Father Abraham. (Reading, Pa.) 1864-1873, December 13, 1872, Image 4

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From i v , con.ti!or, Pat..lll
Lan , t
TOttli rcoelpt,
From premium on N:ties
Total L.e, ircelpts .....
Milano, in T:raNt . y :31
!Inv 1.•
ceivo4t tr,?ni titniv:ti!nide,
Total ,al'ati:e . iffSi ow,o; c 1
no+ U 1. ex bend ‘varraiiis
Pt , t W"le
For c vli eif"pensf s
For foreiyu inter;wnisii
For Ind , ans
For pensions
For Military Estahlishmeutm,in
chilin.4 fortifications, river
and harbor Ilaprovemetits
Mid arsenals
For Naval Emtab.isipnent, in
cluding vessels and ill,Willnery
And linproveirtents in Navy
For Miscellaneous, f'; v i
einii in g public buildings,
lighthouses, collecting the
For interest on the Politic
Total e xcludes or pH net pal
and premium, on the Public
gllr ernittrns nn bot 1.1/r
-(.11814P: I
Fin 'earn'pLinu ot the tublle
D0A.................. . . ..... .
Total ttettdi,bur,uneuts
From the foregoing statement it up
peals that the net reduction of the
principal of the debt during the fiscal
year ended Jt• tie 30, 1572, was $99,960,-
253 54. The source of this reduction is
as follows: Net ordinary receipts dor
log the year, $364,694,229 91 ; net or
dinary expenditures, including inter
est on the public debt, $279 559,695 91.
Leaving surplus revenue, $94,134,5,450.
Add amount received from premium of
sales of gold, in excess of thepretnium
paid on bonds purchased, $2,454,370 90;
add the amount of the reduetion of the
cash balance at the close of the year
accompanied with the same at the
commencement of the year,
348 65; total, $99,960,253 54.
This statement treats solely of the
principal of the public debt. By the
monthly statements of the publh! debt,
which add ing,ether the principal, in
terest due and unpaid, and interest ac
crued to date, not due, and deducts the
cash in the Treasury as ascertained on
the day of publication, the reduction
was $100,544,491.25.
The source of this reduction is au fol
lows: Reduction in principal account,
$99,960,003.54; reduction in unpaid in
terest account, 5330 952 96; reduction in
cash ou hand, $2,746,465.22
On the basis of the last table the
statements show a reduction of the
public debt from the first of March, 1869
to the present titue, as follows:
From March 1, 1809, to March 1,1870,
$87,134 782.84.
From March 1, 1870, to March 1, 1871,
$117,619,63° 25.
Fr"oi March 1, 1871, to March 1, 1872
$94,895 348 94,
Fruit ,larch 1,1 , 72, to N(wern4)er 1,
1871, (right nwtohs) :'.q. - 54,c47, 237 84.
Total, $363 696 999 87.
With the great reduction of taxation,
by the acts of Congress at the last sea
sion, the expenditure of the Govern
ment io collecting the revenue will be
much reduced for the next 11..30111 year.
It is very doubtful, however, whether
any further reduction of so vexatious a
burden upon the people will be practi
cable for the present. At alio /mils. as
a measure of justice to the holders of
the nation's certificates of indebted
/It•98, I would recommend that 110 more
legisiAtiim he had on this subject, un
less it be to correct, crrors of ornim
skm or in the present hive.
until sufficient time has elapsed to
prof• that it can be done and still leave
suflii•:ent revenue to meet the current
expo sea of the Government, pay the
inter •st on the public debt aml pro
vide t‘o. the :inking fund established
by it, v.
prr-wrvatioit oUt' tlittiottat
etetli. is of 111, , highest importance.
Next Ott importance. to this c o me s a
s o i eti . n doiy 1.1) prOViiie tl national cur
r.oicy .1f unvarying value, as
comi areti .with gold, and as SOOll tes
practicable, having. due regard for the
interests of the debtor claw and the
vicissitudes of [rude anti commerce,
convertible into gold :it par.
War Department..
The report of the Secrtdary of War
shows the expenditures of the War
Department fur the fiscal year ending
June 30. 1871, to be $35,799,991 82, and
for the fiseal year ending June 30, 1872,
to he $35 372,157 20, showing a reduc
tion in favor of the last fiscal year of
$427,834 O. The estimates for military
appropriations for the next fiscal year
ending June 30. 1874, are $33,801,378 78
The estitnatesof the Chief of Etigineets
are submitted separately for fortitica-
Lions, river and harbor improvements,
and for public buildings and grounds,
and the Washington aqueduct.
Thb attrirs of the Freeth»en's Bureau
have air been transferred to the ‘Vrtr
Departrueot, and regulations have been
put into execution fur the speedy pay
ment of bounty, pay, tkze., due colored
soldiers properly coming under that
All the war accounts for money-and
property prior to 1871 have been ex
amined and trensmitted to the Trea
sury for final settlement.
During the fiscal year there has been
paid for transportation an railroads $l,-
300,000, of which $800,857 was over the
Pacjdc Railroad; the transportation by
water, $620,373 52, and by stage, $ 48 ,-
975 II& and for the purchase of trans
portation, animals, wagons, hire of
teamsters, &c., &e., V 924,650 63. About
$70,000 have been collected from
southern raih•iaads during the year,
leaving about $4,000.000 still due.
The Quartermaster has exam i ned and
transmitted to the accounting officers
for settlement, $107,172 7:: of claims by
loyal citizens for Quartermaster's stores
during the war; subsistence supplies to
the amoutitiof $89,048 12 have been is
sued to the Indians.
The annual ave •age men strength of
the army was 24,101 white and :249e col
ored soldiers. The total death of the
year reported was 26 white and 54 col
ored. The distribution of the medical
and surgical history of the war i" yet
to be ordered by Congress. There ex
late an absolute necessity for a medical
elms of the full number established by
the act of Congress of July 28, 1866,
their being now 59 vacancies, and the
number of successful candidates rarely
exceeds eight or ten In any one year.
The river and harbor improvements
have been carried on with energy and
economy. Though many are only
partly completed the results have saved
to commerce many times the amount
expended. The increase of commerce,
with greater depth of channels, greater
security in navigation, and the saving
of time, add millions to the wealth of
the country, and increase the resources
of the Goverr ment. The bridge across
the Mississippi river at Rock Island
has been completed, and the proper site
has been determined upon for the
bridge at La Crosse.
The able and exhaustive report made
by the commissions appointed to laves
tletti, the "";tillt . ) twolt
111111C4 to ‘,l, , orv:tt ions
and report , : of the Signal ()Mee hove t
been eontinned. Station ., have been
maintaine:l at each of the ptiueip
Lake, seal ott and river cities.
addit boial stations have heeo establish
tat in the United States, anti amtvws-
ments have been for an exchange of re
ports kith Canada, :old a similar ex
change of ,il,,wrvzil. ions is enntentpluleil
wit It the Wesi I wily.
The I . ivoraid, ntk , ntion MI c,mgre,s
is illV`t. it (ft HP . f.illnrcin , g r emu
m' titi it iutls of t he St - el etary of War:
A discentinuance of the appointment
of extra Lieutenants to serve as Adjo
tants and Quartermasters; the adop
tion of it eode providing specific penal
ties for well defined offences, So that in
equality Of sentenees and judgments
by eourtm martial may be adjusted ; the
vonsolidation of accounts, under which
expenditures are made, as a measure of
econotnN; a reappropriation of the
money for the construction of a depot
at San Antonio, the title to the site be
ing now perfected; a special Hot placing
the cemetery at the ('ity of Mexico on
the same basis as 4't Ii r national ceme
teries; aothority to purchase sites for
military pots in Texas; the appoint
meat of Commissary Sergeants from
non-Commissioned officers as a meas
ure for securing the better care and
protection Or suppli es .; an appropi in
lion for the publication of the catalogue
and tables of the Anatomical Section
of the Army Medical Museum ; a re
appropriation or the amount for the
manufacture of breech-loading aims,
should the selection be so delayed by
the board of officers as to leave the
former appropriation unexpended at
the close of the fiscal year; the sate of
such arsenals east of the Mississippi as
can be spared, and the proceeds applied
to the establishment of one huge arse
nal of construction and repair upon the
At !antic coast ; the pa rchase of a suita
ble site for a pi ov ing and experimental
ground for heavy ordnance; the
:Abrogation of laws which de
prive inventors in the United
States service from deriving any
benefit from their inventions; the re
peal of the law prohibiting pro.botions
in the Stair Corps; a continuance of
the work - upon the coast defenses; the
repeal of the seventh section of the act
of July 13th, ISIIU, taking from engi
neer soldiers the per diem granted to
other troops; a limitation of the time
for the presentation of all war claims
for subsistenee supplies, under the act
of July 4th, I,SG-1, and a modificatinn iii
the made of the selec inn of cadets for
the Military Academy, in order to en
hance the usettilloess of the Academy,
which is impaired by reason of the
large amount or time necessarily ex
pended in giving new cadets a thorough
linowledge of the mere elementary
branches of learnioi,r, which they shall
acquire before a meting the; Acadciny ;
illso uu tipprOpti.ttiOn for philosophical
apparatus and an increase in the num
bers and pay of the Military Academy
71'1 ,t 1
1,1; 1 . 41] 3!
'2,2•' , 1,.16 92
9,11'2.,1i ;7lii
171,10'r `,1,7
7.116: 724 S'..!
28,533,ifJ 71;
3.;372 157 20
21,240,907 97
42,958,329 ($
117.357,R17 72
2'70,559,695 9L
to ,9 51
$1(H,11N.52t) :to
E 377,475,716 71
ISI 012,573 15
Tae attention of Congress will be
dttllng its presota t;es - Aion to va
rious enterprises for the inure certain
:old cheaper L1411:-Itortal ion of the con
a. ly increasing . surplus of Western
attti Boutherli products to toe Atlantic
seaboard. The so' jest is one that will
force itself Upon the legislative branch
of tite Government sooner or later, mid
I suggest, therefore, that immediate
steps let be taken to gain all availa
ble information to insure equal and just
legislation. One route (to connect the
Mississipoi Volley with tae Atlantic
at Charleston, 8. C., and Savannah,
Georgia, by wiper, by the way of Oltin
and Tennessee 11 vets and canals and
sLick water navigation to the z!• , ll.vannall
and o,troulgee vto - s) has been sur
veyed, :old of rep.trt, made by att ac
complished engineer ollie,er of the
araiy. Second and third new routes
wilt be proposed for the consideration
of Congress, namely, by tut extension
of th” Ka nawaha tool James Itiver C.,
nal to the Ohio, anti by ihe extension
of Ow Chcsapeake and Ohio Causal.
1 inn hot prenared to nteommend
get:eminent aid to these, or taller
enterprises, until it is clearly shown
that they arc not only of national
interest, but that, when completed,
they will be of a value commensurate
with their Cost. That production in
creases'more rapidly than the means of
transportation in our coutrery has been
demonstrated by past experience. That
the unnrecedented growth in Imputa
tion and product,: of the whole country
will require additional facilities and
cheaper ones fur the 1110r0 bulky articles
of eoimneree to reiwb tide water and a
market will be demanded in the near
future, is equally demonstrable.
I Would therefore suggest either a
commi t t e e or commission to be author
ized to consider this whole question and
to report to Collo,i'Ps4 at some future
day for its bet ter guidance in legislation
tilt this intiairtant subject.
The railroads of the country have
been rapidly extended during the last
few years to meet the growing demands
of productions, and reflect much credit.
upon the capitalists and managers en
gaged. In addition to these a project of
facilitate commerce by the building Of
a ship ca►na! around Niagara Falls
on the United States side, which has
been agitated for intioy years, wiil, no
doubt, be called to your oftent ion at this
session. Looking to the great future
growth of the country, anti the increas
ing demand of commerce, it might be
well, while ou this subject•, not, only to
have examined and reported upon the
various practicable routes for connec
ting the Mississippi with the tide water
on the Atlantic, but the feasibility of
an almost continued land locked navi
gation from Maine to the (hit( of Mex
ico. Such a route along our coast would
be of great value at all times, and of
inestimable value in case of foreign
war. Nature has provided the greater
part of this route. The obstacles to be
overcome are easily within the skill of
the engineer. I have not alluded to
this subject with the view of having
any further expenditure of the public
moneyat this ti me t ban maybe necessary
to procure and place ail the necessary
iufortnatiou before Congress in an au
thentic form, to enable it hereafter, If
deemed practicable and worthy, to leg
islate ou the subject without delay.
Navy Department.
The report of the Secretary of the
Navy, herewith accompanying, ex
plains fully the condition of that
branch of the public service, its wants
and deficiencies, expenses incurred
during the past year and appropriations
for the same. It also gives a complete
history of the services of the :Navy for
the pact year, in addition to its regular
service. It is evident that unless early
steps are taken to preserve our n
in a very few years the United State
will be the weakest nation upon the
ocean of all the great powers. With
an energetic, progressive business peo
ple like ours, penetrating and forming
business relations with every part of
the known world, a navy strong enough
to command the respect of our flag
abroad is neeessary for the full protec
tion of their rights. I recommend care
ful cousidera•iou by Congress of the
recommendations made by the Secre
tary of the Navy.
O Mee rop4lnlort
The acc.unpanylng report of the
Postmaster-General furoishes a Intl and
sat i-faciory eshihit of the operations of
the Post 0:11,! D..partineut duri,:g the
\•e.•. Th e ordinary ievenuea or the
department the fiscal year coded
.1 UM' 18:2, amounted to $21,915 -
-416,37, and the ex pendituta 8 to :720,059,-
192 31. ('omnired ‘Nitli the previ sus
ti-c.,1 year the increase of revenue was
3. - )111). - i, or 9.37 per cent , and the
increase of ex I' Intl( it ie.,: 26'i,088 2:1,
or 20 per cen:. Adding to the malt
triry r,Veilllo!4 t lIV:111MMI rtphropriatlion
of ; , ,....71) 10 to rio. free !nail inalter and the
a memo paid to Ilse subs' i1;z,41 mast
steamship lines front appropria
tions, th , delivieney paid out or the
general Teea , ury was ::•:1 317,76.) of --an
excess of 1:A689,07 ov..r the (it licieitcy
for the year 1871. /they int?resting
statistical information relating to our
rapidly f xttAiding postal service is Mt
ntshed in this retol. The total length
of railroad mad routes, on the 30th or
lone, 1872, was 57,1111 miles-8077 addi
tional miles of such sews having been
Put into operation during the year.
Eight new lines of fa' lway 'post-offices
have been established, with au aggre
gate length of:2,110U miles.
'Coe !tonna rof letter,i exchang e d in
the mails with foreign (ami(Pies W
'1,362,500; till increase of 4 Onli,:a U 2, or
wenty leer cent. over the number in
I. and the postmae thereon amounted
to 51,071,257 25. The total weight of
the mails exWianged with other coon
tries exceeds ::20 tons, and the cost of
the United Suites Transatlantic Mail
Steamship service was $220,302 70. 'ldle
total cost of the Cnilad States Ocean
Steamship service, including the
amounts paid to the subsidized line of I
mail steamers, was $1,027,1)2f; 97. The
billowing are the only steamship tines
now receiving subsidies for mail ser
vice under special acts of Congress:
The Pacific Mail Steamship company
receive z7,•; 7 100,000 per annum for con%, ey
i tug a monthly mail between San Fran
cisco, Japan and China, which will be
increased to $1,000,000 per annum for
semi-monthly mail, on and after Oct.
1, 187:1. The United States and Brazil
Mail Steaniship Corn patty receive $150,-
000 per an n nt.for Conveying a monthly
mail between New York and Rio de
Janeiro. Brazil and the California,
Oregon and 'Mexico Steamship Compa
ny receive 575,000 per annum for con-'
veying a monthly mail between SAD
Fi•AD(Atieik, Honolulu and the Hawaiian
lands, multialg the total amount of mail
steamship subsidies at. present $725,000
per ulllll.lllll.
Our postal communications with all
parts of the el vilized world have been
placed upon a most advantageous foot
ing by the improved postal conventions
and at rangetneuts recently concluded
with the leading commercial countries
of Europe and America, and the grati
fying Hi atentent is made that with the
conclusion of a satisfactory convention
with France, the details of which have
been definitely agreed to by the head
of the French postal department, sub
ject to the approval of the Minister of
Finance, little remains to be aecom
;dished by treaty for some time to come
with respect either to a reduction of
rates or improved facilities of postal in
tercourse. Your favorable considera
tion is respectfully invited to the re
commendations made by the Postmas
ter Uenerai for an increase of service
from monthly to semi-monthly trips on
the mail steamship route to Brazil ; for
a subsidy in aid of the establishment of
an American line of mail steamers be
tween San Francisco, New Zealand and
Australia; 4or the establishment of
post offices, savings banks, and for ail
increase in the srlaries of heads of bu
I have heretofore recommended the
abolition of the franking privilt-ge, and
see 00 reason HOW for changing my
views on that subject. It not having
been favorably regarded by Congress,
however, I now suggest a Modification
of that privilege, to eon ect its glaring
und costly a',at,es. I would recommend
also the appaintment of a Committee
or a Commission to take into consider
ation the best in elhod equitable to pri
vate corporations, who have invested
their time and capital in the establish
ment of telegraph lines, of acquiring a
title to all the telegraph lines now in
Operation, and of connecting this ser
vice with the postal service of the
nation. It is not probable that this
subject could receive proper considera
tion during the limits of a short session
of Congress; but it may be initialed,
so that future action may be fair to the
Covent ment and to private parties cod
There are but three linesofocean steam
ers, namely, the Pacific Mail Steamship
Co., between San Francisco, China and
.Japan, with provision made for semi
monthly service after Octoberr
1S7:1; the United States and Brazil
line, monthly, and the California, New
Zealand and Australian line, !notably,
plying between the United States and
foreign ports, owned and operated undo •
our flag. I earnestly recomme.ol that
such liberal contracts for carrying the
mail be authorized with these lines as
Witt insure their continuance. if the
expediency of extending the aid of Ihe
(40VerlIlllellt to lines of steamers which
hitherto have not received it should be
deemed worthy of the consideration of
Congress, political and eoinmerchil ob
jects make it advisable to bestow such
a id On a line under our flag between
Panama and Western South American
ports. By this means ninch tiade ,tow
diverted to other countries mi! , ;lit be
brought to as, to the mutual advantage
of this country, and those lying in that
quarter of the continent of America.
The report. of ',he Secretary of the
Treasury will show an alarming falling
off in our carrying trade for the last ten
or twelve years, and even for the past
year. Ido not believe that the public
treasure can be better expended in the
iiverests of the whole people, than in
trying to reeover that trade. All expend
iture of live million dollars per annum,
for the next live years, if it would re
store to us our proportion of the carry
ing trade of the world, would he pron..
taby expended. The price or labor in
Europe has so much enhaneed within
the last few years that the cost of
building and operating !wean steamers
in the United States is not so notch
greater than in Europe, but, that I be
lieve the time has arrived for Congress
to take this subject into serious consid
Department of Justice
Detailed statements of the disburse.
ments through the Department of Jus
tice will be furnished by the report of
the Attorney-General, and though
these have been somewhat increased
by the recent acts of Congress, " to en
force the rights of citizens of the Unit
ed States to vote in the several States
of the Union," and " to enforce the
provisions of the Fourteenth Amend
ment to the Constitution of the United
States and the amendmtuts thereto," I
cannot question the necessity and salu
tary effect of those enactments. Reck -
less and lawless wen, I regret to say,
have associated themselves together in
some localities to deprive other citizens
of those rights guaranteed to them by
the Constitution of the United States,
and to that end have committed deeds
of blood and violence. But the prose
eltioti and punishment
theme, persona have tended greatly to
the repression of such dis ,rtlers.
I do not dottlif that a gro;`il
of the pe,iple in WI parts of Ow comitry
favor the full Iy ail clos,
of persons id those Lots to ‘, hieh they
are entitled under th e constitution and
laws, and I invoke the aid and influ
ence of all good citizens to prevent
organizations whose objects are by On
lawful t.'catts to interfere with those
rights. 1 look with conthitimic to zi
time, not far distantashon the
advantages of good force wiil
induce an abanilonment or au
lotions prohibited by the :lets referreil
to, and when it will be unnevessary to
c:i rry on prosecutions or lnllietpunish
ments to protect citizens from the law
less doings of such combination: , .
Applications have liven made to me
to pardon persons convicted of a viola
tion of said acts, upon the ground that
elemency in such case 3 would tend to
tranquilize the public mind, and to test
the virtue of that policy. lam dispos •
ed us far as my sense of justice will
permit, to give to these applications a
favorable consideration; but any action
thereon is not to be construed as indi
cating any change in my determin:,tiou
to enforce with vigor, ugh nets, so long
the tionspiravies and comliinations
tfierein named disturb the penis% of I
country. It is much to be regretted,
and is regretted by no one more than
myself, that a necessity has ever exist
ed to execute the "enforcement act."
No one can desire mote than I that the
nevessity of applyitr„; it may never
again be demanded.
Department of therior.
The Secretary of the Interior reports
satisfactory improvement and progress
in each of the several bureaus Willer the
control of the Interior Depart men t.
They aro all in excellent condition.
The work, which, hi some of Ihem, for
some years, has been in arrears, has
been brought down to a resent datc,and
in all the current business has been
promptly despatched.
The policy which was :,lopteil at the
beginning . of this administration, with
regard to the management of the In
dians, has been as successful a• HA most
ardent friends anticipated in se short a
time. It has renneed the expense of
their management, decreased their
forays upon the white settlements,
tended to give the largest opportunity
for the extension of the great railways
th,•ough the public I iumain, and :he
pushing of settlements into more remote
districts of the country, at the same
time improving the condition of the
Indians. The policy %% ill be main
tained without any change, excepting
such as further experience may show to
be necessary to render it more etrottive.
The subject of converting the so-call
ed Indian Territory, south of Kansas,
into a home fin• Indians, and erecting .
therein a territorial form ofgovernment ,
is one of great importance as a comple
ment of the existing Indian policy. The
question of removal to that Territory
has, within the past year, been pre
sented to many of the tribes resident•
UpOII other and les.s desirable portions
of tl►e public domain, and has generally
been received by them with favor. A:;
a prelin►ina►y step to the organization
of such a territory it will he necessary
to confine the Indians now resident
thereon to farms, of proper size, which
should be secured to them in fee; the
residue to be used for the settlement, of
other friendly Indians. Elllirts will be
made in the immediate future to I tidu. , o
the removal of as many peaceably dis
posed Indians to the Indian Territory
as can be settled properly, without dis
turbing the harmehy of those already
there. There is no other loeittion now
available where a people, who are en
deavoring to acquire a knowledge of
pastoral and agricultural pursuits, can
be as well accomniodated as upon the
unoccupied lands in the Indian Terri
A territorial government Mundt' how
ever, protect the Indians front the in
roads of the whites for a term of years,
until they become sufficiently advanced
in the arts unit eivilzation to guard
their own rights, and front the disposal
of the lands held by them for the same
Public Lands.
During the last fiscal year, there were
disposed of out of the public lands )1,-
864,975 acres—a quantity greater by
1,099,270 acres than was disposed of the
previous year. Of this amount 1,370,-
320 acres were for cash ; 389,460 acres
located with militaryiyarrants; 4,671,--
332 acres taken for homestefuls; 693,913
acres located with college scrip; 3,554,-
887 acres granted to railroad; 455,34
acres granted to wagon roads; 714,255
acres given to States, as swamp lands ;
5,760 acres located by Indian scrip.
The cash receipts from all sources in
the Land Office amounted to $3,218,104).
During the same period 22,016,608 acres
of the public lands weresurveycd,which ,
added to the quantity before surveyed,
amounts to 583,364,780 acres, lem . ing
1,257,633,628 acres of the public lands
still unsurveyed.
The reports of the subordinates of the
Land Otlice contain interesting infor
mation in regard to their respective dis
tricts. They uniformly mention the
fruitfulness of the soil during the past
season, and the increased yield of all
kinds of produce. Even in those States
and Territories where mining is the
principal business, agricultural products
have exceeded the local demand, and
liberal shipments have been made to
distant points.
During the year endireSepterober 30,
1872„ there were issued from the Patent
Office 13,06 patents, 283 extensions,and
566 certificates and registries of trade
marks. During the same time. 19,587
applications for patents, including re
issues and desins, have been received,
and 3,100 caveats filed. The fees re
ceived during the same period amount
ed t 05700.954 86, and the total expendi
tures to $623,553 90, making the net re
ceipts over the expenditures $77,400 26.
Since 1836, 200,000 applications for
patents have been flied, and
about 133,000 patents issued. The office
is being eomitteted under the same laws
and general organization as were adopt
ed at the original inauguration, when
only from 100 to 500 applications were
made per annum. The Commissioner
shows that the office has outgrown the
original plan, and that a new organiza
tion has become necessary. This sub
ject was presented to Congress in a
special communication in February
last, with my approval and the appro
val of the Secretary of the Interior, and
the suegestions emilajked in said com
munication were ettiliTaced in the bill
that was reported to the House by the
Committee on Patents at the lag session
The subject of the re-organization of
the Patent Office, as contemplated by
the bill referred to, is one of such int
portance to the industrial interests of
the country that I commend it to the
attention of Congress. The Commis
sioner also treats the subject of a separa
tion of the Patent Office from the De
partment of the Interior. This subject
is also embraced in the bill heretofore
referred to. The CoMmissioner com
plains of the want of room for themodel
gallery, and for the working force and
necessary files of the office. It is im
1 I r:111 , -i' , 1 thn.
oih e , properl:, - %V it hoot wore rooiti ill
hip!! to arrange 11111Willp;S
I!".11 ;101'4 1 10 1' ,tisolteil in the
bowioes,. The whole of
tlte Pni (111 11 111t0e 1)1111(101g will soon ho
iteeileti, if not iilready, for the aeconi
moilation of the husittess of the l'utellt
The amount paid for pensions in the
lust fiscal year was $30,109,:i41), an
amount larger by $3,708,434 than was
paid hiring the preveiling year. Of
his amount, :$2,213,409 were paid under
the act of om g ress of February 17, 1871,
to survivors of the war of 1812.
The annual inerease of pensions by
the legislation of Congress has more
than kept pace with the natural yearly
tosses from the rolls. The act of Con
gress of June, 1872, has added an esti
mated amount of s7; - ,0000 per annum
to the rolls, without inereasing the
number of pensioners. We cannot,
therellire, look for any substantial de
crease in the expenditures of this de
partment for sotto' vitae to cotne, or so
long :is ( 'ongress ruutiuuos to SO change
the rates of pensions. The whole HUM
her of soldiers enlisted in the War of
the Rebellion was 9,688,1423. The total
number of claims for invalid pensions
is,,l4(;,(titti, being but six per cent of
the whole number of enlisted men.
The total 111.111111 Per of claims on hand at
the beginning of the year was 90,68'J;
the number received during the
year was 96,574 ; the numbe,.
(I is) (osell or was 39,178. staking
a net gain of I*ot. Number of claims
now on file is 70 7 05,1. Ott the 30th of
June, 1879, there were on the rolls the
names of 9.1,405 invalid military pen
sioners; 112,518 widows, orphans and
dependent relatives, making an aggre
gate of 908,!4.23 army pensioners. At
the same time there were on the rolls
the names of 1,449 navy pensioners and
1,730 widows, orphans and dependent
relatives; maling the whole number of
naval pensioners 3179. There have
been received Sine(' the passage of the
act to provide pensions for the survivors
of the war of 1819, 36,551 applications
prior to June 30, 1819, of these thou
were allowed during the last fiscal year
90,123 claims; 4,845 were rejected dur
ing the year, leaving 11,580 claims
pending. at that date. The number of
pensions Of all classev grented during
the last fiscal year was 33,838. During
that period there we dropped front the
rolls for various causes, 9,104 names,
leaving a grand total of 239,229 pension
ers on the rolls on the 30th of June,
1872. It is thought that the claims for
pensions on account of the war of 1812
will all be disposed of by the Ist of May,
1873. It is estimated that $30,480000
will be required for the pension -erviee
during the next fiscal year.
The Census
'rite ninth census is about completed.
Its early. completion is a sub . it et of
congratulation,inasmuch Os the use to be
nutde of the statistiqstly._•rein contained
depends very greatly on tlut
tude of publication. The Sect etary of
the Interior recommends that a census
he taken in 1875, which recommenda
tion should receive the early attention
of Congress. The interval at: present
..stablisbed between the Federal census
is so long that the information obtained at
the decennial periods as to the material
condition, wants and resources of the
nation is of little practical value after
the expiration of the first half of that
period. It would probably obviate the
Constittitional provision regarding the
decennial census if a census taken in
875 should be divested of all political
character, and no re-appointment of
Congressional reiwesentation be made
under it. Such a census, coming as it
would in the last ‘ olr o,*the first centu
ry of our national e::istonce, would fur
nish a noble monument of the progress
of the United States during that cen
The rapidly increasing interest ►n
education is a most encouraging feature
in the current history of the country,
and it is no doubt true that this is due
in great measure to the efforts of the
Bureau of Education. That office is
continually receiving evidences, which
abundantly prove its efficiency, from
the various Institutions of learning and
education of all kinds throughout the
count ry.
The report of the Cou►missioner con
tains a vast amount of educational
details of great interest. The bill now
pending before Congress providing foi
the appropriation of the net proceeds of
the sales of public lands for educational
purposes, to aid the States in the gen
eral education of their rising genera
tions, is a measure of such great import
ance to our real progress, and is so
unanimously approved by the leading
friends of education, that I commend it
to the favorable attention of Congress.
A trairs in the Territories are generally
satisfactory. The energy and business
capacity of the pioneers who are set
tling, up the vast dominions not yet in
corporated into States, are keeping pace
in internal improvements and civil
government with the older eommuni
ties. I n but one of them, Utah, is
the condition of affairs unsatisfactory,
except so far as the quiet of citizens
may be disturbed by real or imaginary
danger of Indian hostilities. It has
seemed to he the policy of the Legisla
tune of Utah to evade all responsibility
to the Government of the United States,
and even to hold a position in hostility
to it. I recommend a careful revision
of the present laws of the Territory by
Congress, and the enactment of such a
law—i lie one proposed in Congress at
its last session, for instance, or some
thing similar to it—as will secure peace,
the equality of all citizens before the
law, and the ultimate extinguishment
of polygamy.
Since the establishment of a territor
ial government for the District of Co
lumbia the improvement of the condi
tion of the city of Washington and
surroundings, and the Increased pros
perity of the citizens, is observable to
Vie most casual visitor. The nation,be
log a large owner of property in this
city, should hear, with the citizens of
the District, its just share of the expense
of these improvements. I recommend,
therefore, an appropriation to reimburse
the citizens for the work done by them
along and in front of the public grounds
during the past year, and liberal appro
priations in order that the improvement
of the public buildings and grounds
may keep pace with the improvements
made by the territorial authorities.
The report of the Commissioner of
Agriculture gives a very full and inter
esting account of the several divisions
of the Department—the horticultural,
agricultural. statistical, entomological
and chemical—and the benefits con
ferred by each upon the agricurtural
Interests of the country. The whole re
port is a complete history in detail of
the workings of that Department in all
its branches; showing the manner in
which the farmer, merchant and miner
are informed, and the extent to which he
is aided in his pursuits. The Commis
sioner makes one recommendation, that
measure be taken by Congress to pro
tect and induce the planting of forests,
suggests that no part of the public lands
should be disposed of without the eou
(Mimi Itint ono tenth. of it It, r tti'vetl
in tintht , r lit , ri• it i•xi,,t.+, anti \% here it
ilt)cs not oxi.A
ntroroi fi,r planting it.
The Centennial Celebration
In accordance with the terms of the
I , ll't of t'ongress. approved Mare ISTI,
providing for the celebration of the one
hundredth anniversary of American
Indepettilenee, a Cianinission has been
organized, con-Aisting of two members
front each of the States and Territories.
Phis l'ontinis.don has held two sessions
and has made satisthetory progress in
organization and in the initiat ny step
necess-ay tel ciirr iitg out the provisions
of the act, and for executing tile
provisions Of the nil of June I, IM7!,
cleating a Centennial Hoard of Finanoe.
A preliminary report of progress has
been received trout the President of the
Commission, and is herewith tranamit
led. It will be the duty of the Com
missioners, at your coming se.esion, to
transmit it full report of the progress
made, and to lay before you the details
relating, to the exhibition of American
nail foreign :iris, products:mil manuftte
tures, 'which, by the terms of the net, is
to he held under the auspices of the
io‘'erilinet)t of the [tilted Slates, in
the city of Philadelphia, in the year
'Niecelebrat ion will he looked fa ward
to Icy American citizens Arith great
interest, its twirl:Mg tt ventury of great
er progress and prosperity than is re
eorded iu I lw history ofany othernation,
and as serving a further good purpose in
bringing together on oursoil thetteoples
of all the commercial portions of the
earth in a manner calculated to secure
international good feeling.
Civil Service
An earnest desire has been felt to c(ir
reel abuses which have grown up
in the civil service of the country
through the defective method of mak
ing appointments to otlice. Heretofore
Federal offices have been regarded too
much as the reward of pol itieal services.
ruder authority of Congress rules have
been established to regulate the tenure
of office and the Mode of appointments.
It ennui, 11.‘ expected that any system
of rules can be entirely effective and
prove a perfect, remedy for the existing
evils until they have been thoroughly
tested by actual practice, and amended
according IA) tile replirellaelllS or the
service. During my term of office it
shall In'
my earnest endeavor to so ap
ply I I!, rules as to secure, the greatest
reform in the Civil Service of
the tiovernment. But it will require
the direct action of Congress to render
the enforcemunt of the system binding
upon my successors, and I hope that
the experience of the pastyear, together
with appropriate legislation by Congress,
may reach a satisfactory solution or this
question, and secure to the public
service, for all time, a practical method
of obtaining faithful and ellicient
officers and employees.
EXucli 111allsion, I)ec. '2, 1872.
R. R„ R.
In from One to Twenty Minutes,
nfla v...ainT i6ie aa% vil 1.,,1 any one
M 1
II WWI the (I,l:ma 14
The Only .I"rtlii ltemeely
that to,taotty ad,v4 the ni.t
and curt,' ('Qn_c.Aimn, wurther of tf.,,
Limo, titotriach, , ether itkutkla or organs, uy.
000 applif
I, ritolki ONE TO TWENTY MiNrTEs,
to !natter Ii0V? ',lntent or excruCiating tip. lF do the
101E1' M ATIC, Ded•rithlen, Infirm, Crippled, Norvous,
Is; on! ulg or pros!ratod with disease may
The application of the Ready Relief to the part or
Loris where the pule or difficulty exiMs wilt afford emu
and comfort.
Twenty .11,pn In half a tumbler of wator will In a Nv
momenta titre CRAMPS, SPASNIS, Si OUI
Travelers should always carry a bottle. of Rtithvav's
Ready Relief with them. A few drops in w :der will
Lrevent sickness or pains from elattore of water. It is
etter 111411 French Mandy or Bitters a 4 a fit linu
FEVER AND AGUE cured for fifty cents. There is
no a remedial agent In this world that will cure Freer
and Agne, and all other Malarious, BWoue, Scarlet, Tr••
1.1101.1, Yellow, and other Fevers (aided by RA DWAY'S
FIRy cents per bottle. Sold by Druegbti.
so wirri so nn H
Every Day an Increase In Flesh
and Weight is Seen and Felt.
Every drop of the BARSAPARILLIAN
ENT ennituntacatem through the Blood, Sweat, Urine,
Opel other fluids and juices of the syntem the vigor of ire,
for it repairs the wastes of the Lady with hew and sound
matcrlul. Scrofula, S v I.IIIIIA, r
al:ease, Ulcers in the Throat, Month, Tumors, Nodes lu
the Glands mat other parts or the system, Sore Eyes,
Simmons Dlschargcs (rein the Ears, and the worvt
hems of Skin E/14411,116, Fever So./ . 03, Scald
I lead, Ring Worm, Salt Rheum, Erysipelas, Acne black
Soon, 111 the Flesh, Tummy, Comers in the
Womli, and all weakening mei painful dischaigva, Night
Sweats, Lose of Sperm, wet all wastes of the,VIC
ore within the curative range of this transfer el Mod
ern Chemistry, and a few day.? use will peeve to any
minion wing it for either of these forms of disease its
potent power to cure them.
If the patient, daily becoming redneed by the wastes
and deeomposition that is continually prokresolne, suc
ceeds in arresting these wastes, nod repairs the same with
'hew material made from healthy blood—and thla the
SARSAPARILLIAN will and does secure.
Not mile does the SARIMPAIULLIAN ILrsotvßNr excel
nil known remedialagents In the care of Chronic, Sonde.
lons, Constitutional, and Skin discuses ; but It is the only
positive cure for
Kidney & Bladder Complaints,
Urinary, and Womb diseases, arareb_ Diabetes, Dropsy,
Stoppage of Water, Incontinence of Urine, Bright's Dix
ease, Alimminuria, and in all cases where there ore brick
dust deposits, or the water is thick, cloudy, mixed with
substances like the white of an egg or threads like white
silk, or there is a morbid, dark, bilious appearance, and
white bone-duet deposits, and when there Is a pricking,
burning sensation when passing water, and pain in the
Small a the Back and along the ins, Price, 401.c0,
- 2 r u ip e, m e g known and sure Remedy
Tumor of 12 Years' Grown'
Cured by Radway's Resolvent.
Bressuar, MAIL, July 18, lOW
Dn. RAINWAV have had Ovarian Tenor In the draftee and
bowels. All the Meters told there was no help for It." I Pled
evory thing that woe recommended; IhLk D 451041 helped sue.
uw Yonr Noselreets and thought I would try tt NO had no faith
to It, homy. t bud suffered foe twelve yews. I took she bottles
of the Rawls,•ent , and one bon of Iladway's Put., and two hot.
tlos of your 'Ready Relief ; and there la not a sign of tumor to ho
seen or felt, and I feel better, marker, and happier than I bora
for twelve yeses. The worst tumor was In the left side of the
bowels, over the groin. I write Ode to you fur the bendlt of
others. VIM ten publish It If you choose.
perfectly tasteless, elegantly coated with sweet 0111.
purge, regulate, purify, cleanse, and strengthen. Sead.
way's DIN, for the cure of all disorders of the Stomach,
tiver, Bowels, rldneys, Bladder, ifelyous Diseases,
ee4ache. Constipation, Coetlvenees, IndlgeOtlON.
yOpedOli, Biliousness, Hiltons Fever, Inflammation of
the Bowels, Piles,and all Derangements Of the Internal Vis
cera. Warranted to erect a poeltive cure. Fundy Vegeta..
Ole oontalning no mercury, minerals, or deleterious drugs,
Observe the following symptoms resulting from
Bl i sters of the Digestive Organs:
Orestipstiss, In Pilo., Fullmer of the Blend in t h e Mad,
Acidity of the Stomach, Hawes, Hearthern Disgust of Dad,
Pauses or Weight I. the stoma, soar gratatkmb or
riateering an the Ph of the Stomach, Swhimlng Of the Mad,
Denial and Mesh Hinathiag, Plattering at thillileart,
or Sollboatiag Sometime whelk In a Lying Nature, Dieter
Vision, Doer or Webs Were the Sight, Fever sad Dull Pain In
the Head, Delielmay of Perspiratlos, Yellowness of the Skin
and Eyes Ada la the Side, Chest, Linda, and ladies Flushes of
neat, Ruining In the Flesh.
A few down of RADWAY'S TILLS wm free the eye
teen from all the ahove•named &ander& Price, as yenta
READ "FALSE AND TRUE" Send one letter.
stamp to RADWAY & CO., No. 8y Malden Lane, New.
York. interned/on worth thousands wilt be sent you.
Tllll Timm EirraßPßlan to printed With Ink
from the above establlahment. 3ardi-17
North Prince Street, near Lemon, and
8.11 , 0 at the Reading Depot.
r - jtrl can and will sell COAL cheap
er than any other dealer
in Lancaster.
Call and be Convinced.
The following table gives the leaving time of
alt trains at the !animater Depot, and the time of
their arrival at either end of the Division:
Leave Arrive at
W EST WA D. Lannuder. Hurrioburg.
Southern Expr, vv" .. a 2:25 a w
Through Passenger
Niagara Ex .
Mail via Mi. J0y....
!gall A la Columbia..
Fast. Line
Columbia Accommodation... 8:40 p tn . °Col.& York
Harrisburg Aceuninunlittlon.. 0:08 p m.... 8:10 p tu
Lancaster 'l' rain .. 7:34 p ni..C01.& York
PlLNlmric Express 9:NS p p m
Clacitmati Express' 11:00 p in....19:10 a m
hea rrive at
La »easier. Philad'a.
Philadelphia Expresst 4:19 a m.... 6:55 a m
Fast Line' 6:50 a .... 9:20 ain
Lancaa ter Train
Pacific Express , 1:04 p in .... 3:30 p rit
Elmira Express 3:15 p m.... 6:00 p m
Harrisburg Accommodation. 6:02 pin.... 935 p 111
Mall Train
__ . 9.00 p m....11:30 p m
Cincinnati Express'
'Leave daily,
r♦ 20 ain Reading
1125 pm
Columbia s 15 a in
" ......311 p
Lan( auter
20 ain Lancaster erfam
6 16 p nt .... 8 17 p m
1 20 a in l
Columbia 940 am
aMum " 8 8 4 /Pm
Trainaleaving Lancaster and Columbia As above, make
close connect iOll at Reading with Trains North and South
on Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, and West on Le
banon Valley Hoed. Trains leaving Lancaster at 820
a HI and Columbia al 8 16 a in, connects closely at Read
ing with Trains for New Vork,
. . .
Tickets can he obtained at the officen of the New Jer
sey Central Railroad, foot of Liberty street, New York ;
and Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, 13th and Cal.
lowhill Rtr..etn, Philadelphin.
Through talteta to New York and Philadelphia Bold
at all the Principal Stations, and Baggage Checked
1 Mileage Tick'-t Books for 500 or 1000 miles, Sea
son and Excursion Tickets, to and from all points, at re
duced rates.
Trains are run by Philadelphia and Reading Railroad
Time, which is 10 winutem faster than Pennayivaida
Railroad Time
Traine Wave Harrisburg for New York as follows : At'
6.30, 8.10 a. In., and 2.00 p. an., connecting with trains
ou the Petwaylvania Railroad, awl arriving at New York
at 12.35, 3.50, awl 9.45 p. m., respectively.
Returniug: Leave New York at 9.00 a, M. 12 40 and.
5 30 p. in.. Philadelphia at 7.'4, 8.45 a. in. and 8.30 p. no.
Leave Harrisburg for Reading, P, tleville, Tatnagora,
Mineraville, Ashland, Shamokin, Allentown and Phila
da., at s.3oand 8.10 a. on., 2.00 and 4.06 p. mstopping at ,
Lebanon and principal way stations ; the 4.0. p m, train,
connecting for Philadelphia, Pottaviile, and Columbia,
only. For Pottsville, Schuylkill Haven and Auburn, via
Schuylkill and Suaquehmina Railroad, leave Harris.
burg at 3.40 p. in.
East Pennsylvania Railroad tralna leave Reading for
Allentown. Easton and New York, at 7.30; 10.35 a.
and 4.00 p. in. Returning leave New York at 9.00 •.m.,
12.50 and 5.30 p. in. and Allentown, at 7.20 a. in., 1246
2.10, 4.35 and 5.55 p. in.
Way ?manager Train leaves Philadelphia at 7.30 a.m.,
connecting at Reading with train on East Perna. Rail
road; returning leaves Pottsville at 4 35 p. in., stopping
at all stations.
Leave Pottsville at 6.00, 8.05 and 9.10 a. in. and 2.80
p. in.; Herndon at 10 00 R. in., Shamokin at 6.00 and
11.02 a. in.; AsWand at 7.18 a , m. and 12 20 p Ma
hanoy City at 7.63 a.m. and 12.54 p. in., Tamaqua at 8.36
a. m. and 2.10 p m. for Philadelphia, New York, Read
ing, Harrisburg, &c.
Leave Pottsville, via Schuylkill and Suaquebanua
Railroad at 8.06 a in. for Harrisburg, sad 11.46 a.m., for
Pine Grove avid Tremont.
Pottsville Accommodation 'Train Leaves Pottsville at
0.00 a.m., passes Reading at 7.40 a.m., arriving at Phil
adelphia at 10 16 a, ru. Returning leaves Philadelphia at
4 46 p.m., passes Reading at 7.15 p.m arriving at Polio-
Tulle at 9 00 p. m.
Pottstown Accommodation train : Leaves Pottstown at
6.45 am; returning leaves Philadelphia, Ninth sail
Green, at 4.90 p m.
Columbia Railroad Trains leave Reading at 7.80 a to
and 0.15 pm for Ephrata, Lit's, Lancaster, Columbilsoikei
Returning leave Lancaster at 8.20 a.m. and 8,30 p
and Columbia at 8.15 a. m. an i 3.20 p. m.
Perkiomen Railroad Trains leave Perkiomen Junction
at 7.35. 9.00 a in, 2.55 and 5.40 p m ; returning leave
Green Lane at 6,15, a m, 12.35 and 4.2• p m connecting;
with train, on Reading ailroad.
Pickering Valley Railroad trains leave Phoenixville at
9.10 a in., 8.10 and 5.50 p in.; returning, leave Byers
in 6.35 a.m., 12.45 and 4.20 p. in , connecting with trains
on Reading lisilroait.
Coiei,rookdale Railroad trains leave Pottatown at 9.40
a m , and 1.20, 6.25 and 7.15 p in; returning leave Mt.
Pleasant at 6.00, 8.00 and 11,25 a m, and 3.00 pm , con
necting with trains on Reading Railroad,
Chester Valley Railroad trains leave Bridgeport at 8.30
a in, 2.40 and 5.83 p in, returning, leave Downingtown.
at 0.55 a in, 12.30 and 5.40 p connecting with trains
on Reading Railroad.
On :Sundays : Leave New York at 5.80 p in, Philadel
phia at 8.00 a in and 3,15 p m, (tho 8.00 a in train run
Mug only to Reading,) leave Pottsville 8.00 a m ; leave
Harrisburg 6.311 it in, and 2.00 pmi leave Allentown at
8.66 p ni; leave Reiuling at 7,16 a m and 10.15 p m for
Harrisburg, at 7.30 a in for New York, and at 9,40 a in
and 4.15 p in for Philadelphia.
Commutation, Mileage, tteason, School and Itseer•
elo n Tickets, to ant from all points, at reduced rates
Baggage chocked through 100 pounds allowed each,
Passenger. J. 110. WOOTTNN,
Asst Supt re Buy. Mader,
ADING, Pi'. December 2d, 1872. [B.tf
READING, ALIO I'ST 21, 1812.
On and after September 2d, this Company wit I
take charge of the. ExeuEsk 13U51N899, In Oita de
tails, on road and bran/Mem, and will be fully
prepared to flecondnndate the public In the rapid
transmission of mousy and freight entru3ted to Its
Direct counecttuns will also be made with the
for New York City and State, the Eaatern States
and Canadan, and all points on the Delaware, Lack
awanna a. Western, Lackawanna & Blootrudiurg
and Morris & Essex Railroads, and at reduced
Particular attention will be given to the Collec
tion of Checks, Drafts, Notes, Bills, &c., and prompt
returns made.
Orders for articles to be returned by express wUI
be carried free of charge, and delivered at once
upon arrival of trains and goods called for and re
turned by next train, ft ready for shipment.
Telegrams ordering shipments of packages by
express will be forwarded over the lines of the
COMPANY at half rates.
For further Information, apply to Rnwsiut E.
PARK, Superintendent of "Philadelphia & Reading
It. R. Express Department," General Office, No. 1114
Chestnut Street; Branch Office, N.ll. corner Broad
and Callowhill Streets. .1. R. WOOTTEN,
47-8 t Assistant Supsritstasdatt.
Book and Job Printing.
Coal Dealers.
IwAyiiMl IN
1:10 a rn 8:00 a m
11:45 a In. ... 4:10 am
0:35 a m....10:46 a m
11:2r, a in 1:00 p to
11:25 a m .... 1:25 p M
3:28 p m
9:30 a m .1t:40 pm
11:50 m.... 2:30
IDally except Monday.
OEO. P. GAGE, Supt
10 30 am
636 pm
10 30 a in
696 pat