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Vol XXXV -Whole I\o- 1845.
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From the .Vet c York Tribune.
Y C. D. STEW ART.
Love all .' There is no living thing
Which God has not created ;
Love all! There is no living thing
Which God has ever hated ;
His love sustains the meanest life,
Whate'er does live or perish—
And man may not disdain to love
What God has loved to cherish.
Love all! For hate begetteth hate,
And love through love inereaseth ;
Love all! For hate shall faint and fall j
While love like God ne'er ceaseth :
Love is the law, the life supreme.
The goal where all are tending ;
The hate shall die, the strife shall cease,
But love is never ending.
The Better Choice*
BY REV. I)R. CUMMING, LONDON.
Never forget that if you set out to gain
the world, it is but a chance, a peradven
ture if you succeed. Nay. for one that
succeeds, who does not know that nine fail ?
But if you set out to seek the world, and
let the world absorb your heart, and con
centrate upon that world the best, your
holiest affections, the certainty is that while
you may lose the world you will lose your
soul. Yet man, when he thu9 loses God
and feels miserable, goes and joins him
self to anything and everything that will
promise to remove his misery and restore
his lost happiness. The prodigal joined
himself to a citizen of the strange coun
try; so does the natural man join himself
to trade, devoting to it every energy, or
to pleasure, or ambition, or political duties,
or he joins himself to gayety. to brilliant
circles, shining fetes, great parties if per
adventure amid this world's splendor, that
he may extinguish every beam of light
that leans to solemn inquiry. He joins
himself to the strange citizen of a strange
country. When a man loses God he does
not cease to have a God. The prodigal
had no sooner heft his father, than his
grow ing sense of separation made him join
himself to the citizen of a strange country.
Man no sooner leaves God, than betakes
something else in his room. There is no
such animal as an atheist; evtin the brutes
are not so; for in their ministry, and their
instincts, they indicate a recognition of a
superior to themselves. There are plenty
of atheists—men opposed to the true God
—but there is no such thing as a man with
out a God ; if they leave the true God, they !
take the strange god in His stead. Man's !
soul was made to be a temple, and when it
is not the lemple of the living God, it
becomes the temple of an idol. Man's
heart was made to be an altar, and Incense
will rise from it either to Jehovah or to
Jupiter; whosoever it be that absorbs all
v <ur thoughts, whosoever il be that draws
forth your first morning and last evening
reflections; whatever it be, to gain which
you bend every energy, mould every in
fluence, subordinate everything you have
you may call it trade, or pleasure or poli
tics, or law, or physic, that is your God, i
that is the cistern out of which you are
drink. ng, that is the being for whom you
E ra risking the safety of your souls, the
happiness of a world to come. Are we
living in cr without the living God ? are
we still drinking at some strange cistern,
and joined to some citizen of this world ?
If any are so, and thus hoping for happi
ness as the prize, they ought to know,
that they are not the first persons thai have
made the experiment, hut the repeaters
merely of an experiment that has been
made* ten thousand times, and ten thou
sand times failed. I will give you the re
sult of tiie experiment as tried by one who
had the greatest power of his Bge; great
skill, great resources and the fullest oppor
tunities for the experiment, that ever mor
tfd had, and under the most favorable cir
cumstances. lie thus describes the pro
'l sought mine heart to give myself.
unto wine,'-that was one of his experiments ;
~~'l sought to lay hold of folly'—halls, j
flays, <Sip.—'that I might see what was
gooc for (lie sons of men, that they should j
do under heaven all thedaya of their life.'— j
'I made me great works'—when I had j
nothing to do but to pull down the old walls
ar "! build new ones—'l huilded my houses'
*-I thought that the cause of my disquiet ;
W; is IIIP smallness or the inconvenience of
' e rooms, the smokiness of the chimr.ie*, j
' 6 want of color here, and gilding there; !
' I thought, if I built a large and spa- j
r 'iH house I should bo happy; forgetting,
Jl' il is riot the house that makes the in- j
'ibiiant happy, but the inhabits nt that
*'-akev the house delightful; ar.d that chang- j
J W 'be bed of a sick man is not to heal his j
M "-e; what we want is not change of
| L: ' -nnitauces around us, but a change of |
jp&ssrmais AS?® iPOTmaaasa® CH&K&KB s®"srgssy®jKE a snsEFnasj
heart within us—'l planted me vineyards,'
in order to get the choicest wines, wines
of the richest fragrance;—l made me gar
dens and orchards, and I planied trees of all
kinds of fruits; 'I made me pools of water,
that there might be abundance of fish sup
plied to mv table, and of the choicest kinds.
'I got me servants and maidens, and had
servants born in my house; also 1 had great
possessions of great and small Cattle, above
all that were in Jerusalem before me. 1 gath
ered me also silver and gold, and the pe
culiar treasure of Kings, and of the provin
ces,' diamonds.gemsand all precious things,
and in order still more to increase my hap
piness,—•! got me men singers and woman
singers,'—the very choicest imports from
abroad; taking care that they shall have
special pay and patronage in order to be
the first of their profession;—'and the de
lights of the sons of men, as musical in
struments, and that of all sorts; So I Was
great and increased above all that were in
Jerusalem before me; also my wisdom'
intellecutual wisdom—'remained with me.
I was a botanist, a mineralogist, an astron
omer; I studied the harmonies and rela
tionships of all things, and in short, to
crown the experiment, there was not an
element that might contribute to my hap
piness, wanting: 'I withheld not my heart
from any joy; 1 did not stop because God's
commandment said, Thou shalt not do it;
1 Hung aside fear,in order that I might make
the experiment fully and freely; 'and m\
heart rejoiced in all mv labors; this was my
portion of all my labor. 1 resolved to
look on all this magnificent pile of splen
dor and glory, as elements of happiness:
'and looked on all the works that my hands
had wrought; and behold,' —was I a happy
man ?—1 needed nothing to make me more
so—'behold all was vanity and vexation of
Now, can we have better opportunities
than Solomon bad, or is the experiment
more likely to succeed in the nineteenth
century than so many hundred years be
fore the birth of Christ ? Others also have
tried it. Lord Chesterfield, celebrated for
his courtesy, both in precept and practice,
and for his acquaintance with all the ele
gancies of a courtly and all the accomplish
ments of a social life, said, ! am now at
the age of sixty yeaas, I have been as
wicked as Solomon;' —it is a great deal to
admit that; hut he adds in conclusion. '1 am
wise enough to test the truth of reflection—
that all is vanity and vexation of spirit.'
A great poet has given a similar testimo
ny; a poet who had rank, brilliant genius,
wealth, everything, in short, that man
could have, which this world could supply,
and the last lines he wrote were:
*' My days are in the yellow leaf,
The flower, the fruit of life is gone;
The worm, the canker, and tiicgrirf
Are mine alone."
Whatever men, in their shortsighted
philosophy, may say to the contrary, Sor
row is one of the chief purifiers of the hu
man heart. All the other emotions draw
us closer to the objects of this world.—
Love, joy, envy, revenge, by turns, sway
the heart of man, and bind him with gold
en cords of affection or with iron hands of
malice to the objects by which he is sur
rounded. Grief alone weans him from
this life, and with a finger raised toward
another higher and better, shews that
when the delights of earth are faded, the
joys of heaven will bloom with unfading
beauty in the 'fields of light' above.
STARTTNG IN THE YYORLD. Many an
unwise parent labors hard and lives spar
ingly all his life for the purpose of leaving
enough for to give his children a start in
the world, as it is called. Setting a young
man afloat with money left him by his rela
tives, is like tying bladders under the arm
of one who cannot swim; ten chances to
one he will lose his bladders and go to the
bottom. Teach him to swim and he will
hever need the bladders. Give your child
a sound education, and you have done
enough for him. See to it that his morals
are pure, his mind cultivated, and his
whole nature made subservient to laws
which govern man, and you have given
what will he of moie value than tho wealth
of the Indies. Y'ou have given him a
start which no misfortune can deprive him
of. The earlier you teach him to depend
upon his own resources the betler.
How STRONG MINDS ARE MADE WEAK.
—in the Police Court, on Saturday, H
man was charged with being a common
drunkard. The same man was once pub
lisher and editor of a leading political pa
per in this city. He has sat at the private
hoards of Webster and Clay, and sipped
their wine. At the inauguration of Harri
son, he might have been seen standing in
the East front of the Capitol at Washington,
with the strongest men of the nation. He
mingled in fashionable life, drank deep of
its pleasures, and fell a victim to them.—
Reduced in circumstances he wandered
from his home, leaving his family to look
out for themselves. Becoming destitute,
and frequently frantic with delirium tre
mens, he has at last been arraigned on n
charge of being a common drunkard, to
which he plead guilty. Boston Chrono-
Drive thy business or it will drive thee.
SATCRDAY, AKHBI 18, 18411.
A Peep into Futurity.
"All aboard!" shouted the conductor,
and with a whistle and a jerk we were
again on our way, and soon the trees and
! meadows, brooks and hijls, seemed whiz
ing by, and the dust and cinders flew
thick and fast. But amid the roaring and
jolting of the cars, sleep, like a minister
ing angel, came to my relief. Gradually
the noise was hushed, and the speed at
. which I rode inspired dreams of a lofty
1 was in a wide rotunda, from which led
two halls on either side. Many tall Co
rinthian columns rose about me, hewn
trom the whitest marble, and their gilded
j capitals were lighted from a stained glass
; dome. The CBtlings were adorned by
; carved works, images and paintings, and
in short, the master pieces of the Grecian
sculptors, and of modern artists, seemed to
adorn and decorate the walls and niches.
But scarcely had I begun to gaze upon
the beauties of the pile of splendor, when
a roar like that of many oceans hurst upon
my ear, and I concluded 1 was in the
temple of the gods at Mount Olvmpus,
until a mass of polished steel, and brass,
and silver, rushed into one of the long
halls, and passed out at the extremity of
■ the other, followed by a train of what 1
j called some thirty pagan temples, all glit
i teiing with carved wood and iron, gilded
eagles, pinnacles, and spires. No sooner
than the train had stopped, out stepped a
Yankee (I knew him by his voice,) and
shouted • Hartford,' at the windows of each
,of the cais. A throng of gen's, ladies
and children poured from the opening
! doors and stood within the rotunda. Be
ing very anxious to view the interior of
the cars or temples, and to see the motive
power, 1 entered one, and had hardly re
covered from the shock which tho daz
zling magnificence reflected, when the
| train, which had been set in motion again,
stopped in a rotunda of the same size and
splendor with the first, and the Yankee
captain cried * Springfield.' 1 staggered
to a sent in utter unconsciousness, and as
I I endeavored to locate myself on what ap
peared to be a picture of New York city,
1 sank to my waist in a delicious air sofa,
which again restored my senses. The
towns and cities, lakes and mountains,
once more shot in confusion by, as the
conductor hurriedly tapped me on the
shoulder and whispered 4 ticket.'
• Where are you hound ?' said I.
' Boston. Be there in twenty minutes.
Fare Irom Springfield, one dime—from
New York, three dimes.'
I handed hirn a shilling.
' Behind the times,' said he ; ' no such
coin in circulation.'
I had the good luck to carrv a gold dol
lar as a pocket piece, which I drew out,
and paid my fare. • Where ami, cap
tain,' said I involuntarily.
Ho smiled, and rushed from the car,
which had entered the third rotunda, and
shouted ' \Y orcester.'
' Mister, where am I ?' said I to the
He eyed me with evident surprise a
moment, though It 19 eyes sparkled as he
' Been asleep V
' Yes, sir. (Jot to New Haven yet? or
is this '
' Tell me the year !' said he.
' It's 1849, of course ! —are you crazy!'
He tapped me on the shoulder, and
' You've slept a hundred years —it's
1919! Several have slept over. This is
the air-line railroad from New Y'ork to j
Boston—air line ; that is, there are no
curves, and but three corners, which we ;
turn in an instant, by machinery. All !
sorts of now improvements, now a days, i
Why, man ! it'll tuko you nil the rest of
your life-time to look at all the patented, !
labor-saving machinery in New England, j
We do everything but sleep and eat bv !
sorno new-fangled invention or other !
'Good! It must he so. Yankee na- j
tion !—what cannot Yankees and steam
accomplish ?' said I.
'Steam! Nonsense, man—it's nut of
date on railroads. This is Fuzgum's eler- ;
tro magnetic patent, eight day, twelve foot
driver, 800 horse power battery, silver ;
plated, self propeller—cost $25,000 —this
thing which draws us now ! This road i
cost some twenty millions, and lias pa id
for its.df twice, and has not been com- |
pleted three years. They use the patent
suspension bridge, Vulcan rail, which is
laid on a solid wall of stone, four feet deep, j
The rails are some seven feet apart. We
go at the rsie of five miles and three quar
ters per minute, and—why, sir ! you are
behind the tunes, indeed. What'll you
give me to show you the leviathaii 1 (not
elephant) ' three weeks ?' j
' Anything in my possession. I'm a
great hand for new tilings. I'll see the
leviathan, and ride! Hurrah! luir—'
' Stop ! here's Boston. Keep close to
me, and we'll get a seat in the first elevat
ed omnibus, for the Ocean Hotel—best I
house in the city. Come, we do things
so quick we seldom carry baggage.'
I made fast to his coat tail, and my
Yankee guide rushed through crowds, and
, temples, and galleries, till we found our
selves at last in the flying, elevated, elec
tric-something omnibus, which was an
! open car some twenty fet long, on a
railroad, elevated about thirty feet above
the street. A double track was laid all
the way, and we met several cars or om
nibuses, rushing down, propelled by little
electric engines. Below, the street was
thronged with trucks, goods, merchants,
and carriers. On either side b.-oad side-
I wa'ks were filled with people, and above,
the houses rose from eight to ten stories,
all constructed from iron, gilded and paint
; ed in the most costlv and beautiful manner.
At last, when we had come about ten
miies in five minutes, as fast up hill as
down, we arrived at what I should have
supposed to be Solomon's temple, restored;
but no, it was the (Lean Hotel. Of our
entry into this place, the furniture, the
. carving, the gilding, the painting, we will
; not speak. A tier visiting a fashionable
tailor's shop, I sat down with my guide,
in my room, to take a rest preparatory to
seeing the elephant— no ! the leviathan,
and to make the tour of the State.
' What has happened, Mr. Jonathan,
since 1849?' said 1 to ihe Yankee, who
was gazing at the sea of roofs. He nearly
| fainted at the question, and said he merely
j could mention a few of the principal
I changes and inventions,
4 General Jaylor,' said he, 'was presi
dent in 1849, wasn't he? yes, he was,
and we've had any quantity since. Wo're
a republic now, and the United States
extend from the Arctic Ocean to Terra
del Fuego, and comprises, in Bhort, all
America. England's a republic, and a
Y'ankee is their president. There was
but one kingdom in the world six days ago,
hut the transatlantic telegraph was then
out of order. We haven't heard for most
a week from t'other side, and here ! see
that flying car up there, see it ! it's going
to San Francisco, the largest city in Amer
ica, or United States, ail the same.
Thetc, it's out of sight; hut the Great
Aerial Electric Navigation Company are
building a car that will beat that—it's
manufacturing in that machine shop von
der,' said he as lie pointed to a building
fourteen stories and a half high.
• There's generally,' continued he, 'uni
versal peace on earth, and the last dis
patches from the moon said that the revo
lution had been brought to n close, and
that bloodshed had ceased to stain that
puradise, and while we speak of it, there's
! a fellow from the moon, who came down
on a flying car yesterday, hut their air is
! so different from ours he can't stay long
i and he pointed to a most perfect little man;
about three feci high- ' But we'll go up
to the moon by the next car and stroll
about a day or two, and look—there I had
recourse to the camphor bottle) —and look
about town. Y'es, we will—hem, there's
some angels there—some girls, and thev
think everything of us Yankees. Hurrah!
there's the California, the last steamer
from Liverpool. She started day before
yesterday. She's made of iron, gutta ppr
cha, and durus. Durus is a mental re- j
; cently discovered in Greenland, and small
quantities are found in Patagonia—a tnetal
which won't bend, break, or receive anv
impression, except when the greatest de
gree df heat possible to he obtained is |
applied to it. She ran through nn lee- j
berg on her trip, hut did not stop, and j
you can't break her to pieces or sink her,
no, you can't. She's six hundred feet
long, and twenty five broad ; is covered
with gutta percha, made transparent all 1
over, and runs under water half the time,
in n storm. There's the evening train of
flying cars for New Orleans—pretty good I
load ; '.he electric train carries more liio\
this weather. More competition on this j
route ihr.n any other in America, except
the New York and Rio Janeiro evening
lines ; they run for four dimes. See that
building there ! At one end they drive in j
a flock of sheep, and this door is a mutton ;
market, and the other is a ready made
clothing store. Them's a printing office
in this building, and there's a machine in j
it which will make a spelling hook out of
a shir! in seven minutes; hut they'll have j
to give it up, as there's one in the very !
next house which will make a spelling |
hook from cotton hatting in six minutes ! j
I applied camphor to my temples and ;
' I tell you the truth ; hut the crack :
invention of the day is gumbuggum gas. !
Goes ahead of chloroform, altogether. I
Why, last night my brother in New Or
leans was smashed to a pulp by the falling
of a stone weighing twelve tons, but we j
immediately applied the extract of cold !
water, and gumbuggum, and when I left
at two o'clock, lie was comfortably well.
We don't die at all now, if we can manage |
to get hold of extract of water and gum- j
buggtlm gas before heat leaves the hotly. !
If nil warmth has left the body, life has
left it; but if not, life is perfectly safe.
Now tea is ready ; come let us get ten,
and then we'll have a ride.'
At thoughts of supper 1 awoke, and we |
had just got to New Haven. What sloVfr,
good for nothing cars and steamboats we
have ; —can't go hut a mile in a minute !
We are behind the times.
A Lecture on the Elephant.
Ladies and gentlemen ! Allow m p , this
evening, to introduce an animal called the
Elephant. He is the greatest of all tread
mill animals that helps to keep the globe
in motion.— Among the Anglo Saxons, he
is known only hy'the name of elephant ;
but with all barbarous and half civilized
nations he is unanimously dubbed the
bulliphant. He is about the size of a two
, year old omnibus, and in color approaches
as near to a black as he possibly can with
out absolute infringement. To look at
him not too severely one naturaliy supposes
him to be a small mountain of India rub
ber, or huge composition of glue and mo
The Elephant is one of the natives of
the East Indies, but he has been met with
in various parts of Mexico, and is frequent
ly seen in the great city of New Y'ork. It
has been asserted upon both righteous and
profane authority, that he is indigenous to
the diggin9 of California—however, the
assertion, as yet, goes a begging for con
firmation. It is my private opinion,
' though, that the animal exhibits himself
; to travellers in all parts of the world, only
} they entertain a monstrous reluctance to
confessing the fact.
He carries his trunk with him wherever
he goes, but never keeps anything in it,
not even a change of shirts. When cousin
Ichahod first saw him at a show, he ex
claimed with mute astonishment : ' Then
that's the rale Menagerer—the indentical
critter hisself! I swow wouid'nt two of
'em make a teem to draw stun with ?
j Golly, aint he ascrouger?' Ichahod went
home and related what he had seen. ' I
seen,' said he, 'the genuine Menagerer, the
darndest biggest lump of flesh that ever
stirred. He had tew tails, tew ; one be
hind and the other before. He put one cf
his tails in my coat pocket, and hauled out j
the ginger bread every hooter. What j
d'ye think he done with it? Why he i
stuck it in his own pocket, and began to
fumble for more —dam him !'
What is that which if a man has, he
would not wish to lose? If he has not he
would not wish to have? And which,
when he has gained, he has it no longer?
D'ye give it up ? (A lawsuit.)
An Irishman, at a recent religious meet
ing in Cincinnati, got up and began to ad
dress as follows: My friends, the profli
gacy of the times i 9 such, that little chil
dren who can neither walk nor talk, may
he seen tunning about the streets cursing
EMMA.—' Clorinda, dear, you are going
in mourning for your aunt's death V
CLO.—' Oh, no, Emma, nor shall we
close our shutters.'
EMMA. —'Indeed—how is that? Y r ou
did both for your uncle.'
CLO.—' Very true ; hut then, aunt has
nothing to leave us, and you knew uncle
left us §20,000.'
TOUCHING THE SYMPATHIES.—'Arrah,
f'at, and why did you marry me ? Just
tell me that—for it's mesclf that's had to
maintain ye ever since Father O'Fanegan '
sent me to yer house.'
'Swate Jewel,' replied Pat, not relish- !
ing the charge, 'and it's meself that hopes to
live to see the day thatye'rea widow weep- ;
ing over the could sod that covers me, then
by St. Patrick, I'll see how you get along
without me, honey dear.
A blacksmith in the State of New York
was summoned as a witness in court, be
tween two ol his workmen. The Judge,
after hearing the testimony, asked him
why he did not advise them to settle, as
the cost had already amounted to three
times the disputed sum, via : seventy five
Ho replied, 'I to-f-o ld the foTools to
se-e-e-ttle ; for the co-o-onstable would !
take their coats, the lawyers their shir- '
iris, and if they got into your honor's
court, vou'd sk-sk skin 'em ?'
A very interesting fight is now going on j
between the Washington Union and Phil j
adelphia Ledger. The Union calls the I
Ledger a guerilla sheet, and the Ledger !
intimates that the editors of the Union are
blackguards and dishonorable men. YVe
think both are right in their opinions.
The New York Express is not satisfied
with the 8,000 federal offices which Gen.
Taylor has bestowed upon the Whigs, in
the face of his solemn pledges, but threat
ens to seize upon 117,000 more—being
what it estimates to he about one-half of
the Federal offices in the Union.— Wash.
Not quite so blond thirsty, savs the Ex
press in reply. Our principles are these :
The federal offices on the -Ith of March
last were about all in locofoco hands. YVe
estimate the number to be 250,000
Locos removed (see the Union) 8,000 j
Locns left 242,000
YVtiins entitled to one-half, vii: 125,000
Whigs put in office, only 8,000
D IP the YV' higs rl"\v J 17,000
If Gen. Taylor did n>>t do justice to the
117,000 yet proscribed YY'higs, he would i
indeed belte all his 'solemn pledges.'
New Series— Vol. 3—l\o. *3-
i FROM CALIFORNIA.
The steamer Falcon arrived at New Or
leans from Chatrres on the 4th instant.
ISlie brought $160,085 in specie and gold
dust, fifty-three passengers, ami a large
i mail. She made the passage from here to
Chug-res in seven days, and remained there
a week, during which time it rained inces
j sandy. The Isthmus is generally healthy,
I though at Chagres there was much sick
ness. In an American population at that
town of thirty-five, thirty were ill or just
recovering from fever. The disease is of
malignant intermittent character.
The steamship Oregon left San Francis
jco on the 2d of July and arrived at
Panama on the 21st of lite same month.—
On the 4th ult. at half past 12 o'clock A.
M. she struck three times on a rock at
Port Conception. The shock was very,
; great, and the vessel so much injured that
she leaked during the whole passage. At
the last accounts she was at Tobago Island
repairing damages, and will not be ready
| to resume her trips before the 20th inst.
j She brought down about seventy passen
gers, most of whom took passage on the
Falcon for New Orleans and New Yoik.
Capt. Crowningshield, 13. S. A., died of
apoplexy on the passage, on board the
At Panama there were about five hun
dred Americans awaiting transportation.
One half of them were to leave on the
28th ult. on the barque Tasso to sail on
the Ist inst., and the barque Ella Francis
: to depart soon.
From a gentleman who came a passen
ger on the Falcon, and who is direct from
I San Francisco, we learn the following in
! teresting particulars:
The stories of Gen. Smith having to go
| on board a vessel of war, in consequence
j of a trouble with the residents, is all false.
Gen. Smith wa9 well, universally respecf
jed and very popular. He had moved his
headquarters from San Francisco to Sono
ra, which 19 about seventy miles from the
former place. The health of San Francis
! co was good, and ihe inhabitants of the
town much more orderly and quiet than
could be anticipated. The gamblinghous
e9 are all closed on Sundays, and the work
I of all kinds suspended, although labor is
worth $lO to sls per day.
i Theie were four churches already built,
j and another was expected soon to arrive
ihere. There were about two thousand
cloth tents about the town. The Ameri
cans residing in the city were mostly
highly respectable. Occasionally there
| wa9 some slight difficulty between the
Americans and the Malays. The market
wa9 overstocked with goods—dry goods
; and clothing selling for leSs than in the
| States. Houses and lumber were very
high, and sold readily. A house that in
! the States cost S4OO, end was forty by
twenty feet, would sell for 52500, and
would cost S7OO to put it up. There
! were fifty or sixty cargoes of goods; re
j maining unsold at San Francisco. Gold
was plenty; large quantities of it were
coming in every day. It was selling for
sls per ounce cash, or sl6 in goods.—
The quantity of gold was considered in
exhaustible. There were no troops in San
Francisco, and none were needed.
It is announced that JOHN B. iVuLtER,
of Ohio, has been superceded as commis
sioner to run the Boundary June with Mex
ico, by the appointment of the late Col.
JOHN C. FREMONT to take charge of the
Commission. Subsequent to Mr. Weller's
appointment, an appropriation of $50,000
was made by Congress for the operation
of the fiscal year, in adjusting this Bounda
ry Line between the United Slates and
Mexico, and Mr. Weller, it seems, drew
upon the Department for more than $60,-
000 of ibis amount before he reached Pan
ama, and had actually received more than
$20,000. 1113 last drafts for ten or elev
en thousand dollars were respectfully de
clined by the Department, on ihe ground
that no satisfactory account had been re
ceived of the previous expenditure, and
the Department did not choose to exhaust
all the resources provided forthe year,
before discovering some practical pplica
fion of the means to the object contempla
ted by the law;
PLEASURES or A CALIFORNIA TRIP.—A
correspondent of the JV. 1". writ
ing from Chihuahua, under date of the 4 th
May says : Since I started we have been
near starving three times —once for pro.
visions, and twice for water. Once wo
were live days wilhout water nr.d once
three ; we were six days without anything
to eat except a few snakes and hawks which
we found on the road and shot. Moreover,
we have had two hard fights with the In
dians—had two of our men killed and
eight wopnded. My bed is made nightly
on ihe ground ; that is, I sleep on one blan
ket and c iver with another. I live on dried
beef and venison, with coffee and bread
of my own making. I work hard, drive
mules, kill and butcher deer, physic the
company, fight the Indians, and trade with
the Mexicans for corn, fiour and beef. *
* * My spirits are low and my hopes
Beware of little expenses; a small leak
will sink a <?rt at f hip.