Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, January 12, 1881, Image 1
t TUB CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN, PUlUfMltf RVRIIT WRDMialUT, AT CLKARFIKLD, PA. HTARLIRHEU IN 191. tiki I ! t C'lrculatluD fanf Newaptp-rr hi North 1'eutral PeunaylvauJeu Terms of Subscription tf paid in adrano, or within I aonthi....t3 04 If j!uJ after S and befor 6 montha 9 AO If id after the eipirotion of montha... 3 (X Rates ol Advertising, Trai'iitnt adrtrtlienianta, pr quart of 10 line! or S timet or leu 6Q V ir twh pubiiequent Inaertion., 60 , t'ulnitrtorf' and Kxewutcri' notlcee J 60 n liton' notice! H 50 C niti..n and Ktrnyi J (0 Du.tolutlon notice! J 00 proOiiinnnl Cardi, 6 Hoes or Iob,1 year.... I 00 ,c.l notice!, per lint JO YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. I ..itiare S 00 I column- 5f- 00 I i.,ur IS 00 I eolama.. 70 00 .! Hu3r. 20 00 1 olamn 110 00 0. D. GOODLANDER Publisher. Xnutirrs' Csrfls. jt w. SMITH, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, ( learflrld, Pa. T J LIXGLE, AITOliSEY-AT - LAW, I:1S rtilllpaburg, C'eutre Co., Pa. y:pd JJOLANl) D. SWOOPR, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Curw.-ostllle, Clearfield county, P.. 0 SCAlt MITCHELL, ATTOHNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. ,:.T-nfflee in tbe Opera House, ootu, '7M-tf. m It. 4 V. UAKUETT, ATTORNEY! AND COUNSELORS AT LAW, CLEAEFIKLD, PA. January 30, 1878. JSRAEL TEST, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Clearfield, Pa. "Oflre one door ( of Bhiw Boa... V Til. M. McCULLOUfill, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. tTi.-r in M.ronie buildinc, Second .trret, op. itp the Court Houe. - jeSArS-tf. C. ARN'OLP, ' A COLLECTION OFFICE, CI'UWENSVILLE, I..WV Clrarflcld CounUT, Penn'a. s. T. IlliOCKBAXK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. otfu-e in Ojirra Ili)U,e. ap 25,T7-lv tMlTU V. WILSON, fforiif y-fi-rw, I.K.UtmU, - PKNN'A. rT Office tn the Mnfnte Building, over the Ci uiity Nalimml flank. uiarHO. !l 1.1 AH 1. WIT. I il l. IHRKT P, WALL ACR. DAVID L- Iltlll, JOHH W. WR1SLRT. llf ALLACE Jk KREBS, T r (riuicesiiir. to Wallace A Pieldinff,) A T T O K N E Y S - A T - L A W ,.iir77 t'lrarlleld, Pa. .f. K. SXVDKIl, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CI.EARP1KLD, i.vc-r lite t.'-tuntr Netionel Unk Jube 20, 1 tf. in. s. n. Ht;anAr. ctrph Oiaroa. yL'RKAY & UOKDOX, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. ;2-umre In Pie', Opera Uoute, aeoond floor. WILLIAM A. UACERTY, til'KICI! over T. A. I'lerk A Co.'a lor, CLEARFIELD, PENN'A ;-T-U'ill attend to all lenl liu.ln... with .ruiuitnr eod fidelity. febll.'mi.tf. IP! I. IKALLT. PAKiaL W. M'CrRDT. iM cKNALLY 4 McCUBDY ATTORN EYS-AT-LAW, i learneid. t". rLeral baiinaai attended to promptly wtthj i lelity. Offlct or Second itreet, above the Pint national Hank. JaniliJi G. KRAMER, AT-LAW, Heat KfUU and Collortloi Agent, CI.BARtKlErn, PA., '111 promptly attend to all legal bunlneai on trurtnl to hit oaro. jfciT-Offlee in Pie'f Optra Hoaxe. Janl'76. J OUX h. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. n.tl He I KiUte Aferit. (learflfld, Pa, "(fine or Third atreet. bet.Uhorry Walnat. CKeipefltfully offen bia Mrvleea in lelllng .it.J buying landi In CUarfiald and adjoining i-juniiM ; iouwiibii eipertaneaor ovortwontT T'ara u a inrvayor, flatter! himielf that he ean tflnaer latliraetton. Feb. lB:f3:tf, yimsltians' Cards. D U E. M. SCUEURER. HOMtEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, Office la relldenc. oa Firet et. April 14, IS71. Cl.arll.ld, Pa. iy(. W. A. MEANS, I'HYSICIAN k SURGEON, DI'BOIS CITY, PA. ill attend profeaaional call, promptly, euglo'70 (jyt. T. J. HOT EH, IMIY8ICIAN AND SURGEON, Offic, on Market Street, Clcarteld, Pa. i4t0(fio. bourn fl to II a. m., and 1 to I p. m. jyi. J. KAY ;yriulky, IIOMiKPATHIC PHYSICIAN, f4rOBn adjolnina th. realdenca ,f Jamef nxl.v, Eai., uej fciertiod 8t., Clearfield, Pa. I J"ljtl,'7 tf. Q C. JENKINS, M. I)., I II Y SI CI A NA N I) S V H(i E ON, I Cl'RW KN.SV1LLB, PA., 'cce at rriideare, ooraer of gtete and Pine J.a. ik, IMI.tf. Jli. n. II. VAN VALZAII, . CI.KAHKIKI.il, PKHH'A, !FHl'E IN ItEtlliK.XvR, CORNKR OF FIRST AND PINK 8TRBKTM, X P OBw honre-From II re I P. M. May II, 111). Wl BUItCH FIELD, f 9or(.oa of Ik. I.ld .lment, Peaa,yltanla feleaum, k.rlnf retaraed from Ike Army, kl. profeaaleaal aerrleee la Ike.ltli.m If I'learfl.ld.oanty. OM'rofeiiteaal eall, promptly atlaadadla, Afl Heeead etr.,1, ferm.rlyaeeaplad by lapra.ee-u R. 1 WINULO' LOW, nvitaKoy, I OlearteM, Pen, a. Dr ka,la( aneatry loealral la Cleartekl. k'aaerrlea.taiba ,rapleof tkUrtotaliy. aa Rara Hnea. ku.i4.aee Uea- JUoaao CLEARFIELD GEO, B. GOODLANDER, Editor VOL 55-WII0LE NO. Carfis. I OH PRINTINli OF EVERY DESCR1P II tins oaetl, eieruted el this office TI'OTICKH' 4, C ONKTAIII.I.H' KEfcS W have printed a large number of the new FEE BILL, and will on Iho receipt of twonty lt eent,, mall a eon? re any address, mess yiLLIAM M. IIENKY, Justice " or Ta i-iAci o Spiitiiii, LUMBER 01TY. Colloetton, mad. and money promptly paid ovar. Artiel. of agreement and dved, ol eonseyaaoa neatly executed and aarranled eor. root or Bo charge Jljy'f1 JOHN D. THOMPSON, J attic of the Peace and Seriventr, CurwensvUle, Pi. Collection! nado and Doner promptly paid otw. ftiSI'71tf HENRY BRKTH. (uiTRiin r. o.) JUSTICE OF THE PEACE ros BKtt Toa-samr. May t, mi-It JAMES MITCHELL, DFALRR 111 Square Timber & Timber LnndH, Jall'M CLEARFIELD, PA. A. v IIOYT, Land Surveyor and Civil Engineer, PHI1.IPSBURO, PA. ,AII buiinc, will be alteade I to promptly. Dee. 15, lSBO-rr. REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, C.iearlield, Penn'a. ?H.WIII eieeote Job, in bia line prolnptlr end In a workmanlike manner. arr4,n7 RAN IC FIELDING X AND WILLIAM I). I11ULER, .1TTOHA K !.. r-n ', Cl.EAHFlEI.il, PA. Nor. I7lh, tf. J F. McKENRICK, DISTRICT ATTORNEY. CLEARFIELD, PA. All legal bualoen entrmtod to hi. oare will r celre prompt attention. J-Om In tl.e Conrt Home. auU,l87s-ly. JOHN A. RTADLER, ft BAKER, Market St., Clcarleld, Pa. Frrab Dread, Ru.k, Roll,, Pie, and C.V., oa hand or made to-order. A aereral aiieortment of ConleetionarieH, Frulte and Not, to atock. li;e tream and Oyster, In season. Heloon nearly iiposlt, the Puslnlfire. Prices moderate. M.rfh 10. T. WEAVER &, BETTS, DRALRHI !! Real Estate, Square Timber. Saw Legs, AND Ll'MBKH OF ALL KI.N'DS. (r-Offica on Hooond aireot, in rear or atore rciu of Ueorge Wearer A Co, janV, '78-tf. RICHARD HUGHES, JI HTICE OF THE PEACE ron Itrtalur Totrnthtp, Oseeola Mill, P. 0. It offirial business animated to him will be promptly attended to. mcliZV, '74. HARRY SNYDER, BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER. Shop on Market St., oppoltt Court Ilouie. A elean towel for every customer. Alto dealer In Hot llranda of Tubtrro and C Iff a in. Uarlitlt. p. inav It, 'Tl JAMES H. TURNER, Jl flTICS OP THB PEACE, W aliaceton. Pa. He baa proparvd hitnielf with all the neoenary blank forma under the Penaioa and Dounty Uwi, aa well aa blank Doetli, eta. All legal matter! entrnvted to hi cars will rrretra prompt attention. May 7th, lSTV-tf. A NDREW HARWICH, i Market Mtreet, CUarlleld, Pa., HARt rACTtTRRR AKD DRALRR IR liar mm, Bridtrt, 8addh$, Collars, and Horse-Furnishing Goods. jMt-AU kindi of repairing promptly attended to. tfaddlera' Hardware, Horat firnehea, Carry Comha, Ae., alwaya on hand and for aalt at the luWMt oarh price. March i'J, lh"l. G. H. HALL, PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER, NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A. t-Pomps alwaya on hand and made to order en abort notiee. Pipes bored on reasonable terms. All work warranted to render satiafaetion, and delivered if desired. myl,:lypd rpi(R arideraigrted begi leave tu in term the pub X Ho that he ia now fully preparW to acoom mo date all ia the way of furntihing IL.aea, Buggiea, tiaddlea and Harnett, oa the ihorteat notioe aod an raaannahle terma. Healdcnoe on Loouit atreeL between Third and Pnnrth. UKO. W. KARHART. Clearfield. Feb. , 1874 THOMAS H. FORCEE, DRALIR IR 1 tKNEKAL mkkchandisk. C.RAIIAMTON, Pa. Alo,eiteniire manufacturer and dealer In Hquar Timber and n'awed Lumber vf all kknda. Order lolielted and til hlltt promptly filled. lJylB'72 S. I. SNYDER, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKKR ARn PIAI.RR IR pVtehB, Clocks and Jewelry, OrmXam't Bnm, Markit Slrttt, ( IKARHI t.I.I), PA. All kindi of rvtialrinff in v line ttrcmHlv at- uu-a W. Jtm lit, IS7W, ilrarfttld Mnanrtmrt afgYHry. JIHKI RRRR. CARROLL L- RH'OI R. HLItil ttIiiLE9 trrr, Rfpreaent the follnving and other flrtt -riant Co'i Corepanie!. A-U Livtfi"Hl London A Olnbt 0. R. Dr..9l.:ifM9 Lyefrwlng on maiual A oaak plana.... a.QOO.enH Phavnii, of Hare ford, Conn i.AJOHJ Iniaraano Co. of North Atnerira d,4.'tS,74 North Brttlnh A Meiranttle II. fl. Br l.T'-l.MS rVotii'h Comnjeroial U. 9. Branch.,., ItTtl.Uft Watertowa TA4.llft Traveler! (Life A Accident).,. 4,&VJ,4M Ofhre oa Market Ht., op. Ctittrt lloaie, '.'lear 1d, Pa. Jane 4, '7t tf. West End Drug Store. RAUAM g ROW, I I (Half way bet tweeo Mortop'e and FUck'l tore, ) CLE4RPIELD, PA. THE andersliraed ha, opeoed ap a Drag Rtar. with a fall eafply of perfectly pare) aod fresh Lrar,, Mrdlriaea, Chetaieal, and Toilet Artlalae. Theea Draffs hava bewa Mlaetad with real eara aad are loaraaraed ea a perftly pare aad reliable. I will ilea , aenoeel atua- Ilea u thia deeartexeit, .a4 will aaeaefallr flea aayeaTKaea.uilarsaaMaa la regard laaiaitieuM free of ebt,(o. DR. I. J. BOYKH. CUarleU, ft, Dea I, H4 If. & Proprietor. 2,704. PAY THE PRINTER. When tha cld Morm hnwli round the d-mr, And jou ly tha light of taper, Sit olowly by (bo evening fire, Enjoying the kit paper, Juit think of him wh.-ie work tLui htlpi To wear away the Winter, And put thia ifuery to your.tlf lUvt I paid tht printer I Ffcm etit and wet, fruu niirth tod aoutb, i'mta laud i beyond ibe water, lie WMkly brlntfi you lot! of newi, From every Buuk and (juirter j No flmrt on firth toil! mure than bo, Through Summer'! heat and Winter j How ean you, fur a uuwftnt, then. Nljlet to pay the printer? Your oilier UIU you promptly par, Wherever you rtu go, lir The butcher for hii inoat la paid. For inndriei ii the grooer j The tailor and the abuetnaker. The baiter and the vinier, All HH their par then why neglect To eettle wUh tba printer t UKOIi'JK ELIOT." THE bTORY OF II KR HOC! A I. RKLATluNd. "AJtuii I?cilo" was in duo time trAns luted into I'lerit li nnd (iurmun, and litis ticcn dnno into .Siunibb, Italian, Dutch, KiiKxiun Bnd oilier modern tot:"UL'i. ll bi'otiL'lit her tlio acnuaint- nin e of a tinmlier ol literary men (she Imd ill wj 8 lietn fliy, and bad rcilu loiirtly avoided Boeiety umong them Ilerbert Ppenocr, lieorgo Henry Low. en, Dirkeim, Adililinti Trollopo.Thack ery, Matthew, Arnold, Wilkio Collins, l.eslio Stephcna and Charles Reado. Spencor and Lowes wero particularly interetittd in her, and a close intellect ual frieiidfthip sprang up between them. Spencer itilorinaliy itMlructed her in his Hrotcnt of philusoplij', and Leweg added largely to her slock of culture hy Lis own divorsihed attainments Spencer, ullieit a philowiphic bachelor, wished to marry her, it is said, but she declined his proposal. Lewes was stroncly drawn to her tlirouuh Intel lectunl sympathy, far moro so than ho ever coultl bo to any human be ing, no saiu mat tney neeiled one nmtl lnr - t hut lit. full Ln i.mil.l Iw.ln t.nn Jas much us she could help him ; that Ihtii minds were co related and mutu ally responsive. Lewes would have been only loo happy to make her his wile Hut there wits an obstuclo in the way of their nuptials then or at any other time. Tbeio was a Mrs. Lowes already, and whnlwas worse, allhoui'l; sho and Lewes did not livo together, she counl nol legally bo set anido. Why? He had married years bel'oro a woman who had very little in com mon with him, and, as he learned too lute, with whom be hud still less. lie, being of stoic mould, boro the misfor tune) uncomplainingly, Irymg to soften the iinavonlutilo disharmony as much us ho could. IIu rebelled violently against her indiscreet acceptance. I' liable to bo fond of him, sho was so much repelled that she drove him, by her expression of reptignanco, well nigh distracted, for he, liko most nion of artistic lemporameiit,was extremely sensilivo, and capablo ol great spiritual suffering. After two or thrco years of uiscoru sno met another man who was very altentivo to her ; sho was then handsome and bod an attractive tiguro, and ulio was so moved by his atten tions that sho run awny with him. Lewes was greatly relieved. II ho had been orthodox ho would have thanked tlio Lord for his deliveiancc. As ho was a ralicnalist, ho regarded bis wife's elopement as a happy coin, cidenee. M rs. Lewcs's lover presently grew tired of her and abandoned her Then sho repented and sought her bus band w.ith pathetic contrition and plen teous tears. Ho was generous, chival rous, tender hearted ; ho bad no lovo for her, but fearing that sho might go to moral perdition, ho nobly, and in the lace of public prejudice, and what ho knew would bo a jeering world, took her back replaced her in bis home, lie believed that ho had done his duty ; ho was truly one man in ten thousand, lit) hud sacrificed himself for what seemed to bo licr good. Deforo the year hud pusscd, Mrs. Lewes, who had reftimcd her old altiludo of opposition and defiance, repeated her olfenso. Sho ran a'way again. Lewoa felt ho had. enough of wedlock, that hence forth celibacy would ho forever allur ing ; and it would have been, doubtless, under ordinary eireiimsluncos. But meeting (ieorgo Eliot was not, to his mind, an ordinary circumstance. Ho bud no passion for her, no romantic attachment, no sentimental prejudice Ho loved her intellect; ho worsbipefl her genius; bo knelt ut her shrine. l!ut ho c ould not many her, and with out marringo society aad custom for bado them to bo eloso companions. Tho English law will not grant a divorce, under any circiimsttinco wboro disloyalty has onto been condoned. He had condoned his wile's elopement ; for her second elopement ho had no legal remedy. What could, what did he do? Ho submitted tho matter, after duo reflection, to their common friends, entirely conscious lhatUeorgo Elicit would, hy living with him, place bersclt under ban; that sho wou d ex poso herself to misunderstanding, to nsrsn comment, to cruel criticism that she could hopo for only tbo roe ognuion and esteem for the few. Their f riends wero among the host and most intellectual persons in tho Uhilcd Kingdom. They discussed tho ques tion in favor of a spiritual union which the law, through a technicality, would not sunction. tteorgo I'.liot and lico, Henry Lewes went to reside under the same roof, and until his death, in 1&78, they wero the best ol Iriends, the most sympathetic of comrai'es, the most harmonious ot literary co-work ers. They lived in a quiet quarter of London, near logout's I'ark, in a modest but romfortabl. nnd elegant bomo, lull ol books, pictures and ob jects of taste and ait 8he never went out socially, but sho received Sunday evenings during the season with htr friends, as lluv who called were almost alwaya pooplu of onto kind of distinction. It was deem ed aprivilego to go, and a number of cuiiuren ana liberal Americans have passed delightful hours there. Lcwes'sdcath wasaterrihle bereave ment to (ieorge Eliot, and ono from which sho never recovered. Mrs.Uoop er wrote concerning the trouhlo of the novelist: "Her agony at tho time of tn death was uncontmllablo and un bounded. Sho broko down as utterly as ever did tho weakest woman of us all, and her shrieks of irrepressible anguish were heartrending to hear." She lived in strict retirement, and ernen me news was published in May last that she had married Mr. Jnhn Walter Cross, of London, the world of readers were taken by a veritable sur prise, iho marriage notico read "Marian C. Evans, spinster." Mr. Cross is an Englishman of a highly respectable family, who resides at Woybridifn. in tbo oountv of Surrnr near London, and is tk senior part ner of the bankinii firm ol Cross. IJen- mn A Co., in that eity. ilia brother, nr. ineoara a. unsas, la a banker or New York. Mr. Croat ii a tall, ath CLEA11FIELD, letic man of about forty fivo years and he was tor soma years a rosidont of Now York, and one of the firm of Dennistown, Wood A Co., bunkors. Ho was never previously married. His tastes aro literary and his infor motion extensive, and, although bo was about fifteon years the junior of his brido, a long acquaintance satisfied him that in noone could be find a more congenial companion. Mr. Cross had been an intimate friend of Lowes, had elyirgo of his money affairs and aftor wards had conducted (ieorgo Eliot's business. He lived closo by tho Low escs' country place, and camo in and out like an ultaehed relation. Ho ad mired Mrs. Lowes profoundly, and al ways said he would do anything in the world for bor. Ho was not an intel lectual companion, like Mr. Lowes, but a strong, solid, reliable num. who gave ut once a aciisV of eotifljcnrc, oughly reliable, kind, upright, stead fust man a thorough support; such a man as any woman would bo thankful to have near her as a constant and de voted friend. Nothing was moro wise und more happy than that such an invaluable friend should bo allowed to supply the duily care and afl'octionato companionship which his admiration and bis aflection both mado him long to give. And Mrs. Lewes was not the woman, with ber tender yielding na ture (so unconsciously sketched in '.Muggio lullivor and. "Dorothea ). to resist the soothing suppor of such a devoted affection. Tho remains of Mrs. Cross ((ieorgo Eliot) wore buriod at Uighgato Come- tery, London, December Ullili, during a pouring ruin. A largo number of tho friends of tho novelist were present. tno mourners included the busnad ol deceased and l'rolessors Tyndall, lies ley, and Calvin. TJIE OSTRICH ASP MinmoyA II Y. THE Exactly what to do with tho ostrich is a problem which bus caused much iineusiness to naturalists, fowl fanciers and political economists. As a barn yard fowl he has proved too clumsy und quarrelsome. Ify reuson of his Iting-leggedness and disposition to tuku exercise on a largo Bculo, it has boon found that a lurge area of land must ho occupied in order to raise him suc cessfully. Among birds his station corresponds in many respects to that which tho giraffe occupies among beasts. Both giraffe and ostrich lovo to hold their heads high among their fel low-creatures and to put on airs. Both ure oinamontul and hitherto neither bus been very useful. Countless plans have beenseton fool torusing ostriches us burden-carriers, but none of these huvo been attended with practical suc cess. 1 be bird is altogether too lofty to work, preferring to loungo bis time away in indolencoand bestow bis chief energy on tho disploy of his fine feath ers. Although diflieult to catch and troublesome to niumigo, tho ostrich tun bo mado to nay a profit to the man who is patient enough to boar with his waywardness and bold enough to risk nis Hi temper. A Missionary in Africa has now put in a cluitn to having solvtd two problems. One of these is in reference to ostriches, ihe olhor bears on the economio features of tho missionary work, in ib Missionary is located at one of those African settlements whose name recklessly defies pronunciation that there is no nse in trying to put it in type, ihe good, man lormorly oc cupied in keeping cows and sheep tho odds and ends ot his timo which wero not spent in trying to convert the bo nigbted Africans. The sinful objects oi ins ovangeiical onucavora habitually showed their hardness of heart by unving oil the cows and carrvmg away tbe sheep. Alter having been robbed ol all lie was worth tho Mission ary resolved to quit keeping these ani mal and turn his attention to ostriches, He found this a greut succoss. Tho ostrich is a diflieult bird to steal. A colored person who has all bis life grown tut on stealing turkovs is aston toned when tor tho first time ho makes a midnight raid on an ostrich roost. A largo ostrich can, with one blow level him to tho earth and causo him to lie there, thinking about his sins. 1 hisfcuturoof ostrich character makes tbe bird a valuable ono where tho neighbors aro of a thievish disposition. Being able to keep his ostriches and truin them Irora infancy to old age, tho Missionary finds each bird worth bout a hundred and fifty dollars a year in leathers, In eggs and in small ostriches, which, if cared for at trilling cost, oy inexpensive natives, become lu turn as vuluuble as tho moro elderly iowis. mis tunny Missionary re ports that ho can, during tho coming year, pay mo whole expense, ol the mission station hy rinsing ostriches. It will thus bo seen that he kills two birds with one stono. He shows that the ostrich is a valuubleaid to missions and that tbo diflieullius which havo so long been in tho way of raising money for missionary work aro now tunned away, as it were, with a sweep of tho ostrich wing. The friends of mission aries may be as poor or as close as they please. Tho Missionary and bis ostriches can luugu them to scorn and pay the bills of tho mission out of the sales of leathers and eggs. Men who havo stayed away from missionary meeting because they wero afraid the collection box would be thrust under their noses can now go in peace and listen with burning enthusiasm to stor ies ol tho conquests achieved hy the Aim an missionaries among tho suilul nutives with tbo diflieult names. They can tuko comfort in knowing that no more collections need be taken up for theso missionaries, for tbe oa Inches have nobly come to tho rescue and aro paying tho way of the missions. The revolution which will soon make its way in missionary work will tako everybody by surprise. By raising onough ostriches it will belound possi ble to procure gartnonts of flannel or other material for half naked natives wboknocksallhe door of tho m issions for aid and respoetability. In climates where ostricboa aro not indigenous the example of tbe African evangelist may be followed in regard to some other profitable animal or vegclablo product. How long will it take to work the complete change which this system will involve is not accurately known, but it is apparent that tbe old methods of evangelizing tbe boathon must in ovitnlily give way to ibe new and in genious plan which comes from the in terior ol Afiica Philadelphia Tuna. "Oh dear I" exclaimed a young lady. entering a public ball tho other even ing, "wuat adroadlulodorof carburet ed hydrogen I" "Mum f" said the jani tor, with a puttied countenance. "Ihe smell of the carbtiretted hydrogen," sha explained. "That no kind o' gin, mum, replied the janitor, "that's garas the pipes ia leaky, mum." "At the twig it bent." tbe bor Is In- clined to shoot out at the door. PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. 1 PA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 12, 1881. syo WDOuyp o. Tjieplals. TRAVELERS CAl'OIIT IN THE FIERCEST OC TORER STORM EVER KNOWN IN NEnHAHKA. We pitched our tenia carelessly, in tending to tako an early start next morning. Hut, alas, lifr our expecta tions! During the niglit a strong wind set in from tho north (Tost, and about 4 A. M. it began to snow. Nono of ua could judge well of th. weather indi cations in Kobinska, and our guide did not suspect anything serious, for the oldest inhabitant could not recollect a blir.ard in Octohor, and it was now only tho 15lh of tho month. The guide thought, nnd the drivers believed, that tho stoma would cease, ut VI M., and we, of course, trusted to their judg ment. Jlut, Instead, the storm grow " M wauidjy. and the northwest gule uieteuncd in lurv Betoro night so much snow had fullon that if it had laid as it fell it would have been at least one toot deep, hut now it had been piled into drifts so that our mules stood with '.heir fect nearly as high as the wagon lops, and the slove and furniture in our cook's tent wero completely hidden from view. Tbo night shut in upon us gloomily and awful. Wo hud two light canvass tents, in each of which slept four men, with just blankets enough to keep them comfortable in ordinary weather. But now wo must provide for the guide, two drivers, and a portor, who bad usually slept in the wagons, as they wero but simply provided with cloth ing, wo must shuro our stock with them. There wus but little sleep in tho tent that night, for tho cold wait intense, and the wind wus to terriblo in its elfcets that wo feared every moment tbo lurger tent would full, though we had strengthened it by polos and cords in every conceivable way. With the morning light it seemed as if tho spirits of the air were let loose, and all the duy long the storm roared with ovur-iiicreasiug fury. The snow had so beaten in that when we avvok i wo found ourselves buried beneath it, and now we aro obliged to gather all our bedding into the middle of tho tent to keep it from being wet through. So man could long endure the storm out side, and we stood huddled together from morning till night, stamping our feel to keep Iroin suffering. I'.vei. then wo could not keep comfortable, l or hours together wo stood with our backs braced against tbo tent to keep it I com giving away under tho great weight of the snow and tho tornfio loree of tho gale. 1 know of nolanguugu which can bo used to convey to any person inexperienced in such a tune any ade quate conception ot the liirvol theslorm During tho second day we succeeded in digging our littlo stove out of the Bnowdritl, and, setting it at the cn trance of our tent, we managed to keep a little tiro through tho reslol tlio duy ayd night. But our store of wood was very small, and there was no more to ho bud within we knew not how many miles. Tbo other tent's company bad no stove and no nro. During tho second night ot tho storm it was impossible that all should sleep at onco, oven if they could despite the cold, for with tbo stovo on ono sido and all our provis ions brought in from tho wagons on tho oilier, there was not room for all to lie down, Besides, it was necessary to keop tho fires going lest wo might all perish together. So we stood bend ing over tho stovo all night, two ut a time, whilo the others tried to sloop. It was an awful night. To add to our anxiety, tho guide and drivurt declared that tbo horses and mules wero likely to perish. They wore a pitiful sight, indeed. Twoof them bad no blankets, and tho others were a little better off. At times it was diflieult to conceive thut tbe creatures beforo us were horses, so literally covored "wero they with a coating of ice. After two days and nights the storm ceased. . It was now Sunday morning. We know not whero we wero, and doubted if tbo guide had moro detimto knowl odgo than wo. Every man was des perato. Somo declared it dangerous to attempt to move through the snow, and that our only sufo ccurso was to remain, und, in case ol necessity, use the wagons for fuel anil the horses lor food. Others declared their purpose to move at all hazards, and without delay. Finally we determined to movo. Wo threw away ull our lug gago that could be dispensed with, and in grim silenco started in tlio direction which wo thought would bring us to tho nearest hut, It was diflieult trav eling through tho drifted snow, and it was bittorly Cold, But all day long we pushed on, never slopping to foed a horeo, breaking through tho drills with our ponies so that the teams could follow, until about 5 P. M., when wo camo in sight of haystacks, in tho vicinity of which wo know there must bo a ranchman's hut. I never saw a happier set of mon than wero theso when it became certain that what wo saw wero haystacks, and not tho ter riblo sand hills which bad so olten de ceived us during tho day. liruvo men, morchunts ol Worcester, swung their hats atoll and shouted for jo)', ll had been a march lor life H'orcrfdr Spy. spout iy lyctnyT eg ypt. Liko their Asiutio neighbors and conqnerers, the Egyptians wero ardent followers of the chaso. Lion hunt ing, we aro told by Mir Gardener Wilk inson, speaking Irom tho representa turns on the tomhs, was a frequent oc cupation of tho kings, who wore proud to have their success on such occasions recordod. Amunoph trie Third boasts of having destroyed no less than 102 head in one buliue. Kthiopia.in which lions abounded, was tho principal scene of this sport; but lions wore also to bo found n tho deserts ol tigypt Atbo iibhis mentions one having been killed by the Emperor Hadrian When hunt ing in tho neighborhood of Alexandria. According to Sir Gardener Wilkinson, the kings sometimos went far to tbo south lu pursuit of elephants. iho animals thoy chiefly hunted wore tho hare, the gntelle, tho stag and other doer, Iho wild goat or ibex, the wild ox, the kebsh or wild shocp and tho porcupine. Tho ostrich, too, was pursued lor the sakeol its plume., which were highly valued by tbe Egyptians. Ono form of sport in winch they in dulged was that ol pursuing the game 1 1 U dogs, which, however, do not ap pear to have been used on such occa sions for the purpose cf finding the game, but wore kept in slips ready to be let go as soon as the game was sjartcd. If tho dogs succeeded in catching the animal, well and good. nut generally theirspeed was not trust ed to alone, though this might somo- limes be done. Usually the sportsman followed in bit chariot, and urging his horses to their utmost speed, endoir- ored to intercept Ihe object ot pursuit or to get sufficiently near to it v be enabled to ate bit bow and with effect. REPUB When the nature of tbo locality pro vented tho use of tho churiol, tbo hunter, tuking advantugo of the sinu osities of tho grou nd, endeavored to got within reach of the game as it doubled and to bring it down with an arrow. Tbo horned animals of the larger kind, such as the ibex, oryx or wild ox, if wounded only, sometimes turned oo the hounds and required the spear of tho hunlcr to dispatch them. Sometimes, especially when they wished to take tbe animals alive for tho purpose ol placing them in the parks, they caught them with tho lasso or noose, in tbo uso of which tho Egyp tiun huntsmen appear to have been ex tremcly skillful, throwing tho nooso round the neck of tho guiollo or deer or over the boms ot the wild ox. hen sport was desiroil on a larger scale than could be had in tho imme diate viemit-of the ink, wbru-4be land was cultivated and thickly poo plod, it was sought in the neighboring deserts. When this was to bo closed by nets, into which tbo animals wero driven by beaters, tho place chosen for fixing the nets being, if possible, across narrow valleys, or torrent beds, lying betwocn rocky bills. In tho Egyptian painting theso long nets are repre sented as surrounding the spaco in which tho hunt is to ho carried on. Tho not used for this purposo is thus described by Sir Gardener Wilkinson, and tho description, corresponding as n aoes wun that givon by Aenopbon, may bo taken us correctly describing tbe nets in universal uso in tho ancient world. "The long net was furnished with several ropes, and was supported on forked poles, varying in length to correspond with the inequalities ot tho ground, and was so contrived as to in close any spaco by crossing hills, val leys or streams and encircling woods, or whatever might present itself. Smallor nots for stopping gaps wero also used, and a circular snare, set round with wooden or metal nails and attached by a rope to a log ol wood and used for catching door, resembled ono still made by the Arabs " Being thus inclosed, tho gamo was started by beaters with dogs, tho sportsmen beinir so placed us to waylay the animals or to get within reach ol them with tho bow. A spirited sketch of a chaso in the desort of Theboid, copiod by Sir Gardener Wilkinson, from a tomb at Thebes, gives a vivid representation of such a hunting scono. Hares, doer gazelles, wild oxon, tbo ibex, tbo oryx and ostriches, together with foxes, hyenas, pursuod by hounds, aro dash iag at full speed across tho plain, while in the midst of theis is a porcupine who is tuking things very coolly, as is conscious thut this rato of speed wus by no meuns equal to that of nimbler associates, and that any attompt to keep with them would bo vain. The slaughter ou such occasions would ap pour to have been vory groat. In one respect tho Egyptians were sportsmon in the sense in which we should use that term. Except in theso battues in tbe desert, tbey appear to have killed and taken tho animals which could he properly called game only to open pursuit. They employed no snares or traps for the purposo. The noxious animals, on tbe otbor bund, such as leopards, hyenas, wolves. jackals, foxes, wero not only hunted for amusement, but might be destroyed by the peasant, to whoso herds or furra yards thoy were standing enemies, in any way by which thoy could be taken. Tho poacher appears to havo been un known. .No less striking than their hunting was tho fowling ol tho Egyptians. The lakes and marshlands of tho Delta und tbo reedy marshes which in many places lino the bunks ol tho Kilo have ever been the resort of innumerable wild fowl. Hence fowling appears to have been a general pursuit, 'i be pro fessional fowler who followed it for his livelihood used nets and trapB ; but the sportsman brought the birds down with tho throw-stick a stick made of heavy wood from a foot and a quarter to two feet in length and about an inch and a half in breadth, slightly curved at the upper ond, and which, being nut, and thus encountering but little resistance from the nir in its flight, could bo thrown to a distance, and. when thrown by a dexterous hand, with considerable accuracy ot aim. Tho method of proceeding appears, to have been to creep in punts mado of tho papyrus as noiselessly ts possihlo into tho rocds, the height of which conceal ed their approach, till, the birds rising, the sportsman was enabled to use tbe throw-stick, an attendant being at hand who as last as one stick was thrown suppliod another. Thrco of tho most spirited sketched in Sir Gardener Wilkinson's collections are representations of such lowling parlies. Strango to say, in two of them tbcro appears a cat, employed to act the part of a retriever in getting the fallen birds out of tho thicket io trace of hawking is lo be found in iho Egyptian paintings The use of tho hawk species for the purposo of Uiwiing appears to have been unknown to tho Egyptians, aa also lo the Asi a tics, VA.VPHE HATS OF HfiAZlL. Probably no part o( Bror.il is more afflicted than a portion of tho province of Bahia Willi Ihoscourgo of vampires Whole herds of cattle are sometimes destroyed by this venomous bat. It was long a matter of conjecture how the animal accomplished Ibis insidious and deadly work ; but scicnlifio men havo now decided that tbe tonguo, which is capable ol considerable ex tension, ia furnished at its extremity with a number ol pipillic, which aro so nrrangod as to form an organ cf suction, mo nps having also tubercles sym metrically arranged. Fastening them selves upon cattle, those dreadful ani mals can draw tho blood from their victims. Tbe wound, mado probably from tho small needlo like teeth, is a fine round bolo, the bleeding from which it is very diflieult tn stop. It it said that the wings of this deadly bat fly around during the operation of wounding and drawing blood, with great velocity, thus funning tbo victim and lulling whilo tbe terriblo work is in progress. Somo of theso creatures measure two leet between the tips of their wings, and they are often loiind n groat nuinhersin deserted dwellings in tlio outskirts of the city. Tho no groet and Indians especially drcd them,and there aro numerous tupersti tiont among the natives in regard to them. Thcre was a fight imminent between two boys on Elm street, Monday even ing. One of them darkly hinted that ho was bigger than tho other. The smaller, who is tbe son of a deacon, defiantly rctortod, "I don't raroaf you're as big as a church debt ; vou can't scare me." Danbury Kewi. A building for 160 more boys it soon to b. .titled to Girard College. NEW A MODEL LETTER. Tbo following letter is published by request : Maple Corners, Dec. 2Stb, 1880. My Dear : Every timo I think ol you, my heart flops up and down like a churn dasher. Sensations of unut terable joy caper over it liko young goats on a stable root, and thrill through it like Spanish nuedles through a pair of tow linen trowscrs. As a goslin Bwimmolh with delight in a mud puddlo, so swimmetu 1 in a sea of glory V'isions ol ecstatic rupture thicker than the bail's on a blacking brush, and brighter than tbe hues of a humming bird's pinions, visit tne in my cham bers ; and borno on their invisible wings, your image stands bofore mo, and I roach out to grasp it 1 I. e a pointer snapping at a blue bniiio My. When I first tcheld 3-011 r angolio perfections, 1 was bewildered and my brain whirled around liko a bumblo bee under a glass nimbler. My eyes stood open liko cellar doors in a country town, and 1 lilted up my cars to cute h the silvery accents ot your voice. My tongue refused to wng, and in silent adoration I drank in the swoot influ ences of lovo'. Since tho Bight of your face fell uponiy life, I sometimes feel as if 1 could lift myself up with my boot-straps to tho lop of tho Presby terian steeple and pull tho bell-rope for singing school. Day and night you are in my thoughts. When Aurora, blushing liko a bride, rises from her tulfron couch ; when the jay bird pipes his tuneful la' in tho apple tree by the spring bouse ; when the chanticleer's shrill clarion bails tho coming morn ; when tbo drowsy beetle wheels his droning flight at sultry noontide, and when tbo lowing cows come homo at milking time, I think ol thee, and, like a pieco of gum-clastic, my heart stretches clear across my bosom. Your forehead is smoother than tho elbow of an old coat ; your eyes aro glorious 'to behold in their liquid depths. I see legions of little cupids buttling like a cohort of anbj In an old army cracker, nnd when their fire bit mo on my manly breast, it penotrated my whole anatomy liko a load ol bird shot would go through a rotlun upplu. Your nono is from a chunk ot Parian marble, and your mouth puckered with sweetness. Nectar lingers on your lips like honey on a boar's pnw, and myriads ot unfledged kisses aro there leady to fly out and light some where like bluebirds out of a parent nest. Your laugh rings in my curs hLll,o in,l.l,a?n.tr.l,..r., Il, l.l..l like tho wind harp strains or the bleat ot a stray lamb on a bleak hillside. Thotiimploin your cheeks are liko bowers in a bod ot roses or hollows in cukes of homomado sugar. I am dying to fly to your presence and pour out the burning eloquence of my love as a thntly bouso-wilo pours 0111 not cotteo. Awny from you I am as melancholy as a sick rat. Some times 1 can hear tho Juno bugs of de spondency bussing in my ears, and feel tho cold lizards of despair crawling down my back. Uncouth tears, liko a thousand minnows, nibble at my spirit, and my soul is pierced through with doubt as an old checso is bored with skippors. My love for you is stronger than the smell ot tolly s patent bolter, or tho kick ol a young cow, and at un dying as a kitten's first catorwaul. Aa a song-bird hankers for tho light of day, the cautious mouse tor the flrst bacon in tbe trap ; as a lean pup hank ers for new milk, so I long lor thoe. You ure fairer than a speckled pullet, sweeter than a Yunkoo doughnut fried in sorghum molasses, and brighter than the topknot plumageon tho head of a Muscovy duck, i ou aro candy kisses, raisins, tvound cuke, and sweetened honey altogether. If these few remarks will cnuble you to see the insido ol my soul, and mo to win your affections, I shall be as happy as a woodpecker on a cherry tret-, or a Bingo iiorso in a green pasture. If you cannot reciprocals my thrilling passion, 1 will pino awuy liko a poisoned hod bug and fall from tho flourishing vine of life and untimely branch, and in the coming years when the shadows grow from tho hills and tbo philosophic frog tings his cheerful evening hymns. you, happy in another's lovo, can como and drop a tear and catch a cold on tho lust resting place of Winlerburn, Clearfield Co., Po. 'yE Alt Ell, MY GOD, TO THEE." lFro Ihe 1)0.100 Musical Herald This languago was the heart-utterance of Mrs. Surah Flower Adams, who was born in Cambridge, England, in February, 180"), and whoso history has been but very slightly known to mo great public, wbo havo cborished her hymn as ono ot thoir most aacrod treasures lor nearly bull' a century. Her father was tbo editor of a woekly Cambridgo paper. Her mother was a woman of tino gifts and culture, and sho herself wus the youngest child. Sho was noted .in early life for the taste she manifested In literature, and in maluror years for great teal and earnestness in her religious lite. She contributed proso and verse to tbe periodicals of the day, and ber art criticisms were valued. Married atan curly ago, and ol trail constitution, sho still, amid many bodily sufferings, kept bor pen busy, hor thoughts and writings always tending upwards. At what timo and amid what circum stances shecaughtlbo inspiration from which was evolved that wonderful hymn which has ever since ecbood round and round tho globe is not yet known ; but it was probably during somo period ol peculiar trial, when her spirit was uplifted through sorrow al most above its earthly body. She lit tle dreamed that ber hymn, like those of Toplady, Charlotte Klliott anil Jluy Palmer, would be beard through the ages. It was first published in 1841, in a volume of sacred lyrics issued by a Mr. Fox, of England, just eight years bo foro the death of tho gifted authoress, who tsnly lived to the age of 44, and thus never knew the fanio which was to attach lo her hymn and her namo. Tbe hymn soon began to appear in various collections, and was every where received with delight. It was given the tune "Bethany." which became very popular in this country. Everybody who has grown up In a Christian land knows it by heart, and in many countries which do nol float the banner of Christ it is almost equally familiar, "Last year," says Dr. Cuylor, in his "Heart Life," "Profs. Smith, Hitchcock and Park, as they wound their way down the fool hills of Mount Lebanon, cane In sight of a group of fifty-Syrian students, standing in line, tinging in chorus. They wore tho students of the new 'Collego ol Beirut' at Abieb, and they were singing in Arabio to tho tune of Bethany.' At the proresiioo LICAN. TEEMS $2 per annum -in Advance. SERIES-VOL. 22, NO. 2. a issaeaBaana ., 1. .1 . tr near they caught the sublime drow words : " 'Nearer, my tlod, to Tbee Noam to Thee : K'rn though II be a eruss That raiselb one, SHU all mr song shall he. Nearer, Buy clod, to The,, Nearer, tuji Uod, to Tbea, .Nearer lo Thee.' " 'I am not so much given to the weoping mood,' said Prof. Hitchcock, when describing the thrilling scene; "hut, when wo rode through ttie ranks of those Syrian youths, 1 confess thut my eyes wero a littlo damp. " 'If it bo pormitted to Ihe dopartod people of God," continues Dr. Cuylor, "to witness tho transactions ol earth, wo may imagine with whatrapturo the glorified spirit of Sarah Flower AdaniB heard her heart -son thnschantod in the land ot sacred story." - PUycXUALlTY. ; ll is astonishing how inuiiy people there aro who neglect punctuality, and thousands have tailed in life from this cause alone ; it is not only a serious vico in itself, but it is tbo fruitful pur out of many other vices, so thai bo who becomes tho victim of it gets in volved in toils from which it is imposs ible to cscapo. It makes the merchant wasteful of time ; it sups tho business reputation of lawyers, and injures tho prospects ol tho mechanic, who might otherwise riso to fortuno; in a word thoro is not a profession, not a station in life, which is not liable to tho can ker of the destructive habit. It ia a fact not always remembered, that Na poleon's great victories were won by infusing into his subordinates tho ne cessity of punctuality to the tninulo. It was his plan to maneuver over lurgo spaces of country, so as to render the . k"Th , concentrate bis forces and full with irresistible power on somo weak point of the extended lines of tho foe. The execution of this system demanded that eaeh division of tho army should urrivo at the specified lime punctually ; for, if any purt fuiled to como up the battle win lost. It was hy imitating this plan that the allies finuily succeded in overthrowing tho emperor. The whole Waterloo campaign turned in thoso tactics. At Mt. St. Jean, Blucher was punctual, while Grouchy was not ; ond the result was that Nupoloon fell and Wellington triumphed. In mcrcautilo affairs punctuality is as important as in military. Many ure tho instances in which the neglect to rone.T an iiiitNiunoe ttuticltiiit v tins li-d j to serious loss. With sound policy do I : ... J ' ., ' , iuv uuusn uioint, unuer uio penuuy oi a protest, on tho punctuul payment of notes, for wero they to do otherwise, commercial transactions would fall into inextricable confusion. Many and many a time has tho failure ol one man to meet his obligations brought on the ruin of a score of otbors. iusius the toppling down in a lino of bricks of tbo master brick, causes the fall ot the rest. Thousands romain poor all their lives, wbo, if they wero more faithful in tbeir word, would secure a large run of custom, and so mako their fortunes. Be punctual if you would succeed. II ELIC OF A GREAT XAME. John C. Calhoun, a grandson ol the great South Carolina Senator and an uinialo ol the Insane Asylum at Stock ton, California, was drowned on tho 1st inst.in the vicinity ot San Francisco. His history is chiefly remarkable as showing bow a man bearing an illus trious name and closely related to ono who Ill's t inudo it so may lead a v til gar and obscuro lilo, foreign to any as pirations which would at ail bespeak a superior strain ot blood, lnj ebruury liist Calhoun was discovered by a Western reporter in a liquor saloon in nt. i.ouis, wnero ho wot serving as a bar-kocper. Ua was a young man, ul' lublo in manners and an easy conver sationalist. He said that ho disliked bis occupation and was a civil engi nocr by profession. "I was born on my grandfather's pluntution in 1 853. 1 left homo alter tho war and drifted away Irom my relatives and friends to mako my bread among strangers. My grand uncle, James Kdivard Calhoun, and my brothors, Benjamin Alexander 1 utnuin Calhoun, and in. l.uwtides Calhoun, are still in tbo South ; und they aro tho only relatives 1 have with whom 1 keep up a correspondence. The old gentleman lives at Millwood. his plantation, twenty ono miles from Abbeville, is on tho Savannah river. My brother Benjamin is a lawyer in Jacksonville, Florida, and my brother n Ulium, also a lawyer, rusidcs in At. lunta, Georgia. His oflico is directly opposito Bon Hill's. My fathor and step father aro buried m'tlio Episcopal Ccmetory in Pendleton; my mother is buried in i'alalku, Honda. Sho was tho daughter of the well-known Judge Pulnnni, of that Slate." Mr. Calhoun at this lime wore the watch thai bo longed to his grandfather. It was tn oldfusbioncd open laedd watch. On the outside of tho caso was an en graving ol a hunting sec no, with a dog and a rabbit in the lorcground. On tho inside caso were engraven theso words : "John C. Calhoun, born in 8. C. M'ch 111, 1782. Died, in Washing ton City, D. C, M'ch 31, 18.KI." Mr. Calhoun bocaiao insane in Nevada, and wus sent to Stockton from Es meralda county of that Statu. Hy the report on the adulteration of food just issued by the Commission of I Inland Jtevenue in lliu Dominion ot Canada it appears that of l-'G samples of food analyzed at St. John, New Brunswick, uoarly 60 per oont. wero adulterated, while throughout the country at large the proportion is about 30 per cent. Tuking the Do minion as a whole, the articles in which adulteration ischiefly practiced : Cinnamon, 10 samples adulterated out of 22 examined ; cofleo, 35 out of Gl ; ginger, 8 in 17 ; cloves, 10 in 22 ; pep- Jicr, 18 in 42; allspice, C in 21 ; butter, 10 in 251 ; milk, 72 in 251 ; cocoa, 11 in 40 ; chocolate, 8 in 41 ; tea, Ii in 03 ; sweets, 4 in 52, etc. Of tho 10 samples ol mustard analysed not one was gen uine; while, on the other band, tbo Da samples ot sugar were nil free from adulteration. Startinci tot Texas. Nearly one million ol dollars nave bocn raised in St. Louis lo aid in the construction ol the St. Louis and Texas Narrow Guage Kailroad. Tbe road it being construct ed from Texarkana to Waco, Texas, and it is intondod to extend it thence lo Caro, Illinois, whero it will connect with tbe narrow gauge road lo St Louis. It is further contemplated to build the road Irom Waco to the Rio Grando to connect with the Palmer Sullivan system lo the City ol Mexico ; and, ultimately, to build a narrow gauge road from St. Lou it or Cairo lo New York. It takei an old woman well versed in herbs to give sage advice. EDUCATIONAL. DY M. L. UcQVOWN. viiiECTQHS' coy VEynoy l'ursuant to a call of tbo County Su perintendent, a Convention of School Diroetora convened in the Grand Jury room in tho Court llotiso, in Clcarlield, on Thursday of Institute week, being tbo 2dd day ol Doccmbor, at 1 o'clock I'. M. On motion of James Clark, ol l'onn township, 1. S. Wobor, Secretary of Sandy township School Jtourd, wus olectod President, and 0. L. lieod, of Cloarficld borough School Boaid, was chosen Secretary. Forty somo Dirce. tors were present, it-presenting nearly overy School Dislriel in the county. the programme, wincu had been pre- vioiisly prepared, wus taken up und tbe subjects assigned wero discussed 111 1 .. . ... p. ..,...., ; signed M r. M cCroery,ol Ferguson town, ship, ' Should tbo lligher Brunches bo taught ill District Schools whero hut 1 few are prepared to study them," elic I iled considerable discussion, and a Irco 1 exchange ol opinion was givon, which j terminated in the following resolution : I ff'i'.Vr'f, That we Jerm it liieitH-dlrnt tolo Iroilue Ibe bixher sltirlir, Into Ciutono Srho.il I all. re l.ut few pupils are preparrd lo study tt.eru, 1 aod t'tii.te that ahete thr couin'n brenche bare ticru ei.tnpleti.f, bonk -kfeplng should be latro duoi'd In prolrrvni-o to higher nikthometioi. "Tho proper mode of electing teach ers" wus tbo next subject, and was opened by Mr. II. M. Johnson, of Jordan township School Board, who advanced the idea of appointing no teacher who did not have at tho time a valid certificate : ulso that Directors, at tho timo of tbo appointment of teachers, hould hold secret sessions, Vuite a number of tho Directors pres ent spoke upon the subject. Mr. Weber then offered the following resolution, which was adopted : lirtiUrti. Thst in the eleetlog ot leaohers treat eare should be oxereiMd eo tlist the law he m.l fiolateil, and that Hchool Boards should bold private se.siiinf at the time llier make their eti- polntnaLdta ; also thut we reenmtnend tbat tbe Uouotj Superinlrndont plare upon tbe eertiAoale some erlilence of tbe teacher's abilit to corern a sohool as a guide for bohool Hoards in nuking. tbrlr eboiee. Mr. Win. B. Whitesides, of Gulich township, opened tbo question, (which hud been assigned to 31 r. Hughes, ot Decatur, and who was absent on ac count of illness), "Visitations lo Schools by School OIliccrB." Nearly all tho Directors present conceded the impor tance of their visiting tho schools un der their charge more frequently. Mr. Bowles, of Penn township, gave some results of his observation, und thought no Diicctor could ufloid to neglect ibis important duty. A resolution was of- Biiggesting that School Directors visit their schools at least once during tho school term. "Tho Minimum Tux Law" was dis cussed by Mr. Lewis Irvin, of Goshen township, and others, ufter which Mr. J. L. l'ciirco, of Bradford township, spoke on the "Protection and Orna mentation of School Property." In his address he argued thai the public Bcbool property should he made as at tractive us tho private properly sur rounding it; that ho thought tho cleu.'iug and fencing of scbsol grounds to be a necessity, and the planting of shade trees a feature that should com. mend itself to ull who appreciate im- I .,..,.., j Tl lime ul wlicll Cu. ,sunfr,, l0 ecll,.0 jn ,,, 0 mivj . 1 . . , ' .""n,,icr 01 '"I? "J Km' dlSCUSSlOll WCfO Olllltted. Belllfe adjourning, however, Iho utility of holding such Conventions wus discuss ed, and all seemed to favor tbe idea ot meeting logothcr mora frequently for exchango of opinions on subjects per taining to Directors' work, where upon Mr. Weber offered Iho following resolution, which was unanimously adopted : Warsraa, Ibe Bohool Direeturs of Cleaitiel.l oouotr will, aooording to law, be required totoeet in eeorention ua the Xd da of Maj next to elect a ConntJ Sue.rtNta4.nt, thae.f.r Jtnolrtd, ihat County Superintendent Mc Quown be instructed to prepare a programme of exercisca for the forenoon of that day, and that we urge all Director, to coin, early and perticl patt in the discussion of the sul.jscU saomitled hy our County Superintendent. Superintendent McQuown thanked tho Directors lor their attendance and suid thut tho meeting was ono of the most pleasant features of the Institute, and hoped it was only the forerunner of others of the same kind. Tho Con vention then adjourned. G. L. Beed, Secretary. LIST OF DIRECTORS PRESENT. . Appended is a partial Ijst of tho Di octors in attendance at (ho Institute: Clearfield borough James T. Leonard, A. 11. Shaw, Jane, L. Leery, U. L. Reed. Carwenlrlll, borough II on. duo. I'alUn, Seat, ael Arnold, Paniel Fault. llDotadale borough W. A. Chese. Lumber City borough John S. MrQuoan. New Washington boron, b John Camming, Henry Keif, la. W. Harolay. Osceola borough Or. F. II. Reed . lleeearla township John II. Weld. Bell lowoshlp Christ. Estrirker. llloom town.hip Jeeob Zilliol, tleorge Korb. . Hogg township tleorge Hess, Knooh McLor ' ran, iturtno MerrilL Dredrord township David Ultchioga, Itaiab II. Rarger, John L. Fearoe, I,aae liargor. Ilrady township -Juaeph Heyler, Jr., Jonathan Shelter, Frei, Kohler. Decatur townebtp 0. P. Matleru, Richard Hugbee, Wm. A. Reams, John S. Runk. Ferguson township Thumsa Morrie, Ilrowi Uarr.lt, L. B. Illle. tlirard township Andrew Shope. Iloshett township-John Fulton, Lewis Irwin. Ilrsham townibip D. IJ. b'chouaurrr, 1'bilip Sbiintnel. tlreenwood township Frsmptou Bell, Jaaie, Sietotison, it. W. Johnson. tlulu-h town.hip Wm. R. Whitrailes. Huston township Jam, Callahan, Dr. J. II. Kline. Kartbaus township Andrew Raukin, T. L. llrrtlein. aKnox towi.bip Rculon Cahlwcll, Lcai, Kr bard. Lowrenreloanship Win. Orebeio, l.ti Cuak lin, James Heed. Olirtr t'onklio. Lewieneo Independent Ssmnel Pnenk, A. M. Doom, balnos! bell, J oseph H Showers. Morris township J. M. Ileal, Wm. Hotbrock. 1'eun township Jamra H. Clark, Trrrcni-o Esenan, Edward Farrel. Fike township Win. A. lllsota, James Norrlr, Joseph Dele, Jamra Chambers, Johnson Hoiden, Jetse Way. randy township P. S. Weber. I : n iun - Y ran k II arley, 8. M . Hal ley. If the people in general more thor oughly understood tbo teacher's work and tho diflh'itlties under which ho la bors, there would bo moro mutual in terest between partnts and instructors, and lest carping about tho laziness ol teachers and tlio leisure they enjoy. Give undivided attention to Iho class, and insist upon tf j undivided attention. Do not allow any interruption. Do nol leave a pupil reuiling and go off lo another part of the room to attend to somo other pupil, Your business is the cli'ts. Bs honest in all things; keep all promises; bo habitually correct; be neat in personal appearance; be en thusiastic and energetic; lut your ex ample bo contagious and absolutely sale 10 ioiiow. Tbe teacher should cieuto an inter est in study, incite curiosity, promote inquiry, prompt investigation, Inspire sell-confidciico, givo hints, make sug gestions, and tempt pupils to try their strength and test their skill. Study the lesson in advance. Never bo confined to your book. Never be caught in an error. It it tbe teach or's business to A now hi u right. Know in advance just how yon are to teach tho lesson. Avoid, as lar as possible, antagonism with both pupils and parents. Jt takes littlo moro limo to do it, but when it is done, and triction is avoided, the Eupil, and the school, Is wonderfully el pi u I. j . Head and study methods. It is not enough that yon have mastered tbt several studios. Too should know- how to present thara to tbat others shall be able to comprehend them." , Teachers, be polite to yonr pupils.