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1 iuerei... 20 00 1 olumD....-.U0 Of
tt. H. UOODLANUER,
A T T O It N E Y - A T - L A W ,
:1.173 C'learacld, Pa.
J J. LINGER,
A T T O R N E Y - A T - LAW,
I. It Plttllpeburt;, Outre Ca., Pa. v:pd
OLAND I). SWOOPE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwea. elite, Clearfield tountr, Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
rVT-OBioe In Ida Opera llouee. oetlr, T lf.
"i n. 4 W. BAH l ETT,
AlTOIlNBYH AND CoUNHlLORK AT LAW,
JiCuary ;',0, 187.
pit A EL TEST,
ATTOHNKY AT LAW,
or-Ofiice olo door catt of Shaw Doota.
r.M. M. McCULLOUGII,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
f'ft r in Mn.cr.ic building, Second .treet, op
Mti (be Cnurt IIodii. Je2o,'78-lf.
T ('. A liNOLT).
LAW k COLLECTION OFFICE,
J' (. Airfield L'ouBLT, Penn'a. 77
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"f!:--f in Oprr Houe.
LJ.MIT1I V. WILSON,
(I.KAKFIELH, . . PENN'A.
.rt-iiflice id lha Mndontc Biilldina, orer the
CuniT NflilmiAl ltaok.
LIU . W1I.I.ACB. BAT1D L. BBBaa.
arr. walli. b. jobh w. wbislbt.
WALLACE k KKEBS,
(Saieeteore to Wallaee A FleldiBf,)
A T T O R X E Y S - A T - L A W ,
j.nl77 I'Uarlleld, P..
ATTORNF.Y AT LAW,
vr ilie Cuurr N'atlooAt Dink.
June 21, 7St(.
mi a . u I'Bra Y. cratia aoaroa.
UltllAY & OOROON,
A a T TO K N B Y 8 AT LA W,
.4rOffl In Pie'i Opera lloure, eocoDd floor.
yiLLIAM A. UAfiEUTY,
tll'rU'H our T. A. Merit A Va.'t (tura,
,-T-Will attend to all leal liu.lne.i wllh
ifmiptue. aod fidolltj. fvbil.'BO-tf.
NKPn I. B RMALLT.
babibl w. kT'cranr.
cEN ALLY A
Legal bniineei attended to promptlj wltbj
i'liir. ttffiee ob Hocond etroet, aboro tba Firet
utinnal Hank. Jan:l:7l
T P. McK E.N RICE,
All legal bn.tnoe entrusted to bit oaro will re-
riro prumpt attention.
rt-OIJic. In Hie Cuart Ileu.e.
G. K tAMER,
A T T O R N E Y - A T - L A W ,
IteAl E.tata and Colleetioa Agent,
prcmpllj attend to all legal builaeee ea
tru.trd to bit oaro.
MrOoloo Ib Pie'l Opera lluun, Janl-7.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Heal Ratate Agent, ClearOrM, Pa.
Ofreo ob Tbtrd etreet, bet.CberryA Walnnt.
par Keipeetfall offere bll eorrtoeein eelllnc
aril bueing ieade la Oloarfleld and atlioinlaa
cjuntloa Bad eiltb aa OBperieBeaotorortwentr
3 -are aa a earrayor, Hattori bimeelf that be oaa
render eatlefaotioa. Oeb. lBie3:tf,
It E. M. SCIIEURER,
Oflloe In regldeBPO OB Plret tt.
April tt, 117!. Cleerlleld, Pa.
yt W. A. MEANS,
I'lIYSICIAN & SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITY, PA.
U ill eltend profeiiloBal ealll proinptly. augle'70
J)U. T. J. BOTEIf, ,
dlliee ob Market Street, Cleaiteld, Pa.
4-Oftioe bnnre i I to IS a. and 1 to I B. n.
j)H. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
T-erOffin. Jlnlin. .1.. ml JbIBM
rKlrr. K.i.. ob nVond SL. CleerBeld. Pa.
Q C.JENKINS, M. D.,
1 ' 1 1 V S I C I A N A N D S V tt G E 0 N ,
e et re.ideaeo. eoraer of State bb4 PiBa
' "" Jaa. lib. laitl.li.
)" H. B. VAN VALZAU,
I KARHICLI), PKHN'A.
"FICK IN IiKSIDKNl'K. CORSKR OF FIRST
' AND PINK MTKKETh.
f- 0ra konri-FroBi.il to I P. X.
May II, Hit.
J. r. BURciiKiiaD
L' 'gaoRof the M. HeglB.eBt,PBaylvanU
' ;J,lBrt, hkvlar rat.reed rem tha Army,
roTeaaltaal aefTleea tethetlUaeae
aJTrr,,"l aallt prempU
GEO. B. QOODLANDEE, Editor
VOL. 55-WHOLE NO.
PKINriNU OF EVKRY DKHCRIP
tin, neatly oiecMted at (hit affteo
Jt'HTICICK' ftt CONKTABLEtC frEER
We have printed a large Dnmbtr of too bow
FEE BILL, ood will oo the receipt of twenty
lo mli, met! o hout to any addreee. mjit
WILLIAM M. HKXRY. Justice
or mi Poj.ro txt. SroiTomm, Ll'MHBH
CITY. Olloctlone made end money promptly
paid over. Article! of agreement and deed of
o&reyaaoe bwUt etonuted and warranted cor
root or bo oharge.
OHN D. THOMPSON,
J Matin of tbo Poace and Scrivener,
Col lection a modf tad noitr promptly
paid vr. flII'7Uf
(OITKRD P, O.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
FOB BKLL TOWK.nir.
Sfiuure Tinibur & Timber Lumln,
jelt'7J CLKARFIKLD, PA.
1 V. 1I0YT,
Land Surveyor and Civil Enginee
&AI1 buini-ei will bo atlende tn pruniptlr.
Deo. 15, IKSO It.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
kt-Will exeoute job. 1b bll line promptly and
tc a worlmanhke manner. if r4,n7
T?HAN K FIELDING
WILLIAM D. BIG L Eli,
Nr. i7th, me tr.
WEAVER & BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND Ll'MBKR OF ALL KINDS,
r-ir-liffico ob beoond itroor, ia rear of ator
rcitn of t.ooria Weaver A Co. fjaatutf, '78-If.
JI ST1CK OF TUB PEACE
Oanoli Midi P. O.
II offlrial boil nan tDtrapted to htm will bo
promptly attundtd to. mebt9, '70.
BAHIIKH AND DAIRDRESSER.
Bbop oa Markat St., oppoaiu Court Hobho,
A flnan towtl for orcry eattmer.
Alio dealer In
ltet llraitdt of Tobarro and Clfijara
ru.rll.I4. Pa. aiaf 19, TO.
""JAMES H. TURNER,
Jl'STICE OP THE PEACE,
U allarrtou. Pa.
JrtrMt bat prepared bimialf with all tbi
nooaa.ary blaok furuia ondr-r tha Pen lion and
Uuuoty Iowa, aa wall at blank Uordi, tte. All
legal maltera onlrncted to bu oaro will rereivt
prumpt attention. May Tib, IHTV-tf.
Market Htreet, CI tar 11 eld, Pa.,
KAMI rACTOHKR AMD PBALBR III
Harness, Bridlei, Saddles, Collars, and
II one-Furnishing Goods.
Jf9-Ai aindi of repairing promptly attended
to. tSaddleri' llardoaro. tiono Bruibji, Carry
Ooiubt, o., always on bind and for ialo at tbe
loweatflaab prioo. March IV, 1e7.
Q. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PKNN'A.
ar-Pumpa alwaya oa hand and made to order
en abort notice. Pi pea bored on reaaonableterme.
All work warranted to render aatiafactioB, and
delivered if deilred. mySoMypd
r11IE anderalgned aege leave to Inform thepob
X If c that be ia now fully prepare te accommo
date all In the wayof furnianing IK.aee, Buggiea,
Bad diet and Harneaa, ob the aborteat notice and
tn roaaonable terma. Re aidenoe on Loeuat afreet,
between Third and Fourth.
OHO. W. OEARIIART.
Tlear field. Feb. 4, 1874.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
( KA11AMTON, Pa.
Alio, eaten rive manufacturer and dealer In flqnnre
Timber and (tawed Lumber of all kinda.
"OrJer aolielted and all Mil promptly
ABB BBALBB IB
WuU;lit), Clock and Jowelry,
OrnAnm'e A.w, Mark! Jlreef,
All kind, of repairing Ib mj line protcptlr at
ondod to. Jan. let, 1I7U,
tltartlthi Inmranrt tlfrnry.
CABBoLL a. Itl'Dt.B.
Rppreeent tbe following and other flrft-elaii CVo
Liverpool London A Oloba tl. N, Dr..t,30l,H
Lyooiulog ob eaoleelAoe.h plan!...- MOO.ODB
In.or.no, Co. of Norlb Atneri,a ,4.U,74
Nortb iiritl.h i Mercantile u. 8. brH l.lsi.sss
rna-uia, el llerltord. L'oon Z.OIe.una
Kcotli.b CeaiBiereial l). B. Braaeb.... 7l,Mo
Trneelare ll.il. A Aeetdeat) - 4,4J,H
Office oa Market StM opp. Coart llntiee, Clear-
neia. re. Jure I, '7 tt.
WILLIAM 0. HELMBOLD,
Pnllon niock, Curututrllle, Pit.
Companies Roprosentod t
Comaorelel L ol-e Ine. Co., A Met. .,,0'.7I .S
Fireaioo'. fond Ine. Oo.,A..ate I.lis.oif .Bo
I'aloB ln.ari.Bre Co., Aet I trO.OJ7.WS
Trarelere' Aeeident lae. Co . Aaoeta. t,tl.ll.t4
Ineareaea planed ob all kiadi ef proper. at
Curaenieille, Pi, fob. I, ISSI-tf.
West End Drug Store,
IN ORAIIAU't ROW,
lILIfaev between U oeeop'e and Fleek'l
rpilR ander.lin'd baa opened ep a Dra( Stan,
X l'b a full lupp't of perleetl pare and
Ireeh Drnre, atedieiBea, Cbeiaieela and Toilet
Artielee. Tb.ea Dmie been been leleeled wilb
great em re and art guaranteed la ba perfectly
pare and rtliablt. I will girt my personal atlea
Uoa te hie denartaeat, ead will tbeerfallr gl't
aa advteaaaa laMaiallaB ia regera toaat'tleiBM
freest ekarga. DR. f. 1. BuVIft.
CkavriaM, re-, Da. 1, UW-cf.
Tbo original of tho following, which Ua tram
latiun from tbo Prtnrth of Laluntatno, muit bavo
bcett laiTCeitod bf ttc paiaaca ia Cicero'a baauti
ful Miny, Ot StmcluU. in wbiob, tptaking of tbo
uniel6bnf ae of a food old man, h laya i
tierii abort quit aiir NfNfa protinl ; ( H
piania iroat i ntt trt to neneflt aoolbtr (outratlon )
A mm of eichty yaan m planting .
"Ha, ha!" lauglioi out three p trip ling from tha
"Planting at eighty bad tbiataak beoa tillage,
ur iruiiuiug nnuic, or tug tit alia yuo pleai,
The folly might bave paficd aa leu worth nothing.
Hut planting tree I He mint Indeed bo doing !
Whr, In tho name or all tbal'e odd, old neighbor,
Wbut fruit can tucb at you expeotlo gat Lor
From Ihn ridiouluua and drift lew labor f.
Von who already are a feat-grandfather !
W hat ! do yun think to rival in hit year
AJeihuiriU-h J for ihaine. Do penance rathor
rur yi-ur paaiorrora : mourn your Fine witu teara I
Abandon bopei and plant tbat to ill auit your
Age and gray bairt I 0 ire over looking wildly
Out ibruogb the viata of aboundleat future!
All tbeite arc but fur tt, and euctj at we."
"Tltey aro for yon' replied tb nld man
"Youih mav be Juit acnlgh oternity
Aa ige. W'bnt though the pltfalla of eilstenne
lie covered o'er wnb flowera In lieu of anowi.
Who thai I foremeaiura t)tt brief HUtanno
ltetween thifdun dream 'a birth and clnte.
The wiotced bolta of death are awfft to itrkke
Lit" in lit growinit aa denllne.
Tbe pallid Purr re play thair game alike
Wiib yeur iJrtv and with uiine.
Who, which of ui foor, ibilt be the one
Tn gtite Utt on the pi wry of tbe aun t
Mclni mo oot, ib en. Leave mo to enjoy
The boure the yet remain to me, I love
To think my great grandchildren will enjoy
Tbe ahade and abolter of thia embryo grove.
Meantime I lire, breathe, and I may even
lihare,for aumeycara lo emme, thagilti ef Heaven.
Aba ! even I mny aee tbe morning light
tSliine more then once, young men, upon yonr
The u!d man tmke a truth which time revraled :
Uoatlng, aoon alter, on aatormy nigbt,
One of tbeae youtba waa burked in the wavel
A teeond waa cut off unon the hattle-fleld
The third fell 1)1, and in four fleeting weeka
in bier watejreated with death a pale plumei.
Ho died the three tbo early fated 1
And while tbe teara roltrd di.wn bia eheeka
The old man eculptared on their tomi
Tbe etory I hare here narrated.
IKHAY READ RY CaLYIN COOPKg AT
SI F.ET1 !(! OF Til t LA NCAHTKR COU NT Y
AnRICl'I.TCRAL 80CIF.TY, MOM
DAY, FEBRCARY 7, 1881.
It has, for Homo years, keen munifot
Hint I. ui. easier countY titnnot compete
with western, Now York and sonio of
the northwestern Slates in growing
apple Cor market. Our apple crop of
18H0 wan a plentiful one, but about the
holiihiyit vory low good Lancaster
countY apples could bn lound In our
mat-hot, whilo York State apples, of
the best quality, were plenty, nt about
two dollars a barrel. Owing to the
cxlremo hot and dry .Summers that
havo been tho rule for ton or moro
years past, our apples ripened so early
in the season that they were not to bo
relied on for Winter uso. Many per
sons pronounced apple eulturuun profit
able, and in consequence orchards aro
loft to co down, and now ones aro
sparingly planted. It may bo admit-
toil that, in a commercial souse, nine-tocn-twentieths
ol our orchards are
a tailuro, but it is, nevertheless, a mis
tako for any one to think that ho has
a well regulated farm on which there is
no orchard. An aero orchard ol good
varieties with ordinary caro will one
year with another, without selling a
dollar' worth of fruit, rcalizo more to
tbe owner than his avcrago acre of tho
farm. It furnishes us with sauco, pios,
cider, vinegar, apple buttor, eniut, a
supply ol ripe fruit Irom early in July
to Winter, giving comfort and health
to tho children and all about tho house;
also, taking into consideration tho sav
ing of bread and meat and it will also
be quite an item in the saving ol corn
by leeding tho scrub and surplus to the
Add all these together, and see if
your orchard docs not compnro favor
ably with your othor acres. Hut apple
culluro is not so entirely discouraging,
but that by judicious selection ol varie
ties, soil and care, orchards could be
made profitable, commercially.
An intelligent farmer in Btraskurg
township realised five hundred dollars
(actual sale) from an orchard ot ono
hundred and fifty trees. His selections
of varieties is a good ono, but lor his
special market purposes his profit
won IU bave better il ho had only had
nail or perlirps one-third as many fa
A good selection of fifty trees for
homo uso would bo about as lollows,
1 Early Harvest, 2 All Summer,!
Rid Astrachan, 2 Ilenoni, 2 Maiden's
lllush, 2 Jeffries, 2 Townscnd, 2 Hub
hnrddton Nonsuch, 4 Smokohouso, 2
-Mellinger, i iianibo, 4 lialdwin
driest' Winter, 4 York Imperial. 4
Smith's Cider, 4 Willow Twig, 4 Kits-
sois, 4 sweet,
If tbe Iruit is wanted for a general
marketduring tho season the list would
Do belter somewhat hko this :
2 Early Ilorvest, 4 Red Astrachan
1 Ilenoni,6 Mellinger, 0 Maiden' lllush,
8 Smokehouse, G llubbardston Non
such, 8 lialdwin, u lork Imperial
Or, il the fruit is wanted fora special
market, the list would admit of further
improvement, say :
10 smokehouse, 10 Baldwin, 10
Ewalt, 10 York Imperial, 10 Smith's
l.liicr, 10 Uroist s Winter.
Many years of observation lias shown
that tho foregoing varieties ro relia-
blo and valuable, but thero aro many
oincr kino mat aro equally good.
The rule by which tho planter should
bo governed is to plant largely of varie
ties that he know aro especially good
and profitable in his own neighborhood.
in order to bo more auccosslul with
it lulu ro orchards, wo will havo to
pay moro attention to tho soil and lo
cation. Our dry southern slopo must
i " , .,
""""Of s mucn as possiuie. norm-
ern inclinations ore preferable, because
tucy are not so much alluded by tho
sun lind dry weathor. llecp cloy
loam retain moisture better than sandy
soils, and therefore should bavo tbe
To grow tho special list above given,
it will bo of tho highest importance to
havo a rich moisture, retentive toil, a
level bottom or a drained swamp,
where the water may bo but a fewuul
beneath tbe surl'aco, but where no stag
nant water remains alter a rainfall, or
nil her deep northern slope ol a bill.
Any one having such a situation
could hardly fail in having an orchard
that would yield fur betler return
than tho averago crops of tho farm.
11 these northern slopes, or nioisluro
rctiiining soils, aro not available, wo
mint guard against the cllecta of heat
and draught by cultivating and mulch
ing. ' .
IfaM tho water (hut full In our
Summer thunder showers could be
mudo availalilo, our trees would want
very liitlo more. But theso full so fust.
and often last but a few minutes, that
tho soil hecomos moist only an Inch or
two, while the bulk of the water flow
away, some ono has suggested that
a basin bo made around the tree bv
hanking up tho earth tbat would hold
a hogshead or moro, into which the
wasi. water fnuld be turned with Tory
little labor. Th. water would soon
sink away and moisten th earth
a deep that It would take torn time
CLEARFIELD, 'PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 9, 1881.
to dry out. Tho suggestion ia worthy
Alter tho selection oi a site, and tho
proper planting of tho trees, it is im
portant that wo givo our orchard prop
er attention and euro. Wo do not at
tempt to raise a crop of corn or tobacco
without manuring and cultivating. We
sometimes think it expedient to put
850 worth of muuuro to an aero I'or
lobaceo. But ns tbo seasons come
around wo look for a crop of apple,
neror thinking that tho tree ton want
manuro and cultivation.
Ten dollars worth of manuro to tho
aero in the shupo of wood ashes or
suporpbospbato would no doubt bo a
paying iuvostinont, adding not only
vigor lo tho troe, but also izo and
beauty to the fruit. Tree ore vory
grealuful for cultivation. It is aston
ishing what vigor, with the aid of
manure, it will put into troes.
A plot of ground was dug and ma
nured, and has boen annually top-dress
ed lor a low years for an experimental
grape patch. On this plot stood an
old dwarf pear, ovor twenty fivo years
old, a poor, stunted tuing. This, un
der treutment, took a now lease of lilo
and is now as thrilty a a fruit tree
can be. Whore it ia impracticable to
continuo cultivation, the noxt best thing
is to sow to grass and give liberal
treatment allerwards. An annual lop
dressing of a fertilizer, rich in nolash
and phosphoric acid, to tho amount of
lrom two to lour hundred weight to
tuo aero, would mako a crop ol grass
and Keep tne trues thrifty. The nrst
cutting ol the grass could be made into
bay, while the second should bespread
over the ground where it would act as
a mulch and as a manure. It has been
recommended by a good authority tbat
a ton dressing of hull a cart load of
road-wash or earth from ditches,
swamps, &o., spread around each tree
is highly beneficial.
Orehards so situated, whore tho wash
from roads anil hill sides can be con
ducted over them, are always among
the best bearers. This may also bo a
bint lor selecting a site. The secret of
success with orchards, tlierefnra, would
appear to bo to a great extent in onr
The editor of tho Philadelphia Record
dilates over the subject in this manner
He who thoroughly knows himself has
gono fur toward a knowlcdgo of man
kind. The individual is an epitome of
tho racu, and tho ono man is always
and everywhere tho coinpleto incarna
tion of humanity. Tbcro may bo dif
ferences in tho adjustment and degree
of tho various faculties, passions and
omotions, and a diversity reaching
through an endless series in tho com
bination, proportion and relation of
qualities ; but undor all these dissimi
larities and special characteristics that
go to make up separate norsonal iden
titics there is a substantial unity of
essence and nature I he human race
is but a phraso signifying tbe aggrega
tion of distinct human soul. Thorn is
no actual powor, sentiment or effeo-
Hon tbat does not belong to the aver
age man. One sown heart and mind
if one has but learnod the art of self-
study is tho most authnritativo source
ol a gonuino and trustworthy under
standing ot human nature. I he truo
criteriou of philosophic thoories is their
accord with whot we find within. If
thoro is nothing there that rop ponds to
wnat we nnu in a speculative system
it is safe to reject the system a a false
from this position, however, it doe
not follow that thero is not a higher
Knowledge man that wined is derived
from introversion. Man is finite, and
the light that is self-evolved is not lha
fullest and clearest illumination which
can come to bim. Thoro are truths
that reason cannot discover from the
report of the senses or by any amount
of inward exploration, but which it can
accept, when externally prosonted to
it, witnoul derogation to IU dignity or
violenco to its rights. Tho commonest
fact of nature those most evident to
oye, ear and touch aro essentially un
intelligible to tho wisest ol us. But,
at we do not disbeliove thorn merely
because they aro beyond our power to
thoroughly understand them,so neither
ought we to disbeliove tho historically
ostablishod facts of the eupornatural
order for the poor reason that wo are
unable to explain them to ourselves or
to our fellows. A mystery is not an
absurdity. II it were so tbat most
familiar phenomena around us. inex
plicable without exception as they aro,
must bo regarded as absurd. Tho car
dinal ideas wlneh elevate tho intelli
gence of man above that ol tho brute
tho postulates of tbo infinite and tbe
immortal are profound and impene
trable mysteries to our thinking. And
yet tbey aro menial necessities wbieb
we cannot shut out from our assent
which arc part and parcel ol the very
fabrio of our thought. We cannot
grasp these idea in their symmetry
ana wnoicncss, but we perceive the
and perceiving, wo accept them. It is
not irrational to hold that in the vast
roalm of possibility there are verities
which only Divine rovelation can mako
known to us, and which aro mysteries
solely becauso of their kinship with
ine innn ue.
I'lCULIARlTY or Till Law OP Dl
bcisnt. A caso whioh exhibited tho
curiosities of the law of descent in this
State has boen argued in the Orphans'
Court by Samuel Oormley in the case
of the estate of Kins T. Davis, who
lived on Coat street, below Filth, and
died last August, Ieavingfl00,000,nuo
balf of which was real estate, and tho
other personal property. Tbe doccaa
od was a single, woman and some of
tbe property had boen inherited from
hor father, Josso Davis, and omo from
ber brother, iSamucl Davis. For a
number ol year before ber death alio
ivcd alono, attendod only by her serv
ants. Her only relative were a num
ber of first cousins.somo ot whom wore
of tho whole blood, and other of tho
hall blood. Mr. bormloy represented
tho cousins of the half blood, and the
point belore tbe Court waa whether
those relative inherited any part of
tuo real cstato wnicn camo to the de
ceased from her brother or which she
bad purchased herself. The real estate
which came lo hor from ber father
vested exclusively in Mrs. Khzsboth
K. Kiegel, first cousin of the full
blood, because she wa tho only one
related to tbe deceased on the father'
side. Yesterday Judge Penrose do
oided that the cousins of tho half blood
are entitled to a share ot the real es
tate The poraonal estate of tbe de
ceased was distributed some month
go by the Orphans' Court and in that
distribution tb right of the half blood
to take waa not disputed,
"The gentleman I a scoundrel and
a villain," said Spark. "Tbo gentle
man I a liar," retorted Weaver. Ap
parently there ar several new kinds
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
EVERY WORLITS FAIR SUC
CESSFUL. Tbo fact most patent to tho common
mind is tbe exceptionless success of
every modern international exhibition.
Some were more forlunato than others,
but none have been failures. Thia waa
true ol tho magnificent fairs of Australia,
Itussia, Austria, Belgium, Holland,
Franco, Kngland, and Scotland, and
thero is no record oft single American
display, whether of manufactures or
art, ol music or minerals, of agriculture
or science, tbat has not been a triumph ;
tho lust, that of tho Centennial, being
an nnoxamplod revelation of the wealth
and genius ol our gigantic civilization.
And yot, in the faco uf eucha history,
it is not loss true that every one ot
theso world's lairs has had to encounter
a storm of douhtaiid ielay. Tho more
brilliant tho ultimate result the more
pcrsovoring the original opposition.
Tbe experience of Paris, London,
Vienna, and Philadelphia, was all of
this kind, and now tho same injustice
is showing its hand again in New l ork
in - tbo midst of her preparations for
the 1-estiva! ol 1 eace in October, 188M.
Certainly nothing can bo accomplished
by these discouraging cfl'orts but worry
oiiddistressof mind. I often wonder at
tho motivo tor the spirit of obstruction.
The Now York Festival will not stop
or even pause, so that those who object
will have no miBchief to roward their
pains, oven if they desired such a
suicidal issue, which they do not. They
are generally vory rich men. You
nevor see a poor man, especially if ho is
at the same time wealthy in his mind,
opulent in hi gonius, standing in the
path of progress. Ho is always
a helper, and his school or class
spontaneously fill theso grand caravan
saries with the best fruits oi thoirskill.
And why should not the money. rich
be as eager in this New York develop,
ment ? 1 asked that very question in
1H75, when the sumo class hung back in
Philadelphia before tho Centennial of
1870. In spite of themselves they
alwaya reap largely from the harvest
sown by others. Their proporty is re.
sistlessly enhanced. In very spito of
their criticisms thero is nut a new
ship attracted to our shores, not a now
train, not a new discovery, that will
not add to their heaps of wealth. And
these objectors aro all proud of tbo
presont and future of New York. On
that point, at least, there is no other
opinion. Admiration ol'that marvellous
Cosmos is the characteristic ot all riew
Yorkers. Tbey nnito on that platlorm
as solidly as tbo Knglisk do upon Lon
don, or the rrench upon l'uris, or the
Turks upon Constantinople It would
bo libellous il it were otherwise, when
pride in New York city is only unolhcr
namo for the wonder of tho foreigner
in that dazzling centre. Heme tho
illogical folly of theso present doubts
a to tbo Fair of 1883, when from that
very local prido, roinlorced by outside
amazement, and growing daily into
fresh surprises, will inevitably rush tbe
finul acclaim of tho nations. It Is only
necessary additionally to rornembor
that New York city isalways a novelty.
It is odd, bizarre, unique ; it is every
thing Irosh and euddon ; it is at once
changeful and permanent ; old and now ;
American and European ; tboOccident
and the Orient; all in one econo suc
ceeding another. And if it is so to tbe
Now Yorker, it is even moro so to the
Southern, Eastern, Western, and Pa
cific man ; to tho citizens of olhcr
nations, and to all the tribes ot the
universe Let us also admit that New
York is always of a varied develop
ment in quiet times. She Is a show,
in Spring, Summer, and Wintor of
every year. Her normal condition is
that of a curiosity shop. Sho is over
on parade; tomorrow London, tho
noxt Paris, the day alter Homo. II or
evolutions aro as changeful as a theatre,
her fushions as fresh, her appetites as
luxurioue, ber expenditures a royal
as il sho were newborn every
day as if ber tastes wcro as epicurean
a theso of Lucullus, and her wealth
as boundless as Croesus. Harness to
such resources the attraction of a
World's Fair, info which all tho treas
urcs and discoveries of tho earth shall
bo poured, and you will need no prophet
to anticipate tho glories of 18S3
FI VF. UUXDREJJ M1LL10X S.
Tho debate in tho Senato last week
on the Pension Appropriation bill
brought Into a still stronger light the
appalling burdens thrust npon the
'Iroasury by the arrears of Pension
act of March 3, 1870.
When, sovcd weeks ago, Mr. Hub
bell announced thatJ2l2,00O,0OO' would
probably bo needed tor pension arrears
alone, the country was astonished; for
the friends of tho Arrears act hud pro
cured Its passsgo by pretending that
ezu.uuu.iiuu would eotuo an tuo claims.
When, a fortnight ago, Commissioner
Bentley unofficially declared that, first
and Inst, the Arrears act would add
ovor $40,000,000 to tho burden of tho
country, thero waa a Iresli shock ol
surprise and alarm. But now Senalor
Davis, of WeBt Virginia, has laid be
fore Congress official estimate from
Mr. Bentley, showing that tho prodig
ious sum ot f,')10,OuO,OUO will be re
quired to meet expenses incurred under
the Arrears Bet alono.
Tbo first fruits of that stupendous
ulroko of recklcsBiies are to be eoen in
tuo pending uiii. lo the annual ap
propriation nas noen aoiied tin week
17,692,031.fi9 for additional army
pensions, a60,27l.!9 for additional
navy pensions, and (30,000 lor fees of
examining Burgeon, 'thus tho annu
al appropriation has already been in
creased moro than eighteen millions.
Tho sum required now every year tor
pensions is over fifty millions; and
theso annual payments will grow larg
er until they reach, as the Commis
sioner crlitnatcs, sixty millions. At
or near that sum, which dwarf other
expenditures for routine administra
tion, tbe pension burden Is likely to
remain lor years.
n hat Congress has done for the
country by its reckless ponsion legis
lation is manilest in comparing tbo
annual pension disbursement since
the war. Tbey reached their maxi
mum, it was supposed, in 1871, when
I hoy amounted to 133,077,383 03.
Three years later, in 1874, tbey bad
fallen to .10,503,704 f. Tho year
lollowing, they fell to f 29,58.1,11(1 03;
and in 1878 Ihey bad dropped to -(!,
815,413 17. There was a natural de
crease, since with tho lapse of years
death diminish the number of pen
sioners. J bat your tongres camo In
with additional legislation, so that now
we are paying ovor fifty millions.
In 1174 tbe number ol applications
lor pensions wa 16,734; in 18M0 the
number wa 1 11,400. The provision
lor giving not only a future pension to
those wbo might apply, but arrears,
amounting, on an average, to 11,000
or I1.2H0 for each successful claim,
caused this enormous increase of ap
plication. 1 el lb country would nut
bar been nntreoerau without the
Arrears act ; for it has paid out in
pensions, from tho year 1 HO 4 to tho
year 1880, inclusive, over lour hundred
and fifty million dollars.
It may be suggoBted that tho start
ling figures of the cost of the Arrears
act are only conjectural. But a com
munication from Commissioner Bent
Icy to tbe Scnato give them in detail,
with all the facts that support them,
and this is tho result:
Amount of arrtart to old ptn-
eionen t.'i,:tlJ,S J US
Firet payment of pon.lonera to
July 1, 1970 0,821, 8211 09
Arreari impending elaitn H 192,00v,47 &0
Annoal penaion. to 12j,nll0 Dew
peo.lonera. 284,m,6uS Id
Total 4jlO,oOI,637 IS
This amount is chargeable solely to
tho Arrears act of March 3 ,873. To
it must bo added tbe tlgut. of the al
ready vast annual pension roll as it
Public indignation may well be ex
cited lo leu in from the Commissioner
that be behoves that one dollar in
overy ton is paid on fraudulent claims;
yet Congress, in voting enormous sums,
has thus tar not evon uttcmptcd to fer
ret out the old frauds or to cheek tho
now ones. Aeu York Sun.
MORE WORK FOR MURPHY,
A New York correspondent of the
Cincinnati Enquirer has discovered a
bar room exclusively patronized by
ladies, real bona fide ladies. "It is as
respectable a it is unique. It is in
Broadway, close to Stewart's great
mart and Walluck' Theatre. Tbo
front is resplendent with plate glass,
and tho storo itself is elegantly tilted
up. One side is devoted to the Bale of
confectionery. That show the pro
prietor' shrewdness, for women proba
bly would not go in if thero was noth
ing but a bar. Tbe bar runs along
tho opposite aide, and is nbout tho
samo in style as those of tbo best cafes,
though tbo marblo counter is a little
lower. An immenso mirror faces tho
drinker, and the hack bar is adorned
with cut glasses and decanters. Instead
of a beer-pump, however, thoro is a
soda loiintuin. Pile of lemons, an
ornamental lemon-squcczor, groups of
ginger-alo bottles, and pyramids of
silver Tom-and-Jerry cups, mako a
display as gorgeous a can be found on
any bar in tho city. Two bartenders,
of the regulation pattern, with their
hair and mustaches carefully brushed,
diamond glistening on their polished
shirt-fronts, and tho sleeves of their
whito coats turned up to tho elbows,
aro constantly on duly. The women
walk up just liko little men. The en
terprise has boon under way only a
lew weeks, and is already an estab
lished success. 'Hard liquors' are not
sold, except in mixed drinks, as in
Tom. and Jerries, on which tho run
during tbo present cold weather is
brisk. Tbey aro made bot and sweet.
Tho next most popular drink is hot
punch, composed of rum, lemon juice,
water, and a dash of brandy. Some
times aollzer is ordered in placo of tbe
water. Hot corU'0, chocolate, and lorn
onado are also sold in largo quantities.
On day of moderate tompcrature tbo
call is lor cold lemonade, clnrot, punch,
gingcralo, and soda water. bile 1
was there recently, the pop of tho ale
bottlo was momentary, and tho lever
ot tho lemon squeezer was in almost
constant motion. Women stand thrco
deep in front of the bar. Two com
panions drank together, and each paid
for her own dissipation ; but, as a rule,
tho gentle tipplers gracefully imitated
polite bar-room manners, though they
wero given to sipping thoir beverages
slowly, instead of tossing them into
their mouths liko so much medicine.
1 asked one of the bartenders why he
did not koep lager beer on lap, since
Now York women drink it at home
and in tbo concert garden so goner
ally. He said : 'Oh, wo want to go
slow at first; don't want to startle our
customers too much. But we'll give
'em b?er as soon as warm weather is
hero.' " Forney'i Progress.
A Bankrupt Statu. A twenty
year resident of Nevada gives a sur
prising and desparing account of tho
presont stains ol that State. Tho pro
digious milling interests, which havo
tor the last twenty -year constituted
ilB attraction and wealth, have come
to a stand still. The Comslock lode,
out ol which 400,1100,000 of cold and
200,000,000 of silver have been ex
tracted, though not exhausted ol the
rich deposits, is now worked with
such difficulty und expense that unless
a Ireo coinage law ran bo passsed, tho
mines will havo to be abandoned. The
colossal woalth drawn from tho golden
mountain ol silver and gold has been
concentrated in tho hands of a few
men. Tho Stato itself hits had little
benefit. With tho collapse of the min
ing business everything clso that hith
erto prospered Ibd pooplo of this State
seems to havo como to a stand still.
Grazing, which for a lime occupied a
largo part of tbe inhabitants, has now
come lo an end, Colorado inviting that
particular form of wealth getting. Cu
tler theso depressing conditions tho
00,000 people inhabiting the fourteen
counties into which tho State is divided
are discussing tho question ot how to
moot the cxponsive luxury of a Stale
government, Tho taxes on bullion
and cattle raising have hilberto proved
sulllcient, but now that theso re
sources aro at an end, tbo handful of
pooplo find tho burden too great to
hear. As it is not in tho power of the
Federal Government to annul tho ex
istence of a Stale, thero is strong talk
of annexing tbo lburloon counties to
California, or returning to a Territorial
Dominion. All the wealth of the State
isowned by citizens ol Calilornia. Her
Senators bavo always boen residonlvnf
San r raneisco, and the former alterna
tive seems the most likely to be adopted.
A contract has just been agreed upon
betwoen tbe authorities of Florida and
1. Corycl, of Jacksonville, and A. H.
Linderman, representing capitalist of
Philadelphia and tho Pacilio coast, to
drain Luke Okeochoboo, in Southern
Florida. If the scheme is carried out
12,000,000 acre of the best ugar land
in tbo world will be reclaimed. Tbe
territory will include tho celehruted
r.vorgiadea, and will bo in extent just
twffo as large as tho Stato of Now Jer
sey. ben tho contract is fulfilled,
Honda can prodnco moro sugar than
tho United Slate now consume.
A lll.tMliia. Burdolto, the Hawk-
eye man, upon hi return Irom an east
ern lecturing tour, among other things
remarked to hi wife, that tbe worst
thing about kissing a Pittsburgh girl
is, that you carry the mark of coal
dust about your nose and other teat
tire till you reach tho nearest pump.
"How did you learn that?" romarked
tho wife. "Ob, another fellow told
me aol" be replied.
Manner I of importance. A kind
no i often more agreeabl than a rough
ARE WEALLEAT1XQ POJSOS T
The Comruittco of the National
Board of Trade who last year investi
gated the adulteration of food, report
ed tbat while tbey lound il to bo com
mon enough, it usually rathor defrauded
tbe pocket of tbe consumer than in
jured hi health or endangered his life.
Adulteration ia practiced lo u great
extent both hero and abroad, but the
substances mixed with tho genuine
article aro almost invariably innox
ious, according to this Committee.
Poisonous coloring matter is some
time, though rarely, used in contcc
lionory, and canned goods may be so
put up that they become infected with
lead or zinc poison. But of this dan
gerous adultoration tho Committeo
found very little in food. In drugs,
however, adulteration of any sort is
positively hurtful. If they aro not of
standard quality and standard slrengt h,
the physician is nnablo to calculate the
otlocts ol a given doso, and bis pro
scription may, in some cuses, produce
consequence just the reverse ot what
be intended. Patent medicines, loo,
olten contain larger proportions ol ac
tive drugs than can bo administered
The Committee of the Board of
Trade therefore recommended that
adulteration bo treated, first, as a fraud,
and punished accordingly ; and, second
ly, as a criminal act, and visited with
much severer penalties. When only
pecuniary damage is done, that is, in
tbo vast majority of cases, they would
regard it merely as an attempt to
cheat the consumer; but when the
adulteration is dangerous to health and
life, they would make it a crime.
A Parliamentary Committee in En
gland reached substantially the samo
conclusions several years ago. They
found by analyzing articles of lood
sold in the shops that a large propor
tion of them were adulterated, but in
only a very few case wero the adul
terations such thai the manufacturers
could bo proceeded against ciiininnlly.
Tho nublio is rather cheated than in
jured in health by food adulteration,
was what they roportcd. llurtlul mix
tures aro less common than tbey used
to bo, they discovered. Milk is very
generally watered, terra alba ia mixed
with many articles, and spice are
univorsatly adulterated; but pickles
nro not in juriously adulterated as form-
orly, alum is not used in bread, and
teas, which once wcro almost univer- own more thuti 8100,000,000 ol rail
sally adulterated, aro now cood in En- road securities. Hois tho lan-est in.
Mr. Gooriro T. Ancoll. of Boston,
howovcr, take a moro alarming view
of tbe subject ot adultoration. lie re
gards il as tbo most frightful evil of
modern times, and seems to hare mado
a bobby ol it He bos accordingly
furnished to a Committee ot Congress
a mass of fact respecting the business,
which tbey have appended to a report
recommending the passage ot a bill
authorizing the President to appoint a
Commission lo exnmino into tho adul
teration or lood and othor articles.
Tbo lads colloclod by Mr. Angell
undoubtedly go to show that fraudu
lent adultoration i now practiced to
so great an extent that few article of
commerce are exempt from it. But
that is something which was fully
known already, and the Commission
he would have appsintod could only go
overground already covered, and ob
tain tacts which would agree with
those presented by tho Committee of
tbe National Board of Trade. Tho
same conclusions, too, would probably
be reached by a competent Commission,
namely, that adulteration is almost en
tirely nothing more than a fraud on
the public, which legislation has so far
been unable to deleut, and tbat dan
gerous adulteration is practiced to so
limited an extent that it can bo crush
ed out altogether by ovorc penalties
rigorously administered in every case
Mr. Angell, however, declare tbat
dangerous adulteration is far more
common than the I ommilleo ol the Na
tional Board of Trade reported. He
finds it in sugar, in vinegar, in baking
powders, in pickles, in canned and pot
ted goods, in oofToe. and in many other
articles of food. Almost all tho hair
cosmetics aro very poisonous, accord
ing toanatmlytical chemist of Chicago
quoted by him, and so are the powder
and preparations for beautifying tbe
lace. Arsunio and oinor poisons, Mr.
Angell avers, are used to an alarming
extent in wall papers, glazed papers
and cards, in toys, and in many ma
tennis for clothing. Prol. Lattimoro
of Rochester University, quoted by
him, says, writing of arsenical poison
ing: ' Wenow wear it in our apparel,
eat il in sweetmeats, drink it in syrup,
and writo with it as ink." Glucose is
used for tbo adulteration of sugar and
in confectionery to a prodigious extent.
In 1880 lifioen glucose factories wero
running in tho United Slates, and
their production was ovor 300,000,000
pounds annually, this cheap substitute
lor sugar, according to Mr. Angoll,
being generally mado by boiling corn
starch in dilute sulphuric acid, or oil
of vitriol, as it i popularly known.
New factories for tho manufacture ot
glucose aro being put up evory year,
and tho annual product in the United
Stalosis likely soon to bcover 500,(100,.
These are unquestionably startling
facts ; but Mr, Angell has not gather
ed them with sufficient scientific ac
curacy to moke them a satisfactory
basis for legislation. Ho writes too
much liko a man with a hobby, which
prevents hi looking at the subject of
adultoration with anything liko judicial
calmness. For instance, ho bitterly
assail tho Committeo ol the National
Board of Trade because they took a
less alarming view than bo docs ol the
prevalent adulteration, and seems to
onjoy tho opportunity ot getting into
a controversy wun thorn. And these
assaults tho Congressional Committeo
suffer to bo ptintcd along with bis
summary of fact.
That doe not event to bo the proper
spirit in wnicn to approach so practi
cal a matter a that of lood adultera
tion and its remedy. Wo are there
fore disposed to put moro faith In tho
moderate report of the Board of Trade
Committee than in tho alarming state
ment ol tne agitated Jjosiou geutlo
man. And tho bill tor tho prevention
of adulteration proposed by that Com
mittee seem more deserving tho at
tention ol Congress than the one
drawn np by Mr. Angoll and which he
i pushing with so much feeling.
lie. however, has rendered the nublio
a acrvice in calling to thoir notice
a very serious evil which is growing
in proportion, and which need to bo
promptly checked and stamjved out
But the advico of men who treat it
coolly and scientifically, and who
would punish adulteration without
imposing needles restrictions on com
merce, i better than that of a man
wbo ha worked himself np Into a
state) of agitation on th subject, and
make a hobby of it .V. )'. Sun.
TEEMS $2 per annum in Advance.
SERIES - VOL 22, NO. 10,
WHEAT USED FOR COOK1SO
Major B. A. Biackott, Deputy United
Slates Marshal, and Colonel J. V. Cur
ney, who have returned to St. Paul,
Minn., alter being snow-bound fourteen
dnysat Applelon, and m the vicinity
of Bigstone county, report the situa-
tion in that sectiuu as teal fill. Thev
visited as many farmers as they could
reach, ami describe their condition as
Many of tho houses weto shanties
erected lo till the requirements of the
nomcstend laws, iheso wero com
pletely covered with snow, and egress
and entrance wore made by tunnels.
Most of tbe families wore entirely out
ot wood ; they bad consumed all thoir
hay tor fuel, and wore new burning
wheat lor cooking purposes. Owing
to tho fact of their houso being par
tially or completely buried in the snow.
there wa in those ho visited no real
suffering from cold, but should another
cold spell visit thorn beforu the oppor
tunity is given them lo replenish their
fuel supply, thoro must bo terrible
suffering and great loss of life.
so tar aa known when Maior Brack
utt left Applelon, there had been only
ono (loam lrom lreezing, a Mrs. Chap
man, living some thirty miles beyond
Lac qui Parle county. Applelon has
a population ol between L'OO and 500,
anu it was estimated that there was
not moro than half a cord of wood and
two or three'tons of coal in tbo wholo
town. The hotel bud but tbrco slicks
of wood. All, howevor, are economiz
ing on fuel, and arrangements bave
been made to sec tiro a fresh supply
from a popular grovo a low mile dis
tant, and, if tho worst comes, there are
the ruilroad buildings, warehouses, Ac.
tho destruction ol which for fuel is
already being canvassed- Hut tho
scattered Bcttlers on the praries have
no such modes of relief a this, and
their possible lute is fearful to contem
plate. Tub Ilit iiEsT Man in thr World.
Tho Elerali l Railieny Journal say
William U.Vandcrbilt received a check
on December Hist, for 8470,000, being
interest lor the past three months on
his investments in tho t'uited States
bonds. Tho (iovernmcnt pays bim
this enormous sum four times each and
ovcry year. Beside tho investment
of 810,000 in government bonds, thus
indicated .Mr. anderbilt is believed lo
dividuul owner ol tho slock of the (ol-
lowing namod roads, several of which
i aia ulmo.t bis exclusive property:'
New York Central, Harlem, New
Haven, Fourth avenue horse, Spnyten
Duyvil and Port Morris, Canada South
ern, Luke Shore and Michigan South
ern, Michigan Central, Northwesters
and Hock Island. He owns also a large
line in tho Union Pacilio and the Erie
Hailrouds, tho Western Union Tele
graph, the Wagner Parlor Company,
tbo Albany Bridgo, tho Merchants' Dis
patch, and in sovoral othor express and
transportation Companies, lie has
largo investments in French routes and
in British consols. Ho owns a large
ranch in Colorado and ha some vory
valuablo real cstato in Now York city.
His lortiino is without historic prece
dent. Several English noblemon own
lite interest in large estates, but this
gigantic fortune is without entail. Mr.
V underbill is unquestionably the rich
est man now living or that ever lived.
It is extremely probable that ho is
worth moro than any two men that
ever lived. As this vast accumulation
i the result of a tariff levied on the
public transit and tralllc within 25
years past, its vastness suggosls grave
doubts as to tho public policy ot giving
to any individual such great and un
Kor our Bin Girls and Boys. Tbo
lollowing excellent hints for bachelors,
aro from tho pen of Oliver Wendell
Holmes, and deserve to be read at
least a dozen time by ovory man wbo
ui'-m uesauouv committing muir mony:
"1 ho true girl has to bo sought lor.
Sho docs not parado herself as show
. i . ..
goods. Sho is not fashionable. Gen
erally sho is not rich. But, oh, what
a heart she has when you find her, so
largo and puro and womanly. When
you see her, you wonder il theso showy
things outside wcro women. 11 you
gain her love your thousands ure mill
ions ! She'll not ask you fur a carriage
or a firatclass house. Sho'll wear
simple dress and turn them when
necessary, with no vulgar magnificat
to frown upon her economy. ShoTI
keep everything neat and nico in your
parlor, and give you such a welcome
when you come home, that you will
think your parlor higher than ever.
She'll entertain truo friends on a dollar,
and astonish you with new thought
now nine happiness depends on money.
She'll mako you lovo homo (if you do
not you're a brute) and teach you how
to pity, while you scorn a poor, fash
ionable society which thinks itself rich,
and vainly tries to think itselt happy.
Now, do not, 1 pray you, say any
more, '! can'l allord to marry." Go
find the truo woman, and vou can.
Throw away that oiirar, burn up thnt !
swich cane, be sensible yourself and
seek your wile in a sensible way."
A lioniN Boost. iown near Old
Kooky Hill, ono mile from Settle's mill,
near Glasgow, Kentucky, is a robin
roost that equals the pigeon roost ol
olden times. A cedar thicket of about
sixty acre furnishes the birds a lodg
ing place. About sundown ovcry even
ing constant streams from every direc
tion pour into tho grove and almost
obscure the heavenB in their flight.
Night finds almost every bush in the
thicket bending with it red -breasted
For the past few week lover
ol sport for miles around havo visited
the place, and every night the thicket
is illuminated with tho torches nt men
with clubs find aacks gathering tho
feathery harvest. Mr. Smith ha
killed over 2,000 and hundreds are car
ried away every night, but they don't
seem to decrease ; there aro millions of
them. Largo quantities hare boon
sold in town. '1 hey aro very fat and
make, when well cooked, a dish good
enough for anybody.
Thoro Is only a gap of fifty miles
botwecn the Atchison, Topeka and
Santa Fa Kailroad going West and tbo
Southern Pacilio conuug East When
rail aro laid ovor this gap, tbcro will
bo a now all rail connection across the
continent lrom ocoan to ocean.
The simplest method to remove tho
hull from corn is to mako a woak lye
from clean wood ashe and oak the
corn In it.
A cow with throo rings on a horn it
six year old ; with four she I oven
year old. No now rings are formed
alter the tenth year.
A bird 1 known by it note, and t
man by hi talk.
SY X. L. IfcqUOWX.
Knox township will try tho experi
ment of a l'cmalo School Diroctor.
(Jirard and Karlhau townshipsbav
a school term of six month tbe present
Knox township will bold an Educa
tional Association in Now Millport
about the closo of the school term.
There aro 18 pupils in tboTroutvillo
publie schools who havo not missel a
day during the present chool term.
John 0. Whiltler was seventy three
yeurs nld on Friday, December 17th.
Ho bears his yearn well and is now in
Education, wealth, and morals are
the pillars upuu which all staple re
publics rest, and freedom is the ani
(i. It. Mokol, formerly of Knox town
ship, conducts an "Educational Col.
uum" in a Kansas paper, he being a
teacher in that State,
I ho Minister of Public liwliuction
I in Fiance, has ordered Mr. Herbert
Spencer's work on Education lo be
printed and distributed throughout the
Make frequent uso of tho object to
impress tacts or principle upon tbe
mindsof yourpupils. Children under
stand most readily that which they
can see und handle.
There are ten normal schools in this
State, viz : At Millersburg, Kdinboro,
Mansfield, Kutztown,Bloomsburg, West
Chester, Slnppensburg, California, In
diana, Lock Haven.'
The man wbo read tho paper has a
telegraph wiro thai connect him with
the world, and the man that doc not
read might as well be Kobinson Crusoe
on his island. Wendell Phillips.
It is said that tho Pope is thinking
of a series of books for children, to be
used in Ibo schools of Home, and may
take the works of the Catholic Publica
tion Society, Now York, as their model.
T wo Utile daughter of Joseph Sey ler,
Jr., of Brady township, acquitted them
selves vory creditably in the singing of
a song at tho evening session of the
Pine Swamp Institute, February lllth.
On r ack now ledgmon t arc d no M essra.
Alex. Murray, of Girard, John Ilono
and Lowis Picaid, of Covington, and
ticorgc Iloekondorn, ol Karlhau, for
favors rocoived whilo traveling in
James M. Davidson, teacher ol Drift
wood school, in Lawrence township,
had bis thigh dislocated while coasting
on tho evening of February 2 lib. The
school has been temporarily suspended
on account of the accident.
Vermont has just given wo.nen the
same rights as men, to vote and hold
offices in school meetings. The new
law ulso makes women eligible to tha
office ot town clerk and town superin
tendent oi senoois.
Judge Jenks, of Hrookville, has de-
i ?'dt''' lhlt parents surrender all author.
"J" ovor their children while tho chil-
dren are in school, and that the teacher
has the sole rigbt to say what they
shall or shall not study,
iliss Mamie Irwin, teacher uf Con
gress Hill school, in Girard township,
will leave lor Philadelphia early in
April, where she expects to attend the
National School of Elocution and )ra
tory during tbe Summer.
Tho editor of the New Kngland
Journal of Education says tbat tbe av
erage Yankee jchoolboy know more
about English history than any one
envnent English writer in a hundred
kuowB about American ocicty and
Prof. Swing Club Essays have re
ccntly appeared in book form. Prof.
S. disapproves of studying French or
any othor language uutil master of the
mother tongue is achieved. He desig
nate languuge as "the greatest of tho
"Sunlight and Shade" is tho title of
a now volume by John B. Gough, the
well known temperance orator. It re
cords tho personal txporiencos of the
author, with incidents, anecdotes, and
reminiscences of thirty seven years'
labor on the platlorm.
Prof. Illchard A. Proctor, tbo dis
tinguished English Astronomer, who
is now in Australia, state tbat he will
return to England by way of San Fran-
.n.l v. ..l. 1 ...
i -Di" ,. . w -T Au.a, jiioicnu in iroinfi'
Tia )0 , dj 0 fc - -
vjoH , u P
The London A'ctc, in a recent arti.
cle,claims that American follow every
thing that is initiated in England, and
say "thoy even follow us in our Greek
revival, Sophorle is to be recited by
the youth of Harvard becauso the
youth ol Oxlord acted .Eschylus."
We havo at this writing traveled
fourteen continuous weeks, visiting the
schools of tho county, and still the
work is not completed. Chest and
Burnside township are receiving our
attention this week. We hope to com
plete thework about the middleof M arch
A number ol private schools will be
in session in tho comity the present
year. Circulars havo already been is
sued for Lumber City and Curwons
ville. The former to be under the
management of Messrs. Moore and
Weber, and the latter under Prof. J. A.
liuv. II. 11. Campbell, pastor of tho
fruit Hill Presbyterian church, wa
elected to a seat on tho .Ionian town
ship rtehuol Hoard, at tbe recent elec
tion. Itcv. Campbell has manifested a
deep interest in the educational affair
of that township, and will prove a val
uable addition lo the new Hoard.
Tho printers and school officers soem
to be especially reniein bored by Mr.
Jacob Hummel, member ol the Brady
township School Hoard. He has just
paid bis compliments to tbe County
Superintendent' family in tbe accep
table gift of one bushel of delicious ap
ples. . We esteem the favor very much.
Must not the old methods, which did
fair work in thoir day, be modified
to meet, not an cxigoncy nut present
condition ? The great needs in our
common school are tlicno : First, a
more intelligent plan of work ; second,
a greater leaching power ; third, a
'f7i77crpurpoB0 of the professional spirit
A permanent Library Association
has been organized at Osceola, with the
following officers and Director : Pres
ident, W. J. Jackson ; Vice President,
E. H. lUrtman ; Socretnry, W. A. Am
brose ; Treasurer, Dr. F. B. Read ;
Director, 11. P. II. Blandy, I). K.ood,
G. M. Brisbin, Ellis ItogersJJ . W. Scott
Tbo Now York 1IVM ay: "Mr.
Longfellow can take a wortblea sheet
ol paper, and by writing a poem on it
mako It worth 850. That' geniu.
Mr. Vandcrbilt can take a theet of
paper and by writing a few words on
it can make it worth $50,000,000,
Thclangiisge of the school-room may
easily be too fixed and formal. A
should be the easy and fluent speech ol
conversation. The plaotio language ot
familiar talk la a more potent instru
ment of culture than the precis form
ulas and definition, and th text-book
English of the pedagogue.