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right to purchase and hold this property
is directly sanctioned and authorized
for twenty years by the people who
framed the constitution; and by the
second, they pledge themselves to main
tain and uphold the right of the master
in the manner specified as long as the
government they then formed should
endure: and these two provisions show
conclusively that neither the description
of persona therein referred to, nor their
descendants, were embraced in any of
-the other provisions of the constitution:
for certainly these two clauses were not
intended to confer on them or their
posterity the blessings of liberty, or any
-of the personal rights so carefully pro
lided for the citizen.
No one of that race had migrated to
the United States .voluntarily; all of
them had been brought here as articles
of merchandise. - The number that had
been emancipated at that time were but
few in -comparison with those held in
slavery; and they were-identified in the
public mind with the race to which they
belonged, and regarded as a part of the
slave.population rather than the free.—
It is Obvious that they were not even in
the minds of the framers of the consti
tution when they were conferring spa
clot rights and - privileges upon the citi
zens of a State in every other part of
Indeed, when we look to the condi
tion of this race in the several States at
'the time, it is impossible to believe that
these rights and privileges were intend
ed to be extended to them.
It is very true that, in that portion of
the Union where the labor of the negro
race was found to be unsuited to the
-climate and unprofitable to the master,
but few slaves were held at the time of
the Declaration of Independence; and
when the constitution was adopted, it
had entirely worn out in one of them,
and measures had been taken for its
gradual abolition in several others.—
But this change had not been produced
by any change of opinion in relation to
this rase, but because it was discovered
from experience,that slave labor was
unsuited to the limate and productions
of these States; for some of the States,
where it had ceased or nearly ceased to
exist, were actively engaged in the slave
trade, procuring cargoes on the coast
of Africa, and transporting them for
sale to those parts of the .Union where
• their labors was found profitable, and
suited to the climate arid productions.—
And this traffic was openly carried on,
d Tortunes accumulated by it, without
~rtittch from the, people of. - the State
they resided. Arid' it can hardly
.. - 'llfP.;, yose d that in the
_State where it
* l4 ' l . oitnteriane.ediri its worst form
—that is the seizure and transporta
tion*-the'l 'de Could have regarded
those who WeNernancipated as entitled
to equal rights Allyhemseives.
, And we may here v'ain refer, in sup
port of this propositiork s to the plain and
unequivocal language - oeltre lawa - uf th
several States, some .passed after
Declaration of independence and b
the constitution was adopted, an
since the government went int
We need not refer, on ' t +mt . , par
ticularly to the laws of th i resent ' slave.
holding States. Their' atutebooks are
full of provisions i
relation to this
class, in the same, trit with the Mary.
landlaw which have before quoted.
They have co nued t 6 treat them as
an inferior ss, and to subject them
to strict p fee regulations, drawing a
broad li of distinction between the
citize nd the slave raCes, and legislat
ingjri relation to them upon the same
pgificipl; which prevailed at the time of
the Declaration of Independence. As
related to these State, it is too plain for
argument, that they have never been re
gelded as a part of the. people or citi
State, nor supposed to pos
sess any political rights which the do.
minant-race Might not withhold or grant
at their pleasure. And as-long a 51822,
the court pf Appeals of Kentucky decid
ed that , free negroes and mulattoes were
not citizens within the meaning of the
constitution; of the United States; and
correctness of this decision is recognis.
ed, and the same doctrine affirmed, in 1
Meigs's Tenn. Reports, 331.
And if we turn to the legislation of
the States where slavery had worn out,
or measures taken for its speedy aboli.
tion, we shall find the same opinion
and principles equally fixed and equal
ly acted upop..
Thus, Massachusetts in' 1786, passed
aim - similar, to the colonial one of
which, we have Spoken. The law -of
1786, lake -the law of - 1705, forbids the
marriage of any white-person with any
negro, Indian, or mulatto, and inflicts
a.penalty-of--fifty-potinds upon any one
who shall join them in marriage- '
declares all - suoh marriages absolutely
null and void,"and degrades rhus the un
happy issue of the marriage by fixing
uppn if the. stain of bastardy. And this
mark ordegrailation was renewed, and
again impressed upon the race, in the
careful and deliberate preparation of
their revised code published in 1836.
This code forbids any person from join
ing,in marriage any white person with
any. Indian, negro, or mulatto, and sub
jects the party who shall offend in this
respect, to imprisonment, not exceeding
six•months, in the common jail, or to
hard labor,and to a fine of not less than
fifty nor more than two hundred dollars;
and, like the law of 1786, it declares
the marrage to be absolutely null and
void. . It will be seen that the punish• I
meet is increased by the coda upon'the
person-who shall marry them by adding
imprisonment to a pecuniary penalty.
A NEW COUNTERFEIT. - -A new coun
terfeit five dollar noteon the Potehapge
Bank of Pittsburg, has scuttle its appear.
ance. It is well.executed and will de:
ceive many unless they are on the look'
out : for it. The vignette represents two
feniales floating - in the air. It purports
to have bean engraved WY W, L. Wintly.
BRIMS COUNTY 1 - 1 . 07/828.—Ilis Excel.
lenc'y;the President of the United States,
has recently purchased two fine carriage
horses from George M. tsuman, Esq.,
of Reading. The price paid for the span
was $800:: This is the second pair of
horses, potehased? by Mr. Bockanan =in'
Berki ounty within the !nit lex-yeart
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 17, 1857.
DEMOCRATIC STATE TICKET.
1 1 ,
Of Lycoming County.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, +
Of Chester County.
FOR SUPREME JUDGES.
wizzitzdni sTßoxdo l
Of Berks County.
J - .Ie)PIE S SO M;
Of Erie County.
The three political'. parties, who will
submit their principles to the people for
endorsement in October, have nominat
ed:their candidates, laid doWn their plat
forms, and are now—with the exception
of settling their local tickets—re4dy for
We propose, in fulfilling our dtity in
the struggle, not to violate the courte
sies or decencies of private life, in the
first place, but he;ngr provoked to it, i we
shall certainly not
.hesitate ,to threw
back the poisoned arrow, should any
such be.discharged at. us. There is, we
presume, no man in the community' who
has not some vulnerable point, and ed
itors, least of all, escape the common
let, in this respect. 'Therefore, if \ any
one attack us without provocation, in
the stile of a blackguard, we shall an
swer the fool according to his folly, and
do our best to - strike as hard blows as ,
we receive. We have further reap! vp ,
to'stand by our friends in like ma _ or:
and 'having always hitherto tte on
these principles,we have nop I,:a that
our readers, whether frie or foes,
will give implicit ereden( to this dec
We invite then, 0 neighbor of the
.Courier and t n Democrat, to a
fair, manly, aii rgurnentative discus
sion, daring e ensuing summer and
fall, of the' rinciples of the Democratic
and R e ican partios,(in this article
and i ewe do not use the usual pre
fi x , the name of the latter, and shall
again until we see the term loco-fo
and if they desire it , those of the (so
called by tber*elves):American party.-- 7 -
If they, or either of them should so far
mistake the spirit of ,
thi s :invitation, as
to imagine that we have ny fear of an
-opposite courie, their errsr will .soon
bedtime so plain, that he wo runs may
read it. In this . honorable\
expect, and have no doubt : 7 shall re
ceiVe—as we have always do s e —the ef
ficient and valuable aid of ou 'friend of
the Wahre Dernecrat, andeh IL not be
ashanied if we become' fainta\ d weary
in the thick , of the fight, to seek as We
have sometime dons in formecam
paigns, the- shelter of his brow and
strong shield,'and whilst he uses, to the
common cause, with redoubled etArgy,
the powerful weapon's which his veteran
experience knows so well and ably to
wield, recover our own energies.
We intend 'to consider seriatim, the'
- resolutions cif the several Conventions,
and gradually- to investigate and
explain the measures;.and weigh the
merits of the men now before the
people. We begin to-day with the first
resolution of the Democratic State Con.
vention, which ant at. Harrisburg on the
9th of June last, We do not propose,
however, to take them up in any regu
lar order, but shall examine each of
them as seems to us moat expedient at
'File Democratic Pla.tiorrti.
Among the most unwielding and
stoutest of its planks, is that which is
rarely found' absent from it, the expres
sion of praiSe and thanks to a good and
faithful servant of its principles, 'when
called for by,the occasion. The Dern
ocratic party is too pnwerful , to - be su
perfluous. Therefore, tyheh it-speaks,
it is listened to, with respect. Jr is
well known, to all who hear its thUnder
tones of censure rolling through the po
litical atmosphere, that the levin.bolt
has fallen on some proud head. Even
its silence or coldnesaAs significant, 7 7
Men weigh the words it has chosen,
carefully. When its voice is heard in
praise and approval, it is the sweetest
music that can reach' the humametii—
"Well done, thou good and faithful ser
vant," from its authentic representatives
is always a suf f icient reward for years of
painful labor, whilst to the younger as
pirant, it is the sure proof, that his ser
vices are appreciated, and that the path
to fame and honor is, ate length, opened
to his ardent steps. •
The venerable Chief 'Justice Lewis,
and the no less distinguished, though
younger Justice Black, must have read
the following resolution with profound •
"Resolved: That the Judicial character of Penn
"sylvanim has derived additional lustre from the
"eminent Abilities Mid It:tuning of judges Lewis
"an&Black, whose suCeessors we have this day
"nominated: that the.one who retires to private
"life, carries with him the respect - and esteem, both,
"of the professiim with'which hie'duties associated
"him, and of the. people 'whom be served, and
"whilst we did regret.to ..,lose-tife other . from: : th e
"Bench, we express our gratillautton thothiS end
"mint abilities have been brought into requisition
"in the National Cabinet."
We own, we think, as is the case with
most of the resolutions passed on this
occasion, that the thoughts might have
been more happily expressed in this one,
although the language is sufficiently ex.
plicit. It is probable they were hurriedly
drawn, inasmuch, as none were offered
or referred at the morning session of
the Convention, or indeed, so far as the
proceedings show, until the Committee
on Resolutions reported.
Well drawn or not, the sentiments are
unexceptionable, the facts adduced true,
and the compliment well-deserved.. Few
men, in or out of the state, have ever
excelled either of the gentlemen named
in learning, whilst their abilities, from
an early, day in their career, secured
them a commanding position, and even
tually lead them to the highest .honors
of the profession. So universal has
been the expression of regit„ at the
declination of the Chief Justice, from
all quarters, and of. every shade of opin
ion, that he has been heard to say, that
if he had been aware of the estimation
in which his services were held, he. ,
might have reconsidered his decislan.
The modesty, and honest desire to,Serve
the public, displayed by the relaik, are
perhaps the blest exposition'f'his char
acter that can be given.-, . •he books of
the reporters will trans t his name to•
posterity, as one of thyiblest and pro
foundest lawyers, w 1 ever sat on the
Bench of the Suyeme Court of Penn.
sylvania. A mvurnent more permanent
than brass or jiarble•l Esto perpetual
s as singular, and to some
extent s ficant, in reading over the
reso i t l i ons of the-Con vention,that Judge
Bla s appointment should be the only
1: , of
those distributed by the National t
selected by the Convention for approval.
Our recollection is, that it is customary
for the State Convention, which meets
.next after the appointments are made,
to express its opinion. Perhaps it was
thought best, as .a few still remain Un
filled, to leave that question untouched
for the present. Perhaps it was felt to
be imprudent to raise it at- all, until
men's minds were cooled a little by
time, and the pressure of new issues.--
Whatever may have been the reason for
its silence, on the topic, generally, no
man who knows the genial, hearty,
straight-forward temper, the clear, pen
etrating intellect, the lucid and flowing
pen, and the close logic of J. S. - Black,
interspersed as it is with 'the most telling
humor and brilliant metaphor, will know
well,why it spoke with regard to him.
.Judge Black-is not, nor can he soon
be, a good politician. lie knows little *
or nothing of the baser phases of hu
man nature, and his confidence in men
who have betrayed, him, has - .several
times interfered with his • elevation to
high official positions heretofore. He
is, however, something better than a
politician. Ileipa true-hearted, hon
est man, gifted in an unusual degree,,by
: his Creator, and destined, in all human
-probability, to attain the very highest
professional honors which can be con
ferreci on a member of the legal, proles
sion in this country. We have no
doubt he will, eventually, should-:time
and opportunity combine, fill a seat in
the. Supreme Court of the United States,
With the same brilliant result to his
reputation, and benefit, to the suitors,
which followed his elevation to that of
- Pennsylvania.. Whatever •Its lot, we
are sure he will - do honor - to it. . Be
lieving that he will have a still more
distinguished future, we cordially wish
him, also, a happy one. - *
(ni-' Petitions for an iqunction,agai nst
the &Ile of the Main Line.—Want of
room compels us to post ponelor another
week, the synopsis we•had intended to
give our reader'S of the reasons why an
injunction is prayed for. It is possible
that when we do so, we• may also be
able to state the decision of the Supreme
Court upon the questions-rahuid -before
Kr . LION. ALEX. RAMSEY is ranked
among the millionaires of Minnesota,
his wealth being estimated at near half
OZY" Considerable excitement exists
in and about the state 'of Ohio, in con
sequence of a deficit of nearly five hun
dred and fifty thousand dollars in the
State Treasury.- The present Treasurer
has resigned his office in consequence,
and states that the deficit existed when
he came into office (eighteen months
ago,) and to have.been caused by the de
falcations of the• former Treasurer.—
The Governor has appointed a commit.
tee to make a full exam nation into the
Treastiry. Until the whole matter is
carefully examined, and the whole truth
known, the many exaggerated reports
flying around the country, should be re
ceived with considerable allowance.—
Political animosities, and desires to
shift the responsibility of the defalca
tion; if such in reality exists,. are the
burthen of the present reports.
Ott - The municipal government of
New York city was in a state of anar
chy last week. The Republican legis
lature of last winter, despairing of its
party ever Obtaining power in the city,
1 - bieted'Ac ,,.., eitalif the Voitlrrti t• or
flee, and their own friends into them.—
Of course, such a monstrous abuse of
power, and disregard of public opinion,
while the act is unconstitutional in it.
self, was resisted as any other act of tyr
rany would be, and the result -was the
killing of several, and a greater num
ber wounded. Mayor Wood bold
maintains the right against illegal en
actments of the legislature,-and will no
doubt be sustained by the Supreme
Court, before' whom Me matter is
Cab. Joan W. FORNEY.—The Wash •
ington Star says :—"We have every rea
son to believe that. Col. John W. For
ney, on Saturday, ient to the President
his declinature of the . lattees lalfer to
him of the U, S. , C9nsolship at Liver
pool, tendered sope time since. Col,
F. designs returning to Pennsylvania.
The Star also leArns that a number of
this gentlethan's, , versunal friends in
Washingt6n, without distinction of par•
ty,al . !e preparing to compliment him
w ith'a public dinner, ere he removes
pdally to his home in Philadelphia. It
Is said that he has accepied their invi
Ot - It is said that Col. Richardson
has declined the Governorship of Ne
Kr' The statement going the rounds
of the Republican press, that Jasper E.
Brady, one of the American candidates
for Supreme Judge, had given in his ad
hesion to the Democratic-party, is pro.
counced false from beginning to end by
the gentleman himielf.
OzY - Daniel Clark, Republican, has
been elected' to the U. S. Senate, by
the Legislature' of New liampahire,
in place of Mr. Bell, dec'd.
Or Speaker Banks has been nomina
tett for Governer by the Americans
(n f ' It is said that the Governorship
of Utah was offered to I. E. 'Lester, of
Lancaster, but deined.
Or The latest liccounts from Utah
are to the effect 41at Brigham Young
had set out on a scientific expedition to
Oregon. Mormoniarn is said to be pros.
pering. A Goveirt i or of Utah has not
vet been appointed, !ant it will be either
Majer Cumming, or` Gov. Tlipmas.. of
CONESTOGA. PEA ELs. l 7 —rrhe Lancaster
papers give an aceouni of. some pearls
found in muscles taken front Conestoga
creek, nertFlhat7eity, by. Dr. W. B.
Fahnestock, J. FI Rel grt, and others.
One shell contained ashany as eighty
pearls,, several of whiO were of the
size of large pet?. The shells from
which theTearls Were traen exhibit the
most beautiful tints, and are said to be
equal in beauty• td:the fi est specimens
of the Oriental mother o pearl. The
finding of these gems hr occasioned
quite an exciternent.
.SHOCKING ACCIDENT.— .he Reading
Adler, of ..Tuesday, centralan account
of a-shocking accident;.tha occurred at
the Saw Mill of Mr. PeterMokel, on
the Northkill creek, in ~ p per Bern
township, on the 29th ult. llt appears
that while engaged in sawing :a log".of
timber, (the hands being abient at the
time,) a child, aged .3 years, 'fon of Re
becca Hoffman, who lived! wit Mr.
Mokel, went into the-mill and laid him-self , down- on the log, unconscious- of
the impending danger. - In :;a., \few min
utes he was reached by-the sal, and be
fore help could be procured, dr the fam
ily were aware of his Aanger, - the child
was almost severed in twain. ~ Mr. Me
kel and son, who attended the,' mill, it
is scarce necessary to add, Were in no
_,blame for this terrible oc
WALeraio PEAT.-- . =A very interesting
walking feat came off last Satuiday,
Robinson Township,ln Bucks County,
for a- wager of twenty-five dolhirs.—
There was placed one hundred potatoes
one yard apart, in a field, and they. were
to be picked up one by- one, and ) - nit
into a basket id 'forty-five minutes.—
The feat.was accomplished by Mr. Hen
ry- Henry, of Robinson Landing, in 'foil
ty-one minutes and 'fifty-seven seconds.
This beats-the Jersey BlueS.
PEOITABLE ARRET UAR EKING,
-A'-farmer-in Germantown, -- Pa.,.glairris
thai.'he makeS $7OOO a year clear profit
from twelve acres of land• He raises
principally early vegetables, for.the mar
lrevts,, and uses 'about $2OOO 'worth of
fertilizers on his land. From a patch
16 by 180 feet; he has sold $5O worth
of pie-plant, this .seaion, and can sell
more from the same patch.
THE NEW LIQUOR TARIFF kOR ef
feet 011 the Ist.' "of July nest,.when-the
duty on foreign liquors will be reduced
from one hundred per gent., ad valorem,
to thirty per cent. Three cargoes of
Schnapps have , lately arrived at Boston
from Rotterdam, and gone into, bond
for a 'single dealer in this line.
Continuous Railway.—The -Iron
.pursues-his way withbut stop
or important deviation ina direct line
from Bangor, Maine, to Jefferson. City,
Missouri,a distance of a little over seven
teen hundred• miles—half as far as Lon
don—in three days!
FLIES.—In a few weeks, housekeep
ers, grocers, butchers and all will - cry
out'against the plague of flies. The
following method of preventing their
ingress into shops, may be of value: A
traveller remarks that the butcher shops
of Geneva are- all -open, and although
immense numbers of flies may be seen
on the outside walls, not one comes in.
This is caused by the inner witlls being
rubbed over with laurel oil,-which is an
effective preventive against the intrusion
of these troublesome insects. The
Courier de Havre, in alluding to this
fact, states that no fly , will•en - ter a room
in which Iv wreath of waliiut leavOilias
beenihunirno The.tixperiment is worth
NEW FURNITURE STORE!
HAVE just opened the finest, largest mid
cheapest assortment of Furniture ever 'offer
ed in Lebanon. Their store is in Cumberland
street, between Market and Plank-road.
Their stock consists of all kinds of Parlor and
Common Furniture, which they will 'sell lover
than can be bought in Lebanon. All they oak is
of persons in want of Furniture to give them a
call before purchasing.
They have on hand a large assortment•oT Sares,
Tete-a,tetoo, Lounges, Centro, Pier, Card and
other Tables, What Nuts,
Hat Racks, .t e. Also,
A large and cheap-stock of Stuffed, Cane-scat,
and common Chairs, Settees, Bedsteads,
lot of Cheap Mattresses. Also, Looking Glasses,
—Gilt, Rosewood and Mahogany—very cheap.
Venetian Blinds ; Carriages, Gigs and Hobby
horses, for children ; and a large stock, too nu
merous to mention. Particular attention 'paid. to
UNDERTAKING. We have provided ourselVes
with - the FINEST HEARSE IN LEBANON,
and will manufacture Coffins and attend Funerals )
at the shortest notice and most reasonable terms.
April 29, 1897. DUNDORE OVES.
Spring and Summer
Enlargement of the. Well-known Cheap
Stand Opposite the Court-House.
Reizenstem j Brother,
T a P proaehin g the public, who have hereto
' ore so generously encouraged the "cheapest
clothing store," take pleasure in informing them
that they, on 'account of their increase of Busi
ness have onlarged their store to its former sine.
After an experience of many years the public,
by general consent have decided the above to be
The Head Quarters for Good Clothing
and Great Bar g ains ,
And-their patronage has consequently been such
as to justify the proprietors in an attempt to ex=
ceetteven themselves, in providing for their ens
torners.a stock. of Spring and Summer Clothing
such as has never before been of red -in this or
any other neighboring town. By-an enormous
outlay they are prepared to . ekhibit an assortment
which fel' quality, variety. excellence of material;
durability of workmanship, CANNOT be excelled
anywhere. Among others their stock comprises
Pine black cloth dress and frock Coats; eassimere,
cashmarett, .sittinett, tweed, business, and sack
Coats;:alpacca, Italian cloth, linen and ging
. ham 'Coats; Kentucky Jean, cassimer and linen
sack and frock Coats, as well as Pants, Vests,
Hats aktd. Caps for Boys, of. different sizes and
traalititi. The latest styles he plain and fancy
cassimer, black cloth and. doUthin, black and fan
cy cassinett, corduroy and tweed, linen and cot
ten Pants. Silk, satin ' cloth, velvet, eassimero,.
marseille, grenadine and Valencia Vests.
'inc white shirts with linen bosoms; shirt
"mason:is ready maderealieo, check, and different
_other fancy Shit.* suspenders, gloves, collars,
socks, stocks, neck-and tiocket kerchiefs, under
shirts and •drawers, umbrellas, trunks, valises,
carpet bags; - Cloth, navy 'and glazed Caps, straw
Panama, wool and fur flats.
Redleustein .E.13r0. take this opportunity to re
turn their thanks for favors heretofore extended,
and hereby re:assure the public in generni, that
the confidence with which they have been favored
they will strive to merit' in the future.
• Observe the Stand,
Nearly opposite the Court-house. Call there and
you tnay rely upon it that every article you pur
chase will prove to be precisely what it is repre
sented to be, and you will save a handsome per
centage on your 'purchase money—for in giving
bargains ItEIZENSTEIN & Euo. caret he beat.
Lebanon, may 6, 1857;
TO TITOSE WHO WAIST
ME` _PAL MEM. AIME dos 40
A EARN/ UTTRiN ifl ItHACH OP EVZI,tY MAN.
RICCEIE . RIDGWAY FARM COMPANY has made tir
rungementa by which, all who desire to settle or
purchase a home can dose.
The Farms consist of the best limestone soil of the
moat superior quality for farming, in a rapidly improv
ing place, into whiCh an extensive emigration is now
pouring: The property is located in Elk county, Penn
therindst of e,thrlyingimpsilatiewierliers
.10,001 k The climatnlrsperfecify healthy, and tbe tern -
ble plague of the west fever is unknown. It also basso
abundance of the best quality of Coal and lren. The
price to buy it out is from "$,3 to S7M per acre, payable by
instalments, to be located at the time of purchasing. or
a share of 23 acres entitling to locate the same for $3OO.
payable $6 per month or 123/ 2 "acres pays ble $4 per month'.
Discount for every sum of $lOO and 'under, paid in ad
vance, a discount of five per cent. will• be allowed, and
for over $lOO a discount of 10 percent.
In considering the advantages of emigrating to this I e
ntity, the following are presented:
First—The soil is a rich limestone. capable of raising
the heaviest crops, owing to which this settlement has
attained its present great prosperity. -
Second—lt is the centre of the great North West Coal
Basin, and is destined soon to become one of tbegreatest
business places in the State. It will supply the great
Like ma: act, (according to population and trarel the
greaten in the •UniO4.7Y It bus five workable-veins, of
the best Bituminous Coal, amounting in the aggregate
to over 22 feet, which makes :.12,000 tons of coat under
each acre. This will make the laud ofinestriniable value.
The eminent state geo/Ogist; Dr. Charles T. Jackson,
of Boston, has made a geological surrey of the land, and
analysed the coal, the iron ore, and the limestone. This
report, together with maps; vili be furnished to inqui
Fourth—Three railroesif are laid 'out through this
property. The Sunbury , and Erie Railroad gives us a
market, for our coal to the lakes—it rails from Erie to
Philadelphia. A Mtge part of this road has been finish
ed, and is now in running order. A heavy feria, non
wetting front Erie towards our land in the western di
rection, the means for the completion ofwhich has been
raised—it will soon be finished. The Alleglimiy
Railroad connects us with New York, fiesteii . and Pitts
burg. The Venan,,lo Roadvonneets us with the West.
There are already. good Turnpike Roads running
through this property, various other roads have belie
opened te accommodate the., emigration and settlematt
which hues already taken pinee.
There is no opportunity equal to it now offeredlo the
man who wards to provide himself a home in 'an easy
way, and make a settlement where he can live in mos
purity and independence in a climate PE'ItIOI.CTLY
No case of the fever ever having hem known to occur
in this settlement. It is not like going to the backwoods
Of the West, among perhaps intolerant people, where
there is no society, churches, or schools, where the price
of land is high, and where the emigrant, after being us.
. ed to the healthieSi climate in the world, has to endure
aickness, and pain, and perhaps-ruins his health and
•that of his retail). But here is a thriving settlement,
laving three towns. containing chuiehes, schools, ho
- tuts, stores, saw mills, grist mills, and everything desir
ed. There is a cash market at hand. The lumber trade
last year amounted to ever two hundred million feet of
lumber. In a short time, owing to the coal, it will be
come still more valuable, us a number of iron works and
manufactories will soon be startial ; they'are at present
starting them extensively at Warren. gren fur those
who do not:wish - to go there, the payments amine)] that
they Can elloilibUys farm to save their , rising families
from want in the future, Or to gaitep. competence by the
rise which will take place in the value of lands. By an
outlay scarcely missed, a substantial provision can
Persons should makeetirlyapplication: apply or write
to E. Jeffries Secretary , No: 1& Walnut street, below
Fifth, Philadelphia. Letters carefully answered giving
, • .
Shares or tracts erbind•canabe.bought.or secured by
letter enclosing the Rrstirivtalineut of live dellars, when
the subscriber will baturnished with books, maps, &c.
Warrantee deedi given. Persens eon also purchase
from our Ageuts.
Route from - Philadelphia to Tyrone on the Pennsylva
nia Central Railroad, and thence by stage to the land.
\ This is a delightful season to visit St. Navy's—the best
hotel accommodation is afforded. Enquire for E. C.
Schultz, E'sq:, the agent for:the prOperty.at St. Mary's.
June 10,1857,8 m.
JAMES, 'F. MAXWELL,
- 31ANUFACTURER OF
Improved "Fire and . Water Proof
' HARRISBURG, PA
111SPECTFULLY inform the citizens of Rai
risburg, Reading, Lancaster, Lebanon, and
their vicinities, that we are prepared to put on
roofs on most liberal...terms, and at the shortest
Werespectfully call the attention of persons a
bontle build, to our invaluable method of roofing,
now much used throughout the principal cities of
the' nited States an&their vicinities. This mode
of roofing having' fill the Combined requisites of
cheapness, Durability, and Security against Fire
and Water, and dispensing with high gablewalls;
the roofs require an inclination of not more than
three-quarters (I) of an inch to the foot, and in
many cases saving .. the entire cost, of rafters—the
coiling joist, being used.
The gutters are-made of the same material,
withoht any extra .charges.;, consequently, our
roofs arelput up at almost half the cost of either
Tin,.Slatc, or Shingles. The material being of
an' mperishable nature, it surpasses all others in
Durability ;—besides, in ease of any casualty, it
is the most easily repaired of an: -
in use. ',Yet, the best proof we el
being loth'fire and water proof, /
ferences,Vinny one of whom we
N. B. ;But let it be distim
(since we Manufacture our.own
do the work in, person,) that, we
work proof and;
prove contrnry, we will most wil
The materials being meetly IR
heat, no roof is so -eool=in: 81:11)1M01
Winter. Those wishing tor use
give the raftets a pitch of about
foot. - [luny
..resold by i DUNDIP
InR. WM. M. GUILFORD has removed his Of
- flee to .his new residence on Market Street,
few doors Noith of Rubor & Oves' Store, and be.
tween it and the New Lutheran church.
Lebanon, Dee. 10, 1856 -tf
WI I 0 DOES NOT
Kay) sr TIVIT
HENRY & STINE, -
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS,
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN
IN LERANON ?
t"'A We Would respectfully invite our canner•
ous customers and friends to call and see our
splendid now stoolrof ,•spring and summer Goods
we have just opened and are constantly receiving
by Express. 'Our stock consists of a full assort
mentvf the most fashionable Dress Goods for
Ladies and Onntlemens' Wear; Mantillas, Shawls,
BOnnets, Bonnet ribbons, mitts, collars, sleeves,
bats, -Ao., for Ladies; also Hats, Handkerchiefs,
stocks, Stockings, Gloies, frn., for Men. .
• All kinds of Domestic ljryGoods, Quoensware,
Oil Cloths, Carpets, Muslin Shades, &c.
Also a complete assortment of
which we are selling at very low prices. Give
us an early call.
~May 6th, 1857.
Cloth- Manufactory . .
+THANKFUL for past favors, the undersigned.
I respectfully, informs the public., that he con- -
thanes hts "nlaumfacto*in Fast Hanover, Lebanon
county, onus extensive a scale as ever: Itis un
necessary for him to say more than that the work
will be dente in the same excellent style whieh has
made his work and name so well known to the
surrounding country. He promises to do the
work in the shortest possible time. The Manu
factory is in complete order, and he flatters him
self to be able to render the same satisfaction as
heretofore. He manufactures
Broad and Narrow Cloths, Cassinets, Blanketa,
White and other Flannels,
All finished in the best manner, and at reason
able prices. Re also cards Wool and makes
For the convenience of his customers, wool and
cloth will be taken in at the following places :
At the stores of George & Shellenberger, Looser
& Brothers, Shirk & Tice, and George Euineebl,.
and 'rtt Guilford .&„ Lemberger's New Drug4ore,
in Labanon ; the stores of Shirk
Samuel U. Shirk, -in-North Lebanon boroUgh ;
Samuel Goshert, Bethel tp.; the public bouse of
Wm. &rest, Fredericksburg; Samuel E. Bickers
store. Jonestown ; George Weidtunn't store, *ell
vieW : Melchior Itelelmit. 2 miles from Palmyra;
Martin taily's store, Palmyra.; Gabriel Wolfers
beruer's store, Palmyra landing; Miehad Shirk,
Bea Hanover, Dauphin County ;
- at the acres of
Mr. Eby, and David M. Bunk, East IlancTer,
Alt materials will be taken away from the a
bove places, finished without delay, and returned
Those of his customers who with to have Stoch
ing Wool carded, .dyed and mixed, can leave their
Wool (white,) at the obove mentioned places,
with directions how they wish it prepared. Or
his customers can order the stocking-weal tedm
made from the undersigned's wool ) . which will be
done, and left at the desired. place,
B.—lt is desired that those having wool
carded, will pay the cash therefor, at the :thorn
named places. LYON LEMBEROBR.
East Hanover tp. April 6, 1857.
XE IP ilitaRB.LE
V - 23q
` E f k r 4
NEW STA D IN MARKET ST. i
one square north ' Union Hall, Leta:non. 11.,
.where he ;stall titre d personally to at :irk° . ill
favor him with th Ix patrourige.
lie WOUIdCLISO I" t'utiilhis sincere thfulkfi fsr the
. ~e, .
rona afforded him sirepr- op w; ingiin
businv.ss, and fee - ii g the :e,O-0 enoenTagel hythe
interest.utauireAta ic 11.4, 1.,-.l“ilf-1. , ...5; the pi:1)1W he
enters upois a new fiwtsoa with mn,wel envigy.
de-watching bitsiu s Vi' i'l . 1".. 'a protoe.ir I.:pee:On g
an honed mechatti
Ail- Ternag Re I,R r:a. “. filP. i o U,,f; ~ I.'., , :4itre.
.r. JA ( - al', E My.
Lebanon, Apra .
P. S.--,!Alse,-a. n
Sills, for the sewn
contractors; who .w
'%ATE will bare ol
V V A groat Poi-ebm.
and every personiin th
tend it, tall men and s
big boys and little oni
young men and old, y
turn about and wheel
and try to catch
not forget to call at
'..IAMES M. Pi
New C.h e
G R OC.
in the•borough of
ty of time, as the
ternoon at 2 o'el;
tivhieh they ha'
mind, but th,
To ~.. Stockholders Of the Lebanon Gas
. . Com try.
Y. are hereby netifi that the installments
n the stock of Said Corapany are due and
pa ble to the -Treasurer, t. his office, lathe her
o . Of . Lebanod, in ma er folloiviei, viz :
1. Installment of $2 50 er share, due Monday,
December 15, 1856.
d instalment ern 50 or share, due Monday,
.d Installment of $5 00
April 6, 1857;
4th Installment 'of ss'
day, May 4th, 1857.
sth Installment of 5:00
Tune Ist, 1856.•
6th Installment of $5
day, July 6,1857.
By Order of the B
Ifebanon, march 4, ."
•_,oriir• THERMO ~ , TERS, & o.—Perons in
want of accurate and r: labia Thermometers, Rand
Mirrors, Traveling PI i, Chirta 4 Fancy. Toi
let Bottles, Pint' Box :-, -', übiw's and other Choice
Perfumes, Tortoise 8. I; Iliiffalo,- India -Robber
and. Morn Pocket 7 jlet - 09mbs. - Fancy 6-
gar an&Aakttan4i. 1, „ enr - ;;Citicie.) - • ' -
. ' Van atAllturil , A LEMBERtiNitt
New Drug, McMinn -Faiianierißitiblicumnt,
Id t Street,
tuber of elect Linte.stone Door
modeti of building-ince and
rtild di vell to call and exam
) ! what Fan: .
net ing new for Lebanon.—
will come off this week,
county is invited to at
1, tall women and small,
~big girls and little ones,
lung ladies =andold ones,
pout and run after this fox
mn't that be fun. But do
LEGER 4. .BRO'S
It 1 r S T 0:11, E
re ba n on. (Yon will have plen
fox chase comes elf in the af
tic,) therefore you' will have a
iting and seeing their stocks of
received from New York and
and will sell tremendously
'is not the - slightest. doubt in my
their geode will cause as much re
(as well as profit,} in the borough
Ftround, as this great Fox chase.—
not forgot to visit J. M. Pfteger
nd great will be your fun, and very
Lin. Yours, most respectfully, j
Ssl.] J. M. P. SS. M. P.
SAAB • • EIOFFER
.s in Cumbefiancl' street, opposite the
Io Hotel," Lebanon, Pa.
on, April 22, 1857.—1 y.
NPTA',c I P,
per Aare, due Monday,
0 per slinre, due Men-
per share, due Alonday,
per share, due Mon-
a of Managers.
' W. MISS, Titasurer
NORTH LEBANON AREA
X . ' IL
ASSOR 'CUNT 0F
C HEAF . Day GOOD' 1.,
Grocer r sl Qu , eenstvare.A.. c .
BY "7 l
FUN-_: * it BRO
AT THE 14
mA.NS ON HOus L
Wil(eincite. tit '. . tttntion of purchaser -to
) ry i,n l ex:Must ' e stock of F E:5 1 - '
embracing eves, 1. riety of DRESS GOODS, fu.
C t a
"Ladies and Gentle en, which they are prepare.
to offer to reliable ad prompt elastomers. :it the
lonwtrates, guarat ding every reasonable cabs
faction. Please exa Me, before purchasing else
where. . • :: JACOB K. FUNC-X.
April 22, 1§57. t i JOIIN X. FUCK,:
. , -1V _I mber Yar.
in t .r oorougle of North 44..
`The' Lumber Usiness will be continu
ally - thing in his line,
in all its branebes b the undersigned at the ell
yard:on the •Sen tit ia. le of the Canal at the bead.
ti o u f l i ) V . alv :t s, u tt , e „: " mqmolig
are rospectfnily-requcAlea to _ire him a call.
N. Lebanon, April ,i'C:18.57.--tf.
Call an; tNee the
Dry-Goods; - Groi c roe k eru
and the public that
stock of (3 OQDS 'for
will be found as 'cheap a
this town, 'consisting of
usually kept in a first-cla
tention is given to Staph;
Trade, not neglecting tie
dies' wear—such as Lacer
Gentlemen are Invited
Cassimereq, : Cosinets, Ti
Fancy and other Vestingz,
In the Grocery depart
splendid azsortment of ore
kr-I-Coffee, sugar_ spices,
In Crockery, ~ t lle stock
APT - The highest marke
Country Produce., Lobe
.11d13 - E11;
THIS NEVV f•TIRIVI
ARE -HDLDINC C i T
GR I EAT INDU c EMENTS, BI
THEIR SPLENDID AS: a RTMENT or
SPRING AND SU
Tmen they are selling 0
V V Their assortment of La
is hard to heat,-"having all the
arc all wellselected. Among t.!
Lamertin . ThmaLs Oriental
Cloth, Feinted Lama, Silk Ties ,
Paris, Berege Robes, plain Tisi
Black and Fancy Silks, very.
handsome, Challis, M. D. Lains,
Prints, G inghams, Lawns, Brilli
and a .variety of other FarterD,
ladies are especially invited to
April 22, 1555.
i - TELlA — tinct, a - large v iety of other
SPRING _SHAWLS:. • prices and
saudes. Also a splendidlot ofn w style MlNlM_iits, very. chgair:: . - To see theins- lat
. • - • • • -RA t & BROS.
BoNs - EiTs,.,)Every- de : se o'ption and at
all prices; very cheap. Misses new
style Flats and Bonnets, you will .4 very cheap
at s • An BROS.
M - 1 4
IVIBROIDER.Y, Collars. ' leeves,
• 'VDUs, Gloves, lloaierY, in short all
a lady wants for a - Tull and cottipletel.tress. They
think thee are able to prove by their f prices that
it will be your advantage to see the before
... Domestic Goods, t it i .
&full and general assortment that (Wes beating: -
Will find - the hest, the handsomet, and they
feel warranted to say the elteftneSt a ortment of
all kinds of Cloths, Cess.imeres, plaid and fancy,
:asd ail kinds of spring autl: Somme? Goods for
men and - :boys that will be - Offered anywhere this
spring. Their selections are larWeitnil„ moat tuvi'
Their prices very law. To see them cake the
NEW FIRM of nail= ••• BROS.
G a i
WATCHES AND - JEW
ANOTHER NEW LOT, OF
'Wt gOll-.;:5 AND SE' WE
JUST RECEIVED- IIY
J . W AC^ K 11 -1
In Cumberland street, next door to, Dr
Get. 22, '4ia.
. - .16111017
19. Good's Book Store.
THE undersigned, having removed his New Bad
Cheap Book Store, to Market square, 2 door
north of Dr. GUILFORD'S New Building, Market
st., where he will he pleased to see all of his oli
friends, and those delirious of having articles it
his line. With a determination of selling cheap
er than can be purchased elsewhere, he would re
spectfully call the attention of 'the public to
Bibles, Hymn and Prayer Rooks, Mis
cellaneous, B/anis and School Books,
Wall and Window Paper,
Stationery, and every article in his line of busi
ness. Also, Pocket DiariT and Almanacs for
1857. An the Magazines .and Newspapers, both
daily and - weekly, to be, lad at Publisher's rates.
All orders for articles in fils line carefully and
Lebanon, Inn.. 1:41.1054:. Tice CBOT
tvt ,, skz. , r- , D.O czi:'X..•
ca,„ •-• 09 rs
t 4 " 0 41=
8 12- g- t4I 2;FL
ctr.:Lf4l4- gov- 3'.1•
. g -
off w c- t v ..5.., 34
P, • zi Er• 6,49. flo
0 .1.• 4' w
g, it- As
-Fzig t 441 =as
•,t, rzr- $2. teP4
- oa .44 4:tito.!?
ff..ff, bi P
= 0 0
-f c •: 00 C
g c i SP cr e , •- B .
c re 4 .1 ' r e ---
IF YOU Ntalt.r.
Cheap ' Looking
Gilt, Rosewood or Ateiogaziy.-or.Venitiall
Td: DUNDORE & OVES.
1114 MIS •• SHOULDERS,
SIDES, Whitefish, Mackerel, Herring, ChroN
Vinegar; Tobacco,: Sugars, Flour, Feeding, ke.
4t0., for sale Aty C. RBI - SHER.
Lebanon, inly SO, 4856.
• Bonnet Ribbons
A BE/iUTIFUL assortment of Bon
net, Satin and -hfantua Ribbons jot
received and foveale' very eheap at
May 13. 11ENItY & STINE'S.
lIELMBOLD'S GENUTINTE-PREPA_R AVON,
Highly Coneentrabad-Afilareet *ke, for Disess
e.s of the Bladder, Kidneys, 'Grave), Drttn
Feakfiesses, is atea#arad pleaeleat reale*
Aeadlhe sadvertileirieet Al another oolunhheed
ed '‘‘lfeirribold'a .fl . eisiiiilii: l Prepara time
. READ-,q9 rft" 4I . I 3OI4TISEBIENT in matte
column, Imi - dad "Ileaiiikplirs Gem/lut Pr PO
AN informs his friends
e hns just received a new'
• ~Spring Trade, which'
any stock of the kind itt'
11 such G - I.
UOI A , as are'
.s 'store. Particular at:
(Gods for the COlnktry a
fancy articles for La.:
lawns, Edgings, ija..
- examine his CLOTHS,
ids, Summer Cloths
r elvets, Cords &c. '
tent may be found a
need in the Fami.-
els., Mackerel, ic,
, I : ZIMMERMAN.
rice will be paid for
1 4, April 22, 1 , 557.
es' Dress Geolli
ew styles, whir::
n you will finri
fig'd, Crape (It
ea and Bereget
'heap and very
e: erege D. Lain:,
is Lustre: , ,le.
; : ...s Goods. The
E....- 11 and sea the