Newspaper Page Text
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WEDNESDAY EVENING. JUNE 16,1880.
The Philadelphia Press introduces in
defence of Garfield a letter -written by
Judge Black at the time of the Credit
Mebilier investigation, in which he ex
presses his conviction of the innocence
of Garfield of any guilty knowledge of
that fraudulent association. Judge Black
is a very geed witness te put upon the
stand, even though lie speaks as the
friend and counseller of Garfield. It
would be prudent, however,' for our Re
publican friends net te lay tee great stress
upon Judge Black's opinion, as there ex
ists a possibility that it does net remain
the same new as then. And it would be
inconvenient te find the judge renounc
ing an opinion upon which Republican
faith in Garfield's innocence is founded.
It would be better for his defenders te
point out evidence which shows his inne
cence, if there is any.
Thus far Mr. Garfield has produced
nothing but his own averment. The
case against him is founded "upon the ad
mitted fact that en the books of the Credit
Mebilier company he appeared as an
owner of stock. Oakes Ames, the dis
tributor of the stock among the favored
congressmen, testified that Mr. Garfield
had ten shares of the stock, and pro
duced an account showing that it had
been paid for out of the profits, and that
a balance of $:9 had been paid in casn
te Garfield by himself.
If Mr. Ames and his memoranda are
believed, Mr. Garfield is of course con
victed, lleceuld net have received from
Mr. Ames a check for $329 without
knowing what it was for. The defense
he makes is the only one possible te him.
lie denies that he received this money.
He admits having borrowed $'m from
at,- mi. hut us this, he savs. was at a
different time and was, moreover, repaid,
it has no relevancy te this transaction.
He prudently denies nothing but the re
ceipt of this money. He does net con
trovert the fact that the Credit Mebilier
cempanv had him enrolled as a member,
credited" with his share of the profits.
He only asserts that this was without
his knowledge. According te his story
Mr. Ames must have swindled the com
pany by falsely representing that Garfield
hadtaken the stock, and by pocketing
1 he dividends accruing te it. The preb
abilities of this are net se great as te
make it a very available basis for claim
ing the innocence of the Republican
candidate for the presidency.
In its best aspect his story shows him
te be se devoid of sagacity and sense that
the people will be mere easily persuaded
that he should be consigned te an asylum
for imbeciles than be sent te the "White
Heuse. The presidential mansion has
been somewhat noted of late years for the
weak heads of its occupants, but when
thev applied for the situation none of
liielii had found occasion te make public
proclamation of their stupidity.
LANCASTER MlLYsElLIGENOElt. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 16, 1880,
rt . rzz l . . A . i-. m r.iiiM i v. rfrMuntmffn'Eriurnrran'
CeBsisteicj'B a Jewel. (
Mr. Hayes vetoes the deputy marshals
bill for the reason, as nearly as we can
make it out, that the bill does net make
the deputy marshals which it assumes
te make. Deputy marshals Mr. Hayes
likes. He thinks that when the United
States marshals are allowed te appoint
deputies te euard a congressional elec
tien the best thing is done that can be
done for the Republican party te which
the marshals belong. But when deputy
marshals are otherwise appointed, and in
such a way as te keep the Republican
party from getting the lien's share of
them, Mr. Hayes is convinced that they
ero nut tlifi urniier creatures for the
United States te appoint as guardians of
elections. And yet Mr. Hayes, se he
says, is in favor of appointing ellicers te
supervise the elect iaus without regard te
party. Apparently there is a contradic centradic contradic
imi"imre w'e c:iniiet cxelain : we can-
net explain why Mr. Hayes, when given
an opportunity te approve a Din appoint
ing non-partisan deputy marshals, fails
in!innrevu it. when they are just the
kind he wauts ; nor why he prefers the
old method of appointing deputy mar
shals which ensured their being parti
sans. Mr. Hayes is a difficult man te
understand always ; but his present po
sition is even mere than usually difficult
te reconcile witli a belief in Mr. Hayes's
sense and sincerity.
Frances Honesox Burnett will
the summer at Hartferd, Conn.
S,.mtr TIeaii has at Worcester, Massa
chusetts, one of the finest private libraries
in the country.
"When the Czar purposes te visit a thea.
tic or conceit the fact is made known, and
the ladies arc obliged te 'appear in white
Mrs. Bayard Tayler and daughter ar
rived in Kcnnett en Monday evening aim
will take up their summer residence at
Mr. Pmi.ii' U. Alger, the young man
who has just been graduated at the head
of his class in the naval academy, is the
son of Rev. W. K. Alger, late of the church
of the Messiah.
General Hartrankt was unable te ad
dress the literary societies of Roanoke col
lege, at Salem, Va., last evening, and a
letter from him was read by President
Mrs. Cewlks, who has been with her
husband, Lieutenant Cowles, in China and
Japan for about three years, has returned
te Washington, and is visiting her parents,
Senater and Mrs. Thurman.
The funeral of the late ex-Senater .Tajiks
A. Bayard in Wilmington, Del., yester
day afternoon was very large, and at
tended by many of the leading citizens of
the state, and a number of relatives and
friends of the family from ether states.
Ex-Governer Cochran and Chief Justice
r'emnirv were sinieuir tlie nan ecarcis.
- ""'"n.' " " r
The interment was
mt think thejp is any reaaopablirdert
His finn refusal & accede td t.hcsbij of
the large &ass of the Democratic partyf
and bis pesitiveassunuiccs that the cendi
tionef his health precludes the possibility
of his carrying the standard te victory,
alone stand in the way of his selection.
In this situation of affairs the nomination
of Gov. Sevmeur may net be set aewn a
among theinceTyevents-; buttlurXeatfcr 1
own geed sense will teach it that even a hap
hazard choice from the list of candidates
whose names are mentioned in the exten
sive canvass, of local sentiment elsewhere
published will be a species of political
foolishness that will be calculated te diikb
Mr. Garfield and his friends feel " mighty
. .,,.t ?
LATlSHT NEWS BT MAIL.
Hayes yesterday sent te the Senate a
veto of the marshals' bill.
A "fall of fish" is reported near New
Th schooner Saratoge. with a cargo of
meulding sand, sank off Point Judith, en
Monday afternoon. Ne lives were lest.
Itfiv. Mr. Dcnzicl. parish priest of Notre
Dame de Levis, in Quebec, has been ap
pointed chamberlain te the Pepe.
A man named Jehnsen, supposed te be
insane, killed his brother and then com
mitted suicide near Aylmer, Ont , yester
Rebert Deceurcier, who was te have
been hanged in Terente te-day for the
murder of his brother, died suddenly in
his cell yesterday.
Five hundred of Sitting Bull's Indians,
being in a starving condition, crossed the
line, went te Fert Keogh, Mentana, en
Monday, and surrendered te Lieutenant
The farewell breakfast given te Edwin
Beeth yesterday at Delmenico's, New Yerk,
previous te his departure for England, was
an elaborate affair, and consisted of
Tn tlin IT. S. court at Trenten. N. J.,
yesterday a nelle presequi was entered in
the case of Jane Hastings Lewis, the pre
trmlnil willow of the millionaire Lewis,and
she was released. She had pleaded guilty
te the charge of conspiracy, and the state
authorities inteuded te arrest her as seen
as she was discharged, but her friends
hurriedly spirited her beyond the jurisdic
tion of New Jersey.
The First national -.k of Brattleboro,
Vt., having a capital 300,000 and a sur
plus of about 55,000, is reported te be em
barrassed. Its president, Silas M. Waite,
disappeared last Thursday, and it is under
stood that a, suit for 200,000 has been
brought against him in the name of the
bank. It is believed the bank's surplus
will be swallowed up, and possibly tne
"deficiency " may reach 100,000.
Population of Lancaster City.
The census enumerators of this city
having completed the census of their sev
eral sub-divisens, report the following
number of inhabitants hi them . respect
E3UXIRATOB. LOCATIOX POPCI.ATIOX.
Wm. McCemsey, east of north Prince 7U9
i.f. Martin, westei neruii'finre..
II. S. Shenk, south of East Orange. . .
31. B. Landis, north of East Orange
Thad.S. Dlckey.east of Seuth Duke. 1280
Jes. Kreidcrwest of Seuth Duke... 103s 2K3
W. II. Lebkicher, north et West Ger
l?e,r A llnilmrmtli tfmitli nf V4t. 0r-
.... .,........,... ... ..,uuu eUii
.... a ... a ...... ... ... a. . " aV
i ; " f
FRANKLIN AND MAKSHALL COLLEGE
of their right te vote. This is represents-1 Snyder,, of Harrisburg ; Rev. N.Z. Snyder
tive;cbvernmeht'en a grand, scale. This! of .Bethlehem : Gen. W. II. Koentz, of
in the Old Swedes
The Democracy's Views.
The general canvass made by the dole dele
gales from this congressional district te
the Cincinnati convention is very satis
factory in ils results, it is much mere
valuable than the expression of a delega
ted body f smaller numbers and less rep
resentative character than these who are
represented in the expressions of opinion
which we publish. It is timely, because
made after the Republican nominations
and just en the eve of the Democratic
convention, when the party views might
be presumed te have crystallized en its
favorite candidate, if there be any. Its
results are highly satisfactory because
they show the party here te be confident,
aggressive and determined. Moreover,
it is manifest that the Democracy are
net sticklers for any particular man,
but will most heartily ratify and enthu
siastically support any possible nomina
tion at Cincinnati.
"or reasons with which our readers are
familiar, public sentiment here is very
largely against the expediency of Mr.
Tiidcn's rvnoininatien, and we have no
reason te believe that the Democracy of
this section will be confronted with the
embarrassment of his nomination. Fer
reasons equally well-known Mr. Seymour
is the favorite of the party here ; and
since he appears te beoutef the question,
by his own volition and peremptory
declination, Mr. Bayard seems te lead all
ethers in popular favor, because he seems
te most nearly combine that stainless
public record and these admirable tire
side virtues which the people find in
Horatio Seymour. Generals Hancock
and McClellan have an enthusiastic sup
port ; Judge Field, Judge Black, Mr.
Randall, Joel Parker, Petter or Payne
would, any of theni.ineet witii hearty ap
probation, and even some of the strong
Western men who are urged for second
place would be gratefully received for
Ne man gees into the Cincinnati con
vention with anything like the strength
that either Grant or Blaine led off at
Chicago, and hence the nominee must
finally be chosen by a general concur
rence of the friendsef a dozen candidates
who are likely te get votes at the start.
Under these circumstances and by the
operation of the two-thirds rule, no can
didate can be selected who has evoked
active antagonism or whose nuninatien
would create any general disaffection.
The party nowhere, therefore, is in
better position te ratify the nomination
thus effected than the ten thousand
Democrats of Lancaster county, who
only ask for a candidate without a stain
and a platform that has no worm-eaten
timber in its construction.
The New Yerk Herald says te-day
that " answers" from se many delegates
have been received that its list of the
position of Pennsylvania's delegates te
Cincinnati "can be stated with accuracy,
their preferences being for the candi
dates in the order named," and then
puts down the delegates from Lancaster
county for "Seymour, Randall." Ne
such answershave been given te the Her
ald by the delegates from this county, as
its correspondent who was here en Mon
day can tell it ; and no one is authorized
te speak for Messrs. McGrann and nen
sel except themselves.
A certificate of character from Den
Piatt would net be worth much in any
event ; but he tries te de Garfield a service
by making out that in Credit Mebilier bu
siness he was a foel,uot knave. Says Piatt :
"At the very time it was claimed he
was scheming te enrich himself through
Ames's rascality, he was 'shinning' about
Washington striving te borrow $300 te pay
house rent, and se ignorant of the com
monest financial process that he did net
knew hew te negotiate an ordinary note of
If this be true new reason is given why
lm should net be president. The man who
lacks the business capacity te negotiate a
note of hand has no right te be vested with
the administration of public affairs.
Mr. Wuauten Barker, the Philadel
phia broker, the man who really effected
Garfield's nomination, sails for Russia to
day. He is accompanied by Wayne
MacVcagh as counsel and a number of
railroad experts, who go for him te consider
the expediency of opening up the coal
fields in Southern Russia, the construction
of a railway system from Southern Russia
te the Sea of Azev, the establishment of
a vast shipping pert en that sea, the erec
tion of works for the manufacturing of
Bessemer steel rails, etc. Mr. Barker has
been in the service of the Russian govern
ment for some years, and acted as its
agent in the recent construction of Rus
sian cruisers at Cramps' shipyards.
Ri:(uits for subscriptions have been
distributed by the Republican congressional
committee, te the number of 50,000. A
prominent member of the committee re
marks that if the friends of General Gar
field expect te receive substantial sup
psrt of this kind from the friends of Gen
eral Grant it will be necessary te muzzle
such men as " Bill" Chandler and ethers
who are disposed te speak jceringly of
these who supported the ex-president in the
contest at Chicago ; that in his cxpicrence
the most liberal contributions of money
for campaign purposes have always been
received from these who supported Gen
eral Grant for the nomination.
The Woodside trouble in Pittsburgh has
developed into a case of genuine ecclesias
tical humor. The Rev. Ncvin Woodside,
formally tried, convicted and expelled from
the church by the properly constituted au
thority, may be found tranquilly preaching
the gospel te his followers from Sabbath te
Sabbath in the church edifice, while the
body of the members, sustained by the
synod and declared te be the church, are
hunting around for a suitable hall te con
duct their services in. Were the Oak-alley
institution a Baptist church this would
net be se strange. But as an episode in the
history of the " Cevenanter" organization,
the body which prides itself en its strict
and stern discipline, and moralizes much
en the "looseness" of the Baptist and
Congregational plan, which makes each
congregation a law unto itself, it is very
Ora esteemed Republican contemporary,
the Pittsburgh Leader, is se enthusiastic
in its admiration of the public and private
virtues of noratie Seymour that it will be
disposed te regard the failure of his nomi
nation for the presidency at Cincinnati
next week as another evidence of the great
Democratic party's " splendid capacity for
making a political ass of itself." That
Mr. Seymour would be nominated if he
could be prevailed upon te accept we dG
The census just finished in Harrisburg
shows that city te have a population of
Dietrich Green, formerly baker at Bol Bel Bol
eon's hotel, left Harrisburg about a month
age for Leadville, Colerado, where he seen
secured a geed position. Yesterday infor
mation was received that Mr. Green had
died suddenly of pneumenia, at Leadville.
He was 23 years of age and was born in
Captain Edward Millett, en Monday
afternoon, picked up a bottle, about mile
off Rockport harbor, Mass., which con
tained a leaf from a pocket memorandum
book, en which was written the following :
" April 18. 1880. Training ship, Atalanta.
We are sinking, in longitude 27, lat. 32.
Any person finding this note will please
advertise in the daily papers. Jehn L.
The one-hundred and twenty-fourth an
nual commencement of the University of
Pennsylvania was held yesterday. De
grees were conferred by Provest Stille en
25 bachelors of arts,lG bachelors of science,
9 masters of arts, 49 bachelors of laws,
5 doctors of medicine and 1G doctors of
philosophy. Certificates and valuable
prizes were also presented te a large num
ber of meritorious students. Swarthmore
college, in Delaware county, also celebrated
its annual commencement exercises yester
1'ittsburgli Leader, Ucp.
Nothing ever was, nothing can be,
alleged against either his Seymour's
public or private character. His record is
:is stainless as that of the best of the
Bayards. If put up he would
make a strong candidate. But unless the
great Democratic party has lest its splen
did capacity for making a political ass of
itself it will net fail te reject se geed a
man as Seymour next week, and put up
some inferior man.
Mrs. Uesu. Heed
Edw. Smeltz, south et James...
C. U. Fralley, north et Jainet....
Thee. W. Heed, cast of Rockland
Jes. Clarksen, west of Rockland.
W. D. Messer, north of Leve Lane,
east of Ilhjh 2M-
C. A. Ohlender. south et Leve Lane,
west et nig it
F. H. Carpenter, east et Water liaj
Jes. Dcllet, west of Wrater lbiiu JHJ
The above figures are net absolutely
official. Seme names have been no doubt
overlooked and some few may have been
improperly placed en the list. After the
enumerators shall have transcribed into
tlie books prepared for the purpose the
statistics gathered, they will be placed in
the office of the prothenotary, and after
five days public notice.the enumerators will
sit in the court house te make corrections.
It is hoped that persons whose names may
have been emitted from the enumeration,
or who knew of the names of ethers who
have been emitted wil1, notify the enumer
aters of the same. There is a general
expression of surprise that the population
of this city does net reach 27,000.
THE TELEPHONE EXCHANGE.
People Who Can Talis at Leng Kaiiee.
The following parties have joined the
Lancaster Bell Telephone Exchange which
will open for business en June 17th. Large
cards are being printed containing the
names of each subscriber and will be dis
tributed te each member.
Intelligencer ; Examiner ; New Era ;
Lancaster belt works ; S. S. Spencer, cot
ton mill and residence ; C. A. Bitner s
transportation line ; Chas. F. Reugier ;
Bair & Shenk, Bankers ; R. W. Shenk's
residence : G. W. Dedge & Sen, cork
works : Jehn Best, boiler works ; Goodell
&Ce.; Sencr &Bre.; Cehe & Wiley; is.
B. Martin; Russel & Shulmyer's
coal office, East King street, and
coal yard, North Prince street;
Baumgardner's coal yard ; Lancaster gas
Departure of Dr. Itroeks.
When Dr. Edward Brooks, of the state
normal school at Millersville, entered the
chapel yesterday morning te conduct the
last exercises prier te his departure for
Europe, he found a delightful surprise in
store for him, in the shape of a farewell
greeting en behalf of the pupils and
faculty of the institution. The entire
body of the students were assembled te
give him Ged-speed, and after a brilliant
piano voluntary by Miss Watsen, thcre
werc appropriate addresses by Mr. J. M.
Roberts, Miss Hihbs, and Prof. A. R.
Bycrly, representing respectively the al
umni and students and faculty of the
school. Dr. Brooks's remarks in response
were of a touching character ,and he declar
ed that it was one of the happiest and
proudest events of his life such an evi
dence of the love with which he is regarded
by his pupils and fellow teachers.
The exercises were characterized by
great sincerity of feeling, and geed taste
throughout. There was no stiffness, no
undue formality, and yet everything was
systematic, and moved with the case and
regularity of clock work. The prelimi
naries were arranged during the absence
of Dr. B. a few days age.
Abraham's Sens and Daughters.
A grand fair and cake walk will be held
in the A.M. E. Zion church, Ne. C7G North
Market street, this city, commencing en
the 28th day of June, and closing en the
evening of the 3d of July. It will be under
the management and control of the society
connected with the church, viz : The Sens
and Daughters of Abraham. The pro
ceeds will be devoted te the extinguish
ment of the church debt. This society has
for its fundamental object the raising of
funds for burying the dead of the colored
peer of the city. Old plantation melodies
will be rendered in an enjoyable manner.
The officers of this association are as fol fel
lows : President, Lucy Hunter; Vice
President, M. M. Diggs ; Treasurer, Ed
ward Hunter ; Secretary, E. Smith ; Com
mittee of Arrangement : M. M. Diggs, E
E. Jacksen, J. Bredis, A. Aldridgc.
light and fuel company, North Queen
street; Lancaster gas works; l nemas
Peacock, furnace; S. II. Levan & Sen,
North Prince street, and Heur mill en
Conestoga creek ; Urban & Burger, plan
ing mill; F. O. Sturgis, planing mill;
Gee. M. Steinman & Ce. ; Kepler .& Slay
maker ; A. K. Spurrier, alderman ; J. K.
Barr, alderman ; S. E. Baily, carriage
works ; Pcun iron company mill ; W. B.
Middleton, superintendent, resiueuce, no
East Orange street ; Gee. Calder, jr., office
East Orange street; Fulton cotton mill;
Allaudale cetten mill and dye house ; P.
selium & Sen. coal vard and store, West
King street ; Pennsylvania railroad freight
depot ; Philadelphia and Reading freight
depot and express office ; Levi Sensemg,
stock yard and residence ; mayor's office ;
Anether DeGelyer Club.
The Fifth yard Republicans last evening
at Wm Klenck's hotel organized a Gar
field club with the following officers :
President E. K. Martin.
Vice President Lewis Maus, C. Heward
Campbell, Jeseph Davish, Abraham Snave
ly and Clark Whitson.
Secretary A. C. Barr.
Treasurer B. C. Krcady.
Finance committee Jehn McGinnis, A.
II. Fritchey, Jehn Swope and Wm. O.
Recruting committee Jehn Mctnnnis,
captain ; C. H. Fastnacht, 1st lieutenant ;
Thes. Helden, 2nd lieutenant ; II . C.
Hoever, 3d lieutenant; Henry Hartley,
The army worm has reached Strasburg
and vicinity in alarming numbers. At
present they are particularly troublesome
en the grounds of Messrs. William Spencer
and Edwin Musselmau, they arc creating
great havoc among the wheat and tim
othy. The First national bank of this place has
just been refitted under the superintendence
of Christian Bachman. The gentlemanly
cashier seems te have taken te himself
some of the "freshness" of the furniture,
and the way he skips around and shoves
out the bank notes is a caution.
Gen. Koentz's Biennial Oration Alumni
Day Society Bennieus Trustees Meet
ings Alumni Dinner and Class Day.
The annual reports and ether current
business of the meeting of the beard of
trustees of the college were considered at.
their session yesterday, and a further
meeting was held in the college building
te-day. Meanwhile an unusually large
number of old students have put in an
appearance in attendance upon the com
mencement festivities and the large mem
bership of the graduating class has at
tracted many unusual visitors te the exer
cises. There was quite a geed-sized audience,
of a high average degree of intelligence,
gathered in the court house last evening
te hear the biennial oration before the
literary societies,delivered this year, under
the auspices of the Diagnethian society,by
General W. II. Koentz. of Somerset. The
orator of the occasion, who was booked te
speak en " American Politics," was intro
duced by E. Iv. Martin, esq., and occupied
about fifty minutes in the delivery of his
address, which was a practical though pol
ished treatment of the living issues of the
day touching our politics. It was listened
te with marked attention, broken only by
applause at many points in its delivery.
Following is an abstract of it :
The age in which we live is intensely
practical. It is noted fer.the spirit of in in
euirv which prevails in every department
of human knowledge. There is no device
or contrivance of man, whether in govern
ment, law, art, science or anything that
pertains te man's condition in life that
escapes it. It is untiring in its investiga
tions and remorseless in its decrees. It
puts all the institutions of man upon trial,
and demands that a valid reason be given
for their continuance. Its achievements
are marvelous. It has penetrated the
earth and explored its hidden recesses ; it
has reached out into the heavens and cal
culated the distance and magnitude of the
stars ; it has lifted mankind te a higher
plane of thought and action. Among the
things subjected te its test are the forms of
government by which mankind are con
trolled, It is right that the most search
ing examination should be made into all
forms of government and the evils eradi
cated, as it is an instrumentality by which
mankind may either be elevated or de
graded. Government is one of the necessary
conditions of life. With it there is
security te life, person and property. It
brinsrs in its train trade, commerce,
wealth, the arts and sciences, and all that
constitutes the real glory of the state.
Man has been able te invent net a few
forms of government, monarchy, aristoc
racy and Democracy. Ours is a Demo
cratic Republican government. Net such
as existed in former times, when the peo
ple met in a large plain and selected their
leader and reirulatcd the affaire of state. Our
country is just a trifle tee large for that.
Our government is a representative one,
and political power is entrusted te the
agents of the people. We are governed
by a written constitution and the govern
n.,4- Zn AirrZAri i 14-St lYn.r CDTinilf(
The Itoetblacks' Picnic.
Persons who wished te have their shoes
polished this afternoon could net have it
done, as all the bootblacks left for What
Glen park at 1 o'clock te-day for the pur
pose of attending the picnic given
them by Cel. Peiperand County Treasurer
Grefl". All forenoon the boys could be
seen strolling around the city, many of
them carrying Bibles under their arms,
from which they were learning the verses
which they will recite. About seventy
prizes will be distributed among the
Geerge Heffman, salesman in the store
of Hostetter & Sen, in Centre Square, and
his wife left town at 2:10 this afternoon en
a trip te North Carolina. Mr. Heffman
will be gene for several weeks and his wife
will probably remain in the Seuth, where
they have a son.
This body met at Dillsburg, Yerk
county, en Monday evening, te place a pas
toral call te that charge in the hands of
Rev. J. P. Barker, a graduate of the Alle
gheny City semiuary and late of Clinton Clinten
ville, Venango county, Pa. The arrange
ments for his installation were made and
that ceremony performed forthwith. Rev.
Dr. Niles, of Yerk, preached the sermon ;
Rev. AV. B. Brown, of Mt. Jey, charged
the pastor, and Rev. Dr. Stewart, of Cole Cele
rain, charged the people.
Christ Sunday Scheel Festival.
A strawberry festival under the auspices
of Christ Lutheran Sunday school, for the
benefit of the library, will be held in Roberts'
Hall, commencing te-morrow evening and
closing en Saturday evening. Tickets of
admission 10 cents, which entitles the hold
er te a plate of strawberries or ice cream.
There will be no chancing or voting at the
At Sea With Its Geography.
The Kcnnett JVtr has the following :
A horse thief was captured at Spring
field, Lancaster county, escaped three
times within a distance of ten miles by
knocking his captors down. The last
time he was net overtaken.
The affair occurred at Springville,' this
Death of a Herse.
A valuable horse belanging te Samuel
Campbell, liveryman, of Columbia, died
yesterday from the effects of hard driving.
ment is divided into three separate
branches, legislative, executive and judi
cial. Our government is duplex in
character, consisting of the national gev
ernment and the governments of the
I de net propose te speak of American
politics in its enlarged sense, that is, the
administering the affairs of government,
for that would be entering the domain of
partizan politics, as every question relat
ing te state or national affairs is involved
in party politics. I shall rather speak of
the evils cenrccted with the management
of all parties. A government in which the
people rule must be governed by political
parties. As the people are the source of
all power, they will naturally divide upon
public questions. England has been ruled
by parties for centuries and this govern
ment since its organization is but a history
of party triumphs. Party strife is a neces
sary condition el our form et government,
and the geed of the country requires that
each party be vigilant in bringing the
wrong actions of its antagonists te light.
The geed of the country requires that par
ties should be as nearly equally divided as
possible, se that neither may maintain its
ascendancy longer than it subserves the best
interests of the country.
American politics may be summed upas
consisting mainly of two things, first, get
ting office ; second, administering office.
A party, in order te stamp its policy upon
the nation's laws, must first secure politi
cal power, and before it can commence the
struggle with its adversary must prepare
itself for the contest by nominating candi
dates and defining its principles ; se that
before an election can take place, there
must be first the primary meetings te se
lect delegates and then conventions of del
egates te present candidates and define the
policy of the party.
The voter who would make his vote felt
must attend the primaries, and if he fails
te de se he has either te vote the ticket, in
making which he has no choice, or the
opposition ticket, or net vote at all. This
is the vital point in our system, for when
nominations are made party lines are
drawn, and it is then frequently tee late
te remedy the wrong. The system of
nominating candidates is cumbrous, ex
pensive, and attended with many evils,
especially in the larger centres of popula pepula
t.imi. Tn tlm citv of New Yerk mere se
than in ether cities ; yet it is in the main
true as te all the great centres of popula
tion that a comparatively small class con
trol the politics, and by their course have
made them a bye word and brought
our institutions into contempt. This evil
can only be cured by all geed citizens
attending the primaries instead of re
maining away and deluding themselves
with the idea that it is only a scramble for
place. In this course hew blinded they
are. They forget that the obligations and
duties of the government and the people
are reciprocal ; that in turn for the protec
tion that the government gives them in
life, person and property, there is due
from them everything the highest intelli
gence and patriotism can give. Seme one
has said that universal suffrage must be
blended with universal education. But
that will net suffice if geed, worthy and
patriotic citizens stay away from the pri
maries, for then, instead of it being the
rule of wise, discreet and patriotic citizens,
it maybe the reign of the base, selfish and
sordid. The town meeting is the unit of
our political system ; it is the nursery of
civil and political liberty, but by the fail
ure of many geed pcople te attend it is be
coming the het bed of venality and crime.
The next thing in our political machinery
is the convention. The duty of a delegate
is in the nature of a high public trust, and
if these simple words, public trut, were
fully comprehended by delegates te what
an exalted plane would eursystem be raised.
The ethics of the law arc no mere fully
shown than in the doctrine of trust, which
requires skill, integrity and the utmost
A higher standard should be required in
public trusts than private ones, because of
the greater interests involved. Conventions
are net governed by such considerations,
but are controlled by the caucus, which has
been successfully manipulated by a few
men, who have laid out the pregramme in
advance, and then fellows a series of
usurpations in the shape of suppressing
debate, assuming the right te appoint dele
gates, the enactment of the unit rule by
which the people are ueirauueu ui men
is freedom of thought and action with a
vengeance, calculated te-rnakc the Ameri
can' cagte frivy'an-Ttttmilap of its
wings as its floats majestically "ever
the land of the free and the home of
the brave." The next evil is the mac?une,
which dominates both parties te a great
extent. It is net simply an organization for
eartv success, but mere and worse than
this.- It is net combination te carry out
great principles, but for the spoils of
office. Every machine has the requisite
number of cogs, wheels, pulleys and mere
would be superfluous. Every one who
stands in its way is crushed as remorse
lessly as a Medoc Indian would slay his
cantive. Tt is the American car of Jug
gernaut under which all the true manhood
of the country is crushed. It is a con
spiracy en a large scale and is indictable
at common law,and mere dangerous te the
country than any ether evil, communism
net excepted. Machine politics have built
up great chieftaius aud proved disastrous
in enr larger cities. What a spectacle was
that presented by New Yerk a few years
age, which with all its wealth, culture and
refinement was unable te govern itself,
and under the baleful influence et machine
politics was as completely under the in
fluence of Bess Tweed, as the dominions
of the worst tyrant that ever sat upon a
throne, and who laid his hand upon the
great emporium and plundered it with
less scruple and danger than the Highland
chieitans exacted their contributions.
Next comes the election. Principal
among the troubles that ensue is an indif
ference among a great many electors as te
the principles involved, under which they
are beruiled into supporting unfit men,
and as a result persons who are disquali
fied for most everything else de a thriving
business as politicians and very irequcntiy
total unfitness for anything else is regard
ed as the strongest evidence of entire fit
ness for political life.
Anether evil consists in the low tone of
political honesty that prevails among a
class of people who would scorn te de a
wrong act in any ether transaction in life.
They despise everything that is low and
mean and would net deprive their fellow
man of a farthing unjustly, and their word
would be as sroed-as their bend in a com
mercial transaction, but think that a little
crookedness in political matters is net se
bad. This is radically wrong, as there is
no rule of honor that is of binding objec
tion between man aud man that does net
apply with equal force when the affairs of
government are te be dealt with. It will
net de te be punctiliously observant of the
cede of morality in private affairs aud dis
regard it in the affaire of a nation ; as well
be cautious that some petty interest be
preserved and yet unmindful if a planet
were te drop from its sphere.
Then comes the offense of bribery and
bribe-taking, bribing of legislative officers,
which te the credit of of the country and
te the credit of humanity is of rare occurrence
Anether evil is the illegal mtcrlercncc
with the ballet. The ballet is the distin
guishing feature of our government. It
makes the legislative, executive aud judi
cial officers, and should be kept pure.
There should none but honest votes go
into the box and an honest and fair count
made. Te tamper with the ballet should
be made an offense as odious as treason,
and as long as it is possible te pollute it
by stuffing the boxes or falsifying the
count, that long is it possible for the
dishonest and wicked te overpower the
honest and law abiding. Take for example
the last presidential election. It was
in the centennial year of the nation's life.
We had invited the ether nations of the
world te ear snores te vie wuu u m uuu
of these grand expositions in which the
genius, the skill and handicraft of all the
nations of the eartli were exhibited in gen
erous rivalry. We were cxultaut ever
many things, but above all from the fact
that" this was the people's government,
owned and crotrelled by them, and that
here there was larger liberty of thought
aud action than elsewhere. But hew seen
were mortification and shame te come
with the exposure that followed the inves
tigation of the election, and even new we
Somerset ; Rev. J. ill. Dubbs, D. D., of
the college ; Ret.,S. S. Miller, or Boous Beous Boeus
bbro;Md. ;'Rer.J. C. Bauman, of Shep Shep
haxdstewn, W. Va. ; W. U. Hensel and
W. M. Franklin, esqs., of Lancaster.
At the Geethean alumni, reunion, Rev.
Dr. E. lC Eshbach was elected president :
Prof. N. C. Schaeffer, yice president ; Rev.
W. Rupp, recording secretary, and Rev.
D. N. Dittmar, censer. The following
graduates were present in addition te the
regular active members of society : O. H.
Strunk, S. M. Reeder, A. F. Driesbacb, S.
F. Laury, W. J. Kershner, C. S. Gerhard,
W. II. II. Snyder, Eli E. Hiester, D. N.
Schaeffer, Dr. J. F. Gerhard, D. N. Dit
marr, A. E. Gobble, E. R. Eschbach, D.
D., Prof. N. C. Schaffer, Ph. D., W.
Rupp, Prof. Jas. Crawford, J. A. Hoft Heft
heins, J. P. Stein, J. B. Kershner, 1L, H.
W. Hibshman, M. J. Hess, Milten Wair-
ncr, J. II. Leinbach, D. Y. Ileisler, D.
D., Prof. S. A. Baer, J. O. Miller, D. D..
W. F. P. Davis, Thes. C. Leinbach, and
J. B. Gerhard.
Prof. N. C. Schaeffer and Revs.
W. II. II. Snyder. D. N. Dittmar, J. B.
Kerschner and II. II. W. Hibshman, spoke
in commendation of the progress aud con
dition of society.
The Alumni Meeting.
Rev. Dr. Eshbach, presided ; Rev. D.
Y. Ileisler opened with prayer. Minutes
of hist year read and approved. The
names et these present were recemeti.
Upen the suggestion of the centennial com
mittee it was ordered that one person be
appointed te prepare a history of Marshall,
one te prepare a history of Franklin and
one of Franklin aud Marshall as a contri
bution te the centennial celebration el
1S87. Tlie committee was instructed te
select the historians. It was also resolved
that Rev. J. II. Dubbs, D. D., Rev. Dr.
N. C. Schaeffer and Rev. W. II. II. Snyder
be a committee te report upon the project
of beginning a cellege paper, and suggest
ing a plan for its management. The cen
tennial committee was also ordered te push
forward the raising of .$30,000 endowment
as a centennial contribution. A committee
was appointed en alumni orator for 1881
and a committee of five, Rev. Dr. Apple
chairman, ex-officio, te co-eperato with the
faculty in arranging the pregramme of
commencement exercises. Other business
of the association will be finished at the
meeting this evening, after Rev. Dr.
KIepp's oration in the college chapel.
The beard has had several meetings and
transacted its annual business very sal is is
facterily. The finances of the college aie
in geed condition. Various honorary de
grees have been conferred te be announced
te-morrow. Rev. James Crawford is con
tinued in charge of the academy. Prof.
Jeffersen Kershner, of Yale cellege obser ebser obser
vatery,has been elected previsional profes
sor of mathematics, vice Prof. Smythe resigned.
Gov. Heyt net Coming.
Rev. Themas B. Barker this morning re
ceived tlfe following telegram :
Gettyshure, June 1G, 1880.
Am confined te my room and unable te
get te Lancaster. Express my regrets te
II. W. HOYT.
have no statute te provide against a nue
It is the highest duty of every American
citizen te guard the ballet, which is a
force mere potent than the edicts of kings
and emperors, than fleets and armies.
Light as a feather, yet strong enough te
bear the superstructure of the mightiest
government ever created upon the planet,
and it is the only hope for the emancipa
tion of the race from kingly oppression.
England is extending the right of suffrage,
and France has secured a Republican
form of government; but socialism
threatens Germany and nihilism hangs
like a thunder cloud ever Russia ; and the
fact of an attempted assassination of
nearly ever crowned llcad in Europe veri
fies the adage that "uneasy rests the head
that wears a crown." The ballet, net the
bullet, will remedy these troubles.
Anether bad feature in our system is the
mode of appointment te office by the presi
dent and Senate, by which offices are dealt
out as a reward for political services,
which is bad enough if both are of the
same political persuasion, but if of different
political parties it then degenerates into a
war for the flesh pets and camp kettles.
Anether evil is the tendency te encour
age communism, which should be frowned
down by all political parties, as it tends te
take away every incentive for thrift, in
dustry and economy which form the basis
of a nation's greatness.
De you ask" what is the remedy for these
evils? I answer : First, the attendance at
the primaries by all geed pcople ; second,
the overthrew of the caucus and the
methods employed by the politicians te
capture conventions ; third, opposition te
unfit candidates : fourth, a higher standard
of qualifications for office; liftG, every pos
sible safeguard around the ballet box;
sixth, the abolition of the spoils system ;
seventh, the complete overthrew of ma
The subject is one that comes home te
every American citizen, and concerns the
welfare and perpetuity of our institutions,
especially these who arc coming en the
stae of action. Ne higher or greater duty
in the battle of life will fall upon the stu
dents of this honored place of learning
than te help administer the great trust et
free government, and in doing this, guard
the ballet as you would the apple of your
eye. And if the young men who go forth
from the various institutions of learning
would resolve te purify "American poli
tics, " then indeed will we realize th ideal
republic seen by the mental eye of Jehn
Milten when loeKing uewn inreuu we
vista of time he exclaimed : " Mcthinks I
see a noble and puissant nation reusing
herself like a strong man after sleep and
shaking her invincible locks ; mcthinks I
see her as an eagle mewing hpr mighty
youth and kindling her undazzled vision
at the full midday beam, purging and un
sealing her oft abused sight at the very
fountain itself of heavenly radiance."
Sstcred Heart Acadeuiy Commencement.
The seventh annual commencement of
the Sacred Heart academy will be held in
Fulton opera house en next Friday after
noon. The exercises will lie very interest
ing and Bishop Shanahan, of Harrisburg,
St. Mary's Academy.
The annual commencement exercises of
St. Mary's academy will take place in
Fulton opera house, te-morrow afternoon.
Essays, recitations, music, etc., will coin cein
prise the order of the afternoon, and
Bishop Shanahan will preside.
The Society Iteumens.
The literary societies connected with the
college held their annual reunions in their
respective halls at 0 a.m., this morning.
In the Diagnethian the words of welcome
te the old members and the seniors' fare
well te the active members of the society
were spoken by Mr. Aaren Rohrer, of the
class of 1880. On behalf of the active
membership, Mr. D. II. Reiter responded
iu befitting terms. Of the ex-members
and honorary members of the
society short and appropriate lm
nremntu addresses were made by Rev. D. E.
right of appointment, and the delegates KIepp, D. D., of Philadelphia; Rev. G.W.
The Alleged Chicken Thief Ball Beduced
from Sff.lOO te 0OO.
Henry Watsen, one of the colored men
committed by Alderman Spurrier te an
swer at court for chicken stealing,, was
taken before Judge Livingston yesterday
en a writ of habeas corpus with a view te
his discharge. There were no less than
seventeen distinct charges of larceny
made against Watsen by Officers Adams,
Flick and Killinger, and Alderman Spur
rier committed him indefault of $300 bail
en each charge making the aggregate
bail 3,100. Judge Livingston re
duced the aggregate bail te $500, and
as defendant did net have his bail
ready, and Judge Livingston was about
leaving town, his honor remanded the
prisoner te jail, with an order or request
that the bail be examined by Judge Patter
son at 10 o'clock this morning. At the
appointed hour the hearing took place, and
Mrs. Catharine Wilsen swore that she was
worth 8800 clear of all incumbrance.
Judge Patterson did net feel inclined te re
lease the prisoner inasmuch as the pro
ceedings iu the case had been commenced
before Judge Livingston, and as he
jocularly remarked he didn't ex
actly knew hew te divide $500
among seventeen cases. Se he ordered that
defendant be taken before Judge Living
ston en Saturday, and if the judge accepts
the bail offered, that defendant be held te
answer at quarter sessions en the 3d Mon
day of August.
About an equal number of complaints
growing out e'f the same alleged larceny
were made against Wm. Watsen, father of
the above named prisoner, and he is new in
jail awaiting trial. Of the fifty chickens
found in their possession when they weie
arrested in market en the 15th of May
only about a dozen were identified as hav
inrbeen stolen. The ethers were returned
te the Watsons and by tbcra given te their
counsel as fees for professional services.
The Baptist Fair.
- The Baptist church fair closed last night
and the crowd was large. The pyramid
cake contested for by the employees of
Williamson & Fester and these of the
New Yerk store, was wen by the former ;
Jee Cogley, of the Citizens' band, get the
cornet,his contestant was Mr. Brady, of
Millersville, who failed te get his money in
iu time ; Mrs. Fitzgerald wen the canary
bird ; Rev. Wm. Morrison, pastor of the
congregation, was presented with a large
cake by P. S. Geedman, en behalf of the
ladies of the church, during 'the evening.
The fair realized about $200.
The pressure upon our columns occaf eccaf occaf
siened by the extended reports of the exer
cises attendant en the college commence
ment exercises renders necessary the de
ferring of an interesting account of last eve
nings meeting of tlie Lancaster Microscopi Micrescopi Microscepi
cal society, prepared for te day'spaper and
which will be published te-morrow.