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H. Y. MoiiTniMEn, Proprietor. INDEPENDENT" Live and Let Live." Sl.OO a Year if Paid in Advance.
VOL. HI., No. 1. LEHIGnTON, .CARBON COUNTY, PENN'A, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 21, 1874. . Subscribers out of County, $1.20.
I V. Bchwarti, Bank street, dealer in all kindt of
Jirtiiturt Cbjini made to order.
Boot und Shoe Makers.
Clinton Bralney, I'n Levan'n building, l)nk (treat.
All order i promptlyjllledfcork warranted.
-T M. HAPSIIER,
ATT0HNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Heal Estate .od Collection Agency. Will Buy Mid
811 lUal ErtlU. Confeyanclng nMtly done. Col
lections promptly to.de. Settling BetaUa of De
cedent, specialty. May be consulted In Ingllsn
end Ucrman. Not.
JNO. D. BEHTOLKTTE,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
OrrKf first National Bunk Uulldlng,2nd Vloor
JIAUCH CHUNK, Ttsxi.
Hay bo consulted In German, apr 18, 187
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
lUnoh Chnnk, Pa.
jajrOfflee.'eboTe Dolon's Jewelry Btore, Broadway.
J IV. DIMM1CK,
Eut Welisport, Pa.
N B. Sales of Try description attended to at
reasonable charges.';.TIie patrouage of thy puUle
is respectfully solicited. Jan. 21, '71.
JQB. K. B. RKBEK,
FBAOTIC1NG PHYSICIAN AND SUROEON,
Offloe, BAx Street, next door abore the i'ostouloe,
Lehighton, l'a. Office Hours I'arryTllle each day
rom Id to 12 o'clock remainder of uay at office lu
. Leblghtor. Nor 23. '72.
M. KLOTZ, PIIOP'R,
flummll HI". Carbon Co., Pa.
Oar-Best of accommodations, fcxcellent res
taurant underneatli. Good atabllng attached
J BOYD HENRI,
122 S. 9th St., Allentown, Pa.
Will furnish Plana, Specifications and Kstlmates
glrlng exact coit of public and prlrate buildings,
from tbe plainest to tbe moat elaborate; alto
Drawings for StalK,Uaod-Rall,lc. Jell
UOMAS A. WILLIAMS.
LADIES' AND GENTLEMEN'S
Boot and Shoe Maker,
?uly opposite the rot-ofllce
BAHK 8TEEET, lehighton, Pa.
Hiring commenced business, as abore, I would
-etpectfully announce to the cltl ten. of Lehighton
and Tlelolly that I am prepared to do all work In
-ray lino In the neatest aud most substantial man
ner, at irlces fully as low as the same work can
be otalned In 1'hlladulphta. A splendid assort
nient of CHILUItBX'o and MI83ES' tVEAItof
tbo best inakealways on band. Atrial Is solicited
and satlfaetlon guaranteed,
at lowest prices. July 4, 1874.
GENERAL IN8UEAN0E AGENT
The following Companlea are Represented :
l. Lebanon Mutual Fire,
Reading Mutual Fire,
' Lehigh Fire, and the
TfiirDlflpn' ArlHpnt. Insurance.
"7 Also Pennsylvania aud Mutual Horse
f Thief Detective aud Insurance Com.
t, pny. Marcli 2!, 187U.
r TOS. M. FR1TZINGER,
Soot and Shoe Maker,
1 Opposite T. D. Clauss Store,
llUNK STREET, LEHIGHTON, Pa.,
"respectfully ItilVirms Ills friends and the
piit)ttc, that he hns just received a new
t aud excellent assortment of Men's Wo
A men's and Children's Ready-Hade
f Boots, Shoes & Gaiters,
Which he will Sell at the Lowest Prices.
f IStT Roots and Shoes made to order.
: and Repairing neatly and substantially
I done at short notice. ap 25-yl
' nnaio undersigned respect
fully announces that he Is better
prepared tlian ever to imy ana ben
Cair and Sheep Stilus,
at bis Old Stand, nearly opposite tbe
post office, Bank Street, fchlghton.
1ST Tbo highest cash prices paid for
':, Hides and Skins.
nov, 23. O. E. GBEENWALD.
OLIVER CRILLEY, dealer In To-
bacco, Cigars, Pipes, fcc., next door to
Rex's Grocery Stose, Suwiuehanua St.,
Mauch Chunk, respectfully asks the
people of Lehlgliton aud vicinity, when
.Visiting that place, to call in and try his
the very best in the market. Every
article in bis line warranted as repre
sented and at lowest prices. JniHr28
"OTHERS, Look at that 6'lilld, it
has Worms. Go or send at once
o DURLING'S Drue Store, and get a
bottle of his WORM SYRUP, so plea
oant and yet so sure, may 0
WTIIY, On. WHY will you suffer
w with that Couch or Cold? when
relief msy be- bad Immediately by using
DURLING'S Compound Syrup of Tar
Wild Cherry and Horeboond.
.NADEN HUTTEN TANNERY
B. J. KUNTZ, Prop'r,
Respectfully announces to the puhllo
that bo has Just rebuilt the Tannery,
formerly of Daniel Olewlne, and put
In all the best and most approved ma
chinery for the
Manufacture of Leather,
such as tlnmlock and Oak Sole, Harness,
Upper, Kip, Calf and Sheep, which bo
will supply at the very lowest price.
Plastering Hair supplied Id large or
small quantities very low. HIDES and
SKINS bought at highest cash prices.
Patronage solicited. Aug. 8-yl
The undersigned calls the attention
of all parties using Iron to the fact that
he keeps on hand, at the
all Sizes, which he offers at tho Lowest
Market Prices. Also, that he pavs tbe
nighest Price tor SCRAP IRON, or
will takn it in exchange for Manufac
In the absence of tho undersigned,
parties will call at the Feed Store of W.
U KNECHT, Esq., and be attended to.
Weissport, Sept 12m3
JPLOVR AND FEED.
Respectfully Informs the people of Le
highton that be has most Excellent
Flour for Sale ;
Also, good FEED of all kinds, and
STRAW in tho .Bundle. Ud is also
prepared to do any kind of
Hauling and Plowing
at short notice.
LEHIGH (2d) STREET,
Lehighton, Pa. March 28-ly
E. H. SNYDER
LEUICUTOK, PENH' A.,
Dry Goods, Notions,
Glassware, Hardware, &o.
May 81, 1873.
WONDERFUL, BUT TRUE I
Whenever I get a Bottlo of Bloom
of Youth or Magnolia Balm, Rose Tint,
a iAix of Lilly White, or anything In
that line to beautify the complexion, at
Durling's Drug Store, It seems to be
nicer and better than I can get any
where else, may
UEILMtiAN & CO. i
BANK STREET. Lehighton, Pa.,
illLLERS and Dealers In
All kinds of GIMIN Bought and Sold
at Regular Market Rates.
We would, also, respectfully inform
our citizens, that we are now fully pre
pared to supply them with the
JBesti of Coal
From any Minu desired at thn VERY
M. HEILMAN & CO.
July 25th, 1874.
READ THIS TWICE.
"THE PEOPLE'S LEDGER" con
talus No Continued Stories, 8 Large
Puger, 48 Columns of Choice Miscella
neous Readlug ,1atter every week, to
gether with articles from the pens of
such well.knortn writers as Nashy,
Oliveji, Optic, Sylvanus Cobd, Jr.,
Miss Alcott, Will Carlton, J. T.
Tiiowjiiudqe, Mark Twain, le.
will send "The People's Ledger"
to any address every week for three
months, on trial, ou receipt of only
"The Teople's Ledger" Is an old es
tablished and reliable weekly paper,
published every Saturday, and Is very
popular throughout tbe N. E. and Mid
dle Slates. Adilrrss,
ULRMANN K. CURTIS, Publisher,
Nc. 12 School St., Boston, Mass.
niTY HIM 7 NO I That Electric
Liniment, like I got at Durling's
Drug Store, will cure him or any other
man ot RHEUMATISM and till other
Pains. may 0
WUST look at hor Halrl Why I
thought It was turning Grey? So
It was, until the got a Bottlo of that new
Hair Restorer at Durling's Drug Store.
UYlTi TRY ITI-The India
Rubber Platters for a Weak Back
D RULING has them may 0
OnTII PENNA. RAILROAD.
re.senreri for Philadelphia wlllleaTe Lehighton
a. fhlltws !
6.00 a. m. tla L. V. arrlre at Phlla. at 9.00 a. m.
7.37 a. tn. Tla L. A a. " " 11.10 a.m.
vm.Tla L. V. " 11.10a.m.
11.07 p. m. tla L. 4 S. " " 2.15 p. m-
11.02 p. in. rla L. V. " " 2.15 p.m.
2.27 r.m. Tla I.. 4S. " " 6-T5 p. m.
4.47 p. m.Tla L. A 8. " " 8.20 p.m.
4.41 p.m. la I., v. " " .ip.m.
1M p. m. Tla L. V. " 10.80 p.m.
Returning, leaT depot at Berks and American
Street. l'bll.T at 7.00. 8J0 and 9.45 a. m.t 2.10
320 and 5.15 p.m.
Farerrom tenignion 10 rnnanaipma.
Eeb. 1, 1874. ELIBCLAI.KK, Agent
OCNTKALi R. R. OF N. J.
LEIUOII & SUSQUEHANNA DIVISION.
Tlmo Table of June 29, 1874.
Trilns leare Lehighton as follows!
For New York, Philadelphia, Easton, Ac, a, 7J7,
11.07 a.m., 2.27,4.47 p.m.
For Mauch Chnok at 10.15 a. m., 1.14, 5.38, and
903 p. m.
For Wilkes-Barre andfieranton atlO.16 a. m., 1.14,
5J8 p. Ul.
Returning laT0 New York, from station Cen
tral Railroad of TSew Jerwy, fool of Liberty
street, North Hirer, atS.15, 9.00 a.m., 12.41,
4 Oli p. m.
Learo Philadelphia, from Denot North Penn'a
R. II., at 7.00,9.45 a. ru., 2.10, 6 15 p. m.
Leare Kaston at 8.30, 10.05, 11.48 a. m, SM and
7.15 p m.
Leare Mauch Chunk at 7 JO, 11,00 a.m., 2.20 and
4.40 p. tn.
Fo: further particulars, see Time Tables at the
II. r. BALDWIN, Gen. rauenger Agent.
July 4, 1 874.
PHILADELPHIA & ERIE RR. DIVISION.
Summer Time Table.
On and arter SUNDAY, JUNE 28th, 1874, the
tralna on the Philada. A Erie R R. Vlrlslon will
run as follows t
Fast Liiic leares Philadelphia 12.(9 p.m.
" " Harrlsburg 5.00 p.ni.
" " Buubury 0.55 p.m.
" " Wllllamsport SM p.m.
" arr. at Lock llaren 10JJ0 p.m
Eau Mia leares Phllndelphla 11)5 p.m,
" ' llarrlburg 4.25 am.
" " Sunbury 6JUa.m
" " Wlllamsport 8.35 a.m.
'' " l)ck llaren 9.45 a.m.
" " Itenora ll.IOa.ml
" arr. at Erlo 8 05 p.m!
Elmiua Mail leares Philadelphia 8.00 a.m.
" " Harrlsburg 1.20 p.m.
" " Sunbury 4.2u p m.
' " Wllllamsport 020 p.m.
arr. at Lock llaren 7.30 p.m.
Nnoiat Kxphiss leares Philadelphia 7.20 a.m.
" " " Harrlsburg 10.40 a.m.
" " ' Sunbury 1230 p.m,
" " " Wllllamsport 2.05 p.m.
" " " Lock llaren 3 10 p.m.
" " " Renora 4.20 pm.
" " arr. at Kane 9.50 a m.
Puna. Express leave. Lock llaren 0 20 a.m.
" " Sunbury U.3II p.m.
" " Wllllimsport 7.45 a.m.
' " arr. at Harrl.burir 11.45 am.
" " " Philadelphia 3J5 p.m
Kan Mail leares Erie 1 1.20 a.m.
' Renora 9 20 p.m.
" ' Lock HaTen 9.33 ii.m.
" " Wllllauspcrt 10 SO a.m.
" " Sunbury 12 40 a.m.
" arr.at llarrlfburg 2 40 a.m.
" " Philadelphia 640a.mJ
Eunta MilL learea lx-k llaren 9.45 a.m.
' " Wllllamsport 11.00 a.m.
" " Sunbury 12.40 p.m.
" arr. at Harrlsburg 3.05 p.m
" " Philadelphia 0.35 p.m.
Nisotii I'.xrarss leares Kane 0.00 a.m.
' " "' Renoro 4 05 p.m.
" " " Lock llaren 5 25 pm.
" " " Wlllliraiport e.60p.m.
" " " Bunbnry 8.40 p.m.
" ' arr at Harrlsburg 10,55 p.m.
" " " Philadelphia 2.50 a.m.
Mall East eonnecta east and west at Erlo with L
S A M 8 It W and at Irrlnetou with Oil Creek aud
Allegheny K It W.
Mall est with east and west trains nn L S A M
SHU. aud at Corry andlrvlneton with OU Creek
and Allegheny R It W.
Klmlra Mall and Buffalo Itxpreia make close
connections at WUIIamsport with N 0 It W trains
uortb.aud at Harrlsburg wltbN C R W tralua
1 AAA REWARD for an incurabio
III IB IS case of Catarrh. After hiring
snulTered. delured. carried, hawk.
ed. spit and gagged t your entire aatUfsctlon In
your useless eudearors to get relief from catarrh,
use Ilrlggs'Allerlatur according to directions. The
filthy mass of uiuruus will be Immedlstely eipell
ed, and tbe Inflamed surface soothed, the eyes
sparkle with delight, the head feela natural agalu;
hope rerlres, for a cure Is sure to follow tbe use of
tnis ogreflanie, scleulincand reliable remedy.
afiVuik'Biiii T iIUCI1 bas been said
B il I I J link ' and wrlilon, and many re
V V gUs9 e mM,u, bnt Uwa offjirwl for
the relief and cure of throat and lung diseases: but
notbloghJS beeu soeuiluently suecessful. or ob
tained such a wide celebrity, as Brlggs' Throat
aud Lung Healer.
11A11C,ITIIE excruciating pain
Villi ll?k. produced by corns, the uuceas
tl w UUl fM twngllf from Bunions, the
piercing, distressing pain from Ingrowing Nails,
cannot lie described. Thousand suner, noi allow
ing there Is a cure. Brlggs' corn and Bunion
Remedies are no acid or potash conipouuds, but
are reliable, soothlug, and effectual, aud Justly
merit tbe success they hare e-rned fmrn an ap.
preclative public. The CuraMre Is a healing oint
ment; Immediate relief Is ubtalued by Us appllea.
tlou.and It will posltiTsly cure the worst cases or
festered corns, Inflamed and ulcerated bunions,
tbeaorest instep, tbe largest and aererest Ulsters,
the most extensile callosities on tbeaol.sor heels
of the feet; unequalled In the cure of cblldUilos
or frosted feet. The AlUTlalor for ordluary corns
aud presenting their fcrmatlon Is absolutely un
equalled by any thlogeier known. Ask forllrlggs'
hemedles. Take no other.
Iil I T XT'S ALL VERY WELL,
i ll iN Aise nut tnulledta think it tlnutA-
(Ac unortunatt tifferer get! ecrjf tittle lympaUiy.
Theagmri7pketi$notor cannot be muck woru
than the torture endured bymiltumt whoarttroulUd
wrtA internal Ueeding, external and itching filet.
Olid Tiding! for tuffercrer, Hriggt'l I'll Jiemedie
are mild, tate and sure.
ilirilS tiful Undo grain in the Market.
wm asu e ttry tne i,at ol luypty , from
the three year tld child to the grandtire verging on
ahundred; etyluh,handtome young ladict whodaily
promenade fathionabU resorts; middle ajed matrontt
old inaidi, dreeied up toappear young and gay; dan.
dice, totth their patentteauiere, and inteniuibU icoU--ing
etickt tho cirrgyman, merchant, cterkt artitan
and mechanic, of alt agetand ttationl, have a full
tuvply rco,Ti,, buniont. Lnd natU,andotherbother.
ationtaf the feet, all of whicharebanuhed and cured
by the u$e of Jtriggi'i Cbrn ami Bunion Hemedietf
Alleviator and Vurative. SJd by
A. J. DURLING.Drugglst,
May P. 1874 ly.
rmilE People ol Lehlghtin and vlclu
Ity all unite In testifying that at A .
J. DUHLING'SDrug and Family Med
icine Store, Puim, ntEsii and Unadul
terated Medicines can always ba
fouud. may 0
EVERY AMATEUR PRINTER
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EVERY AMATEUR PRINTER
Our Own Fireside
Instructions In Printing nnd the answer
to queries which will remove diffi
culties lu your way toefhclency,
appear in each number.
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Our Own Fireside
For 1(8 Good Stories,
For Its Fashion Plate i,
For Its miscellany,
For Its Household News
And for its
Through which every desirable article
In New York is furnished at the
lowest rates without extra charge.
Our Own Fireside Is a Home Journal
in Its fourth year. 1G large pages with
illustrations. Price, tl.50 a year.
Every subscriber makes selection of a
valuable premium from the mauy offer
ed. Those suoscrlblng now receive tho
paper the remainder ot tbo year freo of
At tho beginning of
If you cannot afford to subscribe, an
arrangement will bo made by which
you can receive tbe paper for ouo yoar
Send 3 cents for sample copy.
A Champion Printing Press
A Champion Printing; Press
A Champion Printing- Press
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Is Given Away
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Boy should have one. Send Sc. stamp.
Oar Own Fireside Publishing Co.,
Room 4, Sun Building, N. Y.
2 and 12 Horse Power
GET THE BEST Jk CHEAPEST.
Address, M. L. GUMP & CO.,
Room 4, Sun Building, N. Y.
The Champion Job Press
Printers, Business Men and Boyi.
Tho best press made. Also,
JOB TYPE for AMATEURS-
Send Sc. for Pamphlet. Address,
M. L. GUMP & CO.,
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A Good Livelihood
Can bo made by selling Tie Graphic.
Steel Engravings, reproduced by the
wonderful Graphic Process from famous
works of art. 100 per cent on every
sale. Send $3 for Folio, convenient to
exhibit from, containing 10 of our finest
Eugravlngs, which Is ail tho capital and
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busiuess with. Address,
THE GRAPHIC COMPANY.
41 Park Place, New York.
Reference, Fdltor ot this Publication.
SOUTH ST., LEHIGHTON, PA.,
Tin & Sheet Iron Ware
Aud Dealer In all kinds ot
tST Roofing, Spouting and Jobbing
promptly attended to. nov, 80
A New FIRE PROOF SAFE, with
Combination Lock, at Hall Price.
W. M. RAPSUER.
Leblghlou, Oct. 24, 1874,
Written forTnt Camo AnrocATt.
Ye Olde Church Orgnne'a Flea.
Touch mo lightly, for it Is plain
Tlint I will novor bo myself again.
I was now In your grandfather's days,
And thon could sweetly, softly play,
Ayol whon touched by hands of art,
1 could charm tho fnlrost lady's heart,
Hut now ulas1 I am sad and lone
With my voice prackod and out of tone,
Whllo rheumatism In my Joints and bones,
Will lully oxplalu my hedlous tones.
I was played upon for sovornl years,
Ily mnnyi now beyond "this vulo of tears,"
And, I would that I wcro among tho num.
Of those who thus so sweetly slumber.
You may tuno mo, do with mo as you
Hut I'll always bolch tho samo old wheczo.
Do you expect mo to sound as of yoro 1
With "tho raven" 111 exclaim, "novcr
Still I will domy'vorybest to stilt you all,
lly being ovor responslvo to your call,
Tlint Is to tho best of my limited ability,
If you'll excuse mygcnoral debility.
"Muslohnth charms to soothe thosavago
If such bo tho fact at onco glvo mo a rest,
For If a gcntlo suvngo wero to hear mo
I fcurho'd scalp each of you right away.
A few mora words and I'll have done,
For I feci my courso is nearly run,
Even now.tlio liour of my dissolution ncars
And I am tottering 'neath my weight of
Then, why not quit my anxious fears ?
Surely each member will be more than
When I am gono wlicro old organs aro at
So try and do all you possibly can
To replace poor mo, with a new organ.
An Extraordinary Story.
A very strange story was told to me
the other day, says a London; corre
spondent of the Graphic. In a town
not far from London there lived a
young lady who was handsome, toler
ably wealthy, and more than usually
well educated. Her father was nn In
vailed; her molher wasun Insipid, cold,
and heartless woman. Two yeais ago
a physician of London was called to at
tend the father; In this way tho young
lady saw him. He paid no attenllon to
her bis mind was engrossed with his
professional duties. A few weeks ago
this doctor, after paying a visit to his
patient, was sotnowhat surprised by be
ing asked by the young lady to give her
the favor of a private Interview. Sim
took him Into a drawing-room and let
him to tbo further end of tho apart
ment. "Doctor," nha eaid, "I sup
pose that gentlemen of your profession
are accustomed to receive strange confi
dences. I have a confession to make to
you." He supposed that the Impend
ing confession bad something to do with
the state of herown health or with that
of her father, nnd bo begged her to
proceed. "You will, however, be
scarcely prepared for what I am about
to say," she continued. "But I wish
you to bear It. It Is now just two years
since I first saw you. You bad scarce
ly ever exchauged n word with me, but
I have learned much about you. I am
not mistaken In believlug that you are
"No," said he, "I am not married."
"And your affections are not engaged?"
"You scarcely have the right to
that," said he.
"Well, then," she replied, "I
not ask It, but I must make to you
confession. I lovo you with all
heart. I wish you to marry me,
loved you from the first moment I saw
you. I said to myself, I will wait for
two yers if ho then speaks to me I
will know what to say. You have not
spoken; and now I speak, I say I love
you with all my beait; you are neces
sary for me; will you marry me?"
Tib doctor, who, although not a very
old man, was twice tbo age ot tho
young lady, recovering little from his
surprise, tried to turn the matter off as
a Joke; but tho young lady was very
"No,, said she, "I am In very sober
earn st. I know all that you may say
or think as to the Indelicacy ot my pro
posal, but I cannot help It. I ask you
once more, can you love me, and will
you marry me?"
"In sober earnest, theu," he replied,
"I cannot marry you."
"Theu I shall die," said sbo, veiy
calmly, and she left the room,
The doctor bad heard people say be
fore that they should die, and bo left
die bouse without attaching much im
portance to the prophecy, although
wouderlng greatly at the other portion
of this Intertlew,
A few days after this the youug lady
was found dead In her bed. Tho let.
lets laid upon her diesslnc-lablr, Onu
was addressed to her family solicitor.
It recalled to bis mind n promise be hod
made her. Sho had gouo to seo him,
nnd had asked him tn make out for her
a paper tnnsfcrrlng the whnlo of her
property to a person whoso namo sho
would not then give him. Ho was to
prepare tho necessary paper and send It
to her to fill up thu blanks and to sign.
She had done tbU, nnd she now enclos
ed the paper, filled up and signed. Ev
ery penny of her property was given to
thu doctor, and tho solicitor was In
structed to make the transfer to hlra, to
ask no questions, nnd to take do re
ceipt. The other letter was to tho doc
tor. "I told you I should die," said
she, "and when you receive this I shall
be dead. For ten days I havo taken
no food nor no drink; but It does not
kill me, and now I have taken poison.
I have no reproach to make to you, but
I could not live wi'.hout your love.
When I am dead, look at my heart.
You will see your name there. I havo
two requests to make of you. Go to my
solicitor and take what ho has for you,
and then go of! on a holiday to Italy
for a few months. The other request
is that you never asi where I am buri
ed, and never come to my grave."
There was a post-mortem examina
tion made ot tho young lady's body. On
her breast, over her heart, deeply Im
pi Inted In t he tlesh, were the Initial s of the
doctor's name. The characters seemed
to have been made there two or thrco
years before. They were probably Im
printed by her own .hand on tbe day
when she first saw him.
German Ocean Onco Dry
The German Ocean, ot JVbrth Sen,
like the English Channel was once an
Inland plalu or valley raise 1 far above
thy sea-level. The tea has but receutly
Invaded this depressed plain, submerg
ed Its forests, and superseded Its river
courses. The burled trees of Its .sunk
foiests are standing rooted In their own
vegetable soil, although beneath tho
waves. Cromer Forest, which dips In
to the waters from tho oast of Norfolk,
Is the most famous ot tho submurged
forests of the German Ocean.' This an
cient woodland bas been traced at low
tide for more than forty miles. At cer
tain seasons, and especially after great
storms, the stumps of oak, alder, yew,
and Scotch fir aro seen standing upright
lu the water. Tho condition of tho
wood and of the fir-cones (some of t'io
latter oblvlouily bitten by animals) tell
us that the slaking of tbe land hero oc
curred at no distant period in tho phy
sical hlstory-or our country. The re
mains of land animals, too, as well as
of tbe forests they Inhabited, aro dis
covered In the bd of tbo German
Ocean. In his "Physical Geography of
Norfolk," Mr. Woodward tells us that
In less tlian fifteen years the fishermen
of tho village of napplsburgh dredged
up from their oyster-beds as many as
two thousand teeth of mammoths.
Bonei and tusks of mammoths hava al
so been fished up from these watery
depths. It takes us back to the time
when the European malnhnd, Instead
of terminating, as It does to-day, with
the coasts of JTurway and France,
gtretced far westward In one unbroken
area, beyond the present coast of Ire
lanJ. These were tho flourishing days
ot the forests ot oak, chestnut, alder,
and yew, which are now submurged In
thi German Ocean and the English
Channel. Leisure Hour.
TIioSAko of Coal.
In one ot the old mines In the Upper
Hartz the Dorothea Jfine, near Ciaus
thal some of tho wood originally em
ployed as timbering has become so far
altered as to assume most of the char
acters of a true lignite, or brown coal.
It appears that certain of the levels In
the ancient workings of this mloo are
filled with refuse matter, consisting
chiefly or fragments of clay-slate, more
or less saturated with mine water, and
containing litre and there fragments of
the old timbering. This wood, when
In tbe mine, is wet, and ot a leathery
consistence, but on exposure to the air
It rapidly hardens to a solid substance-,
having most, If not all, tbe characters
of a ti ue lignite. It breaks with a well
marked coucholdal fracture, and the
parts which aro most altered present
the black lustrous appearance charac
teristic of the German "pitch coals."
At the same time, chemical examina
tion of tho altered wood shows that It
stands actually nearer to true cost tbau
dusoiae ot the younger tertiary lignites.
This lustancuseems, therefon,to proro
that pine-wood, when placed uuder
highly favorable conditions, uay bo
converted Into a genuine lignite within
a period which, from what wa know of
the history ot mining In tbe Uarti, can
not hava extended beyond four cen
turies. Loudon AtbeDCStiui.