Newspaper Page Text
roBLIIBBB BTBBV WBDBBaBAV, AT
KHTAHLMHBD IN IS..
f he larg;eBt ClreiUtloD ifuf Newspaper
la North Central Pennsylvania.
Tormt of Sabioription.
If paid in edvnaoe, or within I monthf..v3
if i,ald after ' before 6 months g
i. Lid alter the explretloa o( noathi .M 3
I, ,,,d alter tha explretloa
Batoa oi Advertising,
Trnnileot advertisements, per square of lOllaesor
,, J times orlMl 1 60
Fur each subsequent lueertloa.. 60
Vlminiitratorl' and Executors' notioaa I 60
Auditors' notices m . S 60
Cutini and Estreys .. 1 60
pn.olotion notices S 00
Profo.slonel Cardi, I Hill or lass,! year.,.. 6 00
l.oeel notices, par Una to
I s'luars.. .8 00 I column.. 960 00
Isouares... 16 00 I t aolamnMH...M. TO 00
li.iu.arei... 10 00 I 1 column ..110 00
O. B. QOODLANDER,
TJ W. SMITH,
11:1:71 Clearfield, Pa.
1:11 Phlllpeburg, Centre Co.. Pa. y:pd
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwensvllle, Clearfield county, Pa.
net. , 'TO tf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office In "Old We.ternl ball dint," (upstair).
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
asp-Office one door eait of Shaw Hooaa.
TU. M. McCULLOTJGII,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OBI in Masonlo bnlidlnf. Second otreet, ap-
po.ite the Court House. Jelio, 7B-U.
T C. ARNOLD,
4 COLLECTION OFFICE,
Clearflaid County, Pena'a.
ATTORNKY AT LAW,
nrt-.ee in Opera House.
Wu. A. Wallacb,
UaHST F. Wallacb
..David L. Kbbbs,
..Via. K. Wallacb.
yrALLACK & KKEli.S,
A T T O R S K Y S - A T - L A W ,
Jsnl'sl Clearfield, Pa.
g.MlTII V. WILSON,
CLEARFIELD, . - PENN'A.
dr-Oftlce la tbo Maaonlo Building, over tha
Cuunly National Hank. in.r!4-80.
J F. SNYDER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
-dico over tha County National Bank.
J one ,
JRANK G. HARRIS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Clbab viblb, Pxnn'A.
FIrst-elese Life and Fire Insurance Companies
vT-Offiee in the Opera llouso..
Mar. lo, ei-ly"
TBOI. B. BUBBAT.h
jJURRAY k GORDON,
ATTORNBY8 AT LAW,
JboT-Offieo la Ple'a Opera llouee, aaeend floor.
flLLlASI A. HAGEItTY,
ol'Uli: orcr T. A. fleck Co.'e Store,
,eT-Wlll attend to all leiel bniioeee with
protuploeM and fidelity. 1ebll,'BV-tI.
OIIPI I. M'BMAL.T.
bamibl w. a'coaor.
flt-LS-l bsilnoiiattoadMl to promptly with)
M-uty. Uffiri on HoooBd ttroot, abort tht Fint
.Vitional bank. Jn:l:7i
J F. McBlENRICK,
All loral builaeie entroated to hi. tare will re.
eolro prompt attention.
-Offlo. in the Coart Honie.
Real BiUU aod Oollaotloa Afeat,
Cl EAHflKLI), PA.,
Will promptly attend to all lofal bu.ioe.l .a
lru.t.d to Ml earn.
-OBae la Pie'e Opera Iloaae. Janl'70.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNKY AT LAW.
nd Real ICatate Aareut, Clearfield, Pa,
ODIsa oa Third itraet. bet. Cherrr A Walnut,
attr'Koi.poetfnlly oflTere hie aervieea In eelllng
and buying lande la Olearfleld and adjoining
eounttoa , and with aa aaperleaee of o.ertwentT
..are aa a ourveyor, Oatura bimaelr that ha eaa
render all.faelloa. IPeb. ll::tf,
R. E. M. SCIlKURKR,
Offloe la raaideaae oa Fir.t eL
April 14, 1871. Cl.ar8.ld, Pa.
rvR. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN A SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITY, PA.
Will ettead profeoitonal oalll promptly. auflO'TO
)R. T. J. BOIER,
I' H Y 8 IC I A N AND 5UHOION,
OBoe oa Market Street, Clearl.ld, Pa.
-OBoe hoare 1 to 11 a. m , and 1 to 0 p. m
R. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
4r0a.e Bdjoltiag the reefdenne ef Jemoe
K"ly, E., oa Seoond St, Clnrleld, Pa.
fJ O. JENKINS, M. V.,
I'HYSIUIAN AND S URGE ON
Offiroe at ret.ld.noe, eoraer of Bute end Piae
'"II. Jan. 61b, 1881-lf.
J)fl. H. B. VAN VALZAH,
O'tlCK lH RF8IDENCB, CORNER OF FIRST
AND PINE STREET).
Mr OBoe hoara-Prora II lo I P. M.
May II, 10T0.
)K. J. r. BURCH FIELD,
Snrieoa of the lid Xeflmeat, Peaaeylranla
Velaateere, haviag retaraed frera the Army,
el7.ri hit profeitleaal ler.leei le theeltli.nl
VPref.ialeaal .alia promptly altaaded aa.
. ea Oeoead Hreel, formerly eMapled by
GEO. B. QOODLAUDEB. Editor 4 Proprietor. PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. TEBMS-$2 per annum in Advance.
VOL. 55-WHOLE NO. 2,737. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 22, 1881. ' NEW SERIES-VOL. 22, NO. 25.
TTILLIAS1 M. HENKY, Jubtioi
t T or toi PbacbampBcbiybbbb, LUMBER
CITY. Collection! node fend money promptly
paia orer. Artteiei oi agreement aaa diwi oi
NIT.710H Beetly eieouud aad warranted ear
root or mo eharfo. ISJy'TI
(OBTBBB P. .)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
run bbll TowieRir.
Ma; I, l78-lj
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
.ell'TI CLEARFIELD, PA.
Land Surveyor and Civil Engineer:
SaT-All aaeinrei will be attende I to promptly.
Dee. 16, 1830-1.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
. Will oieeute Job. In hll line promptly and
IB a workmanlike manner. apre.DT
WILLIAM D. U1GLER,
Not. 17th, 1880 tf.
WEAVER &. BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs,
AND LUMBER 9V ALL KINDS.
jtrOffleo on BeMortd atrMt, ia rofer of itort
room or uor w citn a uo. Jd, ts-u.
JUSTICE Of TUB PEACE
Oaoeola Mill. P. O.
II oQloial boeloeu animated to blm will
promptly attended to. mohjv, '70.
LX BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER
Shop on Market St., oppoelte Court Home.
A eleaa towel for every onitomer.
Alio dealer ia
lint Uraaila or Tobares and Clear..
niearO.ld. Pa. may 10, 'T6
JAMES H. TURNER,
JUSTICE OF THK PKACH,
&r-H ha propferod himiolf with all th
noooiffery blDk formi nndtr th PmiIob and
Bounty law, ai vol! ai blaok DtcUt, to. All
ljral Btttari trntraaUd lo bii earo will rMtlvc
prompt atUntioo. Mmj lib, XiU-tf.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLBARFIBLD, PENN'A.
AOr-Pumpe alwaya on band and made to order
en inort nottoe. ripM ooreo on roaaonanie lerma
All work warranted to render eatiifaetioa, and
delivered If deiired. my!6:lypd
THE underilgnod begr leave to Inform tbepnb
lie that ha ie now folly prepare, to aoeommo
date all la the way of furniahlng ll-.i., Buggler,
Saddle! and Harnoea, oa the abortoat notiee and
en roaeonable terma. Ruldenoo on Loouet itrMt,
between Third aad roorth.
UEO. W. OKAR1IART
1le.rn.ld, F.b. 4, 1174.
THOMAS H. FORCEE
Alio, OBtenilro manofaotnror and dealer In Square
Timber and Hawed Lumber 01 au Binaa.
Order! eolleiud and all bill! promptly
I. 8N Y D E R,
ABB BBALBB IB
Watchoaj Clocks and Jowelry,
tVaAoa'! M, ATorael Ariel,
All kind! of repalrlof ny line promptly at
ndad to. wan. lit, .of.
J AM IN KBRB.
CABBOLL L. BtDOLB
Clearfield Insurance Agency:
KERR H UIIHH.E, Atenll,
Rrproeenlthe following aad other flnt-olaH Co'l
I.ir.rnool Londoa A Slobe V. S. Br..$4..Hl.80
Lyeotnieg ob mutual A earn plani.... O.OOO.OoO
Phmnil, of Hartford, Conn l,0'i.8.1
Inaoranee Co. of North America 0,438,674
Nortb.Hrlti.h A Mereantlle U. H. Br- 1,7!,8U
Scottl.'h Commercial U. 8. Branch...- 878,146
Tra.elara Life A Accident) 4,6S,464
Office on Market Ht., opp. Court Houae, Clear
laid. fa. June 4, '7 ll.
OK TINWAHU, II A R D A H E,
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS,
NEEDLES, ATTACHMENTS AND PARTS,
and all klnda of
O. H. MERRELL, . Agent,
CLEARFIELD, PA. June I, 'HO tf.
WHLIAM 0. HELMB0LD,
Ptiffon Mllotk, Vunttnirillt, Pa
Gompanios Rcpreeented i
Commercial Union In.. Co., Aeeetl .10,008,701 16
Firrmen'i Fund Int. Co., A..ole I. Inn, 017 00
l'nloa Inraraaoe Co., A.la 1,010,887 08
Trarelan' Aooiiieat Ina. Co.. Aieeta.. 1,610,104 18
Northora Inl. Co. of New York A.'tl (46,8110 00
Inroranoe plaoed oa all hiada of property at
THK LA RO B.ST STOCK Of
Fine Kalian .Marble In (he Slate.
BMh FINTHHKD or VNFINI8IIKD. Wt pot
any work tbat eaa m bo ib too euy it Btaca
thaapor ratoa. Wo will fat Bp
fa ItallaB Marblaor Granita, thaapor tfeaa Heaa
bo drB la aay othar part of tbo Siata. Any par
on buyiof oioaanfiital work to amoaatortli aad
apwardi, will Bart faro paid to and froa PblMpa
barg. Io Bot ba fooltd with ohaap Aonricaa
aibla whaB job eaa buy An lultaa narbla at
bMIKAD STONES b ipaeiallj.
Produoo aad arproTod ?apar will bo takaa la
atrbanira for Oonettry wart. Alloaab par nan ta
oa taaae lo tbo M alia d bob Vaakiof Co., to
tha ortdlt of R. PlKHCH.
PbUlpaburi, Pa., Jan. S0f UII.-Obi.
DKMOCRA TW PRIMARY ELEC
TION RULES OF CLEAR.
I. The organimloa of the County Commitoe
ahau oa and remain ae aow eoaatituUd that ia
one member for.rcry borongh and townahip and
a Chairman, which Committee anall be eolerted
annually by the delegalei.and their term of offioe
ball begin at January following their election.
Or TBB OBLIOATBI ABD COXTBBTIOB.
S. The number of dele.atea to which each die.
trict ie entitled il baaed upon the following role,
mat 10 any 1 neco election aiairlot In tbo coon,
ty Boiling obo hundred Demoeretie vote, or le.
hall be entitled lo two delegate, abaolotely, and
for eaoh additional one hundred Democratic rotoe.
or fraction greater than one-half thereof, polled
In laid district at the Let preoeding tio.crnor'e
eleotion, an additional delegete, aad nnd.r tbla
rate the following allotment of delegatei it now
maoe. lor 1001 1
Rum. Ida borough S Covington-..
Clearfield 3 Decatur
OurweniTillo. 2 Ferguson
DuBoi. 1 Olrard
Olen Hope lUraliain ,
Lumber City 2 ilraenwood..
New Washington lululich
Newburg 2' Huston.-
Osceola. 2 Jordan
Wallaceton 2 Kartbaus.-..
lleoearia township 2 Knox
. 2 'Lawrence..
.... 2 Moms
.... 2 Peon
.... 2 Pik
.... 4 Sandy
.... 2 I nion
.... 1 Woodward...
blbctiob and butibb or cnAiauAB.
S. Tha delrrate eleelione and Connie C'jti
tlon shall be governed and oonducted Itrlotly In
aoeordanoa wuk Iba following rules, and the
Chairman of tbo Countr Committee shall be
annually elected by the County Convention and
shall be x.ojftci9 the President of all County
TIUB Or BLBCTIOftB.
4. The election for delegatee lo ronresant the
different districts in the annual Democratic Coun
ty Convention shall be held at the usual place of
holding the fca.ral aleetione for each di.uI.L
on the Saturday preuedinr the tblrd Tuesday of
September, (bring the 17lh this year) begiuaing
ai a o oioca, r. ai., 01 aame any.
wbo TO Bold BLScrioB.
6. The said delegate eleotlons shall be held bv
an election board, to eoneist of tbe membere of
tbo County Committee for such district, and two
other Democratic votera thereof, who sball be
appointed or designated by tbe County Com.
BOW TO BILL TACABCIBB,
lo case any of the persons so ennstitutinff the
board shall be absent from the p'aoe of holding
tbe election for a quarter of an hour after Iba
time otipolnted, by Rule irst, for opening of the
same, bis or tfa.ir place or places, shall be filled
by an eleotien te be conducted eiea voice by the
Aemocratio voters pressni ai me time.
QBAuricATioa or totkbb.
6. Every qusllfied voter of the district, who at
tbe leet general election Toted tbe Demoeretie
lloket, eball be entitled to vote at the delegate
aopK or totixo.
7. The roll 111 at all delegate elections sball be
by bellot; upon which ballots shall be written
or printed the name or names of tbe delegate or
delegetes voted fur, together with any lostrue.
tlons whieh the voter may desire to give the dele
gate or delrgntee. Rneh ballot to be received
from tbe person voting the same by a member or
tbe electioa board, and by aim deposited in a
box or other reeeptaole prepared for that purpoae .
to which box or otber reoeplaole 00 person but
tbe members of tbe eleetion board shall have
8. No Instrncllons shall be received or reeog.
Diced unices the same be voted opuntbe ballot as
provided by Role 8eveath, aor eball each la
strnetlons, if voted upon the ballot, be binding
upon the delegate, unleee one-nelf or more 01 tbe
ballots sball contain Instructions concerning the
omce. nbenever heir or more of the bal-
lote shall contain Instructions eonoernlng any
office, the delsgates electod at such election shall
be bold to be Instructed to support the eandideto
naving to. Bignesi number of votes lor eucu
That when a candidate baviof received the
highest number of votee in a di.triot is strlokea
from tha roll in acoordanoo with Rnlo Thirteenth,
it beeomee the duty of tbe delegates in said dis
trict to east their votee for the eandidate having
received the next highest number ef votee In
said district ; ProoiaVd, that euob candidate shall
have received one-fourth tbe number of votes
polled for tbe oendidates.
CORDVCTiae TBB BLBCTIOB, BBTUBBI A.D BL.ABKB.
9. Each electioa board shell keep an accurate
list of tbe nemee of ail persons voting at euob
factions ; wnma list or voters together with a
lull and complete return ot auea election eon
tainiog an accurate statement of tbe persons
electee: ueiegatcB and all instructions voted, ebal
be certified by said board to the Countr Conven
tioa, upoa printed blanke to be furnished by the
roitTBBTIBe SBATB OV DBI.BaATBB, BBAUD, BTO.
10. Whenever from any district, qualified Dem-
Boretic voters, in numbers equal to five titneo the
delegates wblch suoh dlslriot baa la tbe County
uonventicn, snail complain In writing or aa au
due eleetion ef false return of delegates or of in
structions, In wbicb complaint Ina alleged foots
eball ba specially eetrorth aad verified by tba
affidavit of one or mora persons, such complaint
abail have tbe right to contest the cent of such
delegates or their validity nf sueh Instructions.
A OOMBITTBB Or riVB.
Such complaint shall be heard by a Committee
01 B va delegates to be appointed by the Freeldcn
of tba Convention, which caid Committee shall
proceed to hear tha parties, their proofs and
allegations, end as soon as may be reported to
tbe CoBventloa wbet delegates are entitled to
cents therein, and what instructions are binding
upon cucn deicgaiee. hereupon the Convention
Dan proceed immedl alely, upoa tbe eall or tbe
ycec and neye, to adopt or reject the report of
toe contesting partiee. la wbiea eall ef the Teas
and Bays tbe names of the delegates whose seat.
are eonlosted or whose iDstruelions are disputed
aaii no umiuea.
QUALIFICATION! or D8I.E0ATBS ICBSTITKTBS.
II. All delegetH must reside ia tha district
they represent, in oasa of absence or Inability
10 surou, ui'.iuuuur. mar DO made lrom olti
seas of tbe district.
BU!T BSBT inSTBVCTIOBfl, OB aa BXFBLtiRD,
12. Delegates must obey InetruotioD! elrea
inem ny toeir respective ni.tncts,and ir violated
11 snail De me duty 01 ido I're.ldent or the Con-
cntion to east the vote ef such delegate or dele
gates in accordance with the instructions 1 and
ba delegele or delegates so ollondina shall ba
forthwith expelled from the Convention, nnd
ball oot be eligible to aoy office or oleon of trust
in tne party icr a period 01 two yesrs.
A WA JOBITT Or ALL BBLBSIABT TO BOBIBATB.
IS. In Convention a majority of all tha dele.
gate! shall ba aeeeeeary te a nomination and
o pereon s nemo cnall be excluded from the list
of candidates antil after tbe SIXTH ballot or
vote, wbea the pereoa receiving the least number
cf votes shall be omitted aad struek from the roll,
and so on at corn successive vote until a aomina.
tion ie made, Pnvidid, that if there eball be a
tie vote betweea two or more of tbe eandidatee
for any office, during the balloting ef tbe delc-
gatae, men IB tnat ease tbe candidate bavlbg re
ceived ins lowosi popular vote eball be dropped
and tba balloting proceed.
rBRALTT roB COMBITTIBO MAIDS AXB BBIBXBT.
14, If any person who Is a eandidate for aar
aomiaetioc belore the County Convention, shall
be proven to have offered or paid any mooer, or
otner valuable tniog, or made aoy promise of a
consideration or reward to any psrsoo for bis
vote or Influence, to secure tbe delegate from aoy
district, or sball have offered or paid any moaey
valuable thing, or promised any consideration
reward, to any delegete for his vote, or to anr
other person with a view o indulging or eeour
:g tbe rotes of delegalee, or 11 tbe same shell
be dose by any otber pereoa with tbe hoowledge
nd oonssnt or sucB candidate, inename 01 oucn
oandidale shall be Immediately striokea from tbe
list of candidates, or if euob feet be a.eertained
fler hi. nomination to any ofhre, and before the
mal adjournment, tba name of the nominee shall
no .truck from tbe tleket and tne veeaacy sup.
plied by a new nomination, and la either com
eueh rersoB sball ba ineligible to any aommatloa
by a Convention, or te an election as a delegete
crooner. And in ease II eball Ic alleged Biter
ie adjournment of the Convention that any eaa-
idete put ia Bominatioa has been guilty of each
acts, or any atber fraudulent practicee te obteia
sueh BomicatloB.the charge shall bs Investigated
tbe County Committee, and such steps taken
the good of the parly mey require.
)6. If aay delegate shall receive aay money
otber valuable thing, or accept the promise of
any eoa.lderelioa or reward to be petd, delivered,
eccured te mm, or any pereoa rer caca dele
:e as aa Inducement for hie vote, apoa proof
me raet 10 tne satisraetlou or tbo uoBventtoa,
such delegele shell ba forthwith ctpelled, aad
all net be received aa a delerate to any future
Convention, aad eball he iBeliglblo te aay party
BtiLBB TO BAVB rBBCIPBeca.
10. Cases arising ander tha rules shall hare
precedence over ail other bosiaees la Coavsntlca,
MBBTiae ar Tan coBraxTteB.
17. The Cnaaty Coaventiea shall meet aaaa-
ally, Ib the Court Hooce nt 1 o'clock P. M., oa
Iba tblrd Taeeday ef September.
AKNerncBBBwro or cAamDATan. ,
IS. Tbeaame! ef all the eaadidatec for effiee
shall be aoDoanoed at leant three weeks prevloac
(Be 'latent Beldiag the arimery Otoe tioa.
J. P. BURCHFIELD. Chairman.
W. I, Wallacb, Secretary.
BY ALLBB B BOSBBKBAXB.
Life hoc Its Spring, whoa rarest blooming dowers
With sweetest rregraoce 011 the balmy air
And richest pleaeuree erowa the eunlit hours,
While all of earth seems olotbod in beauty fair.
Life has Its Summer, when the golden eun
bbinee from tbe eenilh of proud manhood's life ;
a nen are tbe trophies OI tbe battle won,
Amid the warring of this earthly strife.
Life has Its Autumn, when the fading leaf,
Foretells the desoletlon coon to come,
And o'er the life there broods a alleot grief
While homoleea beans are loaging fur a home.
Life heslts Wioter, when beneath the Mow,
Lie burled all the hopes nod all tbe Joys of life ;
And la tbe West tbs failing sun is low,
Then ecu and ends the day or weary strife.
Px.risi.D, Pa., June 11th, 1881.
SPLESD1D EULOGY OF WM.
RI1IARKB OP SENATOR J. B. EVXRUART
ON THE RESOLUTION CONCERNING. In
REMAINS OP WILLIAM PENN.
Tho Sonate having nndor conaidcra
tion tho following roaolution :
A.mImcI, By the Senete nnd Hooaa, that the
Governor of this Communwealtb ba requested to
eommunloete wllh euob meeting in England ae
may hare the graveverd In ebaree. and with eneh
oioor persons a Da may deem proper lo tbs mat.
tar, Including Peter Peon Geskill. of Shennaoa-
ncy Castle; County Cork, Irelend, and Colonel
n unem Stewart, of lemDStord Hall, saodr. U.il.
ford.hira, KnglanJ, renreaentetiveo at law ef Lho
aiu nimam renn ny nis nrst and second mar
riages, transmitting to thsm a copy of this reeo
lattua end asking their nesislance and eo-opera-tioo
in the metier of disinterment nnd transfer ;
nnd. if be deem it necessary and avnedicnt. .h.t
be ask the co-operation of the President of the
l ulled Stataa, through tbe Secretary of State or
otherwise, in securing aa object wbiob would be
so agreeable to tbe people of Pennsylvania.
The resolution was read a socond
Mr. Everhart: One hundred and
xty-three years ago, tbo Propriety of
1 ii ib state wan ouriea in Jordan a Meet-
iniz-houaeyard, liuckinirhamBhiro. En
gland, and there are his rcmuina to-day.
Two centuries lmvo passed aince
Charloa the Second aigncd hia patent,
and named the province against hia
protest, Pennsylvania. Ho invested
tho patontoe with vice rcgnl powers
lor an annual tributo of two beavor
akuut, and 0110-fillh of the gold and
Upon this grant William Pcnnfound
cd a Commonwealth without auguries
or oracles, without an armr. without
a hierarchy, without titles and without
oaths. Hero ho fostered a relic-ion
which hoe no imago or sacrifice, no
uunutin or cucuarisi, no oriran, cnoir.
or pulpit. Amidst a wildernoss of
savngoa, and in an age cf corruption
tyranny, and war, he eaublishod lib.
erty, peace, and justice Do intro
duced now methods of administration
He stripped the law of cruelty, and
treaties ol doception. He diminished
crimes by reducing punishment, and
avoiuoa nostiliuos by bonost dealing.
He promoted industry by honoring it,
and provonted oppression by equality
v. bu.iii.u. 11 uuu mcvcir WttO Ulll'
vorsal ho strove to abolish it by ordi
nance auu example, vv nen ignorance
was prevalent, heorganirod eduoation.
When the Sabbath was ignored, he
onjoined its observance. VV hon bigotry
was rampant no uphold the proroga-
nvo 01 conscience. V ben liquor driiilj
ng woa debauching the Indiana, he
sought to restrain its traffic When
primogeniture waa a cardinal ennon of
tbe law, be excluded it from tho rules
of descent. When it waa common to
invade the aoil of the aborigines he
acKnowiedgea tboir ownorslnp and ex.
uiiKuiBiiuu 11 oy purcoaso.
lie loa a name amongst the law
givers of nations. Liko ltomulua ho
granted easy conditiona of sharing the
benefits of govornmont to foreigners.
Like Solon he prohibited an indiscrim
inate inmctton ol penaltios, and appor
tioned them according toolToncoa. Like
Lycurgue be provided for tho educa
tion of tho youth. Liko Numa he bo
lioved in poaco. Like Plato he believed
in progress. Like Mosos ho bolievod
in God. He builded on a sure founda
tion. He mado divine virtue tho corner
stone of institutiona which we still en
How raro waa hia curcorl Born
amidst all the associations of war, the
son of a fighting admiral, he became
at length a voltury of non-resistance.
Raised amidst licontioua and luxurious
fashions, ho adopted tho simple habits
01 an ouuaweu soci. Accustomed to
tbe rites of the church, ho waa exnell
ed for non-conformity from Oxford
J. raveling abroad ho acquired tho
chief continental tonguoa, and those
unoDScquioua civilities which bo said
become a Christian. Studying the
Calvinistio thoology at Sauraur, he
may nave learned there tbe represent
ativo system of his colonial polity. Vis
iting iroiana lie gallantly assmlod in
quouuig a mutiny at tarnckfergus.
Reading law at Lincoln's Inn ho ob
tained a knotvlcdgo of tho eubjoct
wuicn acrvea mm well as prisoner and
Proprietary. Incarcerated, and aller-
wards driven from bis fathor's house
ror acting with the Quakers, ho do
fendod hia belief in public against
Churchmen and Dissenters. Ho ar
gued, with ultimato aucccss, beforo a
Parliamentary committee airainBt the
compulaory requirement of oaths. Ho
journeyed and preached in compony
with Goorgo Kox, and shared hia hard
ships, lie issued Irom the press edi
fying volumoa on rcligioua privilege.
He denied tho right of tho Middlosox
magistrates "to prosocuto any ono in
thia world about anything belonging
to tbo next." .Esteemed by Princea
for hia aincorily, bo used hia favor in
Doiiall ol tbo scotch refugees, the ban
ished Rhinclandors of Crevelt, and tho
fllteon hundred Nonconformists in the
prisons. Ho prayed for tho roloaso of
the Dishops held In tho lower lor re
fusing to road tho declaration of indul
gence He begged tho livee of somo
of thoeo condemucd by the atrociona
Jcffreye. He remonstrated againat
tho ncspotio ordor to cloct the Kintr's
candidate prcsidont of Magdalen Col
ilo advocated tbe election of Alger
non Sidney to Parliamentary for bis
leranty and patriotism ; he rccom-
monded an earnest welcomo in Ameri
ca to tho fleeing Huguenots of Franco ;
bo appealed to the ruler of Poland to
indulge those of different faith, and re
called bis ancestor's boast that he was
not a King of consciences ; ho Impress
ed his religious views on the accom
plished Princess Palatine Elitahelb,
and on Potor, the great C'r.ar of Mus
covy ; he visited the Trince of Orango
to indnco him to favor toleration. He
suggested a universal diet of nations
to prevent war.
Ho contributed to establish salutary
laws in New Jersey. Ho dirocled
Philadelphia to be laid out with or
chards and yards around the buildings,
so that it might be "a green country
town, which could ncvor be burned.
He framed a constitution for the colo
nists which they could alter or ssbvert,
which allowed all but the Governor,
both Conncil and Assembly, to becho
son by every one who paid "lot or scot
to tne uovornment, which allowed
no tax without law, no law without
tbo consent of tbo pooplo, no property
restriction on voting, do class monopo
ly of oftluo, no trial without a jury,
fines to bo modorote, prisons to bo
workhouses, children to bo educated
to nseful trades, and worship to bo free.
Ho directed the institution of the
Friends' School, at Philadelphia, which
may oxist to-day. He negotiated with
the Indians under the elm at Shacka
maxon the pluce of kings that trea
ty of concord "which was nevor bro
ken." He declined a large sum ol
money for tho exclusive Indian trnde,
lost ho should defile bis trust. Ho re
fused tbe duties offered him upon cer
tain imports and exports. Ho released
certain quitrents for the public good.
He spared tbe ussassin whom ho dis
armed in the streets nf Paris. Ho re
turned a soil answor to Richard iiux
tor. His principles stood the tost of
trial, lie waa deceived by exorbitant
charges ot bis agents until tho accu
mulaled sum plaoed tho wholo prov-
inco under mortgage. He was tra
duced by secerning men,cu!lcd a Jeauit,
nocause he assorted tbo right of tbe
Papist to indulgence ; called a courtier
becauso hia claims for olemoncy were
hoeded in tho iialace ; accused ot trea
son to King William becauso he had
been grateful to h ing James ; deprived
for awhile of hie Government; despoil
ed of his lawful income ; reduced to a
bare subsidence : imprisonod by those
ho served; defeated in hia suit by Lord
Baltimore about tho boundary lino,
which, a century Inter, caused the sur
vey of Mason and Dixon's ; subjected
to allliction and disappointment. Yot,
he loft a memory which tho criticism
of tho most popular historian of the
age has failed to injure. He loft a
monument more significant than statue
or column, pyramid or mausoleum.
It is bore this vast organization of
woalth and pcoplo thia boritago of
liberty and law, with its prestige of
past renown, and ita doetiny ot con
stantly unfolding grandeur.
Penn'a philoeopby, opinions, and
conduct were all consistent. What
eublimity of purposo, what aimplicity
of manner, what energy and wisdom,
what kindness of heart did ho oxhibit!
Studious, courageous, pious, patient
undor persecution, mock in authority,
eloquent in expression, profound in
learning, broad in thought preferring
duty to ambition, suffering to unfuilh
fulnosa, reproach to rosentmont as
gentleman, scholar, proachor, and leg-
iBlator,hischaractor seems unsurpassed,
And now we are asked to share,
without exponso, with the consent ot
bis descendants, in bringing bilher his
remains. Surely this is an opportune
and bocoming proposition. It soems
fit that horo, where his numeia placed,
whore bia fumo culminatod, where ho
loved to dwell and hoped to die ; bore,
amidst the aceno of his lubors and the
fruits of his gonius and dust of his
friends that bis bones should be buried
and rest lorover. They will honor the
State, they will hallow tho son, they
will attest his history, they will show
oar recognition of a universal sense of
propriety and duty.
It is natural that one should repose
at last upon lavorod or laminar ground.
So Israel's children took hia body with
a great company of chariots and horse
men to Macbpelah'a cave, amongst
those to whom bis name waa given.
And ao they convoyed Josoph, embalm
ed and in his cofliin, through all the
wanderings ol the wilderness to tho
country promised to his pooplo. And
the sons of the slain Theses are said
to have borne him in royal state, over
tne yfcgoan wavos, to tho city ol Miner
va, which he served or saved. And
tho dead Napoleon was restored with
universal welcome irom his exile tomb
to that glory -enamoured Franco"which
ho bad loved so well." Surely this
Commonwealth cannot chooao but to
gratofully receive and reverently keep
tue asnes oi yruiiara renn.
BUTTER AND CHEESE.
Our Legislature, bad ns the majori
ty is, some times do a good thing for
In viow of tho fact that a largo
numbor of establishments for tho man
ufacture of butter and choose are boing
cnartorod ana established in tho r.ast-
ern part of tho Stato, the following Act
Which was, ono day last wook, passed
finally by the Houso will bo of snocial
interest The bill is entitled, "An Act
to protoct tho manufacturer of buttor
and chooso." It providos: "That
from and after tho passage of this Act,
if any person or porsons, with intoni
to defraud, sell, supply or bring, to bff
manulacturod, to any buttor or cheeso
manutactory In this Stnto. any milk
diluted with water, or in any way
adultoratod, uncleanly or Impure, or
milk Irom which cream has been tak
en, or milk commonly known as
skimmod milk, or ifanyporson or por
sons so furnishing milk as aforesaid
who shall koep back any part of tho
milk known as "strippings," or ahull
knowingly bring or supply milk to any
butter or cheeso manufactory that is
tainted or partially sour, or shall know
ingly bring or supply to any butter or
chcoBO manufactory milk drawn from
cows within fifteen days beforo partu
rition or within fivo days after partu
rition, shall for ench ollenso forfeit and
pay a sum not loss than ten dollars,
with costs of suit, to besned tor in any
court of compiitont jurisdiction for tbe
Dcncnt or the porson or porsons, firm
or association or corporation upon
which such fraud or noirloct has boon
Tin Pleasiri of Business. No
human mind is contcnlcd without oc
cupation. No human soul is satisfied
without an aim or purposo In life. Tho
greatest success in I ilo consists not In
the mere accumulation of riches, but
in being ablo to acquire wealth with a
disposition to apply it in such a man
nor that it shall be a comfort and
blessing to others not in the mere
giving of money, but In putting peo
ple in a way to labor and help lliom
sclvos. 'l'hcro is no pleasure in op
pression. There Is no joy in grinding
and exacting gold from the poor; but
there is a great deal of genuine satis
faction In being able to offer steady
and honorablo employment to tho
many willing hands that have nothing
to do. Ono of tho groatcst enjoyments
ot the prosperous business man con
sists in being able to comfortably pro
vido for tho many employes in his
house and mnnuiaciory. In doing this
he is fulfilling his obligations to socie
ty; he bocomos a usolul and honored
cilir.cn; busineas to him is real pleas-
uro; ho enjoys bio successes, when
they are fairly won, becauso he feels
that bo deserves thorn.
When a business man has tho right
kind of a purpose in life he oniovs his
occupation, be feela a just and worthy
prido in bis prosperity, he is pleased
with the respect and gratitudo of those
whom ho direr-ts and controls In the
management of hia affaire, and he feels
that in benefitting himself he is con
ferring a favor upon others.
RURAL DRAW AGE AAD
Br h. 0. UOVEY.
It has boon estimated that more than
hall tho deaths oocurring in oitios are
duo to prevontablo causes. Tho vital
statistics of farming regions aro not so
easily oDlainod, but statements of re
sponsible physicians, having each s
large oountry practice, in widely sepa
rated portions of the United States,
prove tbo importance of judicious sani
tary measures in rural as well as mu
nicipal localities. One observes that
"one-third of tbe autumnal sickness of
this region might be pruvenlod by
systematic drainage of farm lands.
without detriment to their agricultural
value' Says another, "about fifiv tier
cent. 01 oursicKnoBB might Do obviated
by suitablo sanitary precautions." All
agroo that a largo proportion of the
maladies coming under their notice
are attributable to the insidious poison
emanating from decomposing animal
and vegetable matter.
Tho purest country air is less pure
than is commonly supposed ; a fact
demonstrated to visitors of Mammoth
Cave, who, on emorging aflor breath
ing for sovornl hours the air of the
cave, which is almost absolutely freo
from noxious gases, find the outor air
laden with oppressive odors, and de
pressing in ita influence on the aystem.
Miasmatic exhalations arise from
every awamp, and waysido pool, from
the decaying torcst leaves, and many
other olijocta that are hardly thought
of as prejudicial to good health. This
particular form of the evil reachos its
minimum in billy regions, whore tho
tilted strata supply natural drainage;
while its maximum is found is such ex
tensive areas as exists in Indiana, Illi
nois, and othor portions of the West,
where vast deposits of alluvial and
lacustral aoil cover nearly level sedi
mentary beds, allowing but vory slug,
gish removal of marshy accumulations.
Tho cultivation of tho surface soil,
and tho drainage made for agricultural
purposes, have gradually redeemed
large tracts of wetland in the regions
montioncd ; yot much remains to be
dono, and it is gratifying to soo that
stops are being taken by somo of the
states embracing prairies and broad
rivor bottoms, to invostigato tho rela
tion between the hydrographies! feat
ures of the country and the prevalence
of malaria and xymotio.
Stato and local health commissions
aro instituted with authority to collect
vital and sanitary statistics, and to
havo charge of public moasuros for re
moving the causes of disease from all
parts of the Stato ; omitting, however,
two vory important links from the
chain of a perfect organization ; namo
ly, polico power to enforce good hoalth
laws in rural districts, and means to
defray oxponsos of straightoninecrook-
od streams, to increase tho velocity of
too current, digging canals to relievo
wot lands from overflow, and doing
other things that might coat a consid
erable sum ot money, but would add
largely to tbe reputation ot the Slate
for salubrity, and thus bring a rich
Tho first annual report of tho Health
Commission of ono ot our largest and
most populous interior States has lately
appeared, full of facts as lo the do
ficientsowerage of cities, nnd its almost
ntter neglect in smaller towns and
villagos, and in rural localities; also
showing the inevitable connection be
tween the causes and prevalence of
rorms 01 sicitness that might Do en
tirely avoided by a comparatively
small outlay. And what is true of
Indiana would also bo true of other
States similarly situated as to a lack
of natural drainago.
Look at the atill more level Stnto ot
Illinois, with ita vast prairies and fur
tile bottoms. Tbo seworago of all tho
cities is emptied into tho adjacent
streams, which havo usually a sluggish
flow, and it is hardly asked whitor tho
rooking mass ia distributed.
Often this seems to bo the only avail
able modo of getting rid of It, all ex
periments looking toward othor mcth.
ods meeting with but slight success.
It is to be hoped that somo apparatus
liko tbe "garbage dostructor and car
bonizor" described in a late number of
the Scientific American, will bo intro
duced into all largo citios for tho con
sumption of rcluso wilhout sending it
down some stream to contaminate tho
About ten years ago tbo courso of
tho Chicago liivcr was artificially re
versed, so that instead of running as
ithad dono forages into Lake Michigan
it emptied itself and its accumulation
of street filth and offal into the Illinois
River, coursing completely across tho
citato, lho bonchcial result to tho
city was vory great ; but lor lfiO miles
down tho Illinois Kirer loud complaints
were mado of a marked increase ol
zymotic diseases, and a romarkulilo
mortality among tho fish in that stream
seemed to prove that lho water had
boon poisoned. Tho fact is worth noting
in passing, that tho fish appeared to
grow used to the changed condition of
affairs; but during tho past Wintor
tho ice bound water not being properly
oxygenated for a long timo, many fish
diod, while others in immense numbers
congrcgatod below tbo dam at Henry,
whoro tho constant agitation of the
falling water would favor a'lation.
And at tho somo time there was an
alarming prevalence of diphtheria at
Pcora and other pi acos along tho river.
Thia illustration ahows tbo import
ance of Stnto regulation of general
drainago, so that what is burn away
us a uuisanco from one locality shall
not bo cast as an offensive burden on
But sunnoso all to havo lionn dnnn
Uiat can bo offectod by public health
organizations, mucn win remain to no
accomplished by individual effort, in
rosponao to appeals to an enlightened
instinct of Bell preservation.
Many larmera, othorwiso well in
formed, do not soom to realize tho fact
that gasos arising from slablos, pigpons,
and oul-houBoa may poison tho pure
country air as effectually as tho at
moopuero in cities may be spoiled lor
breathing by tho same effluvia spread
ing Irom neglected alloys or cesspools.
An tho thrifty wives ol furmors, who.
forgetful of cleanliness, aaturato the
dooryard with wash waterand kitchen
sewerage thro'h all the Winter months,
should be taught that when that
ground sours and festers under the
Summer eun, tho bent will ripon tho
germa of discaso as surely as it will
ripon 1110 grain in tbe harvest hold.
Maladies mysteriously affecting fam
ilies residing in what are regarded as
healthy localities, are ofloo explaina
ble on opening the collar door, whonce
an Intolerable) odor of decaying veg
etables proceeds ; or on lifting a board
in the kitchen floor, beneath which
ia a shallow pool of standing water ;
or on observing that the well ia so
situated aa to drain into itself some or
tha substances that are thrown away
as utterly unfit to bo retained in prox
imity to human bolngs.
Tho lultor point is ono vory fre
quently overlooked. For oxamplo, a
certain Western city, nncly located
and attractive, gained tho reputation
of boing anjoxcccdingly unhealthy spot,
and was of courso much retarded in
its prosperity by that fact. Finally it
was nolicod mat underlying the city,
at a depth of about twelve feet, is a
stratum of imporvious bluo clay, above
winch lies an extensivo quicksand,
affording an abundant water snpply
by means of numorous wells, and into
that samo quicksund all tho vaults and
cesspools of tbe placo were also dug,
thus mixing their foul contents witb
tho drinking wator that evory one
used I Tho amount of sickness was
materially diminished by the propor
nLiuiiuuM ueiiig given lu una 0110 point.
Evory careiul farmer will see that tho
compost heap, and othor retuso stored
as food for tho roots of grasses and
vegotablea, ahall bo at auch a distance
from tbe houso and woll aa not to con-.
laminate tho air and tho water es
sential to tho preservation of life and
In closing, 1 may monlion a curious
illustration, givon in a paper by Prof.
E.T. Cox, on tho"Influcnceof Geology
on Local Discasos," showing what bus
actually been dono by rural drainago to
orauicato a dreaded malady that used
to prevail extonsively in Kentucky
and Indiana, knownas"milk sickness,"
DccnuBO, first attacking catllo, it was
communicated to human beings through
ino mils;, Duller, and uoei ot tho in
footed animals. Many a bravo pioneer
lost 111a mo Dy una malady, which
almost always proved fatal; and re
covery was usually lingering and im
ported. At first it was supposed that
lho cattle had eaten somo poisonous
plant ; but every suspected gross and
wood proved harmless on seientifio ex
amination. Then it wus held that
mineral poisons must lurk in tbe
Springs and brooks; but hundreds of
samples wore analyzed without do.
tooting tbo presence of Ihe enemy. At
last an investigation ot tho clay shales,
soft rocks formed from ancient mud
beds, and which are microscopic in an
eminent degree, rovealod the secret.
Those formations abound in every in
fected locality, and it now seems clear
that they exhale aomo sort of a miasam,
wnen autiiraiod with wator, that origi
nated or aggravated tho disease, just
as oiucr kinds ot malaria bring on
chills and fever. Proceeding on this
discovery, thorough drainago of the
wet lands adjacent to tho shale beds
dried thorn sufficiently to terminate
tho conditions favorable to the spread of
milk sickness, so that it has almost en
tirely disappeared from regions that
onco wore cursed by that plague.
Tbo opinion is now established that
a largo proportion of diseases aro of
germ origin ; and tho obvious modo of
prevention Is the destruction of tho
gorms or their timely removal. jScien.
Dr. Philip ScharT, Chairman ot tho
American Branch of tho Bible Revis
ion Committee, addressed a large au
dience at Pittsburgh recently on the
subject of the revised Now Testament.
After briefly roviowing the different
translations mado from time to timo
the speaker said that for fifty years
there bad boon a growing domand for
a now translation. There were two
reasons for such a revision, first, the
changes in languages, and socond, tho
progress in biblical scholarship. Ev
ory living language, he said, changes
from timo lo timo. Certain words havo
changed to direct opposite meanings,
such as "prevent" used in the sense ot
"precedo," "lot" for"hinder," "carriago"
for "baggage," "by and by" for "forth
Tho most important reason, howev
er, is tho growth of knowledge. The
forty-seven porsons who made the
King James translation had none-of
them been in Palestine, and know littleot
biblical geography. They were thus
liuUo to make errors, and did mako
many. Sinco then Egypt has given
np her treasures, Siani has been ex
plored, Palostino has boon traversed.
Babylon and Ninovch have rison from
their graves to testify to the truth of
the bible, and lend their manuscripts!
and inscriptions to the explanation of
Older manuscripts sinco discovered
have boon dsod in tho prosont revision,
and many actual errors reclined
"Strain at a gnat" has boon changed
to "strain out a gnat, and a great
many such typographical errors have
boon corrected. The two words in the
original wore both translated "holl" in
tbo King James version "hados,'
meaning lho abodoof souls after doath
and "gehenna." moaning the abode ot
tho damned. In the revision this has
been corrected. So also has the dis
tinction between "devil" and "demon"
been brought out.
lho division into chapters, first
mado by a Catholic cardinal in the
thirteenth contjry.and that in to versos,
first mado by a Paris publishing house.
in the sixteenth century, have been
done away with, and the text has boon
divided according to sonse. Italicized
passages when thoy were unnecessary
nnd weakening to the truo sense, havo
appreciate r arm liira. it is a
common complaint that the farm and
farm life are not appreciated by our
pooplo. We long for lho more elegant
pursuits, or tho ways and fashions of
lho town, lint tho farmer has the
most sane and natural occupation, and
he ought to find life sweeter, if less
highly seasoned, than any other. Ho
alone, strictly speaking, has a home.
now ran a man take root and thrive
without land ? Ho writes his history
upon his land. How many ties, how
many resources he has ; his friendships
with his cattle, his team, his dog, his
trees, the satisfaction in his growing
crops, in hia improved fields ; his inti
macy with nature, with bird and boast,
and with the quickening elemental
forces ; bis cooperation with tho cloud,
lho sun, the seasons, heat, wind, rain,
frost. Nothing will take the various
social dislompors which tho city and
artificial life breed out of a man liko
farming, like immediato and loving
contact with the soil. It draws out
tho poison. It humbles him, teaches
bim patience and reverence, and re
stores the proper tone to his system.
Cling to tne farm, make much of it,
put yourself into it, bestow your heart
and your brain upon II, ao that it ahall
savor of yon, and radiato your virtues
after your day's work is done.
A Wicked Bor. A Georgia boy
was aiming a gun at a robin. A little
girl beggod him not to shoot tbe bird,
and when he would not desist, scared
it away. The exasperated young hun
ter thereupon shot the girl.
If Din tailors make a man, how
many dressmakers does It take to
mako a woman 1
THE WONDERS OF MIMICRY.
A very striking illustration of tho
possibility of mimicry without drollery
was anordod once by the famous tou
lon, who may be described as at once
the fool and physician at tbo court of
one ot tho Louises. Ho actually mim
ickod tho doccascd Minister Villole
with such accuracy as to afford tbo
menus of painting what has been do-
elared to be a wonderfully faithful
portrait. It appeared that after tbe
death of the minister his friends were
grieved to find that there was no sat
isfactory portrait of bim in existence.
Coulon was present when expression
was given to tboir regret at tho cir
cumstance, and agreed with them that
no likeness ot tho deceased statesman
represented, aa be said, "tho profound
subtlety of his character and his evan
esccnt expression." As he spoke he
assumed tbo loaturcs, expressions, at
titude, and tonoot voico ot the dopart
ed man witb the most startling accu
racy, and was at once requested to sit
tor a portrait. As to tbo features
something, wo suppose, must he ac
credited to the imagination of the be
holders. 1 he artist probably was sat
isfied to catch the expression from the
mimic s face and to rely on his memo
ry or interior portraits tor tbo dclinoa
lion of features, unless the two men
bore a resemblance to each other to a
degreo which would have robbed the
performance of much of its merit.
One of the most remarkable facts
about the most skillful of mimics is
that they are able to overcome the
apparently insuperable difficulty pro
sontod by the endless and radical fea
ture, and will give to a face an aspect
and expression which have been char
acteristic of somo visago totally differ
ent in overy respect. There can be
no doubt also that this is the real se
cret of much of the power of amusing
possossed by tho mimic. Tbo vaga
ries of expression, voice, tone, attitude,
and nttorance present a constant series
ot striking incongruities. That which
in one person requires a vory koon
observation to catch, and is not par
ticularly striking when it is caught, is
no sootier donned by somo totally dis
similar person than it becomes ludi
crously incongruous, and is found to
be irresistibly amusing. There waa
nothing, ao tar as we are aware, espe
cially odd about Chantry, the sculptor,
yot Sir Edwin I.andsocr once put a
dinner party in a roar of laughter by
cleverly personating him. The sculpt
or put Landseer in his chair at tbe
head ol lho table, and went himself
and stood before tbe fire, "tome
young man," said Landseer, imitating
to a nicety the tone and manner cf
tho individual whoso chair be occu
pied, "you think yourself ornamental
now make yourself useful and ring the
Dell, liandscer was one of tbe most
clever mimics that ever lived. His
simulations wore described as pertect
in overy particular, displaying the ni
cest discrimination in points of charao
tor, and the most astonishing accuracy.
lho oewildermont ot tbo butler who,
on the occasion just referred to, came
into the room and saw his maslor at
the fire-place, while he heard his mas
tor's voice at the head of the table or
dering more wine, was vory amusing,
A Veritable Palace Car. The St.
Paul Pioneer-Press, in a description of
a Pullman palace car sleeper, recently
placed on the Eastern division of tho
St. Paul and Omaha road, says: "There
are twolve soctions in tbe body ot the
car twenty-eight double and two sin
gle berths. In tho drawing room there
are two double and two single berths,
and tho smoking room baa a doublo
berth. 1 be ladies drawing room is in
ono end of tbe car, and tho gentleman's
in the othor end. In the gentloman's
drawing room is a double washaland.
Tho car is supplied with air and auto
matic brakos, with paper wheels forty
two inches in diameter. The machin
ery is so porfoct and so complole in all
its parts that the occupants do not ex
perience the slightest jolting as the
cars move along the rails. All tho
sido, or panel work is solid mahogany,
ingeniously and olaboratcly carved,
whilo tho carpets are of the heaviest
and softest patterns of velvet. A
striking feature is the motallio work,
tho cuspidors, knobs, etc., which are
f'ildcd instead of being silvered. It is
ightcd with five large patent lamps
with doublo burners, which render all
parts ot the car so light that the finest
print can be read as plainly as by day
light. This is the first of five cars of
tho samo description, all of which will
cost f H(,000.
A lady being asked wby plain girls
often got married soonor than hand
some onos, replied that it was "owing
mainly to the tact of the girls and tho
vanity and want of tact on the part of
tbo men. "How do you mako that
out?" asked a gentleman. "In this
way, answorcd tho lady; "the plain
girls flatter the men and so please
thoir vanity; while tbe handsome
ones wait to be flattered by the mon,
who havo not tho tart to do it."
A young man with an nmbrella
ovortook an unprotected lady acquaint
ance in a rain storm, and extending
bis umbrella over her, roquostod tbe
pleasure of acting as ber rainbow.
"Oh I" exclaimed the young lady,
taking his arm, "yon wish me to be
your rain dear." Two souls with but
a aingld umbrella, two forma that
stepped as one.
A lady who bad quarreled with her
bald-headed lovor said, in dismissing
bim. w bat is doiighttul abont you
my friend, is that 1 have not the
troublo of sending you back my locks
'If J onos undertakes to pull my
cars, said a loud-mouthed follow on a
struct corner, "he'll just have bis hands
full." Tho crowd looked at the fellow 's
ears and smiled.
If Professor Swift ever discovers a
baby comet he is advised to let the
A young fellow pressing his own suit
frequently wrinkles the girl's.
BY M. L. McQUOWN.
The School Board of Decatur town
ship have arranged to build a school
house at 1 arsonville this Summer.
There aro in the United States 9,424,-
08G pupila and 272,686 teachers con
nected with publio and private schools.
The Newburg publio school opened
for a term of throe months on June
Kills, with Miss Mary Gallaghor, of
Now Washington, as teacher.
Miss Mamie lrvin returned from
Philadelphia on Thursday ot last week,
whore she bad been attending the Na
tional School of Elocution and Oratory.
The Tj-rono Herald says that school
directors are not required to bo sworn
into office ; but they generally got well
"cussed" alter taking their seats all the
Slate Superintendent Iligbco has ap
pointed lion. C. A. Mayer, of Lock
liaven, and Col. K. A. lrvin, of Cur
wonsvillo, Trustees of the Lock Havon
State Normal ochool.
Sufficient patent furniture arrived at
Clearfiold on Saturday last, to seat tbe
Pine Grove, Montgomery, Waterlord
and Wolf Run school buildings, hav
ing boen ordered by the Board of Law.
ronco township for that purpose. We
understand this ontorprising Board
contemplates building a now school
house at Clover Hill this school year.
H'd XTKD TO KSO W HOW THE HONS Y
The School Hoard of Penn townabin.
this county were arrested Thursday.
on oath of Peter Snyder, a tax-payer,
charged with neglect of duty in tailing
to publish the annual report for the
yoar 1879-80. The hearing came off
belore SqulreJ. W. Kahlor, of Hughes-
ville, during tbe afternoon, the re
sult of which was, that the matter was
Bottled by the Board paying the costs,
and promising to attend to their duties
hereafter, according to the letter of tbe
law. Mr. Snyder gave his reasons for
taking this action, by stating "that he
wanted to know how the money of tho
school diBtriot had been expended."
K iluamsport Chronicle. The above
contains a hint to School Boards, upon
which comment is unnecessary.
Young ludios and gentlemen who
eontemplate teaohing in the county
this yoar, or next, should send us their
address with stamp, and we will send
them a discriptive circular of the
"Teacher's Hand-Book," a little work
ntonded to introduce a uniform system
of instruction in our schools by pre
senting a plan lor the organization and
management of all the schools, in ad
dition to tho plan prepared for the
graduating of pupils in our Common
Schools. This book contains an out-
ine of the mistakes most prevalent in
the management of our schools, aa
gathered from observation, and the
means of correcting them, and of mak
ing the work of young teachers more
effective, by the many hints and sug
gestions calculated to guide them in
their work. The book has required in
in its preparation more than a month's
labor, and cannot fail to be of great
value to our school intorosls.
State Superintendent Higbeo, being
present at a Sunday School Convention
up in the Cumberland valley, where the
relation of Sunday Schools and publio
schools was under discussion, made a
ringing speech declaring there was no
antaguiiiein whatovcr. A local paper
reports that he said : "Manytoachors
our publio schools were until to
teach children. They were lackfteg in
character. The Directors should see
to it that such persons are not em
ployed. The teacher should be good,
honest, upright, and should possess
brains enough to teach what he knows.
As betwoen character and brains, we
would prefer character. The remarks
of Superintendent Uigbce were listened
to with attention, and when he closed
be was greeted with a heavy round of
pplauee. '1 be audience felt that be
had tho courage and firmness to meet
and battle with every difficulty in the
way, and that the youth of our State
would be well cared for by him."
OROAXIZATIOS Of SCHOOL BOARDS.
The following is a list of District
Reports and Certificates received for
the week ending June ICth :
Burnsido borough, received June 9th.
The School Boards for the above dis
tricts aroeorganized as follows :
Burnsido Presidont, L. H. Haney ;
Socrotary, D. U. Davis.
Bell President, C. Kslrickor; Soo
rctary, G. W. Campbell.
Bradford President, John C. Cow
dor ; Secretary, Wm. K. Forcoe.
Osceola President, Dr. F. B. Read ;
Secretary, Uonry Livoright.
Goshon President, Lowia I. Irwin;
Secretary, John Fulton.
Brady Prcsidont, Fred Kohler,
Troutvillo ; Secretary, Jona. Shaffer,
Girard President, Augustus Mignnt,
Leconte's Mills ; Secretary, George W.
Stover, Leconte's Mills.
Penn Prcsidont, Charles Helper,
Grampian Hills; Secretary, John Pen tz,
Gulich Presidont, Henry Alloman,
Allcman'a P. O.; Socrotary, William B.
A Normal Close) under Mr. L. E.
Weber will bo organized at Luthers
burg after harvest.
Miss Mary C. Wold, teacher of tho
Pine Grove Normal Class, will accept
a situation in the Wost, which has been
The tcachors of the New Washing
ton Normal School commence recita
tions at 8 o'clock A. M. and continue
until 6 P. M.
The students of tho Lumber City
school will contest lor prizes in essay,
declamation and reading on the even
ing ol July 1st.
We understand that Hon. Geo. R.
Barrett will lecture belore the Lumber
City Normal School, and S. T. Brock-
bank, Esq., before the Now Washing
ton School, during the last week of
Last week Rey. Owen nicks do
lighted the students of New Washing
ton Normal and a large Dumber of
thoir Iriends with a brilliant lecture on
tho "Battlo ot Gettysburg, or Notes
from Gulp's U ill." Rev. Hicks bos the
reputation of being a very entertaining
TEACHERS TORK ALLOWED THKtR TIM
WHILE A rTENUISU IXSTITVTM.
Last week we announced that the
bill making it obligatory upon school
directors to allow their teachors the
time and wages for attending the an
nual Teachors' Institute had boen de
feated in the Senate. We have discov
ered, however, that it has become a
law, having been signed by the Gov
ernoronjune 7th. The following is
Section 1. That from and after the
passage of this Aot, it shall be the duty
of tbe school directors of tbe sororal
school districts of this Commonwealth,
and thoy are boreby required to allow
the school teachers employed in the
said school districts, wbo are aotually
engaged in teaching school therein, the
time and wages whilst attending and
participating in tho exorcises of the
annual County Institutes lor the im
provement of teachers.
Sec. 2. That at the close of the an
nual sessions of the said Institutes, It
shall be the duty of the several County,
City and Borough Superintendents to
make a report to each board of school
directors in their respective jurisdic
tions, setting forth the number of days
that each teacher ahall have attended
and participated In tbe exercise of the
said annual Teachers' Institute, which
said report sball be the basis for allow
ing the teachers their wages; provid
ed, that the provisions of this Aot sball
not extend to the First school district
of Pennsylvania, Dor lo the counties
wherein special laws regulating or re
lating to County Institutes aro id fierce.
Approved the 7 th day oi June, 1881.
UENRT M. IIoTT.