Lewistown gazette. (Lewistown, Pa.) 1843-1944, October 08, 1862, Image 1
Whole No. 2680. 1862, OCTOBER. fluudar j I7;1421 28 (Sunday 161219 26 K 1 8 15-22;29 Monday !61320 27 *sd/v <2> 9'16123 30 Tuesday 7 14i21 j 2B Wnil'.daT 1 31 10 17 24 Wed'odaj 1 8 15122 29 Thursdayitlll 18 25 Thursday 2 9 16i23j30 V-ndar ' 5|M 19 26 Friday 31u1724 31 Saturday i6|13|20|27 Saturday 4 11 18|25| jjoVEMBER. DECEMBER. gssdar i 1623 30 Sunduv ~T~ 7 14 -Jf2S M.udiv • *lO 17124 Monday 1 81522 29 Tasday i 411 11:25 Tuesday 2 91623 30 Wed'sday 5(12 19;26 Wed'sday 3101724 31 •fiiuradayi 6:13 20 27 Thursday 411 IS 25 fnd;.y i 7U21 28 Friday 51219 26 gaturjay Jl 81 15 221 29 Saturday 61320 27 Pennsylvania Railroad. Trains leave Lewistown station as follows: WESTWARD. EASTWARD. ■Through Express, 6 19a.m. 11 1 p.m. vast Lias, 5 45 p. ni. 3 24 a. Ut. •Mail, 3 36 p. m. 10 41 a. at. Local Freight, 5 50 a. ni. i 10 p. rn. Vast Frsignt, 11 1 p. in. t 28 a. m. Through Freight, 9 So p. in. 9 50 p.m. Express Freight, 10 25 a. nt. 2 55 p. m. .Cotu Tram, 12 40 p. ra. 1 10 a. la. D. E. Retissox, Agent. 4*j-Uaibraith's Omnibuses convey paseougers to Hid from all the trains, taking up or setting litem stall points within the borough limits. m mm 4 S the action of the Relief Board does not J\_ socLa to be fully comprehended, frequent spplications for relief being made in person r bv letter to the uudersigned, he deems it proper to state that payments will be teiu' pijrarily renewed to those formerly on the list on presentation of certificate signed by out less than three known taxpayers, stating iog that the applicant has not received suffi sieut from her husband or other support, to joublc iter, together with her own industry, to tuake a living for herself and family, and giving reasons for such inability. This is iutenucd for the benefit of all really in need, ami for no others. Tn3 orders issued under this regulation *r continued only until the troops are again paid off. Blank certificates can be procured from ■those who have heretofore distributed orders. GEORGE FRYSINGER, Secretary of Relief Board. Lewistown, June 18, 1862. OEO. -jr. SLLSB,, Attorney at Law, Office Market Square, Lewistown, will at tend to business in Mifflin,Centre and Hunting deu counties. iny26 Lock Repairing, Pipe Laying, Plumbing and White Smithing 'plIE above branches of business will be _L promptly attended to on application at the residence of the undersigned in Main street. Lowistown. jaulU GEORGE MILLER. A.. WILSON. r. if. PTTLKy. & TSHMKLS'S ATTORNEYS AT LAW, I.HWI9TOWN, PA. OFFICE in public square, three doors west of the Court House. uihl2 WSLLBAM LIND, has now open A NEW STOCK 01" Cloths, Cassimeres AND VESTINCS, which will be made up to order ia the neat tti snd most fashionable styles. apl'J Kishacoquillas Seminary, AND NORMAL INSTITUTE. /pilK third Session of this Institution wil J. commence April 24, 1862. Encouraged by the liberal patronage receiv >d during the previous Session, the proprietor has been induced to refit the buildings and grounds to render theui most comfortable and sonvenient for students. He has also secured the assistance of Rev S. McDonald, formerly tutor of Princeton University, and well known in this part of 'he country as an able scholar and devoted Christian. A competent music teacher has also been engaged. mli 26 S. Z. SHARP, Principal. Jaoob C. Blymyer & Co,, Produoe and .Commission Mer chants, LEWISTOWN, PA. a#~Flour and Grain of all kinds pur chased at market rates, or received on storage *nd shipped at usual freight rates, having storehouses and boats of their own, with care captains and hands. Stove Coal, Limeburners Coal, Plaster, Fish *nd Salt always on band. Grain can be insured at a small advance on ooßt of storage. n022 Cloths, Clothing, Boots, Shoes, &c. A GOOD assortment of Cloths, Cassimeres, IX Tweed Vests, Pants, Woolen Shirts nd Drawers, Linen and Cotton Striped Shirts, Red and Gray Woolen Shirts, Boots, Shoes, Hats and Caps for m.' n and boys, sepig JAMES PARRER. cheaper than the cheapest—Syr- O upa and Molasses at 40 to 5h cents per gallon; Coal jQil and Coal Oil Lamps. We *ili sell the above goods cheaper than any house in town for cash or country produce. Give us a call. We charge nothing for show ing goods at JOHN KENNEDY'S. J ewietown, Jane 25, 1862. ©3Eo WSSO 3So EHErJBISPS ARE THE BEST IN THE WORLD, INSURING FINK TEETH AND A SWEET BREATH, AND CCttmj TOOTHACHE AWD WEIRALGIA. DO you wish to be blessed with and admired for PEAKLV WHITE an.i Sound TEETH ? Use DK. WM. B. HI ItD"S UNRIVALLED TOOTH POWDER, warranted free from acid, alkali, or any injurious sub btattee. Price 25 cents per box. *w.Beware of the ordinary cheap Tooth Powders which whiten hut destroy. Do you wish to be certain that your BREATH is pure, sweet.and agrceahloto hu-hand or wife, loveror friendsT Use Dlt. HERD'S CELEBRATED MOUTH W ASH. Price 37 cents per bottle. This astringent wash ;s also the best remedy in the world for CANKER. BAD BREATH, BLEEDING GUMS, SORE MOUTH, etc. It has ■ aired hundreds. Do you or your children sutler from TOOIIACHE? Get Dlt. HERDS MAGIC TOO H ACHE DROPS. Price 15 ceuts per bottle. Are you atHi.-ted with NEURALGIA? Get DR. W B. HI RD'S NEURALGIA PLASTERS. The most effective and delightful remedy known. They do not adhere nor blister, but soothe and charm pain away. Try them. Price 18 and 37 cents. Mailed on receipt of price. Do you wish a complete set of DENTAL REME DIES ami a Treatise on Preserving Teeth? Get DR W. B. HERD S DENTAL TREASURY, the neatest and most valuable present that one friend can make to an other. Price sl. Sent by express on receipt of price. For sale at all the best stores throughout the coun try. CAUTION. —As there arc dealers who take advantage of our advertisements to impose upon their customers inferior preparations, it is necessary to insist upon having what you call for, and you wilij/cf the best, thor oughly tested, and prepared by an experienced and scientific Dentist. Treasurer of the New York State Dentist's Association, and Vice President of the New York City Dental Society. Address UH. B. 111 KD & CO., !fe York, Cite fijoubritrrpri-'o NEW FURNITURE I'OLISH. PREPARED from an improved recipe by tho pronri -1 etor of the " Brother Jonathan I'otish,'' is certified hv all the leading New York Furniture Dealers and Piano-Forte Makers to ho the best in the world for re moving Scratches, Marks. Dirt, and restoring a high and lasting gloss to all kindsof Varnished Work, front Fuuiture to Leather. It is cheaper and better than varnish, dries immediately, and is easily applied. With a piece of Canton Flannel and si bottle or two of this Nmv FURNITURE POLISH, a housekeeper can work magic in the furniture of a house and keep it looking like new. Now is the time to -shine up" your Tables, Chairs. Desks, Pianos, Picture Frames. Carriages, etc.. und make tiiem look 50 per cent, better. This is true economy. For ule by Furniture Dealers and Store keepers generally. Price 25 and 50 cents per bottlo. Depot No 1 Spruce street. New York. Special Agents t canted. Address, Box 1972, Now York P. O. jy23 GREAT BOOKS IN FRE3S THRILLING INCIDENTS OP THE 1 GREAT REBELLION: OR, THE HEROISM OF OUR SOLDIERS k SAILORS. ILLUSTRATED. 1 Volume, large 13fno. Price $1.26. Thts critics and the public are right us predicting that this will surpass, in graphic narrative, exciting interest, and extensive popularity, all other histories of the War for the Union. Its theme will ho the hero ic during, patient suffering, and hair-breadth escapes of our soldiers and sailors, and its incidents will form the theme of conversation at innumorablo firesides for years to come. It will contain, in addition to its stirring details, the Philosophical Analysis of the C auses of the War. by Jons Lothrop Motley, 1.L.D., author of the "Rise of the Dutch Republic." etc.. the dates of all the important events from the John Brow n raid, and an accurate and revised account of the prin cipal battles, with engravings. One third the proceeds of ail subscriptions sent di rect to us will he given for the Relief ot Disabled Sol diers, and all persons who wish a copy of the wont, and also to benefit the soldiers, should send in their name and address at once. Also, any otbeer or pri vate, or person in any section of the country, having knowledge of a heroic act or stirring incident, will oblige us by sending us an account of it. JSoolisetUrs. Postmasters and Canvassing Agents will be furnished with a Subscription Prospectus, on applica tion to the Publishers. #)_A liberal commission given to soldiers desiring to act as agents in taking subscriptions. 11. The History of American Manufactures, from 1608 to 1860- By I>r. J. Le.a*i>er Bishop. 2 vols, Bvo. y'ol. 1. now ready, Vol. 11. nearly ready. This is probably the lurgest and most important work now in the American press. We have also just published new editions of the following useful aiid popular books: THE BUSINESS MAN'S LEGAL AjrVJjJER: or How to Save Money, by Conducting Business according to Law. by the best and latest authorities. 400 pp., sheep. Price. sl. OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDUSTRY; or, a Thousand chances to make money. Cloth, sl. This has been republished in England. Every business man and clerk should have these taigks. They will bay the buyer u hundred fold.— Every parent should get tlietn'for their sons. All these books are mailed, postpaid, on receipt of price. We pay particular attention to mailing books, wrapping them carefully, and will procure and send, postpaid, any book anywhere, on receipt of publish ers' price and six stamps. Address FREEDLEY & CO., Tribune Buildings, !tew York. PIANOS. —Persons who wish to buy a Piano of the best makers will be shown how they can save a hand some sum in the purchase if they address Piaxo, care Jet, Cos & Co., Publishers' Agents, New York P. O. CIARPETINGS, comprising every stylo o- I the newest patterns and designs in Brus sels, Tapestry Brussels, Imperial Three-ply, and Ingrain Carpeting. Also, Stair Carpet ines, Hag Carpeting*, Floor Oil Cloths, Mats, Hugs. &c. ± at GEO. BLYMYER'S. SPECTACLES for near-sighted persons as well as for age, steel, plated, silver and gold, are o be had at the Jewelry Store of ap3o R. W. PATTQN. CLOTHS FOR GEMS' SUITS. SPRING Style Cassimeres, Fashionable Vestings, Tweeds and Cassimeres for boys, Fine Black Cloths for Coats, Doeskins, Finest Blacks, Linen and other Shirt Bosoms, as well as a complete assortment of READY MADE CLOTHING for men and boys, at a p3o GEO. BLYMYEH'S. HAY Forks, Rope and Tackle Blocks, at my7 F. J. HOFFMAN'S. WALL PAPERS, Window Blinds, Queensware, Umbrellas, Cutlery, Wil low and Wooden Ware, as usual, at ap3o GEO. BLYMYER'S. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1862. SMEW ARRIVAL. undersigned ie prepared to furnish JL hie customers with Boots and Shoee of aii kiuds, at prices to suit the times, and ae Goods in general are higher than usual it is gratifying to learn that boots and shoes are cheaper than they have ever been before ia Mifflin county: No mistake! Call and exam ine for yourselves, and you will be surprised to iind men's shoee selling at 90c to $1 65, Men's Kip and Calf from 25 to I 87 " " Boots, " 2 25 to 3 00 " Calf •' " 275t0 390 Boys' Shoes " 50 to 1 35 All the above work at those prices is war ranted. We etill have cheap work on hand which is not warranted Women's Gaiters at if I 00, and very dear at that; some at $1 50, which are something better. A full stock of Eastern Work kept on hand, the greater part of which is warranted to give satisfaction. Manufacturing of all kinds neatly and promptly attended to at all times without de lay. A large stock of trunks constantly on hnnd, which will be sold very low. But above all things bear in uiind that our terms are strict ly Cash, for at our prices we cannot afford to charge. All goods to be paid for before taken away, and in all cases where they do not suit the money will be refunded, should they be returned in good order. sep24 BILLY JOHNSON. E. FRYSINGER, LEWIS TOWN, PA., turner of Market and Brown Streets, RIGHT OPPOSITE FRANK'S STORE, Always has on hand for sale, CIGARS, TOBACCO, SNI'FF, PIPES, TOBACCO BOXES AND MATCHES, Which he feels satisfied he can offer at prices which cannot bo beat. Matches, 25 cent 3 per gross. Call, examine, take a chew, and if you don't like the goods or find fault with the prices you need not buy. N. B. Pipes from 2 for a cent to 50 cents apiece. Levvistown, August 13, 1862. IRVIN WALLIS' Screw-top, Air-tight Fruit Can. PATEJiT PENDING. r FMIIS Can, after being thoroughly tested, -*■ is now conceded by ail who have used it to be the best Can in market. It has proved itself perfectly Air tight in every instance, and the Gum being in the outside is there fore free front a great objection. This year I have not only remedied the top, which is now much neater, but it is so constructed that you can apply a wrench that I give with the Cans to screw and unscrew, which can he done with ease. Also, other Sealing Cans and Glass Jars. Sold LOW for cash, only at THE BIG COFFEE POT SIGN. Lewistown, August 6, 1862. AMBROTYFE© AND She Cfents of the Ecason. f piIlS is no humbug, but a practical truth. J_ The pictures taken by Mr. Burkholder are unsurpassed for BOLDNESS, TRUTH FULNESS. BEAUTY OF FINISH, and DURABILITY. Prices varying according to sice and quality of frames and Cases. Room over the Express Office. Lewistown, August 23, 1860. V.S S W4 m 58$ TIN AR3S! tIOUNTRY MERCHANTS in want of Tin / Ware will find it to their advantage to purchase of J. B. Selheimer, who will sell them a better article, and as cheap if not cheaper than they can purchase it in any of the eastern cities. Call and see his now stock Lewistown, April 23, 1802-ly. HIGHLY IMPORTANT TO PARMHRS! LONG stories and paper recommendations are of no account. lam at present enga ged in building PELTON'S PATENT HORSE POWERS, | -rpr ■■ - in- 4 ""? sizes, one for four and one six horses. It is supposed to be better than any other kind here or elsewhere. I have obtained from the patentee authority to make and sell in nil of Pennsylvania west of the Susquehanna, and to prosecute all those who make, use, or vend to others to use, in the district described. Those interested will take notice of this. I expect soon to build a NEW THRESHER, which will thresh 40 bushels of wheat per hour, or 80 bushels of oats. Please call and examine for yourselves before you buy from others. I also continue the fflAigTO'iga is imynssmasi® of any kind of machinery of Iron, Brass or wrought Iron, as usual. Having a largo lot of patterns, and a first class pattern maker at work in the shop, I am prepared to fill al most any kind of an order, either for castings or patterns. BULL PLOUGHS, aide hill and bar share Ploughs, THRESH ERS with Shakers, Horse Powers, Saw Mill Cranks, and various other castings on hand ready for sale. All work sold as good, which proves defec tive, to be made good. THOMPSON & STONK authorized to sell. JOHN R. WEEKES, Lewietowo, July 30, 1862. Agent. jXHH BISIIBE3L FATHER ABRAHAM'S RSJLt- We published a few weeks ago a beauti fel poem entitled " We are aorning, Father Abraham, three hundred thousand mora," to which the following reply has been ad ded : i welcome TOO, rnr gallant boys. , From Maine'* resounding shore ! From far New Hampshire's granite hills 1 see your legions pour; From Massachusetts' fertile vales, From old Vermont thy como; Connecticut wheels into line At roll'ng of the drum; And little RhoJy springs to arms Like David in his might, Upon rebellion's giant front To strike one blow for right: I One blow for right, my hero boys, For right and Uncle Sam— i Strike, and receive the blessings Of the God of Abraham. I see from all her boundaries The glorious Empire State A countiees host >s sending forth With freedom's hopes elate; From Delaware there comes a gleam Of white and crimson bars, Where faithflil hands are holding up The taLrer of the star*; New Jersey answers to the call, As if along her shore, Each graia of sand had said, we como, Six hundred thousand more: We come to strike for liberty, For right, and Uncle 6am, Who gives us ail the blessings Of the God of Abraham. And Pennsylvania, keystone of This glorious Union arch, Is sounding through her thousand caves The thrilling order, march I see her dusky sons come forth From every darkened mine, And, like the clouds along her hills Swift forming into line; Their eyas hare such a fiery gleam From glowing forges caught. Their arms such strength as if they were Of irou sinews wrought; I think when on Secession's head They strike for Uncle Sam, Each blow will fall like vengeance From the God of Abraham. I see adown our Western vales Your legions pour, my boys, Ohio, Indiana, an t My own loved Illinois, And lowa, and Michigan, And Minnesota too, And far Wisconsin's prunes send Thoir heroes tried and true. Come on, O iiviug avalanche! Break into Hoods of light, And roll your waves of truth along Secession's shore of night, Drown out rebellion as of old, And then with Duel© Sam, Safe in the Ark of State, We 11 praise tha GoD of ABRAHAM. Ediwe J by A. SiiiTH, County Superintendent. A Short Talk witfc Parents. Will you, who have children now at tending or soon to attend the public schools, have the kindness just to read through this short article and think it over a few minutes ? You are desirous that your chil dren shall have good schools to attend, and that they shall be benefited as much as possible, both in learning and in good con duct. You can do very much at home to render your schools profitable, to give your children a hearty interest in their studies, and to promote good order and the comfort of both teachers and pupils, principally by attention to these things : 1. The prompt and regular attendance of your children. —A little effort on your part, occasionally a little self denial, would secure this exceedingly desirable objeot. You can encourage your childreu to bo sure not to dishonor you by being tardy— as if you did not rise early enough to get them to school by nine o'clock ! No one besides the teacher can fully understand and feel the mischief wrought, the time lost, the disorder produced, the bad habits formed, by scholars going to school irregu larly. If you do not believe this is as bad as I represent it, please spend your next leisure half day in the school your children attend—which would be a very sensible act any way—and at the end of three hours, ask the teacher his opinion on this matter, and I am sure you will be fully convinced that it is a great wrong to allow your chil dren to be unnecessarily tardy or irregular in their attendance. 2. The tidiness of your children. —Most of you deserve only high praise in this re spect, and the neat appearance of your chil dren reflects great credit on you and adds much to the attractiveness of the schools. But there are some children in a few of the schools, whose faces and hands advertise the apple butter they had for breakfast, and whose heads look as if conibs had never been invented. Patched clothes are all right, for they are justified by neoessity and accidents; but BO long as the sky fur nishes water gratuitously, and wooden combs oan be got for a penny a pair, there seems no excuse for sending children to school unwashed and uncombed. These things belong to the " minor morals," to be sure ; but it is not a matter of small import ance that children be trained to habits of neatness and cleanliness. 3. Procuring books for your children. — Sometimes a change of books is made, when there are many books in the sohool nearly new, and it seems sheer waste to lay them aside and get another set. Still, the change is probably for the good ©f the whole school, and if it were net, the refusal of a parent to furnish his chil dren with the hooks csed in the sohool, in jures no ana but his own children. Be sides, the oost of a new bcok is nothing eor.:pared with ths knowledge your child will acquire from it, and the ar.ving of a lew shillings Trill very poorly compensate the loss which your child will experience for wait ef the proper boohs. 4. The d.ltacnca and conduct of your children. —You e?.n do Terr much to pro mote the diligence and deiight in study of your children, by asking them at night what they have learaed during the day, en - couraging them to tell what they have studied, hearing them read their reading lessong, and showing that you are interested in their progress and warmly approve their industry. You can give the teacher great aid in governing the school, by discourag ing all complaints, by giving your children to understand that they must yield prompt, cheerful obedience at school, by inquiring alter their conduct, by not believing too readily charges ol partiality, cruelty, un iaithlulueso and ignorance cn the part of the teacher. Visit your schools, see how the teacher's patience is constantly tried, bow it is almost impossible not to make some mistakes, and you will be less inclin ed to blame than charity. 3. Official Report of General HcClellan. Headquarters, nearSnAßrsßUßa, September 29, 1,30 P. M. To Major General Hallcck, General-in- Chief of Utliled States Army : General —I have the honor to report the following as some ol the results of the bat tles of South Mountain and Antietam : At South Mountain our loss was 443 killed, 1,800 wounded, 76 missing—total 2,325. At Antietam our loss was 2,010 killed, 9,416 wounded, and 1,043 missing—total 12,469. Total loss in the two battles, 14,794. The loss of the Rebels in the two battles, as near as can he ascertained from the number of their dead found upon the field, and irom other data, will not fall short of the following estimate : Major Davis, Assistant Inspector Gen eral, who superintends the burial of the dead, reports about 3,000 Rebels buried on the field of Antietam by our troops. Pre vious to this, however, the Rebels had buried many of their own dead upon the distant portion of the battle field which they occupied after the battle. Probably at least 500. The loss of the Rebels at South Moun tain cannot be ascertained with accuracy, but as our troops continually drove them from the commencement of the action, and as a much greater number of their dead were seen on the fi:ld thau of our men, it is not unreasonable to suppose that their loss was greater than ours. Estimating their killed at 500, the total Rebel killed in the two battles would be 4,000. According to the rates of our own killed and wounded this would make their loss in wounded 18,742, as nearly as can be determined at this time. The number of prisoners taken by our troops iu the two battles will, at the lowest estimate, amount to 5,000. The full return will no doubt show a larger number. Of these about 1,200 are wounded. ThL gives the Rebel loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners, 25,542. It will be observed that this does not in clude their stragglers, the number of whom is said by citizens here to be large. It may be safely concluded, therefore, that the Rebel army lost at least thirty thousand of their best troops during their campaign in Maryland. From the time our troops first encounter ed the enemy in Maryland until he was driven back into Virginia, we captured thirteen guns, seven caissons, nine limbers, two field forges, two oaasion bodies, thirty nine colors, and one signal flag. We have not lost a single gun or color. On the battle-field of Antietam fourteen thousaud small arms were oolleoted, be sides the large number carried off by citi zens, and those destributed on the ground to recruits and other unarmed ineQ arriv ing immediately after the battle. At the South Mountain no collection of small arms was made, owing to the haate of the pursuit from that point. Four hun dred small arms were taken from the oppo site side of the Potomac. [Signed] GEORQE R. MCCLELLAH, Major-General Commanding. The Battle of luka- The Cincinnati Gazette gives the following details of the engagement of luka between Rosecrana and Price: Our foroe was 25,000 strong, and fell upon Price as he was retreating from luka, about a mile southeast of that place. Im mediately the battle commenced in dead earnest. The rebels formed on a road on a ridge, a line less than a.quarter of a mile in length, and this was the whole extent of the battle ground. A single brigade of New Series—Vol. XVI, No. 49. I Gren. liosecrans' division bore the brunt of tho whole fight. The first movement was to dislodge the rebels from their position bj a charge, which was no sooner done than thej rallied and drove back our men in a similar manner, only to bo driven in turn bj oar determined troopa. Our trcops rested near the battleground till morning, when they found that Price had fled, leaving all his dead and wouuded. Tha rebel loss in killed and wounded was not less than five hundred, fully three huu? dred of whom were killed. Our own loss was one hundred and twenty killed, and about two hundred wouuded. All thii, too, was done in an hour and a half, and very much of it with the bayonet. It was almost entirely a hand-to-hand engagement. On Friday evening, while the battle was raging, the advanced portion of our left wing was quietly going into camp, five miles distant, unconscious cf a battle.— They could not hear the musketry, and the cannonading was either very inconsidera ble, or none at all, so close were the con tending armies. On Saturday morning they formed in line of battle and Bent for ward skirmishers, who captured some of Price's pickets who had not been called in. About the same time the reserve —81st Ohio and 2d lowa—were ordered forward. Long before theso regiments reached the front the left wing had discovered that no enemy was in its front, and had moved on towards luka. Reaching there it was turn ed about towards Corinth, meeting the re serve a mile out. The whole force returned to Brynsville that night. It is said that General Ord urged that the left wing should take up position nearer, at any rate, but General Grant overruled him, assuring him that very soon we could advance and completely surround Price. In the meantime the gallant Rosecrans, with his eager army was using all dilligenco and had actually marched twenty miles on Friday before he came up with the enemy and fought with so much gallantry. As it is, it appears that only want of proper knowledge of Ilosecrans' position prevented the co-operation of the rest of the troops, which would have insured the glorious con summation of the capture of Sterling Price. General Rosecrans, in pursuit on Satur day, with a large force of cavalry and some light artillery, followed by infantry. Price is supposed to be retreating to Boonsville, whence he came by rail from Tupelo. It is a coincidence a little remarkable that the same troops which a year ago followed Price ia Missouri arc now after him here. An Oligarchy. The State of South Carolina contains 29,000 plantations, containing 4,072,551 acres of improved, and 12,145,049 acres of unimproved land, valued at $82,431,- 634; averaging to each 561 acres. The government is based on the Consti tution of 1790, and amendments added to it at various periods. The right to vote requires a freehold of 50 acres in ordinary cases. The Legislatuie is elected annual ly. A Senator must be 30 years old, a resident citisen five years, and if resident in the district must own a freehold worth £3OO, if non-resident worth £I,OOO. Rep resentatives must have resided in the State three years; if resident in the dis trict njust own a freehold of 500 acres and 10 negroes, or real estate worth £150; if non-resident must own real estate worth £SOO. The Governor is chosen by the Legislature, and must have resided in the the State 10 years, and be possessed of a settled estate worth £1)500. The Lieu tenant Governor is chosen and must be qualified in like manner. The people do not vote directly for Gov ernor or for President. There is no middle class in South Caro lina. The population consists (out of the towns, which are few,) of planters and a sort of peasantry. The delegates to the Legislature are frequently elected by a dozen voters (large landholders), and the affair is not uncommonly settled at the din ner table. Trade is considered as not exactly suita ble to a gentleman. Merchants (retail) are called "shopkeepers," and are cot upon a social equality with the planters. Freaks of a squirrel, —One of the squir rels on the Boston Common, having been in the habit of helping himself to a pea nut DOW and then from a fiuii stand near the West street gate, the woman who tends the stand oovered up the poanuts with a oloth. When the squirrel next came on a foraging expedition, finding the peanuts covered, he seised on a peach and made off with it The woman gave chase, and the squirrel dropped the peach; but finding that he had drawn the woman two or three rods from the stand, he started back on the double quick, and seising a nut before the woman oould get baok, made off with it muth to the amusoment of the bystand ers- Capt. W. S. King, of the 35th Mas sachusetts, arrived at the Astor House, New York, last, received seven wounds at th&gecnt battle of Ar.tietam. He was hit'tw^hty'times during the en gagement, and was prbtty thoroughly bound up in bandages when ho left that city for ml. home in Boston. He has lost no limbs, and hopes are entertained of his speedy recovery.