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U. II. GO0DLANPER,
J J- W. SMITH,
S.I:TJ (lrarlirld, P.
J J. LIXOLK,
TTORNEY-AT - LAW,
I I riilllp.burr, Ccntro Co., la. y:pd
f.ULAND D. SWOOPK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwrnsville, Clearfield county, P..
Oct. , 'JS-lf,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office in lie Oprre Hou... oclO, '7s. tf.
(i I!. A W. HAKHRTT,
Ai rnitNcis and Counhk.lors at Law,
.l.niunry 30, 1878.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
dffire nu. dour flat of Shew Hou...
rM. M. MrjCULLOUGTT,
i (r. r in MH.otiie huildina, Fecond itr..t, op-
. 11 the Cuurt ll'iu.f. j2,'7S tf.
y ('. AliN'OLD,
LAW COLLIX'TION OFFICE,
V'l llWKSHVaLK, I
i lnrt.H Ciuui.., Pt.rn'a. t5y !
l' I. liliUCKUA.NK. !
ATTOhNEY AT LAW,"
' ' !'i i't in Oj.fri: Mini... ap 1577-1 j
lMirm v. wilsox,
l'l.::.IIFIKLI, - - PENN'A.
'ilTire In lhn Mnmuio Building, over tbe
( hcij Niitlunal flank. Iuiar24.80.
ill.UU A. WAI.I.Ai'.. PAVID L. KRBBH.
MIIKV F. WALLAH.. JOB. W. WB10I.BT.
ALL ACE k KI1KBS,
(Sanction to Wallaea A Fielding,)
A T TO UNEYS-AT-IiAW,
)i:,l'77 tlmrlleld, Pa.
ATTOHSKY AT LAW,
tir tli. Uourtty .Nntioajl Bnlt.
Jul. 2, '7fctf.
k. aiBBAr. cram bubiiuii.
L IIKAY Si OOKDON,
A T T O U N E Y S AT LA W,
J-9"ft!rt. Id IM.'i Opera Hou, .Mood floor.
yil.l.IAM A. H A&EUTY,
(il'l'll n over T. A. Plerk 4 Co.'e tore,
.ZtyMVi!) .Head tu all legal buslne.i with
iuinilii... and od.lily. febl I,'a0.tf.
KI B B. M BMALLT. DAHIBU W. If'CuanT,
cKN'ALLY & McCUKDY
ATTOHN EYS-AT-LA W,
Local ba.ln... altaodad te promptly iritbj
'."lity. DIBr. on Beoond atreet, above :b. First
N.lional lUak. Jan:I:7t
J F. MeKF.NIUCR,
All hry tiu.ine.. entru.t.d to hi. .r. will r.
'eive irompl aluntion
3-0Be. in tb. Cart Ilea...
A T T 0 H N E Y - A T - L A W ,
Real Klat. and CullMtlon Agelft,
CI EAHFIEM), PA.,
Will pmmptly attend to all legal bulin.aa .a
I: uifil to bit care.
rr-Ome. in Pi.'a 0i.ra llou... ja&r7fl.
JOHN L. CUTTLE,
ATTHIt.NEY AT LAW,
Heal K"1ate Aa;iiit, Clearfield, Pa.
i 'iV. on Third atr..t, b.i.(Jb.rry A n alnat.
!4r- He.p.otfully offer, bii i.rrio.t In ..lling
a:..1 buying land. In Olearneld aad adjoining
' mntt.a t and with aa eiperieneeot oyer t went,
r.ara a. a aarr.yor, flatt.r. hltn.elf that he eaa
render latliraclliia. I r.o. I:n.):tl,
J-R E. M. SCIIEUHEU,
Ofllo. In midenc. on Firet it.
April U, H71. ClearBeld, Pa.
iyt. W. A. MF.AXS,
I'll Y8 1 CI AN & SURGEON,
DI BOI3 CITY, PA.
Uili mend prof.ialonal oalli promptly. aolH'70
jyt. T. J. HOT EI!,
I'll YSICI AN AND SURO EON,
OHIc. ob Market Street, Cleerleld, Pa.
hour.: to 1 J a. m., and 1 to 6 p.
jyt. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
-riiffi-, adjoining lb. re. 1,1. ore ef Jim
"ra'ry, r., on neeond bl., i.l..ra.ia, ra.
(J C. JUNKINS, M. D.,
I'HYSICIAN A N D M U ltd EON,
Iiltii'ee .I re.id.aoe, comer of fltatw aad Pine
int.. Jan. Ilk, llll tl.
II. II. B. VAN VAI.ZAU,
"FI'ICK I.N HEUIlrtft', rORNKR OF FIRST
AND Pl.NK HTKKKrn.
- Cfflie boara-FroBi II to I P. H.
May It, I37.
It. J. I'. HUKCH FIELD,
lle N.ri.oa'of the t Regional. P. aa.yleajila
relaate.r., having r.tara.d lr.a th. Army,
"a.rt bit pnf.uieaal eervlee. le la.eiui
."Prefeeateaal ealla proaapUe alaeade4 M.
. ra 8ewa4 .treet, letlyeeaplee) by
f1 F A 13 TlT-lTi
us Di n i h n "v ui m sa
GEO. B. GOODLANDER, Editor
VOL. 55-WHOLE NO.
IOII PRINTING OF EVERY DK (SCRIP
tint nan 1 1? rented il thii nffli
T UNTIL' KM' & CONSTABLE' l-KI
We have printed large n a in ber of the new
KKK BILL, and will on the reeeipt of t-retity.
flv imiiu. a.ail aopt I" any adrireM. mjtf
7ILLIAM M II EKKY, Justice
TT OF TH I'BACI AND bCRITIRKK. LUMIJKH
CITY. Col led I one made mid money promptly
paid over. ArtlelM of agreement and deed ol
ooDveyanoe neatly eseeuted and warranted cor
rmot or no ohtrg. JiJy'TJ
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
J ui tic of tbt Fein and Sorlrooer,
MkvCoI.eetioDf tada and in oner promptly
paid over. feb21'7itf
(ORTKHD P. O.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
.OR BRI.L TOWNIRir.
Ma. a, 1K7S.1J.
Square Timber & Timber LiuidB,
jall'TS CLKAKPIEI.D, PA.
a."v iioyt; V
Land Surveyor and Civil Engines
!4rAll bu.inau will ba att.ndo i to promptly.
Do. i, 1SS0 Ij.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
4-Will a i ecu to lobi Id hli lice DrotnntlT and
It. a workmanlike manner. apr4t07
IKANK Fl KLDI.Nii
WILLIAM I). JiKiLEU,
. tto n.rt: 1VS-.J T-L.IH',
Nov. I7tb, 1S10 tr.
JOHN A. STAM.Elt,
DAK EH, Uark.t St., Cleatflrld, Pa.
Fre.h Dread, P.u.k, Holla, Pie. and Cake,
on hand or ma4. to order. A gen.ral .eiortment
of Onf.otionarie, Fruit, and W ut. in .tuck.
Ic. Cre.m .nd Oy.t.r. in aeaeon. Puloon nearly
oppiult. tb. Poetiiffie. . Price, moderate.
WEAVER, &, BETTS,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND Ll'MIlKR OF ALL KINDS.
J!-Office oq (Second etreel. in rear of etore
rvm of Ueurife Weaver A Cu. jaoV, '78 tl.
Jl STICK OP THB PEACE
Oicola Milk P. O.
All effiolaf bn.in.M .ntrB.tftd to bits wilt b.
promptly attended to. mtih2V, "1$,
IX BARBEIt AND IIAIKDHESHKK.
Shop 00 Market St.. oppoalte Cuurt Hfiune.
A clean towel for every cnitonier.
AUo dealer In
llett llraudt of Tobarro and i'lgara.
fllearflald, P. nav 10. 'T6.
JAMES H. TURNER,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
H allaceton, Pa,
xirT-IIe hae prepared himaelf with all tbe
necefaiy blank furm. under the Pen.lun and
bnanty law., aa well a blank Darde, ate. All
legal natter, .ntra.ted to bi. cere will rec.lv.
prompt elteutivu. May 7tb, H7l'-tf.
a snnnw liARWinif.
iV Market Hlreet, Cleartteld, Pa.,
HAMlirACTVRBB ABD DB.LKR IB
JJarness, Bridles, Saddles, Collars, and
klBda of repairing promptly attended
. tiaddleri' Hardware, Hurae llru.be., i)urr
Combi, Ao., alway. on band and for ial. at tbe
lnwc.lcaeh price. M.tch lu, 1B7.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER.
NEAR CLEARFIKLD, PENN'A.
ftfPumpi alware on band and made to order
n abort notice. Pipe bored on raaaonable tcrme.
AM work warranted to render atllfaelion, and
delivered If deelred. myl6:lrpd
Slll)i:MAklN(J.-I hereby Inform my pa
tron, and mankind In feneral. that I have
rmovtd my ihoemaklnf; ebop to the room In
Urabara'e row, over 8. I. 8nyder'e jewelry More,
and tbmt I am piepared to do all kin tii of work
in my line cheaper tban any otber eb"p in town
All work warrnoted ai t"d ae eaa be dune any-
bereelfe. I'uaiUrelT tbi ii the eliapeit utiop
In C'learuHil. II. DEKKINU.
Dee. II, lift tf.
rPHE anderiljtned bert leave to Intorm the pnb-
X lie that he ie low fully prepare to aoeotnmo-
data all la the way or rBrnlplunft ll.eei, hnffitt,
Haddlee and Hern re, on the eborteit notlee and
en reaeonable tertni. Heeldenee on Looaet treet,
between 1 bird end Fourth.
4.KO. W. U EAR II ART.
Ilearfleld, Feb. 4. 1974.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
biiLia m k-
Alio, eatenelve manufaetarer and dealer In Pqnare
Timber ana Hewed Lumber oi all ktndi.
e"OrdeTi aoliolted and all bill promptly
Ailed. I'jjl 73
8. t. SNYDER,
Watchon, Clock il ond Jowelry,
ffrnAan' Am, iVarael Are.,,
CI.F.AHKI I.I.I), PA.
All kind, of r.p.irtag la my Una promptly Bl
ended to. Jaa. I.t, li7.
t ltarfltltt Insurance .litency.
iAMRI BBBB. CARBOIX b. BIBBI-B.
HERB H BinitLK, Jftntt,
Rrpreeant tb. following' a1 ether flntlae. Co.
Liverpool London A Globe U. a. Br ..,"!.
Lveomlag o mota.l Aeub plan..... , Oon
Pha.nn.ef H.rif.rJ, Cona I.M4
in.ur.Bce Co. of North America g,4:ta,a74
North Brill.. A Mercantile II. 8. Br. l,7l,aU
Dcolii.h Coa.m.rri.1 U. B. Branah.... 7,I4
Traveler. Life A Aeeideatl t,S,4M
Olllceen W.rk.t tft., ,p. Ceart He.., Clear.
eld, P.. Jan. I, '7 tt.
West End Drug Store,
IN GRAHAM S ROW,
(Half way between Moi.i.p'l and Flech'l
rpilB aadertlmied haeopewad f Drag Rlore,
I with a fall enpply of perfectly pert and
1. tr. . U.Jl.t... a- i. . 1 . . I eaaaol Ti.Hatl
irea vtvw, jp bH,nwiB
Artie lee. Tbee Drae bare aeaw eeiaewd wtib
great ear and an gwenteed peff-etly
para aad rollable. I will give my preonl atUn
tia la tble drertiweet, aad will eheerfellj gira
aa advtewaad lalvnaalbM In regard Wine..lriaee
fraa ef ebe.ge DR. T, J. BUVER.
Clearleld, Pa., Dee. 1, IMftf.
Br 1ATI1KR MVAX.
My feet are wearied, and iny beads art tired-
My luul I't'preeietl t
And with drsire hare I long del ire J
Host unly rtit.
'Tii herd to toil, when toll il almost vein,
In burren waye ;
'Tie bard to low, and never garner grain
in hiirrrai diya.
The bur-lco uf ny daye Ii ban) to bear,
Hut tlod koowj beet;
And I baveprnve'l ; but vain h;u bnen my prayer -
For rut tweet real.
'Tlr hard to plmit lo Spring, and never reap
The autumn yield ;
Tii hurl to till, and when 'tit tilled to weep
O'er fruitloie fie I J i.
And 10 1 cry. a weak and human cry,
8u heart oppreaaed;
And io I sigh, a weak and human lifb,
Ir'or reet reat.
My way hae wound ecroee the dctert year',
And ottrna infant
M v I'kth ; and Uiroub the flowing of h'.t teara
1 pine lur rt it.
'Twa alweva o ; when still a child I laid
On uicther'a breast a
My wearied Utile bend, e'en then I prnyod
Ai Dow, for rest.
And I am ttf!ei ft ill; 'twill boob be o'er,
l-'-jr, down the Weit,
l.iie'i lun ti letting, and 1 tre the aim re
Win-re I tball reL
ST A TJSTIC& OF CHIME.
Nparly Fifty Thousand Criminals Shut
up for the Protection of Society.
NEARLY ALL or TII Ell MEN THE VICIOUS
BYSTE1I IN VOlll'E.
CorrerpomlonoDof the Courier-Jounal.
Tbo "I'ublio Document of MuKxa
clium'tU for 1879," comprising four
very voluminous works, arrived nt
the Stuto Lihriiry nt Frankfort. In
a lengthy report made by tbo Prison
Board ol Coniniidoioners the billowing
informution is obtained. It is at such
it nature that the statistician, tbo mor
alist, tbe philosopher and particularly
the Legislator, having a sense ol right
to society and justice to a criminal, is
sure to litid il both interesting and
tiMiliitible reiiilini; :
"There ure 1211 penal instilutions of
till kinds m thu L nited Mates, in winch
convicts are employed at any kind of
Walior forty. tjilit ure State prisons,
lorty city and county jails and peni
tentiaries, twenty five woik bouses of
correction, and sixteen houses ol refuge
and reform schools. In these 1-9 insti
tutions, which, nccordiug to the host
otliciul information to bo obtained, in
clude tbo institutions in all tbo States
in tVhit'h convicts ure in any way cm
ployed, there are 47,7lill inmates 14,
034 males and H,68." females ; 37,2 15
males und 'I'.Vll feintilcs aro employed
nt some kind of work, making a tota;
of 40,122 convicts engaged in labor in
all tbe penal institutions ol this country
whero labor is employed, in skilled
work, there aro 22,288 males and 1,230
Ictnulcs total 23,524. In unskillod
work, Il,4o0 males and 218 females
total, ll,fiti8. In prison duties, 3,."i07
males and 1,423 females total, 1,030."
1 bo tables referring to the number
of convicts in each State aro as follows :
roRVIfTl IB PBI.na.
State, and Territories.
Male. Female. Total
(IJ1 33 l.i
b IS ill
1,571 II l,iU
lot i in
OUO 63 fl:.i
til S Kit
l:8 a Nl
I. ma :u 1,24
2,111 28 2, CO
1,231 ... 1,231
7SS 57 7(1
6SS 4 .b'J
l,lT 711 I.SHtt
oil 24 !7v
4u T! 430
I.D70 1. 1,232
3, C3i 83V 4,404
l,7l V 1,777
' 331 12 . 843
),;o 25 I,n0
2,470 lil 1,521
247 9 250
1.2 ... 142
277 . 20 2W7
1,32 110 1,451
7.313 7H8 ,HI
1,02s 64 I.0S2
2,2u4 214 2,4 1
4,1110 521 4S-7
2:l 75 .108
710 10 720
1.IH7 33 I. Sen
1,710 20 1,738
25 21 271
1130 80 1,010
2:18 t 218
8113 22 085
101 t 103
4 1,11st ,85 47,700
New Yoifc -
Ilh, ni I.land
We.t Virginia -
Kind ot work in
. 2 783
Hoot, and abuea
Ciirri.gri ami w.goo.....
I luar. and totiACL-o
F.rmer. and labnrer....
Leather A leatbor goodi
Total! 27,115 2,877 40,121
From the first tulilo it is observed
that New York has more convicts tban
any otber Slate, being nearly doublo
that of Pennsylvania, which cornea
next, with Massachusetts but l'J3 less
than rcmisylvanian. In Kentucky
and many other Slates tbo various
work houses wero not included in tbo
list ; since a lublc giving tbo uuiulier of
convicts in each prison in this blalo
Kentucky. Male. Fam.l.i Total.
8l.t. Penitentiary at
Frankfort 082 41 1,01
Itooee of Reluge at
Lonl.vill. 2115 39 SIS
Total. I.18T 70 2,128
This excludes the work house at
Louisville, which does not compete
with regular labor, and vaiions oilier
work houses, which would doubtless
swell the list of criminals in tbo United
States untfertroing punishment for their
crimes, to a number equal in si.o to a
most populous city.
In tbo prelace to the "Statistics of
Crime," thu compilers say :
"Tho study of tbo questions belong
ing to lis to consider, extending over
half a dozen years, has taught us that
Iho industrial and social condition of
tbo laboring classes as related to tho
pcnnaneiit prosperity of tho productive
industry ot tbo Siato, is more alTectcd
by tho presenco of crime, poverty and
the disorganizing influences resulting
from decrease ol marriages, inc rosso of
divorces and kindred matters, than
from many if not all, tho had economical
conditions resulting from want of com
prehension ol the true relations of labor
and capital. The interests ol the work
ingtnen demand a change from so
much conomlo training and study by
their professed leaders and tbo leaders
of political science to a more rigid and
practical moral education. As we have
sabl, convict labor Is of no account
whatever compared to the presence of
crime llsell ; anil to avow me presence
of crime we mnat prevent Ita commia
sion. It is not enough to shut up
criminals: anil tho tendency to lessen
terms of imprisonment baa not been
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1881.
salutary. Wo persist, in spito of all
warning and of ull oxperieneo, in turn
ing loose our villains upon tho world,
titno after time, as soon as a moderate
term of detention has finished their ed
ucation and defined their futuro course.
AH who liavo roally studied the ques
tion are satisfied that professional crime
and tho class that habitually livo by
violation of tho law, might bo well
nigh exterminated by tho perpetual
seclusion of tbo incorrigible and by the
infliction ol special penalities, which
are truly deterrent, oven, if we have to
nog the garrotter, the mutilator ana
the wife boator. Yet still wo go on
from day loduy making positive crimi
nals. We do not discriminate botween
criminal-minded persons, incorrigibles,
and weak or defective minded persons,
but all aliko aro doomed to a convict's
record. Wo make tho incorrigibles
oven as comfortable as we can, pitly
ing, petting tbom when an opportunity
occurs, raising an outcry against any
penalties which aro painful and think
ing wo havo done enough, and arguing
as if wo had done all we had a right to
do, il wo tio tbe bands ot tbo most
practiced robber and ruflian fur a time
All wholeoomeness of notion in reler
enco to this Bubject seems to havo
gono out of us, and to havo been re
placed by sentiment at once shallow
and morbid. Wo havo been fueling
toward tho criminal, neither as Chris
tians, nor as statesmen, nor us philoso
phers, nor oven as men ot tho world.
We neither abhor him, nor euro him,
nordisarm him. Wodonot acteitberon
tho reformatory, or the retribute, or
tho puroly defensive principle, but on
a feeble muddle of all three. So tbe
criminal lives and thrives, nourished
by tho very society which ho out
ragos " Hero is food for philanthropic
thought and legislative action.
A WOA'DZIiFUL ESCAI'R
Ever since Lako Kno has been navi
gated by civilized people, especially for
tbo last century, has she swallowed up
largo numbers of human beings by
rthipwrcck, by fire, or by oilier casual
ties, and while many bodies aro recov
ered thore aro hundicds that aro never
touiid, and many that float ashore thut
ure never Identified.
Captain Oilman Appleby, of Con
neaut, Ohio, was Captain and part
owner of tho schooner New Connecti
cut. An aunt of his, then residing in
Itliuk Kock, below llufl'ulo, went to
Conncant to visit ber brother tliero.
After remaining fiirsome timo, sho be
came exceedingly anxious to get homo.
Captain Appleby endeavored to dis
ruiude bis aunt from taking tho homo
journey until ho should ho going out
with his vessel, when no would lako
her homo. His oll'orts in that direc
tion, however, woro unavailing, and ho
had to take her on board tho schooner
to go to Huffalo in chargo of tho crow.
Everything passed off quietly until
a sudden squall struck and rolled her
upon her side, when iho nearly filled
with water, but continued to flout.
Tbo crow loosened tbe vessel's yawl,
jumped in and pulled for tho shore,
leaving tho woman in tho cabin, as
they supposed drowned. Tho party
landed, and nmdo their way us best
they could back to Conncant.
Throe days aftor tbo accident Cap
tain Wilkins, of tho steamboat William
Peacock, in coming down from Do.
troit was besought by Captain Apple
by to board tho wreck it bo saw it,
and if possible to get tbo body ol his
aunt out of the cabin and convey it to
llutl'alo. Captain Wilkins discovered
tho disabled vessel drifting down tho
lako, and, after coining alongsido, tho
first mato of the Peabody boarded tho
wreck and made search. Tho schooner
lay upon her side, and, to all appear
ances, was full of water. A polo was
cmployod, and it was supposed every
part of the cabin was touched, and the
conclusion was reached that tho re
mains bad floated out of tho cabin into
tho luko; hence, lurlber search was
Two days afterward Captain Ap
pleby camo down with a vessel and
facilities to right tho schoonor and tow
her into tho nearest port, the drowned
woman's son being along to assist in
tho rocovory of tho body. Tho vessel
was finally righted, and when tho
cabin door had nearly reached a level
position, tho woman walked through
tbo water and came up stuira on deck.
Sho was caught by Captain Appleby
and supported, whilo her son wept and
tho sudors screamed. Fivo days and
nights sbo had been in tho water,
while a portion of her timo sho was
np lo her armpits. Sbo could not lio
down, and what sleep sho got was in
that position, and all tbo food sho had
was a solitary cracker and a raw
onion, which floated nti tho water.
Shu stated that ullcr tho vessel cap
sized und was abandoned by the crow,
sho found herself alono in water waist
deep. The cabin door was open, but
the flood was two feet above it, and
tbo sua in ado constant changes iu her
position. When Captain Wilkins stop
ped, sho could bear the boarding par
ty talk and walk on tho vessel, and
although she used her voice to its ut
most to attract attention, sho could
not make them hear. Sho saw tho
pole thrust into tho cabin door by Cap
tain Monton, anil asked if she should
hold on lo it and bo pulled out, but no
answer camo. Tbe Captain heard no
other noise than tho splashing of tho
water, and had not tho remotest
idea that tho woman was there, alivo
Leap From a (JoVEiiNoR'a Life.
The (iovcrnor of a State does not lio
on a bed of roses, and lu tho discbarge
ot official duties has many trying ex
periences. A correspondent relates an
incident illustrating this, which occur
red in tho ofllce ol (iovcrnor Foster,
of Ohio, at Columbus :
"Walking into tho (iovoinor's ofllce
one day, tho correspondent found tho
Governor pacing across tho room, with
his hands clasped behind hit back vig
orously pulling away at a cigar, and
evidently in dorp study. Saluting (iov
crnor Fostor, the writer put tho ques
tion: "How goes tho Senatorial con-
tost?" "Tho hardest contest betoro
mo at the present moment is in there,"
and he pointed toward his private
rifllcf.. "Vnu see that rntintr ludv in
' J r j-
thero a very fine girl. Sho was here
last week, and remained all day. She
is hero now came bright and enrly
this morning to beg for a pardon for
hor brother, who is serving out a ton
years sentence in the penitentiary.
The rase is one I cannot touch ; but
she won't give up. It seems as if hor
whole lilo was eentorod in securing a
fiardon lor hor brother; but, as 1 said
loforo, I cannot do it, though sho
doesn't understand why." Just then
sobs were heard coming from the pri
vale room, and the Oovornor eontinu
od: "Yes, she has been begging and
imploring all day, with tears in her
eyes, for me to give hor brother back
to ber. It la very trying, Indeed, to
meet such pleadings and remain firm,"
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
tiie urniGUT -max.
Tho editor of tbo Philadelphia Jlte
ord moralizes over the subject in this
Integrity is un element of success
not simply becnueo it is integrity, but
because it is a factor ol courage. Tbe
upright man has no cause to fear tho
just indignation of his fvlloAs. It is
this fear more than aught else that
makes men cowards, lie who wrongs
nono, but renders unto every ono his
duo, is never haunted by that unde
fined dread of something (bat may
happen to him unawares which pur
sues him who walks in crooked paths.
Ilo has no frauds to fortify by porpct-nally-iencwed
tergiversations and fresh
deceits; no sinister methods to bido
from detection through u vigilance
that knows no respite. Tho terror ol
oxocaure, with tho infnnv and retri
bution it must bring !o him, tioveu
troubles the honest man. lie is not
disturbed continually by apprehensions
lost in' somo unguarded moment ho
may full into a trap. lie has no guilty
secrets to keep from the relentless light
of discovery that iu any hour may
break upon them und cover h m and
his with ignominy, lie has no lies to
Whether or not wo accept llo doc
trine of an overruling ProviiUnco as
taught by tbo Chriatain Cbtiicb, wo
cannot well help coming at somo time
to tbo conviction that tho whole econ
omy of tho universe is based or truth.
As there is ovil in tho world as well as
good, so aro tbcro false appearances;
but tho normal forces of things co
work untiringly against illusions, de
ceptions and injustices. Ormuzd and
Ahriinan aro not poors; tbe one is an in
truder and an alien, and must linally bo
overcome by tho other, llotwocn tho
truo and the good there is a close re
lation, if not an essential identity. To
do and to bo good is to conform one's
sell to tho rule of truth, and lo como
into harmony with the divino order of
the creation. Tho upright man is at
ono with Nature and with (lod. The
habitual and deliberate wrongdoer
does a grievous barm not onlv to his
soul but to bis mind. Out of the heart
are tbe issues of lite. A casual lapse
into sin, tinder tbo sudden stress ol
some strenuous temptation wh:cb over
powers tbo will, is at times a blessing
in disguise, because it shows the tnuu
where ho is weak and sumiaons him
to strengthen his defences. This is
very ditlcrent from cool, conscious and
voluntary wickedness again and again
repeated ; not striven against, but
sought for and courted instead of re
sisted. An indulgence of this Bort
ends iu tbo suicide ot conscience, and
persistence in it tends to tho ultimate
confusion of moral distinctions in tho
mind of the offender. 11 te perceptions
of that kind of truth which is signified
in tho word "right" become clouded
by tbo instinctive effort at sell justifi
cation. Ethics is ono of I ho recognized
sciences, and mental and moral phi
losophy aro intimately interwoven.
lolence cannot ho dune lo truth in
morals without injury to that judicial
character of tbo mind which is ono of
a man's best possessions. When con
science, which is to a vory great ex
tent an intellectual apprehension, loses
its clearness and its monitions become
dull and obscured, so great is tho psy
chical sympathy that the mental judg
ment is insensibly and gradually but
surely impaired as toother than moral
considerations. Tho man who bus
brought upon himself such un injury
to hiB mental constitution is incapttblo
ot a really wise conduct of atfuirs.
row persons will question that,
other things bjing equal, tho man who
makes correct principles his rulo ol
life has a keener discriminative power
than ho who rejects tho gcuerally-ac
copied canons of morality, and is far
more likely to bo accurate in his judg
ments on other matters. An honest
heart is the best condition, if not al
ways a sure guarantee, of sagacity and
common sense. No smull part ol un
safely ot dealing with depraved men
lies in tho unsound and occontno views
thut one is apt to entertain who is a
law unto himself. Tho unprincipled
lawyer is liublo to givo bad counsel,
and tho advice of tho wicked doctor is
frequently untrustworthy. Purity ol
purposo goes lurther than we think in
enabling men to achieve solid and gen
uine success in whatever vocations
thoy adopt. II gives Us possessors
sell poise, manliness, a sense of merit
and tho strength that abides in sell
respect. Tho man of probity is ut
peuca with himself, and ho feels that
ho is tho poor of his fellow-men.
There is notbirg nobler upon the earth
than a thoroughly honorublo and
A SEX A TO It IAL LITER AW
SENATOR VANCE RIIAPSUW.INU OVER TII K
MOUNTAIN SCENERY OF II1S STATE.
At every season of tho year thero is
a charm about these splendid wood
lands nt Iho Appalachians. Sometimes
in mid winter a cold laden with the
sharp, ice cold moisture of a January
storm drugs lazily against a sharp
pointed pinnacle, where fb hovers as a
pall. It can scarcely bo said to rain ;
its moisture scorns gently to dissolve
itself upon tbe earth. This gives riso
to what is olton termed a frozen clout .
Kvory rock, twig, trco and blado of
grass upon that mountain top is in
stantly transformed into translucent
Now, if that mountain bo duo cast
of you, and il you will riso next morn
ing in time to see Iho sun como forth
as a bridegroom from his chamber, you
will see a picture such as no man in
this World has ever seen surpassed,
and such as might havo boon in tho
mind of the vision wrappcd Apostle
when Hilled before him the sublime
soinbhinco of tho rainbow of emerald
enclosing the throno of shining gold
in tho crystul sea. Tho storm has dis
appeared, tho winds aro mute, the
heavens huve assumed their deep
solemn azure Sharp pointed spears
of golden tiro corns- up from tbo cunt
and dart among and through the trans,
lucent warp ot that silver bridal veil
which rovers tho mountain top with
its ineffable gloiios. As the (jod of
Day mounts higher and higher toward
his throne, showers of shimmering
radiance are scattered in whirling
waves over tho outstretched arms ot
the giant oaks and npon tho emerald
cones ol tho pines, Icapingfrom branch
to branch, until their rays moot and
mingle in acrown of coruscating glory,
and then In a muio of wonder and de
light, which is almost agony, you fool
that your aro guzing npon the crystal
palace of God, whoso splendors mortal
man may be happy that he can see and
live, and that ten thousand polished
diamonds, tho Inrgost and tbe brightest
that ever glittered in a monarch's dia
dem, would not compare with the glory
which is made manifest In a single
tree on that muontaiu top "wherewith
It li clothed."
THE SKELETOX 1XTI1EJVRY
Somo months ago, there was It sen
sationul murder trial in tho Stale of
Now York, tho object of which was
to find who sent a bullet through tho
skull ol a lady. J bis trial was rendered
more sensational than it otherwise
would havo been by tho introduction
ol a variety ot skulls. It was considered
nocessurv to show tho operation of bul
lets on skulls when proporly firod into
them. 1 no public crowded to tho trial
and mon, women and children sat for
days in tbo unwholesome atmosphere
of a crowded Courtllouso.witha view
to Iho picking npof usetul information
in regard to skulls and bullets. If this
trial failed to satisfy the public in
furnishing all tho sensationalism that
was demanded it was because the
skulls bad no flesh on them. What tho
pcnplo want on such an occasion is a
nice fresh skull and not old dry bones.
lirooklyn, tho city ol sensations,
wholesomo and unwholesome, is now
treated to a kindred entertainment.
Brooklyn enjoys greater completeness
and satisfaction than did lliocomparuy
lively rural neighborhood whore tho
skulls were exhibited. Skqlls might
do lorllallston, hut the City of Churches
and church fights is not lo bo satisfiod
with anything less than a lull sot ot
bones. At a sensational trial in that
city tho counsellor tho alllicted defend
ant brought in a lull skeleton and
dunglud it before tho jury. Tho elfoct
of this was lelicitous in tbo extreme.
Tho trial has boon a very dull one. Its
object was to determine whether or
not tbo spinal cord of a lady who bad
been pushed down stairs or otherwiso
assaulted, wus thereby injured. If in
jured, this lady wanted heavv damai!es.
that is to say the lawyers cull it "dam
ageB. vt but Bbo really wanted was
money for repairs, in viow of tho fact
that sho was already damaged or
thought herself damaged to a very con
siderable extent. Tho evidence in this
case was particularly troublesome and
natu lur the average luror to under
stand. Tho iury beinir neither more
nor less stupid than tlieavoraire blun
dered and wondered us tho experts who
gave their testimony thundered out
great lots ol polysyllable words in re
gard to tbo operation ol blows on tho
spinal cord and oilier perilous of tho
humun economy. Ono set of experts
undertook lo prove that tho lady's
spinal cord was damaged to such an
extent that paralysis had supervened.
The other set ondeavorcd to show that
there was nothing the matter with her
worso than hysteria. After tho case
had proceeded a considerable distance
it wus found that most of tho jury did
not know tho dilforonco botween hys
teria and paralysis, nor did they know
what "supervene" meant. Tboy wero
becoming drowsy. Somo ot thorn
nodded, and a few so far forgot them
selves as to snoro. Hut when the
counsel brought in the skeleton they
woro all attention. Kven if thoy could
not compass the idoa of all its uses or
of its construction, thoy wero pleased
inn thn cni.n,l hold It nn hef'nrn
lhom and danglod it in their sight.
lio was kind onoui'li to mako it ratllo
its bones and to move its wiry joints
liko those of a jumping jack. Whon
ho endeavored to show them where
tho spinal cord was they woro greatly
bothered bocauso nt tho fact that this
skeleton had no spinal cord, but they
only showed tho placo whore such a
cord would bo it it had any. As to
cords gonorally, such as bed cords,
cords of wood and the cords which ire
noosed around tho nocks of criminals
on hanging occasions, iho jury had a
tuir understanding. Iho idea ol tho
spinal cord was ono which bothered
them beyond measure. Nor could they
soe, if tho cord was packed away
among hard bones, as tbo counsel ex
plained it to be, how it could bo hurt
by so simplo an operation as pushing
its owner down stairs.
Tho idea of arrivingata just verdict
about a matter touching the spinal
cord by exhibiting a skeleton which
has no spinal cord in it is utterly im
practicable. Tbo jury cannot grasp H.
Tbo skeleton is a great improvement
on tho baro skulls. Hut juries aro not
to bo trifled with or imposed upon by
such dry bones ot law and justice
The next managers of a sensational
trial who want to do tho square thing
bv an intelligent jury will bring tboir
client into Court ulivo for tho express
purposo of having hor pushed down
stairs to see how much it hurts. Such
a sight would keep tho jury awake,
and would confer intense satisfaction
on tho spectators. It is to bo regrotlod
that the lirooklyn lawyers did not
think of this without our suggesting
it 'AiMrfc'inia ltmts.
"THE EVAXGEUST AXD Ills
Thoeditorot the Philadelphia Times,
in a roeont issue ol Ins journal, adminis
ters a wholesomo rebuko to somebody
in this way :
"An old story, which seems to be
pretty well authenticated, comes across
tho continent concerning tho curious
statement anil action ot an eminent
evangelist. This gentleman, who is
justly esteemed for his good works
and lor tbo magnetic power with which
ho holds Immense audiences, seems to
havo been arrogating to himself tho
privilego of deciding whero certain
individuals go after they leave this
world. In doing this he has been com
pelled toindulgo in personalities which,
to speak as mildly as possible concern
ing them, are objectionable. It has
long been customary lor many preach
ers to warn evil doors against the possi
ble consequences of their pernicious
doods, and to tell thorn that if they
continuo doing as they havo done they
will go to tbo bad placo. No chargo
ol Impropriety nocd be mode against
tho man whoso conscientious sense of
duty leads him thut to put the un
righteous on tboir guard. Whon a
preacher descends to such personalities
as to give thu names of persons who
have gono to hell and w bom he believes
now lo bo lliore, the bolter class of
pooplo in his audienco cannot help
tooling that ho it talking about that ol
which ho knows so little that ho would
do wisely to retrain from discussing
the subject. It will be remembered
that a lew years ago a conspicuous
lirooklyn lioanerges mado his pulpit
ridiculous by boldly assorting that
Chat lea Dic kens had gone to bell and
was suffering tho tormonts of that ill
fuvorod locality. The declarations of
ibis lioanerges wore mado the more
ahsiird by bis equally assured tssorva
tion only a short time afterwards that
a famous politician, whoso name was
linked with aoma of tho most gigantic
jobs over crowded through Congress,
had gone lo beavon and waa enjoying
tbe lelicitios ol tho blessed. 1 bo omi-
ncnt evangelist appears to have come
nearer home than to mention tbe des
tiny of famous author or notorious
politicians. Tbo liberty ba it reported
to have taken was with the name of
his own grandmother. Ilo spoko of
this lady aa a kind woman and one
possessing those traits of charactor
which mado her lovely. Yot ho mado
tho bold and bald assertion that at her
beart bad not boon regoncrntcd sho
had gono to hell. This was said as
positively as if tbo speaker had tho
keys ot tho gates ol the lower regions
in bis trousers pockot, together Willi
the roll of all who had been tent there.
How did he know his grandmother had
none there? Wore tho inner secrots
of her heart revouled to him ? If sho
never bad taken on her lips iu public
tho lormula accepted by bim as evi
denco of a regenerated heart could ho
not be cbaritablo enough to ttipposo
that tbo Maker ot all hearts might
havo given such an estimable persona
recognition which the rigid rule of the
ovangolisf refused her? It would at
least have boon wise to have given the
old lady the benefit of a doubt and not
to have thus held her tip to a San
Francisco audience as a frightful ex
ample of what they might come to.
As "ono good turn deserves anothor"
so one queer notion generally brings
out another just as queer. Tho story
goes that a man in tho audience, moved
with disploasure by this oflonsivo per
sonality, rose and left the house. At
ho was going out, tho speaker, pointing
at him, said : "Thero goos a mnn who
won't hear about Christ ; ho will go to
hell." Thereupon it is recorded that
tho mau turned himself about and
facing the evangelist said : ''And what
message shall 1 carry to your grand
mother ?" This man did a rudo thing ;
but bo was moved to it by the personal
assault which had been committed on
him. How did tho speaker know this
man's destiny ? If he know it, was it
in good tasto thus to point bim out to
tbo congregation as one hopelessly
branded fur everlasting brimstone, and
all because tho poor fellow did not
want to hoar any more of tho evangel
ist's harangue ? There is a great deal
of well meant effort which docs more
harm than good, simply because it is
put forth in this unwise fashion. Thc
world is better off without it. Thore
is something in tho (iood Hook about
speech that is "seasoned with salt."
Men who send their grandmothers to
bell before a promiscuous audience
would do well to season their speech
with almost anything that will keep it
from becoming unsavory."
THE STAXmiiJ) WOMAN.
A writer urging tho necessity of
more attention to physical culture
notes as a luvorablo sigu tho fact that
tbe 'pale and interesting' typo ot fe
male beauty is fasl losing its populari
ty, and that mon of position and influ
ence are declaring for the healthy
standard ol womanly beauty, such as
wore evor recognized by b recce and
Homo. This certainly is an important
and happy chango In public taste, and
already tho effects of it are to be de
tected in an improved condition of fem
inine health, for it will hardly bo denied
that on an average the women of to
day aro physically superior to what
they were a lew years ago wbon tight
lacing and aimilar destroying customs
loung women take more exercise
than thoy formerly did. They ride
und walk more, and are more in tho
open air. Thoy havo not tbo insano
dread of tho nun's rays which thoy
once had. Hut there it much room
for improvement yot. Many homes
aro still presided over by invalid wives,
mothers, wbo lurnisb a constant spec
tacle of sadness and misery to their
friends, and are a subject of ulimitcd
expense to their husbands. In eucb
homes, tbo greatest ot all blessings that
could bo hoped lor, would bo tho boalth
of tho mistress restored ; but often it is
tho ono blessing which never comet.
American homes more than any
other, porhups, in I be world, have
been mado sad by sickly women. It
Ibis shall bo so no longer it will bo a
great blessing to the nation. And tbo
remedy is simplo. American mon aro
as strong and healthy at those ot other
nations; there it no good reason why
American women should not be. All
that it noedod it propor attention to
dress and exercise. .Let women dress,
as men do, so that their bodies shall
not bo squeezed and pressed togothor,
but have free room for motion, and let
them go out into the air and sunshine,
und exercise their bodies, and tbe race
of hnglish women will not becomo ex
tinct, us it once threatened to do.
On the contrary, it will be improved,
built up and beautified, and a time will
shortly come when a healthy man will
not baro to hunt the wholo country
over to find a healthy wife. We aro
on the right track now ; and all that
is needed is to go ahead and tbe result
will soon bo manliest. Women will
die to he in fashion ; therefore let tho
bullion ot femalo beauty bo vigor and
strength, and all the ladiol in tho land
will bo swinging dumb-bolls, practic
ing archery, riding on horseback and
wulking as for a wager; but they will
bo in slylo.
The Obelisk presented by tho late
hbediveol r.gypt to tbo city ot ow
iork, was swung to lit pedestal in
Central Park on Saturday noon, Jan
uary 22. What tho Now York World,
always scholarly, calls ita "definitive
elevation, was accomplished in pre
cisely five minutes. The height of tlo
unoilsK, including us pedestal, It tov
cnty-six feet and ono inch, and the
weight of tho Obolisk proper it 2191
tons. 1 1 is a very aged pioee of stone
work ; to old that Moses played around
it when a boy, and perhaps tried to
throw stones ovor its top. it is lull ol
hieroglyphics, unintolligble to tbe most
of the New Yorkors who will gape at
it, but wmcn an intelligent Egyptolo
gist, namod llrngsch boy, whose front
name smacks of the Hungarian dialect,
bat kindly translated. This iinmenso
pioco of stonewuro has been transport
od 6.382 nautical miles by water and
1 1,520 fcot by land. That this has all
boon done without an accident or mis
hap of any kind it very credilablo to
tho skill of Commander Oorringe, of
tho U. 8. Navy. Tbo labor and ex
pense bestowed upon tins old relio of
ritothomoa 111. and Jlamcacs the
Kgyptian gentleman whoso inscriptions
ornament its titles evince the pluck
and perseverance of tbe American
character. If wa want an obelisk we
are going to have an obelisk. If we
should take a notion f'ora pyramid, we
will have a pyramid brought over en
tiro and squatted down permanently in
any portion of our beloved country.
There seems to be nothing beyond the
range of our capacity except it may be
lo finish the monument to the Father
of hit Country or got a Kupubiican
statesman from Pennsylvania in the
Senate of the U nited States. Exchanqt.
Yot, would it not bo a joko on Cleo
patra if in the end thii big noodlo ef
bort proves to be a Karelin uiant,
manufactured or dug up somewhere Id
i ante land.
TEEMS-$2 per annum in Advance.
SERIES - V0L. 22, NO. 6,
Front tbo Coo.. Field Ornithology.)
There is an old saying "When tho
air conies through a hole, say your
piuycrt to tavo your soul;" and I
should think almost anyone could get
a "cold with a spoonful ot water, or the
wrist held to a key holo. Singular as
it limy seem, sudden warming when
cold is inuro duugcious tban the ie
verso; everyone has noticed bow soon
the bundkerchiet is required on enter
ing a heated room on a cold day. Frost
one it an extreme illustration ot this.
As the Irishman laid, on picking bim
tell up, it was not tho fall, but slopping
so suddenly that hurt bim. It is not
tho lowering of the tomporature to tho
freezing point, but its subsequent ele
vation, that devitalizes tho tissue.
This is why rubbing with snow, or
bathing In cold water, it required to
restore safely a frozen part ; tho arrest
ed circulation mutt be very gradually
ro-ostubliBhed, or inflammation, per
haps mortification, ensues, (ienoral
precaution against taking cold aro al
most sell evident in this light. Ibcro
is ordinarily littlo, if any danger to bo
apprehended from wet elolhes, so long
as oxurciao it kept up, for tho "glow"
about compensates for tho extra cool
ing by evaporation. Nor is a complete
drenching more likely to bo injurious
than welting ot ono part. Hut never
sit still wet, and in changing, rub tho
body dry. '1 here is a general tendency,
springing from taligre, indolence or
inditlorenco, to neglect damp foot ; that
ib to say, to dry thorn by tho tiro ; but
this process is tenons and uncertain.
1 would say -especially, off with tho
muddy boots and sodden socks at
onco dry stockings alter a hunt, may
make just tho ditterence ot your being
able to go out again or never. Take
care never to chock perspiration ;
during this process the body it in a
somewhat critical condition, and a sud
den arrest of the function may result
7Cnu .1.. .....n Clnl!.. I..a .,n.
of the business of perspiration is to
n..n. .,!. I.. ...,....,.,. ..,! t.
' . '. . . ' .... I
must not ho triterlerctl with, these-
cret of much that is lo be said about i
bathing, when heated lies here. A
person overheated, panting it may be,
with throboing temples and a dry skin,
1b in danger, partly bccausethenalural
cooling by evaporation from tho tkin
deniod, and this condition it some
times not lar from a "sunstroke.
Under theso circumstances, a person
of fairly good constitution may plungo
into tho water with impunity even
with benefit. Hut if that body be al
ready cooling by tweating, rapid ab
straction ol heat from tho surface may
cuuso internal congestion, never unat
tended with danger. Drinking ice
wuter odors a somewhat parallel case :
oven on stopping to drink ut a brook,
ben flushed with bent, it is well to
batho the faco and bands first, and to
tasto tho water before a lull draught.
EH E 6l TA DESCEX T OF
Mr. Darwin believes that tho general
beauty of the Hnglish upper class, and
especially of tho titled aristocrcy, is
probably duo to thoir constant selec
tion oi the most beautiful women of
all classes (peeresses, actresses, or
wealthy bourgeoises) at wives through
an immense number of generations.
The regular features and fine complex
ions of tho mothers are naturally hand
ed down by inheritance to their descend
ants. Similarly it would teem that wo
must account for the high avorago of
porsonal beauty amongst tbo ancient
Creeks and tho modern Kalians by tbo
high avorago of general tnsto, tho
slrong lovo lor tho beautiful, diffused
amongst all classes in both those races.
Tho prettier women and the hand
somer men would thut stand a better
chance of marrying, othor things bo
ing equal, and of banding down their
own refined type and form to their
children. If this be to and evolu
tionists al least can hardly doubt it
then wo should expect everywhere to
find Iho general level of personal
beauty highest wboro there was tbo
widest ditlusion of a-slbetic taste.
Now, our own squalid poor are no
ticeable, at a rule, for thou absolute
and repulsive ugliness, oven when com
pared with tboso of other European
countries. Gaunt, haid laced women,
low-browed, dull-dog looking men,
sickly, shapeless children people tho
back slums of our manufacturing
towns. Tboir paintul ugliness cannot
all be duo to physical circumstance
alone; for tbo lazaroni who hang
about the streets of Naples must lead
lives of about equal hardship and dis
oomlort ; yot many of them, both men
and women, uro beautiful enough lo
sit as models lor a Lionardo. On tbo
oilier hand, every traveler speaks in
high admiration of tho beauty and
gracefulness displayed by young and
old among tho nislholio Polynesians;
while in many liko cases I nolo that
Europeans who havo onco boooino ac
customed to tho local type find decid
edly pretty facet extremely common
in several savage races whose primi
tive work of art show tbein in olher
ways to possess considerable lesthetic
taste. In India, whoro artistic tooling
it universal, almost every man or wom
an is handsome. On tho whole, il
scorns fairly proven that the average
porsonal beauty everywhere roughly
corresponds to tbe average general
love for beauty in tho abstract.
COR HUP TO IIS OF BALLO TS.
In Knglund the people havo become
interested indoingaway with the porni
ciotis custom of candidates buying
their election to oflleo, and tho Attor
ney General bat takon steps to put nn
nd tosuob practices, by making severe
laws dusignalod to punish such char
actors. The noble stand of Mr. Coxe,
of Luzorno, bate already accomplished
great good in this Slate in the same di
rection, and wo hope to see a radical
change in the methods adopted to ao
cure positions of honor and profit. A
reasonable effort, within the bounds of
just cxerlions, is oommcndablo. Can
didates should mingle with tno people
and by written words or pttblio utter
ance ifive their view upon questions
of public interest. It is also right and
proper to incur certain expenses, turn
as securing tickets, helping to the polls
the infirm, paying necessary taxes, etc.
Those erlorlt are not corrupting in
thoir tendency. Candidate, however,
wbo use money to purchase voters, to
intimiduto mon by threats and notifica
tion that their labor is not wantod if
they rcltise to vote a on wnnld like,
should fool the force of a violated law.
The ditgraocful acliona of last Full,
when such prominent Kopubhcana as
John Welsh, Jewell, Cessna, morcbanl
princes, bankers and speculator, com
bined together to corrupt rotors by tb
free use of money, will stand among
th most disgraceful acta of th last
year, second only to th great Presi
dential ileal of 187C in all thateorruptt,
debase and ilultlflci the publio conscience).
OX TIEIIA VI0R IX A CROWD.
Thu wholesomo clement, tho safety
vulva of a crowd, says a writer in
London .SVtfy, is tho good example
that may bo tot. Happily, a good ox
ample is us infectious and efficacious aa
a bad ono. As a matter of social olhica
every man ought to have made up hit
mind what will bo bis conduct il he
happens to bo in a crowd. It it Im
possible allogolhor to olitniuato tbe ex
jiloeiveneM of a mob. A crowd very
soon lorms and puts into expression a
popular judgment. If a member of It
shows any shortness of temper of con
duct, he ta speedily hustled and bon
neted, and is lelt lo form his own con
elusions ou tho nature and character
of a democracy.
There are always elements of danger
stored up in a crowd. Not without
reason Socrutos spoko ol tho Antbeuian
crowd at a kind of wild beast that re
quires watching and studying, liken
enough a crowd has proved itself a
kind of wild beast that will tear iu
victim lo pieces. Tho great moralist,
Mr. Pickwick, has given us an impor
tant lesson on behavior in u crowd.
When ho arrived in the borough ol
Ktilanswill and liuind il in n slate of
tiproriotis excitement, his friends asked
1 1 i in what they hud belter do. "Shout
with Iho crowd," was that truly great
man's ready response. 'Hut if there
are two crowds?" thoy inquired.
"Shout with the largest." " Volumoe,"
says Dickens, "could have said no
more;" if, indeed thoy could say at
much. Unfortunately truth is not de
pendent on majorities. It is not to be
ascorluined by any method of tbe mcro
counting of noses.
An historical essay might be written,
which might prova very sad and terri
ble read ing, on tho enormities of crowds.
A crowd is peculiarly liable to he actod
upon disastrously by panics In a
panic more people aro killed by tbo
terror than by tho circumstances Ibat
inspire tho terror. A mob will go ut
terly mad with fright. It will prove
itself utterly deficient in caution, cool
ness and courage Thus on board a
sinking or burning vobsel tome people
will go mad with tronzy aud others
break into tbo spirit room. I
onco heard of tho case of a clergyman
who, just betoro preaching, discovered
that the church was on lire. Ilo. never
theless, ascended the pulpit, gave out a
text, and delivered what was tho short
est sermon in the world. Ho then dis
missed them in a quiet and orderly
fashion. Tho reverend gentleman had
an admirable instinct respcclin,' bo:
havior in a crowd.
II7.4T MR. TlRIilTS SAYS OF
A correspondent of tho Chicago TrA
I une suvs : "Coldwater, Jlicb., possesses
I'"1 a r-emarkablo n'n Ir, the person
lo' the Kev. Allen libbits, who camo
111 Michbrnn in IsV'l nnil tr, i"V,LI u-ntnl-
. . n . . . ' . .
in If .11. In July ot that year ho
preached the first sermon in his owu
house ever preached here. He is in
his seventy-filth year, and narrates the
following record of his lile: '1 never
swore an oath, or took a chew of to
bacco, or smoked a wholo cigar. I
never bought or sold a drink of w hisky
or brandy for mysolf. 1 never owned
or carried a pistol. I never owned a
kite or played a game of marbles, lu
a travel of over lUO.OUO mile by pub
lic conveyances I never met with an
accident, or was a moment loo lulu
when it depended upon my own exer
tion. 1 never sang a song or played a
game of chockors, billiards, or croquet,
or any gamo of cards. I never skated
a rod, or struck a man a blow with
my fist. X can repeat more of the
Bible than any man living of whom 1
havo any knowledge 1 have given
instructions to more than 200,0(10 pu
pils. 1 am the only one alive of tho
persons who composed tho first church
in this city and county. 1 have given
away more real cstato to this city
(Coldwater) than all the other inhabi
tants. 1 preached lor fifteen year,
and traveled more than five hundred
milot attending funcralB, and all the
salary 1 over received was a pound of
tea, worth eevonty-five cents.' Be
sides this record ol his own, he has
spent twonty-ono years in traveling
and lecturing in almost every State of
tbe Union cast ot the Mississippi, and
in Upper and Lower Canada. In all
these years ho has incrcasod in wealth,
and is now surrounded by bis children
and bis children's children, living in
tho enjoyment of a ripo old age."
TORTURE OF HORSES.
Among tho every day tormonts to
which tho hnrso is subjected wo will
onumorute tho following: 1. A bra
ed breast. 2. Inflamed back from
dufeclive saddle or harness pad. 3.
Sore mouth from too tight L gag rein,
Sfevore bit or both. 4. A sore tail
from an ill titling or a too tight crup
per. 5. An abrasion under the body,
caused by a tight or badly fitted belly
band. tl. Irritation ol the eyes from
blinders boing strapped too close to
gether, or, ou the otber hand, are al
lowed to swing around, first linking
on one eye then on tho other. 7.
Kara chaled by the brow band boing
loo high, or by metallic rosettes wilb
a sharp outor rim, the base of tbe our
pressing across this at every motion.
8. Tho excessive fatigue of all the
structure of the neck under tho influ
ence of the bearing rain. Tbo bearing
rein if mado laut and kept so for any
considerable length of time, io a source
of great discomfort to all horse and
an iustitferuble torment to many. A
taut rein cun be used with ontire pro
propriety on borsosof fine easy np car
riage, especially w hile in motion, but
if tho musclee or tho bony ttruotiire of
the neck extend forward horizontally
from an upright shoulder rather than
striking out Irom a slanting shoulder,
then tbo most intense pain will be in
flicted by straining the nock up to an
anglo entirely unnatural lo the animal,
especially if this strain be kept up long.
To bang a culprit tip by tho thumbs i
certainly ouo ol the sovorost admissible
punishments that can be inflicted upon
mortal, and tho check roin is undoubt
ably akin to it In exlrcmo applications.
Yankee Hui.ldoeiiio. A statement
wa mado in Congrcs last woek by
(ienoral Wearer, ot Iowa, that at tho
last election in Boston the Itepublican
ticket was printed on paper tix inches
in length and two in width, striped on
the back similar to the American flag,
minus the field of stars, and that this
tiekot wa copyrightod I If any om
ployce voted another sort of ticket ha
was immediately discharged. A lev
oral of tho Kadical Congressmen from
Massachusetts attempted to justify tbo
act th truth of tho statement can not
be doubted. Such conduct is wort
than absolute disfranchisement.
Sho was a four year-old blonde, gen
erally tractable, but mamma bad pro
voked her. "I don't lovo you any
more, mamma." "Vory well, dear, you
needn't." "Well, 1 don't lov you."
"All right, deario, mamma will try to
get along." "Well 1 do lovo you, but I
don't feel just like it now."
Mamma "And David waa able to
kill that great man Goliah because
(jod helped him." Harry (aged six)
"Well, I don't call that fair, mamma,
that's two on ono."
A burglar sometimes break into a
loan's chost with false keys, but a wo
man attempt! to break into hi heart
by means of fulso locks.
As tho ilctl is bont io ii tho boy in
clined ; a tbe slipper fall ra i bo
made to mind.
Tb tpur of the moment ba no