Newspaper Page Text
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Volume XVI-Ne. 234.
LANCASTER, PA., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2, 1880:
Price Twe Cents.
SPRING AND SUMMER
Made In eiilcr for M:n ami ISeyti in llie prevail
ing Style, iiml satisfaction guaranteed. A-e,
Rejidy-Maclc Clothing !
AND ALL KINDS OK
At the Oltl Price beleie tile Advance,
RATHVON & FISHER'S
Practical Tailoring Est;iiIis1mi(-nt,
101 NORTH QUEEN STREET.
f SII OPEIII
MONDAY, APRIL 5.
Having iusl returned Irem tin; X:v Yerk
Woolen Maikct. 1 am new prepared te exhibit
one of the Bc-l Selected Stocks of
Ever brought te tin-, city. Nene lint the very
in all the Leading Styles. Prices as low as the
lowest, anil all goods warranted as rcprescnt
Ne. 51 North Queen' Street.
24 CENTRE SQUARE.
U'c have fei sale for the coming seasons an
Immense block of
e four own manufacture, which comprises tl.O
I.att:st anil Most
Come ami sec our
which is larger and composed of the best styles
te be leunil in the city."
24 CENTRE SQUARE.
2-lyd LANCASTER. PA
" rOVKHMillS ASlt JIAV1IIXISTS.
T?01 TPT? A "VI TV A fTA! A'
SHOP ON PLUM STREET,
OrresiTUiuz Locomotive Wekus.
The subscriber continues te manufacturu
BOILERS AND STEAM ENGINES,
Fer Tannins anil ether purieses ;
Sheet-iron Werk, ami
Bhicksmlthing general! j
69 .fobbing piemptly attcmlcil te.
rnijjlS-lyd .lOUS liEST.
H. S. SHIRK'S
202 "WEST KING STREET,
lias the Largest anil Chcapc.-t Stock et all
kinds of CARPETS In Lancaster. Over
100 Pieces of Brussels
en hand, as low as S1.00 ami upwards.
Carpets made te order at short notice. Will
also pay 10 cents Jer Extra Carpet Rags.
63G i vc tis a trial.
202 WEST KINO STREET.
B. B. Metier Sen,
Miracles of Healing Unparalleled
in Medical History.
' 1 have been afllictcd for twenty year.s with
an obstinate skin disease, called by some M.
!.' psoriasis and ethers, leprosy.ceinmcncing
en mv scalp, and in spite of all I could de,
with "the help et the most skilful doctors, it
slowly but surely extended, until a year age
this winter it covered my entire person in
form of dry scales. Fer the last three years I
have been unable te de any labor, and suffer
ing intensely all the time. Every morning
there could be nearly a dustpanlul of scales
taken Irem the sheet of my bed, some of them
halt as large as the envelope containing this
letter. In the latter part et winter my skin
commenced crackingepen. 1 tried everything,
almost, that could be thought of. without any
relief. The 12lh of June 1 btarted West in
hope.-) I could reach the Het Springs. I reached
Detroit and was se low I thought I should
have te go te the hospital, but finally get as
far as Lansing, Mich., where 1 had a sister liv
ing. One Dr. treated meabouttwe weeks,
but did me no geed. All thought 1 had but a
short time live. 1 earnestly prayed te die.
Cracked through the skin all ever my back,
across my ribs arms, hands, limbs, feet badly
swollen.tee nails came eH',1ingcrnails dead and
hard its bone, hair ilea.!, dry and lifeless us old
straw. O, my Ged ! hew I did sutler.
'.Mv si.-ter, Mrs. E. II. Davis, had a small
part of a box et Cutieui-.i in the house. She
wouldn't give up ; said, ' We will try Culicura.'
home was applied en one hand and arm.
Eureka! there' was relict; stepped the terrible
burning sensation trein the word go.. They
immediately get the Cuticuka Rkselvext. Cu
ticliia and Cuticuka Soai 1 commenced by
taking one tablespoonful of Reselvent three
times a day. after meals: had a bath once a
day, water about bleed heat: used Cutieura
Seap lively; applied Cutieura morning and
evening. Kcsull, returned te my home in ju-.t
six weeks Irem time 1 left, and my skin us
smooth as this sheet of paper.
"HIRAM K. CARPENTER,
" Jlemler.ton.Jfffcn.en County, -V". Y.
"Sworn te belere me this nineteenth day of
January, lsse. "A. M. Lkkkinhwkll.
Justice of the I'ctice.
We hereby certil'v that we are acquainted
with the aforesaid .Hiram E. Carpenter and
knew his condition te have been as stated. We
believe his statement te be true in every par
ticular. L. it. Simmons, Sen, Mereh'ts,Hi'nilcrsen,X.Y.
G. A. Thompson, Merchant, " '
A. A. Davis,
.Millard E. Joiner,
Jehn Carpenter, " "
A. M. I.ellingwell.
Attorney and Counseller-at-I.aw, " "
riiTirnn Ur.MEDii:saie nrenared by WEEKS
& POTTER, Chemists and Di uggi-ts, :;(!() Wash
ington street. Husten, and are ter sale by all
Druggists, l'riee et Cutut'Ka, a Medical Jelly,
small boxes, 50 cents; large boxes, $1. Cuti
cl'ua Kielvj:nt, a Xew Weed I'urilier, $1 per
bottle. Ci'Tii;un.v Mudicinal Teilkt Seav, 25
cents. CUTicritA Meiucinal Shavike Soai-, l."
cent-: in bars ler liarbers and large customers,
MALT BITTERS, x
A Feed and a Medicine.
Tlie Purest, Safest ami Most Powerful lie lie
steratlvc iu Medicine, ler Feeble and
Exhausted Constitutions, Nervous
and General Debility, Con
sumption and Wast
J. K. SMALING
THE ARTIST TAILOR.
Opening te-day of a large and select line of
Trepicals, Serges and Rep Worsteds,
I5ANNOCKBURN CELTIC CHEVIOTS.
AXD BATISTE CLOTHS.
SEERSUCKERS, VALEXCIAS. l'Al!OLE
AXD MOHAIR COATIXGS.
Linens in Great Variety. Wilterd's 1'addcd
Ducks in 1'laln and Fancy Styles. A Large
Assortment of Fancy
All the latest novelties of the season. The
public are cordially invited te examine our
stock, which we claim te be the handsomest
and most recherche ever etlered for the het
J. K. SMALING,
121 NORTH QUEEN STREET.
WALL r A 1' JilSS, Jic.
WK ARE ritEl'AKED TO MAKE ALL
for doers and windows. Plain Wires In Green,
Drab and iJlack. Alse Beautiful Landscapes for
Parler Screens. Sold by the feet in any quan
tity, or made up in Screens te lit windows and
put up in suen a manner that you need net
take out when you wish te close them.
in an emlle-s line te select from in the leading
styles. A let of ends in order te close out will
be sold out very cheap.
of every description, in Plain and Figured
Goods. Cardinal, Green and White Hollands.
the Ciicapcst and I'est Cornice made. Fit any
window up te live feet in width. Cornice
Poles in Walnut and Ebony. Orders taken for
TIER AND MANTEL MIRRORS,
AT LOW KATES.
PHARES W. FRY,
Ne. 57 NORTH QUEEN ST.
2Lam aster I-ntrllt ttrncrr.
WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 2, 1880.
SOUND IN DOCTRINE, BRAVE IN DEED.
Au Ardent View of His Fitness for the
Fer the LSTELLIGEN'CEIU
Four years age Mr. Tilden was pre-umi-nctitly
the man of the hour. Probably no
ether Democrat could have been elected at
that time. But living as rapidly as we de,
in these year.s of our Lord, the period be
tween 187G and 18.0, is a vast tract. Much
has happened. -Jen and issues have
changed. "We lest the fruits of that vic
tory, and the responsibility for the less is
still undetermined. Mr. Tilden did net
become president, but he ceased te be gov
ernor of Xew Yerk; and last autumn the
party itself under his leadership was driven
from power in the state. The questions
upon which he acquit cd the confidence and
wen the support of his own people are set
tled. -Mr. Tilden is an elder and a feebler man
than he was then, an.l he may net really
desire the nomination, lie has net said
that he does, and his nearest friends have
entered into intrigues for the succession
which imply that he does net. Seme of
them are put forward in a way that can
mean only the conviction in their
own minds or that of their
menus mat .ur. 1 uuen is net a
candidate in the sense that he desires te
make the battle a second time in his own
name, or feels equal te the duties of the
eiliee if he should be elected. We may
fairly assume then that Mr. Tilden is net '
m the held until he tells us plainly that he
is, and until he puts a quietus upon these
friends of his who aie candidates, en the
sole ground that they are severally his
Xe man having a vote at Cincinnati
will strive mere earnestly thaiuthu writer
hereof te fecure justice te the great man
who reorganized the paily in 1870, sup
plied it with the relenn issue raised by
his own ellieial conduct in Xew Yerk, and
led it te the iirst victory it had wen in
twenty years. JJut the DeiiKieratie party
will net suffer its leadership te be trans
ferred like :i mere chattel, or te be made
the subject of any testamentary arrange
ment. If Mr. Tilden wants the nomina
tion let him say se, and the convention
will canvass the grounds of his claim
with a favor no ether will receive. If, en
the ether hand, he manfully retires and
expresses candidly his preference for
another, his advice will weigh heavily. But
the party is net particularly charmed by
the reports of the intrigues, and
while Mr. Tilden mayexeita gieat though
perhaps net a controlling inllueuce at Cin
cinnati by a bold and honorable course,
the nomination cannot be disposed of by
testament te any of the hungry expectants
who hangareuud his house like eager legacy-hunters
about the sick-chamber of an
opulent Reman. "When he pitches upon
tut heir he must bring him out-and show
him te the people ; since their consent will
probably be of mere importance than that
of the eunuch and women of thchouscheld.
The people and their delegates sit Cincin
nati may develop a preference which could
net be set aside by an edict, round, vigor
ous, imperial in every word, and still less
by the snisill uncertain whisper that comes,
or seems te come, from Craincrey Park.
Wc may, therefore, 1 think, consider
Mr. Tilden as out of the race until he
cheeses te come into it ; and we need net
concern ourselvessibeuthis wishes concern
ing a candidate until he shall see lit te de
signate his choice. In the meantime, while
the anxious expectants assure us he is
moribund, and busily drafting the last
will and testament which is te transfer
our property, perhaps we may, without se
rious offence, deliberate upon the matter
ourselves, and determine what wc would
de with the cstsite, if only Mr. Tilden and
his heirs would allow us.
AVe must carry the country new or
never. A failuie against Grant means the
end of free elections, the practical subver
sion of the present constitution, the heart
of the Democratic party broken, and its
disbandment, or its future existence as a
mere conspiracy against the personal gov
ernment at Washington. This is the
thought in the popular mind. It is the
thought upon which the election -will turn.
It is the issue upon which every Democrat
will cast his ballet and upon which thou
sands of Hepublicans will cast theirs. The
man therefore who embodies most clearly
this opposition te centralization and per
sonal government is the man of the hour
te-day, as Mr. Tilden was the mati of the
hour in 1876. Then the issues were matters of
administrative reform, economy, retrench
ment, and the restoration of ellieial integ
rity and decency. They are new super
seded by a greater. The constitution it
self is in danger ; the republic quivers in
every nerve with apprehension of a death
blew. Mr. Tilden ran against si weak man,
an obscure governor of si Western
state, who, being defeated by him, was
lifted ever his head "by force and fraud.
The candidate of te-day must run against
the unscrupulous soldier who swept Mr.
Tilden aside in '77, who is the type jmd
symbol of all that is threatening te the
liberties of men and states, and who comes,
seizing power a third time, with a -rasp
as rigid as fixed iron. Who is the man te
meet him at the polls, and, equally impor
tant, te meet him when the votes shall
have been counted ?
lie must be ene who can command the
full vote of the Democratic party, and ene
who, when elected, will defend the right of
the people te have the -'resident of their
choice, and will net cover his eyes before
a drawn sword. lie must have been
loyal te the Union, but he must have
been always a consistent and faithful
Democrat. He must be one who had no
let or part in the shameful surrender of
187C-77 ; and he will be all the better if
it appears that he net only resisted the
adoption of the electoral bill, but fought
the false count at every step, and followed
his last blew at the consummated frsiud,
with a heart-felt judicial anathema. Such
is the man the people want. And if in
addition te these qualifications he has
proved himself the foremost defender of
the rights of states and of people against
federal centralization the champion of
the republic against the empire he
would be elected as certainly as the sun
should rise en the 2d of November, and he
would be found in the White Heuse as
certainly as it should set en the 1th' of
I invite jour leaders te examine fairly
and fully the history and character of
Stephen J. Field, of California, and. see if
they de net lind in him the man with every
quality and every qualification required te
cair.v the country, and te execute its judg
ment. Te one great Democratic citizen in
particular te that Samuel J. Tilden,
whose confidence is hourly abused by men
who dodge in the shadows of his house by
men who report him te-day as in favor of
Payne, who eagerly clutched the electoral
bill as it was handed out from the secrecy
of the Senate committee-room aud gave
no sleep te his eyelids or rest te the sole of
his feet until he had succeeded in forcing
it unamended down the threat of the re
luctant Heuse, and thrown away the last
chance of Mr. Tilden gaining his office ;
by men who will te-morrow report him as
in favor of some one else, aud dishonor
him with the imputation of making a sham
canvass, intending te betray his followers
into the support of a ticket they would
otherwise oppose te this Samuel J. Tilden
Judge Field's nomination ought te be
especially acceptable. Of all men in Con
gress, at the bar, or en the bench, Judge
k leld made the most gallant and streiyuus
battle against the Great Fraud. He fi jrht
it inch by inch in all its forms and phases
the Seuth Carolina ease, the Flerida
case, the Louisiana case each separate
fraud which combined te make the Great
Fraud. Dees Mr. Tilden, in common with
the American people, who were cheated
when he was cheated, ewe this man no
-debt of gratitude for the splendid stru jgle
he made in the electoral commission in
defence of their rights? Would he or smo
other geed Democrat be willing te see him
pushed aside te make room for any of the
facile congressmen who voted te abdicate
thecenstitu .ial powers of the two houses,
and te create a juggling commission,
whereby te cast dice for the destinies of
forty million of freemen ? Xe ! If Mr.
Tilden has a choice beyond himself that
choice is necessarily Judge Field. If he
wishes only that honorable discharge from
the service, of which we have heard, he
would naturally desire that his place
should be occupied by one, who iu the
crisis of 7G-77 had steed inflexibly true
te him and te the country. Indeed, Mr.
Tilden has said, at least once, and it is the
only authenticated speech of the kind that
ever fell from his lips, that, himself aside,
Judge Field would draw mere votes than
any eaudidsite the Democrats could name.
The people little realize the extent te
which the centralizing process has gene.
Our government te-day is no mere like the
irevcrnmcnt of the fathers thau it is like
that of the patriarchs. The constitution
under which we live resembles that of 1781),
about as much as the present British con
stitution resembles th it of the septarchy.
The federal has gr.idually given plsice te
the imperial, until state lines are merely
geographical distinctions. Power has
.stolen or is stealing toward the centre, and
we are liable te awake from our dream of
leesil self-government in the chilling shadow
of the empire. It is near ; one mere defeat
of the states rights party, one mere stamp
of the iron heel en the states rights idea,
and it is here. All this has been accom
plished, net by open violence, but by con
struction. The old constitution has been
buried under the liberal interpretations of
Federalist-Republican 'Congresses and ad
ministrations, grasping doubtful powers
and making each step toward centraliza
tion the sure precedent of another. This
revolution was possible only with the con
currence of the judiciary, and for mere
than twenty years the current of decisions
litis run steadily in the one direction re
versing the old rules of strict constitutional
construction and adopting the new cast
ing aside the doctrines of these who made
the government, and enforcing these of
Hamilton and the monarchists whose
views were rejected by the fathers. In
ether words, iu that great case of the re
public vs. the empire, which is pcrpetu
silly at the bar in some one of its count
less forms, the court has steadily leaned
and with crushing weight te the side of
the empire. But dining all that period there
w:is one justice whose voice never faltered.
His opinions run sparkling through the
books like a silver stream through the
desert. Did the case involve the riht of
the citizen or 1he right of the state, he
stretched out in every instance the strong
arm of legal defence, and every " blew
aimed at our liberties he caught upon the
bresid shield of our blessed constitution
and our equal laws." But for the pretest
which he voiced, and which we may al
most say he was, during a long scries of
dark and eventful ycarf, there is ue telling
te what further extreme the court would
have swung, or what worse transforma
tion of our republican system might have
taken place under its decisions.
It sounds strangely enough new, but it is
nevertheless true, that in 1805 the adminis
tration claimed the right te seize citizens
at its pleasure, te try thorn by military
courts, and te sheet or hang them under
the judgments of these tribunals iu stsites
where an enemy had never trod and the
civil courts were wide open. And mere
strangely still, there were judges of the su
preme court who upheld the power. Milli
gan was saved from the clutches of such
tribunals by a bare majority of one.
MeCardle, a citizen of Mississippi, was
arrested under the se-called reconstruction
laws, tried and sentenced by a military
court. His case, like that of Milligan, was
brought te the supreme court. It in
volved the validity of the whole system of
legislation, which Mr. Stevens said was
'outside the constitution." It was heard
and I prcsume determined in consultation,
for there was bmt ene way it could be de
termined. Thereupon a bill was intro
duced into the Heuse of Representatives te
take away the jurisdiction, and the court
was dismayed and paralyzed. There sat the
timid justices withholding their judgment
upon a case heard, and upon which
hung the liberties, net of one citizen only,
but of many millions, until this iniquitous
bill devised iu party councils, could be run
through the two houses smd the case
stricken from the docket by a caucus de
cree. Twe only had the courage te de
nounce the outrage, and record their sol
emn pretest. That paper is in style and
tenor the noblest that ever found its way
te the musty files of any court, English or
American. One of the signers was Mr.
Justice Grier, who died full of years and in
the odor of judicial sanctity. The ether
was Mr. Justice Field.
In 18C6 came en the tst-eath cases from
Missouri and Arkansas, and again Mr.
Justice Field came te the front as the de
fender of the citizen, this time carrying the
court with him and wiping out that whole
system of most odious prescriptions.
These cases, as determined, the case of
Cummings, the priest, fined and impris
oned for exercising his sacred functions,
without the previous ceremony of an infa
mous and shameful oath, and the case of
Garland, the lawyer, debarred from prac
tice for the same reason, settle in favor of
the citizen the principles involved as firm
ly as it could have been done by constitu
These cases were but the beginning of
the ceaseless contest waged by Judge
Field for constitutional liberty against tin
granted and centralized power. On the
confiscation cases, en the cases concerning
the indestructibility of states either by
military force or congressional enactment,
en the sanctity of the mails and the right
of the citizen te be secure in his papers as
well as his person and property, en arbi
trary and military arrests, and en the
power of the states generally te regulate
their domestic alfsiirs without federal in
terference, his course was the same. Never
man sat upon any bench mere vigilant,
mere fearless, mere consistent.
Perhaps none of the opinions of Judge
Field except these in the leading so se
called political cases would effect him as
a candidate before the people mere than
these concerning the right of the states te
control corporations doing business within
their limits. These touch questions which
are of the utmost moment in nearly every
state of the Union, and would move large
classes of voters. His doctrines are these
of the Democratic party, and his remedy
for corporate abuses of every description,
including apparently local freight discrimi
nations, is net the intention of Congress
under the vague and uncertain power te
regulate commerce, but the conceded
power of the states te regulate their own
creations. Monopoly finds no mere favor
at his hands than the absurd centralizing
pretension that the right of supervision
resides in the federal government. He
leaves it where it belongs with the states
and the oil producer and the granger,
the fanner and the lumberman, can secure
for himself under his own home govern
ment the redress and protection lie needs,
without inviting in the Saxons or the
Danes. The following extract expresses
the principle with that clearness aud
simplicity which mark a great mind, and
lead us te wonder why wc had net said it
that way eursjlves :
"The late war wsis carried en sit an enor
mous cost of life and property that the
Union might be preserved ; but unless the
independence of the states within their
proper spheres Iks also preserved the
Union is valueless. In our form of gov
ernment the one is as essential as the
ether ; and a blew at one strikes both. The
general government was formed for na
tienal purposes, principally that we might
have within ourselves uniformity of com
mercial regulations, a common currency,
one postal system, aud that the citizens of
the several states might have iiicaehequa'
ity of right and privilege ; and that in our
foreign relations we might present oui eui
sclvcs as one nation. But the protection
and enforcement" of privsite rights of both
persons and property, and the regulation
of domestic affairs, were left chielly with
the states, and unless they are allowed te
remain there it will be impossible for a
country of such vast dimensions as ours,
with every variety of soil and climate, cre
ating different pursuits and conflicting in
terests in different sections, te be kept to
gether in peace. As long as the general
government eeiifincs itself te its great but
limited sphere, and the states are left te
control their domestic affairs smd business,
there csm be no ground for public unrest
and disturbance. Disquiet can only arise
from the exercise of ungrsinted powers.
" Jver no subject is it mere important for
the interests and welfare of a state that it
should have control, than ever corporations
doing business within its limits. By the
decision new rendered, congressional legis
lation can take this control from the stsitc,
and even thrust within its borders corpora
tions of ether states in no way responsible
te it. It seems te me that, in this instance,
the court hits departed from long estab
lished doctrines, the enforcement of which
is of vital importance te the efficient and
harmonious working of our national and
At the October term, 1879, Mr. Justice
Field filed his new famous dissenting
opinions in the Virginia case, involving
the right of Congress te punish a state
officer for the manner in which he dis
charges a duty imposed by state law, and
in the Maryland and Ohie cases involving
the constitutionality of the infamous elec
tion laws of Congress. The reasoning iu
the two cases were the same, and the
opinions hsive been widely read. They
have largely drawn public attention te
their author, especially in the Seuth, as
the proper candidate of the party whose
life-giving principle is that of local self
government. In the election case he said :
''The views expressed derive further sup
port from the fact that the constitutional
prevision sipplies equally te the election of
senators, except as te the place of choos chees
ing them, as it docs te the election of re
presentatives. It will net be pretended
that Congress could authorize the appoint
ment of supervisors te examine the roll of
members of state legislatures and pass
upon the validity of their titles, or te sent
tinize the balloting for senators ; or could
delegate te special deputy marshals the
power te arrest any member resisting and
rcpclling'the interference of the supci vi
sors. But if Congress can authorize such
officers te interfere with the judges of elec
tion appointed under state laws in the dis
charge of their duties when represcntsv
tives arc voted for, it can autherize such
officers te interfere with members of the
state legislatures when senators arc voted
for. The Isinguage of the constitution
conferring power upon Congicsste alter
the regulations of the states, or te make
new regulations en the subject, is as ap
plicable in the one case as in the ether.
The objection te such legislation in both
cases is that state officers are net respon
sible te the federal government for the
manner in which they perform their du
ties, nor subject te its control. Penal
sanctions and coercive measures by federal
law cannot be enforced against thorn.
Whenever, as in some instances is the case,
a state officer is required by the constitu
tion te perform a duty, the manner of
which may be prescribed by Congress, as
in the election of senators by members of
state legislatures, these officers are respon
sible te their states for their official con
duct. The federal government cannot
touch them. There arc remedies for their
disregard of its regulations, which can be
applied without interfering with their
official character as state officers. Thus, if
its regulations for the election of scnsiters
should net be followed, the election had in
disregard of them might be invalidated ;
but no one, however extreme in his views,
would contend that in such a case the
members of the Legislature could be sub
jected te criminal prosecution for their ac
tion. With respect te the election of rep
resentatives, se long as Congress docs net
adept regulations of its own and enforce
them through federal officers, but permits
the regulations of the stsites te remain, it
must depend for a compliance with them
upon the fidelity of the state officers and
their responsibility te their own govern
ment. All the previsions of the law, there
fore, authorizing supervisors and marshals
te interfere with these officers in the dis
charge of their duties, and pro
viding for criminal prosecutions against
them in the federal courts, are, iu my
judgment, clearly in conflict with the con
stitution. The law was adopted, no
doubt, with the object of preventing
frauds at elections for members of Con
gress, but it docs net seem te have occur
red te its authors that the states are as
much interested as the gcvcral government
in guardiug against frauds at these elec
tions and in maintaining their purity, and,
f possible, mere se, as their principal offi effi
C3rs are elected at the same time. If
fraud be successfully perpetrated in any
case, they will be the first and greatest
sufferers. They are invested with the
sole power te regulate domestic affairs of
the highest moment te the prosperity and
happiness of their people, allecting the
acquisition, enjoyment, transfer and de
scent of property ; the marriage relation,
aud the education of' children ; and if
such momentous and vital concerns may be
wisely and safely entrusted te them, I de
net think that any apprehension need be
felt if the supervision of all elections in
their respective states should also be left
" Much his been said in argument of the
power of the general government te en
force its own laws, and in se doing te pre pre
serve the peace, though it is net very ap-
Gibbens vs. Ogden,9 Wheaten, 191-5
parent what pertinency the observations
have te the questions involved in the cases
before us. Ne one will deny that in the
powers granted te it the general govern
ment is supreme, and that upon all sub
jects within their scope, it can make its
authority respected and obeyed through
out the limits of the republic; and
that it can repress all disorders and
disturbances which interfere with the en
forcement of its laws. But I am unable
te perceive in this fact, which all sensible
men acknowledge, any canse for the ex
ercise of ungrantcd power. The greater
its lawful power, the greater the reason
ler net usurping mere. I nrest, disquiet
and disturbance will always arise among a
people, jealous of their rights, from the
exercise by the general government of
powers which they have reserved te them
selves or te the states."
Judge Field's name is stainless, smd
held In honor by every msm that respects
integrity and admires courage His public
life has been as pure sis running water and
as bright in every prominent feature as a
star. As a candidate he weuid be at every
point above assault. Bcfeic his name in
scribed upon the banner te be lifted
at Cincinnati, all differences in the
Democratic party would melt away
like mist before the rising sun. He is
identified with no faction ; and has
no enemies te punish or friends te reward.
He has no long political record te explain
or defend nothing but the bread, csilm,
consistent flew of judicial logic, wherein
there is no break, no varisiblencss nor
shadow of turning, He should be ac
ceptable te sill factions in New Yerk.
He is the most Western of AYcstern
men and should excite the unbounded
enthusiasm of that great section which j
clamors for recognition and has the power
te enforce its demands. He is from the
Geld Cesist, where specie payments were
never suspended, and would attract, mere '
perhaps than aiiy ether Democrat, the sup
port of the interests requiring a stable cur
rency. His opinions en the legal tender
question arc well known, but his seciet
service te the country at that momentous
crisis is a chapter that may net new be
written, lie would bring the electoral
votes of the Pacific states and of Colerado.
He would be elected and when elected in
augurated. Of this last no man who
knows him or the story of his life can en
tertain a doubt. He isalike above fear
and above lepreach. Ne personal peril
and he has passed many ever did or ever
will deter him from the performance of si
public duty. Madisen.
Xe. l.-!) NOI'TII OUKEX STKKIiT.ncar 1 ll.
It. Depot, Lancaster, Pa. Geld, Silver and
Xickel-cased Watches, Chains, Clocks, Ac.
Agent ler the celebrated Pantaseepic Specta
cles anil Eye-GIasscs. Uepairing a specialty,
VHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
E. P. BOWMAN,
km; east king street,
Ne. 20. Ne. 20
French Clocks. IJrenzc Card Tables, .tarda
niers, Candle-tiek and Services at
Jeweler, 20 East King Street,
J. E. CALDWELL & CO.,
Ne. 902 Chestnut Street,
imsertBrs of Ceramics :
HA VI LANDS,
The Productions el nil the Ct lebr.it
Artistic Unitizes, Groups, Sta t uH t es.
One price, always the lowest,
marked in plain figures.
Orders and inquiries by mail re
ceive prompt attention.
WE P. FRALIiBY'S
MONUMENTAL MARBLE WORKS
758 Nerm yueen Street, Lancaster, Fa.
MONUMENTS, HEAD AND KOOT STONES,
CEMETEItr LOTS ENCLOSED, &c.
All work guaranteed and satisfaction git en
n every particular.
S. B. Remember, works at the extreme end
f North Queen street. in30
UT LOCHER'S KEMimXED COUGH
Net many linens will be sold else
where till we have reduced our stock ;
for why should you pay a dollar when
ninety cents will answer? "We have
been below the market all the year ;
smd new are lower still. We point te
si few samples :
Hali-bleaehcd damask, $0.S0, .fits, .Ci .70,
.SO, .!W, 1.110;
each one isasgoed aliucu as you can Unit
elsewhere at the next higher pritv.
Bleached damask, $0.30. .65, .73, .83. loe,
1.10, 1.23, 1.35, 1.50, 1.73, 2 00, 2.23 ;
each one of these also is as geed ius you
can linil anywhere else at the next
higher price ; the last one, ut $2,25. is
new sold at wholesale, by one of the
heaviest merchants iu tue country,
ut the same price.
German damask, $0.73
Napkins te match, 2.00
Belgian damask, l.Ot
these last three are net te be fomul.clse femul.clse
where at any price.
Z inches square, 11.30 :
these cannot be matched nnvwhen:
el.-e for a whit less than $2.teI
21 inches square, $1:75 ;
these are German goods, and ure put
up iu ball dozens. We could net buy
Ihem te-day te sell below $2.00 at the
21 inches square, $2.23;
these are German also; they have no
dressing; i.e.. they leek and feel the
same as alter washing. We Uhth
been selling them at $2.50; and they
are worth it. We have been ettered
our price for the whole let, but have
kepi Ihem ler you.
Damask, at 15 cents; Dent thciu at 20
cents it you can.
Damask, all white, 23 cents; have been
selling at SI cents; and wc cannot
buy Ihem new te sell ut 31 ; but you
shall have them at 25.
German Damask, 31 -cuts; have been
selling at :J3 cents; we ought te put
them up instead of dewsi; but, re
uiember, we are reducing stock.
Blenched diaper towel, -10 cents,
the current price is (i. cents.
Huck, knotted fringe, 23 cents.
Turkish, from 13 cent?.
French, 02 inches, $0.00, 1.10, 1.50;
these ought te be compared with
Irish linens at $2.00 te $2.50. Tliny
are equal in weight and strength,
but net et quite se geed u bleach.
Tlu-y are mere like the Barnaley
bleaeh, but better than that.
French, 15 inches, $0.30, .02, .70, .SO:
French, 51 inches, $3.K, 1.00;
these are the same as the French
old-tashiened Irish linen, yard wide,
$0.23. .2s, .:!, .:; .. .te. . .-,, .se, .02, .70, .75,
.S11, ,S5; they were begun en ourerder
a year and it-half age. The old pro pre
ees of bleaching is a slew one. The
goods aie te our liking every way.
Five yards wide, a. single pattern only,
$I.j5 ; we ask you te notice it.
27 inches, ler ststirs, 12 cents: it will
puzzle you te get it elsewhere at
These arc few out of many. Our
stock was never nearly se large ;
and we were never mere fortunate
iu buying, either sis te choice or price.
The rise in linens has carried every
body above us ; we alone are anchor
ed at low tide.
Linens arc in the outer and ncxt-eittcr-circle
west from the Chestnut
Che-tniit, Thirteenth, Market and Juniper,
T It. MAKT1.N,
Wholesale and Ketail Dealer in all kinds of
LUMBEIt AND COAL.
tfS-Yard: Ne. 420 North Water and Prince
streets, above Lemen, Lancaster. ii3-IyU
COAL! COAL! COAL! COAL
Ceal of the Itest iiality put up expressly
for family use, and at the low
est market prices.
THY A SAMPLE TON.
Ifi- YAKD ISO SOUTH WATER ST.
e20-lyil PHILIP SCHUM.SON A CO.
T VST KKCKIVKI) A FINK LOTOK HALKD
'' HAY ANDSTKAW.at
M. F. STEIGERWALT & SON'S,
FLOUR, GRAIN AND COAL,
231 NORTH WATER STREET,
fa Western Fleur a Specialty. fs27-Iyil
COHO & WILEY,
SGO XOJlTll WATllll ST., Lancaster, Mtt.,
Wholesale ami Retail Dealers in
LUMBER AND COAL.
Alse, Contractors and Uulldem.
Estimates made and contracts undertaken
en all kinds of buildings.
Branch Office : Ne. 3 NORTH DUKE ST.
COAL! - - - COAL!!
GORREOHT & CO.,
Fer Geed and Cheap Ceal. Yard Han laburg
Pike. Office 20 East Chestnut Street.
P. W. GORRECHT, Act.
.1. IS. IU LEY.
9-1 W. A. KELLER.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
ASSETS : One Millien One Hundred
and Thirty-one Thousand Eight
Hundred and Thirty-ehjht Dollars.
All invested In thi best securities. Losset
promptly paid. Fer pelMes call en
RIFE & KAUFMAN,
Ne.i9E King St.. Lancaster, Pa.