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Poor House Business.
TV Directors of the Poor meet at the, Poor
Hoses on the 2d Tuesday of each month.
GEO. 7f. ELDER,
Attorney at Law,
Office Market Square, Lewistown, will at
tend to business in Mlfflin.Centre and Hunting
ion counties cav26
3. J. StJIBBB-TSOW,
Attorney at Law,
OFFERS his professional services to the citizens of
Mifflin county. Office with D. W. Woods, e*q.,
Main street, below National Hotel. my 2
PL. M. KEEVER,
-T-. TEETH Extracted WITHOUT PAIN
ELj&t3t by the use of NITROUS OXIDE or
Laughing Gas*. Teeth inserted on ail
T J the different styles of bases. Teeth
filled in the most approved manner. Special atten
tion given to diseased gams. Ail work warranted.
Terras reasonable. '
Office at Episcopal Parsonage, Corner of Main and ;
Water Streets. j>' lß
25>180 So v&o
OFFERS his professional services to the citizens of
Lewistown and vicinity. All in want of good, neat
work will do well to give him a call.
He may be found at all times at his office, three j
doors east of H. M. & R. Pratt's store. Valley street.
M. R. THOMPSON, D. D. S.
HAVING permanently located in Lewistown, offers j
his professional services to the ladies and gentle- j
men of this place and vicin- j
jetw. lty. Being iq possession
of all the late improve- j
ißEgdjf ments in the Dental Profes- ;
sion. he flatters himself that
fmf Tjf he ''an give entire satisfac- |
afcEy tion to those who may need ;
g f*lr W Jj his services in ail branches j
of his profession. Refer
ences—best families. j
Office west Market street, near Eisenbise s hotel, ,
where he can be found for professional consultation
from the first Mouday of each month until the fourth
Monday, when he will be absent on professional busi
ness one week. maylo-tt j
To Purchasers of Furniture.
R. H. McCLINTIC,
FU R.N ITU RE WA RE ROOMS,
West Market St., Lewistown,
HAS complete CHAMBER SUITS of Walnut, Var
nished and in Oil. Also,
30TTA.0-3 & FA.S.IOB.
together with a large assortment of Fashionable and
CHAIRS, MATTRESSES &c.
Call and see his stock before purchasing elsewhere.
N. B. Metalie and Wood Burial Cases constantly
on hand. Coffins also made to order, and Funerals
attended with a fine Hearse, at short notice.
Lewistown, June 27,1866-omos
HIGHEST CASH PRICES PUR WHEAT, AS I)
ALL KINDS DP GRAIN,
or received it on storage, at the option of those
having it fur the market.
They hope, by giving due and personal at
tention to business, to merit a liberal share of
iBBf-PLASTER, SALT and Limeburners
COAL always on hand
WM. B McATEE & SON.
Lewistown, Jan 1, 1865.—tf
'pHE undersigned are prepared to
buy all kinds of Produce for cash, or receive on
store at Brown's Mills, Reedsville, Pa. We will have
Plaster. Salt and Coal.
We intend keeping the miil constantly running, and
for sale at the lowest Market rates, at all times.
<J-The public ate requested to give us a call.
sep27tf H. STRUNK & HOFFMAN'S.
WHAT'S ALL THIS?
Why, the Grain Business Reviv
ed at McCoy's old Stand.
THE undersigned, having rented the large
and commodious Warehouses formerly
occupied by Frank McCoy, esq., is now pre
pared to purchase or receive aud forward
All Kinds of Grain,
for which he will pay market prices. Also,
he will keep for sale, Salt, Plaster, Coal &
He returns thanks to all his old customers
for their former patronage, and shall feel
grateful for a renewal of past business rela
tions. He has also accepted the agency for
Jferchants will find it to their advantage
to give him a call.
marl4— ly WM WILLIS.
HAVING bought the right and license to use and
sell Seth S. Drew's improvement in mode of cut
ting boots, which patent consists of cutting with buf
one seam, and without crimping, we therefore can
tion all agaiust using or selling fioots of this mak
m the county of Minim. J. \ . 8. Smith and S. D
Byram. Agents for Pennsylvania and assignors to P
F. Foop. Shop and Township Rights w illtie sold b,
P F. Loop. All wishing to avail themselves of thii
new and desirable-toot, which is at least twenty-fiv<
per cent, of an advantage to the wearer over the old
can do so, by writing to P. F. Loop Call and see.
JUST received, at the Lumber Yard of Wm B. Hofl
man A Sons, a full supply of Drv Lumber, inclu
PLASTERING LATH, PALING.
BOARDS, PLANK, JOISTS
Boors and Sash always on hand. Also, 25,000 two-foo
H;iwed Shiugles. ali of which will be sold for cash.-
*ard back of Bast Third street, Lewistown. jel3-
DP O E T PL
BY FKANCIS L. K£LLEB.
'Tis just the nicest thing you see,
Just what it's been held up to be—
The dearest word on English file,
A worshiped pet—thin modern style.
'Tis "breaking first'' on dry, hot toast,
And '•home-made" coffee—that's the most;
Tlje morning paper to peruse,
To fill the void by "eating news."
'Tis dining on a hard, burnt stake
That keeps its victim loDg awake;
An evanescent, frail desert.
That does no good— perhaps no hurt.
Alluring feast ■ a silver fork,
A china plate, as light as cork;
A silver goblet, golden lined;
But then 'tis style —so never mind.
'Tis supping on a china cup,
With ••milk" and water half filled up;
A napkin and a uapkin-jring,
Just what the stylish waiters bring.
And this is style 1 and every day
We eat our fill and go away;
We wonder if the time will be
When style and victuals can agree.
MISCEL JL. .A.3SF Y-
Spcecli of lion. L. H. Hall
\ At the Ovary Mass Meeting at Reading,
August 22, 1860.
Citizens of Pennsylvania, I propose
to go immediately to the question that
; appeals to your suffrages: Shall Union
men or rebels control this nation in the
future? Shall traitors, and those who
have sought to destroy it, or those who
' have upheld the Government and its
flag in times gone by, control its future,
! as they have during this war and in
the past? This, and this alone, is the
1 issue; there is no concealment of it.—
| And, my countrymen, it is legitimate
and fair that you, a portion of the peo
ple of Pennsylvania; you, the loyal '
masses—you, that have ever sustained
the flag*—you, that have ever stood by j
; the Constitution —you, that have ever j
stood by every law of the land—it is i
i legitimate and fair that you should j
j criticise the acts of that man who you \
j elected Vice President of the United I
| Slates, and who, in view of the official j
position in which you placed him, be- j
came President of the United States '
by the death of the revered and la ;
men ted Lincoln. I come here to-day j
to ask you whether treason is odious j
and a crime, and whether it shall he '
punished. 1 say that it shall. [Ap- j
Fellow-citizens, the most disinterest- j
cd observer of events must be convinced j
that the country's history at this day ;
presents certain undisputed facts and
certain great problems. Among those
facts arc these : That 300,000 loyal
men have lately died that their country
might live; that a debt of four thousand
millions has been consolidated which
is to be borne by you and me, that this
nation might live. Hho will deny that j
there has been a civil war, that has
reached all over our land? Although
it has not laid its desolating hand upon
your hearthstones, it has been felt here
and there aud every where. These are j
facts which are indisputable. Now, j
the problem, in this connection is, how
has it left you?—have you won the
victory?—have you whipped the reb
els? —have you sustained the flag?
has it left you as conquerors, 01* as a
conquered people? ["No !" and cheers.]
That is the problem for you to solve.
Now, my friends, on the 14th of
April, 1865, Andrew Johnson became
President of the United States, and I
' need not now refer to that period of
misery and of mourning which follow
ed the assassination of President Lin
coln. My countrymen, Andrew John
son on the 21st of April, 1865, declared
. that treason was a crime and that trait
ors should be punished. [At this point
the speaker was interrupted by a band
c of music at the head of .one of the nu
y merous delegations in the vicinity. In
a few moments quiet was again re
Fellow-citizens, there is no use talk
ing against a drain and fife -Andrew
' c Johnson has tried that, and he has
j tried it in vain. [Laughter and ap.
! plause.] I say, my countrymen, that,
1 by the past record of Andrew Johnson,
" I by his course in the United StatesFen
r ate, by his control of tho loyal masses
of Tennessee as provisional governor
of that State, to which office he was
B appointed by the revered and lament
ed Lincoln—by all his past history, we
i had reason to expect and to believe
: that he would be true to the masses,
true to the Constitution, true to the
laws of tho land, and true to the great
a principle that treason was the blackest
J. and foulest of crimes and tbat it must
\ and would be punished. We have been
,y deceived. But I came not here to in
!* dulge in any personal abuse of the
i, President of tho United States. I
never had an interview with him but
once, and that was on the 2d of Feb
ruary of this year, when he told me
ff- that he was for 'he Union cause and
ll ~ the Union party, and would sustain ail
| the doctrines thai he had previously
i enunciated, thai mason was a crime
1. and should be nuuished, and that it
ot should be made *> lious to the massos
of the people everywhere. Audrew
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1866.
Johnson occupied that position when
we elected him to office —nay, more.
A week after he took the Presidential
chair he told a loyal delegation from
the Stale of Louisiana, in language
more strong than I can put it, that
treason was a crime, that it should be
punished, and that traitors were crim
inals and should suffer the penalties of
How has he evinced the sincerity of
his protestations? You that have had
friends that suffered at Libby, at Belle
Isle and at Andersonville —I go not
around the bush but I appeal to your
hearts, and in that way shall endeavor
to strike at the root of this controversy
I ask you before me how has Andrew
Johnson made good his declarations?
Is it by feasting Jeff Davis' on the lux
uries of the land, as they could be ob
tained from the best market at For- j
tress Monroe? Is it by furnishing him
with the thickest of three-ply carpets j
in order that the foot-falls of our sol- i
diers, as they mounted guard, might,
not disturb the delicato nerves of the '
"stern statesman"—he tbat murdered !
your prisoners, he that has been the i
cause of all the sorrow and anguish
that has robbed many times ten thou
sand households in this land ot ours
of peace and happiness? But having
neglected even to attempt to make
treason odious, Andrew Johnsou now
declares that he has taken issue with
the great Union party of the land
the party that has borne your flag in
triumph, that has stood by the State
Administration in Pennsylvania and
the National Administration every
where. He declares now that he takes
issue with you in the person of your
Congress, because, forsooth, the South
ern people have not been represented
in Congress. Represented in Congress,
forsooth ! Who is to represent them?
The men who shot }Ou down in the
field? The men who assisted others
to shoot 3'ou down in the field? The
men who voluntarily took part in the
rebellion and aided it in every way
in their power? Are those men to be
represented or to represent others in
Congress? Are those men to control
the destinies of the country in the fu
ture. [Cries of "No ! no 1"] I hope
The speaker here referred to tho issue ap
parently insisted upon by the other side,
who said that this was a white man's Gov*
ernment. Did they mean by that that the
loyal blacks who had stood by the Govern
inent. and saved that Government the neoes
sity of calling upon the speaker and many
whom he saw before him Irom going into
the field—that they were not to be protected
in their civil rights, but were to be shot down
for no crime but simply for daring to hope.
! that America's banner might forever be the
j emblem of American liberty? If tbey meant
this, and the question became one "between
loyal blacks and disloyal rebels, the speaker
declared himself for the loyal blacks. He
believed the country was entitled to indetnn
nification for the past and security for the
future. He continued as follows:
I have a word to say in regard to the pres
ent campaign. I was first elected to the
Senate from the district which I now have
the honor to represent in the year 1859, and
in the winter of tbat year I first met your
esteemed fellow-townsman; and I do not in
tend to say anything disparagingly about my
friend Clymer, because socially I have nuth !
ing to say against him. I say that 1 first j
met him when he was a member of the rev ;
enue board from the county of Berks. He
was thenTlected to till the unexpired term of
fir Nunemaeher, who died in the session of
1860, and all that I knew Mr. Clymer to do
that year was to deliver a eulogy on his pre
decessor, and which he did very handsomely.
But I charge here to day in Berks cnunty;
1 charge here to'day at the home of Hieater j
Clynier; I charge here and now, that he never i
gave a single vote from that time down to the j
time he resigned, which was not against the I
Administrations, both State and National, in |
every effort made by them to preserve the
integrity of the Union. He not only voted I
against paying you, soldiers, four dollars per ;
month extra, to be paid out of the munificent J
treasury of the State ofPPennsylvaniaa —a j
measure by the way, which was introduced ;
by myself—hut he voted against allowing
you to vote, and ugaiDSt everything that was
calculated to encourage you in the field. I |
speak earnestly, my friends, because I saw
this and know of what I speak. It cannot
be disputed by even what is called "The
Reading Bible." [Laughter ]
Now who do we present as a candidate
against Clymer? Maj. Gen John W. Geary
—and for him give three cheers —[the cheers
were given and repeated]—a man who never
faltered in any official position in which he
was placed—a man who refused to cringe to
the slave power that brought on this rebel
lion, at the instance and dictation of the
most to beipitied man that now lives—James
Buchanan —and for him three groans
[Groans ] 1 say that this man, who fought
in sixty battles and was wounded in four,
whose son was killed by his side, who went
out in the beginning of the war, and who
never faltered in anything he undertook, is
worthy to he the champion of such an as
setrblnge as this. [Great applause.]
By this auspicious opening of the cam
paign in eastern Pensylvania, let it go forth
to the people everywhere that human liberty
shall not be stricken down in the house of
its pretended friends, and that this great
cause of liberty and progress shall now so
far extend into the future that it will be no
ticed country of the whole globe
And permit me to say to you who come from
a foreign land, you should look with a jeal
ous eye on the acts of that President of the
United States who, out of his legitimate
channel and beyond his legitimate province, j
declared that he would not enforce an act of
Congress which told him that Irishmen must
Ihe sppaker concluded anqj much ap ,
,, , -
The kind of Fellows they had at the 'Do j
Said Senator Doolittie in his speech j
at the Wigwam:
'Six long weary years. As I look
back, oh ! what an interval it is of
blood, of agony, and tears!'
Ah, Mr. Dolittle, what an interval
of crime, and blood, murder and star !
vation of patriots; and now you and
your followers of the President would j
have these murderers rule the friends |
and brothers of the murdered victims, j
Governor Watts, a delegate to the
Philadelphia rebel Convention from j
Alabama, wrote a letter from tho 'De
partment of Justice,' in Richmond,
(the Department that had charge of
the starving of Union prisoners and
the murder of Union men) dated 12th
j Sept., 1863, in which he said:
'lf I had the power I would build
up a wall of fire between Yankeedom
and the Confederate States there to burn
for ages, as a monument of the folly, wick
edness and vandalism of the Puritanic
We don't kntu^dttt progress Watts
made in Phi la wards getting
his fire under he and his fel
low murderers wilffcloubtloss get fire
enough in the future.—lb.
Hon. H. V. Johnson was a delegate
to Philadelphia from Georgia. We
regret to say that he was not serena
ded, or he would have doubtless made
a speech and reiterated his honest sen
timents expressed to the Georgia Leg
islature, when he was elected a rebel
Senator in Congress. He then said:
'We cannot yield if we would. Yield
to Federal authorities, never —to vas
salage and subjugation ! The bleach
ing hones ot 100,006 gallant soldiers
slain in battle would be clothed in tongues
of Jire to curse to everlasting infamy the
man who whispers yield.'
j Will Mr. Johnson just whisper to
; tho North his explanation of the above?
| Has the mission ot J. Wilkes Booth
i modified the 'everlasting infamy' of
| yielding to vassalage of the Federal
j authorities? Chumbershurg Repository.
The Philadelphia Convention was
I opened with prayer on the first day by
I the Rev. Mr McDonough. He was
i touchingly fervent in his supplication
1 | for Andrew Johnson, and mingled
; prayer and praise for such a ruler, in
■ j tho following language :
| 'May his (Johnson's) health and life
, | be precious in Thy sight; make him a
great and lasting blessing to the coun
i try over which, in Thy wonderful fav
orable Providence ho has beon called
to bear rule.'
Couldn't Mr. McDonough have just
1 said in plain English—'W*> thank Thee
| [ for Tin* wonderful favorable Provi
| dence in giving the Nation John Wilkes
, j Booth?'— lb.
The South Carolina and Massaehu- j
setts farce is greeted with merciless j
ridicule by the bread and butter bri
gade, of which the following is an j
amusing specimen :
Signs and Symbols. —lt must have
been a thrilling spectacle when Massa
chusetts and South Carolina—repre
sented by Gen. Couch and Gov Orr —
entering the Philadelphia Convention
arm in arm. One enthusiastic obser
ver, with a strong faculty for simili
tudes, recognized in this occurence
the fulfilment of tho prediction con
; cerning the lion (couch ant) and the
j lamb (probably Gov. Orr looked a lit
| tie sheepish) lying together, —the ardent
affection they professed for each other
sufficing for the lying. It is also un
derstood, though the published des
patches do not state it, that they walk
ed under one umbrella—that being re
garded as the most perfect symbol of
unanimity, suggesting 'two souls with
| but a single thought' (how to escape
the rain—viz: the reign of Stevens &
Co.) and in compliment to the South,
the umbrella was cotton —thereby also
denoting the newborn disposition of
the Northern and Southern represen
i tatives to cotton altogether. The col
or of the umbrella was very appropri
ately green. Mobile Times.
General Custer, speaking of the call
for the soldiers' convention at Cleve
land, said :
'Ho wanted to have a gathering of
tho soldiers of both armies, who had
been fighting each other so long, and
who were willing to shake hands, for
give each other , and let bygones be by
How touching it would have been
to see the one-armed hero pardoned by
the rebel who fought four years to
ruin the country, or to see the patriot
who was starved at Andersonville or
Belle Isle forgiven by his jailor.
iU. S. REVENUE COMMISSION,
; BY DANIEL J. MORRELL, ESQ.,
i Superintendent •:'the Cambria Iron Com- ''
pany, Johnston a. I'enn'a.
3d Interrogatory : W hat was its (the
material for pig metal) average price
in 1860, '6l, '64, and '65?
Answer: Including the expense and
waste of mining and calcining, the cost
of a ton (2240 lbs.) of roasted ore was
1860 and '6l, cost per ton, $1 84
1864, " " " 381
1865, " " " 431
j During the same 3'ears the cost of
| coal delivered at the mill and furnaces
jof the Cornpan3 T , was as follows :
1860,'61, cost per ton, 80 67
j 1864, " " 133
! 1865, " " " 154
Tho post of producing pig metal was
! as follows:
i 1860-'6l, ton, 2240 lbs., $lO 76
j 1864, " 25 12 in'd'g $0 77 Gov. Tax.
j 1865, " 31 31 '• 248 " "
! The Government tax from Jlll3*, '64, j
j was 82 per net ton, increased in April,
i '65, to 82.40 per net ton, —averaging
j on our whole product of pig metal in
1864, 77 cents, and in 1865, 82 48 per
gross ton, as above stated.
The cost of metal purchased during
i those 3*cars was as follows :
1860 and '6l, cost per ton, 2240 lbs., fIS 95
1864, " •' " 39 58
1865, " " 43 68
4th Interrogatory : What was 3'our
I whole production in 1860, '64, and '65?
1860. 1864. 1865.
Tons. Tons. Tons.
Goal, tons mined, 152,155 130.387 148,789
Ore, " " 124.530 65,847 70.729
i Pig metal made, 26.484 17,119 17.606
1 " purchased, 10,333 12,261 15,538
i New railroad bars, 21.107 25,931 20,076
Rerolled. " 10,700 10,952 15.741
sth Interrogatory: What was the
average wages of 3*our workmen du-
I ring those 3* ears ?
186U-1. 1864. 18G5.
| Unskilled day-laborers, $0 Today. $1 45 day. $1 56 day.
Puddlers, 304 ton. 649 ton, 6 54 ten.
1 | Rail heaters, 33% •• 62U" 71%"
. ! Ore mining, 85 " 1 68" 1 87%"
j Goal •' 32' •' 7S " 82 "
Mechanics, 1 33 day. 2 70 day. 2 75 day.
During the latter part of 1N64, and
| the first six months of 186(n, wages
1 j ruled higher than the above figures,
i | which represent the average wages
1 paid in the years indicated.
. | 6th Interrogatory: What are the
. wages paid in England for similar wo k
, j 63* the da 3*. week or job?
, Answer: It is difficult to answer
i i this question with absolute corrcct
j j ness. Owing to the infinite suhdivis
k ions of employment in British manu
factures, and the consequent ignorance
, of the workman of all that lies outside
L of his limited sphere of occupation, the
positive information I have been able
to get is limited. As near as I can as
j certain day-laborers received in tho
iron districts of Great Britain, about
L 31 cents per d3* in 1860, about 48
j cents in 1864, and 56 cents in 1865.
Puddling ranks among the higher
grades of skilled labor, and it appears
from the eontrovers3* between the iron
masters and workmen in Staffordshire,
resulting in the recent great lock out,
that puddlers claimed to be paid at the
rate of one shilling per pound sterling
upon the price per ton of iron, marked
bars being the standard. This sliding
scale of wages was acceded to, but
the standard was left in dispute, and
the men were compelled to return to
their work without obtaining their de
mands. This scale of wages, it will he
seen, gives the puddler equal to five
per cent, on the value of the finished
iron ; and it is well known that he has
not heretofore received this much, but
assuming this to have been the scale
! of the puddler's wages, and taking the
j price of rails as a standard, the foliovv
i ing would be the rates: In 1860 and
'6l, Welsh rails at the Works sold at
I from £5 down to £4 10 per ton. The
price is now from £7 to £7 10s. A
ton is about the daily average of two
puddlers, or a puddler and his helper,
the wages being divided between them.
In 1860, at £5 per ton for rails, the
puddler received about $1 20 cents; ot,
; if divided equally, 60 cents for each
! man per da 3*.
In 1864, at £7 per ton for rails, the
puddlers' wages were equal to 61.68
per ton, or 84 cents per day for each
i man; and at the present time (1865),
! giving the highest quotations —su3'
I £7 10s. tor rails, the price for puddling
; is 81.80 per ton r or 90 cents for each
In 1860 and '6l, we paid 83.04; in
1864, an average of $6.49; and in 1865,
an average of 86.54 per ton for pud
dling. The contrast ma 3' be exhibited
1860. 1864. 1865.
Ton. Day. Ton. Day. Ton. Day.
| Wugesof Eng. Pud's, $1 20 $0 60 $1 68 iO 84 $! 80 $o 90
1 " Am " 304152 6 49 3 24% 6543 27
9th Interrogatory: To what extent
have you felt the effect of foreign com
j Answer: At times within my expo
Vol. LVI. No. 35.
rience, foreign rails have boon sold in
this market at prices much below the
average cost of production here. At
this time the foreign competition ren
ders profits very uncertain, and loss so
probable, that some of the mills have
already discontinued work.
Bth Interrogatory: W hat amount of
wages and salaries do you pay yearly,
and to what extent does this fluctu
Answer: The amount of wages and
salaries fluctuates with the rates of
wages paid and the number of men
employed. It appears from our books
that wo paid in wages and salaries
and for contract work in
1860, 8907,058 91
1864, 1,399,890 82
1866, 1,535,880 24
10th Interrogatory: Can you tell
what is the selling price abroad for
your articles, and at what are they in
voiced to the importer ?
Answer: in " Ryland's Trade Circu
| lar," December 9, 1865, I find Welsh
: rails, at the Works, quoted at £7 2s.
to £7 ss. per ton. The best English
rails, such as are used on their own
roads and which more nearly corres
pond in quality with the best Ameri
can rails, are quoted at £8 10s. to £8
15s per ton. At corresponding date,
the highest quotations for imported
rails in New i r Drk was 856 to 858, in
This will not cover cost of importa
tion, and afford a profit, on even the
cheapest Welsh tails, and shows con
clusively, that we are forced to com
pete in price with the most inferior ar
ticle consigned through foreign agents
to this market, at prices below the
current quotations at place of produc
11th Interrogatory: What amount
of lax was paid by your Company, or
firm, in 1863, '64, and '65, to the Uni
ted States Government.
Answer: The direct taxes paid the
Government by the Cambria Iron Com
> pany, was as follows :
1862, 8 7,417 30
1863, 39,577 78
1864, 82,728 21
1865, 168,372 53
My estimate of the indirect tax paid
the Government on a ton of rails, in a
letter addressed to R. H. Lamborn,
Esq , Secretary of the ''American Iron
and Steel Association," August 19, '65,
and which was published by the Asso
| ciation, has attracted the attention of
practical men, and elicited much ad
| verse criticism from the advocates of
| free trade, both at home and abroad,
! but I have seen nothing which would
induce me to regard it as overstating
the tax, or to materially niodify it.—
Not wishing to occupy space here to
reproduce the calculation, I refer to it
as the basis tor assuming that the in
direct tax by the manufacturer and the
workmen in his employ, amounts to
87 83 on every ton of rails produced.
I regard this as a part of tho ordi
nary tax paid and to be paid to the
United States Government
To arrive at the sum total paid .by
the Company, I will first state the di
rect tax paid to the Government Re
ceiver in 1865, as 8168,372 58, and that k
paid on 15,538 tons of purchased pig
metal in the enhanced cost thereof at
$2.68 per gross ton, 841,641.84, the in
direct tax on new rails made in the
year, say, 20,676 tons at $7.83 per ton,
and for the rerolled rails, one half that
sum, say 15,741 tons at 83.91 i per ton,
and the account would stand thus :
Direct taxes paid, *108,372 63
'• '• on purchased pig metal, 16,-
538 tons a $2 'lB, 41,841 84
Indirect tax on new rails 20,676 tonsas7 83, 181.894 08
" •' on rerolled rails, 15,841 tons
a $3 91% $81,826 01
Total in 1866, $433,533 46
12th Interrogatory: What losses
have you sustained, and what have
been your clear gains from January,
1863, to this time ?
Answer : This Company has sustain
ed, in common with all other manu
facturers compelled to carry heavy
amounts of crude stock, the loss inci
dent to the fall in value of iron caused
by the depreciation of gold upon the
close of the war. On a stock of over
$500,000, the depreciation was not less
than 25 to 30 per cent., or a total loss
of 8125,000 to $150,000.
Since January, 1862, the Company
has paid upon its stock four dividends
i of 6 per cent. each.
14th Interrogatory : Do foreign ar
ticles competing with yours cause flue-
J tuations in quantity and prices?
Answer: They do. In no business
j is the influence of foreign competition
more directly felt, and a record of
fluctuations caused by it will be found
in the Appetuiix.
15th Interrogatory: How do such
fluctuations, if they occur, affect 3 T our
Answer: Always disastrously.
16th Interrogatory : What advanta
ges have the foreign over the domestic
article in your line ? "
Answer: It is of inferior quality, ol