Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, April 27, 1881, Image 1
TUB CLEABF1EL1) I1EPIBLICAV fpiLIIHO BvBBf WBBaBBBAT, AT CLEARVIKLD, tl. ;TBI.IHE1 IN 181. Tlx largoe! tlrcltUD of any Newepaper In North Central Pennsylvania. Term, of Subscription, If paid In edvaBoe, or wltble I moolk.. 00 f .fl.r I ud before month it SO If j.nd after tipl'etloa ef "oBlat... a OO Kates oi Advertising, rrsmUnl advertlatmeBtt, ptr eqaaraof ISliDoaor S titnea orlaia $1 oO Kt oeh .ubetiiieflt loaertioa ,.. M Imiril.tratore' and Eiecutore'Botleee I AS Au.littira' nolloee s to C.ulina and B.traya 1 SO t,..rlutiun notieea S 10 rrofeMlonal Carde, i Hoot or loaa,l year..... I SO T. ,r-al noticei, per line IS YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. I ,tiiara 00 I eoluma.. tSI 00 i.uiri.- It 00 I 1 column- 1" 00 I acjuAree... SO 00 1 oolnmn ...110 00 O. B. GOODLANDKR, Publleber. 2it'5!trs' ffarfls. J w. SMITH, ATTORNEY-AT-LA W, tl:l:T CTearfleld, Pa. T J. LIN OLE, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW, 1:10 Phlllpabnrff, Centre Co., Pa. y:pd JOLAND D.SWOOPK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Ciirweoivllla, Clearfield county, Pa. oot. I, 'JS-tf. QSCAR MITCHELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. flrOfllce to tba Opera Uouio. oct, '78. if. TSItAEL TEST, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Clearfield, Pa. er-Ofllco one door eaat of Sbaw Boaaa. ''.' y-M. M. McCULLOUGH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. nfii c In Maronlo building, Seeood tlreet, op po.lie (be Court Houaa. J.2S.78 tf. O. ARNOLD, LAW A COLLECTION OFFICE, Cl'RWENRVILLB, :a Clcaruald Cou&lv, Pcoo'a. Toy o T. BltOCKBANK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. office in Opera llouec. ap 2&,T7-ly , gMlTII V. WILSON, .Itlorneu-at-l.ow, CLEARFIELD, . - PENN'A. iMTORira la tba Maaonio Building, over th Cimolv National Ilaok. linar24-80. yALLACE & KKEBS, ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, Janl 'II ( learUold, Pa. J F. SNYDEtt, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. Office over the Count; National Bank. Juno 20, 'TStf. JRANK G. HARRIS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, C'LHARriiLP, Pbbb'a. Fir.t-ela.a Life and Fiia Inmraaoo Companiea rebrcentnd. Mr-Office in tba Opera Uoxt:". Mar. IS,'SI-le rn.i. a. bubbat. CTRtrl aoanoa. M URKAIT & GORDON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. ar-Oflice ia Ple't Opera Uouao, aoeond Boor. yiLLlAM A. HA&ERTV, rroH.it i'-.it-j.. r, OPPICE over T. A. Fleck Co.'a Store, CLEARFIELD, PENN'A cTHill allied to all legal bu.loeaa with prvu)tnoia and fidelity. Ifcbl 1,'1.0-tf. losara a. m'bmallt. dabikl w. n'cdbdv. jpENALLY & McCUBDY ATTORN EYS-AT-LAW, Clearfield, Pa. Sty-Legal baaloeaa attended to promptly with) 4-lclily. Offloa ob Beooad atraat, abora tba Firet National Bank. JaniliTI J F. McKENRICR, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, CLEARFIELD, PA. All legal bueiaeae entraited to hie oaro will ra aelre prompt altentlan. 40flloe to tho Court Iloule. ouU,lo78-ly. A. O. EilAUER, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Real Eitata and CollaetloB Agent, ( l.EAHFI tl.l), PA., Will prompllj attend to all legal bulioeaa aa trotted to nia oaro. ROrOmea la Pia'a Opera Houaa. Janl '71. JOHN L. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. 'ml Rial F.atato AgTBOt, .'learbld, Pa. Offlea ob T&lra atreet, Bet.unerry m wainnt. rorReaneetfullr offara hla aarTleaa In aelllnt nod buying Inada la OlearAald and adjelntng eountiaa and with aa eiperieBoeo! otrartwaotv ttara aa a eurTeyor, flattara htmaeif that Be oa render auliraotloa. IFab. I:l:tf, 1ili9i(i;ui3' Cnrils. JJU B. M. SCHEURER, iiomkopatiiic pnrsiciAN, Offloa to reeidraoa oa Firit at. April 14, 1S71. Claarteld, I'a. JjR. W. A. MEANS, IMIYSICIAN k SURGEON, DUBOIS CITY, PA. H ill attend profeiaioBal oalla promptlr. auglO'TO JR. T. J. BOY Ell,. IMIV8ICIAN AND SURQKON, Odeooa Market Street, Claatl.ld. Pa. lrOoa honrai to II a. m., and 1 lo I p. at. D II. J. KAY WRIGLKY, HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, "0lio adjoining the realdenn of Janet WnlfT, Rii., on KMoad St, Cleared, Fa. Jnljll.,7 If. Q C. JENKINS, M. I)., IMIYSICIAN ANDSU RG EON, CURWENSVILLE, PA., Olipre at roiidraro, enrol r of Stale and Plaa ileeta. Jan. lib, laBI-tf. I) R. 11. B. VAN VALZAH, CLEAR CI EMI, PKNN'A. OFFICE IN llESIIIKNCE, OORNFR OF F1RBT AND PINE STREETS. XT- OBoa houra-rroai II to S P. H. Ma II, 1070. D II. J. P. BURCHF1ELP, Lite Sargaoa tf tho 054 Eeglnoat. PoaaayWaBla Voiunteora, having returned from Iht Anat, ""era hla profiiiianel aervlaea to IhttltiieBt it Claarteld eouaty. caT-Prefeaalaaal eallt ptojaptlT arual4 to. OHm oa SottaS atraat, formerly ooouplad by wr.Waodt. Ipr4,'0uf CLEARFIELD QEO, B. Q00DLAUDEE, Editor VOL. 55-WHOLE NO. Cards. 1 OH PRINTINU OF EVERY DESCRIP tf tioU I neatly otaputad at thia oflia TUHTICBH' CONKTARI.KH' FEIi Wa have printed a large number of tbo oew KK.l! HILL, and will oa tba receipt of twanlji Ova M.nta. aiail A ooor to anv addroaa. atvla 7ILLIAM M IIKNKY, Juhtice TT Or Till PBACIAIinBcRIVBIIIR.LUMBKK CITY. Culloctioni md tnd money tiruinptlv pkid owtr. Artiolti of tvicroetnsnt and detdt of 0oiTyaoo BMtljr tieuul ton wrnnw sor root or no oharf. lljj'' JOHN D. THOMPSON, J oi til of tb rct and SuriTtaor. CnrweniTllle. P teo.Col.rttoni pftld ov or. iftdo tnd mono? promptly UllH 7111 nENHY liRETII, (OITKMD P. O.) JUSTICE OF THE PEACE for bill rownanip. Ma; , I87 lj JAMES MITCHELL, BBALBB IB Stiuaro Timber k Timber Lands, Jell'?! CLEARFIELD, PA. 4 V. HOYT, X.o Land Surveyor and Civil Ergiut pniLII'SBURO, PA. "A1I buaintai wilt bo attanda I to p.omtitljr. Dee. 15, ISKO lv. REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, Clearfield, Pfiiti'a. fc4A,Will oioeuU Joba In hla lino promptly and Inaworkmanllhemanner. aar4,o7 I RANK FIELDING ' AND WILLIAM I). B1GLER, Jt TTO ll.VE fs-a T- L.1 tr, CLKAF FIELD, PA. Nov. I7ih, 1S10 tf. WEAVER 4. BETTS, PRALItP" It Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs, AND LUM11KK OF ALL KINDS. tcrOfflo on tfeootid rtreot, in Ter of iton rvito of Uourga Weaver A Co. f jkitV, '79- tf. RICHARD HUGHES, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE fob Ifecalur Toicnthip, Oiceol. Mill) P. O. All oScial bu.lnaaa antrnated to bim will ba prompllj attended to. inoba, '7. ITAURY SNYDER, X BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER. SUHp on Market Bl, oppo.it. Court Uouit. A elcan towel for ovary eu.tomer. Alao dealer ia Heat llrauda of Tobarco and Cigars. W.,.ld. Pa. "a? H. '" JAMES H. TURNER, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, tVallarcton, Pa. rlla haa prepared bimiaU with all tba neeea.Bry blank forma nnder tho Pen.lon and Bounty law., aa well aa blank Daedi, eto.' AII legal mattara ontruated to hia oaro will receive prompt attention. May 7th, 187V-II. ANDREW HARWICH, Market Mtreet, ClearUeld, Pa.. AnitrAcTonaa anb dbalbb in Harness, Bridles, Saddles, Collars, and JIorse-Furnishing Ooods. ayA1l kiada of repairing promptly attended to. Kaddlara' Hardware, Horn Urn.hea, Curry Comba, Ae., alwaya OB hand and for aale at the lowval oaab prioa. March 1, 17. Q. H. HALL, PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER, NEAR CLEARFIKLD, PENN'A. jaay Pumpi alwaya ob hand and made to order on ahort notiea. Pipea bored on roaaonable tonna. All work warranted to render eatialaotlon, aad delivered if deaired. nyionypa lAwry Ntablo. 'PUB anderiigned bega leave to Inlonn thenub- X lio that he ia now fulll prepare to date all la tba way of furniahtng IK.eea, Buggioa, Saddtoa and Ilarneee, on the ahorteit aotioe and en reoaonabla tornal. Roeldaooo 00 Loeuat .treat, batweoB Third aad Fonrth. MRU. W. OEARHART. Oloarlald, Fab. 4. 1874. THOMAS H. FORCEE, DBALBB IB GENERAL MEI1CII AND1SK, bHAHAMTON, Pa. Alao, aitenalva manufacturer and dealer In Squaro Timber and Bawod Lomoarol all Btnoa. tT-Ordera aolloltod and all bill, promptly Iliad. ny'tJI S. I. SNYDER, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER ABB BBAL-BB. IB LWatclicsJ Clockt and Jowelry, 47raAoa't kf, Markl Areal, t'l.F.ARFlF.M), PA. All klnda of repairing In toy lint promptly at- anaed to. Jeo. Jit, larv, jAMaa aana. CABBOLL L. BtPDLB. Clcnrflrld Insurance Agency. HEun k uuun.K, JrcniM, Rrpraaont the following aa I other Iratlaaa Co't Conipanlaa. Al.au.. Llvarpool London k Ol .b.-O. 8. Br. H.mi.sS Lyooinlng nn mntual A oaab plan.... 6,000,0(10 1'ho.nix, of Hariferd, Conn ,34.09 Inauranoa Co. of North Amerira 1,41,674 North Brill. e A Mareentile U. 8. Br. 1,7H."3 Srolll.k Commercial U.S. Braorh.... 7V,l4t Watortown T04.BU Travalara (Life A Accident) 4,4J.4o4 Office ob Market St., opp. Conrt Houaa, Clear leld, I'a. Jtna 4, 7 tf. Insurance Agency -OF- WILLIAM 0. HELMBOLD, Palton Work, f tirtrrngrif ft?, fa. Comnanies Eonresouted i Commercial Union In.. Co., Aaaeta i.M.ro tt Firvmen'e Fund Ine. Co., A. iota l.lot.OITIO lininn Inauraaea Co., Aa.at H I.70,ni7 9 Travalara' Accident Ina. Co . AneU.. t, tit, 104 It Ncrthrra Ina. Co. of New York A.'te 4,VI 00 lnauranco placed ob oil kind, of property at triniteblo ratca. Uurwcnavllla, ro, ren. in, loni-ii. West End Drug Store, IN 0 RAHAM'fl ROW, (Halfway bolwara Mctop't and Floch'l atoraa.) CLEARFIELD, PA. THE anderiigaed haaopoaod up a Drag Start, with a fall eupply of perfectly puro and Ircah Drag, M.ntolBaa, tUeroicoia uou . . . . n k. ku. aalactAA wllh groat oaro and are guaraoleed U bo perfectly pore aau roiiaow. a win give m'i r" ilea u thia departmoat, and will tbeorfally give any advice ana) lakanealleo In regard U medic inct Creoofeharge. DR. T. J. BO. KR. M. ... . t 1AAA..A wiearaua, ra4 araw. Si Proprietor, 2,719. ATFREDERICKSBUPG HEIGHTS. A BLIZZARD OF SHOT AND BUELL HOW THE PICK AND FLOWER OF TUE A It AIT SUFFERED A HLOODT REPULSE A krilliuut tlvscription of tbo butllo of Fredurirksburfr, prepared for the "Annals ol the i ar by Major uonoral St. Clair A. II ill hoi lanii, occupied seven columns in the Philadelphia Weekly i )ic recently. Ucnoral Mulnolland touches upon the fine condition of the Army of the Potomac, relates tho cir cuiustances under which General Burn- side took command, tolls of tbo open ingof tho battle and of Mvado's advance, and tlescriues vividly the torriblo on slauirhtandrcpulso atMarye's IIoiL'hts Tho following extract from tbo article is a description of tho thrilling scenes enacted in front of the famous stone wall : While Moado was moving on Hum ilton's, the troops in tho city woro pro pared to strike. Under arms, listening lo tho sounds of the fight on. tho left and waiting patiently lor their turn to sharo in tbo Btrif'e, General Francis Meagher, mounted and surrounded by his staff, addressed each regimont of his (tho Irish) uncuclo, and in burninc. eloquent words, besought tho men lo uphold in the coming strugL-lo tbo mill tary prestige and glory of thoir native land. Then green boxwood was culled from a garden near and Moaghor placed a sprig lo bis Irish cap. isvery ol ficer and man followed hia example and soon great bunches of tbo fragrant shrub adorned the caps of every one. w renins were made and hune upon the tattered flags and tho national color of the hmorald Isle blended in fair har mony with the red, white and bluo of tho Uepublic. At noon, Ueadonot yet having reached Hamilton, beneral Couch ordered French and Uancock to the assault. French movod first, closely lollowed by tho sunorb. As we wheel ed into tbo streets leading towards tho enemy we wero in full view of the frowning heights and tbe march of death huan. Nearly a milo away arose the position that we were oxpeeUd to carry anil though not yet clear ot the city wo felt tbe prcssuro of tbo foo, tbe tire ol whose battunes concentrated to crush tho heads of our column as tboy doboucbed upon tho plain. Solid shot, nreu with light charges, ricbochet on tho frozen ground, caromed on tho pavement and went tearing through tho ranks, traversing the entire lontrlh of tho streets, bounding over the river to be buriod in the opposite blulF. A BRAVE DOT FROM CHESTER. Shells began dropping with destruct ive effect. Ono striking in thoF.ighty eighth Now York placed eighteen men nors tlu combat. 1 will over remem ber tho first ono that burst in my reg iment wounding tho Colonel, cutting off the head of Sergeant Marlvy and killing two or three otbors. X was struck by the instantaneousncss of tbe deaths. Tho column had halted for a moment, a sharp report, pull of smoko and three or four men lay stark dead, their laces calm, their eyes mild and lilo liko, lips unmoved, no sign of pain or indication of suffering. Marlcy had not fallen, but dropped upon his knees, bis musket clasped in both hands and resting upon tbe ground. After get ting into tho open and crossing a mill race a riso in tho ground bid us from the enemy, giving an opportunity to dress the ranks ana prepare tho column of attack, which wus by brigade front, General Kimball's brigade in tho lead, followed by those of Colonel J, V. An drews and Colonol Palmer. Hancock's division came next, wilb tbo brigades of Zook, Mcaghor and Caldwell in tbe order named. Here the thought struck mo: "IIow different is the real battle from that which our imagination had pictured. After the reading of our boyhood, with heads filled with Napo leon and bis Marshals and harrowing tales of gory field's of yore, with what rcalistio feeling wo can see the wild confusion of the storm swept field charging cavalry, hurrying artillery, tho riderless steeds madly rushing to and fro, their shrill neighing mingling with tho groans, screams and shrieks ot the wounded. Here there is do dis order. The men calm, silont, cheerful. The commands of tho officers, given in a quiet, subdued voice, and distinctly heard and calmly obeyed. Tho regi ments mancenvro without a flaw. In this trying moment tho guides are ordered out and the alignment made as porlect as on dress parado. Tbo de struction of human beings is done with order and systom. Vet it is torriblo enough ; tho very absence ot confusion and excitement but adds to the dread ful intensity of the horror. As for the screams and shrieks, I have never heard anything of that kind either on tho field or in the hospitals. It may be that tho soldiers of other nations in dulge in cnos and yells ; our men took tboir punishment without a complaint or a murmur. Just before moving from this spot one of our young officers, a brave boy from Chester county, Penn sylvania, Lieutenant Konoca (v. Wil Inucr, was badly torn by shell, which stripped tbe flush from his thigh and leit the bono lor tour or live inches whito and baro. Ho came to me, and, holding up the bleeding limb for in spection, said, with the most gcntlo manner and placid voice: "Colonol, do you think that I should goon with my company or go to tho hospital V Ho doubt had I told him to goon bo would nave tlono so. 1 hen tho advanco Is sounded. Tbe orders of the rogimental commanders ring out clear on the cold December air. "Jtight shoulder, shift arms," "Battalion forward, guide cen ter, march I" Tbo long lines of bayo nets glittor in the bright sunlight We have no Inendly log, as Meade had, lo bide us from our loos, and as wo ad vanced up tho slope we oome in full view of the Army of Northorn Vir ginia. All their batteries open upon us. necan traro their line by the fringe of bluo smoke that quickly ap pears along tbo baso of the hills and we see that we are marching Into an aro of fire. And what a reception awaits us I Fire in our front, from our right and our lelt. Shells come at us direct and oblique and drop down Irom above; shells enfilado our lines, burst among us in front, in rear, abovo and behind us. Shells everywhere ; ft tor rent of shells ; blinai d of shot, shell and firo. The lines pass on steadily, Tho gaps mado In the ranks are quickly closed. The colors olton kiss the ground, but are quickly snatched from dead bands and bold aloft again by others who soon in thoir turn will bile tho dust. The rcgimontal oommanders march out far in advance ol their com mands and thoy too, fall rapidly, but others run to take their places. Still in good ordor, we push lorward until five hundred yards of the long half mile that lay between ns and Marye's Heights ia passed, then the sharp whli CLEARFIELD, of the minnie joins the loud scream of the oblong bolls. Hancock's gallant advance. Soon we forget the proBcnco of tbo shells in the shower ot smaller missile that assail us. The bills rain firo and thoinon advanco with bonds bowod as whon walking against hail storm Still through the deadly sbowor tho ovor-lhinning lines press on. Tho plain over which we have passed is thickly spotted with tbo men of tbo Second Corps, dead, in twos and tbroes and in groups. Iiegiments and companids have now thoir third or fourth commander and tbe colors are borne to tko front by the third or fourth gallant soul who has raised them. Tho gaps in the lines have bo- come so large and so numerous that wo have to mako continued efforts to close them, and tho command "Guide centre" is frequently heard. Fronch ncars the entrenchments of the Con federates' first line and tho enemy redouble thoir efforts. Tbe Btorm rises to a greater fury. Tba struggle is hopeless. His lines wave like corn in a hurricane, rcooils, Ihon breaks and tbo shattered mass falls back amid tho shouts and cheers ot Cobb's and Ker shaw's brigades, that line tho tionchos in front. INow Hancock, with tbo division that Dover lost gun or a color, sweeps forward, and being joined by many of tbo gallant men of French's command makes tho most lioroio effort ol the day. Passing tho furlhost point roachod by tbo preeeding troops, be impetuously rushes on, passes tbo brick house so conspicuous on the field on, on, until bis flags waved within twenty fivo paces of tho fatal stono wall. Then with murderous firo ovorywhere around us we realized the full absurdity of tho attempt to ac complish tho utter impossibility. We had not yet fired a shot, n e had only reached tbe spot where our work was to begin. Forty per cent, of iho forco had already fallen. Nosuppoit within three quartors ot a milo. In ourfront, lino alter line of works followed each other up the terraced heights to the very crest, which was covered with artillery. Tocarry the a sault further would be extreme madness. Should we take and occupy the first lino, it would simply be lo meet the fire of the sooond and third. To fight tho host in front waj not possible. We wore only to bo shot down without boing able to return tbe blow. So tho division, or rather tho half ol it that still existed, began falling back ; but Hancock would not be driven lrom the field, and halting where tbo formation of tho ground aflorded some shcltor to his hard-tried command, ho remained until reliovcd at night-full. And now tho long, long dreadful afternoon that awaited the thousands wounded, who lay Bcattored over tho sad and ghastly plain. The only place ol cover was the brick house out near the stone wall. To this hundreds ot the wounded dragged themselves and a great mass of sufferers baddlcd together and struggled to got nearer to the bouse, that they might escapo the firo. All around the great heaps of dead bore testimony to tho fiorcenoBS of tho com bat. leur by color sergeant lay stark and cold wilb the flag of his regimont covering him. Just in front ot tho stono wall lay a lino of men of the Irish lirigade, with thogreon box wood in their caps, and the two bodies nearest tho enemy wore those of my beloved Iriend, Major William Horgan, and Adjutant J. K. Young, both of tho .highly -eighth IV ew York, it was not yot one o'clock whon tho assaulting column retired and we had nearly five hours to wait for darkness. We heard tho clock in the Episcopal Church in tho city strike tbe hours that seemed so long. The sharpshooters of the enemy soon got a position Irom which they could enfilade tbe house and when one moved among the mass of bleeding men it was signal tor tbo rino balls to whistle around. Fow of us expect ed to live until night and but few did. Keeping very qiiiol,hug'' iig tho ground closely, we talked together in low tones. Tbo bullets Kept whiatlingand dropping and every few moments somo ono would cease talking never to talk again. Uowquiotly tboy passed away from the crimson field to eternity, their lost ease on their waving flag, tbo loot sound to reach their ears Iho volleys of musketry and their comrades cheers. the dlood or all nations. What cosmopolitan orowd these dead and wounded were Americans from the Atlantio Coast and the Pacifio States, from tboprairies, from tho groat valleys of the Mississippi and tbe Ohio ; Irishmen from tho banks ol tho Shan non and Germans from tho lihino and tbo bluo llanube ; Fronchmon from the Seino and Italians Irom tho classic Tiber mingled their blood and wont down in Jcalh togolhor that our cause and tho Union might live. Every lit tle while wo could eoo othor columns emerge from the city, deploy upon the plain, march forward, but never gut so fur as the brick bouso. Tho ap pearance oft hoso troops would draw tho tire of tho batteries on tho hills abovo us and hundreds of deadly projeciilrs would go screaming over us ana wo oould sso them burst in tbo midst ol our friends. Evening came at last ; the sun went down behind the torriblo heights and wo anxiously watchod tho shadows lengthen and steal across the Hold of blood, creeping over tbe plain, through the houses ol the shade, then up the cburcb tower until tbe only ob ject that reflects tho rays was tho cross ol buimsbod gold, wbicu sparmen moment against the purple sky and then twilight was upon us and deepen ed until It was diflicult to discern ob jects. We thought tbo battlo onded, wben through toe naranoss loomed up the divisions of llookor. Nobly they camo to the work, wilh empty muskets and orders to carry the position with tbe bayonet. The dark mass passod the brick bouse ana almost to the point that Hancock had reached. They had come up through the gloaming unsoen and surged against tbe base ol Marye's Heights. Again tbe bills flashed firo, shook, rooked, roared and belched forth more tons of iron on tbe red plain, more minutes 01 tueloso carnage. J no som bro wave rollod back, the last and most absurd attempt of tbe disastrous day had come to naught and seventeen hundred more bad beon added to the ponderous list of oasualilies. Clouds overshadowed the skies, and, guidod by the lurid lires still smouldering through the ebony darkness, the im mense crowd of wounded began crawl ing, struggling, dragging themselves towards the city, Ibose who were more seriously injured : those with battered limb using musket lor crutches, tainting and falling by the way. And wbon In tbe town bow hard to find a spot to rost or surgeon to bind on the wounds. More wound ed than the city bad Inbabitants.every public hall and bouse Ltlled to oversow ing, the porches of tbe residoooes cov PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 27, 1881. ered with bleeding men, tho Burgeons busy everywhere in the lecture room of tho Episoopal Cburcb eight opera ting rooms are in full blast, tbe floor is packed with men wdobo limbs aro crush ed, fractured and torn. Lying there in deep pools ol blood, thoy wait so very patiently, almost choorl'ully .their turn tobo treated ; more Is no grumb ling, no screaming, hardly a moan ; many of thebadly liurt smile and chat, and one, who has both logs shot off, is cracking jokes wilh an officer who can not laugh at tbo bumorous Bailies, for his lower jaw is shot away. A SICKININO SCENE. The cases hero are noarly all capital and amputation is nearly always ro sortod to. Hands and foot, arms and legs are thrown under each tublo and tho sickening piles grow larger as tho night progresses. Tho delicate limbs of tho drummer buy fall along with tho rough band of the veteran in years, but all, evory one is so brave and cheer ful. Towards morning tho conversa tion flags ; many drop off bofuro thoy can be attended to and somo of Ihem nover wako again. Tho only sound is tbe crunching of tbo surgeons' saws and now and then the melancholy musio of random shell wailing over head. Fow tho prayers that are said, but I can yet hear tbe soil voico of a boyish soldier as he is lifted jn lo tbe tublo, bis limbs a mass ot quivering, lacerated flash, quietly Bay, "Ob, my God, I offer all my sufferings horo in ntonomont for the sins by which I have crucified Theo." Outside tho members of the Christian Commission aro hard at work relieving all within reach, tbe stretcher carriers hurrying tho wounded Irom the hold ; low priests and the chaplains wero quietly moving among the suffering thousands, shriving, giving them comfort and soothing thoir dying hour. Out on Iho railroad at Hamilton s lays the body of tbe fearless commander ot tho Third Brigade of the Pennsylvania Kcserves, Gen. C. rager Jackson, and at tho Bernard Houso where he had been carried, died at midnight tho youngest general officer and one of tho most beloved that fell, Gen. George 1). Ilayard, ot tho Cavalry, V lulo con versing with somo other officers early in tbo day a shell struck tho group, passing through tho overcoat ot Cupt. U. G. Gibson, destroying bis sabre. Jt crushed General Bayard's thighs and carried away a portion of his abdomen. Ho lived fourteen hours alter being bit, and passed tho time in quietly giving directions and dictating letters to bis ir lends. GIBRALTAR. ITS HISTORY AND DATTLIMENTS, II V LIEUT W. O. ROSS. The Arabian name for this stalwart sentinel to tho Mediterranean, from which tbo presont name is corrupted, is J dial nl Tarik, mount of Tarik, and with Couta, tho African point opposite, constitutes what tho Phienicians called tho Pillars of Hercules, from their Tyrian deity. The world-wide repu tation of this mighty fortress inspired us with some awe (notwithstanding wo woro froe-born Americana floating under tbo slurs and stripos) as we cast our anchor a few hundred yards from ts gaping ramparts. We had passed in through tho straits before a fresh westerly wind, and altor satisfying tbe scrutiny of rigid quarantine, found ourselves in tbo midst of a good deal of shipping, and surrounded by a clattering set of gumboats, wilh all sorts (it fruits, vegetables and wares. No sooner bad our topsail hallyards boon started than we wore boarded by thirsty set of peddlers, contractors, washerwomen, and guides all armed with an nnlimited number of recom mendations bearing autographs all the way from Murk Twain to the Princo of Wales. We wore besot by such polite and affable set of "couriers" as thoy call themselves, that wo found it diflicult to escapo from their unitod and untiring goal, so that we might select for our escort an old friend, Michael Benuncs, tho vcritnhlo "Ferguson" of "Innocents Abroad," and tho beau ideal of a chivalrous Spanish coumrr de Jamdles. Ho had been in our employ before bo wo knew him to he all that was required reliable, intelligent, and communicative. Wo wore lucky to bo wafted to tho Hock by wcslorly breer.o, for during the Summer months an easterly wind, or Lovantor as it is called, Is almost unondurablo, tbe at mosphere becoming hot, sultry and oppressive. As It was, the heat was quite intolerable. After a long pull in the cutler we landed very near the old mole-head and passed through the gatos into Iho city. A more picturesque scene could not well bo conceived. Hero was town of somo 20,000 souls, exclusivo of about 6,000 troops, all huddled together in thosmallostpossiblo compass. '1 he housos aro built on abrupt slopes, tier abovo tior, to height of 250 feet above tho sea. The space is so limited, the enliro town boing situated on a shelving ledgo of tho Hock, that great caro is exhibited to proven t theincreaseol now residents, and loroigners are permitted to romnin only a certain longth of timo upon promiso of good behavior. Persons ol every nationality can bo found roaming the streets (or rather the street, for in reality there ia only ono about a ball'- milo long,) from the Jews, Turks, Moors, Arabs, and Negroes, in their primitivo and oriental costumes, to ovory class and stylo of Europoan, both civio nnd military, and last but not loast, to the plucky and irrepressible lankce. such motley asaomblage could not well be found at any other spot on the globe. They have come bore lor the purpose ot trade or which thoro is considerable, Gibraltar is a free port to tho world,and consequently, many articles can be procured mncb cheaper than in othor markets. We wore forcibly struck by tins pocuhanty. As an instance, Florida water, which costs about sixty cents bottlo in the United Stales where it is manufactured, costs only thirty-five cents in Gibraltar, alter having been irolghtod across the oocan. How such a discrepancy arises is lor the proprietors ol this marvelous porlumory to answor. We woro also told that American cigars could be purchased hero at a lower price than the Bamo quality in Now York city. Proceeding along tho main street we arrived and regiatorcd at tbe Hotel Royal, the best publio bouse in the place. We were surprised at tho ac commodations, and the manner in which the tablo Was served. Our im agination might have been aomowbat excited aftor long sea voyago but it ia safe to say that the cuisine contained everything that the appetito could nil lor, ana true relish tmparlud by the inviting accessories and surround ings. Tbe question natuarlly arose, t torn whoro comes all these choice vegetables, eggs, meats, fruits, eto f " The guide took me to tho markot slalls,and from the information gleaned there, tbe mystery was easily solved. REPU A mora tempting display oi poultry, nsb, vegetables, oranges, grapes, pears, lomons, figs, bananas, apricots, plums and melons, 1 bad nover bolore seen and vendod in most part by tbo Moors, who bring largo supply from Tangier in Africa, while great deal of the fruit iB brought over the line from the groves nnd vinoyards ol Southern Spain. And in this connection I might stato that good many Iruiters ply rcgulurly between this port and New York, occupying sixty days in trans portation. Not until the middle of tho lust century was free market established contractors having the monopoly of all supplies, and oflicora were forbidden to import livo cattle or meat, or to kill anything without a special license A chaplain of tho garrison wus actually threatened with a court-martial because be had killed aucking pig without leave. .Relevant to theso abuses a curious story is told. A Cupt. Preston, of Fowke's regiment, was tried fur buying turbot for bis dinner, the fisherman having protested that he was bound first lo otfor it to tho gov ernor. The gist ol his defonco was "necessity has no law." He urged that he bad nothing but pease pottago for his dinner, and replied to tho town maor that he would keep the fish ac cordingly, and that ho had an equal right to be served at the same time with Iho governor in tho publio mar kot. Ho declaimed aguinst tho Injus tice and cruelly of slopping all fresh provisions, nnd strenuously denied any spirit ot mutiny, though declaring that no wouia uo the samo thing again un der similar nouessity. Tbe unfortu nate officer gained his dinnor but lost his commission, as ho was sentenced to be cashiered. When we consider that the rock of Gibraltar is only tbroo miles in length, and three quarters of milo wido, and that nine-tenths of it aro elaborate fortifications, wo wonder a little that 20,000 peoplo can brcalho comfortably within its walls. Crowded they must be. Tho citizens are ruled by mag iBtry, under a charter of justico pi anted to tho city in 1830, and tbe atrictest discipline is enforced. An evening gun is II red and tho gates aro closed lo all niruuers, no one being allowed en trance or exit without official permis sion. Alter tbo hour of twelve, mid night, pedestrians are not permitted on the street, but all peaceful and law abiding persons aro required to be within doors. IliissyBtcm lessens tbo chancos of night disturbances and is Imsed on the principle that all honest and trustworthy people should be in bed during tbe "weo etna' hours." Tbo military system of Gibraltar iB almost perfect. No greater contrast could be drawn between two soldiery than that which exists between the well drossod.flnoly proportionod.souaro built and thoroughly drilled English men on ono sido of tbo neutral ground, and tho squalid, ill formed and indolent Spaniard on tho othor. Thoy enjoy a mutual hatred, and this is nol strungo of the latter, since the occupation of a part of his territory by tho Britons is a never censingoyesoro and rankle to bim. the "neutral ground consists ot the narrow nock or isthmus which joins tho rock to the main land, and is about lailO yards in longth and 1300 yards in breadth. On its own edge the Span ish Government maintains a wretched little garrison of 300 men, whose chief duty it is to prevent smuggling across tbo border, this surreptitious employ ment being indulged in to a groat ex tent, and often nt tho connivanco of the Spanish officials, who graciously divide tho spoil. This is the only land approach to the promontory, and is doubly secured aguinst invasion by a ditch that runs along the baso of the rock on tho British Bido, tho highway bridge, as I was informed, being un dermined and charged with powdor, so that, at moment's warning, small army could be shftttorod to fragments and tiiurnltar trnnstormed into an in accessible island. For the purpoBo of examining the fortifications our guido procured lor us number of donkeys and a pormil. we ascended by a winding roadway, and the first object to chullongo our curiosity was the old crumbling Moor ish castle, building which is regnrded as one of tho oldest in Spain, the Ara bic inscription on tbo South gate re cording its completion in 725. This lower bas withstood tho vicissitudes ot sixteen sieges, but now is mutilated and riddled with Bhot marks. Ancient arrow-heads have beon found buried in the tough concrete which forms the walls. A part of this stronghold is now usod lor olllcers quarter barniajis. An artilleryman took us in charge bore and conducted ns through the gallericrs, tbo most remarkable struct ure lor military ptirposoe in the world. There are two ranges, upper and lowor, oxcavated out of the solid rock by convict labor during tbo great eicgo. I bo rock is pierced by hugo portholes, extending into this wonderful cavern, and are armod by line of smooth-boro guns commanding flanking position on tho land approaches. Within nre two largo appurtmonta, or balls, for projectiles and ammunition, named re spectively altor Su Gcorgo and Corn- wains, i heso of themselves are mar vels ol human energy nnd skill. Emerg ing from this dismal tunnel wo made our way to tho cavos, for liko all com pact limestone, tho Hock abound in numerous fissures. Tbo most celebra ted of these Is St. Michael's, 1,100 feet above tbe sea level. Our courier illu minated tbo intorior with t torch that ho carried for the purpose and wo louna ourselves in a spacious and lolly ball 220 feet long by 70 feet high, sup ported by stalactite pillars, the effect of which when lighted up, wns beauti- iiii an j Imposing. Tbe actual oxtont of this cavo is unknown, though somo explorers havo penolaatcd into it sev eral hundred feet, and havo discovored groat quantities of fossil and human remains. While proceeding to tbe signal station wo wore fortunato enough to get a glimpse oi tho monkeys which gambol at will over tbe crags nnd bowlders. 1 hose are tbe only wild monkeys in Europe, and number about seventeoo or eighteen. It has for a long timo boon mooted question bow they were transported. Our guido was fertile with a elory that tbe same monkeys havo been seen on Ape's Hill, in Africa, fourteen miles across tho straits, and that the only way to account for the incongruity was tho necessary oxistonce of subterranean communication unrior the sea. This is fabulous and imaginary theory, though it is true that the animals very often disappear and are not aeon for days at time. They are protected from molestation, and tbe soldiers take groat interest In tbeir welfare, and any addition to the family being duly announced in tho local paper. Thoy live principally on the sweet roots of tbe palmetto. , Arriving at the signal station ws were introduced to Sergeant Brown, the artilleryman id charge. Ws were B LI C A N. glad to find place to rost, and wilb a koen relish partook of tho excellent bread and checso offered us.' This em inence is 1,255 feet abovo tho sea. It consists of a modern building and stone towor Irom which tbe straits are watched and tbe shipping reported, tbe range boing so oxtunaivo that on a clear day the character ol a vessel can be discerned lurty miles distant. Tbo view from this clovation is ex ceedingly fine. The visitor can Bee from hero tho wholo of Gibraltar bay, tho Sierra Novada mountains of Spain, tho plncid waters of tbe Mediterranean, tho A tins mountains in Africa and tho coast of Barbary, togothor with far reaching tracts of country. 1 bus al most with ono glance ho beholds three separate and distinct nationalities Morocco, Spain ana Gibraltar a sight, which for novelty ot effect has no equal, recalling as it does, the laded fortunes oi tho Moors, the dissipating powors of the Castilian, and tho pres tige of England. Tho lortilicalions ot Gibraltar are tho most formidable in tbo world. Tbe fortress is literally impregnablo, and from 1701 tbe British flag bas waved triumphantly over it. During the great siege of 1779, and which con tinued nearly four yours, by tho allied forces of Franco and Spain, numbering nearly 40,000 men, besides a largo na val fleet, the English heroically nnd successfully withstood the attack, with a garrison consisting of only a little over 5,000 men. The first gun from tho Kock wns tired by tho wilo ot nn officer at tbo signal of Gen. Elliott onions, strike home! Tho furious bombardment of the enemy can be somewhat imagined whon it is stated that duiing a period of six weeks 06, 000 shot and 20,000 shell were hurled Into the colony, and at ono timo, for three succossivo days, 4,000 rounds wore discharged from the land batter ies per day. Notwithstanding this torriflo assault, the English lost in killed only 333 mon, after an expendi ture, by tho combined lorces, of ovor 10,000 barrels of powder. At present a seawall, with a system of curtains, flunks, and bastions, ex tends around tho western base of the rock. Evory spot from whence a gun can bo brought to bear is mounted with cannon, and retired batteries with the heaviest ordnanco occupying tho most commanding positions, though not tliscernablo from tbo sea. At an elevation ot 1 100 foet is planted tho Uock Mortar, tho highest piece of ar tillery, and it is said to have been dis mounted frequently by theSpunish firo. Guns peep out of the most secluded nooks, among flowers and plants, and immonso plies of shot and shell are stowed carefully away, secure from tbo invader's firo. Gibraltar has traditionally held tbe titlo of barren rock, and to all prac tical agricultural demands it pro bably is, but its floral kingdom is rich and varied. Thoro are many species of plants and ferns, many are indigenous. Tbe Alameda Gardens have a profusion ol flowers, the gerani ums being tbe most abundant. Hero the military bands play twice week, making it tbe favorito resort and promenado of the inhabitants. Tbe peoplo amuse tbemsolves in various ways, fox hunting in Spain being tbe chief feature el tho season. During the winter months thoy have a moot ing twice week, llacquot, lawn tennis, cricket, polo and private theatri cals, are largely participated in by the officers of tho garrison. Tho parade grounds are used tor alhlotio games. Tbo library contains 40,000 volumes and is tho finest institution of tbo kind outside ol England. In connection with this is pavilion with a billiard room, reading room, etc. Since the introduction of steam ves sels, the valuo of Gibraltar as a pro tected coaling station and depot for war materals, iBOt undisputed import ance. Combined with a naval fleet sho could hold indefinite control of tbe entrance to tho Mediterranean, and defy tho united powers of Europe. TIM JEWISH rASSOVER. COMMEMORATION OF THE DELIVERANCE FRO A! EUYPTIAN RONDAOE. The Jowish Passover commenced last evening at 6 o'clock. There is a vast deal of negative information in regard to tho Jowish Passover, and k lew precise remarks will not be in apropos. The term has two signifi cances. It is called the "Passovor" and also the "time of unleavened broad." It ia an eight days' session of glory hallelujah time which com memorates tbe dolivoranco Irom Egyp tian bondage of tho israelilish tribes. Tbe particular title "Passover" alludos to tho instructions given to tho Angel of Death at the timo of the destruction of the firstborn of the Egyptians. That was one of the ton plagues visit ed upon Pharoah's people. In pursu ance of Information conroyed to his followers by Moses, mystio marks were mado on the door-posts of tho housos in which the Israelites lived. Those marks woro traced in the blood of k lamb. In looking for tbo first-born the Angel of Death passed ovor the house thus designated hence the name "Passover." Tho audacity, ii wo may so express it, ot the selection of the animal slaughtered is found in tbo fact that tbe Egyptians regarded tbe lamb idolatrously'. J ust previous to tho vis itation ol the Angel ol Heath, tho Israel ites had askod Pharoah's permission to retire into the wilderness to pray to their God. This was previous to tho terrible visitation npon the firstborn, which was immediately followed by the expulsion ol tho Jews. Thoy were pursued In few days and overtakon at the lied Sea. No description is needed of what thoro oc curred. The Old Tostamont speaks eloquently of tho horror, tbo conster nation, tho despair of tho Egyptian mothers who found that in tho night tho noisoless wings of Death a messen ger bad brushed their first-born dar lings. Alter such treatment of the theme it would be almost impious to dilato upon It. Saturday was what is called a "groat Sabbath" in Jowish parlance. At 6 o clock last night, vaguely called sun down, tbe first moment of the eight dava of "Passovor" began. On tbis day all Icavoned bread must be out of the bouso by HI 0 clock A. Jtl. more is a peculiar formula with reference to the expulsion oi any icavonea tning, which is as follows: "Tbe master of the establishment searches every nook and corner of bis mansion. He accu mulates by tbis proceedure all leavoned articles that he discovers; gathering them, he says something lo this enect "All manner of loavon on my premises which had not beon found by me, tbe same as that which 1 have just ourn ed, bas my blcss'ng upon it and is an nullod. 1 have done my duty." From this on nothing but leaven is brought into the house during the tight days of the "Passovor," aad groat TEEMS $2 per innwn in Advanoe, NEW SERIES-VOL. 22, NO. 17, care is taken that no utonsils used in tho preparation of leavened food are usod in the composition of the specific dishes proscribed for tho festive sea son. Those dishes are four in number. Special allusion is made to tho least which begins this evening after the synagogue observances, the "lass over" terminates Tuesday night of next week at b' o'clock, Tho first two and the luot two nights of tho eight are the most important. Last night and to-night will bo bad tho celebra tion ol the "narrative. A table is spread with four dishes as mentioned above. The first contains throe thick "Passover" cakes ; the second bas the shank bono of a lamb with bard boil ed egg accompanying it ; in tbo third platter are parsley and bitter herbs. This is called tbe "Ilagadah," which means a "narrative." In Gorman par lance it is the "Sedar," possessing the samo significance. Ou tbe fourth dish Ihore aro horue radish and mixture called "cbaroset," which is composed ot almonds, raisins, nuts aad spices. It is supposed to symbolize the ma terials used in tho making of the bricks, which industry was tho vocation of the Israelites during their captivity. Tbe bitter herb in tho third dish is in com memoration ot the Israolitixh livos that woro embittered by the bondage. Tbe unleavened bread has more or less remote allusion to the fact that tbe Jowish dough did not havo timo to rise, and that it was baked, more fre quently than olherwiso. while being carried on the backs of people exposed to a broiling sun. the egg typifies tbe festive offering made at the tem ple in Jerusalem. At tho commencement of lbs "nar- rutivo" tho master of tbe house breaks tbo centre of tho tbroo cakos in the first dish in halvos, ono ol which is called "Aficomon," and part of which is given to eacb individual present at tho dish of the "narrative." This is in tbo nature of a dessert, and is supposed to be tbo last thing eaten that night. Tbe entire affair declares the whole history of tho dolivoranco from Egypt, and is a gastronomic legend of most peculiar importance Tho bead of the family addresses idcalistically four filial elements: "The wise child," "tho wicked child," "the simplo child," and tho "one who knows not what to ask. 1 ho wise ono says : "What aro tho stntuottos?" For an answer ho receives: "This is in accord ance with tradition, and you must not cat anything to-night after the 'Afico mcn.' " Tiio wicked ono quories: "What is this to mo?" Ho ia settled with the remark: "It is nothing to you. If you had been there in Egypt thoro would have been no redemption tor you." As to tbo simplo one ho says: "What is this?" To which is respondod : "This iB in commemoration of tho act of God Almighty liberating our peoplo from bondago." To tbo one who docs Dot know enough to ask, an oxplunatior. is mado something like tbis: "We were commanded to tell it to our children that wo woro brought out of Egypt by Him who has called us His chosen people. Ibis occasion is memory of His act." The ritos are very exclusive so fur as outside religious faiths aro concern ed, but to Jows every Israelilish house hold is supposed to be open during tbe first two days ol tho eight Tbis is almost Masonic idea, and has its po etical import in that any stranger Jew sojourning within the gates of any city whoro the "Passovor is boing cel ebrated is entitled, if attractod by the sound of joyous festivities, lo enter tho houso lrom which they proceed as an honored guest. No mult liquors are drank by Jows during tho "Passover." The third, fourth, fifth and sixth days aro called "middle days," and the last two, which will be Monday and Tues day of next week, are obsorved as the first two, with tho exception that the "narrative" ceremonies aro not re peated. This is the 5,C30th Jewish year, tho first day of which was in September last, beginning at sundown. In tbo Israelilish faith tho time is reckoned according to tho lunar system, while with Christians it is based on solar ob servations. Thoro aro 3!i3 days to 385 in tho Jewish your, the variation being occasioned by an extra month, which occurs every leap year. Of all the epochs in the year, that which be gins to-night is tho most important. It is pn?an of victory ; it is a com memoration of the most glorious inci dent in the history of the nation in question, and is, thoreforo, to most considerable portion of our population, a period Ireigbted with peculiar inter est. aViib Yor Truth, April 13. A BIRD'S IVlXa. Did you over look at a bird's wing carolully, and try to find out Irom it tho way in which it is used ? People usually snpposo, cither that bird flies because it is lighter than air, like n balloon, or that it rows itself along as a boat is rowed through tbo waler. Neither of these suppositions is true. A bird is not lighter than tho air, not docs it float ; for whon a bird is shot on tho wing it talis to tbe ground as quickly as tbe squirrel. On the con trary, a bird flies on its own weight, and could not fly at all if it wore nol hoavier than tho air. Look at quill feather, and you will see that on each side of tho central abatt or quill tbore ia a broad, thin portion, which is culled vane. Tbovane on one side oi tue suuit is Quito broad and flexible, while that on iho olher sido is narrow and stiff; and by look ing r.t wing with the leathers in thoir places, you will find that they are placed so that thoy ovorlap a little, like the slats on window blind, l.ucu broad vano runs undor the narrow vano of tho feather bosido it, so that, whon the wing is movod downward, each feather Is pressed up against the alifT narrow vane of the one besido it, and Ihe wholo wing forms a solid sheet liko a blind wilh tho slats closed. After the down stroke is finished and tbo up stroke begins, the pressure is taken off tho lower surlnce of the wing, and be gins to acton the upper surface and to press the feathers downward Instead of upward. The broad vanes now havo nothing to support them, and they bond down and hollow the air to pass through tbo wing, which Is now like t blind with the slats open. By these two contrivances tbe shape of tbe wing, and the shape and arrange ment of the leathers tbe wing resists the air on Its stroke and raises the bird little at each flap, but at each up stroke allows tbe air to slide off at the tides, and to past through botween tho leathers, so that nothing is lost. V(. Skholas. A six year old chap was lorcod to wear shirt throe sire too large for bim. After strutting around a little whilo, he burst out with, "Ma, 1 feel awful lonesome in this thirl! EDUCATIONAL. v BY M. L atoQOOWlf. . Panawtanf PatrAll nf T.afalTAtfA Pnl. lego, Easton, Pa., sailed lrom New York for Europe Saturday, April HI, Tbe statemeut that Dr. Uigbee, the new Superintendent of Public Instruc tion, will call in all teachers' pormaneut certificates, is authoritatively contra dicted. The Pennsylvania Legislature bat kindly remcmborod the school teachen of the Commonwealth by passing bill making it obligatory upon school directors lo allow the teachera thoir time whilo attending the annual County Institute, and 12.50 t day for ex penses. This will gladden tho hearts of many a toacber, and especiully the dilatory classes. coHRtsruxDESct: Pike Township, April 14, 1881, Ono of tbe most tuccossful terms ol school that bat over been taught at tho Kobina school, in our township, closed on the !Hh of April. A literary entertainment wos hold in tho evening of thut duy, aud was attended by a very lurgo number of ciliaons who were highly delighted wilh tbe exer cises. M r. Frank Curry, teacher of the Curry school, made tho address of wel come, Tbe peoplo of tbe district are very anxious that Miss N orris will re turn and teach the Bcbool next Winter. She is now teaching a summer term of school in tho borough of Curwens villc. A Director. I.t riisiisucno, April 13, 1881. Noarly all tbe schools in this town ship have closed at this writing. Cross lioads school, No. 9, closed on Friday, April 8tb, with good results. It was largely attended in the afternoon by tho parents and citizens of the district. Tho exercises consisted of orations, select readings, essays, dialogues, etc., thus showing the importance ot good Literary Societies in our public schools. Tho past term has been very success ful, all owing to the teacher, Mist Sadio J. Morgan, who, by her untiring efforts to make the school success, and by her true Christian manner, hat mado many warm friends during the past two Wintors sho has been in our midst. Miss Moriran is not only good teacher, but also a true Christian, who will, it it bo in ber power, be sure to lead ber scholars in tho true path of Christianity. w. H. u. noil or II0SOR. The following is a lint ol pupils re ceived for the "Holl of Honor" tor tbe week ending April 22d. All whose names appear in this list attended tbe school to which they belonged every day ol the school term : Robins school, In Pike township, Nora Norris teacher Emery Cupplcs. Freeport school, in Morris township, John Emigb teacher Flora Kuch and r. hi. i.migb attended too per cent, ol torm. Tiadoker school, in Bradv townshin. Sadie J. Morgan teacher Willie L. Weber, aged 7 years ; l.h 1 . Uarman, . gcdsyears; John Shatter, agod 12 years. ParailiBo school, in Lawrence town- shi, W. S. Mott teacher Carrio Car rick missed no time, tnd Emma Carter and Huttie Mannahan missed one day each. Kaitbaut school, in Kartbaua town ship, IL S. Maurer teacher Bertha Schnarrs and Edward N. llertlcio at tended every day, and Eva Hertlein missed one day. Miss Schnarrs has not missed a day in two. terms, or eleven months. New Washington school, John C, Barclay teacher Thomas Mahatfuy, Thomas Nell'. Fred Netf, Helen Mitch ell (two terms in succession without missing a day), francos N off, Grace Arnold. An entertainment was hold at tbe close of the school and, in point ot excellence, surpassed the expecta tions of all. TUX SCrgKIXTKXBKSrr HERS AND ELSEWHERE. Superintendent Craighead, ot India na county, is running for his second term without opposition. A. J. Davis, Superintendent ol Clar ion county, ia running fur his third terra without opposition. Ho has been faithful officer. Thoro are seventeen candidates who dosiro to succeed Superintendent Myer, in Centre county, who bas served two terms, and does not want the third. The 14,500 School Directors in the Stato of Pennsylvania will assemble on Tuesday of next week, May 3d, to elect 92 Superintendents for the cities and counties of the State. Tho Convention to be held in our own county will convene promptly at 1 o'clock P. M., according to tbe re quirement! of tbe School Law. We expect largo turnout of directors, Tbis is, perhaps, the grandest duty enjoined upon School Directors. An attempt is being made lo defame the good name of Superintendent Kel ly, of Jefferson county, by circulating through tbe mails anony mons circulars reflecting npon his character. The papers denounce the scheme in strong terms. Blackmailing and sensational remarks aro always at discount with intelligent people. Somo twolre or fifteen female teach ers are candidates for the posilion of County Superintendent in different parts of tbo State. The following an nouncement, taken from Forest coun ty papor, shows the prominence they givo the ladies out there : Editcb Dkmocbat i Fleaie aaBeaooe tba aana of Mice J. K. Cnr-eland', of Tiooeala, aa a oaadi data for SapcriDteaiioBt af Comnoa School, of PoreBt coonty, Pa. Aa tola la tba 00)7 poblie office Kblob aaa be held by a lady, wa hope tht direotore of tbo ooaoty will givo bet tbo aaoat at tcalioB aad boarlDf tbey weald a nolo. Makt ClTIIRBI. Tloeuta, Pa., April 1, 1MI. a rERSOSA L UENTtOX OF TEACHERS. Thomas Hopkins, who taught Jeffer son scbool.jn Decatur township, is now a student at Dickinson Seminary, Will inmsport. A. fl, Lambert, who taught Centre school, in Lawrence township, hat been called to Wintorburn, Huston township, to teach term of three months. Salary, t35 per month. Wm. Posllothwait and Jacob Smith, of Brady township, are attending tho Slate Normal School at Edinboro, Erie oonnty. Mist Ida Gearhart and Mist Lois McGaughey.both of Clearfield borough, and H. Frank Porter, of Lawrence township, are attonding tbe Stale Normal School at Millcraville, Lancas ter county. A correspondent of the Osceola (Pa.) Reveille pays Miss Marie Moore, of West Clearfield, a high compliment for the excollont manner in which she oon ducted the Uanoock school, in Decatur township. Mist Mooro teemt to be eminently successful in hor teaching. Prof. W. A. Ambrose, of the New Washington Normal School, was mar ried recently to t lady of Boll wood, Blair county, whose name we have pot learned. Mrs. Ambrose, accompanied hor husband to bit new Sold ol labor at Now Washington. The usual con gratulations are extended to Mr. and Mrs. Ambrose in thit new departure. The following teachen have been employed for the Summer term in Union township: Hubert school, ilrt. Alice Lilt, of Goshen township ; Home Camp school, Miss Hannah Corp, ol Brady township ; Spruce Hill school. Mist Mary P. Heckendorn, ol Perry county ; Maple Grove tcbocl, Mist Sara Scofisld, of U nion township. Tht salaries are 123 per month.