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BtTABLIIUBD IN laJlM.
Tbe largest ClrcitUtloD of any Mewariapei
In North Ceutrai Penney I vaula.
Terms of ffubsoription,"
if pel. I" edvaaee, or vltb.li I moatkl....t OO
If paid after 1 and Mora t Booth g go
I paid after too iptrelloa of o month.... a uo
Bates ot Advertising,
Tren.l.nt adverlleementa, per iqnareof 10 Itneior
1,11, 1 tlmel or lei t-1 40
Vnr eech eubaequenl insertion 60
ijnilnt.tralore' and Eieoatori' notice t 611
Auditor!' nntieee ....... S 60
Cation, end E.traya. 1 60
Dinolntlon notice! I 00
Profe.eionel Carde, 6 line! or lm,l JIM.... I 00
I,Kel aotteee, per Hoe 10
...to 00 I i column. tit 00
..lb 00 i eolumo.. ......... 70 00
10 00 I 1 column. 110 00
O. B. OOODLANDER,
tOB PRINTIJfO OF EVERY DE8CIUP
ej tton neatly eleeated at tbll office.
TT W. SMITH,
ATTOBNBY-AT - LAW,
l.ll Phlllpeburir, Contra Co., Pa. y:pd
ATTORNEY AT LAVT,
Car.navillo, Clearfteld county, Pa.
Oct. , '7-lf.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
fir Om?t In Ibe Open Hume. oct9, '78 tf.
R. A W. BARRETT,
Attornzys and Counselors at Law,
January 30, 1878.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
frO-lee In tbe Coort Home. Jyll.'OT
(OBTFUn P. 0.)
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
rod BRLL TOWNSHIP.
Ma? , 1878-ly-
M. M. McCULLOtrGH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Cffl-o In M.Mttle building, Second .trr.t, op
polite Ibe Court Houae. Je2(l,'78 tf.
y C. ARNOLD,
Cleaifleld Couotj, Penn'n. lij
g T. BHOCKBANK,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office In Opera House. ap 16,7707
Square Timber & Timber Lands,
Jell'7 CLEARFIELD, PA.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office la Pie 'a Opera Ilouie.
June 10, 7tf.
WILLIAM A. WlLLACa.
iarrt r. wallacb.
DA VIP L. KRIRI.
JOUM W. WRIOLBT.
WALLACK & KREBS,
(baieeeaore to Wallaee A Fi.ldloB,)
Janl'TT ClearHeld, Pa.
Fr.ok Fi.ldin...W. D. Biler....S. V. Wlleoo.
piELDINO, B1GLER& WILSON,
-Oftoo la Plo'i Opera Hoe.e. mebt-7D.
1 BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER.
Hbop oa Market St., eppo.lte Court Home.
A eleaa towel for oearj enetomer.
AUo dealer In
Hot IlramlB of Tobarco and Cigars.
ri..r.ld. v. I. ''
TBel. K, MUBBAT. CTBOI (OICOB.
jJURRAY & GORDON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
CLEARFIELD, PA. .
AT-OHloe In Ple'l Opera Houae, leeond floor.
JOSBPn B. n'allLLr. DABIBL W. M'CHBtiT.
j-cENALLY & McCURDY
lrLeft'nl bB.lnea. attended to promptly with)
S'lelity. Ofnce on Beeond Btreet, above loo rirat
Nationl Bank. Jan:l:70
Y O. KltAMER,
Real E.Uta and Collection Aent,
CLBARKI 101.1), PA.,
Will promptly attend to all lefel online., aa
trurted to hi. eare. .
ptfOOM la Ple'e Opera Honee. Jaal 70.
J F. MelCENRICR,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
All local bullae., eatra.ted to hi. oara will re
Mi., prompt atleotlon.
Office oppo.lte Coart Home, la Mmonle Bnlldlnf,
ecood floor. oule,'75-ljr,
R. K. M. SCHEURER,
Offlee In reeldenee oa Pint ft
April 14, 1171. C,,'"!i
rvll. W. A. MEANS,
H1IYSICIAN A SU RGKON,
DUBOIS CITY, PA.
Will attend profoulonal ealle promptly. amlO'70
yt. T. J. BOl ER,
rllYSICIAN AND SUROKON.
Office oa Market Btreet, Clearleld. Pa.
P4h0flee hoam I lo 11 a. m , and 1 to 0 p.
JJR. J. KAY WRIOLKY,
reJ-Ofllee ailjolnlnn the re.ldeace ef Jamee
ariiley, K., on IWe'ioO Ol., viearor,.., -.
Y II ILLS,
CLEARFIELD, 1'ENN A.
MKIiee la re.ldenee, oppoilte Shew Iloaea.
R. II. B. VAN VALZAH,
OfFICE IN ItERlDBNv'E, CORNER OF FIRST
AND 1'INM STREETS.
At OSoe koarf-From II la I P-
Mar II, ml
IVt i. P. BURCHFIKLD,
. Sarieoi of the ISd .lm.at. P.oa.ylra.U
V.laateera, herlai fetaraod from tka Army,
n bl, profei,lonal tarvleea ts tke.lll.em
'Cl.irleldeeaat. . ..
Pr.f.,,1,,.1 d.ll, prempllr atteade. .
' SeeoBd JirofW form.rl70j.aplo ay
GEO. B. Q00DLANDEB, Editor
VOL. 53-WHOLE NO.
TlJHTICEiP CONoiTAHLCH PEES)
We hare printed a largo number of tbe new
FKL HILL, end wlU on the reoelpt of twenty
nn'a. meil e.,nv lo any addreae. mats
WILLIAM JI. HENRY, Justice
OF T PB.0Bl0 8oniTB, LUMBER
CITY. Cotleetiuno node and mono nromiitlv
paid oror. Artlolerof agreement and deedi of
conveyance neatly eaeeoted and warranted cor
reel or no ohargo. SJy'7S
JOHN D. THOMPSON,
Juatle of tbe Peace and Scrivener,
Esa-Colleelloni Bade and monev promptly
JAS. B. GRAHAM,
Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards,
SIIINOLES, LATH, A PICKETS,
lilfTS Clearfield, Ta,
House and Sign Painter and Paper
fefL-Wlll execute lobe In hie line promptly end
In a workmanlike manner. err4,B7
JOHN A. STABLER,
BAKER, Market St., Clearflrld, Pa.
Fro.h Bread. Ruik. Roll.. Piei and Coke.
on band or made to order. A general auortoaent
of Confectionariea, Fruit, and Nute in atock.
Ice Cream and Oy.tera lo aeeeon. Saloon oearly
oppoetta the Poatolnoe. Pricee moderate.
WEAVER &, BETTS,
Real Esta'.e, Square Timber, Saw Legs,
AND LUMUKR OF ALL KINDS.
JMT-Offlea on Peonnt, treet, la rear of flnrt
room of UcorRe Weaver A Co. ( Jani, '78-tf.
JUSTICE OF TUB PEACE
Oaeeol Mi Hi P. O.
All offioial bualneaa antra it ed to bun will bo
promptly attended to, moh29, '7A.
JAMES H. TURNER,
JVSTICE OF TUB PEACE,
tfUn baa prepared bimaelf with all lb
neeaatary blaok forma under lb Pernios and
Bounty Uwa, aa well aa blank Deetli, ete. All
IfrbI niattora entruated to hie oar will receirt
prompt attention. May 7tb, lK7tf-tf,
JOHN L. CUTTLE.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
tn4 Reftl F,itat3 Aent, Clearfield, Pi.
Offlfl ob Third atret, bet. Cherry A Walnut,
lUepMtfally offer bit eerTleee In aelllnf
and buying landa la Olearfleld and adjoining
ooaattei j Bad with aa iperieneol orer twenty
year a a inrrtyor, 0attrs bimaelf that he can
render eatlafaotion. LKcb. I8;P3:tr,
AKDRRW HARWICK. ,
Market Mtroet, ClearHeld, Pa.,
MAarrecTonaa abd dbalbh
Harness, Bridlet, SadJIei, Collars, and
UTAH kind, of repairing promptly attendid
Keilill.ra' Hardware, llurae Urnabea, Curry
Comba, Ao., alweya on band and for aale at tbe
loweat caab price. March IK, 17.
G. H. HALL,
PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER,
NEAR CLEARFIELD, PKNN'A.
ffaTPnmpe alwaei on hand and made to order
en ihort notiee. Pipe, bored on reaeonable terma
All work warranted to render latl.laeuon, aoa
delivered If deilred. myUAjfi
'IMIB underlined bega leave lo Inlorm thepuo
JL lie that he la now fully prepare to acoommo
late all In tbe way of furni.hing IK...., Buggiea,
daddlea and Harneea, on tho aborteat notiee and
n reaeonable terme. Heaidenoe on 1,000.1 .treoi,
between Third and Fourth. .
OKO. w. UKAnitani.
Ilearfleld, Feb. 4, 1074.
OLEN HOPE, PENN'A.
rpllB nndrr.laned, having leaaad ml com
X modioua Hotel, la tbo villago of Qlen Hope,
la now preperrd 10 aeeommoueie u wuv
tall. My telilo end sar anau oe euppueu wuu
be beat the market elT'irde.
OEOROE W. D0TT3, Jr.
Ulen Hope, Pa, March 10, ISH-tf.
THOMAS H. FORCEE,
CRAII AMTON, Pa.
Alao, elten.lve monufacturoeaind dealer In Square
Timber and hawed Lumber 01 an aiaua.
KtrOrdera solicited and all billa promptly
E. A. BIGLER. .St. CO.,
and Banulactiirere of
Al l. KINDH OP HAW I.I) I.IIIHIIKR.
T'Jl CLEARFIELD, PENN'A.
3. I. SNYDER,
t PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER
AHD DBALBS IB
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
0rolo'e Jfoie, Jforcl Areet,
All klnda of repairing la my line promptly at-
oaded to. April u, l7i.
ENCOURAGE JIOMK INDUSTRY.
THE andoralgned, having eatebllahed a Nar
eory ea the 'Pike, about half way between
Clearteld and Corwenavllle, la prepared to far
niab all blade of FRUIT TREES, (atandard aad
dwarf,) Evcrgroena, Shrubbery, Urape Vlnaa,
Uooaeberry, Lawloa Blockberry, Strawberry,
and Haapberry Vlnee. Alao, Hiberiea Crab Treea,
guinea, and early eearlet Rhubarb, Ao. Orderi
promptly attended lo. Addre..,
eoplO - Carweaavllle, Pa.
F. M. CAEDON & BE0.,
Oa Market St, ana eW weet of Meaaloa Iloaea,
. k hkmIi are rf lha moat complete
character lor f.raieblng tba pal.Ha with Freak
Meeta of all kind, ana 01 me very vmn
We alao deal la all kinda of Agricultural lmpla-
meatl, which we Beep oa eiammoo ior
ett of the pobhe. Cell amend when la Iowa,
id take a look at minga, or aairn ..
r. M. CARDON A HRO.
Cterfleld. Pa., Jaly 14, I87 lf.
Clear lit Id inturanrt .Igtnrf-
CA8BOI.L L. BIPDLBi
HEItn H BWOl.K, rfrtnli.
Repreeenl the rollowlnf aad elbar flnl-eleaa Co'a
. .S0"!!."1."' j.. A m-he-D. B. Br.AA.5Iu't
Ly-lag-oa .....I Aaneh pl..... J.OM.OM
PU.IB, of ll.r.f.rd,C....... I.JM.M1
la.ar.aM Co. of North America........ M"'''4.
L.i. u.i.l.a A alenaalllel .8. Br. I,T"I,MS
(Votllik Cemmeraial-U. . Breach
Traveiera (Life A Aeeideat)..,. .'"
,.17 Pe JeaVviMr
BEMEMBER THY MOTHER.
Lra.l thj mother Unilerty
Dowa lirVtiltop deolin
- One ber mrta wi thy iuiport.
Now ah leans on -bin.
Br upon bar ang r
Thoie deep linei of our i
Think it mu br toll for the
Left that rwiord then.
N'er forgft her tlrelfN wtcb
Krpt by dT and nistht,
Taking from bar itep tho (rice,
From ber th lighr,
Cher tub well ber faithful heart
W hiob ibrouich weary yn,
Echoed with ita aynpalhy
All amlloa acd teara.
Thank Ood for thy mother', toy.
d uard the price lm boon
For the bitter patting hour
Couie'h all Uo toon.
Whn tby grateful tndmen
Loave power to aave,
Earth will hold no dearer tpot
Than thy mother', grave 1
THE TRUE ISSUES,
JIH)C;K tiiurman a tiir 1
HA'IOH OV A NEW Fdl.l
Till BKNATOR'S GRAND CONSTITUTIONAL
KPEECU AT COLUMI1U8 HOW THE DE
MOCRACY STANDS ON THE I.I VE gUEO
TION8 OF THE DAY SOME RADI
Senator Tlmrman inurked his active
entrance into tho Ohio campaign by
opecch delivered at Cincinnati on tho
Ctb inst., in tho presence ut an audience
such as lew Ohio cilios, outsido of it
could furnioh. The diBtinguiBhed Sen
ator appeared to be In the host of
health and spirits, liis speech was
almost entirely a constitutional ori;u
inent, and as u plea in defeiiBo of the
Democrutio jiosititn on tho roigning
issues ol tho day, was simply superb.
Tho address was received with un
bounded t'lithusiuBin. Tho Senator,
after being Introduced to the largo au
dience by lion. Fiank ilcKinney,
Chuirnian ol tho Democrutio Execu
tive Committee, spoko substantially as
Mil. President and Fellow-Citi
zens: The persistont efforts of the
Kadicul leaders to destroy tho plainest
rights ot tho Slutes and of tho people.
and thereby to overthrow local self
government in tlie United Suites, will
justify me in asking your attention to-
mglu to some observations that have
been repeated a thousand times, and
hnvo therefoio no charm of novelty to
recommend them, but which cannot
bo repeated too frequently if wo
would preserve our system of govern
ment and the liberties of the people.
Jow, my menus, let us consider lor
a moment wbatisoursystom of govern
ment ana men turiner consider wnut
would be the result of overthrowing
local Rolf-government and consolidat
ing all power in tho hands of the gen
oral Government. Wn hnvo in thie
country two gufcrnmenls the red
oral or National Govern meiit, which
ever term you prefer, deriving all its
powers from the Constitution of tho
United States; and tho State Govern
ments, deriving all their powers from
the .Su to Constitutions. The naluro
of this system was expressed with ad
mirable brovity by Chief Justico Mar
shall delivering the unanimous opinion
ot the Supreme Court of the United
States in McColloou vs. the State ot
Maryland, 4 Wbeaton, 410. 11 0 said :
"In America tho powers of sovereign
ty aro divided between the bovern
ment of the Union, and those of tbe
States. Tbey aro each sovereign with
respect to the objects committed to it,
but neither sovereign with respect to
tbo objects committed to the other."
In tbe same opinion, page 4U0, speaK-
ing ol the general Government, ho
"This Government is acknowledged
by nil to be one of enumerated pow
ers. rno principle, mai n can exer
cise only the powois granted to it,
would seem too apparent to navo re
quired to bo enforced by all those ar
guments wmcn its enugntencu irienus,
while it was depending betoro the peo
ple, found it necessary to urge. The
principle is now universally admitted.
But the quostion respecting tho extent
of tbe powers actually granted, is per
petually arising, and will probably
continue to arise, as long as our sys-
tem shall exist."
It Texas vs. W hito, 7 Wallace, 725,
Chief Justico Chase, delivering the
opinion ot tho Supreme Court, said :
"But the perpetuity and indissolubility
of tho Union by 110 means implies tho
loss of distinct and individual exist-
enco or of tho right of self government
by the States. Under tbo articles of
confederation, cat h Stato rolained its
sovereignly, freedom and Independ
ence, and every power, jurisdiction and
right not cxprcBsly delegated to the
United States. And we liave already
had oecusion to remark at this term
that 'tbo pcoplo of each Stato compose
a Stato having its own government,
and endowed with all tho functions es
sential to scparato and independent
existence, and that 'without the Stales
in Union, there could bo no such po
litical body as the United Slates 1 biol
only, tborefore can thero bo no loss of
separate and independent autonomy to
tho States through their union under
tho Constitution, but it inny not bo un
reasonably said that the preservation
of tho Slutes, and the maintenance of
their Governments, aro as much with
in tho design and caro of the Constitu
tion as the preservation 01 mo union
and tbe matntennnce ol tho National
Government. The Constitution in all
its provisions, looks lo an indestructi
ble Union composed of Indostriiclible
You thus see. mv friends, that ao-
conling to tho highest authority, the
rights ol the stales aro as luaosinicu
blo, if our system of Government be
nrcsorved. as are tho rights of the Fed
eral Government ; thai tho on is just
as sacred as tbe other; and that he
who as.iails the plain rigbta of the
Slates is iust a much an enemy ol our
system ol free institutions aa is he who
assails the ust power 01 ine reuurai
Now. mark it. mv Iricnds, tho doo-
trine of Slates riuhts. or. In ether
words, local self-government, for which
the Domocracv contend, is wholly dif
ferent from tho doctrines of nullifica
tion of scoession. Tbe Democracy of
the North never believed in either of
those doctrines. They never believed
in tho right of nullification or of secos .
sion. One great cause that endanger
ed tho Union (slavery) haa ceased to
exist. To re-establish it is a manifest
impossibility. jNo man, North or Sonlh,
imagines that it could bo re establish
ed. Tbo Southorn people would be
among lb first and the most earnest
to oppoeo aucb a measure. Their po
litical power is largely Inoreaacd by
the emancipation ol tha negro, and
thoy are fast coming to the conclusion
that their material prosperity is like-
I ' Improved by his mancipation.
It is not thurofore, a fear of eccoanion,
or of the ro-establishmont of slavery.
that prompts the Radical leaders to
degrade and dubase the States. Tbo
causo lies fur doepor than that. It
grows out of tho long and novor end
ing effort of consolidated capital, seek
ing spocial privileges by means of leg
islation ; privileges that tho mass of
tho people do not enjoy. Tho holder
of Government bonds dosircs a Btrong
National Government, in the belief
that But h a Government would give
greater security and value to his bonds.
The mammoth railroad corporation,
running through many Statos,, foils
rostivo under what it considers the
annoyances of Stato legislation. It
would greatly prefer to State charters
or State licuiiBoB, a Nalioiful charter
rendering it independent of tho Slates.
1 no national bank interest, with its
two thousand and odd banks, destined,
if tho BVBteni continue, to bo tripled
or quadrupled in number in no long
poriod of limo, looks with complaconcy
on the legislation of Congress that has
destioyod tho banking institutions of
the Slutos and given to tho National
Bystom n monopoly of tbo issue and
profits of bank paper money. The
high tariff protectionists and the seek
ers of subsidies alike dosiro a Govern
ment of almost unlimited power to
gratify their wishes and foster their
schemes. In a word, almost or quite
ovcry lorm ol concentrated wcullh, ex
cept real estate, desires, by construc
tion orothcrwiso, to add new powers
to tho already tremcndoiiB powers pos
sessed by tho National Government.
THE ARMY AT THE POLLS.
My friends, I have said that the
purpose of the Radical leaders to over
throw local self government is shown,
among other things, by numerous acts
ol Congress. To spealt of these acts
in detail would require nolono speech,
but many. 1 cannot, thoreforc, under
take Unit task to night. But there
aro somo laws to which 1 must ask
your attention, not only because of
their deep reaching effects, but also
because they wore prominently brought
under consideration at the Inst two
sessions of Congress, and are among
tho most prominent issues now before
the people. And first let mo say a
few words about the law enacted in
Kcbruiiry, 1865, authorizing tho uso of
the army of the United Suites to keep
the peace at tho polls. When thut
law was enacted, tho Government of
too United States bad been in exist
ence for moro than throe-quarters of a
century. We had paBsod through two
wars with foreign countries, and thro'
a civil war of lour years duration, and
almost unequaled in magnitude in tbo
annals of mankind ; and yet, during
all this period, nearly seventy-six
years, neither in peace nor in war bad
it been aocmcd proper, or even admis
sible, by our law-makers, to use the
standing army of tho United States to
intorforo in any manner in tho elec
tions of the people. But when, in 1865,
1- - t. J.n.l In. Jam. ....frs I rl In ftl-oi-
throw tbe civil government in the
South, and to divide that portion ot
tbe Kepublio into military depart
ments, to bo ruled by five Generals of
tho arm)', and to permit no elections,
unless sanctioned by thoso Generals
and supervised by them, then this law
authorizing the use of the army at the
polls was first enacted. How it was
executed is now a matter ot history.
The only effects of the law is to ena-
bio the President to overawo the peo
ple who aro opposed to bis administra
tion, it makes tue army an instru
ment of party instead of being what it
ought to bo, and what, Constitutional
ly, it can only 00, me army 01 ine
wholo United States. It is a law not
only repugnant to liberty, but greatly
injurious to luo army useii. 1 navo
never heard an officer of the army
speak of it except to dcploro its exist
ence. Now. mv friends, the Democracy,
at the last session of Congress, did all
that was in their power to repeal the
statutory provisions authorizing tbo
use of tho army at the polls. For that
purpose, wo passed bill after bill, but
they wore successfully veioon oy mo
President and thereby defeated. Tho
Gonoral Appropriation bill for ihe sup
port of tho army was thus vetoed, tho
President, by defeating it, declaring in
efToct, that ho would let tho aimy go
without support, rather than loso mo
right to uso it at tho times and places
of elections. Thus thwarted, by an
paralleled cxerciso of tho ono mon
power, wo had nothing left for us lo
do but lo withhold appropriations from
the armv tcAen vsrd at the polls. But
this remedy is, in its nature, but tem
porary, and may bo too easily evaded
by a hostile I'ixecutivo 10 do securely
relied upon. Nothing short of a re
neol of tho obnoxious provision will
suffice, and tho question whether it
shall be repealed is one of tho great
questions to be decided by tho people.
This issue is clearly mado ana snarpiy
defined. Tho Republicans in Congress,
as well as the President, aro opposed
lo the repeal, as their speeches and
rocorded votes amply show, The Dem
ocrats and Nationals are to a man In
favor of tho repeal. What say yon?
If vou aro tired of freedom and wis!)
tho ballot box to bo interlercd with by
tho bayonet, voto"to keep the law upon
tho Statute Book. But if you still
choriBh your liberties, and whin to cast
a free and nnlrammeiea vote, nnawea
by military force, vole to repeal it.
NATURALIZATION AND ELECTION LAWS.
Under this caption, Senator Thur
man then tirocccdod to speak. Ho bo-
gan to givo a history of tha efforts of
tho Domocratio parly, stnee Us organ
nation, to conserve the rights of natn
rained votors, and to resent Federalist
and Radical attempts to overthrow
them, tbo Alien and Sedition laws be-
ins Quoted as an example. Ho then
wont on to say :
When the Republican party after
the first election of President Oram
had lha most absolute control of the
Government that any party over pos
sessed the President being a iiepuo
lican. nearly all Iho Judges of the S11
prcmo and the other Federal courts
being llepubiicans, more man aia
sevenths of the Senator! being Repub
licans and over two-thirds of the House
of Representatives being of the same
party lha Radical loidera coneoived
it possible to once mora assail the
rigbta of lbs naturalized citizen, This
lima tha attack waa made under the
guiso of preserving the parity of elec
tions. The object was to bring all
elecliona under tha control of Con
o-rosaional law and Fedoral ofilcers,
and to use tbe whole power of the
Federal Gotornmont and ita Treasury,
too, to maintain tha ascendancy of the
IfVpoblican party. They began by
tbe Introduction of a bill professedly
tn enforce tbo provisions of tbe fif
teenth article of amendmont to the
Constitution and that bill, originally
introdnoed in tba House, after being
groatly amended and enlarged, was
passed by both House and approved
I .. 1 . b. t n.rt I.
by tha rrettaeni on may 01, 1010,
PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1879.
is entitled, "An act to enforce tho right
ot citizens of the United States to volo
in the suveral Slutes of this Union, and
for other purposes;" and It contains
no less than twenty-throo sections. 1
have no time to night tn speak ot this
law in detail. I can only say in a gen
eral way that It assumes to control the
action ol the election ofilcers of tho
States whon performing their duties
under Stato laws and In punish them
by indictment 111 tbo Federal courts
and by numerous other penalties for
any violation of the act, notwithstand
ing the exiatonce ol State laws to pun
ish thero for the same thing ; thus in
flicting upon thorn a double punish
mentone under the lawsot the State
and the other under this Congressional
act.' It creates a host of Federul oil!-
cors and emp!iy.t(. he paid out of
the treasury lor interfering In tbe
elections of the States and it seeks to
confer upon tho Circuit or DiBtrici
Courts of tho United States a right to
try contested elections in tho case of
ovory office whatsoever, excojit that
of elector of President or Vice Presi
dent, Representative or delegate in
Congress or membor of tho Slalo Leg.
islutura. If this provision bo consti-
tulional, tho right of your Govornor to
his seat, of all your Judges, from tho
mguest 10 tho lowest. In ll.eir ofliccs.
of evory county and municipal ofllcor,
might be drawn Into litigation before
one ol tho Federal District Judges at
Cincinnati and Cleveland. My princi
pal object 10 referring to tho statute
at all is to show the purpose of the
nadicai leaders to Interfere by Con
gressional laws and Federal officers in
Iho elections of tbo Slates. Having
passed this act, tho Radical leaders
next turned their attention to tho sub
ject of .naturalization. Tbey pasBod
through tho llouseof Representatives,
at the same session, a bill, No. 2,201
to amend the naturalization laws and
to punish crime against tho same.
Having lailed to destroy naturaliza
tion by tbo bill to which 1 have refer
red, thoy now seek, by a corrupt and
tyrannical elocution of the eleclion
laws, to throw ovory possiblo obstacle
in the way of the naturalized citizen's
right to vote. Tho purposo to thus
uso election laws disclosed itself tho
moment tbo substitute bill of which I
havo spoken was defeated. That, as
I have said, was proposed as an amend
ment to the llouso bill. Aa soon as it
was voted down, tho Senator who had
thp bill tn charge, moved two addition
al sections to it, one providing for
supervisors of olections, and the
the olbor providing as follows: "And
be it further enacted, that in any city
having upward of twenty thousand in
habitants, it shall be lawful for the
Marshal ot tho United States for tbo
district where such city shall be, to
appoint as many special deputies as
may be nocessary to preserve order at
any election at which Representatives
n Congress are to be chosen : and said
deputies aro hereby authorized to lire-
order at such elections, anil to
iui any oiietise 01 uicucil ol too
pcoco committed in their view."
The bill, thus Emended, passed both
Houses, and was approved by tho Prcs
ident J uly 14, 1876. This bill was tbe
entering wedge- for the enaotmont of
tho voluminous Congressional oloo
lion lawa that have since boon passed.
It introduced the United States Depu
ty Marshals upon the scone under the
pretense of preserving order at Iho
elections, bat it stopped far short ot
the powers conferred upon them by
the subsequent acts to which I will
At tho next session ot Congress tbo
Radical leaders returned to the charge,
and by tho act approved February 28,
1S7I, containing twenty soctions, sot
up tho vast machinery of Federal in
terference in the elections of the people
that now exists. The tremendeous
powors conferred by this law upon
thoso officers Supervisors, Marshals
and special deputies cannot bo under
stood without a reference to tho entire
statiilo and tho multitudo of offenses
that it creates. It interferes with tho
registration of voters and with the
election, and undertalics to punish tho
Stato Registrars and tho Si me Judges
of election for numerous offenses de
clared by tbe act, and in some instances
to require them, under pains and pen
alties, to disregard the Stato law
they swear to support. And it places
every one of these State officers at the
mercy ot the irresponsible deputies ap
pointed by tho Fedoral Marshals, and
who, according to exporienco we havo
Lad of tho act, have generally boen
men of the basest and most degradod
characters that could be found ; men
who havo served teima in tho pen
itentiary ; men who wore notorious
thieves; men who kept bouses of in
famous resort ; in a word, tho most
dcspieablo characters that could bo
raked up in the great cities of Now
York and I'hiladelpbia, or elsewhere.
To these wretches is given the powor
to tear tho judges of election from their
scats by an arrest without warrant, to
arrest any, tho most respectablo voter
in tbe city, and thcrcjiy prevent him
from exercising his right ol suffiago,
and to terrify wholo bodios of voters
by threats or arrant etaid by outrigiil
violence. This is no overdrawn pio
inre. It is not drawn strongly enough.
Tho Republican speakers and Re
publican pross aro crowing lustily
about what they call the resumption
ot spoeio payments. Behold, say thoy,
wo are on tho eve of prosperity, re
sumption brought this about and wo
brought about resumption ; ergo, you
should all support the Republican par
ty. My Ilionos, it requires no great
powers of analysis to explode this
In the lint place, nave we specie
payment T Do any of your debtors
pay you in specie unless the debt bo
So or less T Do the banks pay their
creditors in snociof Try and see if
thev do. Collect as many bank bills
as von ean and assort them. Out of
110.000 von will have probably not
over 1200 on the National banks of
Columbus. Tho remaining $9,800 are ol
hanks scattered all over tbe Kepublio.
To nresent them at tbe banks thut is
sued them would require yon to travol
thousands of miles and incur hundreds
ol dollars expense. To present them at
... . . ... . til ..l;
the Treasury ueparimonun ussniiig
ton would cost less, but yot would beon-
erousand expensive. So yon have 1200
ot Columbos bills. Yon present thero
at tba banks and demand specie. Do
you get it 7 Not unless the banks see
Ht to give It to you. men wnai wouiu
yon do with tbe greenbacks, if yon
wanted specie for them T Present them
to any Federal officer in Columbus for
redemption T If you did, ba would
smile at yonr ignorance, and politely
tell you that tha Government doea not
redeem greenbacks in Columbus ; that
if yoo want specie lor them, yoo most
carry or send them io me city m new
York and present mem to ma Assis
tant Treasurer ol the Uoited Slates
Our so-called apeela payments, there-
lore, are no specie payments at an
Neither individuals, banks nor the Gov
ornmcnt, muko paymcnta in specie.
liut, while we have no specie pay
ments, accurately speaking, I admit
thut our paper money has been brought
to a par wilh specie. Of tho sacrifices
suffered by the peoplo in order lo bring
this rosult about, of tho shrinkago of
all values, tbo paralysis ot all nidus
trios, tho thousands of Inborors thrown
out ol employment, iho bankruptcies.
amounting to hundreds of millions ol
dollars, 1 shall not speuk to-night It
there is any ono who thinks that wo
havo not paid very dearly for tbe
whistle, 1 will not, to-night attempt to
disturb his belief. But when the Seo-
rotary of the Treasury perambulates
too country, boasting ot tbe achieve
ment of bringing greenbacks to par
with coin, it is not improper to point
io mm iho graveyards through which
wo have passed in our dreary march
to this result. And whon ho claims
that consummation was brought about
by the resumption act, and his exocu
Hon of it, it is eminently proper to
show him how baseless is his claim,
bow hollow is bis pretension.
There are various causes that have
operated to bring our papor money to
a par with specie and umong them the
resumption act is the least. Had that
act never been passed, and had -Congress
authorized what theSocrolary ol
Iho Treasury, withoutauthorily of law,
now permits, tbo receipt of greenbacks
in payment of customs duty, thoy
would have boen at par with specie a
year at least before tho lime fixed for
resumption by tho resumption act.
When tho act was before the Senate, I
moved an amendment providing for
the receipt of greenbacks in paymont
ot custom duties. Tbe Kupubiioans
voted it down. I have said that had
the resumption act never boon passed.
greenbacks would havo reached a par
with coin. It would have never been
through great suffering aggravated by
that act, but it certainly would have
About every two years wo havo a
commercial revulBion which, forbrov.
ity's sake, wo call a panic ; when tho
country wakes up to the fact that, ow
ing to an important oxtension of credit
or bad legislation, or both, it is not
able to pay its debts on demand. A
long period of suffering, generally fivo
or six years, ensues, and then, having
reached the bottom, any chango must
necessarily be for tho better, and then
business begins to rovivo. Specie pay
ments are resumed, as it Is called, that
is, paper money and specie come to
par. Jl is not tbis resumption, bo call
ed, that produces a revival ol business,
but it is tho revival ot business that
produces the resumption.
But another cause has largely con
tributed to our so-called resumption,
and lor this cause our Republican rul
ers can certainly claim no credit.
Owing to bountiful crops in America
aitd short crops in Europe for three
years, the balance of trade, instead of
ing shipped, in large amounts, to this
country to pay for bread.
Anolher cause that has facilitated
tbe equalization of papor and coin, was
the Democrutio measures ol romone
lizing silvor, which Prestdent Hayes
vetoed, but which we passed over his
Still another causo, was the Demo
cratic bill that put an end to the de
struction of tbe groenback. For with
out tho groonback in existence, neither
Secretary Sherman nor the National
banks would bave tbe audacity to pre
tend that thoy could maintain actual
specie payments, in a word, my
Inends, tbe claim ot the iladical lead
ers, toyoursupporton the ground that
tbey bave brought about prosperity
to tho country by a resumption of
specie payments, is a bold pretense,
without any foundation in tact, and
that can decoivo none but those who
are ignorant or thoso who wish to be
In conclusion, upon this sub oct, let
me sav that thoy who chargo us with
a purpose to undo what has boon dono,
and to plunge the country into a wuu
career of inflation, do us tbe greatest
injustice. However much wo deplore
tho suffering that bas oeon caused oy
Radical measures, and especially by
the contraction of tho currency, wo
havo no purpose to embark upon a
career of wild and sensoless specula
tion. Thero novcr was a platform
adopted by a political party in Amori
ca that insisted so strongly upon a
staple currency as doos the platform of
the Uhio Uemocracy. lo mat plat
form wo ean safely point for a complelo
refutation of the false accusations of
Mv friends, I havo but ono thing
moro losay to yon to night, lor it is
timo that 1 had brought my remarks
to a close. 1 have been much amused
by tbe inventive geniua of our oppo
nents as I have seen it lately displayed
in the press. One day 1 read of a horrible
conspiracy of Thurman and his friends
to deleat lowing, ana mo next aay oi
an equally horrible plot ol iSwlng ana
his frionds to destroy Thnrman. Fol
low citizens, 1 pray yon not to be in
the toast disturbed by these inventions.
Gonoral Ewing is the regular nominee
of the Democratic party for the office
of Govornor. 1 shall do all in my
nower to elcot him, and I trust that
every Democrat in tbe State will do
likewise, in view OI me consequences
to rosult from our election this lull, 1
do most sincorely hope that there may
bs no discord, no dissension, no bolting
in our ranks. And I have evory reas
on to believe that thero will be none
From all auartors 1 bear that the par
ty is harmonious, active and lull ot
spirit Let us do Its duties maniuiiy
ana earnestly, ana viciury win erowu
ts labors snd its efforts.
Judire Thurman's speech Is bound to
have an immenseinfluenceon the cam
paign, inasmuch as it is the key noU
of a new Democratic policy. Tbe Sen
ator bas wisely forseen that the issues
made in Congress last winter and
snrinir are the ones to bs brought into
the Ohio canvaas to tbe exclusion of
financial topics, and the course he took
to-night will work a lasting chango in
the Domocratio tactics.
An Ennliah paper states that ab
stemious and facetious are ths only two
words in the English language where
in the five vowels follow each other in
their proper order.
A Russian nhvsioian, atrack by ths
commonness of near sight among liter
ary men, proposes to print books with
whits Ink on black paper as a remedy.
"Do you drink f" asked a lady of a
peddler. He dropped bis pack and re
marked, "Veil, I shunt lief drink mit
you as any odder mane.".
To soma men a dims that bays a
bunch of hairpins looks flay times as
large as that which purchases two
glasses ot bear.
JiOIV TO PRESERVE CIDER.
A pure, sweet cider is only attains
ble from clean, sound fruit, and tho
fruit should therefore bo carofully ex
amined and wiped before grinding.
In the pross uso hair cloth or gunny
in piaco ot straw, as the ciaer runs
Irom tho pross let it pass through a
hair soive into a large open vessel that
will hold as much juice as can bo ex
pressed in one day. In one duy, or
sometimes less the pomice will rise to
tbo top, ana in a short time grow very
thick. When little white bubblos
break through It draw off tbe liquid
through a very small spigot, placed
about three Inches Irom the bottom so
that the loss may be left behind. Tb(
cider must be drawn off into vory clean
sweet casks, preferably fresh liquor
casks, and closely watched. The mo
ment tho whito bubbles, before men
tioned, are perceived rising at tbo
bungbole, rock it again. It is usually
necessary to repeat this three timos.
Then fill up the cask with cider in
evory respect like that originally con
tained in it; add a tumbler ot warm
sweet oil, and bung up tight For very
fine cider it is customary to add at this
stato of the process about half a pound
of glucose (starch sugar), or a smaller
portion of whito sugar. The cask
should then bo allowed to remain in a
cool place until the cider has acquired
the desired flavor. In the meantime
clean barrels for its reception Bhould
be prepared as follows : Some clean
stripes ol rages are dipped in melted
sulphur, lighted and burned in tho
bunghole, and tbo bung laid loosely on
tbe end of tbe rag so as to retain the
sulphur vapor within tbe barrel. Then
tie up half a pound of mustard sued in
a coarse muslin bag and put it in tbo
barrel witb cidor, add about a quarlor
ol a pound of isinglass, or flno gelatine
dosolved in hot water.
This is the old fushioned way, and
will keep cider in tbo same condition
as when it wont into the barrel, if kept
in a cool place for a year.
Professional cider makers are using
calcium sulphite (sulphite of lime), in
stead of mustard and sulphur vapor.
It is mucb moro convenint ana ellec-
tual. To use it, it is simply requisite
to add one-oightb to one-quarter of an
ounce of the eulphito to each gallon of
cidor in tbo cask ; nrst mixing tbe
powdor in about a quart of cidor, then
pouring it back into tho cask and giv
ing the latter a thorough shaking or
routing. Aftor standing several days
lo allow the sulphite to exert its lull
action it may bo bottled off.
The sulphite ot lime (wbicb should
not bo mistaken for sulphato of limo),
is a commercial article, costing about
forty cents per pound by tbe barrel.
It will preserve the swootnoss of cidoi
perl oct ly, but unloss caro is taken not
to add too much of it, it will impart a
slight sulphurous taste to the cider.
The bottles and corks used should be
perfectly clean and corks wired down.
cider in the bottle, together with a
drachm or so of bicarbonate of soda at
the moment of driving the stoppor.
Tbis helps neutralize free acids, and
renders the liquor effervescent when
unstopped ; but if used in excess it may
prejudicially affect tho taste.
CHEAP FACTORY ICE.
IT IS MADE IN OEonaiA AT A COST OF
EIGHTY-FIVE CENTS A TON.
The Augusta (Georgia) Chronicle
says: "Tho Arctio ice Company aro
now turning out between ten ana
twelve thousand pounds of ice per day,
which they aro under contract to de
liver at hall a cent a pound. Tbe
process employed by tho company is
said to be tho cheapest known lo sci
ence at tbo present day. X ba cost ol
manufacturing ico hero is only oighty
five cents a ton, or about four conls
and a quarlor a hundred pounds. As
it is sold in bulk at ten dollars a ton
the margin ot profit ts nine dollars and
fifteen cents on each two thousand
pounds. This is ahead of California
gold mining. The ice comes out in
bugo blocks, thirty-two inches in length
and twelve inches square. Tboro is
space in tho frocting chest (so to speak)
lor lour hundred and eigniy oi meso
blocks, amounting in weight to thirty
thousand pounds. As it requires seven
ty-two hours, however, from the time
the water is poured into ibo cans until it
is turned out again in solid form, only
one-third of the quantity is produced
daily. It is tbe intcution ot tbe com
pany to doublo tbo cspacity of tho
works in a very short time. T no diocks
tho new cbost will be only six
inches thick, and as they will freeze
much more rapidly than those of
double tho thickness, the daily produc
tion will be correspondingly great.
Tho process by which the freezing
is accomplished requires about fitly
pounds of liquid ammonia to bo stored
in a vory strong iron cylinder, and
this is connected with a coil of pipes
immersed in a tank ol strong brine;
into this galvanised iron cans holding
puro water aro placed, and those cans
are ol me size oi ine oiocas oi ice
which aro formed. The liquid ammo
nia is allowed to flow through these
coils, and it gradually becomes gase
ous, and In becoming so, abstracts
from the water ao much beat that it
speedily freezes. A powerful steam
pump forces ibe gaseous ammonia Daca
into tho iron cylinder again, thus lib
erating great heat, which is disposed
ot by oold water dropping upon the
coils of pips through which the am
monia passes on its way to the con
denser. Tbe process is a continuous
one, and if tbe pumps and coils do not
leak there is no loss, and the opera
tions may go on so long aa tbe ma
I.ATnia Kablt. Ths Norrialown
Herald slates that some genius baa in
vented a lovor'a alarm clock. At 10
o'clock it strikes loudly, two little doors
opened, and a little man with a dress
ing sown and can on slides out, hold
ing in his hand a card inscribed "Good
night The young man is auppoma
lo take tha bint and bis hat and leave.
Wa assure lbs inventor that he can
never count on ths youns men ol tbis
neighborhood among his friends nntil
bs changes ins alarm oi nis cioca,
nd prevents lbs lulls man irom ap-
nuarins with hia "good night" inscrip
tion before 2 A. M. An alarm at 10
o'clock aa loud as a nitro glycerins ex
plosion would not start the average
lover not unloss it was followed by
ths entrance of a rename man wear
ng a club and a heavy pair oi doom.
Sometimes ths old folks don't retire
before that boor, and a lover always
has some important secrets to whisper
into his girl's ear when no one Is near
and lbs gas is tnrned down low, ws'vs
"Prof. Ties." ssvsansxehangs,"prs-
AUlm that tha holiest SDsll bv far la
yet to corns." That U what our
preacher says, too.
TEEMS $2 per snntun la Adyanoe.
NEW SERIES-V0L. 20, NO. 37.
BY M. L McOWN!
OZV THE II'VA'CV.
On Monday morning September 8ih
after driving a distance of eighteen
miles wo reached Bower, the leading
point ol interest in tirocnwooii town
ship, and at which place we held the
first examination of tho fifth week of
our annual tour. Bower is an exam
pie ol educational enterprise. Its peo
ple having, a few years since, erected a
model school bouse, adorning It with
all modern improvements. Tbis house
istboonly oneio theoonntyscated with
individual desks and chairs something
worthy of comment Ton applicants
registered their names, some, however,
having been previously examined, all
of whom signified tbuir intention to
toach if licensod. Pour valid ccrtin
catcs wore issued. A groat interest
was manifested in the examination by
the people of the district, the house
being fillod to overflowing during ibe
attornoon. Tho full board of directors
was present, but adjourned without
making their appointments.
Juestlay. Un Tuesday wo tilled our
appointment for Boll township, at
Trout Dale school house one of tho
most pleasant places in tho count)'.
Tho school and its interests seem to
have a permanent place in the affec
tions ot the people of this community,
and the intelligence and culture of the
society of this section aro evidences ol
tbe utility ol education. Trout Dale
is a romantic and an attractive place
a splendid school house, beautifully lo
cated and neatly furnished. On this
occasion beautiful wreathes woro en
twined about Ibe platfoim, and a rich
boquet embellished the examiner s desk
tbe gift of somo unknown bund.
Tbe class was composed of filtoen
young ladios and gentlemen, and in
point ot attainments, was about tbe
average, all bowevor did not receive a
license to leach. Tbe biga onierlain
ment provided for thoso present, by
Ihe families of Henry and James Mo-
Gee, is deserving of montion, the form
er having provided a bountiful repast
lor ovory weary hungry ono prosont.
The school houBO was orowded upon
tbis occasion, and at tbe close some re
marks were made. A series of resolu
tions were drawn up commendatory of
the kind treatment received by tbe
people, and asking tor an examination
noxt year some place in tho township.
The directors were all present during
the day, but adjourned without ap
pointing their toacbors,
Wednesday. On Wednesday we ex
amined applicants for tho schools ot
Burnsido borough and township, at
Burnside. We admitted fourteen per-
sons to the class, and in the evening
licensed all but one to teach in tbe
county. An unusual interest was man-
ltested in tbe proceedings by me peo
ple from tho township and borough.
Four directors Irom ths township and
ancs during the day. An educational
meeting waa held at the close ot me
examination ; remarks being made by
Mr. Boise, L. M. Milcboll and Prof.
Lovelace. The districts for which this
examination was held are advancing
rapidly in eduoation. Tbe schools are
managed by directors deeply interested
in the welfare oi ths young. Tbey
Eay good aalaries, and employ the
ighoat order of talent in filling their
schools. Tho following teachers wore
omployed for the ensuing year:
Burnsido borough Not supplied.
Cash School Mrs. Matt Irwin.
Cross Roads Kate Mitchell.
Alfords School Mary Gallagher.
Harmony School Ida NcfT.
Shepherd School H. P. Howitt
Pino Grovo R. N. Lovelace.
Patchinville, Deer Run and East
Ridge, to be supplied.
Friday. Oa Thursday we tarried
at Now 'Washington, but for some reas
on we had no class. On Friday wo
met tbe friends of education in Chest
township, at Mcrhorron. The class
numbered three. Tbe full board of
directors wss present, and some spec
tators. The following appointments
wcro made for tbo coining term :
llurd 8cbool-G. B. Curry.
McPhorron School Tillio Foltwell.
Four schools of tho township were
not supplied on day of examination,
butwill be filled at a subsequent meeting.
Conclusion. Tbis closod a five wooks
tour of tbe county. There aro many
things connectod with thoBO examina
tions that are pleasant, and which will
linger in momory'a page for many days
to come. Then again, there are things
that aro unpleasant, but which fidelity
to a reuponsibe position demands to
be done. In our relation lo the people
we havo endeavored to license only such
porsons to mould tho tender and im
neriBhahlo mindB of tho young, as in our
opinion wore duly qualified both intel
lectually ana moral ly. in aoing mis
we feel that wo bavo tbo support and
sympathies of all who dosiro to soo our
Common Schools grow in usefulness,
and excellonco. It bas become too
common in our county lor very young
persons who have neither ths requisite
age, experience, or attainments, to seek
Ihe responsible office of teacher. They
ask tor a license to teach school, before
they have spent one-half Ihe tune in
nrvnerino-. that thov would be requir
ed to spend to fit Ihflm lor any other
honorable trade, or profession. X bis
is why tbo Stats Board ot Education
haa taken ths authority to fix tbs
standard, and bas therelbra made it
obligatory upon Superintendents every
where, to drop Irom ths list oi appli
cants, about one third of all who apply
Durins tbe five weeks tbst ws tray.
ailed ws issued two hundred and twen
tr certificates. Last year ws issued
two hundred and eighty-five, and we
feel oonfident that the persons employ
ed in ths schools of tbe eonnty this
year, are persons entirely fitted for
discharging lbs grave duties of tbs
school room, and hence only remains
for the patrons of oar schools to torn
in making ths schools of ths county a
snoeosa. Aid your toachere in every
nossibls wsy. Send your children
resnlarlosohool. Give them the bens-
fit of rood horns training. Place be.
fore them Incentives to dillisenoe, and
rood deportment and we proTiiae that
yoo shall rscsivs full recompense lor
the sacrifice yon tnaks In thus support
ins ths school.
It haa been Indeed gratifying to aa
loses ths ureal interest manifested on
tbs part of Directors and parents in
the public examinations this year. Oar
not book shows mat en nunureo ana
sixtr-on Directors and nin hundred
and thirty-five parents attended the
examinations. IM year one ounurwu
and ten Directors and about seven
hundred neranta ware present Tbis
shows that tbs interest in sohool work
is nol dsclfnins.
far lha man courtesies and goner-
ana hnanilalilv shown ns wbils travel
ing among ths people, oar heartfelt
Hunks are hereby .eauareu.
TUB WIPE'S aONQ.
Llsger sot long 1 Boaa ll sot home wltkeal
III deareat tokoni only make ale atoara
Ok I let 11. memory, Ilka a ohela aboat thee,
Uenlly compel aad Beaten tby relura.
Uager sol loaf I
Linger not long f Ikoogb erowdl.konld wo tby
Bithloh the eaa the Birth of frieada, though
Compenaele for the grief tby long delay
Coet Ihe poor heart thatiiiaStobevetheederaf
Linger not long I
Linger not loagl bow abell I welch thy eomlng,
A. evening ah.dow. .treiob o'er moor and fall,
Wboa the wild bee bath eeeaed her weary bum
ming, And aileac hange on all tbloge like a epell I
Linger aol long I
How eball I weleb fr tba whea fear growe
Aa aigbt growl dark aad darker ea Ihe kill 7
Bow abell I weep whoa I ean waleb ao longer?
Ob, artlboa abaenl, art tboa abaeal allllr
Linger nut long I
Yet I ihould grieve not, though tba eye that
Oaiath through lean Ibat mikai Ita aplendor
For ob, I eomotlnj.c fear, wbva tbne art witb ma.
My cup ol boppineea la all loo full I
Linger aot long f
Haate he.te lliee home unle tby mnoBtaln
He.te a. a hir.1 enlo Ita pvac.lu! neat!
Ha.le ea a ektfl, when tempe.1. wild are ewelllng I
rile, lo tie neveu ol oecorort real I
Linger not loog I
THE DEPTH OF NIAGARA.
EXPLORATION OP TUB CANON INTER
ESTING EXPERIMENTS BY ENGINEERS.
Correapondcneo of the Eyreeaa Standard.
The canon of Niagara is far more
mysterious than the Falls themsolvos.
Within tho era of civilisation in Amer
ica no ono was able to successfully
pierce the fierce and terrible undercur
rent to tbe bottom until, recently, tbe
Government itself thought it necessa
ry in behalf tf science to undertake
tho task All the great schemes im
agined to be strictly scientific wcro
put in operation by bunglers to obtain
tho depth of water beneath the Falls.
liars ot railroad iron, pails of stones,
and all unreasonable bulky and awk
ward instruments were attached to
long linos, and cast off the railway
bridge and elsowhoro, but positively
refused to sink. The very bulk of the
instrument was sufficient, no matter
what their weight, to givo the power
ful undorcurrcnt a way to buoy thcra
up upon tho BLrface or near it. Tho
United Slates Corps of Engineers,
however, with a small lead of only
twelvo pounds weight attached to a
slonder rope or sounding cord, easily
oblainod the depth Irom the Falls to
the lower bridge. As your correspond
ent assisted in tho bydrographieul op
erations, tho facts may be given as
thoy presented themselves. Ono day
we launched in a small boat not far
bolow the Falls, and entered on a most
exciting and perilous exploration of
the canon. The old guide, long in
charge of the miniature forry situated
hero, accompanied the party. With
groat difficulty we approached within
a short distance of tbe American Falls,
which darted great jets of wator on us,
and far out into the stream. Tbe roar
was so terrible that no voice ot human
sound, however near wo wero to one
another could be hoard. Tbo leads
man cast tbe lino, which passed rapid
ly down and told off eighty -three foot.
This was quite noar the shore. Pass
ing out ot tho friendly eddy which bad
assisted us so near the Kails, we shot
rapidly down stream. Tbe next cast
of the lead told off one hundred feet,
deepening to one hundred and ninety.
two feet at the inclined railway. The
average depth of tbe Swill Drift,
where the nvor suddenly boc-omes nar
row, with a velocity too groat to be
measured, wad one hundred and filty-
three feet. Just under the lower bridge
rise like ocean waves to the boight of
twenty feet. At this point your cor
respondent, at the timo of tho survey,
computed tbe depth at two hundred
and ten feet, which was accoptod as
There is a right way and a wrong
way, a hard way and an easy way,' an
awkward way and a skillful way, to
catch and handle sheep. A great
many men will catch the sheep by tbe
wool on tho back witb both hands, and
lilt the animal cloar from tbe ground
by tho wool only. Barbarous I Lot
some groat giant grasp you by tbo
hair of yonr head and lift you from
the ground by your hair only 1 Would
you not struggle and squirm worse
than tbe mute sheep docs when lifted
by tho wool? And would there not
bo a complaint of a sore bead tor a
week or two? If yon do not believe it
try tho experiment We have slaught
ered a great many sheep in yoars past,
and when removing the pelts ot such
sheop as bad been handled by ths
wool, we never failed to obsorvo that
beneath the akin wherover the animal
had boen caught by tho wool, blood
had settled. In many instance, the
skin had been separated from the body
so that inflation was apparent We
bave known proprietors of sheep to be
so strict in regard to handling tbcm,
that be would order a helper Irom the
premises if he wore to catch a sheep
by tbo wool on any part of tho body.
Some owners ot sheep direct their
helnorsthua: 'When about to catch
a sheop, move carefully toward the one
to bo taken, until you are suiucientiy
near to spring quickly end seize the
beast by the neck with both hands,
then pass one band around tho body,
grasp the brisket, and lift tho sheep
clear from the ground. The wool must
not be pulled. If tho sheep is a heavy
one, let ono hand and wrist be put
around tho neck and tho arm pressed
against tho leg.' Wo have always
handled sheep in the way alluded to.
We never srnsn the wool, diners
seize the sheep by the hind log, then
throw one arm around the body and
lake hold of the brisket wilh one band.
lint ewes wilh lambs should never be
caught by the bind logs, unless they
are bandied wilh exlremecara. When
sheep are handled roughly, especially
il Ibeir wool is pulled, ths small bruises
and injuries will render them mora
weld and more difficult ti bandlo
, Married by Agent. Ths Platts-
burgh Republican says : Ws bav
heard of all sorts of waysol marrying
by tolegranh and otherwise but it
remains for Platuburgh to set ths ex
amplo of marrying by an agent. On
lbs morning of the Fourth of July a
couple were seen anxiously inquiring
for a certain clergyman, but were In
formed that he was ont of town. Last
Saturday, tbs gentleman, who resides
in ths southern part ot town, was
sgain seen upon our streets, when npon
inquiry it waa learned that some oos
had pretended to perform the marriage
ceremony on tbe 4th, signing tbs
mariiags csreificats with tbs name of
tho clergyman and underneath some
fictitious name as his agent. Ths poor
lellow bavins lost bis certificate in bis
exoitement, bis girl bas gons back on
him and returned to ber maternal
residence, refusing to live with him
longer until tbs missing docomsnt was
replaced. At last accounts bs bad sot
sscceeded in finding the clergyman's
Ladies, says tbs Albany Journnt, an
lika watches pretty enoogh to look
at ; sweet face and dellicats bands, bst
somewhat difficult to "regulate" after
they are set going.
Virginia is called tbs Mother of
Presidents, bat Ohio contains ths si.
tsrs and tba oonsina and ths aunts.
A creaking she to is has no rnnsis
in It sols.