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SATURDAY, SETTEiIIBER !, 1849.
TER M 8 :
O.AiE DOLLAit I'Slli AWl'dl,
For sis months, 75 cents.
jTMpAII NEW subscriptions must be paid in j
advance. If Me paper is continued, and not
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nine months, £d.OO.
Democratic Whig Nomination.
HENRY M. FULLER.
OF H'ZEBVE COI'XTY.
AN EXTRA, containing eight col- j
umns of advertisements, accompanies to-day's
Xugbanm, Broth.-re, have a l>t of V\v (Lvo.ls which (
are well ndapted, both in pi.ee ar.d quality, lo please Ilteir '
The Lew islovvn Academy, an excellent inttilutton, v. ill 1
ac ihe opened on M.m.iay week
Mr. WatUoa wants some information respecting a
Mr. Elder has two auditors notices.
The a 'mreri of Arthur's work* are retailed to Mr
rcterson's adverti*. Un i t.
The Sabbath School Teachers and Children
of l: iC Lutheran Church had nn agreeable par
ty on Tuesday last on the banks of the Kisha
c v]H his creek, near Shaw's mil!. The chil
i ren, we learn, enjoyed themselves highly, and
returned much pleased with the recreation af
ter. ej them by their teachers.
Rmn —The long continued swell of hot and '
Jrv weather was broken yesterday morning by
copious showers, doubtiess as grateful to the
rvirched earth as to our citizens generally.
HI.VGARY. —Tremendous meeting's in favor
of the gallant Hungarians have been held in
various parts of the United States. If that
r.ot'.e people continue successfully to resist the
hired bands of Austria and Russia, we shall
not be surprised to hear that thousands of
Americans have Down to aid her in the unequal
IIENRY M. FELLER, Esq., the Whig can
didate fur Canal Commissioner, is represented as
a gentleman otfine business qualifications, and
would make an efficient member of the Canal
Board. lie represented I.uzerne conn'y last
winter, in the Legislature, having been elect
ed from that strong locofoco county by several
The great importance of having a Whig
in the Board, will be apparent to every one, and
wc trust the Whigs of Mifflin county will bo
prepared at the proper time to make a vigorous
effort towards securing his election.
Our Borough authorities have been busily
engaged during tue summer iu repairing our (
streets, and they are now without question in j
better condition than they have been at any '
time heretofore. The public square has also
been repaired in an excellent and substantial
manner, and presents a striking contract to its
former rugged appearance. The exercise ot
a proper economy has demonstrated that SUMtO
ROW go as far, if not further, than S2OOO did
formerly, and it continued, a year or two hence
will see all the streets in complete repair—
the Lorougli free from debt—and the old belter
rkciter system ot doing business on orders, dec.
< ntirely discarded. Some provision should
new be made fo keep the streets clean.
CENTRAL RAILROAD. —A large party of In
dies and gentlemen from Hrrrisburg, includ
ing Fcan, McKinley, McCurdy, ami other
members of the press, arrived here on Thurs
day fast, and after a stay of three or four hours
returned homewards. Some ceremonies took
j :ace, or were to take place, after their arrival,
which it would have given us pleasure to re
cord, but the information having been volun
teered to us by one of the principal manager;
here that it was altogether a private affair —
tome.vhat of the exclusive order, in which the
citizens of Lewistown, with the exception of
those specially invited as per list said to have
been furnished l>y Mr. 7 hompson, the Chief
Cngineer, were not expected or desired to
purti< pate—wc did not attend to take note of
proceedings, the pubiicatioc of which we sup
p -ged would be construed as trespassing on
S. V. Merrick, R-q., lias resigned hia post
a a President of the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company. The board of directors, on Satur
day, elected VVm. C. Patterson, Esq., nnani
moußly, his successor. The board, in accept
■ng Mr. Merrick's resignation, express a hope
that he will continue in the direction.
The cats commence their regular trips from
Dillcrsvilie, near Lancaster, to this place to
day. Prom nn advertisement in the llarris
hurg Telegraph we percicve that the fare
troin Iwwiatown to Ilarnsbtirg is £2.10, the
highest rate allowed by law to be charged—
trorn Lewistown to Dillcrsvilie £3lO. An
afternoon opposition line lately ran from Co
lumbia, in which they charged from Lan
caster to Philadelphia— it ibis lina isi>till con
tinued, the tare from Lew i.-.town to the city
would be sf>, or it the old rates are charged £0
SEVEN MEN BLOWN UP.— The Huntingdon
papers state that seven men were blown tip on
Thursday of last week at the Tunnel about
ten miles from that place. A man named
Michael Hart diedcliorliy aft r, and was buried
on Saturday—two others were not expected to
recover—the rest were not dangcrourly in
THE APPROACHING CAMPAIGN.
The Whig Convention, which assembled in
this place last Monday, placed in nomination a
County Ticket to be supported by the whigs at
the ensuing election, which will he found a
inor.g the proceedings of that body in anothei
part of to-da\ "s paper. Composed as ni' of
men of high standing, capable and honest, it
commends itself to the support of every true
friend of Taylor and Johnston, and to the re
spectful consideration of that portion of OJL
fellow-citizens who profess not to no bound by
the shackles of party. We do not deem it ne
cessary to enter into a biographical sketch of
the men, or particularly eulogize them at the
expense of their opponents —but thus much we
can truthfully say, that in some respects they
arc superior to the opposing candidates, and
from E - circumstances, more likely to perform
their duties to the public in a satisfactory man-
Mr. GIBBOVY, the loeofocc candidate, i sail
to be a respectable gentleman, of moderate at
tainments, and if rumor is to be credited was
nominated, not because lie wanted it very anx
iously, but in order to lay on the shelf l>r. Mit
chell, and postpone Captain .McCoy's claims to
some future day. If elected, he w ill go to Har
risburg, aid in organizing the locofoco party,
help to throw obstacles in the way of General
Tajlor's and Governor Johnston's administra
tions, vote.f r or n*mnst banks and other inon >p
olies, just as locofoco policy may dictate, and
perhaps come home as did our friend up the
river, with an idea that he could do better next
tiitu. Mr. IIKFFI.ET, the whig candidate, is
well known through the county as in e very re
spect the equal of Mr. Gibbony in honesty and
integrity, and as his superior in general infor
mation and all that relates to the interests of
our county ; and would thus at once be enabled
to enter upon the duties of active membership,
instead of going to the legislative school for a
Year to learn trh it fie h ss io do and k .r to vote !
There has not been a whig in the Commis
sioners' office for several years now, and wc
would suggest to the tax-payers, both whig and
locofocos, whether their own interests would
not be consulted by placing such a man as i
ELI SUA IJRATTON in that office for the purpose j
of seeing whether everything there is' 4 right
side up." A large amount of money, collected
in taxes from both parties, is at present annually
expended under the sole direction of <iw party,
whether rightly or wrongfully, is more than
those interested can tell. Now, it is hut fair,
and we sincerely believe it would be sound pol
icy for farmers and others who bear the brunt
of taxation, that this money should be expend
ed under the joint direction of parties who
watch each other with jealous eyes. Every
one knows that with a board composed of men
of the same political creed, it i 3 much easier to
pass over that which may be considered wrong
or of doubtful utility, than if one be iu that
board who will withhold his assent from what
he considers an infringement on the rights of
his constituents. And besides, it would make
the majority more careful, cause them to ex
amine doubtful matters more cautiously, and
hesitate before giving them their approval. It
may be said that if the commissioners do wrong,
the law provides a remedy—but those who
would advance this plea, know full well that it
is an extremely difficult matter to ascertain the
right from the wrong froin a mass of generali
ties, such as are usually presented to the public
eye. llcnce, sound policy would, to our view,
dictate the adoption of an old adage that 44 an
ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure."
At all events, the subject commends itself to
the attention of every man who pays a tax, for
however small the sum, it is his money that
forms a part of that expended.
The same remarks will also to the
Treasury. This office has been held for years
by locofocos, and although the taxes generally
! got into it, the State Treasurer and Auditor
General have been greatly bothered to discover
where the money went to afterwards, as it fail
ed to reach the Treasury at Ilarrisburg, and in
some cases is still on tin read. We dare say
some of the liery democracy of Milllin w hose
voices arc ever and anon heard in favor of
"equal rights,"' 6cc., particularly about election
time, could tell where some of it went, did they
desire to do so. In this state of affairs, is it not
time that the tax-payers should make trial of
another creed, and sec whether their interests
will not be better attended to by whigs than
they have been by locofoeos for the pn t ten or
fifteen year*. Is there a farmer, a merchant, a
mechanic, or laborer, who would continue to
place his means in the hands of an unfaithful
steward after a-ccrtaining that his money has
not been .applied as directed ? Is there a farmer
in the county who w otild continue to place his
produce in the hands of a merchant after dis
covering that the latter used the proceeds of his
goods in speculating or paving individual liabil
ities, and "at the same time jmtung off payment
under specious pretexts one year after another?
We think not—and yet have not a majority of
the people of Miiliin county not only suffered,
but aided and abetted such a state of things ;
done that in a body which < very one of them
would condemn when practised by individuals?
Let the records at Harrisburg answer—let any
one disposed to pry into them go and examine
for himself, and he will learn with surprise,
perhaps, that the Treasurers from this county
who have gone out of office for a number of
years past, with but few i xccptions, have been
what the law terms defaulters!
For Auditor an excellent selection lias been
made from Decatur, which wo hope that town
ship will endorse at the polls by old Zach'a
W ASHINGTON, Aug. '2B.
in consequence of a telegraphic despatch
received here last evening, announcing that
General Taylor had again been attacked by
diarrhua, and that he was lying very ill, Mrs.
Taylor, the laJy nt the President, accompanied
by fier daughter. Mrs. Wood, left here this morn
ing en route to meet the General at Erie.
l ater despatches state that the General was
recovering, and would leave in u few days for
CINCINNATI, August 29.
Patrick Collins, the lale defaulting Collcc
b r of the port of Cincinnati, and who lias been
iil tor tome days, died in this city yesterday
ic"Hnivcrsal Whig Party" of Mifflin
county have placed in nomination ihe follow
ing ticket, with a* fair a prospect of defeat as
has ever hcen presented them on any previous
The ahovc is the Democrat"; preface to the
whig ticket nominated on Monday last. What
say our friends of the Valley ? What reply
will New ton, Wayne, Oliver, and MeVeytown
give to this bravado? What say Granville,
Perry, glorious old Decatur, and that band of
in lomitable whigs in Lcwistown who are ever,
through good and evil report, at their posts -
Will you stand idly by, and see your opponents
i walk over the course, or as in other-days buckle
on your armor and enter the contest with a de
termination to dispute every inch ot ground
The locofocos can, at best, but claim a mere
nominal majority, and we have 110 doubt that
with a full whig vote that majority can any day
be reduced to <1 lltlU hss than nothing. I I',
HOYS, AND AT Til KM!
Since the meeting of the Pittsburgh Convcn
i tion, our neighbor of the Democrat has publish
' ed two or three complimentary notices similar
to the following—to soothe, we suspect, the
wounds inflicted by the county convention :
" Among the gentlemen with whom we form
ed an agreeable acquaintance, at the Into demo
cratic Convention at l'itt-hurgh, v. as lh. (.!. \
Mlrcllr.ll, the accomplished and gentlemanly
j representative delegate from old Milllin. lie
I is a democrat of the right stripe, and we expect
soon to have the plea MI re of announcing that
the democracy of hi- county have bestowed up
on him some substantial evidence of their re
, gard. We say this much because we believe
he deserves more than he has received at our
i hands."— York Democratic /'re ss.
! All this sounds very well and may be true,
| but withal the Doctor seems to be more of a fa
vorite out of Milllin county than he is in it, for
while they consider him abroad as a " demo
crat of the right stripe" and heartily profess to
I wish him "sonic substantial evidence of re
, gard," at home our ungrateful democracy only
j send him 0:1 embassies of more honor than pro
; lit. If we were the Dr., and desired office, we
believe we should pull up stakes and make
j tracks for Berks, York, or some other county
! where democracy rewards such high claims in
■ a more substantial manner than newspaper
I pu'i's and out-of-pocket delegations to State Con
General Taylor and the Clrrry.
I While the President was in Harrisburg ho
was waited upon in a body by the Reverend
! Clergy of the borough. They were introduced
by the Rev. Mr. Coir, of the Episcopal Church,
| who, after presenting the different gentlemen,
j addressed the President to the following efl'ect:
44 Sia : The Clergy of Harrisburg have called
in a body to tender you their respects, and they
desire to express to you their high consideration
for yourself, as a man, and for your office.
Your past experience in the evils of war is our
surest guaranty that you will labor to secure to
this nation the blessings of peace. We trust
that your administration will be so guided by
wisdom from above as will ensure the welfare
and the prosperity of the people of these United
States. And for yourself, personally, sir. wc
desire happiness. We wc Icomc you to our bor
ough. and hope that your visit here and through
out our State w ill be both pleasant and agreea
To this address Gen. Taylor responded in the
! follow ing words :
44 1 thank you, gentlemen, for your kindness.
My life for more than forty years has been spe nt
on the frontier ot our country. Wherever there
has been the most ol hardship and the most of
danger, the Government has >ccn fit to rccpiire
my services : so that 1 have indeed enjoyed op
portunities of learning tho horrors of war. I
have ever been averse to war; and, in iny nego
tiations with hostile Powers, as in advising with
the Government, 1 have ever advocated pacific
measures. !t is natural for a people to rejoice
in victory : hut ali the glories of victory cannot
compensate for the losses that come upon indi
viduals. Triumphs will not make up to parents
for the loss of their sons, nor to the wife for the
loss of her husband, nor to the child for the loss
of its parent. We must bring war home to the
hearth-stone to appreciate all its horrors. But
while I confess my aversion to war, yet 1 must
j also declare my purpose to defend the country
against all aggressions ; and I would that all
that is dear to n.e should perish, rather than
any w rung should be done to our free institu
tions. My reception in your State has been
most cordial, and tho hearty welcome of this
day, especially, shall never be forgotten."
: The interview then closed, and the Reverend
j gentlemen retired.
VAU'B or LAXD.—Wc copv below a notice
of the ssie oftwo farms in Maryland, both with
in n few hours sail of the city markets, winch
were sold at about and per acre. The
land in the neighborhood of Contrevuie is well
adapted to raising grain, t!v c , has every advan
tage lor sending produce to market, and yet is
told at a price less than tiiat paid for most of
our sterile mountain tops. In any part of this
State east of the Allegheny, though hundreds
of miles from a city market and with no means
of getting there unless by wagon or a tedious
voyage on canals, similar lands would be con
sidered cheap at sls per aero. An injudi
cious system of cultivation and slavery make
HAI.E CE LAND.—The farm of the late T.
\V. Hopper, of 600 acres, was sold by i\ 15.
Hopper, Jr., Esq., the Trustee,on Tuesday last
in Cent re ville, for $55,991) —the farm lies on
live mail road to Easton, about i miles t ; outh
I rem Centre vi lie.
On Tuesday, ihe 1 Jtli inst., the farm of the
lute William Harper, about 55 miles north from
Centreville, on the mail road to Church Hill,
was sold at. public sale in Contrevilie, f>r
$2550. It contained 333 acres.— Centreuille
TI:KRIIU.E TATVLITV.—S.imIu&ky City
is not alone in severe aiilicticn from tho
visitation of the cholcrn. In two town
ships, principally settled by Germans, in
Auglaize county, Ohio, tho fatality lias
been unprecedented. A Irtter from So
.Mary's, the county .seat, dated August 13,
says; l ln Germany township, within
seven miles of us. there have been fully
three hundred deaths. To-morrow wo
have a called court, when it is thought that
one hundred ind fifty administrators will
ho appointed.' The disease has been
neatly as malignant in tho township of Bre
men. Between twenty-five and thi: ty have
died in the village of Hyntville, in .Miami
county, out of u population of not more
than 150 persons.
In pursuance of previous notice the delegates
from the sevi ral boroughs and townships of Mif
' din county assembled at the Town Hall in Lcw
i istovvn on Monday last, when the following gen
tlemen appeared and took their scats :
Dust Letrisfowii —R. !!. Franks, Eq ,
West " " John Htelheimcr,
G. W. Woods.
Crawl He Township —John Ort,
Geo. W. Soult
i Dtrrn " John lioyt, Jr.,
J. M. Martin.
Dccat ir T. G. Sterrctt,
Augustus M. Ingram
Drown ' Win. Itrothers, Esq.,
! .Irmagh " Moses Thompson,
F.. E. Locke, Fsq
JJ nno '■ Henry McFadden,
Union " Robert Campbell,
Oliver '• D. Jacobs,
McVtytown —A. C. Wilson,
The Delegates from Newton Hamilton and
' Wayne township not having arrived at the hour
of meeting, A. J. NORTH was requested to take
I a seat as uiistitutc for those districts,
j The convention was then organized by the
I appointment of WILLI \M BROTHERS, Esq.,
as Chairman, and A. J. NORTH and JosFrn
After a full interchange of opinion, the dele
gates proceeded to ballot for candidates, and
with much uuanimitv nominated the following
JOSEPH HEFFLEY, ESQ.,
of Union township.
of Oliver township.
of Lew istovvn.
AUGUSTUS M, INGRAM.
of Decatur township.
On motion of R. R. FRANKS, Esq., the fol
lowing preamble and resolutions were then
unanimously adopted :
WHEREAS, The people of Pennsylvania, thro'
the means prescribed by the Constitution of our
country, having elevated to the highest offices
within their gift the distinguished individuals
who now preside as Chief Magistrates of the
I nited States and Pennsylvania, it is the duty,
as it ought to be the pride, of every voter who
contributed to their election, to aid them in
carrying out the principles and measures under
the profession of which they were chosen—and,
whereas, it 1- of essential importance that a
majority of the Legislative branch of the gov
ernment should not hold views contrary to the
head whom the pdople have chosen, as past ex
perience has shown that such ma jorities, under
the influence of blind partizanship, seek more
10 embarrass the Government than to legislate
for the welfare of their constituents. We
would therefore urge upon the friend-, of Tay
and Johnston to give the ticket this day present
ed an ACTIVE, CORDIAL, AND UNITED SUITORT —
to lay aside all minor differences, and thus u>e their
utmost endeavors to give support and life to the
principles and measures for which they contend
ed last year, in furtherance of this object,
R, solved , That Major General ZACHARY
TAYLOR continues to merit our approbation
in hi-- discharge of the high duties to which the
voice of the American people called him, and
that our confidence in his honesty, integrity and
viriue remains unshaken—f< eling well assured
that, regardless of the vile assaults made upon
him by the minions of the late administration,
he will carry through his professions as suc
cessfully as he did the flag of our country on
the blood-stained fields of Mexico.
11- so/red, That WILLIAM F. JOHNSTON",
Governor of Pennsylvania by the will of the
people, has proven himself a wise and judicious
magistrate, in whose hands will rest secure the
interests of his constituents and the fair fame of
the Old Keystone. Fearless and free, he asks
no favors, and shrinks from no responsibility
presented by parti/an legi-iators who seemed
: to think more of embarrassing his administra
' lion than they did of their fealty to the consti
■ tution and the people's rights.
Resolved, That GIDEON J. BALL is enti
tled to the thanks of all taxpayers for the watch
fulness exercised over the State Treasury : so
long as he presides there, tiie days of plunder
and peculation in that department are numbered.
Resulted, That the nomination of HENRY
M. FULLER, of Luzerne county, as the whig
candidate for Canal Commissioner, meets our
he irty approbation. In a department where so
much of flic taxpayers money is squandered—
where fraud and peculation are openly charged
to have been committed, if not with the sanc
tion, at least by the indirect connivance of those
entrusted vyith their management-the people owe
it to themselves to place in the Board at least
one differing from the majority at present ex
isting, who will check, if he do not altogether
prevent, the waste and extravagance so palpa
! R r nlvcd, That the appointment of Captain
' W. If. IRWIN as Adjutant General of Penn
sylvania, was a well-deserved tribute for the
gallantry displayed at tiie head of the Juniata
Guards on tiie heights and plains of Mexico,
ari l meets with the full and cordial approbation
ol his friends and neighbors in this county.
Resolved, That from the manner in which the
Lcwistown Gazette has been conducted by its
present proprietor and editor, during the past
three years, wc deem it of much importance to
the whig party in this county to secure for it an
extended circulation, and recommend all who
feel an interest in its prosperity to become sub
scribers, or if already so, to urge their neigh
bors to take it.
lies IveJ, That the proceedings of this Con
vention he published in the Gazette.
cou.vr v COM MI rTE E.
George Fry singer. West Ward, Lcwistown,
William Ross, East Ward, do.
| Samuel Hainan, McYevtown,
Wm. Brothers, Esq., Brown township,
George W. Oliver, Oliver township,
Robert Campbell, Union township,
John lloyt, Jr., Derry township,
Henry Uieh, Decatur township,
E. E. Locke, Esq., Armagh township,
James Lashell, Menno township,
J. F. Cottrell, Wayne township,
J. llalshaiigh, Newton Hamilton,
Geo. W. Soult, Granville township.
COMMITTEES OF VIGU-IJYVE.
Iswistencn, East It drd —Co!. C. S. McCoy,
L). McClurc, Esq.
H'rsl Hard —Jos. R. Smith, Geo.
W. Button, Dustin Snaulding.
IV a township- John Kaulfman, Wm. Morri
son, A. W. Campbell.
Oliver township —Geo. H. Galbraith, M. M.
Horning, It Bratton, Samuel Myers.
Met tyunvn —G. \\ Mcßridc, It. Bogle, A.
KaulTman, A. J. North.
.Irinngh township —Jaincs McDowell, Thomas
Watson, James M Brown, It M. Kinsloe IV
Deny toictnhip —Wm. Crcigliton, Jos. Wills.
1). M. I'igler, Geo. Rothrock, Jr., Jno. Hoops.
Ihrntur toirvhij' —Samuel Brown, John Mil
ler, Jacol, Gill.
Granville t whip-- Geo. A Green, Levi J.
KauH'man, Daniel 'Brought, Sen., Samuel Com
NeiPlon Hamilton —-A. Gumming, Franklin j
Drake, Wm. Black. Wm. Robinson.
Wavne township—W. R Morrison, Elijah Mc-
Vey. David Witherow, Samuel Milliken, John ,
.V ,un> t'w^shtp —Nieholas Hartzler, Henry
MeFadJen, Adam Sigler, Win Sturopf, James
8.-firn lovnship — Alex Reed, John Hooky,
Win Stehley, John Taylor, Jr., John Hooley,
Jr . John .Maclav. David Yoder, M tthew Tay
lor, John D. I louicy.
RHODE ISUM) ELECTION.
By telegraph lront Providence, R. 1., we
have returns Iroin aii tlie towns in the Western
District, except Jamestown," and J>ixon, tiie
whig candidate has witnout doubt been elected
to represent the District in the next t'ongros?.
His present majority is f>39 vote?, and James
town will vary the result hut little. This is
the District which failled to make a choice
•it tiie recent election, and having been repre
sented in tie-last Congress by Mr. Thurston,
locofoco, the election of Mr. Dixon is a whig
1 DREADFUL ACCIDENT. —An accident of
i the most distressing nature occurred in our
i village on Friday afternoon last, by which
a little boy, between 5 and 6 years of age,
j son of ISAIAH FULLERTON, was instantly
killed. This little boy, and another one of
; about the same age, son of Wm. Morgan,
| were in a wagon, the horses took fright
i and started at full speed, upsetting the wa- j
gon and throwing the children out, killing
j one instantly, and slightly injuring the oth
er. Let this sad affair serve as a salutary
caution to those who are in the practice
of driving horses and wagons through our '
streets. There is entirely too great a dis
regard of life in this respect. — Clearfield
It seeins to us that more censure ought to be
applied to parents who sutfer their children to
stroll about the streets all day, than to the dri
vers of wagons, (Ac. The latter, it is true,
ought not to sutler them to get on, but at the
same time pareuts ought to charge their ofi
i spring to keep aloof from the dangerous prac
tice of hanging to or getting on wagons in the
A MEETING OF PENNSYLVANIA IRON
MASTERS. —Tim iron masters of Western
Pennsylvania held a meeting last week, in
Pittsburgh, to take into consideration the
depressed condition of the iron trade. A
committee made a report showing the 9tate
of the trade for the last thirty years, and
attributing the prosperity and depression
of the iron business to the various tariffs.
The report say*:
i 4 From these facts the Committee are
, brought to this inevitable conclusion ; that
as iron and labor are protected by an nde
; quute duty on imports, those interest
tiounsh. That as that protection is with
; drawn, they languish and die. Your Com
j mittee, therefore, tender tor consideration
j the following:
Resolved, That tlie present depressed
; state of the iron trade has its origin, and
I is entirely caused by the low rate of duty
which English iron is admitted into this
country under tha tariff" law of 1846, and
, its injudicious ad valorem principles.
I Resolved , That five sixths of the value
' of pig iron consists of labor, and as this
' labor can be procured in England at less
' than one third of what it usually commands
I in good times in this country, we, in the
United States can never compete with the
| English iron-musters, except hy a reduc
tion of iaU>r to tlie pauper rates of that
country, or protection from its competition. J
Resolved, That it i? not tlie wish of any j
: of this meeting, and we hope of no Amer-
I ican, to see the rates of labor in this hap
i py country reduced to the lates of poverty
Resolved, That to insure a different and
more happy state of things among us, the
labor of this country, including all its min
i eral and agricultural products, must be
i protected in our markets from the redun
dant labor of other countries.
Resolved, That we, and each of us,
pledge ourselves to use the utmost of our
exertions to procure such protection, which
can only be secured by a duty of specific
Resolved, That it is the duty of the
iron men and agriculturists in Western
Pennsylvania and elsewhere, to hold meet
ings in their different counties, and orga
.. . ©
nise, for the purpose ol petitioning Con
gross for a change from the present ad v'a
lorein to a system of specific duties of ad
equate protection to the labor of the coun
Resolved . That (his meeting recommend
a Convention of the Furnace owners, of
; Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, and Ken
| tucky, to be held at the city of Pittsburgh,
I on Wednesday, tlie 21st of November next,
; to take into consideration all necessary
and further action on the premises.
" D I~E 1).
On Tuesday last, after a protracted illness,
WILLIAM MARKS, ot the firm ot William
Marks <!t Son, aged 58 years and 7 months.
Hi? remains were interred at the Episcopal
burying ground on Wednesday afternoon, at
tended by a large number of relatives and
• o*v~Tle Funeral Sermon of the deceased
will be delivered in the Lutheran Church on
Sunday morning, by Rev. Mr. Rosenberg,
i On the 27th ult., in Miflhntown, Mrs. SIE
v I:\SON, consort of the Rev. George Stevenson,
Methodist Minister on that circuit.
In York, on Friday evening of last ween,
tbo Rev. LEWIS MAYER, I). D., former pastor
ol the German Reformed Church in that Bor
ough, and Professor in the Theological Semi
nary ol the German Reformed Church—aged
On Saturday nij,ht. 25th mst., at the residence
of Mr, John Garret, People's Mills, Bedford
county, of Congestion of the Brain, HON. Josr.ru
MCOI-XK, at the advanced AGE of SO years 10
months and 16 days
F0!! E L O N N I: WS.
nv THE STEAMER CAN%D\.
The English papers ar? filled wj,!, t , )o
enthusiastic reception of t Queen in | rr .
hud. She was met by the peoples ~4 , u .
point with high demonstrations ofrc<j|i IT t
Tlie cholera is increasing in London an 1
producing fearful ravages.
The Danish Minister of Marine
given official nolice that the blockade <'
ihe Elbe would be raised on the 1 hi, \ ,
The treaty of PPICO between S.ardinh
and Austria having been finally conclude,
imparted additional strength to the Frenc'-.
Funds at London.
FKANUE. — The French Minister of F;
nance in a statement to the Assemble
says that tlio deficit in the Treasure <.
the Ist of January next will be five (,p r .
dred and fifty millions of francs. It i s f ar .
ther estimated that the deficit at the en'
of next year will be about throe hundred
and twenty millions francs.
President Napoleon Bonaparte dene
any desire upon his part to change the
The French Journals insist that the, re
cent visit of Louis Napoleon to the We?,
tern Provinces was a total failure, lies,
tolan is to be the commander in chief of
the army of Italy in place of General On.
dinot, whose rocall is said to he ir conse
quenee of his inability to work in harmo
nious co-operation with the Pope, whohas
always regarded him with some degree r.f
suspicion. Humors of a change of mil, -.
try are very current to day.
The Pope's Commissioners have arr.v
ed in Borne and dissolved the whole army,
even those soldiers who had bseu faith:.,
to the Pope. A report was prevalent tint
Garabaldi had attacked and beaten a large
Austrian force, and that his army has be<n
augmented by re inforcements of Hungari
ans who volunteered their services.
Venice still holds out manfully against
the enemy. It is said that three Ameri
can vessels had arrived with provisions in
aid of the besieged city.
AUSTRIA AND IICNGART. —Our latest
news from Vienna is to August 4th.—
What news there is is favorable to the
Hungari-ns. Up to the latest dispatches
from Havnau's headquarters. Szgedin had
not been taken. Tne qualification given
of the news of its occupation is thus justi
fied, and every thing indicates that an
obstinate stand will be made there.—
The Awstrians were advancing on it by
three columns, from Feiegyhaza, Ilahs
The great number of erroneous and con
flicting private accounts from the seat of
war which are published by the W iener
Zeitung, in a semi-official form, while no
formal bulletins are any longer issued,
produce the greatest confusion. Thus, it
h3 been several times announced in the
official journal I hat Szegedin has been
taken ; while the contradictory dates as
signed to this important event prove tint
it i 9 a mere rumor. All that is positively
known is that Haynau, on the Ist ins!-.
was still at Feiegyhaza, where he soys
lie was obliged to remain, to give a day's
rest to the third corps which had taken
Theresiopol on the 31st ult., while the
Magyars retreated from the latter place to
On the 2d inst. the advanced guard a
Haynau was at Kis-Telek, half way from
Feiegyhaza to Szegedin. Meanwhile, it
is certain that alieady some shaip resis
tance on the part of the Magyars had be
gun to make itself felt on his left flank, in
consequence of which he was obliged IJ
detach a brigade against Czongrad. Tna
position of Szegedin on the Theiss, at:
confluence with the Mayos, covering urf
Baska and Banat, as well as Guyon's op
erations in the south 3gainst Svrinia, ren
ders it a place of great importance, and no
doubt it will be obstinately defended, as
great pains have been latterly taken to
fortify it strongly.
It is stated that Paskiewitch is advan
cing by forced marches, through Debrer
zin on Grosswardten.
A Russian courier reached Pesth from
\ tenna on the Ist, bearing despatches
from General Paskiewitch. When he g ot
to Pesth there was no one who could tea
him where the Russian general was. The
courier went on at a venture to Miskolez,
The battle of Miakolez is given out by the
Hungarian party as a great victory-
Lloyd's Pesth correspondent reports that
it lasted three whole davs. The suiie
authority says that a holly disputed ba'-d®
lock place between Feiegyhaza and 1V-
Teiek. A third engagement is mentions
between the troops of Dembinski an-
Schlick. The heat is intolerable at Pesth.
and the troops of Haynau had suffered
greatly in their maich through the inarsa'
waste between the Theiss and the Dami-*-
The water springs on the wav were -
turbid and foul ; the soldiets used vint'f' 1
to mix with the muddy drink.
Official advices, published in Yienit-'-
announce that the Szeklers have made- 8
irruption from Transylvania into Molda
via They traversed the Oytos pass. W' I:l
a lorce of 5000 infantry, 1000 cavalrfi
and five field pieces. The Russian gem r '
al Ustragoff withdrew, as he had but to*
cavalry, and only two battallions. Oen-
Moller, in Jassy, has concentrated his de
posable forces, and, at the heaJ of tour b-"
talions, one squadron and six guns,g o " 1
out to offer battle. There are no**' -
Russian troops in J assy, but only miF"';
By the accounts from \ ieona. oftheo-'
instant, wo learn t hat General !I ay uau
destroyed another Hungarian n>\vi—
C'songrad'not having received the '
troops with "friendly demonstrations ■
commander in chief ordeied it 10 '
plundered and then burned down.
Werner Zeitung mentions the acliie*" 11 -
in litcse words:— "Csongrad was, I*> •
commandant General Haynau, s< -
flamea. The inhabitants alter tlio imp*
|al troops had already entered the 1