Newspaper Page Text
G. & G. R. FR.YSINGER, PUBLISHERS,
Whole No. 2931.
Poor House Business.
The Directors of the Poor meet at the Pool
House on tire 2d Tuesday of each month.
BSSNDBXCRT & GO7 9
Colieciien- ami remittances promptly made,
jnion-.-t allowed on titiio deposits. jau23-ly.
GEO. 77. EL2EE,,
Attorney at Law,
Office Market Square, Lewistown, will at
tend to business in Mitflin. Centre and Hunting
don counties mv 26
Mutual Insurance Company.
trills Con pony continues t>> issue Policies of Insttr
| 'unci, on ituil'linjjs and Personal Property, in Town
or 1 ..uiitry. at cash or mutual rates.
JAMES li.AMiI.V, President.
JOS III*A BOWMAN, Serrftnry.
JOHN HAMILTON, AjrenL
lalO'UT Lewistown, Pa.
'CHIT J. 3AHLEIT,
Belleville, Mifflin County, I'a.
Tilt. DA HLEX i 1 as been appointed an Examining
J/V irgeon for Pensions, wikiien requiring ejuua
.*■ wii! find him at hi" office in Belleville,
j, ~,-vilie. August Si 1866.-y
H. M. DUNMIRE,
OFF Kits his professional services to the
:tiz. iis of Mifflin county. He is prepared to per
f all (.jieratioiis 111 the dental profession. Office
; ; door from the Lewistown House. Main street,
where he will he found Hie first two weeks of each
and the !;<-l week of each month he will
v> • K -i. icoquillas Vallty. Teeth extracted without
pain l.y the u-e of nitrous oxide myl-tf
CFFERS his professional services to the citizens of
1 Lewistown and vicinity. All in want of good, neat
work will do wcil to give mm a call.
He may be found at all times at his office, three
d( <:*■ ■ t of 11 M. & It. Pratt's store, Yallev street.
NEWLY IMPROVED, CIiESIENT SCALE,
Acknowledged to be the best. London Prize Mcdul
and highest sward.- in America received.
and Second hand Pianos. Music.
No. 722 ARCH St., Lcioiv Stii, Philadelphia, Pa.
i . t ♦ April -4, 1n 7-3 m
THE BEST IN THE WORLD •
mllK UNDER-HONED I.S AGENT FOR THE
IMPROVED SINGER SEWING MACHINE,
wt *h will be placed upon trial with any other now
n us,. He invites competion. It can be tested
ZJ 'JH ® ZJ'S <£> EQ ft Da
with anv other machine to enable piircdiers to elioose
THE BEST. TERMS LIBERAL.
Give him a call. [marlSWSml WM. LIND.
■/. S. /.. SHCICPSCIT,
MAS taken the Store formerly occupied
v :1 T i P.aum. for the purpose of carrying on
V\ \1 • 11 MAK INO inol .11.U KLR 1 I'dsiness. He
w '■ I .-a-cd to see all Mr. Buum's old customers,
a! .*- lnaay m w ones ;.s w ill favor him with a call.
A • . wai;anted. Sp ic on East Market street,
tie . :V opposite tl.e p,,-t I iffioe.
!.• w All, ,\j 11 -Jd. lsc"-tf
MRS. M. E. STEWART,
? 1 yr^-T
%jj ■ *• A' W ssi —W, o J
%2\. \lt.\t Alarkft sh, Lfwislown,
I. A : il - k GENTI.KMEN -rt RNISHING GOODS.
K- Hats, Bonnets, Ladies Kin DRESS
Wj'o - .irni Trimmings.
i'a iii- of latest styles always on hand.
Millinery and Dress-Making
executed n the moßt approved Rtyle.
!.• .1 -t. ah, April IH, ISOti.lf
TNT E ZKT
}fea t fJs IA H (ism en T.
TH K undersigned has fitted up the build
-1 'in Brown street, above Frank's store, for a
11. where Fresh Beef, Pork, Mutton. Veal. A.-
. ; id at all times, an ice house for the preserva
tie it I ■ irig connected with the estHbfislimeut.
'1: . bite arc tnv.tcii to call.
1 I t 1 ,0111 will he opened for the first time on
-A . I'l \ Y M 1 "RNTNG. I'dh net.
JAMES 3. GALBKAITH.
A •-vr.. March 13, lSG"—tf.
Lewistown Coach Manufactory.
Junction 3d & Valley street.
MOSER cSc MAYES
fa#, > HAVING ASSOCIA
d t<_!*-tfi<r for the purpose ot
iiianulno'tir.iig arh' in
t-.. invite the putdic to
- Ui.-'u , examine Specimens of their
■* ti A ill be found equal to any in or out o!
A. ku, of repairing promptly attended
lias now open
A NEW STOCK
VEST! N C S,
*inch will be made up to order in the neat
t-t urul niost faahionabie styles. at>l9
H. X. 2"JZ32?„TSCIT,
Attorney at Law,
1.1 WIST'.AVN. I'A.,
(}'. ' p'"' - oprd-e rv.ees to the citizens of
in Northeast corner of the?
, ' l ' '• t> Hottmau'i" #torc*. my 2
3. 3. uyaiijjj'/, 'a.
PHY M< IAN AM) Si ItGEO.V,
l.i wlvtown, Pi.,
| J 1 ! Kit's 1,,, i'rolcssional Services to the
b- , '.ew, stow n and vicinity.
, " the Iviptßirs. E of 15 years in the
i' - ill. s. of Mill street, ifi the building
" '.pied by Dr It orrnil. jttlT
DIFFERENT Patterns—large assort
—'J meut a t McMASIOAL'S, Milroy.
MM lillßA jlDl)lJillS>
TFL K Nkw YORK MIR.% HOOFING COMPAXT. feptnbliahed
isri&t :irv under Lftters I*lent the
8.-M Article <f Comnosition ever Offered to
; the PubliCk It i> aiaj>t*d to iverv Myle of lioof,steep
or flat. Mild <•; herejoiily applied hv any one.
The r.jj. Government, after a thorough teat of its
• utility. h;\ •' adapted its use in the Navy Yards, and :
upon Public Huildin?.
| l'he Ku<tiii_' is put up in rolls, aud has only to be
nruled t.> the Koif to make a
Durable l'lrc and Water-Proof Covering.
U e purti'-iilarly recommend its use upon
Buildings. Slorix, Churches. Farlorit'g. Murliine
Slioj s, Steauibiiiit Decks, &c.
JVIICA ROOFIWG PAINT,!
For coating Tlx. litox, or Bitix(ii.r. Itoors. It forms a
fi'ti'l F.'junl ti> Three Cortts r>f Onlhutrif Paint.
. No Root iniu rust, undent, and old leaky Roofs may be !
made permanently waterproof and durable by its use.!
The Faint requires xo mxixn. but is ready to lie ap
plied with the ordinary paint brush. per nat
ion. which will cover two hundred square feet.
Also manufacturers of
Black Lustre Varnish,
Tarred Frit and Roofiwj J'itch.
Discount to the Trade. Circulars and Price List fur- j
nished. Rights for Counties sold at low rates. Address
THE MICA HOOFING COMPANY,
104 Jiroud I'm/, iV. V.
Frank Humphreys, fil Royal st.. N. O.: Sehofield !
YVilliam* A Co. Augusta. Gaj Baldwin H. Woods
Montgomery, Ala- Titos. S. routes, lialeisrh. N. t'.; K.
A. Tucker. Richmond, VaqHenry Wilson, Petersburg, |
Viu, Agents. janJ3
I) re w 9 s Pate nt
1/Bin D im iUiiinHiii
THE greatest improvement of the age, in this line !
of trade. Ist. Ii does away wuh the wrinkles on j
1 the instep, also, with the welted side seam which has j
t injured -<> many feet and ankles. 2d. It makes the!
f easiest sitting and best fitting boot ever worn. This!
boot i- now manufactured by P. F. Loop, who holds
the right of use for the county, and is prepared to !
I furnish all who wish to wear this hoot. A liberal dis
count to dealers who wish to deal in these boots. Or- 1
ders tilled at short notice. Prices greatly reduced on
j. all goods at P. F. Loop's Shoe Store. febfi
! 628. EC OF SZIHTS. 628
NKW SPRING STYLES, "tlnr Own Slake."
embra<*iii: every Ntw anil Ig* si ruble Mze. style atiel j
• I . and Trail Hoor SKIHTS. — % 2 1 4. 2
.1. ?1-4. -t 1-2. .'L4 nntl I yard A, r)imtl every length
and si/.e Waist: in every respect FIRST (Reality, and
espeei illy ad.ipt*'d to meet the wants of FIRST
ami inost fa>lnonabie TKAHE.
• OUR < wx MAKE." of Hoop Skirts, are lighter, more
I elastic, more durable, and KKAI.I.V t HF.AI er than any
I oiln r mak* of either Single or Double Sprinjz Skirt
in the American Market, 'liny are WARRANTED in j
every respecL and wherever intnxluced give univer
sal saiisfaen-•!. Thev are now boingextensively sold
by retailers, and every lady should try them
Ask for '•Hopkin's* Own Make." and see that each !
Skirl >t;nipcd *'W. T. HOPKIN S MAM'I- \t"Id'K
EK. t>2B AKC!I Street, PHILADELPHIA. AVz other* !
are Ot mine. A Catalogue containing Style, Sizi and
. Hrtail Pnees, sent to any address. A (■ loforrn ami
, Liberal Liseount allowed to Dealers. Orders by mail
or other*i*e 9 promptly and earefully filled. Whole,
sale and Ketail. at Man'nfaetory and Sales room®, No
11*28 Arch Street. Philadelphia.' Skirts made to order
altei'cd and repaired.
TEItMS, NET CASH. ONE PRICE ONLY.
ojar2o 10m Wm. T. lIOI'KINS,
ME RCII \NT TAILOR, has removed Ins shopto th<*
huiiddtg fni rly known the hoi..e/
i hi the inter-eetioii of Valley and Mni street, adjoininj.
H. M. A: R Pratt's stare, where he cordially invite- all
who need anything in hi® line. <. ...L" and Trim
mines furnished and gentlemen's clothing made, in j
the latest styles, on short notice, and at reasonable i
WHAT'S ALL THIS?
Why llic Grain Business is Rfviud al Mc-
Coy's Old Stand.
r |MIK undersigned, having rented the
1 lai !.*• and eenimodioiis Warehouse.- former!)
• eupied Ly Frank e-q., i- now prepared
purehase i receive and forward
ALL KINDS OF GRAIN,
for winch he will pajr market prices. Aln, he will
keep for sake. SALT. P!.\BTKR. COAL nn.l FISH.
lie r-'turu- thank to nil bis nbl --ij -tomers f-.r tli--.r
farmei [mlrnnriL'.'. ami -bull feel grateful fornrenewal
-if p:i-t t-usin-'-s relations.
M. : -hunts will I.mi uu> their Ivani.iL'eto givelem
a call. W ILLIAM W11.1.15.
EJII'IKE SHUTTLE SEWING MACHINES.
Are superior to all others far
FAMILY AND M ANV FACT! "11l NG PCRPOBE3. 1
i: Contain nil tie* latest insprtwernenttt; are speedy
in i-el--- ■! irable; ami easy to work.
Illu.-tr iieil t tr-ui irs free. Ag*-nts wanted. Libera!
j J - -11 fit allow i No con-] 'nmeiit- m:i<ie.
A-Ure-S EMPIRE 3. M. CO., fill; Broadway. New
- j Y, ' rk * sepi'fi l '—ly |
S. S. CAMPBELL & CO.
AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
F0 REIG N F R U ITS, N UTS,&C.
No. 303, RACE STREET,
ALSO, VAXI'FACTURZM Of A LI. KJNDZ Of
gts'f Molasees Candy and (Jocoanut Work
To the Voters of Central Penna
LI.ECTP i.V is over and ilbav been decided by al.out '
•Jo.'rtH) majority that the Tobaeeo and Cigars sold |
at Kry-ingei s Toimcco and Segar Htore cannot be !
, surpassed, either in LJuality or Pnee.
Look at tb* Prices, get s.-meof the goods.and com
pare with all others, and you will he satisfied that you !
get the worth of your money at Frysmger's.
Ft i singer's Spun Roll only tfl.OOper pound.
1 Frysmger's Navy
Frysingtr's Congress '* " '* "
i Frysmger's Flounder " " " "
| Willett Navy " " " "
: Oronoko I'wist " " " fa
And other Plug Tobacco at 40 and 50 ets. per lb.
i ut and Dry 40 -nd 50 rt-. Granulated Tobac cos at
ijij , So ets.. #I.OO, fl.'jo. and #1,50 per lb.
Fine-Cut chew ing, at #1 40 and #1.20.
( .. ars at 1, 2, 3. 5 and loots, each.
Pipes in great variety ; also Cigar Cases. Tobaeeo
! Slouches and Boxes, Match Safes, ami all articles
u-uallv kept in a first-class Toliaceo and Cigar Store.
| To Merctmnts. I offer the above goods at prices that .
will enable them to retail at the same prices that I
po a fair profit. £ FuysIN(;FR j
<Don nn agents WANTED tw)
ij)ZU III) i . a, ,i,-. io intrmiii-s-ooi NEVi P.t'lESl.
-I Alt SHUTTLE HEWING MACHINE. His adapt- j
e.| for ten ty n-e and Tailoring. It make -' "Dti-h 1
f al tie on both" sides. Price only 1 W EN 1 Y p< iI.EAEs. ;
■ I en rdinary inducements i* Ag f *nt-. I*or tnllpai ,
ti- ..lars. address DEMUNT A WILSON.
io!''3m* two Arch st-Plola.. In. I
I S. O- M'CURDY,
Benson- Campbell & Co.,
Comiiii*MOD Merrkants 4 N\ hob sale Grocers,
507 M'irl'ft Street, Philadelphia.
'■> I)ARTICI I.All attention given to-ales of Cin-eng,
i Woo', Woob-n Yarn, Em i-kins, Deer skins, Sheep
Siiin-, Klax-i • i.Cloyerseed, Feathers. Leather. Roots,
Dr.ed Fruit. Butler. Beeswax. Eggs, Ac.
Ail good- warranted to give entire satisfaction, and
m Id at the lowest city pr-ces.
Please call ami be convinced.
Also, u lull Hue of Tobacco kept constantly on
, baud. jyio-om*
REESE & SLAGLEj Proprietors.
<). K. DAVIS, Superintendent.
I'O RT ABLEA XDS T A TlO XA R Y
STEAM ENGINES AND BOILERS,
PORTABLE AND STATIONARY SAW MILLS.
Iron and Brass Castings
| Made and fitted up for Mills, Factories. Forges, Blast
I Furnaces. Rolling Mills. Ac.
We call tin- attention of Tanners to our Oven tor
burning tan under .Steam Boilers,
j TERMS REASONABLE. All orders by mail or
otherwise promptly attended to.
juues REESE A SLAGLE.
fpHE following Fire. Life,'and Accidental Companies
I are represented by the undersigned:
wKtna, Eire of Hartford, 54,083,0(JU
Putnam, " 500,000
Ilotue, New York 3,500,000
Gennania, " 700,000
Home, New Ilav- n, 1,000,00(1
North America, Philadelphia, 1,750,000
Enterprise, " 400,000
Lycoming, Penna., 2,500,000
Farmers, York, IV, 500,000
American Life, Philadelphia, 1,000,000
N Y. Accidental, New York, 250,000
Horse Thief Ins. Co. York IV, 50,000
This agency is prepared to insure against Fire, Death
or Aeeiuent. in any part of Mittlin county Horses
are insured against theft. All business pertaining to
in-tiianee promptly attended to.
iaulti'o7 JOHN HAMILTON, Agent.
THE OLD STAND AHEAD !
Hamaker & Montgomery,
H AVE associated together lor the pur
pso of manufacturing Coaches, Buggies, Carria
ges, Sulkies, Spring Wagons, Ac., at
in Valley street, i>t<wn. They art prepared to
d all kinds of work in their line, in an elrgnnt and
workmanlike manner, and invite the cit.zeiia of town
and vi'Mic.ty to call and examine their new stock on
hand. 1-efore purchasing eKewhere, a- all uVrk m:#i
ui.tftured at this establishment i warranted.
Prompt attention given to all repairing, which will
he clone With neatness and durability- and guaranteed
tu give satisfaction. myi-ly
FRANK H. WENTZ.
BOOT AND SHOE STORE,
HAS just received a lurjre Stock of Hoots
and Shoos direct from Eastern Manufacturers,
which he offers at greatly reduced prices:
.Men's Congress Gaiters, S3 50
" Glove Calf' Congress do, 4 25
Womens* Lasting Gaiters, 1 25
Other woik in proportion.
Also, an assortment of H< rn M anufacture constant
ly <>n ii in.l, and mad' to ori- r .u shui t notice.
Call and examine hi® stock before #lso
Look out for Us, as we are Com
ing once more, with a
-LSR.3 ©MA ZHEOXSS
STILL LOW Eli!
L are prepared to sell Goods at the
v v loWest market prices, lower than be
fore the war.
If Jul: want good
Sugars at 11 to IG,
Coffees at 28 to 30,
Rice at 13,
Syrups at 15 to 30 qt..
Go to lIITTEXHOUSE <fc MeKIXXEY'S.
If you want good Teas of all kinds go to
R A McK.
If you want good Snice9 of all kinds, go to
R. & McK.
If you want a good quality of Ilonny, go to
R. &. Melv.
If you want the best
Corn Starch, Concentrated Lye,
Washing Soap o , Toilet Soaps,
Canned Fruits, &c..
Go to R. & McK.
Ify ou want to buy good white Muslin, yard ;
wide, at 15 cents, go to 11. &. McK
If you want Calicos, at 10 to 18 cents, go to
11. & McK.
If you want good goods of all kinds, such as
Ginghams at 10 to 25,
Brown Muslins at 10 to 23,
Delaines, 25, (old prices,)
including Dress goods, the best of all kinds.
Go to R. & McK.
For Flannel, Ticking, Crash, Table Diaper,
Linen, with a variety of other goods, go to
K. & McK.
TO THE LADIES !
If you want good Cotton Hose, nt 15 to 30,
Go to R. A McK.
If you want good Notions of all kinds, go to
11. t McK.
Gentlemen, if you want Cotton Socks, at I'2s
ets , I'aper Collars of all kinds, Linen Col
lars, got up for the summer, at 5 cents, go to
R. k McK.
If you want good
Cotton Pants Stuff,
Cassiaicrs and Cloths,
Go to R. k McK.
If you want Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps.
go to R- k McK.
If you want good Fish of all kinds, go to
R. k McK.
If you want to find a good stock of goods of
all kinds, go to R. & McK.
Thankful (or past favors, and hoping a con
tinuance of the same, we remain,
KIT I'EN HOUSE & McIvIXXEY.
Lewistown, June 11), ls'iT-tf
Jl J. HOFFMAN has just received a
be sold low, for cash. _
II ON WARE. A good assortment, nt
] F. J. HOFFMAN'S.
Wednesday, August 7, 1867.
, The evening was bright with the moon of May,
And the lawn was light at- though lit hv day;
! From my windows I looked to see Croquet.
Of mallets ami balls t ie usual <lisp py f
The hoops all stood in arch array.
I said to myself, Soou we'll see Croquet?
But the mallets and balls unheeded lay,
And the maid and youth, side by side sat they,
And 1 said to myself, Is that Croquet?
I ' iv.
I saw the scamp—it was light as day—
Put his arm 'round her waist in a loving way,
i Aud he squeezed hor hand. Was that Croquet ?
j While the red rover rolled forgotten away.
He whispered ail a lover should say,
Aud he kissed her lips. What a queer Croquet!
j Silent they sat 'neath the moon of May,
* And I knew oy her blushes she said not nay.
And 1 thought in my heart, Now that's Croquet.
, O T_z XT 1 O vI,
I 41HHIBSS <)l Tli LI \ H>\ 7fl"-
Pl IH-a 4 \ STATE CENTIME
COMMITTER BOOMS, )
IIARIUSBL'iui, July 20, 18G7, )
To the People of Pennsylvania.
1 Fellow-citizens: —T'lio official term of
- George \Y. Woodward, Chief Justice
i of the Supreme Court of the State is
about to expire; and under the Consti
tution his successor will be elected on
the second Tuesday of October next.
This election is every way important,
and the more so, because of the g' eat
principles and issues involved, and of
i the tact that the term is for fifteen
All the powers of our Governments,
both National and State, are divided
into three classes: the Legislative, Ex
ecutive ami Judicial. The people are
the source of all power; and our Con
stitutions provide the manner in which
ail offices shall he filled, and the terms
for which they shall be held. The Na
tional Judiciary being for life, and that
ot the Stale Judiciary fifteen years,
changes in these tribunals are wrought
more slowly than in the other branches
ol the Government, and hence should
he made with the greater caution and
wisdom; for nothing is of greater pub
lic importance than a wise and patri
otic judiciary. Our past history shows
a constant tendency in these several
departments to enlarge their respec
tive jurisdictions, and occasionally to
encroach on each other; and especially
is this true of the judiciary, it is but
recently the Supreme Court of the
I nitcd States, in the interests of sla
very, gravely undertook to overturn
the foundations of the Government on
that question, and to nullify and de
stroy acts ot' Congress enacted by the
men who made the Constitution. The
Dred Scott decision virtually legalized
and extended slavery over all the Tor
ritories of the Union, in defiance of
Congress and the people; and laid down
principles, which, hut for subsequent
i events, would have extended slavery
jam! made it lawful in all the States
And after the recent civil war was in
augurated, our State judiciary, by a
denial of the constitutional powers of
Congress and our State Legislature,
jin measures absolutely necessary to
carry on the war and save the nation,
so imperil our cause as to make iritel
j ligent patriots everywhere tremble for
ihe issue of the contest. True, these
false theories did not prevail. But it
-is equally true the continued assertion
of them paralyzed the arms of both
the National and State Governments,
| distracted and disheartened our peo
ple, gave aid and comfort to the enemy, i
prolonged the war, and added irn
j measurably to our sacrifices of blood ;•
i and treasure. Hence it is,' That warned
by past misfortunes, we ask that the
Supreme Court of the State he placed
'in harmony with the political opinions
j of the majority of the people, to the end
that the Court may never again, by un- j
just decisions, seek to set aside laws vital
- to the nation.'
Who, then, are HENRY W. XV ILLIAMS
I and GEORGE SHARSWOOD, the candidates
j for this vacant seat upon the Supreme,
bench ? What are their past records,
and where do they stand, in these
'eventful times, and on these moment
ous issues ? The weal or woe ot the
Commonwealth, and perhaps of the
j nation, is involved in these questions;
j and it behooves every patriotic voter
in the State to examine them with
' Of Judge Williams, the Union Re
publican candidate, we here propose
to give no extended biography, lie
is a high-toned Christian gentleman,
i about 4G years of age, a ripe scholar,
and a learned and eminent lawyer,
with fifteen years judicial experience,
ion the bench of the District Court of
Alleghenny county He was first
- elected judge in 1851, when ho ran
over one thousand votes ahead of his
ticket, and was re-elected in 1861, by
tho unanimous vote of all parties.—
f Tho following extract from an editorial
in the Pittsburgh Post (tho principal
Democratic paper of tho West,) shows
the estimation in which he is held by
'The nomination of tho Hon. Henry
W. Williams as a candidate for Judge
of tho Supreme Court is a good one.
t lie was the best man mimed Injure the lie
j publican Convention, and possesses legal
and moral qualifications for the respon
sible position to which ho has been
He is of the Webster and Clay school
of politics, and during the recent civil
war, from the beginning to the end,
did everything in his power, through
his means, his voice, and his votes, to
strengthen the hands and encourage
the hearts of the loyal people in the
-struggle to maintain the Union.
\Y ho, and what Judge Sharswood is,
as a public man, will appear from what
Earl}' in the history of this nation
political sentiment became divided on
the powers of the National and State
governments, and their true relations
to each other. On these divisions two
groat parties were subsequently found
jed• The one, known as the State
•Mights party, had John C. Calhoun for
its champion; and the other, for its re
cognized leader, had the great expound
er of the Constitution, Daniel Webster, j
The former held free trade, and the
right of nullification and secession, as
cardinal doctrines, denying tho consti
tutional power of Congress to impose
duties for protection, and claiming
nullification and secession as inherent
rights of a State. The latter denied
these assumptions, and between these
conflicting principles and parties there
has been perpetual warfare. In tho
main, the old Whig party ranged itself
under the banner of Webster, and the
Democratic party under that of Cal
houn. One of the legitimate fruits of
the State rights doctrine was the re
bellion of 1833 in South Carolina; the
avowed object of which was to nullify
the protective tariff law of Congress,
enacted in 1828. The country at that
time was saved from a disastrous civil
war by the firmness of President Jack
son, the wisdom of' Congress, and the
patriotism of General Scott. That
effort at rebellion and civil war failed;
and the principlo on which it was
based was repudiated. But in 180'J
and 1861 South Carolina, and other
rebel States, again endeavored to pul
in force their States rights doctrine of
secession. The sympathy, imbecility,
and connivance of President Buchan
an, and his advisers, so contributed to
tho success of the effort, that its con
summation could only be prevented
by a long, desperate, and bloody civil
war In the end, and after fearful sac
rifices of life and treasure, tiro rights
and power of the National Govern
ment were again vindicated; and the
Calhoun doctrine of secession was
again overthrown. Such at least lias
been the popular conviction, and cause
for rejoicing; and even the worst of
Southern rebels have been compelled
to confess it, and for two years past
have been weeping over their 'lost j
cause.' Strange, sad, and incredible
as it may seem, we are already called
upon to fight these great issues over
again. The Democratic party, with
Judge Sharswood for its leader, and
with Free Trade, State Mights and Se
cossion upon its banner, is again mar
-dialing its hosts, and now summoning
us to tho field of political combat, on
these same issues! That party, at
their National Conventions in, 1856
and 1860, readoptcd what are known
as the \ irginia and Kentucky resolu
tions of 1798 and 1799, as part of their
platforms. These resolutionsare known
as the embodiment of tho old State
rights and Calhoun doctrines. They
do not regard the relations of the
States or people thereof to the United
Suites :n constituting a government, in
the ordinary and proper sense of the
term, hut declare them to be merely a
runt pact and that 'as in all other cases <>j
compact among parties having no common
\ ./"dge, eac'i j>arty has an equal right to j
judije.Jor itself'. AS WELL OF INFRACTIONS. |
AS OF THE MODE AND MEASURE OF RE j
Under this free Democratic charier
for rebellion, tho lawful election of
Abraham Lincoln as President ot the
United States was claimed by the peo
pie of the rebel States as an 'infrac
tion' of the 'compact;' and they chose
secession and civil war as the 'mode,'
and the destruction of the Union and
State independence as 'the measure of
redress.' The Democratic party at its
last National Convention proclaimed
the war a failure; and it has now put
in the field a life long Free Trade and
State Rights candidate, whom Judge
Black endorses as one who 'will stand
by the Constitution and give pure law'
—viz: who will stand by the Constitu-i
tion as the State Rights party constru
it, and give us such'pure law' as Judge
Black has given President BUCHANAN
and ANDREW JOHNSON.
Judge Sharswood and his party
friends have not only denied the law
ful power of the National Government
to coerce a rebellious State, to make
and enforce a draft, to inakc paper
money a legal tender, to emancipate i
and arm negroes, to punish rebels and
traitors by disfranchisement, to sus
; pend the wiit of habeas corpus in time
of rebellion, or to arrest and try often
I ders in tho time of war by court mar
! tiai; hut they hold that till these things,
; though actually done, were illegally
■ and wrongfully done, and therefore set
tied nothing! Or, as the Democratic
■ organ (the Philadelphia Age,) in a re
• cent elaborate editorial on the ltepub
. lican Statu platform, thus expresses
- the same idea : 'We put it to the sober
1 thoughts of the people ot Pennsylvania,
- whether they would not have all these ■
i grave pending questions decided ac
cording to law, and not according to
LEWISTOWN, MIFFLIN COUNTY, PA-
war, JUST, IN FACT, AS THEY WOULD
HAVE BERN DECIDED HAD THEY ARISEN
EIi.IIT YEARS AtiO, OR HAD NO WAR TA
Is, then the 'lost cause 1 not lost?—
Has the late dreadful war decided
nothing? Is the right of secession an
open question ? Has slavery not been
abolished? Are not tho four millions
of bondsmen free? Has our national
debt no legal existence? Have the
victors no power over the vanquished ?
Have the rebel States and people lost
no rights by rebellion ? Have our sac
rifices of blood and treasure been all
made in vain? Fellow-citizens, weigh
well these solemn questions,and answer
them at the ballot-box on the second
Tuesday of October next.
Having concluded to reserve for a
future occasion some remarks on par
ty organization, and other topics, this
address might here properly close.—
But, it may be asked by some, is Judge
Sharswood, indeed, the political here
tic herein set forth ?' 'A man is known
by the company ho keeps,' says the
old adage. We have the right to as
sume, atid have assumed, that the
Judge is of the same political faith as
his party, and the public wi.l hold him
responsible for all the guilty acts and
omissions of his party. There can be
no mistaking the true position of tho
man who recently delivered an elabo
rate opinion denying tho constitutional
power of Congress to make paper
money a legal tender. (See the case
ot Borie vs. Trott, Legal Intelligencer j
of March 18th, 1864, page 92.) Audi
when we go further back, and examine
his early history, we find ample juslifi
cation for all we have written, and
more. So long ago as April, 1834, lie
appeared as 'The Orator of the Day,'
at a meeting of a States' Right Asso
ciation,in Philadelphia. Wo here copy
some of the proceedings of that inter
esting convocation from 'The Examin
er and Journal of Political Economy,
Devoted to the Advancement of the
Cause of State Rights and Free Trade,'
Vol. 1, page 309.
The orator on that occasion deliver
ed a long and carefully prepared vin
dication and eulogy of the State Rights
\ irginia and Kentucky resolutions,
herein before cited; and summed tip his
elaborate endorsements thereof as fol
'Be come back to our starting place, and
finding nothing in '.he Constitution estab
lishing any final judge of the enumerated
powers, prohibitions, and reserved rights,
it must rest upon the admitted principles
of general late, in cases of compact be
tween parties having no common superior.
EACH STATE IIAS THE RIOIIT TO JUDGE
FOR ITSELF OF THE INFRACTIONS OF THE
COMPACT, AND TO CHOOSE FOR ITSELF
THE MOST PROPER AND EFFICIENT REME
The better to exhibit still further, if
possible, the true character of that
meeting and its distinguished orator,
the following toasts are copied from
the proceedings. (Same volume, p.
TOAST : 'JOHN C. CALHOUN —The first
to throw himself into the breach
against Federal usurpation. May he
live to see his principles predominant
throughout the world.'
TOAST: 'THE PATRIOTS, OTHERWISE
CALLED NULLIFIERSOF SOUTII CAROLINA
—their memories will he cherished
when the advocates ot the Force Bill
arc forgotten, or remembered with ex
TOAST: 'THE STATE OF SOUTH CAR
OT.INA —as her principles are cherished
we need not fear usurpation, eiiher in
the Legislative, Judicial, or Executive
departments of the Government.'
The Hon. John C. Calhoun was
among those invited to this meeting
by Judge Sharswood and others, but)
declined in a published letter of sym
Wo thus submit, as briefly as possible, j
the record of the Democratic candidate j
and of the party which placed him in
nomination. We feel that no added
comments could do justice to the suh-i
ject; ai d only ask you. fellow-citizens,
to examine the whole record with care, j
and under a sense of your solemn re i
sponsihilties to your country, render |
your verdict at the ensuing election.
Bv order of the Committee.
GEO XV. HAMERSI.Y, ) , .
S. ROBLEY DU NOLI SON, J OC J 3 '
Life on an Ocean Slioai.
[From the Honolulu Advertiser, M;iy 14th.]
In our issue of the 27th ult., we gave
a detailed account of the loss of the
American whaling hark Daniel Wood,
Richmond, master, on the 14th of that
month, on French Frigate Shoal.—
After our paper had gone to press on
Saturday last, the United States steam
er Lackawanna, Captain Reynolds,
which had sailed on the 25th to rescue
the shipwrecked crew which remained
on the shoal, returned to port, having
been absent nine days, and having ful
ly succeeded in iter errand of mercy.
She brought the first officer, Mr. Hall,
and twenty six others, all in good
health, having happily been preserved
from famine and thirst.
An account of the lite of these casta
way mariners —on a barren shoal, far
out at sea, with no natural sources
from which to obtain water to allay
Vol. 57, No. 31.
< I lie thirst excited by a tropical nun,
and with but a scant supply of water
and provisions obtained from the wreck
—may not prove uninteresting.
When the captain and his boat's
crew of seven men embarked on their
perilous voyage of four hundred and
fifty miles to Honolulu, over a tempes
tuous ocean, the stock of provisions
left on the shoal for the subsistence of
the remaining twenty-seven souls con
sisted of about two hundred and forty
gallons ot water, sonic of which was
brackish, and bread enough to last two
weeks if used moderately. The bread,
however, had got saturated with salt
water, and was in a state of pulp. This
constituted all the provisions saved
from the wreck, exclusive of that which
the captain took in his boat. As ho
disappeared in the shades of night on
the afternoon of the 16th, various were
the emotions of those who were left
behind. Would they ever seo him
again, and would not his boat be upset
or swamped in the heavy trade wind
sea that rolled between them and Hon
olulu? An}' accident to the captain
might consign them to linger out for a
lew weeks a miserable existence, evi
dently to perish in this out-of the-way
place, scarcely ever visited by vessels,
and indeed studiously avoided by ship
ping on account of the known danger
jous character ot navigation in its
Out of the whole number of men on
the shoal but five were American born
—the chief officer and four others.
The remainder were Portugese and
Hawaiians, and on those five depend
ed the contriving and the adoption of
measures of proper economy in the
use of provisions and the mainteranco
of discipline. But they proved them
selves equal to the task, for Yankees
are always ready to meet any emer
gency. First, all hands were put on
a regular allowance to each man of a
handful of soaked bread—which was
- reduced to a pulp—twico a day, with
two half pints of water. Some pieces
of white twilled cotton, such us is used
. for boat sails, had been saved from the
. wreck, and with these a tent was im
i provised to shield them from the hot
Here they were tolerably comforta
ble, for the climate is so mild that thick
clothing at night can be dispensed
! with. Here it. may be mentioned that
when the ship commenced breaking
' up. the American portion of the crew
i were endeavoring, under the direction
. of the officers, to save something ot
. value for the benefit and preservation
of all, while the Portugese, with char
; acteristic regard for their individual
; interests, were busy in securing each
• his kit of clothes, so that while they
. and most of the Hawaiians landed with
outfits, the Americans had nothing but
I what the}* stood in.
; j Fortunately the shoal on which they
were cast abounds with sea birds, of
, tho kind known among seamen as
4 Molly mocks." We are unable to say
what name they are known by among
ornithologists, but presume the pecu
liar cry which they make at times orig
inally furnished sailors with a reason
i for culling them 4 Molly-mocks,' a name
by which they are known from Cape
. Horn to the Arctic Ocean, for they are
k to be seen in all latitudes. They visit
I these low islands and shoals for the
1 purpose of incubation, laying their eggs
. in countless numbers on the sand. Al
though they are essentially sea birds
and subsist entirely on flesh, yet their
1 eggs, when fresh, are quite as palata
, bio as those of a Shanghai or a Domi
nique. The men of the Wood used to
go out every morning and collect sev
eral baskets full of them, and found
them excellent eating, either boiled or
roasted. The young birds, too, before
tli ey are fledged, are quite fat and ten
der, and when skinned and hung up a
|short time, eat well. The lagoon
abounds in turtle and fish, the former
iof which were easily caught, and a
good deal of diversion was had among
the sailors in getting astride of a big
fellow and seizing him by the flippers,
amusing themselves by his ineffectual
i attempts to dive. There was plenty
; of fish, too, in the lagoon,but they had
no fish-hooks, but managed to make
jone or two out of a piece of wire.—
They had one cooking utensil, a cop
per kettle, saved from the wreck, and
and in this they did all their cooking.
.Their firewood was from the spars of
the South Seaman, still lying on the
shoal. So it would seem there was no
'ldanger of starvation so long as the
turtle and the birds lasted.
But the subject of the supply of wa
ter for drinking purposes was the one
- which most engaged their thoughts.—
3 Should help fail to come before many
• days their already scanty stock would,
1 even with the strictest economy, be
• entirely exhausted, and then, like the
1 case of Coleridge's 4 Ancient Mariner,'
there would bo
• Water, water, everywhere,
And not drop to drink.'
' But Yankee intelligence and energy
" here came into play. The second day
' after the captain left, they set to work
• to make an apparatus to distill fresh
• water out of salt. To do this they had
' a deck pot, two gun-barrels, and u
' short piece of lead pipe. Fitting a
wooden cover to the deck pot, the bent
end of a gun-barrel was inserted in the
top, and, joined to the other gun bar
i rel, was led through a cask of cold
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