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Volume XVINe. U8.
LANCASTER, PA., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1880.
Price Twe Cents.
PUBLISHED EVERT KVEMINQ,
BY STEINMAN & HENSEL,
Intelligencer Building, Southwest Cerner or
The Dailv Ixtelmeekczr Is furnished te
.subscribers in the City of Lancaster and sur
rounding tewiiH, accessible by Itailread and
Dally Stage Lines ut Ten Cents Per Week,
payable te the Carriers, weekly. By Mail, $5 a
yi-nr in advance : otherwise, $f.
Kntered at the pest office at Lancaster, Pa., as
m-ceiiii eiass man matter.
S-The STEAM .IOUFUINTING DEPAItT
M ENT of this establishment possesses unsur
passed facilities for the execution of all kinds
of I'lain and Fancy Printing.
Wholesale and Kctuii Dealer in all kinds of
LUMliElt AND COAL.
43-Yard: Ne. 420 North Water and Prince
sticets, above Lemen, Lancaster. nU-lyd
COAL! COAL! COAL! COAL!
Ceal of the llest Quality put up expressly
for family use, and at the low
est market prices.
THY A SAMPLE TON.
4j- YAltll 1.10 SOUTH WATKK ST.
ne-IMyd PHILIP SCHUM, SON & CO.
JUST KKCEIVED AFINK LOT OF HALED
TIMOTHY HAY, at
M. F. STEIGERWALT & SON'S,
COAL ! FLOUR ! ! GRAIN ! ! !
FAMILY COAL UNDER COVER.
Minnesota PatciitPreccssFumlly and Baker's
Fleur. Baled llayand Feed of all kinds.
Wuieliouse and Yard : 234 North Water St
COHO & WILEY,
:tr.O NORTH WATER ST., Lancaster, I'a.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
LUMBER AND COAL.
Alse, Contractors and Ituilders.
Estimates made and contracts undertaken
en all kinds of buildings.
Brunch Office : Ne. 3 NORTH DUKE ST.
COAL! - - - COAL!!
GORREOHT & CO.,
Fer Ceed and Cheap Ceal. Yard Harrif-burg
i'ike. Office 'JU East Chestnut Street.
P. W. GOURECHT, Agt.
.1. It. RILEY.
e'Myd W. A. KELLER.
"VTOilCi: TO TIIK PUKLIC.
G. SEKEIi & SONS.
Will continue te sell only
GENUINE L VEENS VALLEY
and WILEESBAIiRE COALS
which are the best in the market, and sell as
LOW as the LOWEST, and net only GUAR
ANTEE FULL WEIGHT, butallew te WEIGH
ON ANY scale in geed order.
Alse Kough and Dressed Lumber, Sash
Deers, Blinds, Ac.,:it Lewest Market Prices.
Office and yard northeast corner Prince and
Walnut streets, Lancaster, Pa. jaul-tfd
ttOOliS AND STATIONERl'.
p.VPKTEKIK ANJ BIKTHOAY CAKDS.
IX GREAT VARIETY, AT THE
K00K AM) STATIONERY STOKE
L. M. FLYNN'S,
Ne. 4S "WEST KING STKEKT.
A CHOICE STOCK OF
MARCUS WARD & CO'S
Valentines and Valentine
Unsurpassed in variety of design and bea uty
FOIt SALE AT BOOK STORE OF
JOO BAER'S SOIS,
15 and 17 NORTH QUEEN STREET,
ROOTS AND SHOES.
17 i QY HOOTS. SHOES AND LASTS
jAij JL made en a new principle, insur
ing comfort for the feet.
1 frW Lasts mad", te order.
133 East King street.
IIUCUMSTANCKS WILL NOT PKKMIT
TO AKVliltTlSE A
REDUCTION II PRICES,
but we will de the next thing te it, viz :
We will call the attention of our friends and
customers te the fact that we have en hand a
very Large Stock of
BOOTS AND SHOES,
purchased before the late ADVANCE, which
we will sell at
Strictly Old Prices.
ttSMHvc us a call.
43 WEST KING STREET
WRITING INKS, AC.
TTSE THE BEST.
WRITING INKS, FLUIDS
Give them a trial. Ask your stationer for
them and take no ether. 43-SPECIAL KATES
for inks in bulk for Schools aiid Colleges.
HARRISON MANUFACTURING CO.,
512 Broadway, New Yerk.
Please mention this paper. feb5-lmd&w
FALL & WINTER.
We are new prepared te show the public one
of the largest stocks of
ever exhibited in the city et Lancaster. Geed
Working Suits for men $0.00. Geed Styles
Cassimere Suits for men $7.50. Our All Weel
Men's Suits that we are selling ler $9.00 are as
geed as you cm buy elsewhere for $12.00. Our
stock of Overcoats are immense. All grades
and every variety of styles and colors, for
men, boys and youths, all our own manufac
ture. Full line of Men's, Youths' and Beys'
Suits. Full line of Men's, Youths ami Beys'
CUSTOM DEPARTMENT !
We are prepared te show one of the best
stocks of Piece Goods te select from and have
made te order ever shown in the city. They
are all arranged en tables lilted up expressly
se that every piece can be examined before
making a selection. AH our goods have been
purchased before the rise in woolens. We are
prepared te make up in geed style and at short
notice and at bottom prices. We make te or
der an All Weel Suit for $12.00. By buying
your goods at
you save one profit, as we manulacture all our
own Clothing and give employment te jibeut
one hundred -hands. Call and examine our
stock and beconvincedastethetruth of which
MYERS & RATHFON,
Ventre Hall, Ne. IS East King Street.
GRAND CLOSING SALE !
OVERCOATS AND HEAVY SUITINGS.
te buyers et Clothing in order te make room
for a large SPRING STOCK new being manu
factured, and we are needing room. We offer
well-made and stylish
Clothing for Men and Beys
than ever heard of before, altheui'lt Goods are
going up every day. We will sell, for we must '
nave mc room. .
Loek at Our Astonishingly Lew Trice
OVERCOATS! OVERCOATS: OVERCOATS!
for $2.00, ler $3.85, fer$5.:r, for$&75.
OVERCOATS! OVERCOATS! OVERCOATS
fer$7."j. for $!)., for $10.75.
OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS !
for $12, $14, $lt! and $20.
These are heavy-lined Overcoats, caretully
made and splendidly trimmed.
OVERCOATS! OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS
for $7.50, ler $8.50, for $9.50, for $12.
OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS ! OVERCOATS !
for $15, for $18, for $20.
These are Plaid-Iiack Overcoats, equal te
HEAVY, MEN'S SUITS !
for $3.50, $1.00, $5.00, $7.00, $:i.oe, $10.00.
MEN'S SUITS FOR FINE DRESS !
for $12.00, $14.00, $15.00, $1G.OO, $18.00 and $20,00.
ROYS' SUITS AND OVERCOATS !
ROYS' SUITS Irem $2.25 te $10.00.
ROYS' OVERCOATS VERY LOW.
We sell only our own make and guarantee
Meney returned "en all goods net found as
JBCS" Please call, whether you wish te purchase
Is stocked with the latest styles, which we
make te measure at the lowest cash prices and
guarantee a perfect lit.
SUITS TO ORDER from $12 upwards.
PANTS TO ORDER from $3.50 upwards.
D. GANSMAN & BRO.,
MERCHANT TAILORS AND CLOTHIERS,
C6 & 68 NORTH QUEEN ST.,
S. W. Cerner et Orange, Lancaster, I'a.
FOUNDERS AND MACHINISTS.
SHOP ON PLUM STREET,
Opposite the Locomotive Works.
The subscriber continues te manufacture
BOILERS AND STEAM ENGINES,
Fer Tanning and ether purposes :
SheeMren Werk, and
48- Jobbing promptly attended te.
uuglS-lyd JOHN BEST.
ALL ONSHEKTZER, HUMPHKKVILLE
& IvIEFFER, manufacturers of
TIN AND SHEET-IRON WORK,
and dealers in OAS FIXTURES AND HOUSE
te PLUMBING, GAS and STEAM FITTING
Ne. 40 East King Street, Lancaster, Pa.
. WM. P. FR.ATT.-RVa
MONUMENTAL MARBLE "WORKS
758 Nerm yueen Street, Lancaster, Pa.
MONUMENTS, HEAD AND FOOT STONES,
CEMETERY LOTS ENCLOSED, Ac.
All work guaranteed and satisfaction given
in every particular.
N. B. Remember, works at the extreme end
of North Queen street. m301
24 CENTRE SQUARE.
Closing out our
In order te mane room ler the
Large Spring Stock,
' Which we are new manufacturing.
Suits and Suitings,
Te be sold at the Lewest Prices.
11 B. Metier & Sen,
24 CENTRE SQUARE-
A RARE CIAICE !
The Greatest Reduction of all in
All Heavy Weight Woolens made te order
(for cash only) at
I have also just received a Large Assortment
et the Latest Novelties in
Of Medium Weight, for the
EARLY SPRING TRADE.
These goods were all ordered before the rise
in Woolens, and will be made te order nt re
markably low prices. Alse, aFine Li.ne et
H. GKERH A T&TSy
Ne. 51 North Queen Street.
WALL FAM'ERS, &e.
il! Removal !
PHARES W. FRY,
Ne. 57 NORTH QUEEN ST.,
We have moved out-stock te the above num
ber, three doers below oureld location, where
we shall be pleased te see our friends and pa
trons. We placed large orders for Wall Paper
early in the fall before the advance, and have
new in store and are receiving daily additions
te one et the Largest and Newest Lines of
we ever had. All the New Designs in the
Dadoes, Fillings, Friezes, Bor
ders, Centres, etc.,
for Parlprs, Dining Reems, Chambers, Libra
ries, Kitchens, etc.
DADO WINDOW SHADES
Ebony Band and line Goods,
entirely new, in six and seven feet lengths. ,
Plain Goods by the yard in n.11 colors and
treni one te two yards wide ; Fixtures, Cords,
Fringes, Tassels, etc.
Alse make Walnut and Gilt Cernices: Cor
nice Poles in Ebony and Walnut; Pele Trim
mings, Gimp Bands, Curtain Leeps, Picture
Cords, Nails, etc. We take measures of win
dows, and hang shades in best manner.
SPECIAL INVITATION TO ALL.
Te examine mt stock of Parler Suits. Cham
ber Suits, Patent Rockers, Easy Chairs, Katun
Rockers. Hat Racks. Marble Tep Tables, Ex
tension Tables, Sideboards, Hair, Husk. Wire
and Common Mattresses, Boek Cases, Ward
robes, Escriteirs. Upholstered Cane and Weed
Seat Chairs, Cupboards, Sinks. Deughtrays,
Breakfast Tables, Dining Tables, &c., always
en hand, at prices- that are acknowledged te be
as cheap as the cheapest.
UPHOLSTERING IN ALL ITS BRANCHES.
KEPAIR1NG PROMPTLY AND
Picture Frames en hand and made te order erder
Kegilding done at Reasonable Rates at the
New Picture Frame and Furniture Stere,
15 EAST KING STREET,
(Over Bursk's Grocery and Sprcchcr's Slate
WAITER A. HEINITSH,
(Schlndler's Old Stand),
(My Retail Prices
MONDAY EVENING, FEB. 23, 1880.
Judge Black en the Third Term.
The Argument of a Statesman and a Patriot,
Frem the North American Review.
" llcselted, That in the opinion of this
Heuse the precedent estahlished by
Washington and ether presidents of
the United States, in retiring from the
presidential office after their second term,
has become by universal consent, a part of
our republican system el government, and
that any departure from this time-honored
custom would be unwise, unpatriotic and
fraught with peril te our free institu
tions." This is a resolution passed by the Heuse
of Representatives en the luth day of De
cember, 1S73. It was offered by Mr.
Springer, of Illinois, after consultation
with leading friends of the principle, and
was carried immediately and almost unan
imously, being opposed by the votes of
only eighteen members out of two hundred
and fifty-one. It received the support and
approbation of all parties. Men who
quarreled bitterly upon all ether political
subjects were of one heart and one mind
when it came te . be a question whether
the custom established by Washington
and ether presidents, of retiring after their
second term, ought te be respected or
could be safely departed from.
And new here, te wit, in the pages of
this Review, comes Mr. Howe, of Wiscon
sin, and en the part of Gen. Grant, for
whom he appears, denounces the resolu
tion aforesaid, impugns the doctrine em
bodied in it, and assails the integrity of its
supporters in the most violent manner. I
am asked, " Under which king, Bezon Bezen
ian '." De I give in my concurrence ? If
net, what grounds of opposition can I pre
sume te stand en '.' Believing in the reso
lution of the representatives, and dissent
ing from Mr. Howe's article, the readers of
the Iicciew shall have the why and where
fore ; net because my individual opinions
are worth a rush, but because, en a sub
ject se important, truth is entitled te every
man's defence ; because this faith is
shared, in our time, by the most respecta
ble citizens of all classes, and because it is
delivered te us from a past generation
strongly stamped with the approbation of
the besf men that have lived in all the
A president of the United States may
legally be elected and re-elected ler an in
definite number of terms; there is nothing
in the constitution te forbid it ; but the
two-term precedent set by Washington,
followed by his successors, consecrated by
time, and approved by all the public men
of the country, ripened into a rule as effici
ent in its operation as if- it had been a part
of the organic law. A distinguished and
very able senator of the Grant party, who
had carefully inquired into the state of
popular feeling, told me in 1873 that the
sentiment which opposed a third term was
stronger than a constitutional interdict ;
the people would mere readily assent te a
breach of positive law textually inserted
into the constitution than te any distur
bance of an unwritten rule which they re
garded as se sacred.
Certainly it was adhered te by all par
ties, with a lidelity which some of them did
net show te the constitution itself, down
te 1873, when the first attempt was made
te contravene it by putting up Gen. Grant
for a third election. This was everywhere
received by the rank and file with muttcr
ings of mutiny, and the most devoted par
tisans responded with Curses wuicli it net
loud were deep. The movement, as Mr.
Howe tells us, was met by solemn warn
ings from the newspaper press, by strong
pretests from political conventions, and
linally'by the resolution quoted at the
head of this artisle, which was a rebuke
se overwhelming that the supporters of
the third term candidate fled from him in
fear, deserted him utterly, and left him
without a single vote in the nominating
convention of his own party.
Mr. Howe has no doubt that this resolu
tion was the sole cause of Grant's defeat
in 1876. He is equally certain that it was
However that may be, the present
intent of Mr. Howe is te rally the
routed third termers, and restore the cour
age of the recreants by the assurance that
the jobs and eilices are safe, after all.
a it - s-
Popular veneration for the men who
built up our institutions is the strongest
support for the institutions themselves.
It is net only a great geed intrinscally, but
also the motive principle te ether virtues
which are indespensiblc in a government
like ours. Anything, therefore, which
unjustly detracts from their reputations is
a grievous public injury. This applies most
especially te Washington, who is acknowl
edged, net only by us, but by every nation,
tongue and kindred and heaven, te have
been incomparably the greatest man that
any country ever produced. An indecent
criticism upon him shocks and shames us
like blasphemy. Nevertheless, we would
net abridge the liberty of speech. A rag
ing third-termer has as geed a right te
sneer at the Father of his Country as an
independent Hottentet has te beat his
Jeffersen also comes, under review. His
precedent, whether geed or evil, is at least
"te the purpose." In letters addressed te
the Legislatures of Vermont, New Jersey,
and Pennsylvania, dated ou the 10th of
December, 1807, and printed inthelrtra
at Philadelphia en the 19th of the same
month, he solemnly and publicly an
nounced te the country that he would net
disregard the precedent of his illustrious
predecessor by accepting another election.
His reasons arc bricf, simple and clear, like
all the productions of that master hand,
and expressed in language se transparently
truthful and dignified that no man of
rightly constituted mind can read the
paper without being stirred by the
strongest emotions of respect and admira
tion for its author. It compresses into a
few sentences all that needs te be said in
favor of the two-term limitation, and is at
the same time a perfect answer te all ob
jections. Mr. Howe is fair enough te take
a passage from it and incorporate it with
his article ; it shines there like a piece of
solid geld set in a shapeless mass of lead.
In these times, when the subject is up for
renewed consideration, this letter should
be read again and again : every citizen
ought te have it by heart and teach it te
his children, write it en the lintels of his
deer, bind it as a frontlet between his eyes,
and make it the subject of his meditation
day and night : """
"Dec. 10, 1807.
" Te the Legislature of Vermont :
" I received in due season the address of
the Legislature of Vermont, bearing date
the 5th of November, 1806, in which, with
their approbation of the general course of
my administration, they were se geed as
te express their desire that I would con
sent te be proposed again te the public
voice en the expiration of my present term
of office. Entertaining as I de for the
Legislature of Vermont these sentiments
of high respect which would have prompted
au immediate answer, I was certain, never
theless, they would approve a delay which
had for its object te avoid a premature
agitation of the public mind en a subject
se interesting as the election of a chief
" That I should lay down my charge at a
proper period is as much a duty as te have
benie it faithfully. If some termination
te the services of the chief magistrate be
net fixed by the constitution, or supplied
by practice, his office, nominally for years
will in fact become for life ; and history
shows hew easily that degenerates into an
inheritance. Believing that a representa-
tative government responsible at short
periods of election is that which produces
the greatest sum of happiness te mankind,
I feel it a duty te de no act which shall
essentially impair that principle; and I
should unwillingly be the person who, dis
regarding the sound precedent set bv an
illustrious predecessor, should furnish the
first example of prolongation beyond the
second term of office.
"Truth also requires me te add that I am
sensible of that decline which advancing
years bring en, and, feeling their physical,
I ought net te doubt their mental effect.
Happy if I am the first te perceive and te
obey this admonition of nature, and te
solicit a retreat from cares tee great for
the wearied facilities of age.
"Fer the approbation which the Legisla
ture of Vermont has been pleased te ex
press of the principles and measures pur
sued in the management of their affairs.
I am sincerely thankful ; and should I be
se fortunate as te carry into retirement the
equal approbation and geed will of my
fellow citizens generally, it will be the
comfort of my future days, and will close
a service of forty years with the euly re
ward it ever wished."
Similar expressions are scattered all
through his correspondence as long as he
remained in office, and after he retired te
Monticello he continued te repeat thorn.
His conviction deepened as the years roll
ed en, that the principle of two
terms was the only safe one, and he con
stantly expressed his gratitude for the
universal approval of his conduct in adopt
But Madisen also adopted the principle
of his two predecessors, and retired at the
end of his second term. Can nothing be
urged against the father of the constitu
tion te depreciate his authority or make
his example worthless? Was net he also
unpatriotic and selfishly fend of his farm?.
This could be as easily said, and is net
harder te believe of him than of Wash
ington. :: -:?
And there was Menree, apparently " se
clear in his great office" that rivalry itself
shrunk from his presence, and he was
elected a second time without effort, with
out opposition, without one vote against
him. Is it nothing te the purpose that he
acknowledged the value of the Washing
ton precedent ? Concede that he, the
most popular of all presidents, except the
first one, could net have get a third term
if he had asked for it, then his retirement
proves net only that the two-term practice
was right in his individual opinion, but
that the general judgment of the nation
was in its favor.
Gen. Jacksen does net get off easily. We
are told that "there is ground for believ
ing that if Mr. Van Buren had net secured
the succession te Gen. Jacksen the latter
would have been retained for another
term." This is like the account we have
of Jeffersen's boom. If there was any
practice of Jacksen's great predecessors in
which lie acquiesced witli mere uclcrence
than another, it was their voluntary retire
ment after a proper period of service. He
was wholly opposed te the indefinite con
tinuance of power in the same hand, and
he expressed his opinions en that, as en
ether subjects, with an emphasis which
left no chance for misapprehension. The
ground for believing that "in a certain
contingency he would have been retained
another term " is net anything he ever di.l
orfercbore te de nothing that he ever
wrote or spoke nothing that ever was au
thorized by hiin or by the party which
supported him, or by the representative of
Such is the outcome of Mr. Howe's as
sault upon Jthc line of our great retiring
presidents, from Washington te Jacksen
inclusive. It must b6 admitted that, if the
predetermined object of the attack was te
make himself ridiculous, it is a marked
success ; but if it was au effort in real
earnest te diminish their fame, lower their
standing, or shake the confidence of the
country in their virtue, then it is the flat
test failure in his essay and that is saying
a great deal.
I think it maybe affirmed with some
confidence that Washington was net un
worthy of the profound veneration in which
he is held in this country and throughout
the world; that succeeding president?,
when they followed his footsteps, net only
acknowledged his wisdom and patriotism,
but showed their own ; that the American
people of our day, when they refused a
third term te a candidate who had already
served for two, were net behaving like
cowards scared by a senseless clamor, but
doing what a prudent regard for their true
interests required ; that when the Heuse
of Representatives, in obedience te the
universal sentiment of its constituents,
unanimously and without distinction pf
party, put upon its records and published
te the world its solemn declaration that
the example of Washington must be ad
hered te in the future as in the past, they
did net enact charlatanism or repeat a
vociferation, or issue a strange fulmination,
or impeach the constitution, or libel its
framers, or counterfeit history, or insult
common sense, but spoke what they at
least believed te be the words of truth and
We arc "net te set up political dogmas or
invoke a blind faith eLen in the founders
of the republic. The mere authority of
names, however great, ought net te com
mand our assent! But a fundamental doc
trine, self-evidently true, though easy te
defend, is the hardest of all things te sup
port by affirmative argument. We cannot
he.lp but sympathize with the indignation
of Pitt when he thundered out his refusal
te leek at books or listen te logic in de
fence of English liberty.
In the matter before us, it should be
plain te every " reasoneble creature in
esse" that long continuance of supreme
executive power in one hand is net only
perilous te free institutions, but perfectly
certain te destroy them. Seme fixed time
there ought te be when the people will net
only have the right, but exercise it, te dis
place their chief magistrate and take an
other. If they de net possess this right,
they are pelitical5 bend-servants, by law ;
if, holding it, they forego the use of it, they
forego the use of it, theyjmake themselves,
quead hoc, voluntary slaves, and they seen
come te be governed in all things by the
will'ef their superior. A lease for years,
renewable and always renewed, gives the
tenant an estate without end, and makes
him lord of the fee.
Where the chief magistrate is vested, as
ours is, with great power liable te gross
abuse, if there is no law or practice which
forbids him te be re-elected, he can remain
in office for life as easily as for a term. He
has the appointment of all officers, the
making of all public contracts, and a veto
upon all the legislation, besides the com
mand of the army and navy. By an un
scrupulous use of these means he can co
erce net only Ids horde of immediate de
pendents, but he can control the corpora
tions and become the master of all the
rings, put the business of all classes under
hisVeet, corrupt the venal, frighten the
timid, and check all ambitions but his
own. He can force the elections of every
state he desires te carry by the bayonets of
his army. If that fails he can order a false
return, and pay for it out of the public
treasury. The. people would seen perceive
opposition te be useless and accept the sit
uation ; elections would be as mere a mat
ter of form as they were in Rome when
sucli consuls as Nere and Demitian were
elected regularly every year under the su
pervision of the preteriau guards.
If these were no mere than remote pos
sibilities, prudence should guard usagainst
them. But they arc near probabilities ;
the signs of the times warn us that the
peril te our institutions is imminent ; the
danger is already en the wing. It is vain
te remind us that the president swears te
preserve, protect and defend the constitu
tion and see the laws faithfully executed.
That is true ; and it is also true that, if
there be no perjury in the case, the consti
tution, laws and liberties of the country
arc safe. But the last twenty years have
given us ample proof that an oath is net
much restraint upon a president who is in
cited by ambition, rapacity, or strong
party feeling te break it.
It is true that this presupposes a people
much degenerated and a magistrate ani
mated mainly by the vulgar love of power
for its own sake ; but exactly such a con
junction of things has always been feared
with geed reason, and hence comes the
desire te put every check en that tendency
te "strong government' winch is new
manifesting itself in many quarters.
What is the remedy '. Hew shall we
avert the dire calamities with which we are
threatened '? The answer comes from the
graves of our fathers : By the frequent
election of new men. Other help or hope
for the salvation of free government there
is none under heaven.
If history does net teach thi.s we have
read it all wrong. In the republics of an
cient and modern times the chief magis
trate was entrusted with only temporary
pewcr,and always went out of office at the
end of a short period, fixed and prescribed
by law or custom. It was this, indeed,
which made the substantial distinction be
tween them and the monarchies around
them. An unpunished transgression of the
customary limitation was uniformly fol
lowed by destruction. Everywhere
and always it was the fatal symptom
of decay the sure forerunner of ruin.
When Cajsar refused te lay down his con
sulship, as his predecessor had done at the
end of a year, and was re-elected time
after time with the acquiescence of the
Senate and the people, all that was real in
Reman freedom ceased te exist. Twe re
publics in France were brought te an end
in the same way. Napeleon began by
being consul for a term, then was elected
for life, and finally became emperor, with
the powers of an absolute despot. The last
Bonaparte was president for four years.
was re-elected for ten, and ended, like his
uncle, in grasping the imperial crown.
" May this be washed in the Lethe and
forgotten?" Shall these lessens be lest?
Shall the lamp which guided our ferfathcrs
be extinguished ? Shall the bread daylight
of all human experience be closed up in a
little dark lantern manufactured at Mil
waukee ? I think this cannot be done :
"the eternal verities" are agaiust it. The
most powerful third-termer may as well try
te blew out the sun, as he would a tallow
candle, with a breath of his mouth.
.Moreover, the two-term principle ought
te be adhered te by us and by these who
come after us (if there were no ether rea
son), simply because it was a practice of
these who went before us. It is te the
traditions of the fat here that wc ewe our
I de net expect anything I can say te be
received as a vindication of the two-term
rule. Ner is it necessary. All the sup
port it requires was long age furnished by
another, the latchet of whose shoes I am
net worthy te steep down and unloose.
Jeffersen, the stainless citizen, the sterling
patriot, the unequalled statesman at once
the greatest apostle and the truest prophet
that human freedom ever had gave his
judgment net only at the time he acted
upon the rule, but expressed his convic
tions after they were strengthened by
many years of later reflection.
The practical object of 3Ir. Howe's ar
ticle is te make Gen. Grant president for
another term. It is net for an abstraction
that he denounces the two-term precedent
and vilifies the Springer resolution. The
rule might stand if Grant could be elected
without breaking it down. But Mr. Howe
thinks that the superiority of his candidate
is se very great that all authorities which
oppose him should be disregarded, and he
supports this opinion by assertions se ex
travagant that we only wonder hew any
man in his sober senses could have made
A third term for Grant does net mean a
third term only, but any number of terms
that he cheeses te demand. The imperial
method of carrying all elections by cor
ruption or force, or of declaring them te be
carried when they arc net, is te be perma
nently substituted for the system of free,
The figure of Grant standing with the
seal of primacy en the mountain top, and
looking down en the inhabitants of the
plain below, gives a measure of the eleva
tion which his sycophants flatter him with
the hope of attaining. They urge the ne
cessity of a strong government almost in
the very words used by the adherents of
Ca:sar and the two Napoleons. Streng
government, in their sense, means weak
laws and a strong ruler ; in ether words, a
substantial monarchy, powerful in its scorn
of all legal restraints.
A free democratic republican system of
government honestly administered by
agents of the people's true choice ; a gov
ernment such as ours was intended te be,
with the powers of the federal government,
the rights of the states, and the liberties of
the people se harmoniously adjusted that
each may check the excesses of the ether
such a government, scrupulously admin
istered within its constitutional limits, is,
without doubt, the choicest blessing that
Ged, in his loving kindness, ever vouch
safed te auy people. On the ether hand, it
is quite as sure that the false administra
tion of a government theoretically free,
which acknowledges the rights of the peo
ple and yet continually treads them under
feet ; which swears te save and
perjurieusly works te destroy; which
receives and premises te execute a most
sacred trust, according te terms pre
scribed with unmistakable clearness,
and then dishonestly breaks the
engagement such a government, se
conducted, is an unspeakable curse. It is
net only an oppression, but a most de
moralizing cheat ; a base imposture, mere
degrading te the nation which submits te
it than the heaviest yoke that despotic
tyranny can fasten en its neck. If, there
fore, a constitutional and legal administra
tion of our national affairs be out of the
question if our only choice lies between a
perverted republic and a monarchy then
step this hypocritical pretense of free gov
ernment, and give us a king. And who
shall be our royal master but Grant? That
he will serve the turn as well as if not net
better than another, will, I think, be ad
mitted by all who attend te the reasons'
new presently te be enumerated.
In the first place, a new monarch ( that
is, one who has no hereditary claims '
ought te be an approved geed soldier, with
skill te enforce obedience ; otherwise his
sway could net hist long ever people dis
posed te be turbulent. All, or nearly all, the
founders of royal lines have been military
men from Nimrod downward. It is vain
te deny that Gen. Grant's reputation for
military talent is well-founded. It is mere
than doubtful if any officer of our army
could have subjugated the Seuth se com
pletely even with all Grant's advantages
or taken se many defeats and still wen a
complete victory in the end. It is net,
however, what he has done, but what he
has shown himself capable of doing, .that
gives him his leading qualification for
masterdem new. The tear that gees be
fore him will make actual violence unnec
essary. His strength of character will
frighten his subjects into submission
where a weaker man would be cempeUed
te butcher them for insurrection.
Gen. Grant is a geed hater of these who
thwart him, which is natural, and net a
serious fault ; but he is net fiercely vin
dictive, and his career has been marked by
no act of savage cruelty. He could net be
an Autonine or a Titus, but we can trust
him net te be a Nere.
It may be objected that his moral
behavier and mental acquirements de net
bring him up te the mark which ought te
be reached by the permanent ruler of a
great, intelligent, and highly civilized
nation ; but, in this respect, he is as geed as
the average of sovereign princes. The
present reigning family of England has
never had a male member who was his
superior. Fer centuries past the potentates
of continental Europe, with only few ex
ceptions, have had habits as coarse as his
and he is wholly free from some terrible
vices te which many of them were addicted
It seem te me that he will de well enough
te " herd with vulgar kings."
The nepotism from which our demo
cratic, tastes revolt is virtue in a king. All
monarchs are expected te leek after their
own families first, and all have their
minions and favorites whom they fatten,
spoil and corrupt. Who among them has
net given his protection te a worse set
The favor which Grant bestows upon
corrupt rings is given for a purpose. As a
candidate he cannot be elected, as presi
dent he cannot sustain himself, without
their, support ; but enthrone him he can
afford te defy them.
What we call the greediness of Gen.
Grant for the 'wages of eflicial iniquity
would be entirely proper in the supreme
ruler of an absolute government. It is
net bribery te buy the favor of a king
with presents, and a king is net guilty of
stealing- when he helps himself te public
money without legal right.
It leeks te us like a terrible outrage for
a president te have himself represented at
a state election by the bayonets of his stand
ing army te install governors that were re
jected at the polls, te tumble the chosen
Legislature of a free state out of its hall,
te procure the fabrication of false returns
and force it en the people. But Geii. Grant's
lawlessness would be IawfuII in a country
governed by the mere will of a personal
sovereign. AVhere there is no law there
can be no transgression.
But while Gen. Grant has some qualities
which would make him a tolerable king,
and none that would make him an uncu
durably bad one, he is net at all the kind
of person that is needed as president of the
United States en the assumption that our
system of government is te be continued. I
think it is te be continued. Unlike Mr.
O'Coner, I believe that the struggle te get
it honestly administered is net hopeless.
AVe are net yet reduced te the necessity of
cheesing between a republic wholly corrupt
and a monarchy founded iu Dure force.
Therefore I conclude with Jeffersen that,
if any man (Gen.Grant particularly) "con
sent te be a cendidate for a third election,
I trust he will be rejected en his demon
strated of ambitious views."
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