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Volume XVMte. 290.
LANCASTER, PA., SATURDAY, AUGUST 7, 1880
Prit Twe Cents.
s , - ---
24 CENTRE SQUARE.
We linvc lei sale for the coming seasons un
Immense Stock of
-f our own iiianuluctnrc, which comprises the
utcst unci Most
STYUSH DESKS S.
Come and see our
which Is larger mid composed el the best styles
te lie feundiu the ciljV
24 CENTRE SQUARE.
fi-lyd LANCASTER. l'A
MONDAY, APRIL 5.
Having uit leturncd Ireni the New Yeik
JVnelen Maikct, I sun new prepared te exhibit
incet the He.-.t Selected Stocks of
Spring and Smr Trade,
vcrbieught te this city. Nene but the very
all t lie Lending Styles. Prices as low ;es the
e est, anil all goods warniuteil as rcprcscnt-
Ne. 51 North Queen Street.
THE ARTIST TAILOR.
Closing out our stock el Light Weights at
t'Oht te make room for
Fall and Winter Stock.
A Large Line of
SERGES AND REPS,
HANNOCKUUItNS AND CELTICS,
ANI JtATLSTK SUITINGS.
.SEERSUCKERS, VAI.KNCIAS, PAROLE
AND MOHAIR COATINGS.
A Splendid Assortment of Wilferd's Padded
Ducks in Plain anil Fancy Styles. A Full Line
All the latest novelties. An examination et
our stock is respectfully belicitcd.
T. K. SMALING,
121 NORTH OUEEN STREET.
The Old Bitner Line, Established 1846.
J. R. BITNER'S
FAST FREIGHT LINE
Lancaster and FIiMeleMa,
VIA PENN'A R. R.
All Freight sent te Frent ami Prime streets,
Philadelphia, up te C o'clock and te Ne. 5 Peck
street, toSe'clockp. in., vvillarrlvesamc night
at Depot, in Lancaster.
The Druyage te these Central Depots is lower
than te any ether. Ne Drayage charged for
Delivery in Lancaster.
All Freight leaded In Lancaster, up te (I
o'clock p. m., will reach Frent and Prime
streets, Philadelphia, early next morning.
DENBV A. BILKT
Attorney and Counseller-at-Law
a Park Rew. New Yerk.
Collections made In all parts of tbe United
States, and a general legal business transacted.
Hear by permlMlen te Stelaman ft HenaeL
D. B. Ietetter & Sen,
BARGAINS IN CALICOES
NEW YORK STORE.
5,000 YDS. NEW DAI CALICOES AT S CIS. A YAM
I list opened an elegant assortment of choice styles In Calicoes, Cretonnes, and Chintzes.
Standard Makes of Kb-achcd and Unbleached Mie-lins from 10 te 20 percent, below June
price. INDIA LINEXrt. VICTORIA LAWNS, WHITE PIQUEs AND CAMI5IMCS AT I5DT
Watt, Shand & Company,
8 AND 1 0 EAST KING STREET.
UAGKK & ISKOTIIKK will continue the !,.ile el Goods damaged only by water dining
the recent Hie en th.-ir picuiiscs.
WALL PAPER CAKPETS,
Mattings and Oil Cleths, Muslins and Sheetings,
Linens and Quilts, Woolens for Men's Wear,
and Ready-Made Clothing, &c,
All of the above have been ninikcd at n vcrv low price, as we are dulermlitrd te close
out Ihe entire let.
The Hale Is going en daily riem it a. in. until 7 l) in. Satin day evenings mil il !) o'clock in
stoic looms in rearet main store.
As there was no damage te block in m.ilii store room business theie gees en as UMial.
HAGER & BROTHER,
NO. 25 WEST KING STREET.
CLOSIC OUT OF SPRING AND SUMMER STOCK.
In order te close out our stejk of Spring and Summer Goods te make room for a
heavy Fall Trade, we arc offering ;reat inducements in Men's, Youths' and Cliildion'e
In our Custom Dopaitinent we have a large let of Piece Goods, which must be
dosed out befeic September 1, legardlcss of profit.
In our ifeady-made Dep.utmei't wc have an unusually line stock of Summer
Clothing, all of which can be pui chased at very lowest bottom flgtues.
Gentlemen, our lacililies an net equaled in the city. It will cost you nothing
te examine our .stock.
MYERS & RATHFON,
Ne. 12 EAST KIXK STREET,
'ATVUES, JEWELRY, Ac
EDW. J. ZAHM,
ZAHNTS CORNER, LANCASTER, PA.
Our largely incre.i-.ed bu .ine-s make; it necessary for us te enlarge our stoic room. Te
make room ter the alterations we contemplate, we will c!ee out n.s much of our .stock as pos
sible, between till- il.iie and the 10th or AUGUST, at
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
This offer applies te any article in our exlenslve stock EXCEPT SPECTACLES, and wil
Allerd all who desire geed in our line a rare opportunity te buy from iirst-el.sss stock at un
usually low prices.
Cape.J, Caps, Helmets, a variety of Tin and
Metal Torches, Ceal Oil by the barrel, Resin
and Political Torches. Political Flairs and
Streamers. Chinese Lanterns with names et
Candidates, Muslin Flags et all SIzch, badge,
MM Flap of all Su .
We Invite Clubs, Committees and ethers te
give us a call. .
D. S. J3U11SK, i
17 East King1 Street, Lancaster. '
euy ts' aoens.
Tj'CHt ''AHIiV STOCKINGS
Pltt MKW STVLK
LINEX HANOKEItCHIEFS, GO TO
E. J. ERISMAirS,
60 NOKTI1 1JUCKN STItlCET.
WM. P. PRAILEY'S
MONUMENTAL MARBLE "WORKS
7S8 Nerm yuecn Street, Lancaster, Pa.
MONUMENTS, HEAD AND FOOT STONES,
G Alt I) EN STATI7AKY,
CEMETEUY LOTS ENCLOSED, Ac.
All work guaranteed ami satisfaction given
In every partlcuhir.
N. B. Remember, works a, the extreme end
Of North Queen utreet, m
HOOKS asi htatieserv.
WKW STATIOi:itV !
Xew, Plain :iid Fancy
Alse, Velvet and Eitsll.ikc
PICTURE FRAMES AND EASELS.
I M. FLYNN'S
1I0 AM) STATIONERY STOKE,
Ne. 42 WEST KING STKEKT.
JOM BAIR'S SOIS,
IS and 17 NORTH QUEEN STREET,
have In stock a large assortment of
BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
Attention Is Invited te their
FAMILY AND PULPIT BIBLES
TeacherM bibles, Sunday Scheel Libraries,
Hymnals, Prayer books,:
HYMN BOOKS AND MUSIC BOOKS
Fer Sunday Schools.
FINE REWARD CARDS.
SUNDAY SCHOOL REQUISITES of ull kinds
TfHTJCI-.N DOLLARS 11UYS A
With Enameled Water Tank, at
S1IEKTZEU, HUMPnitEVILLR ft
Ne. 40 East KInK Street, Lancaster, Pa.
ATARCUS U. SEHNEK,
Me. P North Prince itreeL
Prompt and partleular attentlea paid te al
tratien and repawn. sis-jyd
Saturday evening, august 7,isse.
The li Rarlmrisni " of Protection.
An Open Letter te Jehn Hrtglit
Philadelphia Bulletin of the American Iitu
and Steel Association.
Te the lliald Hen. Jehn Ih-iyht, JlvclAule,
Sir I have ic;ui with a ie.it deal of
pleasure the speeches in:ulc by yeitiself,
and ether at Rochdale, in Dectmber last,
en the ocea.sien el 3Ir. Petter's return te
England Ciein Ameiica. Your eloquent
and unstinted piaitc of this country, your
recognition of its ast etttnt, its inex
haustible natuial wealth, at,d of the indus
try, sebiicty, inteliience and general
pie.speiity of its .people wcie very grateful
tome. 5ly pleasure en ipatliuyit was en
hanced by the icllectien that this was net
mcie compliment net the meaningless tu
midity of an after-dinner speech. 'but an
expiessieu of matuied opinion, based upon
extensive information. And I was pleated
above all thing te icllect that these
praises came fiem a man who has for
new these many yeais been the sworn ene
my of fraud ami feiee, of leligieus inteler
ance and political tyianny : who has never
ceased te condemn wieng, violence and
slavciy, or te loe 5c and te labor for that
system of political and social economy,
which shall Fceuie the gieatestgoed te the
In one respect, h mover, I was surpiised
and disappointed. Fer notwithstanding
your Ficc Tiade in-old it was a niupiisc
and disappointment te se.id that jtm had
told yeurhenicrsth.it "the Amciieaii taiitt"
must beheld te he very baibareus." New,
iuakinp2evciy allowance for jour sources
of iiifoiinatien in ivg.nd te this country. I
think you would m.i liave made that
sweeping asset tien had ou known mere
about, us. If .von had taken the trouble te
visit this er.iiii.-y, and examined let your
self the weikiu1; of iu taiiil" legislation
and its effect upon ear people ou would
have hesitated te utW that sciiteuce.
If you persist, iiewever, that our Indus
trial policy is veiy 'i.ub.ueus, and liial its
lesults aie ei y deplorable, of course wc
ate bound te t.ike ..('iir weid for it. Hut
ically we .should uevei, by the gliiiitue;in
light of our own fei ble i'.itelU (!, have dis dis
ceveied the ;.ict. "Vhy, we actually per
suaded eui selves that we wen: in ieleiably
eonifei table cin.uaistani.es. (Jur people
are all employed and well jiaii'. Hinee we
adopted a I're'cetive (aii'l we iiavlriilt
sixty thousand miles of lailv.ny. h::v. set
tled whole empires e waste land, have
doubled the population of mil uilic., have
built up euoiuieus iudu.slii m.s euleipii'-es,
have made magniiL'i'iii juegie-.s in the
mceh.inie aite, and have siui'euii enlv in
one indii'-tiy out oeein ceniiiuaee which
we tailed te protect, by appiopriate legis
lation. Within iifUeu jcais we have aid
efTa thousand millions of our national debt
and piebably :r lunch moicet strle and
municipal debts ; have imp" n cii our eiedil
se that our 4 per cent, bends aie at .) j)ie
miuiii of 8J per cent. ; and no legitimate
enleipn.v eucuuutei.; any difiiculty in bor
rowing all the money il needs, Out ex ex
eorts never weie se large a- at the pies.nt
time, nor was the balance elti.ide ever se
If our indus'iial and c iiiiaeiei.il puliey j
is se baibaieii'", -Mr. ISiight, deubtle.-s the '
evidences of tiiat baibaiii'.ii exist. Nev., i
trficrc two ihei; t hi what de they consist
H'he aie the ietims '.' Wliatel.f-.'es of our
people sutler fiem the b.iihaiism . Net the
iigiieultuial el.i"-s : our faimeis almost
univei.sally own their own land ; they live
in eomfei table houses, v, car geed clothes,
possess geed stock, enjoy tli" advantage of
geed schools, and rue yearly finding better
and larger markets for their products be
cause our constantly incieasing manufac
turing population is daily making greater
demands upon the jirodueereffood. They
get better prices for their produce than
they did under free trade, ilud piy lss for
nearly everything tiiej Imvetebu.v. Every j
where lh:ougheut our land the evidcn.es i
of incieasing pr-.-.pcii!yamungthc farming
population ate abundant ; and these evi- i
denecs :ue most appaieut v.'heie mnr.ufa
turing industrv most abounds. In the ,
Atlantic and Ne: tliern ttates the fanners 1
aie tue.it pie-peiGus tieeau-e there tney
tlnd an ample hen.e maikct : iu the S mtii
they aie least piospereus b?eau,5e maau-f.ietui.-s
have net fneie been la-gely in
treduccd. and tieailyail the agrieuitmal
pieduets must he send ahiead te iind a
Our weiklagmea de net complain that
they suffer by season oft he pietectivc iaiiff.
An English irenmaster recently told the
leperter of a Pittsburgh paper th it our
ironweikeis weie paid twice as much as
English iiouweikoi.s. It is very raiely that
an unskilled labeicr in 1 his country is piid
less than a dollar, or four KnglNb shillings
for ten hours" weik, and skilled workmen
earn from two te three dollars a day. A
tepeit just issued by the bin cm u of geol
ogy and statistics el" the stale of In liana,,
based upon official information, show-.
that the whole body of kibeieis cigagcd i l
manufacturing emp'evments in tint state,
embiacing male and tenia!. , old and
young, skilled and unskilled, leeeiveHS
each for one year's work. Will j en eoin eein eoin
pate this with the pay jour English work
ing people receive anil then s-iv that, se
far as our labor is concerned, the baibar baibar
ous effects of our tarifi aie veiy appaient ?
With the civilizing, elevating, and en
nobling effect0, of fiee trade upon English
labor j'eu aie much better acquainted than
I am. On this side of the Atlantic wc de
net admire the glimpses wc obtain of it.
We gather from newspaper lepeits, from
Parliamentary returns, fiem the obseiva ebseiva obseiva
tiens of travelers, and from the necessity
for unremitting chaiity, that the English
laborer is net an ideally happy being;
that he and his family are compelled
te live like pigs iu two or thiee mis
erable and squalid apartments ; that he
is habitually familiar witli the want of
sufficient nutiitiens feed ; that the lack of
proper feed diivcs him te diink ; Mi.it he
has little self-respect, no hope of rising
above his picsent condition in life, and
that, after praying Ged te make him con
tent te live in the condition vlierebi it has
pleased Providence and free trade te place
him, it is his duty te be thankful for the
workhouse into which he mav crawl whan
his days of ill-iequited labor aie past, and
for the pauper's grave into which he maj
be tumbled when his ineffectual stiuggle
with life Bhall finally cle.se. Ne, the
echoes that come across the c.ei fiem Old
England arc easily distinguishable from ce
lestial harmonics ; and wc have j'ct te
learn of any great number of our
werkitigmeu Hceing fiem the barbarism of
their industrial status bore te knock at
the gates of your free trade paradise. We
even hear sometimes fiem Ireland; and
Ged knows Ireland has ficc trade te her
heart's content. And j-ct. de you knew,
Mr. Bright, we are sometimes unreason
able enough te think that with all her free
trade Ireland is neither absolutely pros
perous nor huprcmel y happy ?
It is a great pity that you were net a
little mere specitic when you told your
neighbors at Rechdaleithat our tariff was
barbarous. Yeu ought net te have con
tented yourself with the vague if forcible
', Dut yousheuld have pointed te
the evil effects of the barbarism,
and indicated the sufferers. But
the facts you adduced were in
strange contrast te the charge j'eu brought.
Why you and 3Ir. Petter could hardly say
enough iu laudation of our country, our
institutions, and our people. Mr. Petter
told the men of Rochdale that the
American mechanic had a bath tub in his
he use ; that he washed himself and put en
clean cloth js when he went home ; that he
respected fhim-c'.f; that he seldom get
chunk ; and he said that if the English did
net take iiitcieus reed care American
manufactures would leplaee English goods
in the markets of the weild.
Did it net strike you, Mr. Bright, that
the illustrations jeu cited weie all exactly
contrary te your theory that our tariff is
bailureu.sV Mr. Petter told of a gentle
man in Tcronte a jeweler who would
rather buy his goods in England than
in the United States, but that these arti
cles had been se much improved and
cheapened by ear better-paid mechanics
that the Toieuto gentleman was
icluetantly obliged te come te us for
his gyed.s. And Mr. Petter added, no
doubt with a sigh, "The American clock
and the Waltham watch aie superseding
the English clock and watch in many parts
ei the v. ei Id. and the latest 1 heard,
though I don't knew whether itis absolute
ly tine, is that en our Indian railways the
condueteis and guauls are furnished with
Waltam watches."' Well, that is very
baibareus. no doubt, viewed from an
English standpoint ; but heic we are
glad of it, and glory in the protection
w hich accomplishes such things. Then this
same Terente gentleman wanted some
in.pievements made in certain articles of
hauhvaie, but lie could net induce your
underpaid mechanics te introduce them,
and the tcMilt was that "the trade went
te Ameiica." Haih.tieus. wasn't it! In
diivingateiuid Lewell Mr. Petter "was
siti reu. .ded bj a number of people from the
old town of ttoJidale." Why in the name
efc minion sense tell us why these peo
ple weie e impelled te expitiiatc them
selves and t un,!, themselves and their little
ones te the b.iihaiism of our protective
tai iff? and hew comes it that they were
' happy ami well doing V" What a strange
b.ubaiisni this is te pieduecsueh results.
Still again, Mr. Petter met a Yorkshire
man iu Washington ; and this Yorkshire
man said, ' Mr. Petter, 1 have seen
enough ; the host thing I can de and I
have a large family is te bring them out
people, nijr machinery, anil
and commence busiucss in
Wendciful, wendeiful 5 The
v.a.s crazy ! What I leave
happy, pi e: pes. uis, fiee trade England and
biiug all his machinery and his work peo
ple, a:.d his ehildien te a country where
b.'ib.ueuspivit' ct ion guides the unthinking
But thc'-e things, though they are at
.sttangc vaii.i'K-e with .your censure of our
t.tiiff". are net sliange te our history. These
aie what v.e have always claimed as the
legitimate fntits ei" Protection. We have
always said that I'loteetiea would secure
higher wages te the operative; that high
er wages would net only enable him te live
i:. greater comfort and te educate his ehil
dien, but weu'd make him respect hini
.sv'lf, keep s iber,live cleanly, value the geed
opinion of his neighbors, and strive
te rise in the vvuhl instead of "ordering
hiuiscH l.'wlv' and icveicntly te all his bel
ter.." andb-i :g content iu that sphere of
peveity, degiadatieri, aad ignorance te
which it is blasphemously assumed AI
mighlj (led has been pleased te call him.
We have always claimed that greater in in
teliige'iee and higher ambitions among
vverkiiiginen would lead te improve
ments in machinery and methods
of manufacluie. se that net only greater
excellence weuid be .secured but eventual
ly gic.iter cheapness also. And it is a
fact th-t, wheieas, while we had a fiee
tiade tariff we could net compete with
England in any considerable branch of
manufacture, undo.' a pioteetive taiiff we
are succc-sfnlly competing with her in
wiv many bianeh"s, ami that many aitt-
c'.es of our mauuf..etiiu aie sold in
land itself bi can e of their
pciieiily te the fiee trade
e!e. It was said by them of
time, 3Ir. Blight, that a tree should be
known by its fruits, and tint men de net
gat hcv tigs from thistles nor grapes from
thorns. If the lesults of Protection in
America are su'Ii as you ami Mr. Petter
described, hew could j'eu have the temeri
ty te denounce protection as barbarous?
tin: j'eu v. iii say, air. liiigbt, that m
England .you had v. protective tariff, and
under that, t.uiii your people starved.
Tn!s is tine. The English people, howevcr,
did net staive because tlicy had a protec
tive taiiff, Imt because they had the wrong
kind of a taiiff. Yeu "placed a high duty
upon feed, an article whose production
could be increased or cheapened by pro pre pro
tDetien. Poed was already pieduced as
largely and as cheaply as the quantity of
land, the stale of agiicultur.il knowledge,
and your abominable laud laws would per
mit, and when j'eu put a duty upon corn
j'eu simplj' 'voted an enormous bounty into
the pockets of the land owners, and
snatched half its peer er.ist from the lip.s
of starving labor. Well may you say new
that your "gicat pioteetien was upon
feed," tliat "the leaf was cut in half."
that jeu "had a taiiff which actually
starved j'eur people ;"' and well might Sir
Heb 'it Peel say then that "the corn law
was the harvest of death."' When you
made corn fiee yen simply acted upon the
pietcctiunist law that when an industry
has leaehed its limit of expansion it needs
no pioteetien. Yeu took a step toward
pieteeting your manufacturing industries
by cheapening the cost of living.
But seriously, new, Mr. Blight, what de
jeu think wc had better de ? 1 suppose we
ought te sweep our taiiff legislation from
the statute books altogether, introduce
absolute and uni est rioted free trade, and
raise our revenue by direct taxation. Then
one of two things would happen ; cither
cur working people would be compelled te
come down te the Jevel of their English
bstthrpii in point of wages, or they would
have te abandon their trades. It is net
doing violence te j'eur language and your
history te assume that you de net contem
plate the former of these courses. The
simple robbing of the Amciican artisan of
half his wages, with a consequent cheap
ening of Amciican goods, would produce a
meie disastrous livahy te English manu
factures than any jeu have j'ct encounter
ed. I think I am quite safe in saying you
de net advise or desire that sort of thing.
Yeu are a benevelcnt,man Mr. Bright; you
desiic the well being of jour fellow crea
tures; it would afford you little satisfaction
te knew that your effeits in free trade had
pieduced no it-suits except te render the
prebablcm of life hauler te twenty
millions of people and te make it mere
difficult for English manufacturers te find
a market ! Ne ; there can be no reason
able doubt that you want te see American
manufacturing industry destroyed and
British goods sold in American markets.
But when our workmen are driven from
their shops, what arc they te de? Arc
they te sit down and twiddle their thumbs
and rail at fertune ? Are they te subsist en
charity, or arc they te sail across the briny
sea te your Free Trade paradise and wax
fat en potatoes and buttermilk ? " Oh,"
you saj', "there's plenty of land in Amer
ica ; let them go farm," But did yen ever
reflect that all mechanics and laboring men
de net knew hew te farm? Seme of ear
people doubt whether they could make a
ueceni, living out ei tne seu. Aim it
they could, where are they te find
a market? Why England can't eat
our surplus feed new. Last year,
when your harvest was unusually
deficient, we supplied all your needs, and
our elevators were still bursting with grain.
But if a few million of our artisans should
cease te be consumers and become pro
ducers of feed, hew would it be then ?
Feed would be a drug in the market ; and
every farmer in the United States would
raise debt for his biggest crop, and have
his heuse shingled with mortgage bends.
England would flourish, no doubt. She
would buy our feed at the price she might
choeso te give, and would sell us
goods at the price she might choeso te de
mand. We would return te tl'ie geed old
tree trade times, net many years gene by,
when machines rusted iu the silent shop
and the factory chimney was smokeless ;
when the Western farmer sold his corn if
he was fortunate enough te find a pur
chaser for eight cents a bushel, or burned
it for fuel; when labor went starving
through a land of plenty, vainly begging
a brother of the earth te give it leave te
toil; when our rcvenue was insufficient for
the expenses of the government in a time
of peace, and when the United States was
unable te borrow a few paltry millions at
twelve per cent, interest. England would
held us in vassalage worse than that iu
in which Geergo the Third held our fath
ers, and Bunker Hill would be avenged.
The present century has been the great
era of improvement in the mechanic arts.
Steam engines, steamboats, railroads, tel
egraphs, spinning and weaving machines,
reapers, mowers, steam plows and thresh
ing machines, nail making machines, and
a thousand ether inventions and improve
ments have doubled, trebled, quadrupled the
poweref production in almost every branch
of labor. When se much mere is pro
duced than formerly mere must be con
sumed, and under a well-regulated eco
nomic system the distribution ought te be
general, se that the peer as well as the
rich may share in the common prosperity.
In the United States, under protection,
this is se ; our working people possess all
the comforts and many of the luxuries
lately introduced, have enjoyed the world's
betterments, and have seized their lull al
lotment of advancing civilization's prizes
and rewards. But hew has it been with
the peer of England, under frce trade ? In
the best times the great mass of your work
ing population just manage te keep beyond
the reach of pursuing want: se seen as a
deficient harvest or a lessened demand for
manufacturers comes as come it inevita
bly will the rear guard of the great army
of toil begins te fall into famine's inexora
ble jaws. Free trade ruins the working-
man's hope, blights his humanity, destroys
his Iife ;- and when a calamity mere gen
eral than the average comes upon him it is
net te the cotton lords or the iron princes
of England, but te this " barbarous " laud,
he turns for the larger part of the charity
which is te keep the breath of Iife in his
body. It was at the very moment wc were
sending millions te Ireland te feed the vic
tims of free trade that you told your
Rochdale serfs of the "barbarism "of that
system which made usable te de se.
Everywhere the story of your economic
system is the same ; en the one hand the
magnilfecnce and ostentation and insolence
of wealth the accumulating capital which
is te crush out rival industries, control the
exchanges of the world, employ free trade
agents in every land, pay writers for Amer
ican frce trade newspapers, influence the
action of foreign senates, and shape the
destiny of empires ; en the ether hand the
utter insignificance of the peer, tbe abso
lute helplessness of the toiling massea in
the embrace of the terrible python which
has cast its murderous coils around them.
The Londen Time tells us that "once a
peasant in England and the man must re
main a peasant forever. " Mr.
Kay tells ns that " the gulf be
tween the peasant and the farmer is
widening every day." One of your bishops
tells us that the wage of the English
werkingmen has new net mere than half
the purchasing power it had at the close of
the last century. The English freehold
farmer has been driven from his farm, te
beceme a tenant or an emigrant ; the ten
ant farmer is becoming a mere laborer ; the
small artisan has become a factory hand ;
the cottager has geno te live in a cellar ;
and almost every grade or labor has taken
a downward step. The condition of your
working classes, as revealed by your news
papers and reports te Parliament, forms
ene of the the blackest pictures
in the history of crime. I read of fourteen
persons, of all ages and both sexes,
married and unmarried, living, eating and
sleeping in a single room twelve feet
square, and that is ene cxample out of
thousands ; I read of several families living'
in a single cellar apartment, without a
window and having no fleer but the damp
ground, who sleep en straw, and are cov
ered at night only by the clothes they wear
in the day, and that is ene example out of
thousands ; I read of women who work at
naihnaking and ether blacksmithing oper
ations, and who received a shilling for
twelrc hours' work, while their husbands
who labor from six in the morning till
eleven at night, earn eleven .shillings a
week, and that is one example out of thous
ands ; I read of men turned out of their
peer shelters starving and dying by the
wayside ; I read of gaunt, famine-stricken
children raking in the ooze and slime of
gutters for stray scraps of rcfuse feed ; I
read en and en through the tale of horrors
till the heart grows sick and the intellect
refuses credit te the appalling narrative,
preferring te think it a nightmare horror
rather than a matter-of-fact report te the
British Parliament. Why, man, your
brothers' bleed cries from the ground
against you, and when you reflect that
there is a Ged who rules in rightceusuess
I wonder you de net flce for your life from
the Sodom of Free Trade lest the wrath
of Ilea van overwhelm you with a tempest
of fire. But while we are yet trembling
with indignation at the recital of England's
crimes even with the shameful story of
Frce Trade's infamy fresh in our hands
you you, Mr. Bright the great philan
threpist ! Ged save the mark ! have the
measureless audacity te ask us te invite
these horrors te our own prosperous shores,
and you charge us with ' barbarism " be
cause we place our wetkingmen in peace
and plenty, and make all our people pros
perous and happy !
It is the system that produces the re
suits above described ; and you can have
no ether results from such a
source. Free Trade' means the degra
dation of all labor te the level of the leicest
labor. Mr. Huskisson said " te give capi
tal a fair remuneration the price of labor
must be kept deicn." Capital ! Always
and everywhere Capital ! Capital is king,
land is held in reverence, property is sa
cred, machines must be cared for, houses
must be insured, animals must be fed ; it
is only humanity that falls tee low under
Free Trade te be worth a thought te the
professor of economic science, till, accord
ing te the Londen lime, "man has be
come a drug and population a nuisance !"
And that is the outcome of your Free
Trade civilization in contrast with our
"barbarous" Protection !
Upen full consideration of the whole
question, Mr. Bright, I think Ephraim
had better cleave te bis Protective idol. I
am sorry that course docs net meet with
your approbation. I am sorry that tfce
gentlemen of the Cebdcn club de net like
our protective policy, but I am glad that
the people of the United States de like and
prosper under it. I am sorry that English'
workmen are idle because of it, but I am
glad that our workmen are busy, and that
it is building up great industries in Illi
nois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Kentucky, Ten
nessee, Alabama, Geergia and ether states
where Free Trade, like Lord Chatham,
never suffered se much as a hobnail te be
made. Charity begins at home ; and while
we wish the English people well, we de
net propose te destroy ourselves that Eng
lish manufacturers may prosper.
Very Respectfully yours,
Philadelphia, July 20, 1880.
BLOOD AND SKIN
C'rriciau. ItuseLvuMr purines the bleed
through the bowels, liver, kldney.s anil skin.
Cuticuua, u Medicinal .Jelly, removes dead
tleshand Uln, lenders healthy ulcers and old
sores, allays Inflammation, Itching and Irrita
tion of the skin and scalp. Cutieuha Medici
nal Teilkt Seap restores whiteness and bean
lilies t he skin. Cuticpka Sii&vimii Seap Is the
only medicinal .soap -pres-ly prepared ter
SALT UUEUH FOIt A LIFETIME.
1 liave bad n most wonderful cure of Silt
Ulieuni. Fer seventeen years I u tiered with
Salt Ithenm; Iliad Iten uiv head, face, neck,
arms and legs. I was net able te walk, only en
my hainli and knees, ter ene year. I h.i e net
been able te help myself for eight years'. I
tried hundreds of remedies: net one had the
least effect. The doctors said my rose was In
curable. Se my parents tried everything that
came ideii. I saw theadvertiseuieutaml ren;
eluded te try Cctictiia Kemediks. The tlrst
box et Cuticuk.v brought the Humer te the
surface of my skin. It would drop etl as it
came out, until new 1 am entirely well. All I
can say is, I thank you most heartily for my
cure. W1I.I, JlcHON.YI.D.
Cine.voe, 111., March 4, 1H71.
I have been atlUctcd for nineteen yearn with
l'serlu-ls, and have spent hundreds et dollars
for doctors and stutf they call blned purifiers.
Doctors did net knew what te call my disease.
1 would scratch nights until I scratched my
self raw : then it would dry and lerm into
scale, which would nil be scratched elf next
niht and se en. I have been completely cured
by the (arrmntv. Kkmrdiiu.
THOMAS DKLANKY. .
Concord St.. Hcsteu Mill,
Memphis, Tens., June 111, IH7X
Curieimv Ubxbdiim arc prepared by WEKK8
& I'OTTKit, Chemists and Druggists, 3C0 Wash
ingten street, bosten, und arc for sale by all
MALT AND HOPS!
DYSPKl'Sl A. Dyspepsia is the prevailing
malady of civilized Hie. It lies at the bottom
of one-half our misery. It Is the rock upon
which many of our business ventures havu
split. It clouds the mind, weakens the body,
and prey supen the vitality. Where shall well ml
relief from this morbid, melancholy misery?
M ALT HITTERS! At once a medicine and u
loeil, tills wonderful nutrient and iuvigerant
builds up cntecbled digest ion. regulates the
tlew of the gastric juices, dissolves and assimi
lates every article el'diet. and cures Headache,
Dizziness-,' bilious Attacks, Palpitation or the
Heart, Nervousness, Sleeplessness. Melan
choly, and a thousand ether morbid forms
assumed by Dyspepsia.
MALT ISITTKItS are prepared without fur fur
mentatien from Canadian It AULKY M ALT und
HOI'S, and warranted superior te all ether
tonus of malt or medicine, while free from the
objections urged agaliifit malt llfjiieru.
Ask ler Malt I'itteks prepared by the Malt
IbTTEFtH Company, and see that every bottle
bears the Ti-.adu .Mark I.Ar.tL.duly Siomke and
eiicleued in Wavb Lines.
MALT HITTERS an; for sale by all Drug
I It. MAKTIN,
Wholesale and Uelall Dc.det in all kinds of
LUM l!EU AND COAL.
-Yaid: Ne. i-Si North Water and I'rince
streets'. above Lemen. Lancaster. nlMjil
COALf COAL! COAL! COAL
Ceal et the West Oiinllty put up expressly
ler family use, and at the low
est market prices.
TRY A SAMPLE TON.
jj- YAi:i ISO SOUTII WATER ST.
ii . .".-! d 1111 LIP HCHUM, SON Jfc CO.
1UAL! COAL! COAL!!!
We have eeiistanttv en hand all the best
grades of COAL that are In market, which we
are M'lling as low as any yard iu the city.
Call and get our prices before buying1 else
STEIGERWALT & SON,
M NORTH WATER STREET.
COAL! - - - COAL!!
GORREGHT & CO.,
Fer Uoed and Cheap Coel, lmu-Ilarrisburg
1'llcc. Office 30 East Chestnut Street.
I. W. GORRECHT, Agt,
J. B. RILEY.
:M W. A. KELLER.
C0H0 & WILEY,
;;.W OSCTII WATEU ST., LaneaaUn; !.,
Wholesale nnd Retail Dealers In
LUMBER AND GOAL.
Connection With the Telephonic Kxchange.
branch Office: Ne. 3 NORTH DUKE ST.
I UMHKK AND COAL ltf TKI.Kl'KOKK
The underwlgned are new prepared te re
ceive orders for
Ceal, Lumber, Sash, Deers,
by Telephone. Step In at the Exchange and
de your own ordering free of charge.
G. SENEK & SONS,
S. E- Cor. Frlnc and Walnut Streets.
VI7"lIOLESALK AMD KKTA1X.
LEV ASPS FLOUR
Ne. 227 NORTH PRINCE
U (PHYS1CTAH-AN0 SURG EON),
Removed from Se. 18 Seuth Prince street te
no. m wen juwc street, Lancaster, pa.