Lewistown gazette. (Lewistown, Pa.) 1843-1944, March 29, 1850, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

r t: R M s:
iv AD\ AVI r..
For six months, 75 cent*.
\D XF.W subscriptions must be paid in
advance. If the. paper is continued, and not
paid within the first month. $1.25 will be charg
ed ; if not paid in three months, SI 50; if not
nai'd in six months, £1.75; and if not paid in
nine iuontii-3, S2.U(I.
N'oticrs of Ailurtiscments.
"The Railroad Hotel has been opened by Mr.
Allison, and is now ready for the reception of
travellers and others.
Mr. Lyttle will open a school on the 3th April.
Mr. Hammond will be at Turner's during the
next week with a lot of choice inoculated Peach
F. J- Hoffman has on hand an assortment of
Irvin & C'o.'s Centre county Iron.
Henry Ort requests information of a boy
named David A. Baker, who left his employ on
Monday last.
James A. Lilley has taken the tailor atand
lately occupied by Mr. M'Fadden.
The Committees of the Lewistown & Tusca
rc-ra Bridge Company invite attention to their
advertisement for stock to construct a plank
road, and for proposals for grading the ground,
and supplying plank and sleepers.
•DR. BARTLETT will give a Free Lecture at the
Town Hall this cveaiug, and tenders advice
gratis to the aillictcd.
E*F" Such of our subscribers as have
changed, or intend to chpnge '.heir resi
dences, will please leave information of
their location at the office.
Lir We have a considerable sum of
money to make up during the ensuing
month, and expect that those indebted to
us will call and settle. Reluctant as we
are to bring suit against any one, self-de
fence will compel us to resort to that
measure unless this notice is heeded by
those concerned.
tF Rev. T. H. W. MONROE, of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, Presiding
Elder of this district, lias taken up his re
sidence in Lcwistown.
£v"The weather prophets, no'.iccd in
our last, were right—we've had two or
three sprinklings of snow since then, with .
■unusually cold weather.
Clr'The voting for determining the ques
tion of Sunday travel on the Pennsylvania j
Railroad commenced on Monday last. So
far the vote stands as follows :
.Igainst Daily Lints . For Daily Lints
Monday, 971 697
Tuesday, 644 3*44
Wednesday, 903 313
CV' We have heard it said that the Rail
road Company intend giving the members
of the Legislature a ride over their road
and a dinner at ALLISON'S Railroad Hotel,
opposite this place. The affair we believe
is to come off to-morrow. We would not
pretend to say that they deserve a dinner,
such as ALLISON doubtless will provide,
Tut every one richly deserves a ride on
a rail.
The Baltimore Weekly American, Compen
dium of JVet cs, and Pricet Current —Th<
editors -of the American have commenced the
publication of a weekly paper under the above
title, to be issued every Saturday morning. Its
ample pngee will contain all the news of the
week ; •elections of a useful, entertaining and
literary character ; and also the full, complete
and reliahie Review of the Baltimore Market
published HI the daily and tr;-week!y American.
Such of cur rcudera as have business relations
'.v-tii that city, or are otherwise interested in it,
can procure no paper which will prove more
eatitfactory than this—the American having
for many years h* i! d a first rank among the
newspapers of this country. Terms $2 per
annum in advance. Address (poet paid) Dob-
Lin, A'uiphy &. Bose, Baltimore Md.,or call at
the Gazette Office, and will forward eub
ecrintions. •
NEW YORK trr GAS-LlGHT— price twenty
five cents—published by Dewitt <k Davenport,
Tribune Buildings, New York. The above is
the title of a new work from the pen of the
author of those world-renowned sketches,
"New A ork in Slices;"" and if wc are to be
lieve the assertions of too ine ; ropo'itan pr r
the " Gas-Light" gbrnpsv- are even more vivid,
graphic, and picturesque ihao the "Slices"
rT A pike, weighing f.'!,} pounds, has
been eanght in Sciota River.
"Keep out of the woods, for the trcrs
are just beginning to nhoot.
' -' They want to call the new £2O gold
coins u Wiuthin gloria?' A good name —
could'nt be better.
- tf The annual report of thr ClTitv inspec
tor of .New \ ork shows that the total num
ber ol deaths in that city for the year 1819
Mas 2:1,7:1:;; of which 12,469 were males
and 11,304 female*. ()f these 4,452 were
children under one year of a (.re, and 4,606
were children under five years of age.
r? I lie Louisiana Statesman says that
an insert so small as to require microsco
pic eyes to detect it, is destroying the
orange trees in that vicinity, and on the sea
coast. They attack the trnnk and limbs
in immense bodice, covering it as with a
uscotid Lark, and seem to destroy it by ab
Pennsylvania Legislature.
! The follow ing is an abstract of a biH
j relating to fence® which has, we believe,
passed both Houses ;
" No person shall be entitled to damages from
injuries done to his or her crops, land, or prem
j ises, by the horses, cattle, swine or sheep of
j another person, unless such crops, land or prem
l iscs are enclosed by a substantial fence at least
j tour feet and a half high. PROVIDED, That this
act shall not interfere with the recovery of dam
ages, done by horses or cattle as aforesaid,
: known to the owner or keeper thereof to be
! breaehy."
In the Senate, on the 21st. the bill pro
\ iding for the election of prosecuting at
| tome) s was called up, discussed at length,
i amended, and finally passed by the follow
j ing vote r
Yeas—Messrs. Brawly, llrouke, Crabb,Cun
ningham, Darsie, Fernon, Forsyth, Frailey,
Frick, Guernsey, Haslett, Ilugus", lvcs, King,
Konigmacher, Lawrence, M'Caslin, Matthias,
. Muhlenberg, Packer, Sadler. Sankey, Saverv,
| Shimer, Sterrett, Stine, Streeter, Walker, Bes't,
j Speaker.—22.
s—Messr3. Drum and Malone—2.
A hill relative to bridges on the Juniata
i or ils tributaries, has passed both Houses
and become a law. It enacts—
" That it shall not hereafter be lawful to erect
any free bridge over the Juriiuta river or its trib
: utaric# within the distance of one mile from any
Toll bridge constructed by any company incor
! porated by this Commonwealth : Provided, That
in case the County Commissioners of any county
in which such Toll Bridge may be situated, shall
be desirous to purchase the same, for the pur
pose of making it a Free Bridge, they may offer
the owners of said Bridge such a sum for the
same as three competent disinterested persons
1 (to be chosen one by each of the parties and the
third by the two persons thus chosen) may, after
a careful view thereof, determine it to be worth ;
and should said company not accept the said
offer (which may be made in writing to the Pres
ident or Secretary of said company) within fif
teen days after it shall be made, as aforesaid,
then, and in that event, it shall be lawful for said
Commissioners, or any association of individuals,
j to erect a free bridge or bridges wherever they
may see proper over the said river or its tribu
: tarics.''
This new monopoly of the ami-mono
poly party having created -considerable
dissatisfaction at Huntingdon, where the
citizens have been making efforts to pro
cure a free bridge, an amendment was
adopted last week which provides—
'• Tnat the act passed the 11th day of March,
lcso, entitled 1 An Act relative to Bridges,' shall
net be so construed as to prevent the erection of
R free bridge within the distance of one mile
from arty incorporated toll bridge which shall
have enjoyed the rights and privileges of said act
of incorporation for a period of fifteen yean."
The bill relative to the election of Au
ditor General and Surveyor General pass
ed the Senate on Tuesday with an amend
ment providing for the election of Deputv
On the Bth, the Speaker laid before the
Senate a message from the Governor, re
turning without his approval, the bill in
corporating the North Lebanon Railroad
Company, on account of the " hasty legis
lation'' manifested in the passage of the
Ith section. The bill as originally re
ported was for a few miles of railroad, but
some legislative genius adroitly inserted
the fourth section, giving road companies
throughout the State very extensive pow
ers, and in this shape our wise-acres at the
Capitol passed it. Governor Johnston,
however, promptly vetoed it, and on its
return to the Senate lie was sustained by
a vote of 28 to 2. There is ample room
for the exercise of the veto power this
winter at Harrishurg, for never before
have we had more hasty and indiscreet
legislation, or more monopoly bills, and
we hope the Governor will freely u*e the
power vested in him. We are no advo
cate for the veto when a legislative body
deliberately pastes burs, but when smug
gling, log-rolling, and probably something
worse, are the order of the day, LET THE
'J he Slavery Question still occupies the
attention of both Houses, and yarns enough
have been spun on that subject to last for
fifty years.
In the Senate, on Tuesday* on amotion
made by Mr. Foote that some territorial
bills be made the special order at an early
day, a regular scene rmme off between him
and Air. Denton. The latter believing
the motion to have been made—as it
doubtless wa—for the purpose of post
poning the admission of California, gave
notice to those who desired her admission
that they must now stand by her; w here
upon Foote replied with much warmth,
indulging in a coarse personal attack on
.Mr. Denton. Mr. D. explained, when
Foote again sustained his reputation for
hi Flings gate.
Mr. Benton—l pronounce it cowardly to give
insults where they cannot be chastised.
Mr Foote rose"—Loud c.ftlls of "order."
Mr. Benton—ls a Senator to be blackguarded
day in and day out 5
Mr. Foote (in his seal)—fie is a blackguard !
cries of "order," "order!"
Mr. llerilon (resuming)—ls language to be used
here which could not be used in an oyster cellar,
grocery or tavern.'
Mr. Foote called to order.
Mr. Benton (continuing)— Are such things to
go on ? Sir, it is time to stop them, and if per
sons use such language here, iti a place where a
cudgel cannot be applied to them—the voice of
public indignation must be brought to bear upon
then, until public sentiment can make them be
have with the manners which are due to the
The Vice President repeated the call to order.
, \ r henton—Well, sir, let the words objected
ihe'rule ' ° Wn w r ' tm 6 in accordance with
Aftrr some further coltoniiv \l r .-j -r
tu<j°° r k thrown open to him by Mr
, U W,\ he ? ot proceed father. He imil
mJWd, however, that he stood by all he had said,
and if Mr. Benton would proceed in the matter,
he was ready to meet him.
Mr. Dickenson moved to lay the motion pend
ing on the table, which was agreed to.
In the House, a- 44 small affair" came
off between one of the Wilmot guard,
Preston King of Sew York, and Mr.
Speaker Cobb—the former having charged
the latter with mutilating the JournaL
In the House of Representatives.
Mr. THURSTON said he was the first represent
ative from Oregon on this floor. He came here
not as a party man, though he belonged to a par
ty. He eamc here not as a sectional man, tho'
he belonged to a section. Oregon was deeply
interested in the question before the committee.
He had been grieved to hear California slandered,
and heaped all over with calumny, because blie
has dared to use the first law of nature to pro
tect themselves and form a constitution, and ask
for admission. His opinion was that California
should be admitted into the Union without pluck
ing a single hair from the silver locks of her
golden constitution.
He held that any State has not only a consti
tutional right to ask, but to demand, admission.
Mr. Calhoun, in the Senate, took the ground,
that when a State presents herself with a pro
per constitution, Congress has no right to deny
her admission. If so, they run over the consti
tution and law. The question is, is the consti
tution of California republican? In the whole
history of this country a constitution cannot be
found more republican, and with more extended
views with regard to human rights. Objection
had been made to her boundaries ; but she has
but the one good harbor that deserves to be so
entitled, and this he proceeded to show from the
book of Capt. Wilkes, and his own observation.
She contains no more area than she ought to.
One hundred and forty-four thousand square
miles looks large, but he held himself ready to
prove that California does not contain one-third
the arable land of Ohio—not one-fourth of Penn
sylvania—not one-fifth of Virginia, reckoning
those States as containing arable land. Captain
Wilkes thought that the amount of arable land
does not exceed twelve thousand square miles.
California, according to Mr. Colton, does not ex
ceed the old Bay State in agricultural resources.
The country for the most part was barren—the
abodes of wolves and birds of prey, and their
appearance indicates that they are nearly starved.
He contended that the convention to form the
State Constitution was not brought about by
Gen. Taylor; in other words, that the constitu
tion was crammed down their throats. It was
purely a matter of the. people themselves. He
gave a history of past events, to prove that
neither Gen. Riley, Gen. Taylor, nor Hon. T.
Butler King had anything to do with the forma
tion of the constitution. The man who on the
platform of a public meeting there, endeavored
to show that Riley was right, was hissed off. If
Gen. Taylor had endeavored to dictate one-half,
he would have found himself mistaken. Hon.
T. B. King never sat a foot on the soil of Mon
terey while the convention was sitting. If Mr.
King had endeavored to influence the people, he
could not have done so, for the Democrats were
suspicious that he came there to make California
a Whig State. He had no more influence with
the people than the man in the moon. If he
had made any recommendation, it is likely they
would have acted to the contrary.
Governor Johnston's Mos-aee.
I The States of Virginia and Georgia
having transmitted some strong slavery
resolutions and complaining of certain al
leged violations of the constitution of the
I nited States, Governor Johnston sent in
, a message to the Legislature last week,
which, strange to say, the locofoco major
ity in the House refused to print. We
make room for as much of this document
a# we can :
Persuaded that there exists no unkind feeling
among our citizens, to any other portion of the
confederacy, and that a cordial love for the na
tional constitution and Union, pervades our
entire population ; it is deemed a pleasant duty
lo transmit those resolutions to your honorable
bodice, that the necessary measures may be
l adopted, after a candid consideration of the
whole subject, to give a decided negative to the
I complaints of our sister republics, if" they have
done our people and government injustice in
{ these charges; and if otherwise, to offer the
i amplest assurance that the speediest remedies
will he provided to redresa any just grievances.
This action is necessary in order that no truth
ful accusation of a wilful and wanton breach of
l he Constitution, infidelity to the national Union,
| or invasion of the rights of others, shall stain
the social history of Pennsylvania.
The wrongs alleged may be classified as fol
j lows :
First, That the people of the non-slavehuld
tng States have encroached upon the Constitu
tion of the United States.
Second, That they have done acts hostile to
the peace and perpetuity ot the national Union.
Third , That they have unjustly,dangerous
ly, and injuriously tresspassed upon the rights
of other portions of tiie confederacy.
These are grave charges against the faith
and honor of line Commonwealth—and hence
the necessity of a careful examination of their
justice and truth.
Questions connected with the slavery of the
colored race, have given origin to these com
It is not necessary to discuss the abstract
question ot slavery. If it were J tow to be es
tablished—-if tbe foot-prints of the bondsman,
were now tor the first time to mark the soil of
our common country —if the Constitution were
now to be formed, it would beonrdnty to enter
our solemn protest against its introduction or
recognition. We should feel n pleasure in the
adoption of a different policy from that imposed
upcn us by our British piogenitors. Where
they forged and riveted, we would strike the
chains of bondage from human limbs.
The Constitution of the United Slates how
ever having guaranteed to a certain extent, the
existence of s'avery; and recognised the rights
of t tie people of the slavehohling Stales, in
their peculiar property ; all such discussions in
reference to the institution as it exists in those
.States, arc property precluded by a just sense
of constitutional duty. With slavery there
fore, in the several Stales, there is not now,
und never has been, any disposition on the
part of the government of Pennsylvania to in
I l.et us examine how far the general charges,
made against the people of the free States, ap
ply to our citizens. To do so with more clear
ness, a rtcilal of the events precediog, and at
tending the formation of the Constitution, is
deemed necessary and proper.
Pennsylvania had been a slaveholding State.
The introduction and use of servile labor, and
the moral and political depredations of the col-
ored race bad been engrafted upon her liberal
institutions, by the cupidity ot our British an
cestry. While the revolution und the separa
tion of the colonies from the mother country
were in progress; and before the recognition
of their independence by tue government of
(Irent Britain, her Legislature, by the act ot
the Ist of March, 1790, abolished slavery with
in her borders. Acopyof that statute is hereto
The preamble to this act in strong and appro
priate language expresses an abhorrence of that
condition of civil bondage to which the arms
and tyranny of Great Britain were exerted to
reduce us—acknowledges the beneficent agency
of the Supreme Ciod, in our deliverance from
the threatened dangers, andadmits the great in
justice, and wrong done to the servile race, by
means whereof they had been" deprived of the
common blessings to which they were by nature
entitled;" and than in commernmorution of our
own happy escape from tyrannic and despotic
power, provides tliatr all persons, as.well ne
groes and mulattos as others, who shall be born
within this state, from and after the date of the j
said act, 6hall not be deemed and considered
servants for life, or slaves.
The further provisions of this humane law
relate to the regie'ry of slaves—the service of
their children— their support when left indigent ;
—their trial for offences; and whilst it thus de
clares, in most express terms, that no man or
w-oruao, of any nation or color, except regis
tered slaves, shall at any time thereafter be
deemed, adjudged, or holden within the territo
ries of this Commonwealth as slaves or servants
tor life, but as free men and free women, it
makes provision for tiie protection of the pro
peity of non-residents in slaves ue servants tor :
life, who may be sojourners for a period of six
months. On the 29th March, 17*58, another act
intended to cure the defects of the acts of Ist
March, 17-0, was passed, and is hereto an
These enactments made Pennsylvania a non
slaveholding Stale, and in terms of theciearest
and strongest character marked the determina
tion of her people to abolish, for ever,servile
iubor within Iter borders. Whilst the pream
ble to the first act recited at:J embodied the
reasons for the abolition of, and expressed her
feelings in relation to, the institution of slavery,
it furnished notice, of the most authentic kind,
of her determined resistance to its increase and
The Congress of the States in session in New
York, Virginia, Georgia, and Pennsylvania,
being represented therein, on the 13th July,
17^7, passed an ordinance with great unanimi
ty, that slavery, or involuntary servitude should
never be established, except tor crime, within
the then territories of the confederated States.
There is no excepting or saving clause; no line
of compromise or designation ot degrees of
latitude to limit the area of freedom, but an en
tire, absolute, and unconditional prohibition of ,
the institution in all the territories then under
the jurisdiction of the Congress.
The act of 1780, had given notice to the
other States, of the views entertained by Penn-.
eylvatua, on (his important subject. The ordi
nance of the 13lh July. IT*?, was conceived in
the same spirit, and gave an assurance, that the
evils of human bondage should never be ex
tended ; and would eventually cease to exist
among a free people. It was in this belief that
the citizens of Pennsylvania consented to a
constitution, which recognised to sqrae extent
the institution |f slavery.
The constitution being adopted wont into
rperation on the i?d April, 1739. It contains
the following provisions, directly or indirectly
connected with the servitude of the colored
Fir it. as regards representation, it provides,
" that representatives and direct taxes shall be
apportioned among the £ everat States which
may be included within this Union, according
to their respective numbers, which shall be de
termined by adding to the w hole number of tree
persons, including those bound to service for a !
term ot years, and excluding Indians not taxed,
three-fifths of all other persons."
Second, " The migration or importation of
such persons as any of the States muc existing
shall think proper to admit, shall not be pro- j
hibited by congress prior to the year l^OS; but I
a lax or duty may be imposed on such miporta- 1
tion, not exceeding ten dollars for each person."
Third, " No person held to service or labor
in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping I
into another, shall, in consequence of any law i
or regulation tlie-ein, be discharged from such
service or labor, but shall be delivered upon
the claim of the party to whom such service j
or labor may be due."
The provision in the Constitution limiting the
duration of the slave traffic; and the act of the
national Congre>a immediately preceding its
adoption, in relation to its non extension to the
territories of the Union, would seem to leave no '
doubt upon the inind, that it was the intention
and meaning of the framers of the Constitu- '
tion to prevent the extension and increase ot I
human slavery ; and at an early period to se- !
cure its entire abolition in the several States. 1
The qualified representation of the servile
race, and the delivery of fugitives were con- j
cessions made to the people of the slavehold
ing States.
To this organic law, containing these previ
sions, Pennsylvania gave her assent; and it is
therefore a duty on her part to respect with
religious fidelity, the rights therein guaranteed
to other States.
That this Commonwealth has been faithful
in the discharge of ail her federal obligations
it is believed can tie made manifest. It is true
that her husiness pursuits have been frequently j
interrupted—it rs true that her just weight in j
the national councils has been lessened by the i
representation of the servile race—it is trite
that the representation of property instead of!
people has been felt by our citizens as anii-re- i
publican and wrong—nevertheless she has al- j
ways felt itaduty faithfully to discharge her ob- !
ligations as a member of the national Union.
The institution of slavery hasassumed a new
position and importance by the successful at
tempt to extend it beyond its original limits.
In every instance of the kind this common
wealth has raised her voice in earnest protest-
In the written Constitution, to the observance
of whose provisions her taith had been pledged,
there was found no authority for its introduc
tion into new, and after acquired territory.
With the knowledge that thefraniers of the
Constitution hud taken n part in the delibera
tions of the Congress of 17*>7, and tiiat tiie in
tention of their ordinance was the preserva
tion from the malign influences of slavery of
all the territory then belonging to the Union,
it was reasonable to suppose that any acquiesc
ence on her part in the acquisition of immense
regions to be covered with slavery, would be
given with great reluctance. The same liber
ality of sentiment that breathed in thedeclara
tion of the national independence—the same
ardent love of human freedom that conceived
the ordinance of 1787 the same hatred of hu
man bondage that induced the abolition of" (lie
slave frade, it was believed, would influence
and direct the opinions and actions of those
illustrious fathers who placed those proud mem
ories among the venerated archives of the re
At the time of the admission of Missouri it
is well known vvi.h what unanimity this gov
ernment prutosted against the introduction of
servile labor into that fertile region. The lan
guage of her protest is clear and strong; it
breathes the true feelingof her patriotic child
ren. To the compromise line at that time
adopted, it is presumed, no assent was given on
her part. To have doue so, would have done
violence to her principles and would have been
an abandonment of her early and chorished
policy, ll was an infraction of ike vpiri f >f the
ordinance of 1787.and was a doubtful e*?reuse
of Constitutional piwer, as well as a species
of infidelity to the national Union, The act
of 1?W0 abolished s'overv, and alleged there
was no human right to exact tinman bonuage.
The ordinance of 1787 prohibited slavery in
the territories of tiic then confederation, and
the reasons for its enactment applied as forci
bly to the west hank of the Mississippi, a- they
did to the north bank of the Ohio. The na
tional constitution contained nothing to au
thorise the acquisition of new territory, and
the erection of further slave institutions. On
the contrary, by its provisions in reference to
the slave traffic, and the concurrent events at
tending its formation, it appealed to mark lim
its to tiie extent and duration of the institution ;
hence any action enlarging its houndaru a was
an unwarranted assumption of power. The
union of the Stotes was endangered by the
erection of imaginary lines, tending to engen
der and keep alive sectional jealousies and
prejudices. Pennsylvania desired no new Ma
son's <V. Dixon's lime, to mark distinctive char
acters and tastes among a homogeneous people.
In the powers of the national Congress is
found no authority to create slavery, unless its
introduction formed a portion of a treaty ac
quiring territory, or was the condition of a
grant of lands. Thespintof universal liberty
guarded all soil blessed by the institutions of
freedom ; and to establish bondage, positive en
actments were necessarily required. These
sentiments of Pennsylvania remain unchanged,
and if their expression, with a perfect willing
ness to submit their accuracy to the supreme
judicial tribunals of the country, wete aggres
sions on the rights of the citizens of Virginia
and Georgia—if they were an infraction of the
national Constitution, or tended to the dissolu
tion of the the demonstration thereof
has not been made manifest to ou: citizens.
The Governor then refers to the powers
granted by the constitution to territories
and the District, which are as follows :
l'irst, N#w States may be admitted by Con
gress into tiie Union. Congress shall have
power to dispose of, and make all needful rules
and regulations, respecting the territory orolhtr
property belonging to the United States; and
nothing in this Constitution shall be so con
strued as te prejudice iy claims of the United
States or any particular state.
Second, Congress has the right to exercise
exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever
over such district, (not exceeding ten miles
squire,) as may, by cession of particular States,
and the acceptance of Congress, become the
seat of government of the United States.
And then asks—
Which of these provisions of the national
constitution has been eocruacheti upon by Penn
sylvania ? There is no part of her hit-lory, le
gislative, executive or judicial, that snows any
interference with the rights of representation
belonging to Virginia or Georgia No charge
has been made against her faithful observance
of that portion of the Constitution in relation to
the importation or non-importation of slaves.
The authority of Congress to establish slavery
in territories w herein it does not exist, this state
has denied, in mild and friendly terms; and ia
submitting heretofore to the exercise of the
pow or when new slaveiioiding States have been
admitted, no bitterness has marked her com
plaints and protests. The authority of Con
gress to abolish slavery in the District of
Columbia is apparent, unless the words em
ployed conferring it gives less and a different
power when inserted in Constitutions than
when used in other portions of the written and
spoken language of the country.
The Governor next alludes to the laws
of 1780 and 1788 respecting fugitives—to
the act of Congress of 1793 —and to the
act of March 25, 1826, the objects of
which were the delivery of fugitives from
labor, the protection of free colored peo
ple, and the prevention of kidnapping.
These salutary laws, so far as enacted by
our State Legislature, were declared by
the Supreme Court to be unconstitutional.
This extraordinary decision is thus noticed
by the Executive :
This decision left to tlie master the authority j
to claim as provided in the Constitution and al- ;
so authorised him to seize and remove the in
dividual whom lie alleged was his property, and {
to use for that purpose the official power of the
.State, without permitting, to her, the right to
control and regu'ate the manner of the proced- j
ure, or to determine the truth and justicecf the
alleged claim. It established the principle that
a stranger to the soil of Pennsylvania, might i
enter upon it, and by possibility, inflict the
deepest injury upon her sovereignty by the
abduction o! her citizens on false pretences.
The Supreme judicature having sodecided the
question, our law abiding citizens submitted, !
hut with the determination that in the spirit of,
that decision the officersof thiscommonwealth !
should not be made the instruments, even by '
possibility, on such alight foundation as a claim
ant's interested demand ot ensiaving free men. j
To prevent this great possible wrong, the act .
of 3d March, 1817, repealing all legislation on ;
the subject, aud forbidding the officers of the
State to take any part in the recapture of such
alleged fugitive slaves, was enacted. Tho
constitutional ptovision and the act of Congrees
our State has endeavored to carry into full ef- ;
feet. She has denied, and it is hoped ever will i
deny, the power ol Congress to impose the per- j
formance of duties upon her municipal and •
judicial officers without her consent.
The message concludes with an eloquent
tribute to the devotion Pennsylvania has
ever shown to the Union, and submits the
matter to the Legislature.
casuist in the Providence Journal wishes to he
informed, supposing it to be true, as charged,
that Brigham Young, of Deserct, the Mormon
leader, has twenty-six wives, whether the es
tablishment of this new and peculiar institution
of polygamy or Brighamy in Deseret, would en
tile Brigham to remove to Massachusetts or
Rhode island with hrs twenty-six wives ? The
Journal thinks it is certain that, according to the
Calhoun doctrine, he would at least have the
right to carry them into any territorial govern- \
An exhibition of the merits of Reynold's aelf
sharpening plough took place this'morning.— |
President Taylor and a number of members of
Congress were present, and expressed them- i
selves highly pleased. The President exhibited
his skill as a farmer by beating all present in
handling the plough.
ft?"A young man was arrested in New-
Hampshire, on (lie charge of "keeping his ,
mouth open on Sunday. ' A true bill was
found, :is it is against the law to keep a
dram-shop open on that day.
ii. iiAnm\D
\ VjlLLhave at JAMES TURNER'S, in Lew
i \\ blown, on the 2d, 3d, 4th and sth of
April, a choice lot of INOCULATED
PEACH TREES. Moit of the kinds
xie selected from his own orchard
and eon.itst only of the very choicest
, varieties. The trees have large roots
■; will be taken out of the ground the latter part
| of March, a rid brought to Lewistown the 2d of
1 April. Among the very best are the Yellow
Alberge, White Luscious Rareripe, arid Cole's
Morris Ited. [March 29, 1850—11
DR. A. BARTLETT will give a FRFF
liECTI K E in the Town Hall, on
Friday (this) Evening,
The different modes of medical practice will
be noticed, and {lie uses of Elect! o-Magnetisca
in removing different diseases shown.
Persons a!Hicttd with Rheumatism, Headache
i Toothache, <tc., will have them removed at the
1 I Lecture by the Aeir Electro-Magnetic Machine,
i i Rooms for FREE consultations at the Lewis
town Hotel, where the indisposed are inTited to
call. [March 29, 1850—1"
O|>|>o*it<* I->ewi*town, Penna.
£ THE undersigned informs his
friend® and the public, that he has
11J i opened the above house, located
fiai iIT"Tm ofl l ' ie Central Railroad, opposite
' Lewistown, and will now be hap
py to attend to all who may favor him with their
custom. The location is such as to make it ad
vantageous to travellers to make it a stopping
place. The house is large, convenient, and well
furnished with everything necessary to make tin
I traveller comfortable.
j Will be always furnished with the best the mar
ket affords, and his BAR with the BEST ami
Attached to this establishment is extensive, a r d
the conveniences about are of Buch a nature as
to commend themselves.
In taking charge of this commodious house, it
is the intention of the undersigned that it shall
not be surpassed by any in the country.
Persons visiting Lewistown, either on business
or pleasure, will find the RAILROAD HOTEL
an agreeable and convenient house, and during
their stay, may rely upon every attention to se
cure their comfort." JAMES ALLISON
Granville tp., March 29, 1850.—6t
AT ILL open a SCHOOL in the school room
> V lately occupied by him in this borough, on
MONDAY, April Bth. 18,50,
TERMS:—Spelling, Reading, Writing and
Arithmetic, $"2.50 per scholar; Grammar, Ge
ography, Algebra, Philosophy, Book-keeping
&c., $3.00 per scholar.
Lewistown, March 29, 1850—2t
A BOA 7 named DAVID A. BAKER, between
14 and 15 years of age, fair face, and some
what stooping walk, left the employ of the un
dersigned last Monday morning without any
notice of his intentions. Solicitous for his wel
fare, and desirous of securing him a proper situ
ation, any information respecting him will be
thankfully received by the subscriber. Having
understood that he had betrayed a strong parti
i ality for the canal, a situation in which he would
he exposed to strong temptations, it is hoped
that if a boy answering his description will
make application to boat owners, that the sub
scriber will be apprised of it.
March 29, 1850-3t near Lewistown.
.1 A 11 E S A . ML LE Y
T) ESPECTFULLY informs the public that he
I V has taken the shop recently occupied by
door north of Alfred Marks' Drug store, up
stairs, Lewistown, where he will continue the
above business, in all its various branches. lie
solicits a share of public custom, and promises
to devote all his time and attention to his busi
ness. and hopes by so doing to merit encourage
ment. He will be in the regular receipt of the
lashions of each season, and prepared to mak
his garments to please all who may favor him
with a call. [March 29, 1650—3 m
Good News for Blacksmiths.
Mm mw mm •
rpHE subscriber has just received a large lot of
I Irvin & Co.'s Centre county Iron on com
mission, and shall continue to keep a heavy stork
which he will warrant, and sell at the following
prices, for cash, on delivery :
Regular assorted ITOD, 3i cents.
Horse shoe do 4a5 do
Mail rods, 4j do
Lewistown, March 29, 1850.
N. B.—On hand, also, a large assortment of
FIRSOMS desirous of subscribing for stock
to the " Lncistoicn and Tuscarora Bridge Cow
patiy," for the construction of a
Plank Itoad
from the south end of the Bridge to the Per.r.-
svlvania Railroad, will find book* open for the
subscription of stock at the office of Francis
McCoy, Treasurer of the Company, in the bor
ough of Lewistown, aud at the Gutc House at
the Bridge.
The books will bc'kopt open until the 15th
day of April next, or until a sufficient number of
•hares shall be subscribed to justify commencing
the work. LEWIS T. WATTSON,
Committee to take up subscriptions
l.cwistown, March 29, 1350—U15
\TTILL be received at the (late House of the
\ \ " Levistoien Sf Txtscarora Bridge Company,"
to the 10th day of April next, for GRADING
the ground on which to lav a PLANK ROAD,
from the Bridge of said Company to the Penn
sylvania Railroad.
The subscribers, a committee of said Company,
will also receive proposals and contract on the
part of the Company for
Plank and Sleepers,
for the construction of the road. For kind,
quality, quantity, i&c., information can be had
lroin either of the subscribers.
JAMES BURNS, ' Committee.
Lewistown, Marcli 29. 1350 —2l