Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, October 05, 1881, Image 1
THB CLEARFIELD REPIBLICAJ.," rCBUSSBB SVBBT WIDMSDAT, At CLEARFIELD, PA. KKIAHLUHBO III ltt. iur lai great ClreulBtloa or any Knaapei In Nfirth Central Psunayivanla. Termi of Subscription. it i ,i I in advenoe, or srltaia I months....' (Ml i, .,ei'l after X and befor. 0 mooths II ; .i.l after tho olpiratioa of I taoatbs,, so 3 OU Rates ot Advertising, I'r ttislcnt advertisements, por sqnaraof 10 linaaor 1 titnea or loia ... $1 60 ) .,r .nrh subsequent insertion. 60 Uuinistrelors' and Kieoutora'aotleeo. I 60 la litnra' notice . 3 60 Com m. and Estraye,. 1 10 1 to t 00 10 ..nlution notices. ..fc.sional Carda, O llnaa or laaa,l jear. ..it notices, per Una Y KAKLY ADVERTISEMENTS, ...r.rr 8 00 I column- tmsres.. 10 00 A ealuinn. ..60 00 70 00 :nitr 30 00 1 column- 110 00 O. B. OOODLANDKR, Publisher. pu'ltcrs' Card. II W. SMITH, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, I I ;s f'lnartjeld, Pa. J J. LINGLK, A. T T O It N E Y - A T -LAW, 1:18 Phillpabnr, Ceutre Co., Pa. y:pd ROLAND P. SWOOPK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Oiirwensville, Clearfield oounty. Pa. oot- , "TS-lf. 0 SCAR MITCHELL, ATTOHNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIRLD, PA. 'Old Westernl building," (up-atair). '78-tr. now in lot. 9, ISIUEL TEST, . TTOUNKY AT LAW, Cleat-Meld, Pa. 5r Office odo door aat of Shaw House. M. M. McCULLOUGII, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, i'fii;c In Manonic building, Second street, op hite the Court Houm. je2fl,'78 tf. C. ARNOLD, & COLLECTION OFFICE, CIRWENflVILLE, LAW Clearfield Conntv, Penn'a. 76y s. T. H ItOCKBANK, ATTORN'KY AT LAW, CLKARFIKLD, PA. i'. in Opera House. ap JV77-lyj . A. Wai.i.acb Oil Y. VV A LLAt'X,.. ..Davio L. Kbbba,' W. E. W AIXACB. f A I, I, ACE k KREBS, T T O R N E Y S - A T i n 1 -1 ClearUeld, Pa. L A W , i-MITII V. WILSON, . Jifoiwij -!-- ir, I.K.UiHCLl), - - I'KNN'A. f-iron'u't In the Matonla Building, over the mty N..Uoi.l Batik, tuiarZ4.su. J. F. SNYDER, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. rirfl over the County National Bank. June J, T8tf. MiANK G. HARRIS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Clbamfirld, Pkbr'a. 1 ir.t class Life and File Insurance Companies rt tire sell toil. .K-er-OBoe In he Opera IIouie.- Mar. lo.MI-l critul aoanoa. JURRAY & GORDON, ''attorneys AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. flr-Office la Pie's Opera House, second flour. il:lu'74 riLLlAU A. HAGERTY, .1 TTOIl.YK 1 T-i.I ir, iil'HCi: over T. A. Plrrk Cu.'s More. CLEARFIELD, PKNN'A ZV-WIII ailed to all legal business witb t.n.ini.tness and ndolily. fbl 1,'eO-tl". r.Vtl t. H BNALLT DAltllL W. kt CL1DT. KNALLY iicCUKDY ATTO RNEY S-A T-LA W , Cleardrld, Pa. if Lnm baiinsn stttmled to promptly wtthj i'i Irlity. ii file on Heron d ttrMt, tboro Ut Fint .NtionI Unk. Jd:1:7A J F. McKENRICE, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, CLEARFIELD, PA. All lel bu.laeaa entrusted to bs ear will re. -rire prompt attention. .rr-Ofliae In tbe Court House. .u(iH,l;-lj. 0. KJAMER, A i T 6 R N E Y -A T -LAW, Real EataU and Colloetloa Afeat, CI.EAHFIK.LI). PA., Will promptly attend to all legal busiaess en iru.rod to bis oare. j:-0llVa la Pie's Opera Home. Janl'"0. J" UN L. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. ,i,.l Iteal Instate Affeiit, Clearfield, Pa. uiSr. oa Tbird atr.at, bet.Cberry A Walnut. .MB-Respectfully offera bis aerrioes in selling ' etd buying lauds la uleerBoiu and auolnlag counties f and witb aa oiperiene.of ov.rlwenlT y.are as a surveyor, flatters himself tb.t b. eaa render sulsfaetloa. (Feb. IS:S:t:tf, I'Upitlans' (Cnrds. It K. M. SCHEURER, D HOMKOPAiniC PUYHICIAN, Offio. in residenee oa First it, April M, 1S71. Clearfield, Pa JQU. W. A. MEANS, I' II Y S I C I A N ft SURGEON, Dl'BoIrt CITY, PA. " ill attend professional oells promptly. auglO'70 yyi. t.'j. nor nit, t'llYSICIAN AN D SU KO EON. "Bin. on Market Street, Clearfield, Pa. M-09lre koursi to II a. m., and 1 to I p. m. jyt. J. KAY WRIGLEY, HOMEOPATIIIO rilYHICIAN, T4r-imi aljolnlnt tbe raaldaaea ef Jamee v'iii;lrT, K.i., on tti-coad St., Weariield, Pa. 'uiy.ii,'7-it'. (J C. JENKINS, M. D., I'll Y SI CI AN AND 8U KG EON, CI RM ENriVILLE, PA., !':rr. st rr.idror., ecrotr of State and Pine ' ' '"(.. Jan. tib, msi ir. 1) II. II. B. VAN VALZAH, l.r.AHI-IIOI.II, PICNK A. U'E IN RESIDENCE, CORN KR OF FIRST AND PINE bTKE&TS. J1r Ofljoe hour. Froi i II to t P. M. Kay II, I "74. I) II. J. V. BURCU FIELD, H irgsoa of Ike Hi Keglmeal, Peansyleania v 'lanissre, baeiag retaraed froai lb. Army, ' his profsssieaal sertless la Ikatitlaeas "I Clearfield eoaaty. -V-rrofesalonalaallt promptly atteaded I. on Second street, formerly oeeapled ay ''IVoods. apr4.'0tl CLEARFIELD G00DLANDEB, Editor & Proprietor. t pr,NCIPLES, NOT MEN. ' TBMS-$2 per arrun in Advance. VOL. 55-WIIOLE NO. 2,742. ' CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1881. NEW SERIES-VOL. 22, NO. 39. ! eBUSBBSBsssassssssssssssnuBBBwewsm sBSwmmssBSBSsBWaesBBBBBSSBBSBBBBSBBasnem (Tarda. HENRY BRETH, (ostbbp p. o.) JUSTICE OF THE PEACE POR BULL TnWNHHIF. May 8, 1H78-Ij JAMES MITCHELL, DiALaa ta Square Timber & Timber LbikIh, )olI'7 CLEARFIELD PA. V. I10YT, Land Survevor and Civil Engineer, PniLIPSBURO, I'A. 4rAII bailneas will be atteadel to promptly. Deo. 15, IHSO-ly. REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, Clearfield, Penu'a. fetuWill oxeeuU Jobs In bis line promptly and In workmanlike maaaer. ap r4,87 FRANK FIELDING AND WILLIAM D. II1RLER, CLEARFIELD, PA. Nor. 17lb, 1890 tf. WEAVER &, BETTS, DKALRRA IX Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs, AND Ll'WUKROP ALL KIN DR. r-Offlc on Hosoond itrtit, in reivr of itort tvm of (lorf Wvr A Co. Jftnl. '78-tf. RICHAR.D HUGHES, Jt'tTICB OP TUB PKACB FOR ittcatur Township, OhmIi Willi P. O. J.W uffr-li.) buiiincfi ntriDred to him will b promptly kttandod to. mcb2lf, '7. flAUKY SNYPKK, IL ISARHtH AND IIAIRIjUKSSKK. tjhf-j- on Mark at St opponlti Court lloniw. A f)f)n towel for vrj cubtnmr. Alo dsalcr Id IUt lliuu!t of Tobafro aitd l ara. t'lo,irM. mor 1. 'T JAMES H. TURNER, .MTrCK OP TUB TEACH. UalUreton. Pa. X-irU bti prepared himiftlf with all the neoeatiary biua furtne uudr the 1'eDiioa and buuotjr liwi, aa well a bltok Deed, etc. All argil matten etitrufted to bit care will roceiva prumpl attention. May 7tb, l,vlf. G. H. HALL, PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER, NttAR CLGAKPIKLD, PKNN'A. jMrPumpe alwayi on baud and made to order at. ihort notice. Pipe boned on reasonable terma, All work warranted to render latUfaotion, and delivered Ifdeitred. niylJilypd rpil H andernltrned bei leare to Inform thepnb X He that be ie now fully prepare to accommo date ail in the way of f urn lath, ojt Hw.iee, linKgiee, Oaddlei and Ilarneai. on the ihorteit notice and an reaionabla term p. Keiidenoeon Loeuit itroat, between Third and Fourth. OKO. W. QXARHART. Ilearfleld. Feb. 4, 1874. . brad . ftAQHRT T AD & HAGERTY, FIBK, LIFE AND ACCIDENT IXSI'RANCE AGENCY. rtT-OBre In Or. ham Building, ilarbet street. Clearfield Pena'a. Juno IS, lSSI-tf THOMAS H. FORCEE, DBALBa ! GENERAL MERCHANDISE. (iRAIIAMTON, Pa. Also, eitensir. manufacturer and dealer la Rqaaro limner ana nawea iumoeroi eu Binds. jlSar-Ordere aollelted and al kills promptly filled. JylO'7 I. SNYDER, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER Ann PBitca IB Watches,' Clocks and Jewelry, oVnAam's i?oie, MnrJul Slrtel, CLKARFIKMt, PA. All kinds of repairing In my lln. promptly at- andad to. Jan. 1st, 19711. gfc Clearfield Nursery. ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY TilK ander.l(ned, baring e.tabllibed a Nur- sere oa the 'Pike, about ball way Ixtweea nrepi alab all kind, of FRUIT TREES, (standard and dwarf.) Krerffreens, fjhrublery, tlratie Vine., Unoseiterry, Lawtoa lilai'k berry, (Strawberry, and haspberry Vines. Also, Siberian Crab Trees, IJuince, and early scarlet Rhubarb, Ad. Orders promptly attend.d to. Address, J. U. n Hlii il i, scpSO Ari.y ' Curwensville, Pi. jamkb rb CABBol.L b. BII'DI-B. Clparflold Insurance Agency. at: it n niium:, jfn'ii Represent tbe following and otbar first-elsss Co's Companies. Assets Llierpool London A Olobe-U. S. Rr..$4.nl,8 Lronming on mutual Aoaab plans...- n.Ono.Olill Pbo-uli, of llariford. Conn J24.0H3 Insurants Co. of North America 0,4X8, 874 North Drill. h t Mercantile U.S. llr. i.lrl.HS Noolli.b Commercial I'. B. Branch.... "IK, MS Watertown 1 784.SI0 Travelers (Lifs A Accident) 4,609,464 Onicon Market HI., opp. Court House, Clear Sold. Pa. June I, '70-lf. Insurance Agency OF WILLIAM 0. HELMB0LD, I'allon lllotk, l uru-inmlllf, !?. Conipaniei Roprosouted i Commsrolal llnlon Ins. Co., A..ets .H.OSS.roJ 61 F.rrnen'a Fend Ins. Co.. Assets 1. 110. 017 00 1'nloa Insurance Co.. Asset 1070,0.17 Trailers' Aeoiiicnt Ins. C" . A.sels.. (.610,101 11 Northern Ins. Co. of New York As'le UlS.imo On Insurance placed oa all kinds ef property at etinitahle ratea Ourwensrllle, P. , Feb. 10, lM lf. THE MUTUAL BENEFIT LIKE INSURANCE COMPANY, Keo ark, H. J. INCORPORATED l4J. PI RELT MI'Tt'AL. A ..sr., .Ian. I, lSI, a ascertained by Esaninlng CcmiBi.sloasrs of Massachusetts, Ohio and New j,rKy J.7!S,al5 J l.naii iTHS, as etatcd by the same. ll,tll,4:l Si bfi.1 a by Mass'ehii's SlaaHard. a, ale, snl no Si si xi s by New Y.rk Standard... 0,000,006 01 All policies non forfeitable after second yean lowespeases! largedlTldend.de. elerrd and p.id ..sry year sine orgao- Isalion. ample .orplos ; sorrsnder Telues most liberal losses promptly adjosted and paidf- llrpirBBB i 1.HWI8 CMIROVKR, Paiainaat. JAMBS B. PEARSON, Vica-l'aasinBBT. En. L Dobbibs. Sec y. Tao. M Ace sbtt, Trees. POTTER A KEWIS, Mat. Agents, 611 Wal aut street, Philadelphia, Pa. H. M. M'ltHAI.I.V, Special AgenL 0le la Moesop's balldlag, Mark.1 llreet, Clearfield, Pa. 6..'B.lf. S. THE OLD FARMER'S SOLILOQUY, Will Well ! thli oomfort now tbe air it mild at May, And yet 'tie March the twentieth, or lulfity Brit, to-day t And Reuben ploufbi the hill foroornj I tfaoufbt It would be tounb Dot bow 1 tee tbe furrowi turned, I gueu It'i I'm lad I built th la Southern porch f my chair . "tiMiir oitrej i aaven i teen aa floe a Baring, then Are and twenty year. And bow the time jroei round eo qnlek ( a week I would have iworn, Hinee they ware huikin' ob the flat, and aow tbry iMuugrj iur ours i Aoroiethe lerel Urown'i aew plaoe bKiei to make a how ; I tbougbt he'd bare to wait for (reef, but bleu oaf, uuw tiioj (row I They eay it one two aoree filled witb ever green and thinfta ; But o much land ! It worrlei ma, fr not a oent k oringi. He ban the right, I don't deny, to please blmielf ihat way, But 'tit a bad example net, and load yonng folk aitreyi Book learning get! tbe upper hand, and work ll flow and elack, And they that oomo long alter uh, will find t binge gone to wrack. Well I luppoae I'm old, and jet it Li nut long air i) When Reuben spread the swath to dry, and Jena Irarned to mow, And William raked, and Iirael boed, and Joiepb pdebo-d witb oi e ; But urb a man a 1 wai tbn, my bojn will nev er lie : I don't miad Williaui'i bnnkerln' for leotura and fir books, He lever bail farmln' knack you'd fee It In bis looks ; But ban duo me Is that h an -1 noma docs, and he la well-to-do j 'Twould ease my mind If I ojuIJ any the same urJeno, too. 'Tif like my time le nearly out ; of that I'm not airata j I never cheated any man, and all my debts are paid. Tbey call It rest that we shall bare, but work wouiu uo no Harm ,- there oan t lie rivers there, and fitlJi, without rotue nort o farm. Bnynrd Taylor. MAG A I! A FALLS DELIGHTS. A LOOK AT THti ('KRIOrllTIEH I THOU I CIIAHUK. THK VILLAUK, TUB R1VEI1, Tlli ISLANDS, AND TUB CATARACT, AND WHAT IT COSTS TO SEE F.ACU OF THEM ARE THE EXTORTIONS ALL DONE AWAY WITH ! HOW TilK FALLS ARE FXNCKD IN. N. Y. Tiniea florr.anono.nnr. Thero may bo ,ernonit now living who havo m-un all tlio sights of thin place, but 1 doubt it. Mr. Vandorbilt haii not beun hero latoly, and thero are few othexH who could alford it. There ire a gnat many things hero worth nuuiu, nut 11 ih ineonrcnient to carry mote than one or two oatchelo full of money when traveling. I he visitor to tho Falls, as Iur as my knowledge goes, usually drives to a hotel for no man ban evor yet mastered tho myste ries ot Niagara Falls streets cats a meal or two, and drives out to see whnthecan from a carriago window. Alter paying tho carriage bill he gets out of the town whilo he is still able to move about and before he is utterly paral.vr.cd. I havo succeeded, during a brief stay, in lamilianung myself witb tho topography of tbo surround ing country, in seeing most of tho cu riosities, and in escaping, to a groat extent, the snares of tho harkmen. Ho who can do this will find Niagara Falls a placo ot beauty, full of won dors, and well worth visiting. My miraculous cscapo fiom tho hackmen was due to some experience with them on a former visit. I have been look ing lor tho lust four days for the man who has been writing newspapors par agraphs saying that tho swindling at Niagara is all dono away with and that everything this year is marvel ously chenp. Anybody who meets this person will pleanostop on him ; he is a humbug. In driving np the Canadian sido of tho river toward tho hotel I had se lected, 1 noticed a sign on the edge of tho cliff, "To tho ferry," with a wood en hand pointing down tho hill, and the beginning of a steep road. Awny down below, looking like a bug swim ming across a wash-tub, was a small row boat crossing the river. It wont up almost under the Falls whilo I watched it. Later in the day, having some businoss to attend to over in the town, I determined to cross by this liltlo ferry, and here begins the brief description of a liltlo roccnt experience with the Niagara Samaritans. It re minds one of traveling in tho Bible lands, where he can siiy, as ho rests by the wayside, "I was a stranger, and ye took mo in." I went down tlin ailiinl aiaifl niitti rri nntr nrltirli na I j , , , '. , .. ' h' "YCr B edge. It was a Very though it was down bill, and I cannot too strongly warn any delicate person from attempting it. The mad is so steep it is harder work to bold yoftr sell back than it would be to climb up. Half way down tho hill thero was standing an undeniable Methodist par son from tho interior, whom I had seen in the cars a day or two before, making anxious inquiries about the Falls. Ho stood upon a grassy knoll. under A tree, with all his treasures about him a delicate wife, two babies, and a liltlo girl and was dragging thorn about tho scorching town. He was a fearful and wondorful example of the men who goes off in the Ha minor looking for pleusuro. At the loot ot the hill thero woro thrro buildings all mado of rough boards, lwo woro liltlo dwelling houses a short distance from tbo watur, and tho third was a shed at the starting place of the tiny ferry boats. This shod was filled with bits of pottery, pieces of wood carving, moccasins, bottles, pin cushions, canes, whips, and all the truckory that goes here under Ihegenoru! nameoi Indian curiosities. Taking a pin cushion at fl, and a ten cent cane at 75 cents, the prices of tho things may be cosily gauged. The goods wero guarded by a sweet young creature in short skirts, who was very well to llirt with until a better looking-one put her bead and shoulders out ot tho door ol one of the neighboring houses and waved her handkerchief at the passengers who were waiting for tho boat. Fifteen ol us were sent across at onco in the row boat, but it was a good solid convey ance, and could have easily carried 10 moro. The boatman look us up to tho very edgo of tho mist at tbe foot nf the fulls till we were almost drench ed. Then tho current, the instant we touched it, swept as flying down tho river. It was like riding in a boiling tea kcttlo with tho spray, tho turbu lent water, and the scorching sun. Tho minute wo landed (having paid ovor 25 conu each, which was cheap onougli), wa wore seined by a squad ol terrible looking creatures clad in oil cloth clothes, who wanted to lake us under lht rails. 1 hoy wouiu not let us eo. bnt lairlv dragged os into their place, at Ihe font of the cliff. 1 do not use this word dragged in a meupunr- leal sense, Ono ot ibem acited me by the arm and pulled me by main force Into his den. When nicy necamo satisfied that none of our boat load wero to be bled thoy urged us to walk to the end of their gallery and look at the falls through thoir stained glass windows. We did oo, and a boautiful sight it was. Thero wore panes of red glass, blue glass, green glass, and yellow glass, and the effect through each of them was charming. Thero was a path leading upward among the rocks, within 30 feet of the groat sheet ol wator, and almost immediately in front of the window. Looked at through the groen glass, this was ono of tho prettiest things 1 Had ever seon. Tho price of our ferriage entitles us to admission to tho "park" that bides the American Fall from tho public, and we rodo up in tbe elevator. This is tho machine 1 mentioned in a former lettor, and pronounced dangerous. The tact tbnt it bus been runninir since 1845 without an accident does not alter my opinion of it. No place is safe, in my humble opinion, where a uuman lite depends onttrely upon the strength of a single ropo. The dis tance travclod by the elevator is 360 leetup an inclined piano. ''This is tho place to eo under the fulls," said one of tho oilcloth mon at the loot of tho cliff. "Over on tho Canadian side they. charge you a dol lar for putting on the suit that's what thoy do." Ovor on tbo Canadian sido thoy told us just the reverse of this story. At the top of the inclined plane we were in the "nark," which has been owned by tho Prospoct Park Compa ny since 1872. The natives know this spot as "Ferry Grove" or "Point Viow," and one of thorn told me that thp Park company nan not neon successful in ineir negotiations to Duy tbo space nronnn tno lato comet and fence it oil. This is the only place on tho high land irom wnicn a good view ot tho Amort can Fall can ho had, and tbo admission is 25 cents. I will not express any opinion of this company ; it might be libelous. Thoy do not charge anything lor walking np tho street afior leaving the i am. lucre are more "Indian enri osity" stores in the principal streets of mo village than thero are clothing stores in Chatham street. Hohir.d the conn tors in all theso stores, and sit ting about tho doors, are scores and hundreds of girls, making merry with tho lew customers, ogling and smiling at tbe passors by. Alter seoing eomo ot tho Now York shop girls, I thought there was not much moro to learn in that direction, but it was a little start ling, upon entering one of tbe stores, to bo asked, by ono of thoso gorgeously decorated misses, "My dear, what can 1 do lor you today?" It was about the timo of arrival of a tiuin and nearly tlmo for the omnibuses to be going across tho rivor. Having fin ished my business, 1 desirod to return to the hotel on tho Canadian sido and to go in tbo hotel's omnibus. Know ing the street it must go through, 1 stood for somo tuno at a cornor wait ing for it to pass. No omnibus camo, and at length tasked a policeman who was standing near by whether it was not nearly time for it. "Oh, no," tho policeman replied, "there will be no omnibus along for more than two hours now. The only way to get over thero is to take a car riage." To my everlasting shame, be it recorded that I behoved bim. We are used to tough policomen in New York, but they are not liars. I found a hackman on the next corner who thought he, would not sacrifice bis professional standing by taking mo over to my hotel for f 2, 1 to pay tbe tolls. Ho was not quite suro, he said, whether the toll was fifty cents or a dollar. 1 was sure enough. Wo had nearly reached the bridge when tbo omnibus of my hotel came along and passed uo. I hailed it and lelt the car riage, and it was worth tbe 50 cents I paid the hackman to learn that the Niagara Falls pohcemon are in league with the other swindlers. Sul'ely back on tbe Canadian sido (it is too bad to havo to say so, but one is in less dan- ger of being bitten by tho sharks on tho Canadian side), the omnibus drove past an old museum In a big rtone building, with a fine garden by lis sido. Hanging on the I rout wall ol this mu seum was a wooden sign that imme diately attracted my attention. It read thus, in big letters: It glees me much pleasure to say that this : j Museum, whish adds to tbs attractions of; 1 Ihis beautiful plaoe, is arranged with aclanoe, J i taste and skill. B. hll.LIMAN, j t Professor, Yale College. j : Sept. I7.1138. j i : Resides this sign was a mammoth painting ol two bultulocs, a group ol Indians, and some animals, i bis was also arranged "with suienco, lasto and skill," but without tho slightest touch of nature.. The straits these museums are driven to this season for customers is illustrated by the devices of the runners, who bother every passer-by with such invitutions as, "Won't you step in, sir, and take a look at tho scenory from the towor? There is no charge." Tboro aro two of those big museums on the Canadian side, and alter being in their i mined into vicinity lor sovcrul days, I havo not seen a siniflo p.,rson go into either of Ihum This is only a satnplo trip. 1 havo bad twenty such experiences in tho last few days. Jlut a limit in tho mat ter of spat e prevents mo from detailing them. Ol tbe remainder of tho places worth visiting, 1 can givo only a briol description. There is a paragraph, however, I found in A Niagara guide book, that I want particularly to quoto, for it tells the exact truth : "Com plaints aro frequently made by stran gers," il says, "of boing outrageously gulled by hackmen and guides. Tbo usual price for carnages is (2 an hour. The compensation fur the service ol guides is less detinitoly fixed. Other complaints of a less specific character are also often mado, such as ' quarter is tlemnndcd at evory corner,' ia Tho greater part ol tho world aro so much accustomed to consider a langiblo ma terial return as the only form of tbo ijiibI yro quo that they are not satis lied." This is tho truth exactly. Peo ple aro so accustomed to having some return for their money that when thoy come hero and do not get it they aro dissatisfied. In visiting some of the places of in tcrest, and in passing by others, I have kept a record of the charges, which, as far as I have learned, are as follows: To float Island I 00 Care 0( Ihe winds - 1 Prospect Perk Inclined Rallwey 16 Shadow ot Ihe Rock - 1 00 New Suepeasioa Bridge, foot passenger... 16 Kerry 16 Behind lb. Falls. 1 Baraing Spring ........ 60 Hallway Bridge, botb ways 60 Whirlpool Rapids... 60 Whirlpool , 00 These prices do not, In any case, in- cludo tho expenso of reaching ibe places, but are merely the rates of toll or ad mission fees. I have met with a new race ol people In the last lew days the people who have charge of the islands, ol the parks, of the inclined railways, tho guides, ami the various attendants. Thoy come mystonously out ot unexpected places, like gnomes ; iney ate all rough in mannor,nd gon orally outlandish in oostumo. The Niagara river, from Buffalo to the Fulls, is a beautiful shoot ol water. 1 traveled ilscntire length in a carriage onco when tho railroad was disabled, and early in the morning before tbe sun grew warm. It was as delightful a ride as can be found anywhere. Its average fall beloro il reaches the rapids is a loot to tbe railo. (rrand Island, 12 miles long, and from 3 tofl miles wide, divides the river exactly in the middle In tbo lust tbroe miles before it reaches the cataract it falls 53 feet. Tboaver- age full is lt4 feet, and tbo river lull tin teot moro between he loot of the tails and Lcwlstown.aotun miles below. Thus it fulls nearly 350 fuel in loss than 30 miles. Goat Inland, on the brink nf the precipice,, divides the American from the Canadian fall. Somebody built a wooden bridge to tbo Island early in the century, and an iron one took its place about 35 years ago. Goat Island is cool and shady. It is surrounded by several smaller islands, none of which have any groat intorost. Wbon they were repairing tho old bridge, about ID years ago, a workman named Cbapin fell overboard and lodged on ono of tho little islands, and it has over sinco been called Chapin'a Island. Goat Island is owned by tbe Porter family, and 1 supposo they are responsible for the 50 cents toll. Tbo island contain" over GO acres. At one sido of Goat Island is a slippery but solid wooden stairway, fastened to the rock with heavy iron bolls, loading far down into the abyss. This is known ns Riddle's stairway, and was built by Nicholas Riddlo, President of the United States bank, in 1829. Tboro are about one hundred st.'pa, leading hall-way down tho cliff. At tho lower end aro two paths one leading to the Canadian full, the other to the Ameri can. The Canadian path is blocked up, but tho American is still used and leads to tho Cavo ot the Winds. Prioo, fl. Tho llorseshoo Full, as seen Irom the inland, has nothing of the shapo of a horses toot, but is an acuto atiglo. This full looks its best from Goat Island, and only hero can an idea of the imtnenso body of wo,ter constantly going over bo obtuincd. The depth of tho water, at the instant of going over is estimated at 20 foot. A ship called Ihe Detroit, drawing 18 feet, once went over without touching. It was Grand Island, a few miles lurthor up tho river, that tho lato Major Noah.ot New York, selected as the gathering place for the scattered tribe of Israel. Mora than half a century ago ho thero laid tho oornor Btnno of the "City of Ararat" and built a monument, which is still standing. "How deep is tho 'river below tho falls?" is a nevor failing question, and one not easy for tho obliging boatman to answer, liut tbe Lrovcriimont set tled the quostion last year, when an official survey was made. In tho mid dle of ihe river, in the track crossed by tho frail terry-boats, the wutor is l'J2 feet deep. It is clear and cool, and quito fit for drinking. To dig out the vast trench II is said tbo water baa boon falling for 1 forget how many years with a weight ol ol z.iioii.udu tons a minute. The man who weighed tt la dead. Talilo Jiuck, on the t ana- diansido, isathing of tbe past. Guides still pretend to lake you under it, and charges $1 for tho kindness ; but Table liock fell some twonty yours ago, only a few minutes after a number of per sons bad lelt it. II was on 1 utile liock, so the guides say, thai Mrs. Slgournoy wrotu her "Apostrophe to Niagara." If sho could see il now she would bo more likely to writo a semi colon to tho toll-gates and an exclama tion point to the hack-drivers. About a mile above wboto Tublo Rock used to stand is tho Burning Springs. Tbe spring is at the bead of the rapids, and tho water is charged with gas, which burns when lighted. bencver. the pcoplo in charge of tho spring soo a visitor coming thoy light the gas. Anybody who lias 50 cents worth of curiosity can sco tho gas burn in a dark room. Tho new suspension bridge, about a quarter of a mile below the falls, Is 1,'liH) foot long, and tho pativos aro fond of calling il tho longest sus pension bndgo in the world. It bas slender towers one hundred feet high to which, of course, an admission feo is charged. It is wide onougli lor only ono carriago at a time, and for this reason it soinotitnes takes nearly an hour to get across it. It Is very high ono hundred and ninoly feet abovo the water. .Natives buy commutation tickets over this bridgo at tbo rate ot eight ccnU each. Sliangcrs pay fifty cents. The old suspension bridgo, two miles farlhcrdnwu tho river, was built by ,1. A. Rocbling. In crossing eithor ol theso bridges, a custom house officer comes out and examines your baggage. As they leave you nothing on the American sido, and thero is nothing to buy on tbo Canadian side, this is an unnecessary precaution, 'llio whirl pool rapids, and tho whirlpool itself, woro both built for tho benefit nf hackmen. They are some distance away and thero is no cnmforlablo way to reach them but with a carriage. The wator in tho rapids Is suit) to bo 250 Icet deep. It was in an unintentional visit to the whirlpool and greater things be yond that I gained tho exporiouco of Niagara bai kmen that bus since served mo well. Starting out a twonty-five cent trip from tho Spencer Hous'o, under contract to be taken to tho lulls and back for "a quarter," I was gradu ally inveigled into driving down to the old suspension bridgo, up the Canadian side, and ovor two or three toll bridges, till thohackmun's bill was a liltlo ovor 110, to say nothingofthe fivo or six loll gates on the Canadian side, between tho bridge and the fulls. Fulls strcot is tho principal street in this town ol 3,000 inhabitants. 1 1 has all sorts nf stores and several large hotels, and a great many trcos. It is a broad stroet, dusty, and not parlicu larly attractive. Down at tho Ameri c.in end ol the old suspension bridge is a town with the ambitious name of NiagataCiiy. His composed princi- rally of restaurants and ale. bouses. I' thero is a house in the town where oyster stows are not to be had It Is devoted to tho manufacture ol lemon ade. Rclweon tho two towns is the Oak wood Cemetery. At the Canadian ond of the old bridgo is Clifton, and this settlement extends all the way up to the Falls. Chiton, aa nearly as I can loarn, consists ot a uustora ilouso, seven toll gates and a btoel. Tho country lor several miles around t is laid out in streets, but they are ot Utile use, for there are no bouses on them and nobody to walk in them. Even Christians have their fast days. Aio IV Commtraal AJw- frscT. REPUBLICAN. THE FATAL WOUXD. In tho light cast upon it by tho post mortem examination, it is possible to aescnuo tno injury to I'rosidont liar fluid, to follow and explain the vary ing symptoms, and to determine not only tbe immediate causo of death but tho ultimato causes that lead to Uhat ovent. In attempting this, how ever, it must Do said that the Intorma tion thus fur supplied la still very scanty, ana mat any conclusion reach ed now may be cntiroly overturned by a moro complete description of tho psmoiogy ana the history ot the case. Mr. Garfield was shot on tho morning oi July zi. mo ball entered tbe back about four inches to tlio right of the spine, and botween tho tenth and eleventh ribs, fracturing tho latter, lis direction was from the right side toward tbe left, bnt slightly forward and downward, and passing on its way it crushed through the body of the first lumbar vertebra, and finally lodged in the deep muscles of the beck or loins about two inches and a half to the left of tho spine, bolow tbe pan creas. This organ, it may be explained, is an oblong gland, very similar in structure to the salivary glands, which lies across tho back part of the abdo men behind tho stomach, its largor ond being somewhat to tho right of tho contre of the body and its smaller end extending to the spleen, upon tho letl side, abovo the lett kidney. The puncreas was not aflected by the wound, but the reader should under stand its position, as well as that ot the vertebra above mentioned. It will be remembered that the spinal column, or "backbono, is mado up of a series of bones or vertebra', piled one upon the other. The upper vertobrto, called cervical, form the neck ; to tho twelve dorsal vortebrie the twelve ribs are at tached, and below thoso oome tho lum bar vertebra, tho largest of them all. r.ach vortobrn' consists cf a body, a circular mass ol bone, with fiat sur faces abovo and below, which rest upon those adjoining, ond of acurionsly formed ring of bone behind this, with a projection or spinous procoss at the back. Tho series of rings, interlocking togothor, forms the flexible canal that contains the spinal cord, Irom which nerves pass out to supply tbo different parts ol tbo body. Il wus tho injury of ono of thoso norves, either by ihe ball or by splinters ot bono, that caus ed the pain in the legs of which the President complained in tho early stapes of tho case, and il is possible that tbo spinal cord itself bad sustained some harm from the fracture. When tho patient was taken to the Whilo House ho wus in a slate ot col lapse from tho schock of the injury, and lliroughoutlhedny it was believed that bo must die. In the course ol Ihe night, however, he rallied a little, ihe panic subsided and tho case was given in cbnrgo of a selected group of surgeons, ibe latter knew Irom ex perience that the less a penetrating wound of tbe abdomon was moddled with the better, and they determined upon a strictly conservative and ex pectant course of treatment, which consisted simply in carelul dressing of the wound and attention to tbe pationt's genoral condition. On July 4th, Dr. Agnew and Dr. Hamilton were summoned in consultation. Ihoy saw the patient, who had quite recov ered Irom tho shock and had no dis quieting symptoms ; they learned what treatment bad been adopted, and wore convinced Ibat tho surgeons in charge were doing what was right and wero compolont to tho care of tho case. It does notappcar lhateitbor Dr. Agnew or Dr. Hamilton mado a personal ex amination ot the wound at this time, and altor signing a bulletin or two they went homo and did not soo the patient again until tho 23d. Up to this time everything bad apparently been going well. Tb j tissues bad closed in around the ball, which gradually beta mo encysted, or enclosed in hard ened tissue, and henceforth ceased to be an element in tho caso. Between Ibe spine and tho outer wound also tbe process of repair had gono on, so that the truck of the ball was no longer open. Rut around the Iractured rib active inflammation had Bet up and an abscess funned, tho presenco ol which was indicated by a cbill and a sudden rise in tomperuturo and pulso at noon of the duy named. Tbe consulting surgeons were summoned in husto and on Sunday, July 24lh, Dr. Agnew mado an incision into this pus cavity. Thero was an abundant discharge and subsequently a number of splinters of bone were removed. Mean while, however, the imprisoned puB bad ulroady begun to burrow along tho vortical muscles of the loin, so that the operating surgeons found a deep channel reaching downwards on the right side, in a different direction from tho track of the ball, which by this lime wus neurly closed. The treat merit uppliedlo what was thus erroneously supposed to bo tbo wound would have been tho same in any caso. It was simply to keep it clean and facilitate the discharges. Nevertheless it did not diminish, and to promote tho latter object a second incision was made, two weeks later, below tho last rib and the original orifice was allowed to heal. This would prohuhly have accomplish, ed its purpose had not other causes brought about such a condition of the patient's system as to stop altogether the procoss of repair. Tho discovery mado later ol tho unexpected depth of tins suppurating channel was not as important as it appearod, becauso it was by this time evident that tho pa tient was sull'oiing from some ollior troublo than was caused by any then visible or within reach. This trouble camo from the Iractured vertebra'. Thero is no complication so dangerous in a wound os a broken or diseased bone. The growth and nutrition of a bono aro slow, and in flammation and degeneration and the death ol tho bone tissuo are corres pondingly evil in thoir effects. Tho body ol tho first lumbar vertcbrii' is a mass of light, spongy bono, especially iiaiuu lu uusLi ucilTU lllliaillHittllilll. ll had been shattered by the ball and its fragments scattered and driven into tho solt tissues. Tho decay of tho bone gradually ensued, and, while tbo ball was sulely out of the way and the external wound was becoming less im portant, there had been developing, out ol sight and out ot roach, a condi-1 tion of disease that could not but con taminate the whole system. Com monly in such a caso tho only thing to bo dono is to cut down and remove the bone or its diseased portion, but surgery has not yet devised a means of removing ono of a man s vertebra', and it is not clear bow any human skill could have been nf service in this case, oven had the actual condition of the parts been known. Any operation must have boen truly "herolo" in char acter. Indeed, it would have required a snmowhat heroic operation, and one which there appears to hare boen no indications to justify, even to have as certained theexistenco of this fracture on tbo front ot the opine, closo to the great vessels and surrounded by sensi tive abdominal organs. Knowing that this complication existed, we may won der that it was not suspected ; but the lact that half a-doxen surgeons ot large knowledgo and experience, to say nothing of their outsido critics, did not suspect it is sufllcient evidence that its prosenco was not indicated, liut the presence of somo such trouble was indicated most distinctly. 1 he high lover and the irritable sloni ache pointed to some intornal cause and the depraved condition of the blood was presently made further evident by the appearance ol an abscess ot the parotid gland. Itwason August 18thatthiscompli- calion was announced, and for a long lime alter It was the prominent fea ture of the case, although every ooe recognized that it wus not tho cause but tbe result of tho general prostra tion. The surgeons seem to have struggled to muintuin a hope ot recov ery bocause they could see nothing that positively forliado such hope ; but me decaying tissuo of tho Iractured bone was still doing its mischovious work, and it must havo been only tbe extreme caro with which each passing symptom was watched and met that prolonged life so long and so many times snatched hirn from the very iaws of death. After the romoval to Lonz iirancb, which was eminently wise, however fruitless, there was evidenco of the formation of another abscess, but tbe surgoons could not tell where it was. Thore was a scvoro bronchitis, or inflamation of tho lining membranes of the air passages, partly from an ex tension ot toe intlamation Irom tho parotid gland, but due also to the gen eral tendency to unhealthy action, and some inflammation of tbe lung tissue itself; but no cavity could bo detected. It is now known that the abscess was in tho abdomen, between tbe liver and tho portion of tho larger intestines that Ho beneath It. Jhero had been also a diffused inflammation of tho peri toneul covering of those organs, so that they had become adherent. How long lite might bnve boen prolonged under theso conditions can only bo conjec tured. The centres ol diseased action wero beyond the Burgeons' reucb, nor could any skill havo averted the acci dent that brought tbe patient's sutler ings so abruptly to an end, when hem orrhage suddenly occurred from some of tho brunches of t he abdominal blood vessels at the scat ot injury, and a gush of blood, rupturing the peritoneum fulling into the cavity ot the abdomen, brought about tho final collupso and almost immediate deutb, thus sud denly terminating a case that other wise, must soon have ended in com plete exhaustion. Looking back over this whole rec ord wo aro led to these conclusions. The surgoons in attendance were at fuult in their diagnosis of tbe wound at the beginning, when alono any true diagnosis could havo been made, but ils most Borious tealure could hardly have been recognized even then with out a meddlesomeness that probably would have proved fatal in itself. Even had it been accurately known, it is not probablo, it is scarcely possible, that any hopelul intorforenco could have been attempted, and it is clear that tbe common idea tbat a ball should have boen out out was entirely erone ous. The only practical difference would have been that tbey might then havo decided frankly that tho Presi dent could not recover and that their efforts could only be directed to the prolongation of his life. For this tboy have labored tnilhfully, assiduously, skillfully, and all the suocess that was within their reach tbey attained. In all tho ordinary features of tho case that could be recognized by physical signs, their opinions have been justi fied by tho facts, but it is plain that there aro some things slill beyond the roach even oi scientific surgery. Phil adelphia Timet. The Feet. No part of tho human body is so much neglected as the feel. Possibly not ovor ten in each hundred, of even the educated classos, properly cleanse the feet and nails. Rathe tho feet evory night and morning with a little borax in the water. Ammonia and iiay rum, though cleansing, have a tendency to dry the skin and close tho poros. Frequent change of hosiery is even moro necessary than changing any other part of tho clothing. After physical exorcise ronovato tho stock ings, batho the feet and annoint them, the ankles and the calves of the legs, with healing oil or salvo. Exchango tho socks worn through the day for clean ones at early evening, and tho brain will quic kly respond to the re storing influence. It would be much better to neglect to wash the face an entire month than to neglect to bat lie the feet a single day. Pure tho nails once a week, and, only alter snltoning by bathing, remove the quick, which gathers under tho nail, overy third day before it putrifies. Never use cheap or highly-perfumed soap, as it has a tendency to dry and patch tho skin, and so close the pores as to prove very injurious to health. Cuslilo, olivo oil and other vegetable oil soaps are tno best lor the uvsb. Young man, lo huppy hoot, boiler. skip, gambol and soap your fingers at tho niithtmaro ol a new ovorcoat tor next Winter. Last Fall a Canadian gonius shivered awhile then reflected awhile,andtho result was the purchase of a box ol mustard plasters. These wero distributed around on bis lrame wbero they would do tho most good, and whilo men in beaver ovorcoats shivered with cold he was warm and happy in his shiit sloevci. One dollar takes you through a hard Wintor, and you como out in tho Spring lut. 'Vc Vrm. 'So 3,ou'ro off on your vacation, aro you V said a townsman to Shulllo tho other morning. "Take your family along ?" "No, I'm going fur ploasnre, that s all," and the remark would've been funny if Mi's. s. bodn t overheard it. That broko Shuttles pleasure all up. There is this difference between hap piness and wisdom: Ho who thinks himself the happiest man really is so; but he who thinks himself the wisest is generally just the reverse. The nearest approach to perpetual motion of anything that has ever been invented ia rent. Day and night it goes on all the same and nevor slops. An Irish editor says: Our wrffnen aro accused of being fond of whistling. Well, so be it. What ll more lovely than tulips well blown 1 Tho true way for a woman to drivo a nail is to aim the blow square at her thumb. Then she II avoid hitting her thumb, anyway. REMORSE. Who be our friends w. little know One we dearly lose may be a bitter foe, And feigning friend.blp, to beguile; Ouess w. uet, deceit's behind Ihat artful smil. To fill wltk sad remorse the mind Of another, som. do seem, to pleasure find ; While then with looks of bsughiy scorn. They will piss them by aad leave them there to moura. Rcnorse! eh whet a world of gloom, World of sorrow, tbat oo. little word giro, room: Rsmorle Is psio of eonoience ; pain From a aenss of guilt ; 'tis sorrow grief aad abaue. And ok what bitter tear, of regret We may sbed, wbso wa will over our slas rodeo! j Oh may our great and blessed Friend From aboro, to shield as, T.r eondesceod. EDUCATIONAL. BY M. L. McQUOWN. Good teachers are scarce. Over one hundred teachers in the county are subscribers to educational journals. Will A. Mover, of Perry oounty, is teaching Harmony school, in liurnside township. Tbo teachers ot Indiana county are holding their County Institute this week ai Indiana. The new school building at Uoutz dale has been condemned, and will have to be built over. Ksqnire Lehman, of Iloutidale. has thocontrsct lor building the new school nous in Decatur township. Wade and Allison Hugorty, of Bee- caria township, started lor Laf'uyotte iOiiege, at J-.aston, last week. One hundred and eighteen provi sional certificates wero issued at tbe lato examinations, and twenty appli canls rejected. Dr. George P. Hays, formerly ol Washington and Jefferson College, is now pastor ol tho leading rrosbyienan churcn in Denver city, Colorado. A No. 1 man is wanted to teach the Lumber City High school. Salary, (50 por month. A good female teacher is also wanted fur tho Primary school. Salary, ?30 per month. In the education of tho young, two distinct objects need to be kept in view. One is tho discipline of all the individual powers, physical, mental and spiritual. Another is providing the future man or woman, ol whom the child is but the prophecy, with available rosourses against the coming day ot need. Do teachers know that it is vory dishonest to agree to touch a school and articlo for the same, and afterward decline for some more profitable posi tion, and thus cause a failure by dis appointing School Hoards. The teach ers who practice this are doing but little to build up the profession, and aro certainly injurying themselves groatly by so doing. A teacher'a word and name to an article ought to be worth something. Wo shall speak of this again. "We insist," says the editor of the national Journal of Education, "tbat tbe people receive a groat deal more for their money than tbey have reason to expect, from the small Bum tbey aro willing to pay the average teacher. We recently viBitod a portion of New England, celebrated aa tbe birthplace of half-a doxcn of the great American characters of the past half century, and 'noblo women not a few.' Yet these towns aro actually paying to day, smaller wages lor the teachers ot their district schools than are demanded by ordinary servant girls and young womon who cut and mako dresses in tbo suburban towns of Boston. We are glad to know that faithful servants and women, who live by the labor of thoir hands, aro well paid. Rut as long as superior young women in New England are expected to teach school on starvation wages, tbe pcoplo havo no rouson to oxpect that a broad gauge educational train can be run on tbo narrow gaugo truck laid by their own indiffureuce and potty economy." TEACHERS APPOIXTKl). Tbe following are the appointments made by tho School Boards, designated and officially reported during the past week, as required Dy law : BRsnr Towseair. Lulbersburg High school Lutb.rsburg Primary school., New ttelam school H Troutvllle anhool E O. Ileys. 1 . I M e 8enoo. W. 0. Penis. J. I. Broekbank. Sadie J . Morgaa. T. W. Ilrockhaok. Lillio M. Lutker. Susls Klshell, Joeepk Kirk. (leorge M. Henry. II. H. Davis. , Lila Rearos. Coal Hill school Aurand school East Brsnob school Scbindle school Cross Rcada school .., II artsfslt school H, Fine Hwetup school Lines school Wiogert school Jennie M, Read. Salaries, 03J, S:ii and 1.16 per month. eatiBwoon TowN.sir. Bower achoot Frank Curry. Johnson school. H John Young Pioe Orove school M..0. Bell. Halsrlr., HH, 0.10 end Mi. rsiofl vowaasir. Home Camp school K. C. Wldemlrs. Hubert school Alice I. IIS. Spruoo fliil school Msry Heekendora. Msple Corner school Lissie Hoyt. rJelarloe, 020, 120, :l and .tl per month. rsRooaoB Towvsnir. Wilsoa school Lissie Sum mora Marfoa eehool Kilta Logaa. Ilroadway eehool Emma Keens. Filend.hip school.. Berths llile. New school H Erie Ouppy. 8lony Point school H Murray Fsrgusoa. Salaries, llfc and $10 per month. BBLt TOWBSBIP. Banner Ridus school Molli. 7.immarm.B Ciipples eehool Bell Wcisel. Rocsy Springs school Amelia lluflm.o. Summit .rhool u MLaell. oeoderlia. Knnny Side school Rosa Lee. Miller school.. Ida Banderlia. Susquehanna echnoL Mary Ualiagher. Trout Dale school Jenoie Read. Bethlehem and Frankiia to be euppiiej. Salaries, I2j and 12 per menlh. rasa rowssatr, P.nnvllle school - A. A. DeLarme. Poier school Wills Barber. Spencer Hill school... Sophia Mc)4orera. Bell Hon .rhool m Martha Sharp. Mletlee, 1 11, 01 aad 040. obahib rev, ..sir. Johnson school... H Tillie Mobs Krans school Hadls Iteam. ttrahsmton school Uotlie Oroheta. Pairri.w and Palistine schools to be supplied, Belarles, f 36 per meath. arsssina rowssair. Cn.h school... .................Msry Darr. Elk Lick school S, E. Rlach Croes Roods school.. Ida A. NrrT. Patobiavilte school M Sadie tlallegkei. Shepherd ackool Anna HonRey. Easl Kldge school.. .... Mary Curry. Pine Orove school I. K. Jimesoa. Harmony school to be supplied. Valerias, MS aad Je per month. bbcatitb rowvaaip. Che.ter.ill. sclooL... f W. A. Shults. peeoiur school Kmma Mullea. Weel New Castl. eckool Lldte Metier.. Oo.l Ra. school Llssis tlrsbem. lieaverto. school m Clara E. Ilsmer. Moshannoa school K. A. Campbell. Haneo.k school W. A. Wilson. J.ffsrsoa eehool Ikoasee llopkios. Obi. ackool J. L. McLerrea. Parsoa.llio school Webster Uugbes. balariee, teO per month. AGRICULTURAL. Coatribaiioas ta this departmeat skoald be ad- dressed te J. Blaib Hbao, Clearfield, Pa. THEY FALL AWAT. Wkea llgklolog strikes a stalwart Ipsa, And every fibre sorely strains, Tbe vl.se that feasted riotously I'pon tke sen witkia its v.ibs Their oatare's law at oaoa .bey, And fall away. Tbe politician, meaaer yet, Thrivee oa his leader's fall or hurl Befor. the storm his liaes aro aet, And he prepares for eating dirt. He seeks to make deesrtioa pay, Aad falls away. None are too low, and Bona loo high, To sub and leare tkslr falling triads, Their boasted troth ie made a lie t Their pllent honor gladly bends Tbey hasten to Improve tbe day, And fall away. As Botblug to the sordid soal Are weary years of arduous toll , Ills petty gains his acts control i llisesger nostrils scent tbo spoil , la suashia. k. must make kis hay t He (alls away. THE VALVE OF BED CLOVES. An observation extending over a poriod of thirteen yours, in this Callo way oounty, Mo., teaches me, or ralber confirms tho teachings ot my boyhood tbat clover is one of the most valuable, if not the most valuable, forage plants tbat we have for this climate. But tor clovor, this yoar, our hay crop would have been almost a total failure; as it is we have clover meadows that will make two tons of hay to the acre of good toed. In thoso meadows that are a mixture ot clovor with tbe grasses proper the only crass tbat stood the drought, and mado anything like a crop, was red top and orchard grass. Theso grasses hold a long time, and this your gave the second growth oi clovor timo to mature sufficiently to make good bay. 1 bow it in the woods, on old pasturos, in the meadows ; in fact, everywhere I find a bare plaoe or a spot wbero the grass ia thin. My futbor has been raising the mammoth for thirteen years, prefers it to the small or common. My practice, has been to mix. Tbe mammoth nearly all dies when the seed is permitted to mature on strong land. It (the mam moth) ia equal to a crop of buckwheat for cleaning up the land, and hotter fur rotting the stumps out of new ground. 1 have Been raised in this county botween tour and five bushels of seed of this variety per aore on very thin and wornout land. J. L. B., in Prairie Farmer. CAPITAL IX EJKHIXG. 1 hnve olten been struck in reading Peter Henderson's articles, with the importance, in his estimation, ol a large working capital, if a man would expect success in the business of market gar dening. He statos in his book, "Gar dening lor Profit," that it is not safe for a gardener to begin the business in the vicinity of New York, with leas than S300, cash capital, por acre. Now while not near so much capital is need ed to manage an ordinary farm as a market garden, there is just as much advantago in having' a cash capital on tho farm as in the gurdon, and much of tbo failure to realize a lair profit comes from the fact that tbe farmer's means are all invested in land, and none left to improve it. "But," says some reader, "what's the use of aggravating us by such state ment; we have not tuts surplus of funds, and bow are we to get it ?" Well, there are possibly some readers of The Farmer who are "land poor," and who might sell off enough land to furnish the needed capital, or there may be olbera who are templed to boy more land, which will not only absorb what capital they now have, but run Ibem in debt besides, and such may possibly bo benefited by having their attonlion callod to this matter. The larmcr who has a thousand dol lars capital to use in his business can always pay cash down lor all supplies, implements, etc., etc, that he needs, and bo will ordinarily save double what tho money would bring if put at inter est. Again, he can often buy food, when it ia low and islikoly to rise, and effect quite a saving. It ia often the case that a saving oi 50 per cent, can be made by a timely purchase. The farmer with no cantLHt ia alwava crippled in bis farm management. Ilia purchases must be made ou oredit, and when a crop is Bold tbe money goes to pay off old debts, and leaves bim to fight through another yoar on the same lino. If, as is somelimoa the case, his corn crop ia short, he can go out and lay in a supply of feed in anticipation of a riso, but must either sell bis stock at a sacrifice, or take the risk of buying feed at high prices in the Spring. He wants to improve his stock, and baa a chance to got some first-class animals, bnt ho bas no money to pay tor Ibem. There are bargains nfiered olten in bia neighborhood by men who are selling out, or who for some reason must part with their property, but be baa not the funds and can not get the benefit of them. lie socuros a crop, and although be has every reason to bolicvo it will soon advance in price ho can not bold it tor he ia out of money. He perhaps soes tbat bone meal doubles the crop of wheat on his neighbor's farm and be would like to try a ton of it, but be can not spare the cash. A few acres of bis best land fails to produce any thing but weeds and wild grasses be cause ot tbe wot, and be would be glad to drain it, but draining coots money and he bas none to spare. A few years ot farming undor such circumstancesdiscou rages bim, be IcuO ambition, grows careless, and old age finds bim keeping up the same hope loss warfare with poverty. Now I am not arguing especially against large farms, tor the man who bus tbe capital and business capacity to manage a largo farm can mako more money In proportion than the one with a smell farm, for bis business will justify the purchase of all modern implements that save lime and labor. What I do say is that a man who has only money enough to buy and stock a fifty-acre farm is not wise, ordinarily, if he buys one hundred acroa ; and then there are thousands of men now approaching middle life who have battled witb debt and the legion of troublos which ac company it in trying to hold on to moro land than they bave capital to manage, who would be wise to either sell a part of tbe land, or if It can not be divided, sell out and boy a smaller or cheaper farm. Thero is probably 00 ono thing that baa done so much to retard progress among farmers as this, and perhaps no one evil bo universal. 1 feel safe In asserting that more than half the (armors of my acquaintance are crippled for want of capital. I have had a long experience in this mnttor and lliereloro writo feelingly about it, and as I look back over tho experience of the last twonty years I bave no donbt that I should bave en joyed more ol life and bave been worth as much to day if I had boen satisfied on my little farm of forty acros, on which I began life, and kopt a cash capital on hand that would bave ena bled me to make every incb oi it pro ductive, instead of putting every dol lar 1 could make into land and always feeling cramped for working capital. I bave a large sympathy for young men who start on the lario as I did, with out a dollar, and who bave no expec tation of any outside help, and 1 wish to say to such that I bave lived long enough to prove the truth of the adage tbat a "little farm well tilled" tbe owner of which is out of debt and boo a lillio something laid by for a rainy duy is one of the greatest blessings man can have, and will bring bim far more comfort than to be the owner of broad acres if be 1 abort of working capital. ll'iiWo, in Ohio Farmer.'