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Vol XXXV.—Whole No. IS4O.
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It is fading fast away"—
Smiling sadly, as it dies—
This calm and gentle Sabbath Day.
How have we lived its hours ?
How have we culled its flowers?
How have we used our powers ?
Father in Heaven ! dare we ask—
Thou w ho hast seen beneath the ruask?
We have knelt down to pray,
And breathed words bereft of soul,
And crushed love's kindling ray ;
And dreamed of beauties fair and bright,
Which closed our souls to God's pure light
And bowed our wills'neath sin's strong might, j
The world in us should have no part
And sins have filled each wandering heart. i
Ah, Father! if we love thee well,
The fleeting hours would be a knell,
Warning our thoughts above.
And sadness, and wild longings vain,
And vanity, and pride, and pain,
Give place to holy love.
There is an eventide in human life ; a
season when the eve becomes dim and the
strength decays, and when the winter of
age begins to shed upon the human head
its prophetic snows. It is the season of
life to which the autumn is most analagous ;
and which it becomes, and ntueh it would
profit you my elder brethren, to mark the
instruction which the season brings. The
spring and summer of your days are gone,
and with them not only joys they knew,
but many of the friends who gave them.
You have entered upon the autumn of yout
being—and whatever may have been the
profusion of your spring—or the warm
temperament of your summer, there is a
ieison of stillness or solitude which the
beneficence of heaven afTords you, in
which you may meditate upon the past
and future, and prepare yourself for the
mighty change you may soon undergo.
It is now that you tnay understand the
magnificent language of heaven—it min
gles its voice with that of Revelation
it summons you to these hours when the
leaves fall and the winier is gathering, to
that evening study which the mercy of
Heaven has piovided in the book of salva
tion. And while the shadow valley opens,
which lead 9 to the abode of death, it speaks
uf that love which can comfort and save,
ttii which can conduct to those green
uastures and those still waters where there
ii an eternal spring for the children of
Change of Business.
From a recent number of Chamber's
Edinburgh Journal ,we quote the following
concluding paragraph of an Essay on the
duty of being contented with the business
in which we were eogaged —never to re
gard it with shame or dissatufaction ;
1 The supposed capabilities of a man for
another employment should never have the
effect of making him despise or neglect his
present one, however humble it may be.
Jf it is worth our while to do a thing at
fall, it is surely worth our while to do it j
well. If there be any false shame on the
subject, it ought to be banished by the re
action, that there are a vast number of
men of worth and talent superior to ours,
fabontig, and laboring cheerfully at still
meaner employments. Besides, it should
faver be borne in that even in com- j
paraiively obscure situations in life, there
may be. and is, the greatest earthly happi
"e. By a due culture of the faculties,
bv refining the sentiments, any atlisan may
tf'juy a satisfaction of mind equal to the
neatest man in the parish. One who
taiues genius merely as a means of ad
vancement in the world, cannot know or
feel what genius is. let on this false es
'unite are based a great proportion of the
dreams which disturb the existence and
fritter away the energies of youth. It
is tiok spiritual, but temporal glory for
w htch the common visionary pants. It
M nut the souls of men he dean es to take
capuve, but merely their pockols ; the par*
fadife which opens to fits mind's eye be- |
- tJ, 'd the counter, i composed of fine hous- I
gay diesses and luxurious meals. The
meanness of such ampliations enables us to
hav without compunction, that be who in
•'l-'s them, no more possesses the intel
"Cual capabilities he fancies, that he is
to enjoy the substantial reward:! of
mdtistry and perseverance.'
Wuraan uiiJer I'aganisw.
( hi many pagan countries the I irth o( a
' ,:iU gliU*r tb regitidecl as a calamity, and an
'•<-C4sti.it ol bi.rrow. in Mime tribes fe
'"■•it infante are immediately exposed to
'-'tain death, that their parents may not
' v ' k '-' the trouble of bringing them up. —
' " k " the daughter is allowed to live, t>he
e garded 8U inferior being; is frown-
'' u p'jii by her parents and other relations
ipeubjihbje iisjs) sir ®a©3B(Biß
. 3 >ld to the highest bidder in market; and
! then becomes the slave of her husband.—
| As respects matrimony, she can rarely be
said to have a choice; she is given or sold
to those who are willing to take her.—
Such is the disgrace of celibacy in din
; dostan, that many women have been
; known to marry decrepit! nrul dying old
■ men just before they drown themselves in
the Ganges. Muny women are buried a
live with their deai husbands, or consumed
j on the funeral pile, in China, women have
been yoked with an ox or an ass, while the
husband held the plow and sowed the seed.
In Hindustan it is said that until recently,
not one female in twenty millions was ac
quainted witli the commonest rudiments of
Hindoo learning. The American mission
aries affirm that in the Island of Ceylon,
when they first visited it, not a single wo
man in a population of two hundred thou
sand could read; ami that it was considered
pernicious, if not absolutely impossible, to
educate a female; and heavy calamities
were expected to befall the woman that
dared to aspire to the distinction of being
able to read and write. Among tiie abor
iginal tribes of our own country, the wo
men do the drudgery; and the men spend
their time in war, hunting, and idleness.—
In many pagan countries, the life of the
women is at tiie mercy ol the husband,
and if she offend him he may kill her with
perfect impunity, or at most at the ex
pense of a small fine.
As might have been expected tinder such
degrading oppression and wrong, the wo
man of pagan and mahomedan nations are
generally low, sensual, vicious and unwor
thy of confidence.
LOVE • —Love is the weapon which om
nipotence reserved to conquer rebel tnen,
when all the rest bad failed. Reason be
parries ; fear he answers blow for blow ;
future interests he meets with present plea
sure ; hut love, that sun against whose
melting beams winter caunut stand, that
soft, subduing slumber, which wrestles
down the giant, there is no one human be
ing in a million whose clay heait is hard
ened against love.
A NOIILE SE.NTIMK.NT. —• 1 look,' said
('banning, 'with scorn on the selfish great
of the world, and with pity on the gifted
prosperous in tiie struggle for office and
power; but I look with reverence on the
obscure individual who suffers for the right,
who is true to a good, but persecuted
THE BRAVERY OK FORGlVENESS.—For
giveness is the most refined and generous
point of virtue to which human nature can
attain. Cowards have done good and kind
actions ; but a coward never forgave—it
is not his naturo.
CUABITV.— Fhe last IU:ST fruit which
cornes to perfection, even in the kindliest
soil, is—tenderness towards the iiaid; for
bearance toward the unforbearing :—heart
warmth toward the cold misanthropic.
All excesses are ill, but drunkenness is
the worst sort. It spoils thu health, dis
mounts the mind, and unmans the men
It reveals secrets, lascivious, impudent,,
dangerous and mad.
F0 ft EIGN_ N_E WSi
Tin: HUNGARIAN VICTORIES.
The following account of the late Hun
garian victories is from the Loudon Exam
Since our last accounts the Hungarians
have been victorious both in the north and
south. In the latter division of the king
dom the army of the Ban has been com
pletely crushed. The engagement took
place at St. Thomas, on the 14th. The
Magyars, whose numbers are laid at 00,
000, are said to have been commanded by
Bern, whom Gen. Gruteuhilm's bulletins
represent as having been defeated by him
four days earlier,'on the 10th, at Bistiitz,
on the eastern extremity of Transylvania,
and 400 miles from the scene of the Ban's
overthrow. Leaving this riddle to be
cleared up by latei reports, there is no
doubt of this blow, which lias been long
expected by the Uungariau party, having
been planned by Bern.
Great demonstrations were made at Per
lass opposite to Tttel, and the Serbian gen
eral, Kniczamin, devoutly believing in the
sincerity of these, and that it was the set
tled intention of the Magyars to cross the
Thciss at this point, continued to dig
trenches and plant stockades with the ut
most assiduity,while the main corps of the
Hungarians passed the river at O'Bcckse.
One of the first constqtietH.es of this vtcto- j
rv will he the lelmf of Peteruardein.
In the north a battle was fought at YVait
zen, on the 17th mat., in which Gen. Geor
gey broke through the line ol Imperialists, !
and inflicted upon them severe loss. The
• Weiner Zeitung' publishes on the subject
a bulletin by the Prince Paskiewitcb which 1
is indefinite in the extreme, and makes no
mention of the fearful loss which, accord
in" to private advices, the Russians sus
tained. The report of Prince Paskiewitch
simply states that on the 15th, the Hunga
rian army marched upon Wait Zen* which
SATURDAY, AUGUST 3.1, I 8 ID.
was then occupied by a Russian Mussul
man regiment, which according to former
orders, fell hack as the cuemv advanced.
At night General Georgey had secured
a strong position before Waitzen. Ilis ar
my was estimated at 44,000 men with 120
pieces of artillery. He was at once attack
ed by the advanced guard of the Russians
under Gen- Sass, but bis powetful artillery
foiled all attempts that were made to dis
lodge him. The cannonade on either side
was violent, and the Hungarian cavalry ex
ecuted several violent charges upon the
Russians. The bulletin adds that the Rus
sians recovered their position and subse
quently captured some arms and prisoners,
but the fact would appear to be that the
Russians in the first instance retreated to
Duna Kecsh, midway between Waitzen
Private accounts which may be relied
on in contradistinction to the lying bulle
tins of Paskiewitcb, state that Gen. Sa.s
bad advanced to Waitzen on the 15th, and
that Georgey, marching along the left bank
of the rivei, took up a strong position
near Waitzen. At this juncture, General
Deu.binski'a army of 40,000 men, which
had been slowly edging away from the
mining districts, came down upon Geu.
Sass,who was compelled to ntreat to Puna
Keesh. The Austrian general, Remberg,
bearing at Peslh of the defeat of the Rus
sians, left thai city, huatenud to their sup
port, and succeeded in stopping the pro.
gress of Dombinskt's army, which eventu
ally fell back, upon Waitzen. The Aus
trian Commander in chief has advanced
with his main army to I'esth, leaving tho
second division in the island of Shult, and
the division under Geu. Grabband Schlick
on either bunk of the Danube, to lay siege
to the fortress of Comoro, while Haynau,
it is expected will march bis third division
and reserve tu the suceor of the Ban of
Further accounts state that after giving
Paskiewitcb the slip on the night of the
1 Gih, Georgey marched bv the Neograd
road, northward of the Tulia mountains.
Reaching at Balassa Gyaimath the valley
of I poly, he continued his march by the
broad easy road which runs along this riv
er to Izosonez, and from thence gamed
Kima Szotnbath. Georgey, having baffled
Rudigers's pursuit, proceeded from Kima
Szombalh to Roseoau. He first met the
Russian outpost of the north at JJSZM and
in this neighborhood lie gained a complete
victory over a strong corps. The llus
sian, garrison was struck with consterna
tion at the sudden appearance of a lluu
arian army. The now burgomaster and
war committee there established fledtu St
The garrison dropped all thoughts of de
fence, and the Magyars entered without
opposition. KaschaU, in a slragetic point
of view, is a highly important place. On
this account it was fortified by Paskiewitcb
and made the head depot of the commis
sariat supplies from Poland and Galicia.—
From Kascliau, Georgey inarched towards
the Theiss, which he was to cross at To
key and Tarzal. The Russian detach
ments left on the other hank are irretriev
ably lost. The Theiss is, as in the past
winter, the line of operations. The road
to Galicia lies open on one side, ami com
munications are established on the other
Tetnesvar is repotted to have surrender
ed to the Magyars,
It was reported at \ ientia that the Rus
sian reserve army of 80,000 men, now in
Galicia, had received instructions to ad
vance into Hungary. The garrison of
Peterwardeiu has been relieved, ami the
new garitson provided with victuals for
eight months. The fortifications too have
been strengthened, so that the fortress is
now again equal to a siege of many months.
The fortress of Arad has also been put in
a state of defence, and the command there
has been given toGen. Guyon.
On the 13th inst., the Hungarian armies
held the billowing position:—Gen. Au
lieh, with 15,000 regulars and 20,000 well
discipli ied levies, WHS at the Flatten Lake;
14,000 regulars and a vast number of le
vies were on the banks of the Waag; 30,-
000 were in and around Comorn. Pein
binski's force of 40,000 troops and 100,000
levies was divided in twoe.orps,one of which
was at the foot of the Carpathians, while
the other was united with Georgey's corps
near Y polyzigh. There is a force of 35,-
000 regulars and a large body of levies un
der Bern and Perczel, on tlte banks of the
Theiss, and Bern has left a large corps to
the defence of Transylvania.
ADDRESS OF M. KOSSUTH.
The following eloquent address to the nations
of Europe forms part of a proclamation recent
ly issued by M. Kossuth :
"The armies of the Hungarian nation have
already fought out their quarrel with Austria.'
The liberated country need only to be made tot
flourish. But the House of Hapsburg Lorraine
had oricc more petitioned the Russian despot,
for aid, and he broke into Hungary at tiie head,
of 120,000 Russian troops ; through Cronstadt,,
Lemberg, and Vienna, lie hroko into ourccou- t
try—the country of the martyrs of liberty.
"We do not throw down our arms. We w ill
fight the. armies ol the allied tyrants of Europe.
(<od is just; his power is almighty ; he hallows
the battle field for the weak, and the strength
of the mighty and the wicked is broken.
" But we would speak a loud and solemn
warning to the constitutional Governments and
the nations of Europe.
" Ve Governments ! yc are the official guar-
' dians of the liberty and the legitimate interests
not only of your own countries, but of all Eu
rope. A tremendous responsibility rests upon
you. The punishment of every crime which
you allow to he committed against liberty and
the right of man will come home to you and the
lands ye govern!
" Wake up, oh ye people! at the approach of
I this enormous danger. The tyrants' armies are
j banded together to tread under foot, and to si
lence every Iree word. They hare begun in
Germany, in Italy, and in this our land of Ilun
-1 gary !
"Thou haughty English nation! Hast thou
forgotten that thou hast decreed this principle
, of non-intervention, that thou now sufferest an
intervention directed against constitutional lib
j ci ty, hut thou lendest aid to the banner of tyr
' anny by suffering this coalition of tyrants. The
proud pennon of the British mast is threatened
j with disgrace. God will withdraw the blesing
i he has lent it, if it prove untrue to the cause to
i which it owes its fame.
" Awake, oh people of Europe ! On Hun
' garian ground the battle for the freedom of Eu
( rope is lighting. With this country the free
1 world will lose a powerful member. In this
! nation a true and heroic champion will perish,
i For we shall fight until we spill the last drop of
| our blood, that our country may either become
a chosen sanctuary of freedom consecrated with
i our blood, or shall form a damning monument
i to all eternity in token of the manner in which
' tyrants "can league to destroy free people and
free nations, and of the shameful manner in
i which free countries abandon one another!"
L. KOSSUTII, Governor.
B. SXEMEIIE, Pres. of Council,
j P-ftTI, July 31.
Front the Louisville Journal.
Oh. gone forever are the hours,
The sunny hours when life was new,
And every path led on through flowers
Of sweetest scent and loveliest hue—
, When every little cloud that flung
Its transient shadow from the sky,
i Was sure to have a rainbow hung
Upon it as it journeyed by !
And who shall chide us if we shed
A tear to-day, though shed in vain,
O'er so much joy and beauty fled,
That never can he ours again:
j For now it is we see how bright
Were those young hours we hare resigned,
Now, when we've reached another height,
And turning, sadly look behind !
Oh, had we seen them then, as now
We see them through the lapse of years,
llow fleeting had they seemed, and now
Replete with smiles and free from tears !
How gladly would we have delayed,
If possible, their rapid flight,
And kept them with us till we made
Them double all their sweet delight!
But they arc gone, oh, they are gone,
They never can again he ours,
Those sunny hours that led us on
In gladness through the blooming flowers.
With onward march and dark array.
The sterner years have come at last,
And pushed our little friends away,
Away into the solemn past.
■ And now with many a sigh and tear,
As we more up the rugged hill,
At every step they will appear
More lovely, more enchanting still !
| Like sparkling founts and shady groves
With all their coolness and their bloom,
To him who, having left them, roves,
Still deeper in the desert's gloom.
MII.K CELLARS. —-Farmers about to
build a dwelling should know thai bv car
rying up a large flue—l 2 inches in diani
ter and circular is the best —in the chim
ney stack from the cellar and having a
window opening to the north or cold side
; of the house out of the cellar, they can have
us good ' milk room' under their house as
could be had over n spring, that may he
I 200 yards, or one-fourth of a mile ofl":
: which it is not pleasant to go to in bad
weather, especially by the female pottion i
for the family.
The floor should ho flagged with stones
as they can be kept sweeter, and colder !
; than cither bricks or cement, which ab- j
sorb 'spilt milk'and thus taint the atmos- j
phere. The walls and ceilings should he !
plastered to facilitate whitewashing and
! cleansing. Nothing hut milk and cream
should be kept in the room as a pure at
inosphere for cream to rise in is absolute
ly essential to the making of sweet butter.
What is needed to have a cool sweet
cellar is a current of air which will be se-
I cured by the aforesaid flue and the window
open—as a strong current of air is at least
ten dpgrees colder than the same air at
rest. Ohio Cultivator.
STRENGTH or GLAS PIPES. —Some in
teresting experiments have recently been I
made by Mr. C. T. Cnallrape, of London, j
testing the strength of glass pipes, manu- |
factored at the Nailsea glass works. The j
pipes submitted to trial were cut to three
lect in length. Their internal diameters
varied fiom I 1 Bih inches to 2 3 4th inch
es. The various thicknesses ranged from
1-11 tli to 3-lGths of an inch. In eveiy in
stance each pipe sustained an internal pres
nr< nf ftyO nor e>iuirr inch '> •
1 wo-thirds ot 20 acres Corn
Half of 14 acres Corn
2 Yearling Colts
6 head of Cattle— Vi
which said property, purchased by us as above.!
we have loaned to the said William Krwin dur-4
ing our will and pleasure—of which all persons
will take notice.
J- HAM AX & SOX.
i McVeytown, August 4, 1849—3t. #
I AWNS I Lawns and Gingham Lawns,
-4 to close out the stock, will be sold at
i cost price, at
I.ewistown, August 4, 1840.
A I WAYS on hand, CARPETS and MAT
TING, Floor and Table OIL CLOTH,
i all selling very cheap nt
August 4, 1810.
Whig State Convention.
The Delegates to the Whig State Con
i volition, appointed by the several counties,
agreeably to the call of the Statb Commit
tee, assembled at the Court House in
Ilsrriaburg, on THURSDAY, the lGili
day ol August, 1849, for the purpose of
nominating a candidate lor the office of Ca
nal Commissioner of the Commonwealth
The Convention was called to order, ut
II o'clock, A. M., by Mr. Swartzwelder, of
Allegheny county, on whose motion Da
vid Leech, Esq , of Armstrong, was called
to the chair as temporary president ; and
Thomas W. Dufiield, of Philadelphia, and
John J. Cochran, of York, were appointed
The Convention being temporarily or
ganised, Mr. Kunket of Dauphin submitted
the following resolution, which, afier u
brief discussion was adopted.
Resolved, That no substitute be admit
ted to a seat in this Convention, who does
not reside in the county or district ho pro
poses to represent.
The several senatorial and Representa
tive districts were then called over, and M.
H.Taggart answered as Senatorial delegate
from this district, and Thomas Watson as
On motion of Mr. KINO, of Bedford, a
committee of thirty-three, equal in number
to tho State Senators, was appointed lore
port thu names of officers for the perma
nent organization of the Convention.
The chair appointed the Committee as
follows :—Messrs. Charles Gilpin, Geo.
H. Hart, Henry C. Pratt, Thomas Helms,
Tho. Watson, M. Welhertll, Robt. I'urke,
Isaac Bertolet, E. Artman, O. J. Dickey,
C. B. Forney, Robt. Morris, J. C. Powell,
J. 11. 11 win, C. Garretson, D. Taggart, S-
H. Mcnough, A. Snively, Alex. King, M.
Swartzwelder, R. Curling, Tho. Nichol
son, L. L. Lord, 11. W. Snyder, Jas. S.
Reese, G. J. Ball, S. Oyster. A. I'oplan,
Jno Small, J. S. Kino, Davis Alton, J. C.
Bomberger, E. M. Woodward.
On motion, the Convention then ad
journed to meet again at o'clock, P. M.
5J o'clock, P. M.
The Convention met agreeably to ad
Mr. ERA NKLIN fiom the Committee on
disputed seat in Perry and Cumberland,
reported that Dr. Joseph Speck, of Perry,
was entitled to the seat. Adopted.
Mr. K ING, from the committee appoint
ed to select officers for the permanent or
ganization of the Convention, reported the
EDWIN C. WILSON, of Venango Co.
Ephraim Jones, Jr., of Allegheny.
David Hays, Chester,
Lloyd Jones, Montgomery.
N. F. Campion, Philadelphia county.
Benjamin Hershey, Lancaster.
James Wilson, Adams.
David Leech, Armstrong.
Jacob B. Lancaster, Philadelphia city.
John 11. Winlrode, Bedford.
L. L. M'Guffen, Mercer.
Isaac Bertolet, Berks,
Joseph P. Ileirich, Northampton.
Cornelius Gauetson, Columbia.
Henry W. Snyder, Union.
Samuel Williams, Philadelphia.
Thomas Warner, Bucks.
John J. Cochran, York.
R. G. Durham, Centre.
J.C. Bomberger, Dauphin.
Thos. W. Dufiield, Philadelphia county.
The report was unanimously adopted.
Col. WILSON was conducted to the chair,
and returned thanks to the Convention for
the honor conferred upon him in a brief,
but neat and pertinent address.
Mr. SWARTZWELDER moved that a corn
initlee of nine be appointed to draft a pre
amble and resolutions expressive of the
sense of the Convention.
The President appointed Messrs. Swartz
welder, Kunkle, Riddle, Verse. Durham,
Brown, Taggart of Northumberland, llart
On motion, the Convention then pro.
ceeded to the nomination of candidates for
Canal Commissioner; when
Mr. Durham nominated HENRY M.
FU LLER, ol Luz -me county.
Mr. Warner nominated JOSHUA DUN
OA N, of Bucks county.
Mr. Bertolet nominated HENRY' H.
The nominations of Mr- Dungan and
Mr. Kupp were subsequently withdrawn
by the gentlemen who nominated litem ;
Mr. KVNHEL submitted the following
Resolved, unanimously, That HENRY
M. FULLER of Luzerue county, he the
nominee of the Democratic \\ big Party ot
Pennsylvania for Canal Commissioner, at
ihe ensuing election.
The resolution was adopted by acclama
tion, and greeted with warm applause.
On motion of Mi. KUNKKL, Mr.Charles
Gilpin was aided to the committee on res
I\ew Hcrie*—Vol.—]\'o. 11.
| Ou mo'ion of Mr. SMITH of Philadelphia,
the otbcers of the Cotiventiou were deput
ed to inform Mr. Fuller of his nomination.
i ho Convention then, on motion, took
a leeess of one hour.
The Convention having re assembled
Mr. Swartzweidor, from the committee on
the subject, reported the following pream
ble and resolutions, which were read arid
unanimously adopted :
The Delegates from the various counties
and districts of Pennsylvania, assembled
together in Convention, for the purpose of
selecting and presenting to the people a
suitablo candidate for their suffrages for the
office of Canal Commissioner, and having
performed that duty, present the following
resolutions, as expressive of their views
and sentiments on the great principles of
National and State policy :
Resolved, That this Convention offers
its warm congratulations to the people of
the United S'ates, and our glorious old
Commonwealth, on the success of the
Democratic Whig party, in the election
of that sound, sterling, patriotic, Democrat
ic Whig, Gen. ZACHARY TAYLOR, to the
office of President of the United Stales, and
of WM. F. JOHNSON, our firm, enlightened
and intelligent Governor, to the highest
; office within this Commonwealth.
Resolved, That with such men as Tay
lor and Johnson at the head of our National
and State affairs the people have no reason
to fear an abandonment of their interests
or betrayal of their rights ; hut may repose
n perfect confidence that the honor of the
state and nation will be preserved untar
nished, and the interests of the people pro
tected and promoted. '
Resolved, That in calling to his assis
tance iu the administration of public affairs
the honest, the sagacious, and experienced
statesmen of the Country, the President
gives assurance that every department of
the government under his control will be
faithfully administered; that the interests
of the w hole people will be constantly pro
tected and lostered; ttiat public faith with
all nations will be steadily regarded, and
that, follow ing the examples of the earlier
Presidents, the pure republican principles
of the constitution, will be deemed para
mount, whatever interpretations they may
have received ftotn recent political com
Resolved, That the selection of William
M. Meredith for the responsible office cf
Secretary of the Treasury, meets the hear
ty concurrence of the people of the State;
that while Pennsylvania is honored in the
choice of one of her gifted sons, she feels
a proud confidence that the administra
tion will be strengthened by the influence
of his virtues, and the eminent abilities he
brings to the discharge of his duties.
Resolved, That we have undiminished
confidence in the Hon. James Cooper,
whose past life affords the surest guaranty
that he will nobly vindicate and sustain
the iuterests of Pennsylvania in the Na
Resolved, That if properly sustained by
the action of Congress, the enlightened
Chief Magistrate of the nation will in a
brief space of time restore to the people ot
this country, the policy adopted by the
fathers of the Republic; the dissemination
of just and equal laws, protection to their
honest industry, adequate wages for their
labor, the improvement of Rivers and Har
bors, and the promotion of their geneial
Resolved, That protection to the indus
try of the pflople is one of the first duties
of government; that the true interests of
the State and Nation are best promoted by
placing the Manufacturer, Mechanic and
Laborer,side bv side with the agricultural
ist—that the days of greatest prosperity
for tho country have been those when do
mestic labor has been piotected and unne
cessary and excessive importation of for
eign fabrics prevented by a proper tariff of
duties, and in our opinion, such results
have not followed the tariff of 1840, and
can never be promoted by its continuance.
Resolved , That as Pennsvlvanians we
cannot tamely submit to see our iron man
ufactories throw n idle, our mines of coal
rendered valueless,our laborers and citizens
unemployed, our farmers without a mar
ket for their products, our capital destroy
ed, and business paralyzed, to try my fur
ther experiments on lite Loeofoco theories
of Free Trade, when we are taught by ull
past experience that poverty and want
must be the consequence of importing from
other countries those articles which we cm
bettci manufacture within our own bor
Resolved. That, in the language of Gov.
Win. F. Johnston, we view slavery as an
iufiaction of human rights—opposed to the
enlightened spirit of our free institutions
destructive of equality of power in the gen
eral government, by enlarging, where it
exists, the constitutional representation
possessing an influence against Northern
and Western policy and interests, by pro
moting a system of laws destructive of do
mestic industry and vitally atlecting free
labor —retarding the natural growth of pop
ulation and improvement, by the appro
priation of large tracts of land for the ben
efit of the few, to the injury of the many
as in open defunct of the spirit ot lite age,
the march of rational truth, and the en
lightened policy of mankind, —a ttlwhi e