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I. B. OOODI.ANDRR,
11:1:71 " tiearlleld. Pa.
J J. LIXG1.K,
ATTORNEY -AT - LAW,
1:11 I'lilllpabtirc;, Outre Co., Pa. y:pd
' -Armnrsi at iaw,
Curwucsrille, Clearfield oonnty, Pi.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offloe in "Old Western! building," (up slelr).
Oct. . '78 If.
ATTORNKY AT LAW,
r-091pe one door east of Hbaw Haass.
yM. M. McCULLOUGII,
lifll 'e In MnFonle building, Eerond rtreet, op-
orile llie Court luuie. j.vn,7N-tr.
I, AW k COLLECTION OFFICE,
r:.: Cleirfield Countjr, Penn'l. 70;
i T. BROCK1IAXK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
tr, Opre Hour. ep 25,77-1 j
wt. A. W A I. LACK l)vil L. KMtn,.
II. tiKV F. tt'.Lurl, Wa. E. WAt.(.ri.
T I, LACK K RE IIS,
j.nr I Clearfield, Pa.
gMlTIl V. WILSOX,
l l.l: AH1IKLI), . - ITSS'A.
,rn-nmre in tie Maf nlj UuiMlng, orr tht
Cotintr National llank. iDar24-80.
J I'. SXYDER,
A 1 fuRNKY AT LAW,
i,iT:c ovrr (lis Countjr National Ilanlt.
June 20, 7etf.
jKA.VK Ci. IIARRIK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
F.r.t-vla. Life and Kite Ittaurance Coinpanlra
j!rOfficc in tbe Optra n..ui.-&;j
jJURKAt & CORDOX,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
rUIBre la Ple'a Opera Iloaae, aeeond Boor.
7ILL1AM A. II AGKItTY,
TToturn i '-jT-r.1 ir,
lll'-l'K'i: iiTrr T. A. I'lerk A t'o.'a Kturc,
frWIII attend to all log .1 bilnlneae with
proinptDraa nod fidelity. febll00.(.
in.Bra a. M'naiLLT dabibi. w. m'ci-bpt.
JHf Iogal bne'.ieta attended to promptly witbj
dlelity. Office on Second it root, abore :bo Firat
.National Dank. Jn:l:76
J F. MoKEXRICR,
All laical butineai entruated to htl oaro will re-
crive prompt atuntioo,
T-Offlre In the Cnort Ilou.e.
1 G. KRAMER,
A T T O R X E Y - A T - L A W ,
Real K.tate and Collection Afent,
Will promptly attend to all lrfal huiloeai aa.
trurted to Mi eare.
aa-offlr la Pie'i Opera IIoa.e. Janl'70,
JOIIX L. CUTTLE,
ATTOHN'EY AT LAW.
aital Heal I'jtato Agent, ClearHrld, Pa.
Offl- on Tbird .treat, bet. Cherry 4 Walnot.
h.rKeapeetfally oflore bia aereieei la aellinR
and buying land. In Clearfield and .'IJoIdIdk
eountiefl , and wltb aa OBperlaDoeel OTer twenty
y.ara aa a lurreyor, fiattere himlelf that be eaa
render aatlifaetioa. (Feb. M:0S:tf,
ryn e. m. sciieurer,
OlOee la reaidenre on Flrrt at.
April 14, 1071. Claarleld, Pa.
jyt. W. A. MEANS,
FUYSICIAN & SU RW EON,
DI!B0I8 CITY, PA.
'Ul attend proleialonal ealla proaiptly. augl0'70
T. J. 1IOYER,
l-HYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Olfce on Market Street, Clearfield, Pa.
H-UHic, hour. : to It a. a., and 1 to I p. a.
R. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
jr--0Hic'0 a Ijolnlnj tbe re.lden-a ef Jamoa
W,,l.y, Iwq., OB Second KL, Clearfield, Pa.
-i C. JENKINS, M. P.,
I'll YSICIAX AND8URGKON
CI RWF.NflVILLB, PA.,
.'fltroe at reridcare, eeracr nf State and Pia
a:rr.lr. Jan. 0th, ll If.
JJR. U. B. VAX VALZAII,
tf Fit E IN BRSIIlENCK, CORNER OF FIRItT
AND 1'lMi HTREKTi).
ay- Ofiloa houre Trom II to I P. II.
May 11, 1071.
U. J. 1. BURC1I FIELD,
Lta Surge oa of tbo 83d Heglaiaat, Peaaayleaala
Vcianleera, haelag rataroed froaa Ibe Amy,
(Ten hie profeaaleaal aorf looo ia theeltioeaa
ef Clearfield eeaDty.
CafProfeaaioaal ealla proaiptly attended lo.
Olta ea Soeoad Ureal, formerly aaeapiod by
Dr Weoda. (aprO.'OO-U
GEO. B. Q00DLANDER, Editor
VOL. 55-WIIOLE NO.
- - - -
! 1 I r
(uOTKBn . o.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
,, irLL Tow..,r.
May I, 1 8T-ly
JAME8 MITCHELL, -
8(juare Timber & Timber Lands,
JeM'fJ CI.KARF1KLD, PA. .
a.v:,,oyt: " ; :-
Land Survevor and Civil Engineer,
JiSr-All business will be attonde' to promptly.
Dee. IJ, l80ly.
Homo and Sign Painter -and Paper
OVWIII execute Jubi In bti line promptly end
In worktuMiliki manner. efr,07
WILLIAM D. iw;li:r,
Ko. 17lh, 1810 tf.
WEAVER &. BETTS,
Real Estale, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND LfSinnil OF ALL KINDS.
Offioe on Keeond ilreet, lo rear of ilore
rcom of lleurxe Wrnver A Co.
JI STICB OP TnK PEACE
O.o.ola Mill! P. O.
11 official bu.ltieaa entraited to him will be
promptly attended to. moh2V, '70.
IT A URY SNYDER
II llAHHtK AND HAIKDKK8SKB.
6h on Mftiket Si., oppiw.U Court llnq.
J n towel for over eortotner.
Alio ileolcr n
lift Ittaudo df ToliBiro and i'lnroo
'iM'dilf P. mu ly, '71.
JAMES H. TURNER,
JTSTICK OF THE PEACE,
tt allaretuii. Pa.
JMirHe hit prrpftrcl himielf wttli all the
necuiarj blank fur mi under tho rcnaiQ aod
bounty lwi, ai nell hi hlonb lJieilt, etc. All
Ivftal uattom eiitruftrd lo fai cftre will rvooiro
prompt allentioo. My 7th, IhTi'-tf.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CI.tAUFILLD, PENN'A.
jrM'anipa alwaj t on bund and made to order
en abort notioo. Pipes bored on reasonable term a
All work warranted to render retitfatlon. and
delivered if deilred. Biylft.lypd
1.1 very Siahlo.
rriHK anderalgned bgt learoto Intorm thepub-
f, no that he la now fully preparpf to inoommo
date all in the way of tnrnnning ll.aea, HcKgiot,
Saddlea and Ham eta, on the iborteat notice and
an reaeonable term a. Heaidenee no Loeuat ttrret,
between inlM and rourth.
UKO. W. GKAKHAHT.
Ilearfleld. Feb. 4, 174.
M. C. BEAD '. A. tUflXftT Y
FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
JHf-Cffioe io Qraham RuiMio., Markot Itraet.
Clearfield, - - Penn'a,
June la, ISSI-lf :
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
CI A Lift IB
Alan, eitenalre manufactarer and dealer In qaara
limber and eawed Lumber or all kmaa.
fOrder t lolleited and all Willi promptly
nileci, L jyB '
S. I. SNYDER,
ABO DBALBB IB
Walclica, Clocks and Jewelry,
67niAfla.'a Rowt Mirltrt Str.tl,
All klnda of repairing In my line promptly at
ended to. Jan. 1(1, 117V.
$k Clearfield Nursery.
ENCOUHAGK 110MB INPUSTKY
THR anderalgsed, baring aaubllnbod a Nnr
aery on tho 'Pike, a Hunt half way bitwecB
Clearfield and Cnrwiriavtlln, la prepared to fur
Btab all kinda of MU'IT TltKtS, (itandHrd and
dwarf,) KTrrgreena, HhrubtMiry, (irat-e Yinaa.
()ooeherry, Lnwton Dlarkherry, (jtrawherry,
and Raspberry Vinea. Alio, Hiberian Crab Treet,
(jufneo, and early arartot H ha barb, A. Ordert
promptly attended to. Addroaa,
J. D. WRIOHT,
pit tn.j CurwccsTllle, Po.
CAR Hri i t irDL.
tlcurficld Insurance Agency.
HERK A lltnot.E, Jgtnl,
Krpreeentthe following an I other flrtt-c.au Co 'a
Llrerpool Lnndon A OI .be IT. g. Br.t,.MI.9
Lyenmlng on mutual A eaab plane. A.ooo.fliHl
Pbcvnis, of Hartford, Conn.. 3.A24 .OAS
Inatiranee Co. of North Amerlra llia.,IX,A74
North Britl.h A Meroanlile II. S. Br. l.lhl.AlM
Bmtiltk Ci.nimoroial 1 . 8. Drench...- 07,l4t
Traeelert (Life A Avoidant) 4,i,4e4
Offire on Merkrt Ht., opp. Court Houae, Clear
eld, Pa. June I, "TB-tf.
WILLIAM 0. HELMB0LD,
t'nllon Murk, Ctirtrnmrlllt, Pa.
Companies Represented i
Coinmerelat Union Ina. Co., Amis ..0a,70J S
Firrmen a Fond Ina. Co.,A.aeta I 100.017 Oil
I nloa In.o-.o-- Co , Af II - 1. 070. 11.17 OS
Travrlera'A-nulent Ins. Co.. A ...la.. ,6 IK . IV 4 4
Northern loa. Co. of New Vork As ia Xtfl.SBO 00
Insurance plaoed 08 all kinds of property at
Curwinsviile, Pa , Fab. It, ISM If.
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
LIFE INSI RANCE COMPANY,
Newark, W. J.
INCORPOIIATBD l4i. PURELY Ml'TI'AL.
Aasars, Jaa. I, 11, as aioertaioed
by Kaanlning Commissioners
Jersey - J.M,I
I.nsiMTina, aa stated by Ibe same. .11,11 1,4a St
Rtinn.ee by Meaesbo's Steaderd. .SI.JJ 00
grant o by N. York 8l.nd.rd... ,S"l,0J IS
Atlprlleiasnonroffeitable eder seeoad
yaart lowsiprasest largedlfidands de-
elsrrd and paid erary year elnre orgaa-
isation t ample surplus ; surrender taluea
m-et liberal, losses promptly adju1rd
LEWIS C. (1ROVKR, Pnaainaar.
JAMKS B. PKARS'lN, VK B-l'Bssinrwf.
Kn. I. Doaaiaa. Seey. Tseo. MacaaBtr.Treaa.
POTT Kit A KKVKS, Male Agents, ill Wal.
But slrees, Philadelphia, Pa. .
K. M. M'KNAI.I.V.BpeelelAgent. OIP.ee la
Moseop's bolldlag, Markot street, VleuOeld, Pa.
(,.. 'll-li. - t .
THE OLD FARMER :LECY.
"ft a itTKonitrftviybnoll. by is. Unk nf tbo brook
Tkrt to lotg nd to ofti baa votrnd hU floek.
Tiio old r.rm.r rtiti in btiloog and lut iloep,
JVhtU tbo witon a low, Utumc lnllaby korp.
1U hti plnughH hli Uit furrow, hai rapd hli
I lt graio
Ko in urn abttlJ awakt btui lo UW agala.
Tub treo, thtt with fraffronot tt filling tho air,
Ho rich with It bloMomi, to tbrtfty aod fair.
Ujr hi own hand tii pUnttd ; and wall did bo
It would lira wleD iti plantor bad men Me rod
II baa pluugbud bl lJt furrow, baa roapfd hU
taut graio t
No mora hall awakt bits to labor again.
TLore'i tbo well Uit be ddtf, with iti water ao
With Iti wot, dripping huektt, H many and old,
No mora from tie lisptba hj tho patriarah drawn.
Fur tbo "pitcher U brulten," tho old man it guno.
He baa ploughed bi I art furrow, baa reaped hi
latt grain :
No morn ahall awake blm to Ubur again.
'Toai a glnomjr giring dj when Ihf old fnrmer
Tho Ntontheartcd mourned, tie affjet ion at cried ;
And UiO pimjmti ot the iet fur bia reat did aa-
For thj all l.nt a brother, a man and a friend.
He baa ploughed bia last furrow, ha reapod fata
No morn aball awake him to labor again.
Pr upright and honet t th oi l fanner waaj
Hii liod ho rewre l, he mjieoled ue lawi ;
Though laiueleia ho lit ad, he but goue where
Will ouirbioo, like pure gold, all the d rot of Ibil
He ha ploughed hi Lit furrow, bai reapoi bii
luit grain ;
No morn ahall awake him to labor ngaln.
Jmiiik Jj. Cimuimt.
THE ASSASSIN'S WORK
vie, riu miim.nt AitTiii n h tioii n
I SI AN HKIM)KNT.
In otir isstto lust week wo hail only
tinio lo nnnounco tho death of tlio
I'rittidint, James A. Garfield. Iklow
will bo found other fai ls connected
with hid ti"U','io death :
I'.liif.ron, N. J., September l!t 11:15
j Tho Cabinet ban jtint arrived and
:l'oiio in a body to Fruni klyn Cottuiro.
All aro hero except lllaino and Lin
eoln. Altnrney General MacVettf-h
has telegraphed them of tho I'reni
How nE mm..
Ki.BKittiN, 11:20 P. M. Attorney
(General MacVeali just camo to tho
j Klbeion Hotel from Franeklyn Cot.
tuf-o and made tho following ultilo
i ment :
1 1 cent my despatch to Mr. Lowell
at 10 1'. M. Shortly boliiro that Lr.
li I ii-h hud seen tho i'resideiit, and
lounil his pvlso at 100 beats per min
ute, and all tho conditions were then
promising a quiet ni;lit. Tho doctor
atiked lho President if ho was feeling
uncomfortable in any way. The Presi
"NOT AT ALL,"
and shortly aftorwards fell asleep, and
Dr. Uliss returned to bis room across
tbo bull from that occupied by tho
President. About fifteen minutes after
10 o'clock the President awakened and
remarked to Colonel Swaim that ho
was HiiUorinf; great pain, and placed
bis hand over bis hoart.
Dr. liliss was summoned and when
bo entered tho room he found the
President substantially without a pulso,
and tbe action of tho hoart almost na
distinguishable. Ho said at op") the
President was dvinir. and directed
Mrs. Garfield to bo called, also tho
The Proeldont remained in a dying
condition until 10. Hi, when ho was
Lono liRANdi, Sept. 20. 12:25 A.
M. Attorney General MacVeaph has
just sont tho following to Vice Presi
It becomes our painful duty to In
form you of tho death of President
Garfield, and to adviso you to take tho
oath of olllce as President of tho United
States without delay. If it concurs
with yotir judgmont, will bo very glad
if you will come hero on tho earliest
train to morrow morning.
Secretary of tho Treasury.
W. II. Hunt,
Secretary of tbe Navy.
Thomas L. James,
S J. Kirk wood,
Secretary of tho Inloriof.
lie received word this morning from
Chester A. Arthur that the latter bad
taken tho oath of ofllco. Tho dispatch
Xew York, September 20.
I Liiyo your mcssufio announcing the
death of President Garfield. Permit
mo to ronow through you lho expres
sion of sorrow and sympathy which I
havo already telegraphed to Attorney
General MncVcauh. In accordance
with your suggestion I havo taken the
oath of ofileo as President before the
Hon. John It. ilrady, Justice ot tho
Sujircmo Court of tho Stato of Now
York. I will soon advise yon further
in regard to-the other suggestion In
U. A. A8.TII! n.
RESULT OF THE AUTOPSY.
OFFICIAL BULLETIN OF THE SLRIilONS
AFTEll CONCLt:DINfl THE EXAMINATION.
Klberon. X. J., September 20. Tho
following oflleial bulletin was prepared
at eleven o'clock to night by the sur
geons who havo noon in attendance
upon tho lalo President: lly pre
vious atrangemont a post mortem ex
amination of lho body of President
Garfield was mado this afternoon in
tbe Drescnce and wilh the assislanco
of Dre. Hamilton, Agnow, lllisa, Humes,
Woodward, Reyburn, Andrew smith,
of Klberon, and Acting Assistant Sur
geon D. S. Lamb, of tho Army Medi
cal Museum, to asbington. Tho opera
tion was performed by Dr. J.amb. 11
was found that tho ball, after fractur
ing tho right eleventh rib, had pissed
through tho spinal column In Ironi oi
tho spinal canal, fracturing the body
of the first lumbar vertebra, driving a
number of small Iragmcnli of bono
into the adjacent soft parts and lodg
ing below the pancreas about two
inches and a balf to tho luft of the
spino and Dohina tno pontoncnm,
where it bad boeomo completely en
cysted. Tho Immodiato cause of death
was secondary hemorrbago from ono
of the mesenteric arteries adjoining the
track of the ball, the blood rupturing
the poritonenm and nesrly a pint ca
mping Into tbo abdominal cavity.
This hemorrbago is believod to have
beon lho cause ot th severe pain In
tho lower part of lho chest complained
of just beloro deatb.
Ad abscess cavity, six inches by four
in dimensions, was found in the rlcin-
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1881.
ity of the gall bladder, between tho
liver ana the transvorse colon, which
wore .trongly adherent It did not in
volve the substance of tbe liver and no
communication was found botwoen it
and tho wound. A long suppurating
euannei exienueu irom too extornul
wound, botwoen the loin muscles and
the right kidney, almost to tho right
groin, this chunnol, now known lo
be duo to tho burrowing of pus from
the wound, was supposed during life
to havo been the track of the ball.
On an examination of tho organs of
tho chest ovidoncos of severe bronchitiB
wero found on both tides, with
broncho pneumonia ol the lower nor.
tions of tbo right lung, and, though to
a much less extent, of the left. The
lungs contained no abscesses and the
hoart no clots. 1 he liver was enlarged
and fatty, but Ireo from abscesses.
-or wero uny found in any other or
gan cxeoot tho left kidney, which con
tained near its surface a small abscess
about one third of an inch in diameter.
In reviewing tbo history of tho caso
in connection with the autopsy It is
quite eviuont that the ditloront suppu
rating surfaces, and especially the
Iraclureu, spongy tissuo ot tbo verte
bra, furnish a sullicient explanation of
tho septic condition which existed.
I). W. Hliss, F. H. Hamilton,
J. K. IUrns, D. HayhhAiinisw,
J. J. Woodward, A. 11. Smith,
liOllSUT liEYIIUUN, D. S. J.AMIl.
It is evident lrom tho result of tho
autopsy that lho character of the wound
was not clearly understood during life.
It seems also evident that no human
skill could have averted lho fatal re
sult of tho caso. The pancreas, noar
which the ball wits found, is an oblong
gland analogous in structure lo tho
snlivnry glanils.whii'h is situated across
tho posterior wall ot tho abdomen. It
is about six or eight inches long and
extends from near tho lower onlico of
tho stomach lo the spleen, just over
tho left kidnoy. It secretes oncof tho
various digestive fluids, which enters
tho intestine along with tho bilo from
tho liver. It is surrounded by numer
ous important blood vessels, being sup
plied with blood partly from 01,0 of
tho mesenteric arteries ubovo alluded
to. It will bo observed that tho gen
eral direction ot tho ball coincides with
tho opinion of Dr. Agncw reported
somo weeks ago in The Times, but the
fracture ol the vertebra docs not ap
pear to have been indicated by any
definite Symplons. I
FROM VICE PRESIDES T TO
PR Ei ID EST.
Fur tho fourth timo in tho history
of tho Republic itschnsenChief Magis
trate has been prematurely removed,
twico by nalurul death and twico by
assassination. In each instanco the
transfer ol tho powers and duties of
the olllce of President has boon matlo
to lho Vice President without the leant
apparent violeneo or shock to tbo
President Harrison died on tbe
fourth of April, 1841, after holjinftlio
olllco ono brief month, and Vice presi
dent Tyler took tho oath as bis sao
cesser on the filh of April. On enter
ing upon the Presidency John Tyler
expressed bis wish that the members
of the Cabinet would conlinuo to fill
their places "I'd "his confidence that
they wo'd afford all the aid in their
powi to enablo him to carry on the
.(ministration of tho government suc
cessfully." Hut during tho extra ses
sion of Congress that was convened
irroconcileablo ditferoncos broko out
botwoen John Tyler and Honry Clay.
In consequence ot this quarrel all tbo
members of tho Cabinot wero forced
into resignation on lho l.'lth of Sep
tember, 18-11, except Daniel Webster,
the Secretary of State, who hold on
till 1813, when ho was compelled to
retire. Tho political cbango through
which this Tyler ad ministration passed
is shown by the fact that Daniel Web
ster was its first Seorctary of Stato
and his great rival, John C, Calhoun,
President Zaehary Taylor died on
the 9th of July, 1850, and Vice Presi
dent Fillmore took the oath of office
next day. Thero was almost imme
diately a clean sweep of President
Taylor's Cabinet, as well a ehango in
the policy of the administration on the
absorbing question of slavory. Within
ten days from Millard Fillmore's ac
cession to tho I'residoncy a new Cabi
net was Appointed and confirmed. The
radical or froe soil elomcnt of tho
Whig party which, strangely onough,
was in tbo ascendant under a southern
and slave-holding President was sup
planted by tho conservative or com
promise element under his northern
successor. Daniel Webster returned
to tho ofllco ot Secretary of Slate, his
lamous Seventh of March Speech hav
ing restored him to complete harmony
with the southern element of the
Whig party. Tom Corwin of Ohio,
another compromiser, wero mado Sec
retary of lho Treasury, and John J.
Crittenden of Kentucky, resumed the
Attorney Gonoralship from which bo
had been removed by John Tylor.
Milliard Fillmore made his Jluflalolaw
partner Xulhan K. Hall, his Post
Abraham Lincoln was shot by Booth
on tbe night of tho 1 tth of April, and
the next day AndrewJohnson entered
upon the duties of President The
members of tho Cabinet immediately
tontlored their resignations, but they
were requested by Prosident Johnson
to rotain their places. As It was tho
aim of Andrew Johnson to fuilhfully
carry out the policy outlined by Prosi
dent Lincoln be did not deem It wise
to remove Lincoln's advisers, and they
all remained. The qnnrrel with Sec
rotary Stanton did not tskc place until
the lost year of Andrew Johnson's ad
ministration. None of tho members
of Lincoln's Cabinot wore "personal
friends" of Andrew Johnson, With
most of them ho bad no personal ac
quaintance, but ho did not removo
thorn to make placo for "personal
friends." Ho know he could trust
them aa hi. groat predecessor bad
trusted them, and that was the chief
These aro the precedents for lho
consideration of President Arthur on
entoring upon the responsible dutioe
ot bis ofllco. If ho undertakes to make
tip a Cabinet on the score of porsonal
friendships and Intimacies his adminis
tration is failure from tho Tory out
"Mamma, I don't think llie people
who make dolls are very pious people,"
said a little girl to her mother ono
day, "Why nol, my child?" "Bo
cause you can never make them kneel.
I always have lo lay my doll on her
stomach to lay hor prayer."
Hoarding liouso chicken soup can
bo made, it ia said, hy hanging up a
hen in the son so that her shadow shall
fall into i pot of salt and water. The
only trouble ia that on a cloudy day tbo
soup Is liable to be weak.
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
WHAT THE SERGEANT HAS TO
SAY ABOUT THE SHOOTING.
HE OIVE8 Ills REASONS FOR ATTEMPTINQ
TO TAKE OUITEAlfS LIFE HE DID NOT
ENLIST TO mi AKD AN ASSASSIN THE
PRISONER REMOVED To ANOTHER
CE1.I. OTHER PARTICULARS.
Tho attempt of Sergeant Mason to
kill Guitcuu on the night of tho 11th
ins), caused a flury of excitement at
Washington, especially at the jail and
in military circles. Briefly statod,
tho following are the facts regarding
the shooting: AbontCUO o'clock Cap
tain McGillray arrivedut tbe jail from
lho arsenal, wilh his command, to to
liovo tho command of Captain Graves,
who had been on d'lty during tbo pie
ceding twenty lour hours guarding the
jail. Tho relieving guard arrived in
threo wagons, in tbo first of whieh
wore stmteil C'optr ilcGilfrny. Lieu-
tennnt Richmond, Sergeant Mason and
rnvato Condon. hutoccurrcd there
after is thus related by McGillray
"As we halted in front of tho jail 1
dismounted from tbo wagon snd passed
rapidly to tho rear ol it to get a few
articles that 1 bud brought up for uso
during tno night. As 1 turned away
lrom the wagon with my basktt in my
band, 1 was somewhat slarllet'. by tbo
report ot a rilio. As 1 had not Vet ro
lieved Major Graves, whoso lentincls
wero still uround tbo jail build, ng, I at
iirst thought tho shot had been tired
by ono of bis men. As 1 stepped for
ward I saw a man standiuu jusl in
front of tho window of Gu item's cell,
holding bis pieco presented, evidently
having just fired. Still under the im
pression that it was ono of Maior
Graves men, 1 walked rapidly forward,
and as I approui bed biia 1 was in.ar.cd
to seo it waa Sergeant Mason, of my
company, my first sergeant. Ho was
very much excited, and said: '1 bred
that shot, Captain, and intended to kill
tbo scoundrel. 1 did not enlist to
guurd an asrusbin.' I took his arms
irom him and placed a scktincl over
him. Whcu tho guard was reliovod 1
placed Sergeant Mason in Mai. Graves'
hands, and requested him to take him
back to tho ursenal and turn him over
to tbo commanding oflieer wilh a re
port of tho occurrence. Upon ex
amination I found thai the shot bad
gono through tho window opposite
Goiteau's cell ; tbe ball could nolbavo
missed him more than threo or four
inchos at the furthest. Tho bullet
struck tho south wall of the cell lour
feel six inches from tho floor, and then
glanced oil', striking tho lust wall ut
nearly tho samo distanco up, when it
fell to tbo floor. The window of Gui
teau's cell would hardly be visible to
any ono unacquainted with tho plan
of tho building, but Sergeant Mason
bad beon on duty at tho jail and know
tho exact position of lho windows."
Muson wus immediately taken to tbo
arsenal, and put in a small cell.
A SOLDIER FOR NEARLY TWENTY YEARS.
Upon being questioned as to his mo
tivo in attempting to shoot Guitcuu ho
calmly and quietly rcpliad that ht bnd
become tired of being compelled tn 00
to the jail to guard a man who bad
shot a good man, tho President ot the
Nation. Ho said that beloro leaving
tho arsenal he had loaded his gun with
a forty-five calibro bull lorllto purpose
of killing Guilcau. Ho suit! bo had
been thinking about doing it for sev
eral days, and ho bad concluded thai
it was bis duty to kill tho assassin.
Tho officers and comrades of Mason
speak ot him in high terms. They
Bay ho has the reputation of being a
good and faitblul soldier, and that he
is not a drinking man. Some ot them
say that ut timos ho is rathor eccentric,
but ho has beon regarded us thoroughly
honest and trustworthy. Some of bis
comrades attempt to excuso bis act on
the ground Hint of lato bo has boon
sick with fever and ague, and husbcen
taking a good doal of mcdicino, whieh
may bavo afluetod bis mind. Mason
has been in the army most of the time
for nineteen yours. He is a nativo of
Virginia. Though fivo of his broth
ers served in tho Confederate army,
ho joined tho Union army during tho
war. Hois thirty -eight years of agoJ
is a strong muscular man, and nearly
six foot tall. He id a fine marksman,
and Gunorul Ayer, colonel ol tho Sec
ond artillery, says that if Mason had
had a sight of Guitcau he would havo
In rcsponso to an inquiry to day,
Assistant Adjutant General Ruggles
said, that Mason would this week bo
turned over to the civil authorities of
lho District of Columbia, and that ho
would doubtlcs. be tried on a charge
of intent to kill. If ho should bo sent
lo tho ponitentiary for any length of
time, ho would probably bo dismissed
from tbo army; but if ho should bo
sentenced for only afew months by tho
civil authorities, ho would after serv
ing out his aenlenco, in all probability
bellied by court martial, bo subjected
to military punishment for a mouth or
so. for violution of military discipline,
and would then bo released. In army
circles thero io much chagrin over
Mason's act. Tho officers at the
arsenal aro afraid it will bo regarded
by tho public a. a severe reflection on
regular soldiers as a guurd at tho jail,
and as a suggestion that Guilcan has
more lo fear irom tho soldiers than
OUITF.AU S TERROR.
Mason's shot mado Guitcau fiuntic
with fear. He was found crouched in
one corner of his coll praying loudly
for protection. Though assured that
the shot was tho result of an aeeidont,
he bud no faith in the statement, and
ho kept carefully away lrom tbo win
dow, llo begged passionately to lie
removed to a cell whero be wouldn't
bo exposed to such shots. From his
point of view Guilcau. appeal was
very reasonable. Ho has lrom- tho be
ginning ot his imprisonment been ex
posed not only to shots from the
guards oulsido, but from any one wilh a
long range rifle. The window through
which Sergeant Mason shot at Gui
tcau last evening was examined this
moriiing by the tail warden to see II
by any possible means the bullet could
havo struck the prisoner. Warden
Crocker gives the following as lho re
sult of his examination : The bnllot
entered the outer .window, passing
through lho centre pane of glass,
making a small round hole auout nan
and inch in diameter. Crossing a cor-
rtlor of porbnps ten feet it entered
Guitcau'. cell, whieh is on the ground
floor, crnr.ing tbo window-sill and
striking Guilean'a coat, which was
banging against the southwest corner
of bis cell penetrating it and striking
n picture ot nimscll recently ptioto-o-rnped
by C. M. Dell, which was in
bis pnckol. It glanced along sido of
the wall auout an men irom 11,
then striking lbs wall and dropping
lo tbo floor.
WHAT Till WAS DEPARTMENT WILL DO.
7.0 official notice ol Sergeant Mason's
oflenso has reached lho War Depart
ment. It is stated thero that Mason
will be promptly surrendered if a do-
mand is made, for him by tho civil au
thorities ; thus all complications will
bo avoided. If such demand is not
made tho prisoner will ho tried by
court martiul, probably at an curly
day. Army officers gonorally express a
feelingof mortification at thisattcmpt
on Guitoau'a life as reflecting on tho
discipline of tho service.
THE QUESTION OF JURISDICTION.
Sergeant Mason, who fired tho shot
at Guilcau on the lltb inst., still ro
mains under military guard. District
Attorney Corkhill has not decided
upon making a demand for tho prioonor,
and tho question of jurisdiction re
mains in doubt. Thcidca that Mason
was under tho influence of liquor or a
drug is generally discredited in tho
vicinity ol tho jail, and allbouirh no
evidence of a plot among the military
guard for the killing of Guilcau bus
oecn discovered, it ban long been
known that a feeling of tho deepest
hostility against him exists among tho
soldiers. Tho officers of the juil after
nuving mauo an examination, are ot
tho opinion that Guitcau was not at
tho window of his cell, but reclining
upon tho bed, at tbo lime tho shot was
lirod. They stuto lhat Guitcau ex
hihtcd an agony of fear and apprehen
sion for somo timo after tbo shooting
Ho was removed loanothcr cell, whero
it is statod another occurrence ol tho
kind is impossible
My dear," said Mrs. Spootiendyko,
us the aroeo from her knees, hot and
tired wilh packing, and rubbing the
small of her back as she straightened
up, "I'm nil through now, and 1 wish
you would lock this trunk."
"Certainly, replied Mr. Spoopen
lylto, dropping his paper and slam
ming down the lid. "All you'vo got
to do is just fit the hasp in tho lock
and turn tho koy. So !"
Hut the key duln t otnto turn, and
Mr. Spoopendyko hit. tbe hasp with
tho sido of his fist and tried it again.
'Don't it work ?" asked Mrs. Soon
pendyke, watching tho proceeding
with considerable interest.
'It'll work if you'll let it alone," said
Mr. Spoopendyko severely, and bo
raised tbo lid, dropped it again, pound
ed the hasp and wrenched at tho key
with all his strength. "Stand back
and give me room, can't you f" he
growled, as ho pressed down on tbo
lid and gave tho koy quick twists in a
vain cllort to catch the lock unawares.
"Why don't you rest your weight'
on it, and let 1110 lock it?" asked Mrs.
Spoopendyko, fluttering around her
husband and wondering if ho was
thoroughly aware lhat his plug but
was immediately undor tho lid.
"Have you got time to keep away
from this thing and let mo work it 1 "
demanded Mr. Spoopondyko, contem
plating bis wifo with a Spartan ex
pression ol visage. "S'poso 1 can do
anything witb you silling on my
elbow 1 It you'll go down in the cel
lar for n minulo I'll lock this trunk."
and Mr. SpoopcndyKw lumped at
lho hasp and breathed bard, iiut Ins
best efforts could only turn tho key
Oh 1 ain't 1 glad you could 11 1 lock
it!" exclaimed Mrs. Spoopendyko,!
anxious to stay her husband's growing
rath. "1 lorgottoputin yourcano. j
"Dod gast tho cano I" sputtered Mr.
Spoopendyko. "S'pose it's goin' to
lock any casior with a dod gasicd old
walking cano sticking out at one ond ?
Vi bo says 1 can t lock it? W bat s the
reason 1 can t lock it r. und ho stood
oil and fetched tho husp a tremendous !
kick. "Anything else you'vo forgot
ten toputio?" and bo sprang on the
lid and tugged ut the key with his
head thrown back and his teeth set.
"Got a couple of mirrors you want in
hero? Any cbino around lho liouso
that wants a rido in this trunk ? Want
to put in lhat dod gasled ass on the
top floor, who tries lo play tho fiddle?"
and ho flopped off on to the floor and
banged at lho bnsp again.
'Liel me sit on it, suggested .alia.
Spoopendyko, climbing up without
waiting for a response. "Now try it."
-Mr Spoopendyko fumbled around
and worked at tho hasp and key, but
"Can t you sit any harder than
lhat?" ho yelled, as tho key stuck
and would not turn oithor way. "'Fraid
of breaking tbo measly thing? Press
down can l yon !
Mrs. Spoopendyko souirmeu around
and said, "Now dear," und Ihcn looked
over to see how he was getting on,
but still the lock was oh 1 11 rate.
"Dod gast the measly trunk!"howlcd
Mr. Spoopendyko, firing tho key out
tho window and giving the trunk a
furewell kick. "It you want it locked
You get a blacksmith and a steam
derrick," and Mr. Spoopendyke throw
himsell into a chair and protended to
bury himself in his papor.
'1 don t Know how wo ro over goin
to get it open," said Mrs. Spoopendyko
after a long silence.
'Get what open? growled hor hus
"The trunk. Now I lomembor, it's
got a spring lock, and when you took
tho Key out 11 locked llscll. 1 don I
suppose wo can ever find tho key !"'
"1 hat s it I Tolled Mr. hpoopondvko.
You know all about it now I Why
didn't yon tell mo it was a spring lock?
V hot d yo koep it to yourself lor ."
"1 forgot," whimmered Mrs Spoo
pendyke, "but it will be all right. 1
can open it "
'Ob, you can open it! snorted Air.
Spoopendyke. "You're an oponerl
All you want is to bo sharpened on
both sides to be an oyster knilo! With
a dark lantern and a skull cop, you'd
mako a lull kit ol burglars tools, uh,
yes, you'll open ill II yon bad alooso
handle and one oorner kicked on, yon d
get rich aa a screw drivor!" and Mr.
Spoopondyko tore out of tho bouse to
see il be oould borrow something to
pry open lhat unfortunate trunk.
'lhat gives mo lime to pack the
valiso," murmcred Mrs. Spoopondyko,
and as I ve cot anotlrar key to tho
frank, we'll do pretty well alter all,"
and tbo worthy lady began lo jam
nitrht shirts and hair oil Into the bags,
together wilh sandwiches and tooth
brushes, wondering betimes whether
Mr. Snoonendvke's silk bat had been
so badly smashed lhat il wouldn't do
to Jto fishing In on rainy days, even 11
it didn't look well enough fur, church.
"Whon I was a young man," sayo
lho philosopher Billings,"! was always
in a hurry to hold lho big end of Hie
loa and do all tho lifting ; now I am
older, 1 scir.o bold of the email end and
do all the grunting.
A black bear in Montana endeavored
to bug a girl, anil she punched its eyes
out wilh a parasol. Detroit white
bears, says tbe J-Ve rrut, aro some
what bettor troalod.
REllOIOS IS' TWO DOSES.
The "church season" commences
anew, for tbo hnhilnva arn over. Run.
burned preachers return from roving
among tho mountains and by tbe sea
side. Churches winch were closed
"lor repairs" aro now open, and pews
wnicn wero empty in churches which
kept open during tbo Summer are now
beginning to fill up with well-clad wor
shippers. It must bo evident lo all
who calmly consider it that thero is
more or less lack of wisdom in tho pro
vailing practico ot closing churches for
a month or two in Summer. As to
taking a holiday there is no harm.
Kverybody who can got a vacation in
Summer ought to luko ono, whether
preacher or layman. Wo all need rest
and change There are somo people
ot such vigorous constitution that for
years they can gut along without tak
ing a season of rest. Iiut even these
need change. A week in tho country
helps almost anybody. He who can
get two or three weeks is more nnfort-
unate than tho man whoso leave of
absonce is but for a wcclfl Somo
highly favored people aro out of town
all Summer, cither at their country
pluccs or clso at someplace of Summer
resort or perhaps jaunting about from
place to place. These are not tho ma
ority of church-going pooplc. Thero
aro very few churches most ol whoso
people aro gono all Summer. Somo of
the church members tnko a short va
cation, and many havo to content them
selves with a day or two at a time. If
the managers of the church aro in reul
eurnost in tho work of saving souls and
nuking men better it is tho poorest
sort of policy to go out ot business for
ono-sixib of tho year. No tuctory
with invested cupital would conduct
its affairs in this way unless it bud
overstocked tho market with its pro
ductions or was unable to procure
hands or material to be workod into
goods. The churches havo not yet
crowded the world with more converts
than it has room for. There is no dif
ficulty in procnrlngonongh ministerial
help for tbo supply of pulpits during
the absence of regular pastors. No
newspaper could ailord to send its
whole corps ot editors into tho country
for two Summer months and discon
tinue its publication for that time.
Tho trial of such an experiment would
dispense with the necessity of resum
ing btioincss in September. Nowcomos
tho day ot hard work in tho church
which has been closed. Tho dispersed
congregation is hard to gather. Somo
ot the people who have remained have1
attended other churches which they j
happened to find open. Somo bavo i
11 ' . .
gono to hall-a-donenditterent churches
,,. mi, K,iva Tl.v heoin tn i
fancy that they can bo profitted by
somo other preacher than the ono who
minsters in their own church. Some
hnvo spent their Sundays, in quietly
doing nothing ut home, und have cotno
to tho conclusion that this is such a
nice way to pass the Day of Rest that
I hoy will continuo tho habit 'lho
children aro quick to follow In tho
wuyo of their parents. Thoy think
tht If ihn phnreh pan wilh propriety
bo shut for two months in tho year it
is not ot much account during the
other ton months. They bavo given
Ibeir Sunday school lessons in the slip
in tho vacation, and would like to try
it for a few wooks longer. It will bo
at least a month before lho church
which opens to day will recover all the
congregation it had when it closed for
the Summer. All that timo it will
jrog along in an imperfect manner,
wilb only a part ol us organization in
working order. No worldly enlerpriso
could live and prosper if thus managed.
II is timo now, to plan lor next bum
mer's work. Let some church whiih
has been closed mako its arrangemonts
to keep open bouse. If the pastor
wants a holiday all Summer let him
take it Provide an earnest and spirit
ed preacher for each Sunday and an
notinco that all people who happen to
bo in towu are welcome to come.
With good preaching, attractive service
and delightful music, there will be no
difficulty in filling any church. Even
if most ol the regular pew-holders slay
away, a lot ol outsiders will como in,
including a great many sinners who
ou,;ht to bo convertod. Thus the Sum
mer cntorprise ot the church will be a
wholesome means of extending its ad
vantages to muny whootherwiso would
not havo como under its influenco.
Ocean Grovo is a phenomenon of
religious growth and progress in its
own way. Its twelfth season has now
closed, reporting more meetings and
greater crowds than in any previous
year. Where all the pooplo attended
the meetings find lodgings and food is
a marvel. There, as at ninny other of
tho religious camps, there has been en
tirely too much crowding. Tho privacy
of homo which might reasonably be
expected whero thero aro so many cot
tages specially designated for homo
comfort is in many cases sadly broken
in upon. It is not that cottogors are
covetous in tenting out ovory spare
foot of bed room that moy happen lo
bo under their roofs, but probably
rather that they fool constrained to
yield to tho great pressure of people
who nocd accommodations. Certain it
is that whenever a cottager has room
to put no one more cot than he had
originally contemplated somo boarder
comes in to till lho chink and keep tho
premises packed. Tho old ideas of
leisure and elbow-room which wero
uppermost in tho midst ol peoplo who
went to lho seashore havo given way
to the bustle of a hurry and drive suc
cession of meetings, whieh last from
sunrise until night and to a crowded
and jammed stutoof affairs, which sug
gests to ovcry man tho impending
probability ot being punched in the
ribs by his very contiguous fellow-man.
I no coimiiiun in nnvieuuoii on inu" , . . .
nrettv little sheet of water known asin1 in the car just across from him two
estley Lako is a fair indication of the
whole moral and physical make up to
Ocean Grovo. This "lako" is about as
wido as Broad street and somewhat
over a half a milo long. Thero aro
soveral hundred row boats on it which
crowd its snrfaco so closely that every
body who handles an oar runs the
., ... . . , ,, ,,.-, I
. ml,r ho.i. At ihn eon. lud. I
ing day ol the camp meetings one emi-1
nent preacher said that ho believod
that two-thirds of lho peoplo at Ocean
Grovo to be backsliders. Another
said that there was no such place along
the whole Atlantic coast for backslid
ing. It is to be hoped that theso gen
llemen are wrong. It were nioumltil
if it wore the rase that alter a dor.cn
Summers ol such preaching and pray
ing as Ocean Grove has witnessed the
religious condition of the place wero as
bad aa these statement indicate. The
sayings of these preachers have been
wildly circulated and the impression
is Ibus conveyed that backsliding is
one ol the principal features of relig
ions lilo at Ibe G rove. 1 f this impres
sion is incorrect the friends of tbe place
ought to hsston lo correct it-
TEEMS-$2 per anium in Advance.
SERIES - VOL. 22, NO. 38.
11ESVRWK b. wRianr.
ONE OF PENNSYLVANIA 8 OLDEST PUBLIC
jion. iicnuncK j. t rtgiit, wno
died at his borne in Wtlkcs-Barro, on
the 2d inst., in the 71th your of his
age, was ono of tho oldest and greatest
ot puonc men. nr. n right bad a
.National reputation, lie was horn in
Plymouth, this Slato, April 2!', 1H0H.
ins miner came Irom tho slock Win
I'cnn brought to this country, and
wai a lartner in oomlortabte circum
stanoes. Mr. Wright passed his youth
ful yours pn his father's farm, sharing
in tne lauor incident to a farmer a lilo,
His father gavo him tho best educa
tional advantages the schools in the
vicinity allorded and subsequently
sent him to Dickinson College. After
graduating from that institution in
1829, ho studied law, and buvinir nro-
pured himself by a rigid course of
study was admitted to tbo bar in 1831,
and in an exceedingly short time took
rank as ono of tbe ablest practitioners
in lho country. Jlis eloquence in
pleading before a jury won for him a
vory profitable clientage
In 1S.'I4, at the ago of twenty-six, ho
was appointed District Attorney for
Lu.erne county by George M. Dallas,
then Attorney Gcnoral and afterwurd
Vico President. In 1841 ho was elect
ed to the Slato Legislature, and re
elected in 1812; aguin returned in
18l.'l, ho was oleeted Spoakor of tho
House During his. service in tho
Lcgislnturo his numo was associated
wilh three jiieasures which be intro
duced , First the Stay law. which bo
himself drafted, providing that goods
attached should lie appraised, and, if
not bringing two-thirds of tho appraise
ment, tho salo should bo stayed; sec
ond, a law abolishing lho practice of
imprisoning poor debtors; third, a bill
to do away wilh the system of solitary
confinement in prison.
jnostuyiaw was enacted at tho
session of 1842. Muny still live who
can leslify to its having been an im
mense advanlago to numbers who
wero financially embarrassed, tempo
rarily, by tho depressed condition of
tho trade of the country during the
years immediately preceding, and of
no injury ultimately to a siuglo cred
itor. The debtor imprisonment ropeul
law he and Judgo Klwell wore together
largely instrumental in having passed.
Both were members of tbe judiciary
Committee in which the measure was
perfected. Do failed to secure tho
PB,-'l;.' oi tno tniru mentioned article.
l") "ngui us u
delegate to tho Democratic National
Convention and was elected both torn-
Iw-iMirrs and nnrinarnnl fl,.. i....n n
L'" J vu.. ........
A bat Convention lasted a week and
nominated Polk and Dallas. He was
a delegato to tbe subsequent conven
tions which nominated Cues, Pierce,
Buchanan, Douglas, Seymour and
Tildeu. Mr. Wright was elected to
Congress in 1852, but was defeated in
18S4 by tho Know Nothing element.
Upon the breaking out of tbe rebellion
in 1861 he was again called from his
retirement, the nomination being ten
dered by both political parties, llo
accepted, and, of oource, was oleeted,
and amud tbo perplexities and dangers
surrounding Con cross during the two
eventful years following bo was dis
tinguished as a consistent and untir
ing advneutooof an undivided Union.
Mr. Wright strongly opposed and
voted against tho creation of tho Na
tional banking system. In 1872 Mr.
Vt right was a Democratic candidate
for Congrcssman-at large, and received
tbo endorsement of tbe Workingraon's
Convention. Ho was, however, do
fcalcd at tho polls, though running
ahead of his ticket. Ho then, for a
lime, withdrew from publio life. About
lKH Mr. Wright began to pin bis
fuitb to tho Greenback party, and as
tbo Democrats of tho Stato wore then
coquetting wilh the Greonbackors, Mr.
W right was chosen to presido over
tho Democratic State Convention at
Erie, in tho year of tho Ohio Allen
campaign. llo was subsequently
mado Chairman of tho State Central
Committeo of the party, and personally
conducted lho campaign, paying out
of his own pocket a large proportion
of the expenses attending it.
Tho defeat of Allen in Ohio dis
heartened the Greenbaekora and Dom-
ocrats, but Mr. Wright still clung
stubbornly to tho advocates of infla
tion. In 18.0 tho M orkingmcn of bis
district called him from his retirement,
and in mass Convention nominated him
for Congress. Tho Democracy ratified
their nomination, and ho was elected.
In 1878 he was returned by an increas
ed majority. His record in Congress
is laminar lo the wbolo country, ho
tering that body aguin after tbo lapse
ol several years as the special repre
sentative of tho labor canse, chosen on
account of his well known and freely
expressed view, on questions directly
concerning tho industrial classes, ho
sought lo alleviate their lot as fur as
legislative enactment could accomplish
His efforts In many respects wero mis
directed, as he supported a number of
wild and foolish schemes. In 1HMI ho
ran as a straighlout Greenback cai.di
date for Congress, and was defentcd
by lho Republican candidate, Joseph
A. Scranlon, who secured Rl,4r!i voles.
Tbo Democratic candidato, I). W.Con
nolly, had 10,01s votes, while Wright
had but 4,171. Ho was an excellent
lawyer and held a largo and lucrulivo
practice During his leisure moments
bo found timo to write two books, ono
tho "lleminisecnces ol J'lymottln, and
the other "A Practical Treatise on
Labor." Ho was wealthy, ami leaves
a family ot grown up children.
He Needs a Revised Copt. An ex
change says: A sure bet: Jenkins
was traveling in Missouri last year
ust beloro tho Presidential election,
men wero arguing aa to the probabio
result of the election, buysono: "Llun
cock's the man." "No, sir; Gorlield'll
got It," was the reply. Suddenly an
Adventist, silting behind them, spoke
np ami said : "My friends, do yon know
who ia to bo our next President? It
ia tbe Lord, who is coming at onco,
with his angels, to reign.'' Ouick as
thought, Jenkins, wbo imagined that
somo third party candidate had been
mentioned, spuing up, slapped lho
Milloriloon the shoulder and cried ont:
"Bet you IJ5 ho don't curry Missouri."
An old gentleman finding a couple
ol his nieces fencing with broomsticks,
said: "Come, my dears, that kind ol
accomplishment will not help you in
getting husbands." "1 know it, uncle,"
responded one ol the girls, as she gave
a lungo, "but il will help to keep our
husbands in order when wo have got
A fashion writer remarks thsf'thsro
is a struggle lo revive laced shoos."
If thero ia to be any struggle about
this lacing business, a great many
young men wonld liko to lend hand.
Boo tb lawyer u he ataida
Morlnf Jaws and waving hania,
Telling Hm be aaderatanda
Proailng 9t kit lull,
Hm Id tailor, with teat,
l.lko all uilon poorly droeeed,
Ironing eeet, pacta and veal
l'ltMing of bit ail.
Mark ht lorn while ho kaoel
Toll tbo tbrillkif throb bo tooli
11 oor tbo ODBifnio bo roTtali
Proielng of hii nit
Lawyer'! iult may to a men dod,
Tollor'i luit a.ay bo aaaoded,
Lorer'a agit tj bo tin ended,
When thoitilti don't in it.
- . C. IW.
iivxr rocs a mes have
Beloro ho was thirty lho great Na
I poleon hud conducted une ol tbo most
I brilliunl campaigns the world oversaw.
Caaxaubon, the turnout acholar of the
sixteenth century, was appointed pro
fessor of Greek at twenty-two, and
Ueinsius, of Leyden at eigbtoen. At
the ago of twonty eight, Liiinieus, the
batanist, wroto his great work.
At twenty. six, Cuvier was appoint
ed professor at Paris. Kent the com.
luontator on tho American law, was
lecturer in Columbia college at thirty,
one. Professor Dana, of Valo college,
published his book on mineralogy at
twonty-Uvc, only four years aller
Fidward Everett at twenty, was or
dained pastor ol a church in Boston,
and within two years attained dis
tinguished lame as an orator : at twen
ty-one, ho was appointed professor of
Greek at Harvard.
Tbo luto Benjamin Pierce, ono ol
the rtrnfittimtiwt m.ll,i,niBti.ian. r.t
Amrie n,o.h.K i ..u
omatics at Cambridco at tho aire of
Threo ol the well-known poet of
this century Byron, Shelley and
Keats died before the age of forty;
Byron at thirty-six, Shelley as ho was
completing his thirtieth year, Keats at
"Thanntopsis," tho most widely
known of all tho poems of William
Cullon Bryant, was written in his nine
Many of tho recent emigrants from
Gormony aro young mon under 18,
who thus oscapo-tho long and burden
some military sorviee. Wero they to
remain alter reaching their ciirbteenlh
year, their emigration would not be
permitted, llismark is reported not
to liko their departure at all. Ho is
alarmed to find bis stock ol food for
powder mpidly diminishing.
A wicked New York editor says
that Capo Moy has a tribe of mosqui
tos as big as bene., twice as strong,
and which sing airs Irom iuvorlio
operas. They come about August and
stay until tbe hotels are empty. Last
year one was caught and put in a box,
but he bit bis way out and carried tbo
"Non Plused." A Codorus canal
captain at a town sent his boy out for
a dollars worth of provisions. Tho
, boy brought back iiinely livc cents'
worth of whisky and a bve cent loaf
of bread. "Heavens!" exclaimed the
captain, "what aro yon going to do
with all lhat bread? "
Teacher "Tbo earth Is round, like
a bull or orange, you remember. It
s one-lourth land. What are the
other three-fourths ?'' "Plcetbo,
mann," said a little girl in the front
row, "1 deth It ith thkin." nor ex
perience with oranges had not been a
She laid her cheek on tbe easy chair
back against his head and murmured :
"How 1 do love to rest against your
head, Augustus I" "Do you ? said he.
"Is it becauso you love mo?" "No;
because it is so nice and soft." Then
bo lay and lay, and thought and
llo camo into the office and said,
"Von see, my brothers aro shoemakers,
and they mended my shoes. Now, why
am I like Joseph oi the biblical his
tory?" We gave it up. "Why, because
I was soled by my brothers." Tbe in
quest on him will be held today.
Thero is a weekly sale in Paria of
toads, which aro brought in casks
filled with damp moss. One hundred
good toads aro worth from $15 to (17.
These are bought for gardens.
BY M. L. McilUOWN.
Copy furnliked by A. R. Reed.
Sow good services ; sweet remem
brances will grow irom them.
Knox and Graham township pay
tho largest salaries to their teachors.
Wo understand that Mis Mary C.
Weld, lormorly of Iteccaria township,
this county, has been engaged to teach
in tho Public Schools of Marshalltown,
The question asked of tbe Secondary
pupils, was, "la tho motion of the sun
real or apparent, wilh respect to tho
earth ?" Tho Principal of the Second
ary objected. "What, now?" "It is
not in the courso. We do not have to
tench that; il is out of the limits. My
boys do not know what it means.
Tbey do not know what 'apparent'
means." "Yob, but you aro to teach
and explain accurately and fully tho
motion of the earth, producing day
and night, are you not ?" "Yes," vory
reluctantly, very long drawn, "Then,
what word do you nso to moan theap
parent motion of the sun ?" Very
quickly, as if she felt quito sure of hor
victory, "My boys know what 'imagi
nary' moans." "But 'imaginary' is
not the word. There is motion, but il
is only apparent as of the sun." The
lady had never taught to her pupils
the relative motions of the sun and
earth, and evidently did not compre
hend the subject
UltllWOBKlSa TIIK VSVKVrLOVKl)
Tho excessive use of an immature
organ arrests its development by di
verting the energy which should bo
appropriated to lis growth, and con
suming it in work. What happens to
horses which aro allowed lo run races
too early happens to boys and girls
wbn are overworked at school The
competitive system as applied to
youths has produced a most ruinous
effecton the mental constitution which
tit io goneralion has to hand down to
tho next, and particularly the next-but-one
School work should b purely and
exclusively directed to development
"Cramming" the young for examina
tion purposes is like compelling an in
fant in arms to sit up beloro tho mus
cles ol its back aro strong enough to
support il in the upright position, or
to sustain the weight of its body on
its legs by standing while as yot tbe
limbs are unable to bear the burden
imposed on them. 'A crooked spino or
weak or contorted legs is the inevita
ble penalty ol such folly. Another
blunder is committed when on of the
organs of the body to wit, tbe brain
is worked at tho expense of other
parts of the organism, io faoe ot the
lact that the measure ot goneral
health is proportioned to the integrity
of development, and the funtional ac
tivity of the body as a whole in the
harmony ol its componout systems.
No one organ can be developed at the
expense of the rest without a oorrea
ponding weakening of tba whole.