Lancaster daily intelligencer. (Lancaster, Pa.) 1864-1928, January 06, 1880, Image 2
IV-., V ' TjAfrfTAKTftlt' nAlT,YTNTti1.T.TftP.Tf!re? TTTPiliA VJArTTAPV A IftftA , s ' - " . I ---- - .. - . . w - m m m .... a a.uuuAwaj. j. .-y jlj M-rm. m. vuxi v.iiA. J. w ,.vrw. ,- a . Lancaster intelligencer. TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 6, 1880. What Must be Dene. The. court having decided hew the law of Maine is te be applied te irregular election returns, the Legislature and the governor will undoubtedly govern them selves accordingly. Whether the court is right or wrong is of no consequence, in considering whether its decision is te be followed. If we permitted ourselves te disobey an authoritative legal decision of which we doubted the correctness, we would be altogether at sea. Judicial de cisions are se often worthless in their logic and unfounded in their law, that we need te cultivate daily a spirit of submission te authority, right or wrong, and te subdue rebellious feelings. The experience of the Maine De mocracy will Ihj wholesome te them as citizens. Xe doubt they think that their Kenublican supreme court has listened te its partisan premptings in its recent decisions, and it "is quite likely that they did ; but it is te be said in favor of their conclusion, that they are admitted te secure the will of the peo ple of Maine in the election that the con stitutional requirements of disputed meaning threatened te nullify; and if this result this time is unfavorable te the Democratic party, it will net be long before it will be advantageous te it. That time will come when the party secures a popular majority in Maine, which it must expect te de, and which it has done heretofore only te be cheated out of its fruits by the manipula tion of the returns by an adverse governor and council. It ought te be an excellent thing for the Democracy te have it established as the law of Maine that its election returns must be se con strued as te elect the men whom the people intended te elect. A fair field and no favor is all that the Democratic party ought te ask or is in the habit of asking. If it cannot win a majority it does net deserve one. We believe that Gov. CJar CJar celen and his council were right in act ing en the election returns according te their construction of the con" stitutien and according te the precedents set them by Republi can authority. Xew that tiie supreme court says that they were wrong, it is just as clear that the Legislature, into whose hands the matter lias new passed, should act under the new instructions. Governer Garcelon demonstrated his honest intention in asking the opinion of the court. He was certainly light in asking it. lie has secured for the future a fixed rule of construction which will trouble the enemy in the practice of its favorite and successful processes of elec tion return manipulation, and which will, in the moral effect of such a solution of tlie Maine trouble, even embarrass Den Cameren's rascally plans, of which he will be as full before the year is out as an old cheese can get of maggots. Sewer Traps. We find in the New Era a statement from the XewYerk?HM&tr and Sanilarg Engineer made by its editor in answer te the request of a correspondent from this place te be advised of his views en sewer trapping. The editor says, what is undisputed en any hand, that the house connection with the street sewer should be trapped, and he adds that " a copious air vent should be applied close above this lower trap as well as through the house reefs."' hi most eases this ventila tion is neglected ; though all intelligent builders will utilize the water-spouts from their reef te ventilate their sewer connection, while likewise running the sewer pipe out through their reefs. But the discussion we have had concerning the propriety of trapping the sewer inlets is entirely independent of the considera tion of the proper method of making the sewer connections of dwellings. On this point the editor of the Plumber says that " in suburban towns, where houses are net close te the sidewalks, the advantages gained in sewer ventilation by emitting such traps are probably greater than the evils arising frem the sewer air near the sidewalks, for the mere frequently such vent holes are made the mere diluted is the foul air arising from them, and there fore the less likely te de harm.'" That seems te be a sensible opinion, though the editor does net explain why the system adapted te suburban towns would net be appropriate as well te all cities. These sewer openings are as frequent in cities as in towns and there is the same opportu nity for the dilution of the sewer gas in its diffusion through the air. If Ills idea, however, is that the greater density of a city's population makes its sewer gases mere abundant and mere noxious, and that therefore better means of ven tilating sewers are necessary than are furnished by leaving the sewer inlets un trapped, he is undoubtedly right. All cities te be properly protected need ven tilating shafts in proper locations in the high points of the sewers communicating with the air above the house-lops. The gratifying intelligence comes, en geed authority, from Xew Yerk that there is te be no division among the Xew Yerk Democracy en the presidential question ; that Jehn Kelly and the Tammany hall faction have informally committed them selves te the support of whoever may be nominated by the national convention ; assurances te that effect have, within the few days past, been given te promi nent Democratic leaders from ether states, who came en expressly with a view of bringing about a pacification be tween Tammany and the Tilden faction, and that a double-leaded announcement te this effect will appear, in the course of a day or two, in Mr. Kelly's newspaper organs. Keassuring as this report will be te the Democracy of the whole ceun. try, it is nothing mere than we had ex- pected shortly in some shape ether. Turbulent and factious or as the the jwew ierK jjemecracy are among themselves, they generally come right side up about the time they are needed and fall into line in time for a national election and te de their share toward a national Democratic vic tory. If the party will take care of itself elsewhere as well as in Xew Yerk next fall we arc safe. Democratic Faint-hearts may take courage from Xew Yerk. erable idable . debt of Pennsylvania, which is fundable at four per cent., was reduced $1,684,952, the money actually having been forced upon people who did net want it, and the reduction of the debt having been nearly a million and a half in excess of the con stitutional requirement. Meanwhile the general treasury is bankrupt and the public schools cannot even get the money already appropriated te them, and which the constitution says they shall get, and the sinking fund is swollen with hun dreds of thousands of dollars ly ing idle in banks of deposit. This is the much vaunted finan cial system imposed upon the state by Kemble, Mackey & Ce., whose real de sign was te secure enormous sinking fund balances, net subject te ready call, from which they could enrich themselves and make profits te carry en Republican campaigns. It is stupendous felly for a state te have its coffers empty te all necessities, while its treasurer has a bal ance of ever a million doing no geed whatever, unless te benefit these who enjoy the treasury patronage. In publishing a flattering biography of Washburne the Xew Yerk Times is sus pected of a purpose te enter a dark horse in the presidential race. Mr. Wash burne lias been en the track se long that there is net much doubt regarding his pedigree or color. He is the al leged discoverer of Grant and is net likely te be a candidate against him. He may however be in waiting as the resi duary legatee of his chief's shattered fortunes. PERSONAL. Gi:en:i: E. Lecke, better known as " Yankee " Lecke, the comedian, died at his home in Dracult, Mass., yesterday, aged 02 years. Jesmw T. Jkanes, one of the pioneers in the coal trade of Pennsylvania, died en Saturday night at his residence en Arch street, near Tenth, Philadelphia, in the 78th year of his age. He was, with his brothers, one of the founders of the town of Jcancsville, en the Beaver Meadow rail road, in Luzerne county, and has been for nearly thirty years retired from active business. Senater .1. Donald Camkuex, of Penn sylvania, lias bought a let en Vermont avenue, near the intersection of Massa chusetts avenue, and fronting the statue of General Themas, which was recently un veiled with se much ceremony by the Army of the Cumberland, and will erect en it during the present year a fifty thou sand dollar house. The senator expects te be a fixture in Washington for many years te come. A Bosten paper is responsible for the following alarming intelligence. Mr. P. S. Gii.meui: says : ' I mean that ' Columbia' shall become a national hymn. If heaven spares my life, I shall go te Washington, place a large chorus in the gallery of the Heuse of Representatives, ask the presi dent and Mrs. Hayes, together with the cabinet, te be present, and with a magnifi cent orchestra, I shall, then and there, produce 'Columbia' in a manner that I am sure will induce Congress itself te place the national seal upon the composi tion." LATEST news by mail. Archbishop Weed recommends an Irish relief movement by the Catholics. A Kansas City dispatch announces posi tively that the notorious outlaw Jesse James, is dead, Geerge Shcpard's shot hav ing done the work. Auguste Hefltcr. the German juriscon juriscen sult, Charles Henri de Bieville, the French dramatist, and Ferdinand Henaux, the Belgian historian, arc dead. It is understood that Mr. Jehn S. Mesby, consul at Heng Keng, will be removed, and the nomination of his successor will be made te the Senate in a few days. X. C. Taliaferro, retiring general agent and store-keeper of the Virginia peniten tiary, is snort irem sie,uuu te iu,uuu in his accounts. He says it will be made geed by his securities. The boiler in the rolling mill of Ceatcs Bres., Locust Point, Md., exploded yester day. Geerge Micrt, Jeseph Vickcrs and Charles Themas were severely injured and eight ethers were scalded, but none fatally. The mill was considerable wrecked. D. T. Perter, president of the " Taxing District" of Memphis, Tcnn., has resigned owing te the passage, by the council of that district, yesterday, of an amendment practically repealing the ordinance requir ing the establishment of earth-closets by the 1st of April next. Chief Justice Waitc announced yester day thattthc supreme court would net advance the legal-tender or any ether important political cases en the calendar, but would wait until there should be a full bench before going en with these suits. Twe hundred laborers en the extension of the Midland railroad, from Orange Court Heuse te Charlottesville, in Vir ginia, struck yesterday for an increase of their wages te $1 per day. The read is under contract te be finished by the 1st of July. Mr. Reet, of Illinois, has addressed a letter te Mr. Den Cameren, the chairman of the national committee, complaining of the action of the latter in turning ever all the arrangements for the convolution te a sub-committee. Who can pack it with Grant clawqucrs. The prisoners confined in the Franklin county, Ohie, jail made a break for liber ty at 5 o'clock last evening, just after the new sheriff had assumed charge, and nine escaped through the entrance deer ; Jas. Herrcll, alias Kerr, indicted for murder in the first decree, and J. W. Dedge, indict ed for stabbing, are among the missing. The Caire and Vinccnncs railroad was sold by a master in chancery in the United states court at Springfield, 111., yesterday, in pursuance of a decree in favor of the bondholders. It was purchased by Jeseph W. Drexcl and C. E. Tracy, of Xew Yerk, trustees for the bondholders, for $2,000,000. The extensive forgeries affecting the Grocer's bank, Xew Yerk, resulted yester day in the arrest of J. Lloyd Haigh, who was indicted for forgery in the third de gree at neon, and a few hours later was ar rested and taken te the Tombs. He had previously 'confessed that he had forged acceptances te the amount of nearly $100, 000. It is new said that he committed ether forgeries some years age. By the fall of the Grecnway brewing company's building in Syracuse, X. Y., one man en the upper lloer and three en the lower, were injured, but net seriously. Seven hundred bushels of corn and wheat, 173 bushels of hops, about 5,000 bushels of Canada malt, and 2,000 bushels of malt dust were thrown into Onondaga creek, and much of it carried away beyond re covery. The total less will be about 820. 000. The fleer has heretofore carried twice the weight that was en it when it fell. Last year the already inconsiderable MINOR TOPICS. The Methodist preachers of Pittsburgh, .. . . having had some bitter experience of mar rying immature couples, ask for a law re quiring licenses te be taken out of the civil courts by persons contemplating mat rimony, te the cud that parsons may be relieved of responsibility. The Pittsburgh Leader publishes, as a recent dispatch from Chicago, the confes sion of a dying sailor at Battle Creek, Mich., that he had seen Theodere Burr Alsten, captured by pirates, walk from a plank into the sea. " Dying sailors" have been telling that yarn for years. Philadelphia Evening Telegraph : "Sen "Sen aeor Cameren and his docile committee may be able te make a candidate, but they cannot make a president. The stone that the people rejected in 1870 ihcy will net make the head of the corner in 18S0. There are some things which prove them selves, and this is one of them." The contest for the succession te Judge Ketcham grows warm between Mark Achcsen, of Pittsburgh, II. A. Williams, of Tiega, and J. P. Vincent, of Eric. Achcsen has the Pittsburgh bar at his back, but unfortunately he has the half premise of the administration, which is generally fatal Cameren is suspected of favoring Williams. The Alteena Tribune is a geed live paper, and displays its enterprise by putting en a new dress of type. Iu selection it is almost the same as the Intelligencer's, and the poem en " The Old Type and the Xew," written for our last new volume opening, is republished by the Tribune, as a com pliment te its author, E. II. Munday, who furnished the Intelligencer's outfit. The Cameren boom is spreading. The Republican, printed at Jewell City, Kan sas, puts up the name of Senater Den Cameren for president and insists that Pennsylvania shall urge his nomination This shows some of the advantage of hav ing Pennsylvania brains scattered ever the country ; the editor of the Kansas paper is Mr. W. W. Brown, recently of Centre county, in this state. Yesterday was an " opening day" among the state legislatures. The Heuse at Albany organized with a victory for the machine iu the election of Conkling's man, Gee. A. Sharpc, as speaker. In Ohie the governor reports the state's financial con dition unchanged ; among the first bills introduced was one for abolishing the pre sent congressional districts and re-estab lishing the boundaries which existed be fore the state was re-districted by the late Democratic legislature. In California the anti-Republican fusion fell through and en the first ballet the Republicans elected J. F. Cowdery, of San Francisce, speaker. Hie Republican senatorial caucus resolved te send a dispatch te Senater Blaine and ex-Senater Merrill, cengratu lating them en the decision of the supreme court of Maine, and adjuring them te stand firm and maintain their rights. STATIS ITEMS. Dcm Bennett, abrakeman, fell from the cars at Cerry, in the oil regions, and was run ever and killed. Governer lleyt said yesterday that he would net call an extra session of the Legis lature under any circumstances. Yeung, Smyth, Field & Ce.'s notion store, Philadelphia, was damaged $3,000 by ii water overflow in the upper story en Sunday night. Philadelphia laments the death of Jacob Ricgel, head of the great dry goods house ; and of Gee. Wash, an old bank clerk, fin ancier and politician. In Harrisburg, last evening, the resi dence of Dr. Win. Jenes, Colored, Thom Them Thom senian physician, aged 8(5, was badly dam aged by lire. The Harrisburg firemen's convention had twelve tie ballets last night for chief engineer and adjourned, standing 12 for Sam Russel, of the Hepe, te 12 for Levi Wellingcr each man voting for himself. The steamer Fisher, a small beat, be tween Pensacola and Frecpert, has burst her boiler, killing Captain Watsen and one ether person and mortally scalding the en gineer. A number of Harrisburg firms were cheated out of bills by a fellow named T. M. King, who gave forged checks, te which the names of C. L. Bailey & Ce. were signed. He escaped from the city before he was arrested. In the Blair-Cambria-Bcdford-Semcrser, congressional district the Democrats will reneminate CofFreth, while the Republi cans are divided ever Gen. Jac. M. Camp bell, A. Baker, Judge Dean, Jehn Cessna, B. L. Hewit, W. II. Koentz, D. J. Mor Mer rell, Jehn R. Edie and E. D. Yutzey. A man at Allegheny had for a guest a twin brother, and the two were se won derfully alike that they could hardly be told apart. The host went te a church fair and replied te every importunity by saying tnat nc nau no money tnen, out would re turn and buy liberally iu the evening. When the evening came he induced his brother te go alone te the fair. The re sult was net quite enjoyable te the latter. In accordance with the report of the sinking-fund commissioners Governer Heyt has issued a proclamation showing that during the year ended Xevcmber 20, 1879, there has been an extinguishment of the public debt, amounting te $1,084, 032. The receipts were 83,109,508.57. and the amount of interest paid $1,236,249.59. The balance in the sinking fund November 30, 1878, was $95,803,088. On Xevcmber 30, of last year, it aggregated $1,202,373.18. The extinguishment of the public debt is mainly due te the application of proceeds from the tale of the new $2,000,000 lean te the redemption of an old lean. Governer lleyt lias Mlert tnc vacancy created in the Eleventh judicial district by the resignation et President Judge Hard ing by the appointment of Judge Charles E. Rice. Mr. Rice has the prestige of recent election te the bench in Luzerne county, and it must, therefore, be sup posed that his appointment te the position of president judge will prove satisfactory at least te the party whose newspapers havs been se stoutly protesting against Colonel Stanley Woodward because he is a Democrat. There is new a vacancy in the office of additional law judge, ever which the politicians will wrangle as usual. Parncll's Filjjrlmrgc. Mr. Parnell yesterday received a deputa tion from the Irish societies of Albany, They asked him te name a day for an early visit te that city, and presented him with an address. A delegation from Wilming Wilming teu, Del., invited him and Mr. Dillen te visit that city. Letters were received in viting them te visit ether places, among them Atlanta and Des Moines. A tele gram from Pittston, Pa., informed Mr. Parnell that several hundred dollars had been collected there for the Irish Land League, and the money was subject te his order. Mr. Parnell will speak in Xcwark te-night. pestalcubk abbestkp.' charged with Bobbies the Mails. W. C. Keller, clerk in the Harrisburg posteffice, has been arrested for abstract ing a decoy letter from one of the lock boxes. Fer some time money sent from and te the city failed te reach its destina tion, and several weeks age government detectives came te Harrisburg te investi gate the matter. A room ever the pestj office was hired and a hole bored through the fleer and ceiling. De tectives Camp (of Pittsburg) and Trey instituted a watch early yes terday morning, and in the cfternoen, as Camp alleges, lie saw Keller take three decoy letters from a box, one of which con tained two one dollar notes and a twenty five cent coin, which he appropriated. Several hours afterward, when he was re quested by Camp te turn ever the money, he called the detective a liar, whereupon the latter hit him a violent blew behind the ear. Keller was subsequently searched and the quarter dollar said te have been placed in the stolen letter was found, to gether with a roll of $5, in which accord ing te the detective's testimony, were two of the bills which had been placed in the decoy letters. The accused had a hearing, but, the United States commis sioner, who deferred his decision until Thursday. Lynching in Virgin in. A bright mulatto negre, Columbus Christian, twenty-five years old, was lynch ed about ten miles from Amherst Court house, Va., by a party of men from the community, for committing an outrage en Miss Miller, a beautiful and respect able young lady. The circumstances are as fellows : There was a party in the neighborhood. This ne ne geo came te her house, and introduced himself as the son of a white man in the neighborhood, said he was sent te escort her te the party. She, after hesitating, agreed te go, and accompanied by her young brother went with him. Discover ing, after proceeding a short distance, that he was a negre, she lied back te her house pursued by the negre, who, after threat ening her aged parents with a pistol, again carried her oil' and outraged her. lie lied te Lexington, was pursued and brought back by a guard of live men, and while en the read was lynched by about forty per sons. Seme of them were supposed te be negrees. Shots were exchanged with the guards and several were thrown from their horses. Xe one was seriously hurt. The sympathy of the community is with the lynchers. Maine. The Legislature of Maine will meet to morrow. All the Republican members elect, including these from the disfran chised cities, will be present, but the Fusionists will act without regard te the decision of the supreme court. Ifc is believed that some of the ceunted-iu nicu bcrs will net take seats. Garcelon says the decision of the court will net change his attitude. His work is done, and he will net issue new cctilicates or withdraw these issued. LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. Drumerc Correspondence. The following tobacco sales were made last week te Jes. Shirk : Jas. Penning ton, 21, 8 and 4 ; Jes. Pylc & Bres., 21, 20 and 4 ; Clesten Cain, 18 and 8 ; X. X. Hensel, 18, 10 and 3 ; Lea P. Brown, IS, 8 and 4. Mr. Shirk has bought some line lets of tobacco in the neighborhood of Fairfield, and there are many line lefs yet unpurchased. The following is a list of the tobace crops sold in the vicinity of the Buck, te J. K. Shirk lately : Jehn Bonholtzer, 20, 8 and 3 : Daniel Rciuharr, 20, 10 and 3 ; Shirk Bres, en M. Shirk's farm, 23, 12 and 1 ; David Creamer (Rawlinsvilie), 25, 10 and 3 ; J. II. Shirk, 22, Sand 3. The festival at Britain church, en Xew Year's evening, was a success. Fairfield had en Friday evening of last week one of the most interesting lyccums it has had for some time. " The Polish Mether" was recited by Samuel McClena ghan, jr. ; " Gene with a Handsomer Man," by Laura Hensel ; Jamie Douglass," by Ada McSparran. Allie Derscy read " These who try te please everybody please nobody ;" Edith Gorsuch read " Beauty ;" Slater Stubbs ''Anger and Enumeration." Ada McSpcrran read an essay entitled ' De Right :" Allie Gregg, " Our Aim ;,. t ;r,. ." "mv.,.,. s:t,iii,e riii;f ,r " u .uut. , "''J -"" e, """""J , Lewis btubbs, " Autobiography el a Pig," and Thes. W. Brown delivered an oration en "Rebert Burns." The resolu tion, "That the negre exodus should be prohibited by law," was discussed in the affirmative by Samuel McClcnaghan, jr., David Wcidley, Wm. Chandler, jr., and Dr. Glackcn ; and in the negative by Win. Chandler, jr., Wm. Gricst, X. AV. Boyd, J. C. Arneld, Edw. Stcinferd. The judges decided in favor of the negative. The glee club rendered " Lay Him Lew" in excel lent style. This week the society will charge an admission of five cents, for the purpose of paying a portion of its rent, and numerous attractions arc offered for its visitors. Pleasant l.lrtlirtay Dinner. Yesterday was the twenty-fourth birth day of S. Milten Hess, son of D. D. Hess, of Quarryville, and he celebrated the event by giving a dinner te his friends at his fathom residence. By neon there were fifteen or twenty young men present and dinner was announced at about half past 12 o'clock. The table was filled with geed things, and all present enjoyed themselves heartily. The time was pleasantly spent after dinner and when the party adjourned they did se wishing their host many happy returns of the day. Feet Injured. Tiiis morning at the Penn iron com pany's works, Tayler Iluddlcsen, shipping clerk, was severely injured by having a draw-bar, a piece of iron about 4 feet long, 4 inches wide, and li inches thick, thrown en his feet accidentally by one of the em ployees. His injuries were attended te by Dr. J. L. Atlce, and he was removed te his bearding house en East Orange street. He is a resident of Delaware county. Docter's Office Entered. The office of Dr. Gee. P. King, Xe. 38 Seuth Duke street, was entered last even ing between 8 and 12 o'clock. The drawers were ransacked and a number of small articles carried away. This is the third time this has occurred, and the articles taken were of no use te any one except the doctor. It has evidently been the work of some young person probably children. Promoted. Victer A. Yecker has been promoted from a clerkship te the position of receiv ing teller in the Farmers' national bank, te fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Willis B.Musser. Wm. A. Wiley, a clerk in the banking house of Bair & Skenk, has been chosen te a clerkship in the Farmers' national bank, made vacant by Mr. Yecker's promotion. j AGRICULTURE, I itimnal Taut! nfthA A-iltfti1tiiinl anil Ifnv. Annual Meeting of the Agricultural and Her ticultural Society committee Beperu An anal Address The Manure Question Trees for Fencing Election or Officers, &c, c. The Lancaster county agricultural and horticultural society met in their room in city hall yesterday afternoon. The follow ing members were present : Calvin Cooper, president, Bird-in-IIand ; Jeseph F. Witnier, recording secretary, Paradise ; Jehnsen Miller, corresponding secretary, Warwick ; Henry 31. Eugle, Marietta ; Casper Hiller, Concstega ; Dr. S. S. Rathven, city ; Jehn 11. Laudis, Maner; F. R. Diffenderffer, city ; M. D. Kendig, Cresswell ; Levi S. Rcist, Man hcim ; Wash L. Hcrshcy, West Ilcmp field ; Win. II. Brosius, Drumere ; Peter Hcrshcy, city ; Jehn C. Linville, Salisbury; Eph. S. Hoever, East Hcmpfield ; S. P. Eby, city ; C. L. Hunseckcr, Manhcim ; A. F, Uostetter, city ; Israel L. Landis, Manheim ; A. B. Grolf, West Earl ; Jehn R. Buckwalter, Salisbury ; Enes B. En gle, Marietta. The reading of the minutes was dis pensed with. Edwin B. Brubaker, of Elizabeth town ship ; David W. Grabill, of East Hcmp field, and Henry Kurtz, of Safe Harber, were proposed and elected members. Reports. M. D. Kendig called attention te the fact that many farmers in Maner township had lest hogs by the cholera ; about 40 were lest te his own knowledge ; shoats appear te be most affected by the disease but some full grown hogs arc also at tacked. Jeshua Miller reported the growing wheat as looking well ; the tobacco in his neighborhood nearly all stripped and much of it sold ; domestic animals all doing well. II. M. Eugle reported but little change in the appearance of the crops since last report. The raiufall for Xevembcr was 2 14-10 inches and for December 2 11-10 inches. l'resident Cooper's Address. President Cooper took the fleer and de livered his annual address. He referred te the unprecedented dreuth in the early part of the season and the anxiety of the husbandman caused thereby; te the delight ful ruins that followed ; the almost magical growth of vegetation ; and the enormous crops that filled the garners. The speaker deplored the tendency apparent among our farmers te devote se much of their lands te the cultivation of tobacco, te the exclu sion of mere useful if net mere profitable crops. He denounced the filthy habits of smokers, snnllers and especially chewers of tobacco, who annoy all with whom they come in contact, and who spend their subsistance in the gratifica tion of a selfish and unnatural appetite. The speaker acknowledged the great value of the crop of this county, from a money standpoint, but had his forebodings that we may suffer for tee great a production of the plant as Virginia and Xerth Caro lina have suffered, whose once fertile fields are new barren wastes. Referring te the incorporation of the society, the president reminded members that they had assumed new duties and occupied a new position in the business world. He commended the geed work that had been done by some of the members by their experiments iu vari eus seeds, lertin.ers, etc., aim urgeu ethers te emulate them and carry en the cxperinwuts en a larger and mere diversified scale, that mere cor rect information may be acquired relative te the production of paying crops, lie eulogized the local press for the interest it had taken in the affairs of the society and agricultural interests generally, and de clared that a judicious system of news paper advertising was worth mere te bring.any matter into general notice than all the speeches that could be made or meetings that could be held. Referring te the late exhibition given by the society, the president stated that while it was net financially a great success, it had done some geed. Experience has been gained and faults in its management may new be corrected should the society determine te give another exhibition. It was true that some members who had premised te aid the exhibition have steed aloof when their assistance was needed, but en the ether hand there were some who had faithfully steed te their pests and extended all need ed aid. Mr. Cooper predicted that future exhibitions of the society would be well patronized, if they arc properly managed and advertised, lie referred te the advan tages being gained by the removal of mid dle fences in farms, pictured the attrac tions and comforts of the model farmer's house, and in conclusion thanked the so ciety for the uniform courtesy extended him during the four years he had had the pleasure of presiding as chairman. The address was attentively listened te, and at its conclusion the speaker was loudly applauded. The Manure Question. Eph. S. Hoever, te whom had been re ferred for answer the question which is the the best fanner he who makes the most, or he who buys the most manure, answered that in his judgment the fanner who made the most stable manure was the best far mer. Commercial fertilizers arc often un reliable. The best manure is that ob tained from stall-fed cattle, and this, gen erally, can only be had by the farmer who feeds his own cattle. Where a sufficient quantity of stable manure cannot be had, he recommended the plowing down of clever, rye, and ether green manures. He instanced cases in which geed crops of tobacco had been grown three years in succession without any ether fertilizer than that supplied by plowing down green clever and rye. Casper Hiller said that while it is true that a geed stock feeder is almost always a geed farmer, it is safe practice te some times fellow an opposite course. In theory at least it is safe te say that there need net be an animal fed en the farm except a few horses te de the hauling and plowing. It has been shown that iu some places and some conditions that all the grain and hay and straw and cornfedder maybe sold and carried away from the farm, and the farm be kept in geed condition by the use of commercial fertilizers ; and this can be done at a less cost ami with much less la bor than by feeding cattle te get manure Of course all farmers cannot de this, for if all attempted it the market for produce would be overstocked. He did net wish te be misunderstood as opposing the use of stable manure, but only te suggest that it may sometimes cost mere than it comes te; while the intelligent fanner will make all the stable mauurc he conveni ently can, he will also take care te use ap proved commercial fertilizers, and plow down green manures. Jeseph II. Witmcr referred te 1'ref. Jehnsen's declaration that six inches of the surface of the soil contains the ingred ients of plant feed in sufficient quantity te grew annually for a thousand years all the crops grown upon the farm ; but many of these ingredients are locked up and the plants cannot get at them until they arc loosened or dissolved by artificial means. This is accomplished by the use of barn yard manures. Mr. Witmer agreed in the main with Mi. Hiller as te the use of com mercial fertilizers in the hands of intelli gent farmers. The bulk being much less than that of barnyard manures, makes them mere easily applied, with cempara tively little hauling or ether labor. Mr. Hoever replied that while there was mere trouble in manufacturing and apply ing stall-fed manure the increase in the crops ever these produced by commercial manures would be se great that the in creased labor would be well paid for. He had never seen a farm en which stall-fed manure was freely used thnt did net yield geed crops of every kind, wuile the use of commercial fertilizers had been attended with frequent failure. W. II. Brosius said that while the use of commercial fertilizers was sound in theory the abandonment of the use of stall-fed manure would place the whole matter of fertilizers in the hands of strangers, and no matter hew many legal safeguards might be enacted, the manufacturers would cheat the farmers. The first object of the farmer should be te keep up the fer tility of the farm. Feed as many cattle as possible ; use for this purpose all the feed grown en the farm, and if need be buy from the neighbors. Even after this has been done there will be some parts of the farm in which commercial manures may be profitably used. M. D. Kendig advocated the liberal use of stable manure. It is acknowledged that tobacco grown en rich land, supplied with stable manure, is net only larger, but is of better quality and brings better prices than than that grown with commercial fer tilizers. He advised that but few cattle be kept during the summer, but that during the winter as many as possible be kept and stall-fed for the purpose of securing as much manure as possible. It would be generally found that the sale of the fat cat tle would pay for the feed and the manure would be clear profit. Jehnsen Miller said Mr. Kendig had ex pressed his views exactly ; he did net be lieve geed farming could be done without the free use of stable manure, and was as tonished te hear any ether opinion ex pressed in a Lancaster county agricultural society. II. M. Engle hail no doubt that Mr. Miller expressed the .sense of a large ma jority of Lancaster county farmers in advo cating the use of barnyard manure ; and yet perhaps Mr. Hiller was net se far wrong after all. If the farmer only knows the nature of his soil and can tell what particular ingredients of plant feed it lacks, he can at comparatively small expense purchase a fertilizer that will largely in crease his crops without the use of any barnyard manure. Mr. Engle instanced sonic cases where he knew this te have been done for years in succession without any diminution of the crops. Provided the proper kind of plant feed is applied, it matters net whether it be found in barn yard or commercial fertilizers. He would net, however, for a moment discourage the making of barnyard manures. J. C. Linville advised the making of all the barnyard manure that can be made, providing it don't cost mere than it is worth. As long as it can be made cheaper than a fertilizer equally iroed can be bought, make it and apply it te the land ; and wiien it costs mere than it comes te. apply commercial fertilizeis. Mr. Lin ville instanced a case in which a prosper ous farmer sold everything he raised en his farms and for years had kept his farm ?n first rate condition by the use of arti ficial fertilizers. The enormous expert of grain and cattle must have a tendency te impoverish our soil, which mu.-it, in a measure, be replenished and kept up with commercial fertilizers. True for Fencing-. "Dees it pay te raise trees for fencing purposes'.'" a question referred te M. D. Kendig, was answered, that gentleman giving it his opinion that in Lancaster county where land was high priced it would only pay in untillablc hillsides, wastes, rocky places and along the public roadsides. In such places he advised the planting of locust, chestnut and ether suit able trees. Jehn II. Landis, S. P. Eby, esq., Eph. S. Hoever, Levi S. Rci.st,aud ethers, spoke in favor of planting and protecting trees and forests, and the question leing re garded as an important one its further ami mere general discussion was postponed until next meeting, when mere time could be given the matter. State Heard of Agriculture. Hcnrj M. Engle was unanimously re elected te represent the society in the state beard of agriculture. Officers ElccUd. After many nominations and declinations the following officers were elected te scn'e for the ensuing year : President Jeseph F. Witmcr. Vice Presidents Calvin Cooper and Henry 31. Engle. Recording Secretary 31. D. Kendig. Corresponding Secretary J. II. Landis. Treasurer 31. D. Kendig. 3Ianagers E. S. Hoever, Jehn C. Lin ville, Casper Hiller, W. II. Brosius, Israel L. Landis. The thanks of the society were tendered the retiring president, Calvin Cooper, who positively declined a re-election. The question of fixing the recording sec retary's salary was referred te the beard of managers te report at next meeting. Business for Next Meeting. The managers reported the following business for next meeting : " By what means and in what way can the growth of forest trees he encouraged and the timber lands of the state protect, ed '."' Referred te Levi S. Rcist. " Dees the stock have any influence en the graft V" Referred te Jacob Stauifer. " Why docs the second crop of clever produce mere seed than the first ?" Re ferred te Calvin Cooper. Xetice was given that the Pennsylvania Fruit Growers' society, which had its birth in Lancaster county, would meet in Beth lehem, en the third Wednesday in Janu ary. Adjourned. itasket Sociable. The first day of the new year being a very pleasant one, between forty and fifty friends and relatives of 3Ir. and 3Irs Henry S. Keyler, of Bart township, assembled at his residence and eniraged in a basket sur prise party. There was merry-making throughout the day, games, mock trials, &c, Gee. 31. Keyler and Charles Rynear acting as chief comedians. 3Iiss Xera E. Fergusen presented the hosts with a hand some cake basket and there were ether presentations. A Huge Heg. On Xew Year's day 3Ionne Hcrshcy, of Paradise township, slaughtered a hog twenty-two months old, which weighed when dressed 20 pounds. It is in order new for some one te slaughter a heavier porker. gent farmer) than that c TUB DRAMA. Kate Claztea in " The Deable Marriage." There have been during the present sea son few such large and elegant audiences gathered in Fulton hall as that which assembled there last evening te see 3Iiss Kate Claxton play "Tlie Deublo 3Iar riagc." The artistic life of this actress has se completely merged into the character of the blind girl of the "Twe Orphans" that she all unconsciously invests the part of Jesephine, the heroine of last night's per formance, with many of the attributes that have given the former creation much of the strength and power that it pesesses in her hands. She docs net suc ceed in burying her identity in this lately assumed role, though her efforts te de se frequently result in a mannerism and voice and style of speak ing that are commonplace, unnatural and exasperating, while at ether times the spectator requires no vivid imagination te fancy he is looking at and listening te the blind heroine of D'Ennery's touch ing talc in whom a transformation has been wrought, and the scene of action been shifted te a sphere mere attractive iu its surroundings though of scarcely less misery. In the passages call ing for a play of the passions and reaching down into the deeper emotions and sensi bilities, 3Iiss Claxton rises te the demands of the situation and affords us a spectacle of fine actiug, marked by the intensity of feeling that is the prominent characteristic of her art and iu which for the time being all thought of the "Twe Orphans" or of anything else outside of the immediate business en hand is banished from the mind of the spectator, though in deed he is net long permitted te rest in this security from the apparition of the blind Louise, who. like Banque, will net down at the bidding but forces her way upon the attention of the audience with a pertinacity that seems te indicate shi is net aware hew unwelcome an intruder she is. It is a common fault among geed actors and one that is appar ently very difficult te overcome. 3Iiss Claxton has given ever her own individu ality te the character in which she achiev ed her first and greatest triumph, and it will require patient work en her part te regain it sufficiently te concentrate upon any ether role the line dramatic power which she undoubtedly possesses. Tlie play of " The Deuble .Mairiuj-c" i se completely modeled en the French school of model n drama that even the familiar name of Charles Reade, who stands sponsor for the work, is scarcely sufficient te Anglicize it, and it runs mere like a close translation from some French author than the dramatization of an Eng lishman. The first act is rather slew, until the final scene gives a geed charac terization of the self-made soldier ol'Xa el'Xa ol'Xa peleon's army and unfolds the plot with a dramatic climax. The second act is quicker in movement, and the third is quite thrilling and works freely upon the sympathies of the audience, perhaps the most conspicuous figure in this phase of the play, and certainly the one who re ceives the greatest share of attention en the stage and off of it as well, being the live baby introduced in the closing scene. which terminates iu an effective tableau, in which the devoted sister assumes the shame te save the honor of her house. The audience gave way te a burst of applause as the curtain fell, which was responded te by the appear ance of the baby before the curtain dandled in the nurse's arms. The fourth act is characterized by military dash and bril liancy, and in the fifth and last act cul minates the interest that lias been jrrewinjr since the first, and the play terminates iu the most approved and satisfactory fash ion. The real here of the play is Captain liay nal, but, unfortunately for the perfect de velopment of the character, 3Ir. Fyfie, the gentleman who assumed, it was evi dently new te the part, and, net beinr up in his lines, the audience was kept en the ragged edged of uncertainty and fear lest he was going te break down altogether ; he is, however, a geed actor, and with a little study will be able te give a very sat isfactory rendition of the role. 3Ir. Ste venson gave a capital representation of the character of Eniile Dujardin ; his acting is marked by easy grace and perfect self-possession. A large share of the honors fell te 3Iiss 3Iargarct Cene, who, as Ilee, was afforded ample opportunity for the display of her charming vivacity, and the exercise of the histrionic ability which have Aven extended recognition. The miner charac ters were well sustained, the acting of 3Iisscs Batchcldcr and Pike being de serving of special mention. Klectien of Turnpike Directors. The stockholders of the Lancaster, Elizabcthtewn and 3IiddIetewn turnpike read company met at 3Ieunt Jey yester day and elected the following officers and managers te serve for the ensuing year : President H. G. Leng. 3Ianagers Jehn F. Leng, R. A. Bear, Wm. P. Brinten, Henry Heffman, S. Brubaker, Eli G. Reist, James Lynch, Henry 3Iaycr, James Yeung, A. J. Stein man. Treasurer J. 31. Leng. The stockholders of the Lancaster and Susquehanna turnpike read met in this city yesterday and elected the following named managers and officers : President Henry G. Leng. 3Ianagers Reuben A. Baer. James L. Reynolds, Jacob 31. Leng. J. Celeman Drayten, Andrew Garber. J. II. Rchrart. W. II. Drayten. Hiram L. Garber. Treasurer William P. Brinten. The stockholders of the Lancaster and Litiz turnpike company met at Litiz yes terday, and elected the follewing: President II. G. Leng. Managers II. H.Tshudy, J. A. Shober, Jehn X. Eaby, Benjamin Leng, Emanual Keller, Adam S. Keller, J. 31. Leng. Secretary and Treasurer 31. T. Hue bener. The stockholders of the Lancaster and Xew Helland turnpike company met at the public house of 31. D. Dissiuger and elected the following : President Solemon Diller. 3Ianagers Andrew 31. Frantz. A. E. Roberts, Isaac C. Wcidler, Geerge 3Icntzer, Cernclus Reland, Henry A. Reland, II. G. Leng, Abraham Sheihley. Secretary and Tresurer James Diller. Negroes Discharged. Seme days age the Intki.lieexcei: con tained an account of the beating and rob bing of Jehn Shells, colored, by a party of ether negrees near Christiana. Yesterday the alleged assailants were te have had a hearing before Squire Slaymakcr, but the prosecutor failed te put in an appearance and they were discharged. It is under stood that Shells left the county a few days after the atfair occurred. -? J3; - J-.