Newspaper Page Text
3111. i trinting:
241" dad Promptly Executed, at the
AIIVERTIS OFFICE, LEBANON, EMMA
Tattiristablishmentla 'now supplied 'Sikh an 'eiterialve
assortment of JOB TYPE, which will he increased as the
patronage demands. It can now turn out Pturernack, of
every description, in a neat and expeditious manner—
=doll very reasonable terms. Such as
Business Cards, handbills,
Circulars, Labels; ry
Bill headings, Blanks,
Programmes, Bills of Fare,
aawommii of all kinds. Columon andjudgmentßotais.
&Moot, Justices', Constables'. aid other BLAMES, printed
correctly and neatly on the best paper, constantly kept
for sale at this office, at prices "to suit the times."
***Subscription.price of the ‘ LBEANCE ADVERTISER
One Dbilaranffialifilf a Tear.
Address, W. M. Ilszatut, Lebanon Pa.
sITTf*.MM , ila -=Latt
O'north-viesfeprner garlint and Water Sts.,
Lebanon, Pa.. .
BSSLER B . OYER
tCDIrXL Co 3r cs. t 1.2 an,
OFFICE removed to Cumberland. street, one door
East of the Lebanon Valley Bank, opposite tho
Hack Hotel,Lebanon, Pa. - [Jan. 6, '64.
ARMY AND NAVY
BOVNTY,I3ACK PAY AND BOVN
.. *. TY LAND ADENCY.
(342 LEN usvisa a
.42Lttc.r.2.0.v. t 1-fit N;Pur
HE undersigned , having been lieensed to prosecute
claims, and having beeu engaged in thelltounty and
Pension business, offers his services to all those who
ate thereto entitled, in accordance with the various
acts of Qongrees. All such should call or address at
• onee, and make their applications through
BABBLER BOYER, Attorney at-Law,
057105 removed to Cumberland St., one
:tilloor East of the Lebanon Valley Bank, opposite
thtilßuck Hotel, Lebanon, Pa. [Jan . 6, '64.
A. T. wEibtE,
.44'TTORNEY AT LAW,
, Office North, West Corner of Water
and Market Streets,
Lebanon ov . 18, 1863.—1y.*
'ATTORNEY AT LAW 7
OFFICE in rooms formerly occupied by Dr. Samuel
Balm, deceased, and opposite to the Black Horse
Hotel, Cumberland Street, Lebanon.
Animat 26, 1863.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
ArAFFICE , in Hurotherland street, a few doore east of
'lO the Eagle Hotel, in the office late of his father
Hapi. John Weidman, dethl.
Lebanon. Sept. 9,1863. ,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
liserenawasd his °Mee to tbe building, one door eas
'a Lauder/n(o , h 's Store, opposite the Washing ton House
BOUNTY 'and TtnalON claims promptly
3.-3 m attended
[Apl 8, '6.
S. T. MeV') ACtit
ATTORNEY AT L AVI,
AS REMOVED lois office to Market Street, opposite
.1 - 1. the Lebanon Bank, two doors North of Widow
Rise's Hotel, -
Lebanon, March ^25,'08,
JOILV 11. BE) WdPI J.?V
Iri I ISTILICT ATTORNEY, has rrmoved his OFFICE
to the ROOM lately occupied by Dr. Geo. P. Line
awaaver, in Cumberland Street. Lebanvn, a few doors
Rest of the;Eaglo Hotel, and two doors west of Gen.
'Lebanon Dec. 17.1.862.
CYR lUS P. MILLERS
TTORNMAINLAW.--Oltice in Walnut street, neat •
ly opposite fin Suck hotel, and two doors south
tfrom ffarmany's hardware store.
, Lebanon, April 1862.4 y.
TO MY FRIENWPS
q 4bul , nixressurily be abseinitifrOth the County
-finding She cession or Corkertate. qitirtvelinide ar
ranagemdutewith,lollls fifsn..'df Pettsville,
to t Ito dhargtedimy ilegallnisiness. sly dills% Fill ibe
kept open as heretdifire, 'atitt those otithy
clients having legal hnsiness may depend iipcin its re
ceiving prompt and efficient attention. Mr. Ryon is a
gentleman of extensive legal learning and long experi
ence at the bar. I have full confidence in his ability,
integrity and industry, and I therefore cheerfully
d en. the intrests of my clients and friends to his
care and attentio Mr. F. W. CONRAD will also
remain in my office.
Respectfully. 3IYRR STROUSE.
Pottsville, Pa., Dec. 2, 1863—Sin.
,W3l. M. DERR,
TTORNMY AT LAW,VIIce in Stichter`e
thimberland' street, 'nearly opposite the Court
tilouse. [Lebanon, May 6, 1.863.—tf.
Dr. Samuel S. Mow
,riy - FER* his professional services to- the citizens of
I L I-Lebanon and vicinity. OFFICE et the residence
'of Mrs. L. Ituch, two doors Nest of Office of Dr. Samuel
Rehm, dec'd, in Cumberland street. • .
Lebanon, April 15,1863. •
Dr. P. B. 31 15111.
ina-AvING located in Lebanon; offers his profession
-11-I',,ifilleMbes to the public. Office in Market St.,
In kileAktilding formerly 'occupied. by Ma father.
Liebeinon; Dec.ll l / 2 1£333.
PENSION •S .
DR. GEO. P. LINEAWEAVER, baying been ap
pointed, by the Commissioner of Pensions, a
Washington, Examining Stirgeon for Pensions, is pre
pared to attend to ail - applicants for Pension at his of
ice, in Market street, next t rto the Pest Office.
Lebanon, March 2fith,1863. o6t*
WEIGLEY & DEWA LT.
COMMISSION MERCHANTS .
FOR THE BALE OF
.Butter, .Eggs, Cheese,Tallow, Lard,
Poultry, Game,Dried Fruits,
Grain, +ced, ttc.
No. 170 READE STNEET,
One door above Washington, NEW- YORK.
Robb & Aseener, New York; Mien & Brother, Ao
W. W. Selfridge, Emu, do; :Penes ti Shepard, do; Blan
ton, Labach & Fartingtott, do"; Satnitol O. Johnson, do;
W.ll. Breslin, Es Lebanon, L. 'Bert. Cantob,
Ohio; W. 0. Curry& Co., Bankers, Erie, Pa.; lion.
John Stiles, Allentown, ka: Rpm. 14,1803.
Hiram W. Rank, ,
VORWRDY of*Jonestown, Lebanon county, would
raiijfectLilly inform MS frkehda arid the public,
that bellies connected himself with Lowaa, in the
SWUM), SNUFF AND SEGAD 1311 St NESS,
N 0.146 North Third street, Phila.,
where he will be glad to receive" customers, and wil
sell at rates that wilt prove satisfactory.
Philadelphia, May 20. 18 03.
LIQUOR STORE ,
Market Square, opporite ?he Marker House, Lebanon, Pa.
TIRE undersigned respectfully informs t"..e public
that he has received an extensive stock of the
wfbeficest and purest Liguori of all descriptions. These
gra; Liots he is invariably disposed to sell at nn
cedentedly low prices.
Druggists, Farmers, 11 old Keepers, and oth
ers will consult their own interests by buying of the
fundersignwl. L. R. DEKO.
Lebanon. Apr 1116,11363.
CoaclOkking • Establishment?
irpHE undersigned, at b is MANUFAC
1. TORY, at the let Toll Gate, on
mile East of Lebanon, has on hand a
very large stock of
READY MADE VEHICLES,
such as BUGGIES, ROCK.A.WAYS, CARRIAGES,
SULKIES, ,fie., made out of the hest materials and by
first-rate workmen. From his long 01p-deuce in the
business, and his determination to allow none but
good work to leave his Shops, he feels confident that
he can give to customers the most complete satisfac
Much of the materials need in manufacturing the
above Vehicles were purchased before the raise in the
price of artieles,o, and I can therefore sell - cheaper than
any otherestabhshment in the county.
REPAIRING. --Repairing done at short notice, and
at low prices.
Persons wanting anything in Gas lino, are invited to
call and examine" turetook before making their pur
chases. , . DANIEL FULMER.
rpm subscriber respectfuliy.informs the public that
j. he has entirely rebuilt the Hill on the little Swa
tare, formerly known as "Straw's" and later as "Wen
gert's," about one-fourth. of a Mile from Jonestown
Lebanon county, Pay
that he has it now in complete
running order, and is prepared to furnish customers
regularly with a very superior artiste of
11679111_441111:111111ET3E 111 -4g,
as cheap as it can be obtained teem any nther source.-.
Ile keeps alio on hand and for sale lit the loweit cash
prices CHOP, BRAN, . SHORTS, Ac. Us is also pre
pared to do all kinds of CUSTOMEILfe WORK, for Farmers
and others, tit. the Very ehortest possible notice and in
vitas all to 'giro him a trial. The machinery of the
`Mill is entirely new and of the lateat'and moat im
proved kind. By strict attention to lumina/0 end fair
dealing he hopes to merit a abase of publiktputronsga.
WHEAT RYE; 'CORN, OATS, &c.
bought, for whichilla bigkeit Lebanon Market prices
,d. gli.kbIELLN WALTZB,,
A HIGHLY CONCENTRATED
A PURE TONIC.
Dr. C. M. JACKSON, Pltilad 'a Pa
:WILL EFFECTUALLY CURE
Chronic or Nervous Debility, Diseases of the
Kidneys, and all diseases arising from a
disordered Liver or Stomach
Such as Constipation, Inward Piles, Fulness or Blood
to the Head, Acidity of the Stomach, Nausea, Heart.
burn; Disgust for Food, Fulness or Weight .in the
Stomach. Sour Eructations, Sinking or Fluttering at
the Pit of the Stomach. Swimming of the Head, Hur
ried and Difficult Breathing, Fluttering at the Heart,
Choking . or Suffocating Sensations white in a lyingpos
tore, Dimness of Vision, Dots or Webs before the
Sight, Fever end Dull Pain in the Head, Deficiency of
Perspiration, Yellowness of the Skin and Eyes,! Pain
in the Side, Back, Chest, Limbs,,&c.. Sudden Flushes
of Heat, Burning in the Flesh, Constant Imaginings
of Evil, and great Depression of Spirits.
And will positively prevent Yellow Fever, Bilious
Fever, cfc. . _
No Alcohol or Bad Whiskey
They wILL CURB the above diseases in ninety-
nine cases out of a hundred
!educed by the extensive sale and universal popu—
larity bf Goateed's German Bitters, (Purely vegetable,)
hosts of ignorant Quacks and unscrupulous adventu
rers, have opened upon suffering humanity the flood,
gates of Nostrums in the shape of poor whiskey, vilely
compounded with injurious drugs, and christened Ton
ics, Stemachies and Bitters.
Beware of the innumerable array of Alcoholic prep
axe dons in plethoric bottles, and big bellied kegs, un
der the modest appellation of Bitters ; which instead
of curing, only aggravate disease, and leave the disap
pointed suff-rer in dispair
1100FL AND'S BITTERS!
Are not anew and untried article, but have stood
the test of fifteen years trial by the American public;
and their reputation and sale, are not rivalled by any
The proprietors have thousands of Letters from the
puySIGIA NS, and OITIZENS,
Testifying of their own person el - knowledge, to the
beneficial effects and medical virtneyof these Bitters.
;DO:YOU WANT SOIIKTUING TO StnENOTtl ENYOU?
!DO,TOU WANT A GOOD APPETITE?
ID ()Wit.? 'WANT TO BUILD hIP 0 1.7 R CONST I ITUl l ION?
DO YOU WANT TO 'FEEL WELL'?
DO YOU WANT TO GET RID OF NERVOUSNESS?
DO YOU WANT ENERGY?
DO YOU WANT TO SLEEP WELL?
DO YOU WANT A BRISK AND VIGOROUS FEELING?
If you do,
use DOOFLAND'S °EMMEN BITTERS.
From Roe. 5. ./Vewton Brown, D. D., Editor of the En:
cyclopedia of Reliyious Knowledge.
Although not disposed to favor or recommend Pat
ent Medicines in genera), through distrust of their
gredieut- and effects ; I yet know of no sufficient rea
sons why a man may not testify to the benefits he be
lieves himself to have received from any simple prep
aration, in the hope that ho iney thus contribute to the
benefit of others.
I do this the more readily in IV to lloefland's
German Bitters, prepared by Dr. C. Jackson, of thia
city, because I was prejudiced against them for many
years, under the impression that they were chiefly an
alcoholic mixture, I am indebted to my friend Rob
ert Shoemaker, Esq.. for the removal of this prejudice
by proper tests, and for encouragement to try them,
when. Buffering from great and long continued debili
ty. The'tise'dfthreenachtles of these Bitters, et the be
giniting'of ittetpresetit year, *eta 11111 Owed by evident
Wfitif,'Mad'rellttleatkin it° - it'degfee bottilykt i d men-
tiftholit danaltod Of'regMblng. 'I therefore
thank God and my friend for directing me to the use
of them J NEWTON BE.OWN.
Jura:, 23 .531.
There are many preparations sold under the name of
Bittern, put up in quart bottles, compounded of the
cheapest whiskey or common ruin, costing from 20 to
40 cents per gallon, the taste disguised by Anise or
This class of Bitters has caused and will continue to
vs use, as long as they can be sold, hundreds to die the
death of the drunkard. By their use the system is
kept continually under the influence of Alcoholic Stim
ulants o f the wend kind, the desire fur Liquor is crea
ted and kept up, and the result is all the horrors at
tendant upon a drunkard's life and death.
For those who desire and will have a Liquor Bitters,
we publish the following receipt. Get One Bottle Hoof
tawos Germa - Bitters and mix with Three Quarts of
Good Brandy or Whi.skey, and the result will be a prep
aration that will far excel in medicinal virtues and
true exce Hence any of the numerous Liquor Bitters in
the market, and will cost much ivss. You will have
all the virtues of firoojlaner s Bitters in connection with
a good article of Liquor, at a much less price than
these inferior preparations will cost you..
AND TILE FRIENDS OF SOLDIERS.
We call the:attention of all having relations and
friends in the army to the fact that —IIOOFLAND'S
German Bitters" 'will cure nitre tenths of the diseases
induced by exposures and privations incident to =drip
life. In the lists, published almost deity in the neves
papers, on the orrivall , of the s'cle, it will be noticed
that a wry large proportion are suffering ll'ons deblll
ty. Every cue of that kind can be readily cured by
liverfland'a German Bitters. Diseases resulting from
disorders of the digestive orgy no are speedily removed.
'e bare no hesitation in stating that, if these Bitters
were freely used among our soldiers, hundreds of lives
might be saved that otherwise will be lost.' •
We call particular attention to the followieg re
markable and well authenticated cnre . of one of the
nation's heroes, whose life, to use his own language,
"has been saved by the Bitters :"
FiiihtionSiira, August 23rd, 1862.
I Itfessra.srorms gentlemen, your Boot
ee d's Germain Bitters has sated my life. There is no
mistake its this. It is vouched fur by numbers of my
comrades, some of whose name are appended, and who
were fully cognizant of alt the circumstances of my
case I am, and have been for the last four years, a
member of Sherman's zelebrated battery, and muter
the immediate command of Captain 1t...8. AsreS--4-
Threngh the exposure attendant upon my arduous dit
ties, I was attacked in November last with inflammation
of the lungs, and was for seventy-two days in the hos
pital. This was followed by great debility, heighten ,
ed by au attack of dysentery. I was then removed
from the White House, and sent to this city on board
010 Steamer "State of Maine." from which I landed
on the 28th ofjuue. Since that time 1 have been a
bourns low ad any one could be and still retain a spark
of vitality. For a week or more.( was scarcely able to
wallow anything, and if I did force a morsel down, It
was immediately thrown up again.
I could not even keep a glees of Water on my stom
ach. Life could not last under these circumstances;
and, accordingly, the physic:taus svho had been work
iug faithfully, though unsuccessfully, to rescue me
from the grasp of the dead Archer, frankly told me
they could do I/0 more for ine,. end advised me to See
a clergyman, and to make such disposition of my limi
ted funds as best suited me. An.acquaintance who
visited me at the hospital, Mr. Frederick Steinbron,„e,
Sixth below Arch Street, ad% leed use, ass forlorn
hope, to try your Bitters, and kindly precured a bot
tle. From the time I commenced taking them the
gloomy shadow of death receded, and Item now, thank
tiod for it, getting better. Thoughl have but fatten
two bottles, 1 have gained ten poundsi and I feel san
guine of being ptrinitted to rejoin my 'wife and daugh
ter, from whom I have heard nothing for 18 mouths
for, gentlemen, - 1-am a loyal Virginian, front the vicin
ity of Front Royal. To your Invaluable Bitters I owe
the certainty of life which has taken the place of vague
fears—to your Bitters will I owe the glorious privilege
fof again clumping to my bosom those who are dearest to
toe in life. Very truly yours, ISA.AO MALONE.
We fully concur in the truth of the above statement,
as we had despaired of seeing ourcomrado, Mr. Malone,
restored to health.
JOHN OUDDLEBACK, let New York Battery.
G HOWIE A ACKLEY, Co C 11th Maine.
LEWIS 'CHEVALIER, odd New York.
L E SPENCER, let Artillery, Battery F.
B FASEWEL Ile I) 3d Vermont.
ENRY Is JEROIIE,'Co B do. . .
HENRY T MACDONALD, Co C 6th Maine.
3011 N F WARD, CO el bib Maine.
ILE VIVIAN. KOOll, Ca 11 72d New York.
NATHANIEL B THOMAS; Co F 85th Penn.
ANDREW 3 KlelltALL, Co A 3d Vermont.
JOUN JENKINS, Colt 106th Penn.
Beware of Counterfeits 1
See that the signature of• "C. M. JACKSON," is on
the WRAPPER of each bottle.
PRICE PER BOTTLE 75 CENTS,'
OR HALF DOZ. FOR $4 00.
Should your nearest druggist not have ti e'
do not be put oft' by any of the intoxicating prepara
[ tions that may be offered in its place, but send to us,
Mid We will forward, securely packed, by express, '
PRINCIPAL OFFICE AND MANUFACTORY,
• NO. 631 ARCH ST,
(sucoistor to 0. M. M.JACKSON & co.„)
per Jpalt, SALE by' le. Geo. Ross, opposite the Court
Mouse Listitarosr, PA., and by Crimea,' Auk -Deirieretu
every tows ita the United o*es,,
• - •
LEBANON, PA., WEDESDAY, JANUARY 27, 1864. WHOLE NO. 761
A ROMANCE. IN SIX CHAPTERS.
lam an intelligent contraband. I
am 'forever free. ,Mr. Lincoln has
said so. The Tribune has printed it
in big type.
My master was a planter in Hog
hole Swamp, Arkansas. He was a
descendant of the Arkansas Traveler.
When the :Union army arrived he be
came a traveler also. There is no
law for the return of fugitive misters.
I was left alone.
I Went into the - Union lines, and on
New Year's day a Genere.l read me
Mr. Linooln's Proclamation, 'tintl'tiiill
me I was a free man. Then he gave
me-some bacon that. smelt bad, and
set me to work digging trenches. • I
do not, like digging trenches. I told
a soldier so. He laughed. I told an
officer so. He said :'Go to the d-I. i
1 told him I was free and wouldn't.—
Then he kicked me. The kick was
of that character which makes sitting
down uncomfortable. .
I thought that my liberty was not
properly respected, so 1 took to the
swamp. A sentinel shot at, me as I
passed. What had I to do with the
countersign .? Am rnot a free man ?
CHAPTER . II
In the tangled swamps, l l sat riipon
a highly picturesque stump, and
thought of Phyllis. '0 joy !' I cried
in a sort of 'rapturous reverie : 'Lib
erty is mine. I will fly to Phyllis,
my dark eyed love of the •B 1u ra brous
soul and the raven tvoOl, and 'bear
her far away with me, to isles Flier°
the mango apples g,l'o'tv.
'So I arose and went to the planta
tion where Phyllis lived. She met
me with a childish delight. 1 told
her ive 'Were free.
'0 golly . ? she said.
At that moment her master ap
peared. I accosted him in a friendly
manner, and informed him of my pro.
ject concerning the islee above men
'There's where you'll get your
mango apple cart upsot,' he replied
coarsely ; 'this yer is Union territo
ry. The proclamation don't take no
effect here. Now you jest come a
foolin' around my niggers agin, an'
you'll git thunder.
'Sir,' J responded, with„dignity.
am Freithan like" sr oliise - m7 4 1. 1 halt,
proclatnaVion'M i kes 'me ydire.
Ile called two large muscular
slaves; thewy creatures without no
bility of soul. They pumped water
on me, aid drove me forth, weeping,
Northward I Over dreary plains of
frosty herbage; through frosty des
erts • among wild copsesof laural and
rhododendron that bruised my shine.
I trust I bear no shame for that.—
May not a free man's shins be the
tenderest part ?—Does a long heel
necessarily accompany a feeble brain ?
I have not studied ethnology for
It was very cold My race is not
fitted for low temperatures. My
clothing was scanty and thin. I felt
that 1 wise ' 'free—yet somehow loud
memory, .would persist in reverting to
the warm savannas of the old planta
tion. The North is cold, dark, for
Yeti toiled' on. I "had but little
food. Fobody would employ me, and
nobody wished to give me alms.—
Nor did I care to obtain work. Why
should 1? Was I not free ? I work
ed when a slave; where, is the merit
of liberty if I must work now ? •
1 knew that the North was full of
philanthropic souls. 0-reely, Mrs.
Stowe, Gerrit Smith, Lovejoy—these
at least, were my friends.
1 arrived, at, length, in , Washington
great city of intellect - and power.'
felt that I was one of the Sovereign
people, who Own—and support that
city. I stood before the Capitol and I
•I am free
A very, tall; homely man, with
black whiskers and honest eyes, came
down the steps. I caught his hand.
Ho looked at me asif surprised and
'Well : what is it ?' •
am a free man. I came from
flog-holo Swamp, Arkansas. I am
hungry and cold.'
'0 go 'way l' replied the man.—
Don't bother me. nil sick of the very
sight of you niggers I'
.Sir,' I said, "you insult your equal.
I am your peer. The Proolama.
'Confound the Proclamation I I al
most wish .1 had never issued it!'
CHAPTELh i IV
A lot of Congressional magnates
stood near, chewing tobacco. I ap
proached, to ask fora chow, and heard
one addressed as Mr, Lovejoy.
'You are a friend at least I cried
with real emotion : 'I was a slave. 1
am now at liberty
The gentleman drew down his tin
der eyelid with his little finger.
'Do you see anything green there ?'
'Mock me not 1 I exclaimed : I
not a'man'and a brother ?'
'Why don't you go, work - , you
lazy-fellow ? 'asked another Congress.
'Sir,' I answorod seornfally, am
They laaghedivitigarlyi.and •1 Went
away with-a heavy heart.
more in hospi tahle. Vague 'doubts
and hall regrets relit into my brain.
Is this liberty? , /lb . ! poor heart take
Still I V , iits,:fiee; and free to, confess
that Ikt:a never suffered so much
Someone, showed me Mrs. Negro,
pbile's house.. ,A splendid carriage
stood before_ltie door.. _..1 rang. A
servant, eame tiv
- se l elrs. Negrophile.—
Tell her a pew", freed slave, wishes to
see her.' - ,
The lae!KeyAaturned very- soon.
no e a rd. am. eoltratiq
T g he lackey and name again,
'She doesn't tee that he'said.
shttddered, aqd wept 'th':Cheptrik4l'Vf
'the Ttitiine. T.found tWo foung‘nien
there with their ieet:iin the desks.
r saidlme, 'here's a friend of
old Greely ! rebpeak up, brudder !
'Young man, I said, 'I am a friend
of all Men!
'He keeps.the place next door I said
'I come to fau in the name of hu
iLook here i iaid the first, don't
want any !Mowed nonsense round
here. Clear - Mit before I put you
out." ' • •
'ls 11r. Gree,ly in ?'
',Not for you.: Leave this!'
He raised a Taper weight threat,
A Demourati4 eoMpositor g , ll 4 V eme
- six-peueo ;that night, and I had some
tbing 'to eat, for the first time in two
Northward still. foltrtd !GefriW
Smith at length. A' large, White.
•haired man, with restless, vacant
eideral influences are antagonistic in
their :magnetism. The arbitrary e
nunciation:of an 'dornatic alleoution
is not productM of habiliary
'I am cold and hungry.' I said.
'Clertainls - .'•lsothermal *relations
cannot be ignored with impunity.—
Whistle pipes and thunder I How's
your mother ? John Brown's -body
hangs a dangling•itrthe grave Take
'emaway , l Tajta 'um off l'
His eyes grew ve'ry wild, and bo
pawned.'the airirtotaisly. i was a.
Ifraid Add wen t malty, :sorrow i g.
VI) 11604!...M , 4.Leriad , f2±corn
_Wien 'des crimes sone commis sous ton
A gang of laborera were at work
upon a railroad, near by. I went to
them. , .
'What wages do you get ?'
'Seventy-five cents a day in railroad
'What do you do with it?'
'lt passes at the store.:
'What store ?'
'Railroad store. Divil a place else.'
'What does it cost yoeto live ?'
"Alt we get, jest ; burin' enough
for a drunk Saturday nights.
I reflected these were free .men:—
They worked harder than 1 did when
a slave s and fora: bare living—worse
food, worse-clothes; and more beastli
ness on Saturday- night —for 1 - had
'never been allowed to kill myself with
'And, if you are sick - , or get - old--7'
90ch,.then we go to the , divil 1 1
I thought ,of my father; who bad
food and raiment for five years of his
dotage, without a stroke of work.
'But your families are not separa
ted 'from you ?'
'No, Bich good luck, I havn't seen
the ould %mimeo- for two years, but
she keeps dingin' me for - money all the
I was satisfied .1 bogged a few
coppers and set my faro sternly south
ULL. PARTICULARS_ fiF PE ESCAPE OF
THE REBEL,JONS tviORGAN,
General John Morgan was honored
with an ovation . . on the 7th, on his
arrival at the !rebel capital. The fol
lowing highly interesting account of
his escape. from the Ohio Penitentia
ry, and subsequent adventures, is
published .in the Enquirer. h will
Everything was now ready to be
gin the work; about the latter part
of October they beganr to bore. All
were busy—One making a rope lad
der by tearing and tvvistilig tip strips
of bed-ticks, another making bowie
knives' and another twisting towels.
They labored perseveringly for sev
eral clays,. and after boring through
nine inches, of cement and-nine thick
nesses of brick placed edgewise, they
began to wonder when they should
reach the soft earth, Suddenly a
brick fell through. What could Oft
mean.?.What infernal.chamber had
they reached ?
It was immediately
entered; and,to their great astonish
ment tnd.joy, it proved to be an air
cham her•extending the whole length
of the row of cells- Here was an
unexpected interruption In their fa-
vor. Hitherto they had been oblig
ed to conceal their rubbish in their
bed-ticks, each day burning a pro
portionate quantity of straw; now
they bad' room enough for alrthey
could dig. .'Thcy,r at once cornmen
eed to - tunnel at right angles with
this air-chamber, to get through' the
foundation; and day after day they
bored, day after day the , blocks were
removed, day' after- day thefivork i be:
fore. them .searreed , /fttetiiiihable.
After .days Of :Unrenii ging la=
.bor,.and getting:-though , a graiiite
wall of sit feet in thickness,. they
for some distance and ,light 4 :began to
shine.- How glorious Was ihat light.
It announced the fulfillment of their
labors, and if Providence 'would only
continue its favor, they 'would soon
be free. ThialNvas::theichoining of
the 26th day Of .'N6Veinbe - r, 1863.
The next night, at 12 iiielockovas
determined on as the, hour at, which
they would attempt - their liberty.=
Each moment, that intervened was
filled with dreadful anxiety and sus
pense, and each •time the guard en
;tered itioreased their apprehensions.
The General,says he- had prayed for
rain, but the ,morning of the 27th
dawned' bright and , beautiful. The
evening caine and clouds began to
,they prayed., for:them
to increase. If rain shout(' only 'be
gtn, their chances of detection Would
lie greatly lessened. Nothing now
remained to be done but for the Gen
eral and Col. Dick Morgan to change
cells The hour approached for them
to be locked up. They changed
coats, and each stood at the other's
cell door with his back exposed, and
pretended to be engaged in making
up their beds. As the turnkey en•
tered, they 'turned in' and pulled
their doors shut.
Six, eight, ten o'clock came. How
each pulse throbbed as they quietly
awaited the approach of twelve l It
came—the sentinel passed his round
—all well. After waiting a•few mo
ments to see if he intended to slip
bads, the signal was given—all qui
'oily slipped down into the air-cham
ber, first stuffing their flannel shirts
and placingthete In bed as they were
accustomed to lie. As they moved
quktly along through the dark re
' COS)3 *to the terminus where they
were to emerge from the earth, the
Gencraq prepared to light a match.-z-'-
Xs tbe tarld 'glare fell upon their
countenances a, scene was presented
whieb can never be .forgotten.—
There were J.:retie-bed seven brave
men, Who-bad resoNed to be free.—
They 'We're armed With bowie-knives
Made out. Of case-knives. Life, in
their condition, was scarcely to be de
sired, and the moment for the des
perate chance bad arrived. Suppose,
as they 'emerged front the ground,
that the dog should give the alarm—
tbey could but die.
But few moments were spent in
this kind of apprehension. The horr
had arrived, and yet they came. For.
tun ately—yes, providentially—the
night had suddenly grown da.rk WI •
rainy, the doge, tied retired to their
koarkdle,-and: tam- eedthheikjead -taken
refuge under I . befter. The Winer
wall, by the aid of the rope ladder,
was soon scaled, and now the outer
one had to be attempted. Captain
Taylor reached the top of the gate,
and was enabled to got the rope over
the wall. Mlieu the top was gain
cd, they found a rope extending all
around, which the General immedi.
ately' cut, as he suspected that it,
I might, lead into the Warden's room.
This, turned out to be correct. They
then entered the sentry box l / 4 on the
wall and changed their clothes, and
i let themselves down the wall. In
sliding down the General skinned his
hand very badly, and all were more
or less bruised-. Once down ; they
separated., Taylor and Shelton going
one way, liokeremith, Bennett and
McGee another, and General M. and
Captain Hines ffoceeding
ately towards the depot. -
The General had ; by paying $l5 in
gold, succeeded in obtaining a paper
Which informed him of the schedule
time of the different roads!. 'rho
clock struck one, end he knew by hur
rying he could reach the down train
for Cincinnati. Ile got there just as
the train was moving off. He at
once looked on to see if there were
any soldiers on board, and, espying
a Union offieer;dhe boldly walked up
and took a seat 'beside Jim. He re
marked to him that 'as the night was
damp and chilly, perhaps be would
join him in a drink. He did so, and
the party soon became very agreea
ble to each other. The cars in cross
ing the SciOta have to pass within a
a short distance, of the Penitentiary.
As they passed, the officer remarked,
'There's the hotel' at which Mr. Mor
gan and his officers are spending
their leisure.' 'Yes,' replied the Gen.
oral, ~ a nd I sincerely hope he will
make up his 'hind to board there dur.
ing the balance of the war, for he is a
great nuisance.' When the train
reached. Xenia; it was detained by
some accident more than an hour.—
Imagine his anxiety, as soldier after
soldier would pass through the train,
for fear that when the sentinel pass
ed his rotind at 2 o'clock their ab
sence might be discovered. '
The train was due in Cincinnati at
six o'clock. This Was the hour at
which they were turned out of their
cells, and of„ courm their escape
would be discevered. In a few mo
ments after it would be known all
over the country. 'The train, having
been detained at Xenia, was running
very rapidly to make up the time,
It was already past six o'clock.—
The General said to Captain Hines,
'lt is after Six; if we go to the de
pot we are dead men. Now or. nev
er.' They went to the rear and put
on the brakes. 'Jump, Hines !' Off
he went, and fell heels over bead in
.Another severe turn of
the brake, :and the Another,.
Ito was more successsul, and lighted
on his feet. there were some sol
idiers near, who remarked, 'what in
the hi-4-IdO you mean by jumping off
the Cars' here ?' The General repli
ed, 'what 'in the d• r -i is the : use
my gait* into eow,n. wheY ATIAIq. 4 , ) ;
and, besidb; what business :is:it. ; of
They went immediately to the riv.
I.Soemea,littleeboy came over,_ an aPi-
I peered to be, waiting. -'What are
you waiting for ?' said the Generat
am waiting for my load." Whet
is the-price' of a load?' _'Two, dol
lars: 'eWell, as we are tired and bun
gry; wt give you the two dol
lars, and-ycencan put us over.' So
over- ho took them. !Where does
Miss„. dive,?' 'just , a short dis
tance &OM' here ?' 'Will you show
me - her' • bOriSe ?' . 4 1 r es, sir.' The
house 'was: reached, a fine breakfast
was soon obtained, money. and a
horse: fernisherl;, a ,goocl , wornan's
prayer bestowed, and off we, went.—
From there, forward thropgb Ken
tuCky,everYbody vied with each oth
er.es, te.'whe should show him the
most attention ' -evento the negroes;
and young 'ladies of refinement beg
ged the honor. in :ctiOlt his - mealtie
.'in .Keethekly - some
days, feeling rpeifectlyliefe, and send
ing into Louisville for many little
things he wanted. Went to Bards
town and found a 'Federal regiment
had just arrived 'We're looking for
him.- Remainrld bdre and about for
three or four ddYs, and then struck
out for Dixie,
himself as a Government cattle con-,
tractor, and buYireg a large lot of
cattle ; at other tirims as a quartermas
ter, until he gdt 'to the Tennessee
Meer. Here he l fnand all means of
transportation :destroyed, and the
bank strongly giairded, but with the
assistance of abotit thirty others, who
had recognized hiin and joined .him
in spite of his rainonstrances he suc
ceeded iii making a raft, and he and
Capt. Hines created over. He then
hired a negro toWat his horse over,
payipg him $2O for it. The river
was so high thht the horse carne
near drowning, and after more - than
One hour's straggfing with the stream
was pulled out so 'Alienated as scarce
ly to b'e able to stead.
The 'General Arew a blanket on
him and cornmenned 'to walk him ;
when suddenly-, `Fie says, he Was
seized with a preken t ainent that he
would be attacked, and remarking
to Capt. Hines,. 'We will be attacked
in twenty minutes,' commenced sad
dling his horse. He had hardly tied
the girth, when 'bang, bang,' went
the Minnie balls; He bounced his
horse, and the noble animal appear.
ing to be inspired with new vigor,
bounded off like a deerup the moun
tain. The last he saw of his poor
fellows on, tits
.opposite side they
Were dieappearing up the river bank,
:liirod upon, .X*-ho
- Yankees. By 'Chia time it was dark,
and also rainin g '. He knew that a
perfect 'cordon *ofidkets would sa r
round the foot of the inthintain, and
if he remained there until 'morning
be would be lost. So he determined
to run the gauntlet at once, and com
menced to descend. -As he neared
the foot, leading his horse, he same
almost in personal contact with a
picket. His first impulse was to kill
butt finding him asleep he deter
termined to let him sleep on. He
made his way to the house of a Uni
on man, that he knew lived near
there, and went up and passed him
self off as Captain Quartermaster of
Hunt's regiment, who was on his way
to Athens, Tennessee; to procure sup
plies of sugar and cafes for the Uni
on people of the county. The lady,
appeared to be. Weep while this in
teavlew was takibg place with her
buskand, IttAtte mention of sugar and
oaf*, jumped mit 'orhed in her night
clothes, and Mid 'Thank God for
that, for we ain't had any rate coffee
up here for God knows how long
She was so delighted at -the prospect
that she made up a fire and cooked
their) a good supper. Sbpper being
Over, the General reiharked that he
understood some rebels had 'tried to
'cross the rivet this afternoon.' 'Yes,'
said the *aunt); 'but our men killed
sum on hitt, had driv the rest back.'
'how;' says the General, '1 know
that, brit didn't some of them get
over?' -'Yes,' was her reply, 'but
they are on the thottntain, arid can't
get down witbout beine , killed, as ev
ery reed ie gtOOPOd tip.' He then
said to lief. 'lt it krery important
for me to get to Athene by to-mor
row night, or I may loge that sugar
and coffee; and 1 afli afraid to go
down any of those roade; foe feat ray
own men *ill kill rtie:;
The fear of' lotifig that sugar and
coffee ' brought her again to an lac- .
commodating mood ; and she.teplied,
, Why, Paul kan't you shoW thEi Cap
tain through. our farm, that road
down by the field.?' 'The General
says, 'Of course, Paul',-you can do it,
and as the night is Very 'cold, I *ill
give 'you ten dollars iti gold to help
you along.' The geld, milt:icier any
poor man's nerves, and . he yielded,
and getting on a horse, he took them
seven miles to the big road.
From this time forward, he had a
series of adventures and esealles, all
very wonderful, until he got'near an
other river in Tennessee, when fie re
solved to go up to a house.andldid
the way. Hines wont to the .hobse,
while the Goreral stood in the toad.
Hearing a body of cavalry Opine dash
ing up. behind him, he quietly Slipped
to one side of the road, &rid it passed
by without observing him. They
went traveling after amines, and; - poor
fellow, be bas not been heard of since.
How sad to tail t'thitt be abould be
either captured or tailed aftet so ma.
by brave .efforts ; toot only in his own
behalf, , bat algOin that of the General;
for the General:says, ti ` t)
chiefly to, Hines' enterpriSe,
that theY-inade their escape: ,
ifhen'he arrived at the river
railto .abov6, he tried to' getiOv'eii
tending to stop that night witY
good Southern man on the other esidd.'
i Ctl aniteTtiOtt:
- A PAM ILT P APER PaRTO*N 20.11 D. COTINTRY,,
IS PRINTED AND PUELISTIED WEEKLY'
By WM. X. q3311 4 E41,114
2d Story of Poneh's New I 4 g._ conllfedipd
At One Dollar and ZitereentiCit
.46P-Anvinnawittee ineertedi a the ieniailiates. - 11llit
The friends of the eitakdiehme4 and the publle . genic
ally are Yeapeetftdliaolleited to-aend,ha their. orders.
All-RANDIIIIIB „Printed it an hotnii notleak.
RATES OP POIPAATE,
Ip 7.4ltaiCounty, pettagP free
le:tonnstirania, out of Lebanon county 234 . 0cc‘ pe
4u tar, on,/S c ents a yetit... ,
Citttpf this State, 634 cts.,per cpxotoir, PV•Sit stir a ye ex
if tF.e postage is not paid in advance, rates are dank''.
steVat the kouse oVh.
liekt morning be to the
hniLiSe that he had potlat t ,llinjtight,
iireveif3,4;:lind found the'tztitc-.:(ifthe
Yarikces, scarcely cold. They; ;kid
been 'thereill night, or t iod*A - cliiit
he Wdbltt.cOme there, and . had
dered ev4ry body, Who hadAtittenhiteil
to. reach the 'house ; Without hailing
them. In pursuing this prntnteourße
they had killed three ydang men,
neighbors of this gentleman, and went
away, leaving their dead bodies on the
After he had crossed Okey's river,
and got down into Middle Tennessee,
he found'it, almost impossible'fo'Sypid
recognition. :=At one time he_Wassed
sorrie'Paor wohieri, and one of them
commenced. clappjng Ater hands, and
said, 1 611,11n0w who that is, I: kno,w
who,that is 1' but catching herl6ff,
she stopped short, and passed on with
The General says that his
was made 'en'tirely without the assist
ance ftom any one on the outside,
and, so far,a's he knows also without
their knowledge of his intention;
that the announcement of his arrival
at Toronto was one of those fortuit
,that cannot be ac
counted ; that it assisted him ma
terially, no doubt. Tn fact,, he says,
that his 'wife's prayers' - saved him,
and, as this is the most agreeable
way of explaining it, be is determin
ed to believe it.
INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF GOV. CURTIN.
Ilisocitieen.s of the Striate and Home of ETresadi t
Called by the partiality of my fellow-citizens' to the of
fice of Governor of Pennsylvania or another term, I ap
pear before yon to solemnly renew the prescribed obli
gation to support the Constitution of the United Stares
and the Constitution of the State of• Pennsylvania, spri
te diSchargithe responsible trust confided to mete Mt fi
delity.- - •
- firet Summenad,'loefore:yomthree years ago, to
assume the sacred duties of, the Executive office, the long
gathering clouds of civil war were about to break „upon
our devoted country. For years treason had been gath
ering in might—had been appropriating to its fiendish
lust more and more bountifully of the nation'shonore--
had grown steadily bolder in its assumption of power
until it bad won the tolerance, if not the sanction of a
formidable element of popular strength'efen in the con
fessedly loyal buttes. The election of it,Yrinddent.in
1860, in strict conformity with the Consiitution and the
laws, though not the cause, was deemed the fit occasion
for an organized attempt to overthow the whole fabric
of our free institunons and plunge a nation of thirty
millions of people into hopeless anarchy. The grave of
fence charged against the President-elect seemed alone
to consist in his avowed fidelity to the Government, and
his determined purpose to fulfil his solemn covenant to
maintain inviolate the Union. of the Suttee. When in
hefoubd Statea in open rebellion, disclaim
ing allegiance to the Government, fnindulently appro,
printing its property and insolently Contemning its au
Treason was struggling for snpremaey in every de
partment of administrative power. In the Cabinet it
feloniously disarmed us—Cior arsenate were robbed to,
'enable the tonnes of crime to drench er.. continent in fra
ternal blood—our waste' Were . felt gomparatively de
fencelees to fall an easy Actin! to traitors-r-our navy was
scattered upon distant sins to render the Republic help
lees for its own protection—officers, educated." commis
sioned aud swan, to defend the EiCiTtMmitut,pgainat any
Ain hicame desertemrdefied,Eittven ,altaineLsee FM'
the country of their allegiance, and e:hen groomu bail
thus completed its preparations, wanton, 'wicked was
was forced upon our loyal people.
never was - war so causeless.' The Nerth had sought
no sectional triumph. invaded no rights, inflicted no
wro gs upon the South- It aimed to pretmrve the Re
public, not to destroy it, and eve when the rebellion
presented the sword as the arbiter, we exhausted every
slat consistent with the existence of our Government
to avert tee bloody drama of the mat three years The
insolent alternative presented by treason of fated dig•
membettnaut or internecine war, was met by generous'
efforts to avert the Morns of death. which threatened
to fail ; but the leaders of the rehellieu spurned perem,
enters theyetiald glut their internal ambition over the
ruins of the noblest and freest Government ever de
vised by main
Three years of !doily, wastingWar,and the horrible
sacrifice of a qaarter of a million lives attestthe deeps.
ration of their purpose to overthrow our libertjeary
Mourning and sorrow spread over the entiremithilLand
defeat and desolation are the•terrible trophies won by
the traitor's Lend. Our people have been sorely tried
by disact era, but lathe midst of the deepest gloom they
have stood with unfaltering devotion to the great cause
of our common country. Relying upon the ultimate
tri °mph of the right, th et, have proved themselves emu"'
to the stern dutv,and worthy of their rich inheiltafica
of freedom. Their fidelity has been Welt rewarded. In
God's own good time, lie has asserted • MS avenging
• power; and it this war is persisted in by the leaders of
the rebellion, se has become evident, then slavery and
fronton, th- fountain and stream of distort' and death;
must dOOll shore a common graver - -
In this great struggle for oar honored nationality,
Pennsylvania has won immortal fame. Despite the
teachings of the faithless sad the hesitatiou of the
timid, she has premed,- and 'generously met every de
e,and mad- upon her, whether to repel invasion
or I. fight the battles of the Union whenever watt
wherever her pet pie, Were demanded. Upon every
field made . historic . and sacred by -the valor of our
troops come of the Martial youth of Pennsylvania
have fallen There is scarcely a hospital that
has not been visited by our kind offices to the
sick and wounded; there is not a departtinent in which
brave men do not answer wfai pride to the name of
our noble State.and while history endues. loyal hearts
wit "tiirn with feelings of national pride to Gettysburg,
where the common deliverance of Pennsylvania and
the Union will etsud recorded In the unsurpassed glory
of that bloody fiat."
I need hardly renew my pledge, that during the .
term of office on which I am about to enter, I will give
my whole moral and official power to the prom-talon
of this war, and in aiding the National Government
in every effort to .secure early and complete success
over our malignant foes.
For the preservation of our national life. all things . ,
should be eubordivated. It is the &at...highest, no-
bleat duty of the citizen—it is his protemiee ;,irrper
son, property, and all civil and religions prlklieges.
and for its Perpetuity in fpim and potter, he owes all,
his efforts, hie infidel/ce p ,. his, means; and his life. To
compromise with trmison "redid be but to give it re
newed existence, and enable it again to plunge us in
to another causeless war.
In the destruction of the military power of the re
bellion is alone the hope of pewee: for while armed
fehels march over the eoil ,of any
.p tate, no real free
dein .katt *bean; and no geverumentat authority, con
sii.terit with the genitie of our free institutions, can
The people of. e v ery State are entitled udder the
Constitution to te protec- ion of the Government. and
to give that prOtection fully sod fairly. rebellion moot
be disarmed and trodden in the dust. By these meane r
and these alone, can we enduring union, proe
perityind peace. As in the past, I will in the future.
in faithful obedience to the oath I have takelkspare
no means, withhold np power which min, stempben
the Government in this conflict: TO the ideasnresi of
the Milton chosen to administer the National Gov
ernment adopted to promote our great cause, r will
etre my cordial approval and earnest cooperation.—.
Itis-the cause of constitutional liberty and law.
.Fewers which ere essential to oprzeommon safety
shCuld pow be wisely and fearlesslyaditinistensd, and
that Bxecritive would be faithless, and held guilty he-.
(ore the World, 'die shotthl fall to, wield the might of
the Governer:Cent (owls own preservation.- The detailsi
of nay views, on the Mesitires' which I recommend are
contained iu my recent anniiid 4it'essage, and need not
here be repeated.
1 beg to return to I gitielerisi j%eople of my native
State tnYbearty thanks for their pfifaltering support
and continued confidence. They lure, *gained 'us
amid many trying honii of idficlat inbertessment.—
Among all these people to notdilsre I more fddekt*
then to the sold iere of Penntsylvanlmand I bete pledge
to those brave men my untiring exertions in their bo
iler, and my most anxious efforts for theie fetorewel
fare ; and I commend here, as I have frequently 'done
before, those dependent upon them, to the fostering
Lade Of the atafe. . •
I cannot close this address witbbut an carries ra
er to the Most Iligh that itte will Pieper - id,. liegtect
and guard one hillnYed country, sniding.with Dlvhpa
poiter, and Wiktinm, our Government, State and Nei ,
t and I appeal to my, fellow-eftbeds/ here and
elsewkere, in our embarrasenreat fey
aside all_ partisan - feeling - 5 and unite in a hearty' and
earns t ffort to support the common catuie _Which ini
velvet the welfare of us all. ~..-
Oentemen Of the Senate and Mime Itepieeentee
rivet, I pray you, in God's name, let -vm;,,lis this era 14
our history of the werld,let an example, ef.unitY sod
ountoid in the support otall glAnnifits toVebe mom
'ration . of this great Republic.
A' • SHOWER' or BI:ooD..---1Cobrieslioli=
dent of the Cliattanooga (lihriettaiftebeli:
writing fibril General Et n's anny.Novem.;
WI 10th, . ,
Soon gilt our aYtiaia at 4antft`, thee
firdf storm of the,-so4on. thminenc
:kertni it evtrattccornpanied - hika.. phenoiri
enal appearance, often epokai of but
dam seen, I alluded to' a shovielaSoi