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cm, timei or less $1 60
Kr seh i tihi.e'pient insertion 5f
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Auditors' untie 8 60
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O. B. UOODLANPER,
QIO. B. Q00DLANDEB, Editor & Proprietor;
VOL. 51-WIIOLE NO. 2,699.
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
TERMS-$2 per annum in Advance.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 11880.
NEW SERIES-V0L. 21, NO. 47.
BY 11. L MeQUOWN.
RifOLvsn, That w eontider It tht duty of tha
parents to tha eblldrua to v hit tbt pablio sehoole,
and (but tBeoBrajie teaeber and pupils ! their
arduous duties; an I that wa shall ooBitder it
gross neglcet of duty od the part of tbo parent
bo fail to riiit their school at Wast one during
tbo aofaoul term
Tba ft'ioT ruotatioa wai adoptai at nsarlt
Tory Educational nesting bold ! th count
during tbo tour of public oxtmlDttloDi,
Wm the school toachor remembered
on Thanksgiving day 7
Tbo teuchom in .Sarulv townfthin nro
lioMlin' siu'I-lWiiI DiNtrici (nHtitulf.H.
TiwTicrM con.taiii.i:k M:n
W have prirttod a large number of tho now
FEE RILL, and will on tbo receipt of twenty
8vr eettt.. mull fopT tn ny address, nrl'
tj w. SMITH,
A T TOI1SBY -AT - LAII,
l:l ' Plllllp.burg, Centre Co., Pa. y:pd
JJOLAND D. swooeK,
ATTOKNKY AT LAW,
Curwrmtrilla, Clearaold county, Pa.
out. 9, '7-lf.
ATT0HNEY AT LAW,
trHKrice in tb Opera IIoum. ootv, '78 tt'.
"I I!. Si W. BARRETT,
Attoknkyi and Counrfxors at Law,
January SO, 1878. 1
TSRAEIj T K.ST,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
pG-ftttlrt ona d'tor cait of Shaw Houaa.
Til. M. McCUM-OUGir,
ATTOIi.NEY AT LAW,
l lfi.i in Ma.onia tiuildiog, 8:oni .trpft, op.
lit1 the Court Houa.
T C. AUNOI.n.
CirarlleH Couot.y, Pvnn'a. 7iy
ATIOKNKY AT LAWT,
ILL! AM M. IIENKY, JuHTiPK
or thr Pbao akp Hcuitekkii, Ll'MUKH
CITY. Collection! tnndo nd money promptly
paid over. Article! of green, out and dtvU oi
ooDTeyiknro noktly ovoiutd ind wrri.ttl nor
rot or no churRo. H)y'71
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Juftico ; tbo Pwuo iind Srr.Tener,
HSt-CftllMiioni wmlt and idiip promptly
Vald vr. lot.'7IM
(I'-imn r a.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
run arLL townmiiip.
Ma 8. Ih7 lj
JAM KS MITCHELL,
Sijuiir'.' TiinbiT & TimluT LiiikIh,
jall'71 tl.KAHFH:l.D. PA.
House and Sign Painter and Paper
.Will exaouta Joba In hit tina prwrflpilT and
U a workoianlika manner. arrM7
JOHN A. fSTAOLEIt,
P.AKKK, Msraal w.. ClrarOdd, Pa.
Frf.h Br.ad, l!uk, It .III, Pin and Cnka
no uand or mada tn order. A Kneral ariortrnfnt
of ruriiaetlonaria. Fruil and Nuta in Block.
too Cream and Oy.lori in action, riitloun orally
ii poiila ihe I'o.tt.Ctre. I'rici'. niodarat.
in Oprn llnure.
.'M1TII V. WILSON,
Cl.KAH FIELD, - - 1'F.NN'A
iOffira iti tha Maai.Dio Buildinff. nrar Ihe
County National Hank. ImurJa-fli,
WEAVER &, BETTS,
Real Estale, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AXP Ll'MHKHOF ALL KINDS.
re-l'Hka od Saj. nd ilrwat, is roar of Itoro
n-'jiii of Ueorje Weaver A Co. janU, '78-K.
JI STICE OF TUB PEACE
Oaceola Mill. P. O.
all nfflelal hu.lne.i anlraitrd lo him will be
1 promptly alteodcd to. mch2u, 7.
UAHIIEH AND HAIHDHESSKM.
Shop on Market ft., oppoilte Court nou.a.
a He.n towel for avcry curtomor.
Alio dealer in
lle.'l lllau.la if Tobai co and Cl(;ara.
r"-.riM P. mar 19.
PATID l. aaaaa.
johh w. wHiaLar.
H Il.t.lAU A. WAI.I ACI.
ii a hut r. wAi.i.oa.
lfALLACK Ji KliFUS,
V (Suiceiiora to Wallace A Fieljina,)
A T T O 11 N E Y S - A T - L A V ,
i.r.1'77 Clcarlteid, Pa.
A I'T'JHNKY AT LAW,
L'LKA P.F1KLD, I'A.
itLlice or.r tua iu.)ty NatioaAl Bin1.
.loi.a 2fl, '7atr.
DuBuis, Clearfield County, Penn'a.
ar Will attend promptly to all legal buolnefi
intruded to hia oaia. ijamSi, 'eHI.
Tflol. H. uraaAT.
U11RAY Si CORDON,
X A T T ORNEi'S AT LA W,
0Office 1b Pia'a Opera Hou.a, leoond floor.
II. I, I AM A. UAOERTY,
OI'I K i; ofer T. A. I'lirk A to.'a toro,
. CI.EARFILLD, PKNN'A
-Will attead to all legil bu.lne.i wilb
prumi.llieaa and Ddallly. febi 1,'all.tf.
oi.arM a. ii'aMAi.Lr. baaiat. w. a'citanr.
pENALLY i JIcCURDY
.IMT Legal baaineaa atleniled to promptly wlthj
nielity. lttnra oa Heeood atreot, aboae tba Flral
National Bank. J. 0:1:7"
4 (i. KHAMER,
Real Kiitata and Collection Agent,
( I i:ahkii:m, pa.,
IVill protoplly attend to all legal bminesi ea
truited to hi. eare.
.irerdOi.ie is Pie'i Opera IIoum. jaBl'7t.
JAMES H. TURNER,
JI STICE OF THE PEACE,
rlle In prepared binmelf with all the
necexaiy blank fnuR iimlcr (lie I'rnaion and
Uoonty lawi, aa well m blank Uordi, tu. All
r 11 matter! eittrunti-d lo Lit owre will rtceire
prompt attention. Way 7th, lbT.'-tf.
Muiket Htreet, I It-artleM, I'a.,
HANI fALTURK AfD lll.Al.KR 111
tlarnr. iiridltt, Saddles, Collars, and
jMrAH kindt of irpatrin,: promptlj aitcndcd
tn. nm.lAltr' HrfrdiTiire. Ilorie llmibt'a. Carry
Com (if. Ao., alwav! on Land ati-l for idle at the
lowest oah price. I M rch IV. 1 7
G . H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELU, PENN'A.
iPumpi always on band and made to order
n inori nouco. ripe avwnv vu itWUnui.
AH work warranted to render latlBfaetion, and
delivered if desired. myJOilypd
THE LUCKY HORSESHOE.
A farmer t rate line; with bii load
Picked up a bnneihe in the road,
And nailed it lot ta bit barn door,
That Link iniifbt down npua him pour,
That evcrjr tileiiing known tn life
Mi jf la rrown hi. bomeitead and hie wlfr,
And never any kind of harm
Deter od upon bii growing farm.
But dire ill fnrtuGe loon began
To vinit thr nntoundod man.
lit! hem declined to lav tbeir gri ;
111 bron tumbieil frvta the pogn, '
And rati devoured tbn Ullsn Itti;
III. cum, that never failed before,
M title wet and rotted on the floor j
Hie grai refute J to end in hey j
llle enttle died, or went a trey j
In ihort, all moved the crooked way,
Next Spring a ureal drnii((ht baked the lod,
'vi.ijii e.erj pea in pofl ;
Ihe l ane dicUrpd they could
u lofi hi Nuture acted m;
KcduiniHiit iutpcii reared their brood
To .larve for lack f juioy lood j "
'f Be Kat e from barrel lirfrs Want off
A il tti.y bd the boo.iti eough,
And nolbing of the uielul kind
'Jo hold ti(.-tiier It-It toohuei. j
In ihxrt, ii wm m. uoe to try
V 6 ile all tba laod wai in afry.
One morn, dnuoraliied with grief,
'I he limner elauored fur relief;
And prityed right l4rt iu undentand
W rut aiiehcuf' now poineied bii Ittnd
Why bouau and lerin tn mixery grow
Mnue bo nailed up ibat "lucky" eboo.
Whila (bui diimayed o'er mitten wrong
An ild u.aa cbNuccd to trudge aloog,
To b')lD be tuid, with wormwood toari,
How bii atUirt wore in arreari,
And wbiit a dt-nperaie Hate of thingi
A pickvi-up bir.eihoe lometiuiM bring.
The itrtnger ailed to.ee the ihoe,
The faruitr brotight it into view:
Hut when the old man relied hia head,
He lo u lied outrigbl, Bud quiakly laid,
"No wonder ikus upon you frown
You're nailed the borteilioa upiide down !
Jut turn it round, and in n you'll lee
Uuwyuu and Fortune will agree."
The fern) or turned the horteihoe roua l,
And .bower. be:in to iwell the ground ;
Tim lun.bioo laughed among hi grain,
And heap, on hciipi piled up the wain ;
Tho lolt hie bay could barely hold,
Hu on I tic did ai thry were told ;
lit! Iruit treva nerdi-tl iturd piopa
To hold the gntbermg apple oropa ;
U turnip and potato field)
Artoniihcd all men by their vie) Il ;
l-'oiki nuvur aw nucb uan ol ourti
At in bii imilmg bill, were bum ;
Hi. barn wai lull ot hunting bin. ;
11 ij wile p rent1 n led him with twina;
liu niuliOor. mirvt'llt-d more and mora
To n u ue increaio in bii itoro.
And now tho tutriy farmer llngi '
"Ihcre are two wejiot dcing thing.
And when lor gotd luck you would pray,
ail up the boraeitioe tbe rtfAi way,"
-Jnm T. FUId, in Harpv't Jlogntim fur
WILD MUSTS AUK
ca van t.
VY.K YoltKS DEALtK IN MEN AUF.IlltH
A FuKTUNIb IN CANAItlKS Till UAN
WHO CONTHOLS Till TRADE IN
Tlllklt, l.hlNa AND OTIIIU
J P. MttKHN RICH,
All legal biitlnea. entruil.d to hia oara will re
relre prompt attention.
Jaft-Olllee In tba Court Home.
JOHN h. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Vnd Heal relate Agent, Oferflrld, Pa.
Offlea oo Third .treat, bet. Cherry A Walnnt.
fSaVReipeotfolly otfert hia aervleaain telling
and buying land, In Clearfield and attyoinlng
eountlea Bad with an eapertenoeot over twenty
yean aa a aorrayor, fiattara btmielf thai ha can
render lallefeelUn. Feb. l8:S:tf,
rllE underaigned beg. leaea to Iniortn the pub
lie that be ia now fully prepare to aoeommo-
date all la the wayofrurni.hing IK. lea, llugglea,
Saddle, and llarneli, on the eborteit notice and
u reaaonabla tarme. heildenoe on Loeuil itreet,
between Third and Fourth.
IIP.O. W. OfcAHHART.
Ilearfleld, Feb. 4, 1874.
GLEN HOPE, PENN'A.
THE undTiigned, having leased thii eom-'
mudioua Hotel, la the villge of (lien Hope,
ii uow prepared to aecommodiitB all who inny
call. My tel le end bar rball be mppliid with
tbe best the market nffordi.
tlKoitOB w. IIOTTS, Jr.
Olcn Hope, Pa , March 20, IRTV tf.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
UENKKAL MKKCH AN'l'IHK,
fin All AMTON, Pa.
Alio, extensive manufacturer and dealtr in Square ,
limber and ciawed Lumi-eroi an ainm.
Orders aolicited and all bills promptly
nurd. L J'' '
jyt E. M. SCIIEURER,
Offiaa In raildence on Flrit at.
April 4, 1871. Clearfold, Pa.
jyt. Y. A. MEANS,
I'll Y8ICIAN & SURGEON,
DtlnoIH CITY, PA.
Will attend profe.alonal oalla pramplly. ang10'70
)-.T- J- BOYER,
k'UYSICIAJJ AND SUROEON,
OSoa OB Market Street, Claarteld, Pa.
40Ac boarat to IS B. ra., and 1 to t p. n.
R. J. KAY WRIOLEY,
raMimr, adjoining tba residence af Jaiaaa
'"). h.., oa Smi. lit., Clearuold, Pa.
Julj.ll," tf. ,
U. B. VAN YALZAI1,
CI LAIlKl.l. PlilMN'A.
"'PICK IN URalllUNOH, CORNER Of riltST
AND PIN H BTRKKTrl.
- OBoa boata-rroal II U I P. M.
. . Hay II, 1871.
J)U. 3. V. llURCIl FIELD,
Hnrrea of tbo 811 ftegtaiefit, Paaaeyl.aola
V alaateara, hawlag rataraed fraaa lha Army,
I en hi. pnf.aM.wal aaraiaaf ta IboaltlaaBa
"f riearOald eowaty.
1 -ProfeeelowBl aalll framptly attandad to.
W-e o rlam. itraet, foraaarlyoaooplad by
r.WHl,. ... 7 faaraMU
1 1 PRlNTTNO Of SVDf H8C.IP
j" Una .nuy aiaeitad at tbla a.aa. .
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
and manufacturer! of
ALL KINDHOKHAM 1 I MIII K,
8 TJ CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
S. I. SNYDER,
inn BfliLBB la
Watches, Clocks and Jowolry,
Oraioei't flow, Jfml.l .?tr,.l,
MCAHFiri D, PA.
All kindl of repairing la ray line promptly at.
enuen in. Jan. lit, m'f
ENCOURAGK HUM E IN DUSTRY.
ffHR untjer.lgned, having a.taVlihed a Nur-
J. iery on the 'Pike, about half way bet w era
tlearBeld and CnrwemviMe, f. prepared to far
niik all kinda of HIT IT TREES, (Mandard aad
dwarf,) Kvrrgreena, tthruohery, t.rane Inei,
Uoo.eherry, Lew loo Blarhherry, Strawberry,
and Ri.pberry Vines, A'ao, HlberhiB Crab Tree,
Wuince, and early e:arlt Hhaharh, tie. Orders
promi'tly atte&dtd te. Address,
J. V. WHIUilT,
ej'SO H-y CurwanMvklla, Pa.
F. M. CARDON & BEO.,
On Market PL, efle door wnat of M anlon Hoeia,
Our arrangement, ara rf tba moat eotnnleir
charaelar lor fumiihing the publie with Freak
Meata af all kind, and of tba eery bert quality.
We alio deal ia all ktnda of Agrieultutal Imple
ment, which wo keep on oibOiitioa for tha bna.
ebt of the aublia. Call around when la towa,
aad lake a look at thing!, or addreu ui
F. Id. I'A H DON A UR0.
Clearfield, Pa., Jaly It, 1874-lf.
t Irnrflfld luturantt ,1gtnry.
JAMEa Bank. CABBOIt, b. BlltDLB.
fiCKK M BIIHtLK, Jgrnll,
Repreeant the folluwlag aal athar tnt-etaaa Co'a
Llr.rpool London A Olobe U. .. Dr.. II. '"!.
LrcDiing oa mataalAaaab plaaa.... A.aaa.toa
I'bwnia. af llanford, Cone.- J 4JI.0AI
laearanoa Co. af Norlb America 1,4.18,874
North Hrlli.b A Mereaaltle U... Br.. 1,71.888
HeoUeak Ootaaiarel.l II. .. Ilranoh.... 87,I4
Traaalan (Life A AeeldaBl) 4,t,4M
Oaiaa a Market it., op a. 04 art llaaaa, OUar
14, Pa. Juae4,'78 lf.
Ono diiy I wu8 walking down Cbat
bum street, Nuw York, when my bIi'ih
wii'o arribted by a queer sound uru-
eeiding tumult, us il till tho birds in
the world had met in u debuting society.
1 had little dilHculiy in titiilniL' tho
door from whence tho chopped volume
of inusie issued. It was, 1 beliero, No.
55, a hnndsomo front and a largo store.
1 suuntered to tho door and looked in,
und saw a sight that 1 do not think
tun bo duplicated in America. On each
i(l nf iho store tho wulls wero lined
with bird eni from top to bottom.
Tho groundwork was of canaries, and
there muot huvo been thousands of
tluso yellow lulls ol luss and fcuthcrs.
Uitderueath this swarming tier of ca
naries wore largo compurtments, in
which pheasants, cranes and every
rare bird, sacred or profane, that I ever
heard ol. On tho higher shelvos were
smaller song birds and show birds,
from inane lovo birds or whistling
finches, tip to the hoariest and boarBcsl
of parrots. In this wilderness ol cages
a siiottisi) man, evidently ol Teutonic
build, was walking leisurely. As ho
saw mo bo turned and came forward
with that eusy, pleasant grace common
lo well ured city men. 1 suw at a
glace that he was of the best typo ol
liermuns ht'Urty, sell poised, intelli
gent and cordial. His litco was clear,
thoughtful and strong the faco of a
man who has Been tho world, has
(ought il and whipped it. 1 am thus
special in describing him because I
lound him one ol the most agrceablo
and entertaining men 1 ever met, en
gaged in the most utiiquo business, and
the Napoleon of bis profession. 1 don't
know how 1 camo to know so much "f
him so soon, except that bo displayed
tnut engaging irankncss that the trav
eled mun shows to the inquisitive pro
vincial. At any rato, 1 discovered after
an hour schat that 1 was talking to
lienry Koicno, oi the lirm ol Jieiche &
liro., dealers in birds and wild animuls.
This lirm is famous the world ovor.
and stunds without competitors. In
tbe numo of this firm there are organ-
izca bands ot hunters in all parts of
Asia and Airica engaged in capturing
elephants, lions, tigers, Ac., lor ship
ment to tho brunch bousoin llamhurg.
From this point tho animals aro sup
plied to England and tho continent and
shipped to America. All tbe wild ani
mals that All the menageries and parks
nf this continent came through the
bright eyed German with whom I spool
thul delightful day. Ilis history is full
Ill 1811 or '45 Charles and Henry
Reicho, two young (icrmuns, having
little less than tho practical education
thut teemi to bo natural, to young
(icrmans, wero bird peddlers In New
York. They went uliout from street
to street telling birds from stands.
Their trade was principally in cana
ries, which they had sent ovor from
Germany, wht ro they only cost ton or
twelve cents each. 1 hey did a protty
iuir uuainosB up to intii, when tney
made a daring stroke that made them
a (iirtu no and established the enormous
business they now control. At that
time California was id tho flush ol
gold. finding, liold wasplcntilul there,
nut luxuries tew. Ihero was no trans-
continental road and the isthmus route
was tedious and cosily. Young Reiche,
knowing that canaries wore unknown
there, and behoving tbey would be
come the rage when onco Been, do-
tcrmined lo carry over a cargo. Ho,
tlicreloro, got 3,U)U or tho yellow lul
lows together, and, packing litem in
little cages, started lor the isthmus.
Arriving at Carthagona, bo had hi
birds carried across to I'anamabay by
natives anil caught a ship there, and
soon reached ISuu b rancisco. llo was
lute in reaching tho ship, and tha cap
tain was about to sail without him, but,
seeing his Coals tilled with covorod
boxes, thought it was belated mail
matter. When lien-he drew near the
captain hailed htm and asked him what
"Canary birds," replied Reicho.
"Canary birds be d d." shouted
the captain. "If I'd known it was
birds, I'd ha' left you lung ago."
Retche'a first idea of the flush lido
ho was to ride waa caught from a
homesick Englishman, who, hearing
tho whistle ol a bullfinch that had been
aocidently put in with the canariew, of
fered to pay Ilia expenses of the satire
cariro lor that (Inch. Aslhia amounted
to li!83 ReichB saw that ba had atruak
a rich lead, and bo put tha prico of
cunuries at earh. 1 hoy did he-
come tho rage. Hotels, saloons, pri
vate residence, all must have a canary.
The hltlo yellow birds made a craze
like the tulip mania. The price soon
went up to 850 and tho cargo was soon
sold. Reicho returned te .Now York
a rich man. About this time tbe
menagorio becamo an American insli
tation. Tho "moral" show went abroad
through tho land and there was a do
mund for Asialic African unimttls. For
years Hamburg, in Germany, had been
a sort ot depot at which such animals
wero gathered by incoming ships from
tho tropics. Reicho conceived tho idea
ol establishing a house there, and sup
plying it steadily with all sorts ol
beasts, to bo captured by bands ol
hunters, working under bis direction
in the deserts and jungles. Up to that
time mo supply at ilauihurg bad been
casual, depending on what Bailors or
ship captains might bring over Mr.
Keieho wont into Africa and Asia and
found that bis best method was to de
pend upon native hunters, acting under
orours oi their rsheikh and directed by
a low wniio men ol courage and ad
dress His system was soon so organ
ized that bis houst depot at Hamburg
became the largest in tbo world. It
was supplied constantly with .11 sorts
of captures, from liny antelopes up to
cicpnanis, running through all the
gamut from leopard to rhinocoros.
rrotn Hamburg he now supplies tho
most of parks and gardenB of Europe
aim suipa neavny to America. lie im
ports evory wild animal sold in tho
country, and keeps a "largo and assort
ed Block on band." Nino-tenlhs of tho
animals in Central Park, New York
and a largo proportion of those in other
purKs are his property. When he re
ceives a consignment ol lions or hippo
putami, or a tew rbinoceri and giraffes
are billed to him-, he places them in
ocnirai raric, whore they await
purchaser, lie keeps in his store only
a lew of tbe smullor animals and even
the aviary in Central l'ark is stocked
with bis birds. Ho considers twenty
itons a good avoraifo stock, wilh nrob-
ubly as many tigers, a dozen elephants,
lour rbinoceri, or rhinocerosses, und
other beasts in proportion.
Tho most oxpensive animal ho deals
n is the hippopotamus. A good hip
popotamus is worlh (to a man who
wants him) from J10.000 to 812.000.
They must be captured when they are
young and raised on gout's milk. A
A caravan ot hunters returning across
the desert with captured animals is a
Btrango sight. About ono thousand
goats aro brought wilh tho caravan to
furnish the milk fur the antelopes, hip
popotami and other milk drinkers. As
the goals cease giving milk they aro
killed and fed to tho flesh caters. The
animals are carriod in bamboo cages,
rigged wilh ropes and slung across tho
hacks of the camels. From the coast
they are shipped to Hamburg, whero
Mr. Charles Reicho receives them and
ing in. Frequently ho receives a spo
etui order from some circus or park for
a certain animal. This order is at once
dispatched through various agunts un
til It reaches tho buntors, who organize
a spocial expedition, and capture it. A
pair of hippopotami are now being
brought ovor lor a circus at a cost of
about f 0,000. Atlanta Constitution.
ESCOURAQEMEXT loR BOYS.
WHAT ARE THE ROYS GOOD
tticni-e inoy are distributed according
to demand. Elephants aro conturod
when young and usually by driving
them into immense traps tbatcohvergo
rupidly until tho beasts are cribbed
into reach of ropes. A fine elephant
will bring Irnrn aififin to 15.000. Of
course, tho price of animals varies with
tho demand. You must get a man
who wains a beast before you cun get
any price for him then tho price de
pends upon how much ho wants him
"You see," said Mr. Reicho, smiling,
"you wouldn't give $10 for that lion
thoro (for we bad now drifted into
Central Pmk) lor your own use and
yet he is worlh 12,500."
A good companionablo tiger can bo
bought for Sl,2(0, and a nice leopard
is worth about 1400. Monkeys Bell in
tho bunch by tho dozen at about (30
each, and a rhinoceros brings about
S.i.uuv. a gtrallo is very expensive
ana very aeiicato, and a zebra, striped
up to the regulation t f ninoty-nino and
one, is worth about .1,000. Giraffes
dio of indigestion ; tbe rhinoceros, do-
spilo his heavy overcoat, is a frequent
victim to consumption, and tho monkey
dies of emotional languor. The depot
lor sea lions is stin P rancisco, where a
man named JIu licit superintends.
They are taken on the South California
coast and bring about f 100 each. Polar
hears come from tho Arties, and aro
worth about $2,000. They are kept in
deep caves that aro damp and sunloss,
or in dens set in ico and with huge
blocks of ice dripping from -tho top.
Tho point at which Mr. Reicho buys
them is Hamburg, very few being
taken in our Arties. Tho snake trade
is one of tho important departments.
The headquarters lor snakes is Para,
in South America, though, of course.
the boa comos from tho Kilo and tho
anaconda from Africa. Thero are vari
ous depots for rare fish, and Mr. Reicho
is an enthusiast on this subject, being
ownor ol tho Now York Aquarium.
Tbo bright-colorod fishes como from
tbe tropical waters and tho dull-colored
from Arctic stations. The ostrich has
less senso than any land animal and
yet is worth .1,000. 'Uboy arocaught
wuun young, turds oomo Irom all
quarters. The most expensivo is tho
oiro ol paruiliso, which sells from -OU
to IjUU, according lo plumage. Par
rots, paroquets and monkeys are
brought in great numbers by Bailors
who come in on toreign t hips.
Iho principal shipping points aro
Alexandria, in Egypt, and Ceylon, oft
southern India. At tho nrst point the
animals from the Nile reign and tbo
neart oi Africa aro collected : at the
latter tbe tigers and lions from the
jungloa ol India. Tbe bed of the Nilo
ia tho best hunting ground, as It has
been lor years. Almost evory wild
boAst ol tho tropicB may be found thero,
and In Dne sample. Iho African elo
phanls are the smallest and most stu
pid, but otherwise the beasts Irom
Africa aro largor and vigorous Tho
amount of business done by Mr. Roicho
is wonderful. His standing order fur
canaries is 10,000 birds a week. These
are imported from Germany and sent
all over the continent, lie bas an
agont in Havanab, and bas sent ship,
monla tn Atlanta. Frequently bo re
ccives 150,000 worth ot animals in one
manliest. There is a growing demand
from circusscs and menageries and
zoological gardens all over the country.
No ciicub now travels without its men
agerio, and no park is completed with
out lis zoological department. 1 hero
is a large sale lor rare birds and ante
lopes lor private parks and grounds.
Mr. Vanderbilt once gave 1500 for a
bird ol paradise. A large number ol
parrots are sold and trained to talk
and sing, good talker being worth
1100 to 1200. Tbo supply of all birds
ana animals must be kept op by im
portation, as tew oi mem Dreed in car
livity. Lions and tigers are about the
only animals that breed In captivity,
and lliey brine only such ragged and
puny cubs that thoy are not salable
The growing demand, therefore, and
the losses by dealb must be supplied
by fresh captures and importations.
Consequently Mr. Roicho's hunters are
kept busy, and bis ships always corn-
Boys who aro apprenticed at tbe
torgo in a macbino short, or at uny
other trade, frequently icsl thut tboy
bnvo vory little chance iri tho world.
and ollen wish for the tnno when thoy
shall bavo reached manhood's estato,
and thereby become theirown masters.
They long lor the timo thoy shull bo
in a pmnoii to do somei.ing which is
really worth while.- Yd Mould not
discourage any boy in his ambition to
become a man. It Is a worthy aspi.
ration, and every hoy should bo eager
for tho lime to como when he will be
able to do lor himself, but in his oa
gorncss bo should not forget tho pres
ent. Hoys do not always notico their
opportunities as they puss. Thoy aro
often waiting for tho good timo coming,
und looking ahead so eagerly as to full
to seo whul is passing at tho present
moment, me oest rule which can be
laid down is to improve tho present
What boys wilh vory little cbancos
can do, may bo illustrated in a familiar
manner by recounting tho history of
one or two ol the most important In
ventions which huvo ever boon made.
A good many years ago, a farmer's
boy whittled out with his juck knile a
model oi a loom, which was to bo on-
cruicd oy power, llo had nover seen
a loom, and, therefore, was untram
melcd in bia invention by any procon
ccived notions. Perhaps that was ono
of tho reasons of his success. Alter ho
bad completed the model to his satis
faction, ho brought it to his fathor for
exuminution. Contrary to his expec
tations hiB futher was displeased, and
at onco kicked the loom to pieces, in
stead of praising tho boy lor his inge
nuity, lie declurod ho would huvo no
boy about him who would spend his
time in such a foolish monitor. The
boy sadly gathered up Iho pieces ol his
loom, and laid them away, resolving
lo abide this timo. Alter a while his
uther concluded to put him out as an
apprentice to a blacksmith. With
this the boy was well pleased, for, hav
ing developed a mechanical tasto, ho
was glud of tho opportunity of work
ing in any direction that would im
prove the talent of which ho seemed
pos'BM!d. In his new position, bo
again tried tbo loom idea ami again
presented a model for inspection. Tho
blacksmith, anliko the father, at onoo
suw the value ol the invention, aud
mmodiately bad a working model . of
the loom constructed under Ihe super-
utondence of tho boy. It worked to
tbo satisfaction of all concerned. Af
ter a while the blacksmith wrote to the
boy'a father, saying, that at a certain
time he would bo at his' house and
would bring with him a wealthy gon-
tleman, the inventor of tho celebrated
power loom. Imugino the father's
surprise at boing introduced to bis son
iuuio ui a Ibooon is be lcarnfd hv
every boy from this story. Il the boy.
invoiilor bad given up to discourage
ment, even alter his lather had broken
up the model oi his loom, it would havo
been left for some one elso to perfect
tho power loom which brought him so
much wealth and fume. Uoys, there
fore, do well to make the best of thoir
chances, and in spite of reverses and
discouragement to work steadily for
ward, ever believing that thoir Just
merits will bo appreciated in tune.
Nor should they wait for some gnjdun
opportunity ol success to occur, but
rather should always luke nolo ot the
liltlo things that pass, and do thoir
best in whatever capacity thoy may
Boys frequently do great things
without being conscious ol them They
sometimes siumhlo upon inventions
over which their masters havo worked
for a long time in vain. The invention
of tho valve-motion ol'tho steam ongine,
according lo popular history, ia an in
stance in point.
Walts left the engine in . very in
complete condition, Irom tho fact that
he had no way to open or close tho
valves, except by means ot lovers op
erated by hand. He Bet up a large
ongine at one of tho mines, and a boy
was hired to work those valve lovers.
Although this was not hard work, it
required his constant attention, As
he was working thoso levors, ho saw
that parts of the engine moved in the
right direction, and at tho exact timo
thut be bad to open or elnso tho valves.
Ho procured a strong cord and mado
ono end last to the proper part of the
engine, and tbo other end to the valve
lever; he then had tho satisfaction of
seeing Iho ongine move off wilh
tho perfect regularity of motion.
A short time alter tho foreman camo
around and found tho boy playing
marbles at the door. Looking at the
ongine, ho Boon appreciated tiie boy's
ingenuity, and also the advantages of
so great an invention. Mr. Watts
thon carried out the boy's idea in
practical form, and mado tho steam
engine a ported automatio working
Let no boy or young man whose
eyes chanco to full upon this account
tool disheartened, whalevor may be bis
position in life, but rather let him be
stimulated to watchfulness, to observa
tion ol tho common things around him,
and to a diligent inquiry, in order to
determine the bent ol his gonius, and
lot him improve ovcry opportunity,
witn me iuii assurance thut time will
right all things, and that he will ulti
mutely achieve tho position lor which
by naluro ho is best fitted. H Ire
qttontly bappona that the most impor
tant inventions ana uisoovencs are
mado by those whose surroundings
would seem to indicate the loast nrob
ability of such things occurring in thoir
livos.- J A HUickimUh find II ncclwngM.
Tho urchin who answered : "They
uro good to muko men of," made an
admirable reply. But tho tort of
men wo aro to havo in a fuw years,
deponda upon the sort ol boys wo have
now. A man is but a grown up boy.
The picsont crop of boys contain somo
hopeful specimens, who give promise
of noblo and useful manhood. Hut il
also bIiowb a largo porcontogo of boys
who must bo reconstructed, before thoy
can possibly dovolop into manhood that
can mi any honorable or uselul post
Hon in Bocicty. Ilovs who shun or
shirk useful work or improving study,
aim spenu tneir linio in Idle dissipa
tions or vicious activities, can nover
become useltil moil. Ilovs who. beiiiir
obliged to do something tor their sup.
port, assiuuou.iiy sock easy work, are
not nopenu prophesies ol manhood.
They wili never amount to much.
H hen wo boo tho tendency ol cilv
boys, to bo industrious only in playing
billiards or baseball, or in somo oilier
useless and demoralizing pursuit ; and
the disposition of country boys, to
seek in tho city for cosier or more ro
spoctuhlo (?) employment than the
country offers, wofcol unhopeful of the
future. It is from these two classes
that the constantly increasing armies
of shyster lawyers, quack doctors, poor
proaehors, bummer politicians, drunk
er, loafors. petty thoives, tt amps, dead
beats, ct id omni ycnitu aro chiefly re
cruited." Hoys, if you want to bo men ol
worth, don't bo nfruid of hard work or
"Llrei of great men all remind yoa
Yon eao mako your lirea lubliine."
Read tho lives of groat men of tho
pant and present, and emulate tho vir
tues and imitate tho example of their
uoynooa. ur. uonjamm f ranklin
went from a soap. boiler's shop, through
a printing-ollico, to fame world-wide
and immortal, by dint of industry
ana study, tv hat boys have dono, you
Having disposed of tho boy question.
another of equal, not to say superior
importance, confronts us. "What are
girls good for " They uro good to
mako sweethearts and wives of. Girls
wero invented expressly for thoso pur
poses. They havo no other mission or
uso in thiaww-orld but to amuse the
young men and comlort tbo old. Beg
pardon ; they have a minor, yet indis
pensiblo duty in connection with tho
production of tho futttro crop of boys.
We camo near forgetting this. Lot us
soo, have wo lorgotten anything else
which might be profitably said on this
subject? Ah! Now wo are reminded
that girls aro good to make women of;
and, although sweethearts and wives
should bo women yet women nood not
necosBiirily bo limited in their functions
or ambitions to so narrow a circle of
duties. Women somo women muko
excellent school teachers, preachers,
lawyers, physicians, etc. Some write
books that are worth reading, some
edit newspapers, somo a good many
fill clerkships in Government oflices.
Why, como to think, thoro aro almost
(wo aro not Btiro, but quito) as many
uses lor women as men. This being
'! the rirl are at important as the
boys. Finally, what the women are
to be, depends on what tho girls are,
vyo coniess, with soraow, that tho out
look for a largo crop of nohlo women,
is not a whit bettor than itis fora crop
oi men worthy to bo the companions
of noblo women. It would bo well for
mothers to give this subject their
prayerlul consideration und raise their
DJSAPPOIXTMEXT I'A VOItA
This world is full ol disappointments,
and it is overflowing with stern reuli
tios. Muny a tear wet pillow at night
has boon lbs resting-place nf joy in tho
morning. Muny a cavern of Badness
has been tho unto chamber of buppi-
noss licherthan dreams over brought
us. -Many a hi ol sickness has heeu u
ronowing of life's great policy, and
from many a grave bus thero gone into
tho world again, a freed and loving
heart, tremiiling within its own silence
with tho sight of somo distant dove
bringing a now lenso of life o chapter
ol joys, with sorrows und repinings
omitted. Many a cold wind has blown
away tho heart miasma, though its
blust piped right merrily for u lime,
und wo trembled at tha storm which
brought us the Bun. Wo aro all born
to trouble. In every heart is a safe
(iod knows where tho key is. Jnovcry
heart is some secret of life or death.
In tho life of every man, morn, noon
und night aro marked with disappoint
ment. It is tho grave of events from
which vpring and grow vigorous deeds.
Peuco follows war, a shadows follow
tho sun. Tho thicker tho ice. tho
lecpor must have been the water. 'Uie
longer lasts iho winter, tho more rap
tuiy comes ihe sun which stuns anew
the frozen current. Disappointment
oro tho lessons ol life. Thoy aro its
durk backgrountls which set loiih tho
most lusting and beautiful pictures.
Life is a forest. In it are dead trees
and living ones. The one gives shade
let us rest under their protecting
branches. Sorrow makes the heurl
better. Disappointments rcnow our
lovo. Tho impeded river stops not
forever, but finds a new current, and
like tho fi.hing of his anger, rushes on
with now force What if you havo
been disappointed. Others huvo boon.
All may look cold to-duy it will
not so look to-morrow. The deep
est sorrows huvo brought tho choicest
blessings tho sickness ol Hope proved
tho convalescence of Jo. Never givo
up. Never say fail I Never bo dis
couraged. Failure is the sorvaitt and
success the child of effort. Look up.
Look to the future of this life; of the
coming one. Your heart may bo tho
cemotery of a thousand disappoint
ments thoro is room yet for Italy
houghed success to spring from and
around evory gruvo ; making iho bless
ed luturo a labyrinth of bowers a
wilderness of joy an ocean of pros
perity heaven of heartfelt bliss.
1XTELL1QEXCE IX BIRDS.
Iho Central prison at Agra is tho
roosting pluco of great numbers of the
common blue pigeon; they fly out to
tho neighboring country for (bod every
morning, and return in the evening.
when they drink at a tank just ousidc
tne prison wans, in this tank are a
lui'ge number ol fresh-wnter turtles.
which lie in wail lor the pigeons, jnsi
under thu Mirliue of the wuler und tit
tho edge of il. Any bird ulighling lo
drink near ono ot these turtles has a
good chunce of having its head bitten
oil and eaten ; and tho headless bodies
of pigions have been picked up near
tho wutcr, showing tho Cute which has
sometimes befallen tho birds. Tho
pigeons, however, are awaro of the
danger, and huvo hit on tho following
plan lo escape it. A pigeon comes In
from Us long Right and as it neurs tho
lunk, instead ol flying down at once
to tho wuter's edge, will cross the (link
at uhout twenty loot above Its surface,
und then fly back to tho side from
which it cumo, uppurenlly selecting
for ulighling a sulo spot which il hud
rcmui ked as it flew over tho tank ; but
oven w bun such a spot has been selected
tho bird will not alight at tho edge ol
the wuter, but on tho bank about a
yard from tho wuter, and will then run
down quickly to tho wuler, lake two
or three hurried gulps of it, and then
fly off to repeut tho same process at
another part of tho tank till its thirst
is satisfied, I bad ollen watched tho
birds doing this, and could not account
lor their strange mudu ol drinking, till
told by my friend, tho Superintendent
of tho prison, of tho turtles which lay
iu uiiibusb for tho pigeons. Xnture.
Jennie R. liteth has tnken elinr.rn of
the New Millport school in Knox town.
Li tier w t iling is made one of the
regular exercises in the l'eitnville pub
A good male teacher is wanted for
tho Lower Woodland school, in lit mi
Jim. S. Mi Qtniwn has been appointed
to fill tho vn. ant v on the Lumber City
School llumd, ru'ised by the resigtia
tion of Mr. John McDiviu.
Mr. E A. Ilorton succeeds Miss
Mary Long us teucher of Fuirview
school, in Beccuria township. Illness
compelled Miss Long to resign.
Tbo Bigler school, in Bradford town
ship, reports fifty pupils who attended
tbo first month without missing a day.
und seventy without turdy murks.
Tho Institute, it is -.aid, will bo
largely attended thisyoar. J.ct every
body who can go and help this praise
worthy institution." Osceola Riveille.
An eJiicutionul meeting was held in
Osceola borough on Tuesday evening,
Nov. 30th. Addresses were dehveied
hy Rev. N. 11. Miller, W. A. Ambrose,
THE XEBRASKA AXTS.
A backwoods proacheronco elucida
ted as follows iu connection wilh the
parahle ot the virgins: "In ancient
limes, my beloved hearers, it was tho
custom, alter a couple had been mar
ried, lor ton virgins lo go out wilb
lighted lamps and meet 'em on tbo
way homo, tivo ol tueso virgins being
males and fivo females."
There are some vory largo animals
in the now aquarium at Mancbcslor,
linglatid. They comprise sturgeon
six feel long, three munk. fish, each
ovor five leot in length, and numerous
congor eels longer still than these.
A woman in Vermont having board
a grrad deal about "presorving autumn
Iravos," nut on some, but afterward
told a neighbor that thoy were not (It
Insects havo Bo lungs, but breathe
through spirsoular tubes in their sides.
ROBIXSOX CRUS0E S ISLAND
Robinson Crusoo's Island ia to day a
little paradise. Lord plumed there on
ono ol his voyages, apples, pnachen.
grapes, plums, strawberries, and sev
eral kindsol vegetubles. Tho number
ol tho hitter was increased by a Scotch
man, David Douglas, who landed on
the Island in 1825. Ho was not a lit
tlo astonished to find a hermit there
who had boon on the Island fivo years.
On tho seoond day bo was nut a little
surprised to seo a man suddenly omurgo
from a clump of bushes and approach
him. He looked upon bim at Crusoe's
successor, although ho did not occupy
tho historical cava, having built him
self a hut of stones and sods, roofing it
with straw ot wild outs. As cook frig
utensils, ho possesion only a single iron
pot, tho bottom ol which, ono unlor-
tunutoday,had fallen on I. Thodumago'
bowover, ho had tho Ingenuity to
repair with a wooden bottom ; but now
he was compelled to place his pot in
the ground and build a fire around it.
1 Ins man name was William Clark
and bo camo from London, llo had a
fuw hooks, and among them was copy
of Robinson Crusoe's adventures and
of Cowpor's poems, llo colled Douglas'
attention especially lo a well known
'! aal oannarok of all I aar.ay,
My rlglite Iberele nooe to dlipulo," eta.
Nevertheless, ho did not seem to bo
happy. Thero was ono wish, his great-
est, he could got no roast beef. At
present Ibis island it in tho possession
of a colony of Germans. Sixty or sov
ohty of Ihoso countrymen, under tho
leadership of an engineer named Hob-
ort tvohrbahn, set led there in 1803
They describe tho Island as being in
highest degree salubrious and fruitful.
On their arrival they found largo
flocks ol goals, about thirty half-wild
horses and somo sixty asses. Thoy
orougnt witn tnem cows, hogs lurm
ing utensils, tmull boats and fishing
KRioiiTrtiL Balloon Accident. A
frightf ul balloon accident occurred one
evening recently at Courbovoio, near
Paris. A large crowd bad assembled
to witness tho novel and perilous ns
cent of gymnast called A u gusto Na
varro, who bad vuliintoerod to perform
a number ot alhlelin feats on a trapeze
suspended from a Monlgolfiero named
the Vidouvillaiso. Kejucting the ad
vice of bystanders, Navarro refused lo
allow hiinscll to be tied to tho trapeze.
There was no car attached to tho bal
loon. At about 6 o'clock the Vidou
villai8e was let loose from its moorings
and roso majestically in the air. N
vatro hanging on the trapeze, appear
ed quite confident and repeatedly ta
luted tin spectators. When, however,
the balloon had reached s height ol
nosrly a 1,000 yards, the crowd was
horrified to see him suddenly let go
tho bar and tail. Tbe deseont was
watched in breathless excitement. At
last tbo body reached tho ground.
striking with such lores tit at it made
hole in theoarlh two feet deep, and
reoonnaed lour yards. It was crushed
and mangled almost beyond rccogni
tion. Meanwhile the balloon, freed
from its human ballast, shot up with
lightning spued, nd toon diaannoared
from eight. Late in the evening it
burst and fell at Monilinootant, much
to the consternation of the inhabitants
of that busy Parisian quarter.
The ant family in Nebraska, is an
iutcresling species. They ore all sizes,
both black and red. Tbo most num
erous is what we coll army ants. They
scatter over these prairies by the
qiiintiiliuns. They aro black, ubout
tho eiglilh of an inch long, aud are
floras, stern and sullen, with tho right
characteristics for soldiers.. Sometimes
they march incolumnsol great length,
and pay no attention loyou whatever.
II you lay on obstruction in their way.
they do just as a railroad company
would do under similar circumstances
they remove it if they can ; if not,
they bridge it over. If this is not
pioi.tuSc iiicy lay i!!'.'!rt',s''K around.
Onco 1 put a layer of powdered alum
across their way. Alum they shun
like poison. A number carried earth
and quickly bridged it ovor. I then
put a layer of alum on their bridgo.
Thul sent them around it. They are
a bunting in be, and will kill and eat
whatever comes in their way. 1 have
frequently watched tho conflict be
tween a number of llte-w and a lurgo
red ant nearly an inch long. Tho
little fellows seize tbe giant by tha
legs, and despite his struggles, bold on.
Tbe giant picks up all the assailants
ho cun reach and clips them in two, but
it avails him little, lor there are always
others to take hold, and though thu
struggle may lust for hours, ha is turo
to be worried to death, as escape is i in
possible. A small number tuko their
victim in hund at a timo, jusl enough
tn easily handle, him, und the others
go about their business as unconcerned
as though they had boenme accustomed
lo such bullies from infancy. When
tho victory is won they all join in and
have a least. In this way they kill
worms, flies, grasshoppers and dragon
flies. I heir victims aro sometimes
larger than a hundred ants. Woo to
any of these when once tho littlo bull
dog ant has fastened his fangs on their
legs. It is something palholio to wit
ness the fearful Btrugglo lor life and
the terrible death throe of even a little
insect in tho wilderness.
A ModxAn Dun van. Tho ennlin
tied imprisonment of tho Rev. I'elhutn
Dalo, in London, Is creating great cx
cileinent among the members of the
High Church party, some of whom
talk wildly of going to tho jail and
liberating him by Iwrco, while others
wish to muke an urgent appeal to tho
(Jitccn. At prcBont, however, thero is
no chunco ot the contumacious clergy
man's obtaining his release unless he
makes a lull submission. Mr. Dalo is
a comparatively obscuro man, and it
is, tlicreloro, not unnatural thut people
should indignantly express their won
dor why tho Church association does
not fly at higher game prosecuto, say,
tho rector ot ol. .Margarets, Wostmiu
ster, where ritualism is carried to its
extreme length, or somo other man
who is buckud hy a rich and influen
tial congregation. Mr. Dulo, on the
other band, has ono that is poor and
scattered, and tbe rule of the Church
association is to attack the weakest
adversary. Hit imprisonment is gen
erally regarded with regret, but iho
Liberal press is severo in its treat
ment of him, and, as a rule, speaks of
him wilh ridicule or contempt. The
reverend gontloman's wife and son aro
now allowed to remain with him daily
from 10 o'clock until 4. Tho mattur
was generally referred to in High
Church pulpits lately, as a persecution
of the fuithlul aud instructive analo
gies drawn bolweon Iho imprisoned
rector's case and that of tho author of
A Royal Cradlb. Tho crn llo of
tho infants Moreedes, now seven
monts old, Princess of Spain, is of pol
ished obony inlaid wilh silver ; lis form
is that ot an open shell; thu curtains
are ottilvorgauzo enameled with white
velvet flowers, tho coverlet of white
satin on which aro embroidered in
brilliant colors tbo arms ol Spain. One
lady grandctu ol Spain stands at the
foot ol the cradle during Iho royal in
fant's slumber lo watch tho preciso
moment ol her awakening; another
grandeise stands at tho bead of the cra
dle armed wilh a httgo fealhor fi.n to
chase away tho flies. The royal Span
ish crown, which in silver guilt hangs
in front of tho cradlo, is tho work ol
Frumont, tho great Parisan goldsmith.
Tho cost of the cradlo, without the
hangings of fine loco and the garniture
ol marabout feathers which surround
it, is estimttod t 11,400.
Slekp and Wast of Life. Sleep
will ilo much to euro irritability of
temper, peevishness, and uneasiness.
It will build up and make strong a
weary hod'. It will do much to cure
dyspepsia, particularly thut variety
known as nervous dyspepsiu. It will
relievo tho languoi and prostration
fell by consumptives. It will cure liy
pochonthiu. oH will euro headache.
It will cure ucuralgin. It will euro a
broken spirit. It will euro sorrow.
Now no man should do more work of
muscle, or brain in a day, than he can
perfectly recover from tho futiguo of
in a good night's rest. Up to thut
point exercise is good ; beyond aro
wusto of life, exhaustion and decay.
When hunger calls for food, and fittigue
demands rest, wo aro in tho natural
order and tho balance of life. When
wo tuko stimulants to spurn our juded
nerves, or excite an appetite wu are
wasting life. They (fro wrong und
mischicl as all wasiu of life. A man
should so hvo as to keep himself ut his
best und with a true economy. To cat
moro food than is noedful, is worse pol
icy than tossing money into tho sea.
It is a waslo ol labor, and ol li lo.
The Oiiickest Trains in tiis World.
The pace of tho quickest trains in
r.ngland, says an hnghsh paper, is
quicker by ten miles an hour than that
of tho quickest trains of any other
country. In Great Britain tho avcrago
velocity oi the express is Illty miles an
hour, in llelgtum it never exceeds
forty one miles an hour ; between Puns
ana liortieuux it is thtiy-nino and a
half miles an hour. In Russia and
somo purls of Switzerland tbo rato is
twenty-seven miles an hour. Per con
tra, in England railroad traveling is
attended with more risk than in any
olber country in the world. Yot even
thus the perils of the steam locomotive
ara much exaggerated, for a French
stalisticiun, alter a very luboriotis ex
amination of the Deaths occurring from
railroad accidents over the Burluoe of the
w holo earth, stales tbe result of his in
vestigation thus : "If a person were
to live continually in a ruilroad car
riage, and spend all bis timo in rail
road traveling, tho chances in favor of
his dying from railroad accident would
not occur until he was H00 years old."
' You'ro not fit to sit with decent
peoplo; como up hero and tit along
side, of me I" remarked a teacher who
sat at bis desk hearing a recitation as
ho discovered at a sudden glunco tho
woist boy in school annoying bis seat-
mate. Tho sudden flush that afterward
camo over teachers countenance told
how badly ho realized that he hud given
One of tho ncin features of the ap
proaching institute will bo tho divid
ing of its members into sections or
classes for tho receiving of instruction
on special subjects. For instance :
Alter Professor DcGrnlT delivers his
lecture before tho muin body of tho
Institute, bo will tuke all teachers who
aro engaged in primary teaching into
tho Grand Jury loom, whero ho will
givo them instruction in such things
us appertain directly to their work,
while the main body of the ten, -hers
proceed wilh the cxeuiscs as specified
on tho programme. At unothor inter
val instruction will be given to young
leu'-hcrs ulono, and thus vury tho ex
ercists ol the Institute.
Tn Mipnioiit Sun. Tho spectacle
of the sun shining at midnight attracts
many foreigners to Sweedish Lapland
during tho month of Juno. For six
weeks thoro is scarcely any night in
tho north of S-vccdcn ; tho sun never
sets, and the soil, constantly healed,
produces, in a month and a half, bar
ley and other crops. At that timo of
tho year tho Laplanders pen up their
reindeers and move their huts toward
the cultivated fields. Being very hos
pitable, they groet with joy the arri.
vut of tourists, who generally meet-at
Mount Gullawuro, 118 kilometres from
Lulcu. From that hill, which is 3S0
metres high, tho beauliltil spectaclo of
tho "midnight sun can bo admired in
better condition than any other place
Tho 21th day of June is theduy select
ed lor the ascension ; it is tho longest
day in tho year, tho sun being twenty
two hours above tho horizon. This
year tho 21th day nf Juno was not fa
vored hy lino weather, and, owing to
the cloudy sky, tho sun was not visible
at midnight, but tho following tiny
travelers wero well rowurded for thoir
troublo, tho sun shining brightly at
A Iiovr-R s Ivkvrnok. Yi hen James
Lick, tho Culilornia millionaire, wus
a young mun bo lull in lovo with a
miller's daughter in Pennsylvania.
l oung Lick faced tho stern old man
and asked for tho hand of bis daughter.
Ptow, James was a pooryoang man,
but hone.it, industrious and withal
full of pride. The miller relused James'
request, and advised him not to marry
until ho had a competency to support
a wife. Theso remarks wore lather
humiliating to young Lick's pride, and
with emphasis replied: "Sir, 1 shall
seo tbo duy when your boasted mill
would not mako a lospcclahlo wheat
bin lor one I shall own." Years (led
by and James Lick eroded in Santa
Cl ira county, California, a mill, tho
nodwork ol which is solid mahogany.
Shortly alter its erection, ho had pho
tographs taken of tho iusido and out
side of tho mill, and sent them lo the
miller who had refused him the hand
of his daughter.
Com no Down to Fin Points. At
a Into conference of the Dunkards,
held in Lancaster county, tho follow
ing now rules wero adopted and or
deted to ho promulgated among tbo
cbsrehes in this and Dauphin county:
1. Exlravagunco in funornl leasts
must be discouraged. 2. That the
Signing of tavern licenses is unbecom
ing to those who follow Christ. 3
That no Duukard can beroaftar serve
in any civil ofllco except supervisor,
road-master, overseer of the poor,
school director and postmaster. 4.
Birthday and surprise parties are not
permitted among the brethren. These
rules will bo rigidly enforced.
Through tho courtesy ol tho oflicers
of the Pennsylvania Ruilroad Compa
ny, we aro now prepared lo furnish
orders to all teachers, directors and
friends of education who may desire
to attend our County Institute, and
living convenient to ihe railroad, fur
excursion tickets over tho lino of tho
Tyrone & Clearfield Division and its
branches. Theso tickets cun bo pur
chased at any station on the 20th, 21st,
22d and 23d days of December, good
to return any timouptothe2(llh. All
who dcBiro to take advantage of these
excursion rates, aro requested to send
a three-cent postngo stump to the
County Superintendent for an order.
Please return all orders to mo that are
While Ion men watch for chances,
ono man makes chances; while ten
men wait for tomcthlng to turn up,
one turns something up; while ten
fail, ono succeeds and is called a man
of good lack.
1. School discipline, like instruction,
will take form from the temperament
und character of tho teacher. A repu
tation fur impartial jtidgmont is the
essential requisite of the teacher who
2. Make but few rules, and do not
indulge in much tnlkingabout infringe
ments ol tbem. Remember that pupils,
as well as teachers, havo rights, and
that both have duties.
3. Put yourself in tho pluco of your
pupils Recall yourown school experi
ences, your hopes and fears, your im
pulses, your notions, and tho motives
that influenced you. If you do so, you
cannot become a tyrant.
4. Secure order, if possible, without
corporal punishment; but secure obedi
ence at all hazards. In school, as in
an army, discipline is ossentiul to ex
istence. 5. Tho best way to lead pupil to
study is, not by threats and compulsion,
but by showing them how to uso their
text books, by explaining and illus
trating their bard lessons, and by ap
pealing to tbeir higher motives.
C. Do not tempt your pupils lo bo
come habitually deceitful and untruth
ful, by making uso of tbo "self roport
ing system" in scholarship and deport
ment. It is a devico worthy of the
Inquisition. "It is," Boys F. S. Jowoll,
"both stupidly ingenious and trans
7. Regnrd all pupils as truthful until
you have positive prool to the contrary.
Children wilh a high sense of honor
will never forgive you for doubting
their word, or fur making an unjust
accusation. "Tho only teacher I ever
intensely bated, "said a noted instructor,
"was young woman who charged me,
unjustly, bcloro Ihe school, wilh telling
a lie, w hen I wus only seven years old."
1 rtiHt your pupils it you want them to
put their trust in you. "The sweetest
praise I ever heard," said a public man.
"was tho remark made by my father
when I was twelve years old : 'My boy
never told mo a lie in his life.'"
8. Encourago truthlulncss by re
warding full and frank confession with
a remission of penalties, so far as is
consistent wilh sc hool discipline. Se
verity is ono of the chief causes of lying
and deceit. It excites fear, and loar
seeks an easy refugo in cunning and
0. Whispering must bo reprosssd
wilh a firm hand. It cannot be en
tirely prevented, but il may be chock-
cd so as to prevent disturbance. On
good way of checking it is to allow a
short whisporing-rocesB every hour or
10. As prevention is better thsn
punishment, children should be trained
to a general habit ol prompt obedience
in minor matters, so that finally tbey
win siiiintii readily to prohibitions
which curb their inclinations and
11. Penalties and punishments must
bo certain, and must scorn to be the na
tural conscniiencea of wrong sets. Tha
child should know what he has to ex
pect, nd when lo expect it Thcrs
must bo no caprice, no variableness,
no shadow of turning. The child toon
learnt to yield to the inevitable.
12. Do not worry ; do not be dis
couraged ; think that your agitation,
your nervousness, will extend lo your
pupils. Unite patience with hope, gen
tleness wilh firmness, equanimity wilh
force ol chancier. Have a pleasant
voico and a cheerful countenance, and
show yourself the tincore friond of
evory pupil ; lot your school be one
that will always bavs agreeable aaso-
ciatlont connected wilh it ; but If n
emcrgoncy como, be prompt tnd reso
lute to moot it, but always cairn.
Concluded ntzt week
From "M.tbodi af Teaoblai," by Jobs .watt,