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O. B. GOODI.ANDER,
A T T O It N E Y - A T
: 1:1:71 I'lcarllcld, Pi.
AT f ORJJ EY - AT - LAW,
iMilllpeburg, Outre Co., Pa. y:pd
JOLAND B. SWOOVK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curw.n.Tille, Clearfield connty, Pa.
oct. , '7S-t!
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
trir-O&t in tba Opera Houae. etV, '7B-tf.
Attokneys and Counselors at Law,
January 80, 1870.
tTTORNEY AT LAW,
frtmtAto ana dour call of ribaw Houee.
y.M. M. McCULLOUCill,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"ttl.-e in Ma.onic building, Second street, op-
1.1, in. Liian niiuie.
J ('. AUSOLD,
X COLLECTION OFFICE,
Utarfield CuunUT, PenQ'a. 7aa
ATXOHNKY AT LAW,
rliir in Oppra llouia.
MIT II V. WILSON
ap J5.T7 1
rl.l AIIFIIiLD, . . PENN'A.
rl(lice in th Matinia Dnildinfr, orer the
I". i:nly National liank. uiar24 80.
. It.MAM A. WAM AC. OATtD L. K RKaa.
IIULKT r. WiU.v'l. JOHN W. WHIOJ.IT.
H"ALLACiJ i KKEUH,
7 T Hu3oeaiora to Waliaco A Fialdlnr.)
A T T O It NEYS-AT-LAW,
j ,or77 ClurUeld, P.
ATTOUNEV AT LAW,
lu'e o,.r lite Cnunty National Uuik.
June 2o, '7iitf.
nu.. h. ki'iiHar. frat'B soanoa
Ui:ilAY Si GOKDON,
a T T O It N E Y S A T L A W,
ff uflioe in Pie'a Opera lloure, fecond floor.
ril.LlAM' A. n AGERTY,
tll'l' ICK over T. A. Plcrk fc Co.. Hlore,
liT-H'lll attend to all log l bu.lneu with
n.ui.toe. and fljehtj. lebt 1,'ltl-tf.
KPa I. H BXALLT.
DANIKL W. M'CURDT.
i icarnoid, ra.
f-,erl bmlneai attended to promptly with
. inlitr. Uffice on Seeond atreet, above tbe Firat
Xativnal Bank. jan:lt76
I F. Mc KEN RICK,
' . CLEARFIELD, PA.
All les.il bTi.ine.B entruated to bit oar, will ra
"ive prompt attenliou.
.rrOtRre In the Court Houie.
ui t, IMTH-ly.
A T IOHXEY-
A T - L A W ,
Real E.ute and Collation Agent,
Will promptly attend tn all legal huiinaaB ai
tro.te.1 to nia earn.
rODioe in Pie'a Opera Hon.,.
OHN Ij. CUTTLK.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
i Heal r.atal Agent, leardrld, Pa,
'Jint on Third n treat, bet. Cherry A H aJnat.
r-yKeapaotrnily offera bla lervtoei la aelllng
a'i'i buying landa to Clearfield and adjoining
f -untloi , and with an experience ot orer twenty
jr. an m a loTTeyor, flatten hlmaelf that be ean
ritifler atiifaetton. Feb. Iflj3;tl,
It E. M. SCIJEUREIt.
Offine in retldeoe on Firat at.
APiil 54, 1871. Clearteid, Pa.
jyt W. A. MEANS,
I'lIYSICIAN 4 SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITY, PA.
ill attend profeeilonal ealla promptly. augl0'70
I!. T. J. HOTKK.
HYSIC1AN AND SB KO EON,
Office on Market Street, Clearfield, Pa.
:oa b .ura: I to 1 a. ra., and 1 to I p. m.
It. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
TOlDoa adjoining tha re.idanea af Jamaa
"Kl'T, K.y, u Seeond St., Clearteid, Pa.
(I C. JKNKINS, M. I).,
I' II V SI CI A N A N D S V Ii G E ON,
Office, at re.idenee, corner nf State end Piae
"rtMi. Jan. iib, Is81-tf.
It. U. II. VAN VALZAH,
C'I.EARPIEM), PI'.NJI A.
HFUCE is llE-MDRNcE, CORNKH OF FIRST
AND PINE BtKKKTS.
r- Oftoa hoar- From It la I P. M.
May II, H7I.
JJ'S. J. P. LURCH FIELD,
l..ta Snrgaoa of tha S.td Kaglm.nl, reanaylTanla
Volaate,ra, havlag r.tarn.d fr.aa lb. Army,
"tan hit profaaalanal larTlaaa la Ua.ltla.aa
dM'refe.ateaal ealla prompUy attoaded aa.
Y ea aB lUaat, loraaailyaoaaplad by
Or W4i (arr,'M U
GEO. B. GOODLANDEE, Editor
VOL. 55-WHOLE NO.
I Oil PKINTIKC3 Or KVKKT DESCRIP
f J tiftn naatlv eiMutd at thla oftla.
US' CONHTABLBH' KKK8
? prtntad a Ursa number of tba Da
FK bill, ano will oa Ibe receipt of twenty
are oenta. mall a noitr to any addreae. mats
LI.IAM M. 1IKNHY. Justice
if TUB PCACB ARDbCRlTKRIlt, LUMIlKH
CITY. CoIImDoui made and money promptly
paid over. Article! of agreement mail deede (
fronreyance neatly eteouted end warranted Mr
rot or oo charge. HJj'l'-
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Juitioe of tba Peaoe and Scrivener,
fe4L.Coll9flt.oai mad and
(U8Tl.au P. O.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
ron iell Toirgsnir.
Ma; 8, M7S.1)'
Square Timber k Timber LantlH,
jl I'Tl CLEAKPIia.O, PA.
Land Surveyor and Civil Enginee
AU liu.inraa will be atte&de ' to promptly.
Ilee. IS, 1NS0 ly.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
fvWill axaouto joba in bla line prnmptly and
In a workmanlike manner. aprt,67
I7R.VN K FIKLDING
WILLIAM O. HKiLLR,
Not. lTth, I5H0 If.
JOHN A. STADLKH,
BAKER, Market St., Clearteid, Pa.
Freib Bread, Itu.k, Holls, Piea and Cabaa
on hand or made to order. A general aaaortment
of t'ontectionariea, Pruiie and Nuta tn atook.
1c, Cream and Oy.tera tn aeaion. b'alovn nearly
oppoiito tba Poatofne,. Prleea moderate.
WEAVER. 4, BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND H'MiiKR OP ALL KINDS.
O"-0fflie on Second itreet, in rear of itora
riMin of (ieorge Weaver A Co. f JftnU. '78 tf.
JVHTTCR OF THE PEACE
Oaeaola Mill. P. O.
All offlelal bnalnaM antraated to aim will b.
promptly attended to. aaob29, '71.
BARBER AND HAIRDHEcoF.H.
Mhop on Market St., oppoalta Court Iltma..
A elean towel for every ouatumer.
Alio dealer in
lleet Brands or Tobarco anil C'lgara.
fllaarBald. Pa. ma? IB, 'Ta.
JAMES H. TURNER,
Jt'RTICE OP TUB PKACE,
H allaceton, Pa.
-eTHe haa prepared bimaelf with all the
neceat-ary blank forma under tba I'enilim and
Iloonty law a, aa well aa blank Deeda, etc. All
legal mattera entrtlfted to hia care will receive
prompt attention. May Ttb, lB7itf.
Market mreet, Clearlleld, I'a.,
h AxrrArTDRaa aid niiLta ia
Harness, Bridlct, &ttlJUs, Collars, and
AII klnda of repairing promptly attended
U. iSaddlere' Hardware, )lore llruabea, Carry
Cumba, Ac., alwaya on hand and for aale at the
toweat oaah price. March IV, l(t7V.
G. H. HALL,
I PKACT1CAL TUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLKAfFIKLD, PENN'A.
Pumpe always on band and made to order
en abort notice. Pipe bored on reasonable term a.
All work warranted to render attraction, and
delivered if deilred. my3b:lypd
SHOI:MAKIKt;-I hereby Inform my pa
troot, and mankind In general, that 1 have
removed my ihoemaking hop to the room la
Ureharn a row, orer 8. 1. Snyder'a Jewelry itore,
and that I am prepared to du all kinda of work
in Bit line eltaaner than any other anon In Iowa
All work warranted ai good aa can be done any
where ele. Puailtvely thia li the chiat,f Pt ahop
id nearue.'i. .iwn. ji. ve,i,niHi,
lee. II, I-.T8 tf.
rlH K nnderiigned bega leave to Inform thepuV
,1, lie that he ia bow lully prepare to aoommo
date ell to the way of furniablng IK.aea, Buggioa,
Dawuiva inu iiNrnean, bb nm anonesi notice and
en raaaonable terma. Kelt dene oa Loenat atreet,
VUlHatan alli-U MBH aosriB.
OKO. W. UEARIIART.
Tlaarfietd, Feb. 4, 174.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
Alio, extenilvt tnanofaeturer and dealer In flq
Timber and Hawed Lumber of all kinda.
.Orderi lollclted and all hill promptly
ARB RRALRS IR
Watches, Clocks and Jowelry,
ertkmm't Jtae, UwrtM AreM,
All kiridi of repairing In i
ly line promptly at
Jan. lit, 187 V.
t lcitrflrld Itmuranre 4fenrf,
JiMII BBBB. CABBOtL L. BtDPI B.
tit: tin ir ittnin.i:, irrntt
Repreaenttbe following ael other Inl-olaai Co'l
Com pan lea, Afeta.
Llrerpnol London A 0 lobe IT. ft. Br.-4,Jtrl,Pi
Lvooming on matsal A eaab plane. ,.M ,0rt,00tl
I'bwniB, of Hartford, Cons S,fi24.DM
Inearanre Co. of North Amerira B,4:.J.,T4
North Hrltlnh A Mereaatile-U. 8. Ur..
Kpotif'B Cummereial U. 0. Braarh...- 7,H4
Traveler! (Life A A v 1. 1 eat 1 4,m,4b4
0fl.ee on Market 8t., of-p. Vmri 11 nut, Clear
field. Pafc Jan 4, 'IMf.
West End Drug Store,
lit ORAIIAM'S ROW,
(Ualf aay bolwn Monoa'a and Flaek'a
THE anderalgnrd baa opened ap a Drug fltora,
with a full eapply of parfwtly pur. and
Ireak Draga, Medh-taaa, CbemiMl. and Toilet
ArtieUe. Thea. Drag, bara aweat MlMtad wltb
graal ear. and are guaranteed ta a pwfeetly
para and nliabl.. 1 will gle. my perannal alt.a
Uea aa laaa aWaaHwaoat, aad will abearfall, glee
aay advtewaai laavraaatiaat ta regard aama'tietaal
fraa af akarga. DhY I. i. Hut HE.
ChMrlald, Pa, Dea. I, Haa tf.
In Rummcr-tima how fair It ihowed
My (jardfn by tha tillt road,
M'hora fiery itnlkt nf b lot ir tui glowed,
And roivi loftiy blnfbrd t
With atura iiirti. and Rarlanla white.
Pal bcllotrojia, the pud'i delight,
And odora thut perfumed the night
Wbare ilia South wind ruibtd.
Tberr lottmn purple piniiti itood,
Uay ttilipn rrd wtrh floral blood,
And wild laiingt freab fram field and wood,
A lit with dainty Rrao.
I)tri heavrn-btue belli oroolambina,
Thn dnrkly-myotfo paiilon-vine,
And elrmafiit, that lovae to twioa,
Urdcoked that bnpjij plaoa.
Ptoralh that itrong an clouded blaie
Or long and fervaut Hummer dayi
Tbrlr colon auiota tba pauing gana,
And denied every aye.
Their eua of neented huoey-dew
Charmed all tha boea lhat o'er tbeia flaw,
And butUifliee ofradlent hue
laurrd ai thej fluatcd by.
Now tl!i a erond of ralltnK anow.
The bitter winda uf Winter blow,
No bl(notn darea Iti cup to ahow
Karth lolda them in her brnaat;
A ihr ml of white, a virgin pall,
la i lowly, softly, biding all;
In vain (hall any tweet wind flail
To break their illent reit.
My gar dm ia a vaninbod dream,
bead in the waning mooo'i cold beam,
Clear icicle above it glenm;
And yet I know nut how
My flowuri will bear tba dropping rain
When SjiriDjt rencwetb bill and plain,
And tbeo it Khali be mine again ;
It ii Uod'i vanlen now.
Hot Ttrtj L'ifoke, in tlttrptr' JJayatini or
THE SAGE OF CHELSEA DEAD AT
THEHIPE AGE OK EIGHTH
HIS LIFE, WORKSAND INFLUENCE.
T1IK CAKKEK Of A rilll,08(lMUtt WHO
rtAVES A DEEP IUPKKHSION ON
'J liumns Cttilylo was a contributor
to tbo Lontlun MtiijiKine as long ago as
18l.'l. Ilo was born ut Ecclefechan.
I'uinlriesliiro, Scotland, on the 4th of
Decern her, 7Uj, and died February
Mb, 1881. Hu was a fellow-student
with Edward Irving, who was three
years older than himcU,ut Edinburgh.
When 18 years old ho became an 09
Bistunt teacher ut Kirkcaldy, whero,
ho used to say, ho and Irving "strove
by virtuo of birch and book to initiate
the urchins into whnt is called tho
rudiments of learning." Although des
lined by his parents for tho ministry,
and studying for a timo with lhat do
sign, he umnd that rending and study
hud led him aw ay from tho faith of bis
fathers, and he ubunilonctl tho notion
ot becoming u preacher. Ilo was an
anient student always, und while set
mg as tutor in a private family mado
bimxclf muster of the (lerninn Iuol'iiiil'O
und literature Ilo wroto an "Essay
on Proportion," which was prefixed to
a translation of Legendre's geometry.
His "Life of Schiller" was published in
tho London Magazine. Ho translated
tiootho's "Wilhelm Meistcr" in 1824,
"Specimens of German Komanoe" in
1827, and furnished many biographies
trom time to timo to tho Edinburgh
Cyclopedia. II is miscellanies wcro col
lected by lialph Waldo tmerpon, and
published in this country in 1815.
In 1831 Curlyle took with him to
London Ins book "Surtor liesartus,"
and vainly endeavored to soil it. lie
at length got it published in Fra:er't
Magazine, but it was not until years
uflerword that it wasful y appreciated
Carlylc's work, "Tho French ftevolu
lion," was published in 1837, and bo
camo noted for its novel method of
presenting history. His essay on
"Characteristics" was issued in 1831.
Ho published a work on "Chartism" in
183!), on "Hero Worship" in lKIO.and
"I'ast nnd Present" in 1843.
Mr. Carlylc's complete works com
prise nearly forty volumes. Ho wroto
voluminously for tho Edinburgh Review
and tho Foreign Quarterly. II is "Count
CughoBtro" and "Diamond Necklace"
were notable, no published "Letters
wid Speeches ol Oliver Cromwell" in
1845. st'rk'H of "Lattur lflj 1 n. ,
phlels" in 1K.VI, a "Life of John Hter
ling" in 1851, and a "History ol Fred
erick tho Great," tho last volume of
which was published in I8G4. II is in
augural address in 1800, when be wsb
elected in his 65th vear to tho I'rosi
dency to his beloved Kdinbiin'li Univer
sity, was reprinted almost all over tho
Carlylo was married in 182C to Jane
Welch, ol Craigcnptittoch, where she
owned a small estate, on which ho
lived lor a time. Thcro for six years,
among granite hills and black niorass
i'B, filtoeii miles from a town, ho read
and wrote in peace. His wile claimttl
to bea lineal descendant!,! John Kno
Ho lived many happy years with her
ana lo the last ot his I ilo never ceasod
his frequent pilgrimages to hor gravo.
. CHAS. A. DANA 8 EI LOOY.
Mew York Sun.
What Carlylo would have been hud
his life been Contemporary with that
storm ana stress period ot which ho
made himself tho eulogist, wo cau
guess by recalling what ltichter was.
Thoro was, indued, a surprising like
ness in tho gifts, acquirements, ethical
convictions, and artistic methods of
tho two men, and an equally curious
coincidence was disclosed in their fort
unes and careers, lioth were tho sons
of poor men, and both won for them
solves, at the eost of not a liltlo harsh
toil and privation, a University educa
tion, lioth wcro omnivorous rather
than sympathetic renders, and of both
it might be said that, to tho lust, they
nau never iusmoncd lor tnemsolves a
d('flititc,coheront system of philosophy.
Moth were constrained, lor a Ion 12 time.
to clto out a subsistence by the trade
of schoolmaster, and both gained but
a tartly recognition trom publishers or
readers, owinu to their intensely cm
plinsned and grotcsquo originulily
lioth wroto prose, but both Were noots
n mo loitiest and deepest meaning ol
tho word. So lar as ouch boro a mes
sage to his lino ho spoko as a bard
rather than a philosopher, as a prophet
ana not as a luwuiver. J'.ach ex bib
ted a contempt of conventional forms
and accepted ranting ot art which had
never been pnralelled In literaturosave
by licbelliaa, and each combined with
a boundless humor not unworthy of
me creator 01 "iiarguntua an cxquisi
live sensitiveness to sorrow, and a
heart piercing pnlhos of which their
jovial J- ronch lororunnor had exhibited
no sign. 1 hat ( arlylo was a student
and disciplo of Jean Paul, that be
strove to supplement and develop a
pirunai ainiuty by conscious assimila
tion, is sulllcicnily obvious to the
most casual reader. That there was,
however, no question hero o! aorvilo
mitalion, but lhat the younger man's
istion to Iticbler suggests rather the
ntcrcnmmnnications ot equal souls, is
plain from the free play which Carlylo
gave to his own temperament, and
from his fundamentally distinct atti
tude and point of riew. The German
was by natnre a genial and gleesnme
as the Scotchman was grim and ialnr-
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1881.
nine ; tboro was Bomolliing Rportful in
tlio biennis ot tho former's irony com
parctj with tlio excoriuting strokes of
tlio Barosttm. Thoro was somothing
joyous, saiifrnino, hopeful, in liu litcr'a
glunce, as well boctmo ono who had
witnosHod tho upheaval of his nation
undor Htcin and llurdot.buri;, and
watched tho unfolding of that Iliad
whoso climax eamo at Loinsic. Rich-
tor's last years, like. Csrlylo's, wore
cuattoroa ana tioutloa by physical do
say, and tho author of "Tital" can
scarcely bo said to have behold the
pitiful oxtinction of the dream which
bad promised a fioo Germany.
It would havo been impossible fori
L any le, bad ho boon nuttiraHy less
sombro and splenetic, to havo turned
a choerful and complacent oyo on the
England for which ho began to write.
When, about 18,11, "Manor liesartus"
was conttibtitod to Frazn't Magazine,
thoenmbativo period which culminutcd
at Waterloo bad long been over, and
tho industrial period was in tho full
tide of covotous, accumulative energy.
1 he reaction against the strain and
outpour, tho tremendous sacrifices and
dear bought glories ot tho Nttpoleonto
era, had then in fact reached its height.
It was OHsentiullv a reruneruFivo in.
tcrval, during which exhausted En
gland took account ot stock, but, by
comparison, it looked to tho irutul
vision ol tbo scotch enthusiast not only
a prosaic, but a shabby, sordid, impo
tent and despicable ago. With the
aims, sentiments, standards, and arbi
tors of such a time Carlylo had not
trace of sympathy. He lilted up his
voice In outcry and reared bis arm
against them all ; ho made it tho busi
ness ot his lilo to thwack thofulminato
against the philosophy of Bentham and
wont no aecmea its ignominious out
come in society and legislation. On
the other hand be strove to probo tho
boart and tiro the blood by an clo
quonce that often lacked but the form
to rival the master works of epio lofti
ness and lyric power, and eloquence
that seemed to rango through tbe
wholo gamut of emotion, now quiver
ing with tragic grief, now soaring lo
dim heights of solemn aspiration, and
now rioting in grim yot contagious
raillery. Jtor should we forget tbnt
the ideals which may now seem errali
and one-sided, but which Carlylo novcr
wearied ol upholding and onlorcing by
all the means in bis largo grasp by
history, biography, critical essay, and
political pamphlet wero admirably
atlaplod to control and discredit the
tendencies ol his day. It was as we
bavo said, an ago whon men looked
rather to utility than to ideal porfeo
t.on, when they thought moro of
craft than lorco, when they cared less
lor powor tban money, wben tho pool
did not Scan loo narrowly the instru
ments of wealth, and when tho rich
wero apt to account thoir work finish
cd, and to watch the tragio comedy of
1 1 to with listless unconcern .Neither
was the epoch of tho Chartists and the
corn law agitation the. only modorn
period marked by commonplaco and
ignouio Icatures. in tho world abou
us wo may rocognizo not a low of tbe
same traits ; and while this remains
true, tho teachings of Thomas Carlylo.
which smote the ears ot his own aire
like a clarion, will lose littlo of ihui
portinonco and powor.
ANOTHER NonLl TllinLTE.
Philadelphia Tim... 1
Ho toiled ior a ions time as Milton
tolled, aa liucon toiled, as Locke toiled.
guided only by his own overmastering
instinct 01 me cod given mission tec u 11
dating bis thought, upholding his faint
ing courage. He was during tho first
nity years ot his life tbo epitomo and
consummalo realization ot his own
definition ot eonius. Tho power to
work, to givo attention to details, to
bo as accurate in tho color ol a man
comploiion, in art, as in tracing the
nereauy mat Shaped his traits, ills
pictures of men como before the reader
as cleaily cut, as minutely lashioned
in outline, as a portrait of Titian or
alaanuer,. His Marttbeau, Cromwell,
Frederick, Lalayctte, Luther, Hums
and Hobespierre will coexist with tbo
language 111 which they are written
lruth ana that instilled, lias his m
slon, but truth lo him was a beacon of
constantly changing lights. None but
tho Blrong food fully in its white glare.
but onco under Its ellulgont luminous
ness no detects sppoared to tho blind
od eyes of tho worshiper. In other
words, force, the strong man, moving
on a ueroic piano, wita trampled ono
pies and overturned systems as the
mighty liamowork ol their action.
He began, tbe apostle of progress in
tno widest senso, the ally ol reform
the evangel of humanity. He ended
tho advocate endowed beyond any
other thinker of his limo, the Abdiel
of reaction, tbo panegyrist of blood
and Iron, the bondsman of force.
Ho becan his leacbinirs with ner
haps tho clearest insight into tho his
tory ol tho past ot any man who haB
written since St. Paul. Ho was near
the woes of the race as he sot out, but
any oy aay battling bosts arose and
they seemed not only to dim his vision
but chill the ardor of his soul for tho
things that had at first fired his pen
The conquest of monies bv trreat bo.
came his ideal of force in action. The
revolt of peoples against warriors and
systoms of tyrany bocamo to bim'the
utinile babblement" ol lools. The
tremendous outburst ot the French
Revolution at first fascinated him, but
the very intensity of what liucon calls
tho "dry light" of history, which his
own band bad lit, brought out only
the most baleful actors tor tho contem
plation and admiration ol mankind.
It would be difficult to act bounds to
the majesty ot bis intellectual march
in dealinc with the occult in historr
It would bo not less difficult to point
nut the ruul tendonry, contrasting his
earner wnn bis later aims, 11 is ilu-
work, like that of a groat tumultuous
river, cannot be told while the anirry
swirling billows of iti force are still
ing on, deafening as well as dag
gling ihe beholder. The noblest max
mi ot lite, the most austere rode ol
morals, Iho most inspiring incentives
lo action, may be found in every chap
ter he has written. These are brought
into tbe most Incongruous opposition,
to tbe most motirnlul prostration be
fore tho voiled gods of absolutism,
mysticism and king craft. The wbolo
lilo thought of bis Inter years was de
voted to the teaching that the people,
like the children of Israel, had sinned
from their very nature and that it was
the will of God that a king that is, a
force should be set In perpetuity over
them. He went much further than
the prophet who gave Israel a king as
punishment; he set the king op as the
be all and end all ss the sign and to
ken of a woll ordered system. Yet
even in those teachings he was as
grandly inconsistent a ho was grand
ly bold in taming bark the mighty
current of his own first overwhelming
maelstrom ot thought. Indeed, a
maelstrom Ii the one object in nature
bat the man Tost life-work may be
likened to. It bat no boginning and
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
no end; tho truths that are held on
tbo topmost crest of its swik-rusbing
current at ono moment sink snbmcrg
cd tho next under lh creslcd break
ers of paradox, contradiction and do.
nial, only to ro cmorgo again on o
broader circle and in calmor sweeps,
clnrih'cd by temporary Bubmersion,
Tho ovil that tho ordinary man may
do lives after him and tho good is apt
,u i,u uiivrri'u wuu u,n uuiiub. 11 will
not bo so with Ctulylo; his evil will
Borvn to throw into more imposing
outlines the good, which shall live as
long alter him as liurnttn, speech is the
medium of thought--as long as tho
teachings ol 1 Into or Aristotle and
with a hundred fold tbeir force.
TFI K ACCIDENT TO T($5 FRENCH REVO
In 1837 Carlylo published "Tho
French devolution ; a History." Its
publication was deluycd by tho acci
dental burning of tbo first volume just
as it was ready lor tbe printers. Cor
lyle had lent tho manuscript of tlio
first volume to John Stuart Mill, who
carried it to Mrs. Taylor, tlio lady,
whom ho afterwards married. Jiy
somo strango accident it was left ox
posed, and a stupid servant lighted the
tires wuu it. ben the author heard
of Ibis misfortune, ho was like a man
beside himself, as there was scarcely a
page of tho manuscript left. Sittinir
down at tho table, bo strovo 10 soiled
his thoughts, and began to rewrite,
but only to run his pou through each
puge us it was finished. Doggedly
porsevering, bowovor, Carlylo, finish
ed tho volnino at last, after five months'
Curlyle had, however, no roproachos
for tho friend who had caused him tho
trouble. Hut he describes the work of
rewriting that volume as ono prolong
ed agony. Ho undertook the task at
once, but failed through severe mental
depression. Uu then devoted sevci-al
weeks to novel reading as a relaxation
and so finally succeeded in reproduc
ing the book. A friend ot Curlyle, in
an article upon tho burning ot the vol
ume, says :
"After tivo months of persovereneo
he ruwroto it, having calmed himself
sufficiently by reading all tho novels
01 Litptain Jlurryatt. this second
production he pronounced afterwards
as belter than the first. J lis own ac
count of his feelings at tlio ti no is both
humorous and sad. ' There was scarco
ly a page of manuscript left,' bo says.
'I Bat down ut tho table and strovo 10
collect my thoughts and to commence
my work again. 1 filled pago titer
page, but ran tho pen through every
lino as tho pago was finished. Thus
was it for many a weary day until, at
length, as I sal by the window, half
hearted and dejected, my eye wander
eu along over acres 01 rools, 1 saw a
man standing upon a scaffold engaged
in building a wall tlio wall of a house.
Hb a trowel bo d luy a great splash
of mor'sr apon the loot layer, and then
brick alter brick wonld be deposited
on this, sinking each with tho butt
01 bis trowel, as H to give it his bono
diction and farewell ; and all tho while
singing or whistling as blitho as a lark.
And in my spleen 1 said to myself,
"Poor fool I How canst thou bo so
merry under such a bile-spottod atmos
phoro us this, and everything rushing
into the rogions ot tbo insane I anil
then 1 bethought mo, and I said lo
myself, "Poor fool thou, rather, that
sittest hero by tlio window whining
and complaining. ' the result was
that he began to pick up courage : ho
road light literature lo induce a proper
vacuity of mind, and in course of limo
things came out all right.
An Adventcbb on tiii Plains.
The Grouloy (Col ) Eye says : A cor
respondent writing from down tho
Platte relates this: "A few ovcninirs
ago a lumily boro were startled by the
sudden opeuini; ol their door and
tho rushing in of a man barefoot
ed and covored with ice, oxclulm-
ing: 'Uli, God, 1 am frozen I Apolo
gizing for his abrupt intrusion, ho
mado tbo following explanation : He
had como from Sidney by the mail
back tho week before, but could not
get his buggago across tlio river.
V anting a change of clothes, ho pro
cured a team and set out to get them ;
arovo 10 tho river bank and proeoeded
across 011 loot. Un bis return, it bav.
g become dark, he fell through tho
ice and got woll soaked. After getting
asnore.iiiinmngitadviMi to change,
be pulled off his boots, but his nether
garments rolused to "como : they wero
frozen lo him. In the meantime his
boots rfsd frozen so hard that ho could
not replace Ihem. Hu was in a bad
fix, a milo f rom any house, barefooted
and tbo morcury away below zero.
Jumping Into his wagon he drovo to
Ihe nearest lights, arrivini; there badly
scorod and almost frozen to death."
Abolition of Millstones. I found
all tho Minneapolis millers taking out
their millstones and substituting steel
rollers in thoir places. Wheat, by tho
now llungariun process, is not ground
but cracked. These rollers aro about
thirty inches in diameter. It takes
llvo sets of steel rollers to finish tho
our. Each sot of rollers run closer
than tho preceding. After tho wheat
passes each set of rollers it is bolted or
silted through coarso cloth. This cloth
ets tho disintegrated particles ol wheut
through, and pusses oft tho bulky and
largo pieces, which aro run through
another and a closer set of rollers, and
cracked again. Tho last rollers have
Htlo elsu but wheat bulls and tho
waxy germs of tho wheat, which do
no crack up nui math down liko a
piece of wax. Ihe germ of a kernel
ol wheat is not good food. It makes
flour black, liy tho old millstono pro-
cess tins waxy germ was ground up
HU tbe starchy portion and bolted
through with flour. 11 y tho new sys
tem of cracking tho kernel instead ol
grinding it, this germ is not ground,
hot flattened nut, and sifted or bolted
out whilo starchy portions ol tho
wheat aro crushed Into powdered
wheut or flour.
Those "Ill.lT.ZAnns." Tho Detroit
Free Prens says : Tho derivation of tho
word "blizzard "is not gonorally II now n.
Wo will elucidate : Whon ono of those
suporior creatures who inhabit Boston
enters his (esthetic homo on a cold
night bo removes big cultured mulller
mm his refined throat and remarks:
The atmospheric oxuboranco is anlsg
onistic to tho preservation ol caloric in
the physiological structure," which,
ranslalod, means, "it blows hard."
Whon a degenerate Chicago man re
turns homo at 3 A. M. from a chicken
fight, after having observed the full of
Ibe niurrtiry and several other things
D liquid form, he explains the state of
the atmosphere to tho angry partner
of his joys as follows : "M'dearsh,
bl'sb'ard bl'tiarrt," alter which he
onoounteiM a bhziard from bit indig
TUB ATTORNEY GENERAL.
HIS ANNUAL REPORT PRESENTED TO THE
LEO1SLAT0RI EXTRACTS FROM
AN INTERESTING DOCUMENT
THE REVISION Ob1 THE
TAX LAWS DISCUSSED
Tbo annual report of Attorney Gen
eral Palmer has been presented to the
Legislature in pamphlet tor in. The
report embraces seven pages ot printed
matter. The following interesting ex
tracts are mado from it. Tbe report
Gentlemen In compliance with
tho act ot April 21, 1857, relating to
the otneo ana amies 01 Attorney Gen
eral, 1 havo tho honor to submit the
lollowing report of the official business
transacted by mo during the two years
cnaing uocciuDer dl, 18811.
the number ol claims placed in my
bands for collection during tho years
1879 and 1880, was two hundred and
twenty six, thirteen ot which wero sub
sequently withdrawn by tho Auditor
General. Tbo claims amounted to
2G1,631.74, and. of that sum I havo
collected and paid into the State Treas
ury 8133,78'J.Ol, leaving a balance still
duo upon the same of 127,851.73, to
onlorco the payment of which the nee
essary legal proceedings have been in
In addition to tho amount collected
upon claims certified to me in 1879 and
ISwfypaymonts wore mado upon claims
ol former years, tho total collections
amounting to HVOJuo.bt.
A brief account of tho actions brought
by tho Stale against the bogus Medical
Colleges ol Philadelphia is then given.
1 n concluding Ibis su bjoct the Attorney
General Bays :
Proceedings have also boen com
menced against persons claiming to
oxorciso tho franchises of a corpora
tion Known as "1 ho Philadelphia Uni
versity of Mcdicino and Surgory."
Their names aro William .1. P. Ingra
bam, William Harmon, E. ilelzgar,
William Major, John Kayo, William
H.Orvis,T. Emerson Dennett, William
Ilargraves and Thomas B. Miller.
They also claim to own tho charters
of several other Colleges cbartored by
the Suite, which, 1 beliovo, either con-
uiiu inn power 01 revocation, or
wero granted after tho Constitutional i
Amendment of 157, and may, there
fore, fbo revoked by tho Legislature,
if found injurious to the public,
and to which your attontion is
expressly invited. By methods ol
deluy, known to tho law, this case has
boen unavoidably prolonged, and no
tinul judgment has been reached. 1
have no reason to donht that the ulti
mate conclusion will J10 in harmony
with tho interest! ol tho Stato, and if
so, tbe fruitful, long continued, but dis
graceful business of selling academic
degrees and turning looso hordes ot
ignorant villains with licenses to proo
tico medicine, apparently rogufarly
granted by incorporated institutions of1
learning ot this Uommonweallb, will
have been destroyed, to the great gam
of our good namo, both at homo and
Tho report states further that as
there bad been no provision made by
tho Legislature lor the expenses of
theso prosecutions, Mr. W. M.Singorly,
of, Philadelphia, voluntarily advanced
the necessary funds. An appropria
tion is recommended for Air. Singerly'e
reimbursement. The sorvices in the
cases of 8. H. G Wendell, esq., of tbe
Philadelphia bar, and Mr. John Norrls,
cityetiitorot tho Philadelphia Record,
are also acknowledged.
In speaking of tho tax laws tho At
torney General says:
Just and truthful complaint is made
against the laws imposing taxos on tbe
pooplo of tho Commonwealth. A casual
porusal of thetax laws will sufficiently
indicato tho truth of tho first com
plaint. Let tho skeptic grnpplo with
tlio reventio bill of 1879, which bailies
lawyers, Courts and officials, and, it
unconvinced, then endeavor to asccr.
lain exactly what property Is separate
ly taxable for Stole, County and School
That taxes aro grossly unequal has
been a standing complaint for a gen
oration. As, for instanco, tho land ol
ihe State owned by individuals is ex
empt from taxation for Slate purposes,
together with tho product or profit
tuereoi, whether coal, oil, iron, timber,
or luriu produce. II owned by an as
sorinlion of individuals, combining
their capital lo promote an enterprise
too great lor a Binglo banded ondcavor,
tne money that buys tbo land, viz
the capital, must, first, pny a bonus
lux lor a charter. Secondly, a tax on
capital stock, measured by tho amount
of dividend paid, if equal to six per
cent,, ana, 11 less, tnen by tho actual
value of Iho stock at a given timo in
the year. Third, if coal land, until
lately, to a lax of three cents per ton
on coal mined, though ovory ton rep
rosents a portion of tho capital stock
already twice taxed. Fourth, tho land
itself, with all tho buildings, machinery,
improvements, bought and paid for by
the thrice taxed capital, is again liable
to tho onerous and excessive demands
of local authorities for County, School
iioaii, ana special lax. The unjoining
tract, equally valuable, equally pro
ductive, owned by an individual, es
capes with the payment of tho local
lux only, or' one of the four paid by an
association of citizens engaged in tho
laudable and necessary enterprise of
uuvoioping the resources ol tho Stato.
the owner ol personal property, In
a majority of cases, escapes assessment
entirely, or, 11 his personal property be
assessed, it is at ono fourth its actual
valuo. Tho owner of money at Inter
est, if he makes an honest return, or
if returned by the Assessor, pays on
tho entire valuo thereof.
Thoownerof a mortgagod farm pays
taxes thereon equally with his unin
cumbered noighbor, and, in addition,
the tax on mortgages, or if not so stipu
lated in tho bond, then the mortgagee
pays for him ond adds to the rate per
These instances will suffice to Indi
cato, in some degree, tho inequality
and injustice of these laws.
As to their administration, the As
sessors are required to make oath to
return the real and personal property!
at its actnnl value in cash. They do-
libcratoly and oponly return tbo pro
porty at one-third or one fourth its
cash valuo. Mortgages and money at
interest aro neither returnod by tbe
owner or Assessor or by a sort of tacit
general understanding, and all, except
a small fraction, escape taxation alto
gather. Such evasions of the law are
tho rule and not the exception. As
sessors who al tempted to perform their
plain sworn duty would be visited with
stormy indignation. Because the laws
are felt to bo grossly inequitable, un
equal and unjust, the people agree to
gether to disregard and disobey thorn.
G roat diversity of practice exists in the
different counties as to the enforce
ment of the tax laws, and wide differ
once of opinion as to thoir proper in
terpretation. Persistent fllfort on tbe
part of tbe Auditor General to secure
uniformity has not been rewarded with
success. With such a heterogenous
mass ot ill assorted, mis-matcbod
patches, tbero ia cause for wondor that
county officials aro onabled to perform
their duty at all.
In many States manufacturing and
mining enterprises arc fostered und en
couraged by liberal exemptions Irom
taxation for long terms of years. In
others no tax isdomanded unless profits
are made out of the business. In
Pennsylvania, though such undertak
ings are the very life-blood of her pros
perity, tho forbidding band of local
and State taxation unites all corporate
enterprise with lour told vigor, and
drives capital away from our door, and
beyond our borders to enrich the
stranger and beautify the stranger's
luna. Micb legislation is absurdly un
wise and supremely unjust.
The remedy is plum. It may bo
lounu in two words uniformity, equal
ity. Clear away tho whole cumber
some, unwieldy, expensivo, and in
efficient system of Collectors and Mer
cantile oppraieers, tho latter costing
tbe Stato, in various forms, upwards of
gn o,ouu annually. Make every citi
zen his own Assessor and Appraiser.
Let him, under oath and penalty, an
nually return, through tbe Township
Aasossor, to tbe County Treasurer, an
ostimato and valuation of his real
estate, deducting incumbrances, and of
bis personal oslato, including every as
set of whatsoever nuture, stocks, bonds,
monoys at interest, debt duo bun. de
ducting only just debts owing, not
Hens on land, and also return tbe busi
ness in which engaged, with an esti
mate of its extonu Make it misde
meanor to refuse or neglect to mako
such roturn or to mako a talso return.
detail ; but a gonoral cstimatoof value.
Men do not, us a rulo, under estimate
thcirown possessions. Very low would
chance the pains and penalities ol per
jury to save a lew dollars of taxes.
1ot the authorities levy taxes annually,
at a staled time, inform the Treasurer
of their needs. Let him prepare his
duplicate, attend in every district
on a stated day and place to receive
all the tax, abating for prompt pay
ment, adding for delay. Give him the
power of a Collector, and charge hi 111
with the whole. Givo tho County
Court power to exonerate uncollocta
blo tax. Let the Stato Treasurer bo
furnished with tbe aggregate of each
county's valuation, and assess tbe nec
essary Slate tax accordingly directly
upon each county, according ty its
valuation. Give tbe counties ll taxes.
licenses, rates and assessments of w hat
soever nature, and apportion the State
tax as well upon tne numborot licenses,
mescantlle and other occupations, as
upon the value ot tho property in each
county, iiiva tho SUito Hoard ot l(o
vision power to levy a largor rate on
countiun in which thoy aro satisfied a
just return is not mado, to the extent
ol equalizing taxation.
Tbe principle to be enfurcod is equal
ity and unilormity. There can be no
logical or just reason for taxing asso
ciated capital engaged in mining or
manufacturing, at a higher rata than
individual capital, while many reasons
may Do urged against it. the onlyaddi
tional burden to be laid upon such
capital should be an anmal tax for tbo
privilege ui uAuuipuuu irom iuuiviuuui
liability. All other taxos should be
imposed on the proporty itself, whether
real or personal, owned by the corpor
ation, ana at the same rate as though
owned by individuals. It is boliered
that somo scheme calculated to bring
to light all tho property in the State
liable lo taxation, and to adjust the
burden equally npon it, would not
only disclose an immense quantity of
proporty that now escapos altogether,
but would reconcile tho peoplo to
prompt and cheerful payment when
each becomes satisfied that bo could
bo called upon for no mora than his
that a vory considerable proportion
of taxable personal properly escapes
Male taxation under tbe present
system, a glnnco at the last rcwrt
01 tno Auauor General win demon
Under existing laws a man in mod
erate circumslaucos whose properly is
all insight, consisting ot his bouse and
lot, farm or occupation, pays a full
rate on his assessment, white the moro
fortunate neighbor who bas gamed
bonds, stocks, mortgages and money
at intorost, escapes with a tur loss pro
portionate taxation, in trulb our
taxes aro mainly paid by tbe corpora
tions and tbe poor.
Every consideration of justice and
sound policy demands thorough reviow
and reform in the tax laws of the
Siato. The method I suggest may not
bo tho best. It is at least not open to
tho oboction ot novelty since it is in
stioeesslul operation in sevoral places
elsewhere. Tbo result and not tbe
method is, however, the main oonsid
oration. Our Commonwealth is, 1 bo
liovo, great and prosperous and honest
enough to bo lust.
llr.sRY W, Palmer,
An Anecdote or Jennt Lind
In looking over an old pilo of papers
we find the following anecdoto about
ono of the purest and best women who
ever trod thestago. "Sweotor. clearer
and more heavenly than her own most
entrancing strains are the kind pulsa
tions of Miss Lind's heart when its
chords vibrate to the touch of the
beautiful and tbo holy. Tho follow
ing is among the most recent of bor
kindly offices. Ihe waiting-maid who
had charge of the rooms she occupied
at the Clifton II on so, Niagara Falls,
attracted ber notice by bor beauty, at
tention and fidelity. It so happened
lhat this young woman, by name Mar
garet Atkinson, was about to be mar
ried, and the news reached tho good
vocalist's ears. -Sbo immediately pur
chased for hor a becoming and beauti
ful bridal out til, car-rings, gloves, bon
net, etc., and with her own hands at
tended lo bor toilet on tho morning of
1110 ceremony, ibis uono, sbo look
ber in her own carriage, having first
read to her and hor future husband
the beautiful and affecting passages
applicable to the oocasion, conveyed
her to Lewistown, entered the Episco
pal church, and thore officiated as
Margaret's brido'smaid. There Is no
Queen in Europe that would not be
proud ol such a maid of honor on a
"Captain," said an Irishman, as the
ship was hearing the coast In Inclem
ent weather, "hev to an almcnik on
board ?" "No, I havon't" "Then, be
jabbers, we shall hare to take the
woather as it comes."
Grace "I am going to see Clara to
day. Have yon any message 1 "Char
lotte "I wonder how tod can visit
that dreadful girl. Giro ber my love."
TEEMS-$2 per tnnnm in Adranot,
series-vol. 22, no. 7.
BY M. L. McQUOWJt.
L OCA L INSTITUTE HERJES.
As per announcement of programme,
me urst institute ot Ibe series conven
cd at Luthersbnrg on Friday. Febru
ary Hb, and closed on Saturday night
following. It was wall alUndad bv
directors and parents, but should have
boen better attended by teachers. Tho
oauiviol-s weru very interesting ana
instructive, and highly appreciated by
the people. Hon. llenry ilouck gavo
uduuuiiuub at. iuo uuiuronv sessions,
ana impressed bis tiearors very favora
bly. On F'riday evening he lectured
on "Child Culture," being listened to
uy a large ana appreciative audience.
On Saturday evening the church,
where the Instituto was hold, was fill
od to overflowing. Prof. P. 8. Webor,
Secretary ot Sandy township School
Bourd, delivered bis popular and en
tertaining lecture on "Montul Science."
Luptain L. IS. Carlislo delivered a vorv
able and touching valodictory address
at the close of the session. The ses
sions wore attended bv thirty rh-n
teachers and fifteen directors.
Twenty four teuchenaud ton direct.
ors assembled at CurwonBvillo, on tbo
day following tbe Luthersburg an-
imuuiiiviik a vory excellent pro
gramme bad been issued and the
teachors did some excellent wnrbr
Tbe Presbyterian choir furnished
somo good music for the occasion.
Supt Honck lectured In the after
noon aud evening, and delimited hia
audience by his practical and impress
ive talks. Tho evening session was
held in Arnold's Hall, and was ot suffi
cient irtWcst to attract a large audi
Tho Institute for this pluce hold on
Monday, February 7, in point of
interest and attendance, eclipsed any
Institute held in the place. Tho peo
plo turned out by scores, and tho
whole community was astir with edu
cational enthusiasm. Thirty toachcrs
and directors wero in attendance, and
the peoplo took an unusual interest in
the procoodings. Prof. Trogo, ol the
I'onnville schools, and Hon. Henry
Uouck lectured at the day and even
ing sessions lo delighted andionces.
The Committee on Ilesoliitions sub
milled the following:
KlrrJ, That we tender our thanki tf. the
peopl, of Lumber City for their attendance, and
Ihe totereat maoifeeted during tbe institute.
Aeeoiee... 1 bat wa tender our lhaoka tu tha
oholr for the eioellonl muno raad.rej during thia
ee.aioa of Inititate.
ff,.W, That thoaa tearhera ho abeanted
inemaoiTes Irom tbe ae.aiaai of Itiie ln.l itate have
luat a rare ednoatiunal treat.
Aeeuleed, Tbat oor thaaki are daa to our able
and efficient tioportotendent, f.r holding thea.
euuoaxunai mornings aaa Bsoartng th. ssrvioMof
tbe Hob. Henry Uouck, a moat pleasant and In
Tho proceedings of the othor meet
ings will be gtvcu next waok.
Mr. A. L. Erhard bos been chosen
to fill the unexpired torm of Now Mill
The Local Institute fixed for Janes
ville, was abandoned on account o!
sickness in that village.
A Teachers' Institute will be held at
Chestnut Grove school house, in Bloom
township, on Saturday, i'ebruary 26.
Efforts are being put forth to mako the
mooting a success, therefore, teachers
would do woll to attend. The County
Superintendent and others trom a dis
tance will be prnsenl to aid in the
A JUST CRITICISM.
Tho Washington Pest publishes a
vigorous editorial on "Certain Demo
cratic Blunders," and handles tbe Dem
ocratic Congressional independents and
absentees without gloves. Bv inde
pendents it rolors to Stephens, Spoor
and Folton, of Georgia. Tbe V'ojf says:
in almost all the party oonlcsts ol
the House a low members ot the ma
jority parly have played into the hands 1
of tho opposition. They have been
proud of the commendation of their
opponents, who have used them and
despised them for being thus used,
they have mouthed mouldy platitudes
about their "obligations to their own
senso of duty rather than the dictates
oi a caucus." bon they have flan
ped their rhetorical wings and "soared
ahovo party," thoir silly souls have
ocon aeiigutca with tbo incest ct Bo
publican praise. This is tho record ot
men who wore elected bv Democrats
oloctod as Democrats men who had
begged Democratic voles from county
to county, and who have prated lomr
ana iouu oi inoirzenl lor the success
of Democratic principles. Al the first
possible epporlunity they betrayed
iiioir constituents, betrayed thoir unn
ciples, betrayed their party, and gavo
easy victory to the enemy an enemy
tbat cajoles and flatters such creatures
while cherishing a robust contempt for
thera and their ways. Democratic
absenteeism has boon another and a
very f ruitful source of Democratic dis
comfiture. The ullegod Democratic
majority has been an actual minority
for weeks in succession. Victory bos
been given lo the ICopublicans by a
few Democrats who have cared moro
for porsonal convenience than for pub-
no uuiy or mo miorests ot their party
Scores of times a quorum has been
broken and the passage of a Demo
cratio measure detested by tho absence
o! a tew men who, at that moment,
could be lonnd In a bar-room 1
A party is in a sad predicament
wnen its success or aeleat depends oo
throe or four of halt a-dozen men w hose
appotlte Tor stimulants will not give
way to any higher sense. And to this
oomplexion has it coma with the Dem
ocratic party in tho Houso on more
than one occasion of tho greatest im
portance. Such men are until for any
public position. They are a disgrace
tn their constituents, a reproach to the
House, an affliction lo tbo country. A
man who will risk the success of bis
party in a crisis, rather than wait for
a drink, is just about as contomptible
the holy leiiow wbo "rises above
party" in order to he patted on the
back ny ine iicpumican press, it the
minority in the AL II. shall show
itself compact, sagacious, and guard
edly aggressive as has tho minority in
the present congress, tbore will bo a
change two years hence. It is not the
strength of Republican principles hall
so much as the weakness of Democratic
management that has transferred the
sceptre this time. Meantimsafow Dem
ocratic districts will do well to drop in
to obscurity the men whose egotism,
weakness, neglect, and appetites have
enabled a minority of Republicans prac
tically to dominate a Democratic House
and finally retire the Democracy to
the minority side.
What holds all thesnuflin the world ?
No one nose.
WHAT SHOULD I DO 7
U I ware tcld that I aauatdll t.-morruw,
That tbB neat ana
Which alnka should basr ate pait all faar aad
Fur any on.,
All tbo Ighi fought, all tba abort Jeura.y
What aloald I dot
I do aot think thai I ahoald shrink or falter,
Bui Juat go oa
Doing SBy work, aor ehange, aer eeek t alter
Aughl that Ib g'.aei
But ria, aad mora, and Iot,, and Bulla, aad
Foroaa mure day,
And lying down at light far a laat aloeplng,
. . . l '
Waiob hearkena ever: "Lord, within Thy keep
ing How anoutd I f..,f
Aad whea to-morrow brlae, Thea nearer .till,
Do Tboo Tby will."
It has not grown as other A nieiiean
cities grow ; ils progress has been tar
dy. This yeanling of towns, so rare
fully fostered on the hunks of the l'o
tomuc, bus not availed itself to any
great extentof that popular method of
improvement so successfully adopted
by Chicugo and Boston the method
of burning; and its increase has boon
more a reflection of tho extending mag
nitude of other oentros than a sponta
neous movement. .Mora and more tbe
custom bas grown among tho rich or
energetic and inquiring inhabitants of
other places, of going to the Capital to ,
see what it is liko; many ot tbcin bare
boensofascinatod that tbey have staid;
and now Washington may fairly be
called the Winter end of Now York, as
Newport is tho Summer extension of
tho metropolis. Add to the exotic
population Iho enlarged ranks of pub
lic officials and clerks, the growing
circlo of scientific and literary people,
wno irom cuoico or government con
nection havo been led ta make thoir
homos there, together wilh tho needful
contingent of small traders who supply
tbo daily wants ot those elomcnut, and
you have a gouoral classification of tho
hundred and sixty thousand heads
counted by tho new census. A city
without a commerce and without sub
urbsdrive a mile or two in any di.
rectioD uud you find yourself in tho
midst ot woods sot but sparsely with
bouses, or cabins, and with only tbe
great pillared dome, liko a shining
cloud in the air, to remind you of the
human massWo near Washington nev
ertheless wears distinctly tho appear
ance of a cupitul which has risen to
It has this special charm to commend
it above other places, that while Bob
tou and Sun Francisco, Cincinnati and
New York, despito thoir numerous
points of other than cominorcial inter
est, are work a day towns, the "mai
den capital" shows a gay or disposition,
and devotes itself largely to social
pleasures. To tho outsider tho defter
ence is that between friendship ami
flirtation. You like, you may love,
the particular big locul capital whore
you live and do business, but you ap-
proacn vt asuington.with a sense of IU:
being a something piquant and novel,
with which you may triffo and entan
gle yourself in in a make-believe at
tachment having all tho stimulus and
none of the drawbacks of steady devo
tion. Besides, it is a city provided
wilh "sighUi." There are Congress
and the Capital; there are Mount Ver
non and Kaloruma, whore dwelt the
author of tho "Columbiad," iu pro
found conviction of his errand as tho
American epio poet; and Cabin-John
Bridge, the longest single arch in the
world ; Arlington, with its earlier his
toric and later war memories ; George
town, with its observatory, its college,
and its convent; besides all these, the
Corcoran Art Gullory, the Smithsonian
Institution, the curiosities of tho Pat
ent Office, the Treasury with its hun
dreds of rooms and thousands of em
ployes, whore you poer into the busy
brain-cells of the Government while
they are in full activity.
Yon arrive by an early morning
train, and aro greeted by a gong beat
ing for breakfast at tho station, which
makes yon teel like an impossible Chl
neso embassy. But, armed with a
pocket copy of the Constitution, you
re-assert your birthright, and after
going to tho hotel, where you wait
some bours for a room, you step forth
into the broad airy street. Thoy
have a continental width and extent,
making it impossible to crowd them
except on rare occasions; and in the
more retired ones children glide peace
fully along tbo asphalt on roller-skates.
Walking these thoroughfares.you know
tbat tbe trial of tho Boms is over thorn
all, but it is a picturesque trail, excel
lent in its results, whatever it may
have been morally. Many of the
houses in the new northwest end are
woll sol oil by trees and lawns ; some
stand on terraces decked with vines
and shrubbery ; and the avenues arc
lined with moro than a hundred thou
sand trees judiciously planted elm
and tulip, buttonwood and oottonwood,
Ihe ash, tbo negundo, the maple,
quality of the houses is still unequal,
Here and there you see a relic of the
villago era some little whitewashed
hut slicking pertinnciously to the side
of a fine modern brick structure ot
oomlorluhlo and tasteful stylo, like a
wasp's nest attached to a real human
habitation; and it is amusing to corns
upon a building in what is known,
according to tho barbarons nomencla
ture of the place, as E street which
bears on one side the legend, "Law
College of the I'niversily of George
town," and on Iho othoi, "Capitol
Laundry." Such a conjunction is only
to be explained by tbe tendency of
people nowadays to wash their dirty
linen in oourt. Colored men and
women are numerous, and laugh very
loud on the st roots with refreshing
freedom. There is everywhere about
tho city a slight but racy touch of tho
Southern characteristics, interfnsod
with the vigor of other portions of the
I'nion ; and for the sake of this you
are willing to iorgive the copious to
baccostams those blotson tho national
escutcheon which disfigure the side
walks, and aronnd which you see an
English tourist and bis wife making
their way with a pardonably imperial
disdain. George P. Lalhrop, in Har
per's Magazine fur March.
A country girl at a fashionable hotel
in New York noticed that all the guests
used their forks only in eating their
pie. I'pon her return home sbo re
ported the tact to the old lady, who
comforted her by observing, " You
shouldn't mind 'em, Jemima; it's all
because they're too lazy to nse their
A dull old ludy, being told that a
certain lawyer was lying at tbo point
of death, exclaimed: "Mr gracious I
won't even doath stop that man's
Tbo moat aftlictod part of tbe houso
is the window. It is always full ot
panes, and who bas not seen moro than
one window-blind T
The Chinese professor at Harvard
has gained one over the number oi his
pupils lost year. This year the class
Don't swear wben you step on tbe
icy sidewslk. Think of a little prayer
instead "Now 1 lame mo" for in
stance. It was a Vassar girl just gradnalod
bo inquired : "la the crack of a rifle
the place where they put the powder
Thore is not a Smith in the United
States Sonato, and yet that body is
supposed to represent tbe people.
A pretty girl may talk slang, but
she never says to her bean, "None of