Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937, September 17, 1879, Image 1
THE CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN," OLEARFIELD, PA. ESTABLISHED IN 1BT. Tba largeet ClrcalaUoa ifuji Newspaper In North Central Pennaylvaala. Termi of SubBoription. i ptld la adTaaee, or wllblo I months....?, oo paid after I ud before ninth! e, so If fud tbo eiplrattoa of months... U Eatei oi Advertising. Transient ndTertlssments, per eqnaroof 10 lines or less, Sllmesorles 1 SO Pnreaeb aubseqnenttneortlon.. SO jtlminlstretors'and Bieontore'notloea. I 00 Aadiiora' oollees .. .... I 60 C.utloni ud E.treys I 00 niaeolntlon notices i 00 Prolesslonnl Cards, 6 Hum or le.i.1 year.... t 00 Local aotiees, per Hno SO YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. uiara. I i oolamn.. ....ISO 00 MuarWM 1 00 1 i oolomoMM TO 00 lu I I ' O. B. OOODLANDER, Pabllsher. CarflS. 1 OB PRINTIHO OF EVERY DB8CRIP J Hot oeetly exoeated at thla ofioe. TT W. SMITH, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, 11:1:71 Clearfield, Pa. T J. LINGLE, i'hollNKY -AT - LAW, 1:18 Phlllpabarg, Centre Co.. Pa. j:pd OWNDD. SWOOPE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CBrweBsrille, Clear8eld oonaty, Pa. oat. 0, '7B-tf. QSCAR MITCHELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. 0-OOco In the Opera Hoaia. oet, '78. tf. Q R. A W. BAKUETT, Attorneys and Counselors at Law, clearfield, pa. January SO, 1871. JSRAEL TEST, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Clearfield, Pa. ae-OBice la tha Coort Boon, Jyll,'8 HENRY BRETH. (oaTnao f . 0.) JUSTICE OF THE I'EACE ron rrll TowMsmr. rM. M. McCULLOUGH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. GOV fa Malonla building, tecood atraat, op po.He Iba Court llouae. Je28,'78-tf. C. ARNOLD, IAW 4 COLLECTION OFFICE, CURWKNSVILLB, ! Clcarlald County, Pcnn'e. 7y g T. BROCKBANK, ' ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. OSoa la Opara Hoaia. ap 26,17.17 JAMES MITCHELL, pbalbb ia Square Timber & Timber Lands, J1I'7I CLEARFIELD, PA. J F. SNYDER, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. Office lo Pie's Opara Booaa. June 28, IHi WILLIAM A. WALLACB. BATITJ L. ItBIA RAaar r. wallaob. jobm w. wbiblbt. WALLACE & KREBS, ' (Baioeaaora to Wallaoo Flaldlag,) ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, Jaal'77 Clerfiol4, Pa. A. GRAHAM, ATTORNET-AT-LAW, OLBABrtBLB, fA. All legal ha.lnaaa promptly attended to. Ofllea la Urabama Row rooms formerly oenoplod by II. B. Bwoopa, Jnlylt, '78 tr. frank Fialdlaf .. W. D. Biglar....R. V. Wileoa. YIELDING, BIGLER k WILSON, ATTORNEYS - AT - LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. T-0oe In Pie's Opara Bon.e. f BOB. MUBBAT. eraoB aoanoii. jyjURRAY k GORDON, ATTOBNEYS AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. CrOBea la Pla'a Opera Uoaee. Maood floor. 0:8074 loaarn l. a'tHUl. babibl it. b'cobbt. fcENALLY & McCURDY ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, Clearfield, Pa. pm Legal basiaeaa attended to promptly with) Odelity. umoe oa neeooa streec, booto me eire. National Bank. jan:i.i A G. EliAMER, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Heal Batata aad Collection Agent, CI.BARf IKLD, PA., Wilt promptly auand to all legal business aa trusted to bis oara. fSF-Olleo ia Pie's Opera Iloaee. Jaanfl. J F. McKBNRICR, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. All legal baslaeea mtra.ted te his aare will re. eeive Dtomnt BttealloB. OHao apposite Coart House, ia Haaools Building, sr. ;'- TR. E. M. 8CHEURER, BOMBOPATHIO PBY8IC1AN, OSoa la rostdeBoo ob First at. April S4, lift. JClearfield, Pa. Tl W. A. MEANS, l-UYSICIAN k SURGEON, L11THER8BURO. PA. Will attend profeasloaal aalla promptly. aaglOt R. T. J. BOYER, fHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Odea oa Market Street, Clearlal. Pa. Jstr-OBoe hoars: I lo IS a. aa., aad 1 to I t-jm jQU. J. KAY WRIGLKY, HOMOIPATniO PHYSICIAN, a0oe adjelalng tha roeldaaeo of James rigley, Kea,., an Beooae na vieeree..., Jnly8l,';8 tf. A M. II ILLS, CLEARFIELD, PEBN'A. rudoe ta reeMoBoa. euneette Shaw Beaaa. Jjo.nritf H. B. VAN VALZAH, CLEARPIBLD. PBIIII'A. OFFICE IN BESIDENOB, CORNER OF FIRST AMU rinn sinaaia. fm- ORea hoars From IS to I t. U. May IS, 1876. D II J. P. BURCHflKLD, Late Sargaoa af Ike 6li R.glmeat. Peaa.ylf aela Velaateara, ha.lag retaraed (ram the Army, oflers hla profeaaiaaal sereiees te taeeltiaeea of Olearteld eeaaty. , . A Proreealoai aalla prompdy a Headed te. 0ee ea kesead street, lotmerlyeeeapied ey Dr. Wort.. .aprVee-t, CLEARFIELD GEO. B. G00DLANDEB, Editor & Proprietor. PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. ' . TEBMS-$2 per annum in Advance. - . VOL. 53-WHOLE NO. 2,638. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1879. NEW SERIES-V0L. 20, NO. 36. Cards. Jt'HTICEH' CONNTAIILI-lf PIKI Wa ban printed a large aambar of tba aee FEB BILL, and will on tba roealpt of twenty. 8v aeuto. mall a eonv to any addreea. met WILLIAM M. HENRY, Justioe or rai Pbacb an Scbitbbbb, LUMBER CITY. Colloetiona made and moooy promptly paid oaer. Artlolal o( agreement and daadi ol eoaToyanoo neatly aiaaulad aad warranted or raet or Bo abarfa. Sajy'71 JOHN D. THOMPSON, Jostleo of tha Paaaa and Scrtr.n.r, Curwenavllle, Pi. toeA-Colleotioos made and money promptly paid ovor. fehmitf .. J AS. B.GRAHAML dealer In Real Estate, Square Timber, Boards, 6BINOI.KB, LATH, A PICKETS, 10'TS Clearfield, Pa, REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, Clearfield, Peuu'a. feawWUl execute Jobs la hie line promptly and In a workmanlike wanuar. ar r4,67 JOHN A. STADLER, BAKER, Market St., Claartold, Pa. Freak Bread, Ru.k, Rolls, Piea and Cakea oa band or made to order. A general aaaortment of Confeetionariea, Fruit, aad Nata In atook. Ice Cream and Oy.tarl In aeaaon. Saloon nearly opposite tha PosloBioe. Prioea moderate. March l-"Tft. WEAVER Sl BETTS, DIALKKI I Real Esta.e, Square Timber, Saw Legs, AND LUMIIKK OF ALL KINDS. jtrGffio on Botnd treat, ii rnvr of atunt moid of Uojorge WtftTflr A Co. ( JftoD, '78- tf. RICHARD HUGHES, JUSTICE OF TUB PEACE rnn Ittcatur Toutmhlp, Oieeola Mill. P. O. II official bn.lnar entreated to him will be promptly attended tt. mohZv, '78, JOHN L. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. llirl Real Eatate Agent, Cloarde Id, Pa. Offlea oa Third street, tet.uBerrye wainot, jnay-Reapeotfally offera bla aareleei la aelllng and buylag landa In Clearfield and adjoining ooontlaa and with an ezporloneeot oear twenty y.ara aa a surveyor, flattera himself that he ean renter aausleeuon. 1'ao. ao:i'o:u. J. BLAKE WALTERS, REAL ESTATE BROKER, ANB DBALBB IB Haw IsOkh aud Ijumber, CLEARFIELD, PA. Office ia Graham's Row. 1:16:71 NDREW UARWICK, L Market bttreet, Clearfield, Pa., B AB U r ACTOR BB AMD DBALBB IB Harness, Bridles, Saddles, Collars, and Horse-turnuhmg Uoods. jaay-AII klads of repairing promptly attended . rtaddlors' Hardware. Hone Bra.bea, Carry Oemba, Ae., always on band and for aale at tha lowest aash price. March 10, 1870. Q. H. HALL, PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER, NEAR CLEARFIELD, PINN'A. meyPampa always on hand and made to order on short aotieo. Pipes bored on reasonable term a. All worh warranted to render aattstaetion, ana dellTered If desired. myl6:lypd Iilvcry Stable. THE andaralgned begs Icere to Imorm th. pub lic that he ia bow fully prepared to aeeommo- aate all la toe wayoi luraiauing n.aew. uuKg,. tfaddlaa and Harness, oa the abortest aotice aad aa reasonable terms. Reaideaoo ob Loouat street, betweoa Third and Foarth. OKU. W. UKAKHAni. Ilcarteld. Feb. 4. 1874. WASHINGTON HOUSE, GLEN nOFE, PBNN'A. TUB Bndaraltnsd, baring leassd thl eona m odious ll.itel, la Iba Tillage of Olen Hope, Is now prepared to aeoommodate all who may call. My table end bar shall be supplied with the beat tha market affords. ' ti KOKif K w. ourrd, Jr. Olcn Hope, Pa , March 10, lM7f tf. THOMAS H. FORCEE, MALI! Ill GENERAL MERCHANDISE, ;KAHAMTON, Pa. . AIm. vittniir n.int.feetflrwr nd dealtr la Bquar TtutMr and fiftwad Lnmbarof all kiDdi, j6rtTOrderi ftloltd and all billi promptly lad. n" E. A. BIGLER Sl CO., IALHI I SQUARE TIMBER, aad manafactnrera of ALL KINKS OP SAWED I.CMIIF.R, .f'7S CLEARFIELD, PENN'A, S. I. SNYDER, aS. PRACTICAL WATCHMAEEB fmVlche, Clocks and Jewelry, trVwaaaa's Jfeei, MmrhU AVeal, CLRARPIP.LD, PA. All hinds of repairing la aiy line pmmplly am ended to. April I, 17. Clearfield Nursery. ENCOURAGE HOME INDUSTRY. THE eaeoralgned, harlng aetebllrhed a NaT nry ea the 'Pise, aboat kalf way belwaaa Clearteld and CorwensTllle, h prepared te fur nish all blade of FRI'lT TREES, (standard aad . - U.iu Vle.a. awnn,; a.Trra;r". --- ' Ueonberry, Lawloa Blackberry, Strawberry, aad Raspberry Vlaea. Also. Blberlaa Crab Trees, Uaince, and early eoerwt Rhabarh, Aa. OH are promptly alleedee re. Aaoreee, sepM 8. barweasTlllo, Pa. MEAT MARKET. F. M. CAKD05 a BB0., Oa Market It, eao doer went of Maaaloa Hoeua, CLEARFIBLD, PA. Oar arraagemeats are rf the moat eomplete character tor faralehlng tha pahlla with m, . a i Ati fciaAa . A arlanltaral Imnle- meats, which we heap oa eihlbltloa for the hea aOt of the pahlla. Call aroaad whea ta hewa. Clearflald, Pa., Jaly 14, isT-tf. VtmrM Inturn Jftnty. jabu aaaa. cabboli, h. ataaU. JKCJtlt H BIBDtK, Jftml: Rcpraaaat tha fcllowlng ud ether Iret-eJaae Ce's AB-lsfAtL Aaraa"lf1. LltTUadtMl A t.h.-O. R. Wl.l. Kisn. B.eea. now LTOnmieg r :',,,, Vk.l.. of Harlferd. Oooa . S.814,088 laeeraaeo Co. of North America I.48S.S74 Bulah Cemseretal-U. I. Braaeh... 7f,le4 eVetaatewa M..M......HM.H Tot .810 watareew. ....... a.mi.aM Traeefere i a. .. -. OReo oa Market 8t, epp. Oeart Heaee, Ceaf. sel, ra. THE DANVILLE ASYLUM. VISIT TO THIS INSTITUTION BY MISS DICKINSON AND A LOOK WITHIN THE BUII.P1NOS, APPOINT MENTS, &0. Mina Susan E. Dickinson has been Oiuking a visit to tho hospital for the insane at Danville, and she writes as lollows to tho Press concerning the in stitution and what she saw : A LOOK WITHIN. 1 wonder if any ono over approaches an insano rolrout without a luelinir of oppression, almost of dread, a sense of unutterable sadness, a question as to what ono shall see and find to shock and terrify them. At my own first viitriW frotng liiKHigh the oflloea in the centre building, part ot the kitch ens and the grounds, I found courage only for poing into ono of tho quieter wards. But on another day, deter mined to take no ono vise's account, I went back and vimtcd the oniiro build ing. On the first evening, as we walk ed through tho grounds, the screaming from ono of the excited wards, coming down to our ears through the open windows, gave mo a shrinking feeling of pandemonium being near at hand to Paradise. Allurward. when, walking through that very ward, one ot the patients began screaming as sho sat rocking to and fro, apparently from tho Bimple necessity of giving relief to some overwrought nerve tension, while ono or two others joined in tho chorus and the rest, apparently, took no notice, the intense leeling produced by bearing this without seeing tho suffer ers, was quitcd down at onco. There wero tho broud, wcll venlilittcd corri dors, their walls covered with prints, engraving"., water colors with thoir ends ono immenxo window, command- ingall tho beauty ol tho out-door scene, with tho quieter patients scarci'ly look ing up, some of them busily intent on a paper or a bit of needle work. There wero tho ncullv kept rooms on cither side, nearly all them singlo dormitories, where with a woman s and a house keeper's naluro instinct, I had boen prying into tho condition of bedsteads, mattresses, bedding, as well as into the condition of ventilation, and light and heat. Into several scores of .these, in to washing and bath rooms, clothing closets, steam heatod drying closets, into ward pantnps and dining rooms at meal times into the rooms lor tem porary confinement ol the most dan gerous patients at most dangerous times I wont that day. JNot to gratily any more curiosity of my own or of others. But it is tho most natural and reasonable desiro on tho part of the public lo know how all institutions are really conducted. And to thoso of us who have seen, who know any thing of the way in which, in oven the best or. dorcd county almshouses, the insane aro kept, it is a point recognized to be of tbo gravest importance that thoso untortunulo wards of the Slate shall not be left to the tender meroies of almshouse insane accommodations. The consigning tucm to such accom modations in the majority of cases is to consign them to lifelong misery, ilhout hope of core or alleviation ol their disease. The State will have a bettor right to call, itself civilization and Christian when it shall by law prevent absolutely the confining of the insane poor in any but tho proper hos pitals provided by tho Stato tor their care ana possible euro. BAD ECONOMY. Knowing that the poor directors of somo ol tbo districts very near my home ol tha last three years have, on the plea of economy, taken from this very Danville hospital the insane poor lor whom tliey are rosponsioie, my ex plorations wero the more minute in every possible point. Not least so was this in the matter ol expenso so strong ly nrged. The prico of board for every publio patient is three dollars per week, including all expensos, ex cept that of clothing and the replacing of bedding or othor property destroy ed bv the patient. There is the possi bility ol euro in a largo proportion of cases tbo almost absoluto certainty of alleviation in all the securing ol all possiblo comfort for even the worst incurable. All of these things are lost bv the shtittine Ibein np in the places which each oounty can provido for its poor. And even where there is no stinting of lood, no physical maltreat ment in tbo almshouse, it is a disgrace 10 every community which permits its insane poor to be shut out from every possibility that can bo atlainod for restoration or rvitei. THE BUILDINGS, APPOINTMENTS, ETC, Let mo try now to give a littlo fuller picture of tha scene and buildings which havo grown tairly familliar to my own eyo. Tho long building laces about 20 oVgrocs to the south ol west. The blue slono ot which it is bunt, ana wbicb is seen to advantage in the smaller houses belonuinir to the hos pital, is in tho asylum building itself bidden oy outng rougn cani auu trim med with Goldsboro brown stone. The contra building is over 200 leet deep by CO feet in width, and is four stories high five stories in front ol the wing connections. Thore aro long lateral wings, and beyond IhcBO traverse wings, all of these containing the dor mitorios anil needful accommodations for patients. Beyond tho farthest transverse sections aro tho wards lor excited patients, arranged on one side only ol their respective cornaors, anu bo nlaced that the milder patients can not see nor be disturbed by thorn. The ntintr bnildinhT is reserved for tho exe- on live offices, dwelling rooms of the Superintendent, l'nysicians, mewara and Matron, reception rooms, dispen satories, chapel and on tho lower or basement floor, tbo kitchens, store rooms for canned fruit and vegetables and other necessary provisions which mav be suitably kept in the main buildings. In the boilor and engine house, which is situated some 150 feet to the rear of this main building, thore is placed also the bakery and laundry, a vegetable collar and a twenty-foot Ian connected by an arched under ground air duct with each half of the nentre buildino! and eaob wing. Wo found all of tbo arrangements lor ven tilatlnn throughout tho hospital, from tho deep cellar to tho topmost floor, perfect in kind and In operation, and wiohod, with a sigh, tbat.tbe designers of our churches and publio balls would come hither and lake a lesson. On a natural olsvation, about two -hundred and fllty yards from the rear of the main building, are the two great rossr roirs which supply the hospital with water Irom the river. Each of them is over a hall a million gallons in ca pacity. OIT to the right, aa yon look lo the reservoirs, are the conservato ries. To ibe loft, aa one goes down to the barn and atabloe, you pass the Bur aery, whew, at the present time, are one thousand young trooe designed to be act out In different parts oi the grounds. We passed also what may bo called a current and berry planta tion rather than a fruit garden, vege table gardens to match, and then in vestigated barns and stables, chickory and piggery saw them cut up and move by machinery into the ice bouses, the daily supply of boef and mutton, all of which is raised upon the farm. THE CHAPEL. Thero is a daily oveuing service in the chapel, and one on Sunday after noons. Tbo chapel is supplied with an organ and a Wober grand piano, and frequent musical entertainments are given to tbe patients in it, and also storoopticoa and magio lantern exhi bitions, occasional lectures, etc. Dur ing tho summer picnics in the woods are frequently given, and so fur they have been free from all mishaps. Illus trated and other papers, and books from the library are furnished to all who will avail themselves ot them, and not a lew of the women were busy with pluin or fancy needle-work. Aa already spoken of, every ward is well supplied with pictures, thoso In the wards lor tbo most excited patients being bung too high for demolition Even in these wards tliey are always useful ; and in all coses it would be wise to placo every humanizing and softening influcneo in reach ot the at tachments tur tbo sake of Indirect done til to those under their cure, oven were thoso last wholly incapable ol receiv ing direct good, for in going through these wards it is impossible not to re ceive a constantly deepening impres sion of how trying to the moral and mentul nature ol tbe strongest must be the constant cnlorccd companion ship of tho insane.' Upon the attend ants rests an obligation which cau only bo fulfilled by bringing to bear upon them also, continually, wholcsumo and elevating influences, wbicb is ono of ihe cumulative arguments against per mitting tho Insane lo remain in poor houses, whoro these things aro impossi ble to secuio. Hero the attendants are under constant supervision, and yet, with tbo closest care that physi cians cun exercise, they mid It one ol their arduous duties to train assistants and to secure thoso fitted by cheerful ness, lorbcaranco, tact and sympathy, firm will and uufuilingcontrol of tongue and temper, to placo in immediate at tendance upon their patients. THE SUPERINTENDENT, PR. S. 8. 8CUULTZ, who has filled that position from the beginning of the hospital plans and to whoso executive ability every depart ment ot tho immense institution bears witness, gives testimony, as do tbo as ' sistant physicians, to this being the gravest and most difiicult ot their responsibilities. Alter many trials and changes in his corps of attendants be is comforting bimsell now with tbe number ot faithful and compotent men and woman he has secured In this position although thero is no possi bility in thia or any hospital for remit ting a daily watchful care and super vision. It was a pleasant thing to me to note in the lists of gifts to the hospital, of pictures, books, steroopticon slides, etc., toe name 01 ones ajix occurring time and again. And also to learu that tbe ladies of Danville and tho musical societies of that town are in tbe habit of contributing by concerts in the chapel, and muoio in wards, to the entortainment and help of the patients. Just now that tbe State is finding it absolutely necessary lo build yet other asylums for tbe insane, and that tbe publio attention is being more and moro drawn to the statistics and tho causes of insanity, the management of the hospitals already in operation must attract closer , inquiry and attention. When the eornor stone of the Danville asylum was laid, eleven years ago on tbe 20th of August, most persons thought its amplo accommodations must bo sufficient for a much larger district. Yet, with a very large pro portion ef the insane in that very dis trict ot twenty counties confined in unfit almshouses with not a few of the wealthier classesin private asylums tho wards of tbe Danville State hos pital are already filling to an extent that shows that if all these should be transferred to it there would soon bo scant room for newcomors. Tho new hospitals being provided are coming nono too soon. Is thore not something to be done by tbo com munity in studying the way in which we live in discovering whether the stress and strain or our rushing, hur rying modern life which does so much lo increase the number of the mentally diseased, cannot be lessoned ? This hospital of wbicb 1 writo can accom modate seven hundred and fifty pa tients the term ol seven years from its reception of its firl patient will not be fulfilled until tbe 6th of November next and yet, II it should to day re ceive all in those twenty counties who already need its care, no space would be left for those who within the next two or thrco years even aro likely to need it no less. A FEW FACTS ABOUT TUN NELS. Thore aro In the world about CSV railroad tunnels; to'.sl length, 291 miles. They are divided as follows : Great Ilrita'in, 140 tunnels and 87) miles ; France, 2!i9 tunnels and 82 6 10 miles; Itolgiura 20 tunnels and 4 7 10 milos ; Germany and Austria, 270 tun nels and 611 miles; Italy, 76 tunnels and IBl miles ; Switcoiland, 5 tunnels and 4 8-10 miles ; North America, 115 tnnnels and 33 miles ; South America, 72 lunnols and 9 mile. Ol Knglish tunnels, tbe most noted lor magnitude and difficulty of construction is tbe Kilsby, on the Northwestern Railroad, length 11 miles, cost (1,500,000, obiefly from nearly a fifth ol lis length boing in quicksand saturated with water. The longest tunnel in England is three miles. Tbe Nerthe tunnel in France ie nearly three milos long, and cost 12,080,076; the Blaixy tunnel, 2 miles. The largest tunnels in Germany aro betweon OfTonbergand Constance. Thore aro in 15) miles 29 lu.inel of various lengths, the longest 5,600 feet. Tbo longest and most interesting tun nol in Swilscrland is tbe Hanenstoin, II miles' long. The one ol chief interest in Italy is the Mount Conis, 7 1 miles in length. Tbe principal tunnel in America is tbe Uoosao tunnel, which is 4 miles in longtb. Tbe Mount Canis tunnel ia tbe longost railroad tunnel Mining tunnels There are many of this class ol tunnels, some oi great longtb and importanoe,as(in Germany) the Freiberg, 24 miloe ; the George, at Clausthal. 101 miles ; the Joseph 11 at Sobemniia, 9 ; Roblsebenberg ( Freiberg,) 8 miloe; Krnst Angust, la miles; Victoria, England, and the Sutra tnnnol In the Blale of .Nevada, one of the great achievements in this line or tbe century. When a man is attacked by an an gry goat the proper defence Is to offer testimony in toe roouttai. ALASKA SEAL FISHING. A correspondent who is summering in our Russian possessions, and study. ing the rearing of sealo, writes to the Pittsburgh Critic as lollows : Alaska, July 26, 1879. In my last letter I commenced to give you an account ol tbe various va rieties of bouIs to be found in this ter ritory. To give you a full his tory of those would roqtilro more time and patience than 1 possess. The numbers ot fur seals which annually visit the islands are fabulous, and those who have not seen them tail hardly form an idea of the numbers. It has been estimatod that as many as 3,000, 000 breeding seals and their young came upon -tha various rookeriea lost year, and this aggregate is entirely exclusive of the groat numbers of the non-breeding seals, which aro nover pormittcd to como upon the same ground with tho females by ibe males in charge. This olaa of reals, to which the killing is confined, como up to the land and sea-bcacb between the rookeries, going to and from the sea at irregular intervals during tho sea son. II has no systematic, dennilo method, like the breeding class, of fill ing up to (orlain bounds and keeping so for weeks at a time, and is, there fore, beyond reach for ground upon which to found calculation, and I can only give an estimate bused upon my closo observation with special refer ence to this subject, and this is my con clusion : Tbe non breeding seals, con sisting of all tho males under six or seven years, seem nearly equal in num ber to Iho breeding seals, and 1 put them dow n at 1,500,000, as a fuir esti mate, and make the sum of the seal lite on the Bybilur Islands at about 5,000,000. The seals alter leaving those islands in tbo autumn and early winter, do not again visit land until the time of return, next April, May or June, to iho grounds here, or thoso of tho Rus sian "Uupper ana "licnng islands. fbuy spread thcmsolvos out over tho vast North Pacific, following schools of fish, or frequenting shoals and hanks whore an abundance of fishy lood is found. Tbcy can sleep with tho great est comfort and Bouniincss on the sur- faco of tbe water, and in this state aro often !iirpricd by tho natives of the Northwest coast, all tho way up and down from tho Columbia river to Bchr ing Sea. My attention has frequently been called by tbo natives to seals that they woro skinning, in which buckshot wero imbedded and encysted just un der tho hido in tbo blubber. From one animal fifteen shots wore taken, and the holes which they made wore entirely healed over so as not to leave a scar. These bullets woro undoubt edly received from tho natives of the Northwest coast, anywhoro between ibe Straits of Faco and the Aletian Is lands, used by them in attempting tho capture of these animals some season or seasons previously. That these an imals are preyed upon extensively by whales, sharks and other foes un known is at once evident; for wero they not hold in check by some such cause, thoy would quickly multiply to so great an extent thai Behring Sea could not contain them, and the pres ent animal killing of one hundred thousand out of a yearly surplus of over a million males docs not, in any appreciable degree, diminish tbe seal life, or interfere in tho slightest with its regular perpetuation on tho brood ing grounds evory year. Wo may properly look npon this number ol lour or five millions ol fur seals as tbe maximum limit of increase assigned by natural laws. It is plain that two-tbiids of all tbe males that aro born (and thoy are equal in number to tbu lemalus born) aro never permitted by tbe remaining third, strongest, by natural selection, to land upon the same ground with the females, which always herd to gether en masse. Thorofore, this great band of balcbelor seals, or "hollas chickie," is compelled, when it visits land, to live apait entirely, miles away frequently from tbo breeding grounds. The manner in which the natives capture and drive tbe "holloscbickio" up from the hauling grounds to tbo slaughtering fluids near the villages and elsowhero, cannot bo improved upon, and is most satisfactory. In tbo early part of Ibe season largo bodies of the young bachelor seals do not haul up on land very lar from tbo wator, a few rods at the most, and tbe men are obligod to approach slyly and run quickly between tho doxing seals and tha surf, bufore they take the alarm and bolt into tbe sea, and in this way a dozen A lets, running down tbo long sand boacb ot English Bay, will turn back from tho water thou sands of seals. As tbo sleeping seals aro first startled they arise, and seeing men betweon tbera and the wator, im mediately turn, lopo and scramble mp idly back ovor the land ; the natives then leisurly walk on tbe flanks and in the rear of the drove thus secured, and direct and drive tbem over to tbe lling grounds. A drove of seals, in cool, moist wculber, may with safety be driven at the rale ot half a mile an bour, and when driven thus to tho killing grounds, require but little urging; thoy are permitted to frequently ball and eool off, as beating them injures tboir fur. They novor show fight any moro than a flock ot sheep would do, unless a fow old seals are mixed in, wbicb usually get so weary that they prefer to coma to a atsncl-Biiu ana fight retbor than to move. The seals when Drought to tne Kitt ing grounds are herded there nntil cool and rested : then squads or "pods of fifty lo two hundred are driven out from the body of tbe drove, surround ed and huddled up one against and over tho other, by the natives, who each carrr a long heavy club of bard wood, with whlcn tbcy striae tne seais down with a blow npon the bead ; a single stroke, well delivered, will crusn in the thin bones of a seal's skull. Af ter thoy are killed tba natives then drag tbe slain out from tbe heaps in wbicb thoy bave laiien, ana epnu tbe bodies oat ovor tbo ground, finish ing tbe work of death by thrusting into the chest of each sunned and senseless seal a long, sharp knife, which touohes tbe vitals and bleeds it thoroughly. The work of killing as well aa skin nlng is performed very rtpidly, 1 bave been told, and don't doubt Its accura cy, that Ibrty five men or natives bave in loss than four working weeks driv en, killed, skinned and salted down tha nelts of 72.000 seals. Ths opera tion of skinning fair ailed seal takes the boat men a minute and a half, but the average time on tbe ground is about four minutes. Tbe skins are taken from tbs field to the salt boose. where they are laid out open, one on another, "hair to fat," like so msny sheets of paper, with salt prolnsely spread on the fleshy aides, in "ksncbes" REPUBLICAN. or bins. After lying a week or two salted in this style tboy are ready for bundling and shinning. Two skins to tbe bundle hnve an averago weight. or twolve, fifteen and twenty two pounds, when made up of two, three, and four year old skins respectively. Tbe company leasing the islands are permitted to take ono hundred thou sand and no more annually. The na tives are paid about forty cents a skin for the catch. The common or popu lar notion regarding seal skins is that tboy are worn by those animals just as tbey appear wben onerea lor sale. This is a very great mistake; low skins are less attractive than ths seal skin as it is taken from that creature. Tbo fur is not visible, concealod en tirely by a coat of stiff over-hair, dull- gray, brown and grizzled. The best of thoso raw skins are worth from five to ten dollars, but after dressing they bring from twenty-five to forty dol lars, and it takes from tbroo to five of tbem to make a lady s sack. I'nor to tbo Alaska Commercial Company tak ing tiowession of tho island, tbe in huts or Bod-walled and dirt-rooted houses, or bsrrabkies, wero partly under-ground Most of those hots wero, and are damp, dark, and exceedingly filthy. Since then Ibe natives are being quite rapid ly put into neat and habitable houses. I don't know anything else I can tell you of the seals unless I would go into a graphic description ol norm, ine man milliner of Paris, who convorts them into five hundred dollar sacks, worth filly dollars, but as that would be infringing on tbe domain of somo of your lady correspondents, who know more ol Wortb and Dis wonuiosHness than I do, 1 will say nothing about it. Joe is determined to havo a seaUkin overcoat this winter. 1 tried to provail on bitn to havo a pair ot pantaloons made out ol tbe same stun natr-sius in, but be concluded that wouldn't look the "genteel thing," and 1 guess be is about right. There are few Polar pickings up here, in fact I havo boon oickinir around for some timo, but as yet bave picked np nothing but a bad cold, which still lingers, and I guess will until 1 return to tbo city ol smoKO. A day has been lost, 1 may say two davs aro gono. I could stand tbo loss of timo; but my old friend with whom I have rowed races in tbo native boats ol the Territory, with whom snd for whom 1 nave lougbl tne seal on ois native bealb. is tone, and the cook's scullion aro all alono in our loneliness. Yes, "Joseph" is gono, and possibly by this time is smiling tho sooty air of the Smoky City. "May bis shadow novor grow loss." Tbo cook's scullion and I have left the ship and will now foot it across tbo country witboul a compass. Where wo win lanu, ana wben, is an enigma, so to speait, uul we bave purchased a lot of carrier pigeons, so that when wo leave the haunts of civilization wo will be en abled to give you a letter telling you of our adventures. Wben "Joe" ar rives treat him kindly, for while we bod our bickerings' be was always friendly in heart to yours truly, rOTll'HAB. THE M1SERABLES. A widow woman with nine children, as sbo begins tbe day's toil, hardly knowing how she is to find food for ten hungry mouths, may De suppotua toieei reasonably wretched. But the woman who has time costly breakfast drosses and lies awake for two hours bofore rising, struggling iu her mind as to which ef those nine dresses she had better array herself in, is in a titrmnre pitiubla plight. Tbu mother ot the nine, hungry children has to work, wbulber she wants to or not. Tbe woman with the nine dresses has no work lo do except work borself and agitule her mind with troubles made lo ordor. Tbu woman with the chil dren does not make ber owu misery, nor can she afford to spend much time n worrying over it, tur H she does sbe and tba mno may starve. Misery loves company, and the miserable lady with tbe dresses makes It ber first busi ness of tbe day alter dressing hontell to seek seme friend into whose ear sbe may pour the sad lulu ot all bor woes. Her woes are moro than ni no fold ; a woo tor each costume and sev eral lo spare. Her breakfast is a woe to bersell and to tbnse who sit at meat with ber and hear ber lament over it. Then come ber woes over the misfits of tbe dresses, wbicb, according lo ber sorrowful statement, make her look worse tban a fright, ibon lollows tbe narration of her woes with tbo dressmaker, caused by tbu unpardona ble obstinacy and strange stupidity or that worrisuiua creature. Next In order are tho woes wrought by tho servants, who happen to be the most perversa persons evor brought lo tbo aid of mortal woman. In duo course are catalogued tho rest of tbe woes, winding up with a list oi pnysicai ail ments sufficient to put a regiment of soldiers into a hospital. 1' urlbermore tbis unhappy sufferer is in troublo not merely because of the woes wbicb have already overtaken ber, but on account of the fear of countless bar dens and ailments which are in ber judgment suro to follow. These are really Harder to near man any iron the aotual weight of wbicb she has been suflenng. And so. witb grievous countenance and witb a face every wrinkle of which is an embodiment ot present and ex pected calamity, does tbis boaror of burdens seek in her misery tbe com pany wbicb sbe may make as misera ble as sbe is herself. She is a portable disaster. Her coming is as the usher ing of an undertaker. Her passing by as ths driving of a hearse. II or re marks as tbe hammoring of nails in the lid of a coffin, Sbo seeks medical relief) and tbe doctor attonds her at high price, giving ber bread pills and and sending in large bills. He knows there is nothing the matter witb her that medicaments will cure. Her case ia chronic, as long as she chooses to make it so. The highest art or ad ministering doses of chemical will never maks her belter. Wben a body haslbemieerablesthe case is one lor monlal cure. 1 be gon eral difficulty is a lack ol something to do. The remedy Is a cheerful setting lo work st snylhing that oners. With determined resolution and joyful per severance any ordinary rase of tbe mlserables may be blown higher man ten thousand kites and happinoas rush as with a flood of sunshine into the place left vacant by the departure of llllBcjrjr.' A n.ttsiaca'niia A mw. Pretty Tbinos. An exchange says: At Loos Branch the ladiesdispori them. selves along tbe sands in tbe most be witching- costumes. Tbnse who bathe vie witb each other in the matter of serge and sari trimmings. Tha New York ladies baths in blue ; Pennsylva nia prefer red and white, while the Southern nymphs are striped like pilot Btk. A GREAT COUNTRY. Our ancestors in banding together tbe original thirteen btates bad no doubt great expectations and plans in regard to tbo f uture size and power of the United Colonies, but to oven Iho livel'st imagination and tbe boldest mind tbe majestic Mississippi river with its vast volume ol water was most proo ably considered to bo tbe extreme western boundary ot the future Repub lic To be sure some adventurous spirit, who had reached the country beyond the Ohio, had listened to Indian stories of an Eldorado faraway toward tho setting sun where tho vision had no limit save a chain of distant snow capped mountains which veiled from tho gaze a country whoso rich valleys wore beautified by a wondrous vego tulion and whoso steep "rock-ribbed" acclivities glittered with precious Blones and golden pebbles ; but no one roaliz ed the magnificence of the broad grass- grown terlile plain wbicb stretches from tbe Mississippi river to the Rocky Mountain" or the richness of tbe region boyond holding within its bosom the ransom of a world. Evon with our present facilities for obtaining correct information respect ing tbo extent of our country, few per sons realize how small the Eastern States are compared with tbe immense territory beyond' the "Father of Wa ters ;" so largo is it, and so generous its division that four of tbe now Slates, namely, Texas, California, Colorado, and Nevada, contain nearly twice the area of the original thirteen Siatos. ow York and our own state, 1'onn- svlvanis, seem like empires in them selves yet the new States of Nevada and Colorado would each moro than hold both these witb Vermont thrown California alone is as large as all tbo New England and Middlo States with two-thirds of West Virginia in cluded. Texas, tho largest State ia tbe Union, is nearly six limes as large as Pennsylvania. Arkansas, one of the smallest ot the Mates west ot the Mississippi, is as largo as Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Rhode Island togeth er witb Hi square miles to spare. Kansas is greater in area than the Slates of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and WOBt Virginia combined. Jur terri tories are very great in area, tho three smallest boing much larger tban Penn sylvania ; Wyoming territory is over twice as Isrija as our atuto, rtew Mex ico noarly throe times as large, Mon tana much ovor three timos as large, while Dakota with its lov'JSS square mileo of territory more tban equals in size tbe combined sevon Stalosof Penn sylvania, New York, Massachusetts, New Uampshjre, Rhode Island, Con necticut, and Maino. Tbo eleven Westorn slates, namely, California, Texas, Novada, Colorado, Kansas, Oregon, Minnesota, IN obraska, Iowa, Illinois and Missouri, contain a greater amount of territory than the otbei twenty-seven Stales of the Union. Now although this portion ot our country has so greatly tho advantage in area, the strength in population is just the reverse California is over twenty-tour times the size ot Massa chusetts yet the latter Stato according to tbe census oi lsbl), contained over thrco times as many inhabitants as the former ; Texas over thirty-six timos ss large as Massachusetts, contained, in j 1860, scarcely half as many people ; Oregon more than twice as largo as New Vork has only one forty eighth as many inhabitants. Were tbe eight large Western States, Texas, California, Nevada), Colorado, Kansas, Oregon, Minesola, and Nebraska, as thickly settled as Massachusetts their population would numbor over 180,- 000,000 or more than three and a hall times the present population ot tbo entire thirty-eight States and ten ter ritories (exclusive ot Aiaaxa); and yet this comparison with Massachusetts, our most densely populated Slate, lades nto Insignificance wben we use tbe still more populous countries of tbe Old World. England with au area ot 60,000 square miles has a population of 21,290,000, while tbe Stale ot Alabama with a greater torritory of 60,722 square milos had only in I860, a popu lation of 964,101. Had our country as many people to the square milo as live on that area in England, the State of California would alono contain many more than the present population of tho United Siatos (j estimatod at ntty millions), and the eight large Westorn States above specified would hold with- n their boundaries nearly two hun dred millions ol inhabitants. Our readers can from the above es timates and comparisons find much food for reflection. They show that any fear ot our being overcrowded or pushed out by toe line oi immigration which has set steadily toward the Uni- toa Slates is lor tne generations to come a groundless rear. Among the countries of the World our land stands pre-eminent for extent and fertility of territory and great natural resources ; we bave many advantages not possess ed by any other country; all, there fore, thai is now neoded lo insure our future prosperity is wise government on tbe part of thoso who may bo bore after Intrusted witb authority, and tbe adoption by our people ot thoso Jetlur soman principals embodied in our Fed eral Constitution which make our Ro publio "an indissoluble Union of indo struotible States" and not a country like Russia, merely a consolidated Nation composed of subjoct provinces. t or uaztuc. Changing into a Town Girl. The rapidity witb which females adapt themselves to tbe circumstances with which Ibey are surrounded, especially the rasbious, is marvelous, un Mon day of last week, a Uazlelon lady who employs several domestics, got a new table gin, frosb from Duller valley, a bright-eyed, rosy -cheeked damsel, who blushed whenever any ol the male members of the family looked at her ; a girl whose hair was combed smooth ly back from off a tanned lorebead ; whose dress bad sloeves to it, csmeup to her throat and down to ber loot. On Tuesday, ber hair went ap on top ot her head and was coiled over a something; on Wednesday, sbo cut tbe sleeves off ber ber dross, turned It in at tbe throat, pinned it back and bumped it out behind ; and Delore the week was out, she could look all tbe men in the face without any bus of modesty adding to tbe beauty ol her face. Such 1s womsn's subjection to what sho calls fashion. Hatleton Sen tinel. A beggar rssiltlngateecrtein comer with a placard on bis breast and a dog tied to a atrlng. On tbe placard is written, "Pity tbe Blind." A stranger pansea bv'nd gives a Spanish silver coin, wheronpon the beggar calls after him : 1 say, this won t pass nere. Astonishment of stranger: "Wby.yoo caa see. ean't vou f" "See I of coarse I csn." "Teen wny are yoa pegging i Why this placard r Lie nlaMrlt f "Par fnv doer: t B) Us s ins niina one r MUTUAL BORES. A social bore has been neatly de nned to be a man who Insists on talking to yon about himself when you want to talk to bim about your self. In tbe same way wben a man wants to convince you ot Iho error ol your ways and you keep on talking to him about tba error ol Ins ways, you become a bore ol an aggravated typo. Tbis is the altitude of the Northern and Southern papers just now. The Southern papers, tired of being on the defensive as to the shot-gun, want to talk about the shot-gun policy in Rhode Island. But the Conkling or gans say "Ob, no ; tbat won't do stall ; wo want to talk about tbe shot-gun in the Yazoo section." The consequence is that thoy mutually look upon each othor as bores. The New York Tri bune and tbe Herald say, in effect, that 'Keally tbe Kbode island affair must not be talked about. It involves the most sacred feelings ot several influen tial families; it handles ruthlessly tbe homo and the fireside ; in the interests of respectability, morality, religion and politics especially politics it must not be discussed. It is a privato allair and wo must considor the other hearts that would ache. Hut tbo Yazoo caso, yoa sec, is all different, so let's talk about that." Well, the Yazoo incident is different, but the differences aro not to the disadvantage of Mississippi so. cioty . In tbe first place tbe 1 azoo ep isode docs not affect the highest politi cul and social strata. Tbe man who was killed was a bloody desperado, who died tbo death that desperadoes usually dio. He ought to have died at tbo hands of the officers of the law and his fate in the atreot brawl was well earned. Secondly, tbo caso is al ready in tbo hands of the law. Tho murderer has beou arrested and will bo tried for murder. No attonipt has been mado to justify his crime, none to gloss it ovor and keep back tho facts Irom tho public. I hero has bocn no German professor in tho case. Tho man wbo bad murdered negroes bas n turn been murdered end bis slayer will bo triod for murder. It may be true that political hatred led to the personal encounter between Dixon and liarkstlalo, but there is nothing strange or unusual in that. Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton both Northern men in a political quarrel, and De Young, in San Francisco, bos just shed tbe blood of Mr. Kalloch iu a frenzy begotten in politics. J be murder ot Dixon was an abominable crime and ought to bo and will be punished by law. lint tbe shot gun In Kbode Is land, tho outstanding challenge and the monaco ot murder bavo been ig nored by tbo laws. Now, of course, tha Conkling organs say tbat this-is a very different thing, they won't evon talk about it; tbey want to talk about the Yazoo murder, considered aa a typical Southern event, and as an element in politics. We naturally re gard Ibis as a bore and we admit that thoy have tbe right to entertain the same opinion of ns when we Insist on talking about tbe typical New En gland event. Nothing could be fairer than Ibis. Baltimore Oasette. WHY BEES WORK IN THS DARK. A lifetime might be spent in invest!- fating the mystorios hidden in a boo ive, and half the secrets would bo undiscovered. The formation of tbe cell bas long been a celcbratod problem for tbe mathematician, whilst the changes wbicb the honey undergoes offer at least an equal interest to the chemist. Every ono knows what honey frosb from the comb is like. It is a clear yellow syrup, without a trace of solid sugar in it. Upon straining, bowovcr, it gradually assumes a crys talline appearance; it candies, as tha saying is, and ultimately becomes a solid lump of sugar. It has not beon suspected tbat this cbango was duo to a pholcgraphio action ; that tbe Bamo agent which alters the molecular ar rangement of the iodine ot silver on tbe excited collodisn plate, and deter mines tbe formation of camphor and iodine crystals in a bottlo, causes tho syrup honoy to assume a crystalline form. This, however, is tbe case, il Scbeiblor bas enclosed honoy in stop pered flasks, somo ol wbicb he has kept in ported darkness, wbilo others havo been exposed to the light. 1 be invariable results bave been that tbe sunned portion rapidly crystallized wbilo that kept in the dark has re msined perfectly liquid. We now see whv bees work in Dcrfect darkness. and why they are so careful to obscure tne glass winuows wuieu are some times placed in their hives. Tbe ex istence ot their yonng depends upon tbe liquidity of tbosacbarine food pre sented to them ; and if light woro al lowed access to the syrup, it would gradually acquire a more or less solid consistency ; it would seal up the cells, and In all probability prove fatal to tbe inmates ot tbe bive. Dariita and Cannino Apples Wc always dry our apples in tho oven of tbe cooking stove as quickly as is pos sible to do without cooking them ; and when thev are sufficient V dry out them into thick paper bags, tie ihem up securely so that no insects can gain access to them, snd bang tbem up lor a while In the kitchen belore they are put away in the store room. Fruit dried in this way is nover wormy, as tbe insect moths never got a chance lo deposit their eggs. When apples are likely lo be scarce in late winter ana spring, and especially when apples are keeping poorly, we nil our cans, that bave been emptied since the canning seasoa closed, with apples; if they are sweet, we put a bsndtul of raisins to a can to flavor them. Our pet way oi putting up swoet apples is to pare and then core tbem with an apple coror, leaving them whole, stick two or three cloves into each ono, and cook them till soft in a syrup made in tbs pro nor lion of a pint ot sharp vinegar lo a quart of sugar. Wa prefer to keep tbem In sir-light cans. A Loao BaiDOE. The largest bridge in Europe will be completed next year. It will cross tbe Volga in tbe govern ment of Samara, Russia, on the 81 berian railroad line. Tbs Volga, at the point of the bridge, is about lour miles wide In the spring, and in the autumn is leet. Tbe Bridge win be supported by twelve piers oi leet high, at a distance of every 864 feet. The ice cutlers sreoovsrea wan gran its. The iron work is from Belgium A temporary colony is eetabllsbed for woikingmen employed on toe sriage it occupies about 55 acres and baa 60 different buildings, insared at 100,000 rouble. Two tbomnd men are em ployed, and among tbem are one ban dred Italian masons. Three steamers and seventy barks are ased constantly forwarding wood, sloes, iron and other materials. Tbs bridgs will cost about M,00,0tte. O TEMPOS Al 0 MORES'I Strange to say we are considerably in advance of our forefathers in knowl edge aud evsry visible accomplishment. In ancient limes, youth wss so well tied to tbe maternal apron strings that it bad to be In doors at a specified bour of the night, not later than eight. -Even wbun high up tho ladder ot teens, it Irequontly felt the weight and smart of tbe rod, and was aocuitomed to cower under tho paternal frown. But "Tempore muiandur et nut mulun mur in iltit." Now lha youth is lather to the man. Youth nowadays is pos sessed ot a superfluity of liberty. It can now haunt the street corners ul all hours, and is even so bold as to brave tho law. Tho necessary accomplish ments to a reputation lor n.anhuo 1 at the present time is to have had the honor ol having auroral scuffles with tbe police, or having beon in lbs peni tenliary fur a time. It is antiquated, nowadays, among youth, to cull a parent liubor and mother. You must use tbu nomenclature which it has es tablished, such as "The Governor," 'Old Mun," "Boss," olu. Youlh now adays condescends lo go no further than the church door and often uuiinut comprehend lha utility of having church ut all. It bas also established a certain current of languuge that bids lair lo supersede our present tongue ; it is even now making tbe English classics tremble at their base. This now "patois" is not devoid ol many rhetorical figures, and wo suppose it is this tact which commends it to imaginative young men. Indued, tboy oftentimes speak entirely in figurative language ; lor instance, man nowadays "walk ofl'ou their ears," "Nip things for all they're worlb," "Work things to the Queen's taste," etc It was lite style in our grandfathers' days fur tha young lo havo a deep sealed respect for old ago; but wbal do we see now in tho rising generation? Disrespect unpardonable and insults unmitigated toward seniors are the order of our day. Obedience was olden times a virtue of wbicb few were not possessed. is it tne reigning trait ol our young nowadays Oh no I wo see, on the contrary, tbat its presence is a ratity. We bear of broken-hearted fathorsand mothers, declining in years, in sorrow and affliction, and brought, not unf're quonlly, lo an untimely gravo by tbe disobedience ot children who deserve not tho mimo. Industry eoems lo be wholly "below par" in tho estimation of our young men. We never find them liko their forefathers, by steady industry and persororance striving lo gain laurels and blessings ; but we rather soe them cast on ibo ocean of lifu as sbililoes snfl uncertain as a 1 1 nil bark without a pilot, tossed by many a tempesloua wave. As a confirmation ot our assertion, look at tbo young men of our great cities; aro tbey in dustrious? See ihem idling their pre cious moments, loiiering on the public thoroughfares ; hear tha foul express ions characteristic of the proiesaional loafer. Lan they bo set before us as models of anything that is good and great f Far from it. So far have we wandered Irom tbe pathot rectitude ot our forefathers that we even attack tho sanctity of the marriage lio. This bov all others is a sigmiicant proof ot the degeneracy of our age. What kind of a generation are wa rearing if such be the lumen table state of society f We must rumombor tbut "tho youth is I'ulbur to tba man, and it lha present spirit ot our youlh ba sanctioned or pasted unnoticed, we aro sowing tho seeds of irreligion and its consequent views, wbicb wbon developed will stand as a mighty bulwark against Ihe untainted dignity and honor ot our country and will gnaw at tbo vory lundainental principles ol our national greatness. Pittsburgh Critic. RAILROAD TRA VEL. Wben you get to the Btation bunt up tho agent and ask bim what timo the next train goes. Never mind about telling bim which way, Tor ba can ask you that. It will show wbothor he is laying sny attention to your question, 'ben ask bim what time all tbo other trains come, just to see it he knows. It you think ol it ask bim it tbey stop, if tbey are freight or passenger, and other little things yoa can think of. r or yoa know be gets paid lor answer ing questions. ll doesn't matter wbothor you inteud riding on tbe train or not. If you are tired, go and sit down, but do not rest longer than necessary, for you bavo not inquired if tbe road is going to change lime soon, and what lime the train will be likely to get through on the new schedule. Ask bim what time tbe trains run by on this road, and how much faslcrthatis than Chicago time, for be knows, and if he does not toll you, be is very uncivil. .Just us tha train is coming, and tbe ticket agent is closing his ticket window to go out to tbe train, rush and tell bim yon want ticket. Don t say anything about where you want to go. See how near bo can guess at it. Give him a f 10 bill, and after he has hurried up to get out bis change box, if thore is any sil ver among it, say to him: "Here, l guess I have the change," for this is tho way to fi id out his disposition, then it is a good time to tell bim yon have a trunk to check. The world was not made in a day, and what's the nse of being in a hurry, you know ? Put your ticket in your pockel-booK, and button two or three coata over your pocket. Don't make a moro to get It rondy lor the conauc or lor ne may miss you, and yoa would no mat much ahead. Then be has lota ot time lo wait, and it he hasn't it's not your fault. During your trip ask lha conductor all the questions you asked ths sgent, lor perhaps tbe agent has lied lo you about some ot them. If the conductor answors voa short, in reply to any of your questions, it is bocsuso be is mad at your buying a ticket, no wantea you to pay bim so be could knock town the money lor thoy steal, J on know. Another Scare. A Detroiter, ssys the Fret Press, went homo to supper tbo other night to find that his wife had entered tbe house only a moment before bim, and naturally inquired where she had been : "Richard." abs answered in a very . sober way, "I bave boon to consult a fortune teller I" What!" be exclaimed, turning pale in an instsnt snd staggering bacht against the wall. lea, l have been to consult a tor- tune toller," she went on aa the tears csme to ber eyos. "Bosh I madam. Fortune-tellers are humbugs swindlers liars." "Kiobard, tbis li.rlne toller told me" "I won't bear it 1 want none of their nonsense I" be interrupted. "Richard, it concerns you." "1 tell you 1 won't hear any of her balderdash I Bhs lies about me, of course, and I'll mako ber take it, back or go to prison I" "Richard, won't yoa let me toll yoa tbat she ssid yoa were gradually kill ing yourself by too close attention to business I'1 Did she ssy that T 'Lizzie, forgive my harsh words. 1 see thst tbey tell the truth and tbs truth only. After supper I'll get R carriage and we'll ride oat, and while ws are down town yoa bad better gel that new bonnet you spoke off Wben a lady passes on horseback A Frenchman exclaims: "What a magnificent angel I" An englishman cries oat I "Hy h'eys, what a aaperb 'ores I" An American ejaculates : "That's R peeler of a saddle."