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ESTABLISHED I If IfftT.
rlic largeet Circulation of any Nawapaper
In North Central PeuneylTanla
Terms of Subscription,
ir paid in adene, or within I a.oBtha....99 OO
If paid afiar 1 and before Bontbi S 60
if ,,.d after the explratloa of 4 monthi... a X
Rates ot Advertising,
T re intent edTertlMmenU, per aquarvof lOMneeor
i timet orleea , ,.$! 60
fur each labieqnent loiertioB A
A Iminlitrfttnn' and BiMQton'nutloM I 60
AulUr' notteei 1 60
Cnutioniand Kutrayi 1 60
involution notloet I 00
Profeuional Cardi, 6 liana or Uii.l year..... I 00
I.nenl notlfli,pr Hon 10
1 tan $8 00 I 1 eolmnn. ....... $50 00
t iquJM ........... la 00 I & column.. To 00
t qtiftrl. 20 00 1 tolQUDH H.110 00
O. B. QOODLANDER,
t1:1:TS Clearfield, Pi.
J J. LINGLE,
ATTORNEY-AT - LAW,
1:11 Phlllp.bu.rg, Centra Co., Pa. y.-pd
. T '
QEO. B. QOODLANDEB, Editor & Froprietor. PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. TEBMS-$2 per annam In Adranoe.
VOL. 55-WIIOLE NO. 2,717. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 13, 1881. NEW SERIES-V0L. 22, NO. 15.
lOll PRINT! NO OF EVERY DESCHI
F It.u aoatly eaeouted at thlt eOaeo
TIIHTlCEd' tt CO HUT A HI. I:' FEMI
ft W. har. nrlnUd a Itrn number of th. uoi
FEE. BILL, tod will on lb. reoeipt of twenty.
lee nte, mall a onpy to any addraee. myf a
ILLIAM M. IIKNKY, Juhtioi
Praob and ScniTBHia. LUMBER
CITY. Collection! made nod money promptly
paid orer. Artie lei of agreement and deedi of
ooartynnoa neatly eieeuUd and wirnniid oor
root or no eberge. JJy 71
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Juatiee of to. Fuel ud Serir.nor,
um.ColloUona mado ood
JOLAND D. SWOOPE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwenirilla, Clearfield Bounty, Pa,
oot. (, 'Tl-lf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
jrHr-OHfo lo 11. Opera HouM. oct9, 'TB-tf.
A.TTORNKY AT LAW,
r Office ob. door .alt of Shaw Houa..
fM. M. McCULLOTJGII,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
rffi In Meeonio building, Second tr.et, op
posite too court neuee. jezo, r-tl.
Cle.rf.otd County, Podo'o. T8y
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
0?re in Opera Home.
gMlTH V. WILSON',
7-0flie. tn tbo M.aonlo Building, over tb
County national uaok. lmarZ4-99.
yf ALLACE & KREBS,
j.ial II ClcarUeld, Pa.
J F. SNYDER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Ol&co orer iht Countr Natiooal Book.
June 2, T8tf.
RANK G. HARRIS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
F.nt-elmi LIT nod Fir I outran e Compnalai
ptrO&at In tha Oper Huu
URRAY It GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
(Hr-Offlot io Pio'i Opera Koine, toeood oor,
yy ILLIAM A. HA&ERTY,
OH- IC'K orer T. A. Flock Co.'i Uiuro,
pvwm olleod to all lej.l bmineii with
prouptoeea end fidelltj.
josbpb a. M'aifAi.Lr.
BABIBl . B'CUBDT.
ATTORN EY8-AT-L AW,
r Legal baiioeii ntteodad to pronptly wlthj
1 lelity. Offlea ob Second ttraet, abova ibe Pint
.MHlonaj Bank. Jb:1:T0
T F. Mc KEN RICK.,
All lego! boilnoae entroitod to hla ear. will r.
eeire prompt atteolion.
T-Of!iAa in the Court Home.
A T T O K N E Y - A T - L A W ,
Real Eitat. and Collection Agent,
Will promptly attand to all legal bualneaa oa
trailed to hia earn.
dr-OSoo ia Pie'a Op.ra Hona.. Janl'7.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTOUNEY AT LAW.
nd Real Batata Agent, Clearfield, Pa,
Office oa Third Ureal, bet.Cberrj A WalnaL
aTKeapaetfolly offora hla aerTleea In aalllng
and buying landa In Clearfield and adjelalng
euaatiea and with aa eiperioae. of over twenty
.ara aa a aur'.yor, (altera hlmaalf that he eaa
render aattaraetioB. Fob. ISi.Sitf,
pR. E. M. SCHEURER,
Offloo In raaidane. ea Firat It.
April 14, 1871. Cloarfleld, Pa.
jyi. W. A. MEANS,
I'UYSICIAN k SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITY, PA.
Will attend profeaaloBal oalla promptly. angl070
J)R. T. J. BOTER,
OSoa oa Market Street, Clearteld, Pa.
.Offloa hourt i to II a. at., Bad 1 to I p.
(oaTEBD r. o.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
ron bbli. townamr.
Squrtre Timber & Timber Lnmk
J.I 1-7 J CLEARFIELD, PA.
Land Surveyor and Civil Ergiuc
Atl buaineai will be attende 1 to promptly
Deo. IS, 1PB0 It.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
fetvWIU execute ioba In bia line promptly and
in a woramaniiae manner. Bvr4,nj
WILLIAM D. B1GLER,
Nor. 17th. 1810 tr.
WEAVER &. BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs,
AND LIMBER OF ALL KINDS.
rOffioe on Seoond atreot. In rear of atora
room of Ueorge Wearer A Co. Jau, '7J tf.
JUSTICE OF Till PEACE
Oaooola Milla P. O.
All official builnoaa antrnated to him will be
promptly attended to. aaohltf, '74.
BARB KB AND HAIRDRESSER.
Shop oa Market St., eppoeite Ooari Hooia.
A lea towel for ever en toner.
Alto denier ta
lleet Brands f Tobarco aud C'tara
niearOald. Pe. may 10, tl.
JAMES H. TURNER,
JUSTICE OF TUB PEACH,
99-He baa prepared hlmielf with all the
neoeKftrjr blank furuti under tbo Peailoa and
Bounty .ewe, af well aa blank Ueeila, et. All
legal ma tun entr sated to bii eare will reoeire
ronpt BlUntioa. May lib, 1WV-U.
Market Hlraet, Clearfield, Pa.,
MAIOfACTItlllB ARB DBALBB tl
Harness, Bridles, Saddles, Collars, and
9-AW hinrla of repairing promptly attended
to. Saddler' Hardware, Moreo Itrmbei, Carry
Oou.be, Ac, alweyi oa band and for rale at the
loweat eaab price. March IV, 1670.
Q. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
F"Pompi alwaya on hand and mad. to order
ort notice. Pipea bored oa reaaonabla terme.
rork warranted to render aatiafaetion, and
dallr.rod If d.alrad. myli:Iypd
uormors, inclutliDg the height ot the
stylobato, which ia 5 loot ; wbilo the
A TRUE LENT.
in.. T ..... j... . ..j.... .... .
.loom and i.ain ' roof atruoturo, rising from the atvlo-
Com.a lb. glorloul Eoatar radiant., like th. bttO with a grocluttl incliliution, gIVM
c..Tri:.; . ..7i . andUitioniilhoiL'htolUleot41ncho,
den, to aak. blight, " making the lull oxtorior height of this
u wnon meana orgrao. war. glren, w. bar. ad "lory upon inecurlainadl leotU incboH.
-'a aii iae aormorg in mo building pro
time prayer, in. laat.lbo penance, ahall bare jcuniuiu tncruui airuuiurv in uontmu.
ution ot the pcrpondiculur line of the
The corner pavilion havo each an
attio of 13 foot 6 inches, terminated by
eh'iwa nl all oor need..
Shown ua all our ain and weakneae, made ue pen!
If the heart wee bowed In Borrow wbaa tba knee
In prarar waa boot..
If,diK.,dln,..IH.hflli,..b.r.k.ptaholy dorn)0 27 fuot 9 inche,
unryabiu suppurtora u loot v uicnoB in
If tb. fruit, of atir denial went to help th. ilck heiirht botwooon the can and the base.
oa poor. I nil '. ....
Ifnew rlc'irlu o'.r th. hmpi.r Uughi n. all " enuro auporairucluro, Including
thinga to eojure , all its mural oinbelli8hrnenta,is eompoa.
,. pr,.r w. oare romrmocreo an uoj a onii. ea oi White marble Irom the qtiarr ion
dien hirh and low I i . .7
Not alone our Mead, and kindred, and the " f oe ,n "OrBoOire County, JHllHB.
aiianger and tba foe t A court-yard ot 186 leot north and
I.....I. I nttn . . i .
IfWr..r.,.d Ood'a ch.lae.l ble.il.. .. th. "ul" 'nu wo. . 10-
oouoiry of our birth, uatod in tbo contre of the structure,
If we're prayed bia holy goipal may lllulnloa all which, tOi'Cthcr with two additional
tb. earth I . i.
IflbthoohU.ndd..d.llk.tb.....',.n....d L? ma-Ting w tool
tb. aolama Uat.n houri, DorlQ ana "ulQ by b'J loot Cost and
Orlgbi will glow the Kaiter eunahine, fragrant went, all'ord abundance of light and air
. Ull AMUr Btflin. On hA.f lflMl.1 nn, nn. k. K.. .1
ng. l he principal stories lacing the
AT7TI n i mm a t .-rm-rr tuur" J" "e most port, eacn
UUllUAr I A j( Y dLTidf.d b? anino or halt story,
Thi New Publio Buildings, on Penn
square, at tbe Urossing ol Market
ana t onrteenth. or iirojd St.,
in the City of Philadelphia.
DESCRIPTION OFTIIE BUILDINGS-STATIST
ICS AND PBOOUEHS OF TUB WORK
UP TO JANUARY 1st, 1881.
ng increrteod space for smaller
From the north side of tbo control
court-yard rises a grand towor bt 00
loot souare at the bono, gracefully fall
ing off at each story until it becomes,
at the spring of the dome (which is
395 foot 2 inches above the lord of tbe
court yard), an ootogon of 58 foot in
diameter, tapering to tbe height of 103
foot 10 inches, whoro it is crowned
with a statue of tho founder of Penn
sylvania, 30 foot in height, thus com
pleting mo extraordinary altitude .of
535 foet, making it the highest arti
ficial construction in the world, wbilo
at the same timo it possesses tho ele
ments oi nrmno.-s and stability equal j
in dogrootothosoofany known struc
ture of like charactor.
Tho foundations of this lower are
laid on a bed of solid concrete, eicht
feet thick and ninety foot square, at
tho depth of 20 foot below the surface
of tho ground, and its walls, which at
the base are 22 foet in thickness, are
built of dressed dimension stones,weigh
ing from two to five tons each.
The ontiro structure will contain 520
rooms, affording amnio, convoniont.
Height or wiooipai storr. ss feet s inchea. alm statoiy accommodations tor tbe tm-
Hoight of Secood story,io feet 7 incbea. mediate wants of all the Departments
"'"Scha'a Tb'"' """ ""'""' " of tho City Government included undor
Height of Third story Wing., it feet I inche.. lb0. noad" of Legislative, Executive,
Height of Third Story Curium, io feet 4 incbet. and Judicial ; besides which, an amount
e gnt oi t tie oi centre rarinon. i m 0t surplus room remains for nso in tbe
eightof Attlcof corner Towere 13 feet Sincbel. L.i.:ii. ... . .. , .
eight .1 crowning statue, ss feet. classification and preservation of tho
eibtof i-iguroa on oentre Dormera, 17 fact t archives OI the City, lor StOf&gO and
tnchee. I fne inr.rA.anrl nninmmlalnn. .u:..l.
...... .... .. i .kvviuiuwAiiuua. nuitu
e.gnioi rigor., on corner uorm.re, 11 reel in .-.i.,, ,,,, hi :,, r
Inch... : v uv tiuiu vn.ic
to time oy the natural increase of the
COST. publio business and the accumulation
Total eipenJiturel to Jan. I. Ittl.t6.t21.007 JO OI tbe publlO rocords.
I boaotual floor room Included within
PBaaiiiiBT-SAMtlEL 0. PERKINS.
pBCBBranr FRANCIS 0E HAKj JANVIER.
TaRAa. Raa J. J. MAHTIN.
B.uciroa CHARLES II T. COLLIS.
AncBir.or JOHN MrAHTUUK. Jr.
Aaaiaraar. JOHN OKD, Jr., T. U. WALTER,
Sff BHIRTRROBST WM. O. MrPH B HSON.
DIoA-ENSIONS OF BUILDING.
From North to South. 411 feet! Inchea.
From Ealt to Weat, 470 feat.
Area, 4i acrea.
Height of Main Tnwar, S35 feel.
Widib at Uaae, Do feet.
Centra ef Clock Faoo, 301 feet abor. par.ment.
uwmoteroi uioc. r aoa, IV leet.
Height of Upper Baleunr, 100 fret.
Total Number ot Kooma la Building 020.
Total Amount of Floor. room ia 141 acrea.
Height of each centre Pavilion, 202 feet li inehel.
ghl oi corner Towcrt, lot foet.
Height of Beeement Story, 19 feet 8, Inchea,
rklHB aaderaiffned beci leare to latorm tbepab-
X He that be la now full prepare to BoBino-
uie nn ia tne way or rura.sb.nfr, u.iee. uuKgtoa.
Baddlea and llarneai, oa the eborteit aotlee and
n reasonable termi. Heeidenee ob Loeoit etreeL
teiweea xatra ana roartn.
OKO. w. GEARHART.
Olearfleld. Feb. 4, 1074.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
Alio, eitemlve nana fact orer and dealer In Square
iimoer ano eewed Lumber ot all aindi
-Order eollelted and all billi promptly
8. I. SNYDER,
Watched. Clocks and Jewelry,
OraAnm't Horn, Mmrkit Stmt,
1 LEAItMEM), PA.
All kind of repalrinf la my line pmntptly at-
Jan. lit, 157.
eaaaoLL l. siddlr.
R. J. KAY WRIGLKY,
tr-Offica adjoining tbe reildaoce ef Jamai
n ra)ry, on Boeond SL, Clearflold, ra.
(J C. JENKINS, M. D.,
P nvsiciAN AND 8CRQEON,
efflcee .1 mldeneo. eoraer of Stat, .nd Pin.
r"rti. Jan. tth. lail-tf.
)R. U. B. VAN VALZAU,
PICE IN ItESIDFNCE, CORNER OF FIRST
AND FINK eTKKETa.
OBtw be.ra-From II ta I P. M.
May II, 1ST).
hit J. P. BURCU FIELD,
" Sargaoa af Ike 03d Regiment, Paaaaylranla
"laal.era. harlal r.tara.d from tbl Armr.
P ri kia prcfaaaleaal s.rrl... leUeelUleaa
sepMr.. i .It,. ... J-J .-
. Beeead alre.t. formerlyeMepied by
f" e4a. Iapr4,'0e-tl '
enrfield Insuranre Agency.
KERR It BIUULK, Jt'nf,
eproeont the following and other lrat-.Ua. Co.
Liverpool London A Oloba V. S. Br..l4,30l,0t
Lroomlnf oa mutual A oaah nlana. O.OOO.Oflf
rbcanii, of Hartford, Conn I.S24.0S3
Imaranoe Co. of North America 0,4:S,074
North Brltlih A Mercantile U.S. Br. 1,7.1, 003
SootlUh Commareial U. S. Branch.... 70,14i
Trareiera (l.ll. a Accident) 4,45,4H
mi en piaraei St., opp. Uourt lio.ae, 'Jlear.
leld. Pa. June 4, 'T.-tf.
WILLIAM 0. HELMB0LD,
Pallon niock, furirtntvtllt, Pa,
Companies Represented i
Commerelal Union Ina. Co., Areata .19,004.70! 33
Firemea'a Find Ina Co., Ait.ta ..... 1.100,017 ac
I ainB Inanranoe Co.. Aaaeta 1,030,037 90
Tmr.ltre' Accident In.. C... Aaaala.. 3,319,194 23
Nerthrrn la.. Co. of Now York Al ia 340,090 00
Ineeranea plaerd oa all kinde af property at
u.rwrBrrma, ra, reo, io, icni-ii.
West End Drug Store,
betweM sfearop'e and Fledt'a
rpilE andaralgned baa opened ap B DrogSlor.,
1 with a full .apply af p.rl.clly pur. and
Iraeh Ilrura, Medielaee, Ch.mi.ala and Toilet
AMI.Iu Theaa Draae hare beM nlMlad with
great earn and ar. gu.raaleed ta bo parhrUy
p.r. aad rallabla. 1 Will ir. my prreo.e. w
ti.a to Ikia department, and will ebeorraily giro
frea 1 ak.ria. ! t. d. OI.
Information IR regard I
Caaarield, Pa, Daa. 1, Ua-kt,
DEriL'RiPTlUN of Tim BiriLDi ngh. tho walls amountstoC31,438suporficial
j luei, or i acres, inclusive oi the sub-
TII I EXTERIOR. 1 basement which extonrfa nniW h
A lundency exists in tbe public mind whole structure.
to seek to classify every considerable Tbo several stonoswill bo approach-
rcimouiuim ui-oigu uiiucr tuo uoa oi ea oy iour largo euvatori. located at
some "order or "stylo : but modern tho intersections of tho loadinir cnr.
Kuiuua " "ot bo lareoiy in naors. soasto laci ttate Lhointnrcnnran
onirinal adaptations oi classic and other lot tho citiscns w th tho nublic nftlctia
, c-i .. . ..... i-------- ,
Minns tnut m uiiuD unu no small courts, and other brancbos ot the Gov.
cully in oociding undor which, if ernmcnt. In addition to theso moans
any.otlhobereU.loroestabliehcdorrffTl of approach thoro will bo lariro nnrt
OTttyla many of tbo most important convenient stairways in thofour corner
structures ui tuo present cay can be pavilions and a grand staircaso in each
properly cinsdca. ot the centre pavilions, on tho north,
ui" aiwuiuuciuiu ui tne iow ruDiic souin. ana cast lronta.
Buildings is of this character. It is Every room in tbe buildinir will be well
essentially modern in its leading teat- lighted, warmed, and ventilatod, upon
un-B, urn iiioihb a ncu exampio oil a inorongn, enoctivo, and approved
nun. ia auuvrii ujr ma goiiono teiinui Hyaiem, ana evory part ot the Btruc
the "Ronuissanco," nioditjod and adapt- ture will be absolutely fireproof.
cd to tho varied and extonsivo require- Tho heating and vonlilatini? anara.
menu of a great American niunici tus for tho eastern half ot the work is
Pahty. now virtually completed, and in onora-
It ib designed In tho spirit of rrcnch tion. The system adooted to accom.
urt, wiiiio in tuo sun.o unions aaupia- piisn ineso objects consists In drawing
tion of that florid and tasteful manner a given quantity of puro external air
of building is free from servile imita- from tbe court-yard into passages 15
nun, euuer in ornamentation or in tne loot witio ana 11 icot bit? h. constructor!
ordonnance bjf its details. lor tho purpooe, under all tho corridors
i uib immense arcoitcctural pile Is oi the basement story, and fnrcino- it.
located on the intersection of Broad by means of a steam fun, among and
and Market Btrccts, in tbo City of Phil- around stacks of radiators heauu) hv
adclpbia. It consists of a single build- steam boilers, ieito all tbe rooms and
ing,undoronoroof,occupying,inclusivo corndorsof the basomont and supor
of tbo court yard, an area ol nearly structure of tbo custom half of tbe
4) acres. The horizontal dimensions building.
ol the strucluro are a squaro of 428 The lan ia located in tho southern
feet, with added projections for oon- portion of the sub-bascmont. It baa
vonience and architectural effect, mak- a diso of 12 Icot in diameter, with 1C
ing its extreme length 470 foet from wines on each sido. and is cannhln nf
east to west, and 48GJ foot from north delivering 855 cubic footof air per each
tosoutb. revolution. Itisdrivenliv a hnrir.nntnl
Tho four front are aimilar in do- engine of 20 horso pnwor, and admits
sign. In tho centra of oach an en- of being run up to 120 revolutions por
tianco pavilion, of 89 foot in width, minute, which will deliver throughout
rises to the height of 202 foot 101 the oastorn half of the hnilrlinrr i ih
inchcB, flanked by recoiling wings of 53 rateof 102,5(14 oubio foot of air per
feet in length by 128 foot 10 J inches I minute.
elevation, and receding curtains 119 lho warm air is o-onorntnrl hw A
leet It inches High, bb leot 6 inches halt-tubular boilers. 60 inchoa in diame
long, terminating at each ol the four lor and 14 loot lonir. each containino-
nA....H r u. k..;i,ti t.i. . . e . l . ..i. " . . n
vu.xv.o w niw uuiiuiii rvitu luwura ur ta uur-intn iuoes, ana a steam dome
pavilions ol 61 feet square and 1 til feet 3(1 inches in diameter and 30 inchos
nir!n- high. Tbe boilers are each C5i horse
lbo whole extorior is bold and power maklm? an airwreimtj nf hnran
offoctive in outline and rich in detail, power amounting to 34. They tre
being elaborated with biifhly ornate set in nosts of firM. and tha ninnannrl
colu mns, pilastors, pediments, cornices, connections are so arranged that each
enriched windows, and otbor appro- boiler may bo used independently or
priato adornmonts, wrought inartistic in connection, as may be required,
lorma, expressing American idoaa and Thin
developing American genius. forced ventilation, inasmuch as the air
Abo main entrances open throanh I intrniinceH l,.in n, r.m. r
the centra pavilions on tho lour fronts, dianlnena an cnnal nn.ntitvnt i.i0i.i
affording passages for pedestrians up air, which escapes through vontilating
and down Bread and Markot streets. rooitera r,nnin i,..r ih. .
directly thiough tho basomont story. Lvory room, and connecting with large
Each of those entrances is 18 foot wide exhaust ahatta wh inh riierl.irTn ttt tlm
and 36 foot high, finished with orna- hoight of 170 foot abovo the lovol of
ureu ieuiruiio aim ncuiv BCUIDlur- tlm crnnnd
ea spandrels.; ' None of tbo apparatus for hoatini
in addition to the mam ontrancos l.nH vnntii.iin ,, i,.irf n,
'"'""S" " .inunn, vnurs Duiiiiinir la yet nrov ded lor.
are two in each of the lour corner Tho following materials havo beon
pavilions, communicating with each usod in thn rnnni.nnn..n,i in .. .
floor by broad and oasy flight of atone tionaof thoauneratrnrinrr !.-.,
...... n, s.w.,uiiig i.uiu vuo iiaro- cUlOd, IO Wit I
00,313 eubl. fMt of een.reto foandatlona.
624,003 auhic feet of foaod.tloa aUBe, from
190,701 coble feel of dreaaed granite, In tb.
.at.rior or Ibe bai.rn.nt and eob
beaenieBt, from Ooneord, if. II.
and Bia. II i It . Meloa.
40l,0t.0t oul.l. feel of aiarble, from Lee,
71,7.19.03 onbl. feet of buff and blue eand-
t,33 enbi. feat of red aandatona, front
14,300 oubio feet of poll.bed ranlte,from
Ibe qoarrlea on the Ma.guadarie
nirer.near SI. Ileorgo, r. B.,and
from Qolaor andCaoeAnn. Man.
I,T7I eublo feet of bammrrod granite,
from Cooeord. N. II.
11,300 eubi. feet of pollibed m.rbl.,from
Pennay Irama and from Rutland,
40,11 0,1 50 kardbrieka.
I7I.3HS proiaad brick..
S0.99I anamalhid brick..
excavationslinvolvod thochango of the
gaa pipea, and of the tvo water mnina
ot zo and J0 incbea in diameter, Irom
tbeir course through tbo contro of
Broad street, to a circuit around tho
sito of tbo buildings. The tracks of
tho West Philadelphia Pasooniror Rail
way were changed from tho centre of
Market street and laid around tbe site ;
and the Freight Railroad owned by tho
city, and which ran through Maikot
street, was entirely removed alter it
bad ceased to bo ol itso in the trans
portation of matorial for tho buildings.
Phcso changes involved a heavy out
lay, wnicn was cuargoq io the uom
missionors. Tho ontiro ornamontation ot the
stone work ot the exterior, and also
the decorative work of tbo dressed
stono for interior finish, has boon carv
ed In this city Irom models specially
prepared by Alexander M. Caldor and
bia assistant, James G. C. Hamilton.
A large room in tbo basomont on the
western side of tho southern entrance
has been used ns a modelling room
sinco October, 1877.
Tho Supreme Court of the Suto has
had its accommodations sinco January
1, 1877 (including the Prothonitary'a
Office), on tho first story ol the south
front, occupying all tho rooms tin the
south sido of tbe corridor west of tho
contre pavilion. The addresses deliv
ered at the opening of tbo session,
Monday, January 1, 1877, nro reportod
in Vol. 82 ot Pennsylvania State Re
ports (1 Norrio).
The 11 igh way Department was open
ed for business in the Now Buddings
Doccmber 10, 1878, occupying rooms
on tho first story of the eastern front.
south of the central pavilion.
Tho Survey Dopartmcnt removed
July 1, 1879, to rooms south of the
central pavilion, on tbe same floor and
tront with tho Highway Department.
The Head-Quartors of the Div.sion.
and ot tbe I irst Bngado of tbo Na
tional liuard ot Pennsylvania, vera
provided with convoniont rooms ad
joining uiunv iiiionueu iur ins Ajepsri
mont of Markets and City Property,
and on November I, 1879, Major Gen
eral John F. liartranft and Brigadier
Gcnoral Goorgo R. Snowden.couimand
ing tho Division and Brigade, took pos
session of their rcspectivo quartern.
Since January 1, 1880, the following
Departments havo removed to rooms
fitted up for their accommodation in
tho new buildings:
Roller Inapeoton, January 17, 1830.
Board of Keriiioo of Tazea, Marob t, !S0.
Market, and Oily Property, April 31, 1830.
Reeeirer of Taiaa, May 3, 1880.
It is expected during the year 18S1
to complete tbo rooms for tho City
iroasurcr, uity controller, Uity Lorn-
imssionors, and Commissioners of t air-
110 IP MAPLE S UOA R IS MA VE.
A M1NXESO TA DEER II VX TER.
ment line to the roof
Tbe basement story is 18 loot 31
incbea high, and stands entirely above
tbe lino of tbe pavement. It exterior
ia composed of fine white granite of
massive proportions, forming a uttinir
base lor the vast superstructure it
1 he exterior of the buildinir. above
the basement, includes a principal story
oi j,), icot, ana a second atory ot 35
foet 7 incbea ; the centre paviliona
naving eacn an additional atory ot 20
feet 6 inches surmounted by an atlie
ot 15 feet, crowcod with a massive
dormer window in marble, of 37 feet in
height, Hanked by marblo caryatides
17 tbet 6 inchea high between cap and
base, or 21 feel 6 incbo over all.
fhe third atory of tha wings Is 21
leet 3 inches high to tho top of tbe 1391 toaa 1079 Ibe. of wrought Iron beets i for
nmruie Uormors, wbilo the root atruo
turo, rising with gradual curve from
the stylobate. gives an additional heiifht
of 17 loot 3 inches, making the lull
extorior height of this atory 41 feet 6
Tbo third story of tho curtains,
which connect the wingaol the centra the foundations roouired th removal
paviliona with th. corner pavilion, ia of 145.870 oubio yards of earth.
jiOfeetO In. high tothatopoi thamarbl j Tbe preparation ol th. ground for
floor, and roole.
74 ton. 607 Ibe. ef wrought troa alampt, lla-
TOT torn of eaat Iron mllioge, ilnieli,
pl.tre, aak.wbacki, troa brleka,
aaet iroa door aad wladow trim
13,730 aqo.ro f.el of bond elate.
Tbe excavations for the oellara and
While bunting in tho pineries of Min
ncsota I once mot an old half breed
wbo taught me more in a few days
than 1 evor learned before or since. It
was whon I compared my scanty super
fieiul knowlcdpo with his Bound nran.
tical lore that I discovered the lament
able extent of my Ignorance and bow
much 1 bad to learn. Tins old veteran
was about fifty years of age, and ho
had hunted door fur more than thirty
fivo years, making it a spocialty. It
can be readily understood that his ad
vice was worth taking, and I am only
sorry I did not prolong my hunt with
bim, as every deer brought out eomo
new stratagem, and every movo was
enocumatoa Dy this nnornng, steady
old Nimrod. llo was a roirular hound.
and could find moro gamo than throe
ordinary hunters; but, wbatan anom
aly I be could not shoot. Actually, if
a deer moved, or even woggod bis ears,
the old fellow would quietly wait till
he was stock still, and then blazo away.
Sometimes be would kill, but that was
not by any means a lorogone conclti
sion; and as ho would insist on using
a single barrol mussle-loading rifle, of
course tne door was on before bo could
"do it some more." To miss with him
soomed rather a matter to bo expected
than ono to got mad about, so, nothing
daunted, he would reload his rifle, sit
on a log, light his pipo, soliloquize and
asenbo reasons for bis malodroilnes..
and make wiso resolutions fur the fu
ture, and having put in about hall an
hour, go ahead, take up the track of
tbe doomed deer, and eight times out
often got another shot, with varying
result, inside of an hour.
How be did it I never could toll : all
that I know is that 1 have lollowed
him for dayj from morn till dusk, and
have seen him shoot three or lour times
at the same doer in a duy, and gener
ally bug bim in the long run. When
wo becamo bettor acquainted, it was
mutually agreed and understood that
he would do tho finding and I the
shooting ; and by that mentis wo gen
erally had the pleasure of banging up
a deer or two a day without bis firing
a shot. At fimt 1 ascribed his finding
the dcor merely to good luck, but!
soon got ovor llinl. lie would follow
a frosh track a short distance, and
and without giving any roason, and
guided by an unorring judirmcnt.wbich
was simply supernatural, would leave
it or strike out at right angloa and
shortly oomo upon the sumo track or
else point out tho doer, perhaps fifty or
ono hundred yards away, sniffing and
watching his back track, wbilo his foes
were either in his flank or rear. On
such an occasion it was merely a mat-
tor of target shooting with mo and not
interesting, being entirely too mccbau-
icul, so that 1 Irequontly purposely
made a noise to start tho unsuspocting
ntng au gire uiui a uuance.
1 his conducton my part was sure to
be followed by a blassing from tbo
votoran, who rocognisud no rules or
laws governing such shots, and as I
seldom missed, it wns difficult to mako
him perceive tho difference, as in any
case tho dcor was "venison." One day
I missed clear and clean, and as tbe
doe kept out ot my sight I could not
shoot again. The old man, in a fit of
rago at my blundoring in having made
tbo dcor run heforo 1 firod al bim,
throw up hia riflo and without taking
any aim, let ny. 1'own came the doe,
all in a heap, ebot through tho nock,
and dead aa a nail. The funny part is
that to this day the old follow thinks
I did tbo killing ; whereas I only firod
ono shot and that was away high.
This man's antipathy to a breech
it waa only after repcatodly showing
bim Its advantages that ba so far con
descended as to allow me to hunt with
him while carrying my repeater. 1
shall novor forget the queer expression
on his tough, weather beaten oounto
nance when at last I convinced bim of
the superiority of the repeating rifle.
tor. in foretl ana stream.
From Iarpfi Magatint for April.
Sugar-making now and sugar-making
as it wns are vory different things,
ano wnat it nas gained in facility it
baa lost in pioturesqueness. The old
camp with it primitivo appliances is
no moro ; the "kettle bas been super
seded by tho "pan," and the trough is
become a mass of crumbling decay.
The women and children are kept at
nonio, ana no longer know tbo olu
time delight of "sugaring off," though
in me Arcuaia ot tho past tboir ser
vices woro not dospiscd, and the whole
household set up its abode in the
Tho sap was collected thon in trouL'hs.
each about throe foot long, hollowed
out, oi sections oi popiars, ana was con
veyed to the kottloB in barrels, from
which it was transferred hv scoons.
Thoro wore five or moro kettles, from
ton to thirty gallons in capacity, and
each was filled with tup, which was
kept boiling, tbo larger kclllo being
rcniica irom tne smaller one as evap
oration roduced the quantity. When
tho contents Woro reduced to a desired
consistency, tho hot syrup was dipped
out and passed through a flannel strain
er into covorcd tubs, Irom which again
it wns poured into a large, thick bot
tomed ketllo lor tho process ot "stir
ring off," some milk and the whites of
sovoral eggs being added to it. Thus
prepared it was placed over a alow
fire, and koptj'ust below boiling point
until tho sediment and all foreign mat
ters in it floated to tho top and were
removed, whon it bocamo deliciously
translucent It was now exposed to a
greater heat and gently boiled, tbe
evaporation continuing, and bringing
it nearer to tho point of granulation.
ptow tne sugar manor was all watch
fulness, and It fared ill with these wbo
distracted him, for if the golden liquid
seething in the kottle boiled tho least
bit too much it would become dry in
quality, while if it boiled too little it
would bocomo "soggy." llo tested It
constantly, plucking threads of it from
bis stick, and trailing them round in
oupsof cold wator. While the threads
yieldod waxily to the touch, tho sugar
was not yet dono, but as soon as one
broke crisp between his fingers, the
moment had come to take tho kottle
off the fire. As the sugar begun to
cool, It crystalizcd round tbe sides, and
gradually the whole moss, under a
vigorous stirring, bocamo granular.
In that way sugar was mado years
ago, and wbon the onp flowed profusely
tne operations were continued through
the night, and the Bros cast strange
shadows in the woods. But instead
of a hut of logs a permanent sugar-
bouso la now built and furnished with
many claborato dovicos to prevent
waste and deterioration. Formerly,
when the maples woro tapped with an
auger, an "eldor quill" was inserted in
tbe incision to conduct the Bap into
tho trough bolow : that is. a small
pioco of elder wood about throo inches
long with the pith bored out of it,
which formed a tube ; but in most or
chards to day a galvanized iron spoat
is used, which bus the advantaga of
not souring tbe sap norcboking many
pores, r.voryihing is "improved.
Pho collections are made with the un
varying order ol collections from loltor
boxes, and if tbo grove is on a hill, and
tho sugar honso is in a hollow, the sap.
as it is gathered, Is emptied into a
"flume," which quickly conducts it to
a large rosorvoir within tho building,
wuorcin it is strained mrough cloth.
A scoop or ladle is as anachronistic as
a javelin. From the reservoir tho sap
ia conducted, aa required, through tin
pipea into a "healer," whonco it passes
through a series of iron lubes to be de
livered, uftor atraining, in a condition
for "sugaring off."
Maple Bngar, as it reaches the mark
et, ia of a cloaroroolor for all theso im
provements : but thoro are some who
actually say that tbe flavor has fallen
off, and that the now patent evapora
tors are a snaro. Une change bus cer
tainly not been, for tbo bettor, and
that ia tho abandonment of tho social
life of tho old camps, which mado
sugar-time in tho Green Mountains
enduring memories with those who
are now ebbing away.
day waa supposed to have aomo con
nection with tbe catastrophe. Tbe em
ployment of nitroglycerine as a King
annihilator wilt be likely to break up
tho trade of the manufacturers of
China undershirts. It will be fashion
able hereafter, especially in .Russia, for
citizens prominently connected with
the Government to rido out on Sun
days in portable bombproof casemates.
POPULATION OF THE COUNTIES OF THE
STATE AND Tilt NUMBER OF ACRES
OF LAND IN EACH. .
The annual report of the Secretary
of Intornal Affairs containa tbe follow
ing statement as to tbe population,
square miles and number of acres in
each county of Pennsylvania :
OLD TIME Fismxa.
Till CURSE OF Till DAMNABLE PAUS
WILL THE PEOPLE MUCH LONI1ER
SUFFER THEM f
BV N. L. McQUOWN.
Thirty six pupils attended the Trout
villo school every day during the last
Alias Wilda Harbor will teach a
private school at Bloominglon, In l'ik
township, tbe coming Summer.
Wesley Tate, a teacher In tho Leon
ard Graded school, started for a tour
throughout tho Woston Wednesday of
..4,281,731 44,086 18,808,443
Too much hay and too little grain ia
a common mistake in feeding working
horses. Twelve quart oi good heavy
oat and twelv. pound of bay is a
good dally ration lor a working bora..
To day the terror of divino rulurs
tbronghou t the world ia nitro glycerine.
After years of saddening experimental
work, the guild of regicides has found
a modern agency which onabloa them
to carry out tboir vongoance against
Kings with comparative eortainty.
Tho troublo heretofore in assassinating
polontules bas beon the mailed shirt.
Nearly all tbo unpopular rulers in
buropo havo a babit ol wearing pro
tective armor undor their clothing
whon they go out for an airing, and
the knife and pistol, in tha hands of
norvous assassins, have not been very
cliicient agents ol relorm. . ow a man
ith a bit ot nitro glycorino in a el
ball, so small that it can be carried in
an overcoat pocket, can stand on a
sidowalk and wipe out a passing Czar
and his entourage as easily as he ran
ton a pobble into a fish pond. The
bomb which Orsini dropped nndor
tho oarriago of Louis Napoleon in 1858
was a clumsy attair. it it had boon
oharged with nitro glycerine the his
tory ol France would have been mate
rially changed. Thoro would have
boon no war with Germany, perhaps
and no humiliating Sedan. Although
Ibis terrible explosive was discovered
in 1847, it was not until I X(il that
Swedish engineer named Noble made
practical use of it. Tho greatest ue
mand for it has been caused by its nso
in the oil regions of Pennsylvania,
It is prepared by the action of a
mixture of uoncentratod nilrio and sul
phuric acids upon glycorine, introduced
drop ny drop. At ordinary tempera
tures it is an oily liquid, usually color-
loss. It baa no odor and is of a aweot
and slightly pungent tasto. It is highly
poisonous, and even a alight contact
with the skin will produce headache.
Pound lor pound it produce at least
throe and a half times as much gas and
twice as much beat a gun-powder. It
in burn like an oil when ignited, cut
only explodes by concussion. It is so
dangerous to hsndle that snfoty can
only be soenred by kooplng It in cans
well iror.cn. in a congealed state it is
harmless. Some idea of the terrible
character ot this compound oan be gath
ered from an incident that occurred
noar Bradford, Pa., a few year ago. A
teamster was engaged in hauling some
supplio out to tbs oil wells In that lo
cality. In the midst of the assortment
waa a can of nitro glycerine. Th boat
of tbe sun thawed it out and tb jolt
ing of th wagon over a atony road did
tb buainess. Thero was a terrific ex
plosion. Wbon the neighbors gathered
thoy found a hole In the highway big
enough to hold a house. There were
no traces ol either driver, wagon or
horse, but shower of meat, scrap of
leather, old naila, bsrnoea buckle and
wagon-lire in an adjoining oounty noxl ,
The moan length of Pennsylvania ia
280.39 milos; moan breadth, 157.05
miles; ile greatest length, 302. 13-4 G
miles; greatest broadlh, 117 milos and
GOIXO TO A PARTY.
I remember that when I was quito
young going to a party was nearly as
much a trial to me as a pleasure Be
ing diffident, I dreaded entering the
room, and encountering the eyes of
tbe people already aasemblcd there
and once fairly in, I waeovorahadowed
all tbe evening by the dreadlul nocessi
ty of, by-and-by, retiring. Bosidos, I
felt a sense of responsibility which was
very oppressive, and was so afraid ol
not doing oraaying what waa expoclcd
of mo that I moved and acted awk
wardly, and no doubt looked perfectly
Porbapa some ol yon may havo had
experiences similar to mine. Now let
me toll you that 1 have lived to laugh
at my foolish shyness, and to bo very
sorry for boys and girls who suiter
irom me samo thing, n bon you are
invited to a company, the first thing
in order is to reply to tho invitation.
ibis is pMe, wbclber you acceptor
declino, and it la imperative ll you ao
ccpt or decline. Send your anawcr aa
soon as possible, in some such simplo
phrase as this : "Harold," or "Flor
ence, thanks Mrs. for her kind in
vitation for Thursday evening, and ao-
cepts it with pleasure," or "declines it
with real regret, as tho case may bo.
Arrived at your Iriend'a house, you
will be directed to tho propor place lor
the removal ol your wraps, and the
arrangement ot your toilet, and thon
you have only to proceed to tbe parlor,
where your bostcss will roliovo you
irom embarrassment by meeting you
at once, oho is, ol course, the nrst
person whom you are to greet, liav
ing spoken to her, you are at liborty
to find other friends. Do not think
that poopls are looking al you, or no
ticing your dross or your looks. They
aro doing nothing of tho kind. En
gage heartily in whatovor amusement
is provided lor the occasion, but do not
put yourself needlessly torward. If
spoken to, reply modestly but intelli
gently, eron though for tho mo
ment there may be a hush in the
room. If you really wish to enjoy
yourself, seek out somebody who seems
to bo moro a stranger than yourself,
and try to do something for hi or her
pleasure. Porget that you are not ac
quainted with everybody, and rcmom-
bor that it is your duty to help your
hostess in making bcr party a success
Should your greatest onomy be pros
ent, you must, of course, bo perlectly
civil and agreeablo in your manner to
bim, lor In your Irionda bouse you
are both under a flsgol truco.
When too. say good night to your
onieriainer, do sure to thank them
for the pleasure you have had. Do not
stay too lato, but avoid being the first
to go ; or, if you must leave early, do
it as quietly as possible, lest your
withdrawal should bo tbe signal lor
others to leavo, thus breaking up th
party too soon. llarper't Young Peo-
Juvenile Nihilist. A Brooklyn
boy who bad takon great interest in
listening to theaccount of the assas
sination of the Czar filled a soda water
bottle with tacks and coal dust and,
stealing stealthily into tho nursery,
hurled it at the feet of his little sister.
His surprise only began, howover, when
his mothor uncoiled a trunk strap and
invited him to step up stair with bor
for a few moments. Brooklyn Eagle.
Mr. A. A. DcLarme, tba efficient
teacher ol the Troutville public school,
will conduct a private school in that
village for a term ot twelve weeks, com
mencing Monday, May 2d.
A woman in Chicago has lecognizod
her grown up son by a vaccination
mark on bia loft arm. His only re
mark was, mother how you acar'a me.
A gentleman whoa wife wa c re
nin ted aay hor real was woll urnod.
Tbe following, oopied from the Ber
wick Independent, will prove Interest
ing reading to tlooso of our reader
who aro fond of fresh fish as well aa
enjoying the sport of angling for them.
a he letter was written in response to
a request noin the vtyoming Histor
ical and Geological Society : -
Berwick, Pa., Feb. 23, 1881.
Ilarriton Wright, Esq., Secretary of the
Wyoming historical and Geological
Society, Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania,
My Dear Sir: Your letter request
ing mo to givo your Socioty my recol
lections ol tbe shad fisheries in my
early doys wns duly received. I will
do so with great pleasure. But first
let mo premise: i was born rebruarv
23, 1792, in Briarcroek township, Nor
thumberland county, now Columbia.
1 writo or uictato this letter on my
eighty-ninth birthday. I have lived
near the Susquehanna riror ovor since
1 was born. jly knowlcdgo and reo
olloctions about tbe shad fisheries ex
tends from Wilkes-Barre to old Nor
thumberland. Tho first shad fishery
near my houso wits Jacob's Plains.
Ibis was located just abovo tho town
ol Berwick and one ol the most pro
ductivo fisheries on the river. Here
I have assisted in catching thousands
upon tbouFitnds ol tbo vory finest shad,
weighing eight and nine pounds.
Tho next nearest was Tuckaho fish
ery, situated about one and a-half miles
above Berwick, on tho sumo sido ol
the river. At this place many thou
sands woro caught night and day. in
curly Spring. Tho next was down
tho river about six miles from Berwick.
This wns the fishory of Benjamin Boon.
At this fishery 1 have known so many
caught that they wore actually hauled
out by the wagon load on Benny Boon's
iarm lor manure : ao plenty were tbev.
Tho next fishory win that of Samuel
Webb, located about four milea this
sido of Bloomsburg. This was an im
mense shad fishery. From the banks
of the river at this fishery, could bo
seen great schools of shad coming un
tho rivor when they were a quarter of
a miie distant, lhcy came in such
immense numbers and so compact as
to cause or produco a wave or rising
of the water in tho middle of the river,
oxtending from shore to shore. These
schools, containing millions, commen
ced coming up the river about tbo
first of April and continued during tho
months of April and May. There waa
aomoining very peculiar and singular in
thoir coming. Tho first run of tho
first great schools that made their ud-
poaranco in the early Spring, woro
tho malo shad no tcmalo evor ac
companied them. Ia about eight or
nine day aftor tbe male bad ascended
tbe river, then lollowed tho female in
schools heavily ladon with eggs or roe.
inose were tne largest and bnest and
commnndod the highest prico. Those
shad that wcro successful in eluding
the soino and reached tho hatching
ground at the headwaters of the Sus
quohanna, after depositing their eggs,
returned again in Juno and July, al
most in a dying condition, so very poor
wcroiiicy. aiany died and wore found
along tha river shore. Tho young fish
would remain at their hitching places
until late in tho Fall when thoy would
tollow the old shad to tho salt wnter.
During the Summor they would grow
from throo to four inche in longth.
The Susquehanna shad constituted tho
principal lood for all the inhabitants.
No farmer, or man with a family, was
without his barrel or barrels ol ahad
the wholo year round. Bosidcs fur
nishing food for the immediate inhab
itants, people from Mabantnngo, Bluo
mountains, and, in fact, for fifty milos
around, would bring salt in tight bar
rels and trade it lor shad. They would
cloan and salt tho abad on the river
shore, put thorn in barrels and return
borne. Tho common price for shad
wits throo and lour cents each. Bo
sidos shad, there woro many other
kinds ol food fish, tho most noted
among them was the old Susquehanna
salmon, weighing as high a fifteen
pounds. Tbo salmon were considered
even superior to the shad and com
manded a higher price. Thoy were
caught in oeineo, on hooks and lines,
and were tbe eporl to the glgger at
night. Noscopcck Falls, directly op
posite Berwick near where tho Nosco
pcck creek empties into tho rivor, waa
a noted place for salmon fishing with
hook and lino. Mon standing on the
shore with long poles and linos, would
oltcn in drawing out the fish, lodge
thorn in the branches ot tho trees, giv
ing them tho appearance of salmon
producing trees. The abad fisberiea,
which 1 havo alluded to, were not
common proporty. The owner ol the
soil waa tbo ownor ol the fishery and
no ono was allowed to fish without a
permit. The owners of tho fisheries
also had seines and when not in uso,
they would biro them out to others
and tako their pay in shad. Tbe
seiner's share was alwaya one-hall tho
catch. Shad were caught both night
and day in seines. At the Webb fish
ery I havo known eleven and twolvo
thousand shad taken at one haul.
These fisheries woro always considered
and used as a source of groat pleasure,
value and profit, and everybody de
pended on tbcm for their annual fish
and tablo supply. It was considered
the cheapest and boot lood by all. Im
mediately after the erection of tho riv
er dams, tho shad became scarce, tho
aeinos rotted, the people murmured,
tbeir avocnlion waa gone and many
old fishermen cursed Nathan Beach
lor holding the plow and tho driver
of the six yokes of oxen that broke the
ground al Jiorwick, for the Pennsyl
vania Cannl. The people suffered
moro dumago in their common food
supply, than tho Stato profited by ber
"internal improvement," as it was
called. Although eighty-nine years
old to day, 1 still hopo to live long
enough to soo all lbo obstructions re
moved Irom ono end of the noblo Sus
quehanna river to the other and that
tbe old stream may yet furnish choap
food to the two millions ol people who
line it banks and that I may again
stand on tho shore of tbe old Webb
fishory and witneas another haul of
ten thousand shad. All of which is
most respectfully submitted for the
consideration of tbo honored Socioty,
which yon have the honor to represent.
W . C. Liddlo, of Sandy township, in
tends taking aclaaaical course at Loba-
non, Ohio. The oouraa inclnrfaa flra
Thero is talk of erertinir a larirA
school building, with eight ronma In
Central DuBols, in order to effect a
suitable grado In the public schools.
The Board ol Directors ol DuBois
borough organized on tho 22d of March,
by the election ol T. G. Gormley Pres
ident, J. K. Brady Secretary, and John
M isa Ualtie Uughea.of Centre school.
of lleenlur fn-...l.;n 1... I.J
sdiool five continuous terms of five
month each, without missing a day or
receiving a tardy mark.
"Show and Substance" ia the sub.
joct of a lecture by Prof. P. S. Webor,
oi dudoio, wnich we undoratand waa
dolivored at the Tcachora' lie union at
Troutvillo, April 9th. It ia snokon of
as a lecture ol great merit.
A mis'ako occurred in reporting the
pupils for tbe "Roll of Honor" from
Ml. j oy school, in Lawrence township.
Corrected, it ia as follows : Laura E.
fShaffnor, Eliza ShatTnor and llomor
Shaw attended every dav of term :
Jarod Ogdeu and Adclia Conkiin miss
ed one half day.
Mr. V. F. Dale, of Grahainton, an
nounces by a neatly printed circular
that he will open a school for primary,
intermediate and advanced scholars at
Janosvillo, on Monday, May 2d, to con
tinue in session twelve weeks. The
shool will have a Normal Department.
and will in all respects be a school
worthy the patronage of the people.
Tho official call for the meeting of
the School Directors. May 3d. to elect
a County Superintendent, appear in
the advertisement of the ICepublican
this week. The programmoof exorcises
intended to iorm a cart of tho day'
proceedings can be lound in tho local
columnsof this paper, ilireetorsshould
givo both the official call and tho pro
gramme a careful perucal.
It is rumored that Dr. Hiirbec. the
new State Superintendent of Publio
instruction, is calling in the State
teachers' certificates, and will compel
tbo holdora oi them to undergo a re
examination before they take out new
onea. There are about thirty of these
certificates held in Clearfield county,
which license tho holdor to toach in
any part of Pennsylvania. The exam
ination of applicants for State certifi
cates is vory thorough, and no doubt
many teachers holding them will be
oompollod to dovoto montha to refresh
ing their memory in certain branches.
The number of these certificate grant
ed throughout the Stato aggregate 2,
794, as given in th lata annual report
ol the Slate Superintendent. We have
not had any official notice yet ol tbe
above action, and it may ba only
rumor. Wait and see I
Freedom in Teaching. Sneaking
on this theme, and having observed
that tbe teacher who has to pull him
self through tbe lesson will scarcely bo
ablo to pull anybody else with him, lb.
Sunday School Timet procoeda: "A
thorough understanding ol the lesson
to be taughtof course lion at the found
ation of this freedom in teaching. One
cannot give a very clear description ol
that which is to him as vague as 'men
wbo look like trees walking.' What
ovor the subject may bo, this thorough
understanding can be obtained only by
patient study. No matter how long a
teacher ba been toaching a particular
subject, when be come to carry a new
class through it, he needs to refresh bia
own mind upon it bofore going into
class. When Arnold, who followed
this rule, was asked why he took such
pains, when these lessons had been pre
pared and taught no thoroughly in
former days, he replied, 'I wish my
pupils to drink irom a running stream,
and not Irom stalo waters.' Thetoacher
who acts upon auch principlea cannot
fail to have freedom in bia class."
Distressing Accident. A man went
into a house last night and picked up
a gun. Of course he didn't know it
was loaded. It went off. So did the
man. And the man who owns, or.
rather, wbo ownod th. gun, would
give 100 to know whore they went.
Detroit Free Press.
An exchange speak of a pig born
with a trunk. Wesnspected it all along,
for we've often seen them Id tb. oars
with a valise.
from riKt TO WKSUlr.
A correspondent from Pike township
sends ns tho following items :
On March 17th, ono of the most suc
cessful terms of school that has beon
held at Bloomington, in Pike township.
for soveral years, closed. A Literary
Society was hold in the afternoon, and
was atlondud by a very largo number
of citizens, wbo were highly dolightod
with tho exercises. Addresses were
made by the uilizens, wbo wi'h one
common fooling requested Mr. W. W.
Harbor, the teacher, to come back and
teach the next term of school. Mr.
Harbor will attend the Indiana Stale
Normal School tho coming Summer.
Tbo Chestnut Kidge school, in 1'ika
township, closed on March 25tb. Tbe
house waa crowded to overflowing by
citizona in tho afternoon, to hear th.
literary exorcises, aftor which several
addresses wore made by citizens of the
district. Ibroughoul tb. term tb.
citizena encouraged and aaaiated tbe
teacher in hia work by frequently viait
ing tho school. Tbe scholar made
groat advancement, large claase pLA
ing through most of the common school
branches. During the term there were
daily reviews, and an examination at
tbe close of the school. The school
was visited by 3 directors, County Su
perintendent, and 110 patrons.
KOLl or IIOSOR.
Tho following is a list ol pupils re
ceived for th. "Roll of Honor fbr th.
week ending April 8th. All who,
names appear in this list attended th
school to which they belonged every
day ol tbo school term :
Hillsditlo school, Lawrence township
J. Olin Campbell, teacher Alice M.
Mullen, iiortha Swales, Verdia rolling-
ton, Grace Uwons, Alice Owens, Annie
Do h ass. Seventy-two visitor were en
rolled during the torm.
Centra school, in Decatur township,
A n nie II ughes.leachor-Hsttio U ughes.
Miss Hughos has attended school
twenty. fivocontinuoua months without
missing . day.
Weat Clearfield school, Iwis Brown,
teachor Jennie Heed. Blanche Moor.
and Master Clinton Hackman attended
every day, and received prize from
West Goshen school, Joha 11. Mead,
teacher Julia Flegal, Gertrude Wil
son, Harry Shaw, Ira Shaw, Ann!
Sankey, Nollio 8ankey and Stella
Wolf Run school, Lawrence town
ship, Jennie Dewalt, teacher Wallace
Sbirny, Fred MoCorkle and James Mo.
Corkle each missed one-half day.
Bower school, in Greenwood town
ship, Ira 1). Bbop, teacher Bell
rrampton, rercy Hoover and Cora
Clearflold Primary school No. S,
Carrie M Flegal, teaober-Uarry Shirk,
Henry Moor aud Jew Gaylor.
Primary school No. 2, in Clearfield
boroogh, W. E. Tate, teacher Frank
Owen, Jam Button.
Oakland school, In Pik. townablp, -Loella
Farewell, teacher John Dale.