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ESTABLISHED I lottt.
Tbr larft-eet Clreulatloa of any Newspaper
In North Central Penneylranla.
Term, of Sabsoription.
If paid la adraaoa, or within I raonthe....9 (m
If paid aftar I and bafora I montha 9 fto
U paid aftar the eiptration of 6 mootae... 9 oo
Rates ol Advertising,
Tranileot adrartlieraonU, par iquara of 10 llnaior
'e.., 3 tlmoe orlaai U bq
Kur each eubeequontlniertion.. 10
Vlmini.tratore' and Kxaeatora'notieaa. S at
Auditor!' notieee H a &0
C.uti.io. and E.traye I
pi.aolutlon noticei j q0
Profe.ilonal Carda, I line, or leio,l year,.... I 00
Loral noticei, par lina an
I iuare S 00 f eolomn.. ISO 00
1 euuare... 11 00 eolomn.... TO 00
I ..ju.r.i.- 10 00 1 oolamn. ! 00
O. B. GOODLANDKR,
jj w. SMITH,
tl:l:7l Clearfield, Pa.
J J. LINGLR,
ATTOBNET -AT - LAW,
I'hlllpibara;, Centre Co., Pa. y:pd
JJOLAND D. SWOOPE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CurweaiTille, Claarlold county, Pa.
oet. I, 1-L
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office in "Old We.Wrnl building," (un ctalr).
Oct. I). '78-tf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
drOffice ooa door aait of Bhaw Hoeie.
yM. M. McCULLOUGn,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
tlffije In Ifeionlo building, Second ctreet, op
po.it. the Court llouta. je2fl,'78-tf.
C. A UN OLD.
LAW & COLLECTION OFFICE,
CUR WENS VILLE,
Clearfield County, Pena'e.
C T. BROCKBANK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Oflirc In Opera Houh.
W m. A. Wali.acb
ll.fiHr F. Wallacb,,.
Davio L. Krim,'
Wa. K. Waliacs
yAI.LACE & KREBS,
A T T O R N E Y S - A T - L A W ,
jml HI Clearfield, Ha.
g.UlTII V. WILSON,
CLEARFIELD, - . PENN'A.
drOffice la the Maioale Building, over the
C.unty National bank, iaer2-8Q.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Oflife oyer tba County National Bank.
June 20, 78tf.
jRANH G. HARRIS,
aiiunaai At l,aw,
r'irit-oUei Life lod Fita Ineurenoe Compaalea
Jsft-OIJoe In tba Opera Hc.a.e.-H
tool, a. auaaar crane eoaDoa.
jJ-UUHAV A GORDON,
ATTOK-NHY8 AT LAW,
-Ollea la Ple'l Opera Iioaie, eaoond loot.
ril-UAJI A. HAGKRTY,
Ol'f ICE over T. A. Clerk it Co.'a (tore,
J-P-WIH attend to all legal buiineil with
piomptoeu and Oii.lllj. f.ull,'0-tf.
i.Kra a. a'aitaLLr oANtab w. H'ouBor.
NALLY & MoCUKDY
S0LKk baalntiiKttsnded to promptly wlthj
i lemj. uiar on stoona nrt, abort lb Ftnt
National Bank. Jan:l:76
J F. McKENRICK.,
All lflri buainsti t ntnutad. to hit car will r
lr prompt auontton.
vOfflc In tbc Conrt Hoai.
Y G. KItAUER,
RhI Bilat and Oolloetloa Agent.
Will prornpilj attend to all U(al builon a
truoled to hi ear.
JtdrOfflo im Ple'l Opera IIoum. Janl'71.
JOUN L. CUTTLE.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
imI Keal Kittte A tent. Clearllrld, Pa.
Offic on Third itreet, bet.Ohrrj Walnut.
f4rHipetfall olTeri hli lerrleef In lolling
nd bujlng land la GUarOeld and adjoining
eonntlaa an l with an iprtnee ol ovartwentT
jtari a a artror, flatter hlmaelf that be eaa
rondr atltfaetion. ir. ibihaiu,
!l E. M. SCHEUKER,
Offloa 1b realdeaflo oa Firit It
April , 1.172. Clearfield, Pa.
Fl. W. A. MEAN'S,
I'll YSICIAN & SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITT, PA.
Will attend profeillonal o.lli promptly. au(IO'70
yn. T. J. llOTER,
Odloe oa Market Street, Clearfield, Pa.
Mr-Office hourlt to 12 a. m., and I to I p.
JJU. J. KAY W RIG LEY,
Mr-Ofire adjolnlna the reeldenaa of Jao.ee
H'Kl.7, K.q., oa baoond HU, Clearfiald, Pa.
(J C. JENKINS, M. 1).,
I'll YSICIAN AN I) SURG EON
Cl HWKNSV1LLE, I'A., '
Bi?n at realdeaea, eoraer of Slelo and Plan
""li. J,n. ilk, looi-ir.
U. U. B. VAN VALZAII,
""ICE IN URHIDRNCK, CORNER OF FIRST
AND PINK SIHEKTd.
Oftee koora-Froai II to I P. U.
y May II, 1171.
)K. J. P. DURCII FIELD,
Sariooa ef the 13d Realra.lt, Paiaiylranla
Voliataen, katlnf returned froa the Army,
' hil prafelllanal lerrleel le theelUeaa.
f Clearfield eoaaty.
. 'rofeiiloBalealll promptly attaadad to.
GEO. B. G00DLANDEB, Editor & Proprietor. PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. TEEMS $2 per annum in Advance.
VOL. 55-WIIOLE NO. 2,728. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 29, 1881. NEW SERIES-V0L. 22, NO. 2(5.
" " eBBawaBBBBBBeBBnani aaaaaBiaiaBMa aBBeaBWWBnrAeaeBBBBBaBemBWBBnBwaBBBBBBWBBm
WILLIAM. M. HENRY. Jurtice
OF TBI pBAGB aVRD Soiitinii, LUM1IER
OITY. CoIIetion mad and money uromDtlv
paid over. Artiele of agreement and deeda of
oovyane neatly aiMDUd and warranted eor
net or bo charge, IUjj'71
(OITKRD P. O.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
FOR BBLL TOWMIBII.
May a, 1871-lye
Square Timber & Timber Lunik,
Jell'7J CLEARFIELD, PA.
Land Surveyor and Civil Engineer,
"Al! hu.lnriR will be alteada I to promptly.
Dee. I J, 1S80 ly.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
feajuWtll eiecuta lobe la hie line nrotni,t!v end
in a wuremannia manner. arM,07
1? RANK FIELDING
WILLIAM D. lilGLER,
Nor. 17th, I8S0 tf.
WEAVER &. BETT&,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs,
AND LI'MltKR OF ALL KINDS.
,fl-Offloe oa Heeond etreet, la roar of .tore
room of Uoorga Wearer A Co. janll, '78-tf.
JUSTICE OF TUB PEACE
Oeoeola Mill. P. O.
II offioial bu.lnaee antra.ted to him will be
promptly attended to. mob29, '70.
L'AltBL'R AND UAIRDKKSSKR
Hltop on Market St., opposite Court Hogie.
A eleao towel for every euttomer.
Heat Hratida of Tobareo and Clgara.
tll.a.a.ld. P. ra, i. -ji
JAMES H. TURNER,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
hi prepared bimielf with all Ilia
neoe.ary blank forme under tbo Peniioa and
Bounty lawi, aa well aa blank Doeda, eto. All
legal matter! entrusted to hie oare will reoeire
prompt attention. May 7tb, 167IMf.
Q. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER,
wmd ni.UAitirTRl.n. PKNN'A-
MPmmf ! w mutt um. v.aji
n ibort notia. Pipe bored on reaionable term.
All work warranted to render atliTaotion. and
dellrered If deitred. rnvSoslyud
rffIIB anderigni beg leareto Inform thepnb
I, Ho that be la now fully prepare to accommo
date all In the way of forniibing h .., Btijrgiaa,
oaaaie ana narneai, on tn snorteat notloe and
n roaaonabl term a. Keaideno on Loeust itreet,
between Third and Fourth.
OKO. W. OE AMI ART.
Ittarfleld, Feb. 4, 1874.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
GENERAL MEKCII AND1HE,
Alio, xtnalv manufacturer and dealer tn Square
itnioer ana oawa idumneror an kmua.
jNTOrderi solloited and all billa promptly
S. I. SNYDER,
ABB BBALBB IB
,Watchc,' Clocks and Jowolry,
ffroAaa.'. Rou, Jfariel Araet,
All kindi of rapalrlng la my line promptly at
ondod to, Jan. let, 17V.
CABBOLL I.. BIDDLB.
Clearfield Insurance Agency,
Kuan v Hi it le, s-oim,
Rppreteitt the following an I other firtt -claia Co'a
Liverpool Undon A 1 lba tT. S. Ur..4,3(lt,Rir
Lyeotnlng a untanl Aeaih plant.. 5,04)0,000
I'btvnil, of Hartford, Conn 1,624,0..
Inaiirano Co. of North America MX,074
North Uritlfh A Jrteroantlle II. B. Br 1,71-3,81.')
Scottinh Commercial t. H. Branch...- 079,146
WaUrtown ; Tn4,8l4
TraveUra (Lif A Accident) x 4.&W5.4M
ORlce oi Market tSl., opp. Court Ilouee, 'Jlar-
fleld. 1'a. June i, '7V-ti.
HOUSE FDENISHIN0 GOODS,
NEEDLES, ATTACHMENTS AND PARTS,
nd nl' klnda of
O. B. M ERREI.L, Ajront,
CLEARFIELD, PA. June 3, 'dO If.
WILLIAM 0. HELMB0LD,
Pallon fork, fi(rirrrirlr, Pa.
Companies EopreEontod t
fommereial Union Ioi. Co., A Moll .,0l,70l 6
Firrmen'e Fond Ine. Co., Aeti i.wb.iht til
1 l. Inmr.nn. Co.. Al.et 1.020,0:17 OH
Trareleri' Accident Ine. Co.. Anita. ,il.lJi
Northern Ina. Co. of New York A.'te Ut.,HU 00
Ineonnoa plaeed oa all kind, of property at
Uorweoi.ine, ra, rw, i-, imi-u.
the laroest stock OI
Both FINISHED or UNFINISHED. W. pat
np any work that ran be done IB Iba ally at mueb
(keeper ralae. We will pot ap
la Itallaa Marble or flranlla, cheaper than It can
bo dune la aay other part ot the Slate. Ant per
bob baylair monnmentnl work toamoantcf I3 and
apwaro., will here fare paid to and from 1'hillp.
bor. Do not be fooled with cheap Amerlraa
marble wboa yoa oaa bay Hoe Italia, marble at
jej-IIKAD STONES a apeeietty.
Produce and approfod paper will be Ukea la
aiohanfefor Cemetery work. Alloaih p.; menu
will be made to aba llabaaaoa Beal.ee Co, to
Ike credit of R. PIERCE.
Pklllpibarf, Pa, Jaa. t, llll.-Om.
THE GOLDEN WEDDING.
Wk up, wif !the blaok cloak of Night begioi
And far Id th cut the Morning bit kitchen flr
And h 1 hut tc red-hot hti itnv of Ipnn vra.
And atra are winking and blinking before Hi
iigiu o aay,
Mind yon what I waa doln'jmt fifty year agon T
urutoia my ounaay raiment, an puttin my beat
look on t
Clothin' myasif la eourage, non my fright
eouid Me :
An my eoward heart within, tbt while, wai
pouDumg to gi ira.
Ten mil wood an 'bramble an' tbre mil Bold
la the cold imile of morning I walked to marry
Wo bora bad I but my wlabei no pilot but a
Bat my boyUb heart it fancied It beard you from
Bo through the woods I hurried, an' through th
grata an' drw,
Aa' little I tbougbl o' tiring, the whol vt my
Think ne'er before nor after do ao a man rtioie.
Aa un the day be marriea the woman of his cboio.
And then our country wedding brimful o' grief
With trery on a-pettin' an' jokin' you an me ;
The good ebcer went and eauie, wife, aa it tome
lime i baa dune
When cloud hava cbiacd each ether acron the
There waa yotir good old father, dreaied up In
With all ibe burncipun finery that he could rake
And your deer-hearted mother, the tun light of
VTBUPI Bull I
Shone throunb tbe abowera of tear drop that
formed her I toe the while.
Alio your elitera an' brother, who hardly ate mod
How tbey could aoar up courage to let their ala
ter go t
An' eoutlua an' acbool-hoaa oomraJci, drciaad up
in meclin' trim,
With on of them a-eulkln' bceana It waia't
An' there wta lb good old paraon, hia neck all
areaaeu in wnii.
A bunch o' teita in hia left y, a hymn-book la
hia right ;
An' tb parson'a virgin daughter, plain and se
Who hoped wa ahuuld b hjppy, but wain't ex
And tbf r waa th TietuUa.ieaioned with kind
jtardi an' lor,
And holy wreath with breaatplna of rubiaa up
An' there waa my beatt awondrln aa how tuch
thing- could be,
An'tbrre waa tba world before ua, ao' there waa
yon and me.
Wake up, wtf
In ni eh l
that gold bird, the tun, haa oom
And on a treelti prrchi
totnke hia dailr fliht.
He la not old end lestil, an' be wtll anil awyv
Ai he hua done to olto aitice fifty yeara to-day.
You know tbere'a company coming our daugh
ter a an' ur aona ;
Tbr'a John, and Jumua, aad Luay, an' all their
Utile on ee;
Aod.Jennie, ahe will b her, who Id her crav
Provided company ever can com from out th
And Pam I am not certain ai fa will some, or
Thty aay he ia a black abeep th wildcat ef the
Defor a aon'a dlihoner, a father 'a lov ataada
But itill, aomvbow or other, I hop that 6am will
Tba tr benda downita brancbea to itl oltll-
drcn from above
Tb bod ia lord of tb father, and lulea him with
hia love :
And be will e'er (b longed for, though far they
For tbe drop of blood h carrla, that earn from
tb latbar'a hoart.
A'.A.'.iBI?.e hv baa rouid tbe
Aod ah baa dreaied heraelf up In rej and yellow
and whit t
tih haa dreated beraelf for ui, wife for our wed
din' day once more
And my aoul to-day ia younger than ver It wa
Dclow will bo found thrco Acts pattsed
by tbo General Assombly at tbo late
session, and approved by tbo Govornor,
which should bo studied by the pooplo
and observed :
Aa Act to proteat frnlt, ferdeiu, growing crope.
gra.e, etc., ena pLnieo tre.paee.
.Section I. That any person or per
sons w ho shall willlully enter or break
down, through or over any field, or
chard, garden or yard, fence, botbed or
greenhouse, or who shall wronglully
club, slono, cut, break, bark or other
wise mutilate or dumago any Hold, crop.
nut, fruit or ornamental tree, shrub,
ousn, plant or vino, trellis, arbor, bot
bed or greenhouso, or who ahull tram
ple, or in anywise injure any grain,
grass, vines, vegetables or other grow
ing crop, or who shall willlully tuko or
carry away grain, corn, rye, wheat or
other field crop,lruit,vcgcttthles, plonts,
or ornamental trees, vines or shrubs,
whether the same be attached to tho
soil or not, shall subject said porson or
persons to a penalty of not loss than
live nor mora than fifty dollars for cacb
and ovcry offenso.
Heo. 2. Any J ustico of tho l'caco or
Alderman, upon inlorniation or com
plaint made before him by tho affidavit
ol ono or moro persons of tho violation
of said Ac t by uny'person or persons,
shall insue his warrant, directed to any
constable or police officer, to causo such
porson or persons to bo arrested and
brought bel'oro said Justice or Alder
man, who shull hear and determine tho
guilt or innocenco of such person or
persons sochurgod, and, if convicted of
suid offenso or offenses, shall bo sen
tenced to pay tho said penalty afore
said attached to said violations, with
costs, one hull to go to the parly or
purtics injured to pay for damages sus
tained, and tbo remaining one-half to
the school fund of thodistriet in which
said ollense was committed : Provided,
that tho Defendant or Dolcndunts, on
refusing to pny nt onto said penulty,
shall bo committed to the common juil
of tbo said county for a period of not
less than ono day lor each dollar of
penalty imposed, unless the Delendant
or Dolcndunts enter in a rccognir.anoo,
with good security, to answor said com
plaint on a chnrifu ol misdemeanor bo
i'oro tho quarter sessions of the peace
of tbo county in which the ollense is
committed, which court, on conviction
of the ollense so charged and failure to
pay tho penalty imposed by this Act,
with costs, shall commit tho said De
fendant or Ucfemlants to tho common
jail ol tho county lor a period of not
less than ono day for each dollar of
Approvod tbo oightta day of Juno,
A. D. 18H1. Henry 11. IIovt.
Ab Acr to enable city, county, town. hip and
borough tea collecton to oalloot teiee fjr tbe
pej ment of which they hare bernrao per
ei.oally liable without ba? ingoolleoted the ame,
but by eipiratloD of tba authority of their re
penti.e warrant., and to extend tho time for
eollarlion of the aeme for a period ef one year
from the pee.Age of tbli AeL
That in all cases in which tho period
of two years, tho limitation of tbo war
rants in tho duplicalo of county, city,
township, ward and borough tix col
lectors have cxpirod, and said collector
or collectors have become liable for the
amount of tax on said duplicates with
out having collected tbe same, tho said
duplicates and warrants in all such
cases are hereby revived and extended
lor another period of ono year from the
ptssogo of this Act, and said collector
or collectors nro hereby authorised and
empowered to proceed and collect said
taxes from all persons who have not
paid taxos assossod to them residing in
said districts within which it may have
boon assessed, as well as from all per
son! who removed from said city, ward,
township or townabipg or borouhg
arnj have neglected to pay taxes bo m
aforcBftid gnseflHed with like ellVct as il'
said warranU had not expired by tbo
limitation ot twoyoard. alurosaiu : 1 ro
vided, that provisions of this Act shall
not apply to warrants issued prior to
too yuur one thousand eight hundred
and sovonty-four : And provided fur
ther, that the provisions of this Act
shall not apply to cities of the first and
Approved the tenth day of June, A.
D. 1881. Uenhy M. Uoyt.
Aa Act making it a ml.demeanor for any minor
to knowingly aod fal.ely repreeent kimeelf of
full age for tbe porpoie of obtaioibg intoxl
Settion 1. That any person under
Ihoage of twonty-one years who shull
knowingly and falsely represent him
self to bo twenty-one years of ago to
uny licensed inn keeper, restaurant
keeper or other persons, for the pur
posool procuring or having furnished
to him by sale, gift or othorwiso any
intoxicating liquors, shall bo guilty of
a misdomeunor, and upon conviction
thereof in any court of quarter sossions
shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not
moro than twonty dollars or undorco
an imprisonment in the county jail for
poriou not exceeding tliirly days.
Sio. 2. That any person who shall
knowingly, willlully and falsely repre
sent to any licensed inn koepor, res
taurant Keeper or othor person any
minor to be ol full age, for tbo purpose
of inducing any such liconsed inn keep
er, restaurant keepor or other porson
tosellorfunish any intoxicating liquors
to said minor, shall bo uuiltv ol a mis-
domoanor, and upon conviction thereof
shall be sentenced to pay a tine ot not
more tunn twonty dollars or undorgo
an imprisonment in the county juil for
a period not exceeding thirty days.
both or cilhor, at tho discretion of tho
Approved the tenth day of May, A.
1'. 1HS1. ItKNKV M. IlOYT.
SMART ME X.
Tho valuo of a reputation for smart
ncss is questionable A smart man is
often successful, for it is necessary, in
thoso keen competitive times, to be
snarp-wittcd, and to possess sound
business capabilities ; but though ho
may acquire tho wealth ho covets, he
Irequontly docs bo at tho Bacrilico of
his solf respect and tho estoem ol his
fellows. Tho word "smart," us we
Americans uso it, implies moro than
tho mere quality of briskness and pre
cision. If smart mon woro thoso who
by straightforward, honoBt dealing
builded up a fortuno and a fuir lame,
they would bo tho most desirablo of
this world's citizens ; but we imply by
tho term thoso selfish, unscrupulous
individuals who never hesituto to tuko
a mcun advantage in order to got tbo
best of a bargain, and who will seldom
hesitato at any trickery wheroby they
cun reucn a uesirea end. now olton
do we hear of a cruol and rascally ac
tion described as "smart," and how
olton is "a smart man" liltlo bettor
p r,..,llt ynl-.rno. . iMIiarl.
men know every wealc point in law,
and thoy are very curelul not to com
mit themselves to uny thing which
would render thorn amenable tojusticc;
yet thoy aro nono tho less blameworthy.
In this very carefulness consists much
ot their smartness.
A litllo while sineo an author sub
mitted to a London publishor a manu
script, with ft view to publication.
Tbe two were unublo to agreo as to
terms, and tho publisher relusod to re
turn the manuscripts. The author
threatened legal proceedings, where
upon tbo man of paper and of print
replied, "It yon tulK ot proceedings
and dumugos I'll send your manu
scripts to America and have the book
produced thuro, and then where will
tho valuo of your copyright be t" This
was, no doubt, an exceedingly smart
suggestion, and tbo law gave him pow
er to carry it out, but it would bo
difficult to approve of its honesty. A
theatrical managor, a low months ago,
accepted and producod play which
was praised by the critics, whoso ver
dict was confirmed by tbo public. Un
der an agreement, the author was to
rocoivo so much per night for tbo first
fifty nights and then a reduced nightly
sum altorwards. After tho first wook,
the managor heard that tbo author of
tho pioco was in ill-health and was re
lying on tho proceeds of this piece ; so
ho thought ho would do a smart thing.
11 o threatened to withdraw-the pioco
(although it was an acknowledged
succuss) unless the author would con
sent to tuko, from that timo lorward,
tho reduced nightly feo. In order to
put on further pressure ho detained
tho money due fiir tho performances
ol the past woek. Had thoro boon ft
sign of "bud business" the author
would have at onco .consonted, but
there was nono, and ho replied' that ho
must bold them to the agreement.
Tho matter was referred to a third
party, and tho would-ho smart mana
ger overstepped himself by admitting,
in correspondence, that he intended to
bring tho poor author to bis torms,
lor, wroto be, "ho is in hole ill, and
hard up." Vet thoro aro mon who
will pronounce this shameful proceed
ing as a very "smart movo on tho
part of ft manager. Tho cases cited
bore aro not imaginary: tbey aro
woll-known in literary circles and
have been constantly discussed. Hap
pily, in professional life such instances
aro raro, but in the commercial world
they aro of duily occurrence. Ilusi
ness, which is now givon np to an al
most incredible extent to speculative
gambling, causes smart men to carry
on theirsmart practices with impunity.
1 hey novor sluy to consider what ruin
they aro bringing on othors, ao long
us thoy carry their point. Their ar
gument is that they must livo, and, in
order to do so, they must be smart
and cannot alford to havo conscien
tious scruples. - lS'overthelesa thoro
aro commercial qualities that In tho
long run ure safer to trust to for the
successful issue of enterprises. It is
possible to make a profit without
cheating your neighbor out of his just
due ; and in tho end tho men who find
themselves rich rind respectable are
those who havo conducted thoir bnsi
n oss upon tho rules of justico and of
truth, ralhor than upon tho principle
of smartness. Jn all relationships, po
litical, professional, commercial, and
social, tuir-dcnling mon consider tbe
wishes and noccsKities of others; but
such considerations, aa a rulo, are for
eign to "smart" men. It is for tis to
choose whether we shall bo honest or
smart. If wo are smart, let u bo
honestly so. Easy Jlnun.
Tight lacing caused the liver ofnn
Indiana woman to .grow fast to tho
epigastrium, causing her death. Ladies
cannot bo too card ill In guarding
against auch calamity s this. When
tight lacing must bo indulged in, the
epigastrium should be removed and
locked tip in the bureau drawer for
salety. Women should remember this.
THE WORKOFrlGEOJVCA TCIl
An Associated I'ross dispatch brings
tho intelligence that 7,000 wild pigoons
from tho Indian Territory aro now in
coops iu New York, and 8,001) more
will soon arrive, for uso in the comintr
tournament of the How York State
Sportsmen's Association. Wing shots,
tbe countrv over, will be InteriMted in
knowing how those wild pigeons aro
socured. Pigeon cutcbing hua grown
to quito a business in tno Indian Ter
ritory, and an iden of how il is con
ducted is givon by an exchange : Ear
ly in fcliruury Messrs. Ltugerty and
Judy, ol St. Louis, put in an appear
ance at Atoka, Indian Territory, and
at once commenced iu work ot put
ting up pens there an! at the roost,
which is about 100 miles distant. The
pens are sixteen feet rquare and about
ten foot high. UirdB, as rapidly as
captured, are housod in too woods un
til the wagons arrivo to convoy them
to Atoka, when they are transferred
to tho pens at thut pluru. At Atoka
thoy are well kopt and aro frosh for
snipmoni when ordorcd. Thcie are
twonty pens there and lorty-fvo at
the roost As each will hold about
1,000 birds it will bo seen thcro are
accommodations for a vast numier of
tho feathered delicacies. Mcssri. Hug
orty and J udy havo in addition I thou
sand coops that will hold six dozen
pigeons euch. Those aro used br con
veying the birds from the roost to tho
railway station for shipment. Sixtocn
teams aro in constant uso, transferring
ino oirus during the gathering leason.
Hovontccn export nettcrs from Now
York, Pennsylvuniu, Ohio, lidiana,
Missouri, and other States are in tho
employ of tho firm, and nro ktpt busy
as boes during thcirengugemcrt. They
till the pens luster than tho t.ams can
haul tho birds away. Four tr fivo of
tho mon coop and load tho pigoona,
wnuo a iorcman keeps tally and sees
that things run smoothly. 'Jhreo men
attend to nothing but feeding and wa
tering the little captives. Jn addition
to tho regular employes thuro are five
hundred Indians encumpid at tho
roosts, who gather "squabr at a cer
tain price per hundred. Tleso young
pigeons aro taken just tie I ire tbey can
tly. the smaller ones aro killed, put
in ico and sent to tbo marcels ot tbo
country, while tho lurgot ones aro
carefully raised for tho trup
AN EXPENSIVE BUSINESS.
Not less than 100,000 feotoflumhor
wus used in the constructim of Uiobo
pens, the hauling of which cost about
flvo times tho cost of the limber. It
will thus bo seen that tho business is
an exponsivo ono, and marksmen who
aro charcod what thoy consider still'
prices lor their birds will now know
tho reason why. Tho lusiness is a
revelation to the residcnU of tho Ter
ritory, who have hithoro contontod
thomselvos with sufficient pigeons for
their own uso, never kill'ng moro than
woro necooa lor necessary purposes.
Now all bands are "squabbinir," and
many mnko Irom JS IpJt l$n por day.
miles find steady employment, flio
business has proved a porfoct bonanza
for the pooplo of the Choctaw and
Chickasaw nations. Even tho boys
and tho girls of tho different tribes
make big wages. ''Squabs" are gath
ered in a novel manner. Tho leader
of a collecting party takes an ax and
strikos a troe in which thoro aro ncsUi
so vigorously that tho httlo things be
como frightened, jump out and full an
easy prey to thoso who aro in quest of
them. They are picked up as fast as
they reach the ground. Wagons are
ready, tho "squabs" are counted and
taken to the pens. Euch night tho
collectors aro paid for that day's work.
The pigeons havo already raised throo
clutches, and are now nesting for tho
fourth time. Tho roost coverB an aroa
of thirty square miles, and is heavily
timbored with post oaks, every branch
of which contains ono or moro nests.
Mr. William Thomas, of Now York,
altor surmounting many difficulties,
succeeded in securing enough birds to
satisfy the desires of Eastern sports
men. After considerable rivalry be
tween tho Now Yorker and tho St.
Louis parties, matters were compro
mised. A CURE FOR CAR-SICKNESS.
Many persons, especially ladies, nro
great sufferers Irom thut form of nau
sea and headache known as "car sick
ness." A journey by rail has for them
all tho discomfort and suffering that an
ocean voyage has to tho majority of
travelers. A lady who had occasion
to lako a short trip on tho Lowell road
and she novor travels by rail for
pleasure was, as usual wilh her, as
thoroughly sick as a landsman is on
tho "heaping deep" by tho fimo sho
had ridden a dozen miles. The con
ductor of tho paluco car, who was ap
parently vory familiar with such cases,
told tho sullercr's companion that a
sheot ol writing paper, worn next to
tho person, directly over tho chest, was
a suro preventive of tho troublo in nino
cases out ol ten. Ilo had recommend
ed it to hundreds of travelers and
rarely knew It to fail. The. prescrip
tion seemod vory liko a "charm," a
hoiso chestnut carried in tho pocket to
ward oil' rhoumutism or a red string
around tho neck tn prevent bleeding at
the nose ; but It was simple, and could
at least do no harm. For tho return
trip a sheet of common writing nolo
paper was fustcned insiilo tho clothing
us directed. Kcsult : a perfectly com
lortnhlo Journoy without ft hint of the
old sickness that had for years mado
trovel by rail a horror. It was so like
a superstition or a happy accident,
howevor, that tho lady would not ao,
ccpt It as real nntil subjected to a moro
severe test. This camo In a day jour
noy to Now York, and that hardest
triul of all a night trip in an "alleged"
sleeping car. iSoth were tuken in tri
umph. The "charm" worked.
Tho lady writes : "Tho day journey
was a porpetual wonder and delight to
mo. I could sit np and read, and look
at tho landscnpo through which wo
whirled, and net as other pcoplo do.
And still 1 didn't feel ready to confess
to a euro until 1 had tried tho sleeping
car, which has always boon a horror to
mo. Hut oven here tho 'spell' worked.
1 nto a heavy supper in tho dining cur
and kept it I Slept soundly all night,
got up as comfortably and dressed with
as level a head and as steady a hand
as though I had been in my own room.
Head until breakfast timo a thing I
never before done on tho cars and
was hungry for my mornirig meal. It
is really wonderful, almost too good
to ho real. For tho first timo in my
life 1 have experienced tho pleasure of
traveling. 1 wish that conductor to
be specially thanked. I wish, also,
that 1 know his namo. I would like
to rail the Lord's patticular attention
to hia caso, and don't want to mako
any mistake and have tho blessing do
scend upon tho wrong man. Ilotton
THE SUPPLY BECOllINO SCARCE AND FUR
NITURE MANUFACTURERS TROUBLED.
The Cincinnati Commercial says:
"Walnut timber it becoming so scarco
ns to give furniture manufacturers in
all parts of tbe country much troublo.
Tho Northwestern Lumberman slntes
that in consequence of the rapid de
crease in ine supply ol this wood some
grades of it havo, in several of the lead
ing markets of the country, advanced at
least twelve dollars a thousand in the
past year. Dealers, it says, are thick
in tho walnut regions, eagerly, and
evon ravenously, picking up the groon
lumber, and in somo instances unscru
pulous buyors have offered mill men an
advance ot from five to ten dollars a
thousand for their cut if they will ro
pudiato tho contracts which hold it.
Tho increasing scarcity of walnut sooms
to have attracted the attention of tho
dealers generally only within ayearor
two. A few, howevor, moro toresiL'ht-
od than their fellows, anticipated tho
famine, and havo prepared for it. One
concern for several years past bought
freely, and to come into competition
with it, other dealors who thought it
wus uuying rocKicssiy, woro forced
either to pay moro than current rates
or lesvo tho field. Asa result this con
cern has piles of walnut throughout
tho Southern Central States, and it is
holding them in reserve for tho lirao
when tbe demand will bo so groat and
tho supply so inadequate that tlicy
will realizo handsomely on their invest
ment. Thcro has boon somo tulk
among furniture men of mahogany tak
ing tho place of walnut, but this the
Lumberman thinks is impossible, tho
supply being not half sufficient. It
"1 bo impossibility of procuring ma
hogany in desirablo quantities may bo
bcitor understood when it is known
that it is bocoming moro difficult to
got ovory year, as the logs havo to bo
brought from further inland. Another
drawback to tho business is that cvory
vessol owner is not willing to put his
vessels into tho mahogany carrying
business. Many of tho coasts ot tho
countries whence it comes are wanting
in goou naroors, and as tho vessels are
obliged to anchor a milo or so from
shore and having the logs ruftod to
thorn, tho cyclones that sweep over
that latitudo aro liablo to destroy them,
loiift year wo road of tho destruction
ol soveral vessels ongaged in that trado,
and as there are but comparatively few
in it, it shows that the busiuess is a
It is probable that when tho wulnul
s all gone other nativo woods will tako
ts place. Sovoral varieties, such as
rod oak, birch, beech and ovon black
ash, which hove heretofore rocoivod
attention, are now being used to a con
siderablo extent. Many pooplo who
own lands that aro unfit for cultivation
would do wisely to plant thorn in wal
nut trees. Land so utilizod would, in
few years, not only bo a sourco of
much profit, but during tbo interron-
uroaits and tend to induce a holler ITg
ulatod rainfall. That walnut can bo
successfully cultivated in this country
there is no doubt. Near Onoidu, Mis
souri, aro a numbor of thrifty walnut
groves. The troos woro obtained Irom
tho soed. The groves range from Ion
to lifteon years old, and tho trcos are
from twenty to lorty feet high and
from four to eight inches in diumeter.
n somo parts ol Kansas walnut troos
iuvo grown filtcen feet high from tho
seed in six years. In Wisconsin a gen
tleman who had ft pioco of land unfit
for ordinary cultivation planted it in
walnut, and in twenty. thrco years tbo
trocs were from sixtoen to twonty
inchos in diamotor. Several hundred
acres of such trocs would now bo worth
a fortuno. -Many a landlord farmer
might make his lund profitable by sot
ting it out in walnut troos, which will
novor oat thoir hoadsoff,and willyoarly
incroaso in valuo.
FREAKS OF LIGHTNING.
Lightning struck a book in the pocket
ot John li. Junek, of Hefugio, Texas,
and tore ils pages in asingulurly irreg
ular manner. Junek was knocked
William Alslord and bis son-in law,
Norton Orr, of East Uunnibal, Mo.,
woro struck by a bolt and tho former
was killed. Orr will be totally deaf tho
rest of his days.
At Springfield, Muss., lightning rip
ped np the floors of tho houso of Morris
A. Looley, tore out the ceilings, put
out the lights, and created a general
shaking up. Nono of the inmates was
Lightning struck a cherry treo in tbo
court yard ot JN. U. JlcUracken, of
Fulton, N. Y., and killed tho canary in
tho cugo that Mrs. Mct'rackcn was
holding in her hand. Mrs. McCraekon
was not hurt.
Tho homo of Mrs. Catharine Welch,
of Kiltory, Me., wascomplatoly wreck
ed oy lightning. Airs, vt eleh a son was
hurled from his bed against the wall,
and Mrs. Welch berself was stunned.
At llurrcdsburg, Ky., lightning shut
tered every window pnne In Ibe hntiar.
of Isaac Torhunc, and demolished a
tree measuring thirty inches so com
pletely that lurgo pieces of wood wore
thrown 100 foot and the trunk split
into ordinary oord wood.
A policeman in the Central polioo
station of Philadelphia had just finish
ed combing and dressing his hair in a
recent thunder-storm wbon the elec
tricity soon unmade it by drawing
ovcry hair on end so that it looked as
if milled by a rako, but his body suf
fered no injury.
in a recent storm in 1 hiladolphia n
ball of whilo tiro resembling ft flicker
ing oloctrio light was visible on tho
very top ot a tall telegraph polo on
Fourth stroot, below Chestnut. lnv
few soconds it darted among ono of the
wires and waa lost in tho darkness.
Another and another followed in rapid
succession until the wire resembled a
string of dancing rod-hot balls.
Lightning did terrible work at Cedar-
town, Ua., recently. In a doublo log
houso occupied hy ft lamily named
1'nneo and another named Brazier, tho
bolt entered tho roof nnd struck doad
Mrs. llrazior, who was standing hy tho
lire masting colleo. Her neck was
broken and her head split open by
piece ol tho mantel that was torn off
by the lightning and hurled at her with
torrilio Itirce. JHr. 1'owell, who was
holding Mra. Brazier's infant, was
knockod senseless, Jeff Yancy, who
was in tho same room, was struck dead
Mrs. rrtnee, who stood in tho hallway
botwocn the rooms, was instantly killed,
and a bolo was made in the floor under
her foot aa il a riflo ball bad pierced it.
SttniorsLT Wounded. Miss I.illi
White, who is about to marry , remark
ed on Memorial Day that she could
sympathize wilh the brave boys in
bluo, having lost her hand in in on-
gagement, notion Jmmcript.
FRANCE AND GERMANY.
Italy still clings to tho forlorn hopo
of forming a combination which shall
shake the boavy hand of tbo French
Republic Irom the long-coveted bays
and valleys of tho Tunis regency.
Active intercession with tho Court ol
St. James has been going on evor since
the treaty extorted Irom the Hey was
published, but licaconsflcld's action at
Berlin readers any covenant of the
two powers against Franco impossible.
Tbo mischievous Italian Consul, whoso
insolent aggression against French
merchants invoked tbe French Gov
ernment's interference, bus been re
called, under form of vacation, not,
however, bel'oro bo saw tbo iniquitous
railroad grant that he had cheated the
French out of taken from bis proteges
and returned to tbo originators, the
French company. The Sultan, proba
bly inspired oy Italian influence, makes
proclamation that ho reluses to recoir-
nizo tho now ordur of things and that
ho alone is sovoreign in tho lust resort
ot lunis and its citizens.
Gladstone gave the tone to tho En
glish discussion of tho French seizure
of Tunis so soon as tho caso could be
brought before Parliament. Tho mad
invoolivo which at first sulutod the
publication of tho French treaty with
tho boy was at onco turned to a diplo
matic expression Of regret that the lio
public Bbould have been so fatuous as
to play tho vory game that Bismarck
would havo chosen for bor above all
others. The Liboral organs woro pro
fuBO in warnings that for tho more
temporary gain of the fino harbors of
tbe liegency Franco had war of re
venge, which is the first waking
thought and the last before aleopingof
tho Gaul. Wo may bo vory sure that
if Franco had not taken caro to be
armed with tho authorization of Glad
stone's predecessor, the Hepublic would
novcr have vonturcd nt this crisis to
put in action bor long-sottlod policy ot
strengthening hor colonial possessions
in Alrica by tbo seizure ot Tunis. But
oven it, as thesohcitous F.nghsb journ
als assort, the Tunis ttction has post
poncd the war of rcvengo, iho real
menus oi r ranee cannot regard that
as an unmitigated misfortune Every
day that wans deferred makes Franco
stronger and does not strengthen Gor-
many. franco needs years to rocupcr
ato tho waste of 1870. Germany, on
tho contrary, to keep ils mastery on
tbo continent must fight whilo tho men
and armies of 1870 nro at hor disposal.
In tho courso of nature it cannot bo
long before Von Moltlto and his .com
rades, who studied that campaign for
twonty-live years before pulling it in
execution, will havo pussod away,
leaving only their traditions to a stuff
that can bo Boon already to bo weaken
ed by colossal and oasily won triumph
of tho lust campaign. History shows
that Germany haB a Iready gono th ro'gh
tho same exporienco. Tbo battalions
that tho groat Frederic trained, and
with which he won such miraculous
victories, woro but a generation re
moved from the armies of tbo luckless
Duko (of Brunswick, routed by the
confldonco thoy woro annihilated at
Jenu by the .Republican conscripts. In
rovongo, ton or hlloon yenrs Inter,
those troops, trained in a constant
school of defeat, turned the tide of
Napoloonic conquest at Loipsic, Baut
zon and Waterloo. II the occupation
of Tunis has therefore postponed tho
war ol rovongo tho liopublio uidn l do
a bad stroko ot business, lor the mcro
necessity which Germany is under to
keop up .tn onormous establishment is
doing ft work to the nation quite as
destructive as a French campaign end
ing in tho tri-color flying over tho
Urandonburgh gate and Alsaco and
Lorraine restored. l'hila. 'Times.
People who dine at hotels, and even
aomclimos at gentlemen's tables, sel
dom find a salad that is really excel
lent. Generally spenking, it is a black
green, bittor, and if it woro not for tho
liboral appliance of mustard, eggs, oil
and paper, it would be quito unlit for
any human stomach, llow different
this is from what a cool, delicious salad
ought to bo. It seoms practically to
bo forgotten by those who grow salad,
that lettuce was never intended to be
eaten unless blanchod. In ICurope
they grow s long, broad leaved kind
called the Koman or Cos lettuce, which,
alter having retained considerable de
velopment, bus tbo loaves drawn up
and lied together at tbo top. Tho in
terior continuing to grow, and of courso
in tho dark, by tbe tying up of the
outer leaves, makes a burd muss liko an
elongated cabbage, which cuts np as
white and crisp and swoet as a atick ol
celery. This kind has never found
place in American gardens, boaiiso our
climate induces it to run to seed too
quickly. Tho various kinds of cubbugo
lettuce aro prelerred,bocauso thoy closo
in their leaves naturally, and. are sup
posed to blanch themselves. Hut this
is, as wo havo shown, n pleasant fiction,
as there is very litllo of tbo white
about any that wo see, except where
thcro is groat success in growing them
into beads Ol'ennrao, our eottntry ia
not so well nduplod to tho growth ot
gooil lettuce as England is. It will
not stand extreme cold, nor does it
liko warm days and hot tuns. It
wants to go to seed as soon as tho
temperature goes over Co degroos,
But we could havo much bettor than
wo do. In tho Spring a tolerable arti
cle is generally obtained. On our own
premises we novor lail. Started by a
litllo protection Irom frames, it
brought to pcrloction before the warm
weather comes. .To have it good later
is not cii 111 fit It, by employing vory neb
land and ns cool a spot as can be so
cured. All vegetables that wo value
tor their succulenco require a rich soil
to their best development, but it is nn
essential to good Summer lettuco. A'j'.
Poor and Proud. Young men out
ot business aro sometimes bumpored by
pride. Many young mon whogo West
take moro pride than money along. A
young man that "works for his bouid,"
no mullor what honost work he does,
has no reason for shame, A young
man who oats the bread of idleness, no
mattor how muck money he baa, is
disgraced. All young men starling in
lifo ought to aim first ol all to find ft
placo whore thoy can earn their broad
and butter, with hoe, axe, spade, wheel
barrow, currycomb, blacking brush
no matter bow. Independence first.
Tbo bread and buttor question settled,
lot tho young man perlorm hia duly to
faithfully as to atlraet attention, and
lot him constantly keen bis eyes open
tor ft chance to do boiler. About half
the poor, proud vounu men, and two
thirds of the poor, discouraged young
mon, aro always oat of work, iho
young man who pockets hit pride, and
carriet an npper lip u Hiff at a cst
iron door ttep-scrapor, need not starve,
and tlandt ft good chance to becomo
rich. ..Vifj i ork Journal of uimmeret,
THE GROWTH OF THE G UN.
Hunting for ganto was practiced
wilh bow and arrow only, until tho
sixteonth century tho Spaniards con
trived tbo arquebutis or match lock.
Hore tho match was fitted to a "ser
pentine" or cock, hung upon a pivot,
and brought inlo contact with the
priming by a working substantially
tue saiuu us mat oi the modern ham
mer and trigger. This was lurther
improved by tho German invention of
a steel wheel with serrated odgc, fitted
to spring, and made. to revolve
rapidly, tho edge coming in contact
with a pieco of pyrites, and by this
iricuon producod tbe sparks, to ignile
too pruning, ibe uso ot tho whoel
lock lor sporting purposes was very
general in the mid. Ilo ot the sixteenth
century, and for long time was not
But necessity is tho mothor of in
vention. A band ot Dutch chicken
stoalors or of Spanish marauders it is
disputod which boing too poor to
provide thomselvos with the high
priced whocl lock, and alraid to use
tho match lock because its light re
vealed their wheroabouta to the min
ions of tho law abstained from thoir
ovil practices long enough to doviso n
weapon bolter adapted to the needs of
roost robbers. Tho result was the flint
lock ; and the pot-bunting fraternity
scored a long credit mark. 'TheBports
men of our grandfathers' eonoration
owed tbe mechanism of their guns to
a band of poultry tbioves ; thoro isyot
nope ior tuo colored Drotbor.
Tho flint-lock reached ils perfection
in mo nanas oi "that king ol gun
makers." Joseph Manton. in thooarlv
part of the prosont contury, and it
gave way only to ft worthy superior
me modern gun exploded by per
Tho discovery of fulminatinir pow
ders and thoir application to eunnorv
mark a most important epoch in tho
uiuiiuiaciuro snu employment ol nro
arms. The chargo in tho gun was at
first placed above Ibe fulminating pow
der which was ignited by tho concussion
ot an iron plunger struck by a cock.
Then the plunger was dispensed wilh,
and the lulminato was simply placed
in the flah pan, Tho successive steps
are tamiliar to almost all gunners ; the
priming was placod between two bits
of paper and culled percussion pellets;
the fulminate was affixed to the brooch
of tho newly invented cartridgo and
fired by a penolrating noodle; then
camo tho copper cay; and then tho
culminating improvement of tho cart
ridge containing both the chargo and
the priming, and ignited at first by tho
pin anu aiiorward rim ure and central
Mollio had a little ram, floeco as
black as ft rubber shoo, and every
where that Mollie went he emigrated
lie went with her to church ono
day tho folka hi la-rious grow, to too
mm walk aomurciy into Deacon Al
The worthy deacon quickly let his
angry passion rise, nnd gnvo it nn un
christian kick between the sad brown
I his landod rammy in the aisle ; the
deacon followed fust, and raised his
foot again, nlnsl that first kick was
For Mr. Shocn. walked slowlv back.
about n rod, 'tis said, and era tho dea
con could retreat, it stood him on bis
The congregation then arose and
wont for that ero sheep, but tovoral
well directed butts just piled them on
Then rushed they straightway for
the door, with curses long and loud,
while rammy struck tho hindmost
man and tent him through the crowd.
Tho minister had often beard that
kindness would subduo tho fiercest
beast "Aha," says ho, "I'll try that
game on you."
And so bo kindly, gontly called :
"Como, rummy, rammy, ram ; to see
tho folka abuse you to, I grieved nnd
ith kind and gcntlo words bo
camo from that lull pulpit down, lay
ing, "rammy, rammy, rammy ram
best ehcepy in the town."
Tbo rum looked meek, and on be
came, with "rammy, rammy, ram ;
ram, rammy, rammy, ram : tbo nice
Tbe rum quito dropped ita humble
air, and roso from oil his feet, and
when tho parson lit he lay beneath
the hindmost seat.
As bo shot out tho open door, and
closed, it with ft slam, he named a
California town, I think 'twas "Yuba
Tho tomato crop has bocomo cno of
tho most important in tho domestic as
well as in tho market garden, and
should be carefully looked after. There
was a timo when tho eating of toma
toes, raw ami cooked, was overdone
hut they huvo becomo a Block fruit, to
h eoton lor anlnd nr annco. and are
still moro useful lor flavoring soups
and othor dishes. In tho Cast they
have boon used for a longporiod in tho
lattor form, as an indispensable article
A liltlo caro in training tho plants
and moderato trimming will greatly
promote their fruitfulnosa, advanco tho
timo of their ripening and improve
their flavor. It is well to havo thorn
sot out on the aunny aide of wall or
fence against which they may Detrain
ed on a slanting trellis, so as to afford
a Iroo circulation of air behind and at
tho same time expose, the fiuit con
stunlly to tho sun. The sun is essen
tial to the pcrloction ot the fruit as
much as w ith cherries or apple. It is
oltcn excluded from the tomatoes by
tho rank growth of vinos and loaves,
and to the fruit ia slow in coming to
perfection. Indeed it novcr docs come
to perfection without tho ripening in
flticnco of tho sun's rayt.
Another great advantage of training
tomatoes in the manner suggested is
that tbey are kept out of the dirt, are
always clean and ready for use and are
not liable to rot. The common modo
of lotting tbo plants take care of them
selves, and tho fruit lie on the ground,
expoeoi the tomatoes to dirt and rot
ind vormin, Irom which they miy
easily be preserved by ft little extra
Where n trellis or frame cannot be
mado it ii well to put brush on the
ground before they have bad much
growth, and allow the plant to rnn on
the brush. This will koep tho fruit out
of tho dirt, and an occasional moderate
trimming ol the vines and leaves will
expoto it to the sun. Hut ft good frame
will pay well in the end.
A fly is laid to have 10,000 eye.
No wonder be is careless where he
leaves hia speci.
THE DERBY STAKES.
Tho race won on June 1st, by P.
Lorillard'i American Iroquit wot the
102d Derby, and is tbe first victory of
tbe Dorby stakes. The Dorby wai
first run in 1780, nnd since then rankod
as one of the principal oven Is In En
gland ; nnd although its popularity it
being throatenod by tho liberal stakes
and added moneys tt other moetinga,
it il not likely to cense to bo the grand
ovont of the racing year. The reool
loctions nttachod to the race have be
como purt of tho history of England.
Epsom, whore tbo Derby it run, it
parish in tho county of Surrey, four-
leeu miies irom London, on tbe turn
pike from London to Dorking. About
1080 the town became known from
one end of tbo kingdom to tho other
by the discovery of tho springs from
which tho colulirated I'.iisom salts ara
derived, Pooplo wont from Loudon
to drink of the waters, nnd in coarse
of time a lashionnble town sprang up,
with lodging housos, a ball-room, and
othor accommodations. Kaeing was
introduced thoro previous to 1077. for
James I. lived there, and he wus fond
of racing. In the reign of Charles 1,
ruces were of frcquont occurrence, nt
they were used to bring the gentry
ogeiber, where so much plotting wns
done tbut Cromwell forbade the sport,
But n century luter the racing nt Ep
som had becomo famous, nnd although
more nro no records, nearly all of the
old publications mako mention of tbe
fact. Racing, howevor, soemt to have
injured tho town nt ft fashionable re
sort, and soon sothing was loft to Kp.
som excopt its race course, which in
duo timo came to bo the boot in En
gland. Within the last few years the
town has boon nearly rebuilt. A num
ber of trainers, jockoys, and others
identified wilh tho turt make it their
homo, and Lord Kosoborry has a coun
try rosidenoo thoro, the Durdana. Tbe
beginning of tbo milo and a hall race
ooursois wido enough for forty starters.
Tho first ground covered in a stoop
ascent, followed, when tho top ot the
out is reacnea, Dy toioruDio nut ground
for throe furlongs. Then comet the
very sharp descent to Tottenham
Corner a rather dangerous curve, and
the straight run in of rather less than
half a mile, the rise to tho sland boinir
gradual and slight. With tho excep
tion of Tottenham Cornor thoro is no
dangoroue part of tho courso, and the
running track all around it of ample
width to afford elbow room toa practi
cally unlimitod number of startors.
GOUT AND DYSPEPSIA.
It is well-known that gout is a com
mon diseaBO in England. In this
country it is so rare that little ia
known about it outside the modical
profession. It is, howover, an exceed
ingly painful disease, and the intorvnlt
botwocn tho attacks tend to grow less
nnd loss as is illustrated in the caso
of Spurgcon, who is now so frequently
driven from his pulpit by thorn.
At tho witty F'ronchman has do
scribed it, rheumatism is your hand in
tbo viso until you can stnnd it no
longer ; gout is ono moro turn of the
Luxurious living, with insufficient
exercise, is universally regarded as its
cause, except that ono may inherit
tendency to it, though ovon this, doubt
less, connects with inherited luxurious
Dyspepsia., on the othor band. is. in
this country, as common as gout ia
raro. Thia, also, is Inrgoly due to im
proper eating improper in quality or
in quantity. Ono may have naturally
weak powers of digestion ; or tho di
gestive capacity may have bocomo
weakened temporarily or permanently.
by grief, caro, anxiety, pressure of
business, unremitting brain work, or
too little exorcise in the open air.
At la to meeting ot tbe lioston So
ciety for Modical Observation, Dr.
Curtil pointed out the common ontl'tl
Gout results where digestion is vigor
ous. Tho blood bocomot overcharged
wilh food, mainly nitrogenous. This,
instead of beingeliminated in tbo form
of urea, carbolic ncid, eto., remains in
tho System imperfectly oxidizod, at the
source of tho latter disease
In tho United States, ovoroating,
giving riso to dyspepsia, prevent! that
excess of unassimilatod nutriment
which ia the foundation of England's
moro painful atlliction.
Croup. A towel or flannel cloth
wrung out of hot vinegar in which ft
littlo salt bos been added, and placed
upon tho chest and throat changing
every ten minutes wilh a dry towel
thoroughly covonng it, olton materi
ally nssi'ts in relieving an atlnck of
CiBi for hoarseness. lano the
whites of two eggs and beat them wilh
two teuspoonfuli of while sugar, gralo
in n little nutmeg, then add a pint of
lukewarm wator ; stir well, drink often
and it will euro tho most obstinate
caso ol hoarseness in a short timo.
Gaboi.i for Sore Throat. Take
teaspoonful of cayenne pepper, one of
salt, ono pint oi wator, and two tea
spoonfuls of vinegar ; twoetoo to tasto
with honey or loal sugor; mixtogoin
or and bottle.
Diphtheria. Dissolvo one tahle
spoontul of sulphur in glass of cold
wator; garglo tho throat six or eight
times a day. Cook salt pork in vine
gar and bind on tbo throat; when tbe
paroxysms come on soak the hands
and feet in just as hot water as tho
patient will bear. with a tablcspoonful of
baking soda thrown in. Rubbing tbe
limbs and body will assist greatly in
throwing off tho disease. The simple
sulphur remedy is very oiToctual in
common aoro throat.
Relief for Burns. A quick euro
it to apply a layor of common salt and
saturate it wilh laudanum. Hold it
in place an hour or so by simple band
ago. Tbo smarting sensation will dis
appear rapidly ami the burn got well.
FoitSrBAiNS. Thcro is nothing hot
ter than a strong decoction of worm
wood and vinegar. A flannel cloth
wrung out of the above just as hot
tho paliont will bear and bonnd on tho
affected part will give immcdinto relief.
Glvcose. Glucose ii mndo from
corn. A bushol of corn, oosting 2
contt to 30 cents, is, by the process of
mnnnlacturo, turnod into dollar's
worth of glucoao. Tbe oost of conver
sion is said to be about 25 cents, to
that it is not unreasonable to estimate
tho profit at nearly one hundred per
cent on cost. Tbe growth of this in
dustry during tbo past fow yean bat
boon something almost Incrcdibls.
Twenty largo factories have been Blurt
ed or nro rendy to go into operation,
with n rapital of not less than 12,000,.
Out). The consumption of corn this
year will probably be 15,000,000 bush
el, and tho valuo of tbe product, an
tes price decline, will bo 110,000,000
to (12,000,000. The largest use of this
product is In the manufacture of candy,
nine tenths of tbe cheaper kinds ol con
fectionery being mode of it, according
to the reporli of those who have in
vestigated the matter. It is also used
to adulterate sugars and syrups, is con
verted into irtiticial honey and enters
largely into the composition of boor.
Pure glucose Ii said to be harmless, but
sulphuric acid, lime and the talt of
coppor, used in ita preparation, are
sometime found to an injurious extent
in the article on sale. 1 1 should, at all
event, b honoitly handled and dealt
in for what it Is.
"Here ' a fly in my loop, waiter."
"Yes, sir, vory lorry, sir, but you can
throw away the fly and eat the loop,
can't yoa f" "Of eourw I can ) yon
didn't expect me to throw away ll.i
soup and eat the fly, did you T"