \
And wash ijt, if you c*nj into « dozen !»>*•} •
A< Bays, -w
Lay saug m
The dame a
Said, “ If 5 t
“.indeed! J