Lancaster daily intelligencer. (Lancaster, Pa.) 1864-1928, November 09, 1880, Image 2

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ftancastci 1-ntciUgencer.
Unlawful Bnlleis.
The Xew Yerk election law provides
that " It shall be unlawful for any per
son te print and distribute, or te cast
any ballet printed or partly printed con
trary te the previsions of this act, or te
mark the ballet of any voter, or te deliv
er te any voter such marked ballet for
the purpose of ascertaining hew he shall
vote at any election." The act provides
the kind of type which shall be used in
printing the back of the ticket. The Re
publican tickets, or some of them, were
net se printed ; and it seems te be rea
sonably held that they were unlawfully
'voted. Seme election inspectors refused
at first te receive them, but subsequent
ly did .se under pretest and reserving
the right te reject them if they should
beheld te be illegal. The interesting
question new is whether they ought te be
counted. There is no disputing the fact
that the tickets were net according te
law ; nor that the persons who " print
ed,'' ': distributed" or " cast" the bal bal
eots, violated the law and are liable te
punishment. But still it is said that
the election inspectors were net forbid
den te receive the ballets and that there
fore it was their duty te receive them.
That does net seem te be a sound ar
gument. It would seem that the inspec
tors had a right te reject the unlawful
ballet ; whether they were bound te de
it may be another question ; and whether,
if they received the ballet, it should be
rejected in the count as unlawful, is still
another question. The law expressly de
clares that il shall be unlawful te casta
ballet net properly printed ; and certain
ly what cannot be lawfully cast ought net
te be lawfully received. It is true, that
the interpreters of the law will sacrifice
form te substance te secure the suf
frage of an honest voter; but the
New Yerk law. paired te prevent in
timidation of voter.-: or scrutiny of
ballets, se clearly expresses what shall
and wiiat shali net be a lawful ticket
that it will net be easy for the judiciary
te nullify it. The law can hardly be se
absurdly construed as te declare that it
means te punish the voter who casts a
wrongly printed ballet, but still will net
deprive him of the right te have it re
ceived and counted. The punishment
intended, and the only one applicable, is
te refuse te takejiis ballet ; and let him
provide himself with a lawful one, as he
may readily de.
Something like this question comes
up in "Pennsylvania, though under
the language of our law it is possi
ble te print the tickets in any kind of
type. It simply provides that the
name of the office te be filled
"and that only" shall be printed en the
outside of the ballet. The design was
the same as in the New Yerk law, te
keep the political character of the vote
from being detected. In our state the
type net being specified, the law's object
is nullified. In this campaign, however,
the Republicans violated it literally In
putting en their tickets something mere
than the designation of the office. It was
net "that only," but in addition they had
engraved lines and fancy designs, which
the law clearly prohibits. Our law does
net in words but only by inference
prohibit these ballets from being cast,
atid se does net present the strong
question of their legality which is afford
ed in Xew Yerk ; and which is very se
rious. A Wrung Without a Remedy.
There does net Seem te be any doubt
at all that in Xew Yerk the Republican
vote was fraudulently increased. There
is no reasonable theory that will explain
an increase of ever a hundred per cent,
in the Republican vote ever that of a
year age, when the Democrat ic increase
was net a fourth as great. This is the
showing in many of the city districts
It conclusively demonstrates a fraudu
lently registered vote. It shows that
Mr. Arthur fulfilled the obligation
imposed upon him te carry his
own slate. He did it with the assistance
of citizens imported from ether states.
The fact of their importation was noti
fied te the Democratic politicians by
their appearing en the registry : and of
course proper vigilance and energy would
have defeated tlrfe well laid scheme. The
Democrats seem te have been se occu
pied with their internal contentions ever
the city nominations that they neglected
their business and have new the satisfac
tion of realizing, what they should be
ashamed te admit, that they have been
sorely cheated.
What shall we de about it? We de net
see that we can de anything but "grin
and bear it." The Republican return
ing beard of the stale is very certain net
te recognize any proof of fraud, how
ever clear it may be made. The editor
of the Philadelphia Press, who is fresh
from Albany and knows the men he
vouches for, editorially made thi3 de
claration in regard te their action the
ether day, and we take his word for it i
for it is very easy te believe of Republi
can officials. It is somewhat surprising
that the editor of a -reputable newspaper
should se frankly admit that a fraudu
lent vote is se absolutely certain te pass
the scrutiny of the Republican returning
beard of the greatest state in the Union ;
but the fact is net surprising. Congress
will net go behind the determination
made of its vote by the state of Xew
Yerk through its proper officers. If the
people e Xew Yerk are willing that
their vote, fraudulently cas.t, shall be
counted as cast, there is no rcme;ly for
the wrong that we knew of.
It has long been freely alleged that
the Republican party dare net allow an
examination of the public records at
Washington, te discover what kind of
housekeeping has been going en there
ferthelagjb twenty years. The frauds
discovered arc only an indication of the
frauds undiscovered and the frauds con
cealed. Their full extent will never be
known while Republicans control the ex
ecutive departments. It will be well,
however in view of the WerhVs charge
that recent attempts were made te over
haul the department records, in antici
pation of Hancock election, for Con
gress te inquire into the nature of this
attempt and the reasons for it.
The Tete and the Census.
The full vote cast at this election will
affcrd a very interesting comparison with
the population figures of the census.
The showing will be that the census was
badly taken if the vote lias been honestly
cast. In Lancaster city we had 5,92C
votes in a reported population of some
thing under twenty-six thousand. In the
county C0,395 votes were cast, while the
population is said te le but one hundred
and forty thousand. That is one vote
for every four and one-half people, in
city and county. In 1870 our county
population was 121,340 by the census.
Te get the voting population we must
go back te 1SGS, when a very full
vote was out in the election between
Seymour and Grant. The total poll was
24,307. Our vote has increased just
six thousand in the twelve years which
have elapsed, about half of the increase
being in the four years since 1S7G, when
the total vote cast was 27,100. If, there
fore, we allow twenty-five thousand as
the voting population in 1S70, we will
net be far from the mark. Rut mul
tiplying twenty-five thousand by four
and a half gives us a population of only
112,500, or nearly nine thousand less than
the census. According te its figures
in 1S70 the population was te the
vote as five te one : and this
is the ratio which has generally been
accepted as that prevailing in the old set
tlements of the East. In the new West
ern countries, the immigration being
chiefly of men, the proportion of male
adults in the population of course is in
creased and the ratio figure is lowered and
may be three or four te one. Rut it
will ba observed that, as our Eastern
population grows, the ratio figure will
naturally be raised rather than lowered
by the emigration of young men te new
countries, and therefore it is quite unac
countable why we should have a larger
ratio of voters te the population in 1SS0
than we had in 1870. It would seem
that our census has been incemnlete-
ly taken if our vote has been honestly
cast ; and we have heard no allegation of
any considerable fraud" in the election
here. We certainly should have a popu
lation of five for every voter new if we
had it ten years age; which would make
the city population nearly thirty thou
sand and that of the county one hundred
and fifty thousand ; and thee are the
figures-which we fully expected the cen
sus te report.
The Xew Yerk Times discovers that
upon the last census - if the present
number of Congressmen remains un
changed the Xew England states will
loot- 4 representatives and the Middle
states 0, while the Seuth will gain 3 and
the West 7." Should the future division
of parties take an economical aspect the
identity of interest between the Seuth
and West, controlling 107 congressmen
te SG for the Eastern and Middle slates,
will be fatal te the ascendency of what
has been known as the Xew England
and Middle states idea of legislation.
Gakfiuld takes wine at dinner modci medci
atcly ; likes farming, Greek and a'gebra :
has four boys and one girl.
Ex-Senater Si'RAGrc denies that his
boy, Willie, shot at Trustee Thompson.
The children were only playing at pistol
practice when D.'.ddy Thompson went by
and had no thought of hurting him.
S.vnv BnaxiiAunT matle her first appear
ance in Xew Yerk at Beeth's theatre, last
evening. There was a crowded and fash fash
ienable audience, and her personatien of
Adrienne Leeeuereur evoked enthusias
tic applause. There is quite a diversity of
opinions among the critics as te her acting,
and altogether her tiiumph is nut as great
as foreshadowed. Her art is pronounced
inferior te Rachel's.
AnciiinAi.p CAMrnEi.i., the Wheeling
editor, who, in the Chicago convention,
declined te vote for Senater Conkling's
resolution pledging each delegate in ad
vance te vole for the nominee, is talked of
for a cabinet office. It is incorrectly stated
that he is a son of the founder of the
Camphellitc church. The prophet's son is
Alexander Campbell, who " took great
pleasure in voting against Gai field.'"
Jenx SuniiMAX has written a letter in
which he displays a Micawbcr-iike willing
ness te await whatever turns up. He says
he awaits "the judgment of the General
Assembly of Ohie, unbiased by any expres
sion of my wish in the matter referred te.
I de net kuew what is the desire of Gen
eral Garfield, but I can see that my elec
tion might relieve him from embarrass
ment and free him te de as he thinks best
in the formation of his cabinet." If he
can get a six years' scnatership he will re
lieeo Garfield from the embarrassment of
keeping him in the cabinet. Considerate
man !
Huxnr Watti:i:sex, whose word
"only" in the tariff plank many people
think did it, ascribes Hancock's defeat te
the Democratic party's tee easy abandon
ment of its fundamental principles. The
Republicans, he declares, arc everything
bad but feels, and the Democrats though
honest are feels. He has no idea of a new
party but proclaims his own future pesi.
tien something after this style : " Wise
men will halt, whilst useful men, taking
their political lives in their hands, de n n n
conneitcr. Claiming nothing, asking neth
ing, hoping only te be useful, we find our
selves standing upon the border line of a
great country and the confines of a shift
ing situation ; and we shall constitute our
selves a vedette, sending te the rear, if
possible, messages of cheer hut, gejd
news or bad news the truth, as wc see it,
always. Te this end, we ask tiic confi
dence of our readers ; refcring them te the
record as some guarantee of successful ser
vice, and at least as an assurance of disin
terestedness and fidelity. These be slip
pery times,and no one en the skirmish line,
groping through the darkness, can be
certain of his steps. We shall be, from the
nature of the case, steady only in aim, in
tention and conviction ; fearless at heart
and explicit as Ged wets and circnm
stances shall allow. Wherefore, without
suspicion or rebuke, charging us with
nothing except what appears upon its face,
and liberally discounting that let us move
ahead. Applaud us if wc run ; console us
if we fall ; but ht us pass en ; for Ged's
sake Let us pass en !''
All the railroads between Chicago and
St. Leuis Beld limited tickets between
these points j-cstcrday for $1 and tickets
e Kausas City for $7.
TnE Seuth Carolina state library con
tains 28,000 volumes.
Tueue are 40,000 American books in the
British Museum which has thus, in a mea
sure, become the chief depository of Amer-
ican literature.
Tueue are in the United States 727
paper-mills, making 1,800 tens a day of all
kinds of paper ; but the writing paper used
is net 200 tens daily.
Meke than 1,000,000 volumes have been
added, during the last six years, te
"Mudie's Select Library," the greatest
circulating library in the world. Frequent
ly whole editions of new books are taken
by it.
Tnu Philadelphia Evening Telegraph
makes the point ler Hayes that, notwith
standing he is dcsDitefully used by his
party, four years of his administration put
it and leaves it in a geed deal better shape
than did the Grant rcgine.
Allegheny City is much troubled ever
the disputed question whether negre chil
dren shall go te the same schools as these
of white folks, and seme direct question as
te the rights aud duties of directors in the
matter have been put te State Superinten
dent Wickcrsham, which with characteristic
evasion it is claimed he delays te directly
A xeted prize-fighter iu the Seuth
named McCool was washed from the wreck
of a steamboat last week, and tumbled in
to the Mississippi en a dark night. Frem
the horrible tangle of drowning men he
struck out wildly, and after swimming a
few strokes saw a barrel floating along, te
which he fastened, and was saved. It was
a barrel of whisky. The moral of this
story seems te be that, after all,
whisky no! that won't de. Thcmer.
al is that the best place for whisky is in a
barrel, and the best place for the barrel is
in a river.
Treacher, lecturers, lawyers and even
some speakers at teachers' institutes may
profitably read this story related iu
Greville's memoirs : A certain bishop in the
Heuse pi Lords rose te speak and an
nounced that he saenld divide what he had
te say into twelve parts, when the Duke
of Wharten interrupted him and begged
that he might be indulged for a few min
utes, as he had a story te tell which he
could only introduce at that moment. A
drunken fellow was passing by St. Paul's
at night and heard the clock slowly chim
ing twelve. He counted the strokes and
when it had finished looked toward the
clock and said : " Damn you ! why
couldn't yen give us all that at once ?"
Thcre was an end of the bishop's proposed
Bosten is at present occupied with the
question of corporal punishment in the
public schools. The superintendent in
his last annual report makes seme disclo
sures that have quite shocked the sensibili
ties of that aesthetic centre. He tells the
Boslencse of instances of personal violence
and degrading punishments that vividly
recall scenes enacted at Dothcbeys hall
under that prince of school-room tyrants
Squecrs, whilst according te the same
authority the monthly reports of grammar
schools come in ringing with the echoes of
blows constituting a record of cruelties and
shame degrading te the teacher "injurious
te the pupils, and shocking te the com
munity. " The Pilet gives editorial
prominence te the city superintendent's
disclosures. It takes the ground that
corporal punishment is the sure resource
ei weak and inferior teachers only, and'
backs up its position by quoting from the
report of a principal of a colored school in
Maryland, where the red is never used :
"Xcvcr was there a wilder or mere hope
less chaos than the colored schools in this
city (Baltimore) when started, less than
two years age, and I would like te sec the
Xew England schools, trained by the red,
which would surpass iu conduct or prog
ress these schools trained without it."
Tiie Pilet defines its views upon the ques
tion in the utterance of the hope that this
remnant of barbarism will seen be utterly
swept from the schools of Bosten and
from every school it disgraces in America.
Commedore Shufelt, U. S. X., failed te
effect a treaty with Cerca.
Charles Clark, about 20 years of age,
was killed by the bursting of an emery
wheel in a mill at Stamford, Conn., yes
terday afternoon.
The Obcnaucr mill in GriswehT, Conn.,
belonging te the Readc paper company,
was burned en Sunday night. Less, 823,
000. The schooner Belle Sheridan, from Os
wego for Terente, was totally wrecked at
Wellcr's bay, Ont., en. Sunday. Her cap
tain, McShcrry, and his three sons, sailors,
were drowned.
Three-fourth of the mining town of
Bingham, Utah, has been destroyed by
fire. The less is probably $50,000. Ceii
sidcrablc of the contents of the houses
were saved.
The American committee of the Bible
revision announce that only these of the
new revision, including the marginal ren
derings which are published or approved
by the University presses of England will
be recognized as the authorized editions.
A magazine containing a ten and a-half
of powder, at Lacresse, Wis., was blown
up by two men who fired shots into the
building. The scoundrels were arrested.
The explosion was heard for a distance of
12 miles, and windows throughout the
town were shattered by the shock.
Meedy and Sankey, who had crowded
meetings in Salt Lake City for eighteen
days past, left for San Francisce. They
made a strong impression, particularly en
Mormonism. Many think that they ought
te stay indefinitely aud convert the Mor
mons. The total value of iron aud steel and
hardware imports thus far this year is
$02,544,272 against $12,573,930 for the
some period in 1879. Of course the great
bulk of these immense imports were
brought here by iron men who have just
done shouting for tariff.
It turns out that the colored Democrat
who died in Greenville, S. C, en Satur
urday night was net assassinatsd, as at
first supposed. His death was caused by
cerebral congestion, and a flew of bleed
from an old wound in the head, which
was reopened by his falling down, gave
rise te the belief that he was murdered.
Twenty-five years age the Philadelphia
& Reading railroad leased the right te run
trains from Milten te Williamsport ever
Philadelphia & Erie railroad. On Sunday
morning last the lease expired. The
freight hands that run the train ever the
leased read have been retired for a wpek
when no doubt they will be called into 1
active service.
Horrible Tragedy in a Farm lleusc in Mon Mon Men
eoe County, Ohie.
A -Maniac Killing JUIs Wile and Babe and
n Lnily Visitor and Her Twe Chil
drenThe M order er then
Committing Sui
cide. A terrible tragedy has occurred in Mon Mon Men
eoe county, Ohie, three miles west of the
village of Lcwisville, in which five persons
were killed outright and one se badly in
jured that she will net recover. It cxcds
in horror anything that has hitherto oc
curred in that part of the country. The
principal actor iu the scene of bleed is
Frank Bedenbaugh, 30 years of age. The
victims are his wife, ill's. Annie Beden
baugh (a daughter of Jehn Jcffres, esq.,
who lives near Temperauceville ) ; her
babe, aged less than 2 years ; Mrs. Eliza
beth Stephens, aged 43, and her two chil
dren, a girl It-years of age and a boy 5 or
0 years et age. All were killed outright
except the daughter of Mrs. Stephens, who
is se badly Injured that she may net re
The tragedy occurred en Saturday even
ing last, at about dark. The first indica
tions of the murders were discovered by
a younger brother of Bedenbaugh, who
had bean absent at a husking and who re
turned at about 11 o'clock at night. En
tering the family room en his return, there
being just enough light from the smoulder smeulder
ing lire te cast an awful shadow upon the
sccne of death, he was horrified te find
upon the fleer the body of Mrs. Betsey
Stephens a large tall woman, with fair
face aud hair, new darkened and matted
by bleed which had oozed from her brain
and run down her dress. A frightful
wound had been made with the pole of an
axe en the back of the head, above and be
hind the ear. On the fleer, net far away,
were tbrce children his own Dane ana
two belonging te Mrs. Stephens all dead
except one. which was unconscious and
will net recover. Twe of them had their
heads crushed, -probably by the same
weapeu. The living ene had wounds about
the face, but. the skull docs net seem te be
The young man immediately gave the
alarm, and a party of horrified neighbors
seen gathered at the scene of the tragedy.
A search of the premises was seen begun,
but nothing bcyeund what has been de
scribed was discovered in the house. The
outbuildings wcre then searched. In a
tobacco house a quarter of a mile cast of
the premises they found Frand Beden
baugh, badly wounded. He had crawled
into the house through a crack in the
wall. His threat had been cut from ear te
ear, and bleed covered the ground for some
distance. Several wounds, evidently made
with a hatchet, were en his forehead aud
face. Il is supposed that the man had
tried te kill himself with the hatchet, and,
failing in that, had used the certain and
fatal razor. Beth weapons were found
near him, covered with bleed. He was yet
able te speak, and, in reply te a question
as te where his wife was, designated the
place where she could be found, and added
that he killed her. He was taken te the
house, and lived until 11 o'clock en Sun
day meruing.
The horrified neighbors went from the
scene into the tobacco house te a pasture
field where the wife, intent en family du
ties, and with no thought of danger iu her
mind, ha " gene te milk only a few hours
before. The night was dark aud rainy. A
still mere horrible scene was here present
ed. Here lay the dead body of Mrs. Bed
enbaugh, wiili her threat cut and her head
beaten and partly embedded in mud. The
hatchet and razor had both been used te
de the deadly work, and the fair young
face was marred and mutilated by the
cruel blows. The bodies were placed side
by side in the house, and all that Sabbath
day, as the news spread, hundreds of per
sons from the surrounding country visited
the scene of death.
The exact why in which the killing was
done will never be known. Whether the
deed was the result of a sudden impulse,
et a quarrel, or of long settled intention, is
net known. The actions of the murderer
when his brother left him in the morning
were net unusual, although he complained
of net feeling well. There had been no
family bickerings, and there was no ill
feeling between the murderer and the Ste
phens woman.
Frank Bedenbaugh. the murderer, is
about 30 years of age. Jasper Bedenbaugh
his father, is of Gtrmau birth, and has ten
ciiuurcu. no 15. a wcu-10-ue iarmer, auu
lives about four miles south of Calais,
where he owns a farm of seme four hun
dred acres. The old man purchased the
farm where Frank lives several years age,
and presented it te him. Frank was a man
of immense physical strength, as were the
whole family. He was net a man of bail
disposition, although the family
had the reputation of being lighters.
He had been slightly deranged,
aud was taking medicine for the
malady, but was net regarded as at all
dangerous. He was married only two or
three ycars,and was the father of enejchild.
He was raising the eldest child of Betsey
Stephens, who was about ten years old and
lived with him for two or three years. It
was te visit this child that Betsey and her
youngest child went te Bcdenbaugh's en
Friday evening. Mra. Bedenbaugh was 22
years of age, a lady of excellent family
aud amiable disposition, and her short mar
ried life had been a pleasant one se far as
is known.
A later report says that Frank Beden
baugh, who committed the murders, died
from his wounds. The Stephens girl also
died, making in all seven lives lest in the
llew Armour Rretherx, of Chicago, Made
S7. 000,000 by This Ycur'u Operation.
A special despatch from Chicago, 111.,
says : " The inside history of the great
Armour 'perk corner,' in which ths linn
made $7,000,000, is published here today.
The history ef'thc operations gees back te
the summer of 1879, at which time Phil.
Armour and his Milwaukee partner, Jehn
Plankingten, went te Europe with the in
tention of cornering the perk market of the
world. They were abroad about two
months, and during their absence ordered
the purchase of an enormous amount of
previsions, including sixty million pounds
et ribs, neught at less than lour and a
quarter cents per pound and 150.000 bar
rels of perk at an average of only. $8
per barrel. On their return te America
in September they found the market
strcngtheninir. Prices went up and they
realized a profit or $2,000,000. In the next
two or three months perk advanced te $14
a barrel, and ribs in proportion. Under
the impression that the boom was going
te continue, they made further purchases.
Then came the reaction, perk going from
$14 te $9 23 in spite of all that could be
done te bolster it. The $2,000,000 went
and another $1,000,000 after it. The mem
bers of the firm at once set about retriev
ing their losses, and sent agents through
this country and Europe, and frflm the re
ports made satisfied themselves that the
product of the hog would be in demand for
the ensuing four months. They
began in April te purchase all
the actual stock in market about
223,000 barrels en hand here and a
trifle ever 100,000 barrels in store in ether
cities. This they bought at prices rang
ing from $9.50 te $10.50, the average be
ing about $10. In addition they secured
options en 1,230,000 barrels mere, and
then awaited developments. They took
occasion te let everybody knew that tliey
had all the perk in existence, and a great
deal mere. The manipulators had laid
their plans te force the price up te $20,
but. they wanted it te go up gradually. ,
But when it became apparent te the trad
ers and speculators that a great bull move
ment was en feet, prices were run up with
such rapidity that it was feared the effect
would irighten oil the shorts and induce
them te settle tee early. Te prevent such a
move the Armours, threw nearly a half mil
lion barrels en the market, and this served
te check the boom and keep it within their
control, and at the same time produce the
impression that they could net or would
net carry out their published pregramme
of forcing quotations at $20. Operations
were net alone confined te America, but all
of Europe was taken in.aud wherever men
were found willing te sell perk they did
net have, the Armours were graciously
accommodating. They knew that they
had all the perk, and that these had sold
them the article would have te come te
them for it or settle the differences. The
amount of money that was placed against
this game was enormous. In striking this
balance the lucky owners of the 'brace'
find that they have made net less that $7-
000,000. In ether words they get back
the $3,000,000 lest when perk went down
last winter aud $4,000,000 besides. The
Wall street dealers feel as hard as their
Western brethren in misfortune, and a
vast sum of Xew Yerk money is placed te
the credit of the Chicago 'bulls.' "
The election News.
Full returns from all the counties in
Pennsylvania, all being official except
these from Greene, Jeffersen aud Sulli
van, show a plurality for Garfield of 33,
037. All the counties in Oregon, except two,
have been heard from, and give 349 Re
publican majority. The two missing
counties arc expected te increase the ma
jority te COO.
The election of Jehnsen, the colored Re
publican candidate for Congress in the
First district of Arkansas, is reported by
about 1000 majority. Jehnsen is a barber,
living iu Augusta, Ark., and his candi
dacy was net announced until a week be-
iore the election. 1 he Kepubhcans claim
the election of two ether cengressineun in
Arkansas Murphy in the Fourth and
Beles in the Third district and say the
Second district is doubtful, with the
chances favoring William';, their candi
date. The Ecening Express, of New Yerk, con
cludes its leader of yesterday as fellows :
"There is hardly a doubt today that ever
20,000 illegal votes were cast ler the Re
publican candidates in this city and Brook
lyn alone. Frem a single house in the
Eleventh district forty negrees registered,
eighteen from one billiard room ! The
men could net be found during the day be
fore the election. The facts' which have
ceme te light and have net yet been pub
lished, arc se grave and serious as te ren
der a thorough official investigation neces
sary. - The crime ei 1877 cannot
be repeated without imperilling the re
public." STA.TE ITEMS.
Gov. Heyt appoints Thursday, Nev. 23,
for state as well as national thanksgiving.
Daniel Martin, an old soldier and well
known foreman of Ilarrisburg, died yes
terday. By the deatli of a brother in Dumfries,
Scotland, D. O. Ivcsen of Cenellsvilie,
aged 85 and a Waterloo veteran, inherits
Edwin X Bensen has given $3,000 to
ward an armory for the First regiment N.
G., of Philadelphia, of which he has been
a member for twenty years.
The distinguished Bcrgcr family, who
are natives of Yerk and well and favorably
known te our citizens, met with a serious
accident a short time age in Arkansas.
They were making a trip of fifty miles in
a stage during a storm and the horses ran
away, crashing into a fallen tree and over
turning the stage. All tiie party were
mere or less hurt.
Rebert McKenna, one of the ten Repub
licans elected te the Tennessee Legislature
from Memphis, is ineligible, having been
convicted of incest for marrying his wife's
granddaughter. McKenna was pardoned
by Gov. Jehn C. Brown four years age,
has never applied te be restored te the
rights of citizenship, and is therefore dis
qualified from holding office. The certifi
cate may be given te W. B. Wisisten, a
Democrat, who received the next highest
vote. This change may possibly deter
mine the selection of a United States sena
tor,: the complexion of the Legislature is
very close.
Judge Edward Rawlc, a native of Penn
sylvania and resident of Xew Orleans for
50 years, died in that cilv lar.t Thursday 1"
paralysis, aged 83 years.
Captain R. F. Leper, an old steamship
builder, died in Brooklyn, en Sunday, in
the 79th year efhis age. He was formerly
a Philadclphian.
Prof. A J. Gorden, of the Lecustdale:
Va., military school, died suddenly en
Sunday, while attending church service in
A Lancaster Tobacco Farmer 111 Old 7.Io! 7.Ie! 7.Io!
Semcryi Jehn C. Barten, of this county, has
raised, housed and is new stripping the
largest ctep of tobacco ever crown hi
Montgomery county. He raised it en the
farm of Tedd & Robb, at Pert Kennedy.
There were ever thirty acres of the weed,
which is a remarkably fine crop in every
particular, being very large, many of the
leaves measuring forty-four inches in
length. It entirely missed the flea that
did se muclk damage in this county. The
only defect was caused by the worms,
which for the want of sufficient force
slightly damaged a small portion of it. It.
will be remembered that Mr. B. raised a
choice crop in this county last year, and
his numerous friends will be glad te see
him successful in another county.
Quite a number of buyers from Philadel
phia and Lancaster have already looked at
the crop and express their opinion of it as
being a fine one, and a number of offers
have already been made for it.
Under the directions of Mi B., Tedd &
Robb have erected a tobacco shed and
warehouse 300x54 with cellar and rooms
for stripping and packing. They propose
te continue the raising en a mere exten
sive scale hereafter.
Nomination of Ofllccr3.
The Yeung Men's Christian association
held an adjourned meeting te-night for
the nomination of officers for the coming
year. Every member should be interested
in the cheesing of efliecrs of the associa
tion. Tjiere will also be a special meeting of
the beard te fill the vacancy occasioned by
the resignation of Mr. Ilcrr, who has ac
cepted a call te the secretaryship of the
Reading association.
Tiie Firemen.
At a meet ing of the Empire hook and
ladderfirc company Xe. 1 last evening, it
was resolved te tell the bell en the even
ing of meetings, for a short time before 8
A. S. Edwards was elected a delegate
from ths company te represent it at the
convention of volunteer firemen te be held
in Reading en Dec. 15.
Remarkable Telescope.
The small telescope which Mr. Whitall,
inventor of "Whithall's planisphere,"
well known te students of astronomy, cx Zahm's cernerlast evening ler a
short time, possesses remarkable power for
its size. The rings of Saturn are dis
tinctly shown and the Pleiades increase in
number from one star te upwards of fifty.
Anether Telephone.
The office of Baumgardner, Ehermnn fc
Ce. has been connected by telephone with
the central office in Centre square
Yesterday's Sessions The Newspnpcr in
Scheel Roem Its ImportHHee in :in
Educational Facto' In In
gertieU:gixi Frem 1
Secular Stand
point." Hondas Afternoon. .The hymn, '
iuud, uu wuu, cxaitcu nign, was
by the institute.
licv. U. V. Stewart, I). D.. of
rain, read selections from the 3d and 4th
Psalms, and offered prayer for the success
of the institute.
Music "Evening Hymn" and "The
Wander Staff."
The president, Prof. Shaub, made a brief
address, in which he congratulated the in
stitute en the favorable auspices under
which it opened, and the general exemption
of its members during the past year from
sickness and death. He referred in compli
mentary terms te the late Prof. S. S. Hal
deman, aud deplored the less the .institute
had sustained in his death. He also re
ferred feelingly te the less by death of two
ether members. Frem the rccetds of the
secretaries it appeared that the number of
members enrolled up te 2 o'clock was
greater than 011,911) former occasion at the
same 'hour of the first day. This premises
well for the success of the institute. He
hoped better work would be done than
heretofore ; that mutual improvement
would be derived as well from the social
intercourse of tiie members as from the
exercises Qf the institute. IIe congratu
lated the institute that there is no serious
opposition te ilie institute system, or te
the public school system within the county
at least net such opposition as is met
with iu ether sections.
Prof. Shaub, then announced the pro pre
gramme for the ensuing week and stated
the reasons which indifccd the manage
ment te held the evening entertainments
in Fulton opera house.
IIe then announced the names of the
officers of the institute the same as
printed in yesterdays Intelligence';.
Mr. Jehu A. Menk, of West Hcmplield,
moved the appointment of a committee te
audit the treasurer's accounts.
The cliair appointed Jehn A. Meuk,
Jehn K. Werth, West Lampeter, and Miss
Emma L. Downey, city, said committee.
B. F. Boek, Paradise, moved the ap
pointment of a cemmittee en resolutions.
The motion was agreed te and the presi
dent stated he would announee the com cem
mitter later.
The president notified member of Iho
institute that each of them was entitled te
1 a copy et the music supplement te the
' Scheel Journal.
Music "Bennie Doen," chorus by the
I institute with organ accompaniment by
! Prof. Hall, and bugle accompaniment by
j Prof- Kilhelfer.
i Essay "The use of magazines and
newspapers in school work" by Miss Ilat-
1 tie 1. Bruckhart. The essay was well
j written and well-delivered, the essayist
j taking the ground that the newspaper is a
j mere important means of education than a
1 whole series of text books, though the
text books are by no means te be neglect
ed. She advised that selected readings
from the newspapers be arranged before
hand by the teachers ; that these readings
should include the general news en all cur
rent topics. Instructive selections
from standard magazines and newspapers
will tend te dissipate the taste for trashy
dime novels and afford an entertaining
variety of feed for the youthful mind.
Geed exercises may be found for composi
tions; new ideas will present them
selves te the pupils; new facts will be
presented in new words, the pupil's vo
cabulary will be enlarged, and he will learn
te think for himself instead of renting his
lessens in a parrot-like way. Selections
from the ncwspapeis were also recom
mended for dictation lessens and lessens
in grammar.
Prof. I. S. Geist, of Marietta, concurred
in general with the views of the essayist,
and recommended that a part of one
day of each week be set apart for pupils te
relate orally the substance of what they
had read iu the newspapers during this
current week. This will 'inspire a taste
for reading and a generous rivalry among
the pupils te show off what they have
read and remembered.
Mr. Asten, of Mount Jey. thought-only
the higher classes of the school should be
given these newspaper exercises, and the
papers should be carefully selected and
scanned before placing them in the hands
of the pupils. Many se-called newspapers
arc trashy and worse than useless.
Mr. P. A. Urich, of East Hemnlield.
would use the scissors, and cut from the
newspapers appropriate selections, paste
thorn in scrap books, and at the proper
time present them te the pupils. Excellent
texts for object lessens may in this way
be obtained.
Mr. Gates, city, strongly favoring the
use newspapers iu the schools, condemned
these of a sensational character, naming
Saturday Right, JKcie Ter!: Ledger, Bey's'
and Girls' Weekly and ethers, which he re
gards as trashy and pernicious as the Police
At'ira. These should be rigorously ex
cluded from tiie school room. The read
ing of geed papers should be encouraged,
A profitable exercise is te get the pupils
te stand up in class, and report in their
own words the substance of some article
they have read in the newspapers.
Clarence V. Lichty, of West Earl,dccmcd
it important te have newspapers in the
seiioel room. By questioning his own
pupils he had ascertained that net one
half of them get te sec a newspaper at their
homes, and net ene quarter of them arc in
the habit of reading papers at home. He
believed there was no better way of im
parting te pupils a knowledge of what is
going en in the world, and getting them
lntcresieu in geography, history, grammar
and ether studies than by frequently tak
ing the newspaper as a text book.
Mr. C. W. Myers, Ephrata, regarded
newspapers as the greatest educators of the
age ; but he doubted whether much geed
could 1m derived from them bv rt liv.
minutes" leading in the school room. As
there is net time te read the papers in the
school, he would try te instil in the mind
of the pupil ;i desire te read and te learn,
and have him te read the papers at home.
Jehn Weaver, of Lcaceck, had found
that the series of school readers did net
contain enough reading matter te satisfy
the wants of the pupil's. Some of the
boys in the class in which the first reader
is used are found te be well acquainted
with the contents of the second and even
the third reader before being transferred
te a higher class. He believed it right te
give them all the reading matter' thuv
craved, being careful te direct their read
ings into proper channels.
T. C. Rachel, of Maner, saul that pupils
should be taught te think as well as te
read ; and as nearly all the text books in
reading run in the name old rut. he has
found the newspaper te be a great aid in
arousing thought among the pupils. He
has been astonished at the progress made
in :ui nieir suuues ey pupns who naoiru naeiru
ally read the newspapers. These who
read the newspapers most carefully a:e
habitually the best in the studies of the
class room. -
Prof. Heigcs, of Yerk, highly com
mended the use of newspapers in the
schoolroom, and said a go id word for
some of the journals that had been con
demned by Mr. Gates and ethers. The
Xew Yerk Ledger contained much excel
lent reading, Dr. Hall, Rev. Talmage and
ether eminent writers being among its
contributors. .Mr. Ileiges especially re
commended the use of geed agricultural
journals in the schools, se that "the pupils
might become acquainted with the methods
and the vocabulary of the farm. There
-tare.a theilsrtniJ vri-olTe flinr e?i lir
learned from the newspapers that cannot
be found hi the le::t books, including tHe
construction of railroads, telegraph, vari
ous kinds of manufactures, tfce.
The discussion was concluded by Prof.
Shaub who said that the city teacher is apt
te have te contend against tee much news
paper reading while' the country teacher
has net enough. He urged upon his hear-
crs the importance of having sunpres.-e
all newspapers of an immoral and sensa
tional character, and having their place
supplied by ethers of a high standard.
Newspapers, well selected, are valuable in
the school-room and tend te awaken
thought among the pupils. He commend
ed the pl:tn of a Mount Jey teacher who
placed upon ene end of the sehoel black
board the principal topics discussed in the
daily papers, and then get the pupils who
had read the papers te state orally or write
out what they had read and remembered
en these topics. The topics embraced
agriculture, history, geography or ether
matters of instruction. One advantage of
this method is that the teacher himself
must be a reader. In closing, Prof. Shaub
took eeeasidn te compliment the members
of the institute who had taken part in the
discussion of this important sub'ect.
Music " The Wander-Staff.""'
Dr. J. II. Shumaker commenced a lecture
and spoke for seme time en " Methods of
Recitations." It is necessary for the teach
er first te knew what te de, and next hew
te de it ; te ascertain what the pupil knows,
what he ought te knew, and the best
means of imparting that knowledge. The
best preparation for a recitation is that
which is gaiued outside the text book.
Among ether methods Dr. Shumaker rec
ommended for small children the recitation
in concert ; let all the children answer a
given question in concert. Auethcr meth
od is that of rotation in answering ques
tions; another still is the monitorial meth
od, where the pupil answers a question if
he can, and if he cannot, asks some ether
member of the class te answer. Anether
plan is te get the pupil te write down al
once from memory all they knew en any
given question. Then give thorn the text
book from which the question was taken,
and have them add te their written an
swers all that they have emitted. These
and ether methods wcre explained at con
siderable length by Dr. Shumaker, who
concluded by recommending that the pupil
ba made te rceite in his own words all he
knows of a given topic and be assisted te
cultivate the power of expression.
Adjourned te 9 o'clock, a. m.
WcinlJiii en IiicrHellIsm.
Jf-milay Ecenmg. The entertainment
was given in Fulton hall. It opened with
a fine vocal composition "Let the hills
and vales resound," finely rendeied by the
Lancaster Quartet, consisting Miss Leila
Bear, soprano, Miss Edith Johiuteu. con
tralto, Mr. Draehbar, tenor, and Mr. Mel
lingcr, bass.
Hen. Gee. R. Wenclling, ei Chicago,
was then introduced and delivered a
scholarly and logical lecture en Ingersoil Ingerseil
ism. The leeturerdid net discuss the sub
ject from a distinctive Christian stan: stan:
peint, but rather from a business
point of view, and argued that if
the athestical principles of lugersell
and his followers prevailed thu entire
superstructure of society must be destroy
ed, and the cemniunu with all its horrors
be built upon its ruin. If lugeraellism is
right then every man ha:; the making of
his own ( i ed ; every church spire is a mon
ument of stupidity ; the sisters of charity
had better be laundry women, aud priests
and preachers pedagogues ! Consider as
businessmen the untold millions of money
involved in religious enterprises and thu
hundreds of millions of men engaged di
rectly or indirectly in them ; ami then im
agine the effect that would be produced en
financial interests by their destruc
tion, and the throwing of these immense
armies of religionists out of the places
they new ecenpy and into competition
with these engaged in ether interests.
Tims, looking at the question of religion
from a mere selfish view it will bu seen te
conserve the peace, prosperity and happi
ness of the people. The lecturer disputed
the truth of Ingersell's statement that
"each nation has created its own god"'
and said that each nation Iris created its
own idol and substituted the idol for Ged.
The history of all ages shows that among
idolaters of all classes who worshiped ani
mals and idols, there existed in their
minds a longing after and worship of mm
unknown Supreme Being. Ingerseil says a
belief in Ged springs from fear, ami v.
desire te placate the Unknown. On the
contrary all history shows that man in his
darkest hour turns with love and faith te
Ged. Atheism is the white headed and
craven-hearted coward of the century. All
men have a moral ideal, in which they are
ever in search, ami ever have been thr:jti"Ii
all the ages ; and yet none of the great
men of the world, Plate, Secrates, Pytha
goras or ethers, have ever satisfied the
mind, because there was no accepted
standard of right or wrong, of truth or
error, until the appearance of Jesus. He
is the ene ideal man of all the world. All
sects, no matter hew much they dill'er iu
matters of detail, accept. Hint as the
Master and accept I lis central doc
trine that all men are equal. The
truth that Ged exists and that Christ is
the highest moral ideal is accepted by all,
and it fellows that se much, at least, ,,r
the Bible, as bears en the idea! man,
be true. With these truths cerses the
church, which is only the aggregate of all
religious teachings and influences. Th
great want of the business community is
first a stable government ; second, oppor
tunity te accumulate wealth, ami third,
the pleasures of the home, the household.
The highest civilization conserves these,
and Christianity censei ves the highest civil
ization. The lecturer concluded by draw
ing a startling picture of the evils that,
must surely fellow the overthrew of re
ligion and the establishment en its rumr. '
of a dark, unsatisfying didiclief, a philet.y.
phy nuquickcr.e I by conscience ln-realf-i-un'ighted
by hope. While the home "Is
the pivot en which turn:; the structure of
civilized life, the cemmuuc i.s the twin
sister of infidelity. "-
Mr. Wendling is a speaker of great pow
er; a man of line presence, powerful and
flexiblu voice, ready and rapid deliver-.',
and graceful gestures. IIe spoke for juk
two hours and was listened te with the
deepest interest by the large audieuce in
attendance. The above is the meieit out eut eut
line efhis lecture, but is all wc have space,
te report.
At the conclusion of the lecture t".,Lp,ji..
caster Quartet sa:ig"GoedXight.Ij(.jovc, :
with organ acoeinpaiiiiient by V'reV. Haas.
Te-lay's .Sei!ii,
Tuesday .Herning, Music bv I'm ?!,;.
tutc and prayer by iJev. Dr. Grecnwald of
Trinity Lutheran church.
The president announced the rb'fewin"
committee en resolutions : B. V. Boek"
of Paradise, Frank Sheibly, Strasbur-'
township, Phanss Buekwaltar. Lcaceck.
Miss Lllen Preston, Columbia, .Miss Annie
h. Jeukcns, Fulton.
Scheel Visitation.
A. B. Kieidcr, of West Hcmpfield, read
a paper en s-choel visitation, in the course
or which he took occasion te toil the teach
ers what they ought and what they ought
net te de. These teachers who are contin
ually looking out of the window watching
the approach of strangers or passcrs-bv,
and then harangue tifcir pupils or their
misbehavior iu the school room, will toen
lese the, respect of the pupils. The fre.
qucnt visitation of patrons and direc'.et.s.
tends te inspire confidence in the r,nj;.
and quicken the sensibilities of ceaeherV,"
The el'tener careless teachers are inflicted
with visits and humiliated '.jp the miscon
duct of pupils, the bettCi- it will be for the
teacher. He urged teachers te visit ether
schools whenever they had an opportunity
te de se, and profit by their relative excels