Lancaster daily intelligencer. (Lancaster, Pa.) 1864-1928, September 24, 1880, Image 2

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Hfcancastet intelligencer.
TIic Republican Idea.
The idea upon which the Republican
orators base their claim te continuance
in power is that the Democratic party
will be controlled by its representatives
in the states lately in rebellion, and that
it will be their aim te ruin the country.
The second preposition is one that is
hard enough te prove, but when it is
combined with the first declaration the
whole statement becomes tee foolish te
ba patiently endured by sensible Repub
licans who think for themselves and are
net willing that they shall be stultified
in their effort te continue their party
in power. The New Yerk Even
ing Pest is net willing that its party shali
be put in the position of claiming that
the Seuth, with one-seventh of the popula
tion of the country, will first control the
Democratic party, then through it ob
tain the necessary votes te control
the nation, and finally use the
power thus obtained te adminis
ter the government in opposition
te the interests of a majority of the peo
ple. The preposition thus plainly stated
carries its refutation en its face. If
Hancock and English are elected it will
be by the majority of the people, and it
will be absolutely ncscssary for the Dem
ocratic party se te govern the country
as te retain the approval of these who
have given it the power, which it will
net want te resign. It will net certain
ly cater te the wishes of one-seventh of
the people le receive the condemnation
of the remainder and certainly secure its
downfall. Elections come tee frequent
ly in this country te enable a party te
be se unwise, and unless it designs te
abolish representative government it will
ba controlled in its conduct by its desire
te secure the approval of at least a ma
jority of the people.
This seems le dispose entirely of the
Iteptiblicaim claim te dread the control
of Hancock's administration by the solid
Seuth, even admitting that the representa
tives of that section arc se unpatriotic as
te be unworthy le be trusted with power.
There is no doubt that the northern ieo iee
ple would be unwilling le confide the ad
ministration of the government te the
men of the Seuth, and se would these of
the East refuse te be governed by the
West and the West by the East. There
should be no sectional government in
this country ; and this is one of the
strongest reasons why the Republican
parly is nut entitled te demand power.
It is essentially sectional and admits
itself te be se by admitting that
the solid Seuth is with its oppo
nents. Ry its own unfair govern,
ment it has alienated this whole sec
tion. A portion of the Xerth has re
volted against its policy and is allied with
the Seuth in demanding a government
which shall be in the interest of the
whole country. If this is te be a nation
of free and equal states there is no escap
ing the conclusion that the government
must be administered for the geed of all ;
and when we find one section that is
solid in its disapproval of its administra
tion there can be no ether conclusion
than that it is wrongly administered.
The only logical way in which the Re
publican party can defend its record is
by the claim that the interests of the
stales of the solid Seuth are net entitled
te be considered : and when it claims
this it must go farther and degrade them
from their position as states and reduce
them te territories unfit for equal asso
ciation in the conduct of the nation.
The Democratic party is leavened by
the nearly solid Seuth as an element of
its strength, but it is net controlled by
it, unless the tail can control the body.
The great Middle States of the Xerth
and West, will be in the body, if the
parly succeeds in this election, and they
must be kept in it if the party would
succeed at future elections. The
policy they dictate will be the
policy of the party, and the
fact that the Seuth is solidly with
the party will diminish its influence in
stead of strengthening it ; in accordance
with the natural political law which
gives the uncertain voter a com
manding inlhience in the adminis
tration of the slate. Se that allowing
all that may be claimed for the unpatri
otic disposition of the Seuth it is evident
that it will bs controlled by its allies in
the government, net only by reason of
their greater numerical strength, but by
the common interest of the party which
will force it te strive te increase its
strength in the Xerth where only new it
has formidable opposition.
The splendid demonstration of the
Democracy in Xew Yerk last night,
tells net only of a united, harmonious
and aggressive Democracy in that city
and stale, but it appeals te the pride of
the whole nation. That magnificent and
earnest display in the great commercial
metropolis of the country, is an all suf
ficient answer te Use desperate appeals
of Colliding and his stripe te the busi
ness interests of the country te support
a sectional, strife seeking party. Rut if
any further assurance was needed that
no material interests would suffer from
Democratic success it could be amply
found in the speeches at Xew Yerk last
evening of such men us Relment, Bayard
and Randall, who have always had the
warmest confidence or the commercial
interests of the country. But they give
mere than their own personal assurance
of this : they show it by undubitable ar.
gument; by irrefutable figures, and the
public believe them and will vote te put
out a faithless party and put iu an honest
clean administration.
People who arc distressed about -the
persecution of the negre in the "solid"'
Democratic state of Georgia, will de well
te read the facts in the case as they are
given and they have net been challenged
by the member of the national Demo
cratic committee from that state. What
ever his party bias may be he gives facts
and figures. They explain why the negre
vote is leaving the Republican party, for
reasons lietter than fear of Ku Klux or
bulldozer's bludgeon. Advices from Vir
ginia, te the Xew Yerk Times, tell of a
similar condition of things there, and we
doubt net, if the Republicans should win,
that they would at once move te repeal
negre suffrage.
The Philadelphia Evening Bulletin,
one of a class of papera which has been
discrediting the census reports of the
Seuth, admits that Superintendent Walk
er's investigation and finding that the
census reports of 1870 were grossly un
fair, is a much better explanation of the
apparent rapid increase of population of
Seuth Carolina than the stale Republi
can cry of " Democratic frauds' by Re
publican census takers in 1880.
Dan Deugheiity's speech in Xew
Yerk last evening was a capital one. It
is aggressive as the Democracy ought te
be in this campaign ; it is concise and
yet comprehensive as all political
speeches ought te be ; and it is truthful
and logical as every argument must be
that is te bear the test of criticism and
exercise any influence en the public mind.
An address of the Philadelphia Republi
can politicians appealing te their busi
ness men for money says " seven weeks
from this day the great battle will be
fought, and, if the present apathy contin
ues lest.''
Tin: Republicans of Pennsylvania
should net order Frank Eshlcmau te Ohie
te help their sinking cause there, and at
the same day inform him that Lancaster
county must give 0,000 Republican major
ity te save Pennsylvania te Garfield.
Commedouk HiESTAsn needs te come
back from Indiana straightway. His
friends here arc getting ready for frauds
that we feel certain he would never coun
tenance and te shirk the responsibility of
which he would certainly net lice the
Tin: Lancaster Xew Era makes a mis
take when it says the Republican vote in
Maine this year is " Many thousands mere
numerous than it ever was before." It is
in fact, mere than two thousand short of
what it was at the corresponding election
in 1870. Times.
Mit. Themas J. Davis is respectfully
invited 4e take himself off the Republican
county ticket. As Murat Ilalstcad said of
Garfield, " he hasn't a record fit te run
en." If he cemiMjls that record te be
shown up for necessary public informa
tion his be the fault. Will he take him
self off or make the people de it '.'
When the Ifiui'jt iner says that Hancock
en one occasion "took down the Ameri
can flags which graced his banqueting
room lct they would offend Beauregard
an.l ether Confederate guests, "' it lies.
Muio than this it knows that it lies. Xe
such thing ever occurred, and no respecta
ble authority ever offered te sustain the
report of it.
Tine following startling dispatch is sent
from Richmond te the Xew Yerk Time,
the leading Republican organ of the coun
try : '' I:i the next election thousands of
the black citizens of this state will, of
their own free will and knowing fully the
importance of their action, walk deliber
ately up te the polls and cast their votes
against the nominees of the national Re
publican party and for the Hancock and
English electoral ticket."
A wkiti'i: in the Cornhill Magazine who
is ''compelled te admit" the general
physical beauty of the Euglisli upper
classes finds the squalid peer of merry
England te be, as a class, noticeable for
their absolute and repulsive ugliness. He
also finds the average personal beauty
everywhere te roughly correspond te the
average general love for beauty in the ab
stract. The English peer, who live and
die in the stifling dens of large towns or
cheerless stone floored cottages of the
country, arc gaunt, lew-brewed, sickly,
shapeless or bulHlog-leoking, in compari
son with even the beautiful and shapely
Seuth sea savages, whose love of the ath
letic is displayed in carved furniture, in
tricately traced war-clubs and beat pad
dles, graceful pottery, and even handsome
stone hatchets and arrow-heads.
Tin-: Xew Yerk World was much inter
ested in Mr. Blaine's special telegram te
the Tribune, in the course of which he
spelec of certain alleged Democratic frauds
as having been " signally exposed and re
baked as long age as 1838 by the Hen.
James S. Pike, of the Tribune." James
S. Pike ! 1858 ! The World asks if it
wasn't just about time that Herace
Grcclcy, founder of the Tribune, sent a
subscription te the campaign fund te Mr.
Pike, with an earnest warning against
letting the money get into the hands of
the Republican local managers as they
would surely steal it ? And wasn't Mr.
Blaine one of the local managers just at
that time '.' Hew a single name will some
times awaken a flood of old-time memo
ries !
A negre has had his jaw broken for
political reasons a Hancock negre in the
Republican city of Philadelphia.
Wm. B. Curry, a Chestnut street mer
chant and his wife celebrated their golden
wedding at their residence. 4,813 Silverton
avenue, Philadelphia, last evening ; the
Rev. Jeseph Holdich, of Trenten, who
married them fifty years age, being pres
ent and receiving a renewal of the nuptial
Harry English the notorious Elk county
outlaw, who shot and killed Constable
Velmcr and badly wounded Constable
Warnitli at Caladonia, Elk county en the
17th of April last, is en trial for murder at
Ridgcway, and the trial is expected te
continue .ek. Hen. Geerge A. Jcnks,
Democrat candidate for supreme judge is
of counsel ier the prosecution.
The condition of Mi's. Burncll, of Seventh
and Spruce streets, Philadelphia, the dwarf
upon whom the cajsarean operation was
performed by twelve physicians en Wednes
day, was most favorable last evening, and
the youngster brought te light by this ex
traordinary means was alive and gave
premise of vigor. Mrs. Burncll has yet te
pass through a critical period, but her at
tending physicians are hopeful of her re
covery. Gen. Hancock has been forced te decline
an invitation te the industrial exposition
at Pittsburgh. In his letter of regret he
says: "As a Pennsylvanian I have the
just pride felt by my fellow citizens in ex
hibiting the capacity of our mills and
looms, shops, fields and mines, and I may
be permitted te express my pride in my na
tive state, and my interest in all that con
cerns her welfare and the prosperity and
nappincss eiaii ner people."
m m
The steamship Amcrique, from Havre,
brought one million dollars in francs. The
steamship Nurcnbcrg, from Bremen,
brought $25,000 in marks.
By Wm. Baker lTalinesteck, M. D.
s .
The attractive and repulsive forces in
magnets are greatest at the end of either
arm, and least in the middle of all com
mon magnets, where the polarity changes ;
because each magnetic atom has a
north and south pole, and as they de net
change their relative position te each ether
throughout magnets, they necessarily
present different poles at the end of either
arm. (See the above sketches.)
The fact that the magnetic atoms de net
change their relative position te each ether
throughout magnets, whether straight or
curved, their attractive and repulsive
powers being independent and equal in
either arm, least in the middle of magnets,
and greatest at the end of either arm, it
fellows that the number of atoms in
cither arm must be greater in long arms
than in these which are short, consequent
ly the powers te attract, etc., will increase
with their length, as has been proved by
actual experiment in straight magnets
from two inches te three and a-half feet.
Experiments also show that a magnetic
bar a feet long and one-fourth inch
square is equal in power te a bar half an
inch square of the same length ; but the
power decreases as the thickness lessens,
evidently indicating that a certain size or
surface is necessary for power as well as
When a piece of iron of any size is placed
in contact with each arm of a magnet, se
as net te touch each ether, the attraction
will be towards either arm from all parts
of the respective pieces, and there being
no connection between the arms a current
is impossible, yet the power te attract is
perfect in either arm independent of con.
ncctien. Te prove this, if each picce of
iron be one-half the weight of the magnet's
power, and are completely separated by
weed or non-conductors, the arms of the
magnet will raise and support the pieces
thus separated, as tcellas if joined or form
ed one piece weighing as much as both
pieces. If the pieces of iron thus separated
were brought together they would, of
course, mutually attract each ether as single
atoms of unlike polarity de, hat there would
be no current established, but a mere attach'
mint, nor would their coming together
increase the power of cither or both arms
when joined. The inference, therefore, is
plain that the idea of a current in magnets
is imaginary and cannot be sustained. The
repulsive force is equal te the attractive ;
for when particles or portions arc mag
netically alike they repel each ether, until
they beceme or are rendered unlike, then
they attract each ether as de opposite
electrical influences, all systems, suns,
planets and satellites in the universe, and
until these powers cease te exist the
revolution and perpetuity of our planet in
it orbit will be steady and secure.
Electricity, like magnetism, is a single
identity, and currentlcss, until disturbed
or evolved by chemical action or friction,
whether by human efforts or naturally, as
in the clouds ; then it is rendered evident
te our senses, but its natural tendency or
disposition te equalize through conduc
tors of some kind facilitates the restora
tion of its equilibrium, when it again lie
comes latent and currentlcss.
Lancaster, Pa., June, 18S0.
One of the most important announce
ments of the day is that Schuyler Cei.vax
is going en the stump for Garfield in In
diaua. Mrs. Dkveraux Blake is mak
ing Hancock speeches in Xew Yerk. She
recently appeared before a Pike county
Themas Ai.i.en, the great railroad man
of Missouri, has consented te become a
Democratic candidate for Congress in one
of the St, Leuis districts.
The Chicago Times says there has net
been a genuine political fight in Illinois
since 1800, but that Lyman Tuumiium. is
waking things up this year in an old-fashioned
Dr. Washington A. Smith, the Repub
lican candidate for Congress in the East
ern Shere, Md., district, owned fifty-five
slaves at the breaking out of the war, and
ten years age was a Democratic member of
the state Legislature.
Ben Butler's speech te the colored
people at Pittsburgh has been printed en a
half letter sheet and is bcinjr scut all ever
the state et Ohie, te be placed in the hands
of every colored man who can be found.
This is a still hunt.
Senater Cameren, of this state, his wife
aud two daughters, have been in Washing
ton inspecting their elegant new home,
which is rapidly approaching completion.
The senator " speaks confidently of the
the situation in Pennsylvania and is san
guine of Garfield's election," which he is
aiding by building a new house.
TheRight Rev. Dr. Edward Heiizeg,
Bishop of the Old Catholics of Geneva,
Switzerland, who arrived in this country
last Saturday, upon invitation of Bishop
Coxe, was received by the forty-second
council of the Episcopal diocese of West
ern Xew Yerk in the session at Geneva,
X. Y., en Wednesday. Resolutions of
congratulation and fellowship having been
reported te the council by the Rev. Dr.
Shelton, they were translated into German
by the Rev. Mr. Siebt, and presented te
the right reverend prelate, the council ris
ing in his honor. Bishop Herzeg replied
at some length in German, which was in
terpreted te the council by the Rev. Dr.
Siegmund, of Xew Yerk. The litany was
then said by the Rev. J. G. Webster, of
Palmyra, followed by the whole body
singing the "Gleria in Excelsis." After
prayer by Bishop Coxe for unity of the
whole body of Catholics, Bishop Herzeg
pronounced the apostolic benediction. It
was eue of the most interesting and im
pressive occasions in the history of the
American church. Bishop Herzeg's re
marks were redolent with charity and
prophesies of a united Christendom. He
is about te visit this city as the guest of
Rev. Robt. J. Xevin, D. D., and Rev. C.
P. Knight, and will preach in St. 'James
en Sunday.
Baseball yesterday : At Clevelaud
Cleveland, 10; Buffalo. 1 exhibition
game. At Providence Providence, 12 ;
Trey, 0. At Worcester Worcester, 9;
Bosten, 4.
A Monster Demonstration In Xew Xerlc
In Xew Yerk Union square and adjoin
ing streets were crowded last night and bril
liantly illuminated in honor of the mass
meeting. At Tammany hall August Bel
mont was chosen chairman. Senater Bay
ard was received with prolonged cheering
and addressed the meeting at great length.
Senater Hill followed. Hen. T.J. Mackey,
of Seuth Carolina, Congressman McLane,
General Dan Sickles and Daniel Dougherty
also made speeches.
Speech of Daniel Dougherty.
Mr. Dougherty said: This is an ex
ceptional occasion, net a night for dry de
tails and elaborate argument. It is an
outburst of exultation that the Democracy
of Xew Yerk are united and therefore in
vincible. We arc net here te reason with one
another, but rejoice that day at last is
breaking the morning glow is in the sky
in Maine, the long night of strife and dis
cord is past joy and conciliation come
with the dawn.
This resplendent sight recalls the scenes
of Cincinnati. Every shade of past politi
cal opinion every type of Americans had
gathered there. Dwellers by the shores of
the mighty seas citizens whose homes
arc in the great cities, in thriving towns,
en the bread prairies, in the lonely forest
aud en the lefty mountain top. Men of
the Xerth and men of the Seuth sat side
by side. Followers of all pursuits were
present ; the adopted citizen as well as the
native-born : the colored as well as the
white man.
In and about the convention were many
who had fought te establish a confederacy
of states in the Seuth, and thousands who
en the gory field had sworn that for the
triumph of the Union the last dollar should
be spent aud the last soldier die ; these
who in former years had claimed the right
te carry their slaves te the lakes, and
ethers who had demanded that slavery
should be swept te the gulf; a multitude
who had adhered through geed and evil
report, through years of monotonous de
feat te the Democratic organization, and
countless numbers who, at the outbreak of
the rebellion, tore asunder all party tics,
and disdaining proffered favors gloried in
sustaining te the last the administration
of Abraham Lincoln. These varied differ
ences wcre buried and forgotten, these
many interests were united in the bends of
a common brotherhood devoted heart
and brain te our common country, and
praying for its peace and prosperity under
the benignant rule of a Democratic ad
ministration. The cheice of the conven
tion was one who had scaled his devotion
te the Union with his bleed, who had
proved his fidelity te the constitution when
clothed with absolute power, and who, in
honor as in stature proudly cmincnt,stands
like a tower.
The nomination unlike that of Chicago
was net the resust of management
schemers had no hand in it our candidate
pulled no wires it was a conviction of con
science, an inspiration of patriotism. The
nomination for the vice presidency was a
tribute te a distinguished citizen and te the
gallant Democracy of Indiana, whose vote
in October will be the next harbinger of
And nor,' the entire land, even te its re
motest boundaries, as Xew Yerk te-night,
is all ablaze with enthusiasm. Pactiens
arc falling, dissensions healed, and the
masses rallying te tiic support of the sol
dier statesman.
In the fitness of our candidates, in the
rectitude of our principles, we carry the
issues before the tribunal of the people.
We arc ready te discuss with our political
opponents each vital question in the public
prints. We will meet them in friendly
contests at the hustings, in the school
house, at the cress reads, and en the plat
form, with pen and voice, with argument
and document, prove that the best inter
ests of the country demand that the Re
publican party be driven from power.
The glory of the Republican party died
with Lincoln. Its usefulness expired with
the ratification of the constitutional
amendments that secured the results of
the war.
We charge that even in the darkest
hours of the rebellion, many of its adher
ents and some of its leaders were plunder
ing the government and robbing the sol
diers by corrupt contracts. We charge
the Republican party with being faithless
te pledges made te the people. Civil
service with them is a farce. They have
rewarded with places men guilty of infa
mous crimes. They have crowded custom
houses, postefficcs, and every department
of the national service with officials whose
chief qualification is that they can carry
conventions in the interests of bosses.
We charge that these same bosses nomi
nated Rutherford B. Hayes ; and at Chi
cago, failing in the audacious attempt te
destroy the most sacred of our traditions,
by forcing General Grant for a third term
were yet courted and conciliated by the
nomination of General Arthur for the vice
Wc charge that the Republican party
purposely avoided all mention of civil ser
vice in their recent convention until they
were compelled by the independence of a
single delegate. Their candidate for the
presidency net only repudiates civil ser
vice, but in his letter of acceptance de
clares opinions at variance with the con
stitution, and tending te destroy the inde
pendence of the legislative arm of the gov
ernment and make it the tool of the exec
utive. Even new. President Hayes himself,
members of his cabinet, and officials with
out number, arc breaking his own order of
June 22, 1878. Their pledge as te the
public lands is a shameless mockery, for
millions of money and millions of acres,
the heritage of the people, have been given
away by them in subsidies.
Wc charge the Republican party with
nominating for the presidency I say it
with sorrow a candidate with a tarnished
record ; one who from his own admissions
was liable under the act of Congress of
February 1G, 1853, te be imprisoned for
three years and te be forever disqualified
from holding any office of honor, trust or
profit under the government of the United
We held them responsible for the high
crimes and misdemeanors of past adminis
trations, especially the last term of Presi
dent Grant, endorsed and approved in the
platform of the national Republican con
vention of 187G, an administration that
will be remembered only te be execrated.
Wc held them responsible for frauds in
the District of Columbia, frauds in erec
tien of public buildings, frauds of the
whisky ring, frauds in frccdmen's bureau,
frauds in frccdmen's banks, frauds in pen
sion bureau, in the Indian bureau, in the
custom houses, even in the gray stones
that mark the spots where the soldiers
sleep, frauds in the postefficc department,
frauds in Congress, frauds in the cabinet,
frauds in the vice presidency, frauds even
in the White Heuse. Wc" charge them
with sustaining an executive that inter
fered with the administration of public
justice by suppressing important testi
mony by dismissing a faithful prosecut
ing officer by pardoning convicts out of
the penitentiary and refusing te make
public the names of petitioners an execu
tive that steed by Babcock and sought te
dishonor Bristow.
We charge the Republican party with
increasing the judges of the supreme court
of the United States from seven te nine,
for the purpose of reversing a solemn deci
sion en a constitutional question arrived
at after most careful deliberation ; the de
cision was reversed by the addition of Jus
tices Streng and Bradley, and the resump
tion of specie payment postponed for years.
We charge them with sustaining carpet
bag government that in seven'years added
te the indebtedness 'of nine impoverished
states the enormous sum of 8170,000,000,
squandered among corruptienists.
We charge them with fastening en a
proud commonwealth an ignorant herd of
manumitted slaves, whose mockery of ad
ministration would have provoked laugh
ter, had net their oppressions outraged civ
ilization. The sanctity of legislative bodies has
been invaded by armed soldiery, and lib
erty stabbed at the heart by the perpetra
tion of that which the republic of Reme
and the monarchy of Britain by express
statutes prohibited, namely, the presence
of troops at the election polls. We charge
them with sustaining with the aid of the
army usurpers in the executive chairs of
southern states while the people were
groaning under the weight of monstrous
taxation. We charge them with engen
dering riots in different parts of the Seuth
in which bleed has been shed and lives
lest, and then falsely spreading the calum
nies through the Xerth te influence politi
cal campaigns. We arraign the Republi
can party as guilty of the blackest crime
ever committed against free government
high treason net courageous and defiant
like the rebellion, but craven and secret,
encompassing the life of the republic, lay
ing polluted hands upon the ark of the
covenant, high treason by bribery, treason
and forgery, that deprived the people of
the presidency, thrust their elected duel
into retirement, aud placed in the chair of
Washington a candidate defeated in the
electoral college, and by a majority of
nearly three hundred thousand voters.
We arraign the Republican party as
even new striving te tear open the healed
wounds el war, and array one section
against another. That in all their plans
and purposes, their aim is te perpetuate
their power, that they may hide their
crimes, gloat in plunder and drag the gov
ernment towards centralization, imperial
ism and despotism.
The Democratic party cherishing beyond
all price the Union, abhorring the doctrine
of secession, undaunted by defeats, pun
tied by deprivation of patronage, taught
by the lessens of the past never te desert
principle for expediency, strengthened by
the return of the Southern states, by the
accession of unnumbered thousands, as
the conservative power in American poli
tics, and by the flower of the young men
as the party of the people, has raised aloft
the banner of the constitution, adhering te
every letter of the sacred character, from
the "Wc" in the preamble, te the last
word in the last amendment. 1 lelding
loving allegiance te the general govern
ment, she is the determined feo of central
izatien, and believes that the very core of
the constitution is the clause "AH powers
net delegated te the United States by the
constitution, nor prohibited te the states,
are reserved te the states and te the peo
ple." The mission of the Democracy is te
guard the rights of the people at their
altars and in their homes. Te held offi
cials accountable te the locality, and net
te a president threned in the White Heuse.
She cries out for retrenchment and reform
everywhere. She will strive te fill the high
places with men of untarnished honor, and
gifted with wisdom te direct a mighty em
pire ou her pathway through the centu
ries. Her organization, limited te no 'sec
tional line, premeatcs te every county in
the cutire republic. She docs net live en
the polluted breath of patronage, but in
hales the pure air of patriotism. Her
darling desire will be te draw closer and
closer fraternal ties, that wc and our chil
dren and our children's children may en
joy the priceless been of constitutional
These arc the issues en which the battle
will be waged from new until November.
On these issues we will appeal for their
suffrages te the enlightened patriotism of
the American people.
Political parties, net sectional but na
tional in their organization, arc necessary
te the vitality of government, but no party
can long exist, or deserves te exist, that
has net for its basis integrity, devotion te
the constitution, love for the entire laud,
and for its loftiest aim the welfare of the
people, the equality of the states, and the
honor, glory and perpetuity of the repub
lic. Other Speeches.
Letters of regret wcre received from
General Hancock, Samuel J. Tilden, Chas.
Francis Adams, Gen. McClcllan, II. M.
Plaistcd, of Maine, and many ethers. A
large crowd was assembled at Irving hall,
where Jehn Mciveeu presided. Speeches
were made there by Waddcll, et" North
Carolina ; Beebe, of New Yerk, and Gen.
McMahon. At the Seventh street meet
ing Augustus Schell presided. Among the
speakers were ex-Geverncr Carrell, Sena
tors Morgan and Kcrnan, Ignatius C.
Grubb, ex-Governer Bedlc and ethers.
Senater Wallace was introduced but ex
cused himself from speaking. Among the
speakers wcre Wade Hampton, of Seuth
Carolina, and S. J. Randall, of Pennsylva
nia. Addresses were made from stands
en Fourteenth, Fifteen and Sixteenth
streets, and at the entrance te Tammany
hall. The latter building was jammed and
the streets through which the almost end
less precession moved wcre alive with peo
ple. The torchlight parade was a tremendous
success. There were fully fifty thousand
men in line, most of them uniformed.
There were numerous devices and con
trivances drawn by the various ward orga
nizations, such as a miniature printing
office, a blacksmith shop, an ancient fire
engine, an old fashioned and clipper-built
ship. There was a squad of one hundred
colored men in line. Companies of stone
cutters, masons, butchers, carpenters and
ether men of trades appeared in the pro pre
cession attired in their working uniforms.
The line did net ccase moving until after 1
Speaks for Hancock Frem Crutches.
A Republican Soldier Who Leut a Leg at
One division of the great Democratic
parade in New Yerk last evening halted
before the residence of Gen. Daniel E.
Sickles, late minister te Spain under
Grant's administrstien. It had been an
nounced that a great surprise was in
store, and that Gen. Sickles would provide
When the music ceased, Judge Duffy
raised one hand and spoke :
" Fellow citizens," said he, " there are
assembled here 3,500 citizens of the First
assembly district, the van of 50, 000 who
are out te-night. We arc assembled here
te de honor te Gen. Sickles, who was the
comrade of Winfield Scott Hancock in
many a well-fought battle-field. Wc deem
it fit te pay this respect because he repre
sented the district from which wc come in
Congress, and his statesmanship was only
equalled by his valor the field."
There was another burst of music, and
several red-clad torch bearers mounted the
general's steep, and held their flaming
torches ever the head of Gen. Smith who
preceded Gen. Sickles. The latter came
en the crutches that he has worn since he
lest a leg en the battle-field of Gettysburg
the day before that upon which Gen. Han
cock was wounded.
" Many years hava passed," said Gen.
Sickles, when the applause of the multi
tude gave him a chance te be heard ;
" many important events in the history
of our country have transpired, since Ilast
had the pleasure te receive the greetings
of my old friends of the Third congres
sional district. I thank you for your visit.
It recalls the generous confidence of a
constituency I was proud te represent in
the councils of the state and of the re
public. When a sense of duty impelled
me te offer my services in the defence of
the Union, the regiments I raised were
largely filled by voters who had given me
their suffrages in successive elections.
And I found that geed voters made geed
soldiers. Although withdrawn for some
time past from any prominent part in poli
tics, I cannot be an indifferent spectator of
a presidential canvass in which a distin
guished and esteemed comrade is named
for the highest effice in the gift of the
country he has se brilliantly served. Ne one
need be afraid te confide the presidency
te a soldier who fought for the Union
as Hancock feusht. Among all the il
lustrious men who have been called
te the chief magistracy none have mere
commended themselves te the favor of the
people by a scrupulous adherence te the
best traditions of our public life. Unused
te the arts of a politician, separated by his
profession from political organization, and
never seeking office, his nomination by a
vete that represented all parts of a reunit
ed country is a pledge of fraternal feeling
that will become a guarantee of peace and
union in his election. The wiser opinion
of the day is against sectional politics.
Enjoying universal tranquillity and pros pres
pcrity,appeals te old sectional animosities
arc offensive te the geed feeling and com
mon sense of the people,
"New Yerk desires cordial relations
with all her sister states," the general con
tinued ; " and accepting Southern support
of Hancock as a fresh bend of union ;
' solid' support is proof of 4 solid ' loyalty.
I knew Gen. Hancock. He will de his
duty. Politicians will net control him.
Neither factions nor sections will intimi
date him. He will execute the laws of
the land with all their safeguards
and guarantees, without fear or favor.
The support he receives in the Seuth
rebukes if it docs net silence geographical
prejudices. And if the North refused its
favor te one of the greatest of its comman
ders the reproach of ingratitude that
would rest upon us might challenge un
welcome comparisons with our late adver
sarics. The North is net ungrateful.
Gettysburg deserves te fname a president,
and Hancock impersonates Gettysburg.!
Again and again the popular soldier was
forced te turn and bow in response te the
cheers of the throng before he could re
enter his house.
Ills Educational Advantage, Though Re
publicans Stele His Scheel Moneys
K8.523 Colored Voters
Who Own Ileal
Te the Editor el Hie Xew Yerk World :
Sir: I take pleasure in complying with
your request te furnish for publicatie
certain facts which I referred te in an in
terview with your reporter relative te the
present condition of the colored man in
Georgia under Democratic rule. As long
as the institution of African slavery existed
in the Seuth public policy dictated that
the slave should net beceme the owner of
property and that he should net enjoy the
lull advantages of education. This policy
grew out of the necessity of our situation,
net out of any hostility te the colored peo
ple as a race. I find many intelligent peo
ple at the North who believe that this
policy still continues. But there never
was a greater mistake. With the abolition
of slavery the reasons for the policy ceased
aud the reason ceasing, the policy
ceased with it. When the negre became
a voter it at ence became our interest that
he should become an intelligent voter, and
in devising a system of public education
equal facilities were offered te both races.
(See act of the Legislature of Georgia, ap
proved August 23, 1872.) Our people
were in an impoverished condition. Ac
cording te the estimate of the school com
missioner of Georgia the wealth of the
Seuth in 1870 was only three-fifths of what
it was in 1800, and nearly one-third of our
population consisted of recently manumit
ted slaves, owning no taxable property. In
Georgia the proportion was greater. Yet
in the face of these obstacles we have ac
complished great results in the education
of the colored people. In 1873 there
were enrolled in our public schools, colored
scholars, 19,755 ; in 1874, 42,374 ; in 1873,
50,238 ; in 187G, 57,897; and in 1877, 02,
330. I take these figures from the school
commissioner's report of 1878. I think
this is the last report published. The next
report will appear in the fall of this year.
But no intelligent reader can fail te notice
the lapid and steady increase in the num
ber of colored pupils. With our limited
resources it must be admitted that the re
sults are surprising and could only be ac
complished by a pcople willing and anx
ious that the colored race among them
should receive all the advantages and im
provements which can be derived from ed
ucation. Since the Democrats have been
in power the funds appropriated te school
purposes have been sacredly applied te
these objects. But such was net the his
tory of the Republican Legislature elected
under the reconstruction acts. In 1870
they took frem the treasury aud applied te
general purposes 242,027.02 which belong
ed te the school fund. (Sec Governer
Smith's message, 1872.) In Georgia wc
have a colored university, located at At
lanta, which receives from the state the
same amount annually which is appropri
ated te the white university. I leave this
part of the subject without further com
ment, and new invite your attention te the
question of property.
Ne one is allowed te vote in Georgia who
has net reached the prescribed age and
paid his taxes. By the comptroller-general's
report of 1879 wc had 83,522 colored
polls, and according returns made by them
selves under oath te the tax receivers of
their respective counties they owned 541,
199 acres of land. This is an average of
mere than G 1-10 acres te each colored poll
in the state. When yen examine the comp
troller's report for a scries of years you
again discover a steady and rapid in
crease in the acquisition of land. In 1874
the colored population in Georgia returned
te taxation 338,709 acres ; in 1875, 390,
058 ; in 187G, 437,035 ; in 1877. 158,999; in
1878, 501,890, and in 1879, 541,199.
These figures abundantly prove that
under Democratic rule in Georgia
the Southern state giving the largest
Democratic majorities the colored race
is rapidly advancing both in the acquisi
tion of knowledge and wealth. It has been
the policy of our people te fester the spirit
et industry et which this increase in the
acquisition of land is se striking a mani
festation. In ante-bellum days the large
planter usually carried his cotton for sale
te the larger cities. But at the close of
the war the large plantations were greatly
reduced in value and the number of small
farmers increased. Their product was
usually disposed of in the country towns,
which new began te grew in wealth and
importance. The village merchant seen
began te purchase ler the mere
industrious negrees small tracts of
land and then te stock them. The mer
chant retained the title in himself as secu
rity until the negre had paid the debt when
the merchant transferred the title te him.
The negre thus became the owner of a
small farm, and the merchant acquired, in
addition te the interest en his advance, a
geed and reliable customer for the future.
Examples of this kind can be found all
ever Georgia. I knew of one village mer
chant in a single county who has in this
way enabled negrees te purchase in that
county nearly, if net quite, 10,100 acres of
land. The causes which have brought
about these results in Georgia, have
operated elsewhere throughout the Seuth,
and doubtless with the same consequence.
Of course there wcre disorders attendant
upon se radical a revolution as the trans
formation of our former slaves into impor
tant and powerful elements in our political
system such a transformation as the world
had never witnessed iu any period of its
history; but these disorders have passed
away. The former slave and the former
owner are living peaceably- side by side,
and feeling mere and mere every day that
the political policy which retards or ad
vances the prosperity of the one equal
ly retards or advances the prosperity
of the ether. The white man believes
that upon no one thing is his prosperity in
the future mere dependent than upon the
restoration of fraternal relations between
the Xerth aud the Seuth, and the most
powerful agent he conceives at present iu
bringing about this result is the electieu
of Hancock and English. Is it a matter of
wonder te your people, in the facts here
presented, that his negre neighbors, ever
accustomed te respect his intelligcnce.will
be found side by side with him at the bal bal
eot box, giving expression te the same
sentiment ? Yours very truly.
Gee. T. Baknes,
Member Xatienal Democratic Committee
from Georgia.
AersTA, Ga., September 8, 1880.
Samuel Rittenhouse, a butcher, was
struck by a Pennsylvania railroad train at
Elizabeth. X. J., yesterday, and instantly
killed. The wagon was 'demolished, but
the horse escaped.
Eleaner Daniels was arrested at FranR
lin, Mass., en Wednesday, en the charge
of murdering her illegitimate child, which
was found strangled in a mill pond. When
arraigned she pleaded net guilty.
Ferest fires arc destroying considerable
property in the vicinity of Kewaunce.
Wis. The house and barn of Carl Haape,
the barn of Jeseph Chcmcrla aud the
crops of F. W Smith were destroyed en
The Providence, R. L, Press (indepen
dent Republican) is te undergo a change
in its management at once. Mr. Z. L.
White, a journalist of Xew Yerk, has ac
cepted the position of editor. The capital
represented by its new stockholders,
fifteen in number, amounts te several mil
lions. At the wedding reception of Dr. Simeon
Denten and bride, of Hancock county,
III., some of the invited guests wcre
poisoned. The theory is that a drug was
introduced into water of which they drank
freely. Medical aid was summoned and
antidotes were administered. Some wcre
alarmingly ill and vomited bleed, but no
deaths have as yet occurred.
W. K. Muir, one of the wealthiest men
of Michigan, arrived in New Yerk from
Europe the ether day. IIe said that he
had no dutiable articles in his luggage.
On Wednesday the customs officers found
hundreds of dollars worth of geld and
silver ornaments, lace and articles of less
value stewed away in the corners of his
trunks. v
Rev. Dr. Ten Brecck, one el the eldest
clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal
church in New Jersey, and rector of St.
James's church, at Eatontown, died at his
residence there at a late hour en Wednes
day night, at the age of 95. The de
ceased took an active part iu all the af
fairs of the church for fifty-live years.
Twe years age he had a streke of paraly
sis, from which he never entirely recovered.
Three I'raiun Dwellings I'uriied.
Last night about midnight a row of
three frame dwellings, situated en Lafay
ette street near the "run," in the Eighth
ward, and belonging te Adam Finger,
were discovered te be en fire, ami in a
short time were se badly burned that they
will have te be tern down. The lire
originated in the last house in the row,
and was undoubtedly the work of an in
cendiary, as there was a strong smell of
coal oil after the lire broke out. The
house m which it broke out was unoccu
pied, the tcucut, Oscar Beaumont, other
wise called Arthur C Wcstwoed, having
moved out of it yesterday morning and
sold what things he had te persons re
siding in the neighborhood, lie had lived
in the house about four months, had paid
no rent,and was disliked by the neighbors,
seme of whom believe that he fired the
premises, as he was seen in the vicinity
last night before the lire. He is the same
man who was arrested a year or two age
for passing brass medals for geld coin.
Since the fire he has net been seen.
The adjoining house, the reef of which
is burned oil aud the upper story badly
damaged, was occupied by Martin Land is,
wife and child, and the ether house of the
row by Christian Yeung, wife and three
small children. Beth of these men arc
laborers and the fire has rendered them
homeless. Most of the furniture was
saved iu a damaged condition. Mr Mr
Yeung's less is net mere than $30 and Mr.
Landiss perhaps net se much. Mr. Fin
gcr, who owned the burnt building, which
was formerly used as a coverlet factory
aud afterward converted into three dwell
ings, loses about 8800, en which he has
no insurance. The firemen were promptly
en the ground and extinguished the
ilanics before any adjoining property was
The Coullagratieii at Alt. Jey.
On Thursday, shortly after neon, the old
coach works en East Main street, near
Jacob, iu the borough of Mt. Jey, took
fire at the blacksmith shop from a spark
which came from the tall stack of the tan
nery new carried en by Jacob II. Stricklcr.
The flames were extinguished before much
damage was done, aud the citizens whose
property was in jeopardy congratulated
themselves upon the fortunate escape, but
a few hours later the flames broke out
again, entailing the entire destruction of
the building, causing a less of about $2,
500 ; the destruction of two stables and a
small barn.
The property, which is known as Lan
dis's old coach works, faced en East Main
street, extending 180 feet in depth, thirty
feet of which was a two-story brick, sixty
a two-story frame and the remainder a
frame one-story smith bhep. It has been
unoccupied for several years, but contain
cd machinery sufficient te carry en an ex
tensive business, besides machinery for
renovating feathers, belonging te Smith,
Richart A: Ce.; the last named was saved,
but was badly broken by the reii"h hand
ling. The works belonged te cx-Rcprcscn-tative
A. II. Suminy, new of Oregon, this
county, and being unoccupied no insur
ance can be claimed.
It was en the reef of the smith-shop that
the fire originated, and it was only after
employers of the tannery and ethers en
deavored te put it out, that the cry of fire
was generally raised. The hose was
promptly en hand, but when the firemen
arrived the fire had gained considerable
headway. Four streams played upon the
burning building with but little effect,
and the flames spread quickly te
the paint room with a brisk north
westerly wind fanning them. Then
it appeared as if all the property ou
the east would fall prey te the flames ; as
sistance was telegraphed for te Lancaster ;
houses were emptied of their contents ; a
dozen houses were burning, and a Bcene of
the wildest excitement ensued. Soen,
however, the fire pressure was pat en at
the water works, and the firemen with
well directed energies began te check the
flames, when the call for foreign assist
ance was countermanded.
East of the coach works, separated by a
few feet, is a frame building occupied by
William Swords and owned by J. R.
Heffer. The gable end is badly burned
together with awash-house, and a stable
at the feet of the let, which was entirely
consumed. Upen this Mr. Heffer held a