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0. B. UOODLANOEK, ,
JJ W. SMITH,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW,
I II I'lilllii.burg;. Centre to., Pa. y:pd
OLAXD D. SWOOl'E,
ATTORNKV AT LAW,
Curweowille, ClearBeld county, Pa.
oet. , '78-tf.
SCAK MITCH ELI;,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Ofll.-o in tbe Opera llou.a. octtf, '78 tf.
1 I!, k W. BAKUETT,
Attornkys and Counselors at Law,
January M, 17.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ptr-OHlto one door ea.t of Shew Uoaaa.
rl. .M. MeCULLOUGII,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
I'di ( in Ma.nnle building, Second ttrect, op.
j .iif lb Court Iloutt. je2S,'7S tf-
T ('. ARNOLD,
v COLLI'XTION OFFICE,
Clearfield County. Pcnn'a.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
'tl;i.e in Oper Iloure.
tMlTIl V. WILSON,
Ci.R.UllIBLIl, - PENS'.
ir--Ofrea id tbo Me.onle Dulldiog. over tlie
C-uoty N.lloieil Hack. mar24 80.
n II.I.IAM A. WALT.ACB.
HlltAT F. WALLA.!.
DATin L. IKRBS.
JOBS VT. WSlBltT.
IITALLACK & K U UBS,
IT (buiceeeor. to Walloon A Fielding,)
A T T O K X K Y S - A T - L A W ,
i.ol77 t'lealUeld, Pa.
K. SN YDl'lli,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
: ov,r iho Co,:,iy National Bulk.
June 2(1, 'JStf.
DuBois, Clearfield Coanty, Penn'a.
Will .tleod prompllji to all leg'.' boiin...
rotrn'ted to bi. ot. Jaolt,'t0.
iuui. a. Hi:anAT. cyru aoacoa.
J L" If HAY ii GORDON,
A T T O R N E Y 8 AT LA W,
"('Bjiw Ib Pit. Uitfa llouaa, Mflond lloor.
U:S0'74 f , ,
yiLLlAil A. HAOEliTY,
OKHCU oer T. A. fleck it Co.'i Ktore,
erWill attrod to all Ioa1 bu.lni. witfa
prouiiito.M .bd fid.lltj.
IOKIPH B. a'lKALLT.
DANiKL . H OtiaDT,
rcEXALLY & McCUKDY
.er Local ba.loou atunded to prompt!; wlthj
l.lelity. UB10 on booond itroet, abovo tot rirat
.National Rank. Jan:l:70
Y G. KRAMER,
"a T T O R N E Y - A T - L A W ,
Real Rftata and Collactloa Agnot,
t l.KARH'll-.I.I), PA.,
Will promptly att.nd to all legal bu.ln.it .a
trotted to bit earo.
ir-ciriioe la Pit t Oport II . Janl'76
J F. McICEXRICK,
All local hu.inui tntrdilod to hit oart will ra
eeiv. prompt attootioa. .
J:-OHct la tit Court llouit.
OU. L. CUTTLK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
tu Kcal I-tte A(cut, Clearfield, Pa.
OHIpo ob Third itrvet, bt.Chrrj A Walnut,
,prKipoifullj offn bli orrioei Id itlling
o i bujlng laadt Id Clearflold and adjoining
rijundei f and with an oxpcrlonoool otar iwentv
y 'art aa a rror, flattara hlmtelf chat ha taa
render mlifaetioa. Ifeb. 18:S:tf,
Jlt E. M. SCHEURER.
OlTloe In rtildrn-" on Ftrit at.
Apry t4, Wit, Clearfiald, Pa.
II. W. A. MEANS,
' '' -' tvnou cIty, pa.
II attend prefePilonal calla promptlj.
. T. J. HOT Kit,
Otaetaa Market Htrttl, Cleard.ld. Pa.
t-Ofi(.t loun: I to II a. , and 1 to I p. ai
U. J. KAY WUIGLKY,
" ntlM'EPATIflC P.UY8ICIAN,
driller, K.a , oa Deeoal St , Clrarliold, Pa.
J"IJ.II, i tf.
U. II. B. VAN VAI.ZAU,
OI TICK IN HKIbRNCF, CORNER OF FIRST
AND l'l.NK BTRKKTS,
f Ulet aoara Fro II tt I P. M.
Mtj II, 171.
1 JU. J. P. BURCUFIKLD,
8 tlori.Bi of lb. 131 RtlmtBl, Penotjl.ar.la
. ttrinit tttarntd rreai taa Anaj.
eltr. bit proftttltnal itrrlta. to thttltlitat
" iiarneld tottte.
BtrProre.ilnn.l m.b.H Alleadailo.
fj.-. :.a r.:.r:n ... :r.v i.
lr.WM4l. ' J irV6l-ll
oa pRiajnao tt itui bkckip
' Hoi itatla tieeatod at tblt alo.
GEO. B. Q00DLANDIB, Editor
VOL. 51--WH0LE NO.
TII(Tlt'l:' At C'tlNaTAIIl.tH. KEKH
I We have printed a lare. number of the new
PER BILL, and Hill on Hit receipt of toentT
Hee M. mail a eon? t ay a.ldreae. tlTla
XyiLLIAM M. IlENliY, JiiRTifiE
TT or Tta Piacb Air KrniTttKR, LUMHKR
CITY. Collection, tnadt and muney promptl
t.aid ortr. Artitle. of Agreement au.t deeda ol
oonttyanot Beatly tleruted and warranted oor
feet ur no obarga. J4jy'7l
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jmtioo of tha I'caoc aud Scrivener,
-VfvColleotioni mado and inona.v promjitly
tiKtd vr. innj 7 lit
("UTi'nii r. 0.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
FOR PKLL toa nNHii'.
May 8, l7l Iy
Squaru Timber & Timber LiumIh,
Jell'7S CLEARFIELD, PA.
REUBEN HACKM AN,
House and Sign Painter and Paper
Will tiocute job. in hi. line promptly and
In a workmanlike manner. avre.lU
JOHN A. STAHI.EH,
RAKER, Market lit., Clearleld, Pt.
Frtih Dretd. Ru.k. Holla, Fic. and Cnkc.
on band or made to order. A general aaeortmnnt
of Conttctionarice, Fruit" and Nut. in .took.
let Cream and Oy.ter. in teaaon. Kaloon ararly
01.po.ilt tb. l'ot'( fllee. Prieel tupdrrnt.
tureh ifl 7.S
WEAVER & BETTS,
Real Estale, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND LUVllEtl OF ALL KINDS.
ff-Cffiee on tSvR. nd rtreel, in raar of itort
rctui of Uiorie Wenver A Cu. JaiiU. '78 tf.
jrsTICK OF TUP YV.tXE
Oteeola Mill. P. 0.
offlcl.l husinen oitiatrd to him will be
promptly ttT.dd t . m oh 211, '70.
11. BAHBKK AND HAlRDHKSSEU.
Shop 'in Murket St.. oppuxita Court llouno.
A clean tvwcl for very cur torn or.
A lo doaVr In
Out IliamU rf Tnbarrn and Clara.
ri--a.t4 p, im TU. '?.
JAMES H. TURNER,
jtstice of tub pbacb,
plrUt b prrparvl himself with all tlie
nroei-ary blank trint umlcr the lVnain and
llouatjr lane, M well ai blank lenla, etc. All
legal mat ten entruitrd to bn euro will receive
prompt attention. May Tib, l!)7.'tf.
2V. Mtraet mreet, tirarUeld, Pa.,
M ARI:FAf:TlHEa AKP ntALKn IM
JJnrncs, Bridlei, Saddles, Collars, and
-All kind, of repairing promptly attended
to. Saddler.' Hardware, iloree Itrotbr., (.urrj
Comba, o., always on bund and for .alo at tbe
lWtEt carl: prtrr. t!Meren iw, ,o,v.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
Pum pa alwnya on hand and made to order
an abort notieo. Plpea bored on reaaonable tarma.
All work warranted to render aatiafactioo, and
delivered If dealred. nySbilypd
11 very tStabks
rpilK undersigned begi leave to intttrm thepab.
X c that ha ia now fully prepar to aooommo
date all In the way of furnubing lu.eea, cuggiea,
Saddles and Harness, on the shortest notice and
en reaaonable tortna. Keaidenoaon Locust street,
between Third and fourth.
UK0. W. WKAHHAKT.
'lawrtteld. Fab. 4, 1874.
OLEN HOPE, PENN'A.
rrillK undersigned, having leased this eom-
X mudioue lintel, in tha village of Ulen Hope,
u now prepared to accommodate all who urny
call. My table and bar shall he supplied with
toe Deal tna maraei nnnraa.
GKOKUB W. DOTTH, Jr.
(Hen Hope, Pa., March 36, 8rt tf.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
(JEN ERA L MEHCU ANDISE,
Also, extenaiva manufacturer and dealer la Square
limber antl eawed Lumber ol all Ktnaa.
jMrOMera aollciled and all billa promptly
niled. ljyia 72
E. A. BIGLER Sl CO.,
and tnaaulaatartr, of
AM. KINDH (IP RAWI.1) I.I'MIII.H,
-7'72 CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
ARB DBALBB !
Watchos, Clocks and Jewelry,
Orwlom'. Row, Jfr.l Strttt,
( I.KAHKIKI II, PA.
All kind, of repairing In By lln. promptly at
tnded to. Jan. let, 1711.
ENCOURAGE HO.M E INDUSTRY.
'pllK nndervlgned, having established a Nur
A. aery oa Ihe Pike, about half way between
Clearleld and Curwenaville, la prepared to far
aish all kinds of FRUIT THKKM, (standard and
dwarf.) Evvrgreeaa, Bhruhhary, Urapa Vines,
tioosebarry, Law ton 11 lack berry, h Ira wherry,
and Raspberry Vines. A 'so, riiburian Crab Traea,
Quince, and aarly acarlet Rhaharb, Ao. Orders
promptly attended to. Address,
J. 1. WRIGHT,
eap3u f-J Car wen vtlle, I'a.
F. M. CAED0M 4 BR0.,
On Market Pi, one donrwettof Mantioa Hoatt,
Oar arrangemtatt ara rf Ibt aatat tiaipltte
eharaeur tor furaieking the publit witb traab
Meal or all kind, and ot iba vtry neat quality.
Wt alao deal IB all kind, of Agrleultaral Implo
aienta, wbieb at keep on aabibitioo far Ibt bea-
ofit af Ibt public. Call arouad wbta ta tern,
tad taba look II thing., or addree. at
V. M. CARDON A BRO.
Ctaarlleld. Pa.. July 14, It7t.tr.
UtarAtld tttittrautt .tftnty.
j.uaa taaa. eaaaoLi t. unaia.
HVnit A B1HOLV, JftHll.
Rrpreetal Iba fori .wing an I oilier IrtKltai Ct'a
Lit.rpool London A Olob.-B. . 0r..t,:tnl.
Lyoomlng ob mutual Aeath plant..,, .no.iw
Pboiuii, of Hartford, Coon I. ! "
Innfanet Co. tf N.rtk Annrlra ,,11,074
Nertb Brltl.k A Meree.llle-U. ft. Br 1.1H.MJ
Reotil.b Ctmattrtlal U. . BraBeb.... B7B,I4
Watertewa - ,!
Traealer. (Lift t Atotdaat) 4,i4,44
Vtlot at Market St., op,. Court Uaato, Ctear
1,14, Pa, Jut 4, -7-tf.
THE GOOD OLD TIMES.
The good old tltnri, whtn Rrnd men ruled iba land.
Strii(hlfurwa.rJ hunait ihAir anl t.M.
When JiiMloereigaedand fraud and wroof wre
And eimiiio mvnner apoka a Rulleleia heart
lueeo many in en douieDd
The rooJ old timea. when fur men went to mill,
Their grlil In rack witll balaneod wttb a atone i
When the Riunt iople hd f wnrk their All.
The a en flt-l.l, the wlrti at huine alone,
AU tolling with a will.
Thi-re wrte no rtilwiir ihrn to rnoll the frm
The Jolting ataKe-"'h bora the traveler elow ;
i urre w no gi to iuii loata and hartu
A tallow clip nave light nbr-ourcly low,
And ciuied no man alarm.
There were no telezrapha by ana an it abora
A letter by the .it l"T jt'atod nlnic j
Tho miatreia tnado the clothes hr hubiiol w.ire,;
(And iuo ih yarn and wova It )((ood and urong
They ttoio at-d maga bore.
No ton machine to thrmh the garnered orn
The latilmic Hail lb biniovae Ji t, od well ;
What tanato tbere, beginning with tha tnorn !
Thoie pouriiting ain kra in oaetrie iseieurea
Till aang tha dinner-born.
No tsllWnor la're derked the Urer'a wif.
No hroado'oth on the aturdy lanmr't l-auk ;
No idle houra ur lsy waya weie rite ;
Of tnorentf .ni iu pk-aiure there waa laok j
All lrd t b.ay tite.
No ma mm nth Jnurnala then with 1 He nowi
Woekiy a dinny .boot the courier "irou.ht)
no i aurt li'-a iln-n wnb ritblv cusbioufd nwa
On urn.'tiM I. anl, ihe ppinientl ii ihought
vbat linner touM rt-luavr
No rogiira tn uflice I lien to make l lino rich
Uy piuii'terlng delily from the couitoon atoro ;
No puhlm eervaol lelt the raging itch
For profit through ibe h'tonrnd truat ho boro,
Atid daubtd hi lame with pitch.
And theie, they tell ua, were il gmd old timea,
luo laud Art ad a and the peotila pare
Not given, like ua to hilly aud to nrttaea ;
And aitue regret ihat aunb ouuld nut endure,
Xn ae til i mental rhymes.
Vet. If we ponlf r on the hlatcirlo.il page,
Head let-era that outlive their writers now,
lie w ipuu we Itarn that in that .iuipla ngo
Crime itained the anal, aul mmiy a tuauly brow
YVriuklotl with pary rae.
Thev hud iholr plana their ra iney-haga to fill t
Ttic greed ol'gain provaileil.ttioujrh nut aotuuoh,
8 1 rieo ft-war i to awell it ; etery III
We censure onw wit there, witboanaerlng touch
To puitun human will.
They hiiil trjnre lutrd.hipi tUnn we have to ilsy ;
The lukurlre t f tbe ticli m'D In the paat
The poor tnan'a rtinfria are ; the cototn"U way
la nnoniher tnnile, and lite len over otiit,
Whatever tjiuuihlcta auy.
The retire of huinan virtue la as great,
The fr-rite ol huiouti ii'e la greter now
Thiin in tliose goil old tiuiei; a highrr state
I lor the fuller, whom these days allow
Mre oi.roiotiable fute.
Toil on, then, (tint Iho right may greater grow ;
Toil en, Ilia I all the wrong iniy lessened ha j
Ti ll en, to check Ihe strung and aid tha lw ;
Toil on, mankind from cnWs cliaiaa lo frue,
And let tbe old timea go. I
TlltiMA Dt'S E.1HII1I. j
1.0 SO ISLAM) S GREAT FAKM.
ii.iihi At itKH niniiii T n ( i:,
l.V Al l. IMJI.H tlil.lll Allll.
HOW TflE PIIAIIIIK l'l ItrilASK.II BY A. T.
STEWART, AND bl I'I'OSEU TO ItK
RAItHKN, ID TI1.1.IU WITH THE
AID CU orLAM AND I'll Ii SI
ICAL 1'I.RTILIZHtS TUB
UtiTATlON (If CRDl'rl
AND THE YIELD PER
A CUE IltNCKIIir.II
iir Farm kr
From tbe Kew York Sun
That part of Iho Stuwurt property
on J.oiik 1 , 1 a 1 1 1 cnlleil Iho Mchhii
liirm oiituiiis 2.SUU ricrrK. Il furnm
the broutl nubiiilm n( (livnlcn City. It
in part ot n liuct ol 7,1100 uctch that A
l.blutt'ai'l Ubiliilll oil OL-i,leililul l.ibll
18U9. Uu hud no idea of making the
purehutie two bmirubfloio Iho barium
was coimummaled. Henry Hilton bud
been in negotiation lor it, for hinii.ll,
and cxpeelod to buy il, but an asnocia
lion which had been formed unexpect
edly put in a bid of (10 an aero antl
tiL'iecu to pay P20 000 of Mm purchase
money in cuh. Thono wcro higher
figure" than Mr. Hilton at that time
It-It able 10 bid uguiiinl. llu talked tbe
mutter over with Mr. Stewart, und the
luttur eui'princd bitn with thu remark,
"Kujijiobo 1 tukuthe hind f" Mr. Hil
ton dehcribed tho udvantaircB of the
ptirchaM! - ii rid adviaed Mr. iStowurtto
muke it. Tho renult wan tbut Mr.
Stcwurtfiol tho luiid, ultliougli ho bud
lo pay ?55 on aem f r it. Ho drew
his check for (191,350.
Tbe soil, winch is ot the sanio gen
eral ehui'ut ler as that ol tho rent ol
llemp-tcud I'luitis, was long regarded
as worlhlebs. It is a tiuo prairie, and
beloro tho pruiries of tho West wore
discovered il used to bo visited as a
curiosity. Tho ontiro arena! tho pluin
is 60.000 acres. Tho farm is ubout 100
feet above the sea level. It is n tuhlo
land with a southern aspect. Thosur
laco is gently undulating from west to
east. Soino of tho deprcnsiona ha''c
tho appenruiico of dried up streams.
In fuel, on tho southern borders of tbe
plains streams of pure water are found
in the depressions. The surface soil is
a dark loam Irotn fifteen inches to two
Icet deep. The turf on this soil is bo
thick and strong that it is noccssary
to use a team of three horses to turn a
lurrow .through it. lieneuth tbe dark
loum is a luyer of yellow loam ol
equal thickness. Sometimes clay re
places -it. lieneuth tho yellow loam
und clay, at a'deplh of from two and
u-hult lo Ihrco lect, ia compact sand
and gravel. At Garden City a dense
crust of hardpun was found by boring
through tha gravel soveniy feet below
tho surface. Tho gravel und sand
ubovo the hard pan tor an inexhuustible
reservoir ol water. Ourden City is
now cuMilicd with water by tbe Holly
system of pumps and pipes out of one
well, ana luo water In tins well stands
only twemy five Icet below the jjuierul
level of lliu plains. Tbo well is a cav
ernous cylinder of brick work filly
leet in diameter.
Mrs. Stewart shows greut interest
in Garden City and tbe iurin, and Mi.
Hilton, as J.xciilor other bunbund a
eslulo, frequently visits them Tbo
farmer is VY. R. Iltnsdule, general man
ager of tbo Stewart properly on Long
Inland, lie lias forty borses and lour
tet n steam engines to help him, al
though all ol these, sleum engine are
not used for farm work. Four of them
pumo water from tbo well described
ubovo. Two of them aro used in a
brickyard, and throe aro uaed in a
cathedral to supply wind to tho four
organs that have just been .put tip in
difleronts parts of tbo building, and lo
produce the mochunical eleclrieity
wliieb will enable ono organist topluy
all of them at tho suinu timo. ua
well as lo slriko the chimes in tho
steeple. When Karmer Uinsilalo wants
lo turn up bis land lie run hiuh a
twelve horse power traction engine to
a gang of ploughs. Whon his crops
are ripe bo unloads bis wagons with
Iho aid ol aleum power. Kara of coin
aro shot from an aperture in the bot
tom ol a wagon by means of a broad,
endless baud, crossed with bucket
bourds, up into the top of tho long
cribs. Grain it threshed and tho straw
is stored away in tho barns by atoain.
A load of hay ia hauled to the slack.
barbed harpoon ia thrust down
through tha middlo oi tho load, and it
ia lifted bodily from the wagon and
swung up on tbo Hack, 1 bore is a
grain waroliouao, in which grain may
be sent op to any part of the building
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21. 1880.
by a 100 horse power engine. Tho
building is, in tuct, a grain elevator.
It bus appliances to load and unload
wagons. Il also contains a grist mill.
A Btitallsteain engine, drives a machine
used loi'grading grain. Thore aro two
portable engines to do miseullaneous
work onthofurni. Kxootulnr tho two
last mentioned engines and tho traction
ongino, they are all driven by steam
Irotn the bank of boilets In the pump
House bcsnlu ilio Dig well. I lie stream
is distributed on the Holly system all
over Garden City for beating purposes,
and wherever a pipe hits been laid it
may be tapped fur power as well an
lor beat. luo 100 horse-power en
gine in the gruin warohouso, although
it is nearly a mile from tho boilers in
Iho pump bouse, starts instantly whon
the engineer opens tbo valve.
To a man who rule, casually over
this great farm, several things will
seem remarKuule. Ho nut)' trot his
horse anywhere, in or out of the
splundid roads, except where the land
had been broken up for crops. I bo
meadow and pasture land offers no
serious uiievennesH lo lite wheels, unu
there, ore no fences to trouble him.
He will only foe two buildings that
muy properly bo culled bums, but
cribs und well roofed huystucks ho will
see ull ubout him. He will eeo sheep
but no cows. With the flock of sheep
bo will nolico a shepherd hoy, sunning
hitnsell on iho grass and uttended by
alert dou. 1 bo sheep aro herded
all'duy, and ut night they are shut up
in a dog proof corral. Karmer Hins
dulo bus strong opinions regard to
fences. Ho believes that tho cost of
ibeir construction and repairconsumes
a greut portion of the lurmer's very
narrow margin of profit.
"Hut what will limners do with their
cows ?" hu wus asked.
Keep them up in yunls und load
them on green stuff Irom the furm."
wus Mr. Hinsdale's renlv. ' Tbev thrive
well in that way. They can bo kept
more cheaply that way, ull things con
sidered. There aro about a dozen cows
in and ubout Garden City, but you will
not see them wandering about over
' Hut bow ubout tbo fences ?
"1 don't tulio tho pains even tokeep
those tonecs up. Kiteh man must take
euro of his own cattle. 1 tuko euro of
mine. .Some of my neighbors culled
on md soon alter 1 begun hero to suy
that they bad heard 1 did not intend
lo make my hull of tho fences between
them and Iho Stewurt farm. I told
them what they bud beard wus tbo
truth. 'Well,' said they, 'how ubout
the cuttle?' 'Oh! there'll bo no trouble
ubout tbut,' I replied: 1 11 lake cure
that my cuttle sbull not hurt your
crops.' 'Hut,' said they, alter a spull of
wonderment unil hesil ilionbow uliottl
our cuttle? Suppose they dumago
vour crops?' 'Ob I that will not make
uny difference to me,' suid I. 'I'd just
asleavesellacrop half grown as to wuil
und sell it when it is grown, il you
chooso lo feed your cattle on my crops
you can do so. Thut will bo the
quickest market I can buve for my
produce.' They didn't liko il and some
do not liko it yet, but tbo majority aro
beginning to understand tho matter
rightly and aro coming over to my
wuy ol thinking. 1 buvo hud very
A study ot the natural growth" on
tho lund showed thut it chiefly lacked
potash. Thero wus a lurge amount ol
excellent vegetable mould, but it was
chemically locked up by an acidity
peculiar lo it. Tho "open sesamu" lies
in the use of alkuli. An application ot
ulkuli mukes it very fertile, Thero is
a tough, unyielding soil filled with
strong roots und clothed with sedgy
grass. Tho natural druinngo is nearly
pctlcct. There is no infiltration into
tbe soil Irom the ocean, because tho
lund is high ubovo tbo sea level. Il is
eslimuted that ihreo lourlhs ot Iho
riutilu.ll sinks into tho porous soil.
Tbo subsoil of silu ious gravel and sand
receives this water, but allows it to
trickle slowly away wilh this south
ward dtp of the lund. Mr. llinsdulo
describes bis method of utilizing this
lund for crops us follows :
When Iho tough sod is first turned
over buckwheat is down. Huckwheut
disintegrates tho soil. It grow srup
idly. Its roots are strong and pieru
ing, and its luxuriance covers the sur
luce and koeps il moist. The fertilizer
used is pulverized bone. Two hundred
pounds per uero secures a good crop.
l''or this lund generally, Iho practice
had been to apply leached ashes In a
large extent, but it was found practi
cable to substitute for the ashes ihe re
luso lime from gus works. This has
all the properlies of tho ashes, and It
can bo got for lilllu over tho cost of
irunspoitution. i helium usually fol
lows iho bone fertilizer. Greut cure is
required in using chemical substances
lor lortilizers lest ono should counter
act tbo effects of another. The next
crop alter the buckwheat is corn,
which is plunted with well composted
stable munuru put in the hill. The
crop obtained by ibis treatment is good,
the yield being ubout sixty bushels ot
shelled corn lo tbo aero. The next
crop in order, in tbo process of Bahdu
ing tho laud, is oats, ll is put in with
un appheution of a chemical fertilizer
composed of muriate of potush, nitrate
of soda, and a super phosphate of lime.
These chemicals uro not lound as com
ponent parts ot refuso muttur, but are
bought from deulers ill chominuls un
der gurauteed analyses. They are
tested on tbo farm, aud then mixed by
stoain power. Tho proportions wore
decided upon after an experience wilh
tho soil, and notwithstanding tho for
midable names ol the chemicals, tbo
costot this fertilizer laid down at tbo
Gurden City depot is only til an acre.
Una reason lor tho slight cost is mm
much good judgment is used in the
purchases, auJ another reason ia thut
very little of tbo fertilizer goes a greal
way. Tho machine which distributes
tho seed oats is furnishod with many
teelh. Hitch tooth is hollow. As a
tooth is dragged through the soil it
makes a furrow, while the oats mixed
with the fertilizer, which is ill tholorm
of a powder, aro deposited through it.
The earth at the siucs oi mo nine
furrow fulling back into it behind tho
tooth makes a sulllcicnt covering lor
the oats. In this way the small amount
of fertiliser that Is usod goes precisely
whore it will do tho most good. Tbe
next crop in order Is ryo. It is sown
in tho full wilb timothy soed and wilh
an application of chemical fertilizer
similar to to that described in the case
of oats. In the Spring clover seed is
own on the same land. Sometimes
grass seed is sown alone, that is, with
out uny protecting crop, as it ia called,
of rye or whoat. In that case il is
sown In the Kail with a top dressing
of compost, and is ready for tho mower
in tbe lollowing July. After tbe first
season's mowing tbe meadow it top
drossed eac h year wilb compost manure
or with a. chemical fertilizer in wbieb
the nitrates predominate. In Ihia dis
trict, to near New York as it is, hay,
Mr. Hinsdale says, is the most profits-
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
hie crop, and should ho kept up
many years as possiulo. All the oibor
crops dusciibed aro merely preparalory
to the hay crop. Sometimes lamer ur
will manure lor grass at tho time hu
sows it wilh Us protecting cropofL'rain
sufficiently as bo thinks to last for
several years, ibis Mr. llinsdulo bo
lieves lo be an error. There will bo
an overgrowth of straw at ihe expense
of the quality of tho gruin. The first
crop of glass, also, will dare a
strong woody growth ut tho bollom.
and it will buve many dead spears at
the bottom to still further injure tbe
mai-Kci vaiuo ol mo nay. The second
crop of hay will bo of oxeollent quulity,
and probably tho best of iho series.
rrom this there will be a lulling off in
quality and quaniity until it is net ca
nary to plough up tho sod und go
iiiiougu unniucr course ol lcs profita
ble crops. Uy dividing up thti manure
and applying a duo proportion yeurly
ibe quality of the vrass is kept uood
and unilorm, and the land muy profita
bly bo retained as meadow lor from
Bvo to seven years.
Mr. Hinsdale was usked what the
profits were on tha enliis capital in
vested in tho Stuwurt farm, wilh a
view to a comparison ot bis system ot
funning on a largo scale with that of
tho smaller farmers on the Hempsteud
Pluiiis and elsewhere in tbo Suite. He
suid tbut It wus not good business
policy to reveal one's business to the
public. Hu could answer tho question
however, us turaslo say Unit ihefurm
wus profitably conducted. There were
other things ho might say uUo that
would indicate lo funnels ihe degree
ot success which hud been uttuined on
iho Stewart farm. Ho desired to say
first, however, that thero were lew ap
pliances used on ihefurm which might
not bo used on a small farm In
ploughing be generally used a ggngof
two ploughs with three horses. Ibis
enabled one man and three hones to
do Ihe work of two men and four
horses. Steam engines could bv profita
bly utilized on smaller farms. The
method of applying a small quantity
of exactly the light kind of lerlilizer
in exactly iho right pluco w is within
tho capacity of any furmer. IS'o
farmer in tbut purl of llo country
needed to narrow bis profits by build
ing and repairing fences. Tbe corn
crop could he raised exclusively wilb
horses. Thero would be found, ho
thought, a luirly reasonublu profit in
these savings ulonu. Tbo lund ho
worked wus excellent. C. L. Allen
the florist, luto of Oucuns now of Gur
den City, hu l cultivated many plots
in (lowers and bulbs, as well us in
vegeluhles for tbo table. Tho result
ho declured lo bo butter than on any
other kinds of land bo bad ever culti
vated. As lo tho acreage ot tho various
crops this your, Mr. llinsdulo gave the
Of corn there wero 450 acres, with
an unusually heavy yield. There
would bo at least seventy bushels of
shelled corn to tho aero beyond a
doubt. Ot on is there were 58R acres.
It bad not been a good season for oats,
but the yield would bo about tbirtyflvo
bushels per acre. This was a belter
yield than would bo found elsewhere
the vicinity, becauso tho lund bad
suffered less Irom drought. Of rye
thero wero 4'.)j acres. Ul meadow
there wero 485 acres. One hundred
acres ot this wcro in Hungarian Lay,
with a yield ot two tons and a bull lo
the acre. Ot buckwheat there wore
250 acres, with a yield of about twenty
bushels to tho acre. Of w heat there
wero thirty aires, wilb a yield of
twenty bushels to luo aero.
Ilesides theso crops there wore
plunted every year from twenty lo
filly ncreo of carrots, turnips, and
sugur-bects, which wero raised with
tho ordinary methods ol fertilizing,
und with results that woro at least
equul in point of profit to any crop of
iho same ktnu ot vcgctuulcs in that
Tho above mentioned crops cover
an area in all of about Z.J0U acres.
Tho rest of Iho farm is used as pasture.
Thu flock of 600 sheep now gruxing on
it is to bo increased.
From tho figuros'above, tho follow
ing table lias been calculated of tho
totul yield this year of several of tho
Oat. In.Min bu.belt.
Corn (.belled; HfOMl liu.bell.
Roebwhe.t. I.ntw buitiela.
W heal. (ill) uuahela.
Tho following were tbo producls of
the limn lour yeurs ago:
O.lt ...14,000 bu.ht'l.
Indian eorn (.belled) MHO buth.la
Buokwbeat. M"0 bu.bel..
Wboal 7I'0 bu.bel..
Tinolhy grata ewl 200 be. beta.
Ilungariaa Ira.. ,eed II'O bulhe'e.
Carrotr.. It,(r0 bu.belt.
Tumi,,, A00 butliela.
1'outo.l.. Holt butlielt.
Hot Sfiu ton..
Straw, lite.., o., houaed.. 1,01)0 tuDI.
How Sentiment is M ancfactcrkd.
A short lime ago thu Okolona ( M iss.)
Stales lurnisheu ull Iho in lite rial needed
by IS'orlbern Iteptiblicun papers to
munulucture sentiment against tho
South. Clippings from tbut wild pub
lication filled the Iladiral journals ov-
orywhore. Il was subsequently dis
covered, says tbo Leader, of Wilkes
llane, that the paper was owned and
controlled by tho Republican mana
ger., who placed an impecunious llo.
ueiiiiuii iiauicii jvuruaii at iitu ncau oi
it, with orders to condemn tho North
and the Republican parly, as il Ker-
nun was the vilest unconverted rebel
in existence. Tbe pc0le in Iho neigh
borhood of Okolona hud Ihctr alien-
tinn culled to the paper altera time,
and upon investigation, discovered
thut thore was a very big dm key iu
Iho fenco and they began to hunt him
up. They found that tho man who
edited the pttper was a stranger in
their midst, ana they further discov
ered that ho wus in the employ of the
Kepublicnn party lliey thereupon
mado it very warm for him, and bo
was finally kicked out of the commun
ity, as he deserved to bo. He came
North and at once found employment
upon tbo Chicago Tribune, the leading
Radical paper of tho West, whero be
Olivi's Viiws. Olivo Logan, al
though still young, has mado a good
many remarks in her times, tjomo
good and some foolish ones. Tho fol
lowing belongs to luo lormer: A lew
words of B'lvico and 1 closo. Keep
your girls ulT the street except when
lliey havo business, leach them ll is
unnecessary to go to tbo noslofllce
every timo they go out. Your girls
can walk homo aiono ust as won as
your boys. Don't allow your girls, if
lliey must liavo a Dcau, lo go wun
hoys much older than themselves. It
piwsiblo, instil Into thoir Tory naturo
that they aro saler in their own hands
than they are in the bands of any
man preachers not excepted."
"Everything good in man leans ntion
something higher." 80 doosoverythtng
bad in him, for that matter, as witness
his reliance on a lamp post when hit
legs prove faithless.
1IEAU HICKMAN AND CANADA HILL.
c annua tsill ono timo was passing
through Washington on his way to
New York, aflor a successful gambling
trip on the steamboats of ibo western
and southern rivors. The thought
just struck him that bo would slot
and seo Beau Hickman, tbo great wag,
thon world famous as a clever trickster,
1 he two sports met on tbo slept.
tho liugo marblo Capitol. Hickman
had been pointed out to Canada Bill
ny a bootblack.
"Is your name Hickman, card?" in
quired Hill, extending his hand.
"Ihe same, sir. W hoso band might
1 navo the honor ol nrossintrf re
turned Hickman, thinking that his
new acquaintance was a newly-arrivod
wuaiern juemoer 01 Uongress.
I no nnrid you crusp, pard ! re
sponded Dill, "is one generally known
as ocing more nine to deul cleverly
man luirly. 1, lute yourself am ono
of society's razor strops. I am
"i unuda Hill, ry gum! '
"Shako tho member two times for
Im glad to see you, Hickman.
"llnw long aro you going to stop in
'Slopped olf expressly lo niako your
"Aro you known in this cily ?'
"Then I'll turn you to cood account.
How much money huvoyou to venturo
on a sure thing r
"Kight bore," and Canada Hill pulled
forth two huge rolls of bills.
"How would you like to turn that
into 812,000 within tho next throe
"Namo tho job, and I'm your man."
"Shi We'll tako a drink;" and
Ilickmun led tbo monte tossor into
tbe card room of a fashionable sample-
Tbo next day a irenteel. solemn
looking man entered tbo gentlemen's
parlors ut W'illiard's hotel, which wero
filled with Senators, Congressmen and
oflieo seekers and holders ol all grades.
110 carried a small nolo book in his
hand, und us bo approached each
group bo would how und suy:
lietitlctnen, I am collecting money
for a poor widow lady and her three
children. They belong to a onco-
proud but now cast-down family. If
you will aid them, please risk nolurther
questions, but give what you see fit."
In the entire hotel tbo gentlemanly
beggar received only three donations
of twenty-five cents encb. Tho others
waved him impatiently aside, whtlo
somo plainly told him ho wus an im
postor. Heloro leaving ho tuid quietly
to the three gentlemen who had given
him money :
"Tbit will bo paid yon ten fold to
morrow evening ut this hour."
He then took tbo addross of each,
asking them to not fail to bo in the
parlor tbo next evening to got their
money, and cautioned them 10 speak
lo no one of his promises that be
was Sir Orlando Matlerson, President
ot tho Koyul London Society for tbe
encouragement of benevolenco.
Ah a matter of course, before ho got
a block away from tho hotel overy
ono know all that be had said and
done, and al! conr;dcrci him as (one
crazy funutic. Then a report got
about that bo wits an immensely rich
but insano Knglish nobleman, who
spent yearly hundreds of thousands in
seeking those out who aro willing to
lend aid to tho needy, and in reward
ing them alterwards, so that, accord
ing to his cracked brain, tho cause of
charity might bo in a general way
Tbo next evening he camo again,
asking alms, and everyone waa on tho
lookout for htm. He first singled out
tho Ihrco gentlemen who had given
htm twenty fivo cents each, ond very
quietly passed each an cnvelopo with
two dollars and filly cents, and a curd,
upon which wus printed : "Give, and
you shall receive." "Cust your hroud
on tho waters and it shall bo returned
to you ten fold." "Hemember tho ex
ample of Sir Orlando Matlerson as
you journey through lile."
Sir Orlando Muttcrson took seventy
three dollars in donations from tho
house that night, and it was not no
ticeable thut those whom his examplo
bad thus quickened were very careful
thut be should havo their cot red ad
dress. Tho same result fullowed in
each of tho scores of hotels and sum-
plo rooms which he had initiatod on Iho
night before. Tho third night ho,
wilh a solemn fuco, returned to each
donor of the previous night tho exact
tun fold promised,
"It would bo a joy which 1 would
consider cheaply purchased," said ho
confidentially in a dozon gcntlemon,
"If at the cost of half a million dollars
I could teach Iho cilizons of ibis beau
tiful city to bo thoroughly generous to
This night ha was liko tbo ticket
seller at tbo railroad depot. Ono, two,
five, ten and even twenty dollar bills
wore shoved at him on all sides, so
great had been the awakening in tho
cause of honovolorieo which the exam
plo ol Sir Orlando Muttcrson had
aroused. A benign smilo hovered
about bis mouth, and a tear that glit
tered betimes in his mild, kind eye
proclaimed the joy his soul felt as lie
shoved bill alter bill into his pockets
and gazed wilh tho look of a father
upon his converts.
"We'll split her now," suggested
Dill, ns he censed counting. -
" Twouldn'l give you J 12,000," said
Hickman. "Let it be till to morrow
night. I think I can raise a lillle
'hush money' on this nickel."
Next night licau Hickman went
tho rounds, and found groups of ex
pectant converts waiting to see Sir
Orlando Muttcrson. One at a timo,
as fust as bo could do so, ho would
take one after another of tbo most
prominent gs'iitlemon aside and wins
por in (lis ear :
"1 have got a little subscription book
hero which was handed to mo by a
friend as ho took tho train tbit morn
ing fur Now York. Sorry you got
sold on Sir Orlando Mullorsnn. lie's
skipped out. That was Canada Hill,
the threo-enrd monlo man."
"Is that so?"
"Sure. Here's the book with your
namo in it for twenty dollars."
"Well, for gracious sake, Dcau, do
not show that note book to anyone
And scratch my namo off of It, will
"Lerluinly, returned Hickman as
be orueed the namo. ' "Hul, governor,
I'm kind o' short to night. Couldn't
you lend mo twenty dollars until to
Wilh a wry luce, tho vtclim would
pull forlb bis pockelbook, and, placing
the bill demanded In llicxmans nanti,
slip quietly Into the street.
That night the two worthies divider),
and the share of each wat ovor twelve
llolh Hoatt Hickman and Canada
Hill, whoso tricks on the unwary ob
tainod for them thousands of dollars,
died poor and wero buried as paupers ;
and tho moral is, that no matter how
much a man makes dishonestly or by
trickery, ho will sooner or later be
found out, and doubtless die a misera
ble, deserted outcast.
A DOCK'S MYSTERIES.
It is not an agrueuble sieht, tho bot
tom of a ship's dock at 1 w water, but
a thought ol what is bidden in and un
der the soft and bubbling mud must
give pauso to many a mind. Divers
and drodgors only aro familiar by per
sonal contact wilb tho probabilities ol
lan hidden depth, and their experiences
aro exceedingly varied. Ibo hnd may
be a wutcb, a telescope, or whatever
is nubia to lull ovor irom the rail of a
lied-up vowel, or, horrible possibility,
a human body, Hut tho curiosities ol
dredging is tho point hero. A large
steamship dock in Kast Boston is be
ing cleaned out, lur tho first timo in
twenty years, and the many finds in
tho oozy substance, aflor it bus been
leposited by the capacious maw of tho
juw-like dipper into iho scow, are very
suggestive, uisnes dl all Rinds, spoons,
knives and forks aro booked out by tho
hundred, wbolo and well preserved, to
say noining 01 iho myriad particles ol
broken crockery, scraps ot iron and
other debris, which serves only to em
phasize tho ordinary imprecation ot the
dredgman as bis "pull" proves disap
pointing, liut tho strangest happen
ng ol all, und tbo luckiest fish out of
tbe season, occurred recently, one man
recovering inoro than fourdozon nieces
of tnblownre without a crack or a nick
to mar the beauty of their surface
r.ngnsh crockery ol tbo heaviest and
moHt ornamental description used on a
first class passenger steamship. Thoso
only who havo traveled know tho care
that is taken on a transatlantic lino in
table furniture. Dishes and tureens,
with their covers, tilting, and in one
instance a hull dozen mulched dinner
plates with the company arms, were
How did these vuluubles find their
way over tho vessel's sides No other
theory seems plausible than that of a
lu.y scullion committing to evorlusting
mud whut bo was too indolent to wush.
Think bow expensive the cheapest
servant con become, unwutched, on
one of these floating puluees, where Ibo
means of over biding tbe object of hie
dread of work are so near at hand.
Uow easily all tho evidences of theft
and Docket picking can be obliterated
by the light fingered gentry. Tho
depth of mud in a dock is always prob
lematical until tosted by a poluor diver,
lite lalter way being nllenuel with
more or less danger. Somo months
ago a lurge steamer was hauling out,
and tho man in charge of tho wharf
lino did not slip it at the proper mo
ment. Tho result was, the cspstun
head was wrenched from thodock,and
Ibis cosily pioco of ship guar cast into
tho dock. Tbe vessel Droccdcd on Hs
voyage, and a diver was engaged lor
(50 to recover tho capstan. Ho de
scended in the usual way, with loaded
shoes and ntolalio head dress, but be
did not bargain to sink so deep in filth,
though in water it would buvo boon
comparatively a pastimo. Down, down
he went, yet with painful slowness, and
hard bottom was not struck until be was
tar deeper than his own height, and
bo was not a "shorty," as tbo boys say.
It was out of tbo question to attempt
to grope around lor a capstan under
such conditions, and ho signaled tn
riso. rsotlnng daunted in bis original
purposo, however, bo doffed tho load
ing from bis shoes and mado a second
descent horizontally, as a swimmer
sinks at will, and grouped around for
the missing article until he had ex
plored by his Bcnse of touch tho sur
liico mtul of tbe entire dock bottom.
No capstan, no pay : and tho discom
fited divpr was obliged to relinquish
his scurcli. Tho capstan has not been
found yet, and probably sank wilh its
cablo attached to a greater depth than
human perseverance could fathom. Il
expocted that the prcsont dredging
will bring tho lost capstan to light.
1CEAXD THE STOMACH
The nso ot ice as a luxury, in Ihe
form of ice cream or ico-waler, is be
coming more prevalent in this country.
Used in theso ways they are generally
takpn, especially by tbo young, reck
lessly, without a thought ol any serf
ons, possibly fatal, results that may
follow. An averago stomach has a
great deal to do to digest three full
meals a day; oapooially when, at it
frequently tbo case, it is disturbed antl
irrilutod by food that is indigestible
because of its quality or quantity.
Let it bo remembered that thero is
nothing in tho body blood, mnaclo,
membrane, bone, tendon, nerve, brain
or secretions which bas not come of
tbo contents of tho stomach. Neither,
is there a thought, a' feeling, an emo
lion, a volition, or an act, which has
not derived tho material fnrco back of
it from tbo stomach. Kucb an organ
must, Ibereforo, be highly organized.
It has countless arteries, veins, nerves
and glands. It is lined with a dulicuto
mucous membrane, ns much so as the
air tubes, it is studded all over with
glands which cluborufe and pour into
it that wonderful fluid, tbo gastric
jnico. Its coals consist ot different
thin layers of muscles arranged cross
wise, and those are coniturilly at work
giving il that peculiar rolling motion
by which the food is thoroughly mixed
with tho saliva, twery organ and
mnsclc, whon In action, must have a
special supply of blood. This is espe
cially true of ihe stomacb. Food, thero-'
lure, tails to digest if tbe blood Irom
tbo stomach, as, for instanco, to tho
brain by study or closo thought, or by
anxiety Immediately after eating. Now
it is tho nature or oold to oontraot all
blood vcBsola and drive back tho blond,'
and to paralyze, mora or lens, all tho
nerves Ul course tho now 01 gastric
juico is checked and digestion it ar
rested, and tho proper motion ot the
stomach interfered wilh, by an ice colli
fluid introduced into It. rurther,when
the re action sots in, tho blood-vessels
become over distended, producingoltr-n
a dangerous congestion, and an in
creased thirst, wilb a longing for moro
Ico water, thus inducing a . "vicious
circle." From what wo havo said any
reader ran see that ic water, or ice
cream should not bo taken into iho
stamach at the same time with food.
Serious consequences will olten follow
a disregard ol this physical law.
A man came to tho house oi a promi
nent Galveston gentleman, who was
renowned for not paying tits debts,
and, knocking on llie door, asked the
boy wbo appeared, if his father was in.
"No, sir; ho bss left town." "I am
sorry, for 1 wanted to pay him a lillle
bill 1 was owing bim. "CM yon want
to pay bim money, do you f" Yes,
certainly. Hera it
is." "Well then
I'll run in and ask bim If he hasn't
I got back."
TEEMS $2 per &nnum In Advance.
SERIES - VOL. 21, NO. 46.
DEEPEST C4.VIUV.S KXOWX.
Fiom tbt Arllont Miner.
A parly of prospectors, thirteen in
number, went Irom illiuinoon alley
to tbo Hill Williams range, and thence
lo l ino Spt ing, a small watering pluco
Burrounded ny a pmo torost. Here
they found overy indication of an old
sea bed, the gravel and rocks being
round and smooth, similar to those in the
ocoun bed. From 1'ine Spring ihe
potty directed their course for the Ava
Mi pal village, which 11 reached by do
sevnding from the table or mesa land
down one of tbo roughest trails eve-
traveled by man for adtstanco oi tour
loen miles, dropping 8,000 feet. At
places along thu trail, wo aro told that
11 is not over twenty tnencs wiuo, and
winds around the perpendicular walh
of sandstono that loom abovo for bun
dreds of feet, while on tbe other side,
dark, deep canyons exist, hundreds
upon hundreds ol foot deep, whero by
ono false step or movo, man or boast
would bo sent to olomity. With trreat
care and good lurk ten of tho parly
succeeded in reaching tbo village, three
of their number returning rather than
run the gauntlet in passing down into
this awful yot marvelous crevice in tbe
Tho Ava Supsis practice polygamy,
each male having about tbreo wives.
They have 1,000 acres of furming land,
which is described as being of a yel
lowish color and mostly composed of
sand, however, it is said lo produce
good corn, pumpkins, melons, beans,
etc, with tbo aid ot irrigating wuter.
of which tbey havo an abundance, and
appropriate by means of a good ditcb
surrounding their furm. They have a
peach orchard of 250 trues, which
woro, on tbo 1st of April, loaded wilb
small peaches about tbo size of acorns.
Iho parly was well received by
theso rod people, who slated their
greatest desiro was to bo left alone in
tbe cnjoyniont of their land and other
property. Their houses aro built with
poles in a rudo manner and thatched
over with bear grass and tule. Tho
only stock they havo aro a few ponies.
1 ho party attempted to explore Cat
aract creek to its confluence with Iho
Colorado, but were unuble to do so
from tho fact that they oncountoied
precipice uftur precipice from 100 lo
200 locaperpendicular, and it was in
tho foolhardy ulto-npt of D. V. Moo
ney, of Williams Valley, to descond
one of these perpendicular precipices,
100 feet down, that he was dashed to
a sudden and rocky tomb, whero he
now rests as be fell, his companions. VHlcrn8ilhink0f this manner of discip
being unable to rescue hi. body from ,ine nnj that way 0, prornoting morals,
that awful and abyssmal grave. Mr. bul ....... ,.,. .rbo wholu l.,01i
noonoy wa persuaded by Ins com
panions not to attempt such un absurd
undertaking ; their importunity .avail
cd not. Ho took a small ropo, burdly
half an inch in diameter, tied ono tad
to a bush, suspended it over tbo brink,
then taking bold ol tbo ropo, was soon
dangling between tbo bright heavens
and the dark, dismal gorge bolow.
Kvidently crampn came in bis arms or
bis mind gave way, and bo fell from
almost the top to his rocky and lonely
grave below. The party remained
nearly two days, devising means and
plans to rescue tho corpse, but with
failures, as no ono cared to risk a de
scent upon tho weak rope. Tho In
dians informed the party that no man
bad ever passed through the canyon,
that, in fact, a passago was only possi
blo for tho birds of tho air or tho
spirits of tbe dead.
Tbo party retraced their, steps and
went around Cataract creek to the
Grand Canyon ot tho Colorado. They
took In this peculiar frouk of nuturc
and described the walls, which are
about perpendicular, as botngtwo miles
from the apex to tha water. Whore
they beheld the Grand Canyon the
water is described as bvini one hun
dred yards across ; still, from tho ele
vated view of tbe explorers, the furious
stream appeared to be a silver thread
ot only a low inches in width.
No Time to Read. Mow often do
wo hear men excuse themselves from
subscribing to a paper or periodical,
bv saying they have no time to read.
When we bear a man thus excuse
himself, wo conclude be has nover
found lime to confer any substantial
advantage either upon his family, bis
country, or himself. To hear free
man thus express himself, is truly hu
miliating; and we can form no other
opinion than that such a man is of
liltlo importance to society. Such men
goncrally have time to attend public
barbecues, meetings, sales, and othor
meetings, but they havo "no time to
read." They frequently spend whole
days in gossipping, tippling, and trad
ing borses, but they loso a day in
asking advice of thoir neighbors, some
times a day in picking up news, tbe
prices current, and the exchanges
but theso men never have "any timo to
read." They havo time to hunt, to
fish, to fiddle, to drink, to "do nothing,"
but 'no timo to read.' Such men gen
etally have uneducated children, un
improved farms and unhappy firesides.
Tbey baro no energy, no spirit of im-
firovemunt, no loveol knowlodgo; thoy
ive "unknowing and unknown," and
ollen dio unwept and nnrcgrcttcd.
A Constx Story. Tho Chicago In
terOcean remarks: "A, man always
rets into a scrapo when be pokes
around among bis wife's things with
out permission. Mr. Durric, of Jersey
City, had been annoyed by having his
wife sell his old clothes to peddlers,
and thought one day, when a peddler
called in hor absence, that be would
reciprocate ; so he traded a lot of ber
old guru, ones off for tinware and plus
ter images, and among other things a
pair of balf-worn corsets. 11c rubbed
his bands in silont enjoyment ovor Ihe
joke. But when his wile returned and
was inlormrd or the transaction she
rushed up stairs to see wbat was gone,
and not finding tho corsola, exclaimed :
"John llonry, you didn't sell them
"Ob. yes," he replied. "I found a
disreputable old pair and let thorn go."
The wifu burst into tears, and, be
tween sobs, explsinod that, in order lo
hide from burglars the $1,100 bo bad
intrusted lo hor lor safe keeping, sbo
hsd sewed tho money up in the cor
sets. John Henry is tn humblor man
than he was, and can't find tbo rag
A clergyman's wil bad impressed
upon ber lillle boy the necessity of
ejecting the skins ol grapes, and a tow
days alterwards she told bim tha story
of Jonah and the whale. "The whale
is a very largo monster," said the
mother, "and bo swallowed Jonsh."
"Did be swallow other men, loo 7
asked the liltlo boy. "Well, 1 suppose
b. did," continued ths mother, wbo
was somowbat lo doubt; and, while
she. was hositating about tho continua
lion of tho tlory, tho boy interrupted,
"And, mamma, did bt spit tb ikint
ont, too r t
BY II. lT McQUOWH.
RaaoLvin, Tbal wt aoaildtr it tbt duty tf laa
parenta to lb. iblldrea It el.lt Ik. potlio Hboola,
and tbut tnoouragt teaebtr aod pupll, la their
arduoua datiaat anl that wt tball toaeldtr II a
gro. negleot of duty ta Ibt part of tbt partatt
wbo fall u vialt their aobool al lta.1 aatt during
tbt aebool loria, e
Tbt abora rttolatloa waa adopted at ntarly
tvtry Educational Batting bald Ib tha toBoty
during tbt tour of publie tkanlnttloBa.
Hloomington, in l'iko township, has
a Literary Society in successful opera
tion. The Uorubaugh school, In Chest
township, we learn, is yet without a
Mr. W. It. Marshall, of Clcut field
borough, lias taken charge of Ihe New.
burg borough school.
The scholars and touchers will en-
joy tho first holiday of the term to.
morrow, it being thanksgiving Hay.
Tho Directors ol Hoggs township
took the new school building off the
contractor's hands on Saturday lust,
and appointed Mies Jennie It. lireth, of
New Washington, as tcachor.
The Institute programmes aro dis
tributed. The work bus been defined,
and now the thoughtful teacher ought
to be employed in making all necessary
preparations tor attending the entire
The full Hoard of Directors of Brady
township paid a visit to tbe Harlsfelt
school recently. Before leaving, the
President of tho Hoard, Mr. Ashen-
feller, mado an address. We believe
it ia the intention of tbe Hoard to erect
a new school building al mis point.
The noonle of Iloutzdale voted al
most unanimously, on tho 15th nit , in
favor of issuing bonds for the erection
ot anew school building, the con
tract hns already been let for $7,800,
and soon Iloutzdalo borough will boast
of having a union echoo! building sec
ond to none In mo county.
Tho tcachor of the Ohio school, in
Decatur township, has been testing
whether ho or some of tho larger boys
aro to run the school. His first experi
ment resulted in some severe bruises
to himself and assailants, and the bind
ing of two or three persons over to
Court to answer on a charge of assault
We aro sorry to stato that we find
it impossible lo publish tbo monthly
reports sent us by teachers. At the
close of tho first month, wo received
anumbersnfllciontto fill eight columns,
and could, of course, publish some ;
but not wishing to show any prefer,
ence, wo will, for tho present, havo to
decline publishing any. We desire,
however, to publish a "lloll of Honor"
at closo of the term, as an incentive for
pupils to attend everyday of the term.
Thut there is work earnest, hearty
labor, in tbe teacher's calling, ran be
proved to the minds of the most doubt
ful ; that there is work nico in detail,
finished as finely as tho polished steel
mirror, can also ho shown. Does the
thinking world realize that the teacher
learn the characteristics of eacb class,
ond even of every individual In that
This week, we concludo the sugges
tions bearing on the "Course of Study"
published some five weeks ago, and
can't think that any teacher will allow
thoso "helps" to pass by unheeded, in
visiting schools of lalo, we have in
variably ascertained whether -or not
the teacher was endeavoring to im
prove by tho outline and suggestions
given, and in many instances wo have
scon evidences of tho utility of helping
tbe teacher In tint way ; while on tbe
other hand wo havo been confronted
wilb tho excuso that tbey couldn't
adapt it to "their" school, "but 1 ex
pect to organtzo my scdooi irom mil
plan h morroie or next week." We have
always a tooling ot sympathy lor tna
teacher wbo is burdened with to many
excuses for tho discrepancies that meet
the eyes ot a visiting olllcer, and, wbo
try to consolo us with tho idea that if
we liadn t como till "next weex,
things would havo been to much dif
ferent, etc, etc.
SPECIAL DIRECTIONS AND
In tbit column, five weeks ago, was
inscrtod a "Courso of Study," which
we hope has found a place in the
report book of every teacher, and is be
ing generally introduced. We are
now giving "Special Directions and
Suggestions," to accompany the out
line of study, which wo hope will be
preserved by teachers. For want of
space, we can only give suggestions
tor one grade each week. Ibis week
we give yon directions for
riKTH READER GRADE.
Many of tho suggestions given in tbe
proceding grades are applicable to this
grade. Use the United Sin tea history
at a reading book part of the time, and
let the pupils tulk about the subject
read. IM pupils make selections Irom
the readers, lo be read irom the plat
form. Cultivate sell-possession, and
an easy and natural manner in reading.
Learn tho biographies 01 prominent
authors which are given in many read
ers. Uonttnuo spelling in every exer
cise, roviow constantly difficult words.
In tbe study of history combine tb.
geography of the oountry.
licnuiro luo written exercises 01 this
grade to be prepared for preservation
and exhibition at tho end of the term.
Hind them. Kxpltin principles is
aiithmelic, give full analysis, and giv.
frequent eSDieisea lor rapid worst antl
results. Teach the businoss forms of
notes, receipts, etc Teach pnpils to
write with a free hand on paper: drill
and practice will make pnpils easy
In grammar, analyze selections from
the readers, for tbo purposo of analys
ing the thought of the author, lie
quire compositions on assigned sub
jects, especially historical and scientific,
directing Ibo pnpu 10 dooms irom wnicn
information can bo obtained.
In treogruphy, teauh roan drawing
of all tbe grand divisions, uting line,
of latitude and longitude ; study tbe
physical leaturesol countries, and 00m-
paro those of the same latitude ; when
modifications of production! and
olimato occur, tfudy ths reasons tor
the ebanges. Make constant use of
the oullino maps. Study tides, trad.
winds,orcancurrcnts,clo. Induce pupils
of this grade to read useful books ;
assist in selecting thorn. CWiieair
habits of thought in children of every
Declamations nverr week let a lew
pupils from each grade be permitted
lo memorizo and repeat from the plat
form short selections of either pros, or
poetry, cart being taken lo load them
to chooso what Is within their compr.
hension and worth remembering.
Afusic When the teacher can sing.
or whon the pnpils can ting, lot th.
whole school sing noto exorcises ana
songs, which msy be lound ia any
good singing book prepared for school
uso. Make mntie an entertaining ex
ercise. HViffrn Examinations All pupil
able to write should bar an occasional
examination npon what tbey hav
studied, to teat their knowledge and
impress what they hav. learned, and
theso written exercise of tbe lower a
well as tbos of tb bigh.r grade
should b. preserved for .xhibiuoa at
th sod ot lb term. : ' ' 1