Lewistown gazette. (Lewistown, Pa.) 1843-1944, October 17, 1866, Image 1

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Whole No. 2891.
T) V VIRTUE of the authority conferred
D upon the undersigned by an ac-t of the
General Assembly of the Commonwealth
of Pennsylvania, entitled "An Act to en
able the Administrators of Hon. James T.
Hale, late of Centre county, dec'd, to sell
real estate," passed the lltii day of April,
1866, they will expose to sale at public
outcry at Lock's Mills, in Mifflin county,
Pennsylvania, on
Tuesday', October 30, IS6.
the following valuable Real Estate, to wit:
Ist, The undivided one-fourth part of
two tracts of land, situate in Armagh
township, Mifflin county, Pa., the one
containing fifteen acres, ant! 19 perches,
more or less, and the other containing
four acres and 78 perches, more or less,
having thereon erected a large
and other buildings, known as Lock's
2d, The undivided one-fourth part of a
certain tract of land situate in the town
ship aforesaid, adjoining lands of John
Beatty, Geo. Swartzell, X. \V. Sterrett,
John and James Beatty, and others, con
JTATWO Hundredk Forty-Five Acres
Ii i and 82 perches, more or less,
gay ~&>& nearly all cleared and in a
good state of cultivation, having thereon
erected FARM HOUSE, Barn and other
3d, The undivided one-fourth part of a
field situate as aforesaid, containing eight
acres and IS perches, more or less, known
' The field by the Church."
4th, The undivided one-fourth part of a
tract of land situate as aforesaid, adjoin
ing lands of X. W. Sterrett, James Ster
rett's heirs, J. Kennedy, John Swartzell,
Wm.Beatty's heirs ami others, containing
THIRTY'-FOUR ACRES, and 120 per
ches, more or less, known as " The fields
west of the road."
sth, The undivided one-fourth part of
a lot of grouml situate as aforesaid, con
taining Seventy-Seven Perches, more or
less, known as the "Samuel Harvy Lot."
6th, The undivided one-fourth part of a
lot of ground situate as aforesaid, contain
ing 142 Perches, more or less, known as
tlie "Hassinger Lot."
7th, The undivided one-fourth part of
three several lots situate as aforesaid, one
thereof containing 44 perches, more or
less, known as the "Shop Lot." Anoth
er thereof containing 39 perches more or
less known as the "Corner Lot." And
the other containing 77 perches, more or
less* known as the "Wagon Maker Shop
Bth, The undivided one-fourth part of
a lot of ground situate as aforesaid, con
taining three Acres and 112 perches, more
or less, known as the "Hawk Lot."
9th, The undivided one-fourth part of
a tract of land situate as aforesaid, con
TWO ACRES and .57 perches, more or
less, known as "The East end of the Wm.
Lyon Tract."
10th, The undivided one-fourth part of
a tract of land situate as aforesaid, con
300 ACRES,
and 78 perches, more or less, known a*
the "West end of the \\ m. Lyon Iract. '
11th, The undivided one-fourth part of
eight pieces, parcels, or tracts ot land, sit
uate in the township aforesaid on what is
known as Beatty's Knob :
No. 1, Containing 99 acres and 20 per
ches. more or less. Xo. 2, Containing 112
acres and 121 perches, more or less. Xo.
3, Containing 110 acres and 102 jierches,
more or less. Xo. 4, < 'oiitaining 150 acres
antl 155 perches, more or less. Xo. 5,
Containing 123 acres and 69 jierches, more
or less. Xo. 6, Containing 174 acres and
109 perches, more or less. Xo. 7, Contain
ing 156 acres and 103 perches, more or less.
Xo. 8, Containing 131 acres and 129 per
ches, more or less.
—Sale to commence at 10 o'clock a. m.
of said day.
TERMS:—One third in hand on confir
mation of sale by the Orphans' Court of
Centre county, and the residue in two
equal annual payments, with interest, to
be secured on the premises by bond and
It is deemed necessary for the informa
tion of persons unacquainted with this
property to call special attention to Xos.
one and two: —The grist Mill and Distil
lery are now in full operation and were
erected by the Messrs. Locke, in the most
permanent aud complete manner, wit li
mit regard to cost. The farm buildings
are large and convenient ami well adapted
for all farming purposes. Therearesome
twelve tenant ami other houses for the
accommodation of tiiose employed at this
establishment, all in good order. The
Mifflin and Centre County Railroad is in
close proximity to the Mills, being but
about two miles distant.
The undersigned owners in fee simple
of the remaining undivided three-fourths
part of the above described property, will
sell the same at the same time and place,
and upon the same terms.
G. CURTIN. sept29-ts
In pursuance of an order issued by
the Orphans' Court of Mifflin county,
the undersigned will expose to sale, by
public vendue, on the premises, near Mil
roy, on
Saturday, October I*l, 1*66.
at one o'clock in the afternoon, the follow
ing Real Estate, to wit:
A House and Lot of Ground, situate in
Armagh township, Mifflin county, bound
ed <>n the north by land of Wm. Collier,
on the south by land of John Beaver and
M m. Reed, on the east by land of W.
Thompson and Bartholomew Thatcher,
and on the west by land of Win. Reed,
containing aliout 4 acres, more or less.
Terms made known on day of sale.
seplb Admr. of Dan'l Beaver, dec'd.
J. K. HARTZLER, Belleville, Mifflin County, Editor
B&grThe borough of McVeytown
pays the principal of the union school
at that place seventy dollars per month.
Well done.
the intelligence of directors and the
efforts of faithful teachers, this impor
tant agency for the improvement and
awakening of teachers and schools will
receive another trial in every district
of this county, excepting, perhaps, one
or two. Let every teacher be a regu
lar and faithful worker, and the good
results will surely be seen in the con
tinued and increased efficiency of our
schools. The eye of the public is upon
us in this matter; let us not fail to be
true to the confidence bestowed.
GOOD SPELLING. —It is said, some
times, that spelling does not receive as
much attention in. our schools as it
should, and the remark is not altogether
unfounded. A man once sent the fol
lowing note to school with his boy :
"Kepttuhumsortintaters," at least so
says the " humorous corner" of the pa
pers. Rut an instance of spelling that
deserves notice has lately been brought
to our attention. Lizzie Close, of Mr.
W. C. McClenahen's school, in Armagh
district, has not misspelled a word du
ring the whole school sessions of the
last two summers and last winter.
Boys and girls, who can beat that ?
Thoughts tor the Day.
The din and the smoke of the polit
ical contest which reached itsculmina
ting point on Tuesday of last week, is
clearing away. One day its results
are discussed; the next our people
again go quietly about their usual work.
Would that this feeble goose-quill of
mine could pen words of burning pow
er, words that would arrest the atten
tion and arouse the energies of the
people, and enlist their hearts more
completely in another popular /move
ment of transcendent importance, a
cause less exciting than a political con
test but surely no less far reaching in
its results—the education of all the
children of all the people up to the
point of a thorough preparation for
good citizenship.
There is something so exciting in a
political contest, the principles at issue,
and the candidates, who arc supposed
to embody them, area something so
tangible that the majority of' people
enter quite readily into the campaign.
Not so with a quiet and fundamental
movement like universal education.—
Though its results show a powerful in
fluence for good upon society, yet ma
ny people do not fully apprehend the
great importance of this matter. Rut
let us see what we would be without
our school system. Had our State
never adopted the free school system,
there is no doubt but to day a great
proportion of Pennsylvanians would
be unable to read and write ! This
fact is verified in the case of the rebel
States, not one of which had a system
of free schools, and a large proportion
of whose people were unable to read
and write. Out of seven deserters
from the rebel arm}" who found their
way to Kishaeoquillas valley, only one
was able to read and write; this is
probably about a fair index of the av
erage intelligence of the rank and file
of the rebel army. The nation that
permits it* children to grow up in ig
norance and subject to unbridled pas
sions, is on the way to anarchy or-des
potism. To get an idea of the compar
ative insecurity of life and property of
the heavy expenses for the detection
and punishment of crime, and of the
prevalence of ignorance, poverty, and
unhappiness among the lower walks of
society, where there are no adequate
provisions for popular education, it is
only necessary to read a description of
the present social condition of such
nations as Spain and Italy. Even in
our tree, prosperous, happy, and intel
ligent New England and Middle States,
our methods of home and school train
ing are yet so defective as not to ac
complish the important work of uni
versal education satisfactorily.
As an act of policy —not to mention
duty, mercy, and philanthropy —it is
wiser to educate all the children of the
State up to the point of good citizen
ship, than to have them grow up igno
rant and undisciplined, to be the dupes
of dangerous demagogues as was, and
is still, the ease in the South.
It is believed that had the southern
States at an early day established free
; schools like thoso of the northern Slates,
the lute war would not have been like
ly to occur, because universal eduea
' tion would have so dignified, elevated,
• and disenthralled the class known as
i "poor whites," that they would have
been politically the ruling class. The
lordly slave-raast. i> who, contrary to
the eternal law of justice, lived by the
i sweat of other-' faces, could not have
j so held sway over their poorer fellow
beings, and thu; the doubly incongru-
ous anomaly and the Reproach of a vir
tual aristocracy, based upon slavery
and " poor white trash," in a free coun
try, would not have placed its black
and humiliating stain upon the pages
of our history.
The moral and religious training of
the young is not keeping pace with
the mental training. The greatest ac
tivity is manifested in improving our
text books and our methods of instruc
tion. Is there a corresponding emula
tion in our homes and in our schools
in promoting and strengthening reli
gious principles and habits in the
young? If Young America is noted
for a want of respect for age and for
law, and equally noted for a supera
bundance of brass and pugnacity,
where lies the trouble? Does not the
training to which he is generally sub
jected at home and in school appeal
mainly to his head, while his btart
he has a generous one somewhere—is
left to bear thorns and thistles? The
important work to be done, therefore,
is to improve and harmonize our sys
tems of home and school education.
Tlie Fur Trade in Minnesota.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Sept. 22, '6O. —The j
fur trade forms an important feature in
the wealth and prosperity of Minneso
ta. Although the "business is by no j
means as extensive as it was a few
years ago, still it gives employment to
thousands, and is a matter well worthy
of investigation. In good seasons furs
valued at half a million of dollars have
been shipped from this point; but this
season the exports will fall short about
S 100,000. The trade seems to be mo
nopolized by three or four large houses
in this city, one firm alone claiming to :
have exported $150,000 worth; "but
there are small dealers scattered all
over the Slate who drive a profitable
business, and invest their earnings in i
land, with the expectation of being as
rich some of these days as their more i
showy neighbors of St Paul. Trap
pers usually resort to this city in great
numbers at this season of the veur. —
Here they can dispose of their furs at
the highest prices, and refit on terms I
more reasonable perhaps than at any
of the small towns in the interior. They
are a hardy, industrious class of peo
ple, and frequently whole families are
supported during the winter by the
untiring activity and wonderful"skill
of these backwoodsmen. Their stock
in trade consist of a few steel traps and
a rifle, together with a natural apti
tude for the business, without which
few of them can be successful.
Chief in importance is a mink fur
which is a source of considerable reve
nue to the trappers and traders thro'-
out the northern part of the State In
former years, when mink was not con- i
sidered a fashionable fur and martens
were all the rage, skins could be bought
for twenty five or thirty cents each ; j
but now they will bring from six fo
seven dollars apiece by the gross.—
Last year they could not be had for
less than nine dollars, but an unusual
ly mild tall at the East lessened the de
mand for fur goods, and a fall in the
price of skins followed as a natural
consequence. The Chippewa Indians
are the most successful trappers we
have, and monopolize the lion's share
of the fur business, especially since the
expulsion of the Sioux, with whom
they were ever at war. The hunting
grounds are located in the wildest and
most uninhabitable parts of the State,
chiefly in the neighborhood of the j
headwaters of the Mississippi, and I
along the shores of that chain of iakes
which distinguishes the northern boun
dary of Minnesota, and forms a natu
ral line between the territory of the
United States and the possessions of
Hudson Ray Company. The trapping
season usually' commences in October,
and continues through the greater part
of the winter. Furs obtained in De
cember are the most valuable, on ac
count of weight, mink at that season
of the year being considered " full furr
ed," as the traders express it. Expo
rienced dealers can by examining the
pelts, tell to a nicety almost in what
particular month the animals are kill
ed, and fix a price upon the skins ac
In trapping the mink great caution
and ingenuity have to be exercised by
the hunter in order to bo successful.—
Before the snow covers the ground it
is difficult to find their hiding place,
and requires all the wily art of the ab
origine to discover their whereabouts;
but as the winter advances and the
" fleecy mantle" shrouds the earth
there is less trouble attending the op
eration, and even the bungling farmer's
boy can track the animal to its hole.
The hiding place once discovered, the
unerring trap is produced, and the fate
of the poor mink is sealed. Most trap
pers bait their traps with minnows,
which are easily procured in any of
the neighboring lakes.
Next in importance to the mink
comes the musk rat. It is found very
plentifully in all the lakes throughout
tue entire State, and large quantities
of the furs are shipped from St. Paul
for the European markets The skins
are worth about twenty-five cents
each, and are easily converted into
good warm gloves, which rind a ready
market among the poorer classes of
our i opulation. Rear skins, which
arc becoming rather scarce now, are
brought in by the Chippewas general
ly, and find a ready market at fifteen
dollars each. \\ oil and raccoon skins,
which aroused principally in the man
ufacture of robes, are plentiful this
year. Ihe wolf skin is worth about
four dollars and the raccoon aboutone
dollar. lux skins arc gathered for ex
portation. In some parts of Europe,
especially Germany, large quantities
ol these furs are used lor trimming
purposes, flie fur of the American
lux is preferred to the European, and
good profits can be made on shipments
from this country.
The best otter skins are sent to Chi
na, where the fur is highly prized.—
Pelts are worth from seven to eight
dollars each. Reaver is the only fur
sold by weight. It is worth three dol
lars per pound, and is bought up by
agents ofEastern manulacturersin con
siderable quantities. Buffalo skins are
brought here by the Red river traders,
but not in large quantities, the great
bulk of the skins being sent down the
Missouri river to St. Louis. Good but'
faloes can he purchased for seven or
eight dollars by the quantity, although
retailers here have the conscience to
charge fifteen dollars. A white buffa
io skin is considered a great rarity, and
is very much sought after by traders
Major Hatch of this city, while acting
as the agent of the Blackfect Indians
several years ago, was presented with
a couple ol white buffalo skins by the
chief of the nation. They were the
only skins of that description in the
possession oi the tribe, and the com
pliment was esteemed the highest that
could pe paid. The recipient regards
the favor very highly, and would not
part with the present for love or mo
ney. I suppose.
In deer skins there is not much do
ing, on account of the scarcity of pelts.
The Sioux played great havoc with the
deer before their expulsion from the
State, rendering that description of
the game quite scarce; but now that
those relentless hunters are away, itis
hoped that these monarchs of the for
est will become more plentiful. The
skins are principally bought on ac
count of New York houses, and are
worth about five dollars each. From
New York they are transported to
Johnstown and Gloversville, N. Y., to
be manufactured into gloves and a va
riety of useful articles.
Probably three-fourths of all the furs
furnished by this State find their way
to New \ urk, where they are sold to
manufacturers and then distributed all
over the country. The Xew Yoik
houses have their agent - here, and ap
pear to monopolize all ti c trade. There
are two or three establishments here
where furs are dressed, but the most
valuable furs are transported to New
York to be dressed; so that the best
class of fur goods can be bought cheap
er in that city than they can here.—
There is a good opening here for a
first-class dressing and manufacturing
house, and it is surprising that some
astute Yankee has not jumped at the
chance ere this.
The Hudson Ray Company have an
agency in this city, but not for the
purchase or sale of furs. It is merely
a forwarding agency for the transpor
tation ot goods to Fort Garry and the
numerous posts throughout the terri
tory ot that ancient monopoly. Most
ol the goods received at these trading
posts come from England; but St Paul
enjoys a fair share of the patronage,
especially in the winter season, when
the supplies at the posts are apt to run
short. Fort Garry, which is the post
whence all the other posts obtain their
supplies, is only about sixty miles from
the northern boundary of this State;
so that you will perceive it is quite
convenient to this market, and can be
readily supplied at any time of the
year. The Hudson Bay Company en
joy the reputation of being the oldest
business concern on this continent. —
Their charter was granted by James
the Second—two centuries ago. — X. Y.
Singular Birds.
Some curious birds were encountered
by Dr. Livingston in his travels in
southern Africa. One them is called
thej'honey guide ' Instinct seemed to
have taught it that all men, white or
black, are fond of honey, and the in
stant one of them gets a glimpse of a
man he hastens to greet him with an
invitation to come to a bee hive and
take some honev. He flies in the pro
per direction and perches on a tree,
and looks back to see if the man is fol
lowing; then on to another, till the spot
is reached. If the first invitation is
not accepted, ho follows with pressing
importunities, quite as anxious to lure
the stranger to the bee's hive as other
birds are to draw him away from their
nests. It never deceives, but always
leads the way to some hive.. Equally
remarkable in it* intelligence is the
bird that guards the buffalo and rhino
ceros. The grass is often so dense and
tall that one could go close up to these
animals quite unperceived; but the
guardian bird, sitting on the beast,
sees the approach of danger, flaps its
wings and screams, which causes its
bulky charge to rush off from the foe
he has neither seen or heard. For
his reward the vigilant little watcher
has the pick of the parasites of his fat
Southerners Emigrating West
We have a most significant despatch
from Fortress Monroe, a despatch which
has more meaning in it than will be
generally supposed at first glance.—
Five hundred emigrants from North
Carolina are announced as en route for
Indiana and Illinois. These people
come from the interior of the State,
that portiou of the Commonwealth
which lias been more loyal than any
other. Their lot for the past Ave
years hasprovedexceedingly hard; they
have been impoverished by the treas
onable action of their neighbors; their
situation has been rendered perilous,
both in person and property, and now
they have resolved to seek a region
where they can have liberty of thought,
speech and action, and where by their
energy and industry .they can provide
for themselves and their families. —
These men will meet with a hearty
welcome among the stalwart sons of
the West. There is room for thous
ands more, who may follow in their
footsteps,'on the broad prairies and in
the magnificent woodlands of the
mighty States of Illinois and Indiana.
Do Southern leaders understand the
cause of this emigration ?
Prayers and Still Praying.
The Johnson paper in this city
should certainly t-e a most religious
journal, if its editor speaks truly in
the following:
'For four years, night and morning,
on our bended knees, we besought
Providence to place him (Andrew
Johnson) at the head of our nation.
Our prayers are so far answered. Wo
still implore,' Ac., Ac.
We were under the impression that
Wilkes Booth murdered President Lin
coln aud 'placed Johnson at the head
of the nation;' but it appears it was
the persistent prayers of N. P. Saw
yer, Esq , who hung on till his'prayers
were answered'—an evidence of the
efficacy of prayer surpassing any here
tofore known. Will he inform us
whether he designated the mode of
'placing Johnson at the head of the
natiou,' or left that with Omnipo
tence ?
If it takes 2,922 prayers and one
pistol ball to make a President, how
many will it take to get an office or
soap contract?— Pittsburgh, Dispatch,
September 19.
Fall ol' a Great Man.
Coming down Chestnut street, St.
Louis, one day last week, writes a
correspondent, I was struck by the
appearance of an old man past sixty,
who wore a threadbare coat, shiny 7
with constant wear, and whese hat
was bruised and seedy. His head
bent toward the earth, and his walk
was a tottering shuffle, the effect of
whiskey and oid age. He reeled from
one side of the pavement to the other,
and at last, brought up against a lamp
post on the corner, %vhen a young look
ing loafer coming along saluted him
with 'Hulloa Jim! Come and take a
drink?' The old man's eyes bright
ened, and arm-in-arm, he sauntered
along to the nearest groggery with
his companion. Five years ago that
man was James Green, United States
Senator from Missouri, and in the days
of the Kansas and Lecompton matters
he was, next to Stephen A. Douglas,
the ablest debater in Cougress, soon
lost bis property, his position and his
character; and now he is a poor drunk
ard, and earns barely a pittance of a
living as a calalfbose shyster.
The Political Calendar for
The following are the dates of
the State elections yet to be held this
year; ulso the officers to be chosen :
1 Vest Virginia —October 25.—Gover
nor, three members of Cougress, and
Xew York —November 6
thirty-one members of Cougress, and
one hundred and twenty-five members
of the Assembly—Senate holding over.
United States Senator to elect in place
of Ira Harris.
Massachusetts —November 6.—Gover
nor, ten members of Congress, and
State Legislature.
Vol. LVI. No. 41.
Af W Jersey —November o.—Five
, members ot Congress, and members of
the State Legislature.
Michigan November 6.—Governor,
six members ot Congress, and mem
bers of Legislature.
Illinois —November G.—State offi
cers, fourteen members of Congress,
and members of Legislature. United
States Senator to elect in place of
i Lyman Trumbull.
Wisconsin —November 6—State offi
cers. six members of Congress, and
members of Legislature. United
States Senator to elect in place of Tim
othy O. Howe.
Minnesota —November G.—Superin
tendent of Public Instruction, nine
members of Congress, and members of
Legislature. United States Senator
to elect in place of* B. Gratz Brown.
Kansas —November G.—Governor,
_ members of Congress, and members of
Legislature. Two United Sates Sen
i ators to elect in place of James H.
j Lane and Samuel C. Pomeroy.
Nevada —November G.—Governor,
members of Congress, and members
of Legislature. United States Sena
; tor to elect in place of Jno. A. J Cres-
I well.
Del a ware —November 6. —Governor,
members of Congress and Legislature.
New Hampshire —March 12, 18G7.
i Governor, three members of Congress,
and members of Legislature. United
States Senator to elect in place of Dan'l
Connecticut —April 4, 1867 —Gover
nor, four members of Congress, and
members of' Legislature. United
; States Senator already elected.
Rhode Island —April G—Governor,
i two members of Congress, and mem
bers of Legislature.
Oregon —Election on the 4th of June,
and Union Governor, members of Con
gress, and Legislature elected. No
j election in 1867. I. S. Senator to elect
in place of James XV. Nesmith.
Kentucky —August 5, 1867.—Gover
nor, nine members of Congress, and
| Legislature. U. S. Senator to elect in
place of Garrett Davis.
California is not included in this list,
\ nor the States not yet admitted to re
presentation in Congress.
W liat They Won't Otvn To.
There are several things which you
never can, by any accident, get a lady
—be she young or old—to confess to.
' Here are some of them :
j That she laces tight
That her shoes are too small for her.
That she is tired at a ball.
That she paints.
| That she is as old as she looks.
That she has been more than five
minutes dressing.
That she blushed upon hearing a
| certain person's name mentioned
That she ever says a thing she does
not mean.
That she is fond of scandaf.
That she cannot keep a secret.
That she —above all persons in the
; wide world—is in love.
That she doesn't want a new bonnet.
That she does not know everything.
That she can do with one single
thing less when she is about to travel.
That she has not the disposition of
an angel, or the temper of a saint, or
how else could she gc through with
i one-half of what she does.
That she dosn't know better than
any one else what is best for her
That she is a flirt or coquette.
A Ric/hthat all Men arc bound to Re
spect—ln Carroll county, Tennessee,
last week, a man was tried belore a
country magistrate,charged with steal
ing corn from a neighbor's crib. The
defendant iiad been found with his
hand in an aperture in the crib, safely
fastened in a steel trap, which the ow
ner of the crib had set for the purpose
of catching a thief who had been prey
ing upon his grain. It was also in ev
idence that two empty sacks were
found lying at the feet of the entrapp
ed individual. The decision of the ma
gistrate was that there was no proof
that the prisoner had stolen any corn,
and as to being caught in a steel trap,
any gentleman had a right to stick his
hand into one if he felt inclined so to
C'urcdoHUomoppathic Principles. —The
Grant county (Illinois) Herald relates
that a man named Lyon was bitten
three times on the toot by a rattle
snake while binding grain, and fell to
the ground. He was carried to the
house, drauk a pint of alcohol and cam
phor, then a quart of whiskey, and
then a quart of pure alcohol, feeling no
symptoms of intoxication. The next
morning ho felt some numbness and
pain in his limb, and drauk another
pint of alcohol, then swallowed a quar
ter of a pound of fine cut chewing to
bacco, boiled in sweet milk These
doses, which it would be supposed
would kill any body, had no injurious
effects, and the fourth day after the
bites he felt well enough, only a little
soreness from the knee down