Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, November 17, 1880, Image 1
TUB TLEAKFIEU) REPCBUCAV rniLllllD ! WBDHIIDir, AT CLEARFIELD, PA. tfTAHLlWHUD IN 1 9 T . Ttt larirt Circulation f any Newapapei In North Central Peuuiylraalt. Terms of Subscription, if iiiJ in advanea, or within I moDthi....99 Oil .f Ll( tfter i and before nontha '4 AO If pant afwr th I,irllt,B l 1 uoDtfal.., 3 (HI Rates ot Advertising. y -4tittDt advert lieu.nti, ptr qutr of 10 lineior tf, : limm or Itae $1 40 t ur e;wh lubiequent laaertioa 60 lnilmtrtori' and Ki ecu ton' notioei.. t (0 tuditorf' notieee S 40 rj,uti..nand Kitray 1 60 fimfotution noticei 1 00 lr(faHinl Card, 6 llnel or lesi.l year... I 00 Lmal i"lici.p ln 10 YFAHLY ADVKUTtSKMENTS. I l Ur M 0 I 1 tJolntna 160 00 j ijuiirt 1 00 1 4 eolnmn TO 00 3 iurf- 10 00 I 1 olotnn.. 120 00 0. D. GOODLANOKR, Publliber. piryus' Cards. TT w. SMITU, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, I:1:T -earnld. Pa. T J. LINGLE, A l'TORNEY-AT - LAW, l is 1'hillp.burt;, Centr Co., Pa. jrrpd JOLAND D. SWOOl'K, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Curarneville, Clearlield oountr, Pa. ot. , '78-tf. QSCAlt MITCHELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEAHFIELD, PA. "VT-nfTiee in llie Opera lli.ua. oot, '78-tf, G. -t It. A W. BAKKETT, Attorney and Counselors at Law, clearfield, pa. January 30. I87S. ISRAEL TEST, ATTOKNKY AT LAW, Clearfield, Pa. av-Offire one dour eatt of 6hw Bona. IJJ".'" m. M. McCULLOUliH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. ('ffi.r- ir. Ma.onle building, Second elrert, op m,itp the Court Iluu.a. J2(l,'TH-tf. C. AUNOLP, LAW A COLLECTION OFFICE, ClritWENSVILLE, lrfild Counw. Pona'a. lbj T. BI50CKBANK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLKAUP1KLU, PA. Illl.ce iu uprra Houm. ap Ja.TT-ly s M1TU V. WILSON, .lltoriHy-tit-l.air, (UAHFIKMr. - I'ENN ?-0r OiHto in tba Mntonlo Building, orer the t-unt NlioliBI nana. iu.er ou. yu.i.iAM a. iiAGEirry, .tTT0H.YEi'-.lT-t..t ', CI.EARFIKI.D, 1'KNN'A rfl-W'lll atteld lu all legal bu.ineM llb .r.m In,., and SJelilT febl 1,'alUI. i liLUM A. WAM.ArB. DAVID L. RBBSB. ir r. WALLAra. nil w. wbiblbi T ALLACE & KREUH, V 7 tuieemori to Wallace A Fielding,) ATT O UN E YS-AT-LAW, ',i .177 CltiKi utjld, l'. I F. SXYDEIt, (I e ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, FA. u;Ve nrrr ibe Cuntr Natiooal Benh. Juno 36, 'TStf. L. Mc(,EE, l TTOHJTK I'-.l II', DuBois, Clearfield County, Penn'a. f arHiil atleud prompllj to all legal buloeai fclru'lrd lo hil ere. IJUOAl, DV. tMOI. . BUBBAr. cram aoanov. l'rhay & gordon, 'attorneys at law, CLEARFIELD, PA. ,OuVe in Pia'l Opera llotua, laeond door. .30'74 lUHBrfl I. B BNALIiT. DAB1BL W. COBDT. cENALLY & McCUKDY ATTOKNEYS-AT-LAW, Clearucld, Pa. r Legal boilneai attended to promptl witbj rlrlitT. Offlr oa tieoond itraet, aboT tbe Firtt National Rank. Jn:l:70 Y o. k;umer, I'TOKSEY-AT-IjAW, Real Eiute and Colleetloa Ageot, CI.KAIIKIUI.I, PA.. Will promptly attend to all legal buiinale aa. tra.ted tn hil eare. A-Office ia Fie'e Opera Hour. Janl'76. 1" P. McKENRICR, ' e DISTRICT ATTORNEY, CLEARFIELD, PA. All legal huiiaeM entraeted to hie aara all) ra riv prumpt attealioa. fUrOBae In tba Coail Uobii. augl4,IB7t.ljr. OUN L. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. 'Mi Heal Batata Afrcnt, ClearHeld, Ha. hp on Third itraet, bet. tnerrj A Walnut. x4r-ReepeotfallT offori bti aerrioei la lelling id buying lande In Clearfield and adjoining "nntioa and alta aa ezpartaBeaol over twenty ; an aa a aarveyor, Battera binaelf that h eaB t r.d.r aatlataetloa. I Feb J:f3:lf. glipiti.nu' Canls. I) R E. M. SCUEURER, IIOMOiOPATIIIO PUYSICIAN, Offloe Id reeidenoa on Firat at. April 34, Clearaeld, Pa. jyt W. A. MEANS, PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, Di'nois CITY, FA. )l ill attend profeailnnal oalla promptly. au(10'70 )R. T. J. 1SOTER, I, II Y8ICIAN AND SUROtON, Olloe on Market Street, Clearllold, Pa. f u"oa boura : I to II a. ai , and 1 10 I p. at. i) II J. KAY WRIGLEY, I uoMtKPATiiio rnriiciAX, ' .re-OIBr adjolalag tba roaldeaoe of Jarnee F nl'J, K.,,, ua rWeoad St., Claarleld, Fa. U7il,'!tf. ) U. B. VAN VALZAn, ll.KAHI'IKl.n. PENN'A. fUCE IN ItminHNoa!, roRMKll of finsT AND PINK STHKb'Td. t OSro bi era-From II la I P. M. May II, Utl. lt J. P. 11URC1IF1ELD, ?)! LBIaaaiaa L . 1 . . a . a. . A r ritaoi.ii . M C J . r . w , i.J k. I' FklNTINO or KYERY DISCRIP aeaiw .a. CLEARFIELD GEO. B. G00DLANDEE, Editor VOL. 51-WII0LE NO. Canls. TI'MTICf IV. hTI P.H' A t 0&S.TAI1I I:) KEfc ve prinud a larae Bomber of the new FKH 11 ll,L, and will on tbe reoeipt of twenty. til pv in any adore... !. WILLIAM M HKKHY, Justice 1 ! or TI Vtxc lauHcairaaaa, LUM1IEK CITY. CollMtionB aiad and bioobv promuilT paid ovar. ArlifllaB of BKtaeniBBt and deedi ot ouaranp nsatlv aitouied and warranted eor ract or Bo ehartfa. My'll JOHN D. THOMPSON, Jaatlet of the Poaoo and Sir.Tener, Curwoiiivllle. p. t8&.CoIlMttoDi uado and monT promptly ptidovor. rb21'7ltr HENRY BRETH, (drtkri) r. o.) JUSTICE OF THE PEACE to bill Towmntr. My B, ISTMy J AMES MITCH EI J,, nr.At.Eii ii Stjunrf Timber & Timber LitndH, Jeir7S fiLKARFIKI.D. PA. REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, C'loarOtld, Peun'a. axjuWill aieoute joba ia bit lino promptly and tn a workmanlike manner. apr4,fi7 JOUN A. STADLEU, IIAKKR, Market 81., Clearfield, Pa. Kre.b Bread, Ruik, llilla, I'lei and Caker. oo band or made to order. A general aaiortmeot of Contectiooariel, Fruit, and ota in atncB. loa Cream and Ov.tera in eea.on. Baloi.D oearly ipoaite ibe I'liatntTioe. Prii.ee nindrral. inrh tea -7A WEAVER, h BETTS, M.ALKIt.1 IK Real Estale, Square Timber, Saw Legs, AND Lt'MHKK OF ALL KI.SDH. O-Cfflu od Spo. nd Mreot, in rear of itoro ri no of Ueorjffj Weaver A Cm, f janf , '78-tf. RICHARD HUGHES, JVHTICB OP TUB PEACK FOR Ibcatur Tounnhip, Oiccolk Mill. P. O. otTiL'ikl iiunlnem ntmited to bltn will be promptly mondnil tw. mchlitf, '70 HARRY SNVDKR, BABDHK AND HAIHDKKSSER. Shop on M.rket St.. opposite Court Hae. A olckD towel for e.ery curtomcr. Alio dealer In I.r-t Hratirta uf Toburro and ( "para. JAMES H. TURNER, JI'STICB OP THK PEACE, Wallaretou, pa. baa preparod bimaelf with all the necei.ary blauk foitni ander the Fen l ion and Uouotjr lam, aa well aa blank Uae-ll, ete. Ail legal mat tan entruited to bn care wtil rrceiro prompt attention. Ma Tib, 187V-tf. A NBREW UARW1CK, Markal Mtrect, ClcarUeld, l"a., HANV FACTO RBB AND DBALBB IB niimm', Hritlles. Saddles, Collars, and Horse- Furnishing Uooas. jaaT'AII kioda or repairing promptly attended to. Haddlera' Hardware, liorae Uruabea, Currj Cotuba, do., alwaya on hand and for Bala at the loweal oaab prioe. March IV, ISIS. G. H. HALL, PRACTICAL TUMP MAKER, NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A. aay-Pampa alwaya on band and made to order en abort notion. Fipea bored oo reaeonabla terma. All work warranted to render eatUfaction, and delivered If deaired. mjISiljpd Livery Ktable. ry E andersigned bega leava to inform the pub X Ita that be ia now fully preparW to aceotnmo data all in the way or furnlihing Hv.aei, lluggita, ctaddlea and Harnaaa, oa the aborteet not toe and aa raaionable Urtne. Hatldeaoaon LoeoatetrMt, ketwean Third and Fourth. GKO. W. QEAHHAHT. lUarfiftld, Fab. 4, 1874. WASHINGTON HOUSE, OLEN HOPE, PENN'A. flUIB aadertlgned, bating leaead tbla em X ntodiooa llutel. la tko tillage of Ulen Hope, ia now prepared to aeeoiniDodata all wbi nay oall. My table and bar ahall ba npplied with tba beat the market afloraY (.KOKUB W. POTT8, Jr. Oleo Hop, Pa.. Uareh 2A, 11.79-tf. THOMAS H. FORCE E, PBALia la GENKHAL MKKCII AND1HK. c;raiianton. Pa. Alio.eitenalra aianufacturar and dealer ia Square Timber and Sawed Lumber of all kiada. jMTOrdere lolleited and all billa promptly fllled. Ijyl6 72 E. A. BIGLER & CO., 0BALIRI IR SQUARE TIMBER, and manuraoturera of A 1.1. KIND OF HAWED LUMIIIiH, f7J CLEARFIELD, PENN'A. 8. I. SNYDER, tn iPTini. iTiTrnuivrn AMD DBALIR IM L Watchc, Clocks and Jowolry, Qrahum't Rom, Hmrhtt Sirmt, C1.EABPIE1.D, PA. All klndi of repairing la my liat promptly at nded to. Jan. lit, 1B7V. Clearfield Nursery. - KIN COURAGE ROM K INDUSTRY. rrlIK anderrigned, having aitabllihad a Nor X. rj the 'Pike, atout ball way betwea ClrarBeld and CnrweniviMe, Ii prepared to for aiib all klndi of FKUIT THKKS. ( tan Hard and dwarf,) Kvergrarna, Shrubbery, Grape Vinti, Unofelaerry, Lawtoa blarkberry, Btra wherry, and Raipbarry Vinee. Alio, Htberian Crab Traea, Qaitioo, and early acarlat Rhubarb, Ao. Order promptly attended to, Addreia. J. D. WRIOHT, ep20 -y CarwaaaTllla, Pa. MEAT MARKET. F. M. CAED0N & BR0., Oa Market fit., ana door went ot Maaafoa Hoaea, CLEARFIELD, PA. Oar arraagemanta are rf tba moat .oosplete rharaotar lo, furaiebifig tbo pablia with rreeb Meataof all klad, and of tba very beet quality. We aleo deal ia all kiBde f Agrionltaral lonplo. neata, wbiek we keep oa aablbitiaa tor tbo b"B alt ot lb. DMblia. Cell aroaad wbea la Iowa, aad lake a wok at Ulng., or addrvea aa F. H. CAKDON A BRO. Clearleld, Pa., Jaly Id, IS7Mf. iltnrdrld Initiranr ,4gmty. CABBOLL L. DIDDtB. KERR tt UIOOLK, ffnlt, Repraeeat tba folio Ib aad ether Irat-tlaaa Co'a Cempanlea. Aoale. Llvrrpool Loedoa A 8 lobe-rt. I. nr..l.(il.l LveomiBg ea mataal Aaaab alaaa.... A.aflfl.ooa PhmalB, of llerif.rJ, Cone t,.Da taeoreaao Oa. af Nerlk America M.1M74 Korib Brill.b A Mereaatlle-U.S. Br. I,I"I."J rteatllak Coaamoroial-V. I. Braaeb.... (7t,Ut Waterbnwa Tai.llt Trat.l.rl (Lib A Aaoideetl) 4,eJ,4M OBeo oa klalkol It., app. Heart Hoata, Claar lold, Pa. Jaao 1, rt-tr. & Proprietor. 2,097. A DREAM OF AUTUMN. Mfillow bkiri towly (railing O'er lbs wood ftrid mctdiiw, re i ling Stitnbrc kiei, with twllnt Milinjj, 8ilor-lik, lo rorrifro lD(l ; And tbo north wind nvrl.iiDg Suoiner't biirk, ond flood-likt iMin Wrffki of rop hro itio weupitiK Willowi iwiof iboir btlplon btadi. Pliuotei) hitch, like tot-chef Singing FUkoi of flutue ind cinbiri. iprinjiiiig Froii tbo Tle tho Iree Hand iwinging In tba moan it: g atmoaphere j Whila in deid'moir land tha lowing Of ibe sadle. laiidt-r grualiig, Filla the fnie to overOuwinjt , With the aorioat of the year. ' (if Mi of ragged Hubble, tangled U'itb rank wril, ana ahooki of jtnklcd Corn , with cicata Itka wet plumea dangled. O'er the barveit'e battle plain; OT the quail that. Ilk miuile. U'histes orer thorn and tbttlit. And, a tniiiile drpa again. hicb aa wine the tuned flaihei Kwuad tba tilted world, ud dhat tt, L'p tba eloping writ aod plan be. Ill red fuain aainit the iky, Till in j dream of Aututno, paliog In the rplrnditr all prerailioi Likeaaallow leal goea lailmg Down tbeaiteaee aulemnly. OUlt COMMOy SCHOOLS. t UABLEr) HIANCIB ADAMrl, J 11, ON THE HETIIANIHM OF OUR Elit'CATIONAL SYSTtJIS. Fiom Harper'a Magatlne for Noroiober. IIiilto mechanical oilucutionul ma- cbiiicrt, they arc pcculinr to our own time ami country, and itro organized, as nearly as ponaiblu, as a combination nl'tlio cotton mill and the railroad with tho model Sluto triton. Tho School Comniittcu is tho board of direction, while tho .Superintendent tho chiel executive) ( nicer sits in Inn central ollire with the time table, which h calls u iroruiiimo, belciio him, by which one hour twico a week in allot ted to thin atudv, mid hull' an hour three times a week to that, and twenty houm a term to tt third ; and at nuch a lime one cIhhh will ho at this point mill tho oilier cIum at that, tho whole moving wiih military precinion to a iriven di minulion tit a fpeciliod duto. Meidianicul melhodrt could net he car ried further. The organization in per fect. The machine worka iilnumt with the precinion of clockwork. It is, how ever, company Irnnt all tho time. From one point of view children arc rcjrurded at aulomutotia, from another un India ruhlier bujia, from a third an no much raw n ateriul. They inunt move in rilep, and exactly alike. They niUKt receive tho nimo minttil milri ment in equal qiifliilities and at fixed timcrt ltri aKHitnilation ia wholly im material, hut tho motion" mum bo gono throuti with. Finally, ad raw material, they are emptied in at the priinaricA and marched out at the grammar gradca and it is well! This was the very general and in fact, the inevitable result on the laro Btalo ol tho system of Superin tendency in voj;ue durinir tho last twenty-tivo yuars. It was aleo, per haps, a natural and necessary phase of development, something which had to bo passed through, though it immedi ately resulted in several things. In tho first place, so far as tho child was concerned, tho imitative or memorm in" ft'.(Miltia onlv were cultivated, and littlo or no attention was paid to the thiiiKing or retleelivo powers. In deed, it may almost oo said that a child of any originality, or with indi vidual characteristics, was looked upon as wholly out of place in a public school, Iheiilea, under tho system, was masses ot children, designated from usage by names, instead of more conveniently by number, who learned certain rules by heart, and applied them with mechanical prompliiudo and correctness. Any deviation Irnm this semi-military method was sternly repressed as a breach ol cornet disci pline. Starting from this point, the course of so culled educational devel opment up to recent period ban been natural, logicul and commonplace. There have been just throo steps to it it memorizing, examinations, pro grammes; tho lust two tho latest cdu cational bobbica built upon tho tradi tional foundation of tho first. Tho way in which tlieso led from ono on to tho next is obvious enough' In the first place, timu out of mind, all knowlengo was, cduculioually speak ing, looked upon as a vast accumula tion ot facts, rules and definitions and tho grand aim und object ol teaching was to impart us many as possiblo of theso to the youthlul mind. 1 bo way to impart was to cause them to bo la- boriously committed to memory. Thos tho teacher sat in his chair, a sort of lono bshcrmun on tho shore of the great ocean of things known, and ho hooked up out of it now a rule, and now a fact, and then again dcfiin lion, and ho gavo them to the children and saw that they swallowed them, whether they liked them or not, and whether they were nourished by them or not. Del, in process ol time, it becamo apparent to tho mora observ ing that the knowledge thus imparted was not to be retained, und tho examina tion was then devised as a means of assuring tho purveyor of knowledge that the facts, rules and definitions imparled wero held, so lo speak, on the Intellectual stomach for at least a reasonable poriod, Tho examination, however, at it was organized and gradually ramified into a lully-dovel-oped whole almost necessarily culled the programme into existence. Tho world of knowledge was too largo; there wore too many tacts and julis and definitions for the teacher, as well as lor the taught; and so, lor tho pro tection ol tho former, it became neces sary to Btuko uut from tko wide do main, by certain metes and bounds, Iho districts within which ho was to search lor tho hidden treasures. Any thing obtained or to be obtained out bIcIo was not to count. The programme was thus a relict to the teacher, clearly marking as ho did tho limits within which the cramming process was to bo tarried on. It mado his work possible. Tho dovclopomont of the system was thon complete Undor theso circumstances, educa tion being roducod to little mora than a mechanical process of cramming, with periodical nervo trials to ascer tain the degreo of retention, tbo aver ago child not unnaturally felt toward his school and what was there requir ed ot him Tory much as a learned dog or monkey may be supposed to feel toward nts task master. Accordingly the sickening dislike of school and of things taught at school ia with the majority ol tboso emancipated from it almost the strongest association con netted with early life. Tho work ol organization being completed and the mechanical having oecn overdone a new course or thought was inevitable A reaction was cer- J tain to come. It began soveral years ago. Ul lato ft has assumed a more definite shape and is finding clearer expression. This reaction is founded on very deep principle. Its direction it away irom mechanism and toward science. Indeed, the cardinal princi ple ol this -new uopanare, ir It may CLEARFIELD, PA., - WEDNESDAY, "NOVEMBER 17. 1880. bo so designated, ii that there ia just us much a science in developing the more ordinary luoulttos ol the human mind us theru is in ruising crops or ex trading minerals from the earth There is an easy, natural and attrac tive way of training the intellect as there is of training the body, if your philosophy could but find it out. It is oot tho way to find it out, however, to analyze the thing to be tauirht. divid ing and defining, and taking to pieces anu putting together, un tho con Irary, the work must begin at tho other end. Tbooporalion of tho child's mind, tho naturul processes of growth and assimilation which go on iu it, its inherent methods of development and acquisition must bo long and patiently studied. The Superintendent of the lulure is thuBa llaeomun it, his philoso phy. Jlo rejects at once all mechan ism, ull tradition, all a priori theories, all military methods, lie has recourse to a slow, patient process ot induction. Relieving that the human mind is something more than a cabbage, he urguoa that if their ia a science in manuring and growing cabbages, there is probably a science ol mental development. Accordingly, ho watches tho child in its mother's arms and at play. 11 u sees it learn to sneak and to wulk, and analyzes tho processes through which it does tit. Then ho follows tho schoolboy out to the bull ground and the skating pond. herovcr bo goes, ho notices ono thing that every ago, from infancy toman hood, tho child is continually learning to do with infinite ease and skill things most difficult to do things which he himself would in vain attempt. If ho questions that fuel, ho has but caro lully to study the principles ol equili brium and momentum ; and then, hav ing thoroughly mastered thorn, and got them at bis tongue's cud, let him go upon tho ice and try to follow somo boy through a little fancy skating Ho has tuught tho boy thoiulesof grammar, and then called upon him lo write tho English languago; why is it that ho having taught himself each principle of speed and balance involved, cannot now slide off on tho outer edge? To skulo is as difiicult as to write; it is probably moro diltlcult. Vet in Biuto of hard teaching in the one case, and no teaching in the other, tho boy can skuto beautifully, and he cannot write his nativo tonguo at all. So tho .Superintendent of the future leurnB a lesson on the skating pond, und goes homo from it with a new con. ceplion of tbo littlo worth ot formulas, and moro f'uitb in practice. Thus it in in everything. J. ho processes bo ap plies to tho child ho finds that he can not get any results from when he ap plies them to himself. Take base ball, for instance, lie teaches tho child to writo by putting it in a certain posi tion with a pen iu its band and caus ing it to imitate with up-and-down strokes a printed legend at the head of a pago of a copy book. This is done three hours a week. Ihcn he hltnsell studies the rulesof base bull, and takes a bat in his hand, aud imitates blows, and runs imaginary bounds, and keeps it up pamlully and conscientiously as a good boy writes three hull' hours a w e;,Iorthccr.tirc term heesn no more play base ball than the boy can write. Then ho turns to tho examination of papursoftho Norfolk ehools in Walton's report, and no longer asks himself : Why is this sof It is all clear to him now. lie has been expecting of littlo children what ha could not do himself. So bo goes back to the beginning, and, beloro ho undertakes to teach, sita humbly down, a grown mun at Na turu's knee, and patiently cons tho al phabet of her methods. The scientific Biiperintcntlency is, howover, as yet in its first infancy, it is wholly unor ganized, flow completely it is in its infancy, how wholly it lacks organiza tion, becomes very apparent when tho ainglo indisputable fact is staled that in this country tho development of the average human mind is not recognized by our highest institutions ol learning as a scientific study at all. Thoy pay no attention to it make no provision for it. They huve medical schools de voted to the study ol man's body; they have il on lu 1 schools devoted to Ibe study ol bis teeth; but any one who is not a fool, the learned doctors tell us, can train the child' mind I All there is lo know on that subject can bo told in half an hour, and learned by practice at an older teacher's sitlo in a lew weeks. Is not this cuiiousV That it is a lact is indisputable. There is a science of law, and schools and profes sors to leach it. There is a science of agriculture, and colleges devoted toils study, itioro is a scionco ol mining, and institutes ot technology in which it is taught. It is even claimed thut there is a science of divinity. Jiut when it comes to tbo educational de velopment of those who aro to consti tute tho future state, though we spend millions on millions upon it, tho uni versities turn their heads away, and class them as something less than the grass of tho field. They grade tho child's mind as lower than its teeth. They assumo thut any callow youth, fresh from his graduating course, and with tho ink hardly dry on his degree, is quite competent to train tho first, though not to luko care of the lust. We thus turn over our children to those whom wo would nevor dream ol intrusting with our potato patch. ( DoTlleT Mihs Mb f Does tho world miss any ono? Not long. Tho best and most undid ol us will soon be for gotten. Thoso who to day aro filling a largo place in tho world's regard will pass away from tho remembrance of men in a month ; or at tho tart host in a few years after tho gravo has covered their tomains. We aro shed ding tears abovo a new mado grave and wildly crying out in grief that our loss is irreparable. Yet in a short timo the tendrils of lovo havo entwin ed around othor supports, and we no longer miss tho one who is gono. Bo passes tho world. Hut thero aro thoso tn whom a loss is beyond repair. There aro men Irom whoso momoncs no woman' smile can chase rocolloo tion of the sweot face that has given up all its beauty at Death' icy touch. There aro women whose plighted faith oxtend beyond the gravo, and drives away as prolano, thoso who would en tiro them Irom a worship ol their buried loves. Such loyalty however, is hidden away from tho public gaze.1 The world sweep on beside and around them, and care not to look upon this nnoblruding grief. It carves a line and rem a ilono nvor tho dead and hasten away to offer homago to tbo living. A backwoods proachor once eluci dated as follows in connection with the parablo ol tbo virgins : "In ancient times, my beloved bearer, it was the custom, after a couplo has bcon mar ried, for ten virgin to go out with lighted lamp and moot cm on the way home, five of these virgin being male and fiv femaloa." PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. it LESSON IN GEOGHAPJ1 Y. VAST DOMAINS SECURED DY Till DEMO CRATS. : From tba New llavea Rrglater. In 1783 tho thirteen original States with their "reserves," or territorial possessions, extended westward to tho Mississippi river, and southward to the lino of tho Spanish possessions of Florida. Massachusetts comprised the State of Maine, a goodly sharo of tho Stuteol Wisconsin and Michigan ; the Connecticut reservation took in tho southern coast lino ot Lake Krie, now tho thrifty "Cleveland district" of Ohio, slices of the northern portion ol Indiana aud Illinois, including the site ol Chicago and tho southern portion of Michigan und Wisco,"-in ; Virginia owned the largest pari of the three! great midJIe western niatcs, Ohio, In diana and Illinois, a well as the entire Stato of Kentucky ; North Carolina owned Tenncsseo, and South Carolina bad a narrow strip running along the northern lineol Oeorgta, Alabama and Mississippi. 'Iho coast lino ol the country was confined to tho Atlantic seaboard, extending only to tho north ern lino of Florida and tho great lakes, which at that time had not achieved commercial importance The cossion ot theso territories to the General Government occurred between tho years 1781 and 1802, Virginia being the first Mate to cede its lauds and Georgia the last. Wo hovo thus stated aa briefly as possible tho geographical outlino of tho whole country ut tho time to givo a general idea ol the con formation ol tho several Slates, or ul least, thoso States which possessed territmy outside of which is now in their boundaries. It is our purpose in this article to note tho subsequent ter ritorial growth of the country, how tho lands havo been acquired, and to suggest the importancoof accession in completing a country that now reaches Irom ocean to ocean, und is unparal leled by any in tho world for the groat variety of its products, both agricul tural and mineral. The first and most important ac quisition wus tho "rrovinco of Louis iana, which wus purchased Irom France, that country having only throo years previous taken possession of il by treaty with Spain, in 1803, for f 23 500,000. This tract comprised 1, 171 ,13 1 square miles of land, and is now covered by tho cnliro Stales of Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Oregon, a small portion of the Stales of Alabama and Mississippi, thut part of tho Stato of Minnesota lying west of tho Mississippi river, and tho purl of the Stato of Kansas on the north of Arkansas, east of the twenty third meridian ; by the entire territo ries of llakota, Washington, Idaho and Montana, the part ol tho Stato of Colorado east of the Rocky Jlouiiluins and north of the Arkansas river, the largest part of tho territory ol Wyom ing and the Indian territory. This purchase, it will bo seen, gave us first control of the mouth of the Mississippi river, and across the liulf of Mexico lor tho then just beginning commerce of tho Ohio river ; guve us undisputed CuiitrJ o! the great Vi's'-ippl bnain, ibe most fertile tract in the world ; opened up tho Missouri and Arkansas rivers, and gave us our first short coust line on the Pacific. When it is con sidered that the great sugar and cotton interests of Arkansas, and tho great whoat producing Slates west ot tho Mississippi, tho vast mineral resources ot the mining region, aud the lumber regions on l'ugut Sound, which is now shipping lurgeiy to Asia from its pro duels, wore included in this purchase, the wise and lurseoing policy that sug gested and consummated il appears to be one of tho most brilliant strokes ol statesmanship in the career of the country. Tho "Louisiana l'rovincuA is tho wealth ol the country, yot scarcely developed. To completo tho Atlantic seaboard and givo us slill futincr tousilino on tho Cull', in 1810 the "Treaty of Wash ington" resulted in the cession of west and east Florida, a district comprising du,zus pquaro milts, and costing the United States nearly (0,500,000. The boundary line ol Iho country re mained from 1819 lo 1815 as it was left by the Florida ccBsion, tho slrugglo over ihu 4 'Jib parallel being ended in I85C, and tho Sau Juan difficulty with Ureal liriluin being settled in our favor by the Gorman hmperorin 1872. The liepublio ot Texas having achieved independence in 183G, it was recognized by our Government aa an independent Jtopublic, and in 181!) il wus admitted as a Male, this was an annotation of 370,10 square miles of territory, and was accomplished with out the direct expenditure of a dollar. Tho Gull line wasthen completed, and a great cotton producing State, and the wundorlully rich grating land of the pampas ol tho northern and west urn portion were added to our terri tory. Tbo recent census shows that ibis Slalo bus grown in population and material wealth in Iho past decade in a greater portion than any other, with the possible exception of Kansas. In the annexation of Texas, Mexico insisted that tho boundary line should bo the river Nueces. Tho Texas He public, howover, maintained that in its annexation to tho United Slates tho western boundary should bo tho Jiio Grande, and the United Slate main tained that boundary. The Mexican war resulted Irom this claim, and at it close, by tho treaty ol 1848, Mexico not only ceded tho territory in diaputo, but all thut tract ot land west of tho Hio Grunde, and ol a meridian from it source to tho 421 parallel ol north latitude, south ot that parallel, cast to tho l'ucifio ocean and north ol tho present boundary of tho United States, excepting tho Mesilla Valley south of the rivor Gila. This torritory is now oovored by the States of California and Nevada, tho territory of Utah, and a portion of the territories ol Arizona, Now Mexico, Colorado and Wyoming, the richest gold and silver boaring region in tho world. The Mesilla Valley was in 1853 added to the country by what is known as the Gadsden purchase. It looked insignificant on tho map when com pared with other and larger acquisi tions, but as a mining region, it is rapidly boing developed. Tombstone, the nowest of the great mining towns, is in this purchase. Ibo money con sideration passing from the United ntales lo Mexico lor tuoso cessions was 125,000,000. The final acquisition to our territory was Alaska, which was purchased Irom lluaaia In I8C7 for 17,200,000. Il contains 577,390 square miles, and is ol the least valuoot all our accessions, not having reached the importance of a territorial government. V) have irivon tins running skelcD of the territorial growth ol tho conn try, because il is in Itself an interest, ing study, especially to the young, and for tho further purpose of calling at tention to the fact that every foot of REPUBLICAN. theso lands was acceded under Demo cratic administrations, the Louisiana Province, the greatest and most im portant, being acquired under the ad ministration of Jefferson, the Spanish cession ol the Floridus whilo Monroe w as President, tho Texas and Mexican cessions under the administration ol Polk, and the important Gadsden pur chase in the timo of Pierce. Tho ain glo exception, if it may bo called an exception, is in tho case of tho Alaska purchnse, which was consummated whilo Andrew Johnson wa President, although it wus tho pet scheme of William II. Soward, then Secretary of tho htalo. it will bo seen that to tho Democratio party tho country is in debted for its entire Pacilio coast and Gulf line, for tho great agricultural and mining regions west of tho Mississippi river and north of the itlo Grande, and more than all for tho grand Union which makes it possihlofor us to serve the world with our products by tho way of two occuns and that great out let, the Mississippi river. THOUGHTS FOR THE THOUGHTLESS. Header, do you ever puuso to think? If not, you aro at luult, when there is so much to think about. There aro millions of ideas yet to bo born, mill ions of years yot to live It may not bo on this earih, but wo shall livo in some sphere. Tho grave is tho lock which must bo opened before wo touch or enjoy tho treasures beyond its dark keeping, before wo go lo the punish ments or rewurds wo plan in this world, and thero is much to think of which concerns this life. The golden crop cannot bo gurnered till after the giain has been sown. The impression cannot bo read till after tho typo is set in order. And the errors show in the proof. You cannot bo a man unless you dceido to bo ono. People seldom blunder on success as a blind pig lulls into a well. Luck is nothing moro than effort well directed. Stones do not of themselves turn un as you pass by to reveal tho weulth hidden under them. Men do not often succeed h eliunce. l his world was not made by chance. It was mado. Meu aro made. It takes yours to make them. In all sorts of trials, all kinds of troubles under many trying circumstances tho lessons of lite aro learned. Think that a poor man is a slave. Think what oilier huve done, and that il is in your power to do still belter it you will. Think that you will somo day be culled on to take an active pari in life's battles. You will either lead or he led. Il lies in you to decide which. Wrink Iob crocp over the tuco and nevor go off. Habits silently but surely creep into your spirit, and you cannot get rid of them. Think whether you will please thoso who bid, or bid thoso you please Think whether you will bo a fretful, disagreeable, old man whom every ono will wish dead, or a respected old gonltoman whose grave will be watorod with tears whoso kind words and smile will bo missed whoso precepts or example will bo loved and copied. Il is easy to bo a poor man. All you have to do is to work hard and sever think. Work Lutd ui.J spend foolishly at the card table and in non sense. Marry in haste and repent at leisure. Slido down bill, and walk back drawing your sled after you. It you aro poor, run in debt. Keep poor a bIuvo to ovcry man. If you havo a wife and aro in debt, keep a hired girl. II in debt with nothing to do, keep two servant-girl. If very poor and in debt, keep two servant girls and a dog. Keep up stylo. Fish torfools halo tho hook with tho biggest ono and you will catch them Buro. If you owe a mun, chent him out of the debt. If you ran borrow instead of earning, do so. Keep borrowing. Pry into all that concerns you not. Tell all you know. Teach ovcry ono to dislike you. Act out nature and bo a hog, or think a littlo and bo a man. Life is a show. You can havo a hard seut or a cushioned ono. Tho first investment for a ticket decides tho mutter. Ho who does not think is a fool. His lifo is hko midnight dreams morn comos and thoy are gone Death comes and I lie gamo i over. For tuno does not louse men lo shako hor hand. A good opportunity never waits. If you aro not ready, somo ono clso will bo. Tho wheel goes round tho car moves on if you do not occupy tho seat, some one clso will. Thon, what will you do? Whose brains will you use? Do you intend lo woik all day lor juBt what will lust you all night, or huvo you an idea for tho future? Are you doing your host 1 It not, why not? Think of these things. Look out lor bad examples. Shun them. When you boo a man fail, be assured thero was a reason, Think and search it out. If ha sue. ceods, learn his secret and follow it. Friends are mado. isolations grow. Friends wo moke lor ourselves. Kne mies aro as necessary to aticeosi as vinegar to pieklos. They aro tho long oars, which in sturdy hands ehuol tho boat, deep though it be laden, fur out and clear over the foaming break ers into a smooth sea beyond. Do not be a hypocrite. Hotter be a thief a robber. Play your hand open. Never wear epeclacles to do ceivo lofka. Never profess to do what you do not. Do not bo afrnid ol what others may say people will talk. Fools will turn grindstones lor others to sharpen scythes upon, and "fools will talk of thut which doos not con cern them, of what they cannot effect ol that which is none of their busi ness. Think for yourself. Advise wilh your own heart. Do as best pleases you. Sutisty ono man first. Do not promiso over a thousand pups out of ono litter. Ho may bo a mean man who would not promiso a pup to a friond, but be is a meanor man who fromisos moro than ho can perform. )o not take lour passengers In a wag. on intonded for but two. Do not try to please everybody and please none. Few people care lor you. Fear is stronger than lovo. But lew peoplo will lovo you. Society think you are an orango to bo squeezed for its benefit. Think bow lew peoplo care for you. Men seldom work except lor pay. People aro generally friends only whilo they can lap from your saucer. They oat tho corn and throw tho cob away. "I would rather voto for a long-eared donkey than lor you," said an inde pendent voter to a Galveston candi date. "O, como now I you ought not to allow yourself to be so influenced by family ties," responded tho candi date Tho voter has been puzzling bis head ever sinco to find out why the crowd laughed. King Alfonso has introduced Ameri can custom into hi palace, lie now frighten hi baby to sleep by showing it Chester A. Arthur' picture. NEW A IJOX AND LIONESS ESCAPE AND CAUSE THE WILDEST CONFUSION. From tba Little Hook (Ark.) Uatetie. Last night Argcnta witnessed by the flaring torches of tho ennvassmen, tho most thrilling scene known to tho history of the State. Y'eslorday Coop er & Jackson' circu.t and menagerie exhibited in Argenta, and last night just after tho opening of tho perlorm ance, tbo violent wind and ruin storm catno up. In a moment the canvas was blown down. A cago containing a largo African lion and lionoss was overturned by tho force ol tho wind A torch, ttlanted near tho cago was thrust botweu tho bars into tho cage. This frightonod tho animals, and with terrible roar thoy shattered the cage. Throwing have liure and there, they bounded over tbo heads of tho excited peoplo and ran away among tho sand gulches and tall weeds. An indescrib able confusion followed. Children galhorcd around their parents and shrieked, women flow hither and thith er, and Blrong men, in a wilderness of night rarely witnessed, yelled and all scattered. Fora moment no one know whoro to turn, but quivering and Iright oncd beyond tho exercise of tho pros enco of mind, all whirled in an entan glement of human chaos. Tho lions did not turn upon tho crowd, but, in astonishment ut such freedom, sprang away and disappeared, Tho excited peoplo Bought their homes und the circus men, hall in fear and half in anxiety, bearing torches went around peeping here and there, seurching for tho king and queen of beasts. Shortly after tho canvas had been taken down, Mr Goorgo llodli-li, clerk of tho Adams House, and Mr. Hilly Winn, contor lionist of the circus, left tho grounds, en routo for Judge llama's hotel. Groping thoir way through the tall, wet weeds, slopping and shuddering at every thought ol meeting tho lions, thoy proceeded. Passing a saloon dark object on tho sidewalk attracted the attention ol Mr. llodfish. "Hilly," ho exclaimed, "hero aro tho lions. "Aro you ttiro J" "Yes, horo they are," ho continued, littlo knowing that ho spoke with such terrible truth. Anoth er step and ho would have been upon the lion, iiul thut step was not luken. With a roar thut jarred tho drops of water trom tho tall weeds, Iho lion sprung up, and, followed by Iho lioness, turned upon the two men. llodfish sprung back. Tho lions stood, wilh glaring eyes, watching them, lushing tho ground with their tails. Tho cir cusman seized a chair and held it in front of him. Hodlish stepped buck, remarking with coolness that ho would open tho door of tho saloon. This ho tailed. Tho place was crowded with revelers, who upon the appearance ot the lions had closed tho doors, and in breathless fright, awaited a seemingly inevitablo doom. "Open tho door," cried Hodfish, as ho beat against tbo building. No answer. "Let us in." No answer Bavo ibo loud breathing and uneasy movements of the inmates. "Hilly," suid Hodfish, turning to his companion, "como oo." "Go on awav," said 'Hilly', who all this time stooil holding out tho chair and looking tho lions steadfastly in the eyes. "It won't do to leave If I make a movo thoy will jump on mo Tho lions crouched ready lor a 'firing and lashed tho ground with their tails. Hilly, said Hodhsb, "I II go around and open the side door, then we ran both muko a dash, lie wont to tho back door and implored entrance. "Tho lions aro nut hero," he said, "open the door, we want to come in." homo one unbarred tho door. Just thon tho lions made a spring at 'Hilly'. tlo throw lip tho chair, wheeled, and, in a manner he cannot describe, reach ed tho side doorjust as Hodfish onlurod. Uomuimng in the saloon for a tew mo ments, they came out and joined in tho attempt to capluro tho beasts. The cago bad bcon patched up, and a sight of it and tho torches had caused the lions to soring. The animals were finally found crouched neur a fence Tho cage door was opened und tho moo stationed around with torches. Tho lion walked peacefully into tho rage, but tho lioness becamo excited and run awuy. Sho went around and entered u lot surrounded by a picket fence f ho cugo was backed up against the pickets, near where tho animal was crouched. Winn and Hodfish went up and began tearing away tho pickets, when, w ith a roar und a spring, the lion ess, whoso injuries sualuincd in leap ing around seemed to have partially disabled her, ran toward the men with torches. The torch men threw down their lights and fled. About half un- bour afterwards the lionoss was cap- lured. The excitement will never bo lorgotlon in Argenta. THE TERRIBLE STRAIN THE ENGINEER. ON Wheu pooplo read about or ride upon extraordinary fast trains, says Iho Hallway Ajf, they seldom think ot tho severe slruin and excitement to which tbo brave men who run tho en gine are ubcclcd. To sit in a passen ger coach and glide over a smooth truck ia a vory different thing trom standing on the shaking footboard wilh hand on the lover, straining eyes and ears to detect a possible danger, every nerve sense ana every thought center ed on tho safe accomplishment of the journey upon which so many live do- pond. W hat such a labor means is shown, to some degroc,.ina recont dis poteh.announcing thcdeath.at tho early ago of thirty, of Wm. Philips, the on gincor who run tht celebrated Jarretl & Palmer train Irom Jersey City to Pittsburgh, a distanco of 4.13 miles, without a slop. Tbo dispatches says : Mr. Philips bus boon sick lor nearly a year past, bis Illness dating really from the time he undertook the task of running theJarrettoV Palmor train. llo accomplished the leat in less than schedulo timo, but the atrain on bis system was so torero that ho never recovered from it. llo continued on duty, and waa called upon invariably when trusty man waa required, but bis health became more precarious, and ho was finally compelled to relinquish his position." "Mamma," said Henry Thomas, a bright little fellow ovor in Algiers; 'Mamma, havo my toe got eye 7' 'No, my darling: why do you ask a foolish question ""llocause my fool' asleep." "Pad, if II is so Injurious to smoke, hy don't chimney gctsiek and die?" The old gentleman morely replied that ho wished he,had a trunk-strap handy. Grade's first experienco in eating a peach: "Pro eaten it, cloth and all, mamma; now, what shall I do with th bone ?" TERMS-S2 per annum to Advance, SERIES - VOL. 21, NO. 45. REE MYSTERIES. Probably beo culture ha mutlo us rapid march of improvement during Ihu past five year as any branch ol agricultural pursuits. During tho pros eiit season the sumo cure and expense lias been employed In selecting anil importing bees from llo ly, the Island of Cyprus ami the Holy Land, us has been employed in the perfection ol our various breed ol hoi sea und entile. Although we tlo not have tho beo pus turugu iu New Knglitiid that Is liiund in the basswnod and wild flowers of tho West, still many hoc are kept boro with profit, even In tbo old box hive How much more, then, might bo expected wilh the new appliances of frame hives, comb foundation, tho prizo section box, tho extractor and smoker. Wilh the aid of a littlo smoko an expert will opon tho hive and ro movo the brood, hoe or honey, show you his choice queens, and discourse on their hue point with a much am racy as tho best borso trainors or herd men. On holding up a framo of brood ho may say: "iou sco this queen is laying, for hero aro egg less than iwonty-tour hours old. hco what a prolific queen sho Is; how she packs in tho eggs ; docs not miss a coll," or, "I do not liko this quoen ; eho lay too many drono eggs ; I will kill her and iiut in another." Yon ask, "how can you prove that workors only livo thirty or lorly duy ol labor, but live all winter without Iubor?" He will say, "II I romovo tho qncon from tho black colony and replace her with an Italian queen, who begin lo lay im mediately, in twenty-one days her eggs will butch, Iho black bee will con tinue to dio till they are replaced wilh the Italians, and we nolo the duy when tho last fly dieB." "Do all bees sting?" "No, tho drones aro ns harmless as flies. Queens will not sting you, hut will bitu and will sting a rival to death in livo minutes after being hatched. Tho workers, which aro tho only ones to bo feared at all, can usually be sub dued by blowing smoke mado from punk among them." Worcester Spy. AN ACCOUNT KEPT SOME WHERE. It is tainted ol tho clehroted Dr. Jowett that in tho course of his travels he onco entered a country tavern and snt down in the bar room to warm his fingers. His keenly. roving eve booh discovered prominent, over rows ol bottles with highly colored contents, in largo letters, tho inscription, "No credit given hero." Turning to the landlord (to whom ho was personally unknown) ho said : 'Ah, I see you bring people souaro up to tho mailt I" l os. Bald tho landlord, "it s no use to trust rum customers now a-doys. ) e must get it as wo go along, or never got it." Jowett warmed bis fingers awhilo and turning to the Irndlord, suid : '1 think I could add a line or two to your inscription that would make it very nice. "What would you add?" inquired the landlord. "Givo mo a pen and a pioce of paper and I will show yon." 'Walk into tho bar: Ibouri a pen and ink help yourself." 1 ho doctor walked into the bar, and taking up the pen, wroto os follows : "No eredlt given bore, And yet I've eanaa to Tear That there'e a day-book kept (ft beaveo, Where .barge ia Bade and eredit given." Laying down tho pen and leaving tho linos, he walked to the lire, and again snt down, expecting an explo sion. Tho landlord went behind the bar and read what ho had written. A pauso of somo moment ensued, when tho doctor glancing around, wus, to his great pleasure, and somewhat to bis surprise from the intirantion of lumpness about tho eye ol the land lordconvinced that ho had driven a nail in a sure place. "A word fitly spoken, how good it is." Saving His Mastku's Money. Tho greater part ot tho stories which re iato to tiie gain and losses ol game ster are tragio rather than comic Ono which belongs to tho latter rnto gory is reported Irom Monaco. A certuin German baron belonging to ono of tho best families of Mecklen burg, win ono day so lucky ns to gain 300,000f. Ho ielt tho tables, hastened to his hotel, and at onco locked up the enormous sum in a cash box. Oo his awakening tho next morning, what was his dismuy to lintl that it had all disappeared as well. at hi old valel Jean, who on hundred occasions had given proof of his fidelity and affection lor his master. As it was, iho baron found himself short of money, and telegraphed to hie father for assistance, acquainting him at tho sumo timo of his adventure. Ibis was tho answer ho received : "Don't disturb yourself. Joan is hero with all tho money wbich you think you havo lost. He feared your louis would go tho way they had come, and, littlo liking the anticipation, he has come hero to keep the treasure safe You como loo." Formation or Snow. Snow is formed from vapor, and vapor is form cd by heat; and it has boon calculated that tho heat expended in forming a singlo pound of vapor would melt no less than nroponnds ot cast iron. jNor is ibis all. Equally great if not greater is tho force necessary to trans form tho vapor In snow, rrolessor Tyndall remarks that : '1 have seen the wild siono ava lanchet of the Alps, which smoke and thunder down the declivities with a vohemonco almost suflloicnt to stun the observer. I httro also seen snow flakes descending so softly as not to hurl tho Iragile spangle of which they are composed ; yot lo produce, Irom aque ous vapor, a quantity which a child could curry of that tender material, demands an exertion ol energy compo- lent to calhcr un the shattered block of tho largest atono avalanche I bavo over scon, and pitch them to twico the height from which they loll." Littlo Paul, clambering on hisfathor'a knee "Pa, whall humbug?" Fatbor "Why, what on earth do you want lo know that lor?" Paul "I hoard you say ii to ma a minute ago." Fathor "Yes, my son. Humbug Is when your m protends h loves me, and thoro aro no button on the nock ol myahirl." A lady say that a woman in choos ing a lover, consitlcr a good deal moro bow the man will be rcgardotl by other women, than whether sho loves him herself, Home women may ; but the men they smilo upon will be re garded by othor women aa jolly green lo be taken in by them. When a Cincinnati man speaks ol tho productions of his pon, you never know whotbor ha U a literary fuller or a bog raiser. . EDUCATIONAL. BY U. h, MoQUOWN. Rholvid, That wt oonalder It tba duty of lb parent! to tbi ablldrea to viait Ibe patlie Mbooli, aud tbui eaoourag Uaobar led buptl is their arduoua dulieei and that wt ball etwildar It a groa neglcot of duly oo Ibe put of Ibe parent who fell to viilt their lobool at Uat oooa during the tebool torn. Th tiboro reiolutioa wat adopted at awly Tory Kdittatlonal meet ing bold In tit eonatf during tb tour of public itaintttoni. SPECIAL DIRECTIONS AND SUGGESTIONS. In this column, four weeks no. waa inserted a "Course of' Study," which wo hoiio has found a pluco in tho report book of every teacher, and is bo ing generally introduced We are now giving " Special Direction and Suggestions,'' to uecompuuv iho out lino of study, which wo hope will bo preserved hy teachers. For want of space, wo can only givo suggestions lor one grade each wvuk. This weok wo givo you diroolions for rot UTll READER GRADE. SprWngin every reading exer cise seek to develop thought and uu intelligent comprehension ol the selec tion. Learn something of the promi nent authors. Givo vocal exercises at least once u week, lo tlevelop compitss of voice, pitch, otc. Teach Iho system of voice training found in the first part ot tho reatleis. Reading Drill in spelling. He quiro written exercises every day. Givo review exercises onco a week on word previously studied, spelling or ally ; combine wilh other grade In in this exercise. Study the derivation and construction of words, giving the root, prefixes and suffixes, the mean ing of each part, and of the whole word. Teach a low prominent rule of spelling. Assign a part of each spell ing lesson for definitions. Kach pupil should bavo a small dictionary. Arithmetic Anange o that each subject in mental arithmetic shall pre cede tho same in written arithmetic. In taking up any subject dovelop prin. ciplcH first, teach pupils to construct their own rules, and give tho reasons for each step in an operation. Have pu pils furnish original examples foer ouch rulo a principle, liequire system and neatness in the arrangement of all the work put upon tho blackboaid or sluto, ho that each Btep of the process will bo iudicaled. Orderly .methodical habit are valuable in any business. Give miscellaneous examples covering prin ciplcs learned, to bo performed rapidly on blackboard or slate In rapid work, pupil should learn to perform mentally as much ot tho example a possible. Gainmar Written statements of arithmetical operations, descriptions of events in history or of the geogra phy of a country will furnish many written exercises, which should be carefully exumined and criticised us to construction of sentences, use of copi tuls and punctuation marks. Lot some of tho written exercises bo exorcised in the class by pupils, lieqtiiro letter writing and easy composition. Dia grams present lo Iho eye the essential parts of a sentence and tbo relation of words lo oach other. GengraihyX'so maps when learn ing tho locution ot cities, river, coun tries, etc. If there are no mops in the s' hool, draw them on the blackboard or wall, or let tho teacher purcbaso a set for her own use Let much of the doscriplivo part of geography bo read and dniussed. Teach pupils how to muko mountains, coast lines, rivers, eto., and then require them to draw maps on paper and blackboards. The following circular has boon mailed to teachers in company with tho program mo of exercises for the ap proaching InBtituto : ARE YOU COUINO ? Teachers, Directors and Friends of Edu cation in Clearfield county : Arcyou coming to enjoy tho benefits and plensuresof the Annual Session of tbo Teachers' Institute, which con venoB in Clearfield, Doc 20, 1880 ? Tho programme, which this circular accompanies, is intended to bear evi dence of tbo complete arrangements wo have made for the instruction and entertainment of thoso who may at tend. Wo are happy to Btate that, in our opinion, tho talent employed, the questions submitted for consideration, and the general arrangements for the coming session are vastly superior to those of any preceding year. To do fray the heavy expense of this moot ing it will rcquiro more than four hun dred dollars. Tbi sum is expended tor the Binglo purposo of improving our tcacbor in tho scionco and art of teaching. Do you wonder iben that wo feel solicitous in regard to it suc cess. The At t ot Assembly providing for Teachers' Institutes, makes it obliga tory upon Superintendent to hold them annually. It is not, thorefore, a voluntary measure, but is as perma nent as the annual school term itself, Theso annual meetings have gradually grown in public favor and gained a plucein tho confidence of teachers and peoplo, until now they aro recognized us the most potent educational agencies. Nevor in tho history of tho County has there boon more need of a full at tendance at the County lnstituto than this yoar. A majority of tho teacher in charge of tho school aro youngaud inoxperenccd ; they need all the in struction and help which tbi meeting promises to givo.in order that they may bo strengthened in the duties they havo undertaken to perlorm. Others who possess bighor attainments, and havo had moro experience, aro alway present from force of professional prido. More elaborate arrangement have been mado for the approaching session than wero ever mado lor a County In stitute hi lore; many now and valuable features will bo introduced to make it practical and efficient., and wo hope there i not ono teacher in tbo County who will not attend from first to the last session. Fidelity to the cauao in which we labor, demand that we be not sluggish, but active and earnest, M. L. McQtiowN, County Superintendent. Clearfield, Pa. Nov. 18, 1880. The teachers of Brady township mot in tho school bouio at Luther, burg, on Saturday afternoon, Nov. (ith, and organized their District lnstituto, tho first meeting of which will be held at Coal Hill school houBO, on Saturday, Nov. 27th. A full programmo ha been arranged, and addressos will be delivered In tho evening by Ilov. J. Iteams, J. W. Corp, and other Inter ested in education. The following porson were elected officer : K. K. Jimeson, President; J, I. Hrockbank, Vice President, and Miss Suo llishel, Secretary. Thanksgiving i tho first holiday for teacher. We are mailing tho programme lor tho next County Institute to teacher and Directors tbi week. JcfTernon county ha furnished Franklin school, in Hell township, with a teacher. An educational meeting will ba held In Osceola borough in a couplo of weeks. Piko township school teacher will be grantedtime to attend tho County lnstituto hy tho School Hoard, W. K. Kratser ha uocoeded J. W. Kldred as teacher of Central Point school, iu Covington township. A Hor groat efforts, we believe all the schools have been suppliod with compelont teachers and are now in successful progress.