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puBUtaaD f BBV WSMMDAT, AT
SaTAHLIIHKD IN left.
The largeet ClrMUlioa f my Newepaper
In Worth Central Peuaaylvanla.
Terms of Subscription.
If nald edreoa, nrltki. tl.-.M Ot
.rut i Md before o.ih a to
jt paid after the expiratioa moatai... OO
Bates ot Advertising,
fnnilfot adTtrlleemtntx, ptr iqnereof 10 llneaor
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V nr iuh aubiequent inttrtlon.. 0
. ...leiaLratora'aad Bxoautori' nenieei I 00
canoop and Betray.
p,onel Cardi, I Unci or leee.l year..
Local aotleea. P II"
, M 00 I i Miami. $50 00
mum. -..IS 00 i column TO 00
,.,- 10 00 I I tolama. -..no 00
0. B. O00DLANDER,
I OR PRINTINn Of BVBRY DK8CIIP
,) lino aoutlv aaeeated ot thl. ndoo.
TT w. smith,
T J. LINGLE,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW,
1:11 Plilllpaburg;. Cootra Co., Pa. y:pd
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwraerillo, ClrarOtld touoty, Pa.
oet- t, 'fs-tf.
ATTOKNRY AT LAW,
f OIHoo la tbe Opera llouet. oetQ. '7-tf.
Q H. 4 W. BAKUETT,
ATTORNSYS AND COUNSELORS at Law,
January 30, 1871.
ATTORNKY AT LAW.
"Odlee la tho Coarl Boom. JU,'t
(oiraab p. a.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
fan BELL foWXtlllrV
Tii. if. MoCCLLOUGn,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offi:t In Mnronte butldiog, Stroud etreet, op
poiito tho Court llouoe. le26,'7btf.
Ty C. ARNOLD,
LAW A COLLECTION OFFICE,
.211 Cleeroeld County, Peoa'a. 7y
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office io Opera lloolo.
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
.l 17.1 CLKARFIKLD, PA.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
nffloo io Pie'a Optra IIoiim.
June IS, TSlf.
wiiliim a. aiiuoa BATia 1.. aaaal.
a.iar r. wailaob. 'oaa w. wsiolbt
WALLACE A KREBS,
V (Baieetaor. to Wallaoo FltldlBg.)
Jaol'TT Clearfield, Pa.
Frank FleMiag.. W. D. Bi(lar....8. V. Wlltoa.
YIELDING, BIGLER& WILSON,
ATTORNEYS - AT LAW,
jr-cr-OlEoe la Pio'i Optra Hoa.. (mobi-IK.
IX BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER.
Shop oa Morhot St, appoaite Court Uouo.
A tlaoa lowol for erery aattaaior.
Alto doaltr la
neit nrandt of Tubare and Cigars.
CkerfWId. Pa. wiao 10. "70.
TBOI. B. MUBBAT. cratJt obbos,
jyjURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
aY-Ottoe la Ple'i Optra Iloaat, reooud Boor.
lotiri a. a tmnr. babul w. b'cubot
fcENALLY A McCURDY
ay-Legal baitoeee attended to promptly wlthj
OJelity. Offlea OB BotoBd etroot, aboro the Pint
Natioaal Bank. jaa:l:70
Real laUU Bad Colroatloa Afoat,
Witt promptly atlead to all lal batlatia aa
traaud to hi. ear.
rOAQo la Pto't Optra Hoaea,
J P. McRENRICR,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
All IwjraJ batlaee, entru.Ud to hlf oert will ra
oeira prumpt atttatioa.
Ollea opposite Coart lloo.e, la Me.onie Bulldlnf,
R. E. M. SCHEURER,
OBee la reeidrara oa Flrol ei.
April J4, UTI. Cleardeld, Pa
JR. W. A. MEANS,
i-HYSICIAN k SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITY, PA.
Will attend profelrioaal tall, promptly. aal0'70
TJR. T. J. BOTER,
rHYSICUR AND SORGION.
OSot OB Matkat (treat, Cltarlold, Pa. .
pfOSm bourn I to It a. m , and 1 ta f. m.
JJR. J. KAY WRIGLKY,
-0ot aJJoiole, tba mldtaoa tf Jamee
nil.;, Keo,., oa Wad St., Cleartold, Pa.
)aly.ll,'70 tf. ' 1
4 M. ' II ILLS,
1 ' orr.RjtTirr. dkjttist,
07-onea la rtaldoaoa, rppotlu tHa lleaN.
R. U. B. VAN VALZAH,
CLBARFIBLD, PEW FT A.
OFFICE lit llFSIDHHCB, CORNER OF FIRST
AND PINK STREETS.
ptr Oat koart-rroia 11 la I P. M.
May It, 17I.
B. J. P. BURCH FIELD,
Uu Sanaa, of Ik Md Roilawat. PeMtwItaala
Velaavaara, haataf tataraod from Ik Amy,
Sort hit profaitltaal terrUtl 0 thaaHltoaa
of OltarUM ttaaly. , , .
aw-Prof.Mltaataalll BtampllF aVBlod .
0tt aa SatoBd HretL fcrmeriyoaoaplod hy
W.Waoda. iaare, at
GEO. B. GOODLANDIR, Editor
VOL. 53-WHOLE NO.
JIIHTiCKW' tV CONSTAHLlirV VEEN
We hare printed large iihW of tbt ne
FEB BILL, and will on the receipt of twenty.
Or m.ii. mull Miti In asy H H.m met!
ILLIAM M. HENRY, Justice
orraa Pbacr tan ScniVRRta. LI:M11KR
CITY. Collootlont maJo and nonoy promptly
paid ovtr. Arttolco of agrotaient and dottla of
tonroyanet aotlly otMutrd aad warranttd eor.
root or ao tbargo. . l.y'7
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Jul tie of tb l'c and Ekrlreoer,
Cnrwenivllle, Pa. .
AwCollMtloni mud in! money jirotntly
JA6. B. GRAHAM,
Eeal Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
PHINnLEH, LATH, A PICKETS,
0:IO"7a ; Ctrardild, Pa,
House and Sign Painter and Paper
VWI11 tiMoto Job. la hit Hat promptly and
Ib a workmanlike wanntr. arri07
JOHN A. STADLER,
BAKER, Narkol BL, Cloarteld, Pa.
Frt.h Broad, Rutk, Rolll, Pitt and Ceket
on band or made to order. A icneral uaorlnient
of Confoctionarlet, Fruile and Nate In Hock.
Ira Cream aud Uyetera la ttaion. bnloua aeany
oipo.ilt tht I'oltoRtet. I'rioet moderate.
WEAVER & BETTS,
Real Estate. Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND LIMI1KKOF ALL KINDS.
f.Q-OtRa oo HMottrl Hrwt, in f of ttnrsj
ooiB of liwrp Wetvver A Co. f jan9. '78 If.
Jl'BTICR OF THE PEACE
roB . ..
(ItoeolaMilli P. O. . , . .
All omelal bu.ineel oolrnrted to bin will ba
promptly atltndod t... , Rtehili, 7.
JAMES H. TURNER,
JCSTICEOP THK PEACK, .
C.)- 1I hti prpt.rr biinielf w'Mh all the
neflM-ary bit, ok frioi vodvr lb Fmiloo iud
Bonntv laws. well ai bltnk Uaoli, tte. Ail
vgal maUeri entrustea to bn oare will rtHMifa
pruiupt aiUutinn. May Tib, 187tflf,
JOUX h. CUTTLE,
ATI UK1N K i A 1 JjA n,
nA Real Ratato Agent, Clearfield. P.
Offiea ea Third ilreet, bat. Charrj A W alnat.
KtRaatMtfiiHf offer i bti rvtetila stlliog
md buTiai taadi la Claarnild and alJoin)ng
ooaaUaa ( and with aa aaparltaoaoi aTartwaoif
yuan ai a rarTtyor, oaitart aimieii (n
raadtriatlifaotioD. .V-b- 18;S:tf,
ANDREW HAUWUnC r '
Market mreat. MearOeld, Pa.,
MANi rACToaKa ana ttaaLBa II
Britifet, Saddle, Collars, and
Ail-Ail kinda of rtia.rlfi promptly aitenJed
to. Haddt" Hardwara, ruiDti. varrj
Com hi, e., alwnya on Dana aoi ior at ta
..w.-t ca.h price. lMrcb 1879.
Q. H. HALL
RACTICAL PUMP MAKER.
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
eV-Pampt always on band and aiada to ordar
n short notion. Pip bored on raaaunaDia laraa
All work warraatad to raadar sausiMuoat,
dallrarad If dtiirtd. , mywijp
THB and.rtlned e leara Inlorm th.pub
lle that bo it oow folly proper to aeoommo
d.ta all la tht way of furniihina lU.eta, Buiniea,
Saddlot aad Uaraeu, aa tba taorUlt aotltt and
ea roaaonablo Urmi. Rotid.aea oa Looutt ttroot,
botwooa Third and Fourth. ..,.
OKO, W. OEARI1ART.
Tltreld, Feb. 4.H74.
OI.F.X nOPE, PENN'A, ' ,
milR anderilened. barior lealtd Ibll torn
X modloui Hotel, la tht TilUat of Qlen Hope,
1, oow prepar.d ta aooommodela all who mey
tail, aly tamo ena otr ,nau o. ,i,puM,i,"
tbt ball tht marktt ad'ordi.
flKOROE W, DOTTS, if.
fll.a Hopa, Pa.M.rrhM, t7V tr."
THOMA8 H. FORCEE,
Alio, etUn.lv. manufacturer and dealer In Square
Timber and Sawed bomber ol all Blade.
jaay-Ordtrt tolitltod and all bllli promptly
E. A. BIGLER & CO.,
and maBBfattarara of
ALL KINDS OP UAWICD LVMnF.R,
0-nt : " CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
I. 8 N V D E R,
ABO BBALRB IB
L Watches, Clorke and Jewelry,
6Vwila'. Ro, Jfarael AVfMl,
t LRAHKIULD, PA.
All kind! of repairing la ay lite promptly at-
tnded to. April u, "n.
ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY.
111 anderslrnnd, baring aitaM.st.e4 a lnr-
eery on tba 'Pike, aout half way between
CliarBrld and Curwnivill, Is prepared to far-
aisb all kinds of VRI'IT TRBKH, (MaBdard am.
dwarf.) ErrrfTeHit. Bhrabbary, (Irene) Vina.
(teoaaberry, Uwton Black Irtrry, Htrawh-rry,
and Raspberry Vines. A'to. (Siberian Crab Treos,
U ui nee. and aarlr arlet Rhubarb. A?. Ordon
promptly attended to. Address,
tf. D. WRIOHT.
enllt tK- . Carwensvllle, Pa.
j, F. M. CABD0N4 BB0
Oa Marktt Si, aaa door wt of Maatloa Hobh,
Oar erranremeiitt are rf tho moat eompltte
oharaeter lor furaltbln( tbt pabllt with rre.b
Mmu af all kind, an of lattery ton aaaiuy.
Wt elot dml la all k.adl of Airioeltaral Imple
ment!, whloh wt ke ta tihlbllioa for tho bea-
aflt of Ibo pabllo. fall arevea wnea ta towa,
aad laht a look at thlnat, or addr... at
F. M. CAR DON A BRO.
Olaartald, P., Jaly 14, UTk lf.
CttartltlA Mtu'mrant Jftntw.
4ABR0 a aaa. oabbou k. aiaai.a.
MLERR H Bll OLE, JlftHlt,
Repraent lha followln, ad lbor lnt-(eee Oo'a
Litmool Uadoa A Olobl-0. S. Dr.SI.IOI a
Lyeemielea mtlael A tath pl.nl.... ,IO.OOtl
Pbarala, of Uorlfnrd, Com t.OM.OtJ
ln.or.aot Co. of North Ameriee 1,4:11074
North Brlliih A MortaBtllo V. S. Sr. I,71.M.1
Son(ll,h Commercial-U. I. Braaoh.... 070,141
Tranlort (Lift A iMdall 4,IO,4H
Omoata Marktt St.,p Ctart lloaao, Olnr-
teld, rm. viae t, U K,
FaJina fluvrri wirpur.
M.lttla oih'I, lairwrll !"
Will you nur faea
l'roiii ibehtll and dull f
Will yu rtieain alitiui. ui
la lha wintry atht, '
Wbm tht illant nowtlak
II id tba M(b fivu atQit 1 .
Vlylntt birdiM waiMe,
"We arc going Daw j .
Will you lung to us .
Mi iha blouming liough 7
Thnugb our alrr juarary
Far awT uiuit ta, i
Swm-tcr, bri(bier Us'i
Vc ahull uevt r ve!"
Silver browklata tuurrnur,
4,Litllo otiai, giiud'b.vo l"
Winrli sra growing chilly,
Hit tar days are nigh,
Wo sbll aiis your bright y
PivpiDK 'er the brim,
Whn in L-y feiiera
W lis buibcd trod dim.
"Flowers, birds, and brooklcti."
Llult unei rrfity,
"Knrtk Id ai ao l lonely
Wlifin you bid gtiotl-by,
We rhull not Twrgel jou,
Nter, naver fir;
We 'll be etching Tor you
Karly la tburl" TktNmmry,
A J1ISTOH Y OF TI1K FOKMA-
ri ox of Tin-: usioy.
HOW UI10HE ISLAND 11KCAMS A lORKIUN
NATION NON INTKUCOUIIbE DKCLAU
ED AUAINbT II KR BY TIIK
OTHER STATES FACTS
IN BISTOKT ni'T LIT
Tho doctrino which aucicnt Ftdcral
mil, under tho laid of Alexander iluin
i I to ii, tnuirht in tho ofl'ort to prove the
Federal Union a "Nation," with all the
sovereign liowurs claimed and exer
cised by the Nulioiiaoi tho Old W orM,
instead of its beings, leogtio of ijlutco,
banded toothcr lor mutual protection
tho sovereign power they claim all
belonging to tho General Uovernuienl
is not without its supports in the
prcnctit duy. It lias, alter being buried
tiir yearn, auin como to tho run luce,
and is now luht becoming tho do'ina,
of I ho parly calling iuell Kupuhlieuiw.
The li rl Constitution of the United
States ia no miMionior to call it Bo
nus tho "Articles of Confederation,"
which rirxt legalized the mime "United
State of Amcricu," and in the innlru
ment itself Wus culled "Articles ot
Confederation and of I'crpetuul Union
hetwoen the suites- ol JNow Ilumpshiro,
.MuoxuchuiiuttH lluy, lllivilo lnlunu and
I'rovideneo l'lunlutiOnr, Connecticut,
Now York, New JerBey, I'eiinylvnniu,
Delaware, Jlnryhind, irgima, rtorth
Curolifia.ijotilh Caroliua.aud (iuorgia."
The lirt nim le names tho Uni m aa
uhovo"Tho United Slates ol America.'
Article aecond is bhorl and coin pre
henitivu: "Kuch Sutu retuiua us hov-
ereignly, Iiccdum and indenundoiico,
and every power, ju indicium and right
Inch la not by linn l.ouleileiaiion ox
preaaly delegated lo tho United Staled
in CongreiM ani.eml.liu.
Article third binds tho States thus
The aaid Siato l.uruby severally en
tor into a nrm league of Inendehip
with each other for thoir common du-
ienw, the security ot their hhsrties and
their mutuuland genoral wellurc, biuu
inj; thcmflelvcs to asnint euch other
against all force oflVrod to or attacks
made on them, or Any of them, on ao
count ot religious aovereignly, trado
or any other pretonco whatever.
Xhe Articieaol Conloucralion, adop
tod July 4, 1778, were found deficient
in the raising ot revenue. J'.acli biale
had one vote in Congress, the members
were to vote as Slates, and it took
nine States to pass certain laws. It
the members trorn a Slats were divided I
ed in opinion, the majority ruled and
cast tho voto ; if .equally divided, the
vole ol the Mate, was not counted.
Enacted into a Constitution, as the
Articles of Confederation avoro, in the
midst ol a doubtful conlost, its details
were not situalod lor a Republic. Too
much power was given to Congress,
and tho members were too much shack
led as to make that body effective, and
hence the necessity of a change. The
present Constitution was made and
sent to the several States for adoption.
About this timo a party, at the head
ol which was Alexander Hamilton,
from his great and acknowledged tal
ent, showed signs of favoring a gov
ernment so anting in its central power
as to mako it near, in many rospoots,
to that of England. The followers ol
Jefferson, who occupied tho oamo posi
tion In tho Democratic that Mr. liam
illoh did in th. ultra Federal party,
strongly opposed it. The Constitution
required the voto of nine Stales, to
ratify it, and this it was liitind dillicult
to obtain. It was feared that the new
Constitution gave ouch power to tho
General Government as to destroy
not in words, bnt in constructive pmv
or the sovereignly of tho Stale, nnd
for this reason many of tho Conven
tions called by the Htale Legislators
hesitated in adopting it. It required
tho assunt of nine States to make it a
Valid instrument. U was adopted by
Delaware on the Till of December,
1787, and by New Jersey on the 18tb
of the same month. Georgia adopted
it on the 2d of January, 1788, and
Connecticut on the 9'b of the same
month Matwachusutts on the Cth of
Kebruary, Maryland on the 28th of
April, Suuth Carolina on tho iiit J ol
May, New Hampshire onlbe21l of
Juno, and Virginia on the 20ih. This
made tho nine States, but it left New
York, North Carolina and Rhode la
land out in ibo cold. New York, bow
ever, ono month after tho adoption, got
hack into tl0 Union by adopting the
Constitution on the 2Cth ol July. The
Hint aesoitiD ol Congress under the
Constitution met in New York on the
4th of March,. 1781), aad from that timtj
until the meeting ol tba aecond session
of to. Fitsl Congress, North Carolina
bad no representation, being literally
nutol the Union, nnnl Novomhor 21,
1879, when oh gav her assent 1 1 the
Constitution and sent bor Senators and
Representatives to tho Congress. This
left Rhode Island as the only State not
io tb. Union. i .....
In the House of Representatives,
Jun 6, 1789. Mr. liooson, or New
York, offered tbt following resolution:
"The Congress of tht United Slates
do resolve and declare it to be their
moot earnest deslro that tbe Lrgiala.
tore of the State ef Rhode Island anil
Providence 1'lante.tions do recommend
lo tht people of that State to oboost
delegate to meet in Convention, -to
wtrorn the Constitution ef tht United
8tAte will bt tebmitled, conformably
to tbt uaanimou resolution of the
United States, in Congress aaacmblud,
on tht 20th ef September, 1787." .
This reaolnirori gave rise to dobatt.
Mr. Page, ott Virginia, doubted Its pro
priety. ' "If I put myself," said Mr.
rage, "in ibt situation of a cltiaen ol
a State that has reload to araedo to
tht Constitution of tbt United Slates,
I must admit that I would watch your
actions with a iealosl ay : 1 shonld
bt apprehensive of nnd us influence
were 1 to sot you throw your influence
into tbt Stat.- But what ooraslon la
there for adopting such resolution t
Are ircnllomcn al'ruid to leavo them
their own unbiased judgment f Fur
my part 1 am not; it will tlomonstrulo
tho goodness of the Constitution, if it
ho adopted upon mature consideration.
without any am except us own in
trinsio vulue. As to omenumenis.
when wo coino lo consider thuin, I
duru say they will bo such as to muku
tho Constitution moro agrucublu, out
fur the present I think it improper to
have any thing to du with tho gun lie-
tuuii s motion.
Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, won
dered why the gentleman bad omitted
.North Carolina, which at mat lime
bud not adopted tho Constitution.
Mr, Sherman, of Connecticut, said
ibut Ilhodo Island stundsin adillureiit
situotion from North Curolinu. Wbcn
tho Constitution was formed Tortb
Carolina was represented in the Con
vention. Sho and the othel Mutes
submitted tho Constitution to a Con
vention of tho people, but not having
adopted it, she has culled a now Con
vention, ami is proccouing to con
sider it as fust as convenient, bo that
such a request uo is now proposed
would bo unnecessary with rospectto
them. As Kbodo Inland did not send
members to the first Convention, there
was delicacy in trasmitling the pro
ceedings to them, and Congress could
not, peruana, apply to mem witn me
same propriety us to another. What
will be tbo cltect ol inviting it none is
land to join tho Convention wo can not
tell until wo try."
Mr. Madison, of Virginia, thought
there woro cases in which it was pru
dent to avoid coming to a decision. Uo
thought it would bu improper for Con
gress to expose itaelf to have the pro
position rejected hy the Legislature of
Ithodo Island. It would likewise bo
improper to express a desiro whero a
freo agency ought to bo employed.
Mr. Fisher Amoa, of Mascuchnsetta,
said he would bo glad lo know if any
gontlomun contemplates tho State of
Ithodo island dissevered from the Un
ion ; a maritime Statu, situated in tho
most convenient manner fur the pttr
poso of smuggling and dclrauding Ibo
revenuo. Surely a moment's refleotion
will induce tho House lo litlto measures
lo secure (his object. I'o gentlemen
imagine that that ijltito will join IbeUn
ion? ll'lheydii.whatisthoinjury aris
ing from this resolution 7 It has been
suggested that this dusiro will operate
as a demand. If a wish of Congress
can bring them into tho Union, why
should we tied i no to express such a
Before tho question on Mr. Benson's
resolution was taken the House ad
jottriicil, and it was not resumed until
tho second sossion of the same Con
gress. In tho proceedings of fho Senato of
January 2S. 1780, lettor from the
Governor of Rhode Island to tho Pres
ident Was sent to tho Senate, request
ing n suspension ol tho acts of Congress
subjecting tho crt irons of Rhode Island
to the payment ot loreign tonnage and
lorcign duties during ihu pleasure of
Congress, which Icllor wus referred to
the appropriate committco.
In tho proceedings of May 11, 1700,
tho Senate proceeded to consider tho
report ol tho committee appointed
April 28th to ascertain what provision
will be proper for Congress to make in
the present session respecting the Stato
of Rhode Island, whereupon it was
'fMo'tf, Thai til rominrrrinl interonara. bo
lw..a Ibo lloiled Slate. Mod the Hlale of abode
l.laod, frnra and after the Orel day of July atit,
be prohibits, airier auiLblt penaltiea and tb.t
he I'realdent of the t'uited htatce !. aulhodard
to demand of the S'att tl Kbo.lt llland d,.l-
lara, to bt paid int. iho Treaeury ot the Uoited
Male, by Iho cla, ol nextf which bell
be credited to eaid State, on aro.iunt with the
Lotted Matee, end that a bill or bille, be brougnt
u lor Ibe. porpoaee.
-Orrie.ed, That Ibe eoinmiltet wbo brouclit la
the abort riport, pr.art and report A bill ao
turdiugly." In the Senate on Monday. May 17th,
1791), the bill toprevent bringinggoods,
warea and merchandise from Ihu Statu
of Rhode Island and I'rovideneo Plan-
lations, and to authorize a demand of
money from said State, camo up on its
third reading, and was recommitted.
On Tuesday, May 18, Mr. Carroll,
Irom tho committco to whom it wub
referred, reported several additional
clauses to tho bill to prevent bringing
goods, wares and merchandise from
the Slutn ot It h o.lo island anil I'rovi
deneo Plantation into tho United
Slates, nnd to uiitboiir.o a demand ol
money from raid Statu. Tho amend
ments wero agreed to, and on the
question, "Shall tho bill pass?" Tho
yeas and nays, being requested hy one
fifth of tho Senators present, woro
yeas, 1 1 ; nays, H.
Senators voting lor tho bill woro
Basseltof Virginia, Dullon, of Massu
chusotls, Kllsworth, of- Connecticut,
Johnson, ol Connecticut, Johnston, ol
North Carolina, Isard. of .South ( tiro
J i li a. King, ( liufiiH) of New York,
Langdon, of New llampshirw, Morris
(Hubert) of Pennsylvania, Jtoid, of
South Carolina and Schuyler, (Philip)
of New York-11.
Senators voting aguinst tho bill:
Butler, of South Carolina, Klmcr, of
Now York, Hawkins, of North Caro
lina, Henry, of Maryland, Lee, (Rich
urd Henry) of Virginia. Muclny, of
Pennsylvania, Walker of Virginia and
Winimto, ol Now Hampshire 8.
So it was resolved that tho bill tin
pass and that it bo carried to tho
IIouso of Representatives fur concur
This bill thus declaring non-inter
course with Jthode Island, and treat
ing her, in regard to trade, as any
other loreign nation, was passed In
Sonata on tht 18th day of May, 1790
yn the first day or J uno tho billowing
jnessage Irom tbt President of the
Coiled states was read:
' "aaertvuRe or taa Rkiatb Ar Ifnr.B or
Pf ruanasrariTBe t llavint rrerl.od official In.
p'rinMioa of Ibt actea.ion of tbe State nr Hbndt
aland and 1'rorld.net Plantation, to tht Conall.
tutita of tht United fttatea, I lake the tarliert
Opportunity tf communicating the earn, to you,
with my ooeiratalaltoaa oa this aappy event.
wt.iph anit.a under tbo Oeneral Government all
the State, wbieh were erleinally tnfrStratod,
and baet diretitd my sttitlary la It, btlort tuu
a tpy of tbt letter of tht Pmident of the Con
veatlon of th. Steit of Rhodt lelaad to tka Free-
idem of Iho United Sletet.
(Sian.o n, WAtaisoroN,
Ij.it.u Fratta, Jam t, 1700."
Three days before this message was
received, Ithodo Island adopted the
Constitution, and again became ono of
tho States of tbe Union.
It was understood that certain
amendments were to bo ma-Jo to tho
Constitution in order that the mon
mors fond of monarchical power than
of Republican could not, hy "implied"
power, subvert tht rights of tbt peo
ple or ol iho Slates. Those atlributus
of sovereignty tba SlaUu diaposseaood
tbtmselvos of wort freely given lo the
General Government. All other pow
ers ol sovereignly woro retained, and
among the amendments to the Consti
tution wort Ihe two fatal lo Federal,
ism that "tht enumeration in the
Constitution ol certain rights sbtll not
bo construed to deny or disparage
others retained by tho people," and
that "the powers not delegated to the
United States by tb Constitution, nor
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
WEDNESDAY,. NOVEMBER 5, 1879.
prohibited by it to tho United States,
respectively, or to tho people."
So Jeulotts were ino otaica oi inetr
sovereignly, and tho fear that the
powers not granted to tho Gonoral
Government, might by implication be
filched, as necessary lo carry other
parts of tho Constitution into cITi-el,
that boloro tho Amendments to the
Constitution wort adopted, the New
1 ork convention, in according to tho
Constitution, coupled her ratification
with tho understanding that tlio pow
ers ceded to the licncral l.ovorlilnclil
by the adoption t! the United States
Constitution "may be renst timed by
tho people whoutvor it shall become
necessary to their huppincss," at the
samo timo declaring that "any power,
jurisdiction and right, which are not
t.y the said Constitution clearly dole
(fitted in tho Congress of tho United
States, or to tho Departments of tiiu
Government thereof, remain lo thu
pcoplu of tho sevoral Slates ; and that
ihoso clauscB in the suid Constitution
which declare that Congress snail nut
have or exorcise certain powers do not
imply that Congress is entitled to any
powers not given by the said tonsti
tution, but such clauses are to he con
strued either as exceptions to certain
speciflo powers or inserted merely for
In like manner and out ot abundmt
caution, for "power is always from the
many to tho lew, the blalo ol Vir
ginia, in adopting tho Constitution, do
lared "that tlio powor granted una or
the Constitution, being derived from
tho people of tbo United Slates, may
bo resumed by them whensoever the
mo may ho perverted to their injury
And Kbodo Island, then out ot tlio
Union, in rulilying the Constitution,
which act made her again one of the
United Stales, makes it a part of tho
entrunco again into tlio Union that a
lung test of natural rights, alturward
embodied in the Amendment to the
Constitution, shall be hekl sacred, and
in omphalic languago gives Congress,
and tho ultra Federalists to understand
that the rights aforesaid cannot be
abridged or violated."
In the luce ot theso facts, flippant
editors, and even some men thotighlto
bo good lawyers, but if so, without the
fi it element of slutesmanahip, absurdly
claim that the Union mudo the
Slates and gavo them all their power
instead of the Stules making tho
Union. Tho folly would bo no greater
if tho claim wore set tip, aa it is in ibis
instance, that iho creuluro made tho
Creutor, or lo carry it still further,
that the house built the carpenter,
instead of tho carpunlcr building the
house ; the horsc-Khoo siutlu tho black.
smith, instead of tho blacksmith mak
ing tho liorso shoe. When the Ameri
can Colonies rebelled t'icy assumed to
ho Stales. In the treaty ol peace with
h.iii;luiid, which acknowledged their
independence of Great Britain, it was
not then as United Slates, but each by
name as a separate and sovereign
Slate, As Suites ihoy formed the
Union as States they appointed dele
gates to meet in convention to lurm
the Constitution, and as Statu they
rulinod it, and as Kliode Island would
not lor a timo ratily it also, that Stale
wus dropped from tho Union, and lor
a timo was left out of thu Union be
cause sho feared that so mo of bcr
rights as a Stato might be filched from
her by tbe assumption tbat tbo claim
might bo set up that ol her powers not
delegated might be needed to carry
delegated power ir.lo eflcct.
J his history of Ithodo Island being
out of the Union for a time is buried
in tho proceedings of Congress, nnd is
not by uny means a fact known to the
politicians and alaluemen of tho duy.
It enters into no history that I have
seen cerlumly into none common to
tho general reader, and as it is a fact
that effectually disprovos tho assump
tion that the Government at Wash
ington has all the powor oxcopt that
which it gave (save the mark) lo the
Stules, it is deemed worthy of being
studied as an Important feuluro in old-
SO WJXU AKD RE AVISO. .
"Whntovcr a man sowolb thai shall
he also reap" both in. the natural and
in tho morul world. Every seed in the
ono and every deed In tho other, yield
fruit alter its kind. Iho principle ot
sowing and reaping is especially im
pnrlant to the young, who are just bo
ginning to shape their character and
In tho Spring tuno ol file wo sow
what wo must reap in tho Autumn ol
age, and through thu endless ages of
eturnity. The chief possibilities ol good
or evil for all the ftituro are bound up
in the period ol youth.
Tho sowing may bo duno thought
lessly and cinch 8ly, but it will report
ilsclf in due time ucenrding to this
Mon in ago often say:
"II 1 coultl hot live my life over
aguin how differently it should be."
While this is impossible, still the young
may have the advantages of a second
life hy trying the C unsela and experi
ences of the aged.
It is of Ihe utmost Importance for
them to understand this relution of
Bowing ami reaping, which is affixed
to our physical and morul nature.
Hen who in early life vortex tho
brain or body in the Iretny to get rich,
men who overload the wheels of life
by gluttony ; men who bestialiio them
selves with sensuality ; men who burn
out tho vital forces with tho damning
fires of alcohol; all such art liable to a
strict account in after years.
W lion remembrances and retribu
tion come upon them, then too late,
Ihoy begin to real no that "whatever a
man Bowel h, that shall ho also reap.
KkMAI.I ACCOMVLIBIIair.NTS. How
much in modern ednealion, sst'S an ex
change, is calculated, if not intended,
rather to prepare nur females to dux
xlu In the circle of fashion and the gay
parly than to shine in the retirement
of home I To polish tho exterior by
what are called accomplishments loems
to ho moro tbt object tban to give a
solid substratum of piety, intelligence,
good aenao, and social virtue. Never
was a subject less understood than cd
ucation. To store the memory with
lacts. or to cultivate the taste lor ran
sio, singing, drawing, languages, and
needlework, it the ultimatum with
many. Tbe ure of the intellect in the
way of doep reflection, sound judg
ment, accurato discrimination, is not
taught as It shonld bs; while tbe di
ronton of thn will, tht oallivatki ot
tht heart, and tht lormalion ol tbo
character are lamentably neglected.
Wo ask not tho sacrifico or anything
that can add grace, and elegance, and
ornament to the leminins chaiauter ;
hut wo do not want incorporated with
thia mart of what it mancwlino in
knowledge and wisdom.
Tht pancake it like tbo orb of day,
because it rises in the yeast and sott
in tht vest.
Now that tbo harvest is passed and
the Summer is ended and wo are all
back in town again it is pleasant to
oompart notes with each oilier as to
the amatory Incidents ol mo season
that bas run its cottrso and is no moro.
And there bo lew of us bnt that bavo
soino scrap of tender reminiscence that
we may contribute most times, ninsi
but too untendorly to the common
fund ; for dull must bo tbe eyo and
scant tlio comprehension of tho man
nr woman who fails to mark how
blithely amidst Summer plcasurings
the pleasant game of love goes on. Yet
is it only by chance that the clevorest
ol us arc Iud to notice a stream of lovo
that dashes through the shadow al tho
Summer resorts; a stream full as
strong, as impetuous, a that which
surges and ripples and sparkles in tho
sun ; tho streum that is fed by the
gentle sgony exuding from love-bewildered
chambermaid's and love rucked
Society recognizes tho fact that ono
great purpose served by the Summer
journeying to the temporary homes
among the mountains or beside llie
sea is thut the young men and maidens
who are to bo the social leaders of the
litluro may find their way easily from
paths prcviouely convergent into paths
ihut ahull be heiicclorth the same.
And Society rejoices ni'Ji tho prudent
matron who returns in ibe Autumn
from the Summer market place with
her assorted stock of marriageable
daughters severally ticketed "solid."
Uul Society is heedless of tho under
eurrentof match making that pervades
tho Summer resorts, and thut if less
brilliant than the Biirl.iec current is not
less earnest in its object nor Icssfruiilul
in its results. Tho kindly souls whoso
kindness, 'tis true, is not altogether
unmorcenary who minister lo our
needs as wo take our Summer rest
away from tho city's restlessness and
heat have also hearts to give and lose ;
and, as the groat Milton himsoll jilmost
has said, they also lovo who only sweep
and wait. 'J hoy too go out into Iho
Summering places to shear, and thoy
filled with a happiness no less sincere
than that of their moro exulted asso.
ciatcs when, the Summer being ended,
Ihoy can return homo with the proud
consciousness of having shorn. Not
all ol them can thus rejoice, nor can
all to whom rejoicing como rejoice
equally. As in tbo lufiy, so in tho
lowly lottery, there uro blanks, the
prizes vary in dugreo, and tberu are
certain apparent prizes as compared
lo which tho blanks uro most earnest
ly to bo sought nllur and received wilh
doepesl joy. Tho queenly llildcgtirdcs,
tbe rosy, blithesome Barbaras, riBllig
superior lo the plain Susunsand Mary
and Junes of thuchamhormaidly flock,
uro mcut fur tho masters of tho wait
ing throng. They are lo bo wooed
wilh no ordinary wooing; and, being
won, thoy are lo be worn with a dig
nity and au approximation to grand
eur such as may not bo compassed by
the lesser lights among their galaxy
of lovo distracted stars. Tbo staid
hoad waiter or the serious bar keeper
art fit aspirants for their charming
hands ; and yet 'lis a sad fact that tbo
sweetest and fairest of them all is most
like lo lull a prey to the barbers arts. It
is not too much to say that what tho
scrpont was in Kdcn is the barber in
the Summer resorts. Ho is a bright
oxotio ot the town, redolent ol rich
perfumes and possessing a resistless
fascination for the unsophisticated be
ings among whom his Summer lot is
cast. Too often, alas f tho worthy bar
keoper and tbe admirable hoad-waiter
ure passed by by the llildcgardes and
tho Barbaras for tbo barber with bis
smells and smiles ; and it is only after
Borne stray person, resting from his
euro of souls, good-naturedly bus tied
tho fatal knot that tho Barbaras and
tho llildcgardes discover that tbo lalso
barber has left behind nun ono or mora
wivos in town I So comes a heart
wreik just where should be found the
surest haven of the heart. It is a
consoling fact, bowovor, that such
hopeless wrecks as tbis aro few ; while
as thero is reason to beliuvo many
a lair caravel among the humble throng
ibat annually sets sail finds snlo nnd
honest convoy into the matrimonial
UI a truth, lo the observer who is
also a philosopher this lowly and usu
ully unrecognized romunco is fur moro
real than tho romance that obtains
upon a bighur social piano and that Is
patent to ull the world ; it far butter
worth studying than Is lis pretentious
rival becauso it is tar moro truly ex
pository ol the natural motives and
intents ot love. There Is a full, rich
flavor in the goncrous frankness of ils
manifestations that puis to shame thu
Self contained, conventional lovo-muk
ing that Society recognizes and ap
proves. It is above and beyond the
necessities ot feint and lull most com
monly affected by lovo makers of a
more exalted class ; it is direct ; it is
honest and it shows most clearly, in
II simplicity, in lull perfection, the
workings of tho master passion of the
human heart I'hilmlrlphij Times.
IIomb Politeness. A boy who is
polito.l j bis miber and mother it likely
to bo polilo to every ono else.
A boy lacking politeness to his par
ents muy bavo the semblance ot cour
tesy in society, but is nevor truly po
lite in spirit, and is in danger, as he
become lumiliur, ui betraying his real
waul ol courtesy.
We are in danger of living loo much
for tho outside world, for the impres
sion we make in socioly, coveting tht
good opinion of those who aro in a
sonoo a part of ourselves, and who will
continue to sustain and be interested
in us, notw ithstanding these defects of
deptrrtnicnt and character.
Wt say to every boy and te) every
girl, cultivato the art of courtesy aud
propriety at born in I lit silting room
and tho kitchen, aa well at in tbo par
lor, and you will bo surt in other
places to deport yourself in a becom
ing and attractive manner.
When ono has a pleasant smilo and
graceful demeanor, it Is a satislaction
lo know that they are not put on, but
tbat tbey belong to tbt character, and
aro manilcst at all times and under all
A Western roan was a guest at a
Yt bite Mountain hotel whoro tbe wait
ers are Massachusetts school ma'ams.
At tbe dinner table he said to one of
them, "Miss, won't yon please pars tht
butter 7' "Mutter," said the school
raa'ain very promptly, "is alioun ; com
mon noun, oceans it it a nam ol a
thing, and a very peor thing, some
timet; eingiilar number, il strong
enough to go alone; feminino gentler,
mostly, aa may bo seen by the long
hairs often found in it; and judging
from tht odor ol this it must be In th
objootivt case, governed hy a delicate
smell understood. 1 he Western roan
stared and said lit believed ht would
try and fret along withont any butter
il tbat was what tiled It,
I1Y M. L. McQUOWN.
' INBTITUTI FAIR.
The coming County Institute it full
of promise Wo are putting forth every
effort to make it a useful and cnter
tainlnir meeting. Wo have now com
pleted our premium list, and submit It
tor the consideration of all interested,
and hope each tearber will go to work
at once and prepare something to con
tribute toward this useful enterprise
We have named two persons in each
district having moro than twoschoolsto
sejve as our agonts in working tbo
matter up, and whose duty it shall be
to tako cbargo of all articles entered
from their district, and to present
vouches setting forth the validity of
all articles entered lor premiums
Class one will consist wholly of work
executed by pupils of tho county. Class
twe ol woik executed by tboso actu
ally engaged in teaching in the coun
ty. Class three of woik oxecuted in
tho county by those not engaged in
tcuching. Class four will bo reserved
lor exhibitors ol'sohool furniture, school
apparatus, cducutional journals, mot
toes, etc. Exhibits for this class will
be received Irom all establishments
wishing to compote for tho premiums
on merit ot their articles.
Clau I Scholar)' Department.
Bert map of Clearfield oounly drawa hy any
pupil in ibe eouoty tt 10
Be.l ecbonl autograph book prepared by tb.
pupil, ef aay M,bool ia throouoly (merit
lo rtat upon tb. fentiioenUand txeellcnot
of tht ptnmanehipl S 00
Bret Vulume of apecimcoa of penm.oabip,
(the apecimcn la all caeca to oonaiat of tho
Oral ferae of "re)'t Elegr) oxoouttd hy
tho pupila of any echHl io the county t (ft
Beat apoolmen ol drawing (akctrhea from oa.
turr) exreuicd byany pupil in Ihe county. 1 00
Beat apecim.n of printing ezecuttd by tht
pupile of coy tobool In tht eoanty. bub
jeol "Tue Loid'a Prater," to be printed
on card. 1 CO
Beat brief earay wriitaa upoa lb. auldeat of
"Our Karly Life," by any pupil la Ibt
Heal aobool loom motto tootrivtd and tie.
culrd by a"y pupil ia the oounly 7
Beat e. t of copy bs)ka to oooei.t of all la
uat la tbt achoola, and merit to real upoa
neeliiea.. oniloruiily and excellence af
petnienabip t Dip.
Be.t exae.led bi.ioo. or .octal lettor writ
t.u by aoy pup.l la tht county Dip.
tVfiM 2 Teacher? Department.
Beat irhool map of Pennaylraoia executed
by any leacber in tbe oouoty $1 SO
Belt outline of aludy B.on auy branch axe.
euled un chart by any teacher ol ibe cou ity. I 00
Beat apceimeaof Indu.trlal drawing tontrir
ed and executed hy aoy toacuer la tbt
eouQty . 1 ftO
Bret It.t ol que.tiooa (lilty ia each, ball for
general keaone ta phyaiology, I'enoeyl
veoia geography, and United Htatea bia-
in.y I SO
Brat airty of achool room daooraiioe. pro.
Mated by any teacher In the county- I 00
Beet form of Hepotta lo pareota contrived by
any ttaobcr ia tba oounty M . 60
Baal code of rul.a and rcgulatiuna lor tbe or
gaaiiatloa and goveroracat of a acbeol
oonliived aad executed by aay ttaohtr la
Beat aobool room programme oootrtrod aad
cxrouted by any teacher in tbo eouoty.... Dip.
Beet eperimeo ol ornamental ptamaaabip
executed by aoy teacher ia Iho eooaty.... Dip.
But epaeimea ol boob-keeplag. Ilog'o and
double entry, executed by aoy teacher ia
tbeoouaty ... Dip.
Beei krpt rrport book txccaitd by oat acta
ally angagtd lo leeching Dip.
Beetapociu.n bualBeeoorooeial lUer(norit
to re t oa form, neatacaa, legibility, aud
excellence of pcnmanabip) prepared hy '
aay teacher la lha owanty..... Dip.
Beat act of geometrical chant executed by
any leaokar la Ibooounty Dip.
Be.t eeboul room chart, on any .object, eo.
Irived aod executed by aoy teacher la taa
county M Dip.
Class 3 Citiicnt' Department.
Beat manaaeript biatory of the achoola of
Cleertield county prepared by any cltiaen
or teacher of tb. oouaty It 00
Brl apecimto of paiating executed by any
cinivn or toachor of tb. ooanty 1 00
Beet epctinioa al pen-drawing exocalc by
any eitileo or teacher ol tbo oounty... 1 00
Beat geological eollcctioa entered by aay
citlaea or leacber of Ibo oouaty Dip.
Beat botani.l colkolion entered by any oitl-
xea ar iteebtr la tht oouaty M Dip.
Beat rpcciaicB of ioduatrial work txtvuted
by any eti lienor loacbtr In tbt ouooty... Dip.
Class 4Vublishers' and Manufacturers'
Beat achool furniture..... Dip.
Beet achool .pparetue, map., global, eherta,
elo., etc Dip.
Beet roadtag obart. .....,...., pep.
lle.t acliool map of Prnnaylvauia lop.
beet acboai-room anotiota ' ...I Dip.
lteatnuLf-ba ka. blank bouka. aal otner la
bor faellltory arliolel Dip.
Beat ipoeimcBi of xaward.eorda, leeohora I
kelpi, le ......,..H...M.. Dip.
Beit criueallnnel Journal Dip.
beat work oa method! of tattrettioB aad
Ib.nry of teaching Dip.
fleet ailioaiienal voltmt af any kind Dip.
lle.t primary and advanced drawing rone... Dip.
Uvat long booka, or coil.ctioa of muato for
achool , . Dip.
Btaltbarta upoa any brauob ......4... Dip.
While tho premiums aro iiot'Ljgb
that are offered, yet it is to he hoped
that teachers and pupils will be moved
by a feeling ol pride, and not from tbo
hopo ot reward in dollars and cents.
It will bo observed that tht heaviest
money premiums aro lotind I J tho
.Scholars' Department, This is done to
courage the pupils to make their no
partition as complete as possible.
while we leel certain that professional
ital Will bring tht other departments
up lo the required standard. .Let us,
as citizens, teachers and pupils, join in
making tho display ell that it should
ho, and thus mark a now era in the
educational affairs of our county. In
all oases will tht premiums be paid
and thu diplomas awarded.
Wo Invite tho attention ol all to tho
following explanation :
1st, All articles prepared by pupils
in our schools should bo carefully la
beled, tho class marked npnu them,
and then given into the bands of the
township committee, whoso duty it
shall be to forward them to tho Coun
ty Superintendent, who will register
tbcm tor premiums.
2d. The teachers of our schools are
expecled to aid tbe pupils in preparing
whatever tbey may desire to prepare
3d. Teachers prenaiing anything
for exhibition In tbeir department can
give such article directly into tbe
bends ot tlit County Superintendent,
who will register them. All articles
should bav th Ownor't certificate at
4lh. Any cx tcachcrs. Directors, or
citizens having any collections draw
ings, tiaintinr;, etc. that would ad J
to an educational display, art most
earnestly requested lo tutor them in
tbe Citizens Department, where they
will receive carutul attention.
Gib. All articles under class lour
must belong legitimately lo publishing
house and manufacturer of school
furniture and school apparatus, and as
such tbey will bt entered for diplomas
upon merit. They will be returned or
disposed of according to the desir of
Bth. Tha committees, whose duty it
ball bt to pass npon the merits of til
artV)ajon xhibllion, will bt appoint
ed at lha opening or tot lnttttui.
Tin. Tbt Superintendent will re
ceive no articles lor exhibition later
than ten o'clock, on Monday, December
22tl, and tbey ahonld be handed or tent
iu tht weak previous to tht opening of
8th. A temporary structure will bt
provided expressly lor showing th ex
hiblt and for tbo convenience of tx
TEEMS $2 per annuo in Advance.
NEW SER1ES-V0L. 20, NO. 43
9th. Tho Superintendent will furnish
any Information that may be dealicd
The following named persons, re
siding in tht sevoral districts, will act
as tho Superintendent's agents to so
licit articles for tbe Fair. It is hoped,
howovor, that each teacher in iho
county will consider himself or herself
a committee ol ouo io conirinum some
thing for the Fair:
8aeteri-R. C. Haley, J.met Fryi Boll J
A, Murray, W.W.Ba.beri Bloom- 8. K. tl.lr.Mt,
Him. Read; Bogga A. R. Lambert, J. 0. Hop
kin, i Rradr-W. 6. Lalber. J.T. Llddltl Burn-
tide R. 8. Lorolace. Kate Mitchell Bradford
U. W. Imib, J. R, Wlleoai ClearOeld F. U
Harrle, Malt Saraaei Curwenarllit 8. I. Bai
ley, John A. Oratory l CotIokIoo W. R. Krai
Ml, B. ii. Morrow; Cheat-Tillit Ftllwtll. W.
0. Owto. t Decetur Joba McLarren, F. W. L
Shallt i Ferrueoa J. T. MIckeL May llimpbilii
Uirard Ira bhopo, T. W. Buohaooan , Uoahen
John Mead, Alice Dimeling Urobein Clarrnoo
rotooy, i.laaio uraoami iiroeawooa arana
Leant. A. I'. McLeodj Uullob Wilbur f'ale, A.
L.bkboOeldj Hualoa O. W, W eaver, Willi.ro
Poallethw.it; Jordan Wm. Buna, Meraie A.
Irwiai Knox T. M. Mitchell, L. M. Tobiet,
Kartbaua K. L. MtClo.kty, N. P. Fiebori Law.
renoe W. L- Hpaokmen, J... Davidaoa ; Lumber
Clly-G. C. Ewigh,' Morria L. W. tchopp, J
W. Fleming, Oaoaola W. A Ambrote, Mrs. J
A. Jolly ; Pike J. H. Lawhrnd. A. M. Buaaatd;
Pent J. L. LlghiBor, Mary MoDivlit) Sandy
(1. W. Weaver, W. A. Nlaoa I U. Ion-Lou Hot.
try, Maggie Ammorioao ) Woodward a. W. Me
Larren, H.A.Ltoneid; Houtid.lt Mr. Guppr,
THE JSEXT CENTEA'SUIj.
It seem that each locality rendered
famous during the Revolution is bound
to have a Centeniul. Tho Philadel
phia Record, in alluding to the ques
tion, remarks :
Ninoty-otght years ago to day tho
articles ol capitulation by which the
am Untisu army under .Lord uorn-
wallis wus surrendered to tbe allied
forces of America and Franco at York
town wero completed by commission
ers appointed on the previous day lo
confirm tho conditions of tho proposod
surrender moro explicitly. October
19 these articles were daily signed.
At noon Iho two redoubts on tho lull
flunk of YorUtown werodolivered over,
one to tho American Iniantry, tnu
oihcr lo the French grenadiers. At 1
o'clock P. M , two works on the Glou
cester side ot tho York river wore de
livered respectively to tho French and
Amoricun troops. At 2 P. M. tho cap
tured irarrison of Yorktown marched
out lo the appointed place io front of
tho post, with shouldered arms, ceaaod
colors and their drums beating a
British march. Tbey grounded their
arms and returned to tboir encamp
ment, to remain until sent to their
sevoral destinations in Virginia, Mary
land and Pennsylvania. At a I . M
iho garrison of G.oncoBter marched
out, the infantry in the manner obaerv
ed by that arm ot tho service on the
opposite side ol the river an hour do
fore, and tht cavalry with trumpets
sounding und drawn swords. Tbe
pageant was characterized, as befitting
ibe greatness of the occasion, one ol
tbe most memorable events in history,
by all tht dramatic circumstances of
war. Tho land force became prison
ers to tbo Unitod States and tht ma
rine lorcee to the naval ai ray of France.
Tbe French had provided for the seigo
of Yorktown thirty seven ships of the
line and acontingentot aoven thousand
troops, while tht Americana supplied
nine thousand troops, but not a single
1 be crowning victory ol the invo
lution was due in great part to France,
and it Is not too much to aay that with
out tht timely aid of Louis XVI. in tbe
men, money and munitions ot war with
which b supported bis early recogni
tions of our independonco, American
soil government would not havo been
achieved so soon by many weary years,
and tho Colonies might have remain
ed liko tbe Canada, appondagosot tho
British crown. In ono of tbo darkest
hours ol tho heroic and apparently
forlorn struggle of onr forelathers a
herald of France landed at what is now
Portland, in Maine, and proclaimed, in
tbe old knightly fashion, tba alliance
butweon our feeble Provinces and "His
most Chiistion Mojesty" Louis XVI.
The chivalrous French boy, Lalayetto,
filled with goncrous enthusiasm, had
already given bia virgin sword to the
causo of Iroedom, and bin subsequent
voluntary diplomatic service in our
bohall at tho rrench uonrt bad brought
us the moral and material might ol the
great nntioo which gavt htm birth.
Nor waft his porsonal military service
nconsiderablo. i Washington did re
peated honor to his strategic talent.
That the operations of Lafayette led
directly lo tbo final environment and
capture of Corn wallis is tho deliberate
udiiment ol one of the best intormed
historians of tho Revolutionary epoch.
In tbo trench contribution lo onr
American untonomy wo should not
forget t he efficient though quiet influ
ence ot tht noble young bride of Lalay
etto, nor ol tbat othor hislortu rroncb
woman, tbo unmatched Marie An
In viow of this retrospect it Is de
manded by all the proprieties of tho
occasion that th centennial observ
ance at Yorktown, two years bunco,
shall be not merely of national, hut an
iilcrnationul commemoration. France.
was onr opportune, foremost and stead
fast friend amongst tho nations. She
is now a Republic, and reflects our
live popular principle with illustrious
courage amidst tbe environment of
Kuropean monarchies. It is meet that
her accredited representatives should
be invited to participate in the august
oeremonict which should tignaliz the
one hundredth anniversary of that
coronation ol republican liberty which
she helped us to win, and which, after
long delay ana many untoward expe
rience, tbt baa at last won for bat
own people. i ,,
Aud, indeed, all nations may well be
nlcnmed. Tbe cnunlrvmcn of Stca-
bun and PcKalb and Kosciusko and'
Pulaski should all be bidden to onr
grand festival of freedom. Evtn our
olden foe, Great Britain, may appro
priately join in doing honor to the stal
wart manhood of a great English-
speaking nation, which has but formu
lated her unwritten Constitution and
developed lo more boncRcont results
tha old maxims of JCnghsb liberty.
America is, in lad tht free heritage ol
tha whole human race ; and It ia ill
and desirable that every people should
bt represented on the new "Field ol
tht umtb ol uold" at lorklown In
The younircsl manacinjt editor in
the country, it is said, is Waller Hutch
ins, of the Washington itwf, who it not
ytt twenty two years old. lit carries
bts playthings down to tht oulce alter
supper, and aid the reporter! in keep
ing your Uncla Blilsoo awaka after 10
o'clock. Children get to bt very terv
Ice able If tbey ar properly trainon.
The Detroit Fm Prtu baa a tone
article entitled "Wby the Light Went
Out ;" but Tonlurea not one word re
garding tht whtreaboutt of Moses on
tbat melancholy occasion. ,
TUB FRONT QATE.
DISCUSSION OF THB DIFFERENT METHOD
OF SWINI11NO ON IT.
From the New York Tlmei.
In all ages, tbe front flute has been
recognized as an Indispensable element
ol real courtship. Of course, girls bav
boon courted In brown-ston bouse
devoid of front yards and ol avoir
specie of practicable gate, but in euch
cases tho poetry of love-making ia
lacking. According to Buckle and
Darwin and Spencer, domeslio happi
ness exists only in countries where
front gatet abound. Why is it that
tho French marriages aro arranged by
the parents ol the bride and groom,
and aro hence baaed, not upon love,
but upon eonvonienoa? aud why, in
our favored land art marriages arrang
ed without tht slightest reference lo
Iho old people f It ia plainly becauso
in France tbo front gate is rare and its
true uses are unknown, while in our
rural towns tvory bouse hat lit front
gato, and tho merest child knows it
uses. French marriages, contracted
withont tbe sweet Influences ot tht
gate, are too frequently unhappy, but
with us the path ol domestic wins ilea
through the front gale, and ia loo plain
to bo easily missed. Among the Ro
mans, the wife was little better tban a
slave, and on Sunday nights tbt young
unmarried Ronton, instead of spending
bis evening in tht "dim, religious light
of the back parlor," as Millon beauti
fully saya, went to tbt circus or am
phitheatre to witness a gladiatorial
walking-match or tbo antics of tho
Talmage of tbt period. Tbe discovery
ol Pompeii explains why courtship
was a lost art among the Romans,
There was not a gate of any kind in
the whole city wall, and we have every
reason to suppose tbat nothing analo
gous to our front or back gates existed
tbronihoiit the wide extent ol tho Ro
It is in our Western Status tbat tht
front gato has reached ill highest do
velupment of an aid lo courtship. At
is well known, there art two schools,
which differ radically in their theory
of tbe true method of using tho gato.
The t oncord school, ot which Air.
Ralph Waldo Emorson is the leader,
holds tbat both tbe young men and
the young women should lean on tha
same side of the gate tho inner sido
being regal ded as preferable. 1 bo
Western school, on th other band, in
sists tbat the young lady should lean
on tho inside of tho gate while her
lover leans on the outside. Though
the Western school lacks a leader of
the tamo and experience of Mr. Emer
son, ii has hy fur the greator number
of adherents, und to the unprejudiced
mind there can bo butltttlo doubt that
its doctrine is tbe true ono.
It is easy to comprehend bow tho
front calo originally came into use. Tba
original pairof lovers wbo firat utilized
it bad doubtless sought a place
where they could enjoy privacy, and,
at tbe same lime perceive, while yet
slar oil, tbe unsympathetic lamer ana
the wayfaring small boy. Tbe locality
of the Irom gate, commanding as it
docs a full view ol the bouse from which
the father may emerge with bis heart
less boot, and the public street, along
which the casual sinall ooy may wend
bia whistlinir way. would naturally bo
selected even byl overs wholly without
engineering instincts. Kxperie-icesoon
showed tbat Ibo front gate possessed
other unequalled strategolio advan
tage. To Ibe ayes ol tbe public tho lover
on ibooutstdeol thogattalwaysseemod
to be in tbe act of going away, w ben
any ono except the avenging fatbor
drew near, the lover would remark,
ell, as 1 was aaying, I must really
go ; and then, when tbt onjeciionaoie
person bad passed on, tbt sweet Bor
row of prolonged parting could begin
again and last until tha appearance ot
an elderly gentleman with a club at
tbe front door aecmed to point to tht
propriety ol an immediate aud real
BEDS AXD BED ROOMS.
Bedaand bedding need especial oare;
on fine day leave your sleeping room
windows open several hours, it possi
ble, and. if not too conspicuous, leave
your beds unonado, and let pillowa and
mattresses air in tbo aun. i borougn-
ly examine the bed steads take out
tbt slats, which you probably will find
covered wilh dust (accumulated dust
will also bs lound on the flats ot tbo
spring beds). Wipe this off wilh hot
salt and water, salt dissolved in a
very Utile water, should be put on with
a small paint brush, in alt tbt corners
of tbe bvadsloada to prevent vermin
front finding a plaoc. If, by any
chance, they are already there, this
must be repeated as ollen as twice a
week, until they are exterminated.
Also, wipe the edges of tha mattresses
well wilh a cloth wrung out of salt and
water. Ion must meet this matter
promptly, and give il your supervision,
lor, if not atlonded to at onco, they
will got the better of you and came
yon groat annoyance. '
II there shall bt any spots otr your
mattroBscs.try spreading a paste of
starch, mixed with a little cold water
let it remain until quite dry, iben
brush off; if the spot still remains, put
a teaspoonful of borax to a pint or cold
water, wilh a little soap; enough to
mako good auds. Scrub theapol with
il, using un old nail brush or small
scrubbing brush ; afterward wiping
dry with clean clotb.
We learned an art a lew year ago,
of a dear old lady, with whom we wurt
spending the Summer. Sho came into
the bright ailung-room one morning,
with pillows and ticks, and aaid aht
was going to cbango the feather Irom
ono into tho other. "Not here," we
cried, slatting up in alarm, aod with
vi.iotu of down and fealhors flying all
over tho room, over our clothes and
settling in our hair. But she said very
quietly, "Don't move, you won't know
ii you don't look." But wt did look,
and found that wt did not know ev
erything. In each pillow-tick tht had loft an
opening in tht tidt team about tiv or
six inches long, and at tha top (in the
middle), ono about three Inches long.
Taking a pillow in her band tba shook
tbt tealhurs away from the side and
down into the middle of tht pillow,
keeping them there with several pins,
while ht ripped a slit in tht tidt just
as long as Iho ona already in tht new
one. These oponings tht now tewed
together making a communication
between tht two. Then she inserted
her hand into tha space aht had left ia
tht end asam, and we pinned it closely
about ber wrist, leaving ao room lor
tha feathers td fly out. Taking the
pint out of the pillow sbt drtw the
feather oasily out of ont into tha
other. When they wort all out, she
carefully removed ber band and tba
opening was sewed up." The seam be
tween tho two, at fast a ripped, was
pinned securely and afterward sewed
up. The pint wert taken out.the pillow
beaten into shape, and II was done.
Tbis bit ot knowledge ha bees of
great as to ao j let a hop that It
will prove as valoablt to you.
The Danbury Aewi man, Mr. Jams
M. Bailey, hat Just published a new
book, which he call "Ms. Fhillip't
Goneness." Th book it a lovt story.
Mr. Phillips la tht foremanolacoantry
newspaper office, and ia "gone" on sev
eral persons of tht lemlnine persuasion
btfor bt M finally eangha--' a t.
rimonial boos. Tbt Tsr
country printing p0 "
Ing art ir-M..''
we can s
din. "Not if
0 pert reply of
jut thai day.
ILb. aaa "V