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- Nittilleand Promptly. Executed, at the -
ADVERTISER OFFICE, LEBANON, PENN'A
establishment is now supplied with an extensive
seasdrtineitt of JOB TYPE, which will be increased as the
patronage demands. It catießoyr turn out PRINTINO, of
every descriPtiOn, in a neat and expeditiouinntither—
linden To.ry reasonable terms. -Such as
Business Cards, Handbills,
Bill Headings, Blanks,
Programmes, Bills of Fare,
Invitations, Tickets, tkc., din.
Jar DBEDB of all kinds. CommonAndJudgment Bosq.
School, Justices', Constables' and other Stamm; printed
correctly and neatly on the best paper, constantly kept
foraleat this office, at prices "to suit the times."
* * *Subscription price of the LEBANON ADVERTISER
One Dollar and a Half a Year. '
. • - Address, Wsi.-litA3ititt 'tthr;teliiiiiaii, Pa.
ita - WEIDLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office North,TVest Corner of Water
and Market Streets,
- 41 6 14 ',_ P 77 1 " 45 ! , ..
- Lebanon brow.l.B issa:aay*
_ ATar CYRN LAW , '
- 1 - I ,FFlcE.irCrooms formerly occupied by .1)F. Samuel
ll Behm. deceased, and opposite to the Black Horse
Htthailt:mberland - Street, Lebanon. '
. WEIDMAN, -
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
0;J/:"c4; Quw4lberlind street, a few doors east' of
he Begin Hotel, in the office late, of his father
CiPt, Jnbn 'Weidman, dec'd.' • • '
`LeVerton• Sept. 9,1863.
4.:STANLEI T ULRICIR,
'ATTORNEY AT LAW ,
Has removdd , his office to the , building, one door eae
Landermlleh `liStoreopposite the Washington House
BOlffilffirmfd 1'.g,,N210N. claims 'promptly attended
[April 8,433.-3 m.
S. T. MeADAM,
ATTORNEY AT . LAW,
la A S REMOVED his office to Market street, opposite
I • die Lebanon Bank,two doors North of Widow
Lebanon, March 25, '63,
Jroff - li. MOlWalatir
IrOSTRICT ATTORNEY, has removed his OFFICE
,JUF tn'the Book lately occupied by Dr. Geo. P. Line.
*leaver', in Cumberland Street, Lebanon, a few doors
EalitUf the Eagle Hotel, and two doors west of Gen.
Weidman's Mee. . .
Icbalion Dec. 17,18 p.
CYRIUS MIL LER.;
ArT°RNRY-AT-LAW.—Offloo in Walnut street, near •
ly opposite the Duch BOW, and two doors south
Wool Kartnany's hardware store.
'Lebanon; April. 9,
A TTORNEY-A T-LAW.—bffice wis h A. R. ItooonTso,
Esq., CUmberland Street, oppnette the Court
House, Lebanon, Pa. - [Oct. '28,1863.1
ARMY AND NAVY
PENSION, BOUNTY, BACK PAY AND BOUN
TY LAND AGENCY.
• DateLEZ LUSTRA
43. X' XI. En - sr Eti t az - 11717"
undersigned, &acting been licensed to prosecute
1 claims, and having been-engaged in the Bounty and
Pension business, offers his services to all those who
at e thereth 'entitled, in Accordance with the various
acts of Congress. All such should call or address at
onse, told make their applications through
BABBLER. BOYER, Attorney at- aw, •
OFFICE with A. R. BODGE sq.,
Ikunberland street, opposite the nose,
'October, 28,1863. Lititinon, Pa.
WM. M. DERR,
ILTORNEY • LAW, Office in Stichterle Building,
Otratberiand street, nearly opposite the Court
ouse. . [Lebanon, Play 6, 11363.—tr.
I'AFFERS his professional services to the citizens of
kJ Lebanon and vieinity. 0141051 at the residence
of Mrs. L. Duch, two doors West of Office of Dr. Samuel
Ban', deed, tu Cumberland street.
Lebanon, April 15,1863.
w. if r. Ablah
Walnut street, two doom north of tho fiutheroo--woo
WEIG:LEY & DEWA LT,
FOR THE SALE OF •
Butter,%.!,E:ggs, Cheese ' Tallow, Lard,
Poultry, Game, Dried Fruits,
G r ain,Seed,&c.
No. , 170. READS STREET,
One door above Washington, NEW-YORK.
R EP BRENCES
Robb & Asoongb, New ,Yort: ; Allen & Brother. do
Selfridge„BsO,. do: Jones t Shepard, do; Ran
son, Latreeb & Fltreington. do; Semite' G. Johnson. do;
W.M.ES4:, Lebanon, Pa.; L. Beta. Canton,
Ohi o ; C. - Curry & Co., Bankers, Erie, ra.; Hon.
John Stiles, Allentown, Pa. [Jan. 14, 1563.
EA p, ILETICOPFIL. ADOLPHUS REINOEOL. CUM. 11.41EILT
A 'Friendly in
Tostil desirous of POrolissiog
To the beat advantage. at the old established and
*ell:known . .
REINOEHLS & MEILY
At the, UNION CANAL, on the Bast and West sides o
,Market Street, North-Lebanon Borough.
THZ subscribers take pleasure in informing the citi
tens of Lebanon, and surrounding counties, that
they still continue the LUMBER AND COAL BUSI
NESS, at their old and well known stand, where they
are daily receiving additional supplies of the
BEST. AND WELV-SEASONED LUMBER,
consisting of White and , YelloF Pine BOARDS, PLANK
Hemlock BOARDS, PLANE. and SCANTLING.
RAILS, POSTS, PALINGS and. FENCINOLBOARDS.
ASH, from). to 4 inch ; CHERRY, from % te 3 inch.
POPLAR, from % to 2 inch.
Poplar and Hardwood SCANTLING. I \
Oak and Maple BOARDS and PLANKS.
Roofing and Plastering LATHS.
SHINGLES! SHINGLES! I SHINGLES!
Also, Pine and Hemlock SHINGLES.
-;HOAL I COAL!! COAL! I 1
A largo stock of the beat quality of Stove, Broken,
Egg and;Littmburners' COAL; and also, the best Alle
gheny COAL for Blacksmiths.
Afa" Thankful for the,liberal manner in which they
have heretofore been patronized, they would extend a
cordial invitation for a-continuance of favors,' as thoy
are confident that they now have the largest, best and
cheapest stock of LUMBER on hand - in the county,
which will be sold ate reasonable per ceutage.
AM-Please cell and examine our stock and prices be
fore purchasing elsewhere.
REINOEHIS & MEILY,
North Lebanon borough, May 7,1882.
READING RAIL ROAD:
SIIM MER ARRANGEMENT.
~" --- --
GRE/a TABNE.`t,INE FROM THE NORTH AND
North-West for P LEILA DELP 1.1 A, NEW-YORK,
lIEADINO, PorrsviLLE, LEBANON, ALLENTOWN,
TWO, leavellarrisburg for Philadelphia. New-York.
Readhig:"POttsvilla ;and all intermediate Stations, at 8
A. N., and 2.00 P. 51 , passing Lebanon 9.13 A. M. and
3,08 P.. 51.
New Yxpress leaves Harrisburg at 2.15 A. H., passes
Lebanon . tit 3.15 A. Si, arriving at Now York. at 9.15
the same morning.
Fares from Harrisburg: To Now-York $5 15; to Phil
adelphia $3 35 and $2 80. Baggage checked through.
Returning.' leave New-York ate A. M., 12 Noon, and
7P. M. (PITTSBURG EXPRESS). Leave Philadel
phia at 8-15 A. M., and 3.33 P. M., passing Lebanon at
12.17 noon, 7.17 P. M. and Express at 1.00 A. Si.
Sleeping cant in the New York Express Trains,
through to and from Pittsburgh without change.
Passenger+ by the Catawissa Railroad leave Tamaqua
at 8.60 A. M., and 2.15 I'. M. for Philadelphia, New
York, and all Way Points.
Trains leave Pottiville at 9.15.A.'111:, and 2.011 P. 51.,
for Philadelphia. Harrisburg ark:Near York.
An Accommodation Passenger train leaves ReadTklE
at 6.00 A.lt , and returns from Philadelphia at 5 00 P.
jar All the aboratrains rill daily, Sundays excepted.
A Sunday train leaves Pottsville' it '7:33 A. M., and
Philadelphia at 815 P,
Commutation Tickets, with 26 Coupons at .26 per
cent. between any points desired.
MileagaTickets, good for 2000 miles, between all
points at $46 35—for Familiee and Business Attu. -
Beason andSehoot Tickefs, at reduced rates to and
from ali Wats.
80 pounds Baggagis allowed each passenger.
Passengers are requested to purchase their tickets
before entering the cars; as higher Fares are charged
if paid in cars.
A PURE TONIC:
Chronio or -Icierfoas Diseases of the
Kidney:li and all diseases arising from, a
disordered 'liver or t tomeeb.
• Such as Constipation, Inward Piles, Fairless or Mond
to the Head. Acidity of the Slob:tact, Nausea, Heart
burn, Disgust for Food, Fulness or Weight in the
Stomach. Sour Eructations.
,Sinking'or Fluttering at ,
the Pit oftbe Stomach. Swimming 'or'tbe Head, Hier
tied and Difficult Breathing, Platlering at Ile Remit,
Choking or Suffocating Sensations whew in a lyidgpoi.
tura, Dimness of Vision, - Dots •or Webs before the
Sight, Fever end Dull. Pain in the Head, Defidien9y.of,
Perspiration, Vellownaes ot the 'Skin and Eyes„ Pain
In the Sido, Back, Chest, Limbs, &c;. Sudden Flughes
of Heat, Burning in the Flesh, Constant Imaginings
of Evil, and great Depression of Spirits.: • •
And will positively provent. Yellow Aver, .Baious
.Alcohol or Bad. Whiskey ?
They WILL CURE the above diseases in ninety
nine eases out of a hundred.
Induced by the extensive sale and universal
larity of floofland's German Bitters, (purely vegntab
hosts of ignorant Quacks and inscrupuloris adventu
rers, have opened upon suffering humanity the flood,
gates of Nostrums "in the shape, of poor whiskey, vilely
compounded with injurious drugs; and christened Ton
ics, Btemachiss and Bitters.
Beware of the innumerable array of Alcoholic prep
saations in plethoric bottles, and big bellied begs, f Un
*der the modest appellation of Bitters; which instead
of curing, only aggravate disease, and leave the diaap.
I:ointed sof, rer in despair.
1100FLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS!
Are not a new and 'untried article, but have .stood
the test of fifteen years trial by the American public . :
and their reputation and‘sale, are not rivalled by any .
The proprietors ha, thousands of Letters from the
PHYSICIANS, and CITIZENS,
Testifying of their own personel knowledge, ttv.dbe
beneficial effects and medical virtues of these Bitters.
DO YOU WANT SOMETHING TO STRENGTHEN YOU?
DO YOU WANT A GOOD APPETITE - ?
DO YOU WANT TO BUILD FP YOUR CONSTITUTION?
DO YOU WANT TO FEEL WELL?
DO YOU WANT TO GET RID OF NERVOUSNESS?
DO YOU WANT ENERGY?
DO YOU WANT TO:SLEEP WELL?.
DO YOU WANT A BRISK ANDVIGOROUS FEELING?
If you Ao ' üße 1100FLAIVD'S GERMEN BITTERS.
From .Rev. J. Newton Brown, D. D., Editor of the En
, cyc/opedia. of Religious Knowledge.
Although not disposed to favor or recommend Pat
ent Medicines In general, through distrust of their in
gredient, and effects ; I yet know of no Sufficient ma
sopa why a man may not testify to the benefits be be
lieves himself to have tees ived from any simple-prep
aration, in the hope that he may thus contribute to the
benefit of others.
I do this the more readily in regard to Trooflarid's
German Bitters, prepared by Dr. O. M. Jackson, ofthie
city, because I was prejudiced against them for many
years, under the impression that they were chiefly an
alcoholic mixture. lam indebted to my friend Rob
art Shoemaker, Nag., for the removal.of this prejudice
by proper teats, and for encouragement to by them,
whee,,,,,areeing-frout - great and long continued deblll.
ty. The use of three bottles of these Bitters, at the be•
ginning of the present year, was followed by evident
relief, and restoration to a degree of bodiand P
and lad almost despaired of regaining. I therefore
thank God and my friend for directing me to the use
of them J NRWT.ON BROWN.
PHIL/ad, Jun, 23 IE6I.
There are twiny preparations sold tinder the name of
Bitters, put up in quart bottles, compounded of the
cheapest whiskey or common rum, costing from 20 to
40 cents per gallon, the taste disguised by Anise or
Coriander Seed. •
This class of Bitters has caused' and will continue to
00116 P as long as they can be sold, hundreds to die the
death of the drunkard. By their use the system is
kept continually under the influence of Alcoholic Stim
ulants o f the worst kind, the, desire for Liquor is crea
ted and kept upoind the result is all the horrors at
tendant upon a drunkard's life and death.
For those who desire and wiio,4qoc,a. Liquor Bitters,
we publish the folloning receipt. Set One Beale Hoof
lanq's Genna Bitters and mix with Three Quarts sf
Good Brandy or_ lVhiskey. and the result will be a prep
aration that will far excel in medicinal virtues and
true excellence any of the numerous Liquor Bitters in
the market, anti will cost much - less. You will have
all the v irtues , of HnojlantVs Bitters in connection with
assed article of , Liquor, at a much less price than
these inferior preparations Will coat ycia.
AND THE FRIENDS OF SOLDIERS.
We call the attention of all having. relations and
friends In the army to the fact that -1100FLAND'S
German tters" •w ill cure nine tenths of the diseases
induced by exposures and privations incident "to camp
life. In the lists, published almost daily in the news
papers, on the arrival of the s'cif, it will be noticed
that a very large proportion are suffering front debili
ty. Every case of that kind can be readily cared by
Hoofland's German Bitters. Diseases resulting from
disorders of the digestive organs are speedily removed.
We have no hesitation in stating that, if these Bitters
were freely used among our soldiers, hundreds of lives
might be saved that otherwise will be lost.
• We call particular attention to the following re
markable and well authenticated cure of one of the
nation's heroes, whose life, to use his own language,
"has been saved by the Bitters :"
PHILADELPHIA, August 23rd, 18132.
.71Iessrs. Jones & Beaus.—W vll, gentlemen, your Hoof.
land's German Bitters has saved my life. There is no
mistake in this. It is vouched fur by numbers of my
Comrades, sums of whose name are appended, and who
were fully cognizant of all the circumstances of my
case. I am, and have been fur the last four years, a
member of Sherman's celebrated battery, and under
the immediate command of Captain It. B. Ayres.—
Threugh the exposure attendant upon my nriluoustdiu-,
ties, I was attacked in November last with inflentmaticin
of the lungs, and was for seveuty-two days in the hos
pital. This was followed by great debility, heighten
ed by an attack of dysentery. I was then removed
front the White House, and sent to this city on board
the Steamer "State of Maine." front which I landed
on the 28th ofJune. Since that time 1 have been a-'
bout as low as any one could be and still retain a spark
of Vitality. Fora week or more 1 was scarcelyable to
swallow anything, and if I did force a morsel down,,it
was immediately thrown up again.
I could not even keep a glass of water on my stom•
itch. Life could not last under these circ'untstunces;
and, accordingly, the physicians who had been work.
lug faithfully, though unsuccessfully, to rescue me
from the grasp of the dead Archer, frankly told me
they could do so more for me, and, advised me to see
a clergyman , and to make such disposition of my limi
ted funds as best suited me. Au acquaintance who
visited me at the hospital, Mr. Frederick Steinbrun,
Sixth below Arch Street,.advised rue, as a forlorn.
hope, to try 3our Bitters, and kindly precured whot
tie. From the time 1 commenced taking them the
gloomy shadow of death receded, and I. am now ; thank
Hod for it, getting better. Though I have but taken
two bottles. t have gained ten pounds, and I feel san
guine of being jammed to rejoin my wife and daugh
ter, from whom I have heard nothing for 18 mouths:
for, gentlemen, I am a loyal Virginian, from the vicin
ity of Front Royal. To your invaluable Bitters I owe
the certainty of life which has taken the piece of vague
car e —to your Bitters will I owe the glorious privilege,
fof again clasping to my bosom those who are dearest to
me in life., Very truly yours, ISAAC MALONE.
We fully concur in the truth of the above statentent,
as we had despaired of seeing our comrade, Mr. Malone,
restored to health.
JOHN CIiDDLEBACK, lot New York Battery.
s GEOIt.G.E A ACKLEY, Co C 11th Maine.
LEWIS CHEVALIER, 92.-1 New York.
L E SPENCER, Ist Artillery, Battery F .
J FASEW.ELL, Co B3d Vermont.
HENRY IS JEROME, Coll do. .
HENRY T MACDONALD, Co C Gth Maine.
JOHN F WARD. Cu E lth Maine.
HERMAN KOCH, Co 11 72d Now York.
NATHANIEL B THOMAS, Co F 95th Penn.
ANDREW J KIMBALL, Co A 3d Vermont.
JOHN JENKINS, CO B 106th Fenn.
• Beware of Counterfeits !
. Should your nearest druggist, not,have the article,
do not be put off by any of toe intoxicating prepare,-
lions that may be offered in its place, ,but send to us,
and we will forward. securely packed..by,express.
' PRINCIPAL WPM AND mit.NUFAOTOBS,
NO. 631 AMR ST, `.
G. A . 241001!LS,
VOL ; W;22
A HIGHLY CONCENTRATED'
Vege , table Extract.
I. , II,EPARED
Dr. C. M. JACKSON, Philacra Pa
WILL EFFECTUALLY CURE
Eee that the elgoaturo of 4 .0. 21. JACKSON," is on
the WRAPPER of earl' bottle.
PRICE PER BurrLE 75 CENTS,
OR HALF DOE. FOR $4 00.
(Sacmaor to C. id. JACKSON C 0.,)
Atir TOR BILE by Dr...Gao.-Ketie, opposite the „Court
Rouse Unisex, Pay and by Druggists and Dealers in
every town in Os Cnited Rates.,
;lay TT, 1810.-4.
The room is swept and garnished for thy, sake:
The table slimed . with 'Cove'sqiiiitt liberal clifer ';*
The fire, is blazing brightly on tbe.hearth ;
Faith lingers yet to give thee wireinint hee.
•• • • .. ~ When-wilt MAT come T' • •
Daily I weave the airy web of hope.—
'Frailat the stikler's, wrenghtlvith beads dew—:
That,; like Penelope's. ericbm igbt .undonei •
Each atom in pat lance I begin aria*. :
Not. yeti Tomnirroar her, thight,
The fire dA ont, the bangnet:dhieppeer
Forever wilt these fingers , drop the web,
And only &gelation wait 'thee here. • •
. - 'r'/(iotili-410Vito' 4 i:-'..fl ,
BABON SAVES HIS44ABTER.`
Jacques Pierrot, who was born' nd
brought up in the city of Bourdeaux;
Franed, bought a dog, and mar.
ried hint' ii l Wife, in the reign of the
SixteenthLeuis. His dog was,a large,
brown, shabby creature, - which' many
called ugly ; but nobody ever applied
that epithet toPierrot's wife who was
young, sylph-like; pretty and fasci-'
Hating. Jacques loved two creatures
—so he said at leatkt-- - his dog and his
wife. We mention the deg first be--
cause HE alwayB did;'and it was the
one of his two loves Which he first
Now, though Jacques loved 'both
dog and wife, and the dog seemed to
love both master and •mistress, the
wife, for some reason did not love
both husband and dog, but disliked
the latter exceedingly, perhaps be.
cause she fancied he divided affec•
lions that should have" been all her
',Jacques,' she would frequently say
to him, 'now do SELL that ugly brute,
if you can find anybody fool enough
to buy him—or, if not, GIVE him a
way. He is only in the way here,
and cats as much as you or I.'
'Now, my dear Jeanette,' Jacques
-would reply, 'you'd , be one of the
sweetest and most reasonable little
beauties in the world, if you'd only
appreeiate.poor Bober), who's a dog
that knows as much as either of us.'
'Speak for yourself, Master Jacques,
and not for me I It's no great corn.
pliment to the dog to say he knows
as much as you. But if he knew ten
times as much, of what use would he
be to us ? for he takes all out and
brings 'nothing in,'
:But 1 like company, jeanette.'
""' be- I Well, haven't you me P
?PI/ M j niti WI ineW:
'I wish Leonid, and make a night
ly report for your benefit.'
'Yes, but I don't want any report,
and so prefer the dog, who's always
discreet and keeps a civil. tongue.—
And then, Jeanette you know be
guards the house at night!'
'Guards fiddlestieks, Jacques !
Why; we've nothing for anybody to
'But the thieves - don't KNOW that,
my dear, you see. - And then, if some
of the rascals` should happen to:-hear
you..talking so sweetly tome, whd
knows but they'd just carry you 'Off,
and,leave me to break my heart in
solitude. You see I 'got Bobon, for
some purpose—l don't exactly know
what—but it'll turn up some day, as
sure as I'm a prophet.'
'F'shaw ! you're a fool, - .Tacqucal'
- know it, but I can't help it, any
more than you can help being so
sweet and pretty.'
'Well, there, Jacques,' Jeanette
we'd, generally wind up, with a, kiss,
'you are a dear good sou& so you aro;
and if you'll only prom*: to love . me
best, you' may keep 130 . 61 long as
This kind - of
took place - as often as once, some•
times twice, a week—Joanette be.
ginning with a firm determination to
get rid of the dog, and ending with
her permission for him to remain as
long as his master might think proper.
The subject of this family bicker
ing was a very sagacious animal, who
behaVed himself as all gentlemanly
dogs should. His master did not
stretch the trutti.a great deal, when
he said that Bobon knew as much as
himself or wife—for the dog was a
remarkable dog, and would seem to
comprehend many things like a ration
al human being. For instance, du.
ring the wrangle about himself, he
would steal sorrowfully away, under
the bed or under the table, and there,
with his large, bright, noble-looking
brown eyes fixed earnestly upon the
contending parties, would seem to
listen anxiously for the conclusion ;
and then, if
to himself, as
it generally he would come forth
wagging his tail, and"look up cheer
fully, almost LIUMANLY, into the faces
Time rolled On, France became as
a troubled ocean, and a perfect:tor.
nado of human passion swept" adly
over the Ship of State. TheTgood
but vacillating King Master w:l6' put
under hatches, and a monstrous and
bloody Insanity took the helm, and
ran the old," leaky and crime-laden
vessels upon the breakers of -faction,
whets she speedily became a wreck,
and engulfed hundreds, of. thousands
of human beings who bad -embarked
in herfor the voyaie of life.'
'Sneaking without_ figure,. that
bloody epoch, known
,as . the •
Terror, had, begun in. France; thou
sands ofoll classes and-ages, were be
ing daily.dragged to prisons and,dun.
geone,,to. be tberiee e.Ofveyed to 'reek-.
ing guillotinesi . and.sinking"..hulks.ror
to Some open spot of fiendish-Mae
Bat so, fAr„.Taqqoes, anyt-Aooo_fittp,
tho' ofteu horrified at 'what 'they saw
and heard, remained unmolested ;
L.F,BANON,`, P:A., - wonspAy l NOVEMBER, -5','.-1863.
and If kept them company;,
and 'atitiet:even Jeanette went so far
as to say She,its. glad the noble brute
was with thern r an,d ;that - she .would
not part r witii-him fur any money.
Jacques Pierrot was • a rriitlh
'tgade.--wifidh..W.as - it good :business 'in
those ; days, ,when fetters, chains,
bolls,swords; axes, knives, and fire
arms were in Aquisition and imliev.
ingthitimelf agibafe at . the "forge as
elsewhere, he , tept steadily at his
work from day to day, minding his
own business,giving everybOdya *-
it word, and'venfuring no opinion on
103r - subject.' 'Bebop regularly accom
panied him-to Ind from - his `work;
' and:es jacquee:Wk s rater spite mat
io,and -precise on certain points, Jett
nkte mgt look out at a certain min
ute, an'd See ttleth both, side by side,
coming up the,'Street to their Meals.
On e ay; -th mapper hour (fret"?'
near, Jeanette glanced - at the clock,
and thempickened. all her motions,
l'Or she was a little behind time with
the Meal ; and as Jacques W al3 always
so punctual, she prided herself on al
ways being ready' for him at the min.
-.At length tbevian4 Rood amok.
inn on the table and -looking up a
gain at the clock, Jeanette was sur
prised to perceive the_, minute hand
had passed the hour without Jacques
'What can detain him; she mur
mured, with , a strange dread of - evil
creeping over her, as she hurried to
the 'door and looked anxiously
the Street. 'Not to be seen either,'
she continued, with nervous anxiety;
'what, can it mean ? Mon Dieu! if
they should haVe taken him away to
prison I' and Jeanette dasped her
hands upon her heart, and 'staggered
back into the bouse.
Five, ten, fifteen minutes passed a-,
way, - and yet no Jacques. This sus.
pense was not to be borne ; better
the reality, however .fearful; some
thing terrible must have happened ;
and throwing a light shawl over her
head, Jeanette flew to the smithery.
The doors were onenthe 'fire was
burning—but no Jacques was there.
She made hurried and anxious ioqui
ries of her pa9.sers-by ;:but they
scarcely beeded her; for that.was not
a judicious time for persons to know
anything, or care to.knowanything
about matters of State, or about in
dividuals who bad mysteriously dis.
At length ,thaotAstrnas of, wleratiette
attraeted th-e., iititrentiont of an old_
woman in the vicinity"
ISTITTEWVUU - mew - rn ret ott he
tween two - rough-looking men, who
might be officers of the Revolution- i
ary ,Corn mission.
- - -
'Oh ' Mon Dieu! Mon Dieu! my
poor dear Jacques 1' cried the half
frantic wife, wringing her hands.—
'As I feared, he has been taken to
prison, and I will follow and die with
But it was not so easy for the 'Oh-,
happy Jeanette to follow the missing
Jacques, simply because she knew
not where to go; and no one, not even
the old woman could tell her
be bad been taken. So:she finally
went home in great distress, to wait
for another day, or some tidings of
him ; but.she bad scarcely entered
the house, when she heard 'Bobon
scratching and whining at the door.
The moment she admitted him, be
flew to his master's vacant seat at the
table, put his forepaws upon. it, look
ed up sorrowfully in her face, and
gave - utterance to a tow mournful
'Where is your master, Bobonr
said Jeanette,' bursting into tetw.
The dog jumped. down, with a
slight bark, and ran to the door.
It then occurred to Jeanette to kit .
him out and follow him. This she
did, and he led her to the massive
gate of the-main prison of Bourdeaux.
Tremblingly she-knocko at tbe gate;
and of the porter who opened the
wicket, she inquired if Jacques `Pier
rot was confined within. The man
gruffly-replied that he didn't know,
and didn't care to*kno‘.v, and advised
the fair questioner to go about her
Thus repulsed poor Jeanette sat
down by the gate and cried for an
hOur—the noble dog 'standing be.
side her all the while , and looking
the sorrow which he bad no language
to express. When ,at last Jeanette
got up and went borne with a heavy
heart, the intelligent animal accom
panied her - to the door, and then
bounded away to take his pOst at,the
prison gate, and watch for an oppor
tunity to get in to his master.
Jeanette passed a sleepless night,
praying for the deliverance of ifim
she loved. The next Morning at day
light she again repaired to the pris=
on, but Bohol) : was not to be seen.=
She made further inquiries for her
husband, and learned he was impris
oned within, but could not be com
municated with till after his trial,
which woad take place whenever
the authorities should see . proper.—
What the charges were against him
her 'informant either did not know or
would not tell. Poor Jeanette after
this remained most of the day at the
gate of the prison, but heard nothing
more concerning her husband, and
saw nothing more of Bobon.
• The.evening following,. the dog re.
turned to her and acted very strange.
1y.,. Re barked and whined, rubbed
his head againit.her knees, looked up,
•wistfully.and .keenlv into her face,'
and occasionally put op a paw te.hie
neck as if to rernove'.bie
Whenever Jeanette would' , open the
door as,;before for . him to "oori tact'
; - ,her..to his master, Abe: - .WOhlecitlob
hold of her dress with his, teet4i *nd
run beok, and ,howl :plaintively; and
then go through. With stV his strange
motions again. Did he want to-com
municate sourething, poor fellow.?
At length it occurred to Jeanette
that his collar might hurt him,lnd
'She proceeded to remove it. theZog
held perfectly still till she had accoin
plish6a her purpose, and then whined
joyously, wagged: big tail, and skip.
pbd about playfully But there lip
peered Lo . be nothing' lwrOng about
the collar:; and Jeanette'rWould have
buckled it on adain,-,only thrtt, when
ever shaattenipted-it, tho , poiir brute
would crouch down, and howl so
nfournfully," as to cause her to - de-
zSuddenly, in turning the collar o
ver in tier hand, Jeanette, to her
great!surpriiie and delight, ;&spied a
few. words scratched along , the center
'twit might be with a sharp stone or
nail. , With a palpitating heart she
immediately set to work to d.ecip'her
them ; and soma, wit% Rua). 'feelings as
only one in her situation might ex
perimice,,she made them out as fol
"Fasten a bit of pencil and paper to
the collar, and let Bobon come back to
,lacques . 1 *
Tremblingly Jeanette set to work
to comply with this request of her
poor, dear, imprisoned'husband; and
as soon 'as this was accomplished, the
dog quietly permitted her 'to htelt.
le on the collar, and rushed with a
bark and a bound through the door
open for his exit. -
The night and next day passed
slowly away, without the anxious
wife bearing anything more from her
husband, but the night ensuing the
dog came back ; and on removing his
collar she found, penciled on the pa
per she had sent, the following hope.
"I'm confined in an npper cell.—
the grated window is toward the east.
Between the prison and an open
space beyond, is a high wall. There's
a fine saw down at the shop, amongst
my small, best tools, made from the
mainspring of a watch. Send me
• that - coiled up in the collar of Bobon.
I always told you I bought that dog
for something, and now I know for
what. I thin I can cut the bars
and lower , myself into the yard.—
The second night from this-, at two
o'clock precisely, throw one end of a
rope over the wall, and fasted the
other, so that I, can draw myself up
if I happen to get out-and, with the
saints.' blessing, I may. doretknow
what I'm charged witha t
:91;MM - rather be ~off with_you an.
Bobon.—l'm not very closely watch
ed. Bon% fail me, and soon I hope
your arms will again clasp your poor
It is needless to follow out the re
sult in detail. The saw was found
and secreted in the collar of Bobon,
who, true to an instinct amounting
to reason; flew back to the prison,
and awaiting his chance of dodging
in aVithe first opening of the gate. =
Terribly exciting were the
passed by Jeanette, till the time came
for her to act, and to be happy , With
sUccess, or be rendered wretched by
At one o'clock of the eventful night
which was to witness her happiness
or misery, the trembling and half.
fainting wife took her station in the
deep shade of the eastern wall of the
prison, with a rope coiled in one band
and Bobon, who had joined her a few
hours before ' now standing quietly'
patiently by her side. Ohl how her
poor heart beat I and how every
sound made the blood 'leap, and her
At last the , great clock of a neigh
boring cathedral struck heavily and
solemnly the hour of two. No lon
ger trembling, but-nerving herself for
the great purpose she had in view,
Jeanette quickly poised the coil in
her right band, and, holding firmly
to one end of it with her , left, sent it
upward, with a sincere prayer, into
the air, and heard a fairst, dull sound
as it struck on, the other side.
Was HE there ? Somebody was—
for in less than•a minute, she felt a
slight pull upon the. rope. Quickly
fastening her end around her body,
she grasped it with both her hands,
and thus held against the heavier
strain that ‘ followed. Harder and
heavier became the strain upon the
rope ; but: throwing herself against
the wall, she still held firmly, till she
felt the cord suddenly loosen ; and
then looking upward, her heart fair
ly reaped to her mouth as she beheld
a dark figure upon t he top of the wall.
A minute later, Jacques stood safe
beside her—having run down along
the rope, which he had taken the pre=
caution to fasten on the other side
before, making his ascent. .
No word was now spoken—not a
whisper—even the dog remained si
lent.—Grasping the hand of Jeanette
Jacques stealthily, silently, and hur
riedly led her away, through one
dark and narrow street after another,
till he reached a place of safety. The
next day a search was made for him ;
but he managed . to keep .himself se
creted till after the Reign of Murder
had ceased to be ; and then he came
forth from his hiding place, 'and made
a boast of his Own cunning. his wife's
devotion, and his dog's sagacity: •
It will be remembered that a few
years sgo, certain ministers refused to no
tice the'day of prayer, because Mr. Bu
chanan- was President and appointed that
day. What would be said of a minister
now who would refuse to respond to 'Mr.
Lincoln's proclamation for a day olthanks
and prayer, to' God 1, Would he not be
rttialtbr and a villian g. TO:would
,and by those who justified ; minietererfor
refusing to ; respond to Mr.. Buchanan'i
procjamation. Ip.this rolegion.
WHOLE NO. 752
SUPREME COURT '‘OF PENNSYLVANIA,
Aot.b(Congress of 3d March, 1 863, Commonly
;called the "Conscription. sLaw," Declared
Darfur S. KrliEbLIR, 1 Three bills in
Va. )equity. And on
DAVID M. LANE,Eft aI. Motion in each
plaints 13.:Sannt,Ts• Same. 4 case for special
Wit. F. Nionstr.s Same. ) injunction.
*raenwaan..T.--,On'the 3d day of March 1863,
the Congress of - the United States passed an Act
for "enrolling and calling out the National
forces, and for other purposes," which is com
monly called the Conscription law. The plain
tiffs, who are citizens of Pennsylvania, have set
forth the aetfully in their bills, and they com
plain. that they have been drafted in to the m
tarp service ofthe Government in twittanne . ol
said enactment,. but that the same is nneonatitu
tional and void, and that the defendants, who
'are engaged -in executing it, have violatc4' the
rights and are about to invade the personal lib
erty of the plaintiffs, and therefore they invoke
the equitable interposition of this Court to en.
join the defendants against the further execu
tion of the said Act.
For the jurisdiction of this t Court to set aside
an act of Congress as unconstitutional, and to
grant the 'relief` rayed 'for, 'I refer Myself to the
views of ChiefJhatide In the opinion he has
just deliv'efed in these eases, and I come at once
o:the constitutional question.
The Act begins with It preamb . le Which 'recites
the existing insurrection and rebellion against
the authority of the United States, the duty of
the Government to suppress insurrection and re.
hellion, to guarantee to ench State a republi
can form of government, and to preserve the pub.
lie tranquility, and deolare that for these high
purposes a military force is indispensable, "to
raise and support which all persons ought will
ingly to contribute," and that no service is
more praiseworthy and bun ora.ble than the main
tenante of the Constitution end the Union; and
then goes on to provide for the enrolling of all
the able. bodied:thole citikensof the United States
"and persons of foreign birth, who have declared:
their intention to beconse citizens, beteree'n the
ages of twenty-one. and forty.tve years, and
these able-bodied eltitens and foreigners, with
certain exceptions after Ward enumerated, are
declared "the national foreee,"; nod made liable
to perform military duty when called out by the
President. The act divides the country into
military districts, corresponding with the Con
gressitnal districts„ provides for Provost mar
shals and enrolling boards, and regulates the de
tail of such drafts as the / P resident shall order to
be made from the national forces so enrolled.
The payment of $BOO excuses any drafted per
son, so that it is,' in fact, a law providing for a
oompulsory draft or conscription of such citizens
as are unwillingly or unable to purchase exeinp.
tion at the stipulated priCe. It is the first in
stance, in our history, of legislation forcing, a
great public burthen on the poor. Our State
legislation, which exempts men who are not
worth. $3OO from paying their own• debts, is
in striking contrast with this Conscription law,
which devolves upon such men the bonbon
which belong to the whole "'national forces,"
and to which "all persons 'ought willingly to
contribute." This, howeVer is an "objeetion to
the spirit ef the enactment rather titan its con
The discription of persons to be enrolled able
bodied citizens, between twenty and forty-five
years of age, is substantially the diseription of
the militia as defined in our Pennsylvania statutes
and probably in the Statutes of all the States.
The national forces, then, mean the militia of
the States--eerta inly include the militia of
Pennsylvania. This expression-, 'national for
ces," is moderniatiguage, when 'so applied. It is
not found in ,our Constitutions, either Sta
- ,&;01 . :"" -; "'"-- 1 'onitiftat" 'aired our stance
ing army. At Is a total misnomer when applied
to the militia, for the militia is a State institu
tion. The General 'Government has no militia.
Th'e State militia, always highly esteemed as one
of the toilwarks o f our liberties, recognized in
the Federal Constitution, and it, is not in the
power of Congress to obliterate them or to merge
them 'in "national forces."
Unless there is more magic in a name than
has ever been supposed; this conscript law was
intended to act upon the State militia, and oar
question is, therefore whether Congress has pow
er to impress or draft the tof ilitia of the State. I
cannot perceive what objection can be taken to
this statement of the question, for surely it will
not be argued that calling the militia national
forces makes them something else than militia.
If Congress did not mean to draft the militia un
der this" law, where did they expect to find the
national forces? "4114ble.bodied white male
citizens between the ages-.of twenty.ono and
forty-five years, residing in- th ia State, and not
exempted by the laws .of ztlip United States,"
with certain specified exceptions, constitute our
State militia. Will it be said that the conscript
law was not intended to operate on these ? I
think it will not. Then if it does tench, and
was framed' and designed to draft this very class
of citizens, no possible objection can betaken to
the above statement of the questian vre have to
thereore, repeat the question with greet
confidence in its accuracy, has Congress the
constitutionalpower to impress or draft into the
military service of the United States the militia
men of Pennsylvania?
This question has to be answered by the Con-
Motion of the United States, because that
instrument framed by deputies of the people of
the Statet and ratified and put into effect by the
States themselVes in their respective °operate
capanities, deligates to Congress all tho'powers
that body can exercise. These delegations _are
either express or such implications as are easifn.
00 to the execution of expressly delegated
There are but three provisions in the Constitu
tion of the United Stotts that can be appealed to
in support of this legialatino. In ordinary edi
tions they stand numbered as dances 13,16 apd
11' of the VIII section of Act i, of the Constitu
"13. Congress shall have power t o raise and
support armies, -but no apppriatious of money
to. that use shall he for a longer term than two
"13. Congress shall have power to provide
for ealliog forth the militia to. execute the -laws
of the Union, to suppress insurrection and repel
"17. Contrast( shati have power to provide
for orgeniting, arming and disciplining the
militia, and for governing snob part of them as
may be employed in the service Of the United
States, reserVing to the States respectively the
appointment of the officers, and the authority of
training the Militia according to the discipline
prescribed by Congress."
"To raise armies"-these ate large words
What do they mean ? There could be no limita
tion upon the number or size of the armies to be
raised, for all possible contingencies could not
be foreseen ; but our question has not reference
to numbers or size, but to the mode of raising
armies. The framers of the Constitution, and
the States who adopted it, derived their ideas of
government principally from the example of
Great Britain—certainly not from any of the
more imperial anti despotic governments of the
earth. What they meant to make was a more
free Constitution than that of Great Britain—
taking that as a model in some things—hut en
larging the basis of popular rights in all respects
that would be consistent with order and stability.
They knew that the British army had generally
been recruited by voluntary enlistments, stimu
lated by wages and bounties, and that the few
Instances of impressments and forced conscrip
tions of land forces had met Vi ith the disfavor of
the English nation and had left to preventive
statutes. In 1704, and again in 1807, conscrip
tion bills were - attempted in Parliamerft but laid
aside as unconstitutional- During the American
' evolution a statute, 19 Geo 11 - I C: 70, permit.:
ted the impressment of "idle and disorderly psi.
sons not following any .lawful trade or having
some substance sufficient for their subeistsoce,"
and this was its far as English legislatiob bad
gone When our Federal Constitution wig planned:
Assuredly the flusters of„ our Constitution did
not, intend to subject the people of the States to
a system of conscription which was app tied in
the mother country onlyiepatipersand.vagabonds.
On the contrary, I infer that the power confer:
red on Congress
. was the power to -raise armies
by the ohlinatty English mode of voilintsry en
The peoplt wAirihatlylealotmof attending ar
,iliac! Renee; they tbok away most of the.war
„power:limn the - Eitel:attire, where, under mo
' aerobia! farms; it generally resides, and vested
it Is the legislative departateni, in one branch
r'INULT FAFER FoRTOW AND:VOW:2M
IE PRINTED AND KIB N
By WK. N. BRESLIN.
2d Story or Flnk's New Building, Cumberland is
At One Dollar and Fifty Cents a Year.
ASP ADVIRTIitIINUIS inserted at the amid rates. ni-10
The friends of the establishment, and the public getwor
ally are iespectrally solicited to send In their orders.
Aii - HANDBILLS-Printed at an hours notice.
RATES OF POSTAGE.
In Lebanon County, postage free
In Pennsylvania, out of Lebanon County *4 cents per
quarter, or 13 cents a year.
Out of this State, 6 cte.rper'qtiarter, or 25 eta. a year
If the postage Is not puid:ln 'advatice, 'rates are Ovalle..
of Which the
.'Sfates have equaliepreseutat ion;
and in 'the other branch of which the people of
the . Fixates are directly represented according to
theirmumbers. To,thcise representatives of the
States and the people thiettower of originatink
war was committed, but even .in their hands it
was restrained by the limifatitin of biennial ap
prpriations for the support of the aftniee the:) ,
might raise. Of course, no army could be raised
or supported which did pot commend popular
approbation, and it was rightly considered that
voluntary enlistments would never be wanting
to rectu it the ranks of such an army. The war
power, existing only for the protection of the
people, and left, as fares it was possible to leave
it, in their own hands, was incapable of bat
used without their consent, and therefor, non t. 6
never languish for enlistmeuts. They would be
ready enough to recruit the rank's of any army
they deemed necessary to their safety. Thus
the theory of the Constitution placed this great
power, like other governmental powers, directly
upon the consent of the governed.
The theory itself was foentied on free and fair
elections—which are the fundardental postulate
of the Constitution- If the patronage and power
of the Government shall ever be employed to
control pOpulareitections, the.nominal represen
tatives of - ttle:paciple may cease to he their" real
reefratiettatives, and the armies .which may be
raised may alit so noattitardi 'Palk confidence
as to attract the 'necessary recruits, arid then
conscript lairs and other extra edastithtional ea
pedients may become necessary to fill the ranks.
But governmental interference with popular•
elections will be subversion of the Constitution ,
and no constitutional argument can assume such
Supposing that the people are always to be
fairly represented in the balls of Congress.
maintain that it is grievous injustice to them to
legislate on the assutu t ption that any war hon
estly waged for ,constieutinual objects will not
always have such sytntiatbYtind support front
the people as will secure all necessary enlist
ments. Equally unjust to their intelligence is it
to' suppose that they Meant to douNr on their
servants the power to impress theta into It war
which they could not approve.
When to these considerations we add the abil
ity of a great country, like ours, to "stimulate
and reward enlistments, both at home and
abroad, bY bounties, plosions and homestead's;
as well as by political patronage in countless
forms, we see how little necessity or warrant
there is for implying a grant of the imperial
power of conscription.
There is nothing in the history of the Omit&
tution nor in thoie eieellen't Contemporaeeetts
papere called the Federalist, to justify the °pink
ion that this rast power lies wrapped up in the
fair plain words of the 13th clause, whilst the
subsequent clauses, concerning the 'AMU', abl ,
solutely forbid it.
If the very iMprobable case he supposablii,
that enlistments into the Federal armies might
become so nunteroita lit a paitictilar State at
sensibly to impair its own proper military pow
er, is it net much *ore Improbable that the
State meant to Confer span the General Govern
ment the power to depilie them, at its owe,
pleasure, altogether of the militia, by forced
? Yet this might easily happen if the pow
'er of -conscription be conceded to Congress.
There are no limitations expressed—nothing to
compel Congress to observe quotas and tont:M--
00ns as among the several States—nothing to
prevent their raising armies wholly from one
States thing :every able-bodied citizen out of
it to the endangering, if not utter undoing of
all its domestic interests.
And besides, if we concede this dangeinusliow - -
er to the language of the' thirteenth hlause. Ire
destroy the force and effect of the WoKds of ths
sixteenth and seventeenth alaties. We Made
the instrument self-destinetive; which is viols-
teen, and there ore, argue ongresi; arrnoffEe
power to draft them. Is an express rule of the
Constitution to give way to en implied one ?=
lithe thirteenth clanse confers power to draft
the words of the sixteenth and sev
enteenth cl auses are the idlest that were ever
written. But lithe eighteenth conferred only
the power to enlist roam teem- then the ease
quent °lenses become very intelligible—stand
well with the thirteenth, and add essentially to
the martial faculties of the Federal Government.
Look at those clauses. The militia are to be
called forth to execute the laws of the Union,
supprels insurrections and repel Invasiontli to be
organized, armed and disciplined by the State . ;
but according to the laws of Congress; and such
part of them as may be employed in the service
of the United States are to be governed by the
President but offiebred by the reepective States.
Now this Conscription law recites an "existing
insurrection and rebellion" es the. ground and
reason, not far calling forth the militia under
the above provisions, but for drafting them into
the military service of the United States. The
very case has occurred in which the Constlta
tion says the militia shall be called out under
Stute officers, but Congress rays they shall hi
drafted, in contempt of State authority. Gen:
era' Washington and the men of his dayi did not
eo read the Constitution, when in euppreasiog
the Whisky insurrection id this State they paid
the most ecrupulons regard to the rights and
poWers of the State. Under pressure of a for
eign war, a Conscript Bill was reported in Con
gress in 1814, but it did not pass, and if it bad,
it would have been no precedent foi this laWi
because, we are dealing with' an instnitetfon,
and insurrections are epeeially provided for ilk
the Cottlititution. If to support a foreign war
Congress may draft the militia, which I do not .
admit, the power of draft to suppress insurrec
tions is not to be implied, since another meld*
of suppressing insurrections is expressly provi
ded. When *State is called on for its quota of
militia, it may determine, by lot, who of thtt
whole number of its enrolled militia shall an
swer the tall, and thus State drafts are Oita
regular, but a Congressional draft to Sitpreii
insurrectien.is an innovation that has no war
rant in the history or text of the Constitution
Either such a law, or the Constitution, must be
set aside. They cannot stand together.
And, happily, no ill consequences can flosi
from adhering to the Constitution; for the stand
ing army of the Federal Government, recruited
by enlistments in the ordinary *ay; with the
State militia called forth according tb the Con
stitution, are a force quite sufficient to subduti
any rebellion that is capable of being subdued
by force of arms. Such a formidable force, wise
ly wielded, in connection with a paternal and
patriotic administration of all other constitution=-,,
al powers, will never fail to put down refractory
mileottents, and preserve peace and good order
athong the Athbticab people. This Conscript
law, tberefor‘not sanctioned by thO donstitst.
tion, is not adapted to the exigencies of the timeaf' .
nor likely to have success as a war measure:
In its political bearings, evert more than in its
military aspects, it is subversive of the Consti
tution and of tbe rights of citizens that depend
upon State authority. A few thoughts will
make this plain. It is impossible An Study: our
State and Federal Constitutions, without seeing
boa► manifestly the one Was designed to guard,
and maintain the personal and social rights of
the citizen—the other to take care of h issuer.
Nurture, education; property, home, wife and.
children, servants; administration of goods and
ohattles after death, and a graveyard to sleep
the sleep of death, these are among the objects of
State solicitude, for the protection of t whieh the
State provides civil authorities and back of,themi
the posse eomitatas and the m ilitery to make the
civil administration effectual. Nottri if the prin.,
eipie he admitted tha . t. Coogrees may take away
the State militia, who does not see that the ulti
mate and final security ofevery Man's domeetia
and personal rights is endangered., to ,the ex
tent delegated is the Constitution nobody ques
tions the right Of Congress to control the State
but if to the extend to which this enaot
went goes. the States will be reduced to a state
of mere counties of a groat ,Commonwealth, and
the oit Rena of the State tattst look td the Feder
al Government for the enforceineta of allhis,do
mestle rights as well as for the revisal= able
The eitleens of the States .need protection
from tentage foes and todien,tribes-rpeacefal in
tercourse and'Odatteeice with all the *orld,--a
standard of videos and of *eights and o:mattered
that shall be common to • all, the, State% and a
postal system that shall be :'o.e*te*lsbrek SOW
interstate trade.nod ..cOuttnerre. - 'itdiPtt red
maintain thestsxtertsaUgatiOntltif the eitlieni
are•high duties whfitt.thi•VOnstittition has max
mitted to the Federal Governmedt, and haalftw-
Mailed it with all necessary civil funotionaries;
and with power to levy and collect taxes from
the pee , ple of the.Stetse, to raise and 1111140