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o. b. ooodlaVder,
1(1 It PRINTING Of EVERT DKSCRIP
lioa neatly executed at thla oflio..
TT W. SMITH,
ll:17l ( IrarBcM, Pa
T J. LINGLE,
jHOBNE T - AT - LAW,
1:16 PMllpuburff, Centre Co., Pa. y:pd
pOMSI) D. SWOOPE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Curwro.rille, Clearfield enuntj. Pa.
ocl. , 'ja-lf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
.f-ir-Omce In Ibe Opera Ilnuaa. oet9, 'T8-tr.
Q J?, k W. BAKUETT,
Attorneys and Counbf.loiis at Law,
January 30. 187).
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
.saj-Ofllee la tha Court Huu.e. Jyll.'ST
(onrrin r. o.)
JL'S'HCE OF THE PEACE
run brll Tow.temr.
Hay I, IS78.y
tm. jr. MccuLLouurr,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ffl! . In Moronic building, Second atreet, op
jiDnite the Court llouae. Je28,'7H-tf.
y C. ARNOLD,
LAW 4 COLLECTION OFFICE,
,!n Clearfield CountT. Penn'a. 75y
g T. BROCK BANK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office In Opera Hoaaa. ap 35,77-ly
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
Jell'71 CLEARFIELD, PA.
T K. SNYDER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Onto tn IV Opera Houaa.
Juna !, "TStr.
WILLIAM A. WaLLACB. DATID L. BOBBS.
babbt F. wallaob. jobs w. wbiolbt.
WALLACE & KREBH,
(Sutteaaon to Wallace A Fielding,)
Jnl'TT Clearfield, Pa.
Frank Fielding.. W. D. Big!er....8. V. Wllaoa.
YIELDING, 1UGLER4 AVILSON,
ATTORNEYS - AT - LAW,
d-OHIo lo Pla-a Opera Ilou.e. mohi-7.
LI BARBER AND HAIRDREH6ER.
Hhop oa Market St., appoalte Court Ilottaa.
A oleaa towal for arery floatomer.
Alao dealer la
llrat llrauds of Tobareo aud Clgara.
ru...M. Pa. ajar 10. IA.
raoa. a. nubsat. ctnitb aoanoa.
URRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Sr-Olno. la Pla'a Opera Houee, aeeond floor.
loaara a. a'aaALLT. danibl v. B'ctmnr.
fcENALLY 4 McCURDY
t irartlfld, Pa.
-aLagal baalnoee attended to promptly witbj
Uitr. Office oa Second alraet, abote tba Firal
National Bank. )an:l:76
Real Eetate and Collaetloa Agent,
Will promptly attend to all legal kailaaaa en
traated to bia aara.
-OBoe in Pla'a Opera Houaa. Janl'JO.
J P. McKENRICR,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
All legal tn.el.ne. animated to hie ear will ra
oaira prunapt attention.
Ofllea eppoaita Cnart Home, la Maaonle Btflldlng,
eceood floor. au.gl4,7S-l,
JR. K. M. SCUEURER,
Ofllea la reaideara oa Firat at.
April 14, M7I. . ClaarflaR Pa.
JR. W. A. MEANS,
PHYSICIAN at SURGEON,
DUBOIS CITY, PA.
Will attend profeeelonal ealla promptly. auglOTO
T. J. ItOYKR,
Ofllea oa Market Straal, Claarleld, Pa.
Pt-Offloe koura: I to 11 a. ., and 1 to I p. at.
jyt. J. KAY WRIGLEY,
-Ofllea adjoining Ibe rerldenoe af Jamaa
Wnitlry, Kao,., oa &ad St., Clearfield, Pa.
4 M. HILLS,
hOliea in Heldenoa. eanaalla Shaar Haaae.
JR. II. B. VAN VALZAII,
OFFICE III RESIDENCE. CORNER OF FIRST
AND PINE STREETS.
OBoa boar From 11 U I P. M.
May IS, 17I.
r j. r. burchfield,
bale Sargaaa ef tba IM Raglmeat, Paaaaylraiila
Volintaara, baring retaraed fraai tba Araay,
Hera kla profeaaleaal aarrieea U tkeelUaeaa
l Clearfield eoaaty.
r-ProfaaaloBal ealla promptly attaaiefl U.
o-a oa Saeeid alraet, hraiarlyapl by
GEO. B. G00DLANDEB, Editor
VOL 53-WHOLE NO.
JUSTICE' CORHTA HLEK KEES)
cm V P'" nambar of tba a.
FEE BILL, and will on tha receipt of twenty.
OMnta. mail a aonr ta any aridreaa. mTxa
WILLIAM M. HENRY, Juhtici
'T" ,AirBiTaaa, LUMBER
CITY. Colleetiona ruada and money promptly
paid rr. Artieloaof aicraemaiit and dwda ol
Miaroyanca neatly airrutod and oarrantad eor.
reel or Bo eharirr. J;ijy'71l
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Juatico of tba I'aaoa and Bcrtrener,
bCollentioBa made and monar promptly
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Beal Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
BUINOLES, ATn, A PICKETS,
:lt'7S Cloartald, P,
House and Sign Painter and Paper
felt Will ..H.I. Ink. tn til. I ln H.Mnit. ..J
la a workmanlike manner. af r4,A7
JOUN A. 8TAPLEK,
BAKER, Mirket St., ClutrfleM, P.
Fruh Breid. Kuak, Rolls, Pics sod Cmkei
00 band or made to order. A gentra,) astortmrni
of ConreotioDarici, Fruit and Nuts tn stock.
Ic Cream and OyIers In season. Saloon nearly
(posits the I'osldlTtro. l'ripos mode rata,
WEAVER & BETTS,
Real Esta'e, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND LUUURROF ALL WINDS.
TJ-Offlce on Btjoond ilreet, in rsar of stnra
rxjiiin of (Jiorga Weaver it Cti. ( jati9, TS-tf.
JUSTICE OF TUB PEACE
Oaeaola Milla P. O.
All official buaineaa antroaled to bim will ba
promptly attended to. mcb'JD, '70.
JAMES H. TURNER, -
JtSTICE OF TUB PEACR,
baa prepared bimseir wltb all tba
Deceit ary blauk furius under the I'eniiun and
lloaotj laws, as well as It lank JJseili, ele. All
Icftal matters entruitevi to his eare will receir
prompt attention. May 71b, lH7tf.tr.
JOUN L. CUTTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
ud Real Katat A (ft nt, Clearfield, Pa,
Office en Third strtet, bet.Chrrj A Walnut.
0Heiptetfullr offsrs bis serviess In stlllnt
and buying lands la Glsarfleld and adjoining
oountias f aad with aa experience ol over twenty
years as a surrey or, flattars himself that be eaa
render satisfaction. IFeb. UM:it,
Market Htrret, Clcardeld, Pa.,
HANITACTURIR ARD D1AL1R II
Ilarnm Bridlet, Satidles, Collars, and
rAII hinds of repairing promptly attended
to. Haddlan' Hardware, llurse brushes. Curry
Combs, tlo., always on hand and for sals at tba
lowest eaih price. March 111, 1H70.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD. PKNN'A.
j-vrPomps always on hand and mads to order
on short notio. Pipes bored on reasonable tanas.
All worh warranted to render satisfaction, and
delirered if desired. myla.lypd
I Avery Mtable.
THE undersigned begs leave to Inform the pub
lic that he is bow fully prepared to anoommo
date all Id the way or furnishing fU.ses, Buggies,
Saddles and Harness, oa the shortest aotioe and
sn reasonable terms. Hesidenee on lioeast street,
between Third and Foarth.
OKU. W. uKAKIIAKT.
Olearfield, Feb. 4, 1874.
OLEN HOPE, PENN'A.
rpuR anderaigned, baring leaaad tbi Mm
X modiraa lintel, la tba village of Glaa Hope ,
ie bow prepared to aeeommodat. all wbo may
oall. . My labia and bar aball bo -applied wilb
tbe belt tha market effordr.
OKOKdK W. DOTT3, Jr.
Olen Hope, Pa , March It, lr tf.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
n ali a m
Also, extensive manufacturer and dealer In Square
Timber and Hewed Lumber ol all kinds.
-Orders solicited and all bills promptly
E, A. BIGLER &, CO.,
asd maauraoturara of
A 1.1. KIN I) OK HAWED I.UMHKH,
I 771 CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
S. I. 8 N Y D E R,
h-J ABB PBALBB IB
aWtuheB, Clocks and Jewelry,
OrnAtei'l torn, Marktt Araet,
All blnda of rcpeirinf In my line promptly at
ended to. April IS, l74.
1CNCOUKAGR HOME INDUSTRY.
CpTIB andertlcnsi), having established a Nur
X sfrj on the 'Pike, about half way between
Clrarfield and Curwensvllle, is prepared to fur
aish all kinds of FRUIT TRKKS, (suadard and
dwarf.) Krergreeas, nnmooery, urapa inn,
Uoopaberry, Lswtea Blackberry, Htrawberry,
ana neBpoeiTj t ww. nin,Diinivi.iiw,
qninoe, and early scarlet Rhubarb. Ae. Orders
promptly attended to. Addrsss,
d. V. T IV I If II 1 ,
seo!0 CurwePMTllls, Pa.
F. M. CAED0N & BR0.(
Oa Market 8t, one door wett ef Maaslna House,
Oar arrangements are rf the aiosi aomplete
eharmetAW tor furnishing the public with Freeh
Meata of all kind, and ef Ibe very best quality.
We also deal it all ktads ef Agricultural Implt
meats, which we keep aa eihibiitoa far the batt
el t ef the public. Call around whea la town,
and lake a look at things, er address ae
F id. CAKDON .ft BRO.
Clearfield, Pa., Jaly 14, IH7ft tf.
Clrar field ltnanrt 4fmry.
CAIKOlL l. UCDtB,
Repraatat the (bllowln aad etbsr first class Ce'i
Liventool Loadoa A Olobt-U. 1. Br4,3fJ,s
Lvcamiai ButaalAeash plaas.. ,tM),0ti
'bD.l,of Hanforw, Ceaa t.eli.OM
iDsaraace Ce. ef N.rth Amerlea.....M .41174
North British A MareaaUle U. 8. Br.. l.lM.HM
Beottifh Cenim.fcial t.B. Branch.... T,14
Watertawa - ...-..
Travelerl (Life A Aeeidcat) 4,k5,44
OtAre oa Market Bt., epp. Crrt lleaaa, Clear
field, Pa. Ui,19it.
Old (.rimes Is dead, that aod old soul,
We ne'er shall see him more !
lie used to wear a long blue onat,
All buttoned down Ulore.
When a'er he heard the voice of pi la,
Ills heart with pity burned.
The large, round bead upon bU caue
From Ivcry was turned.
HI- neighbors ba did not abuse'
Was aooiablo and Rev
ile wore l-r go bookies on bis shoes.
And changed them every day.
He, modest merit Joy'd to find,
And pay it lis desert)
He wore no malinc In bis mind.
Nor ru files on bis shirt.
His heart was cheerful as tha, day)
His friendship warm snd true,
His hslr was some inclined to grey;
He wore it in a cub.
He freely lent to el the poor
Berirvolent and kind
A bat of bevsr far he wore,
Tbe rim turnsi up behind.
But poor old Grimes' Is now at rest,
Nor fears mi-fortune's frown
He wore a double breasUd rest
The stripes ran up and down.
lie never tried (he world to please,
With alms si pored to view,
His hose were gathered at the kneel ;
His breeches they were blue.
Ills breant wnuld alw.vs swell with grief
At lijiht of human woes,
With a Bandana handkerchief
He used to wipe hit nose.
He never caused bis friends to blush,
By actions base or mean.
He hud an irory-hnndled brush,
Wltb which his teeth to clean.
Good people all, I prav let fall,
A tear for poor old Grimes,
A doth hisnousln, Peter Small,
Who did oompusa these rhvines.
THE ZVL U D YXA STY.
TlioZiilun "Zulu'1 in tho native Ian-
rrUftL.fi Biirniiirit I'llnnvon" urn it.,.
ncribmj Btillluicntly a to tlioir origin,
l-IIIU-lu-luruHIL'H UIIU C'UBlOinB in lliCBO
columns at tho breaking out of tho war
Vritll Kntrlnnfl Knmn a..nin.f nf (I.a
dynasty, tho lostltnd by no mouna tho
ii'um uidiinriimucu moniocr 01 wnicn
has jtint bocn captured by tho English,
will bo of intoroHt. This is tho book
of tho generations of King t'ctowngo .
rrt'NOA. Uienaangaoona ; d. 1813.
Dingaan; Umhlancane ; Chnka ; Panda : Ualng.
d. I h 10 1. lfls. b. 17H7. d. 1S71. ojana.
I'mhulaai; Cetcwayot t'bamn.
Whether Jama was tho son oi Uma-
keba or of Umbuzi, who woro bona of
L punga, is not (imto certain, but tho
wnight of ovidenco favors tho belief
that ho ucseonded trom I makoba.
Iloyond Vpunga tho royal lineogo ol
Zululand cannot bo traced. Juma's
son Usenzangacona-wns tbo chief of
a petty sea coast tribo, near the Um
volosi river, and lortl of soino thirty
wive,' wbo boro him noarly two hun
dred children. One ol l.to i wm
Umnandi who, because ol his jealousy,
had to fly to a neighboring tnbo, bear
ing with her ber son Chaka. Tbo
chief with whom they found refugo
caused tho youth to bo educated in all
tho accomplishments befitting an Afri
can princo and warrior. Whilo still in
his toons, (Jhaka happened to meet at
St. Lucia Boy some shipwrecked tn
glish sailors, who told him a great
deal about the exploit and warlike
famoof "Hones. ibe uoy listoned
attentively, and made up his mind to
bocomo tbo "Honey olAtrica. strange
irony of tbo fato that tho first Wnpo
Icon should inspire in the mind ol a
Kaffir chief colossal schemos of war
liko ontorpriso, and that tho fourth
Napoleon, the son of tho Emperor's
nephew, should fall in battlo with tho
nephew ol his African admirer.
When, in 1812, old Uecniangacona
died, Usingojana succeeded hiai aa tbe
son of tho "great wilo," tho spouso to
whoso descendants a .ulu King, in ad
vanced years, guarantees tho succes
sion. Chaka, however, claimed the
throne, and speedily ousted his half
brother. Many ol the Cmtetwa, tho
tribo among whom Chaka had boon
brought op, followod him into the Zulu
nation, and specially ho recognized his
army and began a career of conquost.
lie divided tbe warriors into rcgimonts,
with subdivisions of battalions and
companies and different uniforma, and
revolutionized their arms and stylo of
fighting. Tbo Zulus, liko othor Kaffir
tribes, had previously fought with a
sheaf of assegais. Chaka pitted two
regiments aguinsl each other, ono arm
ed with the weapons blunted, of
course and the other having shields
and a short stabbing assegai, thus un
consciously imitating the Komaneqtiip
mont. They skirmished for a while,
and then Chaka look stock ol tho con
tusions and inxtuntly ordorod tbo
wholo army to adopt the now weapon.
Fighting upon tba open plains, his bat
talions advanced in massive columns,
protected by tlioir hugo shields, rccoiv
od the darts hurled by tho enemy with
but trifling loss, and getting to closo
quarters the instant the foemen's jave
lins were expended routed them with
tremendous slaughter. It was as
great a revolution in African warfare
aa that brought about in Buropo by
tho introduction ot gnnpowdcr or tbe
needle nun. Tribo alter tribo be over
came, not to extirpate but to incorpor
ate with his own pooplo copying
Uouuparto again tho process ol dis
tribution and amalgamation being very
skillfully carried out. With nearly
sixty tribes bo thus doalt during bis
reign. He bad an Old (juard of 12,
000 or 15,000 warriors always prepar
ed to march at a tnomont s notioo, ga
in? filtv miles without aball and often
travelinz ior thrco hours at the rato of
eight miles an hour and "oat on what
ever enemy presented himself, distrib
uted provisions ana men in lortinea
kraals all over tho country, and con
quered and slaughtered and resigned
till when, in iHza, ii r. Isaacs, a mis
sionary visited bim and told him of
tho extent oi me jrnio uominiunr
and bow King tioorgo had overthrown
llonaparte, ho could atlord to say com-
nlaconlly: "Thoro are only two great
chiefs in all the earth my brotbor,
King (ioorgo, is king of all the whiles;
I, Chaka, am king of all the blacks."
As the Kronen Republicans bad done,
so did Cbaka. An unsuccessful sol
dier's fato was death. Till the men of
a regiment had distinguished them
selves in the Bold Ibey wore not allow
ed lo marry, and if they (ailed in an
ontorpriso their families as woll as them
solves sufTercd. Mr. Isaacs saw 170
children slain, being beaten to dealh
or having thoir nocks twistod, and Utn
bulale ("the 1'lace ol Blaugblor") took
its name from tho massacre thore of a
defeated corps and the wives and chil
dren or its members.
In 1828 Chaka marched southwest
against the Amapondos, routed tbem,
ravaged the country to lbs borders ol
Hrilish Protectorate nd marched
borne with an immense spoil. Ibe
British and colonial troops with native
allies, started after him, but encoun
torod tho Amadirwana tribo wilb 20.
000 cattle, flying from tho Zulus, and,
mistaking thorn for Chaku's men, kill
ed some hundreds of tbom and drovo
off all thoir bords. Meanwhile, C'huka
uaa roached Umvotl, bis capital, and
sent his brothors Dingaan, Umhlan
gano with an army lo tho North
ugainHt L'soshengaiio, on tho shores ol
Delagoa Buy. Tbo country was pes
tilential, and two-thirds of thoir army
perished from exposure, disoaso and
hungor. Enraged at thoir ill success
Chaka ordorod tho murder of 2,000
women, wives of tho defeated soldiora.
Among tho victims slaughtered at tho
ruto ot 200 or 300 a day, woro tho
spou8ea of his brothors, who botwoen
resontmcnt and fear woro moved to
eonspiro against bis lifo. His body
sorvunt, Uiubopa, joined in the plot,
and having unsuspected accoss to Dha
ka's prcsonco struck him dead Sep
tomber 23,1828. Thusdiod atthoagoof
forty-one the Zulu Aloxandor or Napo
leon. Dingaan and Unhlangano dis
puting tho succession fought a duel in
tho royal kraal immediately altor
Chaka's burial, when tha latter was
Dingaan was not a wurliko despot
but a maehiavelinn tyrant. Thousands
of his subjects flod to Natal, but after
18.35 ho negotiated a treaty with En
gland in virtue of which tho desortors
wore roturood to him to bo brained
or impaled. In 18:18 Pietcr IJelief, a
lloor, was eont to ask a grant ol Natal
for tho Dutch immigrants, with a mis
sionary, the liov. K. Owen. At Urn
gungundlhovn ("tho place of tho
trurpctir. cf the c!?phr,.?t") h found
Dingaan in a neatly built palace 20
feet in diamotor, supported by 22 pil
lars covered with beads, in tho buildin"
standing in the centro of a kraal of 1,
700 huts, caclj largo enough for twon
ty men. Six thousand soldiers wero
paraded in a mock tight and a subso-
quont war-dunce around thousands of
beautiful cattle representing tho spoils
ol tho combat ; all that tho Boers ask
ed was granted them. On tho (1th of
rcbruary, 18.18, they brcokfustod with
Mr. Owen and snoko of Dinuaan's
courtesy and good fuilh ; tbon went
unarmed, Bnmo sovonty mon In all,
to sit around tho King and sco tho
furowoll dance. Closer and closer
whirled tho dancers round the circle,
till tbo Kin;t roso and cried ancrilv.
Soir.o tbo accursed wizards I" when
in an instant tho Dutchmen wero seiz
ed and dragged away. "Toll Owen,"
said tbo King to a messenger, "that 1
am going to kill tho Boers, but ho need
not bo Ingbtoncd. llo kept his word,
for though l'iotcr Relief and his com
panions were brained and speared be
foro tho missionary's eyes, Mr. Owen
and his family Buffered to depart in
safety. Tho Zulus swarmed over tho
country and literally exterminated
tbo Boors. At a station on tho Bush
man's liivor that still bears tho name
of Wconon "Weeping" they found
an tho agou ana tuobio, women and
nhilrlmn. whnm with linir lpwlnr, ( lat
Maritz, they slow 3Uti in all, besides
250 colored servants. Tbo names of
1'ieter Keliot and Gort Maritz aro
jointly commemorated in that of tha
town of 1'ioiormaritzburg. 1 bo Doers
beyond tho Tugcla, howovor, rallied
and helped by tho English fought
through 18:i8 and 18.10, when they
succeeded in corrupting Dingaan's
brother Panda. Wilb 4,000 soldiers
Panda rovoltcd early in 1810. Din
gaan s lorco thus weakened was ao
stroyod, and on the 10th of February
Panda dethroned and Blow him, and
ascended the tbrono.
Panda reigned till 1872. Ho had
agreed over to continuo tho loyal and
devoted ally of bis whilo neighbors,
and according to Sir Thoophilus Shep
stone, his roign was "incomparably
milder and moro merciful than that
of his predocossor. llo consolidated
the government and administration ol
the country into a regular fabric, hav
ing rulers in overy small district who
led tho people in war and administer
ed justice in poaco, owing feudal sub
ordination to an Incnna, or provincial
chicl, wbo belonged to tho King's
Great Council. The laws affecting
marriago and military scrvico were
sovoroly administered, and the people
suffered not a little from "witch find
ing," tho wizard, wbo was promptly
killed aftor forfeiting his proporty to
thoCrown.being invariably a well-to-do
subject or a man obnoxious lolho King
On tho wholc.howovcr.tho regin of King
Panda was quiet and prosperous, anil
when ho died, October 18, 1872, he left
tho reputation of a good neighbor both
among tho Dutch and tho English.
II is son Cotowaye pronounced
Kotchwhyo succeeded him, boing du
ly installed hy Sir then plain Mr.
Thcnpholis Shcpstono. Chaka and
Dingaan do not socm to Have leu any
sons at all. One report makes out that
tliev killed their mulo children and
pregnant wives "to keep down dun
geronsqucHtionsoonnoctcd with thosuo
eession j" another and moro probable
version is that Dingaan killed oft all
Chuka'B heirs and Panda all Dingaan's.
Panda had several grown up sons in
1856, tho two most prominent of whom
woro Cotowavo and Umbulaze, the
former a warlike young man, tho lat
ter a mild and peaceful princo, his
ffithor'a favorite. Kuuh was allowed
to form a separate establishment and
collect rotainors to service "under tbe
ticor's head" and naturally parties
wero soon formed and civil war broke
out. In a great battlo on the Tugela,
Cotowayo defeated and slew hie brotb
or and 3,000 wariiors, and early in
Novomhor, 1857, was recognized by
tho I neon as at a great council as heir
apparent, it being understood that
through tho Prime Minister Masipula
be should exercise mo rogoncy tin nts
lathor's death. As Panda was in his
old ago bo fut that ho could not walk,
and had to be liflod into and out of bis
wagon by six men, tho active duties ol
kingship bad dovolvod upon Cotowayo
long before 1874, when at Panda's
death Mr. Shcpstonocrowned him form
ally. The ceremony took place at
Umlambongwenya, with as much arti
ficial solemnity and docorativosplondor
aa Mr. Sbepstone's party oould furnish
out of thoir portable stores. A tent
was pitched In tho centre of the kraal,
decked with flags, shawls and colored
blankets; on a table was placed a mir
ror and crown or can, while beside it
was a chair of state with a scarlet and
gold mantle. About 10,000 warriors
woro present whogreoted with loud ac
clamations tho appearance of the King
in his robes and cap, a salute was nreo,
the band struck op and tbe native
soldiers rattled their knoDkerrios in
thoir shields, while tho heralds pro
claimed the new sovereign ol tbe Sons
Wilb the story of lbs Transvaal dis
putes and Kngland's interference, read
era of the World are lamiliar. Wbon
in October. 1870, tbe Knglisb Govern
ment sent hint a warning concerning
tbe killing of thoso wbo disobeyed tho
marriage laws, Cetewayo returned a
haughty reply. "Why,"saidhe,"doeB
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER S, 1879.
the Govurnor of Natal speak lo mo
about my lawa ? Do 1 go to Nalnl
and dictato to him about hia laws 1 I
do kill ; my people will not listen un
less Ibey aro killed. Tho Govornor
of Natul and I are equal ; ho is Gov
ornor of Natal and I am Governor
boro." When he pleaded for permis
sion to "wash hia spears," becauso it
was tho custom of his country for a
King upon bis accession lo ' flesh his
maiden sword," it was refused him,
and finally ho was bullied into tho wur
in which bis power was brokon and
his tbrono lost, not, howovor, till ho
bad given conspicuous proof that in
bravery and efficiency tho Zulu war
machine had not deteriorated since the
days of his great undo, Cbaka.
A pictnro of C'etowavo shown in
London this year indicated no traeo of
luroeily the eicpwssion of the lace,
indeed, was mild anrtalmost benignant,
"An Old Colonist," Lowovcr, thus do
scribes him :
Ilia eyes wero exceptionally largo
ana uriinunt, out bu lo-ohead, though
broad for a Kaffir, was vory receding,
whilo tha lowor part of hia face denot
ed a determined and brutul nature.
Ho was vory elaborately dressed. Over
his shoulders was fastened a leopard
skin kceroi or cloak reaching down to
tho back of his knees; round his loins
ho woro a handsome tmochy that is,
a band of tiger-cat skins, with a deep
fringo of stripes of tie snino skins
hanging downward, lbs wrists and
ankles woro decorate.! with rings
of red, whito and black beads, and bis
hair with several ostrich leathers. In
tho slit in bis right cat (tho distin-
oMiishinp; mark of tbo Zu.ua, who aro
all so cut in the lobo of both ears in
infancy) be curried a very ornamentul
snuff box, made trom a peco of bam
boo cano, caived and decorated with
beads, and in the slit In his left car he
enrried a comb. Tho Zulu comb is
about six inches long, una is raado of
ivory. Tbo top of tho handlo is ot tho
shape of tho bowl of a spron, and with
it they measure out Bnuif. Tho lowor
part is elaborately earvod Tho tooth,
of which thero aro only tlireo, aro fully
four inches long, and resemblo tho
prongs ot a fork. In his right hand
Cetewayo carried n hunting assegai,
and on his left arm his shield. N. Y.
CARKLEHSNF.SK AS A SOVRCE
It is amazing to consider the extent
to which losses aro incurred on tho
one hand, and sales and occupation at-
lorded on tho other hand, by the Inex
cusable carelessness of people who
know bottor and ought to do better.
Tbe fastening of a well bucket is de
ranged, or a hoop is looso, but the
thoughtless man or woman never no
tices the trouble until tho bucket ie
dropped in tbo well or tho bottom is
out. Then timo is lost, the family is
tnconvonienced, and perhaps a ncigh-
fa"" j"t ol ) 1 1. - it
Tho gato latch IB out of order; no at
tention is paid to it; tho hogs or cows
get in ; the yard is rooted up ; tho
shrubbery ia destroyed ; tbo gardener
is employed and the nurseryman has
A tiro is looso on tho wheel ; tho
wood is rantdlv wcarinrr awav. a littlo
caro would sol tho matter right; no
pains aro taken ; away on the road a
wheel ib crushed, and the wheelwright
has somo employment. A Bhinglo is
out of place on tho roof; ono nail
would mend tho trouble; that nail
isn't driven ; tho rain steala in, and
soon the plastorcr is paid to uso trowel
and brush. A briulo rein is weak ; a
bit Ib worn ; nobody thinks of examin
ing oilhor; a horso is drawn to ono
side, or a horse runs away ; a vehicle
is broken ; a curnauo niakor or black
smith is profited, and perhaps a sur
geon has a profitable professional en
gagement The water of a well is impure ;
thoso wbo uao it complain, and still no
proper steps aro takon ; the family
have sorious sickness; tho druggist
sells his medicines, and the doctor gets
his fees. In some way the cellar is
foul; tbo mephitic gasscs escape thro'
the floors ; tbo blood is poisoned ; tbe
fover rages; somo suffer, some die;
tho physician has a harvost, and oven
tho undertaker and sexton find em
ployment. A stovo chimney is in dan
gerous condition ; pooplo, havo eyes to
see, but they don't uso them ; tho fire
soon docs its dreadful work, and cur-
pentcrs and mechanics havo a good
timo. oo ol many very many things.
Aro vou innocent of such neglect f
There are far bettor and cheaper ways
to givo work and profit to others. Hy
taking care of what yon have you
may become ahlo to add othor and
moro valuable things which you do-
Biro. J hero is true economy in proper
attention to small as well as great
E UG EMITS roSSESSlOXS.
LondoB Correapondeooa Philadelphia Tlmea.
Tho ox-Empress of France ia said to
be one of tbe richest widows in En
gland. In addition to ber Hungarian
estato, she has a castle in Spain and a
nico tilaco in Switzerland. Hut bard
cash is what comes most useful to de
throned sovereigns who hopo lo re
turn, and of this tho Empress baa long
had abundance. It la estimated in
Paris that she is worth at least a mill
ion sterling. Only recently Bhe sold a
largo block of house property in tho
Rue d'Alba, in Paris, and M. Kouhor's
house, a well known political centro, at
the corner of the Ituo do rfiiyseo, was
bora, in her own right, and was sold
lust year lor 15,000. Tho death ol
tho Prinoo adds to her property, sineo
he left to her a considerable amount
of land property in Italy, as woll as
the Toulouse property, ocqucaineu to
bim by the grisly uonoral wuo nao
been cancrrv to the Princo when he
toddled about tho corridors ol the
Tuillcnea nearly throe foot high and
weiuhted with the miniature uniform
ot a Colonel in tbe Gent Garde. This
vast property was no incumbrance to
the Win press whilst yov sne naa a son
to live and scheme for. It was drain
ed pretty frocly by tho Bonapartisl
orirans of tho nross in France. Tbe
Ordt and the J'avl wore laviBhly sup
ported by the Empress, and she also
drew handsome checks in favor of the
reduction ol Uavloit. Tbe need for
keeping those fires warm ia now dead.
The Kmpross is not likely to keep
newspapers alivs to work for hor good
cousin Jeromo ; she will not, however,
find hor richos an emharrasamont aa
long as the priest" have roady access to
hor. A nowspaper supplies large out
lets for superfluous cash, but 1 think
on the whole tho church can bold Its
own in rivalry of this character, and a
good cburchwoman liko the Kmpross
will not find occasion to distress ber
solf lor means of disposing ot the in
terest, and eventually the capital, of a
TABLE OF ELEYA TIOXS IX
Tho Yillnae Record clipnod an item
from llio Ledger to tho effect that Pot
tor county bud "tho highest land cast
oi the Jtocky Mountains. And the
Ledger took tho Record lo task in a vig
orous denial. For Iho benefit of both
journals wo desire to slato that Klk
Hill, a short distanco from Carbondale,
attains to tbo highest altitudo above
tho sea levol in Pennsylvania. Scran
Wo havo not been out with our tape
nno to mcnatiro tueso elevations per
sonally, nut wo havo culled tho follow
ing altitudes from tbe table of eleva
tion found in the report ol tho Geolog
ical survey of Pennsylvania:
Summit onoth of Wellaboro', Tioga Co., ISA, ft.
Ilrail of Plana No. 6, above Carbondale. ltlilS It.
Point between Tobybanne and Lehigh
buuilnlt 19711 ft.
Suiumtt of Carbon Hun, llradford Co 2041 ft.
Summit aontb of (,'rawfurd, Bradford Co.. 2140 It.
tirade at Summit of tunnel 8 milea from
Couderaport, Poller Co 2329 ft.
Hill, caatotLong Pond, North Mountain,
bollivan oountj I3S3 ft.
Creat of Allegheny Mountaina, Clearfield
oonntr 7014 ft.
We aro under tho impression that
tbo highest altitudo in Pennsylvania is
lound in Somerset county, near tbo
southern lino of Iho Stuto. Negro
Mountain is 2813 Icet, but its higbost
point may bo a littlo south of tbe lino.
tbo abovo aro the biuhest altitudes
recorded near tho several points named.
Iho lollowing may bo ol interest:
.... 1IHI3 ft.
... 7t n.
.... an ft.
... is5 n.
.... 7:8 ft.
. 117! ft.
!!.'.' iris it.
narolay neurveu, Tool t
Head of Plane
Tho highest point east of tho Missis
sippi river is Mt. Buckley, North Car
olina, blii) leel. in l oiter county ib
found ono of tho most remarkublo
water eheds in tho world. Streams
flow toward tho Gulf of Mexico, toward
Ibo St. Lawrence, and toward tho
Chesapcuko, all have tlioir sourcoB
within a vory small area. A knowlcugo
of this fact conveys to somo minds tho
orroncous impression that tho highest
land east of the Mississippi must
necessarily bo lound hero. Seward
11S T UR BAXCES IX J UP TER.
According to a writor in in tho Ro
chester Democrat and Chronicle, theio
is trouble in tbe giant planot Jupiter,
which is sinning so brilliantly theso
cool nights. A great spot estimated
to bo 18,000 miles in diameter, is con
spicuous on the planet's disc. It has
been visible lor two yoars, says AI.
irouvelot, ol -tambritlgo, Mass., al
though its appearance bos not been
generally known until recently. It is
probablo that on Iho first discovory of
Ibo spot tho color was not strongly
pronounced, or it would havo been
moro generally observed. Dr. Swilt,
of Rochester, saw tho spot for tho first
umo oniy a lew weens ago. Iho onlv
explanation, thus lar given, is tliut
thero is a ront is the cloud covering of
Jupiter, revealing Iho red hot body ol
tho planet. Ibis explanation hardly
explains, although it is now goneraliy
conceded that Jupiter ia a glowing
mass, and abinca partly by his own
light. Many romarkable changes have
recently tukon place in tho appear
ance of Jupiter. Thoso wbo search
for the red spot cannot fail to notice
tho white, cloud liko spots botween
tho groat eopper-colored equatorial
belts, x he great central belt seems to
be broken up into white cloud masses
lying at intervals along the Jovian
equator. Tho copper color ot the outor
bells oxtonds in some places across tbe
equatorial regions, usually occupied by
a bright bolt of creamy while. North
and South of tho great equatorial belts
and about half way to the poles aro
narrow, irregular salmon colored bolts
that present a very beautiful appear
ance, ibe blue coloring about the
poles seems less pronounced than
usual. It is moro than probable that
in the mighty changes going on in Ju
piter, adds the Chronicle, we are wit
nessing the phenomena of world
growth, and that tho giant planet is
slowly undorgoing, under our vory
eyes, iho moditicalionB necessary to fit
it lor habitation.
Queen Beks and now Tiieiii Va
cancies are Supplied. In a paper
read to tho (Juekott M ieroscopical Club,
r. Hunter stales that a lerlilo queen
hco will in four yenis lay a million
eggs. 1 wenty one days aro required
lor the production ol a worker bee ;
"but the samo egg that produced tho
worker in twenty ono days could, had
the boos been so minded, bavo boon
bred up in a queen in six days." "The
bees, continues lr. Hunter, "only
rear queons when necessity calls for
them, cither from tho loss of thoir old
monarch or apprehended swarming.
II 1 remove tho queen H'om a hivo, the
first of these contingencies occurs, and
aftor a low hours' commotion, tho bees
select cortain of Iho workei eggs, or
oven young larva? two or three duys
old. The cell is enlarged to five or
six limes its ordinary capacity, a su
perabundance of totally different lood
is supplied, and thu result is mat, in
five days less than would have been
required lor a worker, a queen is
hatched. The marvel is Inexplicable;.
How a moro cbango and greater abund-
anco of food snd a more roomy lodg
ing should so transform the internal
and oxternal organs of any living crea-
turol The coso is without a parallcd
in all tho animal creation. It is not a
mere superficial chango that has been
effected, but one that ponolratca far
below form and structure, to tho very
fountain oflilo itself It is a translor
malion alike of function, or structure,
and of Instinct."
Reports from apiarians of various
parts ot the country appoar lo be in
favor of wlntoring bees in cellars, in
stead of tho old method of leaving
thorn upon the stands where they aro
bent during the Summer. 'I be Decs,
when protected from sevors cold, eat
less and corns ont much stronger in
the Spring. But it is quite important
that the cellar in which tho bees are
stored should be perfectly dry and well
ventilated, for unless these conditions
are secured the combs become moldy
and the bees perisb.
"Ton did not deign to nolico me
yesterday," said a boanliful fair one to
it gentleman at Atlanlio City. "I did
not seo yon, iranKiy rosponaoa ine
gentleman. "You could, II yon wonld
have only turned your head." "My
dear friend.' eallanllv responded the
gontloman, "if I had done so, 1 feel
sure it would not have been the first
head your charms have turned.
Friend to scientific authority "Doc
tor, bow is a man to tell a mushroom
from a toadstool I" Rclentifio author)
tn "By eating it. If yon live it is a
, mushroom ; if yon die it is a toadstool."
A CURE FOR (1 OSS J P.
.CULTURE THE ONLY SURE ANTIDOTE.
Everybody must talk about somo
thing. Tbe poor follow wbo was told
not to tulk tor fear that tho poople
would find out that ho was a fool,
mado nothing by tbo experiment. He
was considered a tool because be did
not talk on somo subject or other.
Everybody must bavo something to
say, or give up society, ut course,
the topics ot conversation will relate
to subjects of knowledge. It a man is
interested in science ho will talk about
scionco, If ho is an enthusiast in art
he will talk about art. If ho is famil
iar with literature, and is an intelligent
and persistent rcador, ho will natural
ly bring forward litorary topics in his
conversation. So with social and re
ligious questions. "Out of tho abund
ance of the hoart tho mouth spcakoth."
luat ol which tho mind is lull, that
with which it is furnished, will como
out in expression.
the very simple reason why the
world is full of gossip is that those
who indulgo in it have nothing else in
them. They must interest thomsolvcs
in Bomolhiug. Thoy know notbinz
but what they learn from day to day
in inlorconrso with, and observation of
their neighbors. What theso neigh
bors do, what thoy say, wbnt happens
to thorn in their social and business
affairs, what they were, tbeso become
tho questions oi supremo intorcst. Tho
personal and social I lo around tbom
this is the book under constant peru
sal, and out ot this comes that pestif
erous conversation which wo call gos
sip. Ibo world is lull ol it, and iu a
million houses, all over tho country,
nothing is talked of but tho personal
affairs of neighbors.
What is a euro lor gossip? Simply
culture. Thoro is a great deal of gos
sip that has no malignity in iU Good
natured peoplo talk about their neigh
bors because, and only becauso, they
havo nothing clso to talk about. Gos
sip is always a personal confession
oitber of malico or imbecility, and tho
young Bhould not only shun it, but by
iho most thorough culture relieve
themselves from all temptation to in
dulgo in it. It Ib low, frivolous, and
too oflon a dirty businexs. Thore are
country neighborhoods in which it
rages liko a pest. Churches are split
in pieces by it. Neighbors ninko cno
mioB by it for lifo. In many persona
it dcgoneralcB into a chronic disease
which is practically incurable. Let
the young euro it while they may.
TOO MUCH SLEEP.
Tho effects ot too much sleep, says
tho Golden Rule, are not less signal
Iban those arising from privation. The
whole nervous system becomes blunt
ed, so that tho muscular onorgy ia en
feebled, and tho sensations, tbe moral
and intellectual manifestations are ob
tunded. All the bad effects of inaction
Knnnmn Hepplnnflrl thn 1nrtr.ftf.na
oxorted wilh less enorgy ; the diges
tion ia torpid, tho exertions are dimin
ished, whilst, in some instances, the
socrolions of fat accumulate to an in
ordinate extent. The memory is im
paired, tha powers of imagination are
dormant, and the mind tails into a kind
of habitude, chiefly bocaiiso the func
tions of tbo intellect are not sufficiently
exerted, when sleep is loo prolonged
or loo often repeated. To sleep much
is not necessary to be a good sleeper.
Gonorally thoy aro the poorest Bloepors
who remain longest in bed ; that ia
thoy awaken lesa refreshed than if the
time of arising woro earlier by an hour
or two. While it is true that children
and young poople require more sloop
than their elders, yot it should be tbo
caro of parents that over indulgence
bo not permitted. Whero the habit is
for children to lie in bed until eight or
nine in the morning, tho last two
hours, at least, do not bring sound
dreamless sleep, whero tho hour for
retiring is eight or nine P. M., but are
spent in "dozing," and in fact, such
excess cannot tail to insure harmful
results described by the authority
quoted. What is called "laziness"
among children is, in very many cases,
disease, and is largely duo to this, as
well ns the othor causes mentionod
that undormine the foundation of
Balky Horses. A Society for the
prevention of cruelty to animals rec
ommends the following rules lor the
treatment ol balky horses :
1. Pat tbo horse upon tbe neck, ex
amine tbo harness carolully first on
one side then on Iho other, speaking
encouragingly whilo doing so; tbon
jump into tbo wagon and give the
word go; generally he will obey.
2. A teamster in Maine savs he can
start tho worst balky horse by taking
him out ot tbe shafts and making bim
go round in a circle If tho first dance
ot this kind doesn't cure him, the sec
ond ono will be sure to do iu
3. To euro a balky horse, simply
pluco your hand over the horso's nose
and shut on mo wind tin no wants to
go, then lot him go.
4. Tbe brains of horses seem lo on
tertnin but ono idea at a time ; thus
continued whipping only confirms his
stubborn rosolvo, u you can ty any
means give him a new subject to think
of, vou will have no troublo in start
ing him. A simple remedy is to take
a couple ol turns ol stout twine around
the lore leg, juat below the kneo, and
tie in a bow-knot. At the firat chock
he will go dancing off, and, after going
a short distance, yon can got out and
remove tho string to provont injury to
tho tendon in your lurtuer drive.
In locating an apiary thoro are sev
eral points that should be considered,
Perhaps water comes first, because it
is something we cannot got along with
out. Thoro is a great quantity used by
the bees on a hot day to keep the
combs from melting down, besides
what is used in looding brood in the
latter narto! tbe season. When the
wind blows from the east, hot and dry,
boos havo boon known to use a pound
a day to the bive, allowing a sufficient
quantity lor evaporation. A Deo s mo
is irovornod, wo might say, by the work
it docs, and if it has to fly a long way
for water, it cannot for bis lile bring
tbe honoy to his owner that it could if
the water was handy. Wet sand Is the
best lor boos to suck wsler irom, tor
than Done are drowned.
An English paper relates that in
farm bouse at Kirkcaldy, a tempting
ham hunt- from the rafters, and a rat,
witbj rare instinct, gnawed a hole
through the woodwork directly over
it, and descending, ate iuway into the
interior of the sweet morsel. One day
the house wife started to lake the bam
down, whea ont bolted lb depredator
and up through its hole. The bam
was a perlect shell, skin and bona only
remaining to show iu form, while the
rat had began to build a aet in It
TEBMS-S2 per annum in Advanoe.
NEW SERIES-V0L. 20, NO. 39.
THE ASCEXT OF AX ASIATIC
Two Englishmon, llonry K, Tozer
and T. M. Crowdor, havo recently as
condod Mount Argteus, tho highest
mountain In Asia Minor alter Ararat.
In tho account which they send to the
Timet (London) thoy stuto that their
nrsl tent was pitched on the mountain
side 8,0110 leel above the sea. At two
o'clock tbe next morning they started
undor the brilliant light ot the full
moon, and began a climb of 1,600 rest.
which was a torrible hard piece of
worn, as the ground was exlremolv
sieop ana the lace ot the mountain
was covored with looso stones, and
masses of rock equally untrustworthy
to tbo loot. When thov wero in the
middle of this climb tbo first rays of
me sun loll on the pornbvrr rocks
uoove mora and produced a splendid
effect by turning tbom to a bright
crimson. At last, at anoul six o clock,
they roacbod tbe ridge, wboro thoro
was a long arete ot enow at tbo boat!
of a vast snow-slope, which formed a
conspicuous object on tbo north side
when seen from Kaisorioh. Cutting a
few steps in tho frozen snow, thoy
reacbod a point some two hundred feet
bighor, at tho base of tbe final peak,
whicn rose about hlty loot abovo, and
was perpendicular and wholly imprac
ticable. This point bad been reached
by Hamilton, tho Secretary ol tho
London Geological Society, in 1837,
and by Tchihaehoff, the Russian Sa
vant, in 1848. Tho view was very ex
tensive, including tbe long lino ol
Anti-Taurus to tbe cast, the mountains
that run down toward Lycaonia to
the southwest, and to tho north tho
vast undulating plains, or rather
steppes, which occupy tho interior of
tho country. But far tho most ro
markable feature was tbo mountain
itself, for the loftiest pinnacles of por
phyry which rose around and beneath
thorn, vertable aiguilles, were as won
derful a sight as could be woll conceiv
ed. It was strange, even in that land
of Cappadocia, which, is full of ancient
rock dwellings, to find tho rocks ex
cavated close to the summit : and theso
chambers were clearly artificial, for
the marks ot tbe chisel wero evident
along tho roof and walls, and thoro
wore niches cut in the sides.
D1CKEXS' DY1XO PRlSOXER.
On a recont Saturday morning an
aged man went into tho office attached
to the iron foundry of Messrs. Adams
& Story, in Philadelphia. While tbo
attention of tbo clerk was attracted
away from him he approached tho
hro-proot sale, tbe onter door ot which
was open, and unlocking the inner one
with a false key, ho took therefrom
two (5 biils and a check for (50, to
gether with some documents which
happened handy. Before be succeed
ed in making off with his booty, how
ovor, one of the employes happened to
gaze In bis direction. "What aro you
doing there?" asked the detector.
tthmrr snatrererl the rletneten .htif
employe was not to bo fooled by
such a roply, aud upon making an ex
amination he found what has boon re
lated above. The aged piltorer was
then nabbed and banded over to a po
liceman, wbo was soon summoned, and
who took bim to the Twelfth District
station bouse, where he gave the name
of David Suitor. On being subsequent
ly conlrontcd by Ijioutei.ant Axo, be
was identified as Charlus Lnnghcimor,
tho man who was made famous by
When Dickens saw bim he was im
pressed wilh bis apparent sufliorings,
and tbe novelist devoted soveral panes
of his "American Notes" to a descrip
tion oi tbe coll. and in particular of tbe
'dejected, Dcart broken appearance ot
this criminal whose lifo has boon cru
elly tortured out of him by the solita
ry confinement system." Langheimer
nau decorated his cell with colored
drawings made with dyes extracted
trom the yarns he was working with,
and Iho cell is still shown to visitors as
one of the cariosities ol the place.
Ho had made a flowor bed in his yard,
which Dickens described as "looking
for all the world like a little grave."
According to the great novelist, Laug
heimer was to have died years sgo
from tbo effects of bia imprisonment,
but ho is still hale and hearty at
the advanced age of sovonty -six years.
V hen arrested be bad been out ot tbe
penitentiary but two years.
Pat having been sont by his master
to the postorllce after tho letters, was
asked on bis return : "Woll, Pat, what
was thoro for me ?" "Two loiters and
papor, sir," replied Pat. "Well,".
said tho master, "hand them lo me ;
that aro you standing there for?
Indado, sir," said Pat, "you didn't tell
me to bring them at all I" "What did
yon go to the office for?" "You told
me to go to the office, responded 1 at,
"and see what was in -the box, and
havn't I dono it sure ?"
A firm dealing largely in coal had
in their service an Irishman named
Barney. One dny the head of the firm,
irritated beyond endurance at one of
Harney a blunders, told him to go to
the ottlce and got hia pay, and added :
"You aro so thick headed I can't teach
you anything." "Bogorra," says Bar
ney, "1 larnt wan thing since 1 ve Dccn
wid ye I" "What's that," asked the
employer. "That aivmtoen hundred
make a ton.
A fellow in a cattle show, where be
made himself conspicuous by bis blui
tor, cried out : "Call these prizo cat
tle IWhy, tbey ain't nothing to what
our folks raised I My father raised the
bisrirest call ol any man round our
parts. "No doubt oi it," said a by
stander, "aud the noisiest."
A man who lost his good character
some time ago, was severely bsndled
bv some of bis former friends. "1
know it, boys, I know my character's
zone Inst entirely ; and, be added
rather pointedly, "it's too conlounded
bad ; for it was the only one in the
place worth saving.
lie who climbs above the cares of
the world, and turns his lace lo bis
God has found the sunny side or lite.
The world's sido ol the hill is chilly and
freezing to a spiritual mind, but the
Lord s presence gives a warmth ol joy
which turns wintor into summer.
"Jane," said ho, "I think il you were
to lift your feet away from the Are, we
might have some heal in the room,
And they hadn't been married two
An exchange savs Mr. Bonner Is
getting fleshy. "Is It horse float, f
inquires the Chicago Tribune.
A eoontrvmaa seeing the sign,
"Hands off," innocently asked If tbey
bad gone to a pie nio.
Kve's first outfit was a Fall coat u us.
BY 11. L. WeQDOWM.
Clearflold county will have 223
sohoola this winter.
The Clearflold School Board holds
semi-monthly meetings. ...
In McKcan, Bradlord county, teach
ors will be paid tl.00 a dny mon and
Dr. A. D. Bennett will plouso accopt
thanks for valuable educational docu
men ts left in our ofllco.
West Clearfield hcIkmiI mu.mitl nn
Monday lust with A. E. Woolridgu as
teacher. Salary, $10 per month.
Two Indians, from Hampton, N. V.,
aro to sorvo as teachers for tho 250
young Indian pupils in the now indus
trial school at Carlisle, 1'enn a.
D. E. Bottorf, for many rears a live
member of tbo teacher's profession in
this county, is now a medical student
at Ann Arbor University, Michigan.
Tho Directors of Williamsport are
all under arrest for violating tbe "Civil
Rights Hill" by refusing colored chil
dren admittance to tho publio schools.
The seer and tho "yollow leaf," the
crimson tinted foliage, so abundant
every where, will be valuablo to teach
ors wilh which to ornamont and adorn
thoir school rooms.
CUPID CLAIMS ANOTUEM.
Thu principal event of tho past week,
was the marriage of Mr. J. R. Wilson,
Bradford township's leadintr educator.
to Miss Tillio flyers, of Now Wash
ington. Tbe marriago took place at
tho residence of the bride's parents, on
Thursday last, and was witnessed by a
large company of friends of both bride
and groom. Thoir many friends in
the column of teachers will all join in
extending tho usual congratulations.
And whilo one by one our teachers go,
wo will remember that
Old Time's great eloek, that Barer slope,
Nor runa too feet nor alow,
lloog op amid tb. worlda of epaea,
M hera whetting planaU glow.
Ita dial-plate the arbil raj',
Where whirla dame enpid'a darta,
Baa puehad ita pointor round again,
And joined two loring heart!.
Next week we will publish tho
names of throo persons in each town
ship to serve as a committee to secure
school exhibits lor the Institute Fair.
Wo desiro to bavo each township's dis
play separately, and hope every teacher
will put lorth an effort to bavo bis or
ber school represented in tho exhibi
tion. Tho display will consist of pu
pils' penmanship, (in autograph hooks)
drawing, mottoes, geological collec
tions, compositions, industrial work of
all kinds, etc. And for tbo teachers'
department wo will have drawings,
(industrial and map drawing) outlines
of Jtudy on the brunches taught,
school room programmes, course of
study, chart, and bost kept report
books. A premium list will be arrang
ed in order to give every inducement
to teachers and scholars to onter some
thing for exhibition.
It has become too common in our
county for teachers to secure a peti
tion irom ine people oi school districts
asking the Directors to grant certain
pttitioneri such and such school. This
s a custom tbnt should be abandoned
at ence, and Directors would do woll
to repudiate such a thing hy discard
ing all petitions handed tbem. Al
most any person or sociable and affa-
hia domA.nnr r.n nn ... j:,....
... . ,uv u-iuv. uriiuarty an tuw
constituents, and at the same time
may not be one-balf as deserving or
as capable of conducting the school
as others wbo applied to tbe Directors
and not to the people. In such cases
Directors must either lorteit their au
thority by rejecting the host and fa
voring the weak applicant who bad to
be balustcd up with a long petition
from the pooplo. 1 have noticed this
matter, and have discovered this fact:
tbat the competent and experienced
class of teachers apply to Directors
and never think oi strengthening their
claims wuo a long petition irom tue
pooplo, while on tho othor hand, the
weakor class poorly qualified, and
not able to compote with the better
class of teachers, apend daya in getting
thoir petition. It settles itself down
to two things, that Directors must
eithor reject the bost class oi teachers
lo honor tbeso petitions, or reject these
petitions to honor talent, ability, and
exporionce. Directors are chosen to
manage and control the schools of
thoir district, and if they dosire to do
their work zealously, and maintain
their authority and dicnity, let them
discard this evil that is creeping into
our school work.
The most important question tnat
sooms to agitate the minds of our
school workers, (and ono worthy
the careful consideration of evory
one interested in tho success of our
schools) is tho question of salarirs.
ror tbe benefit ot all such I lake the
liberty to submit tho salaries paid
teachers in 1873, and thoso of 1879.
Tho comparison shows that some dis
tricts bavo been very considerate in
tboir reduction, while others havo
gone to the farthest extreme. The
statemont gives the average lalaria of
males and females for the period statod.
We have gone to considerable trouble
to glean thoso facts, and we trust they
will rocoive a careful porusal at the
hsnds ot Directors and others:
U.1-. r.iB.t W.tM Ftnllil.
Burnaldr Borough ..t:t. OH :i IS f .4.tll 121.80
Clearteld " .... SIM St 00 Sill JJ HI
Curwanarlll. " .. . to 09 40 "0 II 70 47 bO
llentadale " ...t 4 00 IS IS 00 M M
Lambw Oil, " ... 00 00 4e 00 40 00 H.O0
N.Waabing'a " .... 45 00 10 00
Oeeeal. " 4..00 01.07 (OSS II. CO
Walleaetoa " .... 40 00 II SO
BeMSri.Tow.abi,.. M.ll 3104 IS.0S IS 00
n.H .... is oo ta.M oo oao
Bloea " .... 4 0 00 1 4 OS I0.N It.OS
Bogga " .... 41 00 40.OS IT 00 11,00
Bralford .... 40.00 40.00 M00 K.00
Bradfard Ind." .... 3100 II 10
Rradr " .... 4141 II It 10 OS
Cheat " ..... 10.00 ISKO 11.00 11.13
Coelagtoa .... 41 00 40 00 10.00 10 00
Demur " .... 40 00 40.00 II. SO II 00
Forgiiooa " .... M 00 10.00 il 00 17.00
Uirard " .... 40 OS 40.00 10 00 10 .00
Ooehea " .... 48 04 17.11 14.00 14 04
Urabaa " .... 41 10 40 00 13.00 10 It
Dnliob " .... 4a.OO 10 00 II 00 II 40
Hnetoa " .... 41 14 00.00 43 10 10 04
Jordaa " II 01 11.00 1100 14.10
Kartheu " .... IS 04 .00 17.00 17 00
Kaaa " .... 10.31 ISM 14.00 II.0S
LawtMea " .... 43 01 44.01 10.00 M M
Lawraaee lad " .... 4t.M IS H
Morrlt " .... 0117 41.01 10 70 M M
Paa .... 41 04 41 00 10 M IS 00
Pika ... 40 00 11.00 11.41 18 OS
Pik.Iad. " .... I0.M 10 00
Colon 40 OS I4.M
Woodward .. M.M IS. 10 00 M M
Madera was organised io 1875, at
which lime its teacher was paid 140
per month. In 1879, 130 per month.
Union Independent was organised ia
IStt. in that year H paid a salary oi
1.15 per month, la 1879, the salary
was 125 60. Hreenwooa townsnip was
formed in 1876, and paid its mala
teachers 127.50; lemalos 122 97. In
1879, it employed all lemales at IZ4.ZB
per month, iiornside borough bold
its nrsl school in jbio, paying iw
teacher 145 per month. In 1879, a
alary of 140 dollars was paid. New.
burg borough was organized in !,
and has paid an average salary of 130
per month ever since. 1 would sug
gest tbat Directors cut thai statement
out and preserve it until yon asset to
fix salaries In 1880, and il you Ind by
comparison tbat your teachers' aala
rit bars been rednoed below other
labor, you should pat tbem on a par
at least with everything suvs.