Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, August 31, 1881, Image 1

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ruiLuaao itsrt widriiiht, At
The largea. Circulation of any Newapaptr
In Central Peunaylraula.
Teram'of Subscription.
If pia in adranoe, or within I monthi....? K
jf paid after frand before 6 month g AO
K paid afur tua expiration of aooathi.,, 9 (Ml
Rates oi Advertising.
TriinUnt drrtlnnaatr par aqoareof tfllneaor
ivi, 3 tkmea orleaa 1 o
Poraaeb aubtequentineertlon..
A hnlnlitratore' and UxaoiitprB'noticaa..,..,. t 50
Auditor!' aitieei..HH H S 60
Cautioni aad Batraya &o
Itiixolullon nottoea f 00
Prufeiiinnal Cardi, 6 Una! or le,l year.... o0
Lnoal notice, par Una to
I a-juare ffl OA 1 oolnmn.. $5 00
t fuare!. IS 00 onlumn. TO 00
la-iuarea... ..M 00 1 eoomn-..,.".....110 00
2Tatt'ifr' Cards,
j j w. SMITH,
11:1:71 Clearfield, Pa.
1:18 Pltllliaburf , Centra Caw, Pa. ;tpd
CurweaaTiUo, Clearfield oount;, Pa.
aeL 8, "78-lf.
Office Id "Old Weaternl buildtof," fup-atair).
(let. .JTS-lf.
Clearfield, Pa,
OOffiita ono door eaal af 8haw Boaaa.
Oflije In Meeonla bulldlog, Baeond etreet, op.
polite tha Court llouao. je26,'78-tf.
e26 Clearfield CqudIj, PenD'a. 76;
office in Opera Houae. . ap 24,77-1;
. A. Wallace
dinar F. Wali.acb,
..David L. Krbbs,
...W. E. WaiLtta.
jinl'Sl lleardeld, Pa.
r-OITica la tha Maaonta Building, over the
CoudIt National Hank. war24-80.
OiAoe arer tha Count; National Bank.
Ci.RiRriBi.o, Psaa'a.
Kir.t-eUaa Life and Fita loauranoe Compaoica
rOfllee Id Iba Opera Bouro.-t
Mar. Iit,'8l-l5
iiia. n. nt'RKAT crauB bobcoi.
etoffina la Pla'a Opera llouaa, aeeond floor.
officii over T A. 1'leck aV Co.'a (ton,
jrtf-'rVill attend to all legal bmlne.a with
prutoptneaa aad fldalltj. feb1l,'8(Mf.
ClearHeld, Pa.
per-Legal baalnaaa attended to prompt); with)
l ielil;. tiffloe OB beooDd atraet, above ;aa riral
NAtional Bank. Jan:l:76
All legal buaiueai eatruated to bla eara will re
ceive prompt alteutloQ.
f-O-Otfm la tba Court llouaa.
neal EaUte and Colleelloa Agent,
Will promptl; attend to all legal bualneae ea
trmteil to hie eara.
.r-Offloe Id Pta'a Opera Hoaaa. janl'7l.
nd Real l-'tate Aarent, Clearfleld, Pa.
Office an Third etreet, bet.Cberrj A Walnut.
sej-KeanoetfuUr eflera bia aerrloea In aelling
aad bujlng laada Id Claarflald and adjoialog
eeuatiea BDd WIIB aa eapenenea ai over iweaiT
;aara ai eurre;or, flattera blnaelf that be eaa
reader eatletaeuoo. ires, sam.iiui
I'liiisitiniifl' Cards.
Offloa la reeldaaee OB Firat et.
April J4, 187J. Claarfleld, Pa
jyt. W. A. MEANS,
Will attend profoarlonal ealle promptl;. auglt'7fl
)R. T. J. DOIER,
OBce on Market Street, Clearlold, Pa.
-OIBca bourai I to 1 1 a. ea., and 1 to I p.
t-Oltca adjoining the realdenee af Janaaa
Wrigle;, Ki., oB Second St., Clearield, Pa.
I'll Y SI U I A N A N D S U R G E ON
'iffiece al reeidrBea, roraer of Stela and Pine
t.t.,i,. Jan. Mb, I Sell -tf.
A" OEae boure Froal 11 te I P. U.
Ma; II, 1ST.
("d Hi r it on of lb M Rfglaaat.PcaaiyUanla
ianuar!. batina rataraatf trm laa Am J,
hi. praftMivnal tarvia! U Ibaoitiita
f 0l!Rrl!l4oaatr.
rPrnraiAth.l .rannft) atUBtltal la.
Boa bull Towuanip,
Ma; t, ISTS-I;
nanaa i
Square Timber 4 Timber Lands,
Land Surveyor and Civil Engineer,
arAII bualueee wilt ha attanda I to promptly.
Dan. IS, lSSt-lv.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
Clearfield, Penu'a.
ttvWtl iiMnta Jobi in fail line promptly und
In a workmulika tuannar. pr4t67
.iTrH.ij:js..iT.,.i w.
Nor. 17th, 1890 If.
DBALiai ia
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs,
t09,Ofl)oa on BMtond itreat, in raar of ftora
rc') of Uoorft Wearer 4 0. janS, '78-tf.
tttcatur Toirnthip,
Oioeola Millet P. O.
All official bualneaa entruated to him will be
prompt); attended to. mob?!!, '78.
Shop on Mar!iet St., opponlle Court Uuure.
A clean towel for ever; ourtoumr.
Hett llratida of Toltarco and Ctara
rioiiptjftM. P inv 19. T
Vrallacetou, Pa.
Snt-IU ban preprt)ti hituiclf with all tht
DMM.arj blank forma under Iba IVniion and
Bounty laws, ai wall aa blank leli, ate. All
lagal inattor! antraated to bia ear will tvcaiTO
prompt attaotioo. - AUy lib, IhTW-tf.
Pumpi alwaya on band and made to onler
an abort notioa, Pipaa bored on reasonable tarn a.
All work warraoted to rtndar aatiafaetion. and
delivered if dtilred. my2o:lypd
lAxery HtnhU.
THE nndenlgned bei leareto Inform tba pab
Ite that he ia now fully prepared to arootnino.
date all la tha way of furniahinf llv. aea, Baggie!,
Haddle! and Harnesa, on tba ihorteat notice and
an reasonable term a. Kaaidanea on booaat itrtet,
between Thtrd and Foorth.
OlaarBeld, Fab. 4, 1R74.
n. o. aiAO w. Aa MAaaarr
grOffleela Graham Building, Market etreoL
Clearfield 1'enn'e.
June li, 1881-tf.
Atao, eitanalve manufaeturar and dealer In Square
Timber and riawad Lumaerol all ktnda.
4M-Ordara aolleltad Bad all bllla promptl;
Iliad. lJ;l-7J
8. I. 8N YDER,
LWatohos, Clocks and Jewelry,
0rAae.'e Ron, Jferbet Artel,
All kiade of repairing Ib m; line promptl; at-
ended to. Jan. lal, 1819,
Clearfield Nursery."
TUB an dentin ad, baring ePUMLbed a Nar
aery on the 'Pike, about half way between
Clearfield and CorwniTill la prepared to fur
niafa all binda of F1H IT THKfc.3, (atandard aad
rlaaaf t UraeHuiid hi k m K h.p lirariai Vinea.
Uooseborry, Lawton Blackberry, htra wherry,
ana neapoerrj inw. iwit nimriM vno jrwi,
Qulnoe, and early aoarlet K ha barb, An. Order!
promptly attended to. Addreaa,
i. ii. w niuni,
eil0 CarwanarllU, Pa.
CAanoi.L L. aipbLi.
Clearfield Insurance Agcnry.
HKHtt tf II I inn. H, JgenlB,
Rcpreeenttho following and other flrat'Oleae Co'a
Cnmpaniea. Aaaeta.
Lirtrpool London A V. S. Ilr..$.Jnt,
Lveomtng on motuel Aoaah plana,,.. fl.Onfl.OftO
Phiroil, of Hartford, Coon 1.824.08S
InBaranna Co. of North America 8,4:18,874
North Brlti.b A Mereanlile II. S. Ur. I,7H,88
ScotH.h Commareial V. . Branch.... 8711,141
Watertown f4.8l
Traealara (Life A Aeoldent) IW"
Oflioe oa Market St., opp. Court llouae. Clear
laid, I'a. June 4, '7v tr.
Insurance Agency
rnffoii Itlotk, funrtntvillt. Pa.
Comnanies Represented i
Commerelal Valon Ine. Co., Aeaata .,". 701 IS
Fireman e Faad ln. Co.,Aaaate 1. 188.017 M
In Ion Ineuraace Co.,A.eU 1,1)20,0:17 "8
Traralere' Aeoident Ine. Co.. AeaeU.. a,SI".IV4 28
Northera loa. Co. of Now York A. II 148,8110 00
In.ureaee plaoed oa all kinde af proper!; at
eqoltalile rataa.
t;urweaarllie, ra, r.n. i,
Newark, 1). ai.
Aaaara, Jan. I. lsjl, aa eaeerteiaed
b; Ktanlnlnil uoramiaamoera
af Mea.a.bueatta,tJbloaadNa
M8.7I8.I s
t, aa autrdbT the eama. 11.11 1,4:8 88
Huni-url !; Ma.a ebu e Sleadard. 8,IS.82 08
Si arLi a b; Haw lore ...
All polielaeaeaforff liable after aecoad
;ari loweapeaeMl lergedlrldeoda de
clared aad paid arer; ;ear elnca orgea
laatloa i ample aurplua I aurrander raluee
moat liberal loteee promptl; edjattod
Bad paid
Orrtraaa t
JAMES B. PKARS'lV, Vira I'aaainaeT.
Fn. I. Dcaaiae. See r. Taro. MAoaaarr.Traae.
POTTER h KKVkrl, Steta Ageate, 121 Hal
aalelraot, I'hlladelpbie, I'a.
H. M. H'EMAI.I.V.Speelal Agent. la
Moeeop'a baildlBf, Market etreet, Clearield, Pa.
& Proprietor.
From tba New York Sun.
North Cape, Lapland, July 1, 1(581.
It is 10 o'olock al night and we are
in sight ol the Cape ! It grows cold
and colder. All wraps are ordered np
and out, so thut irotn the deck we
may nurvcy the splendid headland.
Beloro taking a local view of tbo situ
ation, lot us tteo where we arc on our
planet. Evidently wo aro in no ordi
nary out-of-tho-way place. Tho air,
st-a, sky, liirht, and most of all, this
mystic volcanic mountain island
wild, bleak, black, baro, and incircd, a
thousand lect sheer and clear ol the
noa, and i(H surfuco deeply invested in
whito prove our strange situation.
liio Very air blows with a Btrango
chill, and the light, which comes to us
over tho polo obliquely, has in it a
sepulchral semi shadow in tho heart
ol its mild luHtrounness. It is a sort ol
inner liifbt. burnina upon tho vcti-
bulo of outer darkness. It is a spot to
pniiosnpnii-.o npon. It IiubLcs the
outer Benses. It makes ono feel tho
limitations upon our will and works ;
yet (iod has enchanted this rocky
promonottiry ny Jits snrtlurbt, thoiiju
no grants diu a Uriel Btimmer.
This was tho end wo proposed in
making this long voyage; and yet
before 1 lilt TrondhjeiH 1 saw a hand
bill posted on a finh warehouse with
the beading:
: . to !
It assured the festive public that
good bttiitinir boats, with harpoons
and all noccssary implements, would
accompany the expedition, and that
Mr. Kllortsen, R. S. O. O. R. J. O., an
eminent Arctic explorer, would be
ulont', and all for S100, to and fro!
Whul all those alphabetical prefixes
mean though 1 surmise that the O's
refer to tho Order of Oltif 1 am not
OKBtired ; but it was rulher a damper
on our enterprise to know that it was
so cony to go so much further into tho
wild Arctic sea.
At the North Cape we look out upon
the A relic Ocean ; and but for distance
and Spit, bergen, not to speak of another
small isle between, which lier due
North, wo could seo tho Polar Sea, if
not tho pole I Lot ns bo content with
tho prospttotl lieeides, have wo not
jrono Eastward as well as Northward ?
We aro over thirty decrees North of
New Yolk and Chicago. Our longi
tude has moved us Eastward : aud tho
time, as men reckon timo, has changed.
Every five degrees Eastward has made
a dilferenco of twonty minutes. Our
meals and clocks must undergo their
changes. We have come to meet tho
sun East as well as Nortb, and aro
adding something to our lives, as some
men count living, licing extremely
North, and tho circles of longitude
being loss, we mark timo moro rupidly
than in Now York ; and certainly
"make more time" thun 1 havo known
it to be mado in Washington I Rut
whethor the degrees bo long or short,
tho real timo is tho same. A degree
hero is twenty-two miles, while at the
equator it is four times as much.
So accessiblo are these ultra North
ern placos by steam voyaging on the
coast that we forgot how far Nortb
wo were. Iceland is far South of us,
Greonland in below our lino drawn
circularly Westward, and llehring
Straits is not within our magic Arctic
circle. Tho polo ol tho magnet would
be found attracting us by its marvel
ous energy, somowhero on the same
lines of latitude whoro wo now move,
to tho throbbing of the engine and tbo
motion ot the sea.
llow does this wild North rock ap
pear? Its sizo is not great compared
with othor mountains, but it is a fit
ling end of a great continont. It is
seamed with long lines ol while and
black, as though marked by tiro and
thunder. It has its caves washed by
epochs ol oceanic tompest. At its base
is a green fringo of seaweeds, which,
on near inspection, we find very slimy
and dangerous to Bland npon. lielow
this is a whito line of breakers, in
snowy contrast with tho bleak mount
ain and green margin. Our vessel
turns around tho point and outers into
tho shadows of the mountain. The
harbor, if it be ono, is aa black as ink.
Whon wo stop, tho screw stirs tho
dark flood into flashes of green and
white, making it seem to boil wilb
unaccustomed noise, so deep is tho si
lence and solitude. Tho throb of the
engine and the song of the sea cease,
and wo aro comparatively quiet in
this lonely covo. We are sent ashoro
in the captain's gig, tho captain him
self taking the helm. But the landing
is diflleult. Tho slippery boulders
give unsafe fooling, and ono woman at
least has to be carried aahoro by the
sturdy sailors. Tho rest ol us havo to
bo heedful of our steps before wo are
sate under tho frowning rock.
Sotno of our party the moro vigor
ous Scotch young men endeavor to
ascond the gulch in tho mountain. It
has been done. Our captain has done
it twico; hut not wilh such a mass ol
melted and melting snow aa now Alls
up tho gorge. We see them alar up,
on hands aud knoes, patiently climbing.
They fail and have still more trouble
and danger in tho dosccnt. Tho rap
tain calls his company a score of us
together, and the difficulty of reaching
the small boat, especially by tho ladies,
is overcome.
On our return to tho ship each one
lays down his trophy. One has a
piece of wood evidently borno by tho
Gulf stream from Amorica. It is pal
motto, llo holds aloft liayard Tay
lor's description, with his pruol of the
exislenco of the grand river in tho
ocean. JIo dwells on lay lor s descrip
tion of the island, as it glowod In the
blended loveliness of sunrise and sun
set, and wonderctl if his picture would
bo realised when midnight came?
Another (Scotchman brings as his tro
phy a benatiful green cup, with dia
mond on it, repealing tho verso, with
a thrill of music in his voiro:
1 Ika blade of graaa keepe lie drap of dew.
Another has bia thormometor, and
has been testing the beat of the water,
and is reducing Raiimcr to Fahrenheit.
Some have rounded pebbles as paper
weight sonvonirs of tho spot. The
captain, who bas been lar up tbo
mountain looking liko t liltlo silhou
etlo against the immaculate snow
brings a variety ol Arctio flowers for
gonoral distribution. My wife has a
handkorrhifl full of little love drops of
flowers on the tiniest of moss tendrils.
One alurdy engineer bears In bis but
tonhole big boqnot of the smallest
and prottiest of flowers known to tho
nomenclature ol botany. Tbo beauty
of tbo tropics in daintiest sento is thus
reproduced at this frozen and bleak
end of tho continent.
What a kind dispensation is that
which pluces amid tho mcagro monies
ol tnis lur (ill Aictio rock Uieso little
flowers! llow brief is their Summer!
May, June, all tbo seasons of tho flo
rescence which are ours, are hero the
work ol a brief week or month. Those
flowers aro the smiles upon thoso ulti
malu rocks. These are beaulious
prools that Summer bas reachod thoso
grim abodes, soon to bo enveloped in
Wintry gloom. They teach us to be
Patieat witb our loir end pain,
Our troubled apaoe of da;a ao amall.
But it is no timo to reflect or morul
izo. Wo preparo to inovo from our
enchanted, almost sinister, moorings.
Tho gloom which Carlyle, in his"Xeu
fuldscroch," inspires, comes over the
soul as we take our last look at this
"Infinilo Bnno," on which bo located
the low and lar.y sun, slumbering on
his cloud :oucb wrought of crimson
gold, yot 'Villi a light streaming over
I lie mirror of waters, liko a tremulous
lire pillar the porch lamp to the pal
ace ot the eternal. Shall we realize
this weird picture of the cynical yetninuous shine, but it grows with tbo
sublime critic? We will sou.
Midnight draws near, and all are
anxious. The anchors aro lifted. Tho
unusual clangor disturbs ono solitury
bird, a cormorant, which flies around
our boat as though inspecting tho in
vaders of his melancholy homo. Ho
is used to sitting upon these rocks
a lone fisherman from which, unlike
tho noble gull, ho dives fur his prey.
Steam is up. ibo hour of 12 ap
proaches. All are on tho rui vU'f. tor
the midnight sun .' Twenty of us are
nt the prow with our watches out.
Tho old orb is radiant. The captuiu
calls out: "Five miuutes of 12! " Will
tho orb disappoint us? 'i hero is a
heuvy cloud above in the zenith, but
it is lined witb silver, and a mackerel
lino of Cirrus clouds lies just abovo his
muiesty. Liko a king of duy bo is
enthroned without obscurntion bo-
twecn the long lino of clouds, sitting
on pearl and ntnbor, orange and gold,
all tho hues of the prism intensified
...r. i .....i: i... . u ...
with soft, weird rudiunce by the strug
gle between sunrise and sunset.
A minute to 1.1 lie still remains
round and radiant. Twelve! Uurriilil
Hurrah I It is dune, and the cheers go
up from this solitudo, arousing its
echoes. Tho rim ol tho horizon, far
otf to the north where tho polo is sup
posed to be, is silvered witb a pale,
weired beauty. It grows pink, und
this Arctic desolation is made a living
Sctf withdrawn Into a woodrnua depth,
Far alnkiug into aplendor without end I
This is tho wondrous phenomenon
which wo havo como so fur to witness.
The captain is on the bridge. '-7 fait
accompli." I sing out to him from be
"Givo it to mo in good English,
Meisior Cox."
I say, "We aro all happy. Tbo great
transaction is dono."
Prepare to fish," is the practical
responso and emphatic order of tho
Tho lines aro out, the captain load
ing wjlh two codllsh. 1 soon follow,
and tho sailors aro busy. .Mirth goes
around at oach success. Jly wife, a
good fisherman generally, tugs away
at her long lino until, like the gentle
admiral, stio suddenly "goes below."
My courier, Kcne, the Untie, catches a
monster,. all golden as tho sun ilselt.
Cheers. Then a Scotchman gols in
a hideous bog fish ol'twcnty fivo pounds.
Laughter. J Uur stewardess, Julia,
hauls in a monster. Renewed cheers
and laughter. And bo wo kocp it up
till 2 in the golden morning, when to
Bleep wo go, covering the port boles bo
as to protend it is night.
n e bad made many sacrifices to see
this remarkable porlurmanco of our
luminary. Not that either of us was
over anxious to find a land whero sun
set did not occur. Wo had hoped that
Ihero was no realm in this or the fu
ture existence where "Sunset" might
not come, lint 1 may bo allowed to
remark that 1 havo borne tho sobri
quet of Sunset fur so many years, and
it has sounded with sucb sweet sihila
tion, that I bad come to beliovo that I
bad a sort of fee simplo in this fairy
land, with its gorgeous palaces and
cloud-capped lowers.
And must 1 now bo enchanted ? Do
1 live and is sunset no more ? Do I seo
a country whero the sun is going, go
ing down amid a tri'.'f ci tcrne equal,
if not superior, to that Ohio cvoning
years ago, which I tried to portray
with my poor pon and yet it does
not go down? Was it not enough
that fur ten long days, or day, there
was no night fur us, and that tho sun,
by gliding and glowing in tho North
without a respite, hud disturbed our
customary experiences f Tbo reaction
might be too sudden, llioluilure ot
our old orb to Bet might well, thero
is no telling the catnluplio and other
dire consequences. Rut here was tho
patent fact? Hero wore clouds and
lights, all the hues of tho prism in
splendid display, and yot no sunsot
alter all! 1 ho unsottinir and llio un
sellable, aim I M idnight und yet light
all aglow I No gss, no candles, bo
stars, no moon only tho fiery orb and
his "trailing clouds ol glory.
Rulis hot thosnn all Bufllciciil with
out other fires? If he stays np and
sets not, what moro can tha human
heart desiro? What wondor that the
Oriental mind clothed tho sun with tho
majesty of divinity, and thut tho Mogi
salutod bis coming with worship, as
the source of lilo r Vt bat wonder that
his beams evoked music from Memnon?
Is ho not tho creator of boalth and tho
great bonelaetor? And wo havo lotind
a land whero be will not and does nut
Tbo sensation was as new as it was
humiliating to my nmnr prnpre. I
recalled tho words of a Yankee char
acter :
'It's roily- afloctin' to think how lit
tle thoso ere folks is missed that's so
much sot by. Thero ain't nobody, of
thoy's cvor so important, but what tho
world gets to goin on without em,
pretty much as it did with 'cm, though
there s lome little Hurry at tirsi.
Huw much ran be dono, after all, in
nature and In Science, Art and Gov
ernment, without us. Governments
will run, men and women dance, trudo
proceod, without sunsot I Hero in
this land ol tho Irigid rone, lur ten
days and moro we had seen boats in
full rig and sail, mountains of lofty
altitude musical with losses, glaciers
miles in length moving on their quiet
and steady way, men hauling in fish
by tho millions, whales disporting, and
a steamer pushing its mazy way
through deep waters shut in by vol-
canio walls from angry sobb and yot
no sunset! New lurk and Amorica
callous to thefutit and moving on rest
lessly, with alternation of lights and
shades, love and hate, good and bad,
doy and night, thinking of every tiling,
and forgetting that sunsets aro not
everywhere and forever. Still, though
1 hare 6ocn and recorded tho fact that
sunset is no longer here, let there be
no hasty and premature obilttarios.
To appreciate seriously these pho-
nomonas we must go Hack to the rudi
ments ol astronomy and geography.
Before, wo lost the mvitibie circle, and
whilo endeavoring to decipher tho
horseman and tho horse, through which
the circle is clearly ascertainable, by
fuilh and science, let us look around
around our star I The first impression
is that it is round. That is not a
complex idea, but thero lire, suggest
ions about It that to tbo ordinary mind
are complicated, if not confusing, to
tho generul experience. To such tbiB
circle and phenomena are a mystery.
it is a mystery becuuso above it, in
over-contracting circles, till it runs to
naught at the polo the sun shines only
a portion of tho year, without going
under. Within it is a horizon tor a
part of the years which never bides
tho blessed light, where our moon und
stars lorgot to light ttieir lamps, ana
whore the earth alono seems repairing
to mo Dome oi light wttu "its golden
urn." When tho Spring begins, this
avorca region lias but a spot ol con-
over, widening circlo from tho polo to
tho Arctic, until on midsummer s day,
tho day wo left Trondhjcm, it bas run
down lines of longitude twenty-three
und o hull degrees, or Gti 30' North
latitude. Thero it tremulously ling
ers and moves to the polur regions,
there to mnko tho bright little gem of
light trom which it started.
Tho othor half of this process for
half a yeur is dedicated to the Antarc
tic, whilo night fur six months folds
its wing, radiant with strange auroras,
over these regions. TIicbo vicissitudes
are as orderly as tho seasons of tbo
moderate rones. It is our experience
which makes them seem eccentric:
aud this experience gives to tho scen
ery, to timo, to tho clouds and mount
ains, the fjords and suows, the glam
our of unreality. We ore, so to spcuk,
inverted. Sumo sense of the comic, if
not ot the cosmic, relations wo bear to
space and stars and suns comes over us;
j and tho light wo bask in at midnight
. . .
is asstrango as that "which never was
on sea or land the consternation of
tho poet's dream."
Here aro day of days and night of
nights! This is plain to tho eye, and
it takes ever so slight a reflection to
understand it fully. It is complex,
until wo remember that the earth goes
round tho sun a problem which men
have been ready to defend even unto
death. In going around tho sun, tho
earth inclines its axis to tho piano
in which it moves. If tho earth did
not thus "tenderly inclino" it it stood
stiff and perpendicular, without court
ing tho graces every inch, of its sur
fuco would havo its night and day
equally divided. Rut. it plays the
erect only twico a year, at tho inter
section of the eliptio and tbo equator.
Thoso days of absolute equity of dis
tribution are in tbo Spring and Full.
Rut God determined that for a half
year our earth should make its bow,
half the time to ono and half to tho
other pole. The angle of this obei
sance, of our earth to its piano meas
ures the distanco from the pole to the
It is a plain conclusion trom these
fuels that the circlo within which wo
are moving just now girdles tho earth
with only 8,000 mileB. If wo would
muko a straight march around tho
circle we would save ono-fourth of the
journey in miles; and if around where
we aro now at this north capo on a
line of latitude it would bo one-hull
e8B, or ono-fourth of tho distanco
around our globe at tho equator. Rut
our business now ia not "around." but
jown t0 lh8 latitudes nearer home.
a. S. Cox.
Tho National Rankers recently held
a Convention at Niagara Full.', and for
several duys debated panics and busi
ness. Mr. Juhn Thompson, I'rosident ol
the ChaHO National Bank ol New Y'ork
city, read a papor on tho subjects of
panics. Said Mr. Thompson :
Tho question is so often asked, when
will this grout prosperity end, or when
will another panto sweep over the
country ? that it becomes not only in
teresting but absolutely necessary to
our safety, to get the bust ideas possi
ble and to aualyzo tbo signs of ap
proaching danger. Foroshadowing
future events prophesying is an
extra hazardous business. Still, 1 will
recklessly lead oil' into tho financial
luturo, bogging yon gentlemen to not
only discount but to tako bank usury,
if you please, of my views. Panics do
occur about every decade. This ten
yeur period is quite natural ; it takes
about livo years after a revulsion to
pay up, compromise or wipo out in
debtedness. Then follows fivo years
of prosperity, expansion, confidence in
credits in fact a "boom." The lust
panio was in lM7:i ; tho present pros
perity commenced in ISIS. Wo nave
now had three years of extraordinary
augmentation of richness much of it
real solid, but most of it omunatihg
from raising prices or putting up quo
tations. Tho signs of an approaching
"blizzard" are numerous, but very deli
cate as yet. When tho stock market
becomes "mixed," and the bulls and
bears become desperate, and when tho
courts grant injunctions liberally, and
the financial knavery of tho opposing
parlies and scheming is exposed, then
capilul and credits insidiously vanish
hoarding is considered tho bust invest
ment, or loans secured beyond any
contingency, even at a nominal inter
est, which is akin to hoarding. This
species of financiering involves con
traction; distrust follows, and tho
creditsyslom is annihilated. Whon wo
consider that nino-lenths, and, 1 think
nineteen twonlieths, ot our nionoy,
so railed, is credited and nothing else,
it is no wonder that financial panics
come suddenly. The most important
sign of a coming panic and revulsion
is to bo (oiitid in our trado balances
with foreign nations. As over pros
perity has been hugely augmented by
tho importation of gold, so, when tho
flow of the precious metal ia from us,
distrust will inspiro contraction, and
contraction will lead directly to Inabil
ity to pay. Money not only becomes
scarce, hut it is absolutely gone. In
fact, thero is at no timo but an inado
quato amount of real money to do
business on. I teul confident that over
ninety five per cent, ol our business
and tho business of Kngland in done on
paper lokonB checks, drafts, notes,
letters of credit, Ac. which, so long as
confidence Is good, aro perfect substi
tutes fur money, but, like young par
tridges, that disappear "on call," not
allowing even three days grace. Pis
counts aro declined, doposita drawn
Tim ii"n
anil hoarded. Thus not only the credit
system anu tbo money token power ib
uosiroyeu, but tuo ruul mortjy iisell
diauppears, not to bo again visible until
induced out by an enormous depression
in prices.
At present there is but ono alarming
indication of troublo, and that is in tho
number and magnitude of new enter
prises, involving the issue of millions of
obligations. In 1K71-72, and for half
of 1S7J, this same sign ol coniiug
troublo was apparent, but to a frao
lionul extent as compared with the
present. As Ibis is purely a convention
of bankers, and as I am probably tho
oldest member of tho association, I
must bo excused in uttoring a word of
caution to bank managers, more par
ticularly to tboso at tho head of
deposit banks. In receiving deposits
i rum mo generul ana promiscuous pub
lic wo morally. Ihouuh perhaps not
legally, assumo a fiduciary trust, and
in lining such deposits the utmost cau
tion and conveifiuion should be strictly
adhered to by always havins a stiro
and speedy controllability over a sut
ucietit amount of our assets to meet
any "demand obligation," even in the
light ot a rugingpanio. Itis criminal
to assumo liabilities or enter into ne
gotiations, though ever so promising,
over which hangs a contingency that
mav possibly endanger this fiduciary
trust. Intimately connected with the
ideas that aro briefly expressed above
is the spirit of speculation, bordering
on gambling. It is sale to say that
during tho past three years nine out
or overy ten ventures havo netted
a profit. This ia bocauso almost con
tinually pricos havo advanced. When
the panic and depression shall come
as surely as they will thon all ad
ventures will bo losses, and many
"lambs" will como to grief. I simply
touch on Ibis topic because in tho de
linquency of bank ofiicors it Is often
shown that tho defalcation Is tho out
crop of aventuro, Ranks that under
take heavy negotiations which, if for
tune favors, will yield enormous divi
dends, but if fortune frowns, bank
ruptcy is inevitublo,muBtalwaysstand
in tho category of doubtful institutions.
Wo aro positively going too fast, and
it is the partof wisdom, and I coneetvo
it to bo but our duty, to put on tbo
"brakos," that tho wrock, when it
docs come, may bo loss disastrous. I
instanco an item of the panic of 1H..L
Karlyone morning the active managors
of three of tho Now Y'ork city banks
were invited to tho ollico of Jay Cook
Si Co. We wcro informed tbatijl.OOO,.
000 wero nocossary by ten o'clock to
savo that Jiouso trom protest. What
security do you oflcr? was asked. An
swor "None; our securities aro all
used." It is needless to say tho million
was not forthcoming. Wo lolt. In
fifteen minutes Wall etreet was in a
penicand this is only aduplicateof what
transpirde in 1850, when the'fjliio In
surance Company suspended. I will
not elaborate tbo progress and results
ol tbeso panics, for you aro all conver
sant wilb what transpired in and follow
ing 137.1. aullicient to say that houses
ot undoubted standing wuro unable to
stand, and the New York city banks,
after ono startling failure the "Com
monwealth wero saved Irom sub-
pension of oven currency payments by
lodging with a clearing bouso com-
milico sccuriticsand lakitigccrtihcatcs
that were good al tbo clearing house
for debtor balances. The banks then
to a great oxtcnt, declined cah or cur
rency pua-mcnts, but certified checks
and drafts "good through tho cleuring
bouso. Xhiswus certainly a unique
financial measure, but it saved tho
banks from an out suspension of even
currency payments. Specie was then
out of tho category of money. I refer
to thoso historical events to show that
panics do culmlnato in revulsions of
some five yoars'dnrction. Gentlemen,
I am not prophesying evil, so do not
stone mo. I am only ringing tho bell
to awake tho brukemen, for unless we
'show up' and guard our assets noth
ing in the past will compare with what
is in tho future. Tho negotiations tho
issao of stocks und bonds are fourfold
what they wero in 1873.
There eon bo no doubt that tho bicycle
is rupidly increasing in popularity. It
is a sport that attracts a fine class of
people ; a recreation for men and gen
llunien, not an excuse for rowdyism by
"rougliB." For years "wheeling" bus
been popular in Franco and Kimland.
Tbo bicycle has become a London "con
stitution. Gentlemen go to and fro
mounted npon it. It is used aliko foi
business, exercise and pleasure. Nor
is its use confined only to men. The
fair sex has taken kindly to that modi
fication of it known ns the tricycle,
particularly since tho Queen herself
patronized it. An English dealer in
tricycles states thai since tier lluiesty
purchased for her own use a tricycle
two years ago over bvo thousand of
Ihcso vehicles havo been Bold to ladies
throughout England and Scotland.
Tho bicyclo, though so popular in En
gland, is properly speaking a French
invention, and has grown or been de
veloped out ol the old velocipede,
which about a century ago attracted
tho earnest attention of no loss a scien
tific botljjhiin tkfr-Frrjnrtr Academy.
-There havo boon all varieties of ve
locipedes Introduced at different times
and by different porsons velocipedes
proponed ny tuo nanus alono; veloci
pedes worked by springs, by cranks,
by pedals, by lovers, by cords and pul
leys. Over Ibirly distinct kinds of
velocipedes havo bad their day or aro
still in existence, hut tho fundamental
idea of tho true velocipcdo still remains
as at the beginning!, e., a vehiclo
with threo wheels propelled by both
hands and feet. Ol this volocipedo tbo
modern bicyclo (which ie, proporly
speaking, not over ten years old) has
been the principal modification and im
provement. Tho bicyclo differs (mm
tho volocipedo in having but two
wheels, ono very large, tbo other very
small, and being propelled entirely by
the feet.
In the bicyclo tho weight is carried
nnd tho power is applied precisely as
in tho act ot walking; your wheel
which carries you and which you
move is directly under you, not to one
side by you. You do not pull, you do
not push you simply.asit wore, walk
on a wheel. Consequently to all in
tent and purposes you aro merely
walking fust, and you derive all tho
benefits of walking. In this respect
tho bicyclo dilfers materially from the
old velocipede. On the latter the rider
did not walk, bo sat, as It wcro, and
pushed, which was not as beneficial as
standing and walking, in this dillur-
enee, it is claimed by medical men and
enthusiastic bicyclists, lies the cardinal
advantage of byrycling, which is claim,
oil to be by the advocates the most
directly honllh giving of all open air
To its health imparting proportios it
owes Its start in Ibis country. A few
year sinoo a young Roston lawyor
found that bis ptirsuitof his profession
bad undermined his constitution. The
physicians pinnounced him a wreck.
Rut ho was not yet stranded. While
there is lifo thero is hope, And he
read in an English work of the bicyclo
ami us work. Jio procured a bicyclo
with somo delay and difficulty, acquired
its mastery and made tho first appear
ance as a bicyclist in tho thorough
fares of the modern Athens not in
tho heart of Boston, one may be suro.
Thero U no cbanco in the narrow,
crooked streets ol tho "Hub" for a
bicycle, but in the wide, pleasant ave
nues that lino tho suburbs. From the
first, Boston and its people took kindly
to tbo wheel, and in a few weeks the
young health-seeking bicyclist had
many imitators and disciples. 1 be
sucoess of tho bicyclo was assured.
As a general thingthebicyclist must
bo self-taught. The best way to learn
to manage the bicycle is to procure
one, obtain a low units irom "tuo
knowing ones," and begin by going
down bill or down an inclined plane.
Tho common idea is that tho chief
difficulty in learning tho management
of tho bicycle lios in mastering the art
of supporting one's sell on it when in
motion. This is a very natural idoa,
but nevertheless a very false one. The
bicyclo in motion supports itself and
its lidor. Its very velocity constitutes
its safety. As an enthusiast phrased
it, "It hasn't tho time to full." Rut
tho real difficulty lies in learning how to
mount and dismount from the bicyclo;
and tho great art is to mitnitgo it, not
whon it "speeds, but when it "slows.
Bicyclo races are comparatively easy
thin-'S. A fair bicyclist can outrun un
ordinary bnrsn, hat to "hasten slowly"
is tho point in which the skill is dis
played. Consequently great interest
is taken in "slow ruccB" as tboy are
called, in which tho slowest wins. In
these slow races the bicyclist s ability
is taxed to tho utmost to maintain the
upright position ot bis bicyola. The
nearer he attains to an absolttto stop
bo more skill bo displays. As fur
standing still on tho bicyclo that is
trom tho very nature of the case im
possible, unless tho wheel is placed at
an angle. Going backward on tho
bicyclo is nlso regarded as a somewhnt
difficult achievement.
Of courso tho larger the wheel tho
greater tbo speed that can be made,
but on any good bicyclo n speed ofjfiftocn
miles an bourcan easily be maintained.
The sico ot the bicycle must bo pro
portioned to tho length of tho legs of
tbo rider. Anyone who has learned
to rido can hiro a bicyclo for 2 for
twenty-four hours, from 8 A. M. to 8
A. M., or $1 for lour hours. Tho best
English bicycle costs til 10 to fjlfiO,
whilo American makes, equally Osgood
will not cost moro than 8110 to 81 lo.
The chcapost bicyclo fur boys cost ?12
to tin.
Thero aro 331 different styles of
bicycles, so exports say, now actively
in use. The bicyclo of 1881 istho com
bined product of tho ideas of tour
great nations. Of thosix ideas which
are illustrated in the various compo
nent parts, Franco has contributed
two, Fingland two, Germany ono and
America ono. J bo American contri
bution or suggestion thot of the rub
ber tiro is generally regarded as
practically tho most valuable of all.
1 his rubber tiro enables tho bicyclist
to accomplish thootberwiso impossible
feat of running up hill. Tho rubber
lire has also been applied witb success
to tho wheels of dog carls and other
"Now, my dear," said Mr. Spoopcn-
dyke, hurrying up to bis wife's room,
"if you will come down in the yard
I vo got a pleasant surprlso lor you.
"What is it? asked ilrs. hpoopon-
dyke ; "what havo you got a horso ?"
"tiiicss again, grinned Mr. rpoop-
endyko ; "it's something liko a horse."
"1 know I It s a new parlor carpet ;
that's w hut it is!"
"No, it isn't citbor. I said It was
something like a horso ; that is, it goes
when you moke it. uuoss again.
"Is it paint fur the kitchen walls?"
asked Mrs. Spoopendyke, innocently.
"No, it ain't, and it ain't a hogshead
of stove blacking, nor it ain't a sot of
dining room furniture, nor it tint
seven gross of stationary washtubs.
riow guoss again.
"Then it must be somo lace curtains
for tho sitting room windows. Isn't
that just splendid!" and Jlrs. Spoop.
endyko patted her husband on both
checks and danced up and down witb
'It's a bicycle that's what it is!"
growlod Mr. Spoopcndyko. "I bought
it lor exercise, and 1 m going to rule
it. Como down and seo mo."
"Well, ain't 1 glad I" ejaculated Jlrs.
Spoopendyko. "You ought to bovo
moro exerciso, and il thero s exercise
in anything it's in a bicyclo. Do lets
seo it."
Mr. Spoopondyke conducted his wifo
to the yard, and descanted at length
on tho morits of the machine.
'In afewwoeks I'll bo able to make
a mile a minute," besaid, as he steadied
tho apparatus against tbo clothes polo
nnd prepared to mount, "Now, yon
wutcu mo go to me enu ui this pain.
He gut a foot Into ono treadle and
wont head first into a flowor patch,
tho machine on tup, wilh a prodigious
"Hadn't you better tio it np to the
post until you got on?" suggested Mrs.
"Leave me alone, will yo ?" demanded
Mr. Spoonondyko,' struggling to an
ovon keel. "I m duing most o this
myself. Now you hold on and kocp
your mouth shut. It takes a little
practice, that's all."
Jir. nponponuyKO mounted again
and scuttled along four or fivo feel and
flopped over on the grass plat.
" That's splendid!" commended his
wife. "You've got tho idea already.
Lot mo hold it for yon this time."
"If you'vo got any strongth you
hold your tonguo, will yo?" growled
Mr. Spoopcndyko. "It don't want any
holding. It ain't alive. Stand back
and givo mo room, now."
The third trial Mr. Spoopondyke
ambled to tbo end of tbo path, and
went down all in a heap among the
flower pots
"That's just too lovely for sjiny
thtngl" proclaimed Mrs. Spoopcndyko.
"You mado moro'n a mile a minnto
that timo!"
"Como and take It olT!" roared Mr.
Spoopondyke. "Holp mo up I Dod
gst the bicyclo !" and the worthy gen
tleman struggled and plunged around
like a whale in shallow water.
Mrs. Spoopcndyko assisted In right
ing him and brushing him of?.
"I know where you made your mis
take," said she. "The little whool
ought to go first, like a buggy. Try
it that way going back."
"Maybe yoa can ride this bicyclo
bettor than 1 con I howled Mr. Kpoop
endyko. "Yoa know all about woods!
What yon need now is ft lantern in
TEEMS $2 ner annum in Advance.
SERIES - VOL. 22, NO. 31.
your mouth aud ten minutes bebiud
lime to be tho City Hull cluck! If you
had a buckot of water and a bundle
you'd muko a steam grindstone I Don't
you see tbo big wheel has got to go
ursi i
"Y'cs, dear," murmured Mrs. Spood
endyko, "but I thought if you prac
ticed wun tue nine wheel at first, yon
wuniim i nave so lar to lull."
"Hbo fell?" demanded Mr. Snomv
endyko. "Didn't you seo mo step off?
t trippeu; mat s an. .Now you just
watch mo go back."
Once moro Mr. Spoonondvko start-
od in, but tho big wheel turned around
ana looked him in the lace, and thon
ocgan to stagger.
"Look out!" tqucaled Mrs. Spoop
Mr. Spoopendyko wrenched away
and kicked and struggled, but it was
ot no avail. Down ho came, and the
bicyclo was a nopolcas wreck.
"What'd ye want to veil for?" be
shrieked. "Couldn't ye keep your
measly mouth shut? bat d'ye think
y'aro, anyhow a fog horn? Dod gast
the moasly bicyclo!" and Mr. Spoop
endyke hit It a kick that folded him
up liko a bolt of muslin.
"Never mind, my dear," consoled
Mis. Spoopcndyko, "I'm afraid the ex
ercise was too violont anyway, and
I'm glad you broko it."
"I s'pose so," snorted Mr. Spoopcn
dyko. "There's sixty dollars gono."
"Don't worry, lovo. I'll go without
tho carpet and curtnins, and the paint
will do well enough in tho kitchon.
Let me rub you with arnica."
But Mr. Spcouendvke was too deep
ly grieved by his wife's conduct to ac
copt any oflico at her bonds, prefer
ring to punish her by letting bis
wounds smart rather than to got well.
Contributiona to thia department ahoold be ad
reued 10 J. Dlaib Kr ai, Clcardeld, Pa.
Cutting up of corn is usually delayed
too long. Frost seriously damages
the fodder, and ns the feeding value of
this is equal to at least fifteen or twon
ty bushels of corn per acre, it is worth
saving from damage by early harvest
ing. Tho grain is ready to bo gathered
ed before tho stalks are ripo and dead.
The stalk and leaves contain a large
amount of Blip, which will go to com
plete tbo growth of tho grain whether
it is standing or has boen cut; for al
ter the leaves begin to turn yellow the
functions of tbo roots are ending and
the plant takes nothing moro from tho
soil. As soon, then, as this has occur
red, tho corn may bo cut, and after
tbe first sere and yellow leaf is seen
delay is dangerous, and may be injuri
ous. When tbo grain is completely
glazed over it may be cut, and this
happens before a leaf has turned color,
unless tho weathor has been so dry as
to affect tho growth and ripen the
plants prematurely. In gathering the
crop, the lower the stalks aro cut tbe
belter, lor several reasons: tho weight
of the harvest is increased, and the re
fuso left upon tho field is less trouble,
somo in plowing and harrowing tho
stubble afterward. The latter is wor
thy of more consideration than is usu
ally given to it, and tho harrowing of
ine soil ana the harvesting ot tbe fol
lowing crop are frequently, greatly in
terfered with by looso corn-roots, with
a toot or more of dry stalk attached,
which clog tho barrows and incumber
the reaping implements or machines.
Il the stalks are cut low, tho roots
may be buried out of roach of tbo
harrow, and give no further troublo.
When tbo stalks aro cut it will be
found advifablo to put up small shocks
rather than large ones. Twenty-five
hills will mako a shock largo enough
for convenience and small enough to
enable tho stalks and ears to cure
thoroughly in ten days or two weeks.
It tho shocks are mado larger, time is
lost in carrying the stalks to the
shock. Wilh twonty-five hills the
shock will bo in tbo centro of a square
of fifteen feet each way. There will
then be no necessity to travel moro
than five or six feet, at the moat, to
gather the shock, and much loss of
timo and labor will bo saved, Tbe
usual manner of leaving a bill uncut
ns a foundation for tho shock is not to
be commonded. Tbe shock may bo
built as firmly without this as with it,
by simply spreading tho base, planting
each side firmly in tbo cround. and
tying securely with bands of damp ryo
straw. Tho tying is tho chief point;
unless the shock is firmly bound it can
not stand firmly, and a largo portion
of tho crop will go down at the first
squall, and will generally lio Booking
on the ground until husking. Much
avoidublo loss occurs in this way,
through simple neglect in binding tho
shock. Rapid curing brings on early
busking. Early husking avoids much
really painful, but gonerally Belf inflict
ed, exposure to cold ontl wet in the
field, which follow busking bo late as
November, when the hulk of this work
is actually dono. The farmer who has
his corn in tho crib and his cornfodder
under roof or in stack before the end
of October may bo counted forehanded
and happy. And there is no good rea
son why he ehonld not be so. If the
corn is well cured in tho shock it will
bo a saving of much timo and labor to
husk Into baskets and to empty tbeso
directly into tho wagon-box, so that
tbo corn may ue cribbed without any
further handling. Tho stalks mav
also bo hauled directly to tho yard
whoro they may bo stockod, put under
tho roof ot a barrack, or stored away
in an airy ploco in the barn. A fair
busker should bo ablo to husk at least
40 bushels per day, and many will do
twice as much. With two wagons,
one being loaded and ono being hauled
to the crib, and with fivo or six busk
ers, a team may be kept reasonably
busy hauling corn, nnd in any possible
intervals of wailing for corn ft load or
two ol stalks may be named in. it
will be a turther saving of time if the
amall and unsoend corn is thrown into
bogs in tbo field, thot it may be car
ried in by itself and kept separate
from (he good corn. In stacking or
mowing the stalks, ventilators may be
usefully placed in the contre ot tbe
mass, by which any dampness remain
ing in them will bo carried off. A
very good ventilator may be made by
selling up few rails tied in ft bundle
In the centre of tbe slack ; tho rougher
tho rails Ihe better they will bo tor the
purposo. Ur three rails or poles may
be fastened together by A lew cross
pieces so as to form sort ot flue or
chimney in the mow or slack from the
bottom to ths top ; this will kocp an
open space of at least ft font wide for
tho escape ol warm or moist air, and
will prevent the mildew, which is so
prevalent In cornfoddor. Any smutty
stalks that may be fonnd should be
thrown on one sido, and gathered to
gether and burned. Ihe smut Is un
doubtedly poisonous, and should never
be given to cattle, more especially to
nowa that are in calf A. i. Imu,
Copr furalebed b; A. . Road.)
014 Matter Brewa brought bia ferule dowa,
Aad bia nu looked angr; ud red.
"Uo, ml ;on there, bow, Aolhon; Blair,
Along wilb the glrle," be nil.
Ih.o Ambon; Blilr with mortlled air,
With hti bead dowa oa hii braae!.
Took hi. pan loot wat b; Ua maldea eweet
That ha lured, af all, Ua beet.
Aid Antboa; Blair aataiad whimpering Ibara,
Bal ibo rogae oal; made believe
For ha peeped at tha (rl alth ha beautlfe! eurle,
Aed ogled them orer hla rloero.
The Iloultdale School Board has
organized for the present school year,
witb 1. J. McCullouch as lr. .siiionL
and W. A. Chaso Secretary.
Agriculture, we are told, is to be
mado an obligatory study in all olo-
montary schools ol Franoo. This is a
recent action of the French Senate,
and was adopted by majority of 251
Tho school report of Woodward
township is the only one from Clearfield
county not on file in tho Department
of Publio Instruction. It is boned the
directors of that district will fall into
line soon.
Tho new brick school house at Hotttz
dalo, which will bo complotod in a fow
weeks, ia tiOiSO feet, two stories Inch.
and will contain eight rooms. The
ceilings are 15 feet high. It will be
one of the best and most commodious
school buildings in the county.
Miss Libbie Yolhcrs, of Kartbaus,
was married a couple ot weeks ago.
We wish ber worlds of happiness in
her new lifo, and behove we aro not
wishing in vain ; for ft school teacher
is ono of tho few individuals who know
how to appreciate happiness.
Mount Joy, in Lawrenco township.
bas an active Literary Society, which
moots twice a month. Also Pine Grove,
in Lawrenco township, still koeps np
its Literary Society, which was first
organized by Miss Weld moro than
seven years ago. It would be inter
esting to know how many persons
hare been identified with it during
thoso seven years. Those who have
in tho post taken part in its exercises
have pleasant memories of its associa
tion, and its influence tor good bas been
second only to that of the school itself.
That tbo too frequent change of
text-books is on unwiso and useless ex-
penso all will admit. And yet, it is
just ai apparent that retaining books
in loo schools alter they have passed
their day of usefulness is equally un
wise and detrimental to the interests
ot education. No mechanic can turn
out us good work in as short a lime
with an old setot tools, as be can witb
tbe improved implements ot tho day.
either can tho pupils ot our schools
advance as rupidly or thoroughly while
using tho books which have served
their day in our schools, as whon they
have the benefit of books better adapt
ed to the progress of the age. To re
tain tho old ones in ourschools,becausoit
incurs an additional expense to change,
is about as wise as it would be to
smoke our eyes out over the old firo
ploco in preparing tbe dishes for a
modern table because it costs ft little
more to place ft convenient cooking
stove in the old chimney comer. Much
discretion, however, should be exer
cised in displacing an old eerios for tbe
new, and the responsibility of chang
ing should be aentrustod only to those
having the ability to judge of ft book's
morits and an extenBivo knowlcdgo of
tbe needs of the school room.
Sbawsvillo class numbored eight.
One was rejected. Five directors were
proscnt and eight spectators. Educa
tional mectingwas hold alter theoxami
nation, at which Mamie A. Irvin road
several scloction in ber usual good
style. Rev. Ague, Lewis I. Irvin, II.
II. Morrow and John II. Mead made
addresses. Appointments for Goshen
township wore made as follows : Lick
Run, Mamie A. Irvin ; Sbawsvillo, R.
C.Shaw; Wiiliarasdale, A.M. Buzard ;
West Goshen, Wm. fostletbwait. Sal
aries wore increased from 130 to (35
per month.
Riglcr class numbered eleven. Six
directors were present and one hun
dred spectators. Tbe Board held a
session in tbe afternoon and purchased
thirty-two Triumph Lock Desks, with
some additional lurnituro for the now
school building at Lower Woodland.
The Board advanced teachers' sal
aries from 30 to t.15 por month, and
appointed Lois McGnnghey teachor of
Upper Woodland; 8. M. Bailey at
Rigler and llannsh Tate at the Inde
pendent school. An adjourned meet
ing was held on Thursday, August 25th,
for the purpose of appointing teachers
for the schools not mentioned above.
Theexaminalion for Lawrence town
ship was held on Saturday, August
20th. Numbor ot applicants twelve.
Two directors and thirty-Dve specta
tors wcro present It was a good class.
Hoard met on Saturday, August a in,
and appointed their teachers. Their
names will be punnsnea next week.
Poets have sung, orators extolled
and historians chronicled the blessings
of education. Rut notwithstanding its
undoubtod good, it does cot soem to
bo tbe panacea lor tvery evil. Aearn
ing and fraud are fonnd existing in
very close quarters. Wisdom and em
bezzlement oiten sit down togetner in
the council chambers of tbe Nation.
Still tho schools aro regarded as the
safeguards ot our liberty and educa
tion tho hope of our Nation. This in
consistency is proof that in developing
tho mental faculties ot our pupils with
out training the moral nature and in
stilling into thoir minds the principles
of truth and honor, education is only
a means in their bands for ca.rylng
out selfish ends. Tbo principle of
bonosty and integrity should be taught
along wilh the principles of arithmetic
and every other branch of knowledge.
Tbe impress received during school
days is never lost, nnd 'thero is no pe
riod of life so opportune for teaching
First, place pupils npon thoir own
honor as a matter of discipline. Show
them its value and let them see lhat
you have Implicit faith In the individ
ual honor of each one. Reject every
means of discipline and motive to study
not founded on the strictest integrity,
lie trntbful and friendly with them
and you will find that lore and kind
ness will win the obdurate and cn
courogo tho obedient far bolter thon
force and threats. Trickery and false
hood cannot be practiced long either
in private or publio lit without being
detected. "Honesty is the bost poli
cy ;' and while it is not according to
the highost principles of honor to teach
honesty for the sake ol policy, it i
better le teach it for policy s sak than
not to teach it at all.
It is not necessary to sut apart ft
certain time each day to lecture on
honor ; but opportunities will arise in
recitations, during general exerciso
and on the playground for giving prao
tical lessons in this noblest trail of hu
man character.
Teachors should be honorable them
selves, and then along wilh their other
instructions teach honor to their pa
file by precept and example. Educa
tion thus enobled by an unswerving
honor may still be landed to lb skies
a the harbinger of untold blessings to
all mankind.